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THE REPUBLIC.
WASHINGTON: !
WEDNI.SDAY MORNING, AUG. 17, 1853. ,
The Iron Interest.
The annexed article from the Philadelphia 1
Inquirer will show the immense demand which J1
the prosperity of the country baa created for Ic
domestic iron. It seems that the call for rail |c
road iron alone will occupy the resources of the ["
II
iron interest: j
"The Iron Trade?The Resoi rce* of Penn(TLVavia.?According
to a calculation in the Pittaburgh
Post, the iron manufacture of this coun- 1
try have a sure demand before thein of $300,000,- ?
U00 of various fabrics to be turned out of their 0
manufactories?a demand that will require all, e
and more than all, their capacity to supply it fast
enough. This may be an extravagant or an exaggerated
statement, but it ia calculated, nevertheless,
to show the increasing importance of the '
iron trade and manufacture, in which Pennsylvania
is so deeply interested. California has her
gold, and Pennsylvania has her iron and coal; 1
and these latter will, in the end, prove as valuable,
and probably more useful, than the former. 4
Our nourishing Commonwealth not only teeuts
with iron, but with all the necessary accom- <
paniments for its manufacture, and to an extent
calculated to bailie all ordinary estimates. (
Nor have we to make long and perilous journeys
by land, or dangerous voyages by sea, to
find the storehouses of this immense treasure.
They are scattered throughout the State, and
the very rails we make afford facilities for carrying
our roads still further into the interior.
The spirit of railroad improvement so enhances
the demand for rails, that in some sense it makes 1
a tariff itself. The iron works cannot be stopped
under existing circumstances, so active is the de- i
mand. Another elfect, too, is to invite companies
from all quarters to locato their establish
rnents in Pennsylvania. Valuable lands which
contain iron ore, and which are in close proximity
to railroads or canals, Bhould be worked at once,
and thus the mineral wealth which has been hidden
for ages should be brought to light, and be
inj.ue avauauic lur uiv uwiuj purpuuca ui uviuza- <
tion. The Montour Works are, we understand, !
overwhelmed with applications for rails. In the i
immediate vicinity are immense beds of iron, coal <
and lime, and these vast treasures should be per- 2
mitted to repose there no longer undisturbed, j
The public at large may be said to have a deep
interest in developing the iron wealth of our noble
old Commonwealth. It is, moreover, passing r
strange that our neighbors of New York, with 1
their activity and zeal, should pass far down 1
into Maryland, and incur a vast expense in t
constructing a canal to carry their coal, when t
in Pennsylvania the best kind of mineral lands j
may be found everywhere skirting our great t
lines of improvement. The time for enterprise ,
has arrived, and the iron ore of Pennsylvania
must be dug up, and indirectly coined into gold.
The necessities of the nation demand the move- '
ment, while the prospect of remuneration, if half <
be true that is stated by the Pittsburgh Post, is <
every way encouraging. England cannot supply
us now in time and at fair rates, neither can our
own mines. Long lines of railroad intercourse
must necessarily be postponed, if our capitalists
do not enter more extensively into this tlrriving
trade. In this connexion we invite attention to
tlio subjoined statement, which exhibits the pro- '
duction of iron in the United Kingdom of Great
Britain during the year 1852:
Furnaces. Estimated. '
l^isiricis. in uiiisi. v^ui. roiai. ions.
Scotland 113 31 144 775,000 .
South Wales 136 27 162 635,000 '
South Wales, Anthracite
12 23 35 31,000
South Staffordshire. 127 32 159 725,000
North Staffordshire. 17 4 21 90,000
North Wales 6 7 13 30,000 1
Shropshire 27 13 40 120,000 i
Durham 18 8 26 110,000
Northumberland... 7 6 13 35,000 '
Yorkshire and Der- <
byshire 35 7 42 150,000
Total 498 158 655 2,701,000 c
We also add, from the New York Journal r
of Commerce, the following statement of the
quantity and value of railroad iron imported at 0
New York since January, 1853, and the corre- r
spondiug months of last year : ?
1852.
Bars. Value.
January 1 to March 31.. .126,792 $457,111
April 1 to June 30 76,569 311,146 t
July 1 to August 13 85,960 366,029 n
289,321 $1,134,286
1853. oi
Bars. Value. "
January 1 to March 31 .. .124,682 $909,943 ?
April 1 to June 30 234,288 1,780,575
July 1 to August 13 74,162 565,461 .
433,132 $3,255,979 t!
