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Br JAMES G. EDWARDS.
THE IOWA PATRIOT J8 PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY IN. THE UPPER STORY OF THE BUILD ING AT THE CORNER OF Washington and Water Streets, BURLINGTON. DES MOINES COUNTY*. IOWA. TERMS: the IX)WA PATRIOT will bo published oticeaweck, at THREE DOLLARS per veaMX ADVANCE. ^'gjtXISEME.VTS will be inserted at th° rate of one dollar per square, for the first »nd fifty cents for each subsequent insertion. 'A liberal deduction will bo made to all those who advertise by the year. 4j}®ZS^iOT©TFv££SrB U S A Y U Y 4 1 8 3 9 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, *A" WIIKN, alienable liberty, IN CONGRESS, July 4,1776. Tlie Unanimous Declaration of, the Thirteen United States of America. in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the pow er! of the earth, the separate and equal sta tion to which tlie laws of nature and of na turs's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare th« causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident— tliat all men arc created equal that they are endowed, by their Creator, with certain un rights that among these are life, and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these principles, form, rights, governments arc instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed that whenever jny form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation on such and organizing its powers, in such as to them shall seem most likely to ef fect their safety and happiness. Prudence, in deed, will dictate, that governments long es tablished, should not be changed for light and transient causes and, accordingly, all expe riecce hath shown that mankind are more dis posed to suffer, while evils are sufferablc, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomcd. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing in variably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty to throw of such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the pa tient sufferance of these colonics and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former systems of government. The hittoryof the present king of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpa tion!), all having in direct object the estab lishment of an absolute tyranny over these ititei. To prove -this,, let facts be submitted tea candid world. He has refused his assent to laws, the most icholcaorae and necessary for the public good. He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his assent should be obtained and when so suspended he iiaa utterly neglected to uttc-nd to them He has refused to pass other laws, for the accommodation of large districts of people, un less those people would relinquish the right 01 representation in the legislature—a right in estimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. He has called. together legislative bodies, at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures. He has dissolved representative houses, re peatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on ths rights of the people. He has refused, fer a long time after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected wfccreliy ,i„ logislati™ „„.era, i„oa,nb „'r innikilation, have returned to the people at litge, for fheir exercise the state remaining, the mean time, exposed to all the danger of ioruion from without,and convulsions within. He has endeavored to prevent the popula lian of these states for that purpose obstruct ing the laws for naturalization of foreigners ^fusing to pass others to encourage their n»i gration hither, and raising the conditions of "ew appropriations of lands. He has obstructed the administration of jus-: *ice, by refusing his assent to laws, for estab ishing judiciary powers. He has made judges dependant on his will l«ne for the tenure of their offices, and the and payment of their salaries. He has erected a multitude of new offices, hither swarms of officers, to harass People, and eat out their substance, k*8 among us, in times of peacc kgisl't^ arm'eS' ImpendM the consent of our a^'ec*e^ lender the military in- ent of, and superior to, the COnlbined civil power. with others to subject us *ad ^0ril^'ction« foreign to our constitution, Msent .nu0wledeed by our For ititei. °n for EWorld: For 4 StiOf^R* by jury 0r tr*n«i laws giving his aC*8 'ar^° P^ishmen?11^ Fqr abolishing the free system of English laws in a neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary government, and en larging its boundaries, so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for in troducing the same absolute rule into these colonies For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable laws, and altering funda mentally the powers of our governments: For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. He has abdicated government here, bv de claring us out of his protection, and waging war against us. He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. -He is, at this time, transporting-large armies of foreign mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already be gun, with circumstances of cruelty and perfidy scarcely 'paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation.' He has constrained our fellow-citizens, tafcen captive on the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to fall them selves by their hands. He has excited domestic insurrections a mongst us, and has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers the mcrciless In dian savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions. In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned for redress in the most humble terms our repeated petitions have been an swered only by repeated injury. A princc whose character is thus marked b}T every ac.t which may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts made by their legislature, to extend an unwarruntable juris diction over us. VVe have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and set tlement here. We have appealed to their na tive justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and consanguinity. We must, therefore acquiesco in the necessity which denounces our separation, and hold thcrn, as we hold the rest of mankind—ene mies in war—in peace, friends. Wc, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the name and by the authority of the good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare, that these United Col onies, are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states—That they are ab solved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved and that, as free and independent states, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commcrcc, and to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do. And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the pre lection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor. PUBLIC MORALS. BOY'S DISCIPLINE. We extract the following excellent re marks on the subject of the discipline of boys, more especially apprentices from the Baltimore Anuruan. and palpably felt to be any longer disre It is the great and pregnant of all the outbreaking in the land. In vain will the source of lynching, mobs, and reckless opinions be found in the slackness of law, or the spirit of party.— It is not these.—II is in the want of fam ily government. The family is the be ginning, centre, and essential element of all human government, and nothing exte rior to it can be better or stronger than it self. It is the seed of all other institu tions. What then is the tendency of that institution here?—We last week made some remarks on the evils of divorce, and its disastrous effects on public morals. Let The effects of the want of domestic dis cipline and of professional apprenticeship, abuser. ne uiu so, tnej in the United States are now to., widely i £ughl1 us pursue the subject in reference to the /we dome,ttc education ol boys rhe a Pretended legislation. ann0d them' troops hy a mo?k *°Kld corn tr^I« any from mardcrs which they lk® inhabitants of these 0Qr cutting trade with all parjts of without oar con- U8'in many cases' of tlle PWtended offences: I-.- bene- U8JLC3*ON .JtliQ. jWftSj 5 to be Hi'' Amenca feel themsel.es the freest be- ®ic|l.s ,lavingH nigs on earthi the awns# are the happiest ol the.r sex. Whaus the result? The father, unthinking of remote conseque,,. ces feels that his boy should be as free and tndependen as himself Anything' y- short of th.s would of course degrade Uim. e c-inno lere ore, e punished, for punishment implies inferiority. He must1 be reasoned with. To such a doctrine the mother, of course, assents. Her heart I I I 1 Yli VF WIG I uuill 111 UJUII1IUI1 w to her little Johnny, who was always her meraber a|read mentioned, overflows with tenderness, and especially, pet. Besides -Johnny was always a siek-1 ly boy, and everybody knows couldn't bear much." This is the family doctrine, and the school law is the same. "No tea cher shall flog my boy.'* "What must I do, Sir?" "You must reason with him." This very reasonable doctrine is laid down by a man whose acquaintance with hu man life has taught him that of all unrea sonable beings in the kingdom of nature, a wild, willful boy is the most so. But the doctrine stops not here. A man ut terly unable to educate his, children pro perly, refuses to apprentiM them where it— •aiJteL ~4'4: to hfi "hr.llr.rl J? to be "bound out" is degrading. The mother, of course, won't listen fcT such an idea. Johnny is too good to be punish ed, and too sickly to be worked. £*86 are the notions which false ideas of liberty, and most cruel kindness, have generated in the minds of a large portion of the American population. The result is now seen by all, and has already near- Among the ancient republics, while they were republics, discipline was never neglccted. The decline of domestic dis cipline is the decline of strength and pub lic virtue. INNOCENCE MADE MANIFEST. Those who have always contended that duelling settled no point in which charac ter was implicated, said right and that it could only be justified where great wrongs had been