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VOL. 1. AUGUSTA, ME., FRIDAY MORNING. FEBRUARY 25, 1870. NO. 48. Jltnntht Journal. Published on Water, loot of Court Street, AUGUSTA, MAINE. ■T SFBAGIK, OWKX A NASH. gailj lunnriifr Journal Is issued every morning, except Sundays. Contains the latest news by telegraph and mall, and (fires the proceedings of the Legislature in full, also reports of proceedings of important commit tees and the Agricultural and Educational depart ments. Termi, $7 per annum in adruner, $S il payment M not made within the year. Single copies 4 cents, to be had at the bookstores and at this oflee. Advertisements one inch in length, three in ■ertions or lees. fil.OO; ii cts. for every subsequent Insertion. Longer advertisements, or those Inserted for any considerable length of time, will be inserted at Cavorable terms to the advertiser. ■peoial Notiose ts per cent, additional. Amusement Notices, fit per square per week. Mcthlg |iennfbfc Journal, Published every Wednesday morning, la the largest lolio paper m tlie State, containing news, political articles, agricultural and scientific matter, tales, poetry, anecdotes, kousehold recipes, markets, Ac., Ac. Terms fit per annum in micsscs Transient Advertisements, fil.30 per inch for first week; S3 coots psr week for each subsequent insertion. Bpeoial Notices, fit.00 per inch for first week; 10 cents per week for each subsequent week. Baniesi Notions, In reading colnmna, 10 cents per line for first insertion; 10 oents per lino tor each subsequent insertion. All transient advertisements to be paid for in advance. I, . C. I. C. L C. 7, 8, O. SOMES’ Oyster, Fruit and Confectionery SALOON! OffMiU Masonic Block, Gardiner, Me. THE BEST OYSTEB COOK in the Stale. Solid Oyilcr,. 10 coats per quart. T, S, To the people at large, Who tbia notice map read, And rourmlTsa In Gardiner should Snd: If you aunt a good stew. You should know where to fo il's to home.', T, S, •. C. T. SOMES, Gardiner. Jan. 1st, 1S». ♦UanTOdf C. H. STARBIRD, Photographer and Artist, RKff GSAMITE BLOCK, Woorly opposite Post Offloe, (Up Stairs,] Kakos all the best style, of Pictures in the Ait. ricn’BU coriiTa exlaroid, —AND— Flalthed la India Ink or Colors. At prices that cannot fail to be satisfactory. SV*The public are invited to call and examine Specimens mad* and fnltbtd at his room,. AUGUSTA. MB. HJanTOds Brewster’s Hotel, 8KOWHKCAN, MB. FlllHS Urge ami commodious Hotel is situated at I the head of the Falls on the Kennebec rirer, in the enterprising village of Skowhegan, the feerminns of the Portland & Kennebec R. R This is one of the best arranged Hotels for family borders there is in the State, and a better place for 8nramer resort, cannot be found in Maine. The best of water, beautiful drives on the banks of the river. Ashing and sailing ponds in the vicinity, trout brooks, where you can catch an abundance of the spotted brook trout any day in the year. Prices for permanent or transient boarding are very low, so our customers can afford to come often end stay a good while. We also have a large airy stable to board horses for the guests that wish to bring their teams with them. Also one of the best half-mile trotting parks in the State, is connected with the House, free for the guests to train their horses or drive for pleasure. flTjandt 8. B BREWSTER, Proprietor. BATH HOTEL, By O. M. Plummer, BATH, HE. Board, - - $1 per Day. tlljan-ly Photographs & Melanotvpes, At the lime OLD PLACE, At tk< lima OLD PRICKS, Tim I 9 1-9 sits JHrturti in Cards for 50 ctnts. 4 1-4 “ •* “ 60 “ 4 1-4 “ in Card tnrtlopts, 50 cts. 1 5x7 *• in Mat, 50 “ 1« TISTYPES for 25 ctnts. A good assortment ot FKAHK8, ALHIJHS, Ac., mow on hand, a*- PurtiouUr attention given to copying. • Boon Math of Ike rot! ORcc. AC6CSTA, HI tlJan70-Jm_ H. BAILEY. Cough Candy I WEilDEYBrRU'I COr«H CIYDY euro. COCtiUS. COLDS, WHOOPING COUGH uud all Throat trouble*. 2 Doors south of Granite Block, Market $q. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, TAH07 Goods, BbO., Hold by ianl-lylW WKNDESBFBG. Saccarappa, Maine. Messrs. WARREN A PENNELL, WOULD Inform the public that they manufac ture and keep constantly ou band every de scription of IRON WIRE, made ft-om the best material. Special attention glean to Iprlsg an4 Machinery Wire 1 Also, Wire tinned, straightened and cut to order. tds* MA-NSION HOUSE, STATE STREET, : i AUGUSTA, ME. mU19 House is provided wit's Bath Rooms, X where Hot auti Coi<l Baths can b* had at all Limes. It has also a First-Class Billiard Hall, for Guests only. Connected with the House is a Urge and commodious Sample Room, on Water Street, centrally located, where Sample Agents can show their goods, free of charge. The Proprietor, thankful for the liberal patronage which the above House has enjoyed since Its open ing, takes pleasure in informing his patrons that he will run Free Carriages to and from the Cars and ' Boats until further notice Connected with the above House is a Livery Bta Me, where good teams can t»e had at reasonable j rates. W. M. THAYRR, Proprietor. i G. P. Cochrane, Clerk. GOLD! GOLD! GOLD! ADAMSON’S BOTANIC COUGH BALSAM! : IS MORE VALUABLE THAN GOLD. TRY IT ! TRY IT ! TRY IT ! |IT CURES THE WORST COUGH or COLD IN A SHORT TIME. IN LARGE BOTTLES, at - - - 35 Cents. No cure ! into Pay! FRANK KINSMAN, DRUGGIST, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL AGENT FOR THE UNITED STATES AND CANADAS. Cough no more when you can be Cured for 3 i* Cents I TRY IT! TRY IT! TRY IT! THE PEACE TO HL'Y IPrcnoli, Bue,'on0, Sole Xjeatbor, And :U1 kinds of common TRAVELLING TRUNKS! AUo, Indies' and Gent.' TRAVELLING A SHOPPING BAGS, is at HAMILTON Si TURNER'S, 135 Water Street. The Bight Place to bar your HARNESSES, and get the celebrated DUNS HARNESS, is at HAmiLTON * TURNER'S, s 133 WATER street. The cheapest place to buy WHIPS, CURRYCOMBS, BRUSHES, BLANKETS, SURCINGLES, HAL TERS, Ac., Is at HAMILTON A TURNER’S, 138 WATER STREET. HARNESSES! For Business, Pleasure, Teaming, Trucking, Carling A Expressing, Manufactured from GOOD OAK STOCK, and by the best of workmen. We would remind the public that our Harness took all the premium* offered at the last State Fair —lour in number. Also the first premium at the late New England Fair. As our customers are daily informed kli.ct our Harnesses are Machine Stitched—we would invite them and the public generally to call and exmniue the largest stock of ready-made Harnesses ever of* lered m this city, and we will convince them that we make the best HAND STITCHED work to be had for the same amount ol money, and il we don't have on hand wh.it is wanted, can make it at short notice- Sample* of Gold Gilt. Oroide Silver, Covered, and Jupanned Trimmed Harness, may be seen at our salesroom, NO. 172 MIDDLE STREET. HENRY DUNN A SON. Fop Halo by Hamilton db Turner, 135 WATER STREET, - - AUGUSTA, MAINE, tllfeb tf Opposite Bearing A Holway’s. 1870. FEBRUARY. 1870. EXTRA INDUCEMENTS TO BUYERS, We hnve thiH T>ny MARKED DOWIST OUR PRICES! SO AS TO REDUCE STOCK. LOOK ! LOOK | LOOK | THINK AND REFLECT On tli© Fallowing' Prices s Overcasts for $4.73 Overcoats for 6.00 Overcoats for 7.00 Overcoats for 8.00 Overcoats (warranted all wool) 0.00 Overcoats (heavy Black Beaver) 10.00. OUR STOCK OF PINTS 1ND VESTS, MATCHED SUITS, —AN1) GENTS’ FURNISHING GOODS!. Ot every description we ofler for the Nl’.XT THIRTY DAYS, AT EQUALLY LOW PRICES. |0T*CALL AND SEE lTS, and wc guarantee that you will g(*t your money's worth at the ONE PRICE CLOTHING STORE. S. W. Huntington *& Co., 190 "Water Ssitreet, Aiigfustn, IVIaine. THE KENNEBEC JOURNAL, j iEstablished in 1886.) Enlarged and Improved. A POLITICAL & FAMILY NEWSPAPER. Hot Excelled by any in the State. Just Enlarged and Printed on New, Plain, and Handsome Type! Having Full Reports of Legislative proceedings; carefully prepared Political Articles, Facts and .Sta tistics; Local. Domestic and Foreign News; Corres-1 uondence; Tales, Poetry, Agricultural and other Miscellaneous Matter. Ifo Increase of Subscription Price—A Good Time to Subscribe. The Weekly Kennebec Journal. The Kennebec