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VOL. 1. AUGUSTA, ME., TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 22, 1870. NO. 45. JUiuubtt Journal. Publiihed on Witter, Toot of Court Street, AUOUSTA, MAINE. BT SPRACflE, OWEN l NASH. Dailg Jttmtdrrr JottritaL 1$ issued every morning, except Sundays. I Contain* the latent news by telegraph and mail, ] and gives the proceedings of the Legislature in full, ! also reports of proceedings of important commit tees and the Agricultural and Educational depart ments. Terms, $7 per annum in advance; $8 il payment is not made within the year. Single eopies 4 ceuts, to be had at the bookstores and at this office. Advertisements one inch iu length, three in sertions or less, #1.00; 25 cts. for every subsequent Insertion. Longer advertisements, or thoae inserted for any considerable length of time, will be inserted at favorable terms to the advertiser. Special Notices 25 per ceut. additional. Amusement Notices, #2 per square per week. Mefftlg Jicnnpbcf Journal, Published every Wednesday morning, I, th« largest (olio paper In the State, containing new,, political article., agricultural and scientific matter, talc, poetry, anecdote., household recipe., market., Ao., Ac. Terms |l per annum in ndranee. Transient Advertisements, $1 50 per inch for flr.t week; 23 cent, per week for each subsequent insertion. Speainl Notices, *2.00 per inch for drat week; SO cents per week for each subsequent week. Business Notions, la reading columns, 20 cents per line for first insertion; 10 cents per line for each subsequent insertion. All transient advertisements to be paid for in advance. I. C. t C. L C. 7, 8, O. SOMES’ Oyster, Fruit and Confectionery SALOON! Opposite Masonic Block, Gardiner, No. THE BEST OYSTER COOK in the Stale. Solid Oysters, 20 cents per quart. 7, I, O. To the people at large, Who this notice may read, And yourselves in Gardiner should And; If yon wont a good stew. You should know where to go lf's to Somes', 7, *, O. C. T. SOMES Gardiner, Jan. 1st, 1(70. tljan'0-tf ’ C. H. STABBIKD, Photographer and Artist, SEW GRANITE BLOCK, Nearly oppoeite Poet Oflloe, (Up Stairs,) Makes alt the best stylet of Pictures in the Art. PICTURES copied"a enlarged, — AND — Finished In India Ink or Colors. At prices that cannot fall to be satitfhetory. *7* The public are invited to call aqd examine Specimens mods and dnieked at his rooms. AUOUSTA. MR. HjanTOds Brewster’s Hotel, 8KOWHECAN, ME. TniS large and commodious Hotel ia situated at the head of the Falls on the Kenuebec river, iu the enterprising village of Skowhegan, the terminus of the Portland Jk Kennebec R. R. This ia one of the best arranged Hotels for family borders there is in the State, and a better place for Summer resort, cannot be found in Maine. The best of watar. beautiful drives on the bank-< of the river, Ashing and sailing ponds in the vicinity, trout brooks, where you can catch an abuudauce of the spotted brook trout any day in the year. Prices for permanent or transient boarding arc verr low, so our customers can afford to come often and star a good while. We also have a large airy stable to board horses for the guests that wish to bring their teams with them. Also one of the best half-mile trotting parks in the State, is connected with the House, free for the guests to train their horses or drive for pleasure, fujan-tl 8. B. BREWSTER, Proprietor. BATH HOTEL, By O. M. Plummer, BATH, ME. Board, - - $1 per Bay. tnjuii-ly Photographs & Melanotvpes, At the Mine OLD PLACE, At the same OLD PRICE*, vlai 9 1-9 tit* Pictvrn in Cardt for 50 etntt. 