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WEEKLY STATE SENTINEL
IS MKMOKIA.M. r . evekv. I. ALs ! alt '. how ?; m. iii'' a tiling i man ! Ho feeble oft and yet bow strong the ftn-e 1 tutt widens out or narrow b lit'e-sjoiii Arrest hi lrrt, or peed him on hi course. . -Mysterious power! Mysterious In iu urv'. Yet guided ever by an un-ecn hand. TtiAl can the int 'from II clay tllvonv. " Or we.l litem with an -nt n riuij tsvri.l, Thousrti pestilence runt war spread over all the land. it. Lo! tho wrecked s aiuan. on a tl.uttiiig mr, fruits! by the eleineuts hungry, and dull Through sunlo days, aiul uigbi without ir. Life, ne'er desert him, and h linger still. j Kn lii own B.-sh he irna extreme! ill ! And yet survive a thousand hardslit more : At tinioiT yr-ftr. when, children's children dll His pipe, b tell them tal' of sea ami shore- Adventures of hi youth, twuiiti them or anl o'er. III. Not iUiU Uiy tale! wti.e spirit wa loo pure for coiutnou wcdl.wk wild ile human dust; In vomit' glad prime, w hen life secin'd nioal secure, W iih Lp iiil redolent of hope, anil trust Thy Lmw ituwrinkli'd, in thy heart no rust Auihitiou- and yel loving ; mild though brave : ikii'pmi inil iiil-; merciful mid jul o " gum medicinal " thy life could save, borne U thy Leauty bloom untimely to the grave ! IV. N.4 s.ich thy tilt', my Brother! Tlou whose hirm PcnvuUt the Mil. I Ol )Dder hillock sleeps, Lr. allilcs and silent, while Ihe wintry storm Unheeded o'er thv told U-.1 w.ldlv sweeps! Not jeh tier fal.f for w hom my Itoart Mill weep, Padding in thought a monument of tear; Kound wtikt my love, -till green, like ivy creep. And sua.le i no t'uiib which uiidcruer.lh appear, lis roou pn-ad wide lu tin; iuoit memory of year! v. Vet lh..u art n t forever l.l t. lue : Thy spirit-shadow f.dU within my dotr. Aier iiot a isvim's tintc nanle.l by Uiee Although ihy tep resound not on my Boor! And I aiu dra-an.- near thee ever more ! .Uslw.-iy nr-cu the tfnde, 1 ee below The mighty river: and bnoii.t, the shorj Whence tti'oii art lighting "uie. wiili spirit tflow, -VI tux ?a !i roiced anil that spam life' mystic . From Harper, 6r MartU. The "Rattlesnake. Rattlerakea - have tlyir antipathiea.anj thoie kno-.v'n, are very stroaglr rnarketL In Texiw, partirularUrly between the Nueces and the Kio GrinJe, the largest rattlesnakes in the world exist, and at certain seasons of the year it is quite danjrerori! to "camp on" without dee Lrecaution. The inhabitants have rnanr devices to protect themseles, tut the most simple is encircl'icg tho place of bivouac with the lon horse-hair halter. 1 he snakes will never cross this magic circle. In more northern Intitule?, it has been found that the rattlesnake will not live where the white ash irrows in abundance. It has even been the t.ractice amdns hanters who trar rsc the forests in summer, to stuff their boots moccasins, and pockets with white ash leaves for the purpose of securing themselves against the snakes ; and it is said that no person was ever bitten who resorted to this specific. -The rt'.ler.akc excites a srreat deal o alarm in the deer and it is seldom that the buck will let it escape without giving bxttle. Their manner of attack is very curious and effec tive. The buck trots round tho rattlesnake for some time, seem triply disposed to confuse the reptile, and then suddenly starting off wil make a tremendous sweep, and coming near the snake vill gather its fonr sharp hoofs into a ro'uiL and then springing: eijjht or ten feet ia the air, will land directly upon the coils of the snake, and then seperating its feet with wonderful quicknoss and force, if tho assault ha3 been successful, the snake is cut into shreds. Combats between the rattle and black snakes, are certain if they meet, and the black snake is, with rare exceptions, the conqueror. Upon seeing each other, these animals in stantly ass n mo their" respective attitude f defiance, and display the gTeat difference in their organization. The rattlesnake coils itself up, ready for attack or defense; the black snake, being a constrictor, moves about from side to side, and is in constant activity mutually exciting each others passions. The rattlesnake finally setih?3 down into a glowing exhibition of animosity, its head thrown back, its far.s exposed, its rattles in constant agitation. The black