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IOWA CITY, IOWA. Wednesday, Jnu? 17, I §46. CCTV. U. IWI.MKR i« f#r|»ricuring •ascriptions and aJverti*" merit* fur t-ie IIRPOR 'PER, am) receiving pay therefor, in she cities of Haftimore PliiladoljihU, New Vork an Uiwton. The Crash—Stand from Under! The Batik of River Raisin, at| Monroe, Mich., owned by Prentiss Dow A nromi BVnt whig banker of Ohio, hat at length gone the way of nil legalized (wind ling shops—exploded, bursted tip. The proprietor of this concern* with his aid ers and abettors in obtaining a 'credit Tor, and palming its rag pictures off on the community as money, have ma-vle a very handsome operation cut of it. It is said that at least one hundred ihousend dollars of this beautiful ingredient in a "mixed ewrreney," this convenient and so/V medium of exchange, is left afloat amon^ (lie gulli ble people of Michigan and Ohio. This loss lulls ahnnst wholly upon the farmers, the mechanics, and the poor laborers: For the trading community, the sellers of tape and cotton goods, and the buyers of wheat and park, being always on the look oat for breakers, are generally sharp sight ed enough to foresee the crash, and can guard against its effects by "clraniiig on/" tbft worthless trash, and shoving it off— wo did'nt say on whom—but the man w ho, ifi purchasing, on the day previous, a email of necessaries for Itis family, received a matter of four or five dollars in small bills, as change,—or the farmer who had just been to town with a load of wh-»at or pork, and returned with his pockcts filled with bills which were paid him in exchange for his produce, and which were perfectly current when lie received thern—•Justus godd as the bank"—they arc tlie ones to tell who got it. The people of Ohio and Michigan are iu possession of evidences of debt given by this thieving cbneern, and which they have received in payment for their labor and produce, to thr amount of ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOL LARS!! Who pays? The River Raisin bank was intimately connected with the batch of Ohio institutions of pilbge and plunder—Dow, its owmr, bei'ng the own er iu part, if not the sole owner, of the Merchant's bank of Cleveland, a braneh of that Stale Bank of Ohio. Dow refuses to redeem the River Raisin bills, because, as lie cays, by so doing he would: exhaust the means of the Merchant's Bank, and thus produce a failure of a branch of the State Bank! The Ohio Statesman says, jfurther, that lite River Raisin bills had received cre dit in that region, and consequently ob tained a Urge circulation, by being re deemed at the counter of the City Bank, which upholds and gives credit and char- acter to a concern which is kfumn to be fraudulent, is morally bound to redeem its rags and they will raise such a din about he ears of the bank nabobs of Ohio, w ill cause their fctuj-endous fabric to trem-1 hie to its base. The following warning given bj the same paper, whici), being published at Coluubus, is good authority, i rill not be lost on the people ofthe West, banks are now pa\mgwvcK wait tua large ,K 3 one gives way, they will all be pretty e«r» tain to go 'through by day light."' More of It. jApi* y BOW cast our eyes over the state of New Vork, whose safety fund banking system is so frequently cited by the bank advocates as a perfect model. When we tell them that all banking systems have their very inception iu fraud, are conceiv ed in ain and brought forth in iniquity, and th'-it il is as impossible to invent a sys tem of banking which shall be safe and sound, as it is to make water run up hill —when they fail to adduce any instances ol safe and solvent bynks, ^vi.ich have stood the test of time, in the VVe*, within tho range of our own observation—they straightway point us to the riatc of New York, and cite us to her fund sys tem, (what a charm there is in that phrase, "mfity fund!") as one whiclb has always worked well, and as a system, w hich, it a. dopted in the West, would adequately se cure the bill holder and the public against fraud and lose ol all kinds. Let us see how that system is working the present time. The N. Y. Journal of Comtfw-ee^ (Whig authority,) says: "The flytes Of the Lewis county Bank are not redeemed at the Albany agency." (also whig authority.) gives the Darsvillr, Fort Plain, Essex county, White Hall, St. Lawrence county, Banks, and Oliver Lee's Bank, as having suspended specie payment. So here we have no less than nine banks under this much admired safety fund sys tem in a state of actual suspension at once. How