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The Iowa patriot. [volume] (Burlington [Iowa]) 1839-1839, July 25, 1839, Image 2

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A* OURAN'O OUTANG.—An animal
of this species* and of an extraordinary
character, says the New York. Inquirer,
has just arrived at this port, in the ship
Saluda, from Africa. We are told that it
is more perfect in its proportions, and in
its resemblance to the human form, than
any specimen of the kind, ever seen in
this country.
The last accounts from the River Plat
te state, that Commodore Nicholson was
finable to accomplish his proffered medi
ation to bring about a reconciliation of the!
difficulties between Buenos Ayres
When you hear a
that she hates all men—infer that some
J? r»
particular one has touched her fancy. I
The world produces for every pint of^
ivy twines around the oak, so does mise-* ...
ry and misfortunes, encompass the happi-:80l,rce
term for the Vice Presidency. He 13 in1
the hands of his friends, and abides their
"I'll bet a sheep," said an old Mere-
The Philadelphians having succeeded
so well without beef are now growling
most ominously about the smallness of the
loaves of bread furnished by the bakers,
and a strike is proposed. They intend to
try how living without bread will go.
The New Hampshire Legislature has
been agitating the question of the disposi
tion of the surplus revenue. A motion to
release the towns from their liability to re
turn the surplus of the State, was voted
down, nays 163, yeas 51.
A Jocky club in Virginia, have named
their two fleetest race-horses, Swartwout
and Price. Where is Jubal?
A florist in Worcestershire, (England,)
named Groom, has produced a bed of two
thousand tulips, excelling in beauty, it is
believed, any similar exhibition ever made
in Holland, the Elysium of tulip-growers.
For a single flower,called the "Nourri Ef
fendia," Mr Groom wag offered one hun
dred severeigns—equal to four hundred
and fifty dollars wanting a fraction!',
The Cleveland Herald says the stave
trade is becoming an important item in the
commerce of the Lakes and that the New
York and Canada markets are in a good
measure supplied with staves from the
shores of Lake Erie.
Henry Clay has something like 80
acres in his farm. He has lately turned
his attention very much to raising stock,
and it is said no man in Kentucky, even,
now can show finer oxen and cows than
he can.
"If an individual of the lowest rank, or
without any rank at all, takes off his hat
to you, you should do the same in return.
A bow, says La Fontaine, is a note drawn
at sight. If you acknowledge it, you
must pay the full amount.
Parents who endeavor to protect their
children from labor, and encourage them
to seek self indulgence, instead of animat
ing them to become as industrious and
useful as possible are foolishly and cer
tainly preparing for them a hard and thor
ny bed to lay upon at a subsequent peri
of their lives.
THE BEST JOKE YET.—A friend came
into our office the other day, as we sat
with pen in one hand and scissors in the
other, and asked if it was not rather amu
sing -to take charge of a daily paper,—.
Prov. Jour.
The above anecdote reminds us of a
question we once heard propounded by a
mustached wasp-waisted exquisite to an
emaciated wretch at work on the tread
mill. "Fellow" said the perfumed and
ringletted copy of humanity "dont you
foind that derned excel'rating aixercise."
The Natchez Free Trader says that
fhose merchants who went east to pur
chase goods with the checks of the Plan
ter's Bank, are returning as they went,
not having been able to buy a figs worth.
The Natchez papers say that the bills
of the New Orleans Houses drawn on cot
ton and sold to the Union Bank of Mis
sissippi, are generally returning protest
The Mayor of Philadelphia has decid
ed that Thos. W. Dyott, Jacob Ridgway,
Thomas W. Dyott and Daniel Mann, be
bound over to the Criminal Court, in
bonds of $5000 each, on the charge of
conspiracy, &c., as noticed before. Ridg
way refused to give bail, surrendered him
self, and applied for a habeas corpus
which was granted.
Ijt. MOORE, of the U. S. Navy has
accepted the command of the Texas Navy,
and will carry with him twenty or thirty
of our young officers. It is said that
•Com. THOMAS AP. C. JONES volun
teered fortius command and that Lt.
MOORE agreed to serve under him, but that
the services of Com. J. were not ac
cepted on account of his advanced age.
