Newspaper Page Text
/. a XO. 1361 TWEXTT-FIFTH YEAR SKAGWAY, ALASKA, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1922. PRICE TEN CENTS CRITICISE II. S. RELIEF PLANS Brussels. Dec. IS.—The reports of the contemplated action of the Unit ed States to restore Europe is not meeting with universal favor in Eu rope. Much adverse criticism of the proposed plan is made by the Bel gian newspapers especially. The Na tion Beige, says that it would be Bel gium and France which would bear the burden of the plan as they would have to abandon their liens on Ger many. I . S. PLANS FOR AID ALL FOR GERMANY Paris. Pec. IS.—The Paris Temps, speaking editorially on the plan pro posed by the I'nited States, for the rehabilitation of Europe, says that the plan seems conceived exclusive ly in the interests of Germany. FOOD STI FFS WENT I P "J PER CENT IN" NOV. Washington. Dec. IS.—According to the government's figure* for the month of November, food pricas nt up two per cent., during tnat I month. This refers to both retail and wholesale prices as they have been compiN d by the Department of! Labor and given out today. COLD WEATHER GETS GRIP ON THE MIDDLE WEST Chicago. Ill . Dec. 19.—Coming on the wings of a high wind the first severely cold weather of the winter 1. ded on the Middle West vester U y. while for t''e second time this > ar the Northwest is in the grip of be!ow-jero temperatures. The cold est weather reported is that prevail ing in the northern part of the Rocky Mountain re-ion. where a cold wave throng! out the section was made more intense by a high wind. Falling t • rmometers this morning ire her alding a co'.d wave through Missouri. Kansas and Oklahoma, where the first r< I w nter of the year is be ing experienced. From Duluth. Minn, zero temperatures are reported, while a bluzard driven by a sixty eight mile wind is raging over Lake Superior. PRESIDENT DISMI SSES BOOZE ENFORCEMENT Washington, Dec. 19.—The L forcement of the Prohibition Meas ure. so as to bring about the gr??.t est co-operation between the fed eral and jtate governments, was dis cussed by President Harding with a group of Governors in the White Ing to work out a definite division of the responsibility for enforcement between the two divisions of author ity so as to secure the best results, with the minimum of expense. SEATTLE KILLS 32 BY Al'TOS IN 1032 Seattle. Dec. IS.—Seattle thusi far this year has killed fifty-two peo- ] pie by automobiles. C. R. Kvle v'as j the last vietlm of this method of lo- i comotion. He was killed when he w:-s struck by an auto driven by John | L. Mountain, a fireman. Mountain j admitted that he had been drinking. SUGGESTS PUN London. Dec. 18.—President Hard | ing will soon propose two plans tor, the Internal agreement of the Allies | with Germany on the Reparation's; question. One of the agreements j will be for the Allies; the other will include the former enemies as well, i Elihu Root, the Daily Sketch, do- j clared. is working out the repara-1 tiou's agreements, which Involve a i drastic scaling down of the repara tions with the United States taking! over the German, export and Import and internal taxes under a first mortgage. The two agreements. will. If accepted, replace much of the Versailles treaty. DEMOTION OF ARMY OFFICERS FINISHED Washlngtin, Dec. 18.—The demo tion of army officers, which was or dered by Congress in the reduction of the army has been completed. 1.S5S commissioned army officers were ordered separted from the ser vice in the reduction of the army to its present status. The elimina tions include 23 colonels, 39 lleuten-j ants-colonels. 110 majors, and 345 1 captains. BIG COMPANIES CUT SURPLUSES BY DIVIDENDS New York. Dec. 18.—In the ap parent effort to distribute their rnr pluscs in anticipation of strlngnnt tax legislation on the part of Con cress. eight of the largest corpora tions of the country have announced declarations of stock dividends, the amount of which totals $97,500,000. The companies that have announced such dividends are: The Studebakor Corporation, the Vacuum 011 Com-, pany, William Wrigley, Jr., Com pany. the Bank of Manhattan, the Company Trust Company. Standard Oil Company of Kansas, Equitable I.ife Company, the Whitman Mills of New Bedford, and the Dupont Powder Company. SUSPECTED BOMB THROWER RETURNS SAYS DETECTIVE New York, Dec. 188.—Wolf Llnd erfeld, arrested In Warsaw because it was believed he knew who caused the Wall street explosion In 1920 and released, has been returned to this country, it was learned today from Detective Sergeant, who visit ed Linderfeld in a Polish prison. Wood has gone to Washington to confer with William J. Bums, it was said at the bureau of Investigation, j HENRY FORD ACCUSED OF FINANCING GERMANS Berlin, Dec. 19.—Some of the newspapers In Germany are charging Henry Ford, the American automo bile manufacturer, with the financ ing of the German Fascial. ALASKAN BOAT BUILDER PASSES Seattle. Dec. 19.—John B. Sted man, the well known builder of boats at St. Michael in the early day of the Yukon Rush to the Klondike, passed away in this city. Plan Your Work and Work Your Plan DON'T let the dimes and dollars slip through your Angers without knowing where they go. Plan to let the bank take care of all your fundi—than you .. uui muuey goes, and for what It goes. "Extravagance rots character Train youth away from It." —Theodora Roosevelt. off KDffl§ka\ SKAGWAY, ALASKA LAST BRITISHER LEffilMD Dublin, Dec. 18.