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IND ANA mim SENT "t1 PI . WILLIAM J. BROWN AND G. P. 1SUKLL, EDITORS? PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY, ATTWO DOLLAIISA YEAR, INVARIABLY IK ADVANCE. AUSTIN II . RROWN & CO., PROPRIETORS VOLXIV. INIMAN A rOLI SVT UIDAY FEBRUARY 10, 1655. NO. 40 WEEKLY STATE SENTLNEL, raiKT aii rvii.imiD by AUSTIN H. BROWN ft CO., 8ATJRDAI MORNlNS FEBR JAKT 10, 1853 Tha Btmiaa War CoU's Bevolvers. We noticed a statement a short time since that Col. Colt had denied the eharge that he had furnished revolvers to the Emperor of Russia. In the following letter, however, written by Henry Evans, Esq., a resident of St. Fe'esburg, to the New Bedford Mercury we find a confirmation of the orignally ru mor ; All the troops that have been quartered in this city, Ru a, Reval, and along the coast of Finland, are now in full march for the Crimea and Austrian frontier. lYe Russian army now in the Crimea is about 120,000 strong, and I am told that i'. will be increased to 300,000 by the first of January. All the arsenal i and founderies belonging to the gov ernment, as well as all the private foundries and machine shops, are in full operation day and nuht, manufacturing large cannon, small arms, marine steam-engines, &x; tbe minds of the Russians are engrossed in the war, they think of nothing else, talk of nothing else ; they are aroused and determined to prosecute the war to tbe full extent of their resources with all their energy. No doubt that the allies will find a more formidable foe than they anticipated, but they will not yield until they accomplish theirobject. Austria still holds to her unsettled position; she may make a half-way proposition to the Western powers, but she will be sure to keep one link of her chain connected with Russia and Prussia; 200,000 Russians frowning on her bonier will keep her from oming out boldly for the Western powers. Col. Co't is here, he has had au interview with tbe Em peror, and will soon make airangimrnts to manufacture his revolver in this country. I feel confident that we sh ill have peace by the 1st April next, or a general European war. Should Colt's revolver come into general use in the Russian army, matters would as sume a Hfferent shape. It is the moit de structive engine ever used in war, ai'd be yond doubt, saved the allies at Inkermann. Col. C 'It is a speculating man, and he will not neglect to avail himself of the opportu nity presented to realize a handsome fortune in an hour. The condition of the French and English armies sustaining the siege of Sebistopol, is most eVplorable. Death, by starvation, ex posnre, cold and disease, is the order of the day. Sebastopol ha probibly been attacked, and the allies have probably been repulsed with immense loss. ' The present British Ministry is a disgrace to Albion. The London Times urged by the ontside pressure of the masses : does not pretend to deny the fact. Unless better couri sels can prevail at London, the reign of Vic toria will hereafter bo referred to a a stain upon English glory. ' Lord Raglan has prove 1 toUlly inadequate to the exigencies of tbe hour.. New oenruander- mnst d' procured. and speedily, or Balaklava will become the last resting place of the chivalry of Britain. The whole empire of Russia is on the qui vive mighty armies are training in tbe northern, central and western provinces, and in.the spring they will pour down upon the regions of the Black Sea, like the Northmen in the third and fourth centuries upon the wes'ern empire of Rome. Wo to the British or French legion that shall be compelled to occupy the present trenches until the first of March I The Horrors of War. We make the following extracts from one of the recent letters of a correspondent of the London Timet, written iu the camp before Sebastopol: If any of our great geologists want to test the truth of their theories respecting the ap pearance of the primeval world, or are desir cus of ascertaining what sort of view Noah might have had when he looked out of the ark from Ararat, they cannot do better than come o there at once. The whole plateau on which stands "the camp before Sebasto pol" the ent:re of the angle of land from Balaklava round to Kherson, and thence to the valley of lnkerman is fitted at this mo ment for tbe recep.ion and delectation of any mi mVur nf irhh;niiri miiri nd rmiruWlaa it is a vast black dreary wilderness of mud, dotted with little lochs of foul water, and seamed by dirty, brownish and tawny coUred streams, running down to and along the ra vines. "Chaos has come agtin," or rather has just departed from the scene. A grand plateau of bog, varying in cepth from a f xt to two feet, extends from the valley of lnkerman to the sea at Balaklava. It is trodden in o holes in every direction by the hoofs of mules, horses and camels. It is scarred deeply by the wheels of carts and arabas; and the white tents dotting its surface, and a few white scattered farm-houses, and the sung quarters of Lord Raglan, contrast strongly with the black profound amid which they rear their straight outlines. All over its surface are strewed the carcasses of horses and miserable animals torn by dogs, and smothered in mud. Vultures sweep over the mounds in flocks; carrion crows a 1 "birds of prey obscene," hover over their prey, menace the hideous dogs who are feaiting below, or sit in gloomy dyspepsia, with drooped head and drooping wing, ou the remnants of their banquet. The want of c.othing, the want of fuel, the want of shelter, the want of food, which have cost the army and the nation so dearly, might, I sincerely and solemnly believe, have beea obviated by a smail exertion of ordinary "prevoyance." The articles which are arri ving to-day in the Bclgravia should have been here long ago, and