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Norwich bulletin. [volume] (Norwich, Conn.) 1895-2011, March 13, 1916, Image 1

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VOL. LVH1. NO. 62
The Bulletin's Circulatiop iwich is Double That of Any Other Paper, and Its Total Circulation is the Largest in Connecticut in Proportion to the City's Population
MU i I 1 I. l
No Engagements Since Saturday Afternoon, When
Germans Captured a Small Trench
South of the Somme River, in the Argonne Forest and in the
Ban-de-Sapt Sector of the Vosges the French Guns
Have Heavily Bombarded German Entrenchments The
Russians Have Captured Trenches From Germans in the
Dniester Region of East Galicia and Have Captured the
Town of Kirind in Persia.
Except for artillery action, the fight
ing in the Verdun region has virtually
ceased for the moment. To the north
and east of the fortress there has been
no infantry engagement since Satur
day afternoon, when the Germans suc
ceeded in entering a small French
trench to the north of Eix.
On both sides of the Meuse, from the
northwest of Verdun, along the entire
jfront around the southeast of the
fortress, the artillery of both sides has
continued the tremendous shelling that
has been in progress for days.
The Germans claim to havs captured
in the fighting around Verdun thus far
26,472 unwounded French officers and
men and 189 guns and 232 machine
Soutih of the Somme river, in the
Argonne forest and in the Ban-de-Sapt
sector of the Vosges, the French guns
have heavily bombarded the German
The Russians have captured wrfnches
from the Germans In the Dniester re
gion of East GaJlicia and have made
further progress against the Turks in
Persia by taking the town of Kirind.
The Russians admit the sinking of a
Russian torpedo boat destroyer by a
submarine of the central powers in
the Black sea off the Bulgarian port of
Varna. Part of the crew of the de
stroyer was rescued.
Despite the unfavorable weather
conditions in the mountains, the Ital
ians are keepiag-..up- the operations
against the Austro-Hungarians. They
are also intensely bombarding the
Isonzo front. The town of Gorizia. has
had to sustain another hall of Italian
Off the East Coast of England--Four-teen
Members of Crew Lost. -
London, March 12, 8 p. m. It was
officially announced at the British ad
miralty today that the mercantile fleet
auxiliary Fauvette, of 2,644 tons gross,
has been sunk as the result of strik
ing a mine off the east coast of Eng
land. Fourteen members of the crew
were lost.
The admiralty statement says:
"His Majesty's mercantile fleet aux
iliary Fauvette has struck a mine off
the east coast and has sunk. Casual
ties: Two officers and 12 men.
The Fauvette was formerly in the
service of the General Steam Naviga
tion Company, Ltd., of London. The
vessel was built at Middlesborough in
1912. She was 315 feet long, 43 feet
beam and 18 feet deep.
Divided Into 12 Departments and 86
Sofia. Bulgaria, March 12, via Lon
don, and Berlin, 1.02 a. m. Bulgaria
virtually has completed the task of
apportioning for governmental pur
poses the occupied Serbian territory.
All Serbia except Belgrade has been
divided Into 17 departments and 86
districts. .
In each department there has been
installed a department court, in each
district a lower court and for the
whole country there are three ppel
late courts.
Great Britain is 'Represented by Gen'
oral Sir Douglas Haig.
Paris, March 12, 10.15 a. m. General
Joffre, commander-in-chief of the
French armies, presided over the coun
cil of war of the entente allies which
re-assembled today at the French ar
my headquarters.
While the council is in session Great
Britain will "be represented bv General
Sir Douglas Haig, commander-in-chief
of the British forces in France; Russia
by General Gilinsky; aide de camp to
the Russian emperor; Belgium by the
chief of the general staff and Serbia
by colonel .Pachltch.
Insufficient Food is Said to-Have Been
the Cause.
Fetro-grad, via London. March 12
6.50 p. m. Telegraphing from Dvinsk,
the correspondent of the Boerse Ga
zettes reports that a mutiny has taken
place among the men of the German
erarrlson at Shavll, a town In the Bal
tic provinces, owing. It is said, to in
sufficient food.
The mutiny was suppressed bv eav.
airy, the correspondent adds, after one
offioer and . three soldiers had been
Killed ana a large number of mm
wounded. Nine of the ringleaders of
the movement are said to have been
tried py court martial and executed.
Dutch Steamer Palembang and Danish
Steamer Arkansas.