soon they will explode no man knows but no wise man will receive their bills or those of the banks connected with them, unless he has an opportunity of dis posing of them at par immediately. The 8ea5on' ftaml',nB if ihev are wi.e. Re,d it, rtmcaber 'cl »h°"l,1lme tfat h. «h. fbnlelU the «r.ck of p.per i k"The U lay up over night fs-' j&•. ei llow It Work* in litslssippl. The "St. Louis American," a Whig or Native paper, says that the entire batch of Mississippi banks have forfeited iheir charters by suspension—the Supreme Court of that State having decided that a continued suspension of specie payments is just & undoubted ground of forfeiture. The Jackson, (Miss.) Southron also makes the same statement, and says that the decision alluded to settle* the banks of that State VIIOK1 -and forever." So mote it be. Laws of Congress. Hon. Robt. Smith, oflllinois, has intro duced a bill to provide for the publication of the laws of the United States, the several states and territories. The bill provides that the Secretary of State shall, os soon as may be, after receiving any or der, resolution or law passed by Congress, except such as are of a private rature, cause the same to be published in a num ber o: public newspapers, not exceeding two in the district of Columbia and four in each of the several states and territories and also, that he shall cause all treaties entered into by the U. States, except In dian treaties, to be published in like man ner. The provisions oflhia bill are in tseor dance with the spirit and genius of our republican institutions. By the act ofthe last federal Congress, approved August 26th, 1842, the ahnost entire ignorance of their laws and atColumbu* which, now thai the crash has ignorance ol their acts. Accordingly, at tic delegation, including in the list our ccaae, refuses any longer to redeem them. same session at which the black tariff own talented and highly esteemed Dele But the people think -that aii institution i law and the th«T S!a,e,l bankrupt law were enacted, repealed the act requiring the laws to be promulgated throughout the United «iifining dU,rict a s publication to the ®f Columbia. By this policy they surcced*d in greening themselves, for a ^rr'm t',e prtpular ind.gnation, whichnevertheless, wasnot slow in burst- ,n" forth' hur,,nS lhem from ,b ,, ,r great measures of reform which are ex- amount, in order to keep up a few of lite juofg ricketty thieving shops until after pected at the hands of this Congress would election! Again we s ty, beware—tiiey he overlooked, we would fay to those are now tottering t« tlieir fall and when w h''e Bank does not pay." Tee farmers and Drover's Bank, of Erie county, _mu*t also be added to the delinquent list. In addi tion to which, the Milwaukit SeDtinel. P«w«r, them wi:h It is really surprising that this infamous been ,Wa" b"ok lon»" ... i i •, i first act of our democratic Congress should and the crash of banks very seldom, if ev- i Cf, proves a false prophet. V4t is almost lime for a general crash, ""-/"-"by we would warn our friends ubroaa not to il Tl" have been to blot it frrnn existence. Will I they longer hesitate? We trust not.— Cuuld vve bcI,cve lhat' go to sleep with too tnuuh Ohio money in f«r the mastery in t''e business cf Prtsi Uieir pockets. We have the very best rfent making, which is going on between reason for believing that a majority ofthe certaj„ 1 am,d ,he '!r»ggl' prominent statesmen, any of the ]inge minds appear to be wholly engross ed with marches and countermarches up on the political chessboard—beware how you trifle with the American people. They demand at your hands the reform of those abuses which ycu were elected to carry out, prominent among which stands the one above mentioned and they will not be put off with a slight excuse. They are a jealous people, and are buginriing to in quire how it is, tliat with a decided demo cratic Majority in each branch ofCongress. at the end of five months, the black tariff act of 1842 is still in existence—why there is as jet no constitutional ir.ode pro vided for the collection, safe keeping and disbursement of tlie public revenue—and finally, why the federal act of 1842, for keeping the people in ignorance o'the nets of their servant's and ofthe laws provided for their government still remain»in for« e. These enquires, unless tlie causes which prompt them shall be removed, will ere long have to be answered We hope that the necessity of answering th^m «ill be obviated, by prompt action of Congress. Nsw PosTorncE.