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PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED), BY SPRAGUE, OWEN &. NASH. TERMS: SEVEN DOLLARS PER ANNUM. SINGLE COPIES, FOUR CENTS.
VOL. 1. AUGUSTA, ME., WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 1, 1870. ' NO. 130. JUniubtc Journal. Published on Water, Foot of Court Street, AUGUSTA. MAINE. BY SPKAtilE, OWEN A NASH. pailg Junurkc Journal Is issued every morning, except Sundays. Contains the latest news by telegraph and mail, gives reports of the Markets, and has carefully pre pared political and local articles, and a generous amount of farming, home and miscellaneous read* ng with a full compilation of state news. Terms, #7 per annum in advance; il payment s not made within tin; year. Single copies 4 cents, to be had at the bookstores and at this office. Advertisements one inch in length, three in sertions or less. #1.00; 25 cts. for every subsequent insertion. Longer advertisements, or those inserted for any considerable length <»f time, will be inserted at favorable terms to the advertiser. Special Notices 25 per cent, additional. Amusement Notices, $2 per square per week. 'ftOlcclili) Jjcnncbfc Journal, Published every Wednesday morning, Is the largest (olio paper in the State, containing news, political articles, agricultural and scientific matter, tales, poetry, anecdotes, household recipes, markets, Ac., Ac. Terms $2 per annum in advance. Transient Advertisements, $1.50 per inch for first week; 25 cents per week for each subsequent insertion. Special Notices, #2 00 per inch for first week; 50 cents per week for each subsequent week. Business Notices, in reading columns, 20 cents per line for first insertion; 10 cents per line for each subsequent insertion. All transient advertisements to be paid for in advance. BATH TIBS, COPPER BOILERS, Water Closets, Wash Basins, BRANH «* PLATED WARE, Cant Iron Pipe, Lead Pipe, Sheet Lead, Anil every article pertaining to Plumbing kept con stantly on hand and for sale at H. R. STRATTON’S, Corner Bridge * Water Streets. Under Hunt's Hat* Store. S. B. Plumbing in all its branches done in a neat and thorough manner. Particular Attention Paid to Jobbing. |12apr-tf RICHMOND PORTABLE RANCE -AND Hanging Dome Furnace! At WILLIAMSON * liBEItyOOPS. i Cough Candy I 'IirEtDFABI'RU'S rorfSII (ANDY cures COUGHS, COLDS, WHOOPING COUGH and all Throat troubles. 2 Doors south of Granite Block, Market Sq. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, Tnucy Goods, dbc., sold by |anl-lyt W. WEXDENBUKG. PIANO TUNING. ^ riuiy Subscriber would inform the Jb L citizens of Augusta ami vicinity If T*f| that ho will give personal attention to II * 1 " ■ tuning Pianos. Order* left at his res , idence, 07 Wtnthrop Street, will receive promp attention. M. C. M1LLIKBN, febo-tf Teacher of Piano and Organ Urowster’s Hotel, SKOWHECAN, ME. rfMIIS large and commodious Hotel is situated at X the head of the Falls on tike Kennebec river, in j the enterprising village of skowhegan, the terminus ; of the Portland & Kennebec It. It Tills is one of the best arranged Hotels for family borders there is in the State, and a better place for j Summer resort, cannot be found iu Maine. The best of water, beautiful drives on the banks of the ; river, tlshing and sailing ponds in the vicinity, trout ; brooks, where you emi cuteh an abundance of the ; spotted brook trout a"y day in the year. Prices for permanent or transient boarding are ; very low, so our customers can afford to come often ; tiul stay a good while. I We also have a large airy stable to board horses for the gue.