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mul WM will in? to favof the railroad project
of the west, but this resolution is antagonis lical to what we sock. If llie tax is taken off of iron it will be increased on sotnethiiigel.se, The government in making out its estimate will make it. in proportion to the amount of duties it throws of)". If the duty be reduced on railroad iron the government will make a deduction of so much land as the amount of duty deducted* It will also array the manufacturer* of iron BILLS ANB JOIST of faith towards the iron interests if after in Iowa taining land to aid in the projects, the railroad interests having a majority in Congress,should carry out the object of this resolution. Let us go to Congress with an open hand,but not seek to overturn the settled policy of the Government. It is an attack upon the interests of Pennsyl vania and other -ister States. And Vesides this it would produce a defici ency of four millions of revenue if we should succeed in the object sought by this resolution. How is this deficiency to be made up. If these rich companies are to be released from their epial share of the indirect taxes laid upon importation* it necessarily must be made up by direct taxes on others, upon poor peo ple. Let us reducc the duties upon Coffee, tea, rice upon cotton Ac. Let us reduce the duties 11 poll the steel that makes the p!ow share and pruning hook. There is more reasons in#aucing the du ties 011 those articles in common use among the rich and the poor, than upon railroad iron bought only bv wealthy capitalists. As great blessings a- railroads are, they are great mo nopolies—tran-ci-ndantly wealthy and power ——r ———i duliet on coffee ftte poor to favor them'f cTMichigan railroads are owned l.y million ores of Boston it other Ka^tern city .arid Europe an capitalists. lint let us come the Illinois central railroad. Is any portion of that road o w n e y e i o n e e s o e w e s I a not mistaken that road is owued by New ork and Boston capitalists. It is owned by mil ionarvs A we of the west have no interest in tt except to have it built, which the millionares arc bound to do whether they pay this dity 011 iron or not. The La Salle and Rock Island rnad.Ibeliere, is an exception. This I believe is in the hands Of both Extern and Western men. But I defy any man to show me a railroad, other than this that is not in the hands of millionares. Now in acting upon this question we should act on the hroad, national principles, and not upon selfish motives. And he .inserted that in vot ing lor this resolution, we are voting to take large sum of money out of the Luited States Treasury to put it in the pockets of those wealthy" rail roaii companies. The moment we remit the duty 011 railroad iron we legislate so much money into the pockets of the stockholders of the Central rail rond company of Illinois, say $1,500,000, and of the La Salle and Hock Island company, in the neighborhood of $15,000, and immense sums into the pocket* of other eastern railroad companies. We will see an anomily in voting on this question. We shall see one democrat, at least voting seemingly for protection, and ~3 good and b'val whigs voting against protection in violation of the principle that the high er the duty the cheaper the goods. He wished in this vote they would sustain the prin ciple they had all fought for, and although they and he should come to the same conelu concluMon from different reasonings still a vote was a vote 110 matter what reasoning may indiicc them to cast their vote as lie did on this question. He said he would conclude with the single remark.that it would be better it this question had not been urged upon the lions.! at the present time, lie could see no reason why it should be dor.e. Mr GRANT said in reply to Mr FOI.SOM— I don't know but what 1 should congratulate tny whig friends that the mantle of tlie whig p.jrtjHfliouM have been ti .ni'lered Irom the whig* to the gentleman from Johnson. I will commence, where thn gentleman left off. I will stale that duty -.aid on r.iilioad iion would be swell the revenue by keeping up or increasing the d'ltv 011 imports, my doctrine is tlt.it the revenue should be kept down. The g.'iitleinan nrgues that the principal revenues ate derived from rail in I iron This is n it so. Tno o'lty on silk alone i» 11 millions and the duty on wool en goods the same My doctrint is that the tar (T should be laid for revenue only. The importation of railroad iron would c:ic urage the consumption of other iron that is manufactured in this country. One hall the iron use I for railroads is used tor oth er purposes than rails. I understand the gen. tlem-an to say that a compact exists between Pennsylvania not to distmh the tarilf of 1^4». Where is this compact, when was it entered into? And he says if we disregard this com pact. Pennsylvania will bn againt 111. Well i:i re ly I will «ay that our members in Coi gress have face I that mueic heretofore, and but three votes could be got from the state of Penn sylvania favorable to o ir railroad interests. The policy pursued by your representatives 1ms been to urge upon Congress their rights. The government lieing a great Innd owner ought to give the alternate sections in order to (nhance the price of the remaining lands. 1 a-k the .e!!llcman if they cannot buy their iron and build their road at less expense—if they will not carry on those rail road improve ments cheaper, if we succeed in getting what this resolution a^ks? The gentleman is in favor of a reduction of the duties on tea, coffee, Fait and steel, now I can inform the gentleman that the article of tea and coffee is uot in the tarrilT of I^Ui. The rest of Mr Grants remarks could not be heard with sufficient distinctness to render in fo even an abstract report—such as given a Uuve. The crowd und confusion in the hall was gre:i', all anxious to hear thodiscussiun of tlie.