inflicted: and even then it was doubtful whether the guilty was punished, and consequently as a test of innocence, duelling was doubtful and precarious. We have now a case before us which forcibly illustrates this position In the early struggle in Texas a young man of great promise—an assistant editor of the Star—by the name of Laurens, was determined to seek his fortune in that country, under the most flattering auspi ces. lie found on his arrival there a number of young gentlemen from various sections of the Union, who were actuated by similar motives, and with whom natu rally an intimacy was formed. One stor my night, when their cabins in the new town of Houston were overflowed by the W"'h nfleS.' ri"es Many of our readers will, doubtless, re collect the account of a duel, published in recotlect ari he ccurred a„ apartment of a b„ardi„g jn Houst(1^ which Uested t0 designated Lawrence. A challenge was consequent—C. M. Stanley, a son of an who oc.upied ond for Lawrciice. Stanley, according Ji THE lOli PATRIOT. felt i2lL^^i„7b°enc^: 'he t0 BURLINGTON, THURSDAY, JULY 4, 1839. a»na^n^"- ha"d'0fGK,drich' t'^e w'lom y father to the man. 1 he msubor- consequently the prosecution if followed dinate child has become the rebellious cit izen. He who was never learned to obey a parent, or a teacher, cannot obey a mas ter or an employer now. He who set punishment at defiance when young, can not be restrained by the law now. He who as a boy despised a superior, as a man disregards law and government.— Poor Johnny, who was too "good to be whipped and too sickly to work," where is he now? The victim of his unbridled passions, he is, may be, an idler round the doors of taverns, indulging his appetite for mint juleps, good eating, ease, cigars, and profanity. Thinking may be,° the world will mistake him for a gentleman. But more probably he pretends to some business during the day, while at night, he is the prey of the brothel, the theatre, and the gambling house. But, perhaps, he has a still higher destiny. He is the great friend of liberty, as his father was before him, and on a proper occasion fig ures as the executioner of the Lynch law, and at last becomes the acknowledged he ro of a mob. There ends his career.— Wasted by disease, despised as a loafer, condemned by the law, killed in^an affray or exiled to Texas, the grave, or the pen itentiary, or the hospital at last receives the remains of poor Johnny, "too good to be whipped, and too sickly to work!" 2J!? challenging his accuser. He did so, they jcity, have just returned from an excursion idely I T?° and P04' Wlt 1 Laurei?s fe.U an the stern, and there they will remain through a summer's day, throwing up their arms and bobbing down their heads to induce the looker on to toss over a half penny, accompanying their significant gestures with "Heave for a dive, captain rain, a Doctor Goodrich, of Mississippi, of it long before it reaches the bottom to he inspected the troops at Kingston, invited the whole party of five or six to and eager struggles may often be seen at In the address he made to them he told repaii to his quarters foi the night, which i considerable depths under the water, as them that they were capable of any duty, was accepted. Some slept on benches, to who shall retain the spoil. This is a and cautioned them to avoid intemper some on the floor, unfortunately poor Laurens—a great favorite among them all —slept in the bed with Doctor Goodrich. In the morning the Doctor missed his wal let, with a large sum of money. All de manded to know of him whether he sus pected any one in the company with hav ing robbed him. He fixed his suspicions upon poor Laurens, and accused him of the theft. Horror struck at the accusa tion, he protested his innocence with tears in his eyes, and appealed to his well known character for integrity. It was of no avail he must redeem his honor by :&c., nearly all the city papers about 12 or 18 at this place. They are enabled to con months since—fought in the neighborhood of Houston, in which Mr Chauncy Good rich and Mr Lawrence were principals.— The latter had been assistant editor of the New York Star, and was of highly re spectable connections. At the first fire, ,ras ds for ki!Ic(L xhe =el originated in Good- had pJ|0ined from his boo| ank te of SiOOO-this ,, \ame SUSpected, flve six incUldi Lawr(!nce. 0n mailjng known his loss, he was re- lhe pcrson, whoin he and after some hesitancy he ,, ex-Governor of Carolina, and one of those gomery and Robinson counties, settling acted as the in wmmon l0 the sec- to the Galveston Gazette, remained in Houston after the death of Lawrence—was taken ill, repre sented himself in straitened circumstances and occasionally borrowed money to de fray his expenses! Notwithstanding his apparent poverty, in a short time after he called on a Mr. Doswell, about to leave Houston for this city, pnd gave liim a one thousand dollar bank bill to purchase goods for him. Doswell, on his return, having his suspicions excited waited on Major Holman, who had seen the note in poor Laurens, and stood by to see him lightful region