-ts that wish to bring their teams with them. Also one of the best half-mile trotting parks in the State, is eoiinettted with the House, tree for , the guests to train ibeir horses or drive for pleasure. tl7jan-tt S. li. 99EWSTKK, Proprietor. Stevens’ Condition Powders ! For Ilorsfsaind Futile. rpHE Best Powders e»»r discovered. All we ask I is one trial and people triU bo convinced. Price only 4.1 cents per parkage. Cll AS. E. SfJ'E\ ENd Manufaaturrr and Proprietor, 117 Bridge St., East , Kov'snl'u'tiy A. C. DANA, 7 Union Block, An- | gust*. _3m,J* , B H TJ ® H ass fS OE EVERY DESCRIPTION AT JOHNSON BROTHERS. Allen, Small & Co, machinist*, And Moiiufltoturore ot Steam Engines,Circular Saw Mills, Clap board Planers, Shafting, Pulleys, Mill Work, and all kinds of JOBBING Usually done in a flrst-cluss Machine Shop. Also Improved Excelsior Machines, illicit cuts two Bolts at a time as readily as one BOAltn FkANERf* constantly on hand. To. 1 Journal Block, - - Water Street, j 6m AUGUSTA. ME. 5jan70 ! jTw. toward, m. d., physician AND SURGEON. AUGUSTA, ME. Residence on Green Street, opposite the Mctho if>t Church.__— Wanted j . .. II \RMEUSaud Hunters having prime Mina »km» , P 011 hand will And a cash customer at highest larket prlco by sending them to J. H. WBU4 A CO., THE SILENT SEWING MACHINE! AS A FAMILY ASSISTANT, The Willcox & bibbs Sewing Machine! Will be found to excel all others. The ease with which it runs, its ready adaptation to all kinds of work without delay or hesitation, its quiet fidelity, its I Superior Strength and Durability of Work, • are points that astonish and delight all who make its acquaintance. Ladies who are unfa miliar with this Machine, do not yet know the full blessing and comfort of a Sewing Ma chine in the family, though they may possess many others and think they arc satisfied. In proof of tliis assertion is the significant fact, 7hat its strongest advocates and most enthusiastic admirers are always found among those who have used and are most familiar with other leading machines. From the thousands of testimonials from all parts of the country, we select the following from the city of Augusta : AUGUSTA, March, 1870. Having used the Willcox & Gibbs Sewing Machine in our respective families upon all the various kinds of work required, some of us from one to six years, others for a shorter time, some of us also being familiar with the use of other leading machines, we cheerfully recommend it as a most excellent family machine. It runs easily and quiotly, is simple and easy in its management, does not get out of order, is always ready, its work is strong and durable, and in all respects gives most entire satisfaction Mrs. S. S. Brooks, Mrs. C. F. Penney, “ John McArthur, “ Enoch Sampson, “ H. M. Potter, “ S. G. C. Pullen, “ A. M. Lyford, “ G. B. Hoyt, “ G. \V. Gross, “ A. J. Reynolds, “ C. E. Page, * “ II. G. Smiley, “ T. G’. Hoyt, Miss Minnie Woart, “ G’. H. Starliird, Mr. Thomas Wadsworth, Willcox & bibbs Sewing Machine Agency, At Store of F. LYFOKU, fSinar AXTGrTJSTA.. Also, for Sale as above, A. B. HOWE, Improved! A standard, and one of the most reliable Machines in use. Trunk.s ! Trunlis! TIIE PLACE TO TJCY Froiicli, Euscuo, Sole XicatUcr, Ami all kinds of common T H A \rl<: LLIN G TRUNKS! Also, Ladies’ and Gent,' TKACELLING A SHOPPING H AGS, is at HAMILTON & TURNER’S, 135 VVnter Street. The Right Place to tmv vottr HARNESSES, and get the celebrated DUNN HARNESS, j. at IIA.HIETOX A TER* Ell'S, 135 WATER STREET. The cheapest place to buy WHIPS, CURRYCOMBS, BRUSHES, BLANKETS, SURCINGLES, HAL 1 TERS, Ac., is at HAMILTON & TURNER’S, 135 WATER STREET. HARNESSES! For Business, Pleasure, Teaming, Trucking, Carling A Expressing. Manufactured from GOOD OAK >T<H'K. and by the best of workmen. *Ve would remind the public that our Harness took all the premiums otTered at the last State Fair— four in number Also the first premium al the late New England Fair. A.