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Iowa capitol reporter. [volume] (Iowa City, Iowa) 1841-1855, June 17, 1846, Image 2

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CAPITAL REPORTER.
IOWA CITY, IOWA.
Wednesday, Jnu? 17, I
§46.
CCTV. U. IWI.MKR i« f#r|»ricuring
•ascriptions and aJverti*"
merit* fur t-ie IIRPOR
'PER, am) receiving pay therefor, in she cities of
Haftimore PliiladoljihU, New Vork an Uiwton.
The Crash—Stand from Under!
The Batik of River Raisin, at| Monroe,
Mich., owned by Prentiss Dow A nromi
BVnt whig banker of Ohio, hat at length
gone the way of nil legalized (wind
ling shops—exploded, bursted tip. The
proprietor of this concern* with his aid
ers and abettors in obtaining a 'credit Tor,
and palming its rag pictures off on the
community as money, have ma-vle a very
handsome operation cut of it. It is said
that at least one hundred ihousend dollars
of this beautiful ingredient in a "mixed
ewrreney," this convenient and so/V medium
of exchange, is left afloat amon^ (lie gulli
ble people of Michigan and Ohio. This
loss lulls ahnnst wholly upon the farmers,
the mechanics, and the poor laborers:
For the trading community, the sellers of
tape and cotton goods, and the buyers of
wheat and park, being always on the look
oat for breakers, are generally sharp sight
ed enough to foresee the crash, and can
guard against its effects by "clraniiig on/"
tbft worthless trash, and shoving it off—
wo did'nt say on whom—but the man w ho,
ifi purchasing, on the day previous, a email
of necessaries for Itis family, received a
matter of four or five dollars in small bills,
as change,—or the farmer who had just
been to town with a load of wh-»at or pork,
and returned with his pockcts filled with
bills which were paid him in exchange for
his produce, and which were perfectly
current when lie received thern—•Justus
godd as the bank"—they arc tlie ones to
tell who got it. The people of Ohio and
Michigan are iu possession of evidences
of debt given by this thieving cbneern, and
which they have received in payment for
their labor and produce, to thr amount of
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOL
LARS!! Who pays? The River Raisin
bank was intimately connected with the
batch of Ohio institutions of pilbge and
plunder—Dow, its owmr, bei'ng the own
er iu part, if not the sole owner, of the
Merchant's bank of Cleveland, a braneh of
that Stale Bank of Ohio. Dow refuses to
redeem the River Raisin bills, because, as
lie cays, by so doing he would: exhaust the
means of the Merchant's Bank, and thus
produce a failure of a branch of the State
Bank!
The Ohio Statesman says, jfurther, that
lite River Raisin bills had received cre
dit in that region, and consequently ob
tained a Urge circulation, by being re
deemed at the counter of the City Bank,
which upholds and gives credit and char-
acter to a concern which is kfumn to be
fraudulent, is morally bound to redeem its
rags and they will raise such a din about
he ears of the bank nabobs of Ohio,
w ill cause their fctuj-endous fabric to trem-1
hie to its base. The following warning
given bj the same paper, whici), being
published at Coluubus, is good authority, i
rill not be lost on the people ofthe West,
banks are now pa\mgwvcK wait tua large
,K
3
one gives way, they will all be pretty e«r»
tain to go 'through by day light."'
More of It.
jApi* y BOW cast our eyes over the state
of New Vork, whose safety fund banking
system is so frequently cited by the bank
advocates as a perfect model. When we
tell them that all banking systems have
their very inception iu fraud, are conceiv
ed in ain and brought forth in iniquity,
and th'-it il is as impossible to invent a sys
tem of banking which shall be safe and
sound, as it is to make water run up hill
—when they fail to adduce any instances
ol safe and solvent bynks, ^vi.ich have
stood the test of time, in the VVe*, within
tho range of our own observation—they
straightway point us to the riatc of New
York, and cite us to her fund sys
tem, (what a charm there is in that phrase,
"mfity fund!") as one whiclb has always
worked well, and as a system, w hich, it a.
dopted in the West, would adequately se
cure the bill holder and the public against
fraud and lose ol all kinds. Let us see
how that system is working the present
time.
The N. Y.
Journal of Comtfw-ee^ (Whig
authority,) says: "The flytes Of the
Lewis county Bank are not redeemed at
the Albany agency."
(also whig authority.) gives the Darsvillr,
Fort Plain, Essex county, White Hall, St.
