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VOL LIX-NO. 116 POPULATION 29,919 Norwich, co".oo Tuesday, may .15, 1917 TEN PAGES 80 COLUMNS PRICE TWO CENTS The Bulletin's Circulation in Norwich is Double That of Any Other, Paperrv its Total Circulation is the Largest in Connecticut in Proportion to the City's Population cauwKSty Cabled Paragraphs French Passenger Steamer Sunk Paris, May 14, 6.00 p. to. The French passenger steamer- Medjerda has been sunk by a submarine while voyaging between Oran. Algeria, and Marseilles. This announcemonl list made by the ministry of marine. The survivors were picked up and taken to different ports "TTut they have not yet been reported in full. The Mad- Jerda was a vessel of 19 IS tons gross. Differences Between Council of Workmen's and Sol diers' Deputies and High Russian Officials RUMOR TURKEY HAS OFFERED SEPARATE PEACE Commander of the Forces in Petrograd and the Minister of Marine and War Have Resigned Meantime From the Baltic Sea to the Danubian Region of Rumania the Op posing Forces in Trenches Remain Inactive On Both the Caucasus and Mesopotamia Fronts the Turks Have Inflicted Revereses on the Russians In France the Brit ish Have Taken From the Germans the Whole Village of Roeux Great Britain is to Adopt a More Aggressive Attitude With Her Navy. P.nssla still looms in the eyes of the world as a portentous obstacle to an early successful issue of the war for the entente nations and the United States over Germany and her allies. With a far from satisfactory state f affairs existing between the coun cil of workmen's and soldiers' deputies and high Russian government officials, which in the past few days has re sulted In the resignations of the com mander of the forces in IPetrograd and the minister of war and marine, comes a renewal of the rumor that Turkey is following in the footsteps of Ger many and Austria-Hungary and en deavoring to effect a separate peace v-ith Russia. llesjitme, from the Baltic Sea. to the Danubian region of Rumania, the Russians and the forces of the Teu tonic allies continue almost inactive in their trenches, only spo radio ex changes of rifle fire and small recon naissances having been reported. On both the Caucasus and Mesopo tamia fronts, however, the Turks have inflicted reverses on the Russians, according to Petrograd. South of Pntmpm the Kurds have repulsed Russian forces after a stubborn fight, whlie in Mesopotamia the Russians have been forced to retreat across the Jlaia River in the face of superior forces. A significant statement as to the desirability of Great Britain accept ing; & separate peace with Austria- Hungary has been made by the chan cellor of the exchequer in the house of commons. There never had been a question of making a spa.ra.te peace, said the chancellor, but as Germany was always trying to detach some of the allies, it might be "that no blow would seem so fatal to Germany as if one of her own allies were de tached from the fight." On the front In France the British after days of fierce fighting have tak en from the Germans the whole vill age of Roeux, east of Arras, and to the north of Gavrelle have pushed their line forward. No infantry en gagements have taken place between the French and the Germans, but their artilleries are still roaring in the great duels which always are . the forerun ners of attacks. From April 9 to May 12, Germans to the number of 49,679 have been made prisoner in France by the Brit ish and French. In addition 444 heavy and field can non, 943 machine guns and 3S6 trench mortars were captured. That Great Britain is immediately to adopt a more aggressive attitude in the war with her navy is shown by the appointment of a naval staff head ed bv Admiral Jellicoe, one of her best sea fighters and naval tacticians. The staff will also have cahrge of speeding-up shin bni'dtnsr nd carrying out other dit-r- -ary to the naval conduct of the SENATE PASSED ESPIONAGE BILL LAST NIGHT Newspaper Censorship and Prohibi tion Provisions Stricken Out. "Washington, May 14. After nearly three weeks of debate, ranging over Innumerable problems of the war, the senate by a vote of 77 to 6 tonight passed the administration espionage hill, pronounced one of the most dras tic and all-inclusive measures in American congressional history. A similar bi!l has passed the house and virtual re-drafting of many of the most important provisions is ex pected in the forthcoming conferences. During today's final consideration, the senate stripped the measure en tirely of provisions for newspaper censorship and restriction upon man- JOSEPH H. CHOATE DIES AFTER ONE DAY'S ILLNESS Was One of the Most Prominent Members of the American Bar. New Tork, May 14. Joseph H. Choate, former United States ambas sador to Great Brits in. died at 11.30 o'clock tonight at his home inthi city. Mr. Choate had been 111 only since this morning. He had taken a very active part in the entertainment in this city of the British and French war missions