Newspaper Page Text
THE DAILY REPUBLIC.
PUBLISHED BY GIDEON A CO. TERMS. The Daily Republic will be famished by carriers to subscribers in Washington and its vicinity for twelve and a half cents pee weee. To mail subscribers, per annum $5 00 Advertisements inserted at the lowest rates. OFFICE OF THE REPUBLIC. NINTH STREET, near pennsylvania avenue, WASHINGTON, D. C. (Tljc JDailn iltpublic Vol. V. WASHINGTON: THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 18, 1853. No. 38. J?y ! !? rrcnueai vi ?.u? vw??u IN pursuance of lair, I, FRANKLIN PIERCE, President of tbe United States, do hereby declare and make known that public sales of tbe sections and parte of sections of land, all bearinS the odd numbers, which remain to the Unfted States, within six miles on each side of the line of the Mobile and Ohio Riser railroad, in tbe 8tates of Alabama and Mississippi, subject to double the minimum price of tbe public lands, asprorided by the act of 20th September, 18(50, will be held at tbe following land offices, in the States of Alabama and Mlsaissippi, at the periods hereinafter designated, to wit: At the land office at ST. STEPHENS, in Alabama, commencing on Monday, tbe fifth day of September next, for tbe disposal of such sections end parts of sections, being tbe odd numbers above referred to, mm are situated in the undermentioned townships, to wit: North of the base line and west qf the principal meridian. Townships one and two, of range one. Townships one, two, three, ana four, of range two. Townships one two, three, four and five, of range three. Townshipa one, two, three, four, Jive, six, and seven, of range four. Townships three, four, fire, six and seven, of range five. South of the base line and west of the principal meridian. Townships one, two, three, four,,and five, of range one. Townships one, two, three, four, and five, of range two. Townships one, two, and three, of range three. Township one, of range four. South of the base line and east of the principal meridian. Townships three and four, of range one. At the land office at DEMOPOLJS, in the same State, commencing on Monday, the twelfth day of September next, for the disposal of such sections and pt rta of sections, being the odd numbers above re* fired to,as are situated in the undermentioned townships, to wit: North of the bate line and west of the principal meridian. Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of range four. At the land office at TUSCALOOSA, in the anmn Stat?. rnmmencine- on Mondar. the fifth day of September next, for the disposal of such'sectiohs and parts of sections, being the odd number* above referred to, as are situated in the undermentidned townships, to wit: North of the bate line and toeet of the principal meridian in the southern surveying dietrict. Township twenty one, of range four. At the land office at COLUMBUS, in Mississippi, commencing on Monday, the nineteenth day of September next, for the disposal of such sections and parts of sections, being the odd number* above referred to, as are situated in the undermentioned townships, to wit: North of the bate line and eatl of the Choctaw meridian. Townships eight, tixteen, eeoentetn, eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of range fifteen. Townships eight, nine, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen4 eixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of range sixteen. Townships eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen,fifteen, sixteen, eeventeen, eighteen, and nineteen, of range seventeen. Townships eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen,fourteen, fifteen, and tixteen, of range eighteen. Townships eight, nine, ten, eleven, and twelve, of range nineteen. At the land office at AUGUSTA, in the same State, commencing on Monday, the twenty sixth day of September next, for the disposal of such sections and parts of sections, being the odd numbers above referred to, as are situated in the undermentioned townships, to wit: North of the bate line and east of the Choctaw meridian. Township four, of range thirteen. Townships one, two, three, four, five, and six, of range fourteen. Townships one, two, three, four, five, six, and seven, of range fifteen. Townships one, two, three, four, five, six, and seven, of range sixteen. Townships one Jive, six, and seven, of range seventeen. Township seven, of range eighteen. North of the base line, west of the meridian, and east of Pearl river. Townships three, four, five, six, seven, and eight, of range five. Townships five, six, seven, eight, nine, and ten, of range six. Townships seven, eight, nine, and ten, of range seven. Townships, eight, nine, and ten, of range eight. mk? inwn,hini herein designated in Roman let (era are wholly witbin the limits of "six sections in width on each side of said road," and those in italics are partly within said limits, as designated on the diagrams, which will be furnished to the respective district land offices by the Commissioner of the General Land Office. Lands reserved for schools, military, and other purposes, will be excluded from sale. The lands sold will be subject to the right of way granted by the said act ot 20th September, 1360, to the States aforesaid, for said railroad, not exceeding one hundred feet on each side thereof; and therefore the particular tracts of land which include the road will be sold as containing the quantities respectively shown by the official plats. Each sale will be kept open for a time sufficient to admit of offering all the lands, but not exceeding two weeks, and applications to make private entries of the lands offered under this proclamation will not be received until after the close of the public sale. Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the twenty-third day of May, A. D. 1853. FRANKLIN PIERCE. By the President: John Wilson, Commissioner of the General Land Office. Notice to actual settlers on lands of the United States originally withdrawn from market on account of the railroad grant. Under act of Congress, approved 3d March, 1853, entitled "An act to extend pre-emption rights tc certain lands therein mentioned," the pre-emption laws of the United States as they now exist are extended over the alternate reserved sections ol public lands along the line of the railroad hereinbefore mentioned, where the settlement and improvement were made prior to the final allotment ol the alternate sections to the said railroad. There fore, all claims by pre-emption to any of the alternate sections of public lands within the limits originally reserved will attach, if predicated upon settlements made prior to the 4th February, 1863, the date of the final allotment. Claims within the six miles limits must be proven up at any time before the day herein fixed for the commencement of the public sale, and are to b? paid for at the rate of two dollars and fifty centi per acre. Claims outside of the six miles, ami within (he limits of the original reservation, musf be proven up prior to the restoration of said landi Soldiers' bounty land warrants, at a dollar anc twenty-fire cents per acre, may be received ir payment for either class of lands; one warrani only, however, can be located by each pre-emptor Immediately after the close of the public salt directed by the foregoing proclamation of the Pre sident, applications will be received for the pur chase at private entry, or location by warrants, o the lands reserved to satisfy this grant, outside o the six miles limits, in such order as to preven confusion and insure accuracy, in accordance witl instructions to be issued to the registers and re. on vers. JOHN WILSON, Commissioner of the General Land Office. JHay 26?wI3w By the President of ths United States. IN pursuance of lav, |, FRANKLIN PIERCE, President of the United 9tates of America, do hereby declare and make known, that public sales will be held at the undermentioned land offices, in the State of MICHIGAN, at the periods hereinafter designated, to wit: At the land office at the 8AULT STE. MARIE, commencing on Monday, the twenty-second day of August next, for the disposal of the public lands within tbe following named townships and fractional townships, situated cast of Chocolate river, vis: North of the bate line and west of the principal meridian. Townships forty four and forty five, of range four; townships forty four and forty five, fractional township fifty, and section thirty one, on the main land ol township fifty one, of range five. Townships forty five and forty six, of range six. Townships forty five, forty six, and forty seven, of range seven. Townships forty six, forty seven, forty eight, and forty nine, and fractional township fifty, of range eight. alw savnn ntifi fnrtv luniiDinp. ivit; "J ? j eight, and fractional townahipa forty nine and fifty, of range nine. Township forty eix, of range eleven. Townahipa forty eix, forty seven, and forty eight, and fractional townahipa forty nine and fifty, of range twelve. Townships forty six, forty seven, forty eight, and fractional townships forty nine and fifty, of range thirteen. Townships forty two, forty three, forty six, forty seven, and forty eight, and fractional township forty nine, of range fourteen. Townships forty six, forty seven, and forty eight,of range fifteen. Fractional township forty two, township forty three, and fraotional townships forty eight and forty nine, of range sixteen. Fractional township forty eight, of rango seventeen. Section eighteen, in township forty seven, on "Grand Island," of range eighteen. Township forty seven, on "Grand Island," (ex cept lot one in section twelve, lot two in twenty one, lots two, three, and four in twenty two, and lots one, two, and three in twenty three,) and township forty eight, on "Grand Island," (except sections fourteen, fifteen, and sixteen,) of range nineteen. Townships forty three, forty four, forty five, and forty six, and fractional townships forty se ven and forty eight, of range twenty one. At the SAME PLACE, commencing on Monday, the fifth day of September next, for the disposal of the public lands within the limits of the fnllnwin<r.named townshins and fractional town ships lying west of th^Ch'ocolate river, viz : North of the bate lint and west of the principal meridian. Township forty two, of range twenty three. Townships forty one and forty two; fractional sections two, (except lot four,) three, (except lot five;) section four; the east half of five; and lot one, in section eleven, in townthip forty eight; and the west half of section thirty two, and fractional section thirty three, on the main land, in townthin forty nine, of range twenty five. Townships forty one, forty two, forty three, forty four, forty five, and fifty, of range twenty seven. Townships forty one, forty two, forty three, forty four, forty five, and fifty; sections two, three, and four, in township fifty eight; and fractional townthip fifty nine, (except sections twenty seven, twenty eight, lot two ot twenty nine, lots three and four of thirty two, on "Porter's Island," and lot one of thirty three,) of range twenty eight. Section six lh towfifhip fifty eight, and fractional sections thirty and thirty one, (except the west part of lot three,) in township fifty nine, of range twenty nine. Sections one, two, three, four, five, (except the north fraction on the east cape of Eagle harbor,) and six in townthip fifty eight, and