tbe supplies we are expecting daily, however welcome, are too late. They will be of service only to those who have survived, or who have maintained health and strength under old and wet. We have tents but cannot get -them up to the ramp. There is a great deficiency of hospital marquees, and horrible as it is to think of such a thirg, it is no less true that, according to information received from no doubtful source, live men of a battalion of the Guards were found dead outsido one of the tents within the lat thirty hours. TJaited States Senator. On Wednesday a furious discussion arose upon a bill reported from a committee provid inz a mode for the election of Senator. Some o: the members were pretfy severely handled in the course of the delate by 7. D. Waljole. Tbe Revolution ia China. The Journal of Commerce says: The latest accounts from China are unfavorable to the cause of the Insurgents. Extracts from the Tekin Gazette, extending from Sept. 8th to Sept. 30th, chronicle the recapture of sev eral towns by the Imperial troops, and the de struction, in the aggregate, of some 20,000 Insurgents. This last is no doubt a great ex aggeration. But after making all due allow ances, it is evident that the prosjects of the Insurgents are at present discouraging. They are scarcely less so at the South than at the North. In the neighborhood of Canton, the Insurgents have suffered serious reverses, in consequence of which, the vessels of the Im perialists, which had been confined within the Bogue for several month, now venture out. The gentry and merchants have contributed largely towards the defense of Canton, and have subsidized 10,000 men for the relief of Shun-teh. Says the China Mail of Nov. 11th: The extortions practiced by the Triads, who claim one-half the rice crop throughout the province as black-mail, have had the effect of driving the villagers to coalesce and resist their demands, so that besides the Ninety-six villages, including v ang-chuh-ki, to the westward of Canton, 220 of the 331 villages occupying the Lichaushan, or hill-country, further wet, nave banded together arid driven the Triads beyond their boundaries; and those in Ileang-slun district, in the neighborhood of Cumsinjrmoon, have collected a fleet of twelve or fifteen junks for the protection of their husbandmen, whilo gathering in the harvest. We a'so hear that a body of 500 volunteers arrived at Canton on the 6th, from Ileang shan, the siege of which city is now crwdi'ably reported to have been raised for the present, the immense 1 riad fleet of 300 ves sels being actively engaged in levying tri bute from the surrounds g v ll.tgts. Meanwhile, the intrenchments to tlio North of Cantn have been repeatedly attacked, and on the 4th, the Imperialists were success ful in rou;ing their defenders, and destroying a ronriderable portion of them; but they did not follow up their successes, and consequent ly the insurgents have had time to rally again. Fat-shan va to have been attacked on the 7th, which has led to the concentration of their hands by the Tria l leaders Ho Pmg-fui and Chin Asin; and, with others, the greater por tion of tbe grri.-on of the fort at Wnamj-oa has been recalled "to Fatshan. As at ShaKghae, dissent-ions have broken out among the Triads around Ctnton, and num bers are said to have deserted and joined the Imperialists. But the most se ere blow to the Triad cause in tbe south of China, will be the (an ticipated) destruction of those piratic il fleets from which these ranks are recruited, bv the squa Iron under Sir James Stirling, I he de parture of which has been unavoidable de layed for a dav or two. So that we trust ere long to be able to report the province of kwang-tung, (Canton,) at last restored to the quiet of which it has so long been deprived by these banditti disguised as "patriots." Incidents at Sebaitopjl. i m r- A letter from Constantinople, fcoMrfcl by the last mail, confirms says the Constitutional, the intelligence .hat the Russians have aban doned the ground in front of th.3 Quarantine Fort, occupied 1 y a small village. The Fren h s ldicrs hurried in to scizs on all they could vegetables from the garden, articles of furni ture, and even the doors and windows from the cottages. General Bizot had six windows placed aside t" serve in General Canrobrta dining room, when erected. "All that," says a letter from a French officer, "was done under a sharp fire of musketry, which, however, only vounded two men slightly. I saw Ciptaiu Marivault, of the navy, carrying away with the greatest precaution, a window, with which he protected his body with infinite address agaiDst the balls. Near him I saw an anilcry man gathering a salad in one of the gardens. A ball knocked out of his hands what be had collected; grumbling at being so treated, he again set abo it his work, and finished it with out further molestation. Such examples of savg froid are by no means rare. "The following," says the Courier du Iltvre, "is a correct description of one of the Moating batteries, called the Devastation, now in course of construction at Cherbourg: In ap(earance it is very like the huge birges which ply on the Seine between Havre and Rouen. It is entirely flit-bottomed, so as to draw but little water, even arler receiving heavy artillery. It is 51 ya.ds long and 14 wide, and will be armed with 1G guns of 50. Its sides are of the ex'iaordinary thickness of nearly 13 inches, and they are to bj covered with sheets of iron nearly four inches ilv.ck. 1 he ribs are 13' to 154 inches thick, and are placed very close together. .The battery will bo supplied with a screw of loO horse iwer, and will be covered over. Its powers of destruction will be very formidable ; it will, in fact, be a float ing fort. The Devastation will, it is expect ed, not be