-e ah-orbing questions, touching our rail rfind interests. Mr Fol sotn made a brief reply which princi pally referred to classic allusions elicited dur ing the debate, in I nothing less then 1 lie steno graphic art could give its force or effect. Mr Sells intimated that he desired to givo his views on this question. After which the committee rose reported progress and asked leave to »it agaiu which Was granted. On motion (he House adjourned Mtil lo morrow morning at 10 o'clock. SENATE. TircnsnAV MnRsixa Dec. 16th. Senate met pursuant to adjournment. Mr Wing introduced memorial and resolution from citizens from Davenport asking for a law to prevent the sale of intoxicating liquo-s as a beverage rcfered to the committee on agricul ture. BKSOLVTIOXS. Mr Crosthwait—a resolution allowing the Use of the Senate Chamber to the Ladies Sew ing Society -if Iowa Citv, on Friday the 24th inst., for tke purpose of holding a fair adopt- Mr Lowe—a resolution allowing the secre tary of the Senate dollars forsuperintend inglhe printing of the journal of the Seriate Mr Lowe proposed to fill the blank with $!•)). Mr Coop moved to amend by inserting $?50. Mr Harris moved tu refer to the committee on printing. Mr Clark moved to instruct tha committee to report to morrow. The amendment was agreed to and the reso hitiou so rcfrnd. Mr Johnson—a resolution instructing theju diciAT committee to report certain regulations rejatln^ to the crime of adultery. ruifottrs or COMMITTKKS. Mr Shields from the committee on ways and means reported a bill authorising the Secreta ry of Slate to draw certain moneys from the I*. S. Treasury read tlrst and second time and ordered to be engrossed. Mr Coop from the committee on agriculture tepoO'd a substitute for a bill, for the destruc tion of wolves. Mr McAchrrtn from the same committee made a minority report recommending the indefinite nmtpuncjiH-i." of the bill. The.S^.n refused to concur 111 the majority report, tl'e que',: ion then recured on the bill as aihonthm oinmittee ot the whole,but before thevote i- taken the bill was refered to the fuinmiyeif i.ii internal improvements. "Sir 1.*' from thi' committee 011 the judicia- Ld a bill repealing that part of thecodo II E Secretary of Stale one relating to criminal re- coul.l have done turns the other an abstract of the ceusus of the ... State. Doth were refered to the committee on print ing- RESOLUTIONS against its and with their influence against flfr Preston—a joint resolution instructing our u.s we cannot procure rail road grants. delegation in Congress to secure the pa-sage .The democratic policy of equal protection i of a bill now before that body, donating lands won'd bo vjulated and we be guilty of a breach 1 ixTBonucrr). to »id in the construction of ertiiin railroad* read fir-t and second time and re far ed to the coniinittrr on internal improvements A motion was niadr, hut failed, to iiialTUCt the committee to report on next Saturday mum- %r Preston moved to instruct the committee to report on Wednesday i.ext, pending which the Senate adjourned until two o'clock. Two O'CLOCK r. x. The absentees came in and the question was ,jiprp put and carried yeas 17. nays 13. I Congress for a grant of land to aid n the con- struction of certain railroads 111 Iowa ref.-red i to the committee on internal improvements. Mr Wing—a bill to change the name of Or son Hoar refcred to the judiciary committee. The Senate then took up the following bills and joint resoliit'*''" passed by the House of ReprvtaotAtivrif^k^,, A joint IM.AH'W'I Ar a railroad from Daven port riu .Vu.-i-.v iue to Council Bluffs refered to the committee on internal improvements with instructions to report on Wednesday next. House fi!e "o. 5, appointing commissioners to locate the seat of justice of I'age county re fcred to the Senators from .Wills, Pottawatta mie and I'Veemont counties. House bill to change the name of Kanesville to Couticil Bluffs City refered to the same com mittee. Senate file No. 13 was, on motion of Mt Har ris refered to a select committee. Mr Lowe was excused from serviug on the revenue committee, and Jtfr Anderson appoint ed to fill the vacancy. Mr Spees gave notice of his intention to in troduce a bill concerning certain military roads. On motion the Senate adjourned to to-mor r«w 10 o'clock A. M. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE TncasrAY MORXINO, Dec. 16th. House met pursuant to adjournment. Notice to bring iu the following bills were given: lly Mr Rogers—a bill to grant the right of way to the Mt Pleasant and Fairfield Plank Rord company Ry Mr jirake—a bill for an act to legalize a part of the survey of a Territorial road running from Sulivans line to the west line of Appa noose county. Ry Mr Ai.'derson—a bill for an act in relation to dogs. Also—a bill regulating the practice of medi cine and surgery 111 Iowa. I5y Mr Fordyce—a bill for an act for an ad ditional clause to section 2730 of the code of Iowa. Ry Mr Sharp—a bill for an act to create the sevent Judicial district of Iowa. Ry Mr Montgomery—a bill for an act to lo cate a state road. Mr Rogers from the committee on engrossed bills, reported certaiu bills as correctly engross ed. Mr Bryan from the Judiciary committee, to whom was refered II11 ttle No. t), reported that all of the bill except the last clause, is now a a part of the laws of Iowa. Mr Eaton intrydoccd II file No. 30—a joint resolution rejuejting our delegation to procure the establishment, of a land office at CedarFalls in Hliiek Hawk, county. «n«? rrport of the Secretary of State in relation to the cen sus returns for tin: State of Iowa also, his re oort of the criminal returns of this State. Mr lliitm moved that 200 copies of each of said reports be priuted for the use of this Hou-e agreed to. IUI.I.S OS SECOND BEAIUXfl. file No. lb—a memorial and joint reso lution for a grant of laud for a rail road from Dubuque to the Missouri river. The amendments proposed to this memorial and joint resolution,by Mr Eaton and Mr Sharp wete withdrawn by leave of the House,and said bill ordered to a third reading to-morrow. 