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Iowa capitol reporter. [volume] (Iowa City, Iowa) 1841-1855, April 11, 1849, Image 2

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JHE REPORTER.
I O W A I
WEDNESDAY.:::::::: APRIL 11,^
-ffee SctloM L«U.
T)r«Pl*^ve b«Mttce|TKt frp*th« Treasury De
triment upon (tie Land'otHcesin thil city »nd F»ir
Sld »ni}^pn st- X«Hu Xur .tfco awoustoftl*. ll*«.
Jg.r cent fund which hat already accrued to the com
•ion ctn*l food {poa the I ale of public l«i£t 1* this
®»te,-«M which #i» invested ia Sttte *tocV at ten
ptr cent intcrrit,,t)j. ah« of Ute Urt iiwiw rftt*
den. AeeemMy. It is expected that the money will
he ftciiN^upon theae drafts w week or twc—
Iffe are therefore enabled to congratulate the credi
ts ra of the State upon the speedy prospect of the
ptyment of nearly, though not quite all her immedi
ate liabilities. As for ourselves, we are not inter
tilted in this streak of good luck—not even to the
•ittent of a dollar—our necessities having compell
ed us to share all our warrants received for work
done for the State, at ten per cent discount. So our
|girticular friends Old Hawk and John r.ussel of the
Ikapatch may make themselves easy as to the grave
Charges made by the former and the insinuations to
t)« same effect by U»e latter. "The State fiinters"
have never yet been guilty of the henious crimc of
•eceiving mitacy-' ia payment tor work done by
n for the State. We have done more or less
.. k for the Statu and its officers during the past
year, but have never received s dollar in cash tUere
fir from the Treasury. We do not mention this
(torn a spirit of dissatisfaction by BO means. We
lave placed upon the same grounds as the other
fe.tobeenofwcon*
editors the State, and are not disposed to grum
What complain of U, that after being forc
sacrifice Iruth upon the ceititlcates of in
liebtedness received by us at par for work done for
%e state, we should be charged with receiving the
te
ah in hand/to the exclusion of oilier creditors of
State.
•"*3 What we hare here said in relation to Our own
Mlse is true in the cases of members of the Legisla­
ture
and other State ollicci s. They have all been
JRid in warrants upon the State Treasury. Nor is
|fi true, as has been insinuated, that partiality has
££en uatii ia the payiuent of these warrants. No
^arrant has yet been, or can be cashed, except in
fj|e order of their priority, which is regulated ac
Wrding to the date of the appropriation under which
Jley were issue
J.
fjrbc I«wa and Missouri Botmda
*4 ry Question Settled.
We a.
e happy in being able to congratulate the
people of Iowa in general, and those upon the dispu
te1 territory in particular, upon ilic favorable issue
W the suit lately pending before tfce Supreme Court
Hfthe United States. This suit involved the right
^jurisdiction, between this Slate and Missouri,
*|jjver strip comprising about one half
f.theaMASOXatcountrycounties
southern tier of in this State. Hon.
D. delivered an able argument in behalf
0 the State of Iowa, for a published copy of which,
^j)gethcr with the opposing arguments and evidence
i the ease, he will please accept our thanks. Jus-
Catron delivered the opinion of the Court on
14th ult., establishing the boundary known as
a'livan's line, which gives to Iowa the disputed
krritory.
existence as
tfifliogs
S3- Thj Iowa itirerhasbecnatastandibfiwecU
Oi »o past, the banks being full and stil in a good
stage for navigation. Cedar has risen again, and is
Bow nearly as high as during the first spring rise.
•Br*LtuoTos.—The people of the enterprising
City of Burlington,at their late chartcr election elec
ted HENBY W. STARR Mayor, and have, by a vote of
J34 to 46. decided in favor of negotiating a loan of
.$10,000,
which sum is to be invested in stock in a
|lauU road from that city to Alt. Pleasant. No po
litical issue was maiU in relation to the loan, nor,
..&* far as we can leans, iu the election of city
officers.
STEAMUOAT HERALD.—We are indebt
ed to the obliging officers of the steamboat
Hfc-RALD, for St. Louis papers of the 7th
inst. This boat relumed to-day, loaded
with frieght arid passengers for our city,
paving been delayed longer than was ex-
taaded
icetcd, owing to difficulty in getting her
barge out of the Iowa on her down
ward 'rip. The Herald is a fine steam
boat, and her gentlemanly officers deserve
much credit for the success with which
they have navigated the Iowa this spring.
She intends paying our friends of Cedar
Kapi.ls a visit on her outw.ird trip.
