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The Iowa patriot. [volume] (Burlington [Iowa]) 1839-1839, June 06, 1839, Image 2

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concussion on Saturday night between the
-^Jiatoa Rouge and the Selma, the former
u her way to Louisville, the latter bound
or this city. It occurred about thirty
live miles this side or Natchez. One of
the wheel houses of the Baton Rouge was
carried away, four or five of the wheel
.beams, and one of the flanges of the shaft
Vere broken. She returned on Sunday
to get repaired.—Picayune.
A gentleman from Franklin, in the ve
ry worst stage of ihe silk fever, went into
I anks* Arcade yesterday afternoon with
a friend. So engaged were they in talk
ing about slips, silk worms, &c. izc. they
entirely forgot the object of their visit un
til the bar-keeper asked them "what they
gentleman yesterday whom a perusal of
this book would not injure. He was walk
ing through Chartres street with a lady
on either side of him, who held him by the
arm. VVe say held, for instead of form
ing his arms into a gentle curve on which
those of his fair companions might rest,
he held them down as straight by his side
as a recruit at drill, or as Diggory in the
play. When gentlemen walk with ladies
they should form each arm into an angle.
We always do it, and we are somebody.
MAD DOG!—For the first time since
our resideuCe in this city we yesterday
heard the cry of mad dog! Early in the
morning the shout was raised immediate
ly in front of our office. On looking out
we saw the first cause of all the distur
bance running like mad, to say the least
of it, up Camp street, and twenty boys,
more or less, in full chase pelting him
with brick bats, sticks, and every thing
they could lay their hands on, and bawl
ing "mad dog!" "head him!" "kill him!"
Whether the dog was mad or not is more
than we can say, but he had every rea
son to be out of temper. We doubt
whether any dog, however peaceable his
disposition, and friendly his feelings con
stitutionally, could stand such a pelting
and such indignities as the one received
yesterday without having the equanimity
of his mind lashed into a frenzv.—lb.
Prince John Van Buren was at the Ha
gue on the 2d April, taking the shine off
the crown prince of Russia and several
other roval "swells,"—Bennett says that
young John's object in visiting the Hague
is to explore the ancient cabbage garden
cultivated by his ancesters two or three
centuries before their enigration to this
country, and also to collect and compile
the family records in a neat volume, a
copy of which we are promised on his ar
rival here, together with a huge cauliflow
er from the ancient patrimony.
The Houston Star of the 9ih ult. says
—Eighteen, months ago, Galveston did
not contain 20 inhabitants, now it has near
2,000 souls. Two years ago this city
was a naked prairie—it has now between
3 and 4,000 inhabitants. But our pros
perity is not confined to the coast and our
seaport town%—there was on the road be
tween here and Washington 18 months
trop at that time contained about 20 hou
sas it has now about 200, and many of
them equal to the best houses in Houston.
would takeT'Give us a couple of glasses have been trampled on, and thiise principles
of tnorus multicaulis" said the enthusias- I have been misinterpreted. If there had been
tic silk speculator. "We have none," re- no breach of neutrality—no forcing the doc
turned the bar-keieper, "but we have as
good orgeat as any in the place."—N. O.
ago but three houses there is now 37, and ,ion
rapid preparations are makmgjfor others.
The population between Washington and 11|,
Lagrange has increased four (old, and La-
grange, which at that time had never
been thought of for a town, now contains
a population of 4 or 500 inhabitants, and
Rutersville, only 5 miles from Lagrange,
which was laid off only six months ago,
now contains about 300 souls. On the
Colorado river, between, Lagrange and
Bastrop, there was about a dozen houses
now there is between 2 and 300. Bas*
The settlements above Bastrop on the itllcir
Colorado river, "then consisted of about
A captain of a privateer, who had been
^•in an engagement 'wrote to the owners,
acquainting them that he had received but
little damage, having only one of his/mnrfs
wounded in the vose.
