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VOL. I. AUGUSTA. MR. MONMAY MORNING. JANUARY 3, 1870. NO. 2.
Published on Water, Foot of Court Street, AUGUSTA. MAINE. BY 8PKAUIE, OWEN A SASH. ftailn Junnrbct Journal. Is issued every morning, except Sundays. outain* the latent new* b\ telegraph and mail, iml given the proceedings of the Legislature in full, il*o report* of proceeding* of important commit • i n and the \grieultural and K.dticufional depart uent*. Terms, if7 p*T annum in atlrauc*-; nf> it payment not made within the year, single copic- I rents, o he had at the book-lore- and at thi- olliee Advertisements one in. h in length, three in •crtious or leu*. #1.00; 2a ct-,. for even -uIm. «pient nserfion. Longer adverti-etneut*, or those Inserted or any considerahlc length of time. Mill b.-in-eitod • t favorable term* to the adverfi*er. Special Notices 2a per cent, additional. Amusement Notices, i*2 per square per we. k Mtcchly iirnncbcc Journal, Published every Wednesday morning, - the largest fidio paper in tin* stab*, containing icw-, political article*, agricultural and -cienfitl. natter, litIch, poetr\ . anecdote- hon*. Iiol l re.-iper nurkeU. \c., ,V*\ Terms *2 p>r annum in (n/rmut. Transient Advertisements, *l-,vi per Inch foi ir*t week; 2a cent* per week for each *tibse<|tie|it I a sort ion. Special Notices, #2 M per inch for lir-t » • k •••cent* per week for eaeh Mlb-e.pirnt Wei-k Business Notices, in ie iding e..|emn-. 2 ‘ <-»i « r line |oj Ur-i ittct-Hion; 10 cent* per line t o u li uhseqnent in.-e. Cion. Ml tran-ien' adv**rti«cui«*nf- to I » i id vance. *T vtk or »i vim:. IIKAD (J| - \ KTEIi- t A i».i r r \ nt Gi nki: vi. * tun- i . / \ugu*i t. I jwgi. » thtb r \II. Tin* fleet eoiiM.ymgth*' remain- • ! George I*c:» •odylieing expected in Portland harbor. tin- '-rati* Government i* degiron* *»f tendering every expivs -ion of respect proper to tin* occasion. and will ••ffiriall} participate in the service* which max be luul. In carrying «mt thi* intention tin- followlngor lers w ill be observed I. The Portland Mechanic Itlue- < aptain Par ker, ami the Portland Eight Intanhj. * aptain Mat locks, will hold themselves in readiness t<* render -uch serv ice a*; e-cort and guard of honor a- max be required. II. Flag* on State Building- will be displayed at half mast frt>:u the arrival «f the fleet until the funeral escort shall have passed lieyond the state. Ilf. A salute of miuute guns will b«j flretl from the arsenal at Portland during the disembarkation. IV. The Executive Council, Heads of depart ments, Judge* of Courts, ami other officers of state are expected to participate. V. Tl»e Authorities of the city of Portland are hereby respectfully Invited to co-operate in the ceremonies in such manner as the\ may deem proper. VI. Colonel John Marshall Brown, \--i-tant Inspector General, will have charge of the arrange ment.* on the part of the stale, assisted by l.ieut. Colonel Thomas W. lfyde and l.ieut Colonel Na than Cutler, Aides-de-camp. By order of the Governor and Commander-in Chief: U. B. Ml.'ltltAY . Jk„ Assistant Adjutant General. Cough Candy ! lirK^DKVBI'RU'N roron CtMtl rum >> coruHs, roi.ns, wiiooimm; < m ,.:i a».i all Throat truubbw. 2 Doors south of Granite Block, Market Sq. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, Fancy Good*, «*so., >"M b> lanl-lyt_ W, WEXDESliTItl.. New Millinery Goods. ‘ HISS V. TURNER \IfOrU> reaped fully inform the public that she f \ has just received si rtcvr stork of wi MliK boomt, consisting of HATS, BONNETS, FEATHERS, Flowers, Velvets, Laces, Ac., Which will bo sold sit the VERl LOWliNT PHIC E« 1 Also, n choice selection of Q-erman Worsteds ! Mias Turner has in her employ a Fill ST < l«.