snake, seem ingly conscious that the moment of strife has come, now commences circling round its en emy, absolutely moving so- swiftly that it seems but a gleam of dull light; the rattle snake attempts to follow tho movement, but soon becomes confused, and drops its bead in despair ; then it is that the black snake darts upon the back of the neck of its deadly foe, seizes it between its teeth, and springing up "ward, envelopes the rattlesnake in its folds. ' The strule, though rot long, is painful ; the combdtant3 roll over in the dust, get en tangled in the bushes ; but every moment the black snake ia tightening its hold, until the rattlesnake gasps for breath, becomes help less, and die?. For a while tne black snake still retains its grasp; you can perceive its muscles working with constant energy ; but finally, it cautiously uncoils itself, and quietly betakes to the water, where recovering its en ergy, it dashes about a moment as.if in ex ' citation, and disappears from the scene. Of all enemies with which the rattlesnake has to contend, except man, the hog ia the most destructive. An old sow with a litter of pi?s to provide food for, will hunt for the reptile with a perseverance ana sagacity truiy auonishing, tracking them by their scent to their hiding places, and never letting them escape. In the West in early times, and now throughout the country, if rattlesnakes be come troublesome in any locality, a drove of hogs are turned into their haunts, and the snakes soon disappear. The hog, when it sees a rattlesnake, instantly erects its bristles and back, and commences rattling its tusks. The snake accepts the challenge, and prepares for defense. The old porker seems to under stand what parts of its body are invulner able to poison, so it gets downpnon its knees, and in this awkward position deliberately CTawls, by a sideling motion, up to the ene my. The snake darts forward, and the hog Je'xtrously catches the fangs in the fat that swells ont the jaws the blow is repeated, and the hog having been smitten on one cheek deliberately turns the other. This the animal continues to do until the snake has not only exhausted for the time being, its posion, but also its strength. The hog then deliberately rises from its knees, and now, re gardless of consequences, seizes the serpent near the head, and putting its fore-foot upon its squirming body, strips the reptile through its teeth, and thus tears it to pieces. If the hog, as is sometimes the case, happens to be very lean, and the poison fangs thereby strike the circulation, it will die from the wound, but this conjunction rarely takes place. From the New York Herald. Notices of New Poublications. WOLKERT'B KOOST, ASD OTHKR 1'APEIl '. Ilv Washington Irving. Putnam & Co. The publishers of the present volume have rightly judged that a collection of the many scattered effusions of Washington Irvine's pen, which have appeared from time to time in periodical publications, and which were destined by their author to merely an ephe meral purpose, would prove acceptible to the idmirers of that gifted writer. 1 hese papers ossess an interest distinct from that of his more elaborate works. They have not, it is true, the elegauce and finish ot the latter but they present to us the mind of the writer in its moments of literary abandon, when the tire of his genius, uncontrolled by the pros pect of criticism, or consideration for.postliu- mous effects, gave full play to the fancies of the moment. After a Iosg lapse of years, many of the topics cursoriiy treatedin these papers derive a fresh interest from events that are daily transpiring, ft Since the follow ing was written, the military characteristics and organization of the English and French armies have again afforded a theme for dis cussion. There is an appositeness in the writer's remarks which tempts us to repro duce them : mi FIELD OF WATERLOO. I have spoken heretofore with some levity of the contrast that exists between the Eng lish and French character; but jt deserves more serious consideration. They are the two great nations of modern times most dia- mtt-icaily opposed, aud most worthy of each other's rivalry ; essentially distinct in their characters, excelling in opposite tpialilies, and reflecting lustre on each other by their very opposition. In nothing is this contrast more strikingly