sections thirty two, (except the east part of lot three,) thirty three, (except two small tracts on the eaBt and west capes of "Grand Marais Harbor,") thirty four, thirty five, and thirty Bix, (except the two small fractions on the capes of "North and South Bays,") In townthip fifty nine, of range thirty. Sections seventeen, eighteen, and nineteen, on the main land, in township fifiy three, of range j hirty two. Fractional townships forty one and forty two, townships forty three, forty four, and forty five; sections one to live, and eignt to iweive, in townehip fifty; sections thirty two to thirty six, in townthip fifty one; and sections thirteen, fourteen, twenty three, twenty four, (except the east part of lot two,) twenty five, and twenty six, in townthis fifty three, of range thirty three. Township forty four, of range thirty four. Fractional townships forty one and forty two, and townships forty three, forty four, and forty six, of range ihirty five. Fractional township forty two, and townships forty three, forty four, forty six, forty seven, forty eight, and forty nine, of range thirty six. Fractional townships forty two and forty three, and townships forty four, forty five, forty six, forty seven, forty eight, and forty nine, of range thirty seven. At the SAME PLACE, commencing on Monday, the nineteenth day of September next, for the disposal of the public lands within the following-named townships and fractional townships west of Chocoate river, to wit: North of the bate line and wett of the principal meridian. Fractional township forty three, and townships forty four, forty five, forty six, forty seven, forty eight, and forty nine, of range thirty eight. Fractional townships forty three and forty four, and townships forty five, forty six, forty seven, forty eight, and forty nine, of range thirty nine. Fractional township forty four, and townships forty five, forty six, forty seven, and forty eight, of range forty. Townships forty six, forty seven, and forty eight, of range forty one. Fractional townships forty four, forty five, forty six, and forty seven, and the sections and parts of sections not heretofore offered at public sale in townships forty nine and fifty, of range forty two. Townships forty six and forty seven, and the sections and parts of sections not heretofore offered at public sale in townships forty eight and forty , nine, of range forty three. i Fractional township forty five, townships forty six and forty seven, and the sections and parts of i sections not heretofore offered in townships forty f eight and forty nine, of range forty four. Fractional township forty five, townships forty six and forty seven, and the sections and parts of f sections not heretofore offered at public sale in townships forty eight, forty nine, and fifty, of range forty five. i Fractional townships forty five and forty six, i townships forty seven and forty eight, and the , sections and parts of sections not heretofore offered at public sale in fractional townsnips iuny ume i and fifty, of range forty six i Tbo sections and parts of sections not heretofore s offered at public sale in townships forty six, forty i seven, forty eight, and forty nine, of range forty I seven. t The sections and parts of sections not heretofore i offered at public sale in fractional township forty nine, of range forty eight. I The west half of section one, sections two, ten, i (except lot one,) eleven, west half of twelve, west I half of thirteen, fourteen, and the north half of . fifteen, in fractional township forty eight, ol range : forty nine. North qf the bait line and eaet of the principal meri' dian. f Sections seven, eight, nine, fifteen, seventeen, t and eighteen, on the main land, in township forty , seven, of range one. Fractional township forty one, (except lots two and three in section ten, lots one and two in section twelve, and fractional sec lion fifteen,) of range four. Fractional township forty one, of range fire. At the land office at GENNESSES, commencing on Monday, the twenty ttcond day of Angnet next, for the disposal of the public lands situated within the following-named townships, viz : North of the bate line and east qf the principal meri dim. Township thirty three, of range two. Township thirty three, of range three. Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools, military and other purposes, together with "those swamp and overflowed lands made unfit thereby for colli ration," if any, granted to the State by the act entitled "An act to enable the State of Arkansas and other States to reclaim the 'swamp lands' within their limits," approved September 28, 1860, uriU be excluded from the ealee. Particular lists of the sections ami parts of sections not heretofore offered at public sale in the particular townships above mentioned, will be deposited with the register and receiver at the Sault Ste. Marie before tne day of sale. The offering of the-lgnds will be commenced-on the days appointed, and will proceed in the order in which they are advertised with all convenient despatch, un *11 J L I! kaujk kaan s>m#i nnH iha as loll Ill lilt) WHWIO ouaii u??u www vu?. v- ?w? thus closed ; but no sale shall bo kept open longer than two weeks, and no private entry or location by land warrants for bounties heretofore granted by any law of Congress lor military services rendered to the United States of any of the lands, will be admitted until after the expiration of the two weeks. Given under my band, at the city of Washington, this eighteenth day of May, Anno Domini one thousand eight hundred and fifty-threo. FRANKLIN PIERCE. By the President: John Wilson, Commissioner of the General Land Office. NOTICE TO PRE EMPTION