—A new postoflice has been recently established at Lafayette, a new town,, laid out on Otter Creek, in Limi eodnty, Iowa, h^, Mr. A Timmonds, H. F. Miutcn, Esq., has received the ap pointment of Deputy P. M. of said office. 0.' P. ROCKWELL, who was recently taken to Hancock county, to be put upon Itis trial for the murder ol F. A. WORRELL* hiis been sent to the jail at Galena. On his application, a change of venue was granted to Jo Davies county, fchero he will be tried in June. Improvement of the Mississippi. We are happy to inform our readers that there is still some prospect of partial justice being done to the citizens of the upper Mississippi valley, at the present session of Congress as will be se6n by the action taken on the following bill, in troduced by Mr. Hoge, of Illinois, for the improvement of the Desmoins and Rock rivei rapids. The bill having been intro duced on the 9th of last January, it is presumed, from tho great delay in the re port upon it, that our friends met with considerable difficulty in procuring from the committee oh Roads and Canals, to which it was referred, a unanimous re port in favor of its passage. But they have persevered until their object is ob tained. Hon. Robt. Smith, also of Illinois, who was Chairman of said committee, re ported the bill back, on the 4th of May, without amendment when it was refer red to the committee of the wh le on the state of the Union. We hope that the proscriptive disposition and feeling of jealously towards the West which prevails to a very great extent among the eastern and southern members, may be &o far overcome, as to permit this bill to become a law. The sum which it appropriates to the above named object, ($100,COO,) will go very far towards removingthe ob structions to the navigation of the Mis sissippi above St. Louis and the invest ment will make it fur the interest of the Government to follow it up with additional appropriations hereafter, so s to tender the navigation easy and safe at all seas ns of the year. The accomplishment of this object will at ence add very materially to ,he ™1,,e people of the United Suics of 9V9T7 roai,'s Property, throughout Iowa and a great portion of Illinois and Wisconsin and the interest of the General Government w ill of course be promoted an equal proportion: A Bill fur Iif iii'provfmmt if 1 lie n-.rtigs'iafi of the Mi«siiwiji| i river. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives oj the United States fAiner ira in Congress assembled, That there be, i have been for nearly four years kept in 1 and ,iere!'V 1S appropriated, out of any in. ,1.,c m!0,1'er»7 a» propriateu, Ihe sum one hundred ihous- and hilars to they are beginning loudly to demand its ders and diiection of the Secretary ol War, repeal. Prior to the accidental accession in the most efiVctu manner, for the im ofthe federalists to power, the laws were pr"vement of the R.»ck river and Des ,, ... i Moines rapids of the Mississippi river., promulgated as proposed by Mr. Smith's bill, and laid before the people in from two The Western Delegation to four of the public journals in each of the The people of the West have reason to states and territories. The federal party be proud of their Delegation in Congress, soon found that it was wholly incompatible We have especially viewed with feelings with their interests to acquaint the people 0 with the laws enacted fur their govern- portion of the Representatives from Illi ment, and to give them an opportunity of nois and Missouri foremost among whom passing judgment upon the acts of their gtand Mescers. Douglass, Wentworth, servants. The only course by which they Smith and Hoge, of the former, and Mr. could Wp« to retain their ill gotten pow- Bowlin, of the latter State. There are, er, was to keep the people at large in he expended under the or- 11 prj(]e and satisfactirn, the course of a nf course, others of the western deinocra- gate, Gen. Dodge, and Mr. Martin, the able Delegate from Wisconsin, who are deserving of honorable mention here.