evinced than in their milita ry conduct, -xor ages have they been con tending, and for a'es have they crowded each other's history with acts of a splendid hero ism, lake tie battle of Waterloo, for in stance, jhe last and xnast ineporLle trial of. their rival proweS3. roth:.ng tould surpass the brilliant daring on the one 'side, and the endurirg on the other. The French cavalry broke like wave3 on the compact squares of English infantry. They were stcn gallop ing round those serried walls of men, seeking in vain for an entrance ; tossing their arms in the air, in the heat of thttir enthusiasm, and braving the whola front of battle. The British troops, ou the other hand, forbidden to move or fire, stood firm and enduring. Their columns were ripped up by cannonry ; while rows were swept down at a shot; the survivors closed their ranks and stood firm. In this way many columns stood through the pelting of the iron tempest without firing a shot ; without any action to stir their blood or excite their spirits. Death thinned their ranks, but could not shako their souls. A beautiful instance of the quick and gen erous impulses to which the French are prone is given in the case of a French cavalier, in the hottest of the action, charging furiously upon a British officer, but perceiving in the moment of assault that his adversary bad lost his sword arm, dropping the point of his sabre and courteously riding ou. Ptace be with that generous warrior, whatever were his fate! If he went down in the storm of battle, with the foundering fortunes of his cheiftaic, may the turf of Waterloo grow green above his grave! and happier far would be the fat oof such a spirit, to sink amidst the tempest, unconscious ot defeat, than to survive, and mourn over the blighted laurels of bis country. In this way the two armies fought through a long and bloody day. Th i French with enthusiastic valor, the English with cool, in flexible courage, until fate, as if to leave the question of superiority still undecided - be tween two such adversaries, brought up the Prussians to decide the fortunes of the tielJ. Of the 8lf-control and sense of propriety, which are the gene-al characteristics of tho French soldiery, the writer says : And here let me notice the conduct of the French soldiery on the dismemberment of the array of the Loire,when twohundred thousand men were suddenly thrown out of employ; men who had been brought tip to the camp, and scarce knew any other home. Few in civil, peaceful life, are aware of the severe tri al to the feelings that takes place on the dis solution of a regiment. There is a fraternity in arms. The community of dangers, hard ships, enjoyments ; the participation in bat tles and victories ; the companionship in ad venture, at a time of lifo when men's feelings are most fresb, susceptible and ardent all thes&fbind the members of a regiment strong ly together. To them the regiment is friends, family, home. They identify themselves with its fortunes, its glories, its disgraces.-; Imagine this romantic tie suddenly dissolved ; the regiment broken up ; the occupation of its members gone ; their military pride mortified; the career of glory closed behind them ; that of obscurity, dependence, waut, neglect perhaps beggary, before them. Such was the case with the soldiers of the army of the Loire. They were sent off in squads, with officers, to the principal towns where thev were to be disarmed and discharged. In this , wav thev ttassed through the country with t .- j r o j , arms in their hand, often exposed to slights and scoffs, to hunger and various hardships and privations ; but they conducted them selves magnanimously, without any of thoie outbreaks of violence aud wrong that so often attend the dismemberment of armies. A Great Work in Italy. Recent letters speak of an undertaking by tha King of the two Sicilies, which, if accom plished wi!l do more for his credit than any thing that has yet transpired since his acces ion. We refer to the draining of the Lake Fucine or Ccllano. This lies about 110 miles north ff NspW-wnl ia-juixroundei bythe highest Appenmes. The melted snow and the rains flowing from these mountains run into the lake, and as it has no outlet, the sur rounding land, which is of great fertility, is constantly liable to be submerged. Julius Caesar intended to have had