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Daily Kennebec journal. [microfilm reel] (Augusta, Me.) 1870-1975, February 22, 1870, Image 2

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tflofc ’WSBUM a present demand for-ship* if
tiny could bo cheaply supplied. That al
though the coat of iron and some, other mate
HaU would be higher bv.the amdont paid in
freight, and the wages ol iabdf are also higher
e ith Its than in Puropo. yet We should have
tin advantage In the cost of timber, a large
tiio mnt of which is used, even in the con
struction of iron vessels—and that the higher
rates paid for American labor would bo more
than counterbalanced by its greater efficiency
nod skill. Your committee, after the most
careful deliberation, impressed with the great
importance of restoring our commercial ma
rine, not only as a means of increasing the
national wealth in time of peace, but also its
one of the most efficient agencies for national
defence in time of war, respectfully recom
mend the following measures as calculated to
ptomote the desired object:
1st—The remission of the duties imposed
upon the raw material entering into the con
struction of vessels and steamers, limiting the
amount to the minimum of duties per ton col
lected on the material required lor certain i
classes of vessels, and w here American iron
is used in the construction oi iron vessels an
amount per ton equivalent to the duties on a
like amount of imported raw materials, limit
ing the amount to be paid.
a,!—I lint ait stores to do usio ny vi ssvis
sailing to fiirtign [airts may be taken in bond
free of duty.
8(1—Further to encourage investment in
skipping, and to extend the aid to ships al
ready built, and which have been sailed dur
ing and since the rebellion at great disadvan
tage, allowing to all sailing vessels and to all
steamer* running to the British North Ameri
can provinces one dollar nnd n half per ton.
on steamers to European ports four dollars
per tou. and on all other steamers running to
foreign ports three dollars per ton.
In view of the fact that the tax upon ton
nage cannot be removed without relieving the
vessels of all foreign nations of the same,
while no such exemption is extended to Amer
ican vessels in foreign ports, and in view ol
the further fact that the shipping interest ol
the country is to receive some relief by the
passage of the proposed measure*,the commit
tee recommend only the removal of all ton
nage, harbor, pilotage and other like taxes
imposed upon shipping by State and munici
pal authority (which taxes have been declared
by the Supreme Court unconstitutional), and
the re-adjustment of the present tax upon
tonnage, so that it will fall more equitably
upon the different classes of vessels affected
thereby. The amount which will he received
from tiiis source is estimated by tile commit
tee to he more than $11,000,000 per annum,'
and will to that extent contribute to the relief
which is proposed to be granted in aid of the
shipping interest ot the United States. For
the purpose of carrying out the foregoing
recopiniendatioir- your committee report here
with two hills lor Consideration :
Whereat the Mercantile raariue of the country was near
ly destroyed during the late rebellion in consequence of the
i nihility of the government to j>rott*ct it; and now, while
bearing its share of ta.\.Uiou, h n no such protection from
foreign competition ms is afforded to other great national
interests aud industries, and is therefore st**;tdily declining.
And wherciis the r. soration of our comm* rfflal marine,
constituting a* it doss one of the most eificient moan* of de
fence in time of war, is of great uatianal importance, and
ess nt* ai to the maintenance of our position as a first-class
Power; therefore,
Ih it enact -d by the Senate; ami II msc of Representa
tives of the United Stat *» in Ctmgress a#s*aubled, That upou
all imported lumber, timber, hemp, manllla and copper,
and for iron not advanced beyond rods and bars, which
inny be used and wrought up into the construction of st*am
or sail vessels built in the L uited States, whether for the
hull, rigging, equipment or machinery of such vessels,
ther • shall be allowed antth^aid by the S**cretary of the
Treasury, under such regulations ns he may prescribe, a
drawback equal to the duties which may have been paid
ou such material, provided that the amount of such draw
back shall not exceed on wooden sail vessels eight dollars
j«er ton ;on sail vessels known a« com;*, .site, that Is, vessels
composed of iron frames and wooden pUnkiug and sheath
ing ten dollars |*er ton t on wooden steamers ten dollars
I>er tau *, on composite steamers, composed of iron frames
and wooden planking, twelve dollars per ton-, ou irou
steamers, fifteen dollars per ton. And provided further,
That where American material is used iu the construction
of Iron or composite vessels or steamers there shall be al
1 >we<l and paid, as aforesaid, an amouut equivalent to the
duties irap-jaed on similar articles of foreign manufacture
when imported, the full allowance on American and for
eign material* not to exceed the amounts per ton, on ves
sels of each class respectively, hereinbefore specified.
&kc. 2. That all ship stores and c**al to be used and con
sumed by any vessel ou its voyage from any port of tiie
Uaited States to any foreign port, may, In such quantity j
and under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury
may inscribe, be taken in whole packages in bond, and j
disp <sed of for such pur]>oses, free of import and Internal
duty and tax.
Sue. 3. And l>e it further enacted, That the owner of any
American registered sail or steam vessels which shall be
engaged for more than six mouths in the year in the carry
ing trade between American and foreign ports, or between
the ports of foreign countries, shall, at the end of each fls-1
cal year in which such vessel has been so engaged, be paid j
by the collector ofthe port where snch vessel is registered, J
upou exhibiting satisfactory evidence. In form to be pre- j
scribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, that such vessel i
has been so engaged, upon every sail vessel and upon
every steamer running to and from the ports of the North
American provinces, $1.50 for each registered ton ; and
upon every steamer running to aud from any Ku rope an !
port. $4 for each registered ton ; and upon every steamer
running t » and from all other foreign ports, $3 for each
registered ton.
Sbo. 1. Re it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of the United fetates of America in Cougr*ss as
sembled, Tliat in lieu of all duties on tonnage now imposed
by law a duty of thirty cents per ton is hereby iinpon.nl on '
ships, vessels or steamers entered iu the United Kates; ;
but the receipts of vessels paying such tax shall not be
subject to the tax provided in section 103 of au net ap
proved June 30, 1804, nor by any act amendatory thereof.
