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Daily Kennebec journal. [microfilm reel] (Augusta, Me.) 1870-1975, February 24, 1870, Image 2

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MA TXE LEG TS LA TV RE.
Sciuii**
\\'Kitjemi*A», fch. ?*•
Met according to adjoumnv nt,
j'raycr liy Kev. Mr. IMtfrt 'rtf Garoirter.
Records read artd a*,*|>njved.
Valors frrtnl the House disposed of in con
ctirreitce
(in motion of Mr. llmrv. bill an act to
abolish capital punishment, which came up
hv assignment, was laid on the table.
" On motion of Mr. Lino, the vote of yester
day whereby it was refused to suspend the
rule whereby the time for receiving petitions
was limited to Feb. 22. was reconsidered,
and the rule was suspended.
Mr. I,ask. presented bill an act to legalize
the acts of T. W• Merrick, a Justice of Fence
in Kennebec county, which was referred to
the Judiciary under a suspension of rules.
On motion of same Senator, the vote where
by tiie petition for bill an act to incorporate
the Masonie Trustees of Lewiston, was re
considered. and on liis motion it was referred
to the Judiciary.
Mr. Tai.iiot, from the Committee on In
terior Waters, reported leave to withdraw on
petition of Utlward Benner et ais., for bridge
across tide waters at Belfast.
Mr. I.tNiisKY. from the Judiciary Commit
tee, reported legislation inexpedient on oidet
instructing the committee to inquire into the
expediency of authorizing towns to deduct
from commutation votes outstanding against
them.
On motion of Mr. Heed, bill an act It
abolish capital punishment was taken from
the table and on his motion it was amended
by striking ont sec. 2d.
The bill then came up on its passage to be
engrossed ns amended, and on motion of Mr.
CusniNO the note was taken by yeas ami
nays with the following result:
yhas—Messrs. Bartlett, Buck, BufFum,
Carvill. Cleaves, Collins, Cushing. Fuller,
Oarcelon, Gray, Hanson, Holland, Kingsbury,
Lang, Lindsey, Minot, Morse. Heed, Huberts,
Knife, Torrcy—21.
Nays—Messrs. Bolster, French, Gibbs,
Mayo, Metcalf. Talbot, Webb—8.
AbsKKT—Carleton, Lane—2 So the bill
passed to be engrossed.
Mr. Hobf-iits gave notice that to-morrow
he should move for a reconsideration of the
foregoing vote.
Bill an act to establish State uniformity of
school laxtks, came up on its passage to lie
engrossed, by assignment.
Mr. Minot said:
Mr. President:—Senators will lx ar me
witness that 1 luive not trespassed, thus
far, upon the patience of this Senate, lint
I beg your imhllgenee while I submit a
few remarks, why I think that this hill
should ‘receive a passage. 1 do not in
tend to discuss this hill in all its details,
but to give a few of the reasons which in
duce me to give it my hearty support.
Every educator agrees that it is desjrablc
to have uniformity of text-hooks in a school,
for without it,in o'lir ungraded schools,there
must inevitably be a great waste ot time
and of money? Town uniformity has been
tried, and proved lo be n complete failure
from various causes. As town uniformity
has not accomplished its object is it desir
able that we adopt state uniformity? I
wras somewliat forcibly struck with the re
mark which was made l>v one of the gen
tlemen that appeared for the remonstrants
from the city of 1'ort’and : that uniformi
ty' was neither practicable nor desirable,
and this is the lirst instance that I ever
heard the remark, that uniformity was
not to lie desired. The opponents of this
measure generally admit that town uni
formity is conducive to the advancement
and progress of all our schoo's; but if we
should have it in one town, why not have
it in allot'tlie towns in this State? it must
be admitted by everyone that is thorough
ly acquainted with our schools through
out the length and breadth of this State,
that the towns are few in which there is a
uniform series of text-books in use in the
schools of that town, and that the work
ing force of that teacher is largely wasted
from the effects of this evil: and the ques
tion presents itself most forcibly Col
our consideration, what method can be
devised to remedy those existing evils?
Our able ami efficient State Superintendent,
after a careful inspection and examination
of many schools in different sections ol
the State and from an inquiry into theii
wants, has been led to the -opinion thal
one of the great evils from which we have
been suffering in the past arises from the
multiplicity of text-hooks witli which our
schools are afflicted to-day, and that no
other method will produce the desired
result except by the adoption of a uniform
system of text-books to lie used in all the
schools throughout the State. Fifteen out
of sixteen, of the County Supervisors fa
vor the same plan, and they are led to
adopt these views from a careful inspec
tion of the schools in their respective
counties, and is not their nearly unani
mous opinion entitled to some weight, for
who have had a better opportunity to
judge than they have had the past year?
From the circulars sent out front the
State Superintendent's office to the Super
intending School Committees of the dif
ferent towns in the State, in lHils, asking
whether they were favored or opposed to
State uniformity of text-books, out of 2u.">
towns that made answers to the inquiries,
174 answered yes, mid 17 answered no,
and 14 doubtful; and this was at a time
when there was no excitement in regard
to the question, and every one was answer
ed from a calm and deliberate considera
tion of the matter. I have no doubt that
if every town throughout the State had
answered the inquiry made, that the pro
portion would have l>ecii in the same ratio
as those which did return an answer.
And 1 think that if to-day the School Com
mittees of all the towns in this State could
VOU* ilin*vii> ii|“uiu iwnin; n-, umi
the majority would lie overwhelmingly
in favor of’it* adoption, ami every one
must admit that they, from the opportuni
ties which they possess of judging, art
entitled to strong weight, and should uol
l«i slightly regarded by us iu determin
ing our decision upon this question, ll
has been said that by the adoption ol
State uniformity that we are taking an
“ancient and honorable privilege” from
the School Committees, which they have
so long exercised,—the privilege of se
lecting the books to be used in the schools
of their respective towns; but from what
I know about this, my opinion is, that the
Committee would gladly be relieved from
this responsibility, which is always a
source of trouble and ciubarasstucut to
them, and to be free from those importun
ing book agents who, at times, swarm ar
thick as “autumn leaves that strew the
brooks of Vail unbrosa.” 1 know lion:
personal experience that this is u reliel
that they most strongly desire.