- our customers are daily informed that our Harnesses are Machine Stitched—we would invite them and the public generally*to call ami examine the 1 irge-t stock <>f readv-made Harnesses ever of fered in this city, and we will convince them that we make the be.-t HAND nTITCHED work to be had for the f-ame amount of money, and if we don’t have on hand what is wanted, can make it at short notice. Samples of Gold Gilt! Oroide Silver. Covered, and Japanned Trimmed Harness, mav be seen at our salesroom, NO. 172 MIDDLE STREET. HENRY DUNN & SON. For Kale by Hamilton db Turner, 135 WATER STREET, - - AUGUSTA, MAINE tllfcb-lf OPPOSITE DEERING & HOLWAY'S. IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT. A FACT WOliTll K\OWl\(i. TO TIIE PEOPLE OF AUGUSTA, And all having business in Augusta please bear in mind that the place to buy PURE AND RELIABLE Drugs, Medicines, TOILET & FANCY ARTICLES, And APOTHECARIES’ GOODS generally is nt FRANK KINSMAN’S DRUG STORE, lie has spared no pains in selecting Goods of the purest to be found in the best markets of the United States, and the same are offered to the public at WHOLESALE OR RETAIL, at “Prices that Defy Competition." He also continues to make all odd change IN GOLD AND SILVER. His motto • Quick Sales, Small Profits, Pure and Reliable Goods! In hot weather FRANK’S STORE is the coolest place in the city, and the Ice Cold Soda 1 drawn from the Famous Nou-corrosive Arctic Fouutaiu refreshes nmny weary souls. Temperance Devotees can drink and not violate their pledge. THE COLDEST AND THE BEST! THE COLDEST AND THE BEST with rich and delicious FRUIT SYRUPS. I®— Physicians’ Prescriptions carefully compounded from the purest Medicines at all hours of the day and night. REMEMBER THE NUMBER OF FRANK KINSMAN’S DRUG STORE, No. 142 Water Street, : Augusta, Maine. | 4 James H. Leigh, DEALER IN Foreign and Domestic DRYGOODS Also, Aof.nt fok Wheeler A Wilson's Sowing machines ! H'EEIU.ES anil all Tools adapted to the Ma chines, constantly on hand. Water St., llallowell, Me. flapr-tf JOURNAL JOB PRINTING Establishment! OUR FRIENDS are reminded that havim? the Largest Steam Job Printii Establishment, On the Itiv< r, and employing COMPETENT AND EXPERIENCED WORKMEN! We are at all times prepared to execute in the best manner and at low prices, all kinds of PLAIN AND FANCY Book <fc Job Printing —-8CC8 AS — Books, Pamphlets, Newspapers, Mammoth Posters, Handbills, Show Cards, Circulars, Business and Wedding Cards, Letter Headings, Bill Heads, Ball Tickets, Programmes, Auction Kills, I u voices, Kills of leading, Receipts, * Law Rlauks, PLACARDS, SCHEDULES, INVITATIONS, -RAILROAD and Steamboat Printing, Ac., Ac., Ac. To all those who desire work Id our line, we would say that it is our Intention to SUIT OUR CUSTOMERS Both in regard to Prices and Execution of Work. % it r Olden by mail or expreae will recSve the tame PROMPT ATTENTION aa though delivered penonaily. 8PBA0UE, OWEN A NASH, JOURNAL OFFICE AU0U8TA, Augusta, Oct. U, 1889 J. F. ISTason, Manufacturer and Dealer in Boots, Shoes and Rubbers, Constantly receiving from the best manufactories, work suited" to the wants of the people. Water Street, Hallowell, Maine. A#' Custom work done with neatness and des patch. _ HENRY HEIMS, A'o. lOO Hudtmry Street, - - Boston, MANUFACTUREK OF BILLIARD TABLES WITH THU COMBINATION STRING CUSHION. New and Second-Hand Tables always on hand and for sala at the lowest prices. Give me a call apritMint K. E. VV1LMAUTH, Agent. HENRY 0. & A. A. NICHOLS, MASONS AND SLATERS, j 4 1.1. work in their line done promptly and in a j\ good, workmanlike manner, by the day or job. Particular attention paid to repairs of slate roofs, I cementing cisterns, cellars. Ac. Orders h It at A. P. Gould's Wove Store, first door | above Railroad Bridge, i»i-oiiipiiv attended to. HENRY O. NICHOLS. ALBERT A. NICHOLS. Augusta, Jan. 1 1888. KENNEBEC SAVINGS BANK! TruNtecH: * \Y. F. HALLETT. RUSSELL EATON, O. ( . VYlIITEHOUsE. DEANE PRAY, ORRIN WILLIAMSON. • Deposits received at the counter of the Freemans National Hank. The net earnings of the hank arc divided every six months. Loans made to Depositors on Depositing their Bank-book as security. J. L. ADAMS, Treasurer. | April 8th, 1870. 