4 1-4 “ •» “ 50 “ 4 1-4 “ in Card tnrtloptt, 50 cit. 1 5*7 “ in Mat, 50 “ 16 TLVTITSS for 25 emit. A good assortment ol FRAUEN, ALBUMS, Ac., now on hand, gw Particular attention given to , copying. S Dean teeth ef the Peit Oflre. AIGISTA, ME tljan70-3m II. BAILEY. Cou"h Candy ! WEgDEgBt Rti't COI OII CARRY cure, COUGH8, COLDS. WHOOPING COUGH nml all Throat tronblee. | 2 Doors south of Granite Block, Market Sq. | MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, Ttuioy Goods, ctoo., told by | lanl-lyt W. WENDENBUBG. ( -at Saccarappa, Maine. Messrs. WARREN A PENNELL, TlfOULD inform the public that they \ \ tore and keep conetuntly on hand acription of inanufac every de IRON WIRE, made from the best material. Special attention given to Spring and machinery Wire! Also, Wire tinned, straightened ami cut to order. , td«» T 1870. FEBRUARY. 1870. EXTRA INDUCEMENTS TO BUYERS, We have this Day MARKED DOWN OUR PRICES! SO AS TO REDUCE STOCK. LOOK ! LOOK ! LOOK! THINK AND REFLECT On the Following- I*rices s ftverroatN Tor $4.7S ’Jvercoatw for 6.00 OverroafN for 7.00 Jrerroata for 8.00 IverroatN (warranted all wool) 0.00 Jverroata (heavy Black Beaver) 10.00 OUR STOCK OF PANTS AND VESTS, MATCHED SUITS, -AND GENTS’ FURNISHING GOODS! >t every description we ofler for the NEXT THIliTY DAYS, AT EQUALLY LOW PRICES. CALL AND SEE US, and we guarantee that vou will get your money's worth at the ONE PRICE CLOTHING- STORE. S. W. Huntington & Co., lOO Water Street, Augusta, Maine. Trunks ! Trunks! TIIE PIACE TO BUY Fronoh, Bucono, Bole Xjoather, Aud all kiuds of common TRAVELLINGS TRUNKS! Al»o, Ladies’ and Gent.’ TRAVELLING ft SHOPPING BAGS, is at HAMILTON & TURNER’S, 135 Water Street. The Right Place to buy your HARNESSES, and get the celebrated DUNN HARNESS, i> at HAMILTON A TURNER'S, 133 WATER STREET. The cheapest place to buy WHIPS, CURRYCOMBS, BRUSHES, BLANKETS. SURCINGLES, HAL- ' TERS, Ac., la at HAMILTON ft TTTRNEB’B, 135 WATER STREET. HARNESSES! For Business, Pleasure, Teaming, Trucking, Carling A Expressing, Manufactured from GOOD O AK STOCK, and by the beet of workmen. We would remind the public that our Harness took all the premium* offered at the last State Pair —lour iu number. Also the llrst premium at the late New Euglaud Fair. A» our customer* are daily informed that our Harnesses are Machine Stitched—we would invite them and the public generally to call aud examine the largest stock of ready-made Harnesses ever of fered in thia city, and w* will convince them that we make the best HAND STITCHED work to be had tor the same amount of money, and if we don't have on hand wlmt is wanted, cau make it at short aotiee. Samples of Gold Gilt. Oroide Silver, Covered, and Jauanued Trimmed Harness, inav be seen at uur salesroom, NO. 17t MIDDLE STREET. HENRY DUNN ft SON For Hale by Hamilton tfc Turner, 135 WATER STREET, - • AUGUSTA, MAINE, tllfeb tf Opposite Dooring & Holway’s. MANSION HOUSE, STATE STREET, : : AUGUSTA, ME. i rpHIS II »uae is provided with Bath Rooms, j X where Hot and Cold Baths can he had at ail J times. it has also a Elrst-Class Billiard 11*11, for 1 Guests only. Connected with the House is a large i and commodious Sample Room, on Hater Street, I centrally located, where Sample Agents can show < their goods, free of charge. The Proprietor, thankful for the liberal patronage * which the above House has enjoyed since its open- ' ing, takes pleasure in informing his patrons that he J will run free Carriages to and from the Cars and i Boats until further notice Connected with the above House is a Livery Sta ble, where good team* can »>« had at reasonable rates. W. M. THAYER, Proprietor. G. P. Cochrans, Clerk. GOLD! GOLD! GOLD!, ADAMSON’S BOTANIC COUGH BALSAM! * IS MORE VALUABLE THAN GOLD. J TRY IT! TRY IT ! TRY IT ! IT CURES TIIE WORST IN A SHORT TIME. IN LARGE BOTTLES, at - - - 35 Gents. No Cure i No Pay j