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Norwich bulletin. [volume] (Norwich, Conn.) 1895-2011, December 23, 1921, Image 8

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(Written Specially for The Bulletin.)
Within tight from my east window
are four smaU mountain brooks. They
have no large volume of water running
In them ordinarily. But they come from
considerable heights and have what the
old millers used to coll a "big fall." As
sources of power, they somewhat make
up for their small flow by thie fall.
Today there is jnnt one Rnwmin ac
tuated spasmodically by one of these
four brooks. This mill may be ueed for
two months of the year. For the rest
of the time the water of Its stream, like
the water of the other three all the year,
rushes uselessly down its rocky bed.
A hundred years airo, every drop of the
water In all four streams was impounded
at suitable points In their courses and
made to do work. There were on them
four saw-mtlls, two grist-mills ; four
woolen mills; one machine shop; one
wood-worklr.c shop ; two tanneries, and
a hark -grinding mill. Fifteen establish
ments, all told, wnere today there re
mains Just one. In the whole town
there were at that time sir grist-mills
kept busy thi year 'round with the grain
brought them by the local farmers.
Today a s'ns-! one does ail the work
that Is offered It and isn't overdriven at
When I speak of woolen mills and
rrlst mills of those former times, don't
infer that they bore much res:mrance
to the hum woo'en mills of tor'ay where
m!U:ono of spindles whirl under a single
r-v-f. or to the ere?t flouring mills of St.
Tanl and Minneapolis. They were not
in that claims. The hize-est prist mill had
only four "run" of stones, the hltrsrpst
woolen mill pretiahly employed, at "rush"
time", nt more than seven or eiffht
hflnr1. The saw mills ured lonr up-an
down Jlcr-saws nnd only a single one to a
mill. All the machinery was simple and
Rfcorr:nsr to our modern ideas, crude and
chrmsy and Inefficient.
Probably a hlr half of nil the work
done in the machine s'lon nnd wood
wo-kinir mill was oVine hy hand because
there were no machines to do it yet In
vented. All grain was ground between
heavy mill-stones, because the roller
process was not yet known. The yarn
was spun and cloth woven on dovic
but a t"p remored from the hand spin
ning wheel and the foot loom. Husre
. lenthern bellows worked by hand "'boy
, power." usually supplied draft to the
forces and th Iron was fore-ed on com
nil rvtvlls lhy clumsy trip-riamm!
and finished by hand.
The farmer carried III own wool to
the woolen mill and e-nt, back either
"rovlr.tr?" or yarn or cloth, as he rV-sirM".
He took bis hides to ph" tanneries and
got haf-k leather. He lords his wheat or
rye to the grist mill and got back lust
three things flour, bran and "canaille."
nrorourc-d as is pyjelled "can-:iel."
with the accept STiir? on the seeond syl
lable. He h3-t!ed Ms foes to th saw
mil! ard got back beards or planks or
studding or beams, as marked. Tn prac
tically every cas he oou'd pay in cash
when h took the product or the miller
would "toll" the J ,b, taking a fixed pt
centacre of the grain, the wool, the hid
or the timber as his remuneration.
I don't know whether to rejrret the
passing of that manofactnring staee or
to rejoice over !. Clearly it had its
disadvantages. Take, for ins'wnce, the
woo!. Tefnre the farmer fhear'd it. he
must wi:sh the hep tl'orouily to re
move as nnieh of the d;r: and as little
of the natural oils of the wool as pos
sible. Then he must' d-cldo how much
yarn and how much cloth the family was
likely to need during the coming year.
He must take his washed wool to the mi'M,
arrare for Its manufacture, go back an 1
pref tue goods when completed u-sua'lrv-having
to wait at least a month and
make fom two to f-Tur trips aftT them.
Then "the women fo'.ks" bad to kr.'t the
yan into so-ks and mittens and the lik
a-io maKe c.otneg aecnrairg to a pap- r
pattern ohia r.ed from the not always
capable local tailor. All of this cause 1
tro'jib'e. work and took time. But, say.
how that cloth wore! As the children
o ;t -grew their suits they were "made
over not merely once hut twice and
thrice amd perhaps mor" times, for th?
oncoming brood. I am this very win
ter we?-ini? as a wran in whieh to lo my
barn chores, nart of an overcoat ma-'e
sixty-one years asro from c'otih woven in
one of the last of those small mllla. The
dye has faded badly 'but the fabric is
today as firm and substantial as the
day ft was woven, I do not know where
at this time, I could buy at any price
a piece of cloth as strong and1 as close
ly woven, with any promise or similar
So with leather. The fanner took his
hides to the tannery and perhaps had
to wait sl5T months for the leather. No
chemicals were used and no hurry per
mitted In the tanning process. When he
finally got the leather It must go to the
local bootmaker to be made up, which
often took two months or more. We, now-a-days,
rack patience for such delays.
