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(i / M Fu st Vogt.)
it fc.>- admitted those little ones irt n special tavor. which we were authorized by the Iak isiaturj to accept* 1 ho Orphans Home, at Hath, is now established under the most hap pv auspice*. The conditions annexed to the appropriation of last winter were promptly fulfilled by generous citizens of Hath whose ■lames are already venerated for acts ot char ity i and a commodious estate was bought and refitted tor the Home. It is not completely furnished as yet. hut the space i* ample, and v* ith the benefactions which w ill follow this institution will become the dispenser of many blessing*. There are thirty-three orphans now there. The amount paid for their siip lxrrt r* 82.000. The whole amount disbursed up fa the present time is 811.230; remaining in the hand.; ; f the Hoard for disbursement during the next quarter 82.020. Expenses of the Board thus far 8800. making the total drawn from the treasury on this account for ihf a'far ftl&.CWV), which l<‘ivt* tin.* b.» hi ncc* of the Appropriation, viz.. tJ-S'K*". unexpend ed and h.it drawn from the treasury, u nat ever uieau* you prov ide for the care ot these orphans, it is a <1 titv too sweroutn ho sligliUMi. The alms house, tfie hovel, and the street, are sad homes for the sons of martyrs. leg vt Tlie Altorney General suggests important changes ill our law. Especially do 1 concur in Ills recommendation that the act of 18-.' re lating to 'reviews in capital ease-, together with die ielated and consequent sections of other acts, he repealed. This whs one of | those acts hurried through near the close of the session without due consideration. Al-t though impressed with grave doubts as to its cow-miuwionniify and fitness to promote the cnls oi justice.! was in inui min mm able to prepare and present such reasons o‘ public policy as would warrant me in oppoe- j ing an act which had the weighty sanction of j n majority of the Legislature. I believe the intent and practical working of the law were not at that time fully understood. The Governor and Conn d were instructed at the last session to provide for a revision an 1 consolidation of the Public Statutes by j contract or commission. After careful con sideration it was deemed advisable to appoint Commissioners for that purpose. These gen tlemen have been diligently employed upon their work, and their report will be laid be fore you at an early day. I he matter of changing the phraseology, he it never so j slightiy of existing laws in order to harmonize j and consolidate them. i- so delicate a ta-k j that you will pardon me if I remind you of the I close scrutiny with which such a revision must he examined before it is passed upon, making no doubt at the same time that the i work of the board will be found in a high de gree accurate and judicious. The period Imp pens to Ik* a critical one: the census about to j be taken, the new valuation of property to ( bold for the next ten years, and various mat ters of unusual importance awaiting your de- j cision, render it of the utmo.-t importance that j you should use the best discretion and fore- j sight in repealing obnoxious or unnecessary j laws, and in enacting such as incorporated into this revision may give it some chance «»f i standing for ten years without being so moti-1 latcd and overlaid as soon to become almost j without advantage. The complaint is not unfrcqnentlv made | that the administration of justice is neither so j prompt nor so impartial as-it should be in this State. If this is so the remedy is beyond the ; reach of my suggestions. I am of opinion. 1 however, that an injustice is done the court j as well as the people by reason of the tact that the Judges of the Supreme Court are required to travel over the length and breadth of thi* State without proper remuneration. 1 am not aware that this is the case with any other officer on public duty. It is well known tie salaries of the judges are inadequate, and without derogating aught from that high rev erence for the court which i- naturally enter tained by us alb and so especially commanded j by the character of our present Bench, it i*; still l*y no mean* unnatural that a judge de- j tained from home at heavy expense, every | day making deeper inroads upon his scanty means of support, might become impatient of long terms, and in bis anxiety yo.?sibiv slight some duties. When it is the case as now. that the more one does the less pay he has, the tendency and effect it is not difficult to perceive. An unembarrassed independent judiciary is of inestimable value. I would re spectfully suggest that the actual circuit ex penses of the Justices of the Supreme Court be audited and paid by the State. It was made the duty of the Governor and Council to count and report the vote on the proposed amendment to the constitution, au thorizing the legislature to divide towns into voting districts. The whole number of votes upon tliis amendment was 5186. Number voting ** Yes, ” SltiOO; number voting “ No. ” 2.177. So the constitution is amended accord mgty. The account of the State Liquor Commis- | sioner, and his method of doing business }iR\e j been carefully examined and are found highly | satis factory. Souk* points remarked on in his | report, will demand your attention. The practice of turning in confiscated liquors al ways more or less impure, to tin* town agen cies. taken in connection with the fact that we have provided a State Commissioner who is paid and placed under bonds to furnish nothing hut the purest liquors, which the town agents are imperatively required to purchase exclusively