and attended services at the Cathedral of St. John the Di vine with Foreign (Minister Balfour yesterday morning. Mr. Choate was referred to by May or Mitchel at one of the entertain ments in honor of the war missions as the "foremost citizen of New York." Mr. Choate was 85 years old, a life time during which he was one of the most distinguished practitioners of law in the United States, ambassador to England with signal success, a speaker applauded on innumerable public occasions, and, finally, a re markable octogenarian. He came from an old New !ETngland family, noted for strength of charac ter and mental vigor. His father was a cousin of the famous Rufus Choate. He was graduated from Harvard In 1862, a college mate of Philips Brooks. He established himself in New York in 1856 soon after finishing his law studies, and as a member of the firm cf Evarts, Southmayd and Choate ha rose to leadership of the New York Bar. He appeared in all the celebrated cases it was said a case was not a case unless Choate appeared In it where his fluency and wit and search ing cross-examination brought him considerable success. He figured in the prosecution of "Boss" Tweed find his followers who looted the Neat York city treasury; he so successfully defended General Fitz-John Porter, that by reversal of a court martial that officer was reinstated: he ap peared In the Tilden will cas?, the contest over Commodore Vanderbllt's millions, and the Chinese exclusion case, arguing against the validity f the act. These are but a few of the famous litigations In which he figured- his presence invariably making any case "an intellectual treat for the pub lic, and a professional education for junior members of the Bar." His professional income during the height of his career "Was believed to be the largest of any practitioner in the American courts. ding BreaKea Grain Exchanges WHEN TRADING IN FUTURES WA8 SUSPENDED. A DECLINE IN CEREALS 4 Bank Robbers Fared Badly AT FIRST NATIONAL BANK CASTLE SHANNON, PA. OF Price July Wheat Fall 16 Cents, Sep tember Wheat 8 Corn and Oata Showed Advance in Prices Winni peg Stops Trading in October Grain. SPECULATION IN FOOD " SUPPLIES DENOUNCED Chicago, (May M. The low swell of business disturbance due to the entry of the United States into the world war broke in a crested wave over the leading grain exchanges of the coun try today. Tomorrow representatives of these exchanges will meet here to discuss the situation. To Stop Speculation In Futures. There la among influential Chicago grain men a sentiment that specula tion in futures should be absolutely eliminated, either by complete stop page of the practice or by fixing a maximum price for futures. The sen timent, however, was by no means unanimous, it was reported that the Minneapolis delegation expected here tomorrow would oppose such procedure despite food regulation that is pro posed by congressmen, including Sen ator Thomas' demand for the closing of all exopVLnges where foodstuffs are speculated in. Delegations are ex pected also from Duruth, Tale-do and Kansas City. An Unprecedented Action. The Chicago board of trade began the day by taking unprecedented ac tion to curb speculation. Buying of May options in grain was prohibited and outstanding contracts were or dered closed at or under maximum prices fixed by a, committee of the board. Trading in Jtrty and Septerrfs ber wheat was curbed for a period of two days except at $2.76 or under for July and $2.45 a bushel or under for September. The maximum price for closing out M;v cc-asi was fixed at $1.61 1-2 and for May oats at 73 1-2 cents a bushel. ONE OF THEM KILLED Overwhelming Sentiment Was Shown in Debate in the Senate. Sharp Decline in Wheat. The result of these regulations was a sharp decline in wheat and advances in the coarser cereala. Net changes for the day follow: Wheat July, 16 cents lower; Sep tember, 18 cents lower. Corn July, 6 7-S cents higher; Sep tember, 8 5-8 cents "higher. Oats July, 11-2 cents higher; Sep tember, 2 1-4 cents higher. Similar Action in Other Cities. At St. Louis, Kansas City, ruluth, Minneapolis and Toledo the boards took action approximately similar to that of Chicago. At St. Louis wheat declined 10 to 11 1-4 -cents; at Kan- ! ?.n City, 12 1-2 to 13 cents; at Minne- Washingrton. May 14. Speculation LONDON ENDORSES LEAGUE OF ound S.n the floor of VhI NATIONS TO ENFORCE PEACE ! ate ar-d in a remarkable debate tne-.e was shown plainly an overwhelming sentiment for putting- a stop to ;.am blinar in the necessities of life. An amendment to the espionage bill proposed by Senator Thomas of Co o rado to suspend durin? the war all ex. changes, boards of trade and chim- ResoJution Adopted at a Meeting of 1,200 Representative Men. Bandits Shot to Death the Cashier and Assistant Cashier Got Away With $10,000 Which Was Afterward Recovered. Pittsbmrgh, May 14. Police tonight had recovered actually all of the $10,000 token from the First National Bank of Castle Shannon, a