CLAIMANTS. Every person entitled to the right of pre-emption to any of the (lands within the townships and parts of townships above enumerated, is required to establish the same to the satisfaction of the register and receiver of the proper land office, and make payment therefor at toon at practicable after teeing thu notiee. and before the day appointed for the commencement of the public saie of the land embracing the tract claimed; otherwise such claim will be forfeited. JOHN WIL80N, Commissioner of the General Land Office. May 20?lawl3w RED RIVER RAFT. THE PERSON to whom the contract was awarded under former advertisements for proposals having failed to give the bond with sureties as required, proposals for the work are again invited as follows: Proposals will be received until the 20th day of next September for the removal of obstructions to the navigation ot Red river (Louisiana) occasioned hv the raft, and for keeDintr the said navigation free from tho same for the longest period. The amount of these proposals united is not to exceed the sum of $100,000. Each bidder will propose to remove said raft, (thoroughly,) and to keep the navigation free from obstruction thereby for a specified period; specifying in his bid the time in which he proposes to complete the removal of the raft, the said time not to be later than the 1st day of June, 1856; and also the number of years, counting from said removal, during which time he binds himself to keep yie said navigation free from raft obstruction. The contractor will be required to give his bond for $20,000, with two good sureties, each for the sum of $10,000, conditioned for the faithful execution of the contract. Each bidder will transmit, at the same time with bis proposals, the names of the persons whom he offers as sureties, and a declaration signed by them that they will sign his bond as sureties as above mentioned;, am) also tbo ccrtificateof a district judge of the United States for the State in which he resides, that said securities are respectable citizens, and that he considers them worth $10,000 over and above all their debts and liabilities. No bid will be examined unless these conditions shall be complied with. Terms of payment. Of the sum of $100,000 appropriated for the above object, $50,000 shall be paid as the work of removing the raft advances, as follows?to wit: Whenever tbe contractor shall report that a portion of the raft has been removed, the same shall be Inspected by an officer appointed by the War Department; and if it shall appear that such is the fact, the Department will pay such a proportion of the said sum of $60,000 as the portion Hemoved shall bear to the entire raft, provided no partial payment shall be made for less than onetenth part of the whole work. The remaining $60,000 will be paid in equal annual instalments corresponding in number with the number of years during which the contractor shall bind himself to keep the navigation open, of which fact the Department is to be the sole judge. ?-? . LlJ i 1 C ?U- ?.U?U Ikat Je J&ncn D1Q II1UBI UC IUI luo n iiuio nvm vimv iot for the removal of the raft, and for keeping the river open for a specified period. No separate proposals for portions of it will be considered. The proposals will be addressed to tbe undersigned, marked on the envelope, "Proposals for removing Red River Raft." The War Department reserves to itself the right of awarding the contract according to its own judgment o< the most favorable bid and the most responsible bidder. To be inserted in the Union, Republic, and National intelligencer, Washington, D. C.; Cincinnati Gazette, Cincinnati, Ohio; Louisville Journal, Louisville, Kentucky; St. Louis Republican, St. Louis, Missouri; Sbreveport Herald, Shreveport, Louisiana; New Orleans Commercial Bulletin; New Orleans Bee; New Orleaus Republican; Gazette and Democrat, Little Rock, Arkansas; Telegraph, Washington, Arkansas. J.J AB?RT, Colonel Corps Topographical Engineers. July 14 ?d20t&tawt20Sep PROFESSOR ALEXANDER C. BARRY'S TRICOPHEROUS.or Medicated Compound, for beautifying, curling, preserving, restoring and strengthening the Hair, relieving diseases of the skin, curing rheumatic pains ana healing external wounds. Bounded by no geographical lines, the reputation of Barry's Tricopherous pervades the Union. Tbe sales of the article of late years have increased in a ratio that almost exceeds belief. Professor Barry, after a careful examination of hie sales-book, finds that the number of bottles delivered to order, in quantities of from half a gross upward, during the year 1852, was within a trifle of 950,000. It is unnecessary to present at length the evidences of the wonderful properties of the TricophCrous when the public have furnished such an endorsement as this. The cheapness of the article, and the explanations given of its chemical action upon tbe hair, the scalp, and in all cases of superficial irritation, first recommended it to the attention of the people. This was all that the inventor desired. Every bottle advertised itself. The effects of the fluid exceeded cxpec tation. It acted like a charm. The ladies would not be without it Country dealers in every ?"f ,h? Stall., found thpv must have it; and thus was built up a wholesale trade of an extent hitherto unheard of aa regard* articles of this kind. The highest point has not yet been reached, and it is believed that the sales this year will be a million and a half of bottles. Depot and manufactory, No. 137 Broadway, New York. Retail price, '25 cents a large bottle. Liberal discount to purchasers by the quantity Sold by all the principal merchants and druggists throughout the United States and Canada, Mexico, West Indies, Great Britain, France, he., by S. PARKER, Penn. avenue, And A. LAMMOND, 7th street, June 4?d&trlw6m* Washington. HOME PICTURES, by Mrs. c. W. Denison. The Boyhood of Great Men, with illustra tions. Uncle Robin in hie Cabin in Virginia, by J. W. Page. Helen and Arthur, or Miss Thusn's Spinning Wheel, by Caroline Lee llcntc. July 12 FRANCK TAYLOR. THE REPUBLIC. Would Youl BY ALFRED WARD. Baby crowing on your knee, While you sing some little ditty, Pulls your hair or thumbs your "ee," Would you think it wasn't pretty? 