Journal is In the Forty-fourth year of its age. It has just been eularged, and is now a THIRTY-SIX COLUMN PAPER, Its size not being exceeded by that of any other Super in the State, and surpassed by but few m other tates. Ir WILL CONTAIN Carefully Prepared Political Articles. Facts, Statis tics, Speeches and Extracts; Full Reports of the Proceeding* of the Maine Legislature; Reliable Information in relation to mat* ter* pertaining to the State (Govern meat ; Reports of the Doings of Congress ; Local and State News; Summaries of Do* mestic and Foreign News-; Reports of the Markets at Koine and Abroad; well se lected Tales, Poetry, Agricultural and other Inter* e*ting and Useful Reading for the Family; al*o Correspondence from Abroad and original Articles upon subjects of (Jen’l Interest. It has been enlarged from TwsntyElght to Thlrty-SRx Columns, iu width, and proportionately increased in length, and is printed on an Entire New Suit of Type, Making it one of tlie Handsomest and Most Readable, a« well as one of the CHEAPEST PAPERS IN PRICE, published. The price of subscription has not been increased on account of enlargement. Now is the Time to Subscribe! Tkrms : $2 00 per annum in advance, $2.25 at the cod of six months, and $2.50 at the end of the year. Published every Wednesday. Daily Kennebec Journal, trill be issued every morning, (Sundays excepted,) on and after the first of January. Will give Full and Accurate Reports of the Proceedings of the Legislature from day to day; Reports oi Im portant Hearings before Committees; Abstracts of Discussions m the Boards of Education and Agriculture; will have the Latest News by Tele graph the same as other dailies, and will also have Editorials, Correspondence, Locals and the usual Summaries of News, also the most Import ant Speeches of the Session. The Discussion* in the Board of Education w ill give New and Additional Importance to the Daily 1 Journal, as it will contain reports of them. Terms, $7.00 per year; $2 00 for the Session. Members of the Legislature will do their con stituents and themselves a favor to interest them selves in getting; subscribers to the above publica tions. The Daily keeps up that correspondence between the People and their Representatives, through their Legislative Reports, which is neces sary and agreeable to both. No Tri-Weeklv will be published. Those peisons who desire a full report of the Legislative Proceed ings. must subscribe for the Daily Journal. W Postmasters and Members of the Legislature authorized to take subscriptions. $VThe Weekly and Daily Kennebec Journal are published at AugustA, Maine, by SPRAGUE, OWEN k NASH. BOSWORTH WILL SELL FOB THE NEXT THREE WEEKS, FROM HIS Fall and Winter Goods, AT COST, to reduce Stock preparatory to moving into the new store which has Wen prepared for him, OVERCOATS, HEAVY SACKS, PANTS & VESTS, Fetter and t'heaper than ever offered in this city before FOR CASH OSLY. REMEMBER THE PUCEi No. 158 Water Street, Augusta, M nine. R. T. Bosworth. t5febA't7-tf Dissolution or Co-Partnership. f|VHE co-|>artnershlu heretofore existing between I Lucius Kill and thus. A. Earnum, is mis day ' dissolved by mutual consent. LUCIUS HILL, ! Augusta, Feb. 1,1870. C. A. FARNUM. The undersigned will continue the Grocery and Provision Business, At the OLD STAND. rOXT ST., HEAD OF ARSENAL ST. 1 tateh tf LUCIUS HILL. GOVERNMENT OF MAINE, 1070. COVERS OR, Joshua L. Coamberlaisi, Brunswick. comciL. 1st District, Uranus O. Brackett, Berwick. M District, William Deer mg, Purtiaud, 1-1 District, William Rogers, Bath, kth District, Ambrose H. Abbot, Chino, ith District, Edward R. Spear, Rockland, fch District, Joseph W. Porter, Burlington. 