London, March 10, p. m. fde-
layed) British patrol ships ihave taken
Into KlrRwall, Scotland, the Dutch
steamship Palembang, which left Phil
adelphia Feb. 22 with a cargo of petro
leum for Aalesund, .Norway, ana tne
Danish steamer Arkansas, bpund from
Boston and Xew York Feb.'"22 with a
general cargo for Copenhagen.
Twenty Men Brought from New York
Not Told of Labor Trouble.
Danbury, Conn., March 12. Twenty
strikebreakers were brought here to
day to take the place of laborers now
on strike at the local yards of the
New York, New Haven and Hartford
railroad, hut when the men learned
that a strike was on they refused to
work. The strikebreakers, who came
from New York, said they had been
told there was on labor trouble here.
The men went to the city hall and
asked for fare back to New York. In
order to (prevent possible trouble the
men were taken to the police station
for a time. Later the road officials
sent the men to Waterbury to work
in the yards there.
High Officials of Government Kept in
Washington, March 12. Secrecy re
garding General Funston's plans for
moving against Villa and his bandits
has been so rigidly enforced at the
war department that even high, offi
cials of the government are in doubt
as to whether American troops actual
ly naa crossed the Mexican border.
secretary Baker announced late tc
night that the Twenty-third infantry,
now at waiveston, rex., had been or
dered to El Paso because of fear of
Mexican attacks felt in many towns
along the border. The regiment, about
1,000 strong, will be stationed at points
aesignatcd by Ueneral Funston.
DOES $550,000 DAMAGE.
Barrels of Acid and Other Chemicals
Exploded at Buffalo.
Buffalo, N. Y., March 12. Fire said
to nave been caused bv a dust exDlo-
slon virtually destroyed the fertilizer
plant of the International Agricultural
corporation here today. The loss is
estimated at $550,000. Although the
main buildings were burned to the
ground, the fire lasted less than an
hour. Barrels of acid and other chem
icals exploded In rapid succession
sending showers of burning liquids on
tne Bremen and compelling them to
ngnt xne Diaze at a distaance.
feeven employes who were in the
Duuaing wnen the first explosion oc
currea were sngntiy burned.
Captain A. L. Garvey of Danielson
One of Two Leading Candidates,
Hartford. Conn.. March 12. Tt waa
learned here today that the election in
the coast artillery corps, C. N. G., yes
terday to choose a successor to Ma
jor L. J. Herrmann, resigned, resulted
in no choice. Forty-four votes were
case by Commissioned officers of the
corps, but nobody received the major
ity. The two leading candidates were
Captain Albert Mossman, Sixth com
pany, Norwalk; and Captain A. L.
Garvey, Thirteenth company, Daniel
son. Another ballot will be taken next
Saturday. Should that result in fail
ure to elect, the governor will have the
appointment of the new major.
Theodore Voorhees.
Philadelphia, March 12. Theodore
Voorhees, president of the Philadel
phia and Reading Railroad company,
died at his home In Elklns Park, a
suburb, late last night. His death
was sudden. Mr. Voorhees under
went an operation in Minnesota early
this year and returned to this city
about ten days ago apparently in good
health. He is survived by a widow,
four sons and four daughters.
Mr. Voorhees was born June 4,
1847. He was graduated from Co
lumbia college and the Rennsselaer
A'oiytecnnlc institute and entered rail
way service In the engineering de
partment of the Delaware. Lackawan.
na and Western railroad In 1869. Four
years later he became superintend
ent of the Syracuse, Binghamton and
New York railroad and successively
was in charge of the transportation
department of the Delaware and
iiuason canal company, assistant
igeneral superintendent of the New
York Central and Hudson River rail
road and general superintendent of
tne same road. On February 1st,
1893, he was elected first vice presi
dent of the Reading anfi continued in
that office' until chosen president. May
s, ii4. upon tne aeatn or George F.
The exchange of German and Rus
sian Incapacitated military prisoners
win pe resumed on April 3.
cabled Paragraphs
British Pursue German Seaplane.
London, March 12, 10.53 p. m. A
German seaplane was slighted ap
proaching North Foreland about noon
today. It was pursued by British
aeroplanes from Dover and flew sea
Contests Are Confined to the Repub
lican and Prohibition Parties.
Ft Paul, Minn.. March 12. Min
nesota's first presidential preference
primary election wil be held next
Tuesday, when delegates to the re
publican, democratic and prohibition
national conventions will be chosen.
The progressives has filed an unop
posed list of candidates, who will be
certified on the ballot as elected.