\s> 'HUMMER, and will guarantee that all work shall be performed in st neat and satisfactory manner. Ladies w ill please Call and examine our Bonnet* before purchasing elsew here. OVER POST OFFICE, AI GIST A, ME. *drOrderfl taken for Mumping for Braiding and Km broidery. 4m4o+ WM. CAGE, Machinist and Wauwfaetnrer of CIRCULAR SAW MILLS, SHIN6LE MACHINES, CLAPBOARD AND LATH MACHINES, CYLINDER BOARD PLANERS, ANO CLAPBOARD PLANERS. — ALHO, — BRANT'S PATENT EXCELSIOR MACHINES to tl»o Kutittlin fion of < 'ustomcrs. Job Worl done to-order. WM. <; A<«K. Wt-ht Kml Kennel»<*«• Ham 47U UttIWA, MK. S~ riiPIIITK OF Ll.tlK, for prertorvin^ ruler. A»m>. White Miistnnl s.Mwt. for »«!>• low In Itltr TITt’UMB A D'Oltlt, GOLD! GOLD! GOLD! AlDj^IUrSOlXHS BOTANIC COUGII BALSAM! IS MOKI-; VARIABLE THAN HOLD. TRY IT! TRY IT! IRY IT! IT < CUES THE WORST COUCH OR COLD IN A SHOUT TIME. IN LARGE BOTTLES, at - - - 35 Gents. No Cure ! No Pay ! FRANK KINSMAN, DRUGGIST, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL AGENT KOK THE EXITED STATES AND CANADAS. Cough no more when you can be Cured for • 3.1! Cents! Till IT! THY IT! Till IT! M AXSIOX II O I S K, STATE STREET, : : AUGUSTA, ME. r|,IIIS Hon**’ i> provided with Bath Booms, ; 1 when Hot and «'<»l*l Baths can Ik- hail at all ! tune.*. It ha* also a Kir-t-CIa** Bdlianl Hall. for j < limits . Connected with tin* House i* a l.trjre ml commodious Sample llootn, nu Water Street. 1 central!.* loeat**!. where Saiuph* A (tents can «how | their *."»*!*. fr**«* «»i charjp*. Th- I’ropri t *r, thankful for.the literal patron.t^rc which the above House has enjoy •«! since it* open i'tjf, pleasure in inf*>nn'ti.' his patrons that he will ru:i Krec Carriage* to a *d In-m the • ir* and . Boats until further, notice. Connected with the above House ia a Liver.* Sta ble, where g***d teams can lie had at reasonable r.it»-s. W. M. TllAVKK. 0. P. (.'•( UleAMK, t lelk. CUSHNOC HOUSE. Corner .,ft and Winthrop State Sts., j A ii^nsta, M c. T. I». BALLARD. : : Proprietor.j Guests taken to and from the Cars and Boats Free. HORSES AND CARRIAGES TO LET. fljanTlMiiu DR. A. H. CHAMBERLAIN,; DENTAL SURGEON, OFFICE OVER POST OFFICE^ : AUGUSTA. MAINu, hll. ( H A.MISKULAiN i- fully up with the times in all the best and most practical improve i incut.-. always availing him-elf of such a- will Ite of practical iise to bin patrons, and being thorough In « onvcivant with I >euti.-t rwin all it.- branches, can promise hi- pat’ •- that tlieir work shall 1m1 done ui a manner Which C annot l»e Kitr.Urd I (HE MOST DIFFICULT CASES ARE SOLICITED ! 1*111*0 IVit coins Oxide Or I.Ai'LtUis»» (t \H, the be.-t and safe-t \na»sthetir now extant. con-laiitly on hand and given for the extraction ol Teeth w iTIIol'T ivux. Rk FKUi. A ( A'V /; ) /'/ t* \f IS CIOS .* I It 1 it* 11 M. I». il.W Toward. M. U. <»eo. I. Uriekett. M I>. .1. o Webster. M. n. W I. Thompson, M. I». I W. >. liiU. M. I). Otlice Hours from 8 A. M. to fl P. M. fljanTO Fill's Msdicines aid Cisinicals! Brushes. Combs. Soaps and Perfumery; OflOlfK TOILET AM* FWV XKTM'LES 1 I’ll) sir inns' & Apolliceaiies' (iooiis, l'ur# Sperm. Lart. kerosene ;in4 Wtufm*! Oils. Charles k. Partridge, DRlCitilKT AND APOTHECARY, Water Street, corner Market Square, (UNDER OllANITK 1IAI.L.) Has on hand a Large Selected Stock kept fresh by constant additions, AND SELLS AT Thr lamest Market Kale* ! FOR GENUINE AND RELIABLE GOODS. Partritli;,’* I'ras Kta,. Waltr Klnwl. fornjr Market Square. fljan701) Shooting Tackle. 