289,321 1,134,286 a
tl
143,HH $2,121,693 },
Some idea of the relative prices this year and ^
last may be gathered from the great disproportion ^
between the increase in quantity and the additional
value. During the first quarter of 1852
the average value of the bars received was $3 60; a
while during the same period of the current year 8
the average was $7 29?an increase of over 100 (
*"
So lung as the demand shall exceed the capacity
of our furnaces to supply it, the high
price of foreign iron will operate as a bounty,
and take the place pro tanlo of a protective |
tariff. The iron interests may therefore take
care of themselves very well for sometime to
come. Indeed, railroad interests are perhaps 1
more entitled to our sympathies, since the rate
of freights and fares must depend to a great extent
upon the cost of construction, of which the
Tail is a principal item. They now pay, as has
been seen, an increased price of more than one
hundred per cent. I
With the immense resources which Penn- 1
sylvania alone presents, and the abundant deposits
of ore and coal in Missouri, Maryland, 1
Virginia, and Alabama?indeed of almost every '
State in the Union?and with the immigrant
facilities which now exist, we expect that the
iron interest in Europe will carefully calculate (
the cost of manufacturing and delivering iron
in the United States; and if our cheap lands i
and food, with our facilities of interior trans- I
portatiun, shall surpass the advantages of low
interest and wages, and the manual skill of <
European operatives, we may expect a transfer
of the manufacture to the extent that it may (
be advantageous; for it is certainly much cheaper j
to bring oapital and akill to America, where the ?
jpaterial for its operations exist, than to carrjr to j
England provisions and import the manufactured
irticle for consumption; all of which haa been
long since proven bf theory and experience.
The American system having firmly establishsd
the iron interest, and the demand being confidently
stated at an amount which will em
ploy onr manufacturers, we shell look with
much interest upon the effect produoed by the
sompetition of our interest with that of foreign
oun tries. We have now the obvious benefit
if a powerful interest which we should not
tave had but for the system to which we refer,
tut for that, we should now be solely dependnt
urum Piimna- anil ho tlix dmnanil uvnpads
he capacity of the European manufacturer to
upply, we should have to wait their conve
itenee, and pay whatever they might choose to
ixact, in the mean time.
The American system has organized the
wwerful interest described above, and we ex>ect
it either to drive its competitors out of
.he American market, or oompel them to transer
their capital and skill to the American side
>t the Atlantic. Hurrah for the iron interest!
'In the Midst of Life we are in Death."
Two terrible plagues are ravaging our
country, and spreading death and terror. The
yellow fever and the railroad cut off, unwarned,
day after day, our helpless citizens. The
heartrending details with which the press is
daily charged fill the mind with consternation
Now we read every morning of one hundred,
of two hundred, carried to the grave in New
Orleans; and now the harrowing recital of
railroad "catastrophes," where the terrorstricken
husband sees the mangled corpse of
his beautiful wife, and where the tender and
distracted mother sees at her feet the mutilated
body of her child. If the unhappy people
would fly from the fever in the South to the
North, will they not be killed by the railroad?
Let us not be told of "accidents" always. We
know that accidents will occur with the best
management and with the greatest foresight,
and we are aware they do occur under the most
fitringeot laws and wisest regulations; but who
will say that all these collisions are "accilents?"
We hear but rarely of such things
ibroad, and yet with us the ink is hardly dry
hat records onq terrible catastrophe before
here is news of another. The telegraph anlounces
another, and another, and another, till
he public mind becomes familiar with such
iccurrences, and is apt to look upou them, after
he momentary excitement is over, as "things
?f course." No, they are not all "accidents;"
ind. indeed, but few are. If thev are not cases
>f murder they are of manslaughter under the
nost aggravating circumstances.
We have heard of people dying from the
fear of death, and of others leaping or falling
lown an awful precipice when the brain reeled
at the fearful chasm, and we have seen those
who swooned at the thought of danger; but
who can realize the feelings of passengers in
the cars when that unusual whistle, giving
warning, pierces the ears? It was but the other
day that Mr. Stetson, in such a state of mind,
caused by the panic now so natural to railroad
travellers at every appearance of danger, when
passing Hackensack bridge, threw himself
from the window of the car and was instantly
killed. Every one travels in apprehension,
and the scream of the locomotive inspires more
terror than the yells of the Indian or the roar
of cannon. When the husband leaves his home
on business, the wife looks intently at him with
ii tear in her eye, thinking of Norwalk, and of
the many other tragedies too numerous to re-i
;ount. A voyage at sea or in the air is safe
compared to a journey on the cars.
On Tuesday, the 9th, an "accident" oc:urred
on the New Haven railroad, when one
nan was killed and one fatally injured.
On Tuesday, the 9th?the same <fay?anther
"accident" occurred on the Amboy raiload,
when some thirty persons were smashed,
ome killed, some fatally injured, and others
rounded or had their limbs broken.
On the 11th another "accident" on the Balimore
and Cumberland railroad, when one
oan was killed and two badly hurt.
On the 12th, yet another terrible "accident"
ti the Boston and Worcester railroad, when,
as is estimated," twenty were killed and for
j or more wounded.