—The last Brit ish soldier was evacuated from the Irish Free State today. The Irish Free State troops took over the Dub lin headquarters and seventeen other barracks. General Richard L. Mul cahy, the minister of defense, took a salute as the Wilshire regiment marched away from the hedquar ters. The British sold.ers saluted the Irish flag and tt-en the Free State troops saluted the British col ors. NOTED ACTOR BREAKS AS NARCOTIC ADDICT Los Angeles, Dec. 18.—Wallace Reid, the noted movie star, has had a complete breakdown. He has been declared to be a hopeless morphine addict. The disclosure has brought Will H. Hays, the dictator of the movies to the fore with a declara tion that he purposes to see how It is that Hollywood's colony Is being ruined by narcotics. BROTHER Jl'STICE SUTHERLAND DIES Los Angeles, Dec. 18.—Henry Sutherland, a prominent Utah stock grower and brother of JuBtice Suth srland of the Supreme Court, died suddenly in this city. PREMIEER HUGHES WINNER IN ELECTION Melbourne, Dec. 18.—The returns From the recent election in Australia though incomplete Insure the vic tory of Premier Hughes and his par ty. The election returned a number Df Labor delegates. FORMER MANAGER OF N. C. COM PA N V DEAD San Francisco, Dec. 18.—William H. Fairbanks, the former manager 5f the Northern Commercial Com pany and well known throughout the bounds of AlaBka because of bis former connection up here is dead ' In this city, where is his home. MULTI-MILLIONAIRE PORTER, A SUICIDE Denver. Dec. 18.—John H. Por ter, a baker, of this city and many times a millionaire was reported missing last night. He was found on the Highway, wl.ere is was ascer tained that he had committed sui cide. PRINCE GEORGE'S APPENDIX REMOVED London, Dec. 18.—The Dally Mail Is reported as saying that the appen dix of Prince George, the youngest sen of the king Is to be removed by the Burgeon's knife. TELLER OP PORTLAND BANK DISAPPEARS Portland, Dec. 18.—Burton L. Str.nford, teller In the United States National Bank, of this city has dis appeared. He Is found to be short many thousands of dollars In his accounts. FRANCE MAKES CONDITIONS IN PLAN Paris. Dec. 18.—France Is deter mined to oppose any plan made by America, for an Internal loan, unloss the major part of such a loan Is dovoted to the payment of Indemnity. TRANSPORT SINKS; A NUMBER LOST Constantinople, Dec. 18.—The transport Vlnh Long, of the French service, burned In the Sea of Mar mora. Twenty were lost. Including a number of women and children. FIRST ACT OF PAR LIME NT IN 123 YEARS Dublin, Dec. 19.—The first act of the Irish Parllment In 123 years whs passed to day by the Senate when a bill was presented from the Dall Ear«ann. MAKE BIG HAUL Denver, Dec. 19.—Auto bandits made a big haul In this city today. When the Federal guards emerged from the mint with a bundle of bills aggreagting $200,000. Auto ban dits opened up a fusilade of shots it the guards and shot and mortally woulded Charles Linton, one of the guards and seized the entire con signment of money and made good their escape. MILITARY LEADER IS CHINESE PREMIER j Peking, Dec. 19.—General Chang I Sham Tseng, the military leader, has | been appointed premier of China, with the approval of parliament. His selection which was supported by General Tsato Kun Is believed to be an indication that the Intention of the military party Is to assume con trol of the government In China. FREEZING WEATHER PREVAILS OX COAST I Sau Francisco, Dec. 19.—Rain and snow, with freezing temperatures, are prevalent along the Pacific Coast this morning and for some d stance back into the interior. No break in the cold snap is promised by the weather bureau before tomorrow night. The lowest temperature of the year for the coast was reached at Seattle last night, when the ther mometer registered nineteen above zero. SOURCE OF Ol'Ft LOCAL COAL Many people find It difficult to understand how an Immense bed of cool, similar to the large beds of lignite near Healy, can originate from the accumulation of vegetable matter, such as moss, leaves, trees, etc. The College has Just received from Mr. R. W. Calderhead of Lig nite Creek a fossilized segment of a tree trunk, which be found embed ded In one of the coal seams. This fossil is In reality now lignite coal but the texture of the work, wood fibre and many knots are so well pre served that they Indicate that th» original tree was no different from the present day Alaska conifers; pos sibly spruce, cedar or tamarack. The fossilized remnant suggests that the original tree was probably two feet or more In diameter. After this tree died it would have rotted away from exposure to the air had It not been buried be neath the water of some ancient bog. Accumulations of other vegetable swamp remains were also collecting at the bottom of the bog, otherwise there would be no present day de posit of cuhI at this point. The accumulation was first In the form of peat and was converted into lignite coal, first because sand was washed In the bog to cover the p.at also because the