And provided, further, That no ship, vessel or steamer
having a license to trade between diff* rent districts ot the ,
Untied States, or to carry on the Itank, whale or other fish
eries, and no vessel «w steamer to or fr**ni any port or place
iu Mexico, or from any port or place south of Mexico, down
to and including Aspitiwull and Panama, or from any port
or place iu tin; British Provinces, North America or the
West India Island**, and employe*! regularly lu these trades
and no others, shslt be required to pay the tonnage tax
contemplated by tikis act more than ouce iu each fiscal
tec. 2. And Ik- It further enacted, That no harbor dues,
pilotage fees, or other tax»s ou imports levied, or pretended
to be levied, on the t linage, merchandise, trade, imports,
or cargoes of auy vessel, by virtue of the authority of any
State or municipal government, excejd wharfage, pierage
and (lockage shall l*e collected; and the cdlectiou of, or
attempt to collect the same, or auy portion thereof, shall be
a |**nh! offence, to I»e punished as hereafter provided.
Sac. 3. Aud be it enacted, Ac., That any person who,
by virtue of any authority or pretended authority derived
under any !*tat*' or municipal government, shall collect any
such illegal lax, fees or dues, or shall attempt to collect the
same, shall, upon the coiivictiou of each offence, be fined
in a sum not exceeding $100 for each offence, the amount
of which fine shall be paid into the Treasury of the United
Slates to the credit of the judiciary fund, and he shall
farther be liable to pay a sum not exceeding double the
amount of the illegal taxes, fees or dues thus collected, or
altempted to be collected, one half to 1m* paid to the inform
er and the other to be placed to the credit of the appropria
tion for lighthouses.
Sue. A B<* it enacted, Ac., That any captain or master
of a vessel, or any other person being the duly authorised
agent of any vessel,line of vees* Is, or transportation c «wpu
ny, who shall pay, with or with<nit protest, any such illegal
taxes, fees or due-* as are prohibited by this act, may re
cover the sum from the p-rs-m collecting the same by ac
tion in appropriate form in the District Court of the l oiled
States ofthe district where the collection was made, and the
courts of the l uitod States »hall have full jurisdiction in &U
un ler this act
The committee arc of the opinion that the
government should adopt the policy of sub
sidizing lines of ocean steamers, which may
he turned into war vessels in case of hostili
ties. The report closes with reference to our
great navigable rivers and lines of railway,
and their relation to our ocean navigation,
and holds that the West lias the same interest
in reviving and maintaining our ocean com
merce that the East has.
Moymr, Feb. 21.
Met according to adjournment.
1'rayer by ltev. Mr. Eepvisoweli. of
l’apers from the House disposed of in eon- \
c urrenec.
Report of the Committee on Tensions, on '
an order relating to giving Lewis Seining a j
State pension, that the same be referred to the 1
Governor and Council, came from the House, I
recommitted with instructions to report a re
solve. The Senate lion-concurred with the |
House, ami accepted the report.
Tho following communication was received
from the Commissioner- on State Valuation.
J\, the Mon. Senate anti Houte of Uepreeenta
In answer to your orl'-r asking when the !
Pdrotnissioh will Se able Vo report, and iV any
further legislation is necessary to facilitate
the business, I am directed to say the Com
mission will report on all property except
wildlands early in March, and in order to
ntBx a just value to wild lands it may facili
tate business to authorize the Commission to
send for persons if deemed necessary. Also
the Commission would ask permission to
present their report in print when completed.
Respectfully submitted. Per Order.
Seth Scam man, Chairman.
On motion of Mr. Cleaves,
Ordertd, That the Committee on the Ju
diciary inquire into the expediency ot amend
ing sec. 17, of chap. 71, of the Revised Sat
utes, so as to authorize the Judges of Piobatc
to compel executors and administrators, to
i carry into effect contracts of deceased per
l sons.
.Mr. Kisqsbcht, from the Committee on
Stati’ Lands and State ltoads, on the petition
of X a re is Dufaur etals., for aid in building a
road in Madawasku, reported that the peti
tioners have leave to withdraw.
Mr. (fahcki.ox. from the Committee on
Agriculture on the petition of citizens of Pem
broke, relating to the memorial on the sub
ject of forest trees, reported that the same he
referred to the next Legislature.
These reports were accepted.
Hi ad and assigned—An act to authorize
| Kdward Hilton to build a fish wier in the tide
j waters of Pigeon Hill liny in the town of Steu
! lien ; an act to promote the improvement of
I the navigation of Kennebec river; an act to
| incorporate the Mechanic Falls Havings Rank;
j resolve concerning the printing of the Legis
lative Manual; an net to incorporate the
Uartlanil Savings Bank; an act to incorpor
i ate the Sebec Lake Slate Company; an act
j to authorize the consolidation of railroad cor
j porations ; an act to prevent the destruction
of alewives in Denny's river, approved Feb.
| 22, l.wC5.
I’atsed lo be engrossed—An act toineorpor
j ate the Scbcc Lake Slate Company ; an act to
amend chap. 221 of the laws of 185G, relating
to the charter of the State Agricultural Soci
ety ; an act to incorporate the Sagadahoc lee
Company of Richmond; an act relating to the
extension of the wharf of Joshua and Benj. C.
Adams in Cnmden ; an net to extend the char
ter of the Rockland Fire and Marine Insur
anee Company; an act to incorporate the
Mayfield Slate Company; an act to ineorpor
j ate the Casco Bay Steamboat Company; an
I net to authorize the extension of the Somerset
railroad to Bingham Village; an act to incor
porate the Bangor Milling Company ; an act
lo establish the Ridge School District from
the towns of Dexter and Corinna; an net to
incorporate the St. John Agricultural Soci
ety ; an act relating to habitual truants; an
act to make valid the doings of the town of
An not to establish State uniformity ot text
books was assigned for Wednesday next;
an net amendatory of an act establishing the
times of holding the several terms of the
Supreme Judicial Court, approved Feb. 28,
Finally passed—Resolve in favor of Joseph
L. Voung; resolve authorizing the Land
Agent to change the location of public lands
in plantation No. 11 K. 1. Aroostook county;
resolve in favor of John G. Kelso; resolve in
favor of John Ilnnscoin; resolve in favor of
Bachelor II. Huston.
On motion of Mr. Wolfe,
Monday, Feb. 21.
In the absence of the Speaker the House
was called to order by the Clerk, S. J. Chad
bourne, Esq.