of him, is so absurd that good j logic, if not good morals, demand that it j should he prohibited. It is proper that I should inform you that; there seems to l>e a general tailing oil' in re- ! speet for our liquor laws. The enforcement of these laws conics in no manner within the power of the Executive. It very properly de- ' volvc' upon municipal officers, and the degree ot their Zeal and efficiency is measured by tin* | prevailing local sentiment. It is not an un reasonable theory that the State should secure j the even and impartial execution of her laws throughout her jurisdiction. So far probably all good citizens would agree; but the erec-! tion of a special police for the purpose mainly j of enforcing the liquor law beyond, certainly, if not against, the wishes of the municipalities, has been urged by some as a proper measure mill jmrn jiuiueu i»v u iuw .1 ivbi ui iuiv^iaiia' to the came of Temperance, llut in a gov ernment like ours one of the most delicate things which a .State could he called upon to do is to invade the ancient right* and digni ties of towns, which the historian and states- j man know, are at the foundation of our liber ties. It is still more difficult when tin* issue is upon a contested question of social ethics, or public morals, on which even good men might be divided, and had men find pretext for giving the most dangerous passions way. The antagonism to excessive measures is likely to react against a virtue which all good citizens hold high. Unfortunately wo have made the experi ment our own; and the salutary lesson to be learned from it may warrant me in taking public notice of it here. A principle prized by all was arrogated by a few. and made the placard if not the watch word of a political organization. The result, as might have been expected, was to give* to a worthy and a sacred cause the appearance of defeat. The cause hits suffered, but should nor be held to blame. Its very virtue was its misfortune. 'The strong hold which it had upon til<* hearts ot the people was the occasion of its being seized upon t-» cover sinister in tentions. Various elements of disaffection availed themselves of the confusion which their erii*• had raised, and rallied in a strange coniparfhtnship, under a banner which had never been so entrusted to them, and which lost iU codhccration by their laying on of hands. The elements which conspired in this movement and the animus which impelled it. appear to have been so well understood by our people as to require no Hiialv*i- by me. 4,7<MJ vote* in a total of nearly 1<M)<0OO after the un paralleled resort* of that campaign, prove that whoever of*e voted that way. the Temper ance men of Maine did not. They answer t< a longer roll-cal!. They muster a noble! host. The people of this state are a temper ate people, and *‘iii favor < t temperance/ 1 it' that can moan anything more. I hey arc ' also a manly people. They do not fear to express their opinions, nor shrink front es pousing any just cause. What they desire ot right or expedient in their laws they will in their own good time have. Hut anything forced upon them contrary to their best judg ment. and consequent upon their good nature alone, cannot bo expected to receive their heavtv moral support, or be productive of real good." It is a sad day. however, for the wel fare of this state when a rash measure must be adopted simply because no one dares tor a moment to question its expediency lest its champions should taunt him with infidelity to a creed of which they are not the chosen apos tles, and anathematize him in the name of a power which they have usurped. Gentlemen, I yield to no man in respect for the rights of minorities. This is the glory and nobililv of liberty. Men may vote as they please and be protected. They may do and say what they please, perhaps; but not without being held responsible for the abuse of the privilege. And if I may be allowed the opportunity to advert to mutters which, although of a per sonal nature, yet in their effects rise to the dig nity of a public consideration, let me here de precate the practice so recklessly resorted to in the last campaign, of aspersing the motives of official conduct, and of misrepresenting private character for political and sinister ends. So far as those efforts were success ful. 1 fear they did no good to the cause of temperance, or to the young men of Maine. It is a regard for their welfare and solicitude that those who have followed me on other fields may not he seduced to wrong ways, by the false "fancy that they are following me Mill, that 1 ask you to let me lift my standard for a moment that they may see where 1 am. Let them not think that the record of a life long loyally is so easily reversed. I sluill not seek safety in the lines of the enemy to escape the mutinies of the discontented, more anxious for their own way than tor vic tory: nor turn hack to camp because some raw recruit on picket, with the impetuosity of terror, unable to discern front from rear, or friend from foe, shrieks at me tortile counter sign. Lot us not. However, in our iujiw ; raev, or resistance to ill judged or encroach ing measures, i>e forced into a seeming an tagonism to virtue, and to those who love and labor for its cause. l!ut rather with cool hrain and steady nerve, summoning all the agencies of good, whether of heart or hand, go on to practice and promote the things that are honest and pure and of good report. Those who join wisdom with zeal to promote virtue among tlte people, will laborto nourish a right public sentiment as well as to secure punitive enactment. Some margin must al ways be left