ConroEATios.—In compliance with the
prayer of a petition presented to them, the
oard of county ootnmisiioners for this
county have ordered an election to be
holden oil the 23d inst... at which time the
qualified electors of Iowa City and the
County Quarter" will vote-for, or against
a corporalion,and at tle same time for five
Trustees. If the first question is decided
in the negative, nothing tnore will be done
•if in the affirmative, the five Trustee*
fleeted will be endowed with similar pow
er to'that of a board of aldermen, and ill
*lect their own President.
Tlu« kind vf a corporation contains
•within itself ample facilities for its own
speedy dissolution, whenever practicable.
The filthy state of our city and consequent
jfupprchfin*ians
from Cholera, appear to
runfer something of the kind necessary.
jSWThe California emigrants from this
city h*ve determined to start on Wedne£|
day next. There are about thirty of them,
nany of whom will be much regretted by
'"this community.
5Ty"Desmoiae* county sends about wie
"hundred emigrant*-*? California.
cmigfffttt «t9 *ftUMe
^pout-dMroigh ouar.-i^t3r^pN^ira^^^--ii|l«9aC^^Mfl|i^ggo^j^^^MaIiur FALM.
ten of twelve wagons per day. Uptoto
day, 162 wagona had crossed the rrier at
this place. From the vast numbers al
ready ahead on the Missouri, they appear
to be somewhat apprehensive as to the
prospect of supplies and forage on the
route. As far as supplies are concerned,
we are inclined to believe that there is
Ifttte'grotrrid for appi&iension,as thie well
understood probability—we may *ay icer
tainty—that from five to fifteen thousand
teams will leave the Upper Missouri
for California, during' this and the month
of May, has in all probability served to
ensure a supply of provisions,' which,
like
all other merchantable property, always
seeks the best market. Their apprehen
sions at to forage on the road, after leav
ing the settlements, arc, we are inclined
to believe, too well founded. We would
therefore advise all who go from, or pass
through this State, to take the Council
Bluffs road, not only on account of the
shortness of the road, but from a convic
tion that it will be less thronged with em
igrants than the St. Josephs or the Inde
pendence routes.
All Hail LiUle Connecticut!^
By a despatch dated N. Y., April
5th, we learn that the Congressional elec
tion iu Connecticut resulted in the elec
tion of THREE DEMOCRATS & ONE
WHIG TO CONGRESS. Legislature
doubtful, but rather favorable for the
whigs. In the last Congress the delega
tion were all whig. Good for little Con
necticut!
St. Louis Eltdiun.—The democrats of
St. Louis hare elected their whole ticket
with the exception of Marshall.
&oullacrn Boundary of Iowa.
The St. Louis Republican notices the
following important results of the late de
cision of the Supreme Court of the United
States, in relation to the boundary line be
tween this State and Missouri:
"The county of Schuyler, and perhaps
other territory, over which Missouri has
always claimed and exercised jurisdiction,
is, by this decision, determined to belong
to Iowa, and will hereafter form a part of
that State. The result is unexpected, and
may be productive of some inconvenience.
Thus is this much vexed quastion Bnaliy settled. The population of the county, la.t fell, Was
luring our
a Territory and State,
it
has about thirty-five hundred, most of whom,
imished a fruitful cause for trouble and unpleasant I we imagine, will dislike being thrown in-
between the people of this State and those I to a free State, though it happens, fortU
Missouri—the authorities of both having been in nately, that tliey own only a few slaves.
i|irn resisted, and their officers imprisoned by the The total number, at last census, was on
Other. At ore time a terrible, but bloodless con- I Jy twenty-four."
test, known as the "Missouri War," grew out of] ...
this dispute but no one suffered except a tipsy old Upper IoiCJ and Desmoincs JliW.^'-A
fellow by the name of "Bald Face," who was quite ,rapper
J~J- We are indebted to the Hon. Jos. T. FALES,
and to the obliging olScers of the Clermont No. 2
for latJ
St.
Louis papers.
13T The steamboat Clermont No. paid our city
a visit on Saturday last, and left the next dfy for
VI. Lotus With quite a number of passenger.
w|10
|la, j,„t
pnaUowed np in the scramble after militrry glory !, «.
y, k„ a i head waters of the Iowa and Desmcmes
end no one was benefitted, except the keeper* of
Mone h"rse grocerys" on both sides of the line, at l'ivcrs, reports that, about two Weeks ago,
respectable distance from the scene of danger.
Coine
an(J
jus(
a
'fell,
More about California Emigration.—
From numerous passengers who have
come up and down the Mississippi during
the past week or two,we learn that at ev
ery ferry from Dubuque to Ft Louis, em
igration is pouring across the river to
wards Culiiornia in a continual stream.—
The streets of St. Louis are filled con
stantly, it is said, with emigrants and their
wagons while every boat going up the
Missonri river is no less crowded. The
whole country appears to be moving.—
Even as far north of the main line of trav
el as we are situated, we have never seen
anything to compare with what is daily
passing under our own observation.—
The country on the Missouri is covered,
and when the grass gets high enou
to subsist cattle and mules, (probably in
about two weeks) then look out for a
scrambling for the road, at the three start
ing points—Independence, St. Josephs
and Council Bluffs but more especially
at the former point.