11 file No. 19—a bill to amend the 1419th section of the code. Mr Uroen of Dallas, moved to refer to the ju diciary committee so refered. II It fi'e No 20—a bill for an act to amend chapter 121) of the code of Iowa. On motion of Mr Walters it was ordered to be engrossed and read a third time to-morrow. file No. 22 a bill for an act to locate a State road from Ottumwa by way of Drakes ville to the northern boundary of Missouri. On motion of Mr Drake ordered to be en grossed and read a third time to-morrow. II tile No. 21—an act to amend a'l act for the more vigorous prosecution of the improve ment of the Des Moines river. On motion of Mr Ramsey, refered to the com mittee on the Des Moir.es river improvement. II file No. 2(—a bill l\r an act to repeal the 1252 section of the code of Iowa, and to en act a substitute. On motion of Mr Grimes rofered to the com mittee on agriculture. II It file No. 27—a bill for an act to change the oflice of county judge to that ofcounty com missioners. Mr Kryan moved to refer to the judiciary Committee lost. Mr Sells moved lo refer to the committee on county and towuship organizations carried and so refered. Utile No. 28—a bill for an act to amend the 21st title and 129 chapter of the code of Iow-a. Mr Green of Dallas moved to refer to the ju dienrv comniitee. 4 Mr liryant moved to refer to the committee on public lands lost. The question tben recurred on Mr Green's motion and the bill was so refered. file Xo. -9—a bill to establish a state road therein named. Mr Eaton moved to refer to the committee on wavs and means. Mr Sharp moved to amend by refering to the committee on roads and highways. Mr Grimes moved to amend by inserting that all simila'' bills be so refered with instructions to embody them all in one bill which amend ment was accepted and the bill was so refer ed. 11 fi'e \o. a bill to amead the 111 sec tion of chapter 15 of the Code of lows. Mr Haun offered a re.' el (it ion as a substitue, which waj agreed to—and substitute read a first time. Bir.l.S ON THIRD tl'ACIKQ. file No 11 a bill for an act to transcribe the Probile records of Marion county. Mi Aliibou moved its indefinite postpone ment. Mr Bit nkr moved to refer to a select commit tee ol the delegates froin Marion carried. tile No lj an act to change the nam* of Kanesvill to Council bluffs city—passed and title agreed to. 11 file No ll joint resolution on the subject of a grant of land to aid in the construction of a rail road from McGregors landing in Clayton county to the Missouri river at or near the mouth of the Hig Sioux via Fort Pes Moines passed and title agreed to. Mr Green asked leave of absence for Mr I Caulk, granted. Mr H.mn moved that the Home resolve it self into committee of the whole House on joint lesoUtioji concerning duty 011 tail road lioti— lost. Ou motion the house aljourced. Two o'loric M. Mr Townsend moved that the House resolve itself into the committee of the whole House on 11 It file No 9 out lesolution in relation to duties on raiiroad iron agreed to. The House then went into committee of the -prohibit* foreigner* from prnctk-in: law whole Mr Gieenof Dallas in the chair. read a first aud becund une WMI entered lo be JMr SILLS said.—Mr Chairman,! will'tsks this uncrossed. opportunity tt, defcie my position on this reso- my lution and in giving Also, a bill regulating interest oa money will laid on tho table. L:n„„VaVpn"bv the gentleman from Johnson to he Also, the bill concerning,the estate* of de- vote on this question ,, iv 11 I will "ive it as 1 believe right. I believe the po- firmative. correct one. *1 have learned something back the bill to al cedents lait! on tlip utile. from the contleinan from Scott, Judge (irar.t, judge, withia •LHMiiniiugud.ilurn again*,, the p-o Two comnpinications were received from the in,inert! ine 10 take a stronger position position. 1 he coiiiNifttrc w ere excused iroin I rt /•rimiiiftl Hi- I II'IV Ha. ... 1 .. tliA furili 1 a d' o u r'p ros pe s'f or'' ah road 'g nfnts 'fo r° /he I a:n a strong rr\i 11 o&J tnan and nave alw ay3 shown my faith by mv works, I make my liv in» by the sweat of my brow. I never owned stock in a railroad and never expect to The question before the Senate being to in struct the committee on internal improvements to report on Wednesday next on Mr Preston s resolution, a call of the Senate' was demanded, and the sergeant at arms directed to bring in ""gy repeal of the duty on railroad iron the absentees. there will not be one mile nioi e of railroads would thus be thrown stork holders of the La Salle and Rock Island rail road company and other similar compaii- pas-age. v WOubl mon Mr Harris introduced a joint resolution to e V ral |r( a(1 ,l'or these and other rea. whjch jni piven).l yo(e ingt compelled to the resolution. AUX s a i e n a n o u s a i n e has said that if you take the duty off of rail road iron yon give the proceeds to the railroad companies. It is not so, If you take thtMlu tv from you cheapen the atficlqfend benefit tflPBEfclo mate or the public. I will ask the gentleman from Muscatine how tho profits on roads are regulated, I say sir it is done by the positive cost of rail roads. If roads can be built at cheaper rates, you would sec railroads springing up and freights carried at a cheaper rate, because cap ital must have a certaiu percent on its invest ments. There is a wide difference between remitting the duty on railroad iron,and 011 silks and oth er articles of luxury. How are roads built? By capital. If there fore iron, the principal cost iu building roads, be reduced in cost the same amount of capi tal will build more roads, besides it would en courage capitalists to build railrads. What are railroads doing for the country? Their advantages can hardly' be estimated.