the lake drained, but did rot live long enough to accomplish his design. The Emperor Claudius under took if, and had thirty thousand men era- ployed for eleven years in constructing a ca nal through the mountains, but his work was destroved by his successor. Through succeeding age3 the work was re peatedly resumed, bet never completed. At length King Ferdinand II has grauted to a Neapolitan company chiefly, however, com posed of Frenchmen, certaiu advantageous term3, and they are about commencing ope rations on the old work of Claudius, and they are to finish it within eight years. The lake is to be entirely drained, and the effect, it is said, will be the reclamation of thirty three thonsand acres of the richest land. which, w ill become the property of the com pany. With the use of gun-powder and the apparatus of modern science, the work will not be near so difficult as it was in the time of Claudius. Antiquarians are looking for ard to the drainage of the lake with much interest, for three ancient cities have been swallowed up in the waters, which, it is sup posed, will reveal treasures of antiquity equal to those of Pompeii. During the reign of Charles the III, in the latter part of the four teenth century, the waters fell so low that the rums of the ancient city ol alena were re vealed. Wickedsess ix 1Ik;h Places. Tli King of Holland Lately went to visit one of his mistresses, and found one of his aide-de-camp closeted with her. The King rushed upon the officer and stabbed him ; the wound, it is said, has proved fatal, and great exer- Harpers' Magazine on Barnum. Let us now tell the truth about Barnum. He has challenged truth-telling by inviting us to pay a dollar to hear his confession, biid j every Yankee has the right to discuss the val ue of the wares he buys. Mr. Barnum had peculiar reputation. He was said to have' humbugged a large fortune out of the Amer-! ican people. Three facts were indisputable, j Mr. Barnum had the bet museum in the country ; he had done the State great service j in bringing over Jenny Lind ; and he punctu- ally paid his bills. Mr. Barnum was also a ! strict temperance man, and generous in his management of bis affairs. Gradually there wa3 less and less said about mermaids and woolly horses. A man of enterprise, of sa gacity, always cheerful and ready, a good neighbor, a generojs friend ; on the whole, it was considered thfit the difference betweeu some men and others was only this, that some men made money by showing their woolly horses and mermaids, and other men by con cealing them. What a pity that shrewduess is too shrewd! How unfortunate that the " little joker " sho'd always joke once too much for the proprie tor; so that the little joking business was never known to be very profitable in the long run! How sad the infatuation that persuades us to show every man who admires our pret ty palace that it is not marble, only ingeni ous stucco! Why is it a pity, and unfortunate, and sad? Because there is a paitfui sense of untruth, and a want of manly sincerity. Because men love at heart what is genuine, however they may wink and shrug outiide. Because, if you have suffered yoursslf to be gulled, al though with jour eyesopen.you do not wish to see the dubious victory of a moment re corded as permanent triumph. Because, to say that a child is five years old when you know him to be ten ; to buy a horse in Cin cinnati, and say that Captain Symmes caught him in his hole at the North Pole, is to do that for which a man would be expelled from a gentleman's house ; and might, without stretching, be termed obtaining money if money were involved by the statement un der pretenses not strictly true. Women's Rights in New Hampshire. A Miss Caroline S. Freeman, of Manches ter, New Hampshire, avows that she has cer tain inalienable rights, notwithstanding she was uot born "a boy baby," and among others the right to seek as well as accept a husband. She concludes her declaration of indepen dence as follows : "Against those exclusive privileges on the part of the other sex, I, with thousands of others of my own sex in this city, earnestly protest. And I am authorized in their name, and in tbeir behalf, to declare that, on and after the 4th day of July, a. v. 1835, we proclaim and publish to the world our inde pendence from all such cruel and unchristian restriction. And this is to give timely notice to all single gentlemen (widowers excluded) of industrious and temperate habits in this city, that they must improve the few remain ing months to the best advantage; for, after the incoming of the immortal Fourth, we, the working sisterhood of Manchester, will show what woman can do in this great, here tofore restricted commerce of love,' by gal lanting around modest youth, making declar ations and popping questions." From the .New York Herald. Paris, Feb. 8, 1853. 