suburb, today by four bandits who entered the bank, shot to death the cashier and assistant cashier of the bank, bound and gaged a patron of the bank, and in attempting to escape, injured two persons. One of the bandits, John Ohetch, was killed and another, Sam Berts, was probably fatally wounded by shots from a posse of townspeople. A third bandit, Nick Yecle, was cap tured and badly beaten by a mob that attempted to take him from the posse. Efforts to capture the fourth bandit were unsuccessful. All of the robbers. according to the police, live in Pitts- ourgn and are young men. Opened Fire on Cashier. Entering the bank shortly after noon during a lull in business, the bandits opened fire at Cashier D. E. McLean and Assistant Cashier Frank W. Erbe. Bank officers obtained re volvers and returned the fire. Townspeople Aroused. Townspeople, aroused fov the sound of shots, rushed to the bank with re volvers, rifles and shotguns. George t. Beltzhoover, justice of the peace, was struck by a coin bag by one of the bandits and knocked to the ground. Two of the bandits rushed to their nearby automobile, while the 'other two ran to the grounds of the Castle Shannon Golf Club. Followed by the posse across the golf grounds, one of the men was shot and killed and the other probably wounded. In the pur suit Nicholas Yost, a train dispatch er, was shot in the leg. One of the bandits jumped from the automobile near the outskirts of the village and escaped but the other was captured. 17 FRENCH MENCHANTMEN SUNK IN THREE MONTHS - Condensed Telegrams America's call to arms has stripped many of the Episcopal churches of Bible class teachers. Magistrate Barlow of New York urges that prisoners taken by the Al lies be brought to the United States. King Ferdinand of Rumania prom ised the Rumanian peasants reforms in the land holding system after the war. Four of the nine U. S. volunteer reg iments of army engineres being org anized for duty in France have a, total of 1,066 men. J. M. Hannaford, president of the Northern Pacific, announced a 10 per cent salary bonus, totalling $750,000, to 20,700 employes. Gen. Dragomiroff, who succeeds Gen. Russky on the western Russian front, is one of the most Intellectual gen erals in the army. "Whisky and beer are all right in their place, but their place is in hell," shouted the Rev. 'Billy" Sunday in a sermon on "Booze." The New York contingent, 1,200 strong, of the student officers' training camp, arrived at Plattsburg Barracks on four special trains. Turkey is carrying on a secret dis cussion with representatives of the Entente powers in Switzerland, it is understood in Washington. The British Government was fully aroused to taking strong measures to end the so-called "engineering strike" which started some weeks ago. The German Admiralty announces that a British destroyer was sunk in the engagement between light forces off the Flemish coast on May 10. Swedish, Danish and Norwegian conferees determined unanimously that the three countries should main tain a policy of impartial neutrality. A large American flag, the gift of Dr. Charles V. Paterno, was unfurled at the Fort Washington Presbyterian Church at special patriotic exercises. OPPOSITION TO WAR REVENUE BILL By Spokesmen for Newspapers and Periodicals Frc .i All Parts of the Country BEFORE THE SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE rt- Claim That a Creation of a Zone System With Gre&ify ! creased Rates for Second Class Mail Matter Would Com pel Many Publications to Suspend Provision Was De nounced as Unreasonable and Confiscatory Today Samuel Gompers, President of A. F. of L., Will Present the Protest of the Labor Press and Labor Organiza tions Which Would be Affected Should New: pa peri Suspend. Commencement exercises at the College of the City of New York and New York University will be strip ped of all gayety and ceremony this year. Nine Others Were Attacked, But Made Their Escape. Paris, May 14. Seventeen French merchantmen were sunk by German submarines during February, March and April, according to an official statement issued today. During the same period nine French vessels were attacked by under-water craft but made their escape. No armed mer chantmen have fallen prey to the U- aons. 8 to 10 cents; at Duluth, 13 to oats. The statement says: is cents. There was a holiday at Win- "Statistics for the first three months nipeg Arbor day but the board there of Germany's unrestricted submarine voted to discontinue trading in Octob"- onmnaisrn. so far as thev rannm b futures, the only one recently quo: at. jjouis corn aavancea 6 d-s to 8 3-s cents, wlille the rise at Kansas City ranged from 6 1-8 to 9 cents. Voluntary Action. Three big commission houses during ' the day outdid the board in their ac- London, May 14. A league cf na tions to enforce peace, as championed andther kmeVETn .tatesmcf rs of commerce that iTt sp cu- j or i but their lead wa. not followed enthusiastically endorsed today in a'atlon in . foodstuffs, was