We hear the number of teams that will
probably start from western Missouri va
riously estimated. Taking ten thousand
ox, and two thousand mule teams, as a
«afe estimate, we will have about forty
thousand emigrants, with eighty thousand
oxen and ten thousand mules to subsist up
on the road. The locusts of Egypt were
•nothing in comparison. We would advise
some enterprising Yankee to establish ex
tensive leather tanneries upon liie route.
Kamored Appointments for Mis*
«o«rL
The Washington correspondent ef the
Baltimore Sun of the 28th ultimo, says:
The following are the quiet appoint
ments that were enacted yesterday—it i*
supposed principally, if not altogether,
by Mr. Ewings suggestions:
M. L. Clark, son of former Governor,
Surveyor General Missouri.
D. D. Mitchell, Superintendent of In
dian Affairs.
Col. Crocket, (nephew Davy,) Dis
trict Attorney.
CaptainTwitchell: Postmaster St. Louis.
Mr. Wimer, Indian Agent.
General Elliot Lee, Indian Agent Santa
Fe.
The Waakh^ton papers of die 20th and
30th of March, two days later, say noth
ing of these appointment-e.—£t. Louis
Revellie.
'Xdipt Eatrics In lofvte.
For the following complete list of )a#ds ifctelad
in tl& ft
(•**-ing the put year,we und» grirei
A List
Of tht quantity of Land attend nt the several
countiet in Iowa, in the year 1848.
1
County.' Acre*.
Appanoose, 2,308.03
"Benton, ~~4.855.50
Boone,
Buchanan, v* Jl
Cedar,
Clayton,
Clinton, oci1!
Dallas, ESS
Davis,
Delaware ,71
Des \tornel£
Fayette, ,.
Henry,
Iowa,
Jackson,
Jasper,
Jefferson,
Johnson,
Jones,
Keokuk,
Lee/
s
Linn,
LouiliV
Lucas,
Mahaska,
Mafrioti,
Marshall,
Monroe.
Muscatine^
Polk,
Poweshiek
Scott,
Tama,
Van Buren,
Wapello,
Warren,
WstshiTigton,
11
down from the
fter (he first rise, a heavy snow
covering the country several feet
I in depth, if this report proves true, it
accounts for the late, or sccond rise in
these and Cedar rivers, and may furnish
I grounds for apprehending that the high
water will continue until quite late in the
season.
1,684.1*8
5 1,457.02
9,907.79,
^,811.21
19,750.16
453.61
35,796.74
7,048.45
11.954.14
66,856.48
479.G9
9,145.54
9,569.90
44,310.35
11.530.15
20,762,24
16.415.66
13,810.22
23,946.85
4,806.54
t9,747.79
7,712,21
13 118.7*
52.736.74
47,6-^2.76.
240.00
^15.47
746 67
36.531.75
8,667.17
26,890.85
800.00
14",121.71
60,261.74
12,906.14
10,828.26
[ti4
Hotal acre*,
693,038.56
Of the foregoing there was entered at
the Land Office at Fairfield, 255,740 20
at Iowa City 227,087.37
Dubnque, 174,494.50
At the Board Public Works, 35,716.49
Entered as School Lands per
Report of Sup. Pub. Ins't,
Total entries,
70,068.90
763,106.90
The following is the language of
Thomas Jefferson in relation to "Home
stead Exemption!" Let every Democrat
ponder upon it, and henccforth let no one
claiming to be a disciple of that illustrious
man raise his voice agaiust sojust huuujie
a reform:
THE HOMESTEAO.—When the war is
over and our freedom won, the people
must make a new declaration: they must
declare the rights of men, the individual,
aacred above all craft in priesthood or gov
ernments—they must, at one blow, put an
end to all the trickeries of English law,
which, garnered up in all the chamels of
the ages, bind the heart and will with lies.
They must perpetuate republican truth,
BY MAKING THE HOMESTEAD OF EVERT
MAN A nOLY THISQ, WHICH NO LAW CAN
TOL-'CN, 0 JIGGLE CAN WREST FROM HIS
WIFE OR CHI'LOREK. Until this is done
the Revolution wilt i.,ive been fought^ ia
vain.—Thomas Jefferson.
The removal of General McCalla
and Hon. W. J. Brown, and others from
office at Washington, simply because they
were Democrats, reminds us of the follow
ing solemn pledge, made by General Tay
lor himself, in a letter which his friend
Governor Crittenden had seen
Gen. Taylor said he would proscribe
no man because he was a democrat—that
botii Democrats and Whigs stood by him
at the battie 0? Montery, shedding their
blood together for iheir country, and he
would be the last man to rfenv ?o the
Democrats a fair ihare of the offices."