77te Enatem Question Itexnewel Prospect of a Gena il L'urpjieanDeath of De Nerval TJie Guillotine Parisian Amusements. $c. The prognostics of a general European war continue to multiply. Even if the omission of all allusion to the return of Prince Napolfon to the Crimea in the spring, in that pathetic official account of his first iuterview with hi imperial counsin, which I have already men tionedeven if this omission can be possibly construed into a sign that the siege of Sebas topol may be' raised before the imperial ea gles are planted on the walls of that formid able fortress, it cannot be conjectured that the Allied Powers of the West ' will give it j up so." On the other hand, if Prince Xlenschikofl" is letting his soldiers repose, while those boasted allies of his, Generals ! T V- J f U L I oanuary, reurunry anu iuarcu, are at wora for him, it is not unlikely that before winter and disease are weary of their task, he may again summon fire and steel to their assistance. In this moment of comoarative inaction of a military kind, the diplomatists are busier than ever. But aside from their conferen ces, all sorts of preparations for war are in progress on every side. The ostensible object of the diplomatists is peace: and it would now seem that if it is not attained before April, the sword must replace the pen, and a general European -var be inevitable. Meanwhile the Emperorofthe French con tinues, in spite of the almost unanimous invo cation of the French press, to withhold what would be a tower of strength in a contest j with the Czar, the liberty which he more ; than half promised describing it as the crowning act of the political and social edi gce which he aspired to build. This tower, indeed, might chance to prove as formidable against the Emperor of the Ftench as against "his good friend" the Emperor of all the Rnssias. But if the nephew of the mighty Napoleon, whose glory i was to be the "At torney of the Revolution" had the' -genius and the courage to fling away all petty am bitions, might he not hope, even at this late hour, to impart to the actual war a character which it does not now possess that of a struggle between liberty and despotism, and redeem at.d consecrate with a holier fame indehtifying it with his own memory the name of his illustrious uncle? 3ut, as chil dren say, this mty be " too good to be true." As it is the issues of a war of dynasties, transforming itself into a war of races, and thus ensuring a stronger, wider interest, must be extremely doubtful. The rulers of the na tions may vainly try to quench flames of their own kindlin?. Are conflicts like those of sav age tribes in ancient Europe, in Asia, in abor iginal America, Jo be exhibited? What parts will the Sarmatian, the Slavonian, the Goth the Saxon and the Celt respectively play in this new game, which, after all," if the ethnol ogists are t be credited, is as old as mankind and not unlikely to last as long? Man is a lighting animal, according to Uobbes, by his very nature. How readily he forgets civili zation, aud even Christianity not unseldom, however, pleading both as pretexts to follow his old instructs! Napoleon may not havo erred in anticipating both a war of races and a war of principles in the contest into which Europe seems to bo entering, when he pre dicted if he really predicted (and this isd'is puled )-that " within fifty years Europe would be either Cossack tr republican." He antici pated it, doubtless. At present, the Eastern question, as it is still called, in spite of the unexpectedly enor mous proportions which it has assumed, offers only certain jiolitical aspects to the statesmen of the day. Some , of its religious features have, indeed, dimly been discerned of neces- sit); but even these are comparatively lost sight of in the smoke of battle and the fog of