15tf Crockery, China & Glass. rniCES REDUCED : The prices of Crockery, China ami Glass Ware at No. 159 Water Street, Are marked down to meet the fall in Gold Htay2-m J. I>. riKBCE & SON. Pure Drugs & Chemicals FOR SALE At the Lowest Rates ! TOILET ARTICLES, FRENCH, ENGLISH, & DOMESTIC SOAPS, CAMPHOR ICE, Dentifrices, English Cold Cream, Coudray’s Cosmetique and Pomade, Bay Rum, German and Domestic Cologne, Hair Oils, Dressings, Restorers and Dyes, Perfumery, Sachet Bags, Toilet Powders, Moth and Freckle Lotions, Camelia Balm, Laird’s Bloom of Youth, Hagan’s Magnolia Balm, Barnes’ Mag nolia Water. Shaving Cream and Soaps, Shaving Brushes, Razor Strops, Nail Files and Cleaners, Tweezers, Hand Mirrors, Dressing Cases, PCPF BOXES, irony, tortoise shell, <f nopx Dressing and l’oeket Combs, FINE COMBS, Nail, Tooth, Hair, Hat, and Clothes I1I1I7SIIES ! TIicrmomctcrM, Work lloxem, PORTE MONNAIES. Pocket and Bill Books ! Feather Dusters, PAINT & WHITEWASH BRUSHES, SPONGES & CHAMOIS SKINS! Cigar Cases, Cigars and Tobacco, Humphrey's Homeopathic Specifics. Welcome's and Fitch's Remedies, and all the popular Patent Medicines, Pure Drugs, Chemicals tk Family Medicines, Fresh Pressed Ilcrbs NEATS’ FOOT, Lard, Sperm, Olive, and Kerosene OILS, cfcc., cfcc. 44*-Call and examine, and you will iind PRICES EXTREMELY LOW. Physician's Prescription* carefully compounded from pure Medicine* at all hour* ut' the day and night. A. C. DANA, Hurt mint ash Apothecary, j Successor to ,J. I*. Deekivo, No. 7 Union Block, Water Street, Augusta, Mo. Iy47 n Pi N’T 'Vith the sticky, liltliy i iJtllv I dangerous Hair Prepera- j tions, hut lift* .\«turr'», Ilnii- Itontorntive, . which is perfectly clean and transparent, and en tirely free from all dan- I gcrous drugs. It will positively restore Gray flair, prevents the Hair from falling off. will cause Of it to grow when prema UL turelv lo.-t, removes dand ruff and keens the head in a perfectly neulthy con dition. Try’a bottle and be satisfied that it is the greatest discovery of the age. PROCTER BROS., Gloucester, Mass , Sole Agent- for the Patentee. All the Maine Druggists POISONED Portland & Kennebec Railroad. ! Summer Arrangement, May 23, 1870. ON and after Monday. May' 23d, next, the Port laud and Keuiiebec’Railroad Company will put on an additional passenger train to leavi' Portland for Augusta and intermediate stations at i.lu, and will be due at Augusta at 10 A M. Returning in the afternoon. Leaves Augusta at 3.15 and connecting with the even! ig express for Boston, which leaves Portland at 6 I*. M. and ar rives m Boston* 10 P-,*^ 8„„crlnt,n,lcnt. Extermination! rpHE fumes of a powerful drug destroys bed bugs -l and their eggs. Bedding and furniture need uot be removed. Satisfaction given or money re funded. For full particulars enclose one dollar to M. F. NEWCOMB, 3w23* Manchester, Maine. REPUBLICAN STATE CONVENTION. j The citizens of Maine who rejoice in the progress of Human Freedom and Equal Rights, achieved by j the Nation under the direction of the National Republican Party during the past decade; who heartily second the administration of President Grant in its measures to secure national prosperity by the restoration of confidence abroad and tran quility at home: who endorse its wise policy for the reduction of the national debt and applaud its suc cessful endeavors to establish economy and honesty in the administration of the Government; who ap prove the record of the party in Maine on all questions of public policy, including its consistent