How many more "accidents" occurred in
lese three days we have not heard yet. We
re aware that railway authorities, as far as
iiey are able to suppress information and to
nfluence the press, hide the knowledge or exent
of these accidents from public sight. God
Lnows we hear enough, if it were not necessay
that the whole truth should come out, to
itimulate the people and their legislators to
lume action to stop such wholesale destruction
>f human life.
There are grave faults somewhere. Let the
investigations in every case be full and complete,
and let the blama and punishment fall
where it ought. Punish the inferiors when
proved guilty, and make the companies responsible
for their servants. The public must be
protected?must be saved from this fearful
scourge. We bow with resignation to the
ravages of the yellow fever, for we cannot
avert or comprehend the dispensation of Providence;
but in the case of this other plague we
have the remedy in our own hands. Will not
the juries and courts ot law, will not tne Legislatures
of the States, and will not Congress,
is far as it is able, arrest this work of destruction
1 And, above all, will not the people remember,
when even the excitement abates, to
force this matter upon the attention of their
law-makers ?
Mississirri Bonds.?The Jackson Misximppian
says the sum due on the Union Bank bonds en
the 1st of June, 1854, including interest, will
amount to #9,000,000; and on the Plantors' Bank
bonds, due in 1854, interest included, #1,606,000:
which will leave still unpaid, of bonds not yet
iue, #1,912,000.
Strike Amokc thf, Priktf.hs.?The hands in
;he office of the Baltimore *1?i<rican struck on
VTond&y morning in consequence of the non-com?liance
of the proprietors with their demands in
elation to comoeneation while "waiting,11
Telegraphic Clairvoyance.
The telegraph has not oaly realised the phenomenon
of announcing a fact in advance ot
the apparent time when it occurred, but it haa
in some instances anticipated the occurrence 1
itself. The Dubuque Harold informs us, upon
the authority of the wiraa, that "Captain Inqbaham
and others have been dismissed by ,
the President." "The Hon. Andrew Johnsow
(Whig) is elected Governor of Tennessee."
The editor of the Herald informs his rea'iere 1
that " t It la U9G iKa r?r?m manitnr tvKh itartia an
4 near getting the country >nto difficulty with
' Austria lately." Perhaps the editor has
mistaken the barhar-ous order of Mr. Dobbin
to cut off the whiskers of the navy fur an order
of decapitation. The editor also informs us
that the Hon. Andrew Johnson is a "Whig,"
which is consolatory, as otherwise we have
certainly lost Tennessee.
WASHINGTON GOSSIP.
Washington, August 16, 1853.
The rumored interference of the English ministry
with the delicate subject of slavery in the
Spanish Islands of Cuba and Porto Rico, continues
to be the leading topic of conversation in court and
other political circles. The story that there is a
secret treaty between Great Britain and Spain, in
which there is an article or articloe authorizing
England to facilitate the emancipation of those
who are held to involuntary servitude in those
"geins of the gulf," requires confirmation. The
Hon. Wm. L. Marcy, Secretary of State, I feel
no hesitation in saying, has no knowledge of the
existence of any such treaty. Not considering as
refined, not to say classic, the expression "all
gammon," so oflen used by some contributors for
the press, I will forbear employing it; but I
do undertake to say that the archives of the
State Department contain no such treaty as
has been chronicled, though there may be doc(
uinents in the care and keeping of William L.
Marcy and A. Dudley Mann which have a bearing
upon the institution of slavery in Cuba and
Porto Rico," and the desire of the British ministry
inexcusably to interfere with the legal rights of
persons possessing slave property there. This, I
repeat, is an important as well as an extremely
delicate subject, and should be cautiously and judiciously
considered by statesmen. Whenever a
point of great interest was in conversation mentioned
to the great American jurist?the lamented
and beloved Chief Justice Marshall?he was in
the habit of saying, "That's a high point, that's
grave matter, and requires to be profoundly reflected
upon." It would be immodest and presumptuous
on my part to express an opinion as to
the remedy to be resorted to on the pari of the
United States, in the event of the abolition of
slavery in the Spanish islands through the influence
of England.
Fortunately for tho country, the subject will be
committed to wise heads and patriotic hearts?
men profoundly versed in international law and
the comity which should be observed among nations.
Should the alleged designs of England be
consummated, there would undoubtedly be a
burst of indignation in the Southern States; but
the Administration would not act precipitately
and violently, but wisely, cautiously, and patriotically.
Our rulers would not filibuster, nor would
they give instructions to Hon. Pierre Soule,
our Minister to Spain, as some suppose, to inform
tho Spanish government that, in carrying out the
wishes of England in regard to the institution in
question, the United States would consider that
Spain had parted with her right and title to Cuba.
This is indeed a "high point," "a grave matter,"
and the consequences growing out of such a
course might prove truly disastrous, even to
our national escutcheon being tarnished.