1 f^The Scott left New Orleans on the
evening of the 30th ult., and her officers
report the Cholera still raging to some
extent. It was asserted, that 500 deaths
had occurred in the city and environs dur
ing the four days preceding the 30th, and
on that day, and up to the time of the
J-cott's departure, it was reported on the
decrease.—St. Louis Republicrn. April 7.
•T~?°It will be remembered by "those who
were witnesses of the recent i'residential
canvass, that one oi the oft-repeated argu
ments in favor of the election of General
Taylor was his pacific tendencies. His
freinds every where declared that he was
emphatically the peace man and that Gen.
Cass ought not receive the support of
those in United Stales who were opposed
to a belligerent spirit in our councils.—
Now ILOW does the matter turn out? In his
inaugural address the,General says nothing
—not a syllable, to gladden tlte hearts of
those professed peace worshipers. Neither
deos he say any thing for the great cause
of Education—a cause which has done
more, and which is destined hereafter un
der a proper guidance to exert an influence
upon the prosperity of the country greater
than all others. But although General
Taylor says nothing about these pacific
institutions, yet he does say something
about war and the institutions of the coun
try necessary tocarry it on.In his Inaugural
he holds the following language:
('ln
re­
ference to the Army ajid Navy, lately
employed with so much distinction and ac
tive seri ice7careshallbe taken to secure the
highest condition of efficiency, and in fur
therance of that object, military and naval
schools,sustained by the liberality of Con
gre«s, nhalt receive the ESPECIAL atten
tion of the Executive."
Disastrous Steamboat Explosion.—The
Cincinnati Gazette of the 2d,learns from a
passenger on the steamer Cutter that the
steam packet Virginia, which runs be
tween Wheeling and Steubenville, having
forty passengers on board, bur«t both her
boilers a few miles above Wheeling, on
Friday night. Only fifteen of the forty
passengers had been found two of them
were dead, and the remaining thirteen
YfLE IOWA CI I TALK E PO It E K%
afef:.,
ThjpJVlfc Orlems fdta oft^« 4th,
gttbMflies litter ireW a f«M«nge on
board the steamship California, dated Ma
zatlan, February 15th, from which we
make the following extract:
On the 13th we arrived at San Bias,
distance from Acapulco three hundred
and fifty miles. We laid here four or five
hours, landed two Peruvian passengers,
and then proceeded to sea. But one or two
of the passengers went on shore they re
ported that the mo*t flattering accounts had
been received from the gold region. They
state that the region is now covered with
snow from six to sixteen feet deep, and
that there are now at San Francisco some
fifteen thousand persons who have retur
ned from the mines, waiting until the snow
disappears, which will be about June.—
One ship and two bri^s aie at San Bias,
chartered by Mexicans to take them to
California. Some twenty-five Americans
are there, who left New Orleans on the 3d
January, via Tainpico, waiting for tanspor
tation. The Mexicans will not allow any
American to go in any vessel they have
chartred. Six of the Americans have pur
chased a long boat with which they leave
for £an Francisco in a few days. We left
San Bias at two P. M. an the 14th, and ar
rived at the fort this morning at tea.
MOVEMENT AMONG THE JEWS.—The
December number of the Occident, a Jew
ish organ printed in Philadelphia, contains
an appeal based on a proposition made by
Rev. Dr. Wise, of Albany, to call together
a convention whose object shall be to con
sider the present condition of the Jews
in America. It is proposed that in said
convention all the synagogues throughout
the Union shall be represented, and that
they shall direct their attention and their
efforts to the following points:
1. A harmonious union of all the syna
gogues in the United States.
2 T.he establishment of several organs,
in German and English, at low rates, so
that instruction and information might be
imparted to every Israelite.
3. The establishment of uniform school
and text book works on Jewish history,
&c.
4. The elevation of divine service and
securing to the followers of the Jewish
faith its benign influences. Should such
a convention assemble, we may expect to
witness some very interesting delibrations,
and an exposition of lore and eloquence,
and it will probably call out the highest
talents of the Jewish nation on this side of
the Atlantic.—Pittsburgh Chronicle.
Unprecedented Risz in the Wabash.—The
heavy rains of Monday and Tuesday have
swollen the Wabash to an unprecedented
height—it being, yesterday afternoon, two
or three inches above high water mark,
and still rising. Great destruction of pro
perty on the river bottoms has undoubted
ly been the result, an 1 it is feared that
the Canal will suffer considerable injnry
from the high waters. We have already
heard of a rumor of an extensive break in
the Canal below town near the Wea, but
have received no particulars.