They found the coal beds Odeltown, under Captain Sweeney. It fairly shot down in defending his inno cence. The following are the facts, which we copy from the Louisianian: tradict the remark, so confidently made by Gen. Dearborn in his late letter from the west that no lake exists upon this con tinent south of 41o, except in Florida for very extensive, clear and beautiful sheets of water were discovered in the highlands near this river, abounding with fish of the greatest variety: and in one of them, the nympha, odorata, or the beautiful pond li ly of the north, was in full bloom, filling the air with it3 fragrance. Professor Riddell collected several hun dred new varieties of plants and flowers which he intends to distribute to his cor respondents in this country and Europe. The navigation of the Trinity is excel lent for steam boats and the country throughout its borders, in Houston, Mont- |ery rapidly. Several planters are pre paring to make cotton the coming year.— A grapery or vineyard is about to be es tablished near Crocket, and a large num ber of Germans are expected there imme diately. Multitudes are removing there from New York and Maine, even and the rush of new comers to this district, and to Austin City, on the upper Colora do, is unprecedented in the annals of em igration. iff#* and fr°m ,he cription given by D., he (Holman) believ ed that the note sent by Stanley, to be the same. A Dr. Smith, who had ren dered Stanley as«istance, and knew his circumstances, also coincided in opinion as to his guilt. Stanley, it appears, is at present in pri son—not, however, for his supposed crime —but on a positive charge of stealing $500 from a man in Houston, and to he afterwards returned the money, up, will be less zealously conducted.— Every good man will feel regret if such a ruffian escapes "unwhipt of justice,"— as, from all the circumstances, it is evi dent he has been the primary means of sending two higaly deserving young men out of life. Goodrich, it is stated, stung with remorse for the death of Lawrence, became at times partially insane, would start from his slnmbers at night, scream out and incessantly of the circumstances connected with the duel. He afterwards wandered to San Antonio, resorted to li-| qufrelJe^.Wllh a trass* INTERESTING ACCOUNT OF MALTA AND THE MALTESE. The ease with which mere animal life ITEMS FROM TEXAS. Dr. Page and professor Riddell of this p°°r Laurens fell. up the Trinity, where they have been, It now turns out that a youug man by the under the direction of the "Trinity coal name Stanley was the thief, and as a com- and mining company," to examine the mentary on duelling, or an appeal to hon- coal mines, salt works, mineral springs,! tanee of the frontier line, by two troopers or, this Stanley actually was second to Bishop Polk, of North Carolina, and k pr tgji I'utriftlrt Ari/I ntnttA tvtti may be sustained in Malta, tends to en- and not Tanzey, (L. F.) was the second courage early marriages and according to delegate elected. Evans' majority is r. Badger s report, this barren rock is three !—close cutting, but still it will do more densely peopled than even the most The Richmond Whig, of yesterday states," favored country in Europe the same ex-1 on the authority of a letter from Lock tent of surface, he observes, which in bridge, the delegate elect from Bath co., hngland supports one hundred and fifty-1 that he is a Conservative.—He has here to o souls, contains in Malta nearly eight! tofore been counted as a Whitr—transfer times that number. This case is shown ring him then to the Conservative column, in a saying common there, at a man and placing Mr Evans among the Whigs may dine on fish, flesh, and lowl for a we have on the vote of parlies in the nall-penny and this is not so extravagant House of Delegates, 18 Whigs a clear as might be imagined. The difficulty is majority in the House. The Loco Foco to get the half-penny. The necessaries vote u ill most likely be decreased at the and even the luxuries are so cheap, and meeting of the Legislature, as the seats money so scarce, that a shop keeper will of several, returned by the Sheriff, will not refuse to sell some portion of cooked be contested either by the opposing Whig meat even for a single grain—that is, the 1 sixth part of a half penny. What toil and most certain success. This is the case exertion are often gone through to obtain with Mr W. L. White, of Hanover that single grain, is known to every one whose seat will he contested bv Dr Cur who has ever chanced to put into the port tis, (W.,) and Mr Allen, of Hampshire, of Valetta. There are boys, and we be- returned by two majority over Mr Odell lieve men, who gain a livelihood by div- ((Jon.) ing for oysters and shell-fish, or articles I In both instances, it is believed that the which may have fallen or been thrown members returned will be superceded, oveiboard fiom the vessels. No sooner No doubt several other seats will be con does a vessel arrive tnan a boat load or tested, and if so, we may infer with what two of these naked striplings come under 1 1 heave for