d'plomacy; and scarcely any notice has yet been paid to the questions of race, which, deeply underlying it, are imbedded in the eternal laws of nature. These laws, however are sure to protrude in such convulsions as Europe now has reason to expect. How often to the confusiou of diplomacy, have they pre vailed, as they will yet prevaile, over proto cols and dynasties? But now the diplomatists of Europe aie absorbed in their old trade of tresty making. Those who completed the treaty of the 2d of December are contentedly rejoicing over the crosses and ribbons which the governments of Austria and France have liberally distributed among them. They have thus found their trade still profitable, at least to themselves, and they encourage their employers to count also upon great gains from it in the future. Lord Palmerston, at the head of his new ministry, and Napoleon the Third, are doubtless equally confident, at least in the immediate results, of an alliance be tween Celt and Saxon against Sarmatian, and touM fain hope f'-r the co operation of Goth and Slavonian. Neither the Congress of Vi enna nor Napoleon the First ever took less account than they take of the wild work which sometimes race may must make of politi cal geography. I From tho Joumul f Coiumerea. MINNA. rVir very fair She li t'i lie With sort brown hair Curling prettily, A ml eye of blue. That deeper rmw With the dcep'nini? bud Of the pure cheek's plow. An her "tiny about" Lurk like In rte--" Gushw out " Melod iouly. llear to the U;ht 1 tliU blithe bird, A nd the heart Ik-aU lbhl When her itoiu; is heard ; Willi win tip'd with nilver. And pluiiuue of "gold," Slut flitteth ever. In weetiuM untold. The unlM-am will lnddeii Where'er It may fail ; o one little maiden Gladden us all. A nd bright wUlien come throiuHmr. Aud fond hoiea arise. Thai tliii winoine darling He led safe to the kle. (y The following is from the Nashua (New Hani)hire) Gazelle: S tKi Interior of u Lodge f Know Xot kingsTime, ,liiminktGrad lnor im Ihe Ckair Camdidain m empparted jr t iro usher Tin mharimg-pitt bmilimg mrer a it pint-lamp, on labltjtiie a mormvhont and elearer. MA4TE or t'ERKMOVIK RIIIN'O. Brother ! tl the mystic hour For the exereie of jiower ; lx) ! the sue red fire I hot Boils the saered shaving pot. A ilhin its brim I flint? F.very native offering: Itunrli of wool from Afrie knll Feather from a full-fledped gnU lkw n new plucked from fallow ixe Kmblem lit for u to use Kouhle, double, toil and trouble. In the tin xit tieak and bubble. Omme rolrmnl, HubW.. : BY AUTHORITY. LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES. IFllblic 4H.J AN ACT making an :ippriiri:itiiui for military defeie ea at Praetor's Luiuliii;;, hi Lomiaiui. j Be il tmacltd by Ihe Stuate and Ilou of Rcprrei: a j lien of Ike Unittd mates of Jimtrica in Congress . .. I tembltd. That the sum of one hundr-d and twenty-.. n 1 thousand dullur be, aud th.? same Is hereby jipjirtiri; -d I out of any moneys in the treasury nut other isn ap o- priuleO. t be expendevl under the Oircct ion ol lite .e. lary of War, In the purchase of a site, and the ercci n and completion of juvh military defences, as ni;i V deemed expedient, at Proctor'a landing, ut the ler ii ints of the Mexican liu'f railway, in the SLite of U.u -i-una. Approt ed February 'JH, Itfii. j prepare a till or hills in thine cases w hich shall have re ceived the favorable lecbln thereof, in uch form w. if enacted, will carry the aauie into effect. And two or more cava may ho embraced in the name hill, when' the neparate amount proposed t be allowed lu each c:.e shall be !.- than one thousand dollars. And Oie said court hall transmit w ithaid reiiorta the testimony in each case, w hether the sanui shall receive the favorable or adverse action of said court. Sec Jiiui b it further smart til. That said rciiorts. and the bills reported as aforesaid, shall, if not iWlly acted upon during the session ol" Congress to which Ihe said reports are made, be continued from scsiou to s sion, and from Congress to Congress, until the same shall be finally acted upon.and the consideration of said nKrts and bills shall, at the subsequent session of Congress, he resumed, and the ku.1 report and bills lie proceeded with in the same manner as though Anally acted iim.h at the session when presented. Sue. 9. And bt it further enarted. That