7th District, D. K. Hobart, Dennysville. EXECUTIVE OHU'gKS. Pranklin M. Drew, Brunswick, Secretary of State. George 0. Stacy, Kesar Pails, Deputy Secretary. James R. Miiliken, Portland, Chief Clerk. B. B. Murray, Jr., Pembroke, Adjutant General. Augustus L. Smith, Augusta, Clerk to Adjutant General. George N. Page, Jforridgewock, State Pension Clerk in i Adjutant General's office. William Caldwell, Augusta, State Treasurer. Sylvanus Caldwell, Augusta, Treasurer’s Clerk. Parker P. Burleigh, Linueus, Land Agent. govbsxob t iTarr. John M Brown, Portland, Colonel, Assistant Inspector General. Eugene F. Sanger, M. D., Bangor, Colonel, Assistant Sur geon General. Jide-de-Cump, with rank of Litute*c*i Colonel. S-lden Connor, Thomas W. Hyde, George Varner, Nathau Cutler. Albert 0. Morgan, Lewiston, Military Sec’y to Governor. Prentiss M. Fogler, Augusta, Messen’r to Got. and Council. Benjamin F. Harris, Machine, Supt. of Public Building* George L. Uoodale, Brunswick, State Assayer. Cyrus F. Brackett, Brunswick, State Assayer. Daniel Winslow, Westbrook, Inspector Gen. of Beef k Pork, j David Fernald, Camden, Inspector General of Pith. Geo. F. Dillingham, Old town, Agt. Penobscot Tribe Indians. Geo. F. Wadsworth, East port Agt. Paasamaqu’y Tribe In. Albert W Paine, Bangor, Bank and Insurance Examiner. Asa W Wildes, Skuwheg&n, * Samuel 11. Blake, Bangor, > Railroad Commissioners. Solomon T. Corser, Portland, > SUPREME JUDICIAL COURT. John Appleton, Bangor, Chief Justice. AMUCUTt JUSTICE. Edward Kent, Bangor. Jonathan G Dickerson, Belfast Charles W. Walton, Portland. William G. Barrows, Brunswick. Charles Danforth, Gardiner. Rufus P. Tuple/, Saco. ATTORXET OKXMAL. Thomas B. Reed, Portland. INSANE ASYLUM. Henry M. Harlow, M. I>., Superintendent and Physician. Bigelow T. Sanborn, M. D., Assistant Physioian. TBCSTRES. William B Lap ham, M. D., Woostock, President. John T. Gilman, M. D.t Portland. I>r. M. R. Ludwig, Thomaaton. lion. Geo. A. Frost, Springrale. lion. A. G. Wakefield, ilaugor. STATE PRISON* Warren W. Rice, Warden. Elbridge Burton, Deputy Warden. ururacTuks. William Wilson, lion. Rufus Prince. STATE REFORM SCHOOL. Hon. E. W. Woodbury, Superintendent TRUSTEES. lion. Noah Woods, Bangor, President. W. E. Gould, Portland, Secretary, lion. Nathan Pane, Alfred, Treasurer. Hon. Jeremy W'. Porter, Str ng. Tobias Lord, blandish. STATS COLLEGE. OP AGRICULTURE AND THE MECHANIC aKTS Trustees Hon. Abner Coburn, Skowhegan, President, lion. Thomas S. Lang, Augusta, lion. William P Wingate, Bangor, lion. Lyndon Oak, Garland. Rev. Samuel F. Dyke, Bath J. C. Madigan, Iloulton. Hon. I-otiah Stetson, Bangor, Treasurer. Samuel Johnson, A. M., Or«mo, Secretary. Executive Committee. Hon Wm. P. Wingate, Hon. Lyndon Oak, Hon. Thomas 8 Ling. Examining Committee. Joshua L. Chamberlain, LL. D.; Rev. Amory Battles} Hon. Thomas 8. Lang. Faculty. Merritt C. Fernald A. M., Acting President and Profeaaor of Mathematics and Physics. Samu.-l Johnson, A M , Farm Superintendent and In* struct*»r in Agriculture. Stephen F Peckltam, A. M., Professor of Chemistry. Calvin Cutter, M. D., Lecturer on Anatomy, Physiology and Ilygene Corydon B. Lukin, Instructor in Book-keeping. Captain Henry E. Sellers, Bangor, Instructor in Military Tactics. BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. Samuel Wasson, Ellsworth, President. D. II. Thing, ML Vernon, Vice President S. L. Goudale, Saco, Secretary. M. C. Fernald, Uruno. ) 8. P. Peckham. Orono. Charles E. Haralen, Waterville. £ Metul«ers at Large. Cyrus F. Brackett, Brunswick. I George L. Goudale, Brunswick. J MLM3KR3 PROM CODfTlEa. Seth Scamman, for Cumberland County, Scarborough. Wihies P. Walker, Sagud.~.hoc County, Topsham. William Swett, Oxford County, South Paris. Levi L. Lucas, Somerset County, Sl Albans. Ira Poe. York C<*unty, baco. Elijah B Stack pole, Penobscot County, Kenduakeag. Samuel Wasson, Hancock County, Ellsworth. J. Varnum Putnam, Aroostook County, Iloulton. Jeremiah R. Norton, Franklin County, Avon. Luther Chami>erlain, Piscataquis County, Atkinson. Moses L. WU.Ier, Washington County, Pembroke. Isaac Hobbs, Knox County, South Hope. Daniel II. Thing Kennebec County, ML Vernon. George K. Brackett, Waldo County, Belfast. Z. A Gilbert, Androscoggin County, East Turner. Calvin Chamberlain, (State Society,) Foxcroft. John Bodge, Lincoln County, JeflPrson. CU.M MOW 8LHUULS. Warren Johnson, Topsham, State Superintendent. Joeeph