Ateo we, now-a-days, never see any such
boots for serviceability and wear.
There stand in our store-room, at this
minute, a nair of fine hoots, i. e mde
of calf-skin and Intended for Sunday-
go-to-meetin-' wear, which were built tor
my father more than half a century ago,
and are still in so good condition that
they are in occasional danand for wear
ing in amateur theatricals. They are
not particularly pretty, but I think you
will admit that they're good !
As to the floor ground in those old-
fashioned mills, you'll have hard work
to find an old veteran who remembers1 it
who won't tell you that It was about four
times better a food than the wheat dust
we now consume. It was put fflirough no
treatments to rob It of the nutritious
gluten which now goes Into cowfeeds.
It was not chemically bleached to mane u
whiter at the cost - of reduced food
value. It was an honest-to-goodmess
flour, containtois? all the food values of
the wheat -heiry that would go through
the bolt cloth. It didn't make quite so
white a bread as that which Is now con
sidered the thing. Neither is June but
ter anything like as white as uncolored
oleomargarine. But that Is not regarded
a a fault of June butter by many peo
ple. '(
Well what of It? The little old mills
are gone. The dams whloh impounded
their ponds are ruins. They ceased to
exist, one by one, for purely economical
reasons. They didn't pay. Why prose
about something which has been hut will
not be again?
"Will not be again?" Are you. cock
sure of that?
For the Ia,st half-century or more the
controlling tendency of American life
has been to do big things in a big way.
tust for the sake of bigness. Quality
work has been Ignored for the sake of
tuantltv output.. 'Value-giving has been
supplanted by profit -taking. One result
of these methods has been to bring about
a congestion of papula! ion in cities or
factory towns and to effect a reduction
of population in rural district. This pro
cess If continued, means a further in
crease ire unwholesome crowding more un-
healthful and most costly living. in
crease of popular discontent, danger to
the country's future.
Already far-seeing men who care more
for the future of their country than for
the fattening of their own hank accounts,
are beginning to turn their attention to
the long neglected water, power of the
eastern and southern states. The move
ment Is etiU in its Infancy and much
more water will run wastefully under
many bridges before It crystalises Into
concrete action. ;
theguirl th - TUT
But it has one economically hopeful
outlook which the old mills lacked. Since
their time electric power has beeomi
known ; not only known hut of constant
ly widening practical use. Electric pow
er can be just as surely developed b
water wheels as by steaim engines and
electric power, once secured, can be con
hneyed i corasld'erable distarfces with
out appreciable loss. The little stream
whose waters can supply hut ten or twen
ty horse-power cannot hope to com
pete, alone, with the mammoth con
structions of Lawrence, Mass., or Minne
apolis, Minn. But, on one of the four
I small streams of which I first spoke, so !
great is the descent, so steep and long the
fall that at least a dozen damns could
be built Sown Its course, each one using
the same water over and over again, and
each one developing its full power. This
means, for the full length of the stream,
a dozen ten to twenty horse power plants.
Electrically united, these give from 120
to 240 horse-power an amount which is
not to be sneered at. Nor need things
stop there. The power of the other
neighboring streams, similarly developed
and electrically combined, would bring
the total up to really imposing figures.
It is not likely that the little old wool
en mills and grist mills and saw mill
will he reconstructed. But there is
growing hope approaching close tc
probability that the once used, now
wasted water power of these and ten
thousand similar streams all over the
east will eventually be reconstructed for
human service.
It Is devoutly to be hoped so, at any
rate. For our present neglect of them is
not only a wicked waste and a thriftless
extravagance, but also an injury to citi
zenship and a symptom of coming dis
Whatever use Is made of these innum
erable small water powers will serve
to bring back to country living with its
ecompanylng sanity and wholesome-
ness some of those who aTe now helpin--
to congest city purlieus. Such a recrudes
cense will be not only a relief to the
cities but a gain to the country and a
blessing to the nation, as a whole.
Presents for
Father, Mother, Sister, Brother
Buy them here and
you'll please each other.
-'"w the Pontifteial procession from thejnate to purchase In the United States
arartment io xne cnapoi. The
crow-as lustily applauded his holiness
who acknowledged their plaudits by be
stowing the apostolic benediction. "
Waishtagton-, Ieo. 22. (Purchase of
American grain for the relief of the
famin stricken peoples of Russia, for
which an appropriation of $20,000,000 Is
made "in a bill on which congressional
action was completed today, will be
started tomorrow.