There is now about 36 feet water in
the channel opposite this city.—Lafayette
Courier.
Good Advice.
John H. Prentiss, in his recctit valedic
tory on retiring from the editorial chair
which he has filled lor forty years, has the
following.
-Vo man should be without a well con
ducted newspaper and he is far behind
the spirit oi" the age unless he reads one
he is not upon equal lo^l'ng W'*'1 '''9
low man who enjoys such advartojjt-*
badly scalded. The boat is a complete of opinion that this disease is cholera in a
wreck— her boilers having been blown in- somewhat different form from its usual ap
to the river.— St. Louis Republican. 7th- pearance
ant^
is disregardful of his duly to his lamiJj'.
in not affording them an opportunity of
acquiring a knowledge of what is passing
in the world at the cheapest possible teach
ing. Show me a family without a news
paper, and I venture to say that there will
be manifest in that family a want of amen
ity of manners and indications of ignor
ance most strikingly in contrast with the
neighbor who allows him such a rational
indulgence. Young men, especially,
should read newspapers, If I were a boy,
even of twelve yrars Qi* age, I would read
a newspaper weekly, though I had to work
by torchlight to earn money enough to pay
for it. 1
he boy who reads well will learn
to think and analyze, and if so, lie will be
almost sure to make a inin of himself,
bating vicious indulgences, which read
ing is calculated to beget a distaste
for."
The .TlaUjiaaNi Spoiirsi Pev*r.
The Indiana State Scutinei has the fol
lowing:—
A very fatal malady,new to our climate,
and which we cannot remember to have
heard of before in the United Sutes, has
during the past winter made its appear
ance at several points in Pennsylvania and
in this State. It is described as being
somewhat similar in its symptoms to the
cholera, but the physicians are unable to
assign it a name. Young persons and
children arc most liable to attacks: There
have been some fifty cases and twenty
deaths within the two weeks since it made
its appearance. When unchecked by med
ical remedies the disease proves latal in
a few hours. Sometimes the first indica
tion of its appearance are pains in the fin
gers and liinbs accompanied by violent fe
ver and headache, which is followed by
vomiting and diarrhcea. Some of the pa
tients break out with spots like measles,
and after death the body and face are co
vored with large black spots, the legs and
arms assuming a black color. Many are
j'K FW& u£v*»dtaftoa Guctt«..
llhpeOTia* '"J
The appslpmgint* Xpr U^ne\V Territory
of Minesofa afe complete".
Governor—Ex. Gov. Pennington, of
New jersey.
Secretary—Charles K. Smith of Ohio.
Judges—Aaron Goodrich, of Tennessee
Chief Justice David Cooper,of Pennsyl
vania, and Benjamin Metcher,of Kentucky
fesota.
Marshal—Joshua L. Taylor.
The boundary ofMlnesota b$$#iit (he
Mississippi river, where the line of 43
deg/30 min. crosses the same, running due
west to 95i deg. west longitude, by Ni
collet's map thence in a direct line to the
point where the 100th deg. of long, crosses
the 49th parallel oi lat.j thence along the
boundary of the British possessions to
Lake Superior thence along said line to
the north east corner of the State of Wis
consin, thence alonge the boundary of said
State to the Mississippi, and down said
river to the beginning. It therefore em
braces the entire country lying north of
the States of Iowa and Wisconsin, extend
ing clear up to the British possessions.
Ala
The population of the new Territory is
at present very lmited, and is almost entire
ly confined to the eastern bank of the
Mississippi and the north bank of the St.
Croix. The town of St. Pauls, on the
former, five miles below St. Peters, con
tains some four or five hundred inhabi
tants and Stillwater, on the St. Croix, is
somewhat larger. These, we believe, are
the only villages worth naming in Mine
sota. The principle settlement is on the
St. Croix, a stream possessing great hy
draulic advantages, and the banks of which
are covered with inexhaustible supplies
of pine. A large number of mills are in
active operation at various points, running
several hundred saws, and giving employ
ment to probably one half of the entire
population of the Territory. Indeed we
are led to believe, from reliable informa
tion, that the country lying between the
Mississippi and Lake Superior is chiefly
valuable for its lumber, and, it may be,
mineral resources. For farming purpo
ses it is of but little value, being full ol
swamps, lakes and marshes.
The country west of Mississippi is by
far the hest portion of Minesota but un
fortunately the lands all belong to the In
dians, and there is no place to which set
tlers can at present be invited. No time
should be lost by the government in ob
taining, if possible, a cession of a portion
of these lands. There is a beautiful strip
of country lying along the shore of Lake
Pepin, owned by the Sioux half breeds,
which would be speedily occupied il
thrown open to white settlement. The
prosperity of Minesota demands that eve
ry exertion be made to induce the owners
of these lands to dispose of them to the
government.