for differences of moral senti ment. Otherwise we might break down the public conscience. For one, however, 1 do not object to a law's being somewhat in ad vance of public opinion—that is. more strin gent in its provisions than the people really like to obey. The requisitions of even an impossible virtue may avail for good. Its broad, high aspect may strengthen and hold up some that would otherwise fall before the influence of had surroundings, and the terrors of its penaity might eool the recklessness of some who would not be restrained bv milder persuasives. Hut when a law is widely dit ferent from the peoples’ judgment, and provok inglv contrary to their wishes; then, instead of expecting’ it to go on crushing its way like an unrelenting law of the universe, il would be better to look for one that takes some cognizance of human conditions, and reach out a hand that w ill meet halt way the trembling instincts of good. Ind-ed it may be said that wisdom consists in seeing the practical points of contact between the abstract and the human right. For the human law is not as tile divine. That declares the ways of absolute Justice and the inexorable Eight. Hut the object of the human law is to protect individual rights so that every man may he free according to his own conscience to work out his obedience to the higher. Any law. therefore, which proposes to abridge personal rights should be ventured upon with the utmost caution and administered with the widest charity. There are other things to be thought of besides restraining men from tile use of intoxicating drinks, though this be a [parent of crimes and begets monsters from which all the good avert their faces and seek to save their fellows, yet we must not expect that it can be wholly subdued and driven from among men. The laws against intoxicating liquors are as well executed and obeyed as the laws against profanity, theft, unchastity or murder. Even if they are executed, they will not avail to extinguish crime, nor banish evil from the hearts of wicked men. These are questions which go to the foundations of society. We must consider what can be done. Kcstrain and intimidate as much as you can by law; it is only by the Gospel still that men can be converted from evil. ■ 1 see no reason why measures lor the pro motion of temperance should not be ap proached as calmly, and, if need bo, as bo il ly. as any other question of so much moment. Nay. it is such questions as those, most of all, which demand the full measure of your wis dom, your candor and your courage. MATERIAL INTERESTS. Agriculture considered in reference either to the amount of property it represents, or to the numbers employed in it, stands at the head of our material interests. Our w ide and thinly settled territory, while it makes this a leading industry, still gives it certain character which is in some respects unfortunate. The tendency is to too much breadth and too little skill. If farming is a hard business at the best, then we cannot ulford to do it otherwise than well. Hut of late we see more thought fulness and more Courage. The best agencies are brought to bear upon this interest, and the discussions and Reports of the Board of Agriculture show what sturdy good sense and what fine talent these pursuit* may develop. 1 have upon other occasions endeavored to express my sense of the importance of this great branch of our industries, and I shall not now venture more than two suggestions. That we do not waste our forests, which are more valuable than we have been taught to think ; and mat we try to raise our own orcau-siuus mm save the enormous loss of paying three or four profits on foreign grain, and twice as many more on its transportation. Fanning is rather a hard way to get rich, hut it is a good way to he independent. And I think as a general thing farmers are far happier and more com fortable than any other class of men who work as hard, whether with hands or brains. The Commissioners on the settlement of our public land*, w ill make their repot, to you. It has not'passed under my eye. I learn, however, that well-matured and feasi ble plans are proposed for encouraging wor thy settlers on the rich lands now lying idle. It is a little curious to see that everybody, who really examines the subject of Swedish immigration, whatever may have been his prejudice from the failure of imperfect exper iment, comes to a warm support of the meas ure. I confess I can see no reason why we should not make good work of this, as well as the Western States, who find it an element of wealth and power. A little retouching of our color by the the infusion of fresh, young northerly blood, would do ua no harm. Two instrumentalities, which will power fully aid us in proportion hn they flourish, are manufactures and railroads. It appears to me that the last few years have witnessed sueli an awakening of interest in these mat ters ns almost to mark an epoch in our history. , Capitalists from abroad are beginning to un derstand our extraordinary facilities, and im prove their own opportunities; yet much— almost all—remains to be done. 1 will not weary you with iterations upon ourw'ant* and our advantages—you already know them 01 you may. The now completed work on tin water power of Maine, which 1 cannot men lion with any feeling less than that of pride 1 commend to your careful perusal, and for i wide distribution. You cannot contemplate the astonishing results so admirably present ed in this report without seeing where oui nearest way to prosperity lies, and what is ye to be the work and the wealth and the fam< of Maine. Shipping lias been mir glorv. but