Secretary Hoover- as chairman r ,
AmerVan Relle admlntstrati on. Tniarto.
this announcement immediately follow
ing receipt or word, of the conclusion of
congressional action. He said that the
grain would be moving to Russia under
tne governmental appropriation within
eight or ten dayg.
Upon completion of legislative action,
accomplished through adoption hv the
senate of the conference report, the bill
was sent to the president and it was
expected that he would give It his prompt
o-ij-yi-uva.1 as emDocmes owe of Slhe
recommendations made by him in his
recent message to congress.
The measure authorizes the president
through such agency as he may deslg-
and transport in American ships and
distribute corn, seed grain and preserved
milk to the distressed of Russia.
Bids will be recelvedat the Grain Cor
poration in New York tomorrow for the
supplying of grain to ships at North
Atlantic ports for shipment to Russia,
Mr. Hoover said, adding that If govern
ment machinery is not ta operation In
time, the grain would be purchased for
the account of the American Relief administration.
"All foods," said Mr. Hoover, "will be
purchased In the United States and
transported In American ships. It Is ex
pected that the railway charges from
portg to the famine region some 1.500
miles will be borne by the Soviet gov
ernment. All overhead expenses will be
borne by the American Ballet adminis
tration from private resources.
1 the
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec 22. A simple
service attended only by members of the
family wf!l mark tomorrow the fun-eral
of Henry Watterson, journalist and sol
dier, who died early today at a hotel
here. The body will rest In a vault her
until spring when It will be taken to
Louisville, Ky., for burial in the family
plot In Cave Hill cemetery.
Henry Watterson, Jr., said that be
cause of the health of his mother ii
had been decided that H would be in
advisable for her to go to Louisville dur
ing the winter.
Hundreds of messages of condolence
were received today by Mrs. Watterson
from old friends of Colonel Watterson
and newspaper men In all parts of the
country who were trained under "Manse
Henry." One, peculiarly UJdhing was
from Arthur Krock, editor of the Louis
ville Times.
"Jim ami I are weeping for the death
of Old Marster," it read.
"Jim," is Jfm Wiisov, oged nagjo
servant who has resided at the Watter
son home for many years.
Colonel Watterson who with his fam
ily came here from LiisvV.le thre
weeks aago to spend the winter passed
away as the result of heart tronbl-.
superinduced by bronchial congestion,
after an Illness of nly a few hgurs.
With their son and daughter and seven!
grandchildren present. Colonel and JTrs.
Watterson celebrated their 56th welding
anniversary in their apartment Tuesday.
Bristol. The local lodge. B. P O. E'.ka.
has raised J1.O00 among its members foi
the annual Christmas tree celt:ailiB
which will be held at Elks' halL
Now York, Dec. 22. The statement of
condition of the F'ederal Reserve Bank
of New York at the close of business, De
cember 21, shows:
Total gold reserves- $1,061,036,913.
Total reserves 21,104,190,143.
Biss discounted secured bv govern
ment war obligations ; for members S157,-
All other, for members S73.0!H,070.
Bills bought in open market $81,707,250.
Total bills on hand $298. 1915.975.
Total earning assets $380,123,975.
Uncollected items $12 J,S5S,S5. '
Due to members, reserve account $70,0,
40,147. Total deposits, $722,973,227.
F. R. notes In actual circulation $666,
571.296. Ratio of total reserves to d"ioosIt an
F. R. note liabilities combined 79.5 per
Rome, Dec. 22, (By the A. P.) The
seventh anniversary celeibraCion c-f the
coronation of Pope Benedict, postpone
from September 6, was held this morn
ing at the Sistine Chapel in the presence
of numerous church dignitaries and the
diplomatic corps In Rome. 1
The chapel was crowded to capacity,
while large crowds assembled outside to
The Self -Service
Shoe Stores, inc.
New President General
U. D, C.
1 1
' "
r T ' Ji
t i -vWv f.
-ft '
Mm Uvteeston Row Schuylw,
of New York, newly elected presi
dent general of th. United Daugh
ters of the Confederacy, Is the first
woman living la a state north ef the
Mason and Dtxon lino to be so hon
ored. She has been actively asso
ciated with the work of the organ
ization tor th. past aerettteea years
and hr election to its highest of
fice was by acclamation. During
the past year she has bean presi
de orf fee New Terk Dfrtalo.
And thank you for your gener
ous patronage which has helped
to make us one of the principal
trading centers of Norwich.
The Self -Service
Shoe Stores, Inc.
- i- si ;, iffyir ft jnr fiftm r -ni 1 mr h n i - r r -in irmm - - t i "n " rr.r if r :) ''i 1 f- injaw '-fa . 1
fil I APR
ess Than W
Franklin Square, Norwich, Conn.
its... . ..--j.-it

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