F. Dunning, Clerk of Sujwrintendent, Portland. rorwrr acrKRvrsoRS. Androscoggin, C. B. Stetson, Lewiston. Aroostook, W. T. Skerpcr, Sherman. Cumberland, J. B. Webb, Gorham. Franklin, A. H. Abbott, Farmington. Hancock, Charles J. Abbott, Castinc. Kennebec, W. II. Bigelow, Clinton. Knox. G. M. Hicks, Kocklaml. Lincoln, D. S. Gluldeu, Newcastle. Oxford, N T. True, Bethel. Penobscot, S. A. Plummer, Dexter. Piscataquis, W S. Knowlton, Motion Sagadahoc, D. F. Potter, Tops ham. Somerset, G. W. Ha the way, Skowhegau Waldo, N. A Luce, Freedom, Washington, W. J. Cortheli, Calais. York, M. R. Mabry. MAINE EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION. President, J. H. Hanson, Waterrille. Vice-president, C. C. Rounds, Farmington. Secretary ami Treasurer, C. B. Stetsou, Lewiston. BXSCUTtVC CoUUlTTBB. J. II. Hanson, Chairman, Waterville C. B Stetson, Lewiston. A. P. Stone, Portland. J. 8. Harrell, Lewiston. W. Johnson, Topsham. C. C. Round*. Farmington. J. P. Gross, Brunswick. G. T. Fletcher, Castlne. J. B. Webb, Yarmouth. COMMITTEE ON STATE VALUATION. John P. Hubbard, Hiram. Seth Scamman, Scnrboro'. Alrin Currier, Farmington. Nehemi.th Smart, Se&raxnout. Al»el Prescott, Canaan. Reuben 8. Prescott, Bangor. Partman Houghton, Eastport. Enoch Knight, Portland, Clerk of Commissions STATE LIBRARY. Joseph T. Woodward, Librarian. Shooting Tackle. M. W . LOIfi, SUCCESSOR TO L. M. L EL AND, QUN SMITH And Dealer In Shooting Tackle of Every Variety. RIFI.E AND SHOT ODNS made to ORDER and WARRANTED. particular attention paid to Choking Shot Hun* to make them shoot thick and rtronc: A Inn on hand, the beet lot or Skate* in the market, for rale oheap. Odd key. of every pattern Key Uge and ringi for Hotel. Powdar of the be*t quality for Blasting or Sporting Re pairing don* neatly and promptly. All woak warranted. ljan-ly coy SOL ID A TOS. Augusta, Feb. 18, 1870. Ho*. Jos ia h Crosby : Dear Sir—Will you do us the favor to fur tyah a copy of your speech for publication, made before the Committee on Railroads on Tuesday, the loth inst. Very truly yours, Daniel Holland. S. li. Hearce. J. S. P. Ham, Gram illl Blake. D. C. Palmer. Remarks of Hon. Josiak Crosby of Dexter. Februray 15th. before the Committee ou Railroads, in opposition to Consolidation. Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Com mittee:—1 appear before you to oppose the : bill for the consolidation of the railroads of Maine. I appear of my own mere motion, employed by no one, representing myself alone, but to speak in my own behalf and in behalf of those who may happen to think as I do. I am well aware of the gross inequality of this contest. On the one side we sec ex- : Governors, Presidents. Directors and Super intendents of railroads, earnest men. men of brains, influence, position, with boundless wealth at their command, a powerful lobby, experienced men who know all the highways and by-ways of influence, and who will doubt less make effective use of the means in their hands. On the other side is no one whose special interest prompts him to resist this momentous project. A few humble individ uals, whose interest is simply the common in terest of the people, paid by no one, with no lobby at their backs, appear in opposition. It is substantially an ex parte contest. My first impression was that this was a scheme to unite the Maine Centrul and Port land & Kennebec railroads. But I find that the kill embraces all the connecting railroads in the State. “Any two or more" connecting railroads “may consolidate.” I have long foreseen that tne time was coming when this measure, at least with reference to the M. C. It. and P. & K. It. was to be pressed in good earnest, but that time has come sooner than I expected. It has been proposed several times before, but not then seriously pressed, and hifs not fill now attracted public attention. When I saw those two corporations last win ter fighting with so much fierceness of wrath on tiie question of giving the Somerset & i Kennebec railroad a right to extend their rail road from Skowhcgan to