Contests among those seeking en
dorsement as presidential candidates
are limited to the republican and pro
hibition parties and have aroused but
little interest. President Wilson is
without opposition on the democratic
ballot and the prograsslves are with
out a candidate although the delegate
candidates on the ticket express a
preference for Governor ' Hiram W .
Johnson of California.
Three presidential candidates have
filed on the republican ticket, but
the candidates for delegates have
named only two as their choice. They
are Albert B. Cumimins, United States
senator Xrom Iowa, and Henry D.
Estabrook, of New York, the third
candidate is Wiliam Grant Webster.
of Chicago.
Two women are among those seek-
ir.g selection as delegates on the
prohibition ticket, which has Eugene
X. Foss, former governor of Massa
chusetts, and William Sulzer, form
er governor or New lorn, as presi
dential candidates.
District Attorney Expects Trial
Last About a Week.
White Plains. N. Y.. March 12 The
trial of Thomas Mott Osborne, form
er warden of Sing Sing prison, upon
an indictment charging him with per
jury in connection with investiga
tions of the prison will begin tomor
row tefore Justice Morschauser and a
Jurp in the supreme court here.
Beth District Attorney Frederick E.
Weeks, who will prosecute Mr. Os
borne and George Gordon Battle, of i
counsel for the defendant, have indi
cated their belief that it will take not
longer than two days to complete the
jury. The district attorney expects
the trial to last about a week.
Other indictments pending against
Osborne accuse him of neglect ot
duty and immorality. The district at
torney elected to try the perjury cast1
The perjury charge Against Osborne
arises from what are alleged to be
conflicting statements before Commis
sioner Diedlmg in October and before
the grand jury in December regarding
his knowledge of immoral conditions
in the prison.
As a Candidate for Republican Presi
dential Nomination.
Philadelphia, March 12. Governor
Martin G. Brumbaugh, in response to
a letter from Henry G. Wasson. re
publican national committeeman from
Pennsylvania, urging that he be a can
didate for the presidential nomination
tonight made public his reply, accept
ing the nomination. Mr. Brumbaugh's
name will, accordingly, be placed on
the presidential preferential ballot to
be voted in the primary election on
j.uay i.
In his letter Mr. Wasson, who was
elected to the national committee by
tne rouowers of Theodore in 191
urged the governor to assume the
leadership in a movement to secure a
delegation to the republican national
convention which would be acceptable
to the progressives as well as the re
publicans. Political leaders believe
mat tne governor s announcement pre
aages a fight in the republican primary
Detween Governor Brumibaiin-Vi anA
United States Senator Boise Penrose
ior me control of the delegation from
mis state
Mattaua Towed Back to the Dock of
St John, N. B.
St. John. N. B.. March 12 Th Ttrtt
ish steamer Mattaua, which was about
to leave lor -New Zealand, fully load
ed, was found to be on fire today in
one of her forward holds. She was at
anchor oft Sand Point, but was im
mediately towed back to th Arr
three tugs and the local fi
ment poured a dozen streams mn
hold. Shortly before low water fh
steamer's bow dropped until it rested
on the bottom.
The cause of the fire has not heen
(WTO LLlIit?U.
Because of Excitement Among the
Lower Classes of Mexicans.
Laredo, Tex, March 12. American
concerns operating in the Mnntv
district and in the district of Mnnimi
state of Durango, have ordered their
employes to leave Mexico at nnra
owing to suppressed excitement among
iuwor uiaas vj. mexicans, according
w AuivriKxxn yajsstiiieera irom that sec-
tion, 250 of whom reached the border
r-ere toaay. x-nere is no apparent 111-
reeuns against Americans in Neuvo
jareao ana tne ooraer in this vicinity
On Railroad Track Just Souu - u-
. ..... . -
oxation tn vraterpury.
Waterbury, Conn.. March 12 m,
Kl,. j CZ , .
Daniels, a railroad employe, of this
cltv. was found erounri n hi. hi
city, was found
morning along the railroad track just
south of the station. Portions df the
body were picked up along the track
for a distance of more than 300 feet.
-J - una
wot enougm ciotmng was found to con
tain marks of identification. Daniels.
Who has not been seen since Saturday
night, warn employed at the coal sta
tion near where the mangled remains
were xduncu
Movements ofr Steamships.
New York, (March 12. Arrived:
steamers Pannorria, London; HeUg
vtav, vApenneugn.
sMius Torpedoed
Without Warning
Four German Submarines Reported to
be in English Channel to Enforce
Germany's Announced Policy of Na
val Warfare.