w-c shall look in vain for that prci minenee to return. Causes, more powerful than any within human control have turned the tide from our shores. Still our power is in the waters. We may lay hands upon their w ild career and ask of them a service and a bless ing ere they mingle with the sea. We must foster this great interest which is the hope of the State. We must do it generously, yet ju diciously. We have still to bear the sight of our noble powers running wild, our rich mate rials lying waste, waiting the magic touch of mind and skill; our abundant products sent away, raw. or rudely shaped, to receive their chief value elsewhere. To export abundance of raw material is thought by some to be great prosperity; though the most that they receive in payment is a portion of the same material finished into costly fabrics for a thousand uses by the skill of other hands. This may do where civilization has not much advanced, but does not seem a wise policy for a State which is mature and has abundant facilities for manufacturing. Take for example one of our common trees, worth jn the rude shape we give it for the market, say twenty dollars. Now set talent and skill at work upon it, fashion it for all the fine uses and finish it to the high perfection which sooner or later it would have found elsewhere—put 8100 worth of such work upon it and you have made it worth S'.’OO. You have done more. You have gained the countless advantages of cherishing the industry and skill—the talent and charac ter employed upon it. Carry this out on a large scale and into all the fields of enterprise that invite ns on every side and you are doing something for others as well as yourselves. You encourage diversified industries and in crease wealth. You lend a helping hand to humble toil and honest ambition. 1 ou quick en hope and pride and higher aspirations. You carry life into deserts and happiness into homes- 'This I somewhat more than fancy is the right policy tor a State like Maine, with her unparailed advantages and her strong sinews anxious and eager to be at work. Then as to Railroads we are doing all that is possible. More than Z50 miles of new road are now building in many directions, wherever enterprise points. The great road which connects us with Halifax,—hence already freighted with so many stirring hopes of good, now lacks but about fifty miles of completion; to secure and hasten this, the State has already made generous gifts, and an effort is to be made to induce Congress to recognize the claim assigned to the road by Maine aiul Massachusetts. V\ o trust this may be successful, and that the year may witness the consummation. In the west too we have openings which are scarcely less, if not indeed more, in their promise of good. The courage anJ energy of Portland in undertaking the task of cut ting her way through to the great lakes and the greater West; forming thus a link in the magnificent continental chain, has already ensured victory. Other efforts as worthy I can scarcely name here, hut they also deserve our interest and care. The Railroad Commissioners make valua ble suggestions in their Report, which I com mend to your attention. The feature of im mediate interest which will come before u« is the proposed consolidation ol prominent lines in the iState. If this means to place the pub lic at the mercy of a monopoly unrestrained by responsibility to the State and relieved from the cheeks of competition. I cannot resomtnend it to your favor, Hut this prols* ably is not the case. The roads however, j have already the power to consolidate to all I practical intents, by lease. What they want I understand is that the rights they already severally have be unified and legalized so as to economize their own efforts, and provide better securities for their public obligations. It is not the mere authority to fix times and rates. That they already claim to have. I do not believe, however, that they are inde pendent of the State. Whatever their char ters may contain, I do not believe it is com petent for a State to grant away her powers over great public thoroughfares like these. It is to cede away her “right of eminent domain.” These corporations took private property for public uses. Have they no responsibility to that public for whose uses this property was taken ? It is the indefeasible duty of the State to take care of herself, and of her citizens. Everything is licrs, if need be—our fortunes and our lives. Shall railroads claim immu nity? With this understanding. I need not feel it necessary to oppose consolidation. There arc manifest advantages for the State in it. 1st, We may take the occasion if there is any doubt, to declare or reaffirm the ultimate right of the State over the roads. 2d. The public convenience may be thereby facilitated. 