beatrn onlf ."le etent w.hic fn ; ijvv,a,ucc II- Wrtfl IUUUKI1L lilt? Ji UV H- t 1 w j j. r n u. lsr1 nrfnn Una nlmnn 1-ir a nrt at s ; meeting attended hv 1.200 renrpsenta- !on.ha? no Place in the bill and that tive men, including clergymen an! should be offered m connection with members of the houses of lords and j food cntrol legislation pe-ndinr in commons, held under the auspices of ! consress. the League of "Nations Societv. Vis- Senator after senator scored the count imes Brvce presided. Tha ! me.n who have manipulated srajr, other speakers wTe the Mont Rev. 1 Prices and the tf rms "pirates" anii Randall Thomas Davidson, archbishop i robbers were froily used. The of Canterburv, Lieutenant General I measures pending were supplemented Christ ufacture of grain into intoxicating li- Lord ian Smuts, Baron Buckmaster. j i?da5l b' a resolution int Hugh Cecil and discount Har- senator Gore chairman o quor; and rejected an amendment de signed to curb speculation in food products, although sentiment was ob viousiy overwhelming in favor of such legislation later. Senator Brandegee was among those voting to strike out the prohibition provision. THE" rodu ed by of the agri court. The resolution wfcach ws of- !"""' committee, caning ror appolnt fered bv General Smuts end ssconO-!mrnt y the president of a controll ed by archbishop of Canterbury, read- general cf supplies. "It is expedient In the interest of!.,Tj"der the Gore resolution the pres rnankind that some machinery should would be authorized to transfer he set up after the present war fur:to the xood controller powers new ithe purpose of maintaining interna-! V!ftert loiti!r departments and bu Itional right and general peace ar,direaus- The fooa controller wou d be ithis meeting welcomes the suggestion I empowered to act with the allied gov- OF 52,500 WORTH OF .put forward for this purpose by the j crnments m a International sgree- DIAMONDS AND J EWELRY. J president of the United States and ! I"!!"' ' w 27 X "JL, I" uineniraueouai statesmen in Amer- --" a.., t.-j Police cf Stamford Are Looking for Charies Faulk, Colored. Stamford, Conn., May 14. The police are looking today for Charles Faulk, crtored. in connection with the disap pearance of 12,500 worth of diamonds and jewelry from the home of James T. Crane at Shippan Point. Faulk was employed up to last Saturday night as butler at the Crane home, and the fact that the jewels were missing was hot discovered until after hia disappear ance on thFit evening. BRITFSH STEAMSHIP CORFU TORPEDOED BY SUBMARINE While on Her Way from Philadelphia to Genoa One of Crew Killed. statesmen in Amer ica." Thunderous applause greeted Ixrd Buckmaster when, in supporting the resolution, he advocated Germany's in clusion in the proposed leairue. "This league of nations will f?ti!," h said, "unless Germany Is admrtted into it. If she is excluded it w:ll be nothing but a league against Germany, in wnicn case t see no prospect be fore the world frat the unending dark ness or mgnt. we have rot to sepa rate the German rulers from the Ger man people. "We must destroy the one and support the ocher. Tf that is done I believe our future will be sale.1 CLERKS OF N. H. ROAD THREATEN TO STRIKE J, New Tork, May 14. Destruction by p Unless Recommendations of Federal a German submarine of the British Conciliators Are Complied With steamship Corfu on April 17, while ce ! with iron, was reported today tv a i British steamship arriving from the Mediterranean. The Corfu, a vessel of ,37 tons, met her fate ISO miles west of Gibraltar, to which her crew, except one killed by shelrfire, were brought after being rescued. SUSPENSION IN BUYING OF OCTOBER WHEAT Action Taken by Council of the Win nepeg Grain Exchange. Winnipeg, Man, May 14. At a spe cial meeting of the council of the Win nipeg grain exchange it was decided to prohibit from noon today until 9.30 a. m. Wednesday the buying of Octob er wheat saw for the liquidation of existing contracts. The price must not rrceed 2AS per busheL Accidental Gunshot Wound Fatal. Stamford, Conn, May 14- Joseh Eoirii; a middle aged man, died at the local hoe-pital today of a gunshot wound inflicted by accident Robtc was driving along the highway in a wagon with the gun between his knees When the Jolting of the vehicle caused the weapon to be discharged, the charge cf aiioj xneftiryr ft-AHPl New Haven, Conn, May 14. James J. Forrest, grand president of the Brotherhood of Railway Clerks of America, served notia on the 'New York, New Haven and Hartford Rail road tonight, through its representa tive, General Manager C. X.. Bardo, that unless the recommendations of the federal conciliators submitted to the ' road several days ago are com plied with, a strike of the clerks will be ordered Wednesday. The order, it is said, would effect approximately 2, 800 men. The recommendations of the federal conciliators, who came at the request of the company and representatives of the clerks, include a fiat wage in