Caratunk, and when I saw, last summer, the hotness of their com petition to get control of the Belfast & i Mooschead railroad, I little thought to find S them so soon consolidated into one magnifi ■ cent conspiracy to get the control of all the ! railroad interest, in Maine. But when I i saw, after the September election, not before the election, that they had come together and given out to the world that they had agreed to unite their interests, I knew that the appoint ed hour had come, and that it behooved all I the friends of equal rights to prepare to de ' fend against the impending danger. What is the proposition? It is in substance ; to combine all the railroads in Maine, repre j senting now some twenty or thirty millions of 1 dollars, and which in ten years will represent sixty millions, and in a few years more one hundred millions, into one monster corpora tion, and place the same with all its bound less power in the hands of ten or fifteen gen tlemen, and in the hands of those powerful, ambitious and wicked men who may succeed them to-morrow. In the course of nature ! even this corporation would soon change owners, but railroad stock passes from hand, and in a very short time the Goulds, Fisks and Drews may exercise the jurisdiction pro posed to be given to these gentlemen. Fur thermore this bill, if once passed, unlike most laws, is utterly irrepecuable. Bet the companies once accept the act, enter into a contract to consolidate, and then they are protected hy that provision of the constitution which forbids you to pass any act impairing the obligation of contracts, so that you are | asked to give your sanction once for all to j the most stupendous measure ever proposed | in this State, and that, too, when they well t know that you were not elected in reference to this matter at all. Let me call your attention to some of the details of the bill, and see how cunningly they are devised. First, as to the control over fares by the State. Highly respectable au thorities contend that the State has a reserved right to regulate fares. This is the doctrine of Gov. Chamberlain in his address, and he sug gests that if there be any doubt on this point this will be a favorable opportunity “to de clare or re-affirm the ultimate right of the State over the roads." Seemingly in com pliance with this suggestion the bill does pro vide that the rates shall not be higher than they were on the M. C. Railroad and lb & It., •Tan. 1, 1870. That is, the rates on a specie basis, to which we are rapidly approaching, snail not De nigner uian me Highest rates es tablished under an inflated currency. For all practical purposes the bill might have for bidden rates higher than ten dollars per ton for one week, or one dollar per mile for pass engers. But by implication the bill gives up to the company all right on the part of the State to interfere with r»te9 unless they ex ceed that highest point of Jan. 1, 18T0. Prac ' tie-ally the bill abandons on the part of the I State the very right which the Governor de j sired to see "declared or reaffirmed.” Then, again, the bill provides that all other I companies may enter into the consolidation j whenever a majority of the stockholders "represented and voting at a legal meeting ’ I so declare. It is well known that all the ; stock is never represented at a meeting of stockholders. Thu bill then gives to these j gentlemen and their unscrupulous successors ; the power by buying up sufficient stock—say I one third or one quarter of the whole, to con trol any company, to vote to cancel leases, and to consolidate on terms dictated by them. ; The bill might be amended in these respects, , but 1 should regard any such amendments of j little value, because 1 know lull well that if i consolidation be once granted, any provisions ' now objectionable to these gentlemen, will be j made perfectly agreeable to them by future j legislation. It has been frequently urged that competi ! tion in the building of railroads is not desira ' ble. and that therefore consolidation ought not be