— The more immediate o'ject, however, of this brief notice, is to render a merited tribute to the above named gentleme whom circumstances have brought more prominently to our notictf. W lule they have advocated western interest*, and urped the claims of the wtsiern people up on ttie considerflinn of Congress, with such zeal, ability, and success, as to enti tle them to the warmest gratiiude and the highest regard of their constituents, they have net, like m^ny members from other portions of the Union, evinced a willing ness to sacrifice national for sectional in terests, nor to violate democratic princi ples for the attainment of their own favor ite objects With reference to sur foreign relations, they have on all occasions betn am one 'he foremost in maintaining our territorial rights and national honor, regardless of ill minor considerations, and have always been found in the thickest of the fight in opposing ihe imbecile and pusillanimous policy advocated by those recreant demo crats, whose sectional cr political interest dictated to them a co-operation with the whigs, for the purpose of defeating the great leading object of Mr. Polk's admin istration. No section of Ihe Union can boast of a more lalerded delegation—a more faithful one there could not be. We doubt not that on their return to their constitu ents, to render, each an account of his stewardship, their fidelity will he re warded by the most unequivocal proofs of the confidence of their respective con stituencies. We are tilad to see th-t near ly alt of the democratic Hepresfntutives from Illinois, as well'as Mr. Bowlin, w of St. Louis, Mo., are re-noininated. We get down their re election by urgely in creased majorities as certain. Military. At a meeting of the Desmoities connty Volunteers, No. 1, held at Burlington nn the Glh inst., the following officers lilt# elected» Captain— FnrDsinc D. MILLS. 1-st Lieut.—Geo. W. Bowjp, 2d Francis O. lieckelt. 1st Sergeant—W. W. Hudson, 2d Gordon McCauley, Hd John C. AbercroiuLie, 4th E'za Ivers. 1st Corporal—John Jones, *Jd .John J. Adxmtj* 3d- 6. A. Warner^ 4th Frederick Funk. From the Seat of War. There has been no engagement since that of the 8th and 9th ult. fightrrg upon the Rio Grande is supposed to be at end. The news given In oir la»t is fully con Armed. The graves which, according to the Mexican commanders, were waiting to receive the gallant Taylor and his brave companions in nrms, are occupied by quite a different class of tenants. Those mag nanimous Mexican commanders, who cherished such an ineffable Cohtempt for old Zach. and his force, and who "shed patriotic tears" because the intervening river prevented them ^oto at onee attack ing and cutting our "cfitcmptible" army to pieces, deserted their fortress sons cere monie, on the first intimation of Gen. TV. intention to take possession of it. They took up their line of mar^h for the Mexican capital—Gen. Ampudia, it is said, bearing Gen. Arista prisoner. From this, it would appear that there is trouble in the- camp of the enemy, and it Is'prcb.ible ?hat an other revolution is on foot in which ci*e, the troops which have been operating against us A ill be required to support one of the pretenders to supreme authority in Mexico. As our army left the encampment, on the 17th, for the purpose of ero«ing the river and taking possession of itamoras, Arista 6ent a flag of truce to Gen. Tay lor, requesting an armistice of six weeks, giving as a reason fortius request, that he wished to communicate with his govern ment. Gen. T. replied lhat he would give him until 8 o'clock next morning to evacuate the city of Matamoras, end would permit him to take the public property under hi- charge. On arriving at the citv next day. Gen. Arista had departed with his forces, leaving only the mounted bat teries. All the mortars and such of the military apparatus as could not be remo ved, in their haste to escape, were thrown into the wells. A party of our army were sent out to reconnoitre, and overtook a portion of the rt treating force, twenty two it wlimll'ty tc« k j.iisct.crs. The steamship Galveston nrrivrd at N. Orleans on the night of the 29 ultimo, from Brasos Santiago, which place she left on the 27th. The following items of news received by her are from the St. Louis Reveille Speaking of Gen. Tdylor's ta ki|g possession of Matamoras, it says: Gen. Taj lor gave the most positive or ders to his men n«.t to lake tte slightest article without jJiMi a lair equivalent. The citizens were told by Gen. Tay lor to continue their bu»in»-ss operations, but prohibited them iruui selling liquor to any of the army. Com. Connor, with most of his squad ron, had left tor Pensacola to relit ami re inforce before uinking an attack on Vera Ctuz! lie Ui e-ids. taking itli him .three or tour line of battle ships-. On her p.ss ge to the seat of war, the Galveston Mas the seme of a terrible murder—a man named Robert Mitchell, of the McKeldy Guard*, having subbed one of his comrades liaiiitd V\ ID. Mailoy. The deceased was buried at sea, Captain Waddell reading the ioneral service. The murderer was immediately put iu irons, and placed iu close custody on their arri val at IVint Isabel. Gen. Trfjlor, immediately after having taken possession of Vlatamoras, despatch ed two companies of horse to follow the Mexican army. They accordingly follow ed them about titty miles, but ne\er ap proaching i.eartr than six hours' travel. The amount of mo-icy found in ihe Mexican army chest after tlie battle ofthe 9th, was about $lO,€^0 in gold. The James L. L).