JOHN P. KEISXV, a merchant of St. Lou
is was lost from on board the steam boat
Gen. BradyVonherlatepassagefrmirNewi
Orleans to St. Louis. The top of one of
posed that he must have walked into the)
U S A Y U Y 2 5 1 8 3 9
On Saturday last the Candidates ad
dressed the People in this city. The
""J' meeting was held in the Methodist
,x,w and
Governor Rosas appears to be Church, which, apart of the time, was
immovable'in his determination to reject: quite full. Nearly all the candidates who
the terms of the French. spoke seemed more or less embarrassed
l&dy declare,^ consequence, we suppose, of being
hat being found in the wheel house the'ternal ImnrovpmiLt* vi i
morning after his disappearance, it is sup-| •,
ness of man. —we allude to the large Public Sale,
General John Armstrong, formerly Sec-' which attracted quite a number of people,
retary of War, upwards of 80 years of
age, is now residing with his son, near! .-
obliged to address their fellow citizens in
honey, a gallon of gall for every drachm sion. There were also other draw
of pleasure, a pound of pain for every backs which diverted the attention of the
inch of mirth, an ell of moan and as the
unusual place, on such an occa-
au(jjence an(j must
.- i
Govanstown in Baltimore county, within! ... ..
a few miles of Baltimore. military show which was got up on that
Col. Richard M. Johnson, in a
dated June 8th, says, he has authorized teen candidates, but nine or ten had time
no person to say he declines a second,
dith to his other half, that our boy Otho| been published, which prevented him
plough, and he is grinning at the barn, I ,.
and he is grinning at the table, and is grin- "*ac"-
embarrassmentlo the candidates
the almost ceaseless and deafening
to a(Idress lhc ]e-
noise ot tne martial music, incident to the
occasion. Out of the seventeen or eigh-
Col. BEELER was the first to speak.—
He expressed his regret that the Laws and
Journals of the last session had not yet
»h'* from laying before his fellow citizens, in
ning to himself wherever he goes. "Poh," lature of which he had been a member.
replied the old woman, "don't you know
he got a love letter this morning."
white, the doings of the Legis-
He stated that the Law incorporating the
Burlington and Des Moines Transporta
tion Company, with a capital of $1,000,
000, which they were authorized to loan
to the People at a rate of interest not ex
ceeding twelve per cent, had not unfortu
nately, for want of time, been acted on by
the last Congress, notwithstanding all the
stock had been taken and the first instal
ment deposited in the Land Office. From
some statements made by our delegate to
Congress—Col. Chapman—he had no
doubt the law would receive the sanction
of the N&tional Legislature. Col. B. ex
pressed himself in favor of a judicious
system of Internal Improvements and of
asking Congress for a donation of Lands
for the purpose of uniting the Missouri
and Mississippi rivers—he was also in fa
vor of memorializing Congress to pur
chase the lands on our western frontier,
inasmuch as the Indians were willing to
sell. Education was likewise a topic in
which he declared himself to be much in
terested. He was in favor of leaving the
locations of county seats with the voters,
and of passing a bill to call a convention
to form a State Government. In speak
ing of the location of the Seat of Govern
ment, he went somewhat into detail, giv
ing his reasons for voting as he did for the
future location in Johnson county. If
that subject was again to be discussed, he
was willing to leave that also to the peo
ple. He however felt satisfied with the
present location, because he believed the
bill which located it there was an honest
bill, clear of all bargain, corruption or in
trigue, and that from the assurances of
our Delegate to Congress we should yet
obtain a donation of four sections of land
in its vicinity.
Mr. DELASHMUTT was the next to ad
dress the audience. Owing either to the
incoherence of his remarks or our own
stupidity, we find, by reference to our
notes, that it will be impracticable to give
an adequate sketch of the speech he de
livered on the occasion.
able to Education and Internal Improve
ments—leaves the location of the seat of
Justice to the vote of the People. He
spoke in strong terms against the location
of the seat of Government in Johnson
county, and contended that the location
was illegally made, inasmuch as two of
the locating commissioners, were members
of the Legislature at the time of their ap
pointment, which was contrary to the Or
ganic Law in this particular, and that the
same law required that the location should
be made on surveyed land, which had not
been done. Before closing his remarks,
Squire H. attempted to describe what
qualifications were requisite to constitute
an efficient Legislator in a Territorial As
sembly. He said that much more was
required of a Territorial Legislator than
from one who simply represented in part
a state government, and closed by saying
that "none of your velvet mouthed gentry
would answer. He must be a man whose
mouth is hard enough to chaw gravel, his
stomach strong enough to digest a brick
bat, and who ran stand his hand at fisti
cuffs whenever occasion shall require."