On motion of Mr. Lane,
Ordered, That in the absence of the Speak
er, Alanson B. Farwell be declared Speaker
pm tempore. *
Mr. Farwell was conducted to the chair
and briefly expressed his thanks for the honor
conferred upon him.
1’rayer by-liev. Mr. Crossley of New
Papers from the Senate disposed of in con
Mr. Vosk was charged with and conveyed
a message to the Senate informing that branch
that in the absence of the Speaker, A. B. Far
well, Esq., had been chosen Speaker pro tem.
Mr. Whidden was charged with a similar
message to the Governor and Council.
Both gentlemen subsequently reported that
they had discharged the duties assigned them.
Head and asstyned—An act to incorporate
the Madison Manufacturing Company ; an act
authorizing the building of a dyke or dam
across Brunch Stream in Addison • an act to
authorize the city of Bangur to aid the Ban
gor Water Power Company; an act to amend
chap, ol sec. 48 of the Revised Statutes, re
lating to railroads; resolve in favor of Paul
Tabor; an act to amend sec. 8 of chap. 11 of
the Revised Statutes, relating to supervision
of schools. '
On motion of Mr. Vose,
Ordered, That the Land Agent bo directed
to report to this House all the facts and docu
mentary evidence in his possession concern
ing a resolve approved March 22, 1804, in
favor ot the Maine Wesleyan Seminary, and
what has been done to carry out the conditions
On motion of the same member,
Ordered, That the Committee on Educa
tion be directed to inquire into the expediency
of repealing a resolve in favor of the Maine
Wesleyan Seminary approved Feb. 3, 1870.
A communication from Seth Scammun,
chairman of the Valuation Commission, was
received in response to an order, informing
' the Legislature that said Commission will be
j able to report early in March.
On motion of Mr. Stone,
Ordered, That the Commissioners on State
Valuation ure hereby authorized to send for
any person or persons that may in their opin
ion be able to give them valuable information
in the prosecution of their work, and to sub
mit their report in print to the Legislature.
Mr. Kiuiiai.i. from the Committee on Divi
sion of Towns, on petition of D. Harmon for
annexation of Unity plantation to Waldo Co.,
reported reference to the next Legislature.
Mr. Thomfsox from the sume Committee,
made the same rejairt on petition of G. F.
Watson for annexation of Unity plantation to
the town of Unity.
Mr. Siii.hman, l'rom the Committee on State
Iannis anil State Hoad*, on petition of O. It.
I.evois etuis., for aid to build a bridge over
Dafour stream in .Madnwaska, reported leave
to withdraw.
>lr. Ili.isa, from the Judiciary Committee,
on order relating to amending the law so that
personal properly shall be holden for tuxes
the same as real" estate, reported legislation
Mr. Molltox, from the Committee on
Agriculture, reported leave to withdraw on
petition of Franklin Muzzy for change of the
law regulating the sale of milk.
Mr. Sukhaias, from the Committee on State
Lands and State Hoads, made the same report
on petition of I). Daigle for an appropriation
to build a bridge over Daigle stream in Fort
Mr. CtiAsr, from the same committee, made
the same report on petition of inhabitants of
Van Huron, for aiil to build a bridge in said
Mr. Irish, from the same committee, on
petition, reported a resolve in aid of opening
a road through letters F and (I, H. 1, Aroos
took county. Head and assigned, and print- |
ed by order.
Mr. ('itask, from the same committee, re- |
ported resolve to repair the Madawaska j
bridge. Head and assigned, and printed un- *
der order.
Same member, from the same committee, |
reported a resolve in favor of the town of
Madrid, in aid of repairing road in said town.
Head and assigned, and printed by order.
Hill all act to incorporate the Hussell Stream
Dam Company, had its several readings un
der a su pension of the rules, and was passed
to be engrossed.
Bill ail act additional to chap. 48 of the lie
vised Statutes, concerning manufactures, was ;
read a third time. Tabled, and Wednesday i
next assigned for its further consideration on
motion of Mr. Hike.
Bill an act to amend section 1 of chapter
25 of the public laws of 1860. relating to the
sale of milk was read a third time and tabled
on motion of Mr. Minks.
Bill an act to change the line dividing the
towns of Mexico and Rumford was read a
third time, and amended as per sheet “A,” on
motion of Mr., Wasson, and tabled on motion
of Mr. Chase of Woodstock.
Bill an act to amend sections 10 and 12 of
the Revised Statutes, relating to choice of
highway surveyors was taken from the table
and amended as per she< ts “A” and ' ll" on
motion ot Mr. Tobet, and as amended, passed
to be engrossed.
Passed to be engrossed—An aetto enalde the
city of Bangor to extend further aid to the
Bangor & l’iscataquis Railroad Company; an
act to incorporate the Damariscutta Village
Cemetery; an act to authorize Samuel 1).
Carleton et als., to extend a wharf into the
tide waters of Rockport Harbor in town of
Camden; act to incorporate the Aurora Mills;
an act additional to chap. 82 of the Revised
Statutes, relating to proceedings in court; an
aetto amend section 31 of chap.82 of the Revis
ed Statutes, relating to ofTers to he defaulted ;
an net to amend chap. 101 of the laws of 1850,
relating to drainage ; an net to establish cer
tain rules for the construction of statutes; an
net to regulate the taking of fish from Aides
stream in Corinna; an act to change the
name of the Moosehead Lake Railway Co.,
and to amend the charter of said Co.; an act
to incorporate the Penobscot and Union River
Railroad Co.; an act giving to the inhabitants
of that part of Scarboro’ annexed to Gorham
their portion of the money paid by the State
to Scarboro’ under net of 1868.
Passed to be enacted—An act to repeal an
act entitled an net providing for reviews in
criminal cases, approved March 15, 18611; an
act to amend see. 3 chap. 132 of the Revised
Statutes, relating to jurisdiction of Justices ot
the Peace; an act to authorize the city of
Rockland to aid in the construction of the
Lime Rock Railroad.
Finally passed—Resolve In favor of Chns.
W. Cobb; resolve in relation to the shipping
interest of Maine; resolve for perfecting a
State deed gh'cn by the Land Agent to Isaac
On motion of Mr. Whiduen,
I5y Mr. Mat—Volition of East Wintlirop
Farmtrs Club, for the preservation of forest
trees. Referred to the Conimittc on Agricul
By Mr. Wuidukn—Remonstrance of S. S.