the claims reported upon adversely sliall Im? placed uion Uie culeii- MASTER. If I read the nme.ts clear, Happy auspice are here, Let the candidate apear. (The eandidate is traupht farmarJ.) Stranger, ore you swear oliedience. We must know your antecedents. t AND1DATK. If its xlitics toil mean, Kvery ihinir by torn I've leen I have been a Locoloco, But 1 found that was no go Woolly-head, Silver-gray, Putty-head in a sinull wa, Wild cat, Pizzarinctum, loo. And Freeiler. ' MiTt:K. That w ill do. Brother renegade, 1 greet you Joyed I am as such to meet yon. Now, mark my words and their intent. Aud bow your head if you ussenl. Can you a quest inner put by ? And can you, ou occasion, lie ? (Candidate bof.) Cm you all orders blindly follow ? And have you a capacious swallow Ih.n't you 'believe that some years hence Poes"will apHiut our Presidents? litt you In-lieve the Jesuits thrive Because in secret thev contrive V You hate confessionals? I see You do but you'll confess to me l)ont you believe the Komish priests Are sworn to slaughter us like beats? That all the Irish a r insure hiding In all the shanties they abide In ? That all the Irish girls combine To purchase arsenic and strychnine? That In Know Nothings lies "our hoe To rtglit the lVvil ami fie Pope r '-' (Candidate bttrt repented In.) Now lift the hone and cleaver hih in air. And full oledieiice to our order swear. (Candidate obeni.) The ordeal's past and you 1 here proclaim A Know Nothing In intellect and name ; Around you see a luind of brothers tnte -. Nona of these honest men know more than you: From different jmrties they have fallen away. And now go In Sh" plunder and for prey ; - Like you they lisve most capacious swallow. They 'bolt whatever prodlg) we name A gate or saw-mill it Is all the mine. t Honors we'll make as eUal as we can, ' Where each expects to be n Congressman, -If not a Governor. Our signs are few, And easy to be learned even by yon. The grip 1 this you'll gel it In a minute: Then you must sliake your head; there's nothing In it Next a wise look, for wisdom's our profession, -Minerva's bird and ours no soaring lark But one that goes out mousing in the dark. But lol the night Is verging Into ilay Free-horu Americans! left nneakeuran. Dorm the hack stairs, and then we'll rut and run, And vanish through the ilarW alleys, one by one Fancy youTe robiied a lioii-rnoul, and tread light. Fancy will your skulking gait bent your flight. Etennl Omne. The Czar's Winter Work. Throughout the winter, the Russian gov ernment, and the people, whose energies are at its disposal, have been occupied incessant ly with preparations for war on a more ex tended tcale. No ministerial crisis has distracted the attention of officials at St. Petersburgh ; no unforseen emergencies have found them unprepared. The btatesman of the empire have long plotted an attack on the Turkish territories, and every movement by them ia the result of plans deliberately laid down, and skillfully corrected. Never theless, the strange alliance between France and Great Britain, has convinced the Czar that, however great his military resources may be, however strong his fortifications, however successful his ;ntrigues, he will r- quirc next spring to oppose a still more for midable front to the united arms of Europe. Consequently, while, as Prince McncliicotJ expressed it, Generals January, February and March are doing their work, the forces of Ru6ia are engaged in making ready for a fiercer struggle. Let us not think that, in this new year, Sir Charles Napier will be able to repeat his bloodless regatta in the Baltic. We learn from many sources some of them private that the dock yards of the Neva, early in the lul4itf 40.) AX ACT to provide for the payment f such creditor of; . the late republic of Texas as are comprehended in t.ie act of Congress of Scptcmltcr nine, eighU'en liuinl. sl and nfty. Be it enacted b Ihe Smate and lluuse. of Jirurenri. - LJire of the United States of .linrriea in Congress .- semhled. That in lieu of the sum of Ave millions of dol lars, payable to the Siale of Texas in tive cr cent. to.