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NOWCH BULLETRIr TUSSCAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 19T7
lorwith niilletit 121 VfAHS OLD abevttttt prtee IU weettt Mini a-e yeatv j Entered at tit Foftefnee at Harwich, Coca, as Btcan4-eias matter. . Built Business Of dee 4M . j BUlatia iiterial hopm -. ' Swlletin Job f3c S.t-2. W-ftnrtiftTiftn Office 87 Church . Si Tepbn if.. Norwich, Tuesday, Sept. 4. 1917. The Circulatioa of i The Bulletin J The .Rulletla. baa the largest Circulation of any paper in Eastern Connecticut and from inre to four Rata larger than that ot ajy In Norwich. It Is delivered to over MOD ot the 4,05 houses ta Nor wich and read by ninety-three per tcnu of the people. la Windham It is delivered to over 900 houses, fa Pataam and Danielsoa to over 1.100, a In an of these place it la considered the local dally. Eastern Connecticut has ferty nine town, one hundred and sixty vo posteffice i districts. and sixty tural free delivery routes. The Balletln la sold ta every town mod oa alt of he R. F. IX routes ia Eastern Connecticut. CIRCULATION 1601, average MU 1905, average... .' -5,920 9,563 September 1, 1917. MEM SCR OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press 18 exclusive ly entitled to the use for publication of all news credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. All right of republication of special dispatches herein are also THE VACATION SEASON. With -the passing of Labor day -the vacation season automatically comes to aa end for the great majority of the people. This is not because . the beat part of the year for vacationing has gone by. for that is not the case since September and October are ideal months for travel, rest or for spend ing at the seashore or in the moun tains. There are many who take advan tage of this coming period of the' year to store up increased vitality for the coming winter, or to get the change which is so necessary for those who axe closely confined with their - daily duties, but nevertheless when Xabor day goes the shore resorts, the hotel Keepers ana ail outers who are close ly connected with business which de pends upon the summer guests know fall well that the season is as good as over and about all that remains for them ' to do is to close un and so home. The big exodus at the summer resorts comes with Labor day and this is Because it is only a short time be fore school will open and it is neces sary to allow a few days to get the children ready with clothes and the necessary other supplies which go along therewith.- '.'.'J. ' - But while this means the ending of tne season for the big bulk of the re sort business, It only means that many of the cottagers and others who are partial to the autumn and like tb enjoy It without the crowd characteristic ff the summer months and have no chfl- . dren to interfere with their stay are looking- forward to many- weeks of solid contentment. The summer sea .son may be over but one of the de lightful periods of the year is just at baaa THE MOVE ON RIGA..: . The threatened advance on the part or uermany with Riga as the -tame - diat object has fully . material- lied. "The German forces are sup points which if it is followed by con- ucu m win mean mat nuBcia must abandon this important .seaport and center whden cannot fail to be of great value to Germany if it is con templating a move upon Petrograd- . Striding at Riga from the direction of Jfitau on the southwest and hav ing crossed the Dvina and captured the.UxftulI bridgehead to the south east, ' that city is being closed in on from two directions. Russia has not been able to prevent this latter -en I iiinillMliWHImmiiinillium 1 veloping movement and it is a serious . question whether It can with Its army in the aemoralisea condition . that it is, with the troops deserting and with a strong inclination to play" Into ' the hands of the enemy Instead of offer ing such resistance as they are capa ble of. '.:;; Russia la having all it" can dof to overcome the army 'conditions in 'the south, where the Austro-Gennan aotcb olio uuiuie; iuu aavanuge ok - the opportunity which is offered them to advance not Only In Russra but. la Rumania, but German v ha se"en"""the chance to strike another telling blow In the north and thereby Increase the " troubles of the Russian' SViSles . and at the. same time lmprovtHfelr own position. If they suseeed UU4 :Qay be the means of bringing Rastts. tjo the full realisation of th roj-nc that KornSoS to tailing for, btrCZit will only be at a sacrifice which Russia MnM ttv it it hnfl mrtA in llm CdfrMtfANOeERlNQ SHIPS. On df tha plans 6f the shipping board In Connection with the building t the Merchant marine In this coun try fh. order to handle the transoceanic business and to offset the inroads which th sabmarinee have been mak ing laid the allied shipping was to commandeer an the ships under con struction da American ways. It was intended that this would .result