Lawrence county, Banks, and Oliver
Lee's Bank, as having suspended specie
payment.
So here we have no less than nine banks
under this much admired safety fund sys
tem in a state of actual suspension at once.
How soon they will explode no man
knows but no wise man will receive their
bills or those of the banks connected with
them, unless he has an opportunity of dis
posing of them at par immediately. The
8ea5on'
ftaml',nB
if ihev are wi.e. Re,d it, rtmcaber 'cl »h°"l,1lme
tfat h. «h. fbnlelU the «r.ck of p.per i
k"The
U lay up over
night fs-'
j&•. ei
llow It Work* in litslssippl.
The "St. Louis American," a Whig or
Native paper, says that the entire batch of
Mississippi banks have forfeited iheir
charters by suspension—the Supreme
Court of that State having decided that a
continued suspension of specie payments is
just & undoubted ground of forfeiture. The
Jackson, (Miss.) Southron also
makes the
same statement, and says that the decision
alluded to settle* the banks of that State
VIIOK1
-and forever." So mote it be.
Laws of Congress.
Hon. Robt. Smith, oflllinois, has intro
duced a bill to provide for the publication
of the laws of the United States, the
several states and territories. The bill
provides that the Secretary of State shall,
os soon as may be, after receiving any or
der, resolution or law passed by Congress,
except such as are of a private rature,
cause the same to be published in a num
ber o: public newspapers, not exceeding
two in the district of Columbia and four in
each of the several states and territories
and also, that he shall cause all treaties
entered into by the U. States, except In
dian treaties, to be published in like man
ner.
The provisions oflhia bill are in tseor
dance with the spirit and genius of our
republican institutions. By the act ofthe
last federal Congress, approved August
26th, 1842,
the
ahnost entire ignorance of their laws and
atColumbu* which, now thai the crash has ignorance ol their acts. Accordingly, at tic delegation, including in the list our
ccaae, refuses any longer to redeem them. same session at which the black tariff own talented and highly esteemed Dele
But the people think -that aii institution i
law and the
th«T
S!a,e,l
bankrupt law were enacted,
repealed the act requiring the laws
to be
promulgated throughout the United
«iifining
dU,rict
a
s
publication to the
®f Columbia. By this policy they
surcced*d
in
greening themselves, for a
^rr'm t',e prtpular ind.gnation,
whichnevertheless,
wasnot slow in burst-
,n" forth' hur,,nS
lhem from
,b ,, ,r great measures of reform which are ex-
amount, in order to keep up a few of lite
juofg ricketty thieving shops until after pected at the hands of this Congress would
election! Again we s ty, beware—tiiey he overlooked, we would fay to those
are now tottering t« tlieir fall and when
w
h''e
Bank does not pay." Tee farmers and
Drover's Bank, of Erie county, _mu*t also
be added to the delinquent list. In addi
tion to which, the Milwaukit SeDtinel.
P«w«r,
them wi:h
It is really surprising that this infamous
been
,Wa" b"ok lon»"
... i i •, i first act of our democratic Congress should
and the crash of banks very seldom, if ev- i
Cf, proves a false prophet.
V4t is almost lime for a general crash, ""-/"-"by
we would warn our friends ubroaa not to
il
Tl"
have been to blot it frrnn existence. Will
I they longer hesitate? We trust not.—
Cuuld vve bcI,cve
lhat'
go to sleep with too tnuuh Ohio money in f«r the mastery in t''e business cf Prtsi
Uieir pockets. We have the very best rfent making, which is going on between
reason for believing that a majority ofthe
certaj„
1
am,d ,he
'!r»ggl'
prominent statesmen, any of the
]inge minds appear to be wholly engross
ed with marches and countermarches up
on the political chessboard—beware how
you trifle with the American people. They
demand at your hands the reform of those
abuses which ycu were elected to carry
out, prominent among which stands the
one above mentioned and they will not be
put off with a slight excuse. They are a
jealous people, and are buginriing to in
quire how it is, tliat with a decided demo
cratic Majority in each branch ofCongress.
at the end of five months, the black tariff
act of 1842 is still in existence—why
there is as jet no constitutional ir.ode pro
vided for the collection, safe keeping and
disbursement of tlie public revenue—and
finally, why the federal act of 1842, for
keeping the people in ignorance o'the nets
of their servant's and ofthe laws provided
for their government still remain»in for« e.
These enquires, unless tlie causes which
prompt them shall be removed, will ere
long have to be answered We hope that
the necessity of answering th^m «ill be
obviated, by prompt action of Congress.