finished before the end of Februa-ry. Poverty. ' "Who is he." "Why somo loor chap, that has no friends, and can't afford a new suit more than once a year." It sems as if it were asm to be oor, says the Albany A.nnke'toiker. People obscrvo ypu in the streets, and make remarks at your expense. the sexton gives you a back seat in the meeting house. The dry goods clerk exhi bits cheap muslin, and withholds his lolite ness for soino more opulent and better favored person. Your money will not purchase as quickly as the money of the rich. A class of philanthropic shopmen purchase mem and adulterated food for your sustenance, because anything is good enough for the poor. But ter that might bu used for cart grease, and sugar vith but a lew shades between it and sand, are among other things which your la- tor procures. Just as if flesh and blood could ny better withstand the effect of poison, by being born in adversity ! Poor! Why that's condemnation enough. Have all the tale tit in the world, and be lor, and you need not hope it's o' no use. Couple hon esty with 3 our poverty, and the hopelessness is ten times worse. Do not forget there is such a thing as poverty. Oh, it is indeed dreadful, very dreadlui, to be poor; to finally yield to the worst, and become an inmate of the pub lic charity. Blush, ye well-to-do-in-the-world, when you turn your noses at the needy. "Some funny things will happen in meet ing. A few evenings since a widow, who wjs known by the entire congregation to be greatly in wi nt of a husband, was praying with great fervency, "Oh! thou knowest what is the de sire of my heart ;" she said. "A-in-a-n!" re- jonded a brother in a broad accent. It was wicked, but we are quite sure that several grave members smileJon the occasion. Toledo Wade. Dueling in the Church. Among the Germans, the Danes and the Franks, the clergy were con.pelled to main tain their controversies by the judicial duel, though the liberty of appearing in the lists by champion was allowed them. In the eleventh century, we are informed that, in a dispute relative to tw Liturgies, two knights, clad in complete armor, were selected as critics to de termine, in single combat, tbe true from the false form of public prayer. By a statute of William the Conquerer, the inferior orders of ecclesiastics, in England, were forbidden an appeal to the duel, without the consent of their bishop; but questions concerning the property of churches and monasteries were decided, and the priests acco-npanied their champions to bless their wcajons, on the fields there, as e.sewhere in Europe, fur a long period. In the fourteenth Century, we hear of one poem in which Pilate is ruprcsent ed as challenging our Saviour to a duel, and of another in which the person who pierced the side of Christ on the cross, is described as a k.-.ight with whom he bad jousted. Still later, we hear of challenges given and accepted by officiating priests at the altar; of arch bishops cUttering in armor; of gauntlets of defiance hung up in churches; and of men in holy orders who fought in quarrels which others refused to espouse. Such in general terme, was conditiou of the church for hun dreds of years; and as far down as Shakes peare's time, the duel arranged by the bard, in the "Merry Wives of Windsor," botween a Welsh parson and a French physici n, serves to remind us that men in gown and mrplice continued to use the sword until the accession of Queen Elizabeth. Indeed Walole,T in 1758, speaks of a reverend doctor of divinity who indulged in profane swe tring, and who endeavored to intimidate perons whom he feared would give publicity to the fact, by the threat that he had a kinsman in the army who would call him to an account; which incident, as well as the notices of the duels actually fought by Murit, Allen, Bate and others, who were either students of theology or ordained clergyman, affords us evidence that dueling in the church did not disapear on the conti nent or in England until near the close of the hist century. Swindling. The Indianapolis correspon dent of the Evansville Enquirer gives the fol lowing account of a new mode of swindling, wh'ch is. perpstra'.ed upon travelers, iu this city. We trust our police will be on the look out for the Doctor : A well devised scheme of s'windling came under my observation yesterday, which as the Indianapolis papcts d ) not noiice it, I give for the benefit of your readers. You remember your old friend Sialey, one of the most gener ous aud kindest of mortals. Well Sealy for once was taken down yesterday, and the well springs of his charity are dried up for a time. Thursday as he was about leaving for Terre . Haute, he saw at the depot a rather old look ing gentleman, of modest, unassuni'ng appear ance, whom he took for a Presbyterian Preach er. The old man was almost crazy with grief. He was explaining in a very excite I manner to the crowd, that he had been robbed on thti cars of j300, which was taken from his coat pocket ; that he was en route lor New York, that he had a wife and four children, was an entire stranger, and cnew not how to supply the wants of his Jfcmily, onto convey them to his home , The manner of the man" bore the impress of sincerity, and Sealey felt his large heart moved to its depths. He stepped up to him and gave him two twenty dollar gold pieces, telling him to return the amount when he arrived at New York if he could. A moment after he concluded to take back the gold and give him New York paper. So he handed him $50 in bank bills. The man who called himself Dr. Covnel gave him the number of his residence and the name of the street in New York. Sealey then got in the cars and went to Terre Haute, yesterday he returned. At the corner by the Palmer House whom should he see but this same cadaverous and lean looking