-y arrived at N Or leans a short tme after the Gdlvestoti.— 'I lie only additional news she brings is, that the Mexican army had retreated to Camarjo, abi til 200 miles from Mniaino ras, it is suppo»ed lor reinforcements. A party ol Cd Twiggo' regiment o! dra goons, under the command of Captains M.iy, Arnold and C.rr, arrived at Point Isabel on the evening or the 2uth ult. for the purpose of recruiting their horses. A correspondent of tlie Picayune, wri ting from Foit Polk, under date of the 2Cth of May, expresses tl e opmi. n that there will be no more fighting n the Rio Grande—Ampudhi's defeat of the 8th and 9th hating ruined tfie Mexican aimy now in t!.e north and that it our army ivish to meet ihe enemy in any consider able numbers, they must setk them in their own country. Speaking nf the ex ican army, he says: "Ihty have lost eve ry thing mule. p,-.cli saddles, ainunition. arms, and enough men to strike terror to their heart*. Fort Polk is a complete museum at the prtsent moment, with its Mexicrn booty. Ampudia's plate—very valuable—was returned bun. Bhtkade of ihe Ru Grande Raised.— Gen. Taylr lias ordered (hat die blockade of the Rio Grande will be considered .r.rjsed in rerarjd to all vev?eU bringing cargoes tor lneiic'iants iu i\Iatauioras. ex cept snch as contain munitions of war of any description. The f..st sailing steame? .W. White arrived from New Orlertfc ftv hrss than four days and a half, putting us in posses sion of New Orleans dates of last Thurs day. She bring* the proclamation of C^m. CONN R, blockading all the ports of Mex ico. Five companies of the St. Louis Legion left for Point Isabel on Wednesday of las: week. The worst news is an account of the murder in cold blood, of fifteen Americans, including two women and a child, by a company «»f Ranuheros, or Mexican Ban ditti. After giving up their arms on the promise of being received as prisoner" ol war, they were inhuminly bound and then butchered by one .nan, having ravi-hed the women before their faces, and after wards cuting nil their throat Mr. Rog- ers, who miraculously escaped to tell the story, saw his father and brother b'ltche ed in this way. There was a report that the two Mex icans steamers had sailed for Havanna un der British colors, to act as privateers against our shipping. The steamship Alabama arrived at N. Orleans on the 3d inst., from Brasos San tiago, which port sl.e left on the 1st.— One of the editors ofthe N. O. Tropic, writing from camp at Matamoros, May 28, says, three or four Mexicans from Mont cry. had just had a conference with Col. Twigj»9. They represent that the fly ing Mexicans are progressing towards Monterey "#even days, ago they were seven leagues from tins place." Ampudia, so the Mexicans heard, had pained the as cendency in the army, and had Arista as a prisoner. This was Ampudia's effort from the instant he reached Matamoros After the baltle of the 9th, he being the first man to leave the battle lield in the retreat, and before any one arrived at his quick heels, reported lhat Arista had be trayed the army to the Americans. This report he spread along the road towards Monterey, and no doubt ihe troopj have gladly taken advantage of such an idea, to save themselves from the shame of de lea "Will the Mexicans army come back here?" asked Col. Twiggs. It would rifike the fortune nf an actor, il he could imitate the expression and ec'ion of the Mexican in the reply of "3o.' never come bnck." The morale of thi report of the latest news from the interior of Mexico, is, that Parades is not at ihe head of an army ap proaching this place, and 'that Ampudia is not, as h.is been reported, on" hundred miles from here, "entren lied on the contrary, he is flying into the interior, and will most likely paralyze the people »s he progresses,- by the news of the de feat cf "tlie gr*ud army ofthe Mexican nation. Whig Nomituitions. The whigs of Johnson county held a mass meeting, (so called,) at (his place, on the 13ih inst. The at'endance was very meagre: but it was so much the easier for the junto of w ire puiiers in this ci'y, to manage the nominations. For politi cal thimble rigging and sleight of hand, and for adroitness in those