Nsw PosTorncE.—A new postoflice
has been recently established at Lafayette,
a new town,, laid out on Otter Creek, in
Limi eodnty, Iowa, h^, Mr. A Timmonds,
H. F. Miutcn, Esq., has received the ap
pointment of Deputy P. M. of said office.
0.' P. ROCKWELL, who was recently
taken to Hancock county, to be put upon
Itis trial for the murder ol F. A. WORRELL*
hiis been sent to the jail at Galena. On
his application, a change of venue was
granted to Jo Davies county, fchero he
will be tried in June.
Improvement of the Mississippi.
We are happy to inform our readers
that there is still some prospect of partial
justice being done to the citizens of the
upper Mississippi valley, at the present
session of Congress as will be se6n by
the action taken on the following bill, in
troduced by Mr. Hoge, of Illinois, for the
improvement of the Desmoins and Rock
rivei rapids. The bill having been intro
duced on the 9th of last January, it is
presumed, from tho great delay in the re
port upon it, that our friends met with
considerable difficulty in procuring from
the committee oh Roads and Canals, to
which it was referred, a unanimous re
port in favor of its passage. But they
have persevered until their object is ob
tained. Hon. Robt. Smith, also of Illinois,
who was Chairman of said committee, re
ported the bill back, on the 4th of May,
without amendment when it was refer
red to the committee of the wh le on the
state of the Union. We hope that the
proscriptive disposition and feeling of
jealously towards the West which prevails
to a very great extent among the eastern
and southern members, may be &o far
overcome, as to permit this bill to become
a law. The sum which it appropriates
to the above named object, ($100,COO,)
will go very far towards removingthe ob
structions to the navigation of the Mis
sissippi above St. Louis and the invest
ment will make it fur the interest of the
Government to follow it up with additional
appropriations hereafter, so s to tender
the navigation easy and safe at all seas ns
of the year. The accomplishment of this
object will at ence add very materially to
,he
™1,,e
people of the United Suics
of
9V9T7 roai,'s
Property,
throughout Iowa and a great portion of
Illinois and Wisconsin and the interest of
the General Government w ill of course
be promoted an equal proportion:
A Bill fur Iif iii'provfmmt if 1 lie n-.rtigs'iafi
of the Mi«siiwiji| i river.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives oj the United States fAiner
ira in Congress assembled, That there be,
i
have been for nearly four years kept in 1
and
,iere!'V
1S
appropriated, out of any
in. ,1.,c m!0,1'er»7 a»
propriateu, Ihe sum one hundred ihous-
and
hilars
to
they are beginning loudly to demand its ders and diiection of the Secretary ol War,
repeal. Prior to the accidental accession in the most efiVctu manner, for the im
ofthe federalists to power, the laws were pr"vement of the R.»ck river and Des
,, ... i Moines rapids of the Mississippi river.,
promulgated as proposed by Mr. Smith's
bill, and laid before the people in from two The Western Delegation
to four of the public journals in each of the The people of the West have reason to
states and territories. The federal party be proud of their Delegation in Congress,
soon found that it was wholly incompatible We have especially viewed with feelings
with their interests to acquaint the people
0
with the laws enacted fur their govern- portion of the Representatives from Illi
ment, and to give them an opportunity of nois and Missouri foremost among whom
passing judgment upon the acts of their gtand Mescers. Douglass, Wentworth,
servants. The only course by which they Smith and Hoge, of the former, and Mr.
could Wp« to retain their ill gotten pow- Bowlin, of the latter State. There are,
er, was to keep the people at large in
he expended under the or-
11
prj(]e and satisfactirn, the course of a
nf
course, others of the western deinocra-
gate, Gen. Dodge, and Mr. Martin, the
able Delegate from Wisconsin, who are
deserving of honorable mention here.—
The more immediate o'ject, however, of
this brief notice, is to render a merited
tribute to the above named gentleme
whom circumstances have brought more
prominently to our notictf. W lule they
have advocated western interest*, and
urped the claims of the wtsiern people up
on ttie considerflinn of Congress, with
such zeal, ability, and success, as to enti
tle them to the warmest gratiiude and the
highest regard of their constituents, they
have net, like m^ny members from other
portions of the Union, evinced a willing
ness to sacrifice national for sectional in
terests, nor to violate democratic princi
ples for the attainment of their own favor
ite objects
With reference to sur foreign relations,
they have on all occasions betn am one
'he foremost in maintaining our territorial
rights and national honor, regardless of
ill minor considerations, and have always
been found in the thickest of the fight in
opposing ihe imbecile and pusillanimous
policy advocated by those recreant demo
crats, whose sectional cr political interest
dictated to them a co-operation with the
whigs, for the purpose of defeating the
great leading object of Mr. Polk's admin
istration. No section of Ihe Union can
boast of a more lalerded delegation—a more
faithful one there could not be. We doubt
not that on their return to their constitu
ents, to render, each an account of his
stewardship, their fidelity will he re
warded by the most unequivocal proofs
of the confidence
of
their respective con­
stituencies. We are tilad to see th-t near
ly alt of the democratic Hepresfntutives
from Illinois,
as well'as Mr. Bowlin,
w
of
St. Louis, Mo., are re-noininated. We
get down their re election by urgely in
creased majorities as certain.