in the speeding up of the construction work and would hasten the day when the vessels could be put into commission, while at the same time it would make a substantial addition to the number of ships available for the Urge amount of goods awaiting transportation to Europe. : Many of the vessels which would be thus taken over are the property of Great Britain and France and while it is realized that everything should be done, to complete them, to move the supplies andto overcome the men ace of the IX-boatS, it being under stood of course that much the same I servc : would be rendered whatever flag they sailed under, yet the nations which have ordered them are looking to the days aftet the war and see in such, commandeering the loss of those vessels whether they happen to en counter a submarine or nor. . Ia order to keep- peace among the allies and avoid the friction which might be caused by a hard and fast enforcement of the plan of the' board, the president has decided that it would be better to allow those two nations to hav"e their ships aa soon as they are finished. As long aa the same ends are to be served there can bo no serious objection, but it is an other case where the American mer chant marine is nosed out under the wire. NO TIME FOR AGITATORS. JTew York ha been havitt.tr its trou bles with . the soap box orettors. Ordi narily these street speakers would be allowed to - have their say up to the point of Clogging the streets, but at a time like this, the efforts of the most of them are -devoted to embarrassing the government. They are bent upon agitating a lot of ideas which can accomplish no good but are liable to cause much harm at this time and the course which has been followed by the police in suppressing them is in accord with the law, good judgment and national safety. - To a degree these people, some of whom are so . .pet-sistant that they have little or no respect for consti tuted authority, are carrying on an agitation which is detrimental to the nation's policy. It is intended to handicap, indirectly if not directly, and therefore must be included under the same sort of activity that is being en gaged in by these who insist upon urging peace and even that which was started by too I. W. W who had planned by their industrial intrigue to block the efforts which wero being made by this country and therefore play into the hands of the enemy. There Is only one thing to do in handling such trouble makers and that Is to suppress them at the start. It Is useless to play with them or to give them- the idea that they will be tolerated. It is their disposition, if they can get an inch to take an ell. They are willing to. preach sedition or most anything but patriotism and it is the only course to take when the authorities hold them to a strict obedieneo of the law. WHAT CONSTANTINE DID. It is an interesting revelation which is made at this time by Premier Veni zelos of Greece relative to the activi ties Of ex-King Constantine during the early days of the war. Had Veni zelos been listened to and had the al lied nation exerted the pressure which they did at a later date and removed Constantine then instead of nearly fhree years later it is possible that-the war would have been over by this time and the process of- readjust ment be underway in Europe risht now. f it was the plan of Venizelos, who was also prime minister back In Feb ruary, 1915, to throw Greece into the war, to send the Greek army against the Turks by way of the Gallipot! pen insula with Constantinople as the ob jective. It was then that he claims that Turkey had an Insignificant force of men in that locality and according to his belief it would, have been no difficult task lor Greece to have cap tured the Turkish capital. Such of course would have brought about an entirely different situation than exists today; That would have had a tremendous effect upon tBul- garia and ' while that nation would probably not have moved against Ser bia, Greece would have been saved from the disgraceful refusal on the part Of Constantine to live up to the treaty which had been arranged with that country. Constantine was the man who blocked such action. Constantine then a well as subsequently was playing the game for the kaiser and if the truth was known this plan of action was probably communicated to Berlin and the subsequent massing of the Turkish forces' about the Dardanelles brought about the failure of the al lied effort to force the straits. Veni zelos has had many experiences in the years that have passed but his state ment goes to Show what a Strong ally the kaiser had in his brother-in-law and why he waa so deeply grieved by his removal EDITORIAL NOTES. It required three days befdre Sep tember Offered us anything very en couraging in the way of weather. jvon Knows better than the vaca tionists .that it requires a second va cation to get over the 'effects of the first. Germany Maxes sincere promises to Argentina but It