Paris. March 12, 5.50 p. m. J. B.
Osbcrne. American consul at Havre, I
in ma iriruu iu mmunigiuii on win
sinking of the Norwegian bark, Silius,
is understood to bring out clearly that
the Slli-13 was torpedoed by a subma
rine. Seven Americans Were On Board.
The seven Americans who were on
board the bark were looking after
cargo of oats which was consigned to
the French government. These men
and the members of the crew have
been questioned by the consul, who
has cabled a summary of their testi
mony lo Washington. Their testi
mony, it is said, leaves no aoubt that
the ' Silius was torpedoed without
warning. A full report on the sink-
inn of the vessel will be mailed to
Submarines in English Channel.
Four German submarines are re
ported to be in the English channel.
prepared to enforce Germany's an
nounced poiicy of naval warfare.
With International Questions Appar
ently Out of the Way.
Washington, March 12. Ordering of
American troops into Mexico to pur
sue General Villa and the administra
tion's victory in the armed ship con
troversy have had a steadying effect
upon congress, which for several
weeks had been a storm center over
international affairs. The vain effort
to give official warning to Americans
against travel an armed merchantmen
of belligerents had turned the con
gress from its regular course of bust'
ness and there were fears of another
outbreak to hinder the progress of leg
islation further when Villa and his
raiders committed the murderous as
saults at Columbus, X. M. But the
prompt action of the administration
has served as an effective check thus
far upon congressional agitation with
regard to Mexico and no legislation on
this subject is now contemplated, un
less there should arise entangling alli
ances with the de facto government in
With these Issues apparently out of
the way, congressional leaders hope to
make rapid progress with Important
business at hand, particularly the ap
propriation bill and the national de
fense programme. Within ten days at
least the house expects to have the
army reorganization bill before it. Thi
senate already Is at work on the gov
ernment armor plate plant bill and
will deal with the senate army reor
ganization bill before many more
That the military activity In Mexico
will serve to hasten the completion of
the defense plans of the administration
Is admitted, even by the staunchest
pacificists in congress, nor does anyone
deny that It will win votes for pre
Because of III Impression Caused by
Song of Years Ago.
New York. March 12. The Bowery.
immortalized by poets, short story
songs, wiil become Central Broadway
ir merchants ana Bankers whose places
or business are on
the famous thor
oughfare can ipersuaS the board of I
aldermen to agree to the change In
name, it was declared at a meeting to-
The business men pointed out that
the rate of the Bowery was sealed by
tne song heard many years ago:
"They do such things and they say
sucn tnings
"On the Bowery, the Bowenr
'Til never go there any more.
It was said this song, which went
an over the country, made such an
Impression that people quit trading
on the Bowery, which until that time
naa Deen an important business street.
Enthusiastic Demonstration Mads
Streets of Rio Janeiro.
Rio Janeiro. Brazil. March 12. Ger
many's declaration or war on Portu
gal has called forth expressions of
sympathy in various quarters with the
cause or tne entente allies. Last night
there were enthusiastic demonstrations
in the streets of the capital. The
Epocha, commenting on the govern
mental aecree or neutrality says:
We are not neutral. W
the most ardent wish for the victory
of Portugal and the allies ni in
I der that that may become n ralit tho
majority of Brazilians will do all that
'"V " ttoe, Dum rrom a material
I murai -point ot view.
From the Rockefeller Foundation
A Total of 1150,000 From Same
-J?"' "" The Rocke-
lienor rounaauon naa contributed ai
additional 50,000 for the relief of Ar
1 .uminnni. oh Tokw. -Z'LlV, :
1 ' "" "-niing to
Sanuel T. Dutton. secretary of the
I t i ,17. - "l lno
auiciilbii uuiu nil r r rrtr
and Syrian relief.- A total of $150
000 has been contributed by the
foundation for this purpose.
Two earthquake Shocks Recorded.
Buffalo. N. Y.. March n An
'luake shock that probably occurred In
mo v.rriTOKn oea, tne West Indies
or- Central America was recorded on
the seismograph at Casisius College
today, the Indicated distance being
l,7o0 miles. The preliminary shock oc
curred at 2.35 a. m, the main shock
from 2.44 until 2.51 o'ckx-lr with n.i
tremors at S o'clock. - - .
Man Leaps from
E. River Bridge
Conductor of Car Pursued the Ma
But the Latter Climbed Guard Rail
and Jumped Before the Conductor
Could Reach Him.