— The lauds along the central railroad bring twice the money they would before the road was talked of, and find ready sale. What would be the value of a railroad through Iowa in an agricultural or in a com mercial view? This is something not only we, but our posterity are interested in. The gentlemen from Muscatine says there will not be more railroads built if we reduce the duty on iron? What are railroads built with? M« ims. And the less they take the more miles we can build. What would the Genera! Government gain by retaining this duty nothing it will not be felt. We have a surplus of 10 or 12 millions in the treasury. Where is the necessity for this? If the object of this resolution be ac complished it will reduce an unnecessarily large revenue, and reduce the cost and conse quently incrca.se the number of railroads in the country. The gentleman from Muscatine would have us taxed to support eastern manufacturers and would argue lliat it would create a homo market, when only about two thirds ot our surplus produce could be consumed in this country. And would they drive our people from their natural avocations to learning trades to be the serfs of eastern manufacturers. The proposition to reduce railroad iron would do great good to the country and would do no injustice to any. I say abandon our manufactures if they can not compete with the old world, do not act up on the principle of tho old dutch miller wh" argued with his customers that the more he took from their grists the more Hour Would have. Clay has said tceneral thf du1 article forms a portion or its pin has said "the reduction of duty will rily reduce the price." On motion of Mr Sharp rcfered to the judici ary committee. II tile No 21—-a bi'l for an act to change ing their own judgments in the matter the tiuuu of Barkeravilic iti Marion county to Attica. I shall vote for the adoption of thi= tion, 1 have heard it intimated out of house that this resolution was introduced for other purposes,the gentleman iu this are much mistaken, the resolution explains itself and it is for the reduction of railroad iron and nothing more. Mr GRIMT*.—Mr Chairman, I had intended to have said nothing upon the proposition now before this house and to have cast my vote in silence for the measure. But soinethin.' having been said by gentleman of the position I occupy in relation to this ques tion, and having been singled out by some as a leader in this matter, I will in a few words define my position on this question. I do not wish to dictate or control any member in this House and hope those with whom I may act upon this question may manifest the same inde pendence and freedom tha' i intend to do, HS being responsible to theuiislvti aud their own con sciences. I am opposed to making this resolution a resolution of instruction but merely a resolution of request. I wish to leave our members in Congress free to act in this matter as the cir cumstances of the case may require, so that if they coul i accomplish the object of procuring grants lor railroad purposes better by not act ing on this subject, they would be left free lo do so, and that if their purpose could be better at tained by sustaining the duty they ought so to do, for I look upon the proi tiring of grants for Iowa as ol primary importance to the interest of the people. 1 am abstractly in favor of du ties lor revenue and inciiiental protection. I see these great railroads passing through Illinois and destined to pass through Iowa, and those roads are owned and intended to be built by the people of the west, and not by Europe an capitalists. The gentlemen on this floor have said that the remission of this duty will benefit the stock holders in the rail road companies, I think not. It will rather benefit the coritractoi s on those roads, the laboring men, the men that do the work. I believe that this measure will further the building up of railroads amongst us, and 1 may be a little selfidi, for the city oftamHo^ tion and future b,,i i,\i- deeply interested in this matter, for it will a great saving to the citi aaua 1 DM M«in«» cMaty. After some time spent in debate in wh ch Mr fe'.N, Haun, Gi lines, Grant, Bunker and Mc Arthur participated, the committee roM and and reported the bill back to the house. Mr Hunker moved to amend as follows to SO modify the levenue law as to make railroad iron and all other iron pay aspe'ilic duty per ton instead of an ad valorem one lost. Mr Grant proposed to amend by so modify ing the resolution as not to make them assume the position of instruction, ill case our rep-en tatives in congress thought it inexpidient to urge the matte: amendment agreed to. The committee rose and reported the bill and amendments back. Mr Grimes moved to amend by leaving the whole matter iu the hands of Our representa tives in congress and merely expressing the feeling of the legislature iu the matter. Mr Sells moved lo lay the whole matter on the tabl- until 4th d»y of July next. After a call of the house,! be motion was sus. lained aud the bill aui amendments laid on the table. On motion adjourned. SENATE. I O W A A'V WW A E O E the third ti i to m'ir The bill for decided in the af- Mr Lowe ftotn tli •lis committee reported the office of county the further consideration of the subject, m. ..... i,»i the price of c.11 riageon railroads Mr Lowe fruin the s»nic committee reported i« not regulated hythecosts ol building the roads back the bill requiring ceunty judges to give i On motion of MfcHendowboU the report and ((efficiency in the treasury caused by the propo- bill were laid on the table. «itinn would onlv be supplied by coi gress re- A bill authorizing the Treasurer of State to fusing lo grant the land they otherwise would i draw certain moneys therein named, was read be disposed to grant. Ulird Urue aD(l railroad iron is rot for the remit the doty on time aod I Mrrn rs or BILLS. A bill allowing foreigners to practice law. .Mr Hull gave i.otice of a bill relating to the To school district The bill cono ruing the estates of decedents The committee ruse and recommended its i fr Love moved to refer back the bill to the u«l 1 ciary On motion be a vast amount of P. M. thus thrown into the hands ol wealthy it tee carried e Seuate adjourned to 2 o'clock Two O'CLOCK P. M. on priniiii^' to whom was re ion authorizing the secretary print certain numbers of the further time which was ferred of the Journal granted, ronton