'fell me, could you ? If you owned "the baby," would you? Wife, with one arm about your neck,' Says you look just like the baby Wants some cash to make a "spec," And you would refuse her?may be ? Could you ? should you ? If you owned "the woman,' would you ? Little labor, little strife, Little care, amhlittle cot; " Would you sigh for single life ? Would you murmur at your lot? Tell me. should vou ? If you owned "the cottage," would you? Health and comfort, children fair, Wife to meet you at the door, Fond hearts throbbing for you there; Tell mc, would you ask for more? Should you ? could you ? If you owned "the baby," would you? Good Manners.?The good sound sense of the subjoined extract should recommend it to the attention of all those who arc in any way entrusted with the care of youth: "It is a matter of sound policy to cultivate the manners ?f our children; tor gentle manners and a kind and obliging address will do more to gather around us tirm and enduring friends than strength of mind and superiority of attainments. The manners to which we refer are the fVuit of the cultivation of the mind and heart; the outpourings of benevolence, sincerity, and inward purity. In all the departments and profession^ of lite, we prefer, other tilings being equal, to avail ourselves of the services of persons of agreeable and obliging manners. They aro coin of great intrinsic value, and everywhere current. We may be allowed to glance at some of the features of good manners, such as wo desire to liave taught and practised in our schools, and bucIi as all persons in tyell-ordered society are bound to observe. The conyentional rules of society aro not arbitrary enactments, which any who choose have a right to set at defiance. They are essential to the maintenance and enjoyment of social intercourse, and tho furtherance of its highest ends. Every person who enjoys the privileges and benefits of society is morally bound to observe its wnolesomo rules. Ill-breeding is a sin againBt good morals, as well as a breach of social laws. No person has any right to act the clown in well-ordered society, or to be unkind and offensive, setting at defiance the law? made for its convenience and comfort by common consent. The leading feature of good mannors is a scrupulous observance of all the rules that regulate social intercourse. Let the pupils of our schools be required to observe them in their intercourse with each other and their teachers and upon all other occasions. Many of these rules, abstractly considered, are little things; and yet, in their influence upon the convenience and pleasure of social intercourse, they are great things. A particle of dust is a small thing; yet in the eye, which it irritates, it becomes great in its influence. So an infringement of the rules of good breeding may be of itself of small moment; But it often becomes important in the friction and irritation which it produces in social intercourse." "Nobody Claimed It."?"There was one woman dressed in black laid upon the grass, whose body no one claimed. She was respectably clothed, and was somewhat grey haired." Nobody claimed her! Poor woman; perhaps she was a mother hastening home to her little family, who anxiously awaited her return. It may be she was a widow who had gone from home on some little business, and met her fate on the railroad in the full flush of health, and with her bosom beating joyfully in anticipation of meeting her fatherless children. The coroner's jury will comfort the mourners with a highly satisfactory report; all grief must be assuaged by its soothing lines. Perhaps the board of directors will kindly send the afflicted ones a trifle from their well-filled treasury. If they do, it is out of sheer sympathy, for they could not help tho collision. Was it their fault that there was but a single track; that the train had a caroloss conductor or engineer; that the enginosdash | ed afioad out ot time in tno tace or danger.' nonsense, chiJdren of tho poor grey-hairod woman; nonsense, to call down the vengeance of heaven upon them. You will sue them? What of that5 1 he overgrown monopoly controls the State. You will find tlicm an overmatch in tho court; you will find them retaining counsel to beat you down, and drive you off remediless, ltopeless, and despairing. You poor wretches that could not go even to pick up from its roadside bed the corpse of your murdered mother, and give it decent burial; you prosecute the railroad! Pshaw, if you don't fear Hanging, it would be better to shoot the directors. Aye, curse them; curse them; that is about all that you can do against the New Jersey sovereigns. It will relieve you, but not hurt them. Take it coolly. People ought not to patronize them. Poor souls, don't you know that if the road was lined with skeletons, the dear public would travel with them, if they went fast onough. It will bo remembered of them. No, no; it will be forgotten before tho grave of your mother is covered over?before tho tears of her children are dry on their checks. There is no protection against these things; for dheni there is no law, no punishment. We hope thoir gorged coffers may 1)0 lightened by just damages rendered to all the