Doctor. Sea'ey stepped up to him and asked him why he had not gone to New York. The Doctor replied that his family was sick and that he intended to leave that day. At the same time he pulled out one of the $20 bills and handed it to Sealey, saying that it was an altered note. Upon close examination such was found to be the case. The bill had been altered w ith so much skill that it was almost impos sible to detect the alteration. Staly took back the bill and gave him for it a $20 gold piece. As he has not taken the man's note for the amount he asked him to step into tbe Palmer House and write him one. The note was written and the Doctor was then reques ted to put the number of his residence at the bottom. A different number from the one that he had mentioned the day before was put then, and quick as lightning it Hashed on Scaly that the man was a swindler. He asked him if that was not a different num ber. The man replied that his brain was ut terly confused by his loss and he did not know what he was doing. Sealey then in quired where his wife was and took him down to Beuhrig's Hotel to see her. The woman being asked the number of her resi dence in New York commenced to answer, when the Doctor iuterruptcd her. He was tilenced by Sealey, and after that the woman faltered and would give no number what ever. Sealey being thus convinced that the fel low had swindled him took him by the arm and was proceeding to lead him to the May or's office. But pity for his children induced him to let the man go if he would repay the money. The fellow took out all he had $27, gave up his watch, a very common sil ver one. He was asked what had been done with the rest of the money, and it appeared that his wife had bought a line bonnet, had ordered an elegant dress and purchased sev eral ladies' cloaks, also a mahogany box. These various articles, some yet in the mili ners hand, were transferred to Sealey, and Dr. Covnell was advised to make tracks by the earliest conveaine. Newspaiers would do well to give this gentleman a notice as he may impose on others, for the fact that he imposed on so shrewd a man as Mr. Sealey renders it probable that he might deceive any one. The woman is not his wife, is many years his junior and rather good looking. The Dr. is tall, spare, hesitates somewhat when he speaks, and may bo known by a very protruding chin. Election ok Another Democratic U. S. Senator. We have tho agreeable intelli gence from New Orleans that the Hon. John Slidell, Deinociat, has been elected United States Senator from Louisiana for the term of six years from the first of March next. The Know-Nothings hare been claiming that they had the majority in the Legislature and would choose the Senator, but it has turned out all gammon. Mr. Slidell is the present member oi the Senate, and is a very able and capable man. Upon the "Know-Nothing question" he is all right, being deadly hostile to the anti American principles of that order, Cin.Eni. Letter from Auditor Dana. Wc copy from the journals of the House of Representatives, the following reply made by Hon. Johu P. Dunn, duditor of State, to a communication from ( Hon. David Gilgore, Speaker of the House, in reference to the Auditor's fes. We like the course which Mnj. Dunn adopted. l&IS admitted to be one of the best Auditors Indiana ever had has labored earnestly and continually to discharge his duties leaves thepublic records in a better condition than th-ever were before, and certainly he has a right to retire from office without having his private accounts ransacked by a Fusion Legislature : fcr Office of Auditor of State, ) Indianapolis, Jan. 17th, 1855.) To the IIonrmbh, the Spenker of the Home of Repretent' tives : S'. Sir : The following resolution passed by the body over which you have the honor to preside, has been reccivtd at this office. lltfolvei, That the Auditor of State report to this IIous, prior to the exp'ration of his term of ofEce, the full auivj? that he has received as fees as said Auditor, by and through the General Free Banking Law of this State, embracing all fiis fees, of what ever kind, received by him under said Law. Without stopping to inquire into the right the House of Representatives have to make a peremptory call on any pnblie oflicer for a detailed -.tatement of h's business transacti- ns, or to report the amount of fees received, when no fees are fixed by law, Zu when it is a mu tual arrangement between parties interested. I must most respectfully declin-j complying with their request, as much more importaut business of the State requires all my time and labor for the few days I shall remain iu office. After I shall h-ve retired to the ranks of a private citizen, it will give me pleasure lo give any honorable membcrall the informa tion I may possess ou the sulject. In the me .intime, to quiet the anxiety of any friend, I will remark that I am in as comfortable a situation as any "Old Liner" could well be, who was badly beaten at the late election. Very respectfully vours, JOHN 1VDUNN, Auditor of State. fJ7"George II. Chapman ofThe Indianapo lis Chanticleer, received the nomination of the anti-Nebraska members of the legislatu e, for State Printer, on Friday evening. Jesse Brown, of New Albany, was Kom'nated for Agent of. State. He is a merchant of that city, we believe, of the firmf Brooks & Brown. When these nominations will be confirmed by an election, is exceedingly un certain. Probably not until ner the close of the session, if at all. LafayetU Journal. We understand the nomination of Geo. II. Chapman for State Printer, is extremely oopu- lar. George is thought to be a very deserving young man, and if he should h'iplen to se cure a majority of the votes ia'.the legisla ture, will undoubtedly be declared electeU Some members of the Fusion party