Military.
At a meeting of the Desmoities connty
Volunteers, No. 1, held at Burlington nn
the Glh inst., the following officers lilt#
elected»
Captain— FnrDsinc D. MILLS.
1-st Lieut.—Geo. W. Bowjp,
2d Francis O. lieckelt.
1st Sergeant—W. W. Hudson,
2d Gordon McCauley,
Hd John C. AbercroiuLie,
4th E'za Ivers.
1st Corporal—John Jones,
*Jd .John J. Adxmtj*
3d-
6. A. Warner^
4th Frederick Funk.
From the Seat of War.
There has been no engagement since
that of the 8th and 9th ult. fightrrg upon
the Rio Grande is supposed to be at end.
The news given In oir la»t is fully con
Armed. The graves which, according to
the Mexican commanders, were waiting
to receive the gallant Taylor and his brave
companions in nrms, are occupied by quite
a different class of tenants. Those mag
nanimous Mexican commanders, who
cherished such an ineffable Cohtempt for
old Zach. and his force, and who "shed
patriotic tears" because the intervening
river prevented them ^oto at onee attack
ing and cutting our "cfitcmptible" army to
pieces, deserted their fortress sons cere
monie, on the first intimation of Gen. TV.
intention to take possession of it. They
took up their line of mar^h for the Mexican
capital—Gen. Ampudia, it is said, bearing
Gen. Arista prisoner. From this, it would
appear that there is trouble in the- camp
of the enemy, and it Is'prcb.ible ?hat an
other revolution is on foot in which ci*e,
the troops which have been operating
against us A ill be required to support one
of the pretenders to supreme authority in
Mexico.
As our army left the encampment, on
the 17th, for the purpose of ero«ing the
river and taking possession of itamoras,
Arista 6ent a flag of truce to Gen. Tay
lor, requesting an armistice of six weeks,
giving as a reason fortius request, that he
wished to communicate with his govern
ment. Gen. T. replied lhat he would
give him until 8 o'clock next morning to
evacuate the city of Matamoras, end would
permit him to take the public property
under hi- charge. On arriving at the citv
next day. Gen. Arista had departed with
his forces, leaving only the mounted bat
teries. All the mortars and such of the
military apparatus as could not be remo
ved, in their haste to escape, were thrown
into the wells. A party of our army were
sent out to reconnoitre, and overtook a
portion of the rt treating force, twenty
two it wlimll'ty tc« k j.iisct.crs.
The steamship Galveston nrrivrd at N.
Orleans on the night of the 29 ultimo,
from Brasos Santiago, which place she left
on the 27th. The following items of news
received by her are from the St. Louis
Reveille Speaking of Gen. Tdylor's ta
ki|g possession of Matamoras, it says:
Gen. Taj lor gave the most positive or
ders to his men n«.t to lake tte slightest
article without jJiMi a lair equivalent.
The citizens were told by Gen. Tay
lor to continue their bu»in»-ss operations,
but prohibited them iruui selling liquor to
any of the army.
Com. Connor, with most of his squad
ron, had left tor Pensacola to relit ami re
inforce before uinking an attack on Vera
Ctuz! lie Ui e-ids. taking itli him .three
or tour line of battle ships-.
On her p.ss ge to the seat of war, the
Galveston Mas the seme of a terrible
murder—a man named Robert Mitchell,
of the McKeldy Guard*, having subbed
one of his comrades liaiiitd V\ ID. Mailoy.
The deceased was buried at sea, Captain
Waddell reading the ioneral service. The
murderer was immediately put iu irons,
and placed iu close custody on their arri
val at IVint Isabel.