91. w7ll-OJf«, SL’CCUUUOK TO /.. >/■ LULAM), otrisr smith. And Dealer In Shooting Tackle of Even \ariety. RIFLE AND SHOT GUNS made to ORDER and WARRANTED. Particular attention paid to Choaking Shot Guns to make thorn about thick and strong. AUo on hand, the best lot of Skates in the market, fur sale cheap. Odd keys of every pattern. Key tags and rings for Wallets. Powder of tho boat quality for Blasting or Sporting. Re pairing done neatly and promptly. All work warranted. ljao-ly BOS W OUT H HA* .n'ST RECEIVED THE Largest and Best Stock -OF Fall and Winter Goods, E\ FU OFFERED IN 'Pill* < IT A He will sell these goods by the yard, or make them into Garment*. With < K. Avku and J. II. McOixri a cutters, he thinks that he can please the most fafelidiou*. Also. eounUmlly on hand, a Large stock of READY-MADE CLOTHING, And KI KMSIIIX. UOOUK, WHICH WILL BE SOLD CHE.VI* Full CASH. No. 15S Water Street. Augusta, Sept 21, 1809. Hardware Store! Having purchased the stock of Hardware, Iron & Steel, &c., Ac.., recently owned by Hutchins, Allen & Co., I am now prepared to sell all the various kinds of gotals usually found in Hardware Stores. AT THE L0WE8T PRIGE8. Those in want of t*oods in my line, will do w«ill to Onll find Exit mine before purchasing elsewhere. 123 Water Street, Opposite l*ost Office. AMOS WILDER. Augusta, lvu. 20, Win. ,'Jtt BALLAED & CHASE, wnm.wm: am* wctatt. TVRAiKita in tia. HRITlWIi, * PUKNiKD and J A VAX A LI) \\A R LN, IROS WAllF, GLASS il 4UK, Table ami Poeket Cutlery, S/uJ irons, lirushes. llroonU, un<l a General Assort ment of A itrken Furnishing Goods. GHO O 322 XI fit • CANS, Stove and Furnace Pipe, tiVTTEHS I'OSM'CTOKs, ,*<•.. made to order, and at tie lowest rates. A£-.L.(i Work promptly attended tv. 41 I.YIOY ULOlH, Water Ht.f A1ti(ftTA. May 3», 1800. i'REEMANS NATIONAL BANK! U. H. 1JONDS, Coin, Coin Drafts & Coupons Uvuxht ami Sold on lu wrable terms. J. L. ADAMN, 4ashler. AUiCUhta, .lulv 11, 1HH0. Furnaces! COAL Oil WOOD, The Hewt in the Market, For Large or Small Dwellings! AT £. D. NORCROSS’, No. 1 Smith's Block, Water Street, Augusta. Brushes I Brushes! HA IK, CLOTII. M7ST, SHOE and Stove Brush e*. a full assortment for Hale low by ItALLAltl* A CHASE, May ‘20. IXfKk ti Cuioti Block. GOVERNMENT OF MAINE. 1889-1870. governor, JosHt i L. Chamrbhi.ain, Brunswick, cotntcti.. George W. Randall. Portland. Elia* Miliikeu, Burnham. Il<-i,ry C Reed, N »rway. Joseph W. Porter, Burlington. Horace B Prescott, Now Sharon. William t’hilbrick. Skowhegan. Runnel K. Wluting, Ellsworth. KXKCtTIVK Ufllt'ULf. Franklin M. Drew, Brunswick, Secretary of State. George O. Stacy, K*«ur Falls. Deputy R cn'fary. James It Miliikeu, Portland, Chief Clerk. W illiam Caldwell, Augusta, State Treasurer. S.vlvaiiu.i Caldwell, Augusta, Treasurer's Clerk. August .* L Smith, Augusta, Clerk to Adjutant Genera!. William P. Frye, Lewiston, Attorney General. Parker P. Burleigh, Li uncus, Land Agent. govkrnor't rtTArr. It. B. Murray. Jr.. Colonel, Assistant Adjutant General. John M. Brown, Colonel, Assistant Inspector General. Eugene F. Sanger, M. D., Colonel, Assistant Surgeon (len’I Ai'U-ir-Cam/i, with rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Selden Coi.nor, Thomas W. Hyde, George Varnev. Nathan Cutler. ' AlV-rt G Morgan, Lewiston, Military Sec’y to Governor. Prentiss M. Fogler, Augusta. Messen’r to Gov. and Council. Benjamin F. Harris. Machias, Supt. of Public Buildings George L. Goodalc. Brunswick, State Assayer. ( vrufl F. Brackett, Brunswick, State Assayer. Daniel Winslow, Westbrook, Inspector Gen. of Beef & Pork. David Feruald, Camden. Inspector General of Fish. Geo. F. Dillingham. Oldtowu, Agt. Penobscot Tribe Indians. Geo. F. Wadsworth, Ea*t|x>rt, Agt. Paftsamaqu'y Tribe In. AD* rt W Paine, Bangor, Bank aixl Insurance Examiner. Asa W. Wilde*, Skowhcgan. i Ruouel If. Blake. Bangor, ''Railroad Commissioners. Solomon T. Cursor, Portmud, ) SUPREME JUDICIAL COURT. John Appleton. Bangor, Chief Justice. ASSOC! AT H JUST I CRH. El ward Kent, Bangor. Jonas Cutting, Bangor. J »nathan G Dickerson, Belfast. Charles W. Walton. Portland. William G. Barrows, Brunswick. Charles Pautui’li, Gardiner. Rufus J’. Taplev Saco. ATTMKXUY UKMKHAI.. 