seems to think that the editors of the Indianapolis Journal, the NeU Albany Tribuyethe Lafay ette Courier, and the Lafayette J&-. nal, wire more entitled to Jha ofUVe oiPrh'er, than younj Mr. Chapman, but then they have never been in the navy. Another consideration should not be overlooked. The nomination of young Mr. Chapman, on account of the proclivities of tho "General Correspondent" of the Republican was by the temper ance men in the caucus. Stand back, Messrs Terrell, Gregg, Ellis and Sulgrove -merit must be rewarded; you never "fit in the Rev olution." The Beport of the Auditor of State. This able document is almost everv where received with favor. The Franklin Democrat says : The report, the fullest and most complete which ever emanated from tho office of the State Auditor since the organization of the State Government, should bo in the hands of every man in tho State. The subjects treated are those which interest every man. and from which he mar learn the exact condition of the various matters connected with time ceipts and disbursements of the varicus funds placetl in tho hands of the different officers at the se.it of government The comprehen sive manner in which this report is gotten up gives evidence oi inunsiry anu latent on tne part of our State Aud iter, which is highly commendable, and will reflect much praise on his already well-earned reputation as a man of rare business qualifications. The Demo cracy of Indian- are proud of such a man as John 1 . Dunn; wo doubt whether tbe union ists of tho State will say as much for Dr. Talbott at the expiratioj of his term. We shall see what wc shall sec. ' The Way to get Hatbands. We commend the following to all ladies who are in haste to get married. It is the best receipt for single blessedness that we have seen : A gentleman of the bar in a neighboring county, in easy circumstances and pret'y good practice, had rendered himself somewhat re markable by his attempts in tW-wsy of matri monial speculation. A maiden, rather advan ced in years, residing some miles distant in the neighborhood, hearing of this lawyei's speculating proiK-rsity that his character was unexceptionable, and his situation in life was tolerably good, resolved ujon making him her husband. She hit ujon the following expe dient : She jretended suddenly to be taken very ill, and sent for the man of the law to prepare her will. He attended for that purpose. By her will she devised 10,000 in bank stock, to be divided among her three cousins, sine thou sand:, in bond and notes to a niece, and the vast landed estate to a favorite nephew. The will being finished, she gave the lawyer a very liberal fee, and enjoined secrecy upon him for some pretended purpose, thus precluding him from him an inquiry into herreal circumstan ces. Need I mention the result ? In a fort night the lady thougkt proper to be again re stored to health. The lawyer called to con gratulate her on her restoration begged per mission to visit her, which was politely given. After a short courtship, the desired offer wis made. The bargain was concluded, and rati fied by the priest. The lawyer's wholeestate by his wife consists of an annuity of sixty-five dollars. English Paper. New Plat bt Jclia Dean. The New Orleans ricayune announces that Julia Dean would take a benefit on Saturday last, when a new play would be given, called Af try of Mintua, written by herself. Btltgioai Liberty for Americans Abroad. Gen. Cass is hard at work in the Senate to secure for our citizens in foreign countries per fect religious liberty. lie eulogizes Napoleon the Great, for the following remarks, addressed to the several pastors of the Protestant Churches of Catholi". France, who had assem bled to witness his coronation: " I see with pleasure assembled here the pastors of the Reform Church of France, and I embrace with ardor tbe opportunity of testi fying to them how highly I have been satis fied with the reports that have reached me of the fidelity and good conduct of the pastors and citizens of the different Protestant com munities. I desire them to unders'and that it is my firm intention to maintain the free dom of religious worship. The empire of tbe law ends where the undefined empire of con science begins. Neither the law nor the sovereign can do anything against this free dom. Such are my principles, and those of nature, and if any one of my race who may succeed me should forget the oath I have taken, and deceived by the promptings of a false conscience, violate it, I devote him to public censure, aud authorize you to give him thj name of 'Nero." ' This was worthy of Napoleon, and shows him to have been no bigot. Ini. Hospital for the Insane,) February 1st, 1855. y Messrs. Elitors: Enclosed are two articles, taken from the Budget, published by the pa tients every Tuesday evening. If you think them worthy a place in your columns, you have my permission to insert them. Very Respectfully SUPERINTENDENT. We publish with pleasure the first of the articles mentioned. The other will appear to morrow. Ed. The Yankees. It appears to be a great query in the minds of some fcf the western people how the Yankees manage to obtain a livelihood, among the barren rocks and bleak hills with which New England abounds. In deed if I may judge from ren rks I have heard made, and questions asked me by some of your western people, I must conclude at once that they think those Yankees who live re mole from villages and cities are a poverty stricken dishonest people. But, kiud reader, as I passed the first twen-tv-five years of my life iu New . Hampshire, and that to in the Ixicku-onds, you will pardon , me for asserting that the yankees live higher and are more industrious and quite as honest as the inhabitants of our western States. It is true the weather is