weight of the over lying sand and subsequent pressure and heat from the gentle flexing of the earth'B crust in the Healy river area, expelled part of the gases and left behind the residue of the lignite. Many small rounded grains of white sand can bo noticed Ailing the specimen sent ihe College. This very fine Band mixed with the wood fibre accounts for most of the ashes which are accumulating today in the ash pits of the Fairbanks stoves and furnices. If nature had been less gererous with this ash many dutiful husbands of Fairbanks would be spared the questionable pleasure these "crimpy" mornings of dashing outdoors attired ir. bathrobe- and slippers to empty a pan of ashes and thereby feive the stcve more breath ing space. It is estimated from ordinary de position of swamp vegetable matter in bogs that it requites the accumu lation of roughly two hundred years to yield a thickness of one foot of coal. Some of the coal seams near Healy exceed thirty feet In thickness. Coal seams of such thickness are not common. Unless this process at Healy proceeded witn great Intensity we must assume that the larger coal measures represent a swamp accu mulation over a period of at least five thousand years.—News-Mln#r siTBFiGimr SERVICE GIVEN Washington, Dec. 19.—According to the annual report of the Forest Service of Alaska, this Bureau is giv ing satisfactory service to those who come in contact with it. This re port recites the fact that those who know of this branch of the adminis tration are satisfied with the exist ing form of administration in this department. The department is seeking counsel and assistance of a scientific bureaus that these may be made use of In the service. W. B. Greeley, the chief forester, also de clares that the solution of Alaska's problem Is local self government. He added that 86 per cent of the lum ber used In Alaska is cut from the government forests. MORRISON AGAINST IJDIIGRATION CHANGE Seattle, Dec. 18.—Frank Morrison, the secretary of the American Fed eration of Labor is in the city. In a speech he made the statement that the American Federation of Labor would oppose any proposed plan to let down the bars in Immigration. He declares that the proposed plan to let it down on account of a scarcity of labor Is wrong, for he declares there is no scarcity of labor. IDAHO CAPITAL TO GET NEW RAILROAD Boise, Dec. 19.—The Oregon Short | Line, through Carl R. Gray, presi dent, has signed a contract with the Boise Chamber of Commerce to build a secondary main line of the Oregon Short Line Railroad. The Oregon Short Line agrees to spend $3,180,550 to build a railroad from Orchard on the present main | line to Perkins on the present Boise | branch line within ninety days and to operate passenger trains over it. Boise must purchase and deed to | the Oregon Short Line the right of j way for a railroad on the bench, es-1 timated to cost $70,000 and deed to) the railroad the right of way and' raise a trust fund of $325,400. TIMES EMPLOYEE STABBED IN DRINKFEST Seattle, Dec. 188.—Edward Hol zer Roland Berbower, an employee of the circulating department of the Seattle Times, was stabbed and it is believed fatally, by an unknown ne gro during a drinking spree. Washington, Dec. 19.—The Naval Appropriation Bill, which carried with it the request that the Presi dent negotiate with foreign powers relative to the limiting of war craft under ten thousand tons, passed the House late today. The bill carried an appropriation of 325 million dol lars and provides for an enliBted force of eighty-six thousand men, the same as at the present time. JACK DALTON SEEKS NEW MELD Yakima, Wn., Dec. IS.—Jack Dalton, a noted Alaskan and for whom the trail from Haines to the Titerior is named, departed for De marrara, British Guiana, where he oxpects to locate and proposes to de velop placer gold mines. Dalton Is in Washington and is visiting with his old friend and buddie, Sen ator Miles Poindexter, with whom he once explored Alaska. FASCI8TI AND COMMUNISTS FIGHT Turin, Dec. 19.—The Fascist! and Communistic factions in this city started a fight, which resulted in the death of two of the Black Shirt company and five of the Commun ists. The fight took place on the premises of the Chamber of Labor today. The offices of the Commun ist Daily Ord;ne were burned. MORE EXECUTIONS IN IRELAND Dublin, Dec. 19.—Seven members of the Republican army were execut ed today. They were tried by court martial and sentenced to execution for having attempted to wreck a train in County Kildare, in.Novem ber last. TUG RELIANCE WRECKED IN MICH. Detroit, Dec. 15.—Twenty-five cf the crew of the tug. Reliance, per ished when that craft was wrecked during a storm and blizzard on an island in Lake Michigan. ANGORA GOVERNMENT WILL PROTECT MINORITIES Constantinople, Dec. 18.—The An gora government has notified the al lies that it will protect the rights of all christian minorities in Turkey. The White Pass & Yukon Route The Gateway Route to Yukon Territory, Atlin and Interior Alaska Semi-Weekly Train Service between Skagcay and WUitehorM during the Winter Season. For foil information regarding passenger and freight v rates apply to H. WHEELER, GENERAL MANAGER SKAGUAY, ALASKA OR 510 Alsska Building, Seattle, Wash.