33 illiam I*. Krye, Lewiston. INSANE ASYLl .31. Henry M. Harlow, 31. P., Superintendent and Physician. Bigelow T. Sanborn, 31. P., Assistant Physician. TarsTEK-S. William B. lapharn. 31. B., Wonatork, President. E. L. I'attangall. Pembroke. John T. Gilman, 31. D . Portland. 31. R. Ludwig. Thomaaton. STATE PRISON. 3Varren W Rice. Warden. LI bridge Burton, IW-put.v Warden. txariH toma. William Wilson, lion. Ruin- Prince. STATE REFORM SC 1 Ion I. lion. L. 33. 33'ooillmry, Su|>eriuteudent. rausT**.’*. Hon. Noah Woods, Bangor, President. 33 E. Gould. Portland, Secretary, lion. Nathan Pn;.e, Alfred, Treasurer. Hmi. Jeremy 33 P irter, Sir ng. Tobias L >rd, Sint id ink. "T %TK Col.I.EOK of AoK!« rc. n KK AXD THE MKCHAXIC ARTS, lion Abner Coburn, Skoirbegan. President, lion. 33i;iiam P. Wingate, Bangor, lion. L.vndou Oak, Garland. Rev. Sa.Muel Y Dyke, Bath. lion. Nathan Pane. Alfred. lion. Iiouah Stetson. Bangor, Treasurer. Samuel Johnson. A. 31.. Or mo, Secretary. BOARD OK P»-TRrrT!OV. 3f. C. Fernald, Orono. S P. Peckham, Orouo. Charles K. Uamleu, Waterville. Cyrus K Brackett, Brunswick, i George L. Uoodale, Bruoawick. BO\Kl> OK AOK10U1.TI RK. j Samuel \3asson. Ellsw.»rtii, President. Rufus Prinae, Turner. Vice Prcai«lcut. j S. 1*. Good ale. Saco, Seen, Secretory. Mfc.MBKRS Or THK b«*AKI». Seth Scannn.ui, fur Cumberland County, Scarborough. Wildes 1*. Walker, Sagadahoc County, T-jisnam. Samuel II••line*, Oxford County, Peru. Albert Mo*ire, Somerset County, North Anson. S. L. (1 iodide. York County, Saco. Elijah B. Stack pole, Penobscot County, Kenduskeag. Samuel Wasson. Hancock County, Ellsworth. J. Yamuna Putnam, Aroostook County, lloulton. Jeremiah K. Norton, Fr.tuklin County, Avon. Luther Chamberlaiu, Piscataquis County, Atkinson. 'l>>ses I. Wilder, Washington County, Pembroke. Isaac Hobbs, Knox County, South Hope. Daniel II. Thing Kennebec County, Mt. Yemen. George K. Brackett, Waldo County, Belfast. Z. A. Gilbert. Androscoggin County, East Turner. Calvin Chamberlaiu, (State Society,) Foxcroft. John Bodge. Lincoln County, Jefferson. COMMON SCHOOLS. Warren Johnson. Topaham, State Superintendent. Joseph F. Dunning, Clerk of Superintendent, Portland. COCJiTY srPKEVtSOIlS. Androscoggin, C. B. Stetson, Lewiston. Aroostook, W\ T Sleeper, Sherman. CumlierUnd, J. B. Webb, Gorham. Franklin, A. H. Abbott, Farmington. Hancock, Charles J. Abbott, Castine. Kennebec, W. II. Bigelow, Clinton. Knox, 0. M. nicks, Kocklanil. Lincoln, D. S. (Hidden, Newcastle. Oxford, N. T. True, Bethel. Penobscot, S. A. Plummer, Dexter. Piscataquis. W. S. Knowlton, Monson. ■Sagadahoc, D. F. Potter, Topsham. Somerset, 0. W. llatheway, Skuwhegan. Waldo, N. A. Luce, Freedom, Washington, W. J. Cortheli, Calais. MAINE EDI CATION A L ASSOCIATION. I’resilient, A. P. Stone, Portland. Vice-president. J. II. Hau*on, Waterville. Secretary ami Treasurer, C. B. Stetson, Lewiston. EXf.CCTIVK DRP4KTMRNT. A. 1*. Stone, Chairman. Portland C. B. Stetson, Lewiston. C. C. Rounds, Farmington. J. K Littlefield, Bangor. J. P. drops, Brunswick. tJ. T. Fletcher, Castine. M. C. Fernaki, Orono. J. B. Webb, Yarmouth. L. D. Carver, Hallowed, COMMITTEE Gh STATE VALUATION. John P. Hubbard, Hiram. Seth Sealnman. Scarboro’. Alviu Currier, Canaan. Nehemiah Smart, Searsmont. Reuben S. Prescott, Bangor. I’artmau Houghton, East port. Enoch Knight, Portland, (’lerk of Commissions. COMMISSION ON EQUALIZATION OF MUNICIPAL WAR DEBTS Nathan Dane. Alfred. Dennis Milliken, Waterville. Janies A. Milliken, Cherry field. A. C. Walker, Clerk. STATE PENSION DEPARTMENT. Henry C. Reed, Chairman, George N. Page. ('lerk. STATE LIBRARY* Joseph T- Woodward, Librarian. Edward Rowse, 144 WATER STREET, i«iu:» is Watches, Jewelry, ANI) SIIAKK WAKE ! Agent for the