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NORWICH BULLETIN, MONDAY, . AUQUST 20, 19T
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Norwich, Monday, Aua 20, 1917.
The Circulation of
The Bulletin has the largest
circulation of any paper In Eastern
Connecticut anil from three to tour
times larger than that ot any In
Norwich. It Is delivered .o ovar
a. 000 of tha 4.0S3 houses Jn Nor
wich and read by ninety-three per
cent, of the people. In Windham
It is delivered to over 900 houses.
in Putnam and Danielson to over
1.100. and In all of these places it
Is considered the local dally.
Eastern Connecticut has forty
nine towns, one hundred and sixty
flve postofflce districts, and sixty
aural free delivery routes.
The Bulletin is sold in every
town and ou all of he R. F". SX
routes in Eastern Connecticut.
1901. average 4,412
S 1905. average O.yZUj
I August 18, 1917.
TAKE THE BULLETIN ALONG
Readers of The Bulletin leaving
the city for vacation trips can have
It follow thorn daily and thus keep
in touch with home afairs.
Order through The Bulletin busi
COAL AND COAL PRICES.
The country breathes easier since
the announcement that President Wil
son is on the job, and that something
definite Is soon to he known by the
country as to Ihe price of coal per
In the matter of straightening out
the problem of coal supply the west
is to be given first service the sec
tion of greatest population Is to be
Here in Xew England it has been
difficult to set soft coal enough to
"keep fires under the boilers of our in
dustries; and tfje prices in some in
stances have increased 200 per cent.;
and most of the bins which are filled
with anthracite between May 1 and
July 1 are still empty because prices
were not settled, hut have wavered
from an advance of li per c;nt. to 50
per cent, shrinking and swelling in ,a
most annoying' manner, because of a
shortage which could not be over
come. Let us hope a way will be found "to
stock up Xew England with bitumi
nous and anthracite coal before win
ter weather sets in, and that Presi
dent Wilson" will be able to get a fixed
rate for the winter.
14,000 TONS OF BOMBS.
The bad example of the Germans
killing non combatants by dropping
bombs from airships upon private res
idences and schoolhouses lias not been
followed by the airships of the allies;
but news from France shows the air
ships are doing most effective work
on the French and Relgian lines of
The dropping of 2S.000 pounds of
bomb on German military establish
ments and railroad stations in 24
hours, is beyond the comprehension
of the human mind; and yet, this ex
ample ci violence irora the sky is
nothing compared to what is likely to
happen within a year to Germany.
With England and France capable
of turnir.g out 1200 flying machines a
month; and America as many as both
these nations, to say nothing of the
output of Russia or Italy, there is no
doubt Germany is outclassed in the
air, or that the airship is destined to
play a more effective part in the clos
ing scenes of the war than the U
boats. THE GOOD INFLUENCE OF BOOKS
The American Library association's
movement to raise a million dollars to
furnish libraries to the nation's en
listed men is in the interest of a more
dependable manhood. ' N
The men in the camps and in the
trenches need means of diversion, and
a good selection of books will prove
a stay and a blessing.
A "rookie" writes the association
concerning the interest manifested In
"Almost all of, the boys here would
rather read than play cards and our
most exciting gambling when a bcok
appears to flaw straws to see who'll
be second and third and fourth on the
waiting list. Any book will do. SOme
like novels and, some like histories,
and some like books of travel. But in
a pinch we'll find good reading in even
an arithmetic or grammar."
Each city and town in the land Is
asked to turn 5 per cent, of its pop
ulation into dollars, for the pleasure
and good of the young men they have
sent into the war.
Hope is entertained by the Library
Association that the $1,000,000 needed
will be subscribed in a short time, and
the library war service committee is
anxious that every man, woman and
child in the country should have a
"finger in the pie," or at. least a dol
lar in the fund.
DIFFERENT 1 WAYS OF MEETING
The high price of all kinds of food
stuff is perplexing all establishments
who cater to the public.