In case of a rupture between Spain and the
United States, (which may Heaven in mercy
avert,) Cuba and Porto Rico might, and probably
would, be acquired by the valor of the American
arms. They would be assailed and conquered as
possessions of her Catholic Majesty, the Queen of
Spain; but Mr. Soule will never be instructed to
communicate to the court of Madrid that tho United
States regards Spain as having abdicated her
rights in and to those islands. Never, never.
The President, it is rumored, contemplates
giving some of his Maryland friends shortly
some substantial evidence of his grateful remembrance
of their successful exertions to carry the
Democratic ticket in the last Presidential election.
No foreign appointments have been given to old
Maryland, with the exception of two petty consulates?Turk's
Island and Manheim.
Among the gentlemen spoken of for diplomatic
positions are Levi K. Bowen, of iftltimore coun- ]
ty, and Carroll Spence, of Baltimore city. Mr. ,
Bowen established, and for some time edited with ^
ability, the Jacksonian, now conducted by his \
brother. He is an industrious farmer, a man of
strong intellect, an enthusiastic Democrat, extremely
and deservedly popular with the masses.
During the last campaign he did yeoman's service
in the Democratic causo. His name is mentioned
in connexion with the chargeship at Venezuela.
Mr. Spence is an able, accomplished gentleman,
and of bland and winning address. He
was on the Pierce electoral ticket, and traversed
the State and eloquently harangued the people in
advocacy of Pierce and King. Mr. S. may be
tendered an honorablo position abroad.
William Flinn, esq., of this city, formerly of
Pennsylvania, was an applicant for the office of
Naval Storekeeper recently bestowed upon friend
Frank McNerhany. Mr. Flinn was strongly
urged by James Buchanan, John C. Rives, and
other distinguished men of the party, and at one
time lie supposed his success certain. Buchanan
supported hiin with warmth and earnestness,
and as Secretary Dobbin was the enthusiastic
friend of Mr. Buchanan in the Baltimore Convention,
Flinn thought the Pennsylvania statesman's
1,1 l.? Ii ,?;n l.?
iijuucuw nuuiu w ucvwitu. -*" "?*
lectod that Mr. Dobbin, in making the rallying
speech to the convention to support Pierce, said
in effect: "We have presented a son of the noble
old Keystone State, around whom our affections
had fondly clustered; but wc yield him,
even him, to the will of the convention.'' But
McNerhany played a stronger card in the person
of Hon. Pierre Soulc. The eloquence and entreaties
of tho Louisianian carried the day to the
dismay of Flinn, and the joy of McNerhany.
Ex-Governor McDonald, of Georgia , and Hon.
W. R. W. Cobb, of Alabama, are in tho city. '
D. D. Brigg* has l?een appointed appraiser at
New York, vice Cornelius Savage, removed.
ZEKE.
\
Tho New York Courier and Enquirer of Mon- {
day says that the court of impeachment which
commenced its session at Albany yesterday, is ostensibly
oalled to try Mather, but really for no j
other purpose than to allow the Barnburners full ,
swing at an offending Hunker, j
From the Philadelphia Obierver.
Death of Mrs. Gideon.
Washington, Monday, Aug. 8,1853.
When I paw the announcement a few days
since that our beloved brother Gilbert was no
more, rny heart was deeply Btriefcen, and in spirit
I cried out, "Help, Lord, for the godly man
imasetlr, for the fhithful fail from among the children
of men." Truly, a standard-hearer has
fallen, and we, his brethren, are most solemnly
admonished.
1 then had no thought that I should be called so
soon to mourn the loss of another even more ten
derly beloved, though at that time Mra. Mary
Gideon, wife of our elder, Jacob Gideon, eeq.,
was lying seriously, and, as many thought, dangerously
ill. 1 could not think so; nor was my
confidence shaken until last Thursday evening,
when a change occurred that roused my most painful
upprehenBions. She died at noon on Friday.
She was identified with the Fourth Church,
was one of the little band that organized it in
1828, and always had a large place in the confidence
and affections of all up to the hour of her
departure. We have sustained a loss indeed! The
mourners go about the streets.
Our deceased sister was no common woman.
She possessed those qualities of mind and heart
that pre-eminently fitted her for the first place
among "the women tliat labored with mo in the
Gospel." Her loss will be deeply felt in our
church, widely in our city, and in the regions beyond.
Those young men, candidates for tho ministry,
in Illinois and Iowa, will read this notice
with tearful eye, and that pastor in Illinois, and
that pastor in Wisconsin, and that pastor in Missouri,
will be in sorrow that she who loved them
and labored for them is no more. "Even so, Father,
for so it seemed good in thy sight."
The fkneral services were conducted by Rev.
Messrs. J. N. Danforth, Mason Noble, Byron Sunderland,
and myself. Brothers Danforth and Noble
were my predecessors in this pastorate. The
coses are rare in which all the pastors of a church
are together sympathizing in a common bereavement;
as each in her lifetime enjoyed her respect,
confidence, and affection. Her last words spoken
to me were, "My precious pastor." Blessed,
thrice blessed woman! thy name will be fever an
ointment poured forth!