Whence springs the opposition to tliii
fpeasure? Does it come trout the grea
masses of the people who are to be bone
/ited or Injured by the passage of the bil
jHq'ojv u.s, or does it come from a few in
teresfed persons. w ho care not so much lb
the advancement of our common school
u* from motives of another character? 1
this opposition wide-spread or does it ha\
its origin with those that think they 111.1
be injured, pecuniarily, by tin* establish
Went of the sy stem here proposed. It i
:i fact w ell known that when this measur
lias been agitated heretofore, that then
was groat commotion in the large am
wealthy l>ook-puWlsliing Jams. - of New
York and ItnWnn, and it ha* bi«*n tin* p<■>
sistent opposition which^At^ its existence
with those houses, thM RAs prevented the
passage of so m t similar to this by pasti
ItfigiststrilO^ and the same elements are
At Wet’k to-day to defeat this measure of
; relief to the poorer classes of this State,'
The exorbitant retail priees of school
hooks now in use iu the schools of this
j State, are a strong argument in favor of
I the adoption of tins bill, for understate
uniformity we can procure books cheaper, ;
by at least per cent., than they arc now i
Mild. The question may be asked how
can this be ? Ily the provisions of the bill
before ns, it is made the duty of the Com
missioners, not only to lix upon the intro
ductory prices, but upon the subsequent
retail price of each, and such price to be
stamped upon its cover, and the House
with which this contract was made would
have to give bonds for the fulfilment of the
j contract on their part, and any one that is
thoroughly conversant with the matter, is
1 well aware that enormous profits are rral
! i/.ed bv all of the book publishing houses
upon their productions and especially upon
! sch Mil books, and they can afford to sell
I them at least one third less than win t they
1 are now sold. Vermont, in which State
! uniformity has been established several
years, obtains the common school Arith
metic for (i:i cents, and it is re ailed in this
State at priees varying from till cents to
! f l.ltt. The city of Hath, which obtains
| its books by contract, gets them by at
I least. 2o per cent, clamper than similar
I books are obtained by other cities and
towns throughout the State. It is a fact
well known to those conversant with the
cost of publishing books, and especially
: school books, that the actual cost is but
j about one half of the regular retail price,
! and one can readily perceive that an enor
j inons profit is realized from their sale, and
| this is realized from the poorer class who
j are not able to bear burdens of this kind,
I especially when such protits go to enrich
publishing houses whose coffers arc al
! ready overflowing, and that wrung from
those of limited circumstances.
Wlnit are the facta about those States that
have adopted State uniformity. It is contend
ed by the opponents of this measure, that this
system lias proved a failure wherever it lias
been established. Let us look at a few facts
in the ease. Vermont adopted uniformity sev
eral years since; and do we hear from that
State any complaint that this system has not
proved of advantage to her schools. How
stand the Kdudators of that State, and her
school official '■ Do they say that the system
has lieen a disadvantage to her educational in
terests? Not one word comes from them
against the system there established, but on
the other hand their testimony is unani
mous that the law has been of (treat advan
! tage to them in promoting (food schools and a
j good degree of proficiency in those schools.
I All the trouble which has arisen in that State
j lots been solely caused by mischievous book
| agents, they incited to such action by the pub
lishing houses of which they are the repre
sentatives, for the purpose of undermining
State uniformity; then they can raise the
clamor that it has proved a failure there, nnd
this will have a tendency, they think, to pre
vent other States from following in their path
way; nnd this is why they ofT r to put their
books into the schools ol that State cheaper
than that established by the book publishing
house with whom the contract has been made ;
and they, the hook agents, have resorted to
all the means in tlicir power to break down,
and to crush out the system there established,
but as yet they have not been successful, nnd
in only one city, and that Burlington, have
they caused any serious trouble.
If the opponents of this measure rely upon
the working of the law in Vermont to influ
ence the action of this Legislature, the friends
of this measure, in this State, are perfectly
willing to abide the result.
Maryland, “My Maryland," is nnothcr
State, they say, which once having estab
lished the system a tew years ago has since
overthrown it. IJow stands the case there.
We think it rather unfortunate for the oppo
nents of this bill that they refer to Maryland
1 as a State whose action upon educational
i matters should have liny weight with us. iu
| our decision of this question. Wbat are the
I facts about this Stale ? We admit that she
i established State uniformity, and that it lias
been since overthrown. And how, and by
whom? When that party in Maryland which
had assisted in the overthrow of the Republic,
came into power in 18117, they not only abol
ished State uniformity, but they struck from
existence the very life of tree schools in that
State, because even they were antagonistic to
i tile principles in which they had been taught
jj'from their youth, and they were not.only op
j posed to uniformity of text hooks, hut to that
! system of free schools Which has been the
j boast nnd pride of New Kngland for genern
| turns past.
California is another State which lias estah
jdislied State uniformity, and in which its op
; ponents say that the system has been a fail
| lire. But is such the fact? Not at all. The
report of her State Superintendent and her
! school officials bear testimony to the efficacy
i of tile law, and its advantage to tile schools of
| California, and they do not desire its repeal.