Waltham Watch Conip’y, An.I l.A/.AltC.s A Moll lUh Perfected Spectacles. $d- Sneotat attention |>nl<t to the repairing of all hliiite of PINE WATCHES. Vh von out etev lla la n res appluM and aecuratol) adjusted to temperature position and lsoehrouism. TIME TAKEN BV TRANSIT. MjnaTO-M' Titcomb's Aromatic Tonic Elixir! \NI> all the other COPULA It MKOICINKS* for ■ale low at TITCOMn A DORR'S 1 »«U DUCO STORK. The Education of (he Hand. there is certainly not a more wonderful and beautiful and useful I>it of maeliinery in the world than the human baud. Its educational susceptibilities, too, are ex traordinary. It can be trained to deeds of strength which only the toughest woods or metals can be made to excel, or to a delicacy of touch and manipulation which the finest machinery can neverrival. And the ease and celerity of motion of which it is capable are quite as astonishing as anything else connected with this wonder ful pices- of human machinery. A few ex amples in all these departments of train ing sufficiently prove the capabilities of the hand under proper treatment. !5ut, like everything else that In-longs to man, it is generally a neglected, if not an abused member, anil at best is but part hilly developed. Our thoughts have been turned toward the liftman hand, at this time, by a valua ble article in the last number of the Rrien lijir American, on the education of the hand. In this article it is urged that the early training of children is radically de fective, in that they are taught, from tin start, to use only one hand for all the more difficult and nice manipulations of ordinary life ; while both hands an- pre cisely alike in construction and capacity, and equally susceptible to the influence of training. Or in other words: children are early taught to hold their knives, their pens—whatever they are using for un\ im portant work—in their right hands : while the left is employed merely ea supple ment to the right. I he writer argues, that children might he learned to use the left hand ju~t as readily and neatly and efficiently as tin right: and thilt the exelusiveti.se ol tin right hand, as the leading mcuiher, i purely the result of the training which the j child gets from infancy upward—to hold everything in the right hand—to cut, or sew. or write with that hand only. That the left hand might he made the equal of the other, i- proved by the dexter ity with which tin- left hand i- used by some persons, even skilful surgeons, or painters, or artisans, who ii'c either hand, as convenience may dictate, with equal fa cility and dexterity. This is evident, also, front the success of persons who, having lost the use of tin* right hand, have been compelled to substitute the left. If this he true—that the two hand- are made exactly alike, are alike susceptible to training—why should a man or woman be deprived, by vicious early cdueatiotn of. one-half the capacity and powers of usefulness) which (»od has given him oi lier? Let the mothers who have children in their arms or around their tables, and the teachers of small children think of this, and begin early to teach them to use both hands alike, and we shall soon see a two-handed race of men and woman in this world. (are of the Uarn. Tins expressive phrase involves more than one might imagine who has never wintered a stock of cattle; of course, it implies tlie seeing that the ham—the build ing itself,—is made tight both at the sides, especially tliose most exposed to the cut ting winds, and on the roof; that it is well ventilated, so as not to be full of foul atmosphere, as injurious to beast as to man: that it is neatly and orderly kept, so that there i» no waste of fodder, and that it is weft secured by day and by night. But over and above all, it means the rc ipii ite skill