A large concourse of mourning friends gathered
around Iter coffin. Of these, 1 must make particular
mention of one?the President of the
United States. His new is immediately in front
of Mr. Gideon's. When a Senator he always sat
with Mr. and Mrs. Gideon. Thus he came to
know, and to know was to love her.
The President was in the navy yard on Saturday,
and when the booming of the cannon had
ceased was about to embark on a short excursion
in a United States steamer. At this moment he
was incidentally informed of the death. He expressed
regret that he had not heard of it before,
and said he would have postponed the excursion,
but now it was too late. He, however, communicated
his wishes for an early return. He was
gratified, and come at the appointed hour as one
of the congregation, without invitation, other than
that which all received. His heart, in common
with us all, was penetrated by the afflictive dispensation.
He wept with those who wept. Comment
is out of place. "Brethren! pray for us,
that the word of the Lord may have free course
and be glorified."
JOHN C. SMITH.
New Books..
We are indebted to the publishers for the American
reprint of the Edinburgh Review, for July.
To bo had at Taylor & Maury's.
We are indebted to Taylor & Maury for "The
Libertios of America," a treatise on a Literature
of Freedom; by H. W. Warner, of New
York. And to the same gentlemen for "The Pedestrian
in France and Switzerland, by George
Barrell, jr." "The reader of this work," the
author says, "will not find cither accounts of distinguished
persons or their entertainments, neither
politics nor minutely-drawn pictures of European
cities, but a plain account of what was seen during
an extensive tour" while travelling almost entirely
on foot.
Both of the last-mentioned books aro from the
press of G. P. Putnam & Co., New York.
New Music.?We have received from Hilbur
& Hitz, musical dealers of this city, "Non Fu
Sogno;" "Twas no Vision-?a Cavatina, from
Lombardi, by Verdi. A new Schottisch, introducing
the popular melody "Lilly Dale."
Also, "My Dear New England Home," a ballad,
words by C. L. Benvison, music by Isaac
Bonnet. '
Literary Address.?We have received from
the committee of the society a copy of the address
delivered by John Carroll Brent, esq., before
the Philodemic Society of Georgetown College,
at the annual commencement, July 12,1853. The
address is upon "The fine arts, as agents of education
and intellectual development," and is well
worthy of Mr. Brent's high attainments.
We return our thanks to the Hon. Edward
Everett for a pamphlet copy of his remarks
made on the 4th of July, 1853, in Faneuil Hall,
Boston, on "Stability and Progress." We published
the speech shortly after its delivery, and in
common with our readers expressed the great
gratification and pleasure which its perusal afforded.
Though we have read it more than once,
we shall preserve this copy for future reference.
Philadelphia is taking means to place the city
proper and various distinct governments under
one head, and a consolidation ticket to that effect
has been formed. We find several of the principal
lawyers leading the movement. In the year
1844 a similar effort was made without success,
the lawyers voting it down. They have learned
better since. The public now appears ripe for
placing the whole city, of some half million inhabitants,
under one local government.
Singular Case of Damage by Lightning.?
The Newark Advertiser contains a very circumstantial
account of the damage done to a house in
that city by lightning during a roccnt thunderstorm.
The house had attached to it a lightning
rod, and the article in the Advertiser is written to
show that tho rod in this case was wholly useless,
because the lightning camo out of the earth and
struck upwards through the house to the clouds;
and the writer seriously asks what is to be done
to protect our habitations from lightning coming
up out of tho earth? In this instance the under
side of the joists in the cellar are damaged, and
spuniors etc., uirougnoui uio no use up to uie rooi,
arc cast in such directions?sometimes thrown
partly up the stairways?as clearly to indicate an
upward course by the lightning, which finally escaped
at the eaves. Here is a case for the scien- ,
tific to settle. We suggest to our Newark friend
that perhaps the cause of this damage was not '
lightning at all, but that it may have been the
"spontaneous explosion of sonic "villainous salt- i
pctre" not yet "dug from the bowels of the i
earth." J
ArAi.Aciucoi.A.?At the municipal election in I
Apalacliicola, on the 4th instant, S. Benezet, esq., 1
ivas elected Mayor by 86 votes, against 68 polled 1
for his opponent, J. L. Wyman, esq. I
Am to Nr.w Orlkaws.?We take pleasure in i
innouncing that over $10,000 have already been 1
contributed to this fund in Philadelphia, and that 1
;on?iderablo additional subscriptions are looked <
for,?JPhiladelphia Guctte, 15th, i
The Administration and Mexico.?In thk
correspondence of the New York Freeman'* Journal
appears the following:
"Washington, August 12, 1853.
