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Daily Kennebec journal. [microfilm reel] (Augusta, Me.) 1870-1975, August 27, 1870, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014248/1870-08-27/ed-1/seq-1/

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Jitinukt Journal.
Published on Water, Foot of Court Street,
•gailn Junncbcr <JounuiL
Is issued every morning, except Sundays.
Contains the latent news by telegraph ami mail,
gives reports of the Market*, and has carefully pre
pared political and local articles, and a generous
amount of farming, home and miscellaneous read
ing with a full compilation of State news.
Terms, #7 pfr annum in artrnncr: r* it payment
s not made within the year, single copies t cents,
to he had at the bookstores ami at this office.
Advertisements one inch in length, three in
sertions or le*s. #1.00; 25 ets. for every subsequent
insertion. Longer advertisements, or those Inserted
for any considerable length of time, will he inserted
at lavorahle terms to the advertiser.
Special Notices 25 per cent, additional.
Amusement Notices, #2 per square per week.
‘ttOlffltlij itcnnebcc Journal.
Published every Wednesday morning,
Is the largest folio paper tri the State, containing
news, political articles, agricultural and scienlifll
I,latter, tales, poetry, anecdotes, household recipes,
market? Ac., A«-.
Terms $2 />"r annum tn advance.
Transient Advertisements, #1.50 per inch for
•first week; ‘25 cents per week lor each subsequent
Special Notices, #2 0(1 per inch for first week;
50 cents per week for each subsequent week.
Business Notices, in reading columns, 20 rents
per line for first insertion ; 10 cents per line for each
subsequent insertion.
All transient advertisements to be paid for in
Music in Classes.
riMIK subscriber would in form hi* fronds and the
I public of Augusta and vicinity, that he pro
p5.«Js to teach Piano; al-o singing in cla*-e*.
Cl;i.*-e* on Piano to consist ot mx pupils *“•»' >»•
Tin- -vstein has main advantage , and the expense
is lcss’th in private le-»on- Private les.-mf given
if preferred. Would also invite the attention ot the
public to the
For sale at his
Music Room, North's Block,
The use of these Pianos in many jiublic Institu
tion* emi schools hti> gained lor 'hem an enruihle
reputation. and throughout the country Lite} are
becoming the most popular Piano, manufactured.
da.-e-arranged on application at Music Koum
or Residence. !i7 Winthrop street
M. C. MII.L-IKKN, Teacher of Music,
aprt'.irini___ _ __ _
Cutlery and Plated Ware!
A full assortment of
Takie and forkti Cntitry, 8cii»ort
T£»l T’ff.l 1*8, 4r.
l’latod Tea Set*. Ice Pitcher*. Goblets,
Knivc*. Spoon*, Fork.- and Ca.-tora of
the beat quality. at
No. 150 Water Street - - Augusta.
mayJ-Uf _ __
Picture Frames!
Ac., Ait*.,
In Larye Variety.
Picture Frame* of any size made to order at short
notice at
llendee's Photograph Rooms,
Opposite Post Office, Augusta.
MWHOOO, ljtill Edition.
V MEDICAL Ess.vY on the Cause andt nr** ol
Prematura Decline, showing how health i* lost
and how regained, it given n clear Syuop*is ol the
Impediments to M A Kill x«ik, the treatment ol NElt
vors and 1’iivsir vi. Dr.mi.iTY, stkisiuti , »C‘ .
and the remedies therefor,—the results ol twenty
yearn* successful practice.
“There is no member of society by whom this
hook will not be found useful, whether such pci>on
holds the relation of Parent. Preceptor, or Clergy
man."— London .U' tlicnl rimes and (.’an tic.
*“M Wlioni) ’ The experience and reputation ol
Dr. Curtis in the treatment of the diseases set forth
hi this liiiic piuupliici is the patient - guarantee,
and well deserves for the work its immense circu
lation.”— Ikiilu Times.
Sent by mail on receipt of $0 cents. Address
the Author Dk. Cruris, 14 Chapman street, Bos
ton, Mass. mar28- fcod.hu
By o. M. Plummor,
bath. me.
Hoard, - - $1 per nay.
$7.00 ri:n nAi i
BY sending ONE DOLLAR to the subscriber
you will receive by return mail, a receipt lor
making an article tliut will
Sell In Every Household
in tlio land. There are no Agent* in New Kngland.
A broad Held is open to ull who wish to cugage in
Honorable and Profitable
business It can be manufactured at your homes,
in your kitchens. The ingredients can be had of
auy Druggist or (Tracer. The expense is SIIALb,
anil the _ • _
Profits Iairge.
This is uot one of |he humbugs of the day, but au
article of real merit. Try it and be convinced.
Address C. T. SOMES,
Juiy2ut3m Gardiner Maine.
Prairie Weed Balsam!
July30-t3teod L II. TITCOMB, Apothecary.
Bitters ! Bitters !
Liver Complaint,
Nervous Debility,
Loss of appetite,
Headache, &e.,
To which all persons are n.ore or less subject in Si'itiNG and Summer.
And composed of some ol the beet HOOTS jukI IIKIlKS in tbc world.
Try Them. Tin y are Warranted to do as Recommended !
Price, SO Cents per Bottle.
Johnson Brothers,
OI' every Description.
Vm’ying in Pi'ico IVoiii $17.00 to ^100.00 !
HIE <lo not ki'. |> anv min'- r.-l.-l»nu«-<l llarm-s, l.m having luiii ymtrV f\|MTi.-nc« in maoii
\\ la- luring i\crv variety oi llnrtu’ **ood and the greater 011.1 i: . 1 nun- I-,ll‘ie p‘Midi ol
Augu 1 1 and vi. initv mo will let the .jtn I.ty nud worth of our good** rest upon [litir mv.i merit.
Aa mv keep a larger number < t wutkim-n and et.nse.jUeidU a larg. r *t"‘ k :,nd gi-atei 0
manufactured work than an\ linn in our line in thi- *it>, we invite ail in wan 01 Mich goods f-» «all
before J.up li i.-ing. bearing i’n mind Unit w keep no Harness - manutm fur. -1 by other firm- b»r whole
sale trade but 111 inubt* tore nil our good-' and warrant them to give >ati.-la«,l!«»n.
(Opposite ?ony Home. 14JJ 1% ult‘1* Str4'<’l, Ai^usla.
Don’t ray two profits on your Trunks, but lmy at the only place in Augusta w here they are manufactured
Augusta Trua It Factory !
Sign of tho “BIG TBUHTIE."
mnniifnctuce all out flunks, and as our retail trade in Augusta and neighboring towns is very
Ml iii.inul.il tun all oui 11 nil* • , , u„,m. Tliei are no slop work, not cracked,
aiid*he.-V stuck ot l.adlV-' and nViil - TIE I V E[. 1.IV j l.XHa, MIAw'l. M lt.U's. . city, and
sell them at al’EUE FRICKS. »<J • Keumiulier the place,
Sign of the ' Big Trunk,” • 143 Water Street.
° . .> >11)1 If C UM.d:it » MJ.MMt SMM.XVlt.
MMpito.ile Cony Home. ti-.ipi n
James H. Leigh,
Foreign and Doinesffe
Whcoler &. Wilson’s
Sowing lVtacliincs !
SEEDLKS nml all Touls adapted to the Ma
chines, uou.-tautl} on hatul.
Walrr St., Hallowell, Mr.
tlMpr-tl* _ |
Corner ,.rAr^ and
Wintti rop llflwjl State Sts.»
u\ 11 rrnsta-. Me.
T. B. BALLARD, : i Proprietor.
Guests tan.en to and from the Cars
and Boats Tree.
Great Reduction
The subscriber, having a splendid stock of
Hoots tiiid Shoes
on hand, w ill sell the game at the
The stock consists of the usual variety kept in a
store of the kind.
LAUUX* and
Constantly receiving from the manufacturers, anti
will be sold cheap, cheaper than the cheapest.
J . II . I. o w ,
lOO WATER (St., Augusta, Me.
N. I» — Gentlemen’s Calf Hoots one doljar less
than at any other store. inaay*27-3m
L^AKMKltfiand Hunters having prime Mins skins
1 unhand will find a cash customer at highest
market price hy sending them to
w _ J. II. HMM.N A CO.,
His Stock embraces a line line of
American and Swiss Watches.
in gubl ami silver ease, including the celebrated
National or Elgin Watch, Waltham, Tremont. It-■ r
.jiiin, llonnett. 1‘anleatix. Jaeot, Ac., in both I.a
liicr,’ and gentlemen’s sizes.
Pino Grolcl J cwclry,
Solid Hold Leoniton
Vest and Neck Chains,
of the most approved kinds.
including the celebrated ITHACA CALFNDAH
all of which will be sold at the
Lowest Prices, and Warranted.
Parti* uiar altei* i-m given to repairing all kind* ol
Fine Watches. Chromum f« r Ikdaiu-es applied and
adjusted to temperature and position tljan7o-it
Water Closets, Wash Basins.
Cnst Iron Pipe,
Lead Pipe, Sheet Lead,
And every article pertaining t-» Plumbing kept con
stantly on baud and for sale at
Corner Krid&e A Water Streets.
Under Hunt’s Hat Store.
V H Plumbing in all it? branches done in a neat
an.’ ’borough manner.
Particular Attention Pair! to Jobbing.
A New Era in Piano Fortes!
nV? now become an c-tabli-lud fact, ackuow
ledge.I by the best judge? ol mutic in ail parts
oi the country, that the
Mathushek Piano,
I? bound to take the lead for
Rich, Pure, and Powerful Tone!
Which speak- fur it-olf in notes ol' triumph over all
inhere. The Keasou of this Great Superiority
is apparent to all wl.arclully examine the pccii
liiir inccbanism of tliese instruments iu
'I'lie r.qiialiy.insr Scale.
whirh distributes the tension of the strings upon
nil parts of the tnunc, relieving the instrument trom
concentrated strain in any one part, tlm- securing
much greater strength, durability, and power or
keeping in tune.
The Greater Length of Strings.
through all the treble and middle notes, the distri
bution of strings upon the
l.iiie-sii' Ttrlelktf.
Which runs the whole length of the sounding board,
giving greatly
Increased Power of Vibration
throughout ils entire length, producing a purer
tone and better accompaniment to the voice than
am otherinstrunieiit
Ail interested are invited to call on
At ion Water Street, and examine for them
selves, where the above named in-iruiucnts can be
seen and heard, and " dl be kept lor sale.
Also a lot of rer/i .itnf fonerf
air-rest in the coi .ntky.
109 Water St„ I. C. HOVEY.
dental surgeon,
Aligns* isi. - - Maine.
Makes the successful treatment of all diseases ot
the mouth amt teeth a specialty, employing all the
latest and bc>t improvements in the method of till
ing with gold and all proper material. I'leeraied
teeth peinianently cure«t, amt their deeaved and
broken down emu us tilled and built up to their
original shape and beauty
Toothache Cured Without Extracting!
1 Great Improvement In the method of constructing
and titling
nit. rilAMBEKLAIN is Inserting a large num
ber of sots of these teeth, which for beauty, dura
bility and adaptation, cannot be surpassed any
where. The plate will not start or drop down, and
i- warranted to til perfectly. All are in\ ited to call
and examine specimens oi teeth made ou red, pink
ami white rubber.
tmav6 tf
Buy the Best!
For Wood or Coal!
For Economy, Durability, Beauty of Design
and Finish,
Perfect In Every Itespeot,
It commends itself to every one in want ot a
First «'las» Cook Stove !
Sold in Augusta bv
Also tome of the
in the Market, and n variety of
Houw-Funiialilnt( Goode I
A few Doors south of Railroad Itndge.
| tliroarAw-ly
The Tribune of this morning has the
following despatch:
London, August a:'—The following de
tailed account of tIn■ great battle of (irav
elotte on Thursday, August 18, was re
ceived this morning m London from our
special correspondent, who witnessed the
battle at headfpiaters, and stood by the
side of Bismarck and King W illiam:
The fir.-t realization wo had at Pnnt-a
Motisson—where I found myself on the
171li—of tiie extent to which lighting had
been going on at the front on .Sunday and
Tuesday, wa- from the coming in of wound
ed men. At first it was surmised that these
had been wounded ifi skirmishes. But on
tjn ltlth, late in the evening, there were
-igns that the work was becoming warm.
< in that evening soldiers with ghastly
wounds walked about tin* market-place
in i’ont-a-Mousson, surrounded by eager
groups of their newly-arrived comrades,
and told a storv of disaster. Poor fellows !
It surely was disaster to them, borne away
ns thev had been from the field without
having heard of any result. The nara
tives of tin* men all amounted to this : that
thev had been sent to confront a much
larger force than their own. and that their
di\ i.-ion had liccji cut up. I was struck by
the fact that, though there was some dis
satisfaction suggested by tln ir lone of
voice, I heard no word uttered by narrat
ors 01* listeners which acused any one.
They dwelt rather on the fact that they
had "dealt a heavy blow, on the 11th, and
the Tenth division, though it had as an
available organization been demolished,
had sold its life dearly.
(in tin.* l.th tin: wnuinleo ni4tnc preced
ing day began to pour into I’ont-a-Mou-son.
They wore brought in in long, uncovered
grain carts, lying upon hay. From my
window, which overlooked the main
street and also commanded a view of the
market place, 1 counted more titan nine
ty ol tiiese long carts, each holding on an
average about ten men. it was strange
to see them as they passed between files
of French citizens unable to conceal tie ir
joy on the one hand, and Prussian soldiers
on tie: other. Hut now came the other
side of the account. The streets began to
swarm with other wagons with other
wounded, wearers of red trowsers. Now
and then came a batch ot unwounded
prisoners. At length there arrived a car
riage with a French general. It was fol
lowed by a vast crowd of French, and for
a little time it seemed as it there might be
a collision between the inhabitants and
Prussians, so earnest were the demonstra
tions ot the populace. Hut it was now at
least evident that the struggle was very
serious at the front. At midnight of the
17th, or a little after, all tile trumpets for
mile* around began to sound. This was
the tirst time we hud been startled liy
such wild music-. Trumpet answered to
trumpet through all the bivouacs around
the little city.
MAIK IllSi. To T1IK I KON r.
The troops hud been marching almost
continually for several days previously:
but now the tramp through every street
and byway made between midnight and
dawn a perpetual roar. Hastily dressing,
1 rail out into the durkucs-. and managed
to get a s^at on a wagon that v as going
in the direction of the front, now under
stood to tie a mile or two beyond the vil
lage of (iorze. some twelve miles from
Port-a-Moiisson. On our way we met a
considerable hatch ol French prisoners,
who were looked upon wi:li considerable
curiosity by the e.mtinuoiis line ot Ger
man soldiers with whom we advanced.
The way was so blocked with wagons
that 1 got out of my wagon and begun to
walk and run swiftly ahead. At Mouvieiit
on the Moselle, about half way to Metz, 1
fr mid vast bodies of cavalry—Uhlans and
hussars—crossing the liver by a pontoon
bridge, and hurrying at the top ot their
speed toward Gorze. Quickening my
own steps, 1 first heard the thunder of the
cannonade, seemingly coming trom the
heart of a range of hills on the right.
Passing through the village and ascend
ing the the high plain beyond, l found
myself suddenly in a battlefield, strewn
thickly, so far as my eye could reach with
dead bodies. In one or two parts ot the
field companies were still burying the
dead, chiefly Prussians*. The French
being necessarily buried last, wore still
lying in vast numbers on the ground. A
few of those that I saw were not yet dead.
As I hurried on a splendid regiment ot
cavalry came tip from behind me, and
when they reached the brow of the hill
they broke out with a wild hurrah and
dashed forward. A few more steps and
l gained the summit, and saw the scene
which hud evoked their cry, and seemed
to thrill even their horses.
From the hill to which 1 had been di
rected by good authority to come, the en
tire sweep of the Prussian and French
centres could be seen, and a considerable
part of their wings. The spot where I
stood wtts fearful, it was amid ghastly
' corpses, and the air was burdened with
the stench of dead horses, of which there
I were great numbers. 1 was standing on
the battlefield on the ltith—the Prussian
side. On the left stretched like a silver
thread the road to Verdun—to Paris, also
—for the possession of which this series ol
| battles had begun. It was between the
lines of poplars which stood against the
horizon on my loll : and on, as tar as the
eye could reach, toward .Metz, with mili
tary regularity, strung on this road like
beads, were the pretty villages, each with
its church tower, till ol which are really
only a hundred yards apart, although they
have separate names—Mars-la-Tour, 11a
vigny, a little southof the road, A lonviilo,
Rezonville and Gravelotte. On my right
were the thickly wooded hills behind which
lies the most important willage of the
neighborhood, which I had just left—
Gorze. So environed was the foreground
of the battle which should, one would say,
he called the battle of Gravelotte, for it
was mainly over ami around that devoted
little town that it rap'd. The area l have
indicated is perhaps four miles square.
I arrived just as the battle waxed warm.
It was about noon ol the isth. The head
quarters of the King of Prussia were then
at the spot whieh I have described. The
great representative men of Prussia, sol
diers and statesmen, were standing on |
the ground watching the conflict just be
gun. Among them 1 rucoguised the King, j
Itismarek, General Von Moltkc. Prince
Frederick Charles, Prince Carl, Prince
Adalbert, and .Uljutant Kranski. Lieu
tenant-General Sheridan ot the l nited
States arrnv was also present. At the mo
ment the French were making a most des
perate effort to hold on to the last hit ol
the Verdun road—that between ltezon
ville and Gravelotte, or that part of Gra
vcloLte which in some maps i-s called St. I
Marcel. The struggle was desperate lmt
unavailing, for every one man in the
French army had two to cope vvitli, and
their line was already beginning to waver.
Soon it was plain that this wing, the French
right, was withdrawing to a new position.
I bis was swiftly taken up under cover of :
a eoiitinous fire of their artillery from the :
heights beyond the v illage, i'he move-i
ment was made in good order, and the j
position, which was reached at one o’clock
and thirty minutes, would I believe, have'
been pronounced impregnable by nine
out of ten military men. When once this
movement hud been cllccted, the French
retreating from the pressure of the Prus
sian artillery fire, and the Prussians as
rapily advancing, the battle Held was no
longer about ltezonville, but had been
transferred and pushed forward to Grave
lotte, the junction of the two branching
roads to Verdun. The fields in front of!
that village were completely covered by
tiie Prussian reserves, and interminable
lines of soldiers were steadily marching;
onward, disappearing into the village,
and emerging on the other side of it with
flaming v olleys.
was less extensive than the first, ami
brought the opposing forces into tearfully
close quartet '. The peculiarity of it is
that it consists of two heights, intersected
by a deep raviue. This woody ravine is
over one hundred feet deep, ami at the top
three hundred yards wide. The side of
the chasm next to (iravclotfp. where the
Prussians stood, i> much lower than the
other side, which gradually ascends to a
great height. From their commanding
eminence tlie French held their enemies
fairly beneath them, and poured upon
them scorching tire. 'The French guns
were in position far up the Metz road,
hidden and covered among the trees.
There was not an instant's cessation of the
roar. Easily distinguishable amid all was
the curious grunting roll of the mitrail
leuse. The Prussian artillery was posted
to the north and south of the village, the
guns on the latter side being necessarily I
raised for an awkward half vertical tire.
The French stood their ground and died
—the Prusians stood their ground and died
—both by hundreds, 1 had almost said
thousands. This, for an hour or two that
seemed ages, so constant was the slattgh-,
ter. The hill where I stood commanded
ehielly the contlicl behind the v illage and
to the'soutii ot it. Tim Prussian reinforce
ments, coining up on their right, filed out
of the Hois des Ognons ; and it was at that
point as they marched on to the lield that
one could, perhaps get the best idea of.
the magnitude of this invading army now
in the heart of Franee. There was no
break whatever, for four hours in the
march of men out of that wood, if seemed
almost as if all the killed and wounded
rev iv ed and came hack and marched forth
again. Hiruam Wood advancing to Pun
sinane Ilill was not a more ominous sight
to Macbeth than these men of General
(ioeben's army to Hazaiue, shielded as
they were by the woods till they were fair
ly vv itliin range and reach of their enemies'
guns. So the French must have felt: for
between four and five o’clock they concen
trated upon that spot their heaviest fire,
massUiir all tin ir av ailable guns, and shell
ing the woods unremittingly. Their fire
reached the Prussian lines ana tore through
them ; and though the men were steady,
it was a test to which no general cares to
subject Ids troops long. They presently
swerved a little from that line of advance,
and there was no longer a continuous eol
! unin of infantry pouring out of those
the Prussians receive a check.
The attack of the Prussians in the cen
tre was clearly checked. About six o'clock,
however, a brigade of fresh infantry was
again formed in the wood, and emerged
i from its cover. Once out from under the
trees, they advanced at double-quick. The
French guns lnul not lost the range of the
wood, nor of the grouud in front. ftjgcu
at a distance, through a powerful glass,
the brigade was a huge serpent, bending
with the undulation of t^u field. But u :
i left a dark track behind it, and the glass
resolved the dark track into falling and dy
ing and dead uien. Many id' those who
had fallen leaped up again, and ran for
ward a little way. striving still to go on
| with their comrade*. Ot those who went
backward instead of forward there were
few, though many fell as they painfully
endeavored to follow the advance.
Hall an hour afterwards great numbers
j ,,f troops began to march over the hill ;
where 1 was standing, and moved forward
toward the held where so hard lustniggle
ha’il I let'll so long protractud. These also
were, 1 think, a portion of General Goe
ben's troops, who had been directed upon
i a less dangerous route.
rnnay atuvat, ok stein mktz.
The battle from this [joint on the Prus
sian left became so fierce that it was soon
lost to us, or nearly lost, by reason of the
j smoke. Now ami then the thick cloud
would open a little and drift away on the
wind, and then we could see the French
sorely tried. To get a belter view of this
part of the Hold, 1 vveut forward about
half a mile, and from this new standpoint,
found myself not far from Malmaison.
The Fieneh line on the hills was still un
; broken, and to all appearances they were
’ having the best of the battle. But this
appearance was due, perhaps, to the fact
that the French were tuore clearly visible
in their broad height, anil lighting with
such singular obstinacy. They plainly si
lenced a Prussian battery now and then.
Hut the Prussian line also was strength
ened by degrees on this northern point.
Infantry aud artillery were brought up,
and from far in the rear, away seemingly
in the direction of Vemevilfe, shot and
shell began reaching the French ranks.
These were the men and these were the
guns of Steinmetz, who there and then
effected his junction with the army of
Prince Frederick < 'harles, and completed
the investment of Metz to the northward.
With reinforcements for the Prussians
tlius continually arriving on both sides of
the field, the battle grew more and more
obstinate. There could be no doubt that
the French well understood the meaning
ol the new movements of the Prusians,
and of the gradual development of their
line to the north.
Steinmejz was able to extend his line
gradually further and further until the
French were outflanked and began to be
threatened, as it appeared, with an attack
on the rear of their extreme right wing.
So long ns the smoke from the Prussian
guns hovered onlv over their front, the
French clung to their position. The dis
tance from headquarters to where the
Prussian flank attack stretched forward
was great, and, to add to the difficulty of
dearly seeing the battle, the darkness was
coming on. The puffs of smoke from the
French guns, mingled with the flashes,
brightening us the darkness increased, re
ceded gradually. The pillars of cloud and
flame from the north, as gradually and
steadily approached. With that advance
the French tire every moment grew more
slack. It was not far from uine o’clock
when the ground was yielded finally on
the north, and the lost shots fired on that
terrible evening, were heard in that direc
Tin) King's lace, as he stood gazing up
1 on the battle field, had something almost
plaintive iu it. lie hardly said a word,
I hut l noticed that his attention was divid
; ed between the exciting scenes in the dis
tance, and the dismal scene nearer his feet,
where they were jnst beginning what must
let he a long task—to bury the French
who fell in Tuesday's battle! On them he
j gazed silently, and, I thought, sadly.
Count liismarck *could not conceal his
excitement and attxiety. If it had not
been for the King, the Count Would clear
ly have gone forward tPhertv the lighting
| was. His towering form was always a
| little in advance ot the rest.
When the French completely gave up
their hold upon the road up to Uravelotte,
the horses of the headquarters party were
hastily called, and the entire party, mount
ing, with the King at their head, dashed
down to a point not very far from the vil
lage. Then shouts and cheers arose, and
followed them wherever they passed.
ACAVAl.ltV C III til. I..
A little after 4 o’clock a strange episode
occurred. From the region where Stoin
tnetz was supposed to lie, a magnificent
regiment of cavalry galloped out. They
paused a moment at the point where the
Conllans load joins that to .Metz. Then
they dashed tip the road toward Metz.
This raod between Uravelotte and St. Hu
berts is cut through the hill, and on each
side of it rise cliffs from forty to sixty feet
high, except at the point where it travers
es the deep ravine behind tile village.
When it is remembered that at the time
the culminating point to which that road
ascends was held by the French, it will
not lie wondered at, that ouly half that
regiment survived. Their plunge into
that deep cut on the hillside, where next
day l saw so many of them and their
horses lying, was of that brave, unhesita
ting, unfaltering kind which is so charac
teristic ol German soldiers, among whom
stragglers anil deserters seem to be abso
lutely unknown.
At a moment that seemed critical, there
appeared on the tield, occupying ground
before held by a portion of the forces of
Prince Frederick Charles, a large body of
troops. They moved into position under
the eyes of the King, yet neither the King
nor any of his -tail' could account for their
appearance. They passed to the point
which ill the morning had been the Royal
Headquarters. Their march was begun
at the time I have mentioned, and their
advance did not cease till dark, but the
mystery that hung over them was not dis
pelled. Whose was this new army ?
Whence did it come ? The staff insisted
i that at the point whence it moved there
1 were, or at any rate ought to be, no troops
of the armies of either Steiuuietz or ot
Prince Frederick Charles. The rumor be
gan and spread among the group of men
who surrounded the King, that this fresh,
mysterious force was a part of the army
ot the Crown Prince, and that a new junc
tion had been expected. 1 know of no
reason to suppose this true. Doubtless
the staff' soon cleared up the matter to
their own satisfaction, but it happened
that l was away in another part of tile
field before the riddle was solved.
In any event it cannot be doubted that
the presence of that huge body of men
mode itself felt upon the fortunes of the
field. They were visible to the French as
well as to ii>. Here was another example
ol the moral effect that may be and so
often is exerted in battle by masses of men
whose presence is known to the enemy,
: but who may not tire a shot ill the actual
coullict. From their line of march, it is
clear that the Ui\ isions were finally posted
a little ill the rear anti on the left of the
Prussian centre at the time when the at
tacks so long directed against the key of
the French linos had yeased—in fact had
failed for the time. It was possible that
the French, having suffered far less in
holding their ground than the Prussians in
attacking, might have advanced iu their
turn and have undertaking a vigorous ©I
feusive movement. If they had any such
purpose, it is not unlikely that they aban
doned it on sight of the Prussian reinforce
Instead of advancing, the French now

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