You will tind from a careful examination of
; the subject, that no State except Maryland,
which has adopted uniformity of text books,
has revoked its action, and I have shown, I
j think, to your satisfaction, why it was done
I in this State, llow is it in those States which
have not yet adopted the system. Arc they
content with the state of tilings as they now
exist? We think not. You have but to ex
amine the reports of their respective school
officials to see that they are not satisfied with
this want of a uniform series ot text books, and :
they are constantly asking of their law-mak
ing power to give tiieni some relief from the j
evils under.which they are now suffering, and
they point to State iiuiforiniiy as the measure I
] which is to relieve them from the difficulty, j
' and which is such a serious cmburrusincnt to 1
the successful operation and utility of their !
I common schools. And why should not thu i
1 weight of tlicir authority have more influence
in bringing us to a decision upon this ques- |
j tion, than that of book publishing houses,
I reeking with wealth wrung from the poor
man's scanty meiins. orporsistent book agents, :
who are fearful tlint if tliis bill should pass !
that their occupation would he gone and they
would have to seek other fields of lalair?
Judge ye which you should heed; for myself
I have no hesitancy as to under whose lead
ership I should train.
There has been a great cry raised that the
i enactment of this bill will create a gigantic
| monopoly. This is ostensibly raised for the
i|iur}M)seof frightening timid people. “What!
an net to make school book*cheaper a niomip
1 oly," exclaims one. Strange monopolv and
one which the masses of the people hail ns a
: benefactor, and a monopoly which they most
i strongly desire. J have been led to think
l that this ery has been raised more of late by
the demagogue than by the statesman. The ,
time has been, in this State, when a company
asking for a charter lor a manufacturing cor- i
porntion was opposed and defeated, because
it would create a monopoly; ami capital which
was ready to seek an investment in this State
found its way into other States of larger
liberality, and to-day we are glad to grunt
charters to similar corjuirations ami exempt
them from taxation for ten years. Sad ex
perience, anil one from which we should learn
a lesson. Let ns look at some of the provis
ions of this hill, which some think are fraught
with so much evil to this State.
There are the commissioners, who are to
select the hooks, five men of integrity and of
character, who are above reproach, and whose
actions will carry with them the weight of au
thority. Hut it is said that those men will he
bought and that the decision which they will
make will lie governed by the influences which
will be thrown around them. The only answer
that I have to make to this is, that such as
sertions are a libel upon tbc honor and inleg
ritv of the inhabitants of this State, and it
■ ■ I
iccms to me that the person that would give
utterance to »ucli statements only expresses
the throbbings that heat in his own heart.
After the hooks are selected and the price
cstatdislied, what then? There is to be no
radical change in every school throughout the
Stnte hut towns which have selected books
under the five-years law are allowed to use
those hooks thus selected that length of time ;
but when they do make n change, and intro- j
iluce new hooks, it shall be those agreed upon I
by the commissioners. Also that tow ns which
do not adopt this series shall furnish those,
who move into that town, and having differ-1
cut books from those therein used, all neces
sary books at the expense of that ti »n. If this
‘•migratory class" are as small as is represent
ed by the remonstrants, this certainly can
be no inconvenience or burden to tow ns.
These are the leading features of the bill
before ns. and surely I can see no great in
novation upon “ancient rights and honorable
privileges," as many in the ardor of their im
agination conceive; hut on the contrary I
think that I can clearly behold a policy which
will w ork n change in our common schools,
which will he of advantage to the working
force of the teacher and to the improvement
of the pupil. If I thought otherwise, that this
measure would be of no advantage to the edu
cational interest of this State, 1 should op
pose it with the same feeling that I now favor
the enactment of the bill under consideration.
There is one class who are to he largely ;
In ncflttcd by the passage of this hill. I refer j
to the migrutory class—those of limited eir-,
cumstancex hut who ure constantly changing
their residence from one town to another. It
is a fact well known tlmt it is almost impossi
ble to find two adjoining towns, the schools of I
which are supplied with similar series of text
books.
As an illustration of this, during the great
freshet of last fall, when the lumber was all
swept away from the mills on the upper Ken
nebec, many of the operatives in those nulls
moved temporarily down the river, where
thwy could find employment; and they desired
to send their children to school, but they
found that the books used there were entirely
different from those from whence they came,
and their circumstances being limited they
could not afford to purchase those books there
used, without which it would be useless to
send them to school, consequently their chil
dren received no benefit from the schools.
The county of Kennebec, which I have the
honor, in part, to represent, demands of me
that my vote should he given in favor of this
bill. Her Superintending Sehoid Committees
are nearly unanimous in its favor. Her three
cities here upon the Kennebec are asking for
it, the press of the county are in favor of it,
and lastly, but not least, her people are
strongly in its favor and anxiously looking for
the passage of this bill.
*>ow, senators, lev us cuimiy consiuer iuv
question under consideration, anil without
prejudice net so as to advance the educational
interest of the people of this State, and it we
cannot hem tit all, let us do that which w ill
he of the greatest advantage to the greatest
number. We must remember that in our un
graded country schools nine-tenths of the
children of to-day will receive all of their ed
ucational training, and I trust that we shall
so act, that our decision will be such, that
many a youth will go forth to battle in life’s
great warfare more successfully than he would
have done hail we not assisted him with all
the aids within our power.
Mr. limiiatTS moved to indefinitely post
pone.
Mr. Nkai.i.ky hoped the motion would not
prevail. lie favored the bill. It will cheapen
our text books, faeilitate the systematization
of studies in school, and add greatly io the
value of our schools, and the expenditure of
our schoul funds.
Mr. I.lKlisKY presumed every Senator was
in favor of common schools. This matter of
education is to a great extent a personal mat
ter. No central power can make arrange
ments for any system of uniformity which
can be adopted throughout all the State. A
State superintendent anil a hoard of county |
supervisors was created last winter, and so I
fur as he is aware it has worked well. Now
we are asked to take another step in advance
by enacting a law for uniformity of text books,
lioubts the propriety of taking the power of
selection from the hands of the town commit
tees. Thinks we should depend more upon
moral than upon legal action. The bill does
not give entire uniformity—only pnrticul uni
formity. Is opposed to the bill.