New Tork. March 12. An nnM.nti.
fled man about 40 years old leaped to
nis ueam nere today rrom the middle
span of the Williamsburg bridge into
me .tasi river. 145 reet below. He
alighted from a trolley car on which
he had been a passenger. The con
ductor of the car. suspecting from the
man's actions that he was intent upon
suicide, vainly pursued him. The man
climbed upon the guard rail of the
bridge and dived off before the con
ductor could reach him. The body has
not been recovered.
Charged Against U. S. Government by
New York Charities Association.
New York, March 12. Lax ness in
permitting insane immigrants to en
ter the country and failure to reim
burse the state for their maintenance
and care while patients In state hos
pitals are charged against the United
States government In the annual re
port of the New York State Chari
ties Aid association, made public to
day. Allen insane in state hospitals
on October first, according to official
ngures, numoerea s.zus or 116.86 Der
cent, or tne entire patient population.
Tho reports point out that there has
been a heavy falling off in deporta
tions during the year on account of
the European war and the interrup
lion or transportation. There are at
present more than 400 aliens in tho
hospitals, who cannot be deported be
cause of the war.
It costs about S210 a year to main
tain a patient in a state hospital. With
8,1'us aliens m its institutions, the
state Is compelled to pav nearly $!.
000,000 a year for the maintenance of
persons who are neither citizens of
the state nor of the United States.
'It would seem Imperative." savs
the report, "that renewed efforts be
made to Impress upon the federal
government "Its duty and responsibility
to pay lor tne maintenee- oc the alien
Insane, " necessarily held in the New
York state hospitals. The associa
tion taxes mis opportunity to urve
with all po.'siblo vigor and earnest
ness that pressure be exerted upon
the federal government to secure the
performance of Its plain duty."
Enacted in
Many States
in Others.
Washington. March 12. Unemploy
ment problems were given attention
by many state legislatures last year.
according to a summary of 1915 labor
legislation issued today by the de
pnrtment of labor, resulting in the en
actment of a variety of new statutes.
Illinois established a commission on
unemployment: California and Ne
vada started Invitations of the Ques
tion: Idaho provided for dealing with
It through county boards; employ
ment officers weer established In sev
eral states and many other licensed
private employment offices.
Laws dealing with the employment
or women and children were numer
ous. Minimum wage laws were en
acted by Arkansas and Kansas and
Arkansas and Pennsylvania wrote ad-
vaJ,ce child labor legislation on their
statute books. California, Massa
chusetts and Washington amended
their laws and Idaho named a com
mission to deal with the subject.
Several states strengthened their
safety provisions and there was
rapid growth of legislation providing
for Industrial commissions to admin
ister workmen's compensation, factory
inspection ana other Iaoor laws.
Lack of
is Demoralized
New York, March 12. With the
hope of making arrangements for the
shipment of American rubber to Swe
den for the benefit of the automobile
Industry in that country, Wily
Schroeder, an automobile dealer in
Stockholm, arrived here today on the
steamer llelllg Olav on his way to
Washingtonton. He declared the au
tomobile industry in Sweden is de
moralized for lack of rubber.
Armed with letters from Swedish
government officials he had recently
been In England, he said. In an ef
fort to Induce the British authori
ties to allow passage of sufficient rub
ber from the United States to relieve
the situation. With similar creden
tials he Is now going to Washington
In furtherance of the plan and will see
I tv. B.i.h mini.ri mnA tho -Ritish
ambassador. Schroeder Identified
I himself as a naturalized American
representing an American automobile
concern in Stockholm.
In Order to Punish Villa and His
Band For Raid on Columbus.
Mexico City, March 19. General
Ckrranza's reply to the note of tha
Washington government asking per
I mission to sen d troops through Mexi
can terrltorv In order to punish Vil
la and his bamllts for their raid on
Columbus, N. M- was made public by
the Mexican government officials late
last night.
Tha reply, which says that Mexico
will cooperate with the United tSates
troops by sending General Ljiiis
Gutierrez with 2.600 men, bears the
signature of Jesus Acuna. provisional
president's mislsters of foreign a ft airs.
Villa Disintegrating His Force.
Columbus- N. M, March 1). Re
ports multiplied here today that Fraa
Cisco Villa is disintegrating the force
of IsOO to 2o 00 men whom used to
support or to make the Columbus raid
last Thursday.
Condensed Telegrams
The Superior War Council of tha
Allies, met in Paris.