and straight-forward efforts for the suppression of the evils of intemperance, are requested to send del egates to a State Convention, to be held in Granite Rail, Augusta, W ednesday, June 15th, I $70 at eleven o’clock A. M., for the purpose of nominat J ing a candidate for Governor, and to transact such \ other business as may properly come before the Convention. The basis of representation will be as follows; Each city, town and plantation will be entitled to one delegate, and one additional delegate lor every 75 votes cast for the Republican candidate for Gov ernor in 18**8. A fraction of 40 votes will be entitled ‘ to an additional delegate. Delegates are required to be actual residents of the municipality they claim to represent in the Con vention. The State Committee will be in session in the Re ception Room of the hall at 0 o’clock on the morning of the Convention for the reception of the credentials of delegates, and to hear and determine all cases of contested elections, subject to ratification by the Convention. -Tames G. Blune, Chairman. W m. P. Fkye, j * v lira M. Powers, . Frederick Rowe, Wm. F. I.owell, I Itepuhlican Jos. 11. W est, Pai l Stevens, s. s. Marble, TiMonn Walker. State Wm. 1*. Wingate, Stanley T. Pullen, J W. Wakefield, Hiram Knowi ion, Committee. ; S. G. Tiiuklough, Charles R. Paine, Geo. H. Knowi.ton, . Congressional Convention—3d District. The Republicans of the Third Congressional bis- j trict are invited to send delegates to a Convention to he held in GRANITE HALL. AUGUSTA. ON TUESDAY, JUNE 14, at 11 o’clock A. M., for the purpose of nominating a candidate for Representative to the Forty-Second j Congress. The basis of representation in the convention will be one delegate for each city, town and plantation, and an additional delegate for every hundred vote. cast for the Republican candidate f »r Congress in ls.w. \ majority fraction will be allowed an addi tional delegate. This basis will give delegates as follows: Augusta, 11 Mercer, 3 An-on, 3 Mount Vernon, 3 Vlbion, 3 Moscow. 1 Athens, 3 New Portland, 3 Aina, 2 Newcastle, 4 Bingham, 2 Norridgewock, 4 Belgrade, 3 Nobleborough, 2 Benton, 3 Palmyra, 3 •Brighton, 2 Pitl-tou, 3 Booth hay, 3 Pittsfield, 4 j Bremen,' 2 Ripley, 2 Bristol. 4 Readfield, 3 < Cambridge, 2 Rome, 2 Chelsea, 2 St. Albans, 4 China, 4 Sidney, 3 Canaan, 3 Solon, 3 Clinton. 3 Somerville, 2 Concord, 1 Skow began, S Cashing, 1 Southpo’t, 2 Cornvifle, 3 Smithlield, 2 Detroit. 2 St. Ceorge, 1 Damariscotla, 3 Starks, 2 Dresden, 3 Thomaston, 3 Kmbden, 2 Union, 3 Kdgeconib, 2 Vassal borough, 3 Fairfield. ."> V'enjin, Fanningdale, 2 Waterville, 7 Fayette, 3 Wayne, 3 Friendship, 2 West Cardincr, 3 < iardiner, 7 Windsor, 3 : Harmon?, 3 Winslow, 3 Hallow ell, .r> Winthrop, f> Hartlaud, 2 Waldoborougli, 4 Jefferson, 3 Westport, 2 Lexington, 2 Whitefleld, 3 Litchfield, 4 Wiscasset, 3 Madison. 3 Washington, 3 Manchester, 2 Warren. • 3 Mavfleld, 1 Carratnnk. 1 Monmouth, 4 Unity plantation, _ 1 C. It. M< Fai>i»kn, j J vmks B. Dascomii, District C. A. Wi so, > K. W. Rom.NSUN, Committee. J. A. Hall, J May lUh. 1370. Uppublinin louiuy (oimntlon. The Republican voters of Kennebec county are requested to send delegates to a Convention to be held at Granite Hall, Augusta, Wednesday, August 10th, at 11 o'clock A. M., for the purpose of nominating | three candidates for Senators, one County Comrais* , sioner, Cotinly Attorney, County Treasurer, Sheriff, and to transact all other business that may proper ly come before the Convention. * The basis of representation will be as follows: Each city, town and plantation will la? entitled to one dele rate and an additional delegate for every seventy-five votes cast for Joshua L. Chamberlain at tin* Gubernatorial election «»t 1>'&. A fraction of forty votes will be entitled to an additional dele gate. The citjes, towns and plantations are entitled to the following number of delegates: Albion, 3 Pittstoil. 