very practices which they are loudest in denouncing, commend us to a whig caucus clique. A committee to nominate! a viva voce vote on the report! That's the way to do it up. Like the whig banking system, it is "safe and expedient." There may be ajetcbdd enough to vote against the report, but they will seldom equal the number of the train bands. The following is the ticket formed—precisely as reported by the com mittee. It is ut questionably a formidable array nf names but what strikes us as tlie most formidable part of it, is the head. ouncilman—Wm. Penrt'Clark. Representative—H. D. Downey. Commissioner—E 'vvard Foster. Sheriff—J. H. Epperson. Treasurer—.!. H. Stover. Recorder A. J. Lucas. Commissioners' Clerk—J. P. Bradshaw Judge of Probate—Jas. Trimble. Coroner—Robert Keating. Inspector Weights & Measures—Joe. Powell. As there were but verjr lew from the country to this meeting, it was our inten tion to have given a more detailed report ofits proceedings, for the edification of our whig friends in tho country, but will have to defer i( to a more convenient season We would, however, express our regret at the sudden dispersion ofthe meeting, immediately upon the announcement of the ticket, without one solitary speech to foiise tho drooping spirits of the faithful withi ut adopting one enthusiastic double refinined whig rctoluticrl, or waiting for a greeting in set phrase from any if tl e standard bearers just selected. The moment they were announce 1, the entire assembly was taken with a simul taneous and hurried leaving. The effect w»s electrical. Indeed, the report of lhat ommittee cannot be compared, in its ef fects, to any thing more appropriately, than to a battery charged wiih negitive or re pulsii-e electiicfty. Oil Babylon, how art thou fallen! Later.—Since writing]Lhe above we have heard a rumor that live entire ticket, with the exception of the head, either had re signed, or were about to resign their nom inations. That is decidedly wrong. It will never do to desert. You should "stand up to y our rack" boys, "fodder or no fodder," and f. How your file leder. WA* MEETIKG.—The Bloomington Herald contains the proceedings ofa public meeting held in that town on the 5th inst., '•to adopt measures for the purpose of re sponding promptly to the call ofthe Pres ident, (mad« through the Governor of this Teritory,) for Volunteers to repel the invasion of otir rights and slaughter of our citizens by ihe Mexican nation at which Hon. Joseph Williams presided, and Wm. Leflingwell Esq officiated as Secretary. Sundry addresses were delivered, a series of sprited resolutions adopted and an orig inal patriotic song sung by Hon. Joseph Williams. The meeting resolved that its proceedings should he pubiihed in all the papers of the territory but they reached us too late, (being quite lengthy,) to ap pear in the Reporter of this week. Had they been forwarded tts sooner we would cheerfully have given them a place1". Important to Lnnd Bayers. We have been poli'ely furnished Messrs Henn and Van Antwerp, Registe1 aixl Receiver of the Land Office at Fair field, with a copy of an act repfaling that part of the supplementary act of 1832, concerning the sale of public lands, which restricted purchasers to the entry of two forty acre tracts, and also witli circular letter of Hon. Jas. Shield#, Commissioner of the General Land Office, relative to the provisions of said act both of which we publish below. .. In a large number of instances, this change in the law will very materially promote the interest and convenience oi those wishing to purchase land for a farm. Instead of being restricted to the entry of two forties, as heretofore, they may now enter as many as they choose, without the trouble and expense of an affidavit. Un der the law as it stood, where a man's im provement was cut by section lines, he was necessitated to enter twice as much l.nd as lie desired, in order to secure a home. Again, a man who had only means enough to entc one forty at a time, could not secure more than one half or one quarter of his farm. The following act does away with all these difficulties, and is well calculated to encourage settlers and facilitate the sale of the public lands. This is one of ihe good fruits of having a western man for Commissioner of the General Land Office. The people of the West owe a debt of gratitude to Judge Shields his indefatigable and success ful exertions to advance their interests.