Wherever meals are supplied the
question is whether it Is best to in
crease the price 25 to SO per cent., or
reduce the portion to each individual
and then if what is received at regu
lar rates does not satisfy the patron
let him increase his own bill by addi
It is alleged that the increase of
portions to satisfy the patron with the
advance made is a mistake because of
the ration was sufficient before, this
increase ends in greater waste,
against, which all caterers are warned
by the government to guard.
The cutting down plan is being
adopted by many leading service cor
porations in this country, and then
if the ration served to a customer is
not enough he orders the requisite
amount of food and pays the addi
A QUESTION OF BREAD.
Isn't American bread good enough
for people across the seas ? We are
requested to eat bread one-third meal
whether we fancy it or not to save
wheat. Why should not our English
cousins take bread of th same for
mula and quality to lessen the demand
upon us for wheat. If we must create
a big surplus of wheat for the allies,
why should not they do all they can
to make that surplus go as far as pos
sible? America will have three billion
bushels of corn, and foreign countries
call for only forty million bushels. In
time of stress why should they not
try new food as well as ourselves?
It seems to be a fit time now for
our foreign friends to become more
familiar with the nutritious quality
of com and having learned the value
of corn for man or beast they might
increase the demand for it abroad
thus widening the market for Ameri
ca's greatest nutritious crop.
Since the German government Is not
likely to be reformed it should be de
horned. If pocketless trousers are to be
come the fashion, hip pockets will have
to be added to shirts.
Uncle Sam emmends -the women to
can, pickle, jell and dry;" and lets
the men go right on smoking.
When peace dawns divine right of
rulers should be tabooed. That hum
bug has wrought ruin enough.
Gen. Hindenburg declaras: "Our
confidence is as firm as a rock." Ger
many's confidence-game will not work.
The Americans who think it is their
duty to be loyal should discover that
it is their privilege and their protec
The countries that do not need an
thracite coal to keep them warm are
just becoming aware of what they es
England's estimate of a 'promise
from Berlin is that it is just as de
pendable as any other false pre
People who have hay fever grow
ragweed in their gardens and admire
golden rod because of their lack of
The rag-tag-and-bob-tail of the suf
fragist party should be treated just
as the rag-tag-and-bob-tail of other
parties are treated.
Should the men who volunteered and
were rejected wear the same kind of a
button as those who didn't volunteer
but were exempted?
The way "Germany borrows money
of Switzerland is after the manner of
the highwayman who borrows your
money on the pike.
William Hohenzollern has a thous
and paid agents in America today, do
ing what he would order executed any
man for doing in Germany.
If Germany could defeat the Eng
lish navy she wouldn't care whether
America was warlike or neutral, she
would take it and mulct it.
The patriot whose vision includes a
commission before it has been earned
are made of poor stuff. Place hunters
are not good fighting men!
It is said 20,000 Russians were
blown to pieces by the . cannon they
deserted. Following bad leaders re
sulted in their extermination.
John Barleycorn doesn't think any
man is fool enough to count him as a
friend. Old Tanglefoot would put a
dunce's cap on such a fellow.
Women are working in England as
stevedores and loading 10,000 ton
ships! Where is the man who thought
woman's sphere was the kitchen?
There is one thing to be said of the
American hen: She was never mean
enough to push eggs to a dollar a
dozen. She's a victim not a culprit.
The American in Honolulu who
failed to register is called a slacker,
and notified he will have to live twice
to live it down! That's going some!
Fashion Is. on the point of declar
ing that women called to do a man's
work are entitled to wear trousers.
Seme wear them without meeting this
A German woman's statement: "The
highest principle of Germany is: 'Do
right and fear no one.' " We all wish
the highest principle of Germany was
Whoever thought the world's needs
would require America -to resort to
food control, transportation control
and press control. Prussianism has
a world-wide pressure.
It was in October 1915 that the Kai
ser said: "I shall stand no nonsense
from America after the war!" After
the war his zone of Influence will be
as limited as the Czar's.
How Did It Pass the Censor.