and care in the management of the stock, that they be periodienliv and properly fed, and watered, and clean ed. A herd of twenty head of cattle, be sides horses and young sleek, will take the time of one man working pretty dili gently in the care of them. He must rise betimes, and, snow or rain, go to the barn to give the morning feed. He must do the milking, unless the cows are all dried up for the winter; see that each ani mal has his proper space, without being encroached on by those in the next stan chions; then, after breakfast, he is t.. tum them out for watering, and is to clean up the stalls, and-supply them wit li the proper litter. He is to oard the stock and provide fur their wants all through the day, perhaps cutting hay and roots for this purpose, Let any one who thinks all this is very easy work, oply try. it for a whole winter, and h* mar perhaps pome to a different conclusion. Let him re member. top, that It is his ditty not mere ly to keep the breath of life in the stwk entrusted to him. but to keep them in good health and heart, so as to come out in good conditiou in the spring, when they go to grass. Seven to eight months at the barn is decreed by an inexorably cold climate I for New England cattle every y ear. All j honor to the fanner who knows how best to carry them through, ami knowing, j does it! If peace hath her victories no less than war, so has winter hers no less , than spring or summer. The thought should never be harbored that winter is a, time of inactivity. Better far ^te motto: ! work and thrift go together.~Co/wnou i tiunalM. Orass Land. Permanent grass land lias not timothy i on it as tlie chief variety, and if it is per manent, of course it iiii never ploughed.— Meadows, properly speaking, are never ploughed, for if they are, the field is ara ble. and meadow land and arable laud are distinctively different. Permanent grass fields and meadows, in England, where the language came from, mean land always in grass, tiie varieties com posed of native kinds, and a permanent pasture or a meadow is never considered in perfection till the temporary sown va rieties are worn out, or only take their place among the seventy or more varieties which will lie found on ail good grass land. All grass land worthy of the name i-. near rivers or in valleys, and on land with some portion of the soil of a charac ter similar to the low land—clay, loam and rich limestone are the principal sta ples to lie depended upon, but light sandy soils, or any hills having no depth of strong soil, are not adapted for permanent grazing and mowing, and can never be made to be aught but temporary and arti ficial grass land. Arabic land is much benefited by having temporary grass in rotation, but in England it is found that there is decidedly more advantage in bringing it around often and only letting it lie in such gras one year, where clover is sown alone, or only two years where a mixture of rve grass, trefoil and white clover i> added, hut at no time since dic tionaries have been in existence have such fields, even when allowed to remain in grass for six or seven years, been dig nified by the name of meadows, nor is anything termed permanent grass land unless it has been ill grass during the present generation, and is never intended to be ploughed again. Snell being facts, why not call things hy their right names? ' the -ame a.» Americans are beginning to say ranis instead of bucks. Shorthorns in -tead of lMirhams, and liens install of chickens, for it is said “he is feeding the chickens," when the youngest in the lot has raised broods; the same as “the meadow i- growing corn this year !"