doesn't hesitate when it comes to sinking more Belgian re lief ships. It isn't only those who are sending tobacco to the soldiers at th front Who are well aware of the fact that the boys ar matchless. . Th man on the corner says: It makes littles difference what the size of the family is there are , always enough mosquitoes to go around. This latest ait' raid over a part of England mut of course be looked upoa a Germany's reply to the peace proposal of Pope Benedict. The German press has spoken and w can imagine what the kaiser thinks of the pre sid ant's reply! but It might not 'be unfair to presume that the de mands toe reforms which are being road by th arman people fndicat how thy tat about it. if In fact they hat had 4 atuae to read it. , . , , HOME-READING COURSE FOR CITIZEN SOLDIERS (Issued by the War Department and all rights to reprint reserved) LESSON NO. 12 TEAMWORK IN THE ARMY (Preceding lessons: 1 Tour Post of Honor. 2. Making Good aa a Soldier. 8. Nine Qualities of a Soldier. 4. Getting Ready for Camp. 6. First Days in Camp. 6. Cleanliness in Camp. 7. Your Health. 8. Marching and Care of Feet. 8. Your Equipment and Arms. 10. Recreation in Camp. 11. Playing the Game.) So far in this course we have been taking up some of the problems which each soldier has to face and solve for himself; how to' adjust himself as quickly as possible to the routine of camp life; how to keep himself and all his belongings clean in spite of dif ficulties in the way; how to look after his own health and comfort; how to take care of arms and equipment; and how to get real enjoyment ,as well as benefit out of Army life. If the course were to stop lust at this point.' it might leave in your mind a false impression. -For after all, the soldier is not an individual player. in the great game of war; he is valuable chiefly as a member of a team. It is 1 team of enormous size. 'It, is or ganized in rather a complicated way. This. team We call the Army. Your Armv life will be more inter esting. if you know in a general way how the team Is organized. This -will enable you to see more clearly whore ou fit in and what is expectea or you. If you have been working for a bus iness concern, you are already fami liar with many of the elements of Army organization. You have been in touch with the same things under different names. ' . , ' Need for Teamwork. In" a factory or- store or office wherever large numbers of people are working together there is almost al ways some one hi direct charge of each 5roup "of workers. This person may be called a, foreman in the shop, a chief clerk in an office, a floor walker in a department store, or by any one of a number of other titles; in the Army we call him a corporal-or a ser geant. Going up a step, you know that in every, large concern there are num erous officers who take charge of var ious departments of the business such is the superintendent, the traffic man ager, the advertising manager, the sales manager, the secretary, the vice pres ident, and so on; in the Army we call the men in corresDondintf positions captains, majors, colonels, and gener als. Finally,5 you have at the top of the business concern a president of a general manager who directs every thing; in the Army he is a command - ng general. This general likeness between bus, ness organization and Army organ ization is helpful, but must not be car- . ference: The average business concern ried too far. There is one vital dif- is samewhat easy going; tlae resuon- 3ibi!ity for each piece Of work is not always definitely fixed. In the Army everybody, on the other hand, is held to the strictest account. There is very seldom any doubt as to the man I o be held responsible lor each ask. CANNING FRUITS. The lesson for today tells of canning fruits: Plums These are usually canned with the skins on, and the effort should be to prevent the skins from cracking. A heavy syrup is best for this purpose. If steam is used for sterilizing, the pressure .should not be "over five pounds. The fruits should be the same in size, shape and color and carefully placed in the jar. Pears Pears should be neatly peeled and dipped quickly in weak salt water to prevent discoloring. They are then cut into halves and cored and placed into salt water until enough are pre pared to fill the Jars. Pack the halves so the cheeks are to the outside with blossom ends at the bottom of the jar in the f.rst layer. In 'the next layer place the stem ends down as far as they will go between the halve below. Continue this way until the jar is full. Apples The main point here is to have a I ght Colored pack without any discoloring. This is accomplished bv keeping all cut surfaces covered with salt water as the apples are peeled or cut into pieces. Arrange the pieces in the jars as desired, or pack the fruit whole. Berries These are washed and packed carefully in the jars and the syrup is poured in. They retain their shape almost like fresh berries. A heavy