JEFFP.RSON AND WHIGS.—Thf whigs
sometimes c!aiin that they are the legiti
mate disciples of Jefferson. Their esti
mation of that great and good man may be
learned Irom tlie New York Day Book,
a violent whig paper, edited by a hair
brain-whig, who calls himself Doctor
Bacon. He says:
"Since the elder John Adams left it,
(theJHce Presidency) for the Presidency
in 1797 and was succeeded iu it by the
The Mormones.—Theseremarkablepeo- Abominable Jefferson, the father of all the
pit are increasing in numbers both in this political vii Kedr.ess that has subsequently
country and in England. Tne London ruraeJ and disgraced the country—what
Globe says that there is a large body of good man—what really high-principled
them in the neighboring district who are patriot—what friend of the federal consti
preparing to emigrate and colonize in Ca!:-jtution—what person unexceptionable both
fornia. They have chartered four or five
veseles for their accommodation and intend
to leave in the spring
in public and private ehar-cter has ever
occupied the place until yesterday!"
JOHN'S SHARE.—"Dad" said a hopeful
sprig "how many fowls are there on the
table?"
"Why,'' said the old gentelman, as he
looked complacently on a pair of roast
ed chickens, that were smoking on the
dinner table, "why, my son, ihere are
two."
"Two!" replied the smartness, "there
are three ?ir, and I'll prove it."
"Three'/' replied the old gentleman,
who vvas a pliin matter-of-fact man, and
understood things as he saw them:
HI'd
to see vou prove that."
done sir" easily done! A'nt
that one?'' laj.:"£? ^'s kniie the first.
"Yes, that's certain,"
,a'd
And ain't that two?"
to lhe
second, and don't one acil two
three?"
"Really!" said lhe father,turning to the
old lady, who Was in amazement at the
immense learning of her son, "really,
wile, this boy is a genius,and deserves to
be encouraged for it. Here, old lady, do
you take one fowl, & I'll lake the second,
and John may have the tliird fur his
learning."
No FRIEKMTO xiwttb."—Dr. John
Shelby, father-in-law of Gen. BARROW, a
Whig member of Congress, has been ap
pointed Postmaster at Nashville, Tennes
see, vice Col. L. P. Cheatham removed.—
This, we understand, in a clear case of
proscription for opinions' sake.
•j^Mr. Lewis Fagin, of Cincinnati,
has invented and is now putting in use,
an improvement by which he applies
to increase the giinding capacity of a mill
stone, say at least equal to one-third faster
than the ordinary way. The grinding is
also done much coolet, and produces flour
of a better color.
Gold in Wisconsin.—We hope we shall
not be the means of exciting another gold
mania, in announcing that a rich deposite
porate limits of tins village! The metal has
not l,ren u.lea,luiI?ompetentj.id^5,ren.i..
confident ,he opinion that ,t i, beyond
"P"
e
J't
on Tuesday last. The ore ve saw rc-j.yo„r
rate.
1
he ainonut collected by one nnnj. Uiou||ht „e,mi„3g
from the A. O. tfeltsvr thettKh ult.
Lnter froiit Mexico,
V
the placer*.
The contact of Gen. Mineon is highly
praised for his efforts to suppress Indian
incursions into Nuvo Leon.
A bill ha4 been introduced into the Low
er House qfthe Mexican Congress, for the
construction of a railroad across the Re
public, cdnnecting at Vera Cruz and ter
minating at Acapulco. The details of the
measure sre not given, but the road is to
be constructed by the Fedral Government.
The Legislature of the State of Puebla
had voted against Congress allowing Santa
Anna to return and it waa believed that
Vera Cruz, Jalisco, Zacatecas, and San
Xuis will adopt resolutions to the same
purport.'
The cilizens of Alvarado had petitioned
Congress to make that place a port of entry
tor foreign vessels.
The Mexican-papers are discussing the
expediency of the return of Santa Anna
propositions both tor and against the meas
ure being now pending before Congress.
The Legislature of Jalisco had appro
priated $4000 for the relief of Pius IX.
Angel Trias had been elected Governor
of the State of Chihuahua.
Several of the Legislatures had proposed
It appears the press of Mexico is nearly
unanimous against the return of Santa
Anna.
In the Monitor of the 4th inst., appear:
a long communication from Messers. Man
ning & Macintosh, setting forth elaborate
ly the superior advantages of the Tehuan
tepec route over that of Panama. And state
that they have employed all the laborers
who could be procured to construct a pub
lic road across Tehuantepec, who are now
busily at work that the obstruct'ons will
be removed from the river Coatzacarlcos,
and the harbor of the port of San Dionisio
improved by machinery, so that by the
middle of April the entire route will be
completed, ready for transporting passen
gers and merchandise.