3d, lletter securities based on the whole prop erty and franchise would be given in exchange for old ones. 1th, The wrangling which railroads have indulged in before the legisla ture, and the political control which they have sought, would be entirely at an end. 5th, It would be a saving of money and strength. These things I can see in favor of the meas ure. Hut I leave the decision to your better judgment. Tlte things we have been considering are great matters. We must not let them drift; but seize them with a strong hand and wield them for the common welfare. It is not enough to call a power into exercise; we must be able to guide and control it, and shape it to useful ends. We must be ready when the in cubus is lifted from enterprise and the bolts thrown back from capital to receive the influx of strength and population, that will surely come, and to take part in the great reciprocities of civilization which are as the tides of life to nations. Gentlemen, we have reached the nnieni year of our existence as a State. We are not ashamed of her history. One of the earliest in discovery and colonization, she is one of the latest in the development of her resources, and the fruits of civilization. Yet all the ob scure jrial and toil that have intervened wrought for the times that were come. The State secs tier place and owns her duty; and does not spurn the task that enfolds the triumph. The gates of Destiny are opened, and she enters on her proud career. We shall watch with admiring interest and help with untiring toil her onward way. Nor can it be that we hope and prophecy in vain. ()ur work may he obscure and the reward far u<T; hut both will live. The early discoverers of this territory foresaw the future and foretold its glory. Then by reason of human weak ness and immature times, they fell short or perished. Then came two centuries of dull mechanical advance—slow moving by mere force of physical laws, without any grand mastery of mind and inspiration of idea. Iiut in fact beneath this dull and lifeless seeming, forces were in preparation, elements in fer ment. and germs maturing which wi re in due time to ripen into blessings of which all that work and waiting-were actual elements. The seeming death foretold and foreordained the I life. The thrilling story of the voyagers rang round the world and seemed to have rang itself away. Kut it is heard again coming round on the other side, swelling with the yet more wondrous harmonies of prophecy ful I tilled. So we may be “building better than we know.” Our humble works wrought in faith are regenerated by a mightier Spirit than that in which they were conceived, and built into loftier monuments than our hands have reared. We pass and are forgotten, hut amidst the silent or tumultuous years our good deeds are working free from tin1 taint of our imperfection, and stand solid and shining in the perfect day. God deals with men as the I meltcr of metals, lie puts the earth-mingled ores into his crucible, and seals it up in fiery furnaces out of view. Men forget it, but He does not. In the fullness of time it is opened i —h>. on one side tile dull earth, on the other I the glittering ore. Surely, He ‘-sits as a re finer of silver.” lie who thinks of these things will he hum ble, but will not be idle; trustful but not spiritless; reverential but not afraid, lie is | the true worker, heir of the ages past, and tes tator to the “all hail hereafter.” It is thus j tliat they who labor must also wait; that they who arc faithful shall endure. It matters lit tle what becomes of us if we so conduct our great concernments that they who come after us are thereby made wiser and better than we. It matters little that our poor toil seems hur ried in the dust, if so be that it shall spring up again to bless the coming time. The ways of Providence seem slow to our brief, impetuous lives; but they are swift ill the centuries of God. JOSIH'A L. CHAMBERLAIN. THE KENNEBEC JOURNAL, (Established in 1825.) Enlarged and Improved. A POLITICAL & FAMILY NEWSPAPER. Not Excelled by any in the State. .IrsT Enlarged and Printed on New, Plain, and Handsome Type! Having Full Reports of Legislative proceedings; earcfullv prepared Political Articles, Facts and >tu- : titftire : 'Local. Domestic and Foreign News; Corres pondence ; Talcs, Poetry, Agricultural and other Miscellaneous Matter. 3To Increase of Subscription i*rlce—A Good Time to Subscribe. The Weekly Kennebec Journal. The Kennebec Journal is In the Forty-fourth year of ita age. It has just been enlarged, and is now a THIRTY-SIX COLUMN PAPER, Its size not being exceeded by that of any other paper in the State, and surpassed by but few in other j Mates. IT WILL CONTAIN Carefully Prepared Political Articles, Facts, Statis- ; ties, .Speerlies and Extracts; Full Reports of the Proceedings of the Maine Legislature; Reliable Information in relation to mat ters pertaining to the State (rovem went; Reports of the Doings of Congress ; Local and State News; Summaries of Do mestic nud Foreign News; Reports of the Markets at Home and Abroad; well *e le«‘ted Tales. Poetry, Agricultural and other Inter esting and Useful Heading for the Familv: also Correspondence from Abroad and original Articles upon subjects of Gen’l Interest. It has been enlarged from Twenty-Light to Thirty-Nix Columns. in width, and proportionately increased in length. ; and is printed on an Entire New Suit of Type, Making it one of the Handsomest and Most Readable. as well as one of the CHEAPEST PAPERS IN PRICE, piibli.hed. The price of subscription lias not beet, increased on account of enlargement. Now is the Time to Subscribe! Terms : $2.00 per annum in advance, $2.25 M. the end of six mouths, and $2.50 at the end of the year. Published every Wednesday. . Dally Kennebec Journal, Will be issued every morning, (Sanders excepted.' on and alter the ilrst of January. Will give Full and Accurate Reports of the Proceedings of the Legislature from day to day; Reports ol Im portant Hearings before Committees; Abstracts ; of Discussions in the Boards of Education and Agriculture; will hare the Latest News by Tele- ; graph the same ns other dailies, and will also , have Editorials, Correspondence, Locals and tin* , usual Summaries of News, also the most Import ant Speeches of the Session. The Discussions in the Board of Education will give New and Additional Importance to the Daily Journal, as it will contain reports of them. Terms, $7.00 per year; $2.00 for the