Gen. Trfjlor, immediately after having
taken possession of Vlatamoras, despatch
ed two companies of horse to follow the
Mexican army. They accordingly follow
ed them about titty miles, but ne\er ap
proaching i.eartr than six hours' travel.
The
amount
of mo-icy found in ihe
Mexican army chest after
tlie
battle ofthe
9th, was about $lO,€^0 in gold.
The James L. L).-y arrived at N Or
leans a short tme after the Gdlvestoti.—
'I lie only additional news she brings is,
that the Mexican army had retreated to
Camarjo, abi til 200 miles from Mniaino
ras, it is
suppo»ed
lor reinforcements. A
party ol Cd Twiggo' regiment o! dra
goons, under the command of Captains
M.iy, Arnold and C.rr, arrived at Point
Isabel on the evening or the 2uth ult. for
the purpose of recruiting their horses.
A correspondent of tlie Picayune, wri
ting from Foit Polk, under date of the
2Cth of May, expresses tl e opmi. n that
there will be no more fighting n the
Rio Grande—Ampudhi's
defeat
of the 8th
and 9th hating ruined tfie Mexican aimy
now in t!.e north and that it our army
ivish to meet ihe enemy in any consider
able numbers, they must setk them in
their own country. Speaking nf the ex
ican army, he says: "Ihty have lost eve
ry thing mule. p,-.cli saddles, ainunition.
arms, and enough men to strike terror to
their heart*. Fort Polk is a complete
museum at the prtsent moment, with its
Mexicrn booty. Ampudia's plate—very
valuable—was returned bun.
Bhtkade of ihe Ru Grande Raised.—
Gen. Taylr lias ordered (hat die blockade
of the Rio Grande will be considered
.r.rjsed in rerarjd to all vev?eU bringing
cargoes tor lneiic'iants iu i\Iatauioras. ex
cept snch as contain munitions of war of
any description.
The f..st sailing steame? .W. White
arrived from New Orlertfc ftv hrss than
four days and a half, putting us in posses
sion of New Orleans dates of last Thurs
day. She bring* the proclamation of C^m.
CONN R, blockading all the ports of Mex
ico.
Five companies of the St. Louis Legion
left for Point Isabel on Wednesday of las:
week.
The worst news is an account of the
murder in cold blood, of fifteen Americans,
including two women and a child, by a
company «»f Ranuheros, or Mexican Ban
ditti. After giving up their arms on the
promise of being received as prisoner" ol
war, they were inhuminly bound and then
butchered by one .nan, having ravi-hed
the women before their faces, and after
wards cuting nil their throat Mr. Rog-
ers, who miraculously escaped to tell the
story, saw his father and brother b'ltche
ed in this way.
There was a report that the two Mex
icans steamers had sailed for Havanna un
der British colors, to act as privateers
against our shipping.
The steamship Alabama arrived at N.
Orleans on the 3d inst., from Brasos San
tiago, which port sl.e left on the 1st.—
One of the editors ofthe N. O. Tropic,
writing from camp at Matamoros, May
28, says, three or four Mexicans from
Mont cry. had just had a conference with
Col. Twigj»9. They represent that the fly
ing Mexicans are progressing towards
Monterey "#even days, ago they were
seven leagues from tins place." Ampudia,
so the Mexicans heard, had pained the as
cendency in the army, and had Arista as
a prisoner. This was Ampudia's effort
from the instant he reached Matamoros
After the baltle of the 9th, he being the
first man to leave the battle lield in the
retreat, and before any one arrived at his
quick heels, reported lhat Arista had be
trayed the army to the Americans. This
report he spread along the road towards
Monterey, and no doubt ihe troopj have
gladly taken advantage of such an idea, to
save themselves from the shame of de
lea
"Will the Mexicans army come back
here?" asked Col. Twiggs. It would
rifike the fortune nf an actor, il he could
imitate the expression and ec'ion of the
Mexican in the reply of "3o.' never come
bnck."
The morale of thi report of the latest
news from the interior of Mexico, is, that
Parades is not at ihe head of an army ap
proaching this place, and 'that Ampudia
is not, as h.is been reported, on" hundred
miles from here, "entren lied on the
contrary, he is flying into the interior,
and will most likely paralyze the people
»s he progresses,- by the news of the de
feat cf "tlie gr*ud army ofthe Mexican
nation.
Whig Nomituitions.