The republican state central commit
tee meets in Hartford tomorrow
Joseph Asher Sheldon of New Ha
ven, aged 102. Is sick with grip.
All Portuguese reservists, naval and
military, were called to the colors.
Ths French line steamer Chicago ar
rived at New York from Bordeaux.
Mme. Rosika Schwimmer will retire
from the Ford Permanent Peace Board.
The Grand Trunk is reported to havs
declared an embargo on all grain
German merchant steamers seized by
Portugal will be used to carry supplies
by England.
Exports of copper from Atlantic
ports for the week ended March
totalled 3.116 tons.
Two elephants In the Central Park
Zoo were hitched to a large snow plaw
to ciear tne patna
Gen. Edwin S. Greeley of New Hav
en, who was Injured in the wreck at
Milford, is improving.
The captain and crew of the Ger
man commerce raider Moewe havs
been granted vacaions.
King George of England signed
proclamation prohibiting the importa
tion of preserved fruits.
The bronze American eagle on the
flagpole on the White House was
blown off by a heavy wind.
The export of wet or dry salted hides
from South Africa except to Great
Britain, has been prohibited.
President Wilson has authorized the
use of his name in the Massachusetts
Presidential primaries on April 2a.
Miss Nebraska Cropsey, known
throughout the country as an educator,
died at her home at Pittsburgh, aged
A bill recodifying the military law
so that spies may be put to death la
times of peace was passed by the Sen
ate. Announcement was made by the
Western Union Telegraph Co, of the
resumption of cable service with Ice
land. The Swedish steamer Martha struck
a mine in r alsterDoro houna ana sana
in Swedish waters. The crew was
Representative Randall of California
will aak Henry Ford to use his brains
and money to solve the high cost of
Flood caused by heavy rains have
completely tied up three transconti
nental railroads in western asning
to state.
After 25 years' idleness the Franklin
refinery in Philadelphia of the Ameri
can Sugar Refining Co. will resume
Jorge Huerta, son of Gen. Vlctoriano
Huerta former dictator or aiexico. ar
rived at New Orleans from El PasoJ
en route to Havana.
An Athens dispatch reports street
firhtinr between Americans and Ger
man sailors in front of the American
Embassy In Constantinople.
The submarine E-2. in which 5 men
lost their lives by an explosion at the
Brooklyn Navy Yard on Jan. 15. has
been ordered out of commission
Four men traoDed in the towboat J.
O. Watson when she overturned In the
Ohio river near Wellsburgb, W. Ya..
escaped by kicking out he windows.
Repairs on ships in the Mare Island
Naw Yard are being rusnea in antici
pation of the ordering of the Pacific
flleet, now at san Diego, to aiexico.
Fifteen hundred naval apprentices In
hnrracka B and C. at Newport. K- 1
were quarantined because of the sud
den development of 15 cases of measles.
Colonel Milton J. Foreman of the
1st Illinois Cavalry. National Guard,
wired President Wilson, asking that
his regiment be among the first sent
to Mexico.
Frank A. VsnderllD of New York and
Pierre S. du Pont of Wilmington. tJei
have been elected life members of the
corporation of the Massacnusetts insti
tute of Technology.
Chairman Newlands of the Interstate
Commerce Committee of the Senate in
troduced a bill to enlarge the Inter
state Commerce Commission from
seven to nine members.
Arthur S. Jacobson. medical stud
ent committed suicide In his room In
Philadelphia. He is believed to have
been crazed by love for Gaby Deslys.
to whom he left a note.
More than 75 persons, several of
them women, were arrestee in De
troit, when the police tnere negan a.
oundup of Eastern gunmen who have
made Detroit their headquarters lately.
pj lll.fcelina aaainst Americans is
Indicated on the border south of Del
Rio. Texas. The better class of Mex
icans express satisfaction over Presi
dent Wilson's decision to hunt down
Villa and his pandits.
Declaring That United States Would
Not Be Allowed to Send Armed
Mexico City. March 11. General
Carransa tonight Issued a manifests
to the nation declaring that under no
circumstances would the Mexican gov
ernment grant the right to the United
States to violate Mexican territory by
sending In an armed force.
General Carransa says In his mani
festo: I am sure that I Interpret In this
matter the national sentiment and that
the Mexican people will comply In a
dignified manner with their duty, be
the sacrifices what they may. to sus
tain their rights and sovereignty. If.
unfortunately, this drags Into a war
a war which the United States can
never lustlfy. We will not be respon
sible for the disastrous consequences.