Scwall et als , against taxing foreign insur
ance companies. Referred to the Committee
on Mercantile Affairs and Insurance.
The following were presented under a sus
pension of the rules :
By Mr. Darling—Petition of Wm. H.
Staples for Band Agent to be authorized to
convey lot No. fed in the town of Mt. Chase.
Referred to Committee on State Lands and
By Mr. Baker—Petition of Howard Slate
Company, for an extension of their charter.
Referred to Committee on Railroads, Ways
and Bridges.
By Mr. Cox—Bill an act to authorize Gil
bert Longfellow to erect fish wiers in the tide
waters of Jonesboro at Shorey's Island. Re
ferred to the Committee on Fisheries.
Pail]) $fniulirc $onntuL
Tuesday Morning, February 22, 18TO.
WEDNESDAY, Feb. iSt> is assigned by the Com
mittee on Itailroads, Ways and Bridges, for a hear
ing upon petitions for a charter for the “ Northern
Arwetook Railroad”; also on petitions for the char
ter of the *'Hangar and Jloulion Ruilroud ”
l’er order,
flTfeb-lw T. n. CUSHING, Chairman.
Committee on County Estimates.
The Committee on County Estimates wilt meet in
the Representatives’ Hall, on Tuesday, Feb. 22, at
i'i o'clock P. M.
Committet on Public Buildings.
The Committee on Public Buildings will meet at
Room No. 20, on Monday of each week, at 2>j o’
clock P. M., until further notice.
E. It. FRENCH. | c,lnlrmen
KOBT. CltOCKFTT, i Chairmen.
THURSDAY, Feb. 44, is assigned for the consid
eration of petitions of G. M. Weston and others for
dial ter for a railroad (Vom Sober Lake to F.lliot
ville; also of W. H. Smith and others for railroad
from Sebec Village to Milo. Per order,
flbfeb-lw T. H. CUSHING, Chairman.
The flood in the Kennebec river in this
vicinity, with its attendant disasters, is
without an equal in all the freshets that
have gone before. The memorable flood
of 1882 sinks in comparison to a common
affair. The “oldest inhabitant” can re
peat no tale of wonders to match this,
either in the rise of the water or the dam
age which it has occasioned. The date
of “the great freshet” must be advanced
to this time, and those who witnessed it
will be oracles on similar occasions in the
future. Men arose on Sunday morning
without any particular anxiety about the
freshet, attended church as usual, but be
fore the services were over whispers
passed around of a great and sudden ris
of the waters, and the benediction was
the signal for a general rush from the pews
to the river, where a grand as well as de
structive sight awaited them.
The occasion of this great overflow is
one which should not bo forgotten by our
citizens interested upon the river without
efforts to prevent others of the same kind.
Had the river been clear of ice there would
have been no extraordinary freshet and no
damage. But with the ice below Hallow
ell holding firm in its position, while the
ice on the river for many miles above
broke up, and coming down in large ami
small masses formed a jam across the
head of the solid and unbroken ice, ob
structing the passage of the water, the
rise of the water in the rear of the jam
was inevitable, and to this is due the dam
age which ensued. It is said that such a
case never occurred before, and from this
it is reasoned that such never will take
place again. It is true, perhaps, that this
generation may never see the like again,
and yd it is not impossible that there may
be a repetition next year. The wisest
course would be not to trust all to chance,
but make such provisions for security as
may be found feasible.
The practicable measure to bo taken is
the construction of strong piers to hold
the ice above the Augusta dam, so that it
shall not break up suddenly, but remain
iu its position until the ice is broken up
below or become so weak as not to be
dangerous. Such piers may be necessary
at several points between Augusta and
Skowhegan. If erected they would pre
vent disasters like the present. Their
efficiency for such a purpose has been
proved on other streams, so that there is
no doubt as to the benefit they would ac
complish. The cost of constructing them
would be a small sum in comparison with
the property destroyed, even by the pres
ent freshet, while the assurance of safety
which they would create would have a
\ isible favorable effect upon property sub
ject to the ravages which we now witness.
_ smrrixa 1 me bests.
The report of the Congressional Commit
tee to investigate the condition of our
Shipping interests and recommend meas
ures of relief, will be examined with in
terest by that large class of the people of
Maine who build ships, own, and “go
down to the sea” in them. We trust the re
port indicates the turning point in the strug
gle about tlie revival of our navigation,
which is not merely a question whether
shipbuilders shall continue their business
or change to some other, but whether the
country shall conduct and control its own
commerce or turn the carrying trade over
to foreigners and allow them to sway the
sceptre of the ocean for their own aggran
dizement. It is evident enough that with
out some assistance from Congress we
shall soon have no commercial marine
worth mentioning. A great reduction has
taken place and what is left is staggering
under difficulties, Shipbuilders have con
tinued to build in spite of the embarrass
ments under which they have labored,
but the time lias come when it is absolute
ly necessary that they have relief or close
; their yards. The measures proposed by
the committee will probably afford the
requisite assistance. They are such as
were recommcmletl by practical men, ami
adopted after the fullest examination of
the matter by the best light that the coun
try affords. If these are not adopted our
commerce will disappear from the ocean;
if, on the contrary, they are adopted, our
navigation interests will awaken to new
life and gradually return to the high rank
which they once held. We believe that
Congress must be convinced that this is
something more than an effort to protect
a few shipbuilders, and will give the sub
ject the consideration which it demands,
as one of national and not local impor
The suggestions in the report about
building of iron and the probability that
thriving shipyards may be established on
our western rivers near to the coal mines
and seats of iron manufactures are worthy
of attention. It is not only possible but
probable that it may be so. Still there
w ill be for some time in the future a de
mand for wooden vessels, and these will
be supplied at the East. It will be nc
| cessary for Maine shipbuilders, however,
to understand that things are not going to
be in the future just as they have beeu in
the past, and that they must keep up with
the improvements in the construction of
vessels if they expect to find a market.
Iron vessels are taking the lead, and
steam is superseding sail to a considerable
extent. If such cannot be furnished at
Maine ship-yards and can be on the Ohio
or Alleghany the market will be controlled
by the West. In this view the bills offered
may do as much for western as eastern
shipyards if adopted.