parties. Thousands on thousands drawn from them is the only phlebotomy that will rcduco their present robust health, which fears no harm from any sourco. It is time that tho people noticed tho poor unclaimed body by the roadsido, "clothed in blacn and grey haired," and spoko out their opinion on such wanton outrage, loud as the rolling of tho thunderbolt.?Buffalo Commercial Advertiser. Raii.road Curvatures.?A correspondent of the Railroad Record is of opinion that curvature on railroads is tho main cause of accidents, whether by collision or otherwise. Straight linos must, in the end, be adopted; and, though at first more expensive, they are in the end more economical, and are certainly Hafest. Curves, the writer contends, should bo limited by law, and states that ono degree curve, or 5.130 feet radius, offers as much resistance to a train as a grade of ten feet in tl,? in;in Two decrees equal fifteen feet; three degrees equal twenty feet; four degrees equal twenty-five feet; five degrees equal thirty foot; six degrees oqunl thirty-five feet?that is, ii a six-degree curve he located upon a level, it offers the same resistance to a train as would a grade of thirty-five feet to the mile, on a straight line. The writer contends that n railroad at the present time that will not bear the expense of making it straight had better be postponed until the funds are raised, as evidently it is too soon for the community for which it is intended. Siiki.by County, Tennessee, of which Memphis is the city, voted in favor of " prohibition," or the Maine law, by a majority of 31)4. More of the Pacific Road.?In last Tuesday's! paper we published a communication on the subject of the Pacific railroad, in which the writer took exception to a previous article of ours wherein we intimated the possibility that such a road might be constructed along our extreme northern boundary without much benefiting this State. We also suggested the propriety of granting the proposed charter under reasonable and proper restrictions, which, we think, has not been sufficiently attended to in the charter already granted. We intimated that such a gigantic company as this must necessarily be woulu constitute a monopoly in the strictest sense, and unless restricted, would fix the highest possible prices for freights as it would be their interest to do. We alluded to the vast amount of costly freights, such as silks, teas, gold dust, &.c., which will doubtless be transported on this road, and will probably be able to pay much higher freight than our cotton and the Fiakvv nrrxliirta W? are willintr to leave it with our readors to judge whether a moro profitable freight, if furnished to a sufficient amount, may not possibly interfere with freight that is less profitable. All we have aimed at is to awaken our legislators to a due regard to the future interest of Texas, and not make vast donations of lands and loans of money for the mere privilege or honor of making a frontier portion of our State the transit for a, trade that U not our own. But we are glad to see that the writer of the article in our last issue looks to our own coast for a terminus to this great road. He says the New York company who nave projected this road, and who have ample capital to build it without the aid of Congress, if necessary, have all along considered Galveston the most desirable terminus on this Bide. Their primary object is to reach the nearest seaport accessible to New York and northern shipping interests; and that port is Galvoston. We are not authorized to name tho writer who lias thus expounded the views of the New York company, (>ut, for the satisfaction of our readers, we will say that he is one of the company, and certainly ought to understand the leading features of the plan which the company proposes to pursue. Of course, it is understood that a branch of this road is to cross our eastern borders, and proceed into the adjoining States. But we are now given to understand that the road to our own coast is a primary object with the company. We refer to this view of the subject, as we believe it has not generally been so understood. [Galveston (Texas) News, August 2. The Pert Young Man.?There is a period in the life of a young man which may appropriately be called the age of puppyism. It is at that period when he is little more than a hoy, and a good deal less than a man; when the hand, stroked across tho chin, detects a sort of downy inequality, and visions of barbers and razors rise up constantly before him; when the tailor suddenly becomes a person of vast importance, and he begins to talk of the "men of our college, and the ladies of our acquaintance." Very tight pantaloons, displaying immense moral and physical courage in venturing into the world with such slender supports as they contain; a cravat of great proportions; a knowing, half-jockey, half-gentleman hit; fancy vest, gold cuain, ana a quizzing-giass mai? up the external qualifications of the pert young man. He sets his legs apart in addressing men old enough to be his grandfather, twirls his cigar, and callshim "my dear fellow," or "my boy." His paternal parent he always calls "the governor," and never thinks of him or refers to him except when he wants the "governor to come down handsome," who, he maintains, has no right to "expect a man" to be able to pay hiB billiard expenses. He walks the streets as though he owned them; salutes the ladies with a fascinating smile, and takes off his hat to them when he has passed them, as though he did not wish the courtesy to be observed; but then he had observed older men do this, and he thinks it "demm'd gentlemanly" to do so likewise. His conversational powers are very limited, never