Secretary Lansing announces that
the best figrfter will win. It tikes a
great head to think up a bit of wis
dom like that. Cleveland Plain
.A slight earthquake shock was felt
on Thursday right throughout Argen
WOMAN IN LIFE AND IN THE KITCHEN
Good macaroni is of a yellowish tint
and does not break readily in cook
ing. Newspapers placed under carpets
and rugs are most satisfactory, and by
using a long stitch they may be sewn
together on the machine, making
squares as large as may be required.
Turpentine is the best preventive
for moths. Saturate pieces of brown
paper with same and lace in boxes.
Tea is one of the foods which it will
pot do to keep in a glass jar. Tea
loses its strength in strong light and
deteriorates in a weak light.
A handkerdhtef wet with eau de eo
logne and held under the eyes will help
to remove the dark lines caused by
A strengthening drink for the aged
is made by boiling a tablespoon of
pure honey in half a pint of water. .
If you have a pan or bottle of sour
ed milk, let it stand until it is thick,
put tarnished silver forks, spoons and
small pieces into shallow pan and pour
the milk over them. Let them remain
In the milk half an hour or longer,
then wash and rejoice in their bright
ness. Ink spots mav be taken out of deli
cate white goods with chlorinated so
da. A few drops poured on will make
the ink disappear.it once. This should
not be used on silk.
The easiest way to sprinkle clothes
Is to use a clean whisk broom that
hould be kept for this purpose.
. Delicious mustard Is made by first
slicing an onion in a bowl and cover
ing it with vinegar. Let this stand
forty-eight hours, then pour off the
vinegar into another bowl, add a litt'e
"d pepper, salt and sugar and enough
v mustard to thicken to a cream.
The proportions should be a. teaspoon
3f the pepper and salt and twice that
KEEPING BABY COVERED.
One woman ha found the following
subtit"t for Dinning an Infant or
small rhi'd - bed and has saved much
Vrn In mendiner torn crib sheets:
Fold four sixteen ir-"h lens-ths of
ivhHe cotton an in half a"d stitch on
fold firmlv to the lonf ede-es of th
het. about a font nnart. two on eac-h
side, beginning as nw th" toll as de
sired. T'" these to the frame of the
rnrinT. Blankets can be pinned to th
?op sheet withou toarip either, or it
s not necessary to pin them at all.
ADDS CLOSET ROOM.
Persons livlner in pnarfpipnts or fu
niabd -ooros will find this a tisful
fevice for increasing closet capacity:
Fasten one end of a heavy wire fpic
iflre wire works wel)1 to a hook in
i lie r'osef. thread the other end
Vhrough the sprinr of a. patent clothes
pin, wind the wir about the second
"00k and sc. on around the closet until
there i! h o'othesrdn between each pair
of hooks This is an excellent way of
holding skirs or waists and can be
HEALTH AND BEAUTY.
'When a person faints immediately
place the person in a Ivlng position,
with head lower than the body. Tn
this way consciousness returns quickly-
X?tiralia is relieved bv anplyine-
ha of hot salt, and it will relieve ear-
For earache take a bit of cotton
patting, put upon it a pinch of black
pepper,"-gather it up and tie it. dip in
sweet oil and insert into the ear. Put
1 flannel bandage over the head and
keep it warm. It will give immediate
Every woman should own a little
Class eye cup with - which to apply
washes to the eye. A little powdered
horacic acid dissolved in water to
which a little rose water is added
makes an ideal eyewash. It will re
lieve strained and tired eyes and will
Impart a natural brightness to them.
To keep the eyebrows In a good con
tion use an eyebrow brush to smooth
them down. A very small portion of
olive oil to which a drop of perfume
has been added may be used sparingly
smoothing the eyebrow away from the
nose when aplylng it. Use tweeters to
remove an occasional too long hair or
if it grows over the roof of the nose.
Something different as a finish for
the library table runner and cushion
to match is seen in a new set which
uses a neavy silk cord in a novel man
ner. The cord is run around the en
tire edge of both pieces, but at the
corners .a little more leisurely and
lakes the time to be knotted into rear
ular buttonhole stitches for four inch
te on each edge: thus it forms a
weighty and artistic finish for the
corners. When heavy silk tassels are
added in the exact middle of these
knotted sections the effect is arlis
tice in the extreme.