The whigs of Johnson county held
a mass meeting, (so called,) at (his place,
on the 13ih inst. The at'endance was
very meagre: but it was so much the easier
for the junto of w ire puiiers in this ci'y,
to manage the nominations. For politi
cal thimble rigging and sleight of hand, and
for adroitness in those very practices
which they are loudest in denouncing,
commend us to a whig caucus clique. A
committee to nominate! a viva voce vote on
the report! That's the way to do it up.
Like the whig banking system, it is "safe
and expedient." There may be ajetcbdd
enough to vote against the report, but
they will seldom equal the number of the
train bands. The following is the ticket
formed—precisely as reported by the com
mittee. It is ut questionably a formidable
array nf names but what strikes us as
tlie most formidable part of it, is the head.
ouncilman—Wm. Penrt'Clark.
Representative—H. D. Downey.
Commissioner—E 'vvard Foster.
Sheriff—J. H. Epperson.
Treasurer—.!. H. Stover.
Recorder A. J. Lucas.
Commissioners' Clerk—J. P. Bradshaw
Judge of Probate—Jas. Trimble.
Coroner—Robert Keating.
Inspector Weights & Measures—Joe.
Powell.
As there were but verjr lew from the
country to this meeting, it was our inten
tion to have given a more detailed report
ofits proceedings, for the edification of our
whig friends in tho country, but will have
to defer i( to a more convenient season
We would, however, express our regret
at the sudden dispersion ofthe meeting,
immediately upon the announcement of
the ticket, without one solitary speech to
foiise tho drooping spirits of the faithful
withi ut adopting one enthusiastic double
refinined whig rctoluticrl, or waiting
for a greeting in set phrase from any
if tl e standard bearers just selected.
The moment they were announce 1, the
entire assembly was taken with a simul
taneous and hurried leaving. The effect
w»s electrical. Indeed, the report of lhat
ommittee cannot be compared, in its ef
fects, to any thing more appropriately, than
to a battery charged wiih negitive or re
pulsii-e electiicfty. Oil Babylon, how art
thou fallen!
Later.—Since writing]Lhe above we have
heard a rumor that live entire ticket, with
the exception of the head, either had re
signed, or were about to resign their nom
inations. That is decidedly wrong. It
will never do to desert. You should
"stand up to y our rack" boys, "fodder or
no fodder," and f. How your file leder.
WA* MEETIKG.—The Bloomington
Herald contains the proceedings ofa public
meeting held in that town on the 5th inst.,
'•to adopt measures for the purpose of re
sponding promptly to the call ofthe Pres
ident, (mad« through the Governor of
this Teritory,) for Volunteers to repel the
invasion of otir rights and slaughter of our
citizens by ihe Mexican nation at which
Hon. Joseph Williams presided, and Wm.
Leflingwell Esq officiated as Secretary.
Sundry addresses were delivered, a series
of sprited resolutions adopted and an orig
inal patriotic song sung by Hon. Joseph
Williams. The meeting resolved that its
proceedings should he pubiihed in all the
papers of the territory but they reached
us too late, (being quite lengthy,) to ap
pear in the Reporter of this week. Had
they been forwarded tts sooner we would
cheerfully have given them a place1".
Important to Lnnd Bayers.
We have been poli'ely furnished
Messrs Henn and Van Antwerp, Registe1
aixl Receiver of the Land Office at Fair
field, with a copy of an act repfaling
that part of the supplementary act of 1832,
concerning the sale of public lands, which
restricted purchasers to the entry of two
forty acre tracts, and also witli circular
letter of Hon. Jas. Shield#, Commissioner
of the General Land Office, relative to
the provisions of said act both of which
we publish below. ..
In a large number of instances, this
change in the law will very materially
promote the interest and convenience oi
those wishing to purchase land for a farm.
Instead of being restricted to the entry of
two forties, as heretofore, they may now
enter as many as they choose, without the
trouble and expense of an affidavit. Un
der the law as it stood, where a man's im
provement was cut by section lines, he
was necessitated to enter twice as much
l.nd as lie desired, in order to secure a
home. Again, a man who had only means
enough to entc one forty at a time, could
not secure more than one half or one
quarter of his farm. The following act
does away with all these difficulties, and
is well calculated to encourage settlers
and facilitate the sale of the public lands.
This is one of ihe good fruits of having
a western man for Commissioner of the
General Land Office. The people of the
West owe a debt of gratitude to Judge
Shields his indefatigable and success
ful exertions to advance their interests.—
This is but one among the many impor
tant beneficial changes which he has ef
fected in the policy of the Government
with regard to the disposal of her vast
domain.