having fathomed anything deeper than the bottom of a brandy smash, or extended his inquiry beyond the bill of fare of his favorite restaurant. In his manner to ladies he is rather patronising, and at the same time very humane, for in the first instance he acts upon the conviction of the inferiority of the sex, and in the next with consideration with regard to the killing effects of his own beauty and manly accomplishments. He cannot possibly marry them all, and to show partiality would be unfair. His head is the only place where Nature acknowledges a perfect vacuum.?N. O. Delta. Remarkable Cure.?In a car of one of the trains bound to New Haven, on Wednesday afternoon, was a well-dressed lady and her daughter, the latter of whom appeared to all present to be the object of the peculiar solicitude and care of a devoted mother. It appeared that the young lady was seriously ill, and a case of suffering that commanded general notice of tho passengers, it was not long in attracting the attention and sympathy of the conductor. In answer to his tender and anxious inquiries, the mother informed him that her daughter was the victim of an aggravated /IrAncr nnrl olm urn a hnstftninor tn thin r.itv in tlio hope of obtaining efficient medical aid. As the train sped on the paiiis of the fair sufferer continued to increase, and she became more than ever the object ol the delicate and assiduous attention of the conductor. The depot in this city was finally reached, and the young lady was transferred to the ladies' sitting room, preparatory to arrangements for conducting her to the hospital; but here she became so much overcome by the violence of lior disorder that it was thought necessary by the conductor to summon the presence of a physician. One of our most eminent physicians was immediately callod, the lady taken to a private apartmont, and wonderful as it may seem, the skill of the physician in determining the diagnosis of her disorder was such that in a short time sho was entirely relieved of the dropsy, and placed in a comfortable condition, with an entire abatement of the prominent symptoms of tho disease, and a prospcctof speedy restoration to health. Too much praise cannot be awarded to ail concerned in bringing about this "consummation so devoutly to be wished," but more particularly to tho warmheartod gentlemen who woro chiefly instrumental in effecting this happy donoucmcnt. May young ladies similarly situated be so fortunate as to fall into their hands.?Aeio Haven Jour. 8( Courier. The only monument to Calhoun in the State of South Carolina is thus described by a correspondent of the Savannah Republican. Writing from Columbia, the capital of South Carolina, lie says: "In tho front of the old capitol there is a small bust of the'great Carolinian.' It is nearly worn out through exposure to the weather, being made of plaster, and placed on a large block of wood. I noticed a card on the block, and on examination found it to be the language of some indignant admirer of Calhoun. These arc the words, in ink: '"When shall a better bo built?' "In pencil is written by some one else: '"When shall any be built?' "Passing round the capitol, I came suddenly upon a tombstone, and found it to be over the earthly remains of a captain of 'I,ee's legion.' " The Norfolk Herald entered upon its fifty-ninth anniversary on Saturday?the first number having been issued August 13, 1794. May it live a thousand years, and its estimable oditor with it. [Baltimore Patriot, THE WEEKLY REPUBLIC. A a?w Vtluu. This journal has been enlarged, and if printed on paper of a superior quality. It i* not a mere compilation from the Daily Rirviuc, but a wall conducted literary, political, and mieoallaneoua periodica), embracing in ita contents a summary of the News of the Weak, csreAilly condensed; Reviews of Passing Events; Tales, sketches, Essays, Poetry, fcc., Ilc. It is stir determination to render it an agreeable and instructive newspaper, alike worthy the patronage of every flunily, and ppropriate for the perusal of every reader. TERMS: Two Dollars per annum, payable invariably in advance. GIDEON & CO. Washington, D. C Mysterious Arrsia!?In these days of sudden /Iaq4Us *l>A olirrKtae# <>anana aanni tn pronto a nanip in the minds of men; as an instance of which wa quote tiie following from the Philadelphia Bullttin of the 16th: "A few evenings since the good people at the White Swan Hotel, in Race street, were considerably exercised by some strange discoveries respecting an oblong square box which had been brought there in the course of the afternoon by a stage from some country town in the interior. The box itself was not liable to any serious objections; it was a respectable-looking box enough, barring its peculiar shape, winch gave it somewhat the appearance of a coffin*, and was suggestive of very unpleasant reflections. The numerous nails with which the strange package was secured, a certain something suspicious about the directions, and the general appearance of the entire affair, caused tne hostler and bootblack to look askance at it, and wish it well out of the way. Before the box had been long at the hotel, judge the horror of some of the household to discover a reddish-colored stream working its way through one of the seams, and leaving a stain upon the floor. The fluid was examined and pronounced to be blood ! The discovery, of course, caused a universal shudder. It was then discovered for the first time that an offensive smell issued from the receptacle of murdered innocence, and, to spure delicate olfactories, the ugly customer was forthwith removed into the yard of the hotel. After some debate on the propriety of sending for the coroner to investigate tne affair, it was Anally determined to refer the whole matter to the police, and information was at once lodged at tne Northeastern station-house. "Captain Loudenslager immediately despatched Lieutenant Fox and a Devy of officers to the spot, with directions to ferret the matter to the bottom. Mr. Fox procured the necessary tools, and after much difficulty succeeded in prying up one end of the mysterious case. The crowd of excited lookers-on became pale with apprehension, and were almost horror-stricken when the fearless officer boldly forced his hand under the displaced lid and into the box. 