Upon the heads of the traitorous Mox
leans who within and without this
country have labored to produce this
result, will fall the inexorable Justice
of the people-"
Situation on Border Has Prevented the Rapid Con
General Funston Says Expeditionary Force Will Not Start
Until Commissary Arrangements Are Completed
Looks for a Long and Arduous Campaign Declares It
Will be No Swivel Chair Affair Unlike Ordinary War
fare in That There Can be No Surrender as Villa Men
Would Kill All Americans Civilian Scouts Acquainted
With the Country Have Been Hired Valuable Scouting
Duty is Expected From the Aero Squadron.
Ran Antonio, Texas. March 12. It
became known today that the plans
for the campaign against Francisco
i la have been affected bv the -border
situation elsewhere than at Colum
bu. X. M. The situation. It is said.
Is so important as to have hindered
rapid concentration of the punitive
expedition that will go after the per
petrator of the Columbus outrage.
Great excitement has been noted, it
is authoritatively stated, in the Car
ranza garrisons at Nogales. opposite
the Arizona border town of that name
at Picdras Negrae. which fronts Eagle
Pass. Texas, from across the Rio
To Await Arrival of Troops.
"We do not ourselves know tmt
when the expedition that wil search
for Villa will start into Mexico. It
will go forward Just as soon as a
sufficient force with an adequate
commissary can be organized. It will
now be held back, however, until the
troops now ordered to the tmrder hv
i nis was tne statement today of
-Major General Frederick Funston
wnile he was outlining at Fort Sam
Musion. southern department head
quarters, as closelv as mi;itr- vn-
dler.cy would permit plans that will be
airecrea against the Mexican leader.
He added: "There Is no use going
at this thing half-cocked. The task
aneaa or u8 win be long and ar
Uneasiness Along.. the Border.
The uneasiness along the border has
extenaea to tne large (Mexican popu
lation on the American side. Troops
now stationed In the -border towns are
sufficient to cope -with any situation
that mav arise. General Funstnn
However, as It Is his Intention to use
these troops in the search tor Villa
ana as thev cannot be moved until
other detachments arrive to succeed
inem on the border patrol, complete
organization of the expeditionary
force has been delayed.
Fear of Residents in Border Towns.
Army circles feel bound to respect
the fear of residents In American bor
der towns that, notwithstanding as
surances from Genera Carranza's
representatives, uprisln-s may rollow
the actual occupation of Mexican ter
ritory by American soldier-. It Is
felt that tho welfare of the vorder
cannot be sacrificed to the doubtful
success of a hasty and therefore un
prefared pursuit of the fugitive Vil
la General Funston's statement toda
re garding the uncertainty of the puni
tive expedition's departure 'from
American soil and his partial outline
of the projected plan of campaign
were In replv to what he termed the
Impatience of the American people for
speedy action.
People Must Be Patient.
"The people must be patient." tie
said. "We must tve adequately pre
pared for this thing.
"In the first place, we must use. as
much as possible, soldiers who are ac
customed to Mexican border duty.
However, these men cannot be remov
ed from their present posts until they
are relieved by troops drawn rrom
other departments and hurried to the
T-arrporiation No Easy Matter.
"Transportation of the relief patrols
is not an easy matter. Many of the-e
troops consist of scattered depart
ments that have to be concentrated,
sometimes by means of difficult
marches, before they can be sent
Concentration and transportation of
troops 1- not all of our problem, how
ever. We are going to march Into a
country that will afford us little or
no forage. The commissary must be
adequately supplied.
Soldiers Must Be Well Fed.
"A Villa follower can live on little
or nothing. An American soldier
must be well fed If he is to give good
"We won't gain anything bv haste.
To send an adequate force." insuf
ficiently prepared, after Villa would
hinder and not hasten matters."
Speaking regarding the course the
campaign will take. General Funston
More Than Ona Expeditionary Force.
"There will be more than one ex
peditionary force, although I am not
at liberty to say how many or from
what points they will start. They
may make simultaneous entries. Into
Mexico or thev may be sent forward
at Intervals. They may all leave tha
same point or they may depart from
different points.
No Swivel Chair Campaign.
"All this wlH be left to the discre
tion of the expeditionary commander
who will have complete charge of all
the forces In the field. I don't believe
in swivel cnair campaigning.