objected to on the ground that it will destroy that kind of competition; and Eng land, Belgium and Massachusetts are re ferred to. Those eases are not at all in point. England and Belgium are small States terri torially, densely populated. Their railroad system is old. They have nil the railroads they need. The same is much the case with Massachusetts. At the list census, Maine | had 472 miles of railroad. Massachusetts had 1272. The territory of Maine is four times as large as Massachusetts. The necessity fot railroads has reference to territory as well as to population. Itailroads are frequently projected into parts uninhabited, in order tu develop the resources of unreclaimed lands and water power. We are doing this same thing in Maine to-day. The European and North American Railroad is being pushed through a wilderness; and it is earnestly pro posed to build other railroads into the wilds of Aroostook. Massachusetts had at the last census, eleven times as much railroad to the square mile as Maine had. When Maine has eleven times as much railroad as she had at the last census, or in other words o,192 miles, then she will have rail roads enough, and there will be no need of competition to stimulate their building. We are indebted to the spirit of rivalry for alarge portion of our railroads. This very Portland & Kennebec Railroad was built because the Hon. Kuel Williams and others were not wil ling that Augusta should be cut ofl'or sur rounded by the Androscoggin & Kennebec Railroad, now a part of the Maine Central Railroad. The Piscataquis Railroad owes its existence to the fact that the Dexter &. New port Railroad threatened to divert the trade of that county to Portland. It cost nearly $1,000,000, and all the funds were furnished by Bangor<xcept $80,000, raised in Piscata quis county. The Somerset Railroad was stimulated by the Maine Central Railroad in competition with the Portland & Kennebec Railroad and the Belfast & Moosehead Rail road would not probably have been built, had not those two companies competed for a lease of it, offering it very favorable terms, which en abled the parties interested to ensure its com pletion. Sir. we need, we greatly need to rely upon the principle of competition to develop the capacities of Maine, but consolidation utterly paralyzes that principle so far as re lates to the increase of railroad facilities. But the petitioners say that they ask for no additional grant of power, that their right to lease their two roads by virtue of the statute of 1856 gives them all the real power they de sire. That power to lease was given as an ap pendage to the act for the consolidation of the A. & K., and I*. & K. Railroad, now the M. C. Railroad. It extended only to what is now the M. 0. Railroad, the R. & K. and S. & K. and the Androscoggin Railroad. It attracted little attention at the time. It was see. 10 of an act the nine previous sections being devot ed to consolidation. That power to the ex tent therein granted certainly would not now be given without strenuous apposition. The people are now, which was not the case then, awake to the danger of these great monopo lies. But it is sufficient to say that these two great companies have found such obstacles to a lease that they have not availed themselves of the power for fourteen years, and they never will. The privilege is a dead letter, a id for all practical purposes does not exist. A bill to Con solidate all the railroads in the State is a very different tiling from the unused and practically ui available power to lease contained in that sec. 10 of the law of 1856. It is well known that see. 