Hemp and lUuskctoes.
Steamboats have their troubles as well
as other folks. Like printers and doctors
they have to turn round very often for noth
ing. The "dear people" have been told it
was "no trouble to show goods," till they
believe it. See what it's coming to.
On her last trip up Missouri, the oblig
ing Henry Bry was hailed by a green
looking customer at an obscure landing,
and rounded to, supposig he wantd to take
passage^ The bo.it swung round,puffine
hoarse and impatient.
"Coming aboard?"
"No, but I thought may be someboby
there might be traveling up to buy hemp,
and I'd just ax you."
The Henry Bry gave a snort and a lunge
enough to break her boilers as she turned
on her heel, and got under way again the
"great unhanged" hemp man swearing
that she had no accommodation about her.
Capt. Luke had nearly forgotten iheiti
ciJnt, when some distance from Glasgow
—deponent saith not where—a man was
observed standing on th river bank,beckon-
a
what boat that was!
time,) did you make sig.." for?" slept with John Tyler, had newsj aj
Only keeping the musketues to
*»«*, auu *uu uii^ it 1 cm i
... several highly complimentary to the beau-1ters
ofg( Id has been ducox ered v\ithm the cor- daughter of'mine host.' Oaniain i republican movement in Austria. A If
wilh tlie
s
jbrave,[4an
Captain
devolion
da had
i i i a s k e e o s i a e e n e a i n e e
2 I i n a i o n i a
rd
Which
k e e
The "BHtehrr" at Work.
The Washington Union states that
the bark Claremont, Capt. Lermt^l, Ewing the head of the Home Department
we nave received our files dtthe Monitor has ciuledupon the Land Office and otLe
Reptiblicano, from the city of Mexico, to bureaus belonging to his department
the ikh iiuk^nd the Atco-im, from Vera a list of-the Clerks employed, stating
Cruz, to the 13th what time they came into office and wh™
A letter from Guadalajafa. states that they succeeded,kc. fcc. We are only su?
many of the inhabitants who had intended: prised that he did not do this on the JBV
going to the California gold region, had a-| was sworn into office. Xliere is not in U£
District Attorney—H L. Moss, of Min- bandoned their design, upon learning that: United Stats
a more unscrupulous partij
a proclamation had been made by the A- than this same Mr. Ewing, nor one wh'
merican authorities, declaring that none would take greater pleasure in making th°
fcut cltizeni would be allowed to work at' democrats feel the full weight of his power*5
All recollect how the work ol' decapitation
went on in his department during the brie'
period he was at the head of the Treasury
under the Harrison administration. For a
month he weilded the axe in true heads
manlike style, until he come to be famil
iarly known in all parts of the counlrv by
the sobriquet of the "Butcher." In
a convention to adept general measures of tion of an immortal being, having been en
protection against the hostilities of the In
dians.
The Monitor contains a letter dated
Mazatlan, Feb. 19, stating that Gen. P.
F. Smith's proclamation, relative to for
eigners trespassing on the public land of
the United Stats, had been circulated in
that vicinity. Some persons believed it a
forgery, concocted to prevent too great an
influx into the gold country. On the 18th
Feb., the Peruvian bark Fanny left Ma
zatlan for San Francisco, carrying more
than 150 passegers. Gen. Smith's proc
lamation had alarmed many of the emi
grants, but they concluded to take the
chance.
th«
midst of this agreeable employment hi,
own head fell and with it
ceased
th#
operation ol the guillotine. He willno\v,we
doubt not, complete the work so ruthlessly
commenced eight years ago, md fully
vindicate his claim to the name by which
he was formerly designated. —Burlington
Gazette.
M* latir HAS BEEN A SU
said a Capitalist in this country, worth
his millions on being asked why he Old
not have a biography of his lile writlui.
What an answer, and what a sad truth, to
be made and considered by one who hat
spent a long life in amassing w call!. or,*
now, wih trembling limbs.stepping ii.to the
grave, the startling truth, quite too late it
is to be feared, flashed across his mir,',
'.hat his Life has been a^Failure—its gn.u
object, and the only one worthy the altc
tirely overlooked or neglected! What more
than such a thought need occupy a tune
mind, to fill end keep it full of unutterable
anguish? Life a failure!
Reader—whosoever you may be poor, or
rich—did you ever ask yourself whether
you are living merely for this world.'
laying up the treasures of which you
cannot avail yourself in your time" of
greatest need.