ole of Heaven, according to Milton, and
his being driven thence,does not alter the
A Creole is but a native of the
state or country where he or she may
Jiave been born.—N.-O. Picayutit*
'J* .HOEHIBLE TEANSACTioN.-Alva t!!arpen
-U ^*er was put on trial, at Gallatin, Miss., on
.ijvsf ahe .lfith ult., charged with the murder of
|t( Judge Keller. A verdict of man slaugh
ter was returned against him, and as the
l|H officer of the court was about to take him
K 'tback to jail a sudden uproar took place,
thc lights were all put out, Carpenter was
stabbed in three or four places, one of his
t'i hands cut off, and he fell a corpse in the
hall of the court.—It is supposed that the
persons who werfe engaged in "this high
handed and horrible transaction Were rel
otives of Mr Kelier.
U S A Y U N E 6 1 8 3 9
Li commencing the publication of the IOWA
PATRIOT, we assume great responsibility. It
is the only Whig paper in the Territory, and
as such it ought to receive the cordial support
of that party, so far as it may be deserving ot
their confidence. We have not started it so
much with the intention of making convert^
scntations and gross abuse so
upon the members of our party. Our aim is to
defend the rights and maintain the principles
of the Whigs, because v/e believe these rights
wuuiu uu
to the Whiff cause* as to correct the misrepre-1 ,,
o *-au meat patronage, that any means would
lavishly heaped ...
trines of the present administration on the no
tice of the public—no one-sided views of public
policy—there would have been
u ucvu iar loss occu*.
for the establishment and circulation of|
this paper- But the circumstances render it
imperative that the Whigs of Iowa should have
some organ through which thev may repudiate
the charges made against them and, if neces
sary, avow and maintain their principles.
We cxject to be opposed, politically, by all
those who are officially attached to the gov
ernment. In this place—the present scat of
government—wc anticipate that this influence
will be strong against us. As far as our hum
ble self is concerned, We know that the odds
will be fearfully against us. But we believe
our cause is just and as long as we are under
this impression, wc shall not quail at the array
of talent and official, dignit)r that may be
brought against us. Vf hile we make these re
marks, we wish to state a principle by which
all should, in our opinion, be gaverncd. It is
this —not to permit our political predelections
destroy the courtesies of common life. In this
way we may socially intermingle and exchange
the civilities due from one citizen to another
with a satisfaction that can be found in no,
,, ,: ambition—experimenting
other course. It should be taken for granted ...
healthy currency—giving high
that the opinions any one holds, whether po
litical or religious, are honestly held, until
otherwise ascertained. This episode is made
not only because we believe it to be the true
principle, but because if acted on, a great many
of those inconveniences and heartburnings
which are perceptible in other communities
will be avoided. Who has not seen, where
this principle has been lost sight of, the social
relations not only of families, but of whole
commuuities broken up, and all the horrors of
a social turn intercourse common law prevail
ing, which dried up all the sympathies of hu
manity? As a Territory we are now in our
infancy, and if all our editors and all our poli
ticians will be governed by the above principle
in their intercourse with the people and with
each other, Iowa will be in possession of a trait
of character that may be imitated to advan
tage by all her sister States and Territories.
While, then, we shall endeavor to maintain
the Whig cause, it will be our study to be
courteous to our opponents, avoiding all im
proper epithets, and by a manly and candid
course, secure their respect, while we are
heartily and honestly jopposed, politically^ to
each other.
the "numerous charges brought
Among the ^numerous charges brought
against the Whig party, one is that of being
destitute of principle. Many* Administration
editors seem to think that because there is a
diversity of sentiment in regard to the selec-
of a ptomlncnt
Presid whi
President—and one too who is favora-
ble to their
should be in
CBEOLES.—It is really laughable to wit- -they will turn up their noses and say that it
ness the many blunders strangers in our means something else than being a govcrn
city make in the use of this term. The ment of the people. Strip them of these privi
idea appears to prevail at the north that a leges—deprive them of their power—cut down
Creole must necessarily have negro blood,
enjoyment of these ^ivileges—
wil1 te
care not 80 much
Ai eight or ten families. It is now one of *ect *ias thosdf requisite qualifications which
the thickest settlements in Texas.