colder, the snow deeper, and the land Uss fertile, and more n cky and broken there than here, but it does not follow that the yankee must necessarily be a rogue to obtain a living under such circumstances. New Hampshire; with all her rocks and moun tains, has afforded at least a comfortable inde pendence to her citizens. She has built school houses and churches wherever they were re quired by the intellectual and moral wants of her people. She has sent teachers and divines to almost every State of the South and West, besides educating those she kept at home, for it is I believe, a statistical fact that there are fester persons iu New Hampshire, over the age of twenty-one, who cannot read and write than in auy other State in the Union. It is this general diffusion of knowledge among the masses, that has hewn and polished from the rough marble such giant minds as Woodbury's and Webster's, and his who now fills the executive chair of this, the greatest, the freeest, and rnost happy nation on earth. Let one who has been brought upiu the West, visit New Hampshire, and attend the ex aminations of their common schools, high schools and colleges let him see their teat and commodious temples, designed to accomo date the worshippers of the one living aud true God. L:t him attend their sabbath schools, and contemplate tWe bright, ruddy aud happy countenances of the child ren and you'h, as they issue from their homes and congregate at the sabbath school room, to receive moral and religiont instruc tion and become faithful husbands and wives, fond and devoted parents, and useful citizens and he will admit I think that my partiality fr New Hampshire is well ground ed, and does not arisn merely from the fact that it is my native Bute. Duxcina. For tho Daily 8 Lite SenlincL Messrs. Editors: The following adver tisement extraordinary, which was found in the Morning Bulletin published by Mrs. Tattle of Pennsylvaniaburg. Ripley Lounty, Ind., you will please insvrt in your paj-er for the benefit of those concerned. Honnes Skiblet. Strayed or Stolen from the ton of Penn sylvaniaburg a small boy about the size of a man. W hen bo left he had on high heeled stockings, calico shoes, and a brick iu his bat; his outer and nether garments were of purple and fine linen ; his food was that of the wandering Jew. The friends of this precocious youth are not apprised of his whereabouts. It is rumored that be traveled westward and is lodging among some butchers. Any person seeing this ad vertisement will confer a favor by notifying the friends, so they can govern themselves accordingly. CAPT. DUKGY. Query. Who are his friends? HONNES SKIBLEY. 07" The" Cincinnati Otzette of Monday announces the death of Coll. Martin, well known to the editorial fraternity. The Ga zette says: Many will rememWr with interest, the ac-tivc-minded and sprightly writer for the CWt merciaf, in Curtis' tune, Mr. Coll. Mardti. He died in Newport, Ky., on Saturday after noon, of lung frvtr, aged 40 years. He was a son of Jonah Martin, a pioneer of the Third Ward still living. He learned his trade, of printer, in the Alveitiser office, with Moses Dawson. He, with a few practical priuters, started the Message. Ho afterward was con nected with the Enquirer, and as we stated, with the Commercial. Hn. E. Newland. The Shelby villo Vol unteer contains the following complimentary notice of Dr. Newland, our preseut efficient Treasurer of State. We believe withTriend Thacher that "h'gher honors await him." We have received tho report, in pamphlet from the Treasurer of State. No officer has discharged the arduous dutiesof an office With more fidelity and faithfulness than the Hon. Elijah Newland. He has disbursed $1,545, 511 15 and leaves a balance in the treasury of $0G3,G3O 85. Unsullied honor has marked bis course, and not a word of reproach have w e heard uttered against him for the discharge of the duties that devolved upon him. All that could be said, was "He is a Democrat 1" Higher honors await him. For the Plate Kenlinel. A New Bill on Banking. Mb. Editor. A number of bills, with va rious title? and proposing a variety of systems of Banking have been introduced in both houses of the Indiana Legislature. None of these, in my opinion, are in consonance with the feelings of the majority of the people of the State. The following is a just measure, and is worthy at least a "first reading," if not a "final passage," Exterminasob. As Act in relation to tbe curiency, and for tho repeal of the General Banking law cf 1852. Sec. 1. Beit enadedbu the General Assemblu of tlic Stale of Indiana, That the act author- zing a general system of Banking framed at the session of 1852 be and the same is hereby repealed. Sec. 2. After the expiration of the exis ting charter cf the State Bank of Indiana no bills of credit, or bank notes except bills of exchange, drarfs or ordinary promissory notes shall be issued by any person or association. Sec. 3. The issuing and registry of notes by the Auditor of State under the pro visions of the general banking law ahresa'd, shall cease from and after the passage of this act, and all stock banks now in operati on shall be closed and wound up on or before the first dav of July 1355. Sec. 4. Any violatiou of any of the provisions of this act is declared a felony; and the per.