A unique little umbrella stand Is
made in the following manner: A
wheel off a child's wagon Is fastened
securely to an ordinarv cane: wheel Is
placed about three-eights from ton of
cane. Get a shallow dish of enth
metal or wood. This Is screwed to
bottom of cane. The bottom of the
stand must be as large as the wheel.
Very attractive done- in gilt.
a decided economv to buv a
number Cof cakes of toilet soap a a
time and to let them e-et- dry before
using, for new soft cakes wear away
fast. And It is well to pile the soap
up. laying a few parallel lengthwise
and a little apart, and others over the
-nace thus formed and so on. The
idea is to have as much air circulating
about the cakes as possible to dry and
DICTATES OF FASHION.
Hats are made of gingham.
The ' one-color hat is smartest.
Skirts are still short and straight.
The latest sweaters have odd weaves.
Linen dresses are becoming fashion
able. Collarless necks continue to be pop
ular. Even hats are being made of crochet
Table damask is used in making a
A weird arrangement of wings on
one unusual hat accentuates its novel
appearance. Both hat and wings are
beige color. ,
Simplicity marks the mot fashion
able garments of the summer. v.
Black satin embroidered in gold
makes a dress of rare distinction.
It is a fad of the season to have the
etsipes ot a single material run at two,
three or more angles in the made-up
Ribbons and- roses go to make up
some of the attractive corsets: Many
are boneless, but are supplied with
The effect is at once elegant and
feubdued and if there is a little bead
embroidery employed the touch of the
frivolous is thereby imparted and with
out any marring effect on the ensem
ble. BLEACH YOUR PANAMA.
Wash hat with soap and warm water;
mix one cup of white cornmeal with
one-half,cup of water; now rub mix
ture all over the hat with hand; let
dry, then go over the hat again with
the dry meal; shake well and your
Panama "will look like new.
SAVE THE FAT.
ro von throw awav the body fat of
poultry big layers of clean, sweet, yel
low fat around the gizzard and found
elsewhere around the intentines of the
chicken? If you do, say specialists of
the United States department of agri
culture, you are throwing away fat
which French housewives consider the
finest of fats for making cakes and
especially puff paste.
In certain seasons in Nf w Tork and
other big cities this fat is so highly
esteeme i that it brings as much as
$1.10 per pouns)
So great is the demand for this fat
'hat many people make a business of
collecting it from butchers and others
who dress poultry before delivering it
Housewives would do well to insist
on having it delivered if they bu their
poultry dressed. By using chicken fat
in cooking they can cut down the
amount of fat they must uee for that
To prepare it, try it out in a double
toiler or other vessel set in hot water
until the fat just melts away from the
tissues and can be poured off. .
This fat becomes randj easily and
should be kept cool and covered like
butter and used in a very few days.
When darning table linen it Is best
to use a raveling from the goods.
Where there is a hole, put under it a
piece of the same material, carefully
matching the pattern. If the darning
iy carefully done the hole will not be
Cut the sleeves out of men's shirts,
hem the armholes, cut the neck out,
round or square, and turn the front to
the. back and the back to the front: the
Luttonhoies are already made just by
changing arouid. This makes' a fine big
When the tea towels become very
thin from frequent laundering, fold
in center crossways, stitch by machine
all around edges, also diagonally from
corner to corner both ways. This holds
the parts together and makes splendid
dish cloths with more wear than bv
using straight. Table napkins stitch
ed in this way make soft wash cloths
for the face or for children.
AFTERNOON DRESS SUIT.
Contrary to the popular belief that
sport an-.l tailored suits would hold full
sway is the ushering in of dressy suits
in silk. There are not a vast number
of them, to be sure, but those offered
have a decided amount of distinction
to them. Aside from satin and taffeta,
"here is an occasional stunning mod4!
in silk poplin. A suit of this material
sure to meet with approval. There
:s enough body to it to insure a grace
ful hang to the garment; at the same
limo it is not at all heavy weight.