sprup is made of three cups of sugar to three of water. Readers of THE BULLETIN . By sending this coupon to trie National Emergency Food Garden Commission, 210 Maryland ' Bldg Washington, D, C with a two cent stamp to pay postage- a canning and drying manual free of charge. All you have to do is fill out the space and enclose the two cent stamp for postage. These are twelve page manuals, fully il lustrated and are sent out In co operation with this paper aa a Cart of th personal service we at all times aim to give our readers. Name Street City State .THE WAR PRIMER By National Geographic Society. Tarnapol, one of the pivotal points evacuated by the Russians, during their recent retreat on the Galacian front, is the subject of the following war geography bulletin issued today Ity the Xational Geographic Society: . "Before the Russians swept into tre town in the course of their first offen sive through .Galicia in 19li Tarnapol had a population of 35,000, the Poles and Jews being about equally divided. Today there is no means of determin ing its size, but its corn-milling and brewing Industries have practically disappeared, and it no longer carries o nthe thriving trade in honey, agri cultural products and in horses, for which it was once famous. "Tarnopol lies on the left bank of the river Sereth 30 miles inside the Austrian boundary, on the railway line from Odessa to Lemberf, the former being 400 miles to the southeast and the latter 87 miles by rail to the north, west. The river Podhorce forms the Russo-Austrian boundary east of Tar nopol, the Austrian station on the right bank of the stream being Pod woioczyska. The - Russian village oa the left bank is woloczysKa. ''Tarnopol many year ago was an ' Responsibility Always Fixed Withlng each rank, from major 'gen eral to private, every mart haa his in dividual ranking, depending upon his length of service in the office which he holds. This ranking insures that ia every situation somebody always has authority and is responsible for what ever is, done. Even of two private' soldiers' are .working together without supervision, th one who has been ongrer in the service takes charge and the other must obey his orders. This rule .applies everywhere. In civilian life there ia time for ar gument. You may have better ideas than your boss about how a certain thing should be done and possibly may convince him and get his original Or ders changed. In army life nothing of this kind can be permitted. , The of ficer in- charge -always has the full responsibility. Whatever orders he gives must be instantly obeyed. It is far better to take action, even though the thing may not be done in the best possible way than it is to stand still and debate. Lack of Immediate action in the crisis of a battle might mean thousands of lives lost .and possibly the honor of the country stained. Thing over this difference between Armv organization and civilian or ganization. The longer you think about it, the more clearly you will see why your own interests demand that you should fit into your place In the Army' and follow instructions much more strictly than is necessary in civil life. - The Army is governed by military l."w..tlLThis means that soldiers are not brought to trial in civil courts .except for certain Serious crimes, but are subject to military courts of inquiry, summary, courts, and courts'-martial. However, this will never be a question of much importance to the great mi- Success in Winning Victories Success in winning victories is the object for which the Army exists, . In comparison nothing: else counts. Ev sit officer and every soldier must be ready to make any sacrifice, big or little, to accomplish this abject. An officer may spend years in working out solutions to military problems, anly to find in the end that all the the Army. If this proves to be the credit for what he has done is swal lowed up in the general reputaion of case, he has no cause for complaint. .t is the rule of the Army that every thing must be done "for 'the good of the service. In the sam way you may be called upon to carry through some dangerous nission or . to perform unpleasant du ties. Every such call is an opportunity o show youw loyalty to the service and to the Nation. Remember in all these cases that hundreds of thous ands of other men in the Army from op to bottom, like yourself are work- ng first and all the time for the sue secc of the team. It. is usually the Army with the trongest team spirit that fights its Tty through to victory. Try to culti vate that spirit in the National Army, both in yourself and among your com rades. important fortress and rendered val uabie aid to the Polish kings in times of stress. In return for, its loyalty many special privileges were granted to its citizens. An old castle is a, re minder of those important days. "No one who values a salubrious climate would ever select Tarnopol as a place of abode, for the extremes of temperature are