Session. Members of the Legislature will do their con stituents and themselves a favor to interest them -Mves in getting subscribers to the above publica tion-. The Daily keeps up that corre»i*ondence between the People and their Representatives, through their Legislative Reports, which is neces sary aud agreeable to both. No Tri-Wecklv will be published. Those persons who desire a full report of the Legislative Proceed ings, must subscribe for the Daily Journal. jj'g- Postmasters and Members of the Legislature authorized to take subscriptions. The Weekly and Daily Kennebec Journal are published at Augusta, Maine, by SPRAGUE. OWEN & NASH. Hardware Store! Having purchased the stock of Hardware, Iron & Steel, &c., Ac., recently owned by Hutchins, Allen & Co., i 1 am now prepared to sell all the various kinds of goods usually found in Hardware Stores, AT THE LOWEST PRICES. j Those iu want of (ioods iu my line, w ill do well to CJ a 11 iiiul Examine before purchasing elsewhere. 123 Water Street, Opposite Post Office. AMOS WILDER. j Augusta, Dee. 80,1809. Wtf Great Bargains at WELLS’ FURNITURE ROOMS, Water Street, Augusta, Me. A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF NEW AM) SEC OND HAND Which will tie sold at very low rates for cash. We also keep the best stock of Walnut Caskets anti Coffins, And COMMON COFFINS of all kinds, and the land trimmings, with Plates engraved to order, and have lately added an assortment of HOBBS OF ALL KINDS, All of which will be sold as low as at any establish ment I,, the State. c. k. A H. U. WELLS. | mt _ _____ SAVE THE CHILDREN. M ULTITUDES of them suffer, linger, and die. because of Pin-Worms. The <>nlv effectual i remedy for these most troublesome and dangerous ; of all worms, in children or adults, is found in DIE GOULD’S PIN-WOKM hVltl’P. Purelv vegetable; I sale ami certain. A valuable cathartic, and bene 1 tidal t-* health. GEO. C. GOODWIN & CO., Bus i ton, and all druggists. bin42 PRICKS REDUCED! DRUGS, MEDICINES, CHEMICALS, AND Fancy .Articles, AT JOHNSON’S FAMILY DRUG STORE, Opp. POST OFFICE, AUGUSTA, Ale., Where can bo found one of tho largest and best selected stocks on the Kennebec river, and Prices that defy compe tition. PATENT MEDICINES Of all kinds and in large quantities, sold to suit purchasers, at JOHNSON BROS. CATARRH REMEDIES. B R. XT SB US S OF EVERY DESCRIPTION AT JOHNSON BROTHERS. Feather Dusters, Fine Sponges, Carriage anil Bathing do., Chamois Skins, At JOHNSON BROS. O I~L S, PUKE SPERM. CASTOR. OLIVE, NEATS-FOOT, ESSENTIAL OILS OF ALL KINDS, AT Johnson Brothers. FINE SOAPS, FRENCH AND ENGLISH and Genuine Imported Castile, G-L^OEIFtlTSTE AND HONEY SOAPS, 5 Cakes for 25 cents, 25 Cakes for one d liar. Shaving Apparatus, Comprising RAZORS from the best manufacturers in the World ; STROPS of all kinds ; the COMBINATION MUG-a novel and convenient article. BRUSHES cf every description, and SOAPS of the best quality. JOHNSON BROS. HAIR PREPARATIONS OP ALL KIND3, for 75 CENTS, At Johnson Brothers. PORTE-MONNA1ES in every style. HAND MIRRORS of all kinftls. Fine Playing Cards, &c., &c. At JOHNSON BEOS. SACHET POWDERS. A Large Stock of LXJBIJST’S, CAUDRAY’S, AND AI.L OTHER IMPORTED PERFUMES. Also a LARGE L<JT of TOILET POWDERS, DENTIFRICES, TOILET ARTICLES OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, AT JOHNSON BROTHERS PURE CALIFORNIA AND IMPORTED WINES. For Medicinal Purposes, at JOHNSON BROTHERS. OLIVES, PICKLES, &c., CIGARS & TOBACCOS OF ALL KINDS. CANARY, RAPE & HEMP SEED, AT JOHNSON BROTHERS. REED’S, HOWE’S AND STEVENS’ DOMESTIC FAMILY DYES, And DYE STUFFS generally. Also MEDICATED PAPER, at JOHNSON BROTHERS. Peopriciors of DR. BKWtT'S Ctltdirked Jaundice Billers. Persona from the country, Physicians and all i others, will do well to call and examine our stock I before purchasing elsewhere. Remember the place! OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE, t JOHNSON BROTHERS. i New York Tribune! The Great Farmers’ Paper! The Paper of the People. NOW IS THE TIME TO SUBSCRIBE FOR THE GREAT Family Newspaper ! IT 19 CHEAP Becanss its Circulation is Larger THAN THAT OF Any other Newspaper. Now is the Time to form Clubs. The New-York Weekly Tribune contains all the important Editorials published in the DAILY TRIBUNE, except those of merely local interest; also Literary and Scientific Intelli gence ; Reviews of the most interesting and import ant. New Books; letters from our large corps of Correspondents; latest news received by Telegraph rrom all parts of the world; a summary of all im portant intelligence in this city and eltewhoro; a Synopsis of the Proceedings of Congress nnd Suite Legislature when in session ; Foreign News re ceived by every steamer; Exclusive Reports of the Proceedings of the Farmers’ Club of the American Institute; Talks about Fruit; Stock. Financial, Cat tle, Dry Goods, and General Mai ket Reports. The Full Reports of the American Institute Fanners’ Club, and the various Agricultural Re ports, in each number, are richly worth a year’s subscription. Horticultural Department. To keep pace with the growing interest in practi cal Horticulture, and to comply with frequent ap peal.