When care is experienced in the devel
opment of the garment one can be as
fcured that the result will be pleasing.
A charming model is fashioned in
taupe silk poplin combined with metal
Lrocade in the same sriade. The skirt
;s shown with hip draperies suggest
ing slightly the barrel silhouette. Over
'his a very cleverly cut coat falls in
smart graceful folds.
To clean coral beads, put a piece of
ioda about the size of a pea into a
towl of water hot enough to dissolve
the soda. Rub some ordinary soap on
the fingers, then rub on the beads.
Rinse them in clean cold water and dry
n a clean cloth.
To determine the exact age of eggs,
dissolve about four ounces of common
rait in a quart of pure water and then
!mmerse the egg. If" it be enly a day
r so old, it will sink to the bottom of
.he dish, but if it be three days old it
jrill float: if more, than fivei it will
:orae to the surface.
To make a candle fit a candlestick,
dip the end pf the candle in hot water
10 soiten tne wax ana then push it
'nio tne canaiestick.
More than 20 per cent, of the muni
tion worners in mncc are women.
Women are now employed as has-.
gage "smashers' at French railroad
More than 1.800,000 women are ae
tne rarmers and gardeners in the
If the w"r continues for three years
many or tne railroads of the United
States will be operated by women.
The age limits for women emnlm-eii
in the British government and sent to
r ranee must De over twenty years and
Twenty-one women are now em
ployed as machinists in the Locust
Point shops of the Baltimore & Ohio
railroad. They all wear overalls and
caps just the same as the men.
The Vew Tork Medical College and
Hospital for Women war unit, which
was the first unit of women physi
cians to offer their services to the
United States is drilling for war work.
WHEN ROASTING MEAT.
When roasting meat layt a clean
white muslin cloth (wet) ver it. In
this way the meat does not require
basting so often, and is much nicer
Keep your doors and windows closed
while filling preserving Jars, thus
avoiding drafts, and breakage will be
Marshmallow Dessert: One-half pint
cream whipped), sweeten and navor
to taste; one-half pound, fresh marsh-
mallows chopped coarse, one-half
pound English walnuts chopped fins.
First put in a layer of nuts, then
marshmariows. then the cream, and
so on. until you have used all the in
gredients. Make it in a salad bowl
right after breakfast. It is . better
to stand awhile to let the nuts season
Novelty Potatoes: Chop very fine
one quart cold boiled potsSoes, put
them into a saucepan with on cup
cream, two tablespoons butter, salt
and pepper; set on fire, stir until hot,
then turn into a baking .dish. Cover
with bread or cracker crumbs and
bake brown in a brick oven.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
A Final Word For Cause of Ireland.
Mr. Editor: I confess, not having
a lifelong experience in the Irish
movement, nevertheless I have made
a deep study of it; and it has given
me an insight into what Ireland wants.
If j'ou will give me this final hear
ing. I will be done with it.
No rule, however good, can be a
substitute for self-rule. This is the
only "attitude of mind to bring to the
Irish problem, yet it !s precisely this
viewpoint that has been singularly
lacking in England's various schemes
of governing Ireland. The uprising
has entirely changed the face of Ire
land. It has forced back from con
stitutional channels the whole tide of
The war crv. "For small nations'"
has awakened old echoes in Ireland,
the great war, altering as it Is the en
tire face of Europe, has left its marks
upon Ireland, or rather has revived
partly effaced images.
Swift revolution by violent methods
fcas taken the place of peaceful evo
lution; a people, that in normal peace
times would have been satisfied with
freedom by installments from home
rule to federal or colonial self-government
to complete freedom, is now de
sirous of striding over the interven
ing steps and attafning at a bound
absolute emancipation. This is the
penalty that England has to pay for
delaying settlement long overdue she
has failed to keep step and now must
be forced over the ground.