i their salaries—take from
and the- consequence is that when you tell 'of government—place them as individuals at
a stranger that this beautiful girl is aCre- the polls—and theft see how deep is their d«
ole, or that good-looking man, he must
needs think you are quizzing. For the
information of our readers abroad we say
that as we use the term here, (Dr. John
son to the contrary notwithstanding,) a
Kentuckian is a Creole of Kentucky and
a Yankee of New England a Laplander
is a Creole of Lapland and an Irishman of
Ireland: Satan himself was and is a Cre-
I. k 'c*
blasted. They seem to
whether the person they sc-
^possession of every Chief
Magistrate of this great nation, as they do
about his being favorable to their notions.
They may set their favorite motto of "Prin
ciples not men,"—and it is a good one—to as
sweet music as they choosc and declare that it
is for Principles they contend, but after all,
when you come to define Democracy strictly,
them the patronage
mocracy. We speak not of all—but the ten.
dency of the action of many of the most de
voted leaders in the present administration,
plainly indicates that they care infinitely
more for the privileges allowed them by Gov.
crnment, than for the principles of that Gov-
ic feeling and action in the leaderB of the Ad
ministrationi with whom they ttTe acquainted
They are the proper judges. They may have
.in their minds a few noble exceptions. But
generally, viewed as a body, and on the whole
do they come up to the standard of ihe peo«
pie's ideas of Democracy? We confess that
our experience leads us to the conclusion, that
being pure democrats, give no more signs of
possessing the principle, than the proud&t aris
tocrat we ever saw.
But we started with the intention of rebut
.ting a charge brought ag'ainBl the Whigs. It
is said that they are a mixed up mass of all
classes, and that consequently th sy can buve
no fixe4 principle!, of action. We acknow-
large moss too—-of the people without regard
to equipage, riches, dress, talent or official dig
nity- In all these, we confess, they may differ
from many of the leaders of the Administra
tionparty. Can they have no fixed princi
ples in consequence of this Yea, verily and
the grand principle with which they set out
is still before them. It is to put down usur
pation of power, and in thi6 is included sincere
ldve of country, patriotic feeling and a desire
that all might share equally the blessings of
our free institutions whatever those interested
may say to the contrary.
ernment—unless indeed one of its principles
be to lavish all its favors on such adherents as sale of town lots, there will be nothing to
themselves. Do the people, we ask, discoveri Preveri* them making it one of the most hand.
a n y v e y e a o i n a y s i n s o
ledge that they are a mixed up masa-and a Messrs. Swan, Ralston and Ronalds, have
There were a certain set of men so uneasy
of &nd deatitute of Kovern.
laudable, in their estimation, to secure within
their grasp the reins of government. To ac
complish their object, they began to work on
the sympathies and prejudices of the people—.
they accused the Administration of Mr Adams
with being extravagant, which has since prov
ed to have, been economical to a fault, compar
ed with the succeeding administrations for
where but thousands were then expended for
A friend and fellow-citizen has favored us
with an interesting historical sketch of the first
settlement of this town by the white inhabi
tants, which may be found in another column.
The rapid growth of this city is almost with
out a parallel. This delightful spot was occu
pied but a few years ago as a solitary trading
point, and as a burial placc for the Indians,
whose remams arc
,s Candidate Cot the
Sled |)rillcipies.
To this
con(,Iu!joll have ot their lead J(lar.
nals arrived and considering the gravity with
which they treat it, we presume they are se
rious in believing it to be a good argument in
their favor. But is it so The leaders in the
Administration ranks know that in securing
the success of their party they, will have many
privileges which will be denied them in the
event of their defeat. Tbey^fciow that unless
they concentrate all their energies on one
fire, whiel. destroyed several handsome build- Lelher
ings, among which was the State House. The |WaH
Legislature, during thc last winter, held its
session in the New Brick Methodist meeting !ed
house. The improvements that have becni^Q^
mado during the last year are creditable to the
enterprise of our fellow-citizens among them
may be mentioned the block of three story
brick buildings, erccted by Messrs. Lamson,
Ladd and Rorer. During the present season
..... ., ..,
handsomely graded. There are inexhaustible
quarries of limestone within the Corporation
limits, affording excellent facilities for building
materials and macadamizing roads. A steam
ferry boat runs regularly from this place to
Montreal, and we have not seen it return oncc
this season, without boing literally crowded
with passengers, mostly immigrants to Iowa.