The following is an extract from a late
letter of Siiikley Dabf., the celebrated
female Washington correspondent of the
New York World. It is a description of
a lady’s afternoon reception in Washing
ton. Headers in this vicinity will recog
nize both the house and the lady referred
to without specific mention by us.
‘•The suite of parlors and library are thrown
open for the nfturnoon. In the rooms people
in black silk street dresses mostly, witli blue
or pink velvet bonnets, are talking in knots,
and there is quiet chat and laughter. The
rooms are fully furnished in good style, but
plain. Indeed a scrupulous absence of orna
ment, beyond a few good pictures, is remark
able. In the last room of the suite, ladies
stand sipping coffee or chocolate, which last,
happily, is as fashionable in Washington as
in New York for lunch, and light refreshment.
About one person in Arty knows the exact
qualities chocolate should possess to be ac
ceptable. The thick creamy consistency,
unsparingly sweet, with vanilla for French
liking, and cinnamon for Southern taste, is u
rarity, which any woman may celebrate her
lunch table by producing. In the true spirit
of reform I sacrifice the dignity of a reporter
to mention the sacred proportions for a proper
cup of chocolate, namely : one-quarter of a
pound of linker's, the same of sugar, to one
quart of milk and water, equally mixed. If oil
till the cake dissolves, and flavor with a stick
of cinnamon.
Our hostess has a special word to say about
correspondents. It seems that the feminine
letter writers of the press have made them
selves leas than pleasant by criticisms on
women of position in Washington. A woman
who took part in a public society once naively
objected to reports of the meetings because
she often said things she was sorry for the
next minute. The sex is the same whether
it speaks with tongue or pen, and I candidly
say that no doubt many journalists write of
persons in a way that they regret in print.
A lady in public life may feel justly annoyed
that another lady admitted to her house can
find nothing to say of her, except how badly
her back hair was dressed. If there really
was nothing more to notice in her appearance,
there was no excuse for speaking of her ut all.
If any woman letter-writer so discredits the
guild as to make tlic appearance of one of its
members the signal of distrust, the rest ought
to vindicate themselves. I feel it a shame
that the noble women before me should look
into my face, witli her eyes blue as
Maine brooks, and say one word to avert
possible criticism on herself, in her own
house. “I am willing,” she said, “to do any
thing required by my husband's public posi
tion, but I am a woman from the country,
ami make no profession to be a light of fash
ion, anil I don't wish to be treated as such."
Women from the country, Indeed! with that
thoughtful independence, and serious, grace
ful manner! The fascination born of sincer
ity was in her very carriage and least look.
To have such a woman think even a reporter
of her own sex could come creeping into her
house to count the chairs and tables, and note
the folds of her gown, was a disagreeable
dose, prepared by the thoughtlessness of some
scribbling sister beforehand.”
A small one story house belonging to Mr.
Jerry Kwett of llucksport, was nearly de
stroyed by fire last Saturday morning atsl2 1-2
o’clock, Cause supposed to be from a defect
in the chimney. Loss about $300. No in
A reduction of ocean postage is proposed
in the English Parliament.
One of the interior counties of New York
sent $500,000 worth of peppermint to market
last year.
A Paris alihe, aged seventy-two, has eloped
with one of his congregation, a middle-aged
single lady.
The New York Commercial Advertiser says
“suicide is the sickle with which the Almighty
reaps the harvest of fools.”
A Texas young woman cultivated seven
acres of cotton with her own Viands last year,
and sold the crop for §500.
A number of colored men in Louisville have
formed an association for building a first class
steamboat, to ply on the Mississippi river.
The Alabama man who offered a bribe of
■91,000.000 for the assassination of President
Lincoln, now humbly prays Congress to re
move his political disabilities.
The Kichmond State Journal thinks the re
union of Virginia and West Virginia is one of
the events that are casting their shadows be
The family of General Samuel Houston is
very poor, and Texas papers are making ap
peals for aid for them. The family consists
of his widow and three young sons.
The Governor of California has vetoed a
bill awarding damages to secession editors
whose office was destroyed by a mob of citi
zens and soldiers.
The Hcpublican legislature of Ohio has re
pealed the law passed by the preceding Detn
obratie legislature depriving the veterans of
the Soldiers’ Home in Dayton of the right of
The production of petroleum during 1809
has been nineteen per cent, more than lor any
other year since the lucky pioneer first “struck
oil.” The production of Pennsylvania since
185'.* has been 27.853,100 barrels.
A Montana vigilance committee, caught an
obnoxious character, seated him on his mule
ami told him he had precisely fifteen minutes
to leave the country in. He replied, “Gents,
if this mule don’t hnlk. five'll answer.”
Stephen Lamb, of Jasper County, Ind., re
cently deserted a young woman whom he
promised to marry. The girl got a revolver,
rode twenty miles on horse-hack, and made
the voting man, on pain of instant death, ac
company her to the office of a County Clerk,
get a license and marry her. Then she re
turned home in triumph.
The Philadelphia Telegraph says there aYe
in that city five-hundred able-bodied men that
do not do a day’s work from one end of the
year to the other, and who live and exist upon
what they rob the people of in and around
gambling houses.
1 Russia has just made a demand upon the
Government of Switzerland for the body of a
felon who fled to the latter country some time
ago. ' As no extradition treaty exists between
Russia and Switzerland, the authorities of the
latter Government have not yet determined
what course to pursue in the matter.
Roof gardening has been commenced in
Baltimore, a gentleman haring devoted the
roof of liis stable and carriage house to the
purpose of growing ornamental plants. Water
pipes are carried to this portion of the build
ing for convenience of watering in dry sea
sons, and supplying a fountain yet to be
erected in the centre of the garden. Where
ever the flat roof is in vogue this beautiful
idea could be readily and extensively realized.
The Concord (N. H.) Statesman relates
that a young lady from the country recently
engaged as saleswoman with a dry goods firm
in that city. Though new at the business she
soon became proficient. Like the other em
ployees, she had the privilege of buying at cost
price any goods she wanted for her own use.