Parnell declared twenty odd years
ago, in refusing to consider any home
rule scheme a final settlement of Ire
land's demand: "Xo man can set
bounds upon the onward march" of a
nation. The real, the deciding factor
today in the settlement of Ireland's fu
ture government, is not England, but
Ireland herself.. Any solution that
overlooks or fails to satisfy Irish de
mands cannot be final. The Irish peo
ple themselves that is, the adult pop
ulation, men and women must be
the final arbiters as to how they are
to be governed."
At the outbreak of the war Vis
count Grev declared that Ireland was
the one "bright spot" in the British
empire; today Premier Lloyd George
declares that feeiinrg in Ireland today
is more bitterly "anti-British than
ever it was in the days of OHver
This change in sentiment has been
effected by the uprising; and by the
methods used to suppress it, and by
the subsequent regime of persecution
and martial law enforced in Iraland.
A military dictator has superseded the
civil authority: trial by Jury for po
litical offences has been suspended, all
public assemblies are under police
sanction, the Irish press has an ad
ditional or more stringent censorship,
and free speech and public opinion
impossible. These factors must be
reckoned with by ' those who propose
to face the Irish problem with a view
to understanding, if not solution.
If all these measures arc deemed
necessary for the Defence of the
Realm, as is alleged: then it Is clear
that it would be tragic blindness to
attempt to minimize the strength and
power of the Irish republican party.
It was a fatal blunder to pass over
this party before the rising, to class
them as a "negligible minority" "with
a mere mosquito press." and downfall
to constitutionalism and the Irish par
ty has been the consequence.
That negligible minority is giving
them no rest, and the mere "mosqui
to press" has stung the body politic in
to a fever which cannot now be al
layed by any parliamentary panacea.
It has been said by a British states
man that if the latest proposal of set
tlement by constitution failed; then
God help us a confession of bank
ruptcy of English statesmanship.
The Sinn Fein party has publicly
repudiated the conference, pointing
out the defects that mark its charac
ter and demanding a referendum of
the adult population to decide the
question. Failing in that (the other
side knows too well the answer of a
referendum in this case).
The Irish renublican party prefers
to wait until the peace conference at
the end of the war in order to bring
the Irish question before it for in
ternational decision on the basis of the
other- small nations. It is true the
Irish party and the Unionist party
has accepted the convention idea, but
they no longer represent Ireland. A
general election tomorrow the so
called Sinn Fein party would sweep
the country. Bye-elections have dem
onstrated this by returning Sinn Fein
'candidates pledged to" ignore parlia
mentary methods, and to avoid the
British house of commons tn consti
tuencies where for the last twenty-five
years the Irish party nominees had
been returned unopposed. These con
tinued victories at the polls after over
twenty-five years of uncontested elec
tions: are all the more remarkable in
dications of the sweeping revulsion of
sentiment against the Irish party in
favor of Sinn Fein against home rule
and for complete independence, in
asmuch as the vote by which these
men are elected is a "property" vote,
a vote of the older and more conser
vative element in rural constituencies
where the peasant or purely agricul
tural element predominates. For the
parliamentary vote in the United
Kingdom, depends upon the property
qualification, the British government
having a more reactionary franchise
than that of any of the European
The Sinn Fein element being the
more progressive, is still more largely
represented among the younger ele
ments of the community: men and
women, those who do not enjoy the
privilege; in fact, of voting for par
liamentary candidates. The wider the
franchise the stronger would be their
proportion. They are more numerous
in the cities and towns than in the
country, among the better educated
and thoughtful than among the more
backward. They stand for higher
ideals in civic life and are opposed to
the corrupt political elements found
n the older parties. They possess-j-
tnererore a dynamic force that is Disk
ing itself increasingly felt throughout
Ireland, and while the power and pres
tige of the older parties are on the
wane the new movement for independ
ence gains every day more recruits.
There remain logically but two solu
tions of Ireland's grievance, govern
ment by force, the present regime of
martial law and government by con
sent within or without the British em
Each solution has. its supporters in
Great Britain and Ireland, some pro
pose waiting until there is perfect
agreement between all, that would be
idle and futile, for that will never be.