Senate file No 3, a the interest on money 1 the bill J&MNlh"1' until Monday next and at 2 o'clock which was raenta be niade'a spec! carried. Mr Hendghntt moved to take from the ta ble Senate (ft No 11, a bill requiring county judges to giri bond agreed to. Mr llender hot moved the following amend ment strike "Ut of the first section all after the|werl 'sureties,' to the word 'con diti ricd,'anl:nsert 'in a .sum tenn times great er!! an his s.iUry agreed to. Hr McKiimey moved to till the blank in the secmd clau-i by inserting fifty. Mr Crosthwait moved to insert sixty which moUon was agreed to. CM: Ilepner moved to strike out all after the word 'hereof,' in the second section. Onthis question the yeas and nays were ta ken, y--as 3 nays 26 so the motion to strike out was lot. Mr larris moved to amend adding an addi tional section providing that the county Judge shall ntt practice as an attorney in any case, which vas lost, ayes 7 nays 23. Mr Fepner moved to amend by adding "(hat the couity Cle. k shall not employ or appoint an attornev as liis deputy. Mr (rostnliait moved to lay the amendment on the 'able—lost. The picsti"n recuring on the amendment of fered ly Mr llcpncr it was—lost. Mr riverson moved that the bill be engrossed and reid a third time to-morrow carried ayes 27 tia-s 3. Mr Hcndershott Irom the appropriate cotn mitte« reported Senate file No 22 correctly en gross-d. Onmotion of Mr Wing, Sonale adjourned, 30USB OF REPRESENTATIVES. FIUDAI, Dec. lTth, Howe met pursuant to adjournment. Mr Fordyce presented two petitions on the subject of prventing the sale of spirituous li quors, winfj Were laid 011 the table. Mr Kordyt" gave notice that he wonld at some futnivllinie introduce a rnemniorial and sok'Jin asking a grant of laud for a joint re 0 to whom was TrilwiM4«gM^^tU FBIPAT Dec. 17th. The Senate met pursuant to adjournment. PETITIONS. Mr Shields—a petition from citizens of Win ncshiek, Fayette and Chickasaw counties for a change in certaiu roads iu siid counties,which was referred to the Senators from said couu tie. mend an act tl the sumo asked tJi.it it be now. treduced file No 33—a counties read first time. ed file No't-—an act commissioners of tho Des to orira authorize Jfoines river improvement to sell certain lands. BILLS ON SECOND HEADING. Substitute toll file No. 8—a bill for an act to amend section 114 of chapter 15, title3 of the code ef Iow.i. Mr Sells mm, 1 to amend by striking out the words'leading to it agreed to. The bill was tiien ordered to be engrossed and read a third time to-morrow. file No —an act to amend the 37th chapter of code. On motion of .Vr Grimes the House resolved itself into a committee of tho whole for the con sideration of th L'bill. Message from the Senate informing the House that they had passed Senate files No. 1G and 17 in which the concurrence of the House was asked. After some time spent in committee of the whole, the comn.ittee rose and by its chairman reported progress and asked leave to sit again granted. On motion the House adjourned till 2 o'clock. 2 o'clock. On motion of .Vr Sells tho House resolved itself into a committee of the whole House, for the consideration of 11 file No. 35, a bill for an act to amend the 37th chapter of the code Mr (ireen of Henry iu the chair. After sometime spent in committee of the whole, the committee rose aud reported pro gress. Mr Fordyce moved to refer to the committee on ways aud means. Jtfr Sells moved to lay it on the table and make it the special order for two o'clock to morrow. Mr Fordyce with leave withdrew his motion. The question then being on tho motion of Mr Sells—agreed to. On motion of Mr Folsom the special order for this evening being the, consideration of the Homestead memorial w as deferred until next Thursday evening at 7 o'clock. J^On motion the House adjourned. THK SXKDJMB ISLANDS.—The New York ly titiUM|^R|li]tiitiil agent of hi* gov ernment, uiMtitbe title of "Consulate Govern ment." at life Sandwich Islands. As Russia has no sort ei Commerce with these islands,nor any dealing with them in ar.y respect, this mis sion is entirely of a political character. So confidential is the post, that the person holding it has been ordered to St. Petersburg, the Rus sian capital,in order to receive his instructions. In the present unsettled condition of Uiose islands, growing out of the stupid folly of our present Whig administration,in refusing to rat ify a very advantageous treaty of annexation which our commissioner had assigned, this movement of the Russian Czar is full of mean ing, and forebodes some disturbance in the fu ture settlement ol that affair. Afrllillis—a petition from citizens of Marion count v, asking for a reduction of the salaries of is said to have been with the v:ew of obtain- of certain officers in faid county rcfered to the committee 011 the judiciary. Mr Specs introduced a joint resolution re questing of the War Department,a diagram of the military roads in Iowa read first and sec ond times and on motion of Mr Coop refered to the committee 011 federal relations. RKPOUTS Or COMMlTrKXS. Mr Love from the committee 011 the judicia ry reported a bid rejK'aling that pari of the code which preseutsa prosecution for the criiqi of adultery. Mr Hull moved to engrose th« bil TI1E REPORTER. IOWA CITY: WEDNESDAY, DEC. '22, 1852. Senator of Iowa* The Democratic caucus on Monday evening the 20th inst held its adjourned session in the Hall of the House of Representatives, and 011 the first ballot nominated the Hon. George W. Jones as the Democratic candidate for re-ellec tion to the Senate of the United States, for six years from the fourth of March 1053. The meeting was conducted with much more har mony than was to be exp -cted, taking into consideration the tone of the neutral press The neutral press of Iowa ought by this time to see the effect of their labors. They no doubt in good faith,attempted to support JudgeClark for representative in Congress but wo know it to be the fact, that these efforts contributed largely to destroy the confidence of