She was an extensive purchaser, from time to
time, on this basis; and at the end of two
months gave up her position. Very soon
after, she was married, as was also her sister
at the same time; and it turned out that she
had entered upon the clerkship merely to en
joy the perquisite of buying at cost price the
liberal supply of dry goods so mysteriously
necessary on such occasions. Her employer
is not anxious to engage any more young lady
clerks from the country.
A Nebraska letter of recent date contains the
following: About thirty warriors of the
l’awnce tribe started out from their country a
week before the storm to find some buffalo,
and, if in luck, get some sculps from their old
' enemies, the Sioux. When out, the party di
vided, some going south, where they found
buffalo, and returned well loaded with meat.
The others fell in with a party of Sioux, killed
several of them, and started back with about
forty captured ponies. On their return, and
when about eight miles from Long Tree sta
tion, they were overtaken by the terrible storm
of Sunday, and all perised within a day’s
inarch of their homes. The bodies of those
Indians, with their own and their captured
ponies, were all found lying dead together,
partly covered with snow and ice, by the run
ners who were sent but to discover their
Domestic Netos.
Tin* Whig says the Piscataquis Ilailroad is
carrying large amounts of slate to market.
The daily average is at least one hundred and
twenty-live squares, and the quarries are not
being worked at their full capacity. Arrange
ments are now being made to open other
quarries, and an additional impetus has been
given to the business of the country.
The Inspector General of fish reports that
36,030 barrels of mackerel were inspected at
the ports of Belfast, Uoothbay, Camden, Deer
Isle, Portland, Southport and South Thomas
ton, last season. Besides the mackerel, 5,101
barrels of herring and 200 barrels of other
pickled fish have been inspected during the
Mrs. I). B. Stockwell of East Eddington,
is, by appointment of the I'niversalist Gen
eral Convention, Vice President of the Wo
man's Aid Association for Maine, and is there
by duly authorized to organize and carry for
ward the work of these Associations in this
Arrangements have been made at the Post
Office whereby all Uangor mails will be re
ceived at Bangor the same time as usual.
The Eastern mails will close at 1.30, P. M.,
so as to send in aeason to connect with the
Me. Central K. R. at Belgrade Depot. Wes
tern mails will be closed nt the usual hours.
Mails for Riverside, Vassalboro’ and Post
Offices supplied from those offices will be
closed at 12 M., those Post Offices receiving
their mails with a delay of only two or three
hours. Mails for Watervillc and stations on
the P. & K. R. R. above with their connec
tions will be sent by the way of the Me. Cen- ;
tral connecting at Kendall's Mills with the P. j
Si K. 11. 11., they also receiving their mails at
the usual hours.
The paper mill at Yarmouth, owned by the
Royal River Company was destroyed by fire I
about four o’clock Sunday afternoon. It was
occupied by Messrs. Brown & Dennison, j
Everything was destroyed, including valuable
machinery and stock owned by Brow n & Den- :
nison. Also a horse belonging to the same
firm. The origin of the fire is not known.
Insurance on building and partial insurance
on machinery and stock.
New York
Life Insurance Company.
25 Tears’ Experience.
Non-Forfeiture System of Insurance originated
by this Company.
If you want a Life Policy,
Choose Experience, Ability and Success.
Twenty-Fifth Annual Report, Jan. 1st, 1870
Income for the year, $5,974,75*8 39
Cash Assets, 13.327,9*4 63
Divisible surplus, 1,689,88* 17
Dividends paid in 1869, 1.533,399 11
Amount insured in 1869, 34,446,353 00
During the last six rears. $3,345,346 have been
paid for losses, by death, an«l $3,769,386 have been
returned to policy-holders in dividends, and yet the
Assets exhibit an increase during that i>eriod of
Ten and a half Million Dollars.
In 18»>8. the increase of amount insured by ibis
Qumpanv over that of ls<#'.7, was three und d half
million dollar* more thau that of any other Com
pany. but the business ol 1869 has far exceeded that
most successful year.
Agents are wanted, who will receive a liberal
commission, and valuable aid lYom this office. To
those desiring insurance, a statement showing the
exact cost and workings, will be furnished, by stut
ing age at nearest birthday, and plan of insurance
Eastern Branch Office,
General Agent.
mfM. If*. FtlAH, Agent at Augusta.
_ ♦22fVb-eod3w
Ladies’ & Misses’ Cloaks,
fto., «3Le., Ac.
147 Water Street,
risjan-tr H. E. SMITH.
Dr. Farrar
First H«« South of the Augslt* House,
Augusta, Me.
Late Resident Physician and 8urgeon of Hartford,
(X, and for seven years a general practitioner in
the cities or New York and Brooklyn, has opened
for practice in Augusta, at his office rooms, U State
Street, 1st house south of the Augusta iionse,
where he may be consulted for a month prior to his
visit to Bangor and his return to Hartford, Conn.
DR. FARRAR has for many years given exclu
sive attention to CHRONIC or long-standing dis
eases. No physician has had greater stfocesa in the
treatment of diseases peculiar to women and chil
Hautfoud, Ct., Feb. 1, 1870.
Having for nearly two years been an assistant to
Dr. Farrar of Hartford, In the treatment oi “dis
eases peculiar to women,” 1 have had opportunities
of judging, and can testily to the Doctor’s oclicate
manner of conducting his examinations aim ope
* .. ilf
tions. The poor, as well as those of rank and for
tune, were always treated with evident sincerity
and honesty of purpose. A rnhre kind, careiul and
judicious medical adviser, I never knew.
Mkh. r. chandlkr whekler.
By permission the Doc tor refers to many ol
tiie leading physicians in the country, and to scores
of the most prominent citizens of llartfoiu, New
York, New Haven and vicinity.
N. B. Mus. Du. Fakkau, the Medical Lec
ti kku to Women, is always in attendance during
office hours for Ladies.
ggr Office hours from 1) to 12 M., 2 to 5 P. Id., and
from 7 to U P. M.
gg- He makes no charge for consultation.
Rare Chance for Investment!
MARCH IGth, 1870, at 2 O’clock, P. M.
Lauds, Mills, Machinery, Scc., in complete
running order.
For bill of particulars uddress J. F. WOOD, 32
Pemberton Square. Boston, Maes. flHbb-td
Wheeler'a Upholstery Rooms,
Aucusta, Mo.