SHEPHERD LEFFLER, Esq. thought we
as a
„the wheel houses had been knocked off by was necessary, he should be in favor of' fnnml »y letters
some accident, and from the fact of his the adoption of a judicious system of In-1 I
canals, although whenever it tence ... „iaui8U11
whlle he
22T Z «*»... of having failed to this appar
(ieath by the wheel.
of Illinois in thesei
rC WCro lhree Vlews
might be taken of this subject:—It might
be left to the decision of a majority of the
voters—or the Legislature might appoint
commissioners—or a vote might be taken
for all the points, and the two highest
again be voted for, and whichever of these
two had the majority, that should be the
county seat. He was favorable to the
first and the last method, but thought their
own delegation would be as capable of
making the location as any commission
ers the Legislature might appoint. He
also declared himself friendly to Educa
tion, and would memorialize Congress to
endow a University and a Manual Labor
School, by donating land, the interest of
the money obtained from the sales there
of being sufficient to establish these insti
tutions on a permanent basis. He thought
there was much less unanimity in regard
to the location of the seat of government
than had been represented—and express
ed his opposition to the location in John
son county and the disposition made of
the bill locating the Penitentiary at Fort
Major TEMPLE spoke at large in regard
to the embarrassment which was felt by
all, in not having the laws printed accord
ing to contract. He thought the Territo
ry was too young to adopt a system of
Internal Improvement, but when we were
ripe for it he should do all in his power
to promote a judicious system. He was
in favor of Education and justly thought
it was the right of every child to have
provision made for him to receive at least
a Common School education. He spoke
in opposition to the location of the seat of
government in Johnson County—and was
willing to leave the question of county
seat with the People.
Mr NEwnALL said, in order to leave
time for other speakers he should make
but few remarks. He also was in favor
of Education. He wished to leave the
question of the location of the County
Seat to a direct vote of the People and
was willing to adopt such measures on
all subjects as would be best calculated to
promote the welfare of the People.
Mr COCK thought it was unnecessary
for him to express his views in relation
to the seat of Government, as so much
had a^ady been said on that subject.
He was also willing to leave the question
of county Seat to a direct vote of the Peo
ple. He gave some reasons why the
public buildings had not been erected in
this place it appearing that two of the
County Commissioners were opposed to
the measure. He was in favor of Educa
tion and thought that some approved
school system should be adopted—that
Congress should give the people of this
Territory the entire control of the 16th.
sections—and that our Legislature should
take the noble stand recently adopted by
Michigan. Mr. C. like wise,, expressed
himself in favor of a judicious system of
internal improvements.
Mr HAWKINS was addressing the au?
dience when we were obliged to leave
the House. Mr H., we understand, has
been a resident in the Territory about ten
months. He was a member of the Le
gislature of Ohio with Gov. Lucas, and
has also served the people of Indiana
three years in the Legislature of that
But one other candidate addressed the
people after Mr Hawkins closed his re
marks. The audience by this time, hav
ing fallen away more than one half.
The little interest manifested as yet, in
regard to the election, renders it extreme
ly doubtful who ihe successful "five"
will be, although some confident calcu
lations are made on two or three. Those
country candidates who came out openly
and stated that it was the true policy for
the county to do all it could in making
Burlington a city of some note, deserve
the unanimous suffrages of the voters of
this city. This is the true doctrine.
We learn that an official notice has
reached the Governor informing him that
the officers of the State of Missouri have
commenced assessing the citizens of Van
Buren county, over which, until now, the
jurisdiction of Wisconsin or Iowa has ne
ver been officially questioned. We trust
that such measures will be adopted by
Governor Lucas as will lead the authori
ties of Missouri to stop all further pro
ceeding's in the case, until the parties ob
tain a further hearing in Congress. In
the mean time our Delegate should fur
nish himself with all the information that
can be obtained, in order to avert, as
speedily as possible, any belligerent overt
act by either party.