The party that will triumph in the
end will be that which can enforce by
methods of arms, or, by peaceful ar
bitration its special panacea,- the part
endowed witn brains and insight, and
ere e ed
TODAY AND TUESDAY
- WM. N. SELIG PRESENTS THE DISTINGUISHED ACTOW
M- 13. AAtrNllsR
AND AN EXCEPTIONAL. COMPANY OF CO-STARS IN
THE DANGER TRAIL
Jas. Oliver Curweod's Stirring Drama of Enduring Love and Bitter
Hate Amid the Deep Snows
PEARL WHITE chapIe8
with the dynamic force of enthusiasm,
hope and sacrifice, "righteous men will
make Ireland a nation once more."
J. H. CUMMIXGS.
The Pope's Proposals and Irish Inde
Mr. Editor: Mr. Cummlngs having
declined to discuss his favorite topic
with me, this writer may be excused,
perhaps, in pursuing the argument, on
his own hook, and without his oppon
ent's valuable impetus. We want to
call attention to an important fact,
namely, that while we disagree with
Mr. Cummings, we are in accord with
the Holy See.
In our last task we spoke of Irish
educational advantages, and now we
vfi'l draw attention to Ireland's re
ligious superiority. Speaking of the
Roman Catholic church, Ireland may
well be put at the head for the pro
duction of good Catholics (and Protest
ants although this must be said in
The priesthood and laity for edu
cation, culture and devotion to the
manual'stand head and shoulders oyer
every other devotees of the papal
flock. A census of Its prelates, in the
United States alone, will show their
numbers and dignity exceeds all oth
er nations. This is proper, for in
the er.rly centuries of C'hristianitv Ire
land was named The Land of Saints
because she sent her sons and saints
apostles and successors of Patrick, to
the pagans of Central Europe and
taught from scriptures of their
own transcribing, the doctrines of
Christ and His passion.
Even what is now Germany was
blessed by the teachincr of St. Killlan.
A. D. 689 afterward Bif'hop of Wur
temberk of whom Moshiem says:
"St. KiM.'an exercised his ministerial
functions with such success among
the eastern Franks, that vast num
bers of them embraced Christianity:"
and the venerable Bede. speaking of
the religious conduct of these Hi
bernian scholars said: "They lived in
no other way than they taught."
It is a pity that we of today know
so little of these origins of Christian
ity pearly related to 11s and the
world. This might be enlarged up
on, but we may here have written
enouarh to establish our point the
peerage if not superiority of the Irish
phase of Christianity, and the claims
it rightfully has and inherits for the
papal consideration, so now we are
prepared to notice what his Holiness,
Benedict, has to sa- in his peace pro
posals about the "Restitution of Ter
ritory." He starts by saying: "If for certain
cases there exists particu'ar reasons
Cfor restitution) they could (should)
be deliberated upon with justice and
equity, etc.. etc." Consequently in the
case of Germany the complete evacu
ation of Belgium with the guarantee of
her full political, military and econ
omic independence." He then .goes
very minutely into the cases of Italy,
Austria, France, Armenia find the
Balkan states. The ancient kingdom
of Poland, whose noble and historical
traditions and sufferings which it has
c-ndurcd. require consideration."
Xot one word about the 300 years
of oppression and thraldom which
according to Mr. Cummings, Old Ire
land has endured and now is suffer-
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ing at the hands of one of the princi
It is possible that His Holllness his
not aen Mr. Cummings' letters an 1
his set-off of the Irish nueMion what
it Is or does he incline to this writ
er's opinion that Ireland is pretty well
off ns it is or with a llttlo fixing a?
it goes nlnng'.' Vp cannot think thr
he overlooks Ireland's fidelity 10 tn
laith or that when he speaks Ex Cath
edra . throiv.b a. carefully prepared
pronounciamento. he hns forgotten or
frred in any point. Hence, with a!l
solemnity, he Invokes for his read
ers p.nd those who are to sicn for
peace, "TUe Light and C'ounril of tho
It would be a cood thira for Ire
land if, delivered from her friends, th"
could in quietness receive thi ad
vice and go on her way rejoic'ng to
a plcasantei- future.
Xorwich. August 1, IS IT.