Augusta, Sept 21,1S«9. __
Hotel Notice.
rrllE Gardiner Hotel having been thor
1. imglilv repaired, an.l entirely new fur
nulled, will be upene.l Wednesday, lie-.
Gardmcr, Dec. 13,ISUU.
Committees of the Legislature
Joint Standing Committees.
On the Judic4ary-~yicB*r8. Lindsey of Somerset,
Lane of Cumberland, and Heed of Cumberland, of
Uie Senate; Mutters. Whiddvn of Calais, Barker of
Stctaon, Smith of Saco. Bouncy of Portlund, IJliss
of Washington, Powers of Moulton, and Vose of
Wintui |>ort,©f the House.
_ P7* Federal 1 lelntii>M cs s r s. Cleaves of Oxford,
Lindsey of Somerset, and Reed of Cumberland, of
the,Senate; Messrs. Barker of Stetson, Stone of
Kennebnnk, McGilvery of Searsport, \Vhidden of
Calais, Burges.-, of Portland, Smith of Warren, and
Jordan ol Brunswick, of the House.
On Military Affairs—yiun*r*. Gibbs of (’umber
land, Nealley of York, and Hanson of York, of the
Senate; Messrs. White ol Bangor, l»uncnn of Kit
tery, Spaulding of Richmond, Phillips of Weld.
Sturgis of Standish, Dennett of So. Berwick, ami
Alexander of Belmont, of the House.
On Coast and Frontier Defences—Messrs. Morse
of Sagadahoc, Cushing of Waldo, anti Talbot of
Washington, of the Senate; Messrs. Blake of'Au
burn, Brawn of Oldtown, Moulton of Porter, Ames
of Jefferson, Mayo of Windham, Paige of Vinal
haven, and Gates of Kobhiuston, of the House.
On JiailriHtds. Ways and Fridges—Messrs. Cush
ing of Waldo, Morse of Sagadahoc, ami Holland of
Androscoggin, of the Senate; Messrs. Minks of
Bneksport,|Twitehell of Portland, Foster of Argyle,
Farwell ol Augusta. Lane of Hollis. Patten of
Bath, and Dickey of Fort Kent, of the House.
On Mercantile Affairs and Insurance—Messrs.
Buck of Hancock, Carvill of Cumberland, anti
Me tea 11 of Lincoln, of the Senate; Messrs. Hoi
brook of Freeport, Chamberlain of Ellsworth.
Blake of Auburn, Warren of Veazie, Gannett of
Bath, Watts of Thomastou, and Hurtling of Gorham,
of the House.
On Legal Reform—Messrs. Lane of Cumberland,
Nealley of York, Cleaves of Oxford, of tlie Senate;
Messrs. Baker of Augusta, Humphrey of Bangor,
llamman of Belfast. Flume of Cherry held, Spuuld
ing of Richmond, Rurtou of Benton, and Mild ram
of Wells, of the House.
On Fdtication—Messrs. Buffuni of Penobscot,
French of Franklin, and Minot of Kennebec, of tlie
Senate; Messrs. Farwell of Augusta, Humphrey of
Bangor, lkmney of Portland. Gott of Leeds,
llutliorn of Pittsllold, Smith of Litchfield, and
Daggett of Strong, of the House.
On Hanks atul Ranking—Messrs. Metcalf of Lin
coln. Reed of Cumberland, atul Gray of Kennebec,
of the Senate, Messrs. Dunning of Bangor, Ueed of
Waldoboro*. Tv itchcl) of Portland, Waterhouse of
Portland, Bir»i of Rockland, Palmer of Gardiner,
and Adams of Biddeford. of the House.
On Agriculture—Messrs. Lang of Kennebec, Gar
colon of Waldo, ami Bartlett of Hancock, of the
Senate; Messrs. Greene of Wilton, Wasson
of Surry, Thurlough ol Newburgh, Wentworth of
North Berwick, Moulton of Porter, Boothbay of
Lmbden, and Darling of Lincoln, of the House.
On Manufacture*—Messrs. Hanson of York, Gibbs
of Cumberland, and Mayo of Piscataquis, of the
Senate; Messrs. Ham of Lewiston, Purrlnton of
Bowdoiuham, Cole of Cupe Elizabeth, Foss of Ab
bot, Lewis of Pittstou, Burnham of Biddeford, uud
Cousins, of Kennebunkport, of the House.
On Interior Waters—Messrs. Talbot of Washing
ton, Buffuni of Penobscot, Hud Gibbs of Cumber
land. of the Senate; Messrs. Hammond of West
brook, Folsom of Skowbegan, McGilvery of Bears*
port, Bearce of Lewiston. Cox of East Machias,
Hamilton of Orono, and Skinner of St. Albans, o!
the House.
un state lAimis ana state naans—airssrs. i.aug
of Kennebec, Kingsbury of Penobscot, ami Webb
of somerset of the Senate; Meters. Smith of
llodgdon, Crockett of Rockland, Pavia of Lnbec,
Irish of Sherman, Martin of Romford, Chase of
Winn, ami sliciihhu ul Canid* u, ol the House.
(/a I>(rUion of Towns— Meet-re. Webb of Somer
set, limy of Kennebec, and Bartlett of Hnn<ock, of
the Senate; Messrs. Wasson of Surry, White of
Bangor, Wetiou of Poland, Kimball’of Bethel,
Thompson of Hallow ell, smith of Parsonsiicld, aim
l*eavev of Whiting, of the House.
On f)irisu/n of Counties—Messrs. Carvill of Cum*
lmrland. Torrej* ol Knox, and Ktugsbury of Penob
scot. of tlie Senate ; Mefum. Tobey of Athens,
Berry of Buxton. Millikeu of Tremont. Mason or
Hirum, Wilder of Fort Fairfield. Douglasa of Na
ples. and Adams of Mayfield, of the House.
On Incorporation of Totcn*—Messrs. Holland of
Androscoggin, Collins of Aroostook, and Carvill of
Cumberland, of the Senate; Messrs. Foss of Ab
bott, Cu-bingof Sidney. Tobey of Athens. Clark of
Holden. Libbey of Limerick, Cotton of Troy, and
Bean of Corinth, of the House.