A man by the name of N. T. Dun
combe, recently put a period to his exis
i.n Madison, W. T. By letters
„„i,i v.* uaimg liiucu iu mis appar-
app6ared that hlS
«r°uld not live with him —the let-
sh ow that lie had made many efforts
produce a reconciliation, and in con-
whi=1' ently most ardent wish, he cot his throat.
ANS KILLED.—We learn from Gov.
LUCAS and another gentleman, who came
passengers on the lone last evening,"that
two hundred and twenty Indians were
killed in the upper country about the 1st
inst. The facts as they were related by
a young gentlemau, who was at the Trea
ty are :is follows —The Sioux had invi
ted the Chippewas to meet them at St.
Peters for the purpose of making a treaty
of everlasting friendship. The Chippe
was assembled accordingly—the pipe of
peace was smoked—and they parted ap
parently good friends. A large party of
the Chippewas was encamped at the
falls of St. Anthony and a smaller party
encamped on the St Croix on their way
home, without the least suspicion of
treachery on the part of the Sioux. While
they were thus peaceably encamped, they
were surprised by the Sioux, who com
menced their butchery. They immedi
ately rallied, but before the battle termina
ted the Chippewas lost one hundred and
fifty at the Falls and twenty on the St.
Croix. The number of Sioux killed on
the occasion amounted to about fifty. We
do not much wonder at the hostility that
has been exhibited by the Sauks and Fox-
es against the Sioux, if this latter tribe has
always been as treacherous as they were
on the above occasion.
There has been much anxiety manifes
ted of late among the farmers of this Ter
ritory in relation to the time of the next
Land Sales. In order to satisfy this high
ly respectable class of our community on
this point, Mr VAN ANTWERP, the receiv
er at this place, wrote to his friend, Mr
WHITCOMB, of the Land Office Depart
ment at Washington, and succeeded in
obtaining the information that about forty
additional Townships will be brought
into market the succeeding Fall. The
communication thus received did not spe
cify the particular townships that are to
be sold—neither will it be known until
the President's Proclamation is publish
ed, which may be expected in a short
time. It will be a source of gratification
to the farmers doubtless, to be apprized
of the fact that these lands are to be in
Market at that time, as hitherto all has
been uncertainty on the subject, but that
they will all be gratified at the fact itself
is quite a different thing. There is, no
doubt, a majority in this Land District
who are prepared to pay for their land
whenever it may come into market but
there is also a large portion who have not
so far settled their affairs, and made their
arrangements as to be able to do this—
these latter are among those who have but
recently sold out in other places and have
just immigrated to this Territory, or are
otherwise embarrassed. The number of
townships proposed to be put up for sale
in this Land District alone, amounts to
one million one hundred and fifty-two
thousand dollars allowing that not more
that one half of the land is claimed, the
sum required to enter it we fear is much
larger than will be in the possession of
the settlers by October or November, al
though we shall be very glad to learn
that our fears are groundless.
There are some evils which we can
easily conceive may grow out of the pol
icy of bringing so much of the land into
the market at once —and if these had no
existence, we should rejoice to see all in
the Territory subject to entry tomorrow.
The first is the opportunity it affords
speculators, whose interest is only selfish
and not at all beneficial, to enter large
tracts of the best land, without the least
expectation of ever cultivating it them
selves. The second evil is that it indu
ces this same class of individuals, "who
make haste to become rich," to bring
large sums of money to the sales for
which they frequently charge as high as
fifty per cent., taking as security a mort
gage on the land thus purchased, with the
confident expectation, that the best of
these farms will one day be their own, on
account of the impossibility they them
selves have created of rendering it practi
cable for the purchasers to meet their
payments. The third and last evil which
we shall now mention is, that notwith
standing the terms on which alone they
can obtain money to enter their land which
they have been improving, are extremely
hard and oppressive and worthy only of
these modern Shylocks, our farmers feel
compelled, rather than lose their all, to
accede to them. In this way the spirits
of many begin to droop, and their efforts
at making substantial improvements are
to a great extent paralized, with the fear
that after all they may not be able to meet
their engagements and that they are ex
pending their strength and energies sole
ly to benefit those who feel no real inter
est in them or the country, apart from
their own selfifeh aggrandizement. We
thank these evils might in a great meas
ure be obviated by bringing in small jor-
at a time as it would give an oppor
tunity to those farmers whose lands are
not iu market and who have the means,
to loan money at a mere nominal rate of
interest to their brother farmers. This
was clone to a very considerable extent at
the last land sales, and it would continue
to be practised, especially if the late ju
dicious plan of skipping townships is ob
served by^he Government.
The approaching election for Delegate
to Congress from Wisconsin seems to be
the engrossing topic of discussion in the
papers of that Territory. The candidates
now are Messrs. Burnett, Kilbourn and
Doty. If what the Mineral Point Free
Press says of Doty can be substantiated,
whatever may be his politics, he can
have no legitimate claim to {he suffrages
of the People.
The 4th was celebrated at the propo
sed new seat of Government, Iowa city,
by about three hundred ladies and gentle
men. Where they all came from, the ac
count we have seen of the celebration
does not state. We believe there are, as
yet, no residents in that city. Col. Cox,
ofDu Buque, presided, and Gen. Frierson
of Muscatine, delivered the Oration.
From a 8talement of
,he proceedings, and
the well known character of some of the
leaders, we infer that they must have had
pretty much of a jollification. The din
ner was served on the "Capitol square."
Great preparations are being made for
a Wolf Hunt on the Prairie, North of
Flint and west of Casey Prairie, on the
first of August next. The Candidates
are invited to attend.
Gen. SCOTT was at Fort Winnebago,
in the Western Pine region, about the
12th inst. A few weeks ago he was in
the Pine regions of Maine.
We know of no better way of effecting
the recommended change in the name of
this town, than by quoting the language
of our friend, the Editor of the "Boston
Mercantile Journal," than whom there is
not a better editor in that ancient city
It is as follows:—
BURLINGTON, IOWA. We find in the
first number of the Iowa Patriot, the fol
lowing interesting description of Burling
ton, the capital of Iowa Territory. We
wish the original settlers had selected a
better name. Not that the name in itself
is objectionable—but there is a great want
of originality about it. There being al
ready a Burlington in almost every State
in the Union. We hope that our friend,
the editor of the Patriot, will look after
this matter, and use all his influence with
the powers that be, to change the name
of the capital into something less hack
nied. High-sounding Indian names, in
abundance, are at their service—and if
they can find no better, let them call it
Ketallocomminee, or Nemokindargusque,
or Graghlingkanagoldeca anything
provided it is original.
[[Here follows our description of Bur
[Written for the Patriot.]
BURLINGTON, IO. July, 1839.
If you should have turned your thoughts
toward migrating here, or if you have
only a general interest from your curiosi
ty for geographical information, you will
equally desire to have some account of
the towns and cities of this territory.
About three years ago the U. S. gov
ernment directed that four towns be sur
veyed and laid off in our limits allowing
preemptions to certain residents in the
purchase of lots. These towns were
Fort Madison, Burlington, Dubuque and
Peru on the Mississippi, two at the south
and two at the north part of the territory.
Fort Madison was first occupied by gov
ernment as a military station in 1808,
having been selected as such by Gen.
Pike a few years previous. This post
was then far in advance of the white set
tlements. The garrison being reduced to
extremity abandoned the fort which had
been built, and set fire to the buildings in
1813. The town was laid off in 1835
and lots sold the succeeding year. It
now contains about 500 inhabitants. It
is the seat of justice for Lee county, and
is about 25 miles above the confluence
of Des Moines and Mississippi rivers. It
has a good position for a flourishing town
being the river depot for the most popu
lous part of the territory next to that be
hind Burlington. The lower street is
25 feet above high water mark and the
town has a gradual rise thence to the
bluff. It is handsomely laid out in wide
and regular streets, the only objection to
its plan being the same which belongs to
all towns, so laid out, that is, its rectan
gular and mathematical regularity.
Burlington, the shire town of Des
Moines County, and temporary capital of
the territory, has a city government,
which however is not, so far as I can see,
any distinction in this country except in
name the corporate towns having uni
formly city powers. The town govern
ment ordains its laws, lays taxes and lyith
a few exceptions appoints officers.
republican community which in other
parts exists as a corporation under the
name of town, is not known here. This
city is situated on the Flint hills so called
a series of nearly perpendicular ledges
for the most part rising at once on the
river bank to a height of more than ahun.
dred feet/ At the spot where the city
stands the river bank' forms nearly
Crescent and the bluffs retire 500 or 600
feet from the river, and then rise with a
somewhat gradual yet steep ascent be
hind a high and dry bottom on which the
lower streets are laid out. The plan
this town is the same as Fort Madison
It extends a mile and a half on the rive*
and of a mile back from it. Its face j8
cut up with several ravines some wet
others dry, according to the general.char.
acter of this country, which is a pays des
Gaves. It is supposed now to contain
about 1600 inhabitants, having had 1200
at the taking of the census in June 183&
It is* the largest town in the territory ei.
cept Dubuque, and perhaps exceeds that
It has one large church well built of
brick for the Methodists. The private
residences with few exceptions are at
present small, incommodious and unsuit
ed to the climate: as you would expect in
a country acquired but six years from the
Indians, and among a people accustomed
to live in denial of the luxuries and con
veniences afforded by commodious and
well built dwellings. It is a town of
much business being the port for De»
Moines, Henry, Jefferson and part of Van
Buren counties, comprehending a popu.
lation of nearly 15000. It has three
large brick stores of 3 stories each beside
one other store and four dwellings of the
same material and some dozen or more
other stores and shops. Two newspa
pers are printed here weekly.
Dubuque contains the largest popula
tion of any town in the territory except
Burlington having as is supposed about
1500 inhabitants. It is seated in the lead
mining region and is from that circum
stance a place of great business. In the
year 1837 the steamboat arrivals and de
partures to and from this place were 717,
Large quantities of lead in pigs are taken
in here and carried down the river by the
boats. This town is in the lat. of the
north line of Illinois, which is the lat. of
Boston. The only bank in the territory
is in this place and a newspaper is print
ed here weekly.
Peru the last of the government towns
is situated about six or eight miles above
Dubuque, on the little Maquoquetois ri
ver. It contains 500 or 600 inhabitant}.
There are several points on the river
which are called towns some of them
mere paper, and others at best Delphic
cities. Bloomington about 60 miles above
this, and Rockingham and Davenport sit
uated near together 25 and 30 miles far
ther up, the Chang and Eng, adjoining
townships, but with a rivalry greater than
their fraternal affection, will each in some
future time probably be towns of some
importance. In fact Davenport must now
be so considered. It is a very thriving
and handsome village seated at the foot of
the Upper Rapids on a very advantageous
site and with a very beautiful surround
ing scenery. A weekly newspaper is
printed here. Parkhurst, Charleston, Ca*
manche, Bellevue, &c. are on the river.
There are also several inland towns,
so to speak, especially in the southern
portion of the territory.
tonsport, Farmington and Rochester or
Des Moines River Augusta, Mount Pleas
ant, Baltimore on Checagua, Wapello on
Iowa, Moscow on Cedar. Keosauqiwis
a new town, important for its situation,
and for being the shire of Van Buren.—
Augusta is a pleasant village of some 30
or 40 houses. West Point, a small and
pretty hamlet, on the prairie. MODS'
Pleasant is also one of the most thriving
and promising interior towns and shire of
Henry. i,
The old site of Fort Des Moines at the)
head of the lower rapids has a few fa®1' 1
lies who occupy the old barracks and of-1
ficers quarters, and have called their ex*
military position Montrose.
The place for the future seat of g°T"
ernment has been selected on Iowa rifl*
is at present without a house or inhato'
tant, being an unsurveyed section of
situated on the north bai)k of the
80 miles from its mouth. It is repress21"
ed as a very beautiful site for atowa'*^
The river is here 80 yards wide and
sufficient depth for keel boats. Whethfr
it may be navigated by steam boats
the Cedar branch to this place is
known. It is supposed that it
The town plot covers two natural leTC
benches rising one behind another
the terraces of a garden the first being
little elevated above high water mark3'
the river bank, and the
twelve ifeet above the first
an ea-'J
ascent. From this bench there is a'
inclination for half a mile to the
part of the section which is ele»3,f"

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