"I am enabled to put you in jponeension of*ery I
important information, which I have jupt obtained i
and on which I need not way you may jdace
most implicit reliance. Tlie greatest ajMuety jkas
been manifested to know what were 1m iiisfwi
tions taken out by General Gadsden ok rule ef ,
his conduct in settling the many qpestMas Slat
have occurred to complicate our relations with
Mexico. The right of way across Tehuantepec,
the Mexican boundary question, Indian depreda- i
tions on the frontier, etc. i
"Having obtained an authentic outline of the
instructions given to General Gadsden, I find the
0C..0I.oil ...oil
mouniu ui toimuj ?... .jurauuipj u Iv on ?o
uf promoting the railroad to the Pacific, adopted
by the Administration, to be as follows:
"General Gadsden is instructed to ask for and
insist on the grant by Mexico to the United States
of a free right of way for a railroad along the 32d
parallel of latitude. The United States, in return,
agree to relinquish all claim to Tehuantepec;
to give Mexico a certain sum as indemnity
ft>r Indian depredations, and to share with Mexico
the advantages and use of the road. This arrangement,
it is hoped, will practically annul the
11th article of the Guadalupe Hidalgo treaty,
rendering the keeping up a line of military posts
along the Mexican border no longer necessary.
"Thus our Cabinet hopes to settle the conflicting
interests respecting a northern or a southern
route for the Pacific railway. The South will not
find here the northern terminus for the road that
she dislikes; and, on the other hand, tho antislavery
men can find comfort in the fact that most
Sart of this road will lay through free territory,
lexico, our Cabinet hopes, will find in the advantages
her northern States will reap from this
road, and in the prospect of a speedy grant of indemnity
money for Indian depredations, motives
powerful enough to induce her to accept the proposal
held out to her."
The Heat iw New York.?We take the following
from tho Tribune of Monday:
"The above accounts, with those preceding for
the week, number nearly (too hundred and twenty
dead and fifty to sixty prostrated, but not gone, at
the hour at which our reports closed.
"The heat for the past six days has been most
awful. In our publication office, a place with
ten or twelve windows and doors, constantly open ,
to tlie east, south and west, the mercury lias
ranged, from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m., from 90 to 102 j
degrees, and nearly averaging 90 for the remainder
of the day and night; in our composing room,
wjth fifteen open windows in the fifty story, and
a free circulation of air (when there was any)
from all points, the mark lias been from about 90
to 98 day and night.
"From various accounts received, wo should
iudge that at least a hundred horses have been
killed in the meantime in this city alone. All
sorts of business in the travelling lino has been
retarded; railroad trains relays, omnibuses reduced
to half speed, and pedestrianism brought
almost to a stand-still.
"Another such week would outrival in mortality
the height of the cholera of 1849.
"The number of deaths last week is reported at
585; but tho real number must have been at least
700?the heaviest mortality having occurrod too
late to be included in Saturday's report.
"Every city, town and hamlet in this neighborhood
has suffered in like proportion, and even in
the airiest regions of country (the eastern bank of
the Hudson) the complaint of the heat lias been
equal in all but deaths."
From the numerous cases of death occurring
in New York from the excessive heat the two following
are tho most sorrowful in their character:
"The police return from the sixteonth ward
.shows that on Sunday afternoon Catharine Hccpfield,
a German woman, twenty-six years of ago,
who resided at No. 201 West Twenty-fifth street,
left home in company with D. Seelopegrell, to
whom she was to be married on arriving in the
lower part of the city. The marriage was duly
consummated, and at o'clock in the afternoon
the happy couple returned to their house, and,
wliiln nnrlnltinnr of Homo o&kn mid win?. nlm wn?
attacked with a sudden dizziness in her head. A
physician was sent forthwith, but she continued
to grow worse, and expired in less than half an
hour.
"Edward Nolan, who resided at No. 129 "West
Seventeenth street, last evening at 6 o'clock went
for a doctor to attend his wife, who is lying dangerously
ill. He soon returned, and complained
of being overcome by the extreme heat. Ho continued
to grow worse and died in three hours afterward.
*
Rose Dustin, the child who was killed by the
late collision in New Jersey, was a grand-child of
Nathan Sargent, late Register of the Treasury.
Mr. Dustin was the son-in-law of Mr. Sargent,
and was on his way to Washington, previous to
going out to Minnesota. Mrs. Dustin and her
other child are now in Philadelphia; and, though
both are much bruised and injured, they are not
considered dangerously ill.?Exchange.
The remains of the little victim were brought
to this city on Friday last, and interred in the
Congressional Cemetery. Mrs. D. is now sojourning
in this city with her parents.
German Political Movement in Cincinnati.?The
Cincinnati papers furnish us accounts of
a mass meeting of the Germans of that city,
called for the "promotion of general reforms."
The following is one of the resolutions adopted,
which our readers cannot fail to soe is rather too
progressive for the American people:
"Resolved, That in a free country, where no
State religion legally exists, and where to all records
free development is guaranteed by its fundamental
laws, the making of the so-called Sunday
laws is a violation of the Constitution, as it is
in whole unjust and inhuman to impose on that
majority of our people a law which, after having
worked hard during the week, prevents them to
enjoy the only day left for them, called the Sunday."