It would have been difficult ior the Pre
sident to have selected a man better fitted
for ihe responsible station which Mr.
Shields occupies. With talents of a supe
rior i rder and the most sterling integrity
of character, he combines an intimate
knowledge of the wants of the western
country, and of the means best calculated
to develop its resources. It is not strange,
therefore, tliai he should possess the un
limited confidence of the Government.
He has apparently succeeded in convin
cing Congress, that the best means nf ad
vancit the interests of the Government
consist in tlie adoption of such measures
as are calculated to benefit and encourage
settlers in a new country.
Circular.
GSHERAL LAND OFFICE
May 14th, ItNG.
Gentlemen'.—Enclosed I send you a copy
of an Act entitled "An Act to repeal a
part of the Act entitled'An Act supple
mentary to ihe several law* for the sale
ofthe public lands," approved April fifth,
one thousand e ght hundred and thirty
two, and for other purposes, approved
May 8th, 18*16.
Under the provisions of this Act, forty
acre tracts, or quarter quarter sections,
are subject to entry, selection, or location,
precisely in the same manner that
eighty
acre tracts, or half quarter sections have
heretofore been consequently the affida
vits for the entry of quarter quarter sec
tions, heretofore required, will now be
dispensed with and it will no longer be
necessary to n .te these entries on the re
turn-, as being under the Act of fifth
April, 1832.
All lands, however, will be offered at
public sale, in half quarter sections, or
eighty acre tracts, as heretofore.
Very Respectfully
Your Obedient Serv't,
JAMES SHIELDS,
Commissioner.
Register ofthe Land Office, and Receiver
of Public Moneys at Fairfield, I. T.
An Act
To repeal a part of th Jlcl entitled
Act supplementary to the several laws
for ihe sale of the public lands," ap
proved April fifth, one thousand ciqht
hundred and thirty two. and for other
purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States of
America in'Cvvgress Assembled, That froir.
and alter the passage of this act, the sec
ond proviso to the act entitled "An Act
supplementary to the several laws for the
sale of the public lands," approved April
fifth, one thousand ei*»ht hundred and
thirty two, which is as lollows, viz: That
no person shall be permitted to enter more
than one hall quarter section of land un
der this Act in quarter quarter sections
in his own name, or in the name of any
other person, and in no case unless lie
intends it for cultivation or for the use of
his improvement. And the perscn mak
ing application to make such entry under
this act shall file his or her affidavit, un
der such regulations as the Secretary of
the Treasury may prescribe, that he or
she imkes the entry in his or her own
name, lor his or her own benefit, and not
iu trust for another,'' shall be, and the
same is hereby repealed and all entries,
selections or locations of lands now sus
pended in the General Laud Office, be
cause made contrary to'the restrictions in
this proviso, shall be, and they are here
by confirmed, provided they are iu all
respects fair and regular.
Approved May 8th, 1846.
"Why have you volunteered?" said
rather a careworn-looking newly enrolled
volunteer, yesterday, to a fine looking
young soldier
"Why, I volunteered because I have
no wife, and go in for war," was the un
equivocal reply "and now why have you
volunteered he added.
•'Ah!-' said the careworn-countenan
ced little man -for he was little—with a
significant si^h,
4*I
have volunteered be­
cause I have a HifkK Sld ffc go18 W
peace'.— DfMn.
1
aledfcf ory address of Hon. KltfO#
iowi 1'resident of tlie COM
tendon.
Below we publish the very appropriate
dr^ss delivered by the President, upoli
e adjournment of the late Convention
whielf wal omitted in its proper plaee
mong the proceedings of that body. Not
withstanding ihe lateness of the day at
which it sjppeiart, it is well worthy a place
in our columns.
The Convention having, on the foj
previous,
jf
passed a unanimous vote of
thanks to the President, for the "able, dig
nified andf impartial manner" in which ne
had presided fiver its deliberations—pend
ing the question upon the sine die edjourn*
roent, the Prjesident addressed the Con
vention as foUowa:
Having finished the business of yAir
Convention, he time has arrived for u« to
separate but before performing the last
and only act which devolves upon me
your presiding officer, I must do myself
the unfeigned satisfaction of tendering you
my thanks fcr your kind aid and forbear
ance in moments of doubt and difficulty,
in the discharge of my duties. I do not
flatter myseli that I have given entire sat
isfaction to all—this I did not consider
myself able to do but I did hope to satis
fy this entire convention of a correctness
of intention at least, and thAt errors,if com
muted, were not designed.