2Jr*Many of the whigs of this city are
much disappointed in the Inaugural."
tirt
Goon
At
they pronounced it a hoax got uply
us, and were very free in styling it uu
weak and miserable a document to ema
nate from old Zach. Now, we must s. \,
that we consider it a very fair pruluctii.:.,
considering/ andq u'te .s good as wc ex
pected A change, however, has come o\tr
ihem since it is found to be genuine it i
now a splendid document so concise ai.d
yet so comprehensive such a simp!.'
straight forward mess: ge, and yet so ...i
of dignity!—The General does manik-t
agood deal of resignation,loo, in submitii!
so readily to the will of the Amerie.a
people,' in placing him in the Preside!:!: .!
Ciiai.r—Galena Jeffersonian
MAXIMS.—Maintaindignity
with­
out the appearanc of pride.
Persevere gainst discouragments
Keep your temper.
Be punctual and methodical inbuisincM
and never procrastinate.
Preserve self possession and do nB be
talked out of conviction.
Never be in a hurry.
Rather set than follow exsmple.
Rise very early and be an economist ul'
time.
Practice strict temperance.
Manner is something with everybody
and everything wish some.
Be guarded in discourse, attentive, and
slow to speak.
Never acquiesce in immoral or pernici
ous opinions.
Be not forward to assign reasons to those
who have no right to ask.
Think nothing in conduct unimportant
and indifferent.
In all your transactions remcrcber the
final account
8®e|
Somebotly gave a toast that evening—
'Hemp ami musketoes—the worst take
in on the river."—Glasgow News.
was a captain ,distinguished .s a brave
officer, but uncouth in his manners, little
blast of air in the eye of the runner stone conversant with the refinements oi society,
in a flouring mill, the effect of which is an^
no1
'"udi given to any 'set phrase tf
speech.' The English officer, who was
the host on the festive occasion to which
we allude, had two daughters—one of
them distinguished for beauty and a great
belle the other was remarkably plain by
reason of a defect in one of her eyes
After the removal of the cloth, many sen
timents \v ere drunk, and anions "them,
Bout. Kait't Couic It.
Julia Dean's mother denies thetrut!
the story about a marriage between
young lady and the man who slept w
John Tyler. She ought to know TK
ine, as it seemed, most wishingly, first
cT«r' i itiiiui iiuu iu vi liiv »m."
with one hand ami then the other beating Commercial, in lhe fact thai the honor
the air before his face, and looking intently gentleman followed her to Baltimore,
towards the boat. Again the polite Henry there having obtained an introdueti-'
Bry, fctched a circuit ol some hall a mile, gallanted her^afew times throfigh the ci'
came to. The observers took it for granted th.
••Jl.v.lno, stranger, Wuat do you want?" match had been agreed on" the
"Nothing- i became convulsed the telegraphers sr
"What in the—{ 's'nS?
bad^word this hold of it, and the next day the maivv.
rial!ey marrid the beautiful actress. 13
returned to Wasingtmi city and Miss
writes »o her mamma that there is
word of 'n
the
telegraph rcport
her marriage. Vtc expect il tne truth
known Miss Julia refuse.4 JoLn 3-.
(as she did a friend of ours, now a
of the New York Legislature), alii 1J.
put the matter in the papers for revei:
A SIIFGCLAK COMPLIMENT.—Whileour
goodly city was iu possession of the British
during the war of the revolution an English
officer of rank gave an entertainment, to
which several American officers who were: whv.se conquests in the female world w
prisoners were invited. Among them numberless, at last married.
The last Folly.—A volatile young i-
"Now, my oear," said his spouse
hope you'll mend."
"Madan," said he," you may def1
upon it, this is-my last folly."
REIGN or TERROR IN AI'STFIA
half be true that i» related of Prince
dischgratz, he is one
of the
most relents
of the despots of modern times. All
lies of the most fearful description art
tributed to him, and these, too,
letter-*'1j.r
wll°
are
i
republ
t..c ucvvi.uu for the sex which a!
ol a
dtcidedly opposed to ui-
'ale
l'ate
^throughout the 'whole o( the Au.tn«
LlUd on l.y the hm. ,»ve ?,
.Ye, timcn"i Th. Croat. p.,r-uo thc.r 4*
1
in the London Times.
u.at ,.the
Rei„„
„f Terror" c«nt»
,iri system of phmrie, and murder i p*"
a e
a e s e a n s o w i o u i o o N
o n
5
but pbi„ lpu!lJ c,pt.,in._N.y-ithose
to be worth at least 920,000—and smallei!
quantities have been collcted by other*.
Silver, in minute quantities, together with|
small lumps of copper, accompanied the State prisoners confined in Kilmainhamj one of freedom and of mercy and ol'ju*
specimenes we saw. Green Bay Advo-Uail, have been liberated by order of the! in comparison with the
j. the most horrible espoinage is rcgJ
Release of frith Sate Prisoners—/The organized. The rale of
e e n u n i i o n a e e
of the Minister, themselves,
opened at the post office and a system
^nant. terror whi^'* present prevail* in Au''
Robespierre
atrocious

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