Although Burlington has grown up so rapid
,|y, it is very evident that it has grown no fas
ter than the excellent farming settlements by
which it is surrounded, would warrant. With
the trade of an extensive and wonderfully rich
back country, which must inevitably centre in
this place,Twe cannot well see what should pre
vent Burlington from becoming a cif:y of con
siderable importance and when our citizens
realize the large amount that will accrue from

the legitimate purposes of government, mil-
lions have been spent some how or other, du
ring the administrations of Jackson and Van
Buren.—They further acted on the sympathies
of the people, by selecting a man, for their
candidate whose well earned popularity as a
victorious General, made him, as such, almost
the idol of the American people.—They suc
ceeded in securing his election.—They made
him the instrument of destroying the U. S.
Bank an institution which they could not
bribe and the only crime of which it was
deemed guilty was its immense power as a
monied institution, although it was never prov
ed to have unduly exercised that power.—Then
came the removal of the Deposites, the story
of which Mr Duane, then Secretary' of the
Treasury, is now telling, and which is far
from being reputable to Gen. Jackson.—Then
cairc the state bank system, which made the
Treasury almost bankrupt.—Then the golden
humbug.—After which Mr Van Buren intro
duced his favorite sub-treasury scheme. Jt is
a principle opposed to all these freaks of mad
and destroying a
salaries and
perquisites to political adherents—proscribing
the best qualified men in the land and turning
them out of office for opinion's sake—it is a
principle opposed to such complicated systems
as these and in favor of a simple constitutional
administration of the government about which
all true Whigs are and have been contending.
It is the Whigs then, we aver, who are con.
tending for "Principles not Men," and they
alone and it is on this account that they have
cared less about the man than the principle,
and we presume if a good honest democrat
possessing the requisite qualifications could
be found who would effect the reformation they
desire, they would as soon select him as one of
their own party. This is the principle on
which the Whigs act.
frequently dug up, in mak-
ing excavations on the bank of the river. It is
situated on the west bank of the Mississippi,
about equi distant from St. Louis and Du
Buque. During the prcsient high stage of wa
ter Front or Water Street is about fourteen
feet above the level of the river. This eleva
tion extends to a width of about 400 or 500 feet,
at which point a gentle ascent commences,
which reaches to the top of the "bluff," afford
ing delightful locations for private residences.
The buildings on this eminence can be seen on
the Illinois side for a distance of fourteen miles.
Burlington suffered very much during the win-
ed proposal* to securc die upeedy commence
ment of the public luihltfgs, and that they are
to be completed in two years from 1st of March
next. We a re not aware of any serious objec
tions tQ the action of the Commissioners, and
do not well pee how they cculd have pursued
any other course. They will most probably be
sustained by the next Legislature and an impor
tant questiou, which might otherwise create
great local excitement, wilf1llv&9 bs, amicably
and very laudably settled.
{•r We send the first number of the Patriot
to a number of gentlemen whose names we
have not yet seen on our subscription paper.
If they do riot like to become subscribers, they
will please put it up in a wrapper after writing
their own i&mes upon it and send it to the
"Patriot, Eurlington, Iowa Territory," if it is
not thus sent back, we thall consider them
subscribers .a^d it, will continue.to be sent ac
So much time has elapsed between the issu
ing our prospcctus and the commencement of
th*1 regular publication of the Patriot,, that we
are not certain that those who then subscribed
consider themselves now bound to take the pa
per. By returning it as above directed, we
shall understand that they wish their names
stricken from the list We shall endeavor to
publish a list of agents next week, to whom
payments^ be made.
fljf* We hope that all the citizens of Burling-
During the last week the beautiful steamer
Pennsylvania stopped about an hour at one of
our wharves. She had on board a large num.
ber of ladies and gentlemen, who were making
a pleasure exeursion to the Falls of St. Antho-
ny, most the passengers came on shore an
young men of our town might have thought
how, when the ladies camc on shore.