-on so violating shall bo imprisoned to hard labor in the State Prison for a term of not less than three nor more than uve years. Sec. 5. That, whereas there is an emer gency for the passage of this act, therefore it shall be in force from and after its publica tion in the Daily I'.diauapolis Journal and Daily Indiana State Sentinef. Insane Hospital. From the correspon dence of tbe Louisvill-j Democrat, from this city, we extract the following just notice of our Insuit Hospital and its able Superinten dtnt : There is nothing of which this State has more just cause to be proud than her benevo lent institutions. The Asylum for thejnsane, under the able superintendence of Dr. Athorn, presents a record of cures effected, such a no other similar institution either in this country or Europe can exhibit. One feature of the treatment that he has intro duced is, to give the patients a ball on every Tuesday evening. A friend, who attended the lat b-ll there, has promised to write out forme a description of it, which I will send you. The asylum, instcid of being a gloomy prison, is converted into a mirthful and happy home; aud tbe influence upon the minds of the unfortunate patients is -beneficial in the highest degree. Eieitenent at the Kivcr. Perilous Situation of the Firry-Boat tcith over tico Iluruirei Live on Board. The Jeffersonvillo ferry-boat started out from the wharf early this morning with be tween 200 and 300 passengers for the JefTer sonville trains, their baggage, and the omnibus and horses connected with the road. The boat worked about an -hour in attempting to piss through "the icet some distance above, but w-j finally competed toirop builc. The force of th'o ice drove her ou to the falls, and she lodged on the rocks a faw hundred yards from the Indiana shore, and nearly opposite Smith & Smyser's Mills. The boat was and still is in imminent danger, as the ice had commenced piling up against her srde, and, as the report spread through the city, it jiro duced intense excitement, and the wharf was crowded with hundreds of people. Life boats, skiffs, pawls, and barges were imme diately started to the boat, and they conve ed a number of persons from the boat to the islands near this shore. Their progress proved, however, too slow, and in this emergency Dr. Crittenden, of the firm of Gill, Smith & Co , placed at the dis posal of thoso who would venture to go to the relief of the persons on board the ferry two large and empty flatboats belonging to the firm. One of them was readily manned by Capt James Hamilton, falls pilot; Mr. Wra. Steel, clerk of Gill, Smith & Co.; Mr. A. E. Camp, clerk of Stewart & Son; and Mr. P. Varble, and at tbe risk of their own lives they went alongside of the ferry with the flat, took on board .over seventy crsons, among them liishop Mcllvatne, and then went over the falls, landing them safely at Shippingsport. Tho boat rubbed pretty hard in going over the first reef. But few persons, besides tho crew, were on board at noon. The baggage of tbe passen gers and the omnibuses and horses are all vet on the ferry. The boat, owinp to the ice, is in s. very critical situation, lying with her bows up stream. Captain Hamilton and as swtants are entitled to the highest praiso for thfr heroic conduct. Bulletin of yesterday. Last evening Capt. Hamilton made another trip to the ferry with a flit boat, and took off all remaining on her with the exception of the crew. The horses and omnibuses will be taken off to-day. Capt. Shallcross informs us that the boat is not iu any dauber whatever, but she cannot be got off till the river rises. We learn also that the boat did not lok, but she was hemmed iu a mass of floating ice, which forced her down stream. Louisville Journal 31 at ult. Cacse and Effect. A correspondent of the PhdadelphU Ledger, attributes Jjio im mense amount of distress, existing in New York, to the gn at increase of banks aud pa lter money. He says: "Within tbe last four years tho number of banks in the city of New York has doubled. They now have fiftg-iix! Is it surprising in view of such a state of things that there should be the most extavagant luxury prevail ing aun-ng the few, and the greatest distress among the manyt This increase of paper money has furnished tbe favored class with the means of riotous living, and has so raised the prices of the necesjriei of life, that the misery of the working classes is extreme. "In Philadelphia the banking capital isles than it was eighteen years ago, and yet Phila delphia is twice as large as it then was. and incalculably more wealthy. The distresses of the or here are great, no doubt, but they 'are not to be compared with what the New Yrk poor are suffering. Here we have had no meetings of persons out of employment in this city, demanding work and threatening to plunder the rich if it is not Kiven to them. Such things have occurred latelv in our bank ridden sister city." United States Senator is Louisiana. The Jollowing was the vote for United States Senator, in the Legislature of Louisi ana: John Slidell, Democrat 74 John Moore, Whig K. N. 38 Blank 5 Majority for Slidell 37 Democratic Orguuxstioa. In another columu of our paper our Dem ocratic readers will find that a timely move ment has been mad? to secure a permanent organization of tbe party. This movement is proposed openly and boldly, and not behind the bush, nor under the cover of tb darkness of night It is based upon the principles upon the unchanged doctrines of Derooercv. One of these doctrines is to unfurl their pro sessions to the world, that all may judge of their truth and sitccrity. Will not the Democracy of old Knox give a hearty response to this call. Let days be set for township and couty conventions, and let them be attended in earnest. We would suggest Saturday, the 3d of February as tke day for holding township associations; and Saturday, the 10:h of February a a su table day for holding that of the county. If this arrangement meets the view, of our Demo cratic friends, and wo hope it will, we would urge them not to let tbe time pass without entering heartily into the work. Let the entire Democracy of the Stats speak simul taneously, with one heart and one voice, aud the speedy and permanent recovery of our party from its late defeit, is a fixed and irre vocable