— ('onnlnj (h nUannti. What In Front? «, We have learned that dew is the float ing moisture of the air gently floating down upon the grass amt leaves of plants, which have become colder than itself. If, now, the grass and leaves become still colder, as they will do on an Autumn or Winter night the tiny particles of vapor, which in Summer would make dew, are frozen as soon as they fall, and appear on tin* grass like little bristling needles of ice. This we call frost. It does not take the form of a smooth layer of ice all over the blades of grass, because it is the na ture of water, when freezing, to take a regular form to erystalize. Whenever water freezes, little needles of ice are first seen to shoot out upon its surface, which make the same angles with each oilier, all over the world. So it Is in our houses. The moisture of the air in our rooms touches tire cold glass, and trying to erystalize. makes the curious frost-work on our windows every cold evening in Winter. A singular appearance is sometimes noticed on rocks by the road-side, and on the brick walls of houses, when in Winter there is a sudden change from cold weath er to warm. As the stones and bricks are -till freezing cold after the air has become warm, they condense and freeze the mois ture of the air, and array tliemsulves in a snow-white garment of frost. Scholars in school are often troubled on Winter mornings by "the frost coming out of their slates," us they call it. The slates are so wet that the pencil marks cannot be seen. This moisture on the slate, like the frost on the brick wall, is caused, not 1j\ lru-t, or anything else, coming out of them, but rather by the heat of the air go ing into them. This leaves the vapor in the air to settle upon them in the shape of dew or frost. A large collection of frost is often seen upon tint heads of nails, while no frost ap pears on tin- wood around tlie nails. It is tlie nature of iron to receive heat from any warm substance much faster than wood docs. So tlie air, which touches the nail, quickly gives up its heat to the nail, and lays down its moisture upon it to freeze; while the wood, although equally cold, being able to take only a little heat away from tlie air remains quite free from frost. —Oliver Optic's Magazine. A good farmer wears thick I loots and has a thick wallet; his buttons are horn, but his word is gold; his bills are short, ids horses tat and his fences strong, lie does not chaffer with the tax assessors, nor send away a hungry man. When he travels, lie finds his credit has run before him. SccivUvt'J Boutwell has forbidden the lauding of any imported European cattle without a certificate that no contagious disease prevails in the country from which they were ini|>orted. Sffretury HUnion A writer to the Boston Daily Advertiser says on the retirement of Secretary Stanton from the cabinet he took a trip to the Eastern States to spend a few weeks with lii.s friends there, for the purpose of re cruiting his health. Arriving in New \ ork lr< mi Washington, betook passage on one ol the Sound steamers for Boston. The circumstances connected with his re tirement from office are well known; he looked care-worn and exhausted—never theless ho appeared social and cheerful, although he remarked that the strain upon his nervous system had been snch as near ly to prostrate him—and the re-action produced by a sudden cessation of the re sponsibilities under which he had been lahoring was almost bewildering. He conversed freely daring the evening upon all matters connected with the war—al luding to trials, reverses, mistakes, losses and defeats winch we sustained, and the many dark hours of our history. I re mertfcer well this impressive remark which he made—“The hand of an over-ruling Providence was with as through off—and nowhere was his presence more manifest than in the preservation of the thousands of men who were sent down south by sea." lie then spoke of the character of the vessels which were engaged as transports for onr soldiers—how ill adapted they were for the service, and how wonderful it was that so few accidents occurred. “Such was my anxiety,” he added, “for those on l>t>ard, that during those nights when a storm was ragfyig, 1 found sleep impossible. 