-* from all parts of the country for information of a practical character on the subject, we have en gaged the service® of a person who is experienced hi rural affairs to write in a Itr-id style a senes of articles on the Management of .small Farms, Fruit aud Vegetable Culture, and how to make them pay, giving geueral and specific directions from planting to the ultimate disposal of the crop®. | Of late years there has been a lucrative business carried on by unprincipled men in selling worthless ;uul old plants under new names to the inexpe rienced. THK TRIBUNE will be always ready to guard the farmer against any such imposition that come® within our knowledge*. Veterinary Department. To make TIIE TRIBUNE still more valuable to its agricultural readers, we have engaged Frol'. •Iamf.s Law. Veterinary Surgeon in Cornell Uni versity, to answer question® concerning disease* of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, and other domestic animals, and to prescribe remedies. Answers and prescrip tions will be given only through the columns of THE TRIBUNE. We are sure that fhi* new fea ture in THE TRIBUNE will add largely to it reader*, as all owners of animal* are liable t«> need I the information proffered. Inquiries should be made as brief as possible, that the questions, an swers, and prescriptions mav bo published toge ther. In short, we intend that THE TRIBUNE shall keep in the advance in all that concerns the Agricultural, Manufacturing. Milling, and other interest.-* of the country, anu that for variety and completeness, it shall remain altogether the moat \ aluable. interesting, and Instructive NEWhFAl’ER published iu the world. It has been well observed that a careful reading and studv of the Farmers’ Club Reports m THE TRIBUNE alone will save a fanner hundreds of dollars in his crop. In addition to these report! we shall continue t«> print the best things written on the subject of agriculture by American and for eign writers, and snail increase* these feature® from year to year. As it i-, uo prudent farmer can do without it. As a lesson to hi* workmen alone, every farmer should place THE WEEKLY TRIB UNE uponYiis table every Saturday evening. THE TRIBUNE is the best ami cheapest paper in : the country This is not said in a spirit of boastful i ness. It has fallen to New-York to create the ! greatest newspapers of the country. Here concern < trate the commerce, the manufactures, the mineral j resources, the agricultural wealth of the Republic. Here all the news gathers, and the patronage is so large that journalists can afford to print it. This is the strength of THE TRIBUNE. We print the cheapest, aud best edited weekly new spaper m the country. We have all the advantage* around us. We have great Daily aud Semi-Weekly editions All the elaborate iftid intricate machinery of our ; establishment—perhaps the most complete in Amer ica—is devoted to the purpose of making THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE the best and cheapest news paper in the world. The result is that we have so systematized aud expanded our resources that every copy of THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE contains as much matter as a duodecimo volume. Think of it' For two dollars, the subscriber to THE TRIB UNE for one year buys as much reading matter as though he tilled a shelf of his library* with fifty vol umes, containing the greatest works in the lan guage. The force of cheapness can no further go. THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE is the naper of the people. Here the eager student may learn the last lessons of science Here the scholar may read re views of the be6t books. Here may be found cor respondence from all parts of the world, the ob®er vutious of sincere and gifted men. who serve THE TRIBUNE in almost every country. THE TRIBUNE is strong by reason of its enor ■ moos circulation and great cheapness. It lias long i been conceded that TIIE WEEKLY TRIBUNE has ; the largest circulation of any newspaper in the ! country. For years we have printed twice as many ! papers*, perhaps, as all of the other weekly editions j of the city dailies combined. This is why we arc enabled to do our work so thoroughly and cheaply. ! The larger our circulation, the better paper w e can i make. What are the practical suggestions ? Many. Let every subscriber reuew his subscription, and urge his neighbors to do the same. If a man cannot af ford to pay two dollars, let him raise a club, by in ducing his neighbors to subscribe, and we shall send him a copy gratis for his trouble. No news paper so large aud complete as THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE was ever before offered ut so low a price. Even when our currency was at par with gold, no such paper but THE TRIBUNE was of fered at that price; and THE TRIBUNE then cost us far less than it now does. We have solved the problem of making the best aud cheapest new® 1 paper iu America. TERMS OF THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE. TO MAIL subscribers: One copy, one year, 52 issues, $2 00. 0 copies, $0; JO copies, to one address, $1250 each (and one extra copy); 10 copies, to names of subscribers, at one l'ofct Office, $1.00 each (and one extra copy); 20 copies, to one address. $1.23 each (and one extra copy); 20 copies, to names of subscribers, at one Post Office, $1.33 each (and one extra copy); 50 copies, to one ad dress, $1 each (and one extra copy); 30 copies, I to names of subscribers, at one 1’om 'Htice, $1.10 each (aud one extra copy.) The MM Semi-Weekly Mine is published every TUESDAY" aiui FRIDAY', and being printed twice a week, we can, of course, print all that appears in our weekly edition, includ ing everything on the subject of Agriculture, ami van add much interesting and valuable matter, for whic h there is not sufficient room in TIIK WEEK LY TRIBUNE. THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE also gives, in the course of a year, TllitEE or Fol'K of the Beat and Latest Popular Novels, by living authors. The cost of these alone, if bought in book form, would be from six to eight dollars. Nowhere else can so much current intel ligence and permanent literary matter be hail at so cheap a rati as iu THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIB UNE. TERMS OF THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. Mail subscriber**, 1 copy, 1 year—104 numbers, $4.00 Mail subscribers, 2 copies, 1 year—104 “ 7.00 Mail subscribers, 5 copies, or over, for each copy, Persons remitting for 10 copies $:» will receive an extra copy on© year. , For $100 we will semi thirty-four copies and Tub Daily Tribune. THE NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE i» P«J> lished every morning (Sundays excepted) at $lo.uu p»?r year; $5 for six months. THE TRIBUNE ALMANAC. 