Mr. Neai.i.ey continued in favor of the hill.
He said as we have made one step in prog
ress, inlhe right direction, isn't that u reason
why we should continue in the right direction?
Mr. Fbkncii said town uniformity is not al
ways desirable. Town committees are too
often influenced by book ngents and poor
books nre introduced. The supposition at
least, is that the commission appointed will
be a different class of men. The bill is pro
gressive, not arbitrary in its character, there
fore towns liuving uniformity now are allowed
to retain it under certain restrictions. The
word that comes up from all the towns in the
State is, do something for us in this matter.
The bill may be open to criticism, but we ask
fnirnnd honest criticism. The committee hope
if the bill is passed that it will reduce the cost
of school books 85 per cent. Its operation
throws out the middle men—the book agents,
and the producer and consumer are brought
nearer together. Is in favor of the bill.
Mr. Ulffl’K said the question of how we
can remedy the condition of our public
schools has been discussed for years and at
last it was decided to employ a head, a master
architect, and into whose hands has been put
the question of improving the schools. He
lias been busy in making his plans; one was
the system of supervisors, and another is text
book uniformity. If we act wisely we shull
net in the one case as in the other. The com
mittee reported the bill almost unanimously.
If the plan is found not to work well it may
lie abandoned. It will cost the State nothing
to try it. He hoped the bill will pass.
On motion of Mr. Taliiot the question on
indefinite postponement was taken by yeas
and nays, with the following result:
Ykas—Messrs. Bolster, Buck, Cleaves,
Collins, Cushing, Gibbs, Gray, Hanson, Hol
land, Lane, Lindsey, Metcalf, Morse, Heed,
Huberts, ltolfe, Talbot, Torrey—IS.
Nays—Messrs. Bartlett, Hufihm, Carvill,
French, Fuller, Kingsbury, Lang, Mayo,
Minot, Nealley—10.
-iui'nrn. v»iii umi mm •» » -•
Su the hill wild indefinitely postponed.
Mr. Lank asked and obtained leave to have
his vote recorded against the passage of the
capital punishment bill.
Mr. Mktcakp, from the Committee on
Hanks and Hanking, reported hill an act to
incorporate the North Anson Savings Hank,
which on motion of Mr. Clshino, was laid on
the table and ordered to be printed. Subse
quently on motion of Mr. Linuhky, the vote
was reconsidered, and the bill assigned to to
morrow.
On motion of Mr. French, bill an act in
regard to the location of school-houses was
amended and passed to be engrossed us
amended.
The following communication was received :
ArofsTA, Feb. 23, 1870.
To the 1‘reeident of the Senate:—I hereby
tender my resignation of the office of Attorney
(ieiieru! of the State of Maine, to take effect
the first day of March next.
Very truly, &c.
W. I*. Fb vr
On motion of Mr. Utr.n, the report of Com
mittee on Tensions, upon resolve relating to
pension of Lewis Sclbing, was laid upon the
table.
On motion of Mr. Lindsey, the Westbrook
division ease was taken from the table, and
the Senator spoke at some length in favor of
the division. The town since its origin has
been several times divided as the necessities
of the times required—Stroudwater, Fal
mouth. Cape Kli/.al>cth, and Westbrook. They
now need to be divided again. They poll a
large vote, and all their business is obliged
now to be transacted in open town meeting.
It is impossible to fairly, justly and properly
transart their business in such a meeting. At
nomo meeting* there are as many ns fifty arti
cles to net upon. In the proposed divbion
one part would contain 15 square miles, 750
voters, and a valuation of $1,700,000. The
other will contain.18 square miles, 700 polls,
and about $1,000,000 valuation. Town pop
ulation over 8,<H)0. 050 voters ask to he in
corporated into a town. The rights of
all portions are to he regarded, and it
would, of course, be wrong to dismember the
town if the result would he injurious. Does
not see where the remonstrants yan sutler
any wrong if the town is divided. The hill
is carefully drawn and guarded. Favors the .
division, and moved that the minority report
be substituted for the majority report.
Mr. Whir said if the Senator who spoke
before bad been a member of the committee,
lie would not hold such opinions upon the
subject. When more than 700 voters ask ]
that the town be not divided would it not be i
arbitrary to do so? Towns have a right to
divide themselves into voting districts, but j
Westbrook haw not availed themselves of the
right, therefore it follows that they do not
suffer from the present condition of things.
Had supposed that there was to he a bitter con
test upon this question before the committee,
hut everything was conducted in a quiet and
gentlemanly manner.
For twenty years there has been but three
eases where it was necessary to adjourn the
town meeting in order to finish the business.
The petitioners failed in almost every case to
establish before the committee the truth of!
the assertions contained in the petition for
division.
Pending the question the Senator gave way j
for an adjournment.
Head and assigned—An act to amend see. !
1 of chap. 25 of the public laws of 1800, re
lating to the sale of milk; an act to amend
sec. 8 of chap. 11 of the Revised Statutes, re
lating to supervision of schools; an act to
amend chap. 40 of the Revised Statutes, re
lating to herring boxes; an net to establish
the salaries of certain county affairs in Cem
berland County.
Passed to be engrossed—Resolve making an
appropriation for the Penobscot Indians; re
solve in favor of Houlton academy; an net
additional to chap. 82 of the Revised Statutes,
relating to proceedings in court; an act to
amend sec. 21 of chap. 82 of the Revised
Statutes, relating to offers to he defaulted;
an act to amend chap. 101 of the laws of 1850,
relating to drainage; an act to establish cer
tain rules for the construction of statutes ; an
act to regulate the taking of fish from Aides
stream in Corinna; an act to change the
name of the Moose head Lake Railway Co.,
and to amend the charter of said Coraany; an
act to incorporate the Penobscot and Union
River Railroad Company; an act giving to
the inhabitants of that part of Scarboro* an
nexed to Gorham their portion of money paid
by the State to Scarboro’ under act of 1808;
bill an act to amend sec. 28. chap. 11 of the
Revised Statutes, relating to school houses.