FRANK KINSMAN, DRUGGIST, WHOLESALE AND DETAIL AGENT FOR THE UNITED STATES ANI) CANADAS. Cough no more when you can be Cured for TRY IT! 3 r* Cents ! TRY IT! TRY IT ! THE KENNEBEC JOURNAL. Established in 1825.) Eulargcd and Improved. A POLITICAL & FAMILY NEW8PAPER. Not Excelled by any in the State. Just Enlarged and Printed on New, Plain, and Handsome Type! Having Full Report* of Legislative proceedings; carefully prepared Political" Articles, Facts and Sta tistics; Local, Domestic and Foreign News; Corres pondence; Tales, Poetry, Agricultural uud other Miscellaneous Matter. IVo Increase of Subscription Price—A Csood Time to Subscribe. The Weekly Kennebec Journal. The Kennebec Journal is in the Forty-fourth year of its age. It has just been enlarged, and is now a THIRTY-SIX COLUMN PAPER, Its size not being exceeded by that of any other paper in tiie State, and surpassed by but few in other States. It WILL CONTAIN’ Carefully Prepared Political Articles, Facts, Statis tics, Speeches and Extracts; Full Reports of the Proceedings of the Maine Legislature; Reliable Information in relation to mut ters pertaining to the State Govern ment; Reports of the Doings of Congress ; Local and State News; Summaries of Do mestic and Foreign News; Reports of the Markets at Homo and Abroad; well se lected Tales, Poetry, Agricultural and other Inter esting and Useful Reading for the Family; also Correspondence from Abroad and original Articles upon subjects of Gen’l Interest. It has been enlarged from Twenty-Eight to Thirty-Six Colamm, in width, and proportionately increased in length, and is printed on an Entire New Suit of Type, Making it one of the Handsomest and Most Readable, as well as one of the CHEAPEST PAPERS IN PRICE, published. The price of subscription has not been ; increased on account of enlargement. Now is the Time to Subscribe! Terms : $*2.00 per annum in advance. $2.25 at the end of six months, and $2.50 at the end of the year. Published every Wednesday. Daily Kennebec Journal, Will be issued every’ morning, (Sundavs excepted,) on and alter the first of January. Will give Full and Accurate Reports of tho Proceedings of the Legijdature from day to day; Reports or Im portant Hearings t>efore’ Committees; Abstracts ol Discussions in the Hoards of Education and Agriculture; will have the Latest News by Tele graph the same as other dailies, and will also nave Editorials, Correspondence, Locals and the usual summaries of News, also the most Import ant Speeches of the Session. The Discussions in the Board of Education will give New and Additional Importance to the Daily Journal, as it will contain reports of them. Terms, $7.00 per year; $2.00 for the Session. gy Members of the Legislature will do their eon- ’ »tituents ami themselves a favor to interest them- j selves in getting subscribers to the above publica tions. Tlie Daily keeps up that correspondence l>etween the People and their Representatives, through their Legislative Reports, which U neces sary and agreeable to both. No Tri-Weekly will be published. Those peisons ivho desire a full report of the Legislative Proceed ings, must subscribe for the Daily Journal. Postmasters and Members of the Legislature authorized to take subscriptions. gyThe Weekly and Dailv Kennebec Journal are published at Augusta, Maine, by 8PRAQUE, OWEN A NASH. Great Bargains at 2 WELLS’ ft, FURNITURE ROOMS, Water Street, Augusta, Me. A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF NEW AND SEC OND HAND Which will be sold at very low rates for cash. We also keep the best stock of Walnut Caskets and Coffins, And COMMON COFFINS of nil kinds, and the best trimmings, with Plates engraved to order, and have ately added an assortment ot KOBES OP ALL KINDS, \11 of which will be sold as low as at any establish incut in the State. C. R. A If. U. WELLS. 