On Fisheries—Messrs. Bartlett of Hancock, Met
calf ol Lincoln, and Carleton of Knox, of the
Senate; Messrs. Mears of Bristol, Stover of llurp*
well. Chase of Woodstock. Means of Sedgwick,
Bartlett of Harrison, Newcomb of Brewer, and
Higgs of Georgetow n, in the llouae.
On Indian Affairs— Messrs. Kingsbury of Penob
scot. Rolfeof Washington, and Fuller or Penobscot,
in the Senate; Messrs. Bradford of Ka-tport. Brawn
of Old town, Brown of Anson, Gould of Albany,
McLain of New Vineyard. Camnbcli of Deer Isle,
and Sargent of Ifermon. of the House.
On Claims—Messrs. Holfe of Washington, Carle
ton ol Knox, and Collins of Aroo.-took. of the
Senate; Messrs. Bliss of Washington. Clark of
Read field, Boyd of New Castle, Guptill ol Gouids
boro\ Plummer of Lisbon. Holman of Dixheld, and
Whitehonsc of St. George, of the House.
On Pensions—Messrs. Fuller of Penobscot, Gibba
of Cumberland, and Roberts of York, of the
Senate; Messrs Gannett of Bath. Stic- Inter of
Presque Isle. Greenleaf of Kdgcomb, Wilson of
Bradford, Mills of Brooksville. Brackett of Cum
berland, and McDougal of Medtiybempe, of the
On Insane Hospital— Messrs. Gray of Kennebec,
Webb of Somerset, and Gibbs of Cumberland, of
the Senate; Messrs. Main of Unity, Sturgis of
Standish, Burgess of Portland, Burbank of Acton,
Jones of Norway. Pierce of Maebias, and Jordan
of Minot, of the House.
On Ileform School—Messrs. Nealley ol York,
Buck of Hancock, and Talbot of Washington, of
the Senate; Messrs. Stickney of Presque Isle,
Mav of Winthrop, Leighton ol Yarnmuth, Whitney
of fcxeter. Wheeler of Chesterville. l>uncau of Kit
terv, and Berry of Damariseotta, of the House.
On State /Vison—Messrs. Minot of Kennebec,
Garcclou of Waldo, and Roberts of Y'ork, of the
Senate; Messrs. Hammond of Paris, Gole of Cape
Elizabeth. Coruforth of Fairfield, Bearce of Turner,
Hussey of Sangerville, Ames of Jefferson, and Ray
of Harrington, of the House.
On Public /fsfl<fis|l - Messrs. French of Franklin,
Hollami of Androscoggin, and Torrey of Knox, of
the Senate; Messrs. Crockett of Rockland, Allan
of Corinna, Lord of Lebanon, Lewis of Liberty.
Dearborn of Falmouth. McKown of Boothbay, aucl
Sherman of llcsboro. of the House.
On Library—Meters. Reed of Cumberland,
Cleaves of Oxford, and Cushing of Wahlo, of the
Senate; Messrs. Skinner of St. Albans, Cousina of
Kennebunkport. Mason Of Hiram, Nickerson of
Sw&nville, Wentworth of North Berwick, Young of
Hancock aud Sawyer of Gray of the House.
Standing Committees or House.
On Engrossed It ills-Messrs. Cushing of Sidney,
B rgest of Portland. Nickerson of bwanville, Vest
of W interport. Bartlett of Harrison, Gould of Al
bany, and Guptill of Gonldsboro’.
On Itills in the Third Reading— Hume of Clierry
flcld, Chase of Woodstock, Smith of Litchfield.
Mildram of Wells, Spaulding of Richmond, Main or
Unity, and Ilatliorn of Pittsfield.
On I.eare of Absence— Farrington of Ik wdoinhatn,
Hamilton of Orouo, Gates of Kobhiuston, Burbank
of Acton, Bearce of Turner, Brown of Anson, and
Sherman of Islesboro.
On Pay Roll—Folsom of Skowhegan, Nmith of
Hodgdon, Crockett of Rockland, Kimball of Bethel,
Waterhouse of Portluud, Bruwn of Oldtown, and
Adams of Biddcford.
On Change of Xante*—Chase of Woodstock,
Darling of Lincoln, Chase of Springfield, Martin or
Rumford, Adams of Mayfield. Whitehouse of St.
George, and McDougal of Meddybemps.
On County Estimates— Blake of Auburn, Irish of
Sherman, May of Winthrop, Mears of, Bristol,
Chamberlain of Ellsworth, Foster of Argyle, Hoi
brook of Freeport, Bradford of Eastport, Cousina
of Kennehunkport, Gannett of Bath, Tobey of
Athens, Lewis of Liberty, Wheeler of Chester
ville. Chase of Woodstock, Fog6 of Abbott, aud
Sherman of Cnniden.
On Finance—'Twitchell of Portland. McGHvery
of Searsport, Bearce of Lewiston. Patten of Bath,
Barton of Benton, Reed of Waldoboro’, and Adams
of Biddeford.
On Flections—Smith of Saco, Pow ers of Houlton,
Ham of Lewiston, Stover of Ilarpswell, Hawes of
Vassalboro’, Brawn of Oldtown, and Smith of War
Bieu Et Mon Droit,
Or noarhound A Anise Seed,
For Coughs, Colds, Shortness o
Breath, Asthma, Sto.
Tlii» excellent Medicine ha, the oxtrnordinar
property of Immediately relieving Cordis. I’d.its
HoARHBSEM. Difficult,' of Bukatiitvg, Whoop
ino Cough, and IIiskiness ok the Throat. I t
operate, by di,solving the congealed phlegm, and
causing free expectoration.
Person, who are troubled with that unpleasant
tickling in the Throat, which deprives them of rest,
night alter night, bv the incessant cough which it
provokes, will by taxing one dose, And Immediate
relief; and one bottle in most cases will effect a
In cases of Group it gives immediate Relief.
Price 50 Cents.
Prepared (Yom a receipt of a Member of tho
Pharmaceutical Society of Great llritain.
For Sale at Drug Store* generally.
A. in. DINMIHOKE & CO., Prop’s,
For sale in Augusts by Johnson RltoTttBRS; in
Gardiner bv II. F. Johnson ; in Hnllowel! by W. R.
Bai.i.a mi. fjpjanftil-lm*
St'I.PHITE OF LIME, for preserving Cider
Also, White Mustard Seed, for sale low by_

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