crease of eight per cent; a minimum of two Saturday afternoons off each month and a continuance of the vaca tion syste m under prior agreements. Mr. Bardo, according to union repre sentatives, has refused to abide by th award of the conciliators on the ground that the vacation issue is en tirely foreign to the differences iai question. The clerks also claim that the Saturday half holiday recom mendation has been rejected by M'ri Union and company representatives pledged themselves before ae-reeinir to arbitrate differences, to abide by the later that thev were "very much etv. decision of the. conciliators. ooiuaged"jbyblsttltude. f - - other necessities of life. His salary would be that of a cabinet member and his duties wnuld be prescribed by congress or by the president. The ofQeo would be created for the duration of the war and for nine months after the conclusion of peace. CHARGED WITH PLANNING ARMED INVASION OF CANADA Fritz Neef, of Detroit, Has Been In dicted by Federal Grand Jury. juetroit, May n. jratz Neef, gen eral manager or a local electrical con cern, was arrested today, charged witn navmg conspired to plan a mill tary expedition against Canada. It is understood that an indictment against Neer was returned by the federal grand Jury last Thursday, after listen ing to testimony regarding Albert Kaltschmidt of Detroit, who is being nea to answer a similar cnarge. Kaltschmide, a prominent business man, is alleged to have plotted to de stroy the armory and other buildings at Windsor, Ontario. Neef is a rela tive of Kaltschmidt. mpaign, so far as they concern the i-rericii merchant marine, show the following results: "February Sunk 4; attacked and escaped 1. "March Sunk 5; attacked and es caped 2. April sunk 8; attacked and es caped 6. "Armed merchantmen have in every case escaped rrom submarines. "During this period French patrol boats have had twelve engagements with submarines. French hydro-airplanes have fought them thirteen times and there have been sixteen en gagements between armed merchant men' and submarines." FRENCH AND BRITISH ENVOYS HAVE RETURNED TO CAPITAL McKlnnon and Wagner & company notified their customers that until fur ther notice they would accept no trades in future except to adjust existing contracts. It was reported that many telegraph operators employed by brok ers were being warned that their ser vices might be presently dispensed with. What connection the federal govern ment had if anv with thA octinn nf the board today was not mada kno.wn. op Final Conferences With American Special Assistant Attornev General J Officials Before Returning Home. Robert W. Chllds Seft for Washington ! to confer on the grain situation with i Washington, liav 14. Members of Attorney General Gregory. President the French and British war missi: ns Joseph Griffin of the board conferred ' returned to Washington today f.r fl with tTnited States District Attorney jnal conferences with American g -v'-Cline at the conclusion of the directors' J NO;fliflttJ qThETIu iaoncsp -x.d k meeting. Iimmeat officials before return ng j home.- They will depart unannounced. CONVENTION OF AMERICAN is soon as the business that brought FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS.'! s the AtlW can be 250 Delegates in Attendance at N!!8?! enuA8.: , - - " - - - . - v ...... i , 6iYCii liitrui a y united; the American neonle. Haven from AH Parts States and Canada. of DISCLOSED MANY NAMES OF GERMAN SECRET AGENT3 Rudolph Flamlndinghe, Alleged Head of Spy System on Pacific Coast. San Francisco, May 14. Vigorous action for the overthrow of the Ger man secret service in America was begun today by the federal authorities on information they said had been furnished by Rudolph Flamlndinghe. alleged head of the spy system on the iPaciflc coast. (Flamindinghev und arrest in Los Angeles, is said to have given the government agents infor mation which, it is believed, will re sult in the immediate arrest of vir tually every German secret service- operative in the United States. Wilson Receives Suffrage Delegation. Washington, May 14. President Wilson, for the first time since the war began, received a suffrage delegation today. He did not commit himself but members of the committee said New Haven, Conn, May 14. The 27th annual convention of the Ameri can Federation of Musicians opened this afternoon with more than 250 delegates from all parts of the United States and Canada present. A feature of the day's program was the parade which signalised the formal opening of tne convention. It was headed by a band of 200 pieces. Including many of the country's most prominent musi cians. Just before the procession disbanded it drew up in front of Woolsey hai where the band played The Star Span gled Banner from the steps of the fa mous Yale auditorium. Immediately after the convention had been called to order at the Hotel Taft, a resolution endorsing the stand taken by the president in the present emergency and pledging the support f the