On motion of Mr. Cushing,
Adjourned.
House.
WeUNKSHAV, Fell. 211.
Prayer by Rev. Mr. Lkwia of the House.
Papers from the Senate disposed of in con
currence.
Read mid assigned-—An act additional to
chap. 36 of the public laws of 1809, relating
to tile taking of porgies; an act to amend an
act entitled an act to prevent the destruction j
of alewives in Denney's river; an act to make
valid the doings of the town of Uucksport; j
resolve in favor of the town of Bucksport.
The following communication was received j
from the Treasurer of the State and referred .
to the Committee on Finance :
J'o the Speaker of the House of Representa
tives.
The attention of the Legislature is called to
the late decision of the Supreme Court of the
United States which affirms that all contracts
for the payment of money made prior to Feb.
1862 must be paid in coin. Of the present
funded debt of the State $118,400 was con
tracted prior to 1862. During the present
year about $40,000 of this will mature—$14,
<XR) falling due on the first day of March next,
and the Treasurer requests action and in
struction of the Legislature thereon.
William Caluwell.
State Treasurer.
On motion of Mr. Campbell,
Ordered, That the Committee on Agricul
ture be requested to inquire what further law .
is necessary to induce persons to plant forest
trees by the roadside.
O11 motion of Mr. Sherman of Camden.
Ordered. That the Committee on Public
Buildings be directed to inquire into the pro- j
priety of making the city of Bangor the Cap- I
ital of this State providing said city of Bangor 1
raise one hundred thousaud dollars towards
providing public buildings for the State.
On motion of Mr. llrMK,
Ordered, The see. of the State be requested
to furnish this House lor the use of the Joint \
Investigating Committee on paper credits, the
report of the Committee on Enlistment Frauds
of 1866.
On motion of Mr. Daklino,
Ordered, That the Committee on State
Lands and State Ronds be directed to inquire
into the expediency of amending chap. 45 of
the resolves of the year 1869, by striking out
the words in the third and fourth lines -‘two
other equally valuable lots”, and inserting
the words "an amount of land of equal value.”
Information was received of the resignation
of Alfred Watts a member of the House from
the town of Thomnston.
On motion of Mr. Ukki>.
Ordered, That the Clerk be directed to
notify the selectmen of the town of Thotnas
ton of the resignation of Alfred Watts as re
presentative from said town.
On motion of same member,
Ordered, That the Committee on Pay Roll
be directed to make up the pay of Alfred
Watts, the Representative from the town of
Thomaston at $2.50 per day and travel for and
including this day.
Subsequently the vote was reconsidered,
whereby the above order was passed and the
same was laid on the table, on motion of Mr.
Chase ot Winn.
uii minion ui .m. u.uiiuH*a,
Ordered, That the Committee on the Ju
diciary be directed to inquire into the pro
priety of amending the law relating to the ap
proval of bonds of town treasurers and col
lectors of taxes.
Mr. lii.isg, from the Judiciary Committee,
on petition of G. J. l’endexter et ills., tor au
thority to choose a board of trustees of l’ar
•onstield, retried lehve to withdraw.
Mr. 11 inks from the Committee on Rail
roads, Ways and liriilge-s, reported ought not
to pass on bill tin act relating to toll bridges
and turnpikes. Read and recommitted.
Mr. Twitchkll, from the same committee,
on order relating to repeal of chap. lBti of the
laws of 1HU8, relating to executors and ad
ministrators against railroad corporations,
reported legislation inexpedient. Read and
recommitted.
Mr. Uanhett, from the Committee on Pen
sions, on recommitted petition, reported a
resolve in favor of Wm. W. Quimby. Read
and assigntd and printed under order.
Mr. Dumxixo, from the Committee on
Ranks and Hanking, on petition reported hill ,
an aet to incorporate the Kennebec Savings
Hank. Read and assigned.
Mr. Vosk, from the Judiciary Committee,
on petition, reported bill an aet to prevent the
throwing of slabs and other refuse into the
waters of the Muusain river, in the town of
Kcnnchunk. Read and assigned.
Mr. Barker, from the same Committee,
on petition, reported bill an act to authorize
the Congregationalist church in lvenduskeag
to sell their title tu the Haptist Meeting
house in said town. Read and assigned.
Mr. Burney, from the same committc, on
petition reported hill an aet to make valid the
doings of the town of Rarmiiigdalc. Read
and assigned.
Mr. McGii.vkhy. from the Committee on In
terior Waters, reported ought to pass on hill
an act to incorporate the Gardiner Ice Com
pany. Read and assigned.
Mr. Bkahck, from the same committee, '
made tlu' same re;>ort on bill an act to incur- ]
poratc the Wnssatazwick Dam Company. ;
Head and aligned. ,
Mr. Stovkii. from tlio Committee on Fish
eries, reported ought to pass on bill an act to ! i
authorize Gilbert Longfellow to erect a fish (
wier in tide waters of Jonesboro* at Sherry's
Island, Head and assigned.
Same member, from'the same Committee. I
on petition reported bill an act to regulate the .
taking of pickerel in Patters pond in the
town of Winslow. Head and assigned.
Same member, from the same Committee, I
reported ought to pass on bill an ai t to re
peal chap. 5!) of the special laws of 1857 re
lating to trout iii Schoodiae waters. Hcport
read and accepted, hill read twice and itnleti
nitely postponed on motion of Mr. Wiiihhkx.
llcsolve authorizing the city of Augusta to
make and maintain streets on the south and
west sides of the State House, was read a
second time and on motion of Mr. Fakwkll
recommitted to the Committee.