Since the above was in type the Pennsylva
nia has arrived fromfcer excursion. We learn
by the passengers that they had a very pleas
ant trip, and that they remained at the Falls two
days they saw no ice but the weather was
From thc assurance manifested by some wri
ters in regard to the certainty of Mr Van Bu
ren'u re-election to the Presidencj', one might
almost be persuaded, without examination, to
settle down under the belief that all opposition'
to his future elevation would be worse than
useless. what this assurance is predicated
we cannot conccive. It surely cannot be the
ter before last, in conscqucnce of on extensive |petition was that thc parties had not slept to- ,""!S
Mississippi river. The above
.j brief and crude sketch was suggested by read-
jng the communication of a "Citizen of Bur-
lington," who has promised us a continuation
ofhia interesting reminiscences.
An interesting and graphic description of the
locality and surrounding scenery of the future
SPat of
many who make the greatest pretennon. to] found on the fourth page .f this paper. From
Government' of our Territory, mav be
the signature we infer that it was written by
our old fi iend, who, while in the Legislature
last winter, often and invariably pronounced a
certain up stream town Dooboake. He is a,n
old sog. at surveying, and we think the distances
as laid down by him may be relied on for their
We understand that the Commissioners,
J'- 4 ...
!omc yea„, and
two new wharves have been constructed by the i been added to thc Upper Mississippi trade.
contributions of the citizens, and we soon e*- Some idea maybe had of the increase of busi-1
.. L. i *i a. I i •. -1 i .i. .I
Administration victory in the city of New!
"iork lor this would be too much like
drowning man catching at a straw. The man-1
any thing but Haltering to their party. While |tcrc
to call for congratulation on their part, we can-
not account for their conduct unless it be that
they anticipate the bright side of that axiom
which declares it always to be thc darkest time
just, before day! All the circumstances indi-:
One g»d .raampla !q states and territories ito
taught by the low. Legislature during the
last winter. A large number of Petitions for'
Divorce were presented to the Legislature
these were committed to the Committee on the!
Judiciary, who invariably reported against!
granting such petitions. We remember on one
occasion that Mr Grimes, from that committee,
reported that the principal thing urged in the
Legislative cnactmcnt to compel man
wife to sleep together, the committee ask-
discharged from the further considera-
^jie subject. They were accordingly
The river is now quite high, and in first rate
navigable order- During the present season a
large number of new and splendid boats havei P'™'* °[°ar
the election of a Whig Senator.
Misaissinni tri^d
four of these boats arrive at our wharves in
The recent New-York city election teVmi-J
fecled through the most detestable means—j
cheering character salutes us from the interior^
We were ai .n ppointed in not obtaining paper of
a large silt!. It Was our intention to have print
ed the Paitrict on a double medium sheet, and
we hereby promise, if wc meet with suitable
encouragement, to enlarge in the course of „a
few weeks by which time we hope that Ad
vertisements will crowd thick and fast upon
us, and thus compel us to do it.^^r.
MAIME —Tfre conditions of the negotiation
order to
our Government and Great Britain in
a'cessation of hostilities, have
been almost unanimously condemned by the
citizens of Maine. The papers say that the
provincial authorities have obtained all they
contended for and that Gov. Fairfield by so
willingly stooping from the high stand he at
first assumed and recalling the troops, has
brought disgrace upon Maine.
ton will subscribe for the Patriot with this penditure of between ten and fifteen millions
hope we have given orders to have one left at of money, the government recently made an
every home. If any should decline, they will
please return the first number, otherwise it will
be left at tifeeir houses every week.