1 have risen from my bed and spent hours with my face against the window, looking out into the darkness, thinking of the sol diers at sea on the coast, and in the morning dreaded to take up the despatches lest I should learn that some unfortunate vessels had gone with all on board to the bottom." After sitting in silence for a moment, with Ids eyes upon the Hoor, he said in a slow and solemn tone, “Nothing, sir,—nothing bid Ho hand of God saved them." The Bonton and Maine Railroad. The report of the directors of the Boston and Maine Railroad Company lor the year ending November 30, 1869, has just been published. It appears that the company has no funded debt, and the floating debt is $217,437, an increase of $7437 during the year. Since the last report $70,266, 34 have been expended for station build ings. fixtures, &c.; $30,437 for land, land damages and fences; $16,400 for locomo tives ; $42,500 for merchandise cars. The total cost of the road and equipments is $5,0%,014,54. The amount of assets held by the corporation in addition to the cost of the road (after deducting the dividend of Jan. 1st, 1870, and adjusted and un adjusted liabilities) is $375,680,39. 'The road crosses 98 public ways, and 1 horse 5 steam roads at grade. There are 2i > way stations for accommodation trains, and 7 flag stations. The passenger trains have run 655,610 miles, and the freight trains 307,049 miles, and other trains 28, 350 miles—making a total of 992,009 miles tun. The number of passengers carried is 3,593,237, or 51,248,678 passengers one mile. The number of tons of freight has been 422,711. The adopted speed of ex press passenger trains is3<> miles per hour, the actual speed has been 28 miles; the adopted speed of accommodation trains has been 24 miles per hour, and the actual 23 miles; the average rate of special and freight trains has been respectively 20 and 12 miles an hour. The total expense for maintenance of way has been $276,514, 23, and the total for maintenance of mo tive power and ears, $210,351,88. The road has 45 locomotives, 77 passen ger, 23 baggage, 982 merchandise and 215 gravel and hand ears. The total expense of working the road lias been $1,821,389, 80, and the total income $1,871,339,02, making the net earning $549,949,22. The dividends (tenpereent.) and taxes amount to $479,471,26, leaving a surplus of $10, 1 177,96, besides a reserve of $60,000 to meet contingent expenses. The total surplus now is $1,000,420,41. How to Build a Clatrra. 1 see that a subscriber wishes to know the host way to build a cistern. I have [ had the care of building quite a number, ' and would say to him, build two instead of one so large ; dig the holes and put on two good coats of cciucnt on the bank, and arch with good hard brick. One of ; my neighbors has one that I built for him sixteen years ago, in this way, and it has been in use ever since. I had one built for myself, six years ago; the mason put brick all round; the brick settled and it leaked. 1 had another built two years ago, which was eight feet across in the clear after being finished, and nine fret deep. This was plastered on the bank and arched with brick and has been full of water ever since, and has not leaked a drop that I know of. I could mention more made in this way but this is enough. I would not have brk-k or stone in the •■Mies of a cistern if they were put in for | nothing; they are simptyf thrown away.— ! Mentor, in ('wintry Gentleman.