Hill an act relating to habitual truants was
read a third time and tabled on motion of Mr.
Vest;.
Hill nil net for the protection of fish in the
towns of Hiram and Porter, was read a third
time, amended on motion of Mr. IIinks by
striking out the second sedtion. and as amend
ed passed to be engrossed.
1‘assed to be enproesed—An act amendatory
of an act establishing the times of holding the
several terms of the Supreme Judicial Court
ill Hancock county, approved Feb. 28. 1861);
an act to incorporate the Stetson High School
and Library Association; resolve in aid of
building a bridge over Fisli Stream in Island
Falls plantation: resolve granting a lot of
land to Francis Albert, Jr. ; an act to change
the names of certain persons: an act to
change the name of F.ugene W. Libby; an
act to change the names of certain persons;
resolve in aid of opening a road through parts
of Crystal and Island Falls plantation, in
Sherman; an act to change the mums of cer
tain persons; resolve in aid of building a
bridge in plantation No. 11. 11. 1, County
of Aroostook; resolve in aid of building a
bridge over Heaver Dam Hrook in Island
Fails plantation; resolve in aid of the Castle
Hill road leading from Presque Isle to Ash
land, in Aroostook county ; resulvu in favor
of Moses Perry.
l'assed to be enacted—An act to amend
chapter 224 of the laws of IS.’.G, relating to the
charter of the State Agricultural Society; an
act to incorporate the Sagadahoc lee Company
of Richmond ; an act relating to the extension
of the wharf of Joshua and Hcnj. C. Adams
in Camden; an act to extend the charter of
the Rockland Fire and Marine Insurance
Company; an act to incorporate the Mayfield
Slat.. Cnmrinnvr an act to ineornorate the
Cusco Bay Steamboat Company ; an act to in- j
corporate tile Bangor Milling Company; an:
act to establish the Hiilge School District from
the towns ot Dexter amlCorinna: an act to
incorporate the St. John Agricultural Society-;
an act to incorporate the Aurora Mills; an
act to incorporate the Bu-sel Stream Dam
Company; an net to incorporte the Ilarlland
Savings Bank; an act to incorporate the
Damariscottu Village Cemetery Corporation;
an act to authorize Samuel 1>. Carlcton.
Joshua Ci. Norwood ami 1’. J. Carlcton to ex
tend a wharf into the tide waters of Hockport
harbor, in the town of Camden.
Bill an act additional to chapter 3 of the lie
vised Statutes, relating to town treasurers and
collectors was taken front the table on motion
of Mr. Hisks. anti the same member moved
the indefinite postponement of the bill.
After a discussion participated in bv Messrs.
Dinks, Hamilton, Baker. Stover, 'l witchell,
Thurlough, Barker and Foss, the motion to
indefinitely postpone, prevailed by t»3 yeas
and 38 nays.
On motion of Mr. Foss, hill an act in rela
tion to the ratu of interest was taken from the
table.
Mr. Bakkr offered amendment ••A", and
Mr. Voss; amendment -‘B". Pending their
adoption the lull was tabl ’d, and the amend
ments ordered to lie printed.
On motion of Mr. Wsxtwoktii,
Adjourned.
HILLS, I’ETITIOX*. Sc.. rHESKXTED ani> bk
>EHKEI>.
By Mr. Bovi>— Remonstrance of \V. W.
Walker et JOals.. against the repeal of chap. 70
of the laws of 18t!'J, regulating the river and
interior fisheries.
By Mr. (Saxnktt—Petition of Rowland A.
Fislier et 47 als., of Arrowsie. relating to
change of chap. 70 of the laws of lbtiil. con
cerning inland and riier fisheries; of J. K.
Merrow et 4S als., for rliange of law relating
to river and inland fisheries.
By Mr. Disks—Petition of A. II. Whit
more et 47 als.. of Verona, for amendment of.
law regulating the river and interior fisheries.
The foregoing were referred to the Com
mittee on Fisheries.
By Mr. list.o—Bill an act to extend the
charter of the Thomaston Marine and Fire In
surance Company. Referred to the Commit
tee on Mercantile Affairs and Insurance.
By Mr. Bakkkh—Remonstrance of Oliver
Sibley et als.. against the annexation of I'nity
Plantation to the town of I'nity. Referred to
the Committee on Division of Towns.
By Mr. Baklu—Petition of W. II. Hatch
for change ill the public laws relating to sav
ings banks. Referred to the Committee on
Banks and Banking.
By Mr. limn—Petition of Frederick W.
Falls for authority to maintain a ferry between
lilwell's Point and Spruce Head. Referred
to the Committee on Interior Waters.
Mr. Dt'XMNit, by leave, laid on the table an
act to incorporate the Bangor Mutual Life
Insurance Company.
By Mr. Sthkxkt—Resolve authorizing
the Land Agent to sell for cash, certain lots
of land in Mapleton. Referred to Commit
tee on State Lands and State Roads.
By Mr. Pattkn—An act to incorporate the
Ocean Telegraph Company.
■Dailii Jumukc lournal.
AUGVRTA,
Thursday Morning, February 24, 1870,
RAILWAY NOTICE.
TIH’IISDAY, Fkh. *21, i»* ms*ikiumI for the consid
eration of petition!* of ti. M. Weston Mini others for
charter for a railroad from Sclmm- Lake to Klliot
ville; ni-o of W. H. Smith and others for railroad
from SelHM- Village to .Milt*. IVr onler,
fiufcb-ltv T. II. CL’81IISt», ( hairman.
RAILWAY NOTICE.
WEDNESDAY, M Alien 2D, i« amtigiMsU fur (lie
ronsiilprntioii of the |M*tition uf the Portland mid
Oxford t'rntrnl Hail road fur right to extend tlielr
rojul to Kiimford.