— This is but one among the many impor tant beneficial changes which he has ef fected in the policy of the Government with regard to the disposal of her vast domain. It would have been difficult ior the Pre sident to have selected a man better fitted for ihe responsible station which Mr. Shields occupies. With talents of a supe rior i rder and the most sterling integrity of character, he combines an intimate knowledge of the wants of the western country, and of the means best calculated to develop its resources. It is not strange, therefore, tliai he should possess the un limited confidence of the Government. He has apparently succeeded in convin cing Congress, that the best means nf ad vancit the interests of the Government consist in tlie adoption of such measures as are calculated to benefit and encourage settlers in a new country. Circular. GSHERAL LAND OFFICE May 14th, ItNG. Gentlemen'.—Enclosed I send you a copy of an Act entitled "An Act to repeal a part of the Act entitled'An Act supple mentary to ihe several law* for the sale ofthe public lands," approved April fifth, one thousand e ght hundred and thirty two, and for other purposes, approved May 8th, 18*16. Under the provisions of this Act, forty acre tracts, or quarter quarter sections, are subject to entry, selection, or location, precisely in the same manner that eighty acre tracts, or half quarter sections have heretofore been consequently the affida vits for the entry of quarter quarter sec tions, heretofore required, will now be dispensed with and it will no longer be necessary to n .te these entries on the re turn-, as being under the Act of fifth April, 1832. All lands, however, will be offered at public sale, in half quarter sections, or eighty acre tracts, as heretofore. Very Respectfully Your Obedient Serv't, JAMES SHIELDS, Commissioner. Register ofthe Land Office, and Receiver of Public Moneys at Fairfield, I. T. An Act To repeal a part of th Jlcl entitled Act supplementary to the several laws for ihe sale of the public lands," ap proved April fifth, one thousand ciqht hundred and thirty two. and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in'Cvvgress Assembled, That froir. and alter the passage of this act, the sec ond proviso to the act entitled "An Act supplementary to the several laws for the sale of the public lands," approved April fifth, one thousand ei*»ht hundred and thirty two, which is as lollows, viz: That no person shall be permitted to enter more than one hall quarter section of land un der this Act in quarter quarter sections in his own name, or in the name of any other person, and in no case unless lie intends it for cultivation or for the use of his improvement. And the perscn mak ing application to make such entry under this act shall file his or her affidavit, un der such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, that he or she imkes the entry in his or her own name, lor his or her own benefit, and not iu trust for another,'' shall be, and the same is hereby repealed and all entries, selections or locations of lands now sus pended in the General Laud Office, be cause made contrary to'the restrictions in this proviso, shall be, and they are here by confirmed, provided they are iu all respects fair and regular. Approved May 8th, 1846. "Why have you volunteered?" said rather a careworn-looking newly enrolled volunteer, yesterday, to a fine looking young soldier "Why, I volunteered because I have no wife, and go in for war," was the un equivocal reply "and now why have you volunteered he added. •'Ah!-' said the careworn-countenan ced little man -for he was little—with a significant si^h, 4*I have volunteered be cause I have a HifkK Sld ffc go18 W peace'.— DfMn. 1 aledfcf ory address of Hon. KltfO# iowi 1'resident of tlie COM tendon. Below we publish the very appropriate dr^ss delivered by the President, upoli e adjournment of the late Convention whielf wal omitted in its proper plaee mong the proceedings of that body. Not withstanding ihe lateness of the day at which it sjppeiart, it is well worthy a place in our columns. The Convention having, on the foj previous, jf passed a unanimous vote of thanks to the President, for the "able, dig nified andf impartial manner" in which ne had presided fiver its deliberations—pend ing the question upon the sine die edjourn* roent, the Prjesident addressed the Con vention as foUowa: Having finished the business of yAir Convention, he time has arrived for u« to separate but before performing the last and only act which devolves upon me your presiding officer, I must do myself the unfeigned satisfaction of tendering you my thanks fcr your kind aid and forbear ance in moments of doubt and