"Necessarily, the campaign will de
velop new situations and the dlsnoa.il
of the troops Is contingent upon these
aeveiopments. i may at Intervals vis
It the field forces.-
"Of course the expedition win not
await tne arrival at the border of
ail tne troops now being dispatched
from other departmental station it
will be gotten under way lust as soon
as possible and aa other troops arrive
tney win do sent forward as rein-
El Paso Base of Supplies.
- "El Paso naturally wil be the base
for our Army. El Paso wUl be up-
of Troops '
plied through Fort Sam Houston. Saa
The general explained that the first
aero squadron and the regular scouts
of the army would not do all of the
scouting of the expedition.
Hiring Civilian 8eouts.
"We are hiring civilian scouts" ki
said, "who are familiar with every
foot of the territory we will pene
trate Americans who have been
working down In that country for
Aero Squadron of Great Servtoe.
It Is the general's exbectatlon thut
the aero squadron will be of great
"Of course the flyers have seen duty
down on the border." be said. "They
could not accomplish much, however,
for thickets and stretches of bushes
made observations difficult. Out In
the open mesas of the territory we)
will ti averse, however, the boys will
rt r der great assistance."
Advance duty service In the small
detachments that are thrown out by
arm'.es as "feelers" will b the most
hazardous work the American soldiers
will encounter. General Funston be-1
Means Fight to the Death. -"Villa
troops will at times surprise,
these scouting parties.' be said -In'
ordinary warfare our men migbt. If
hopelessly outnumbered, and re-'
simance waa futile, surrender wit a
safety. To surrender to Villa, how
ever, would be worse than suicidal
Villa's men would kilt every American
they can lay hands on. Every en-'
counter with them means fight to tm
death for our men."
Aero 8quadron For El Paso. ..,
Tt has been decided that tha first
aero squadron will not attempt a
flight to the base of operatlona Kb..
training of the eight machines, the ac-l
cessory trucks and motor cycles and
supplies began today but was net!
completed. The squadron win not)
get away until tomorrow when it wflt
proceed to El Paso.
Hospital company No. 7 and Ambo
lance company No" 7 left before day-'
break today for El Paso to be (Its-.
patched when needed. They were!
followed shortly by the Second Rat -I
talion of Engineers. Compaynlea E. B
and H. There will be no other move
ments from San Antonio before Mon
day. It waa reported here that a guard
hns been placed over the Southern
Pacific viaduct at Del Rio over which
the various detachments from Fort
Sam Houston will pass.
Secrecy Being Observed at Instanos
of General Funston.
Washington. March 12. Orders cal
culated to complete every arrange
ment necessary for the movement of
the American forces into Mexico havs
been issued by officers of the general
staff and heads of the various bu
reaus of the department. Nothing
has been omitted in the programme
recommended by General Funston. -
Major General Tasker H. Bliss, chief
of the mobile army division, inform
ed Secretary Baker today that ma
chinery had been perfected to meet
any contingency that might arise in
cident to the Mexican campaign and
could be set In motion at a word.
Similar reports came from the ad
jutant general, the inspector general.;
the quartermaster general the surgeon
general, the chief of ordnance and the
other divisional officials.
Nearly every officer, official and
clerk of the war department has ben
busy since the president's announce
ment Friday that the army would be
sent into Mexico to punish Villa an. J
his bandits. Every move by the de
partment to erecute the president's
order had been cloaked in secrecv In .
accordance with General Funston's
Secretary Baker spent todar con
ferring with officials of the general
staff regarding the various phases ot
tno situation. Direct telegrfaphla
communication between the depart
ment and the border was established.
OKIcials reiterated expressions of
confidence that the forces already
along the border would be sufficient to
carry out tho campaign. It was said '
that no additional orders for troops
to proceed to the border would be is
sued, at least for the present. The
three cavalry regiments ordered south
wiil constitute the only movement
of troops from the Interior posts un
less the present arrangements were
altered. Should General Funston ask
for additional forces, however, the
Fiftr cavalry, stationed at Fort.
Myer. Ya, Fort Leavenworth. Kas..'
and Fort Sheridan. lis, wiil be sent
Immediately. Orders immediately
will be given to the commanding of-'
fleers of this regiment to hold thetn-'j
selves In readiness to more. i
Walsh Bsy State Candidate, for Dele-gate-at-Large.
Boston. March 12. Former Governor
David L Walsh waa selected to bead
the Bit of candidates for delegates-at-large
at the Massachusetts preslden- '
tial primaries on April 25 at a meeting
of the democratic state committee here
yesterday. It was stated he was tha.
unanimous choice of tha committee. - -
bUft road.
ba ihm high m t avtomo

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