ombA.-After the sacrifice of many of the
promising men in our army and the ex-
attempt at pacification, and notwithstanding
the terms are said to have been quite humilia
ting to our country, the attempt proved abor
For the information of Merchants and oth
ers at a distance who might think wc had no
more merchants or artizans than our advertise
ments indicate, and for fear such might crowd
in here with the expectation of making their
or une3i on
promenaded our streets, and were it not that] we would say that we have a few more
they had partners, we arc not certain but thej jn
an(J Wl|1TEj who had vcntured herC| prc.|
tlC) witll ll!eir
tiong and difficultica attending the sett CIuent
a w
i. t. Li -t.-... ...
ner in which that result was brought about is.
inasmuch as there! ''°*»Mdfurn.turc.t great hazard and
We understand that the MWfmtftis iiave
bought up many of the Half Breed claims, and
that a gentleman, well acquainted with the
subject, is attempting to secure for them all
the genuine claims, to this beautiful tract of
country. If this can be done, the Mormons
can partition it among themselves and a great
amount of litigation may thus be avoided. We
understand that many of the Mormons are now
making farms oa this tract, and that Rigdon
has bought the beautiful residence of Dr. Gal
land, opposite Montrose.
of the absence of compe-
gOQ(jiy city, who will probably adver-
good time
that this was the load of Yankee girls, promised 1__ sffl*
them so long ago. Their eyes sparkled, any' REMINISCENCES OF THE EARLY SET-
quite cool. We dare 3ay that the inhabitants lowjrig:—I arrived at what was formerly called
at tl^npith of our big crcek would like a lit* I hc upper end of Flint Hills, now the City of
tie f&ch we&ther about these days.
Ma EDWARDS—At your request and believ
ing that a brief sketch of the first settlement
of our country would be interesting to the
readers of your paper, I comniunicale the fol-
Burlington, in August, A. D. 1833, at which
time every thing, was in a rude state of
nature thc Indian title of these lands being on
ly extinguished the first of June previous. The
only white persons that I found residing in or: Treaty is as follo'.vs: In 1837, a trca
near the place on which Burlington has since ty was made with the cllicfs of the Win-
country, which were very J'fstf that
Qnd not a fcw of lljeuii
Frequently with
QUt brcaJ of mcai) on}y guch as thc G( of
auppiied lhe country
there is such an utter destitution of every thingLvil(J i,0ncy, vcnisc'.i,fish and vegetables, in ad^
bountifully with,
dition to which lhcy wcre driven from their
newly finished cabin, which was fired and onejhundVi.d thousillid dolJai y.
idown ythe soldiers from Rock Island, as
ordered hy
tlers from
cute that it will with them be nothing but an- j\Iuch'crcdit is due these citizens for their en
ticipfltion, I tor prize, having made the first claim, and es-
Government to remove the set-
lands yet owned by the Indians,
tahlished thc first ferry that enabled emigrants
,he Mtatoippi to tlib newlv
,md) anj
(n e
t0 mate theIn
as comfortable as circumstances would admit.
A short period after they had made their claim
they Bold one third of their interest to Mr A.
Doolittle, who went on to improve, but did not
become a citizen until thc early part of the
year 1834. In thc fall of A. D. 1833, Wm R.
n i
ped to see the whole length of Front Street ness, when it is stated that frequently three or •_ inuucj iui mv- ul
one oay—while, two years ago, it was a rare:
ix steamboat., from above and be-
other day six
low, were all
at thc same time.
all lying at the Burlington landing
CONNECTICUT.—The recent election in^5cn-' fifreat Point
necticut resulted in a complete change in the1 «lpeur from the numerous old trading houses,' ^li necessary powers, to protect th© I'fo
political character of members of Congress.