a dive. The moment the thur, after fnlly examining into the affair miserable coin is hove over, a whole shoal of the American schooner at Brockville, of them instantly plunge headlong after it, despatched a messenger to Washington and one or other never fail to make prLe on the subject. On his return to Toron- sort of sport and pastime at other places, ance—that measures were taken to stop but at Malta it is a trade. From a little desertion, and that most of the desertion luck this way does many a Maltese boat- which hud occurred was to be ascribed to man date the beginning of his fortune and at this very time, there is in Valetta a well known man, who saved enough from these half penny dives, to purchase a boat, and in remembrance of the circumstance, he has christened her "Heave for a dive," which is blazoned forth in large letters upon her stem.—Athejicvum. Patricio, and were much pleased with the country, and would each report favorably to their respective Bishops. Admiral Baudin was delighted with his visit to the country, and is determined to repeat it be fore he returns to France. He expressed himself very decidedly in favor of Texas and in contrasting it with Mexico, said he was reminded of the living and the dead. On his departure from the coast he hoist the Texian flag, and kept it flying till the fleet was out of sight. The seat of government is regarded as permanently established in Austin City, on the Colorado—and the country in the most prosperous condition—N. O. Bul letin. VIRGINIA ELECTION AND YET ANOTHER WHIG !—We aire unable to find a motive which can justify ,, delusion the Loco Foco papers at- gambler, who se- tempt to keep up concerning the result of cretly entered his chamber, shot him, and this election. There cannot be a doubt then, fiend-like, plunged a bowie knife of the success of the whigs through him so as to pm him to the mat- more Patriot of the or Conservative candidates and with al- success, from the fact, that a Whig has never yet contested an election before the House of Delegates, and it has often been do&|, without obtaining the seat. Mo. Rep. CANADIAN MOVEMENTS.—The Mon treal Courier says, that Sir George Ar- which are so abundant in that de-jof the Mentreal Cavalry, stationed at very promising in the neighborhood of is reported that despatches were found on Osceola, a new town located upon the!his lands of Dr. Page, just above the Bidais. to various individuals in town, and that he and free stone of the finest texture and color, which forms a bluff upon the river !'f person, written by Cote, Nelson, fcc, declared he had received from a servant of Dr Nelson, but that he was not aware of their contents, lb. A NEW WAY TO HATCH SlLK WORMS.— The New York Sun has a s.ory of a bach elor lrom the Bay State who went to one of the towns of Connecticut famous for the culture of Mulberry trees and hatching silk worms, and was presented with sev eral pieces of paper on which silk worm eggs were deposited, which he placed in his hat for safe keeping. As he had some distance to travel before he reached his resting place, the eggs, that had come in contact with the animal heat of his head, hatched before his arrival at home, and the young silk worms, in the pursuit of an honest living by their labor, had firm ly fastened on the gentleman's hair. Af ter several fruitless efforts were made to dislodge them, a quantity of mulberry leaves were at length o! tained and scat tered over the head, to which the young worms instinctively attached themselves, and the bachelor's head was thus oppor tunely relieved from a greater load of live stock than had troubled it for many years before. He now considers his caput the best cocoonery in Connecticut MARRIAGE BY INSTALMENTS. At Houghttm-le-Spring, on Sunday week, an amusing circumstance occurred, the Rev. Mr. Page of Natchez, were vis-. which has yielded much merriment to the iting Galveston and Houston, selecting gossips of the district. A young couple the heads were found to weigh, in some sites tor Episcopal churches, which are presented themselves at the altar to be cases, as high as 350 pounds. The Tg about to be erected in both of these cities, (joined together in holy matrimony and bacco was from the Green River country. pj •&. "HE. The Rev. Mr. Chaudy, the Catholic. in the midst of the buckling ceremony* pTiest from, Assumption, on Lafourche, when they were called upon to join hands and another priest from St. Louis, had, they each held out, in the nervous c.onfu visited the countries of Refugio and San! sion of the critical moment, the left nU .1 A The Balti- 11th contains the fol lowing: The official returns of Monongalia co. were counted by the sheriff on Monday, the 3d inst., and the gratifying fact was i1*1611 discovered that James Evans, (W.) intemper- intemperance. The Honorables" who had been sent for, from Quebec, to attend a meeting of the Executive ouncil embarked, the Courier says, on board the John Bull, on Thursday evening, on their return home. The disposal, of the political prisoners, at present in gaol, was, it is said, discus sed