-k of the I' nilcd States, by the act entitled " All net prop .s ingto the State of Texas the establishment oflier iior.h ern end western boundaries, the ri liiKiiiislnn. i.t bv Hie I said State of nil territory claimed by her exterior to s id j iNjuudarie. and ofall her claims upon the I'nited Stal ?s, and to establish a territorial go'vernineiit for New -Mevi- n " passed September ninth, eighteen hundred aud flity, 1 the issuing of which stock w as restricted by the first pio- vtso, to the fifth pnositioii contained ill the first section of said act, the Secretary or the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed lojuiy to the creditors of tue i.ue Kcpuniic ot lexas, w no iiui.i u. h lx.ii.l-. or oili er evidences of debt for which the revenue of tliat r. puli lie were pledged, as were reported to be within the pro visions of the said act of ScnteuilH-r the ninth. eigLUvn I hundred aud fifty, by the rv)xrt of tho late Secretary of ! theTrearury, to the' President of the United Slates, "mid I approved by him on the thirteenth day of September, ! eighteen hundred and flfty-one, or w hi'.h come within tli provision of said act, according to tho opinion uih.i; the Texas compact of the present Attorney General of the I'nited States, tiddrcs.sc.l to the Secretary of the Trea sury, under date of Septeniler twenty-sixth, eigetejn hundred and tll'ty-three, tiie sum of seven millions s-jwu hundred and fifty thousand dollars, to Is- apportioned among the said holders pro rata : Prodded, That the in terest on the debt embraced lu this act, shall le deter mined by the existing laws of the State of Texas. Sir. 2. .1d be if farther enacted. That In all cajfr where the State of Texas may have paid anv oriioii of the deb! descriU'd in this act, the said secretary shall re fund bt Ihe proper officer ofsjdd Suae, the aniouid actu ally so paid by the Kuite upon the presentation at the Tr easury llepartincnt of the evidences of said debt: on w hich the said Slate mav have ma.le hii. Ii ii,vi.,.i.i u.. nmrjrided,Ti! said sum sliall not exceed the proportion whicli ' -. ,4 would base been fiMowed to tr or-ditor., H nch pur ulent on said fvi.lenee of debt had not been made by the Slate of Texas; ami where the said sum thai mav Ins re funded to the State of Texas by the pro isions of this sec tion U less than the praportion which would have been allow ed under this act to the holders of such evidences of ileM. had such payment not In-en made lliciii, such hold ers shall tie entitled to receive the diricrchce lelweeii said sum and Uie projHirtion they would have received under this act If no pay ment luid been madelli.un; and where nny original certificates or other evidences of debt have Iteeu surrendered to the authority of the State of Texa, and new ivrtiflcnles issued therefore by said State of Texas, such new-certificates shall le received as evi dences of the original amount of the claim. . Sec 3. And be it farther enarted, That no payment shall !e made under this a. t to any holder of said securi ties, or evidences of debt, unless the said holder shall first execute to the I lilted Mates a receipt for the. said ay meut, lu which said holder shall forever release all claim against the United States for or on account of the said se curities, or evidences of debt, also similar release, to said Suite of Texas, and the said certificates, or other evi dence of debt, shall then be deposited w iUi Uie Treasury l)eMirtment. Sttr. 4. Jlnd he it farther enacted. That before pay ment of the money 4 aforesaid, the Secretary of the Trea sury sliall give notice, by public advertisement, for the space of ninety days, of the time ut which said jtavBieut will lie inn.iV, and no jiayment Khali be made on auy ImiikI, certificate, or evidence of debt, w hich sliall not, thirty days before the time limited by said notice be pre- somen at tne ireasiiry ictaimcui. Src. 5. And be it farther enacted. That the Him' of seven millions seven hundred and liny thousand dollars be, and the same Is hereby, appropriated out of anv mo neys lu the treasury not otherwise nppropriulel, for the pnrjMv of carrying Into effect the provisions of this uet. Sec. C. And be it f set her enarted. That this act taiall iiot take effect until il sliall Ik assented to by an act of the lejrishdure of the Flate ofTexas, and a copy of the ait of Said SUlte duly authenticated, deposited in the Trea sury llepurtlnelit at Vashin;rton, nor until the legisla ture of the State of Texas shall as an wet w ilh.lrawiii and abandoning all claims and demands against the l lