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By JAMES G. EDWARDS.
U PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY IN THE UPPER STORY OF THII BUILD ING AT THti year, CORNER OF 1Washington and. Water Streets, %0RUNGTQN. DES MOINES COUNTY, IOWA, TERMS: %, O W A PATRIOT will be IV ADVANCE. published •dicea WEEK AT THREE DOLLARS per 'inVEftTISEMENT!S will bo inserted at rate ol one dollar per square, for the first and fifty ccnts for each subsequent insertion. A liberal deduction will be made to all those who advertise by the year. The editor of the Boston Mercantile journal was formerly for several years a sea captain. Having laid aside his speak ing trumpet and cumbersome pea jacket, he is now enabled to discourse more at large and to better purpose through the columns of his excellent Journal. He has done much in elevating and adding 'dignity to the professional character of his sea faring brethren, by occasionally no ticing their most noble and praiseworthy traits. His powers of observation and description, connected with a good memo ry, enable him to depict scenes which •were enacted under his own eye, with a truthful vividness. We copy a few inter esting extracts from his "Salt Water Bub bles," which are in the course of publi cation in the Journal, as anonymous com munications SALT WATER BUBBLES. BT HAWSER MAKTINCALE. ANECDOTES OF DUELLING. Duelling is a custom which origin ated in an age when men were bar barians—when physical courage was esteemed first in the rank of the vir tues, and indeed was often regarded as more than compensating lor the presence of the most disgraceful vi ces. But Duelling is no test ical courage—indeed, and tions, where they feel compelled to 'Sht, and then bear themselves brave and at other times are induced to fesort to stratagem to extricate them- es lng trom a scrape—and avoid set- their lives on a cast, merely to rna'Ion:mt ina ^oc' feelings of a bul- We are sorry to say it is rare, ®ry rare to meet with a man, either sea or on shore, who has the mor ,LC?uraoe to say he dares not offend an(*ot aiin men by meet- o nis leilow man in mortal combat. THE MARBLEHEADMAN AND THE ENGLISHMAN. Intelligent and highly respec tenH master'belonging ant/n^3"8 onc.e to Marble- l-^aced in an unpleas- •cd hii'6ri?fia'^lX)m w'hich tv 1? in thp ISuresSS vL^lher he extricat- true Yankee ingenuU was moored in a port •the West Indies—when an Eng ifeW tarter, the C.® one nf th* ,roPPed Ms anchor foul Cl le,nI,en '-inove "e!p ™b]e8 of the I ,H?was h!»l^ »nd s aichor, and 0Sra? the. ttuch w°u'd a JJcho?. of otherwise receive briiii r~nl" .e t«l ,l °. rough boister- ^aPtain, halt intoxicat- Sistin„ nJH"?' d?cli»i'ed with a dis- at Th b" would not get his wind soon after shifted—and the vessels came along-side of each other—when the American justly in dignant at the culpable obstinacy of the Englishman, peremptorily told him that if he did not immediately weigh his anchor and warp off, lie would cut his cable! John Bull in a pithy reply, inter larded with many choice figures of speech, defied him to cut his cable.— Upon -which the mate, a tall, raw-bon ed Jonathan, seized the cook's axe, and receiving a wink from the Cap tain, with a few hearty strokes fairly chopped it off! The vessel drifted a short distance, when another anchor was let go, which brought her up— but imprecations of a horrid charac ter were showered down on the heads of the offending Jonathans—of which, of course, no notice was taken. But the next day our American received and invitation, couched in the follow ing polite language, and ornamented with expletives which we will not co py= SIR—I have the honor to tell you that last night you cut my cable with out any provocation—which is an in sult I will bear from no man. I am a man of honor—and am told that it is the custom of the place to settle all quarrels with pistols. Therefore I ex pect you will meet me on the Point opposite the harbor, this evening at ,six o'clock, precisely, and apologize for your unuentlemanlv conduct or settle the a flair with pistols. I must have satisfaction, I am, sir, &c. Tha an arrant cow ard has been known to conduct with firmness in '"an affair of hon6r," when stimulated with a thirst for honor, or bya/cofiol. It is still less a proof of moral courage—for the man of firm independent mind, who follows the dict^s of his conscience, regard less of the opinions of his leilow men —who is determined to do what is light, will never fight a duel. He will refuse a challenge with a smile of de rision and contempt. The folly and ibe wickedness of duelling are univer sally admitted—and all wise lawgiv ers have framed severe enactments against this reprehensible custom. All admit that the practice should be ban ished from civilized communities, as it is attended with many evils, which deeply ailect the inteiesis of society —yet the custom of duelling still re mams among Christian nations—and is cherished by "men of honor!" As a genera! rule, sailors in the mer chant service are not duellists—yet the masters anil supercargoes of our ships claim to be gentlemen—and have their claims allowed. They mix with men in various countries and climes—and we presume that their personal courage, as a class, is un doubted—bat we seldom hear of a case in which an American shipmas ter or supercargo sanctions and en courages the savage custom of fight 'ngduels.—This is highly honorable to that large and respectable body of fellow citizens. It is true that l!ley are sometimes placed in situ a* TIMOTHY TAURUS. Ame of phys ricari,- oi c6iirs3£, took no notice of this elegant epistle. A few days afterwards, he met the English man in a public, place, who, in the pre sence of many merchants of the town and sundry captains and supercar goes, of various nations, addressed him in a loud voice, which attracted gene ral attention, as follows: 'Sir, I ask you before these gentle men, why you have declined accept ing my challenge? You grossly insult ed me—and then refuse to give me the satisfaction which I had a right to expect. I now wish to know, sir, if it. is your intention to meet me like a man of honor, and exchange shots— or must I proclaim you a coward?' "Sir," replied the American, who was every inch a gentleman, and who had often manifested a spirit prone to resent the appearance of insult, "I have reason to believe that my char acter is well and favorably known in this p'ace. I claim to be considered a gentleman, and will never lose that distinction by fighting a coarse and vulgar blackguard—to which appella tion your appearance and conduct convince me you have an undoubted right. But, sir, if you will bring me a document signed by three respecta ble merchants in this place, certifying that I have altogether mistaken your character—and that you are entitled to all the rights of a gentleman and a man of honor, I will retract what I have said, and cheerfully consent to do my best to put a bullet through your head. In the meantime," add ed he sternly, "let me not be again troubled with your impertinence." The Englishman, who expected a different result, finding that the cur rent was setting strongly against him, turned on his heel, muttering as he went off,"Certificate?Certificate that I am a gentleman? No—I wont gra tify the fellow so much as to bring him a certificate?" DUEL BETWEEN THE FRENCHMAN AND THE YANKEE. We can hardly conceive of a char acter more abhorrent to the feelings of a man whose mind has been dis ciplined to virtue, than that of a pro fessed or habitual duellist. He must be placed on a par with the midnight murderer, or the sneaking assassin— for his mind must be corrupt, and his moral principles depraved. To shed blood is his delight—and, expert with the weapons used by "men of honor," he does it with but little risk to him self—and without danger of being called to account for violating the law of God and man, which says with tremendous emphasis, "THOU SHALT ro NO MURDER." It is sometimes the case, however, that a duellist insults or challenges to the field, a person who is as cool and collected as him self on these occasions—and equally skilful in the use of arms, and to his great confusion, and oftentimes sor row, the result of the meeting is alto gether different from what was ex pected. A number of years since, the Ame rican ship Lawgiver was lying in the harbor of Marseilles. The name of the chief mate was Moses Dickenson —he was a neat built, and trim-look ing Yankee, born in a village on the borders of Massachusetts bay. One evening he resolved to indulge his fan cy attending the theatre—and as id-luck would have it, he entered a -ox, in which a fierce-looking, musta chioed and whiskered French officer was seated by the side of a blooming Demoiselle. It was evident from the appearance of the French officer, from the curl of his lip, and from the scowl which gathered on his visage, that he regar ded the entrance of Mr. Dickinson as an intrusion—and was determined to ose no time in picking a quarrel with him. He saw that Mr. D. was a for eigner, and while the Yankee sailor was gazing with interest on the charms of the beautiful woman before him, who had attractions of far great er power than the unmeaning ballet which was performing, tiie French of ficer, (D' Lorme,) with a ferocious look, and in broken English, insolent ly accosted him with—"I demand why you have de impudence to look so long upon that lady!" "Because," coolly answered Mr. Dickenson, "she is pretty—and I al ways love to look upon a pretty wo man." "But Sare, I shall not let you look upon that lady, Sare. For that lady I have a regard mooch—and I will not let her be insulted by any man, while I have the honor to protect her. If you please, sare, you shall go out of this box, very quick." "Dont put yourself into a passion," replied Dickenson, with great cool ness, "I shall stay where I am. 1 had had no intention of insulting the lady —and if my eyes expressed too plain ly the admiration which I felt while gazing on her beautiful features^ will humbly ask her pardon." "Certainment, Monsieur—that is all right. And you shall ask mv pardon too." "Never!" said Dickenson—"I will ask the lady's pardon, right or wrong if she wishes it. There never can be any dishonor in humbling ones self to a lovely woman, but my politeness will carry me no further." "You are one great brute—oui, a cochon—and if you will so far do me de honor to step into de lobby, I will pull your nez, that is your snout, Sare, until it will look like one grand mor ceau of de India rubber." "With pleasure, Monsieur," respon ded Mr. Dickenson, bowing with much politeness—"I shall be most hap py to oblige you." Thus saying he lightly stepped in to the lobby, followed by the French man, whose mustachios seemed to curl with anger and revenge. As soon as they reached the lobby Mon sieur D' Lorme sought to grasp the proboscis, and a noble one it was too, of the too susceptible Yankee—but he did not succeed quite so easily as he expected. Ere his attenuated di gits could close upon the grisly cx cresence, he received a sturdy kick, which knocked him off his balance and threw him on his beam ends without further ceremony! He arose in a tremendous fury, drew his sword, and if the by-stan"d ers, and a brace of gens d'armes had not interposed, would have attempt ed to sacrifice Mr. Dickenson on the spot. He absolutely foamed with rage, and performed various antics, which showed that he was a complete master of attitude and gesture, as well as of grimace—and was only pacified by the solemn promise of brother Jon athan, that he would meet him early the next morning on a beach north of the city, and give him honorable sa tisfaction with the small sword. "Good night., Sare," said Monsieur D' Lorme. "Tomorrow morning I will have the pleasure to prick one lit tle hole right through the middle of this Yankee Doodle, and teach liim better than to strike one gentlehoine so hard with his big foot." Some gentlemen wViO.were witness to the scene enacted in the lobby, as sured Mr. Dickenson that he ought not to mei the French officer, who was a gamester and a notorious duel ist—a quarrelsome fellow, who prid ed himself on his skill with the small sword, and had already killed his an tagonists in three several engage ments, by running t.hem through the body. But Mr. Dickenson, who had all the courage of a Yankee with less caution than is often found among his countrymen, cut the matter short by stating that he had pledged himself to meet Captain D' Lorme at 7 o'clock the next morning, and no anticipa tions of unpleasant consequences to himself would induce him to break his word. Mr. Dickenson was fortunate in procuring a French gentleman to act as his second on the occasion, and who, on finding that Dickenson had never grasped a small sword in his life, gave him a few lessons, and ad? vised him not to prolong the combat PRINCIPLIES.....,..5FOT MEN. BURLINGTON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 22, 1839. but to finish it "before his antagonist would be able to find out that he was not "cunning in fence." The parties met—the ground was selected—the swords were measured, and put into the hands of the princi pals, who after bowing politely to each other, in their stocking feet and shirt sleeves, commenced the engage ment the Frenchman eyeing his an tagonist with a savage look, as if he anticipated an easy and a bloody re venge. Captain D'Lorme made a false thrust, for the purpose of learning something ol the skill of his opponent, which Mr. Dickenson parried with ease—then quick as lightning sprang forward until he got within the point of his adversary's weapon, which he grasped with his left hand—and shor tening his own sword with his right, at the same moment, he thrust it deep into the body of the vindictive French man—who, uttering a loud groan, stag gered back a few paces, and fell at the feet ot his less skilful antagonist. D'Lorme's wound was examined on the spot, by a professional gentleman who was present, and declared to be mortal. He was borne off to his lodgings in the city, where he expir ed in a few hours, execrating the Yankees with his latest breath. Mr. Dickenson was congratulated on his success, not only in escaping from the sword of the formidable du ellist, but in having been so lucky as to rid the world of a wicked and dan gerous man. But being a man of fine feelings, lie could not easily hush the upbraidings of his conscience. He had killed a fellow being—and the up turned eye and features distorted with agony, of the dying Frenchman haun ted his vision for many a long and dreary night afterwards. He made a solemn vow that be would never again place himself in a situation to take the life of a fellow creature in a duel—and he kept his word. STONE WARE FOR DAIRY PURPOSES. —Few of our farmers are aware of all the advantages of using stone ware in the management of the dairy. It being made of peculiar kinds of clav, which by the action of a power erful heat is converted into stone, should be sufficient to recommend it to every one who has the care of milk. It is well known that the common brown earthen ware so much in use is glazed with lead, which will corrode when acted on by an acid, and as cream is very liable to become sour in warm weather, the oxygen that it imbibes from the atmosphere which makes it sour, must, in some degree act upon the lead of the glazed pot and form the oxide of lead, \nd ren der it not only disagreeable to the taste, but very unwholesome. The stone pot being entirely free from all substances of this kind, and in a high degree a non-conductor, keeps the cream cool and in a pure and sweet state much longer than the glazed pot or a wooden vessel. And for the purpose of packing down but ter the stone pot will preserve every part of it sweet and pure, while the glazed pot or wooden firkin will im art to that portion of the mass which comes in contact with them a disa greeable flavor. For the same rea sons the stone churn for those who have but few cows is far superior to the old fashioned wooden article. No one can properly appreciate the dif ference between stone and earthen ware for these purposes until they have tried them.—Maine Farmerv A PLEA OF NOLO 'CONTENDRE'.—A "native of the Emerald Isle, being brought before a court in Massachu setts for assault and battery, was ask ed if he was guilty or not guilty? "Guilty—be the powers!" exclaim ed he, making demonstration of more than fight 'haint a man a right, in a free country, to knock down any bo dy he pluses,'without being guilty of salt and batthers, I'd ax ye?" The court answering this in the negative, Pat was a little at a loss what to say. He did not like the word guilty, and yet he gloried too much in his character of a boxer, to wish to deny the charge. While he was hesitating what to say, a gentle man of the bar whispered to him to putin a plea of'Nolo ContendreV "Nollengen tender ye?" said the Irishman, who was better acquainted with, the shillalah than with law Lat in, "what's the manin iv that?" "The meaning is that you will not contend with the country," said the lawyer. "Nollengen tender ye!" said the accused, turning to the bench "that is to say, I'll not contend with the whole country but, by the powers!" spitting on his hands "I can whip any thfee tv^ye at the same time!" WATERSPOUT.—We copied a few days ago from a New York paper an account of a waterspout which had been seen on the Hudson river. We learn from the Evening Post that it completely deluged with rain the country between Stockbridge and Hudson. It took place about four o' clock, P. M. and became known to the passengers on the Hudson and Berkshire railroad by the instantane ous appearance of one of the most vi olent showers ever witnessed. In that mountainous region the accumu lated water acquired a very tremen dous impetus which frequently had a very grand effect by creating in a moment, cataracts of various sizes from every peak and cliff, which pour ed their united flood over the plain in every direction. About a quarter of a mile from Ca naan the progress of the cars was im mediately arrested by the avalanche ol sand which was swept with resist less force across the track, fairly im bedding the engine, and obliterating all appearance of a railroad. It was some hours after the stoppage before sufficient force could be mustered to dig out the engine and clear the track, so as to enable the passengers to reach the village. Much damage was done in the neighborhood by this remarka ble visitation which disappeared as suddenly as it came. The bridge at Canaan was much damaged, and was only saved by a barn, which though always high and dry before, was swept away, and in large fragments was floated against the bridge, and formed with an angle of the road a sort of buttress, which strengthened the structures sufficient ly to resist the flood. The water swept over it, and around it, destroying the neighboring gardens and fields, and carrying off the fences that Jay in its course. The rail road was extensive ly injured, the bridge and a large por tion of the track having been swept away below Canaan, and the track having been either destroyed or ex tensively injured in exposed situations along the whole range of the storm. —Bait. Amer. THE ADMINISTRATION AND THE MER CHANTS.—In the course of an article, professed object of which was to the show that the administration was fa voraoly disposed, or at least not hos tile to the merchants, the Globe, its official organ, gives the subjoined sketch of the profession of a merchant. It is quite flattering, and must show very clearly the friendly feeling of Van Burenism towards the mercan tile interests of the country. Speak ing of the merchant, the Globe says: "His wealth is imaginary, and no where. He conlracts'debts, and cal culates on miracles to pay them. He trusts every body, and every body trusts him, while the ball can be kept up and when it falls to the ground, they all roll away and perish togeth er. The idea of owing more than he can ever reasonably expect to pay, does not rob him of a wink of sleep, or disturb his repose for a moment.— 'Eat, drink and be merry, for to-mor we die,' is his maxim he lives as if the world were at his command he despises the sordid maxim of cutting his coat according to his cloth, for the cloth belongs to others ne goes the way of all flesh. «nd when his books are examined by the assignees, it is found that though he has lived like a Prince, and spent his hundreds of thousands, he never was worth a far thing when his debts were paid." FRANK: ACKNOWLEDGEMENT.—The late Mr Justice a well-mean ing, but particularly prosing judge, on one of his country circuits, had to try a man for stealing a quantity of copper. In his charge he had fre quent occasion to mention 'the co'p per which he uniformly called 'le^d^ adding, "I beg your pardon, ge.ntl(v men, copper but I carCt get tf\e Uid out of my head.'''' The whol^. cowjet shouted with laughter. OHIO RIVER.—The Pittsburgh-Ad vocate of the 31st says:—"L&si night we had by far the heaviest rain that we have had this season. Wood street* at this office, had the appearance of a river. We apprehend that consid erable damage has been done. At this time (10 o'clock) it is still pouring down in torrents." The same paper adds:—"There have been heavy rains at the head of the Monongahela within a few days, as that river was considerably swollen yesterday. There was then nearly 7 feet water in the channel of the Ohio below town, and cf course plen ty for boats of almost any class. A NEW MEDICINE.—Betty,, your mistress is sick get her, a hot brick." Yesj itna'am must I boil itf VOL. I.......No. 12. SUMMARY. THE HOWARD OF THE AGE.-—A Bos ton letter writer states that John Low ell, ol that city, died in some remote part of Asia, while on his travels, and left half of his estate, amounting to $250,000, to the support of free lec tures to the people of Boston. The first course is to be given next winter, and Mr Silliman, of New Haven, and Drs. Palfrey and Walker of Cam bridge, are engaged for the season. The recent hail storm in the coun ties west of Rochester, N. Y., is said to have destroyed one thousaed bush els of wheat valued at $20,000. Sixty sheep, struck by lightning, were found dead on the farm of Mr. Hornbeck, at Liberty ville, Ulster Co., N. Y., a few days since. Several sheep were also killed at Greenfield, Mass. Mr Timothy Conklin, a soldier of the revolution, died suddely of apo plexy while participating in the cele bration of the Fourth of July at Milan, Ohio. He was at the age of 96, and* had walked the distance of three miles the same morning. The railing of a new bridge at Pro vidence has been covered with sheet iron, by the corporation, to prevent it from being cut up by the penknives of the whittling Yankees. This is a bold innovation on the rights of the universal Yankee nation, and the Jour nal doubts if it will be tolerated. The editor of the Harrisburgh, Pa. Chronicle, says "That he has count ed the accidents in which lives were lost or injuries were done to persons by the use of powder on the 4th inst., and that up to this time the account is forty-seven killed and nineteen maim ed, a majority of them for life. Can not there be found some less noisy and unsafe, but more rational mode of manifesting our patriotism than by burning gunpowder? Mr Lyman Bruce was lately killed in Boston by the explosion of a mead fountain, into which he was pumping gas. Have you any hose?" said a gen tleman, to a counter boy* the other day. No, Sir,' replied the boy*4our hces are all out, but we have some excellent spades." The first railroad ever built in this country was the Quincy railroad, in Massachusetts, a little more than a mile in length, and leading from a granite quarry. The second was the Lehigh and Maunc Chunk railroad in Pennsylvania, thirteen miles long, leading to the coal mines. THE LAST.—The Cleveland Her ald says:—"About one hundred Otto was of the Maumee, the last of the tribe remaining on this side of the Mississippi, arrived here in the steam er Com. Perry, on their way to the far west. We believe these are the last of the race in the state, except the Wyandots, in Crawford Coun ty." A GOOD REFERENCE.—A person down east applied for credit for goods, and referred for character to the ed itor of the paper in his village, who wrote word that he always paid for his paper punctually. This was deen** ed sufficient, and he obtained the gocd^. We have several country subscribers.. whom we would take a pleasure- in being able to recommend wv the same wa}\—Mo. Rep. Among the r,assengers. by the, Queen are Mr IVVudge and.Mf Ffcath erstonhaugh, dppotV,te.cii by the En glish government to make a new sur vey of the Boundary Line between Maine arad 3M*. Brunswick. The ^ank of Illinois, Shawnee town, have fjet^rmined to locate a branch tKeir Migtitution at Galena, 111. Ar ™t\g$!S®ents will be made for immedi- a\ei£ 5Jfcnes carrying the branch into opera* Dr.. B. T. Archer of 'Brazoria hi ,been: appointed Commissioner, B. Surveyor, and Hamilton Bee Clerk, on the part of Texas, to act •with the U. S. Commissioner in fixing the boundarv line between the United States and l^exas. The Commission ers were to assemble in New York on the 7 th instant. The Globe officially announces th© appointment of Mr. Selden, as U. S. Treasurer. GEN. SEMPLE, of Alton III., late U, S- Charge de Affairs to New Granada, has returned home, for what cause we have not heard. FROM HALIFAX.—The four Ameri can fishing vessels which were sent into Halifax a short time since, have been tried. Two were liberated, arid two, the Hyder Ali, arid Battelle, were condemned arid ordered to be sold. ... An ingenious Yankee has inventbd a lahof saving machine to Knead bread. "Arrah!" says -Patrick, if. is naturS enough to nefed readat=ggjy^ vw more machifteg to supply it i V1 -y V