24tf Oysters! Oysters ! Oysters! Try Them ! Try Them ! \\TK receive our Oyster* fYesh from thu ship at M Portland and open them out>elves, and yon jet them fresh from tne shell. You will also find at our market a good supply of Fresh Fish, Belfast Clams, Mmoked Iliilibnl. Friiuc IMo. 1 mackerel, and n general assortment of Salt and Corned Fish Cushing 8t Holmes, Near Kailroail Bridge, WATER ST., > tlOfeb-Siu ,/f f.T.vr.l, .**«. Legislative Committee Notices. Committee Notice. The Joint Special Committee of both branches of the Legislature on the subject of Temperance, will hold regular meeting* hereafter at the Representa tives Hall, on Tuesday evening* at 7 o’clock. All persons interested are invited to attend. THUS. S. LANU,|C1 j C. li. \VHIDDEN, ! ^Uairni0T1 Augusta, Feb. 4, 1870. Committee on Finance. The Committee on Finance will meet at tho Treasurer’s office, on Wednesday of each week, at 9>£ o’clock A. M. THOS. E. TWITCHELL, Chairman. Committee on Interior Waters. Tlic Committee on Interior Waters will meet at Room No. ft, .State House, Tuesdays and Fridays of each week at 2 o’clock I*. M., until further notice. F. LURING TALBOT, \ OK airman GEO. W. HAMMOND, 1 Lhalnn*n Committee on Railroads, Ways and Bridges. Tho Committee on Railroads, Ways and Bridges will meet in the Senate Chamber, Tuesday and Thursday of each week, until further notice. T. H. CUSHING, S. T. IILYKS, [ Chairmen. Committee on Education. The Committee on Education will meet in the of fice of State Superintendent of Schools, on Wed nesday of each week, until further notice. CHARLES BUFFUM, I Ch.irm#.n A. B. FARWELL, j Chairmen. Committee on Claims. The Committee on Claims will meet at Hoorn No. 19, State House, on Tuesdays and Thursdays of each week, at 2 o’clock P. M.,‘until further notice. PUTNAM UOLFE, ( rh_irm_n H1KAM BLISS, Jk„ i 0“‘™en Committee on State Lands and State Roads. The Committee on State Lands and Stftte Roads will meet in the Land Office, Thursdays of each week, at 2>* o’clock, until further notice. J. O. SMITH, ithairmcu' Committee on Agriculture. The Committee on Agriculture will meet In the Senate Chamber, Wednesday of each week, at half paid 2 o’clock P. 31., until further notice. L. V .’.KEENE, I tUairmen. Committee on Division of Towns. The Joint Standing Committee on Division of Towns will meet in Room No. 17, at the Capitol, on Tuesday of each week during the session, at 2^ o’clock V. 31. L. II. WEBB, t chairmen SAM’L WASSON, i Uiairmeu Committee on Indian Affairs. The Committee on Indian Affairs will meet in room No. 19, State House, on Wednesday of each week, at two o’clock P. M., until further notice. THOMAS R. KINGSBURY, / chairmen ALDEN BRADFORD, } cnairmen. Committee on Manufactures. The Joint Standing Committee on 3Ianufncturea will meet in room No. IB, State House, on Wednes day of each week, at 3 o’clock P. M., until further notice. SAM’I/IIAXSON,) J. S. P. HAM, \ Chairmcn Committee on Division of Counties. The Joint Standing Committee on Division of Counties will meet in room No. 17. at the Cauitol, on Wednesday of each week, at 2*f o’clock F. >i.f until further notice*. HENRY C ARVILL, ) Ch.Irmen S. L. TOBEY, ) Chairmen. Committee on the Judiciai'y. The Committee on the Judiciary will meet at their room in Slate House, on Tuesday aud Thursday of each week, at2>£ o’clock I* M., until further notice. S. D. LINDSEY, < Chairmen CHA8. R. WHIDDEN, \ Lnairmen. Committee on Reform School. The Joint Standing Committee on the Reform School will meet in the Senate Chambt#, on Wed nesday of each week, at S o’clock P. M., until fur therubtice. JOHN B. NEALLEY, DANIEL STICKNEY, Committee