Central Iowa in the good faith of the Judge. They have made a dying struggle to defeat Geu'l Jones and the result is his nomination by a^iajority 011 the first Lallot,—a nomination immediately made unanimouahv acclimation. propriety of Gen '1 Jonea staying aitWCapital during tho pendftDC/ of ftuVjSfilJkfore the Legislature. We frankly confess that we are of tho nam ber who think Gen'l Jones has not only done right in staying here, but that he would have done injustice to himself and friends, had lie failed to be present, ready to meet whatever charges his enemies might prefer against him. And we are gratified to kuow that the purest and most distinguished men, not only of the State, but of the United States, have expressed '.lie same opinion. The opinion of such men as Gen'l Cass,JamesBuchanan, Gen'l Houston, Thomas II Benton and Governor Dodge, ought to have as much weight with the public, as the opinion of Morgan, Mahony dt Co., influenced as they were by the feelings not unusual to dis appointed aspirants to official station. The backing,these neutral* received from the whigs, in their outcry against Gen'l Jones remaining In -,was to be expected. They arc always ready to encourage.and fan into flame.any appcarance of discord in our ranks. They arc always ready to give credit and currency to charges against our public servants, purely from party consid erations Wo cannot but think that those per-, sons who, from whatever considerations, un truely and unjustly indulged in depreciating the public and private character of the men whom the majority of the party have placed in offic ial station, arc enemies of the party and not friends—we have full confidence in the decla ration of scripture, "He that gathereth uot scat ters abroad." Towards those genlletnen who have aspired to the honor that has again been confered on Gen'l Jone«,hi9 friends should not entertain any railroad fr 0. Fort I)esMoines to the greatbend unkind feelings. We thought that under llie ex of the St. l'v^ rs or Minnesota river. I circumstances it was due to Gen'l Jones Mr Rogi if from tho committee on engrossed "our course" has been bills report*', sundry bills as correctly engross- .... ut I dictated by a desire to sustain him as an upright of pet(lonai an 1 an act' 1,0 n... ene.nies not to oppose any fair faithful public servant, against the malice and honorable competitor. If there has been any bitterness oi feeling engendered by the efforts of the various compet itors and their friends, it is the duty of the suc essful to come forward and with proper magna nimity tender the olive branch, that no per sonal difference may mar the harmony of the paity upon which the destiny of this great nation depends. We arc confident this result will give general satisfaclien to the party in the State indeed it cannot be other wisewheri it is knownthat the choice of the majority was confirmed by a rised. Cur of KUaai* hak late It is evident that the contest between aboli tionism" and republicanism—the principal of legitimacy and the lights of the people for the ascendency upon the North American continent will yet have to be fought, for the progress of events is rapidly bringing them into collision. The doctrines which Mr Monroe promulgated as long a o as 1S1£, will nave to be maintained by our government against the European des potisms acquiring any influence upon thi* con tinent. ing from the Pope a disclaimer of the preten tions of Uie Irish clergy in political 55 the latt ca-c cliiimin befor le, on ti unanimous nomiation by accla mation. This we consider a full answer to the chargs against General Jones as a citizen anil as a Senator in Congress, and a most sati fac'ory refutation of the calumnies that have been heaped upon him by neutrals and whigs both before aod since the sitting of the Legislature. Enquirer Again* The Enquirer is not on^y at perfect liberty to, but we shall esteem it a special fav to have it. state all it knows or suspects 111 rela- tion to our imperfections and short comings in the position we occupy. We have no doubt there are many that have escaped our own no tice that our friend could profitable eall our attention to. Hence we honestly ask it as a favor. In relation to hit challenge we will refer him to the files of (he Enquirer on the subject of "Bennetts Land Bill" and to conver sations in presence of Mr. Alger and Mr. inch of the Progressive Era. tyOur paper is principally filled Kith the proceedings of the Legislature to which we re fer our readers. We expect hereafter to have more time to notice Editorially the most impor tant doipgs of this body of which we intend to keep our readers fully and promly ad- Legislative Reporter. We are under obligations to our brethren of the press throghout the State for the favorable notice they have taken of our Tri-Weekly. If any of tnem have failed lo receive it, we hope they will notice the fact in a gentlemanly way. We ordered every one of our weekly exchange.* in the State to be put on the list, and if they have not received it, it is by over sight in mail ing .»Bd not onr economy. Peltou's Outline Map*. Our readers who are interested in schools, would do well to examine the advertisement of Dr. Reynolds, under the above caption. The utility of these maps are fairly present sented in the advertisement, by a gentleman whose experience and practical kuow ledge in matters pertaining to the instruction of the young, entitles his opinion to great weight.— We have no doubt that time and money would be saved by the use of these maps in all schools in which Geography is taught, A clearer con ceptiou would, be obtained, and a more lasting jmpression made upon the youthful mind. Iowa College. We have ROME—Sir Henry Bulwer s mission to Rome ano auiuems 01 I..C ... mitten.*— If so the mission has signally failed. HEAVY DAMAGES CLAIMED.