1870. Price 2° Ota. TRIBUNE ALMANAC REPRINT. 1838 to 1808. 3 vole. Half bouud, *10. .. RECOLLECTIONS OF A BUSY LIFE- B? I*”1' ACi: GliEKLKY. Various atyles of binding. Cloth, ♦i.W. Library, *3,80. Half Morocco, di it.,if- Calf ax. Morocco Antique, $7. M \RdARET FULLER’S WORKS. New edition. PK YlVCTLTcitE*FOR PROFIT. QUINS, *1 ELEMENT*OK AGRICULTURE. WAKIKO. New DRAINING TOR li^-YLTII AND PROFIT. Waii KAHTH CLOSF?fS. Uow to make them. Waii ino. 2.% cents. Sent free on receipt of price. In making remittances for subscriptions or books always procure a draft: on New Y ork, or a 1 ost Office Money Order, if possible. Where neither of these ean be procured, send the money, but always In a rrtiuttrrd letter. The registration fee has tieen reduced to fifteen cents, and the present registra tion system has been found by the postal authori ties to be virtually uu absolute protection against losses by mail. All Postmasters are obliged to register luttei s whenever requested to do so. Terms, casli iu advance. jwM Address Tut TRIBUNE, New Y'urk 1870. REDUCED RATES, FOB CLtBN. The aim of the Proprietors of the NEW YORK EVENING POST is to furnish A Good Newspaper, and the following figures will show their intention to supply it AT A LOW PRICE. » Clnb Rates For Weekly. Single Copy one year, *2 Ort Five Copies “ “ 0 00 Ten “ “ “ 15 00 Twenty 44 4 4 4 4 2 8 0 0 Fifty 44 44 44 55 00 Twenty Copies to one address 25 00 Fifty 44 4 4 4 4 5 0 0 0 The above rates are as low as those of any first-class newspaper published. The social and political principles which the New York Evening Post has so long and faithfully supported, it will continue in the future to advocate. What these principles are, our readers well knuw ; they may be summed up in few words: National Unity, State Independence, and Individual Freedom and Equality ol Rights. The perpetuity and supremacy of the Union, ps the guaranty of our national strength and glory : the Independence of the Suites, in all their local affairs, as the guaranty against an oppressive and dan gerous centralization: the Freedom and Equality of the Individual, without regard to birth or accident, as the rightful end of all government, and the surest means of social development, personal happiness and national progress. These principles the Evening Post will support and recommend to the people, without regard to party associations. We shall never support any party in its de partures from them, and shall endeavor, so far as our influence extends, to cause them to be recognized by men of all par ties. ' » Club Hales for Semi-Weekly. Single Copy one year |l <<> Two Copies “ “ “ OO Five Copies or over, for each copy 3 00 As a newspaper, the Evening Post, edited by WM. CULLEN BRYANT, as sisted by an able corps of writers, will be conducted with the same care which has marked it hitherto, to exclude from all its columns, those devoted to advertisements as well as its reading columns, everything which would offend against morality and correct taste. It shall be the care of its proprietors to see that all its departments are conducted with the utmost ability w hich a liberal expenditure ot money and unflagging industry can command. Its editorial discussions will be unpartisan, and devoted to the elucidation and ad vancement of sound principles; its literary criticisms shall be impartial, and as able as we can make them ; its torcign corres pondence, which has been greatly im proved during the past year, will during the present year be more varied and inter esting than ever before ; its home corrcs i pondence also, and especially that from ! such central points of interest asWashing ! ton and Albany, will be full and accurate. Its financial and commercial reports, which have made the paper a necessity to business men in all parts of the country, shall be made with the same vigilance, accuracy and impartiality which now characterize them. Its agricultural, ship ping, market and other reports shall be as trustworthy and complete as industry and the expenditure of money can make them. In short, we mean our journal to be so conducted that it shall be read with inter est and benefit by all the members of the family; and as it is one of THE OLDEST, it shall also be one of the best newspapers published in America. 1870. reduced rates. FOR CLIBN. • We have also made the same arrange ments as last year with the proprietors of the “American Agriculturist" and "Riverside Magazine," and those who prefer to club as formerly with these peri odicals, we offer for $2 50 a year the Weekly Evening Post and the Ameri can Agriculturist ; or for $:i 00 a year the Weekly Evening Post and the Riverside Magazine ; or for $1 oOayear the Weekly Evening Post. American Agriculturist and Riverside Maga zine; or for 84 00 a year tho Semi Weekly Evening Post and either the American Agriculturist or Riverside Maganine. Specimen Numbers of the Evening Post Sent Free. Address WM. C. BRYANT & CO, NEW YORK.