on FisheHes. The Committee ou Fisheries will meet m Room No. IB, State House, Tuesdays and Thursdays of each week, at 2 oVlock P. M., until further notice. H. 9. BARTLETT, t rhaim<in L. II, STOVER. (t-113"™®11. Committee on Pensions. The Joint Standing Committee on Pensions will meet in Room No. 17, at the State Hou^e, on Thurs day of each week, at 2 P. M., until further notice. Committee on Banks and Banking. The Committee on Ranks and Banking will meet in Room No. IB, State House, on Tuesdays of each week, at 2 o’clock P. M.. until further notice. [ Chairmen. B. I). 31 ETC A LF, ) JAMES DINNING, i Chairmen. Committee on Mercantile Affairs J" Insurance.' The Committee on Mercantile Affairs and Insur ance will meet in Room No. 2h. on Wednesday of each week, at 2>t o'clock P. 31., until further notice. J. A. BUCK, S. A. HOLBKOOK, (Chairmui. Committee on State Prison. The Committee on the State Prison will meet in Room No. lu. State House, on Tuesday of each week, at 2)4 o'clock, until further notice. GEO. E. 311 NOT, HENRY E. HAMMOND, Chairmen. Conmittee on Change of Xumes. The Committee on Change of Names will meet*in Room No. *2o. State House, on Tuesday of each week, at 2 o’clock P. 31., until further notice. ALPEN CHASE, Chairman. Committee on Federal Relations. The Committee on Federal Relations will meet in the Senate Chamber, on Friday of each week, at 2)4 o’clock I\ M . until further notice. THOMAS P. CLEAVES, LEWIS BARKER, Chairmen. Committee on Legal Reform. The Committee on Legal Reform will meet in the Judiciary Com. Room, at the State House, on Wed nesday and Friday of each week, at 2>a o’clock P. 31., until further notice. JOSEPH BAKER, i Chairmen. Cbmmittee on Military Affairs. The Committee on 3lilitary Affairn will meet In Room No. B, State House, on Thursday of each week, at 2 o’clock P. M., until further notice. daniel'white, ! chiUr"K‘n LAST SENSATION! Great Closing Sale -of Ladies' Furs and Robes, -at Wlioolor’B,—Gfrardlner. I NOW offer my entire Block of LADIES’ FT US ami ROBES at less than coat to manufacture. Parties who wish to buy within the next two rears, anil who wish to save money should not fail Eo improve this GREAT CliOSIVU SALE lor 1 am going to SELL rt'garilleaa of cost. Remember the Place: Opposite the Post Office, GARDINER, ME. M. L. WHEELER, l iun702mdAw Successor to Hathaway »t Wheeler 1 GOVERNMENT OF MAINE, 1170 00 V fc.il N OR, J08BUA L. ClIA MBKFtLAIM, Brunswick. COUNCIL. 1st District, l’ranus 0. Brackett, Berwick. 2<i District. William Deering, Portland, ikl District, William Rogers, Bath. 4th District, Ambrose II. Abbot, China. 6th District, Kdward R. Spear, Rockland, bth District, Joseph W. Porter, Burlington. 7th District, D. K. Hobart, Dennysville. EXECUTIVE OFFICERS. Franklin M. Drew, Brunswick, Secretary of State. George G. Stacy, Kexar Falls, Deputy Secretary. James R. Milliken, Portland, Chief Clerk. B. B. Murray, Jr., Pembroke, Adjutant General. Augustus L. Smith, Augusta, Clerk to Adjutant General. George N'. Page, Nomdgewock, State Pension Clerk in Adjutant General’s office. William Caldwell, Augusta, State Treasurer. Sylvanus Caldwell, Augusta, Treasurer’s Clerk. Parker P. Burleigh, Liuneus, Land Agent. GOVERNOR T STAFF. John M. Brown, Portland, Colonel, Assistant Inspector General. Kugene F. Sanger, M. D., Bangor, Colonel, Assistant Sur geon General. Aid*-dt-Camp, with rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Selclen Counor, Thomas W. Hyde, George Varney, Nathan Cutler. Albert 0. Morgan, Lewiston, Military See'y to Governor. Preutit» M. Fogler, Augusta, Messen’r to Gov. and Council. Benjamin F. Harris, Machias, Supt. of Public Building* George L. Goodale, Brunswick, State Aasayer. Cyrus V. Brackett, Brunswick, State