very severe. Like all Galicia, it is exposed to the north ern and northeaster nwinds in winter. out is cut off hy the Carpathians from warm southerly winds. As a result the winters- are very trying ' with an abundance of snow: the springs are very rainy, the summers short and hot. Only the autumns show any steadiness or weather. The mean annual temperature is less than 12 de grees above freezing." Kamenetz-Podolsk. The Xational Geographic society issues the follow ing war geography bulletin on Kame netz -Podolsk, one of the important cities in the line of the Austro-German advance on the southeastern front: "With a population of 60000, fully one-half of which is Jewish. Kama- nets-Podolsky is the capital and chief town or the Russian province of Podo lia. It is 235 miles northwest of Odes sa and is built upon a lofty peninsula formed by a bend in the River Smot- ritch, an unimportant tributary of th uniester. "Kamenetz-Podol8k. or ' Podolian Kamenets as it is also called . lives largely in the glories of its past. The frowning castle on the height across the Smotrttch is a formidable looking reminder of the days when it was one of the great strongholds in Poland. "The city was almost completely de stroyed in 1240, when the Mongals, led by Batu. swept over Poland, convert ing the kingdom into a wilderness and driving all the inhabitants to the mountains of Hungary or the forests of, Moravia. . Kacow and Sandomir both suffered- the fate of Kamenetz at the hands of the invaders, and When the barbarian bands finally disappear ed, ' almost as suddenly as they had come, the country was almost Com pletely depopulated, so that the Polish gentry found it necessary to import artisans and handicraftsmen from the west to rehabilitate the land. This in flux of a highly intelligent and indus trious middle class had much to do with - the subsequent prosperity of the Polish nation. "In addition to its castle. Kamenetz Podolsk boasts of several religious structures dating from the medieval period. One of the most interesting of these is the Roman Catholic church of SS. Peter and Paul dating from the 11th century. One of the striking fea. tures of this edifice is a minaret which proclaims the fact that it was converted into a mosque during , the Turkish invasion of 1672-99. A cath olic Armenian church, founded in the 14th century," contains a statue of the Virgin Mary which was miraculously spared during the Mongol invasion. "Kamenetz-Podolsky became the chief town of Podolla nearly 500 years ago. The Cossacks, aided by Moham med IV of Turkey, -captured it in 1872, but 30 years later it was once more a Polish city and remained such until it, together with, the rest of Podolia was made a part of "Russia in 1795. at the time of the dismemberment of Po land. "Numerous small villages constitut the suburbs of Kamenetz-Podolsk. "Twelve miles to the south, on the right bank of the Dniester: is the one time important stronghold of Khotin or Chotin, jealously watched by Ka-menetz-Podolsk in olden days. The fortifications of Kamenetz were de- 1 molished in. 1913." j i Views of the Vigilantes A STICK IN CIVILIZATION'S WHEEL By Ida M. Tarbcll of the Vigilantes "Playing cuttle fish." as Lincoln called It Jfe op of the commenest tricks In polemics. Ia attack,' In de fense, in esoape, your partisan cuttle nsn can throw out its black floio. dark aninir facta nntn t-h mtrutt tin a . reasoning is in a hopeless tangle. At favorite form of hls sort of polemic trickery n obscuring the iue. by do elartfrtr vouf oooonent haa "no policy." Linooha, th openest of reasoners, he who at every point in an argument took almost Quixotic pains to make his meaning and policy ' clear, was farced always to keep an eye open for this particular outtie-fish trick. 4t was played on him constantly in the Civil War by the Northern pacifists. Thev wanted his terms! i naa stat ed them rsoeatedly from the start th Unloa 'that wa hi object and that alone. Whatever he did or said, he did and said because he believed It would help save the Union, What h did not say or do he di dnot say or do because he did not believe the doing and saying woul help save the Union. Hut thA -worth waa em-inkled with people who wer not satisfied with that on clear aim. They wanted him to set down in writing what be meant to do with th conteaeratea enouia ihv rxt defeated, what kind of gov emment he proposed to establish in th revolting states; wnotner -or no am would give th negro a vote; that is. they were busy from morning until night obscuring th enVl the saving of th Union livery great cbntest breeds a school nt this oestiferous cuttle-fish. We hm them now darkening our trou bled Waters with their "We-don't-know -why-we-are-Aghting" ink. They want "terms" and threaten to hinder th war in every way possible until they get them. There are1 two waya of explaining the people who today declare- that, we have been "hurried" into this war and that we don't know what we