—The owners of the Erie with the 0»deii»burg. have sued the owners of ring the past year. .. ik. r...)itssr prox. received a Catalogue of the Officers and Stadents of the above institution, for the men tion. slate steamer Atlantic, wrecked on Lake thre'e college elates, and' eighty-seven Academic yeer lf52-3, which represents its condition and prospects to the favorable atten tion of the public. tance were likew i.«c received. Election of IT. S. Senator. The Senate and the House of Represenatives met yesterday at 3 o'clock P. M. in joint con. vention in th* Hall of the House, and re-elect ed Hon. George W. Jonea to the Senate of the United Stales, for the term of six yean from the 4th day of March A. D. 1853* The vote stood For George W. Jones, George G. Wright, §t The remaining four votes scattering and ab sent. CONGRESS. WASIIUCOTO*, Dec. 6. Senate was called to order by the Hon. W. It. King. Prayer was made by the Re*. C. Butler, in which the recent uatiooai loss wan appropri ately referred to. Mr. Bright presented the credentials of Char les Cathcart, of Indiana, who appeared and WHS qualified. Mr. Jones presented the credentials of the Hon. Archibald Dixon, of Kentucky, which were read. Mr. Gwinn objected to Mr. Dixon being sworn. The usual committee was appointed to unite with the House committee and wait on the Presid'-nt to inform him of the organization. jwinn said there warn no vacancy in the sion there were two Kentucky. No vacancy to be filled by the Legislature of Kentucky. Mr. Jones requested the Senator to place his objections in some shape, whereon to make a motion, as ho did not understand what the Senator did object to. Mr. Gwinn aaid he objected to Mr. Dixon be ing sworn in, as there was no vacancy for him to fill. Mr. Jones replied he should see no objection or cause for liis not being sworn in. Hu de sired to know if there was any one ill atten dance besides Mr. Dixon who exclaimed the seat made vacant by the death of Henry. Clay. If there was not two claimants, why was there any objection to Mr. Dixon being sworn? He understood that the gentleman who occupied the seat at the last session was not a claimant that on tho contrary, he desired to make no contest. Mr. Gwinn moved to refer the subject to the Judiciary Committee. Mr Cooper urged the admission of Mr. Dixon upon the constitutional grounds. HOUSE.—The day was bright and beautiful and the galleries were densly crowded. After some delay the Speaker called the House to order when the members, who were grouped together exchanging congratulations, repaired to their seats. The clerk called tha roll, «&*• 189 Mem bers responded. S. Clemens, of Va., elected vice W. Thomp son and Col. Wmi Preston, of Ky. vice H. Mar shall appeared and were qualified. Mr. Hall gave notice of his intention to in troduce a bill to organize tho Territory of Platte. On motion of Mr. Southerland the members proceeded to draw seats by lot for the session. Afigj: sonic time spent iu drawing seats and ineffectual attempts to introduce resolutions, the president's message was received and read The usual motions W«f» nwdt, »d the house adjourned. •WASHINGTON Dec. 6. SKHATX.—The Senate met at noon. Several Executive messages were received, but unim portant. A resoulution was offered to confer on Gex Scott the title of Lieut. General. The Rev. Mr. Butler was elected Chaplaia, The case of Mr. Dixon, who was appointed Senator in place of Mr Clay was then taken up. Mr Jones, of Tcnnesee then addressed the Senate in favor of Mr Dixon's admission he was followed by Badger, Dawson, and others without coming to any conclusion, the Scuate adjourned. HOUSE.—After the transaction of a routine business, a debate sprung up relative to the reference of the Presidents message. pupils ie with Teat loss of life, from a collision in the preparatory depai tment, and in all 95 du- btr* who should die during the recess of Con The think we can recommend it with conn- damages- 'ne „ho wish to avail themselves of dressed the Senate in its favor for some time before thei District Court of Ohio dence to those w ho, wisn _tc, av ail inemse tbe a^VMMges ol such an institution. Mr Brooks of New York, addressed tho House in favor of refering that portion of the Dec. 8. SENATE.—Mr Hale appeared and took his seat. The chair laid before the Senate a report from the Land Oflice on private claimaints in Louisiana—laid on the table and ordered to be printed. Mr Chase gave notice of a bill granting to Ohio all the unsold and un appropriated lands in that State. Mr Rust offered a resolution calling on the State Department for copies of correspondence in the year 18:i5, between the State Depart ment and Mexican Minister and the Republic OF TM«»I TOUCHING lnJi.in.AGRESSIONS. Mr Clemens introduced a joint resolution au thorizing the President of the Unjted States to confer the title of Lieutenant General on Ma jor General Wingfield Scott, for meritorious service. Mr Gwin gave notice of a bill granting pub lic land for the construction of a railroad from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean. The Kentuckey contested case was then ta ker. up, and was about being put to vote when a debate ensued on a question submitted by the chair. HOUSE.—The standing committees were an nounced. The following are some changes made: Stratton, of N. Jersey, supersedes Dis ney, on the committee of Elections Cleveland and Mace on Claims, in the place of Rantoul and Smith Preston on the Judiciary, in place of Burlon Reed on Manufactures, in place of Ross German on printing, in place of Stan ton. Mr Barton introduced a bill appropriating $200,000 for payment as compensation to bring the votes of President aud Vice Read twice and passed. The House adjourned. WAsniNGTos. Dec. 9. HOUSE.—The usual opening business having been gone through with. Mr. Dean announced his colleague. SENATE —A message was received from the President, by the bauds of his private Secre tary. Several messages, of no general impor- Indeed, results other than favorable could not Mr llamliu of Maine, moved that the com be anticipated under the auspices of the gentle- mittee on engrossed bills be directed to act men who have the management of this institu- promt ly on the resolution introduced byJMr. 