organization was adopted, under suspension of the rules. The convention will remain in ses sion until the end of the week. Elec tion of officers will probably take place on Saturday. ENTENTE ALLIES ARE NOT DIRECTING INDUSTRIES Al. Viviani called at th Whitn House to tell President Wilson about his tour of eastern and middle west ern cities and talk over the work re maining to be done. Marshal Joffra visited the war department. Mr. Balfour, quite tired by the ex citement in New York, spent virtually the whole day either resting or rlear. ing up details. His only engagement was for tennis in the late afternoon. The present week wil be devoted largely to the results of the work of suD-committees. some of which have The 310th anniversary of the found ing of Jamestown, Va, was celebrated with patriotic services in the historic KUDmitted preliminary reports, after Nearly 1.000 persons were present, which the British visitors will be Farmers in 19 states report an in creasing demand for farm labor. Skilled laborers demand an eight-hour day and wages double those of normal times. Four seamen's associations sent resolutions to the Norwegian Govern ment demanding better safeguards for vessels and crews from the submarine menace. Japan won the Oriental Olympic games staged at Tokio. The athletes of the land of the Rising Sun scored 120 points, the ilipinos 80 and the Chinese 48. All American steam vessels entering the war zone must carry enough life boats to accommodate every person aboard, and have enough life rafts for 25 per cent. The Italian steamship Cavour, hav ing on board 500 reservists, was sunk by a submarine near Dakar Senegal, Africa, according to a report received at Buenos Aires. The official statistics of retail prices of food given in the Board of Trade Labor Gazette ot London show an in crease up to March 31 of 94 per cent compared with July, 1914. Diamonds valued at $12,000 were lost by John P. Boylan, of Great Neck, L. I, while on his way to business in Manhattan. He missed the gems from a pocket in his waistcoat. The Dusenberq Motors Corporation of New York filed plans for the con struction of a plant for the manufac ture of airplane motors for the Gov ernment, at Elizabeth, N. J. General Sir William R. - Robertson, chief of the Imperial Staff, declared that in the last five or six weeks the British had expended 200,000 tons of ammunition in France alone. The automatic weighing machine, once a toy or an instrument of amuse ment, is now a necessary of life in Germany, according to Dr. Riecke, the assistant mayor of Berlin. Advices from Warsaw through Aus trian sources say the movement against the German created Polish Council of State was undoubtedly en couraged by the events in Russia- Children in the schools of New York will carry out tooth-brush drills at the opening of Oral Hygiene Week as a campaign of publicity and edu cation on the care of the teeth. 5 Washington, May 14. Spokesmen for newspapers and periodicals, from all parts of the country, appeared be fore the senate finance committee to day to attack as unreasonable and confiscatory the war revenue bill pro vision which would create a zone sys tem with greatly increased rates for second, class mail matter. They de clared if the measure went into effect many publications would be compell ed to suspend. Would Paralyze the Newspapers Don C. Seitz. of the New York World, representing the American Newspaper Publishers' Association, said the proposed increase was not a war tax, "but an effort to further re press and embarrass the newspaper industry." He told the committee there already had been a big slump in business, which, if it continufd, would paralyze the newspapers. The publishers, he added, were not seek ing special favors, but wanted lo be placed on the same level with people engaged in other business. Cannot Stand the Increase. Arthur Dunn, speaking for the smaller newspapers of the ecuntry, said they could not stand the increase in postal rates with the increase cost of print paper and that n any would be compelled to go out of bus iness if the bill was enacted. A similar view of the situation .was taken by Arthur J. Baldwin, of New York, vice president of the? Associated business Papers, Incorporated. and representing 300 trade and business periodicals. Ruination for Magazines. J. A. Moore of New York, rcpre pentin? the Periodical Publishing As souiation, composed of 86 of the lead in? magazines, said the increase would mean an added expenditure of more than $ 3,700,000 In postage to members of that organization and ruination for many of them. E. C. Meredith, of Des Moines, Iowa, speaking for 45 of the leading farm publications, Joined in the protest. Willing to Bear Reasonable Burden. All agreed that publishers are will ing to pay war taxes, but they dojjot want a tax that would be an unbear able burden to thousands of newspa pers and periodicals. R. J. Cuddihy, representing the Lit erary Digest, spoke of the educational value of magazines. Ho said that as soon as the revenue bill was intro duced his publicatio ncancelled all ad duced his publication car.r:d a: . until the rates had b-r. afirii-Jiy tablished. Gompers to Present Labor's Praxrt Plans had been mart to fini hearing of newspaper pu Mimr.r ''."a afternoon, but because cf f .