Assayer. Daniel Winslow, Westbrook, Inspector Gen. of Beef & Pork. David F« rnald, Camden, ln*i»ector General of Fish. Geo. F. Dillingham, Oldtown,Agt. Penobscot Tribe Indians. Geo. F. Wadsworth, Eastport, Agt. P&ssamaqu’y Tribe In. Albert W Inline, Bangor, Bank and Insurance Examiner. Asa W. Wildes, Skowhegnn, Samuel 11. Blake, Bangor, > Railroad Commissioners. Solomon T. Corner, Portland, ) SUPREME JUDICIAL COURT. John Appleton, Bangor, Chief Justice. ASSOCIATE JUSTICE*. Edward Kent, Bangor. Jonas Cutting, Bangor. Jonathan Q. Dickerson, Belfast Charles W. Walton, Portland. William G. Barrows, Brunswick. Charles Danforth, Gardiuer. Rufus P. Tapley, Saco. ATTORNEY 0E5KEAL. Thomas B. Reed, Portland. INSANE ASYLUM. Henry M. Harlow, M. D., Sujwriutendent and Physician. Bigelow T. Sanborn, M. D., Assistant Physician. TRUSTEES. William B. Lapham, M. D., Woostock, President. John T. Gilman, M. I)., Portland. Dr. M. R. Ludwig, Thomaston. Hon. Geo. A. Frost, Sprii.gvale Hon. A. G. Wakefield, Bangor. STATE PRISON Warren W. Rice, Warden. Elbridge Burton, Deputy Warden. INSPECTORS. William Wilson. 11 ou. Rufus Prince. STATE REFORM SCHOOL. Hon. E. W. Woodbury, Superintendent TRUSTEES. Hon. Noah Woods, Bangor, President. W. E. Gould, Portland, Secretary. ^ Hon. Nathan Dane, Alfred, Treasurer. Hon. Jeremy W. Porter, Strong. Tobias Lord, St&ndish. STATE COLLRQK OF AGRICULTURE AND THE MBCEAXIC ARTE Trusteee Hon. Abner Coburn, Skowbegan, President. Hou. Thomas S. Ling, Augusta. Hua. William P Wingate, Bangor. Hon. Lyndon Oak, Garland. Rev. Samuel F. Dyke, Bath J. C. Madigan, Houltou. Hon. Isaiah Stetson, Bangor, Treasurer. Samuel Johnson, A. M., Orouo, Secretary. Executive Committee. Hon. Wm. P. Wingate, Hon. Lyndou Oak, Hon. Thomas S. Lang. Examining Committee. Joshua L. Chamberlain, LL. D.; Rev. Amory Battles; Hon. Thom&a S. Lang. Faculty. Merritt C. Fernald A. M., Acting President and Professor of Mathematics and Physics. Samuel Johnson, A. M., Farm Superintendent and In* struct* >r in Agriculture. Stephen F Peckham, A. M., Professor of Chemistry. Calvin Cutter, M. D., Lecturer on Anatomy, Physiology anil Hygene Corydon B. Likin, Instructor in Book-keeping. Captain Henry E. Sellers, Bangor, Instructor in Military Tactics. BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. Samuel Wasson, Ellsworth, President. D. II. Thing, Mt. Vernon. Vice President S. L. G-iodiile, Saco, Secretary. M. C. Fernald, Orono. 1 S. P. Peckham, Orouo. Charles E. Harnlen, Waterville. jf Members at Large. Cyrus F. Brackett, Brunswick. J George L. Goodale, Brunswick. J MEMBKK.S FROM COUNTIES. Seth Scamman, for Cumberland County, Scarborough. Wildes P. Walker, Sagadahoc County, Topsham. William Swett, Oxford County, South Paris. Levi L. Lucas, Somerset County, St. Albans. Ira Doe. York County, Saco. Elijah B- Stackp*»le, Penobscot County, Kenduskeag. Samuel Wasson, Hanc-jck County, Ellsworth. .1. Vainum Putnam, Aroostook County, Houlton. Jeremiah R. Norton, Franklin County, Avon. Luther Chamberlain, Piscataquis County. Atkinson. Moses L. Wilder, Washington County, Pembroke. Isaac II >bba, Knox County, South Hope. Daniel II. Thing Kennebec County, Mt. Vernon. George K. Brackett, Waldo County, Belfast. Z. A. Gilbert, Androscoggin County, East Turner. Calvin Chamberlain, (State S«>ciety,) Foxcroft. John Bodge, Lincoln County, Jefferson. COMMON SCHOOLS. Warren Johnson, Topsham, State Superintendent. Joseph F. Dunning, Clerk of Superintendent, Portland. OOUJtTT SIPKKVISORS. Androscoggin, C. B. Stetson, Lewiston. Aroostook, W. T. Sleeper, Sherman. Cumberland, J. B. Webb, Gorham. Franklin, A. 11. Abbott, Farmington. Hancock, Charles J. Abbott, Castiue. Kennebec, W. II. Bigelow, Clinton. Knox, 0. M. Hicks, Rockland. Lincoln, D. B. Glidden, Newcastle. Oxford, N. T. True, Bethel. Penobscot, S. A. Plummer, Dexter. Piscataquis. W. S. Knowlton, Monton Sagadahoc, D. F. Potter, Topsham. Somerset, G. W. Hatheway, 8kowhegan Waldo, N. A. Luce, Freedom, Washington, W. J. Corthell, Calais. York, M. K. Mabry. MAINE EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION. President, J. H. Hanson, Waterrtlte. ' ice-presideut, C. C. Rounds, Farmington. Secretary and Treasurer, C. B. Stetson,'Lewiston. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. J. H. Hanson, Chairman, Waterville C. B. Stetson, Lewiston. A. P. Stone, Portland. J. S. Barrell, LewUtou. W. Johnson, Topsham. C. C. Rounds, Farmington. J. P. Gross, Brunswick. G. T. Fletcher, Castine. J. B. Webb, Yarmouth. COMMITTEE ON STATE VALUATION. John P. Hubbard, Hiram. Seth Scamman, Scarboro’. Alvin Currier, Farmington. Nehemiah Smart, Seanmiout. Abel Prescott, Canaan. Reuben 8 Prescott, Bangor. Partman Houghton, East port. Enoch Knight, Purtlaud, Clerk of Commissions STATE LIBRARY. Joseph T. Woodward. Librarian. CONY HOUSE, IIMTf.R HTKMWV, AUGUSTA, MAINE. ImiS new Hotel nlTonl. neconnnmlation. that no inher one iloe. in the city to the traveltin. coin liuiiity, being located In the CENTRE OF BUSINESS. and very near the Depot. The travelling public may be assured that no pains will lie spared to meet all their wants, and with the assistance of Mr. Tcuskk, late of the Augusta House, we hopo to merit A share of the public patronage. Connected with this House is i\ First Class Livery Stable! G. A. £ H. COST, I'roputioii. 11 Ijan.tw 1-tf AM Via A TION INTERES TS. The report submitted by Mr. Lynch to Con aresa from the Special Committee on Naviga I ,'on Interests, deals throughly with the subject in hand. The first topic presented is the de j cline in American Ocean Tonnage. In 1861 ; our tonnage engaged in the foreign trade was I 2,042,628 tons, while that of Great Britian was , 3,178,683 tons. We held the second place in rank among the nations. In 1866 our tonnage in the foreign trade had decreased to 1,492,926 ; tons, and Great Britain’s had increased 986, j 715 tons; ours had shrunk 43 per cent, and hers had gained 30 per cent. In 1850, seventy-live percent, of our total exports and imports were shipped in American vessels. In 1855, seventy-five per cent, in American, and twenty-five per cent in foreign vessels. In 18G9, thirty-four per cent in | American to sixty-six per cent in foreign ves sels. Our exports have doubled since 1853, while the percentage carried in American ves sels has fallen from sixty-seven per cent, to thirty-four per cent. It is estimated that fully one-half the regular tonnage of the United States is engaged in the carrying trade between foreign countries, on long routes, carrying the bulky cheap freights, while, as has been shown, our own exports and imports are passing in foreign bottoms, the freights going to enrich our commercial rivals, and swell the foreign balances against us which must be settled in | gold. The advantage which Great Britain obtained | by her ocean steam lines is very great. Slio lias built those up by a liberal policy, giving them large subsidies. France has pursued tho same course. Kngland has nines lines running to America, North and South, and other lines toall parts of the world. We have but two lines of steamers running on the Atlantic. The causes which have destroyed our com merce are mainly found in the war. In seek ing for remedies the committee do not think i that vessels which sought protection under a foreign flag during the •cbcllion should be | again received under our flag. Neither do | they approve of the policy of admitting foreign built vessels to American registry. The com i mittee say “the opposite policy of allowing 1 only American built vessels the privilege of | the American flag and register was adopted at the formation of the government, and has j been uniformly adhered to since, modified only ! by the act of December 23, 1852, which per ! mits foreign vessels wrecked in the waters of the United States and repaired in our ports, the repairs amounting to three-fourths of tho value of the vessel, to take out an American register. The best proof of the wisdom of this policy is the rapid and uninterrupted pro gress which we attained as a commercial na tion under its operations. Great Britain be came the first maritime nation of the world under a like policy, which the never relaxed until her merchant marine was strengthened beyond danger from competition. The decline in our shipping interests has not been on account of depression of business, for this cause must have operated upon other nations, but they have increased while wo have decreased. The steady increase of our shipping en gaged in the foreign trade up to tite com mencement of the rebellion, and the sudden and rapid decline from that point leads directly to the conclusion that its decadence is attri butable mainly, if not solely, to incidents of the war. According to the best available data 919,469 tons of American shipping disappear ed from our lists during the rebellion. Of this amount 110,163 tons were destroyed by Anglo Confederate pirates, while 803,303 tons were either sold to foreigners or passed nominally into their hands and obtained the protection of their (lags. Here was an actual loss to the private owners of less than five per cent., and a loss to the nation of about thirty-seven per cent, of the total of American tonnage en gaged in the foreign carrying trade. The loss of this amount of tonnage would not of itself have produced such disastrous results as we have seen had not the value of w hat remained been virtually destroyed by the peril in which it was placed from English piratical vessels sailing under the Confederate flag. The risk of sailing under the American flag was so great as to divert a large share of the carry ing trade into foreign bottoms, principally those of Great Britain. That changes which have occurred in naval architectnre and in the materials of which ships are now being constructed operated an terior to the rebellion, and tended to produce a revolution in the shipping of the world is undoubtedly true. Iron as a building mate rial for ships was fast superseding wood, and screw steamers were crowding out sail vessels on all ocean routes wliere the carrying of passengers and mails could be combined.with the general freighting business. But it by no means follows that this revolution in the char acter of the mercantile marine of the world would, if peace hail continued, have prevent ed us from maintaining with foreign nations our relative position as a great maritime pow er. The war not only deprived us of the ad vantages resulting from this change in the character of commercial vessels and the cur rents of trade affected thereby, but gave an impetus to all business connected with ocean navigation in the hands of our great commer cial rival, and an advantage over us that, but for the war, she would not iiave obtained. Of the encouragement which is to be offered the Committee speak as follows, and report bills embodying their recommendations : The testimony taken by the committee is nearly unanimous that by offering to our lin zens (lie same encouragement and protection as is afforded by other commercial nations to their citizens, our shipping can be built, and lines of ocean steamers established a» last »» the requirements of business demand, and that