't has four liberally educated teachers, 1 Hale, of N 11 rescinding the resolution ot the t'enate against paying fuueral honors to niem- i i:rt»S»S. The motion was agreed to, and Mr Hale ad- The resolution, after debate, was lost. Late from Caliornia* NEW OSIEAXS, DEE. §. Tho Steamship Philadelphia arrived at this port this ruornig, from Aspinwall. She brings the California mails and San Francisco date* to the 16 Nov. The Philadelphia sailed in company with the steamship Illinois for New York, whicfet vessel had $'2,500,000 in gold dust as freiglA, The news is of a highly important charac ter. The city of Sacramento has been a'nio|| entirely destroyed by fire. Nearly every houfl* was destroyed and many lives lost. Destructive fires had occurred in San Fran cisco and Marysville. The State has gone for Pierce and JUag br 15,000 majority. Arrival of the Niagara. HALIFAX, Dec. 10th. The Niagara arrived at Halifax thin morn ing. The proceedings of Parliament during tlM week preceding the sailing of the Niagara,are without interest, except iu decisive confirma tion of free trade. The news 011 the continent a-stiffies' ture of marked importance. All and the creation of the Empire] der favorable auspices. The arrival of the Arc NYork, with 1 1 farther I ra tho —I— ,it a decline of 4(s|c Breadstuff*—The marked continues firm, with an up* White wheat is quoted at 7g. 4d. 6s. 8d. 6s. mixed 64. 8d. 7s. West*i 25s. (t 26s. Ohio 25s. 3d. LnxurooL MARKET.—Beef is dull, waiting the arrival of new parcels sales of Cleveland to arrive at 9«. Iu pork, but little doing.— Irish and French is higher. American batum is now asked for. No cheese yet received.-* Tallow has been much excited, but closed q«4 etly at G(u,7s—an improvement—with mM sellers than buyers. Several parcels of Irish butter have besu takea for Boston and New York. Important from Mexico. Ntw OHLEANS, Dec. 9. The Delta publish.* Mexican dales to the 20th—ten days later. In Congress, the committee on the TehuMI* tepee proposition, reported a bill granting tlM contract to Scnora Belangi. The defeat of Gen. Blanco, by the French Consul, Rousset, is confirmed. The latter pro* claimed Sonora independent and annexed to France. The revolution is progressing everywhere.— There has been 110 battle yet between Uraga and General ."aldez, the leader of tho federal troops, but the latter is in a fortified camp and has been summoned to surrender by Uraga.«« His situation is very critical, with little possi bility of assistance from the capital. The peo ple of Guadalajara received Uraga with great enthusiasm. His forces amount to nearly 4000 men. Generals Mezia aud Iieholledo pronounced in favor of the plan of Guadalajara, with 1, men, also the States of Tamau ipas mid Gu ajato. Judge Conklin arrived in the City of Mj on the 14th November,but had noty«ti p'ri ec his credentials. The Gardiner investigating committee I left for the mines. Congress had been in session a month, had done little except to pass an appropriation of $600,000 for its current expenses, and AMI decided that it would impeach one of tho form er members. FUOM HAVAXA.—Tho Governor General IK ceived at his table on Sunday the Senior (Jeot mar.dants of the four English and French steamers in port. The Captain General is movingtlie 26 or 59, 000 men now in the army of Cuba, from point to point aud organizing them for immediate action. Four companies of the Regiment of Naples, with a company of Lancers have been stationed al Cardenas. The Kingston Colonial Standard, in allud ing to Cuba, uses the following words: There a ro"f 1 Af(er I a long debate, the motion was rejected. The Rev. James Gallagher, Presbyterian was elected Chaplain. The House then adjourned. ^embled at Port Royal, aud Lngland has more, thau one reason fur not be ng quite indifferent to the fate of the finest posessiou of one of the most faithless of her allies. AUSTRALIAN GOLD AT TUB MIST.—A few days ago a deposit was made at the United States Mint, of gold from Australia the first wc be lieve, that has been received there. The de positor was a young man of this country, who had been in California for two years but was unlucky and made nothing. Tempted by tho reports from Australia, he sailed for that country and went to the diggings. In two months he succeeded by great good luck, in getting about five thousand dollars worth 1 the dust. With this "bird in hand''he eluded to come home and do tion of his earnings ns^ gold is superior iu richl' Atfnia. being worth a)* the ounce.—Phil. Butf MAIL ROBBER CAUCUT.—Mr."1 Agent of the P. O. Department, accompj by a Deputy Marshall from Steubenville, 1 arrived here last evening on his way to Mil waukie, having in charge Henry Richards,lato assistant P. at Kauknuua, Outagamie County Wis., whom he pursued and arrested in Harrison county, Ohio, charged with robbing the mails.—Chicago Journal. IMMIKR.vrrox roa OCTOBKR.—During themonth of October, 20,116 passengers were landed at New York,of whom 11,139 came from England 83G from Ireland, 1,0-15 from Scotland, 2.3C5 from Havre, 1,625 from Bremen, and the re mainder from European ports and Chagres.— The number of vessels during that time Was 211, comprising a tonage of 106,905 tons. MODEL PROCLAMATION—The Thatiksgiriag proclamation of Gov. Boutwell is commenda bly brief, but cannot compare in that respect with that of Gov. McClelland of Michigan, which is comprehended in the following:— For the signal blessings bestowed by Divine Providence upon the people of the State dur ing the present year. I respectfully recom mend to them, in conformity with usage, the observance of Thursday,the twenty-fifth inst, as a day of public thanksgiving and prayer.-*^ Boston Co'irfer. 1CPThe Washington Monument is now one hundred and twenty-two feet high, and will.it^ all probability, before the close of the build ing, season reach the height of one hundred and twenty four feot. It has yet to reach ad additional elevatiou of three hunjrpd ana seventy-six feet to make what it is intended to be, the loftiest edifice in tbe world.