'Dried peache*!' said the lieutenant in a sober tone. This remark was misunderstood, and fears of the yellow fever forthwith usurped the place of suspicions of murder. 'What do you think he died of?' timidly queried some of the crowd. 'Dried peaches!'roared the officer, tearing up the lid of the box and disclosing a fine lot of dried fruit. The horror-mongers looked blank at this denouement; but the trickling blood? there was a mystery yet unexplained. A little further research dispelled that wonder; a jar of preserves, which was packed among the fruit, had sprung a-leak, and the fears of those who discovereaits traces soon magnified it into the vital fluid. As regards the offensive smell, that only existed in the imagination of its discoverers. As Yellowplush would say, 'phansy their phelinks' at the comical termination of the tragical affair." Kendall, writing to the New Orleans Picayune from Paris, says: "I feel a disposition to crow this morning. Do not our clippers outsail them all, our steamers outrun thein all, our Colt's revolvers outshoot them all, and our threshing machines outthresh them all, or thresh them all out, if you will? If a man on this side wishes to keep his throat moist, does he not swallow an American julep, cobbler, or cocktail? If he wishes to keep his feet dry, does he not wear an American overshoe? If he wishes to keep his blood purified, does he not use ^ i*?>/ n! 1 In? Tr Ka urlahna f r\ rillJCI lUlli mil oapai nm uhu j/iiio. a* *?v ??tu..v? keep ahead on the road, does he hot buy an American trotter? If he wishes to keep warm, does he not procure an American stove? If he wishes to keep cool, does he not send for American ice? If he wishes to keep his money and effects safe, does he not purchase one of Ilobbs's American locks? If he wishes to keep himself and family from want or starvation, does he not go to America, or turn his eyes and thoughts in that direction? I tell you that I feel Chassmanish this morning?repeat, that I have a desire to crow, and lustily, over the handiwork and advantages of my own countrymen. "Are not Amorican authors now more read than any others on this side? Certainly. Where does the Englishman obtain a knowledge of his own vernacular? From Noah Webster and Lindley Murray, to be sure, for the dictionary of the one and the grammar of the other have crowded almost everything else from the schools where the language is taught in its purity. In history, and law, and theology, are not our authors considered among the first' Do not Prescott, and Story, and Channing, occupy the front rank? And in poei try, fiction, and sculpture, do we not take precedence? Are not tho works of Bryant, Hawthorne, Longfellow, Poe, Cooper, and rowers, and a host of others held in highest roverence in the Old World? Let us all crow." Dreadful Accident at Cafe MayI?A dreadful accident occurred yesterday morning on the steamboat Delaware, as she Was about leaving the pier at Cape May. Mr. Samuel Jackson, pyrotechnist, who had been giving exhibitions of fireworks on the island, fired a salute from the Delaware. Mr. James M. Justice of this city undertook to assist in tho loading of the mortar, and put the powder into it with his hare hand, which exploding, blew off his hand at the wrist, and frightfully shattered the arm up to the elbow. The boat was put back to the pier and assistance sent for to the island. In about an. hour and a half alter the disaster several physicians were on board the Delaware, and it was decided to take him ashore, and amputato his arm. It was feared, from the great effusion of blood, that the patient cannot recover. Tho unfortunate man is a billposter, and was formerly an active member of the National Artillery. His wife is with him on the island.?Philadelphia *1rgus, Kith. Price of a Kiss.?At a colored ball in Saratoga, a discarded lover of a married woman seized her by tho hair and demanded a kiss! She hesitated, but was advised by hor partner in the dance to comply. She did so. When her husband was informed of the outrage he had the gay Lothario arrested; and, after an examination of the caso, the police justice fined him $5. We have no quotations among the "white folks" at Saratoga. [Jllhany Evening Journal. A Nf.w, Elegant, and Extensive Hotel is now in tho course of erection in Charleston, to bo called the "Mills House." It is to l>e finished by the 15th of October next, and the estimated costs of location, buildings, and furniture are $2t>0,000. Tho "House" is owned bv Mr. Otis Mills, and the management of it will lie in tho hands of Mr. Thomas S. IMickerson, lessee. n is locaiuu m mo corner of Meeting and Queen streets. "Watchmen, tf.ll us ok the Night."?The watchmen of Copenhagen still keep up the ancient custom of singing a enrol nt tho hours. The following is the stanza for 9 o'clock: "The day glides by, and sable night appears, For Jesus' sake, O God, our sins forgive. Freserve the Royal Family; And guard the neople which this land contains From danger of the Enemy." Prof. A. D. Bache has been elected President of the American Association for the Advancement of Education.