The present Administration incumbents will'along the bank of the river, together with) Commissioners artive
have to make room for the six Whig members, several that wrere deposited in canoes with ^u ^hien on the 29th O A UgjlS
who have lately becn elected. In this state.
t,ieir tr
there has also been a large majority of Whigsj canoes being made fast to the limbs by strips of looked upon as a
elected to thc Legislature, which will secure' bark. Among the rest was the noted French!
s- 3-
na ted in favor of the Administration by a small: the cross with his name cut thereon, he being
majority. This result is said to have been ef-j
and we believe it. The immense patronage, ^or Burlington. Their trade was somewhat val,
attached to the government of that city, affords uable to the merchants in 1833, but Government
a strong temptation to men of corrupt minds having purchased all their lands within our
to use means, howevjpr dishonest and anti-re-J prelent surveyed boundary, and their natures
publican, to secure it. While the great city habits of -life being so different from that
has in tlm manner been given over, news of ai °f
of the State, endorsing the action of the people1 Suing the wild game for a livelihood,
in December last, when a majority of whig The original town of Burlington (which
Congressmen were elected. All the towns and should have been called Shok-ko-kon, the En
cities we have heard from in the interior, inclu-i ghsh of the Indian title Flint Hill) was draught
ding that most important place, Albany, have
elected Whig candidates. So after all, Ad-j^ Wm. R- Ross, in thc months of November and
ministration folks have nothing to boast of, asj December, 1833. As 1 have been more lengthy
as New York is Concerned. than I expected in the outset, I will endeavor,
in as concise a manner as the nature of the case
A corner in our pgper will be open f^the will admit, to detail a few particulars re
aimouncement of Candid?tc«,,for, tlie nextAil-jgard to th© settlement of the country by that
gust clectiqn-
wfei. .. v.-:- •. ,- '.1^'-.
much expense, Accompanied by his aged Tath-
ter, who had fought throughout the Revolution-
ary war, and who/was one of the first scttlersj
of Lexington, Ky, Worn down with toil and
age, and being exposed to thc inclemcneies of for
a new home, the old gentleman was carried they JmJ authority to draw upon thc Dp*
off the same fall with chills and fever, and1 partmer.t. The "paVment of the ciairr^
i now lies beneath the clod on thc topmost
ed tUls secllon of the
now called
Ross, with paling around his grave, and ^ameron'
R°man Catholic. We had his remains remov:
and re-intcred in the present burying ground
community they have entirely re,
beyond our western boundary, still pur-
surveyed by Benjamin Tucker and
wlio deserve the greatest applause for
cxampled industry and perseverance.
In October, A. D. 1832, there were
twelve or fifteen individuals who crossta0"*
river in canoes, at the head of the Big i
and landed at the claim of the Messrs s'
two miles below Burlington, and niada
cursion a few miles around the edge
timber in the town prairie laying claim,
future eettlement. But little was d«,»u
them until February, 1833 when they br0B
over their stock, and commenced buildir
cultivating the soil but to their great dem
and tuffering, they were driven by theGo^'
Their cabins and fencing were Act
Being already too lengthy I defer ivingro
the extent of improvement made by some
the Settlers in 1833, but will say it wufr0°m
ten to fifty acres in corn, and as the bv,j
WJre enacted in the fall of 1833, for regulmjj I
thc manner of improving and holding claiij
I will rcf-T yeu to them for namc3 and^artieu
From the Missouri Republfoan-
Some days ago. we promised our read
ers a brief history of eertain unparalleled
frauds, under the treaty made with rhc
Winnebago TnJians in 1837. A press of
other duties has prevented the fulfilment
of that promise, up to the present titiv.
It may be proper to rem irk, that all
know of thc mutter wc gather from the
letters and correspondence, published In
order of Congress. With the officers anil
gentlemen connected with the truster,and
especially those engaged in bringing the
peculation to light, we have had no COD
versation, nor have they had any agenev
in bringing to our knowledge the exij.