If in the course of our proceedings,
aught has transpired to ruffle the kindlier
feelings, the magnanimity which has mark
ed your intercourse, assures me thai it
has passed by with the occasion which
gave rise to it, and that the moment of par
ting will also be the moment of oblivion
to every occurrence calculated to darken
the reminiscences of this Convention.
The Constitution which yo6 have forflfr'
ed for the basis of a State governnienf,
will shortly be submitted to the people for
their ratification or rejection, and its fate
will at once become a matter ol interest
to every citizen and believing as I do,
that is principles are republican, and that
its restrictions are in,accordance with t|ie
dictates of wisdom and experience,^it
doubtless will receive the sanction rf %11'
who are in favor of a State government,
and who put a similar estimate on its qual
ities and prlvisions. All who find tjie
Constitution! to accord with their views,
and are of opinion lhat our condition ia
sufficiently mature to dispense with the'
guardianship of the general government,
will »ive il their approval. Then let jpsei
ask, are we ready for this change in rjjjtf'
relations with the parent government?
With a territory of matchless beauty,
rich in her resources—her woodlands and
prairies—her valleys and uplands—her
livers and brooks—her minerals and ag
ricultural products—and the large patri
monev which she will receive in grants of
the public domain and its proceeds—and
a population nf not less than a hundred
and twenty thousand souls, Iowa appette
to be ripe entering into the Union.®
Gentlemi-n. allow me in conclusion^©
wish you llealth, happiness and prosperi
ty, that yoi| may safely reach your homes,
your families, and friends, that your labors
may be rewarded by the approbation''of
the people,: and that you may soon haltre
the satisfaction of seeing Iowa take
place in the union of ihe State*.
DEMOCRATIC MEETINGS:
Liberty Township Democratic
Meeting.
The Democrats of Liberty township iiet:
pursuant to notice, on the evening of Ae
13th inst. The meeting was called to
order by Mr. Bowdan, and L. P. Frost
was chosen as Chairman, and J. G. Tant
I'nger Secretary when the following nam
ed persons were chosen as Delegates to
(he county Convention to be held on the
20th inst at IowaCily:
James Srah or n, J. G. Tan linger, Jona
than Haris, George Fry, George Fesler,
Jacob Overholtzer and James Davis after
which, it was
Resolved, That the delegation be eyn
powered to fill all vacancies that may ge
cur in their own number, out of the towftt
ship.
Mr. Frrat then rose and presented tlie'
following irsolutions, which were unani
mously ad^ted:
Resolve^, That we hold the doctrine
of paper swindling as promulgated by
whigs, in utter detestation believing, as
we do, th*it all banks and banking are
highly inju-rious to any Republic.
Resolved, That we view the constitu
tion framed by the late Convention, as a
true model of civil and religious liberty.
Resolved, lhat we pledge ourselvea to
use all laudable and honest means to se
cure the election of such candidates a*
the CouyeftUon may bring before the peo
ple.
L-
I L. P. FROST, Chm'n.
:IJ,£.
TANTLISCER,
Sec'y.
IBiif «r©fe Township.
TW'Democracy of Big Grove met pur-'
suanl !o notice, on the 13th June, 1846
whereupon JOHN P. MCCUME was ealled
to the chair, and JOIIN WHITS appointed*
Secretary.
The ot^ject of the meeting having beetf
stated by A. Arrowsmith, the meeting
proceeded to appoint ten delegates to the
county Convention, to be held afldvrV
City, on the 20th inst.
Robert Robinson, Abner Arrewstnitfty*
D. 1) Smi'h, Henry Nicholson, Presley
Connelly, Vohn McCune, A. W. Blain,
John While, John Smirh, and Thomas'
Ford, wert appointed said delegates
On motion, a committee of correspon
dence was appointed, consisting of Abner'
Arrowsmirii, no. Smith, and Jno. White.-
On motion, a committee of four*—one
in each quarter of the township—was ap
pointed, to act as a committee of vigilance.
On motion, it was
Resolved, That it shall be the duty of
the vigilance committee to take such mea
sures as may-be neetssary to secure thfl
attendance of every democratic voter itt
tlie polls.
Resolved, That the proceedings of thie
meeting be published in the Iowa Capitfci
Reporter.
JNO. P. McCUNE, P*SH
Wmtt, Sec'y.

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