Colonel Jack Mills.?Wo published a few
days ago the address of this thorough, go-a-head
progressive to the voters of Galveston, Texas,
announcing himself as a candidate for tlio Legis- J
lature. Texas, however, has lost the services ef j
rv.i.i,?? i,,...., c
vuiuuui A'AUio) uitu nuvviiui nan uwu t/iivouu n?l
tho plnco to which lie aspired. The Colonel, <
however, is not dispirited by his defeat, but is out '
in the following characteristic card: 1
J.1 Card.?Colonel Jack Mills returns his thanks <
to the respectable A No. 1 minority of his fellowcitizens
of Galveston, who sustained him at the c
polls on Monday, in spite of the malicious and g
unauthorized ^Peport of one of his pretended supporters,
that he had withdrawn from the canvass,
which roport everybody knows caused his defeat, i
Ho begs to announce himself now as a standing <j
candidate for the same office horeafter until he is (
elected, or something better offers. Any one o
wishing to know his sentiments on any public
measure, can fyid him at his stall in the market,
when business is brisk or ho is not otherwise onDed.
In the interval his politics will be modi- "
to suit the public demands and the progress r
of the age. Jack Mills."
n
Singular.?The Monmouth (N. J.) Inquirer mentions
that one day last week several of the visitors ?
it Long Branch noticed what had the appearance (|
sf a ran drifting towards the bench. After some ^
lours it was discovered to be a mass of sea-weed c,
boating on the water, which, when it entered the | y
breakers, was broken up. The articles upon it ^
ivere a straw bed, two or three bottles, one half
lull of wine, two tin canisters, with covers, a
jlove, a white neck-cloth, an old clothes bosket
jainted green, and a trunk, fastened with a pad- a
ock. The trunk was forced open, and a band- c?
lerchief and a letter, very wet, round in it. There tx
ire many conjectures concerning the manner in al
rvhlch those articles cams upon the sea-weed, pi
Jealousy.?A Serious Arriti.?Coroner
Hell yesterday afternoon bold in inquest on
ihe body of a negro child named Elizabeth
Bond, aged fourteen months, whose parents
reside in Dallas attest, a lew doors south
of Baltimore street, and who was killed by
a blow from a brick thrown by some person. The
evidence in the case was to the onect that Mr.
Michael H. Campbell was walking out East Baltimore
street with the wife of Mr. John Duncan,
about seven o'clock in the evening, she living in
Bend street, near Lombard. Mr. Campbell testified
that he saw Mr. Duncan at Dallas street in
Baltimore street?at the time he heard a missile
of some kind thrown against a trough, and heard
an expression made by a woman, "My God, my
child is killed." Looking around, he saw Mr.
Duncan run down Dallas street. He had uotioed
Duncan following him and Mrs. D. all the way
from Gav street. Mrs. Dunran ?l.?? ol...
did not see who threw the brick; saw her husband
in the street previous to the ehikl being
struck, and had seen nim following them from the
corner of Gay street. Immediately after the
brick was thrown saw him turn round the corner
of Dallas street To a question by a juror, she
said that Mr. Campbell requested her to speak to
her husband, but she refused, saying, "If my husband
refused to speak to me, 1 would not to liim."
Mr. Fountain Morgan was called, but he stated
that he did not know any thing about the matter;
did not hear Mr. Duncan say he was sorry he had
thrown the brick. Dr. Chabot testified that he
was called to see the child, and found it laboring
undar concussion of ths brain; believed the blow
to have been the cause of death.
Dr. Monmonier, at the request of the jury,
made a post mortem examination?could find no
external evidence of a blow; but upon removing
the scalp upon the back part of the head, found a
small quantity of blood collected under the scalp,
and a severe contusion. Immediately beneath the
skull was fractured about half an inch, the bone
being slightly depressed, so that an instrument
could be inserted between the edges of the bone?
the vessels were unusually injected with blood?
was satisfied the blow caused the death of the
child.
The jury, alter mature consideration, rendered
>t verdict that "Elizabeth Bond (a colored child)
came to its death by a blow on the back of tho
liead by a brick or missile of some kind, supposed
to have been thrown by the hands of a person by
the name of John Dunean."
Upon the rendition of tho verdict Mr. Duncan,
who was present, was taken before Justice Houlton,
who held him to bail in $1,000 for his appearance
at court. Mr. Campbell was required to give
bail to appoar as a witness.?Baltimore Sun, 16th.
Governor Foote's Progress.?The New Orleans
papers of the lltli contain the following notice
of tho political canvass in Mississippi:
"Gainesville, Miss., August 9.
"Governor Foote to-day addressed tho citizens
of this place in a speech of two hours' length.