Per oritur,
ejifcb-tin T. II Cl'SIUNtl, Chairmau.
DEATH UE AS SOS BURL ISOAME.
The ocean telegraph announced yester
day the death of lion. Anson Burlingame,
which took place the preceding day at St.
Petersburg. The sickle of the grim Reap
er has been busy in high places within the
last few months. Peabody’s dust is but
just entombed, who died lamented for
his works of benevolence, and now Bur
lingame, while engaged in one of the
most important missions of modern times,
is summoned away to the other world.
Mr. Burlingame was a Massachusetts man.
He engaged ardently in the cause of the
Republican party at its formation, and was
one of its most efficient and untiring ora
tors. He was elected to Congress in 1866
and again 1868, serving two terms in the.
House. In 1861 he was appointed by
President Lincoln ambassador to China.
In 1867, ujxm notifying the Chinese gov
ernment that he intended to resign his
>ost and return to America, Prince Rung,
liter endeavoring unsuccessfully to make
lint change his intention, gave him the
ippointmcnt of the first ambassador of
'liina to the United States and the gov- '
rnments of Europe. In the discharge of
he duties of this office Mr. Burlingame ^
risited this country in 1868, went hence to
‘illrope, and was engaged in his work at
he Russian Court when he died.
FEMALE SUE Eli AO E IS UTAH.
A correspondent of the New York Iler
ild writing from Utah says that die eon-1
erring of the elective franchise upon the
women of that territory is a political trick,
tnd not intended to increase the privileges
if the females. The mass meeting which
was held at Salt Lake ( itv nearly a month
igo, and the similar meetings held since
shen in different towns and settlements in
the Territory, were intended to convey the
idea to the outside world that those meet
ings were voluntary gatherings to show
that the women of the Territory were in
favor of polygamy and opposed to the
(Julloin bill and to any bill that had lor its
abject the abolition of polygamy. He says :
Everybody liere, however, understands |
that those meetings were arranged by the
authorities, and that the holding anti the ;
character of them only confirmed to oh- j
servant and intelligent people the fact ot
the existence and power ol licit mural
despotism which women here, as well as
men, are subjected to. The majority ot
the people here, both male and female,
have been so instructed and controlled
that they dare not do anything of moment
ivitbout’bcing told to do it, and, having
been told, dart; not disobey the mandate.
This is self-evident to every one who com
prehends the secrets of Mormotdsm. So
that so long as the present system contin
ues to have sway, as it has at present, the
fact of the women having the right to vote
means only that so many more votes can
be cast as the Mormon men want them to
lie cast. That is the plain English of it,
divested of all simulation of fairness and
freedom. Orthodox Mormons have ad
mitted to me that they believed an honest,
unconstrained and heartfelt vote ot the
women in Utah would be against poly
gamy. Hut should a vote ot the women
be taken now on that or any other question,
the maehinery, chicanery and de-potism
if the Church arc still so strong and sal
ient that the result would ho, of course,
just whatever the authorities desired to
have it. The following is the bill as it
passed the Legislature:
AN AC l c'onlcrring upon women mo elective
franchise.
Section 1. Bo it enacted by the Governor
and Legislative Assembly of the Territory of
Utah : That eveiy woman of the age of twen
ty-one years who has resided in tliis Territory
six months next preceding any general or
special election, born or naturalized in the
United States, or who is the wife, widow, or
the daughter of n native born or naturalized
citizen of the United States, shall be entitled
to vote at any election in this Territory.
Sect. 2. All laws or part# of laws con
fiieting with this act are hereby repealed.
Approved February 12, 1870.
The Democratic State Couvethion of
('onnecticiit, held on Tuesday, nominated
Mr. English a.- a candidate for Governor,
and Julius Hotchkiss of Middletown for
Lieutenant Governor. Both candidates
have heavy purses. The platform claims
that the Loth amendment is a radical
change of the Constitution ; re affirms the
position taken by the party eight years
ago; declares the legal tender act a viola
tion of the rights of the people ; denounces
the extravagance of the administration ;
extends sympathy to the patriots of Cub*;
and calls for the support of the free men
of the State for the candidates presented.
OESEHAL SEWS.
The total valuation of Massachusetts i#
81,341,000.000.
Placard# in the Chicago street#, last week,
announced a lecture from Joint Bee Golf.
Hard-shell almond-trees were in blossom in
Marysville, California, two weeks ago.
An Illinois woman, who wanted to go to a
masquerade party as Mary Queen of Scott#,
looked through the Bible to ascertain how the
character was dressed.
Orders have been received at the United
States Armory in Springfield, Mass., to man
ufacture 10,000 Ucmington breecli-louders, for
use in the navy.
The Fenians are said to have recently col
lected a great number of arms in New York,
and another raid on Canada i# expected.
There i# said to be a #pot on the snn so
large that it call he plainly seen through a
piece ot smoked glass. It was observed on
the 6th inst.
The insurance companies of Boston have
joined in reducing the rates of insurance on
first-class risks—the reduction on mercantile
risks being about 20 per cent.
The New York Express gives this rule for
testing a Christian : “Set him to putting up
old mis-matched s to vc-p tpe, and keep- hun a,
it an hour. If lie don’t swear, lie’s seasoned.’’
London correspondents of the German pa
pers say that there will soon be a scandalous
trial in that city, in wliirli the Prince of Wales
will play a very conspicuous and unenviable
part.
The Historical Society of Minnesota 1ms re
ceived a collection of »pocimcn« of the earlier
Ohio banknote*, engravings of the early Ohio
dignitaries, and a military commission signed
by Patrick Henry as Governor of Virginia.
A New Jersey farmer lately sent the fol
lowing note to one of the congressmen from
that State : “Deer Snr, Please send me a copy
of the Agricultirai report and then abolish the
franking privilidge."