difficulty, in the discharge of my duties. I do not flatter myseli that I have given entire sat isfaction to all—this I did not consider myself able to do but I did hope to satis fy this entire convention of a correctness of intention at least, and thAt errors,if com muted, were not designed. If in the course of our proceedings, aught has transpired to ruffle the kindlier feelings, the magnanimity which has mark ed your intercourse, assures me thai it has passed by with the occasion which gave rise to it, and that the moment of par ting will also be the moment of oblivion to every occurrence calculated to darken the reminiscences of this Convention. The Constitution which yo6 have forflfr' ed for the basis of a State governnienf, will shortly be submitted to the people for their ratification or rejection, and its fate will at once become a matter ol interest to every citizen and believing as I do, that is principles are republican, and that its restrictions are in,accordance with t|ie dictates of wisdom and experience,^it doubtless will receive the sanction rf %11' who are in favor of a State government, and who put a similar estimate on its qual ities and prlvisions. All who find tjie Constitution! to accord with their views, and are of opinion lhat our condition ia sufficiently mature to dispense with the' guardianship of the general government, will »ive il their approval. Then let jpsei ask, are we ready for this change in rjjjtf' relations with the parent government? With a territory of matchless beauty, rich in her resources—her woodlands and prairies—her valleys and uplands—her livers and brooks—her minerals and ag ricultural products—and the large patri monev which she will receive in grants of the public domain and its proceeds—and a population nf not less than a hundred and twenty thousand souls, Iowa appette to be ripe entering into the Union.® Gentlemi-n. allow me in conclusion^© wish you llealth, happiness and prosperi ty, that yoi| may safely reach your homes, your families, and friends, that your labors may be rewarded by the approbation''of the people,: and that you may soon haltre the satisfaction of seeing Iowa take place in the union of ihe State*. DEMOCRATIC MEETINGS: Liberty Township Democratic Meeting. The Democrats of Liberty township iiet: pursuant to notice, on the evening of Ae 13th inst. The meeting was called to order by Mr. Bowdan, and L. P. Frost was chosen as Chairman, and J. G. Tant I'nger Secretary when the following nam ed persons were chosen as Delegates to (he county Convention to be held on the 20th inst at IowaCily: James Srah or n, J. G. Tan linger, Jona than Haris, George Fry, George Fesler, Jacob Overholtzer and James Davis after which, it was Resolved, That the delegation be eyn powered to fill all vacancies that may ge cur in their own number, out of the towftt ship. Mr. Frrat then rose and presented tlie' following irsolutions, which were unani mously ad^ted: Resolve^, That we hold the doctrine of paper swindling as promulgated by whigs, in utter detestation believing, as we do, th*it all banks and banking are highly inju-rious to any Republic. Resolved, That we view the constitu tion framed by the late Convention, as a true model of civil and religious liberty. Resolved, lhat we pledge ourselvea to use all laudable and honest means to se cure the election of such candidates a* the CouyeftUon may bring before the peo ple. L- I L. P. FROST, Chm'n. :IJ,£. TANTLISCER, Sec'y. IBiif «r©fe Township. TW'Democracy of Big Grove met pur-' suanl !o notice, on the 13th June, 1846 whereupon JOHN P. MCCUME was ealled to the chair, and JOIIN WHITS appointed* Secretary. The ot^ject of the meeting having beetf stated by A. Arrowsmith, the meeting proceeded to appoint ten delegates to the county Convention, to be held afldvrV City, on the 20th inst. Robert Robinson, Abner Arrewstnitfty* D. 1) Smi'h, Henry Nicholson, Presley Connelly, Vohn McCune, A. W. Blain, John While, John Smirh, and Thomas' Ford, wert appointed said delegates On motion, a committee of correspon dence was appointed, consisting of Abner' Arrowsmirii, no. Smith, and Jno. White.- On motion, a committee of four*—one in each quarter of the township—was ap pointed, to act as a committee of vigilance. On motion, it was Resolved, That it shall be the duty of the vigilance committee to take such mea sures as may-be neetssary to secure thfl attendance of every democratic voter itt tlie polls. Resolved, That the proceedings of thie meeting be published in the Iowa Capitfci Reporter. JNO. P. McCUNE, P*SH Wmtt, Sec'y.