-.-i ; r t in terruptions caused by memtr if t committee being called to th f! s,r l the senate where th- erlon was under consideration. tn fr.jrin was changed. Tomorrow - - , Gompers, president of tv A m- ri- i Federation of Latnr, ii! f,r-',; protest of the labor pt- and in,' j organizations which would t.i a"rt od should newpnper ujrnd This morning's npnion v.an : v- to 1 to hearing protect a---i;-. ' tv ;r--posed taxes on rhewlng g rn, t,-,r i and amusements. PROPOSED INCREASE IN POSTAL RATES MAY BE MODIFIED During Debate in Houm CantH-b Opposition Deve'opod. Washington, May 14 (f;f!nt ' the ways and mean rornm I f jr-n-posal greatly to lnrra ,nt r?n- on newspapers and inarazinM .(.. -! such a strength during d-tof o-i . war tax bill in the houso today ,- it appeared likely th! piK'al ; of the measure would ix? on of f fe wto be modified rfor punvir The attack brought th firwr . tlon from the ranks of th ronm:i! itself, which had approved th unanimously and whoe rnmhn r.f both parties have connlstTir:- i;r? i Its passage unamended Jtimt t?',r adjournment tonight Rerrwr,tj Sloan, a republican mmm1ti m-7! ber, told the hotme that hli h i i' i stand behind every other provi on In the measure, he could not 'iptrt a postal increase amounting to ' pun itive expedition against riMir and magazines." Representatives Mainn and Mr- Cormick, of Illinois, and M?, cf Missouri, republicans, and Mvn e' Tennessee, democrat, and rhalrmwi r.f the postal committee. Joined In th attack, which procded whil a lrr delegation of pullishrs wj - ir, the senate finance com m in on tr; enactment of the prop""'"'! in - would force many publication rr;' of business. General tlehot In the koi; will close at 4 o'clock tomfirm- an I the bill probably will fx- ir,,r'r t o a final vote before the end of ln w. TO BRING REGULAR ARMY TO ITS FULL WAR STRENGTH Order by War Department Calls for Organization of 44 New Regiments ready to leave. But They Are Exercising a Rather Strict Regulation. New Tork, May 14. Contrary to the common understanding in the United States, there has been very little di rect management ot business by the governments of Great Britain and France since the war began, accord ing to a report on "the relation of the government to war industry" made to the 'National Civic Federation by Prof. Jeremiah W. Jenks and given out here tonight. There has been, however, Professor Jenks explains, "a rather strict regu lation" ot Industries producing or handling of war supplies, but virtually direct management of business out side the regular government arsenals and certain special factories, few in r.nmber, built by or for the government. MOVEMENT IS WIDESPREAD FOR A NOISELESS FOURTH Waterbury Follows Suit of New Ha ven, Bridgeport and New Britain. Waterbury, Conn, May 14. Water bury is to have a noiseless Fourth in conjunction with New Haven, Bridge port and New Britain. Mayor S'cully said last evening that he had re solved to grant no permits this year, deciding to follow the action taken in the cities mentioned and being in fluenced also by the governor's state ment on the subject of fireworks. Ma yor Scully's decision means that no fireworks of. any kind will be permit ted here on the Fourth. OPPOSED TO PURCHASE OF NITRATE FOR FERTILIZERS. Secretary Houston Says the Proposal is Impractical. Washington, May 14. Secretary Houston appeared before a house sub committee today and opposed the joint resolution adopted by the senate to appropriate 410,000,000 for the pur chase of nitrate for fertilizer, to sell to farmers at cost. Mr. Houston char acterized the proposal as very Impractical. H. G. S. Noble was yesterday re elected president of the 'New York Stock Exchange. Maurice Mouvet, the dancer, sent his check for 6,000 to the American rep resentatives of the American Ambu lance Corps on the French battle front, as the joint gift of himself and his wife, Florence Walton. Junius S. Morgan, son of J. P. Morgan, has joined the naval reserve as an ensign and has been assigned to the station at Newport, R. I., it was announced at recruiting headquarters in New York yesterday. Major George F. Chandler, super intendent of the New York State po lice announced the appointment of Percy E. Barbour of Yonkers as first deputy. He 1 is the editor of the 'En gineering & Mining Jounral. Tired, faint from hunger and sleep lessness, Captain Clive Durden of the Australians arrived in Victoria station from France. ' While walking along the platform he fainted, fell in under the train, and was run over Resolutions In Germany on clothes rations went Into forcj on April 1. They go into details as to the number of garments which citizens may pos