His principal theme was the Compromise, though
he went into a general review of the politics of
the State and nation, endorsed the doctrines of
General Pierce's inaugural and Edward Everett's
letter, highly eulogizing tho patriotism displayed
in the later performance. He felicitated
the crowd and the nation on the triumph of the
principles which he had advocated, and exulted
in the eventual acquiescence of those who had opposed
them. He expressed the greatest confidence
in the olection of a Foote Legislature and
the utter defeat of Mr. Brown. At this point the
speech was interrupted by the rain, and Governor
1 oote and the crowd dispersed."
An Arithmetician.?At the United States
Hotol recently, was stopping a colored boy named
William Marcy, whose extraordinary mathematical
powers have greatly astonished all who have
witnessed his demonstrations. He will add up
columns of figures any length, divide any given
sum, multiply millions by thousands within Jive
minutes from tho time the figures are given him,
and with such exactness as' to render it truly wonderfhl.
Yesterday noon, in presence of a party
of gentlemen, he added a column of figures,
tight in a line, and one hundred and eighty
lines, making the sum total of several millions, in
about six minutes. The feat was so astounding
and apparently incredible that several of the party
took on* their coats, and dividing the sum went
to work, and in two hours after they commenced
produced identically the same answer. The boy
is not quite seventeen years of age; ho cannot
read nor write, and in every other branch of an
English education is entirely deficient. His parents
reside in Kentucky, near Louisville. He
will leave in company with his father for tho
World's Fair, New York, this morning.
[Cincinnati Gazette.
Arrest of a Postmaster for Robbing the
Mail.?For some years past depredations have
been committed upon the United States mail on
the Wheeling mail route. B. B. Chapman, esq.,
the special mail agent of the Post Office Department,
discovered that the robberies must be somewhere
in the vicinity of Alliance. By enclosing a
ten dollar bill (marked privately) in a letter, .Mr.
Chapman most effectually caught the bird. Mr.
John Foults, postmaster at Moltre Station, on the
C. and P. R. R., nine miles below Alliance, in a
day or two passed that identical bill on a railroad
conductor. Mr. Chapman, accompanied by United
States Marshal Fitch, proceeded to Moltre
Station, where they learned that Mr. Foults was
lerving at New Lisbon, Columbiana county, as a
^rand juror. They proceeded, to that place, and
made the arrest, arid, placing the prisoner in a
buggy, returned to Alliance. The prisoner is a
man of property, and has served as postmaster a
number of years. He was terribly affected when
arrested?Cleveland Plaindealtr.
A Young Laoy Drowned.?On Friday evening,
about ten o'clock, a young lady, about seventeen
years of age, named Hughes, who resided in
Syracuse, New York, and was on a visit to some
friends in this city, was drowned at the foot of
79th street, East river, while bathing in company
with a number of ladies and gentlemen. It secrns
that she was wading out on the point of a rock in
company with a young man, who had hold of her
band, when the current swept them off. The
poung man saved himself, but lost his pantaloons,
containing a few dollars, for which ho evinced
much concern, ana onerea a reward lor tneir recovery.
The body of the young lady has not
iieen recovered.?JV". F. Tribune.
The Crystal Palace Exhibition.?On Saturday
last the Industrial Exhibition wns not so well
Pillod with visitors as usual. The hot weather has
had its effort upon that, as well as upon all clso.
Among the hew additions to the Palace is a valuiblc
relic, presented by Dr. Boyle, of Washington
cit}-. This is a crystal flute, formerly presented
:o James Madison, President, of the United Stales,
md by him left to Colonel J. Paine Todd, of
Washington; and Colonol Todd, in his will, bc[uoathed
the same to Dr. Boyle, the present ownsr
and exhibitor. It is niado entirely of crystal,
ind is silver mounted.
An officer of the engineer corps is now survoyng
the Illinois river with reference to the expenliturc
of the $,'10,000 appropriated by the General
jrovorninent. A dredging mncliine will ho set in
peration on that river in September.
The work of laying the track on the Illinois
lentral road to Cairo has commenced. Tho track
i to come down to tho intersection of tho two
___J _ 1_ i. J: i: 1? l
ivera, u.nu uiruic 111 vucu uirecuun cnuiti^ uruuiiu
lie town. The cost of the embankments will be
ot less than $2,000,000.
Washington Firemen.?The Columbia Engine
Company, of Washington, D. C., arrived in tho
rain from Baltimore between 12 and 1 o'clock
liis morning. They wore received by tho Wecacoe
Engine Company, and escorted to the New
rork boat. Tho stranger company will return to
lis city on Thursday afternoon.
[Phila. Bulletin, Monday rrflernoon.
A New Invention.?A Bostonian has invented
"chronometrical lock," which, fixed to a door,
uinot be opened before the time determined on
afore hand. It operates by clock-work, and the
jsence of ? keyhole precludes all attempts tq
ick it.
I.

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