5 Augusta, It Readflcld, 4 Belgrade, 4 Rome, 2 Benton, 3 Sidney, 4 Chelsea, 2 Vassalboro', 8 Clinton, 1 Vienna, 3 China, ft Waterville, 10 Farmingdale, 3 \V.,yue, 3 Fayette. .3 West Gardiner, 4 Gardiner, 10 Windsor, 3 Hallowed, tt Winslow, 4 | Litchfield, ft Wjnthrop, <>: Mauche-ter, 3 Clinton Gore, 1 ; Monmouth, ft Unity Plantation, 1 ; Mt. Vernon, 4 Total 132. Wm. 11. Tjbby. Augusta. 1 L. T. Boo i miY , Watery.Ho, I Hey uU iron : J. L. Stoddard. Gardin ■ r. J County Joseph T .Woodw \ud. > tnev. | Committee. Ch.vui.es Jewett, < lint u, J May 27, 1870. Knickerbocker Mutual Lire Insurance Company OF NEW YORK. ERASTTS LYMAN, - • • PRESIDENT rpms is one of the oldest, most reliable, and best X divideml paying companies in the country. ASSETS OVER $7,200,000! Liberal arrangements will be made with Agents, 1 aud they are wanted in nil parts of the Stale. Apply at AUGUSTA, HU., 1UU Wutcr Hti’ecl, (up-Htalr.1 to CHARLES WHITE, Manager lor Maine anil New Hampshire. March 22,1870. Ittmuvtf ALL KIMS OF JOBBING AND K-epairing- Done at fapr4-3m Williamson A Greenwood’s. BIXBY’8 BLACKING t BLIE1NG, The best in Ibe market, for sale at » holes.le or r* tail by TITCOMI1 2b ItOKIl, Wholesale and Retail Druggists lotf West End krnnrbec Bridge. 1 CATTLE GRAZING IN SI MMER. BV A PRACTICAL FARMER. I do not profess to write anything new or novel upon a subject ot such great in terest to the agriculturist as the grazing of cattle—the summer grazing of cattle ; but there is suggestions to be made, and improvements to be noticed that may prove acceptable to even grazers of enttte. The tirst point I shall make is as to the kind and quality of the land to be grazed. True bullock-land is land of the very best staple and quality, producing the most nu tritious and richest ^pasturage. It gen erally consists of a fine deep loam of con siderable consistency; the herbage a thick mat of tlie most valuable grasses, notice able for their sueeessional and progressive growth, by whieli a good pasture is kept up and retained throughout the summer. First class lands of this order will rapidly fatten oxen of great weight without the aid of artificial food. Lands of second class quality are far more abundant, and the sweet, healthy, and nutritious grasses, they yield arc highly valuable for tatten ing cattle, but require a careful and judi cious selection of the animals to be grazed upon them. No experienced grazier would stock the lands of this order with large heavy cattle, unless he was prepared to supply them with other liberal rations; but the lands of this quality would readily fatten the smaller breeds of onv cattle or the females of our larger breeds. The ordinary grass-lauds or sheep-pastures may be ad\ antageously appropriated to the fattening of cattle, should the prospects of cattle-grazing appear to be superior to sheep-grazing. The additional require ment being the resort to other aids and lighter stocking, the grass being permit ted to grow luxuriantly before being heavily stocked. It requires an intimate knowledge of the land to he able to graze it to the greatest advantage, there is so much dependent upon the local position of the land, its sits, its aspect, its climate, its habit of growth, its contiguity to water streams or river-drainage. Cool, well watered velleys will retain their verdure much longer than warm, well shell tored hill- sides. Warm aspects produce the earliest pastures, and clayey loams take urceedenee of norous onen loams. The far-famed Lincolnshire marshes— which, lor depth of loam, richness of pas turage, and the stock they will carry, are perhaps unsurpassed—do not produce early pasturage. The Buckinghamshire, Leicestershire, anil other inland counties precede them in their summer stocking. A knowledge of land enables the grazier to determine when to stock it, when to ease it, when to clear it, and he provides accordingly. If it is liable to injury from drought, he will take care to secure a good pasture prior to stocking, and, if possible, retain a “good covering" throughout the summer. On the contrary, if the habit of growth of the pasture Is very rapid, and liable to run to a strong coarse herbage, he will stock early, and be very watchful to keep the pasture in highly nutritive state by additional stock as required, and to ease it when necessary. Grazing-—profit able grazing—does not altogether depend upon providing good stock and good pas ture, but much depends upon th.e care, judgment, and watchfulness of the grazier. “The eye of the master graizeth the ox” is one of our oldest adages, and it is a true one. Fatting cattle must not retro grade ; they must be kept advancing, and herein is the greatest requisite for care and attention, and very often is the grazier in untoward seasons at his wits1 end to com pass this desideratum, and frequently he has to put up with heavy losses, both from excessively dry summers and excessively wet summers. To prevent such losses in dry summers it is customaay with some grazers to permit a field of pasturage to grow almost without limit, in fact, to be come almost a meadow in which to turn *he advanced stock when others sources fail, in this way, with artificial aids, cattle may be kept progressing. In wet summers it is desirable to supply the stock with hay, straw, or like dry food, to counterbalance the cold innutritions food of wet grasses. Every grazier in stocking his land is supposed to have an eye to the greatest possible profit to be derived from grazing it; there are many graziers, however, who will in some respects “ride their own hob bies.” and therefore stock their lands ac cording to their taste, profits being rather a secondary consideration: one likes a herd of pure Short-horns, another llere fords, another Devons, and so on. But with this class of graziers we have notiiing to do ; we graze for profit; I shall there fore endeavor to suggest the best modes of stocking and grazing our lands with cat tle. I shall first take fields of highest grazing value ; these should be duly laid in till a good pasture issocured. The first stocking should consist of good cattle nearly ready for the butcher; these to put on to fortn a rather heavy stocking, and to be liberally fed with linseed cake ; in six or eight weeks they will lie ready for mar ket, their places to be supplied with others of nearly equal maturity, to be led in like manner, these “two runs” to be got off us qieedilv as possible, I would fill up their places again with good stores to prepare hem for winter grazing. This appears to me the best way of grazing our best lands. 1 have known great profit necuro from stocking such lands with poor aged cows, bought in at little cost. They abidy such rich keeping upon the whole exceedingly well. For young store cattle it would iu the average ot seasons be decidedly injurious- For second-rate bullock lands 1 would select oxen of medium weight, condition and qualitv, heifers, or young cows. These I would aid by liberal supplies of eake, and bring them on to as great perfection as possible, and when drifted off to market supply their places with strong poor steers or heifers to prepare also for winter graz ing. I would not attempt to get oft two runs of cattle from these lands as a rule, although it might be accomplished occa sionally : “by aiming at too much we often miss the mark." I think it better to liegin with lower priced animals, in lower con dition, and bring them on as well as can fairly be done, so that they be fatted upon their pastures during the summer. For