sess, and even specify the amount of cloth to be used for making suits and dresses. Agnes Nestor of the Woman's Trade Union league of Chicago has been ap pointed by the council of national de fense a member of the committee on women's defense work, of which Dr. Anna Howard Shaw is chairman. Washington, May 14. Orders to bring the regular army to its lull war strength of 293,000 men were an nounced today iby the war department. Organization of 44 new regiments will begin tomorrow with further efforts to stimulate recruiting and bring in the 116.445 men needed to fill up th ranks. Since April 1st, 67,643 men have been accepted. Expansion of the ar my will be accomplished by convert ing each existVig battalion into a full regiment. Syracuse, X. Y will be the largest single expansion post. At least three Infantry rrg.ments now on the border will be sent immediate ly to Syracuse for expansion but the regiments assigned have not been an nounced. Other points in the eastern department assigned as expansion posts are Fort Myer, Va., where a bat talion of regular field artillery will be converted into the Twelfth Field Ar tillery; Gettysburg National Park and Montauk Point. Long Island. In the soutWastern department the 51st. 52nd. 53rd, 54th, Both and 56th Infantry will be raised at Chickamau- ga Park. Ga. The 17th Infantry, now divided between Forts McPherson and Oglethorpe, Ga., will be one of the three to expand to form these mw regiments. Guard duty at the Geor gia war prison camps will be taken over by companies of war prison bar rack guards now being formed. The 22nd and 23rd Cavalry also will be raised at Chickamauga. LAMAR TESTIFIE3 IN THE CONSPIRACY CA Flat Denial That He Ever AHmo-J to Bribe Labor Leaders. TO ESTABLISH LAND AND WATER AVIATION SCHOOL At Clayton, Del., For Training Men For Army and Navy Reserves. New York, May 14. A land and wa ter aviation school where pupils will be trained free for the army and navy air reserves Is being established at Claymont, Del., by Pierre duPont and John J. Roskob, It was announced here today by the Hero Club of America. The site is part of the Roskob estate. ENTENTE ALLIES WANT . 600,000,000 BUSHELS OF GRAIN Announcement Made by Senator Gron na During Food Debate. Washington, May 14. -"During the food debate today Senator Gronna de clared the allies had called cn the United States to furnish 600,000,000 bushels of grain this year. He did not state the source of his informa tion on the senate floor but private- New York, May 14 David Is"" widely known as "Th Wolf of '! Street," testified todfiv that th p r out of which grew lihom .Vat:or! Peace Council were first r!rinmA v-;h the Rev. Dr. Thomas ". Hall, ?' York clergyman, throusrh whom h mt Captain Franz Filntl-n of ttiw Ger man navy, who gave him fh mnn7 to start on Bntitmunlf lorn f rm.fr- cam paigns, lyiniar, RlntfWi find Pv ethers are on trial here rharrM w!f.Ti using the council In a rrnepirr !rc 1915 to wreck the ent-nt a;!X nvi nltlons business In this country. Lamar said he went to ln'lmnapo'1 with Henry B. Martin, nn of thi d fendants, after he got th r- -' money and that Mnrtin cot In tiH with Former Ttepre-nt.-t!v H f(o. ert Powler and Frnnk li'i harun, o defendants. "Refore I left on this trip I tol l T " Hall that It would b n pood Id' a ' -me to stay In tho background. h cause, owing to mv past l!f. I so well known thronc-hotrt fh r-o;i-i-try that spies would be on my t''k to find out what I was ahoijt " T.tms' said. "I think I told Mm would ti assumed names In retrlsfring ho tels." He endorsed mv plans to srf matter before organized labor rd farmers in order to prodnre iV consensus of opinion as fo t.rlnr fi1 pressure to bear on the preslder 1 congress, flrt to embfirro rr- exports, and secondly, try nhoUh prt vate manufacturers ar.d to make a government monopoly of the ind i?r-. .' Lamar said. "If our demand x no met, it was our hope that ultimate' labor would strike. Rut never bv s,rr word, act or suerestlon did I to bring strikes hv bribing b'ir leaders or otherwise. Our f mlo-i ended with laying fie facts before trie country." Dr. Hall and he agreed thwf nmwi. tlons of farmers and labor f'-pn'r should be held. Ijimar festried. mr. -5 the clergyman assured him h wo-i .j be handed a sum of mnnr and eoon as he got it aV wanted to bejrln worir, "A few dii later I received n m-m. sage from Dr. Hall to go to K. V. Gib bons and Company, the ad-ires nf which he gax-e me In New York." T--mar said. "I went there and m Rlntelen, who hsndert m a rhr,r which I cashed." Tn a later conver sation D. Hall disclosed that ho hop ed to go to Oermanv aa an xchar,n professor. Lunar said. 5,200 Officers to Start Training. Indianapolis, Ind, May 14, VirtJia.i ly the whole quota of 5.2oo mn-wwt at Fort Benjamin Harrtaon tnnnv ready to start on tha thrno rnnm , course of training for efflc. -, . ly to senators he established its n- United, States army, which will ImkIt thenticity. at 6J0 ' cscaoclt to mtn tuir trrrrtr.jt.