tence of the documents to which wertk
The history of the frauds under thii
MCCARVER! nebago Indians, at Washington, in which
they ceded to the United States their land,
extinguishment of the Indian ti- on the east side of the Mississippi. In the
famiijeSt sufl'ering all the priva-l payments to be made by the U. S. gov-
ernmenT, there Were two stipulations—
ascertain the relationship of the Half
Breeds, by the testimony of the Indian!,
liis P"
lid, th
ment Soldiers from Rock Island, acrogg u,6
er to the Big Island, taking with them
implements of husbandry and their
()thers? in lhe
vic0S} the
landed with a fine stock of Goods, having of the monev. fort he bcncht o! tne crim­
sometime previously settled and improved the" If the child was an orphan, or had to11
the farm on which he at present resides, about dest-rted. or the parents wcre noi suiuw
vu °ne and a half miles from Burlington. Having to the trust, the Commissioners t»6.e
Tire monev was
the Indians, as would the sole arbitrators, and were veste
house, and number of graves that wqqpj and interests of lhe Indians. p^jrit
and suspended in the trees thej Witb them,
or half breed, M. Blondeau, who was interred'
5- -v v v
entirely consumed. Notwithstanding „n ..
and stiil resolved to hold on to their new ho^""
they held a council and it was pretty
mously agreed by vote, to strike their""*1"'
and build a flat boat to enable them to fi
a lor
over the river as opportunity served, topn,? he se
the culture and improvement of• their clai"
Many of these worthy individuals, after mak"*
a small improvment, have sold out at atrifli^
advance, to such as were more able a«dpref'
red buying, to going back and taking
lands and improving them. There yet
a fc.v families of those that first settled^"1
who have deeds for their lands from Gov^'
ment their farijos being nowiindfer a.g,™
of cultivation. -"---I
du CI
or fir
son o
should, be applied to
payment of the debts of the traders
Winrtubagoes—sccond, that the
United States should pay to the relations
friends of said lnd'ians, having ml
less than one quarter of Winnebago bicx5
To ascertain the traders towliointi:?
above sum was to be paid, ancl theamoiiD:
due to each, and to ascertain who were
the relations of the Winnebigocs, having
not less than one quarter blood, their
names, age and sex, the President ap
pointed Genu SIMEON C/MEHON, of-Jiid
dleton,Pennsylvania,and Mr. JAMESIMU:
RAY, of Maryland, Commissioners, who
were to proceed to Prairie du Chien,or
the Indian Territory, as might bebesitfl
prevent the introduction of
st ri
or im­
proper influences on the Indians, ml re
port. The instructions required the Com
missioners to assemble the ndians, andtf
Qr lltquaintc( wilh them. For their
Commissioners were to receiv
eight dollars
per day, and eight dbllais
twenty' miles travel, for t'.liicl.
Half Breeds was to be
currents in
"New nrcbase." ant was an infant, to the parents n
ru katc thc same fall Maior Jeremiah Smith, were eanable of receivinsnno
the permanent settlers appoint a trustee. 1
lie rmmeV •»•-.
Bwlrngton. in lt33,1 forwarded lo the tomm'ssioners by ft
will now relate a few circumstances concern- Hitchcock, and paid out t»y int.ni.
to have been coustituW
{ing the natives. Burlington had long becn a1 word, thc*V seem ..
of tratle for
made lots®
i i
i V *-""u I ,i
i J"'"- .,
T-Y appenilage
hat 13 ^ere^^
to a ^'p"im'ssl^.U/li
for settiisg Indian cWn» a
immediately in front of the old storo-house of! LtW'er, named D. M. BsoCHE.10.
of the Commissioners!.1 i
the President of the Middleton (P»
and he and Brodhead, either josn^tly^'
separately, brought with them .^
thirty add sixty thousand dollars,
notes of this Bank. Geni. Cameron
fesses to have brought $5,000 bu
not sa^ that this was all he
Brodhead acknowledges that n®
large som, with which he intended to
out the Mineral Point Bank.
As soin as ihe Indians were asse®
this Philadelphia lawyer, (we
.sound? like a

When the Commissioners arrivWf^
Indians were notified o assemble
rie du Chien, and present jheir cltt
And h?re, it may be remarked,
pose of the Commissioners was app*1"
in their assembling the Indians at»
where all the influences of liquor no
trigue could operate upon
where the difficulty and expense ot jfr
subsistence would be much 'ncre^j(|(j)
,, conftf
on an honorabl®?^

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