Ship-owners in San Francisco arc circula
ting for signatures a protest against the pas
sage by Congress of any bill granting tree
trade in vessels, on the ground that such a
law wonld destroy the American ship-building
interests.
An individual in Berne calls himself Louis
Napoleon Bonaparte, and says he is n grand
son of Napoleon I. lie has published a pam
phlet dedicated to France, entitled “Society
und My Bights.” He bears some resemblance
to the Bonaparte family.
The poultry business in the West is grow
ing. A paper in Kenosha, Wisconsin, give*
these figures: “One firm has shipped to east
crn firms, during the pest year, from flftci n
to twenty thousand chickens, turkeys, etc.
The same house has a large hennery, and at
one time had on hand over four thousand
chickens."
The Providence Press says that a gentle
man of that city took his fire-year-old son to
church for the first time a few weeks ago.
When the clergyman said, "Let us pray," the
precocious youngster, in a high-keyed voice,
electrified the congregation with the excla
mation. “Let her rip!"
President Baez, of St. Domingo, has com
pleted arrangements for a popular vote on the
question of annexation to tlfc United States,
and a dispatch says a large majority in favor
was expected. Baez has recently received a
communication from influential parties in
Venezuela, asking his kind offices will) thu
American Government to secure the annexa
tion of Venezuela to the United States.
l'rince Arthur lias sent to Minnie, Gen.
Sherman's daughter, a gold medallion bear
ing his mother's and his own profiles; also a
delicate note, that it was a token of apprecia
tion. for the General’s hospitality and a ‘‘trib
ute to the beauty of American women, of
which she was so striking an exponent.”
LETTER FROM YIUQISIA.
Scottsviu.e, Albermarlc Co., )
Fob. 18th, 1870. $
To the Editor of the KenntUc Journal:
After mailing my last at Ashland I was
soon at Milford. Caroline Co., and a pleasant
ride ofthree miles brought me to the Court
House of that county, situated in a very pleas
ant, rural village called Bowling Green. Near
the Court House is located a eock-pit, as cock
fighting was a favorite amusement in ante
bellum days. While the natural position of
this place is very fine, the buildings all wear
the marks of antiquity. Closing my labors
there, I found my field of labor to be in this
vicinity. A passage of eighteen hours on tho
packet landed me here at noon yesterday. I
tound a school ot forty colored children in
session, supported wholly bv the colored
people, and in a good house they built them
selves. This school, taught by a eoloredinan
who never went to school a day in his life,
was not without merit, as he was zealously
teaching his pupils all he had learned himself.
The school is to be placed in charge- of a
Northern teacher, and the former teacher is to
join as a pupil.
A ruli- of lour nines wnn a pm me ream
brought me to Olenclower School, whore I
founil fifty-six pupils, in the nicest order, oc
cupying an excellent house which cost 82000,
and under a good system of instruction. The
widow Mary F'lugg, of Hallowell, gave 81000
towards the erection of this house. It is built
on her nephew’s land, William Gordon Mer
rick, whose grandfather formerly owned tho
C'apt. Swanton place in Ilallowell. He has a
splendid place of five hundred acres, with a
good house, and in the past year has built a
nice barn.
It was a pleasing incident for two Maine
boys to meet in old Virginia, and both engaged
in the proper reconstruction of the State.
The part, present and future afforded ample
topics lor our social chat, which, I need not
say, was mutually etyoyed by us. lie is a
brother-in-law to our enterprising friend,
George Sampson of Hallowell. By appoint
ment I was compelled to return here last night
to address the citizens upon the necessity of
mental culture, and when assembled in their
large church they were as motley a crowd as
ever 1 saw. While many white people wero
in the meeting, there were many who gate
unmistakable evidence that they were of par
tially white parentage,, quadroons and octu
roons, as they aro called. It is, I am told,
very common here for white men to raise up
large families of children by their house ser
vant* of the colored race, and let me say right
here that I rejoice they can’t tell them now.
Scottsville is an old dilapidated village, ap
parently destitute of any enterprise outside of
the whiskey trade, which is brisk, as there is
about 810,000 worth consumed here annually.
Yesterday the farmers were plowing their
com land, and one of them aaid there had not
been a day yet when it was frozen hard enough
tu stop work. This morning it is raining
powerfully, but as the stage is nearly ready I
must close and pass on to Columbia, in Flu
vanna county, where I have an appointment
to-night. Sami>x H. Jones.
FOWLER, HAULER & SMITH,
DEALERS IN
FOREHtf 4 DOMESTIC
DRY GOODS,
AND HANUrACTt’REK* OF.
Ladies’ & Misses’ Cloaks,
OPERA CAPES,
&(>•>
«.V Om
&o.
147 Water Street,
AUG.TTSTA, ME.
fHhu-tf
i.. b. rotn.Kn,
FIlfcD 1IAMI.KN
H. B. SMITH.
.—.#*_
Rare Chance for Investment!
AUCTION SALE,
MARCH ICtm, 1870, at 2 O'cmx;*, M.
THK I NTI HE
8R0T0N SOAPSTONE QUARRY.
Lau«l«, Mills, HUckintrv, 4c., iu complete
running order.
For bill of particular* addrenB J. F. WOOD, 32
Pemberton Square, Boston, Mukh. f 17feb-td
Ot LPHITK OF LIVE, for preferring Cuter
kjAIso, White Mustard Seeu. for nale low by
TITCOMB A I>OlW
4U1
Titcomb’s Aromatic Tonic Elixir!
AM) all the ollior POl'ITLAB MKTJHTNKS (or
sale low at TITCO MB tTjOBIlin tr
lHtl' URtu 81UKK.
ALu|t and ,Vell-»*l«r‘»<« Aiaortnun* at
Wallets, Bill A Pocket Books,
In Morocco and Calf, lor *ale low by
j6tf TITCO& DORR.

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