in the Council, and that a resolution had been adopted for transporting some 70 or 80 of them to New South Wales. The Montreal Herald of the 7th inst. says, that on the 6th a Canadian was brought into town from Odeltown, having been captured within about two acres dis- "4HT •'4wi i an i ... stead of the right hand. The recognized master of the ceremonies, the parish clerk corrected the blunder: and the lovers, tick led by their mutual inadvertence burst in to a most uncanonical fit of laughter, which speedily infected the wedding at tendants. The curate refused to com plete the ceremony, and the disappointed pair left the church half married. On the fol owing day, however, the marriage was perfected by another clergyman—Carlisle Eng. Journal. ',/• SUMMARY. One cause for the high price of faecrf i« that the farmers in the fine grazing State of Vermont turn their attention altogether to sheep, of which there are over one mill• ion, while cows, oxen, and other stock have, within a few years, greatly dimin ished in number. •'Are you going West next week, Mr. T." said a lady, and not an Irish one ei ther "Yes, I think I shall," was the re ply-—"Well, if I knew where to write and who to write to, I would send a letter to my uncle in Ohio." A man had his choice of committing three offences—murder—robberry—or drunkenness. He chose the latter, got drunk and then committed the other two. Dr. Brandreth occupies an extra page in the New Advertising sheet of the Mir ror, for which he pays $1000 per annum. INDIANA LOAN.—The New Albany, la., Argus of the 13th inst. says, that Gen, Stapp, as Fund Commissioner, hat negotiated for Indiana a loan of $4,000, 000 to be appropriated to the prosecution of Internal Improvements. It is stated by the Pittsburgh Advocate that fine sand scattered upon the leaves of trees while wet with dew, will free them of catterpillars. Anne Royal is particularly savage about the high price of beef. She thinks whtfft there are so many brutes and calves in the country, that the high price is an imposi tion. There is a man down South who cele brates his birthday by paying for all his newspapers. Upwards of 200 street beggers were taken up in Baltimore within 00 days, and furnished with apartments in the Alms House of that city. Mr. Eli Buck advertises in the Scho harie Advocate, a caution against one Da vid Sandy, who has run away with hi* three daughters. SPECIAL PLEADING.—The Baltimore Chronicle says Mr Van Buren, in four and a half columns of the Globe, endeavors by an admirable specimen of special pleading to get rid of the charge that he voted in New York for allowing negroes equal privileges with the whites at the polls. The gist of the matter is, that he admits the charge, but pleads cir cumstances as an excuse. A HOPELESS DAUGHTER.—\ young woman, named Hannah Sullivan, was prosecu ed in the Sessions of New York, for stealing her father s shirts, having be come perfectly abandoned from drink, and three times imprisoned in the 1 eni tentiary. Her father had taken her home, hoping she would reform, but it was of no avail. Thomas J. Sutherland, ex-general in the Canadian patriot service, has been set at liberty by order of Sir George Arthur. The Ogdensburgh Times announces his arrival at that place. It is stated that Sir John Colborne refused to keep him in custody any longer. LOUISVILLE POST MASTER.-—The Jour* nal of the 7th says, the testimony, taken during the late investigation of the ofiicial conduct of our Postmaster, was sent on a few days ago to Washington. The Post master himself started for the same citj at or near the same time. Whether he was or was not the bearer of the docur ments, we are not informed. A bill has passed both houses of the legislature of ennsylvania, and received the signature of the Governor, appro priating $50,000 to the constructing of the Cross-Cut Canal, connecting the Pennk improvements with those of Ohio. This appropriation will enable the Company to complete the entire work by next spring, and thus open an artificial inland navigation extending about eight hundred miles through the states of Pennsylvania and Ohio.—16, The death of a Printer, is thus chroni cled in an English paper:—"George Woodcock, the of his profession, the type of honesty, the of all and al though the OCT of death has put a to his existence, every of his life wu without a ||. STEAM FRiOATii8.~The Pennsylvania says, we learn that drders have been re ceived from the Navy Department for building a steam frigate at the Philadel phia Navy Yard, and that another is to be commenced at New York. It is gra$, fying to hear of this, because it show* evidences of a determination on the part of officers of the government to keep pac»| with the times in regard to the navy, ad4 likewise, because it will furnish employ* ment to a number of our skilful and de serving mechanics, who, in all that r»» lates to the construction of vessels, ansk' unsurpassed. t' FRAUDS IN TOBACCO.—A discovery of a fraud in the manner of packing Tobac co has been discovered in. New Orleans. On stripping he hogsheads for inspection. V-t -r