'J of that law is the only portion of it which was ever debated in the Legislature, and was the subject of much controversy be tween the two roads. That the M. C. Rail road started its repeal in 1857, and continued the controversy in the I’. & K. Railroad year after year in the Legislature, until in 1862 its repeal was effected. They say again that they have argeed to run together (not by leasing,) have made a contract so to do, and shall do so whether this bill is granted or not. I should like to see that contract. It has not been exhibited to the Committee to my knowledge. If they say it is signtd I will not deny it, but why not ex hibit it? I doubt nut that these gentlemen by their control of stock can induce its ratifica tion by the stockholders. That contract was not made or at least was not proclaimed till alter the Sept, election. It is one which the same parties who made it can unmake at their pleasure. I believe it was made for no other purpose than to inliuence this Legislature. For what other purpose should they draw up such a formal document, with the intention of course to abandon it in two or three months, or as soon as they were enabled to con solidate under this bill. Further I have no faitii that a contract of that kind can by any possibtlitv have any binding force in law; because it interferes witli the principle of com petition. It is against public policy, and therefore void. Let one party bring an ac tion for the breach of such contract, and they would soon know that they had no standing in the courts. If such a con tract on the part of the Directors were Iona, Jitle. it should be brought' before the stock holders for ratification. The M. C. Railroad meets on the 23d inst., and there is no allusion I to such a contract in the notice of the meeting, nor am I aware that the P. & K. Railroad took any action upon it at their late meeting. I eannot think that the Directors of the M. C. Railroad at least would eonsider even the forms of law complied with as to a contract of so much importance without a ratification. The stockholders have no right to act upon any subject not embraced in the notice of the meeting. There is too much reason to believe that contract is a humbug got up for a special . purpose. They say again that there is no competition as to fares on railroads now. Everybody knows that the competition at Kendall’s Mills and Lewiston has always been great. Certain I am that one of the Directors of the M. C. Railroad informed me that they made a great mistake in not accommodating the Lewiston people as to rates, and thus have induced them not to extend the Androscoggin Railroad to Brunswick. The Lewiston people have saved hundreds of thousands of dollars by that ex tension. Why are the rates on the railroads reduced the moment the steamboats begin to run in the spring:' Go into any depot station and look on the walls. Every variety of maps in costly frames, and without frames, each one's road with its connections delineated in conspicuous heavy black lines, embellished with every device of advertisement, setting forth the cheapness, safety and virtues of the rival roads, confuses the imagination, and sets judgment at defiance. The truth is. that there is no business known to man in which eumpe tion is so great as upon railroad. To state the contrary is to presume the audience idiots. They say again that their interests and the interest of the public are identical, that their . interests is to make freights low in orderto get ! more business. Mo doubt the Goulds, Fisks, I and Drews would say the same. The state ment is in no sense correct. The interest of 1 the Companies is rather to do a smaller busi ness at a large price than a very large business at a small price. Great amount of traffic wears out the road and necessitates expensive repairs. The lion. Josiah Quincy a gentle men of the highest repute and unsullied char acter, who ha* given as much attention to rail roads probably as any man in America, and who has made great efforts to establish a cheap freight system, has examined this matter very thoroughly, and in an address before the Bos bn Board of 1'ratio Oct. Id, ItiC*. speaking of the Western Railroad he alluded to a former ad dress of his, and says : ••1 showed you tlrnt the interest of the man agers of the Western Railroad was diametri cally opposite to the interest of the public the interest of the former being to do a small amount of business at a large price, that of