are fight ing for one is that intellectual blind-ness--that ability to think what yod want to think, to see no more than you want to see engendered by fana tical devotion to a particular iormuia., or seliem often very good in itself; I the other is plain Intellectual dishon esty . If ever the reason for a war was clear, if ever a people came to a war by solid if Slow argument, it is now. If ever the aim of a conflict was stated fully and unanswerably it was so stat ed by 'the President of the United Slates in his message of April 2, de- remain our justification and our aim claring war. That message is and must We are in war because the wheel of civilization is blocked by a stick of such prodigious and hideous toughness that it never again will revolve in the path of free democratic progress unless that part or the worm wnicn nas choh en that path frees the- wheel. Three years of experience in which everv ODDortunitv was given the Im perial Government of Germany to clear Itself of the charges of being at war with freedom, with Jaw and with hu manity itcelf, have proved without a question that it is. upon these deepest aspirations of the world that it does war. Prussianism, as we have . come to call the doctrine on which Germany bases its attack on the world, believes in itself and its superiority to the rest of us. It believes itself called to spread itself over the rest of us In spite of our liking it or not. It believes in war as the divinely appointed instrument for our conversion. Believing this, it made good and ready for its great crusade. It developed a great healthy, busy. trained, obedient people people who, for the sake of the security they en joyed in the perfectly adjusted machine were' willing to accept war wnicn was to make them richer, more powerful. rulers of the earth. . This was is but th first campaign in the series which was to Prussianize the earth. Study Germany's own teachings, follow, the patient, inelligent worming into every nook and cranny or tne eartn ana you cannot escape her intention, fantastic as it seems, hard as it has been to De lieve it. Germany struck a group of nations groping towards an entirely different Ideal nations only hair-neartaoiy mili tary and that half so only by their sense of necessity. Itness nations wanted only their own. They were coming more and more to teel tnat every little land should have Its chance. They wanted above all Peace that the visions of the possibilities for peoples who lived and worked honestly, visions still dim but yet unmistakable might be realized. With every month of this three years of waf it has become clearer that elthr er Prussianism or Democracy must go down. What waa true of slavery in thia country sixty year ago "We must become all one thing or the other" is true today. We must become all Prus sitn or all Democrat . There is no peace in the world with fjoth. The stick must come out of the wheel or we must take the road to a world Im perialism. What folly to talk of boundaries now ,to prate of indemnities and an nexations. They are not the question. nor can they be uatil the one question is settled. Free the1 wheel, and all these matters will be adjusted by a world free to be just, free so to arrange things that each shall get the chance and that all nations Gemany itself included shall have a free play for peaceful democratic ambitioi. To talk of terms now Is to play the game of autocracy. What greater help within Germany With the German people could this autocracy ask than propositions from. tn Allies it would enable it to say to them "You see they must sue for peace. They re beaten. As always ,we are omnipotent. Gott mit uns. And with thas curi ous mental abtuaeness which goes with a belief in autocracy the people would believe though' the terms the govern ment accepted were aa severe -as the most intolerant ally might name. Th German people have believed their government impregnable. They still believe it so. The only possible Way ' to break the superstition is to break autocracy in Germany. Break it until it is on its knees suing for oeace. Then and only then will that great and wonderful people come to it self. And then only will civilization, as those of us who now call ourselves democrats understand it, have a chance. MaMnq A Democrat of Him. Ex-Cz.ir Nicholas .will miss the im perial ba'ilet while ho is In Siberia, but there are nald to be movie shows everywhere in Russia. So maybe by the time he comes back he'll be a regular democrat, and wouldn't give more than a dime to see the ballet again, anyhow. Kansas City Star. Neighbor Told Her Cure for Lumbago ' Rheumatism and lumbago are awful things and causa great pain and mis ery, but Foley Kidney; Plug eaa rout them. Mrs. CL H. Kveland, Duncan Mills, 111., writes the following letter: "I was stricken down with lumbago and was unable to turn myself In bed. A neighbor brought me a half bottle of Foley Kidney Pills, and aaid she had been aimilarfy afflicted and that they had- helped her. ' So t tried them and was completely relieved by the use of tiro or three bottles. I have had splendid success with them and have never known them to fall. I moat heartily recommend Foley. Kidney; Fills." Foley Kidney Fma tone bp weak. Inactive. sluggUiii kidneys, rid th body ot poisons, give appetite, energy and refreahlntr alee after pain. Don't neglect kidney trouble. Remove the cause with Folsy Kidney Fills. s ic vsgoou CO. " ' LITTLE WAR STORIES Winning the Victoria Ores. One of the most striking war inci dents involving Australians ia th deed by 'which Lieut. F. H. McNamara of the Australian Flying corps .won th Victoria Cross in Egypt a few months ago. McNamara is 23 years old and a son of th head ot th Victorian (war) wheat commission. Before the .war he was a public school teacher In Victo ria. His home is in Caulfleld. An army surgeon named MacDonald wrote In a recent graphic letter to his father ..re garding McNamara's exploit and .it's aftermath; , "On Monday last Lieut. McNamara of rite Australian Flying corps flew out from the aerodrome and later on passed beyond Brshula. Her he iame upon th Turkish cavalry. They Immediately opened fir. Hi wings were several times perforated by bul lets, but he just flew around and drop ped his shells. They were shells tim ed to explode. Usually bombs ar car ried and they explode only on con tact. McNamara dropped four and re leased a fifth "from hi bomb vt. it exploded prematurely under the aero plane. A piece of shrapnel tor it's waythrough his ear and penetrated the body of th machine. It ended by entering his thigh and making a hug gly wound. "He immediately dropped two smoke bombs aa a. signal of distress. But at that minuta he Saw another airman drop two smoke bombs and hover down through engine trouble. "As McNamara said to me! 'I could lot let the poor devil stay down there xnd not try to rescue him.' Well, h descended, but aa his aeroplane was built for only one man, th other had to climb into the space between the planes. All this time th Turks were busy shooting at them. With his ex tra passenger McNamara tried to ascend. But the leg was terribly pain ful, -with the result that the machine swerved and toppled over as it waa moving along th ground preliminary to rising. They were prisoners for a certainty unless they managed to make the other machine go. "They ran over to th other machine and tested the engine. Wonderful to relate., it went. So in they climbed and soared into the air pursued by shrapnel from the Turks. On the way back McNamara nearly fainted several times through loss of blood and pain, but by putting his head outside into the rushing air he recovered. It would have been smash and deah for both if he had fainted. They arrived back safely. That night McNamara was cheered to the echo. His deed is known all over this part of Egypt. It will be V. C. or If not V. C. then some thing pretty good." LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Might Pool Issues. Mr. Editor: I was wondering if it was the lack of train cells, or too many that put the Hdpklns & Allen Arms Co., Thames Loan and Trust Co. and others too numerous to mention on the bum. I presume, Mr. Editor, when' the Chamber of Commerce committee ap pointed to investigate met the presi dent and hoard of directors of the Hop-1-ins & Allen Arms Co. the necessary amount of brain cells were forthcoming to explain Just what causea the shut down, who got the two or three mil lion dollars and what they proposed to do with it, now they have it? As there habeer. no report published in the Cosey Corner, I conclude the in vestigation ia not complete. But, thanks to the poor Indian who was supposed not to have any brain cells by his so-called white friend and brother, as shown by the reservation set apart for him to exist upon, we t are the great Mohegan trail. This is one thing outsiders cannot come here and. lug off. As far as the backyard trolrey is concerned. It would be per-- fectly safe and about as much use to One of a Suffering Public as the public trolley tystem under present condl tions.- We certainly would not stand in fear of a broken neck when we used the backyard railroad. Oh, for the good old days of Mr. An derson, when you could start on time and get back the same day, with a whole skin and no broken bones. A far as people starving is concerned, what does that amount to when the dignity of our Chamber of. Commerce Is at stake? com again. Mr. Wil liams. If we can only pool our issues on the ' train ceil deficiency we might get a cheaper rate from a specialist or perhaps, not being very far from Brew iter's Neck, we might get our .advice from the state institution gratis. The Evening Record says it is not responsi ble for the opinions expressed by cor respondents. This is very appropriate, and I don't blame them under the cir cumstances. ONE OF A SUFFERING PUBLIC. Norwich, Sept. 3, 1917. OTHER VIEW POINTS New Haven had a distinguished vis itor yesterday. He must have been distinguished, for upon turning his car with a New Tork label from Church street Into Center he gor geously ignored the sign which for bade him to enter that one-way street. OnJy very distinguished men act that way. New Haven Journal-Courier. It did not take the New Tork state convention of suffragists very long to draft resolutions condemning Hie White House pickets. In that one in stance, one million women went on record as against this brand of mili tancy. Just so soon as the White House pickets learn their work is "out SI UVJ THE BIG PAIR - ADMISSION ADMISSION ADMISSION Adults . . .50C GRANDSTAND flu,0S 1 ' 50c Children Tf& 25c 2Bas Teams . . . 50c Friday, ep'.'! ONE NIQHT ONLY SELWYN & COMPANY Producers of "Within th Law." "Under Cover," "Twin Beds," "Under Sentence," and Margaret lllington in "The Lie", M te. Present Their Annual Laugh Fes- FAIR andVWARMER A Prescription for th Blues Compounded by AVERY HOPWOOD Th Cemedy that ran ever ona year at th Kitfnt Theatr. N. Y, and brek all records for bid business. Prices 2So, S8e. 60a, 75. $1.00, $1.60 Seat Sale Wednesday at 10 A. M. MAIL ORDERS ACCEPTED NOW rjJafBOtta Roof &idfa&3 TODAY CARLYLE BLACKWELL IN THE CRIMSON DOVE THE PANAMA CANAL I LUCKY DANCE Tonight DANCING 8:30 to 10:45 ADMISSION 10 CENTS TODAY AUDITORIUM FOUR COMPLETE SHOWS. of order'-' at this time, just so soon will the cause of woman suffrag& begin to recuperate from a blow dealt by members of its own family. New Britain Herald. Some are finding that there Is a difference between claiming exemption from draft and securing it. It's much like, winning victories in politics and .he same advice applies. Never try to cash in until the votes ar counted. Hartford Post. The chap who tries to prova that the draft is unconstitutional is really try ing to prove that his country is wrong and a man who does that is un-American. If he carries it very far he ia guilty of treason. Merlden Journal. The narrowness of universal service is its failure to provide for the man who most needs the discipline. A small defect causes the rejection of a man who may have all other qualifi cations for some service, or unusual qualifications- for specialized service. War is a complex business. There ire many duties to be performed. There is plenty of work for men who do not approach the perfect physical stand ard. But in so far u military train ing and the habit of discipline are useful to men and to society, men ought not to be deprived of this be cause of defect. Such men need the training most. Bridgeport Farther. When Cuba joined the allies against Germany there were lying in Cuban waters certain Gorman ships which the Cuban authorities seized and have now turned jjver to the United States as being better able to make use of them against the common ene my. Thia is a very friendly act on the part of Cuba, and is in keeping with the offering of her training grounds for the accommodation of our soldiers. The German ships seized are four in number and aggregate 20 000 tons which will be a material help o us during the years when we are biWlding some ships of our own. The ready made ship sometimes beats the custom made article in being available long before the disputes over how the oth- rM y.- In m r Whnevern"Wk'Jit to Send WESTERN UNION There are many, many uses for Western Union Money Transfers. To meet banking obligations to pay insurance policies to pur chase railroad tickets- to pay taxes to send anniversary gifts to supply salesmen on the road to send , money to soldiers in camp. More than forty-five million dollars was trans ferred last year by THE WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH CO. -TMIRI ANNUAL nn m AT NORW1LCONN SEPTEMBER 3rd, 4th, 5th 3T0DAY and TOMORROW KEITH VAUDEVILLE ' The Big Laughing Hit . JOHN and MAE BURKE In The Ragtime Soldier HAKRY DARE Novelty Musical Comedian THAT KEOTlJCKY'TRIO The Greatest cf all Dancing Acts . . Featuring. "Raatus Brown" SEENA OWEN in MADAM BO-PEEP 5 Part Triangle Feature His Wid ows Might Komedy MAT. 2:15. . EVE. 6:45 and 8:45 TODAY TODAY and TONIGHT MARC McDERMOTT in MARY JANE'S PA Adapted from the Popular Stage Success PEARL WHITE in THE FATAL RING Latest War News in Hearst-Pathe Weekly COMING WED. and THURS. EMMY WEHLEN in THE TRAIL OF THE SHADOW er shall be made have allowed the work on it to begin. Bridgeport Standard - American. Narrow Market for Majors. As nearly as we can judge by the pictures on the society page nearly all the lieutenants are married now, but nobody wants the majors. Grand Rapids Press. Plainville: The coming fall election will see one of the liveliest contests yet to be waged between the licenso and no license forces in Plainville. ASK FOR and GET IHiorBBcLli's The Original (Halted E1ilk Substitutes Cost YOU Sams Prica. IS E EE OT THEATRE orvey QuicMylfiinkof MTV Rl in THE BEST FAIR - r-vtj- A'' ...... . ?r-1 iii "aimiSiln' i k1"" ji ill!