consequence. Vincennes Patriot. G3""Poor soul!" said Mrs. Partington sympathetically, as she satliitening to a very sensible actor, with a very bad habit of giving a sound with every indrawn breath while de livering a sentence. "Poor soul! he has got an inform tion ia the thrat, as sure as you're alive, and I shouldn't be at all alarmed to hear in the morning that he bad died in the night of the croup. I do wUh Mr. T mpkin would send him a bottle of cough drops to make him breathe easier. But there, those actors have groat pocrs to endure, fr I have seen one poor, half-starved looking sodger take two or three different sides in one night, and die every time There ha goes ag'n. I declare I leel bad in my throat only to bear him." Ike didn't har her, robably, when she asked him for one of the lozenges she bad bought as they came iu, but a blue paper labelled "Cuae 8c Co." might have been seen in the crown of Ike's cap where the roll had lain. He was wondering, as the curtain fell upon a deceased tyrant, feet towards tho audi ence, who it was had tapped his boots. The Consumption or Paper. Forty years ago, three men, by h audi work, could scarcely manufacture 4,000 small sheets of paper io a day, while now, by the use of machinery, they can produce 60,000 in the uma time. It has been calculated that if the paper produced yearly by six mtchines could be put together, the sheet would encircle the world. Now here is paper so much valued as in the United States. Iu France with 35,000,000 of inhabi tants, only 70,000 tons are produced ye.vly, of which one-seventh is for exportation. In Bri tian, with 28,000,000 of inhabitants, 66,000 tons are produced, while the amount produced in tne United States is nearly as great as iu England and France together. The Language or Pise Wood. In North Carolina it is frequent among her forest of fat pine, for a lover in distress to send the fa.r ob ject of his affections a bit of its staple vegeta ble production, with an eye painted ujion it. It signifies "I pine." If favorable to U rn, the young lady selects from the wood pile the lest and smoothest specimen ckaknot this signi fies "pine not." But if, on the other hand, she detests him, (there is no middle grounds be tween detestation and adoration with ypung women,) she burns one end of his message, and this generally throws tbe young man in despair, for it means "I make light of your pining." ' Fr'ghtful Accident on the Ohio and Mississippi IIailboad. Tbe passenger train which lef Cincinnati for Jeffers-jLville yester day, on the Ohio and MiisMppi Railroad, at 10 o'clock A. M., ran off the track at the gravel pits, ab)ut one mile buyond North Bend, sixteen mi cs from this city. It was occasioned by the switch-fastening giving way after the Locomotive passed over. The pis-SL-ngcrcars wvire wrenched from the baggage car; the luter remained attached to the loco motive, and was dragged two hundred yards over the cross-ties. The first passenger car ran against a gravel train, standing on a side track, which completely demolished tho trucks of the former, and turned its course toward an engine shed, which it partially de molished. Tho velocity of the car was ar rested, however, by the locomotive which wa in the shed. The two concussion, however rendered it a complete wreck. Out of thirty seats, twenty-eight were leveled to the floor; the ends were smashed in, the 6tove rolled over the floor, strewing red hot coal in every direction. The second passenger car was scarcely Irss a wreck; many of tho seats were wrunj from their fastenings, one cud crushed in and tho front trucks carried off. These cars wero of the most splct did kind, costing over 2,000 each. Providentially nearly every passenger es caped uninjured. The only person seriously injured was a brakeman named William Mitchell, Apparently about forty years of age. He wis thrown from his post to a distance of twenty feet, fracturing his skull, it is feared, and injuring his back. This poor man was alive ot 7 o'clock last evening, but it is doub' ful, if be will recover, lie is said to be a very worthy, industrious man, very poor, with a large family and an invalid wife. The pas sengers collected $22 and gave it to the con ductor, who was directed to haud it over to the doubly-afflicted family. The scene in the cars beggars description ; shrieking women, screaming children, and be wildered men ; the spasmodic jerks cf the cars over the cross ties,the concussi n wrench ing t hi woo 1 work, iisettiug the stove, dress es burning, scats leveled with their contents to the floor, and other incidents, were of a. nature to appall, f )X a moment, the most col lected of the eye witnesses : and, a Ide i to this, the agony of poor Mitchell moaning for his helpless family, or raving in delirura about his brakes with bis crushed skull, and, erhap, broken back, blod oozing from the fractures, and relief apparently impos sible, save by death, were scenes such as the lookers-on hoped never to witness again. Mitchell lives near the outer dejot of the com jviny. To his family wc cspecii lly call the attention of tho good Samaritans of our city. CVn. Eaq., Slstult. Important Arrests. We learn that a man named Silbee was arrested in Allegheny on Saturday evening, on suspicion of being concerned in issuing counterfeit money. Oa examining him at the Mayor's office, about one thousand dJUr? jn spurious bank notes were found in his possesion consisting prin cipally of one and ten dollar bills. He was committed to jail by Mayor Adams. Another man was ar es ted about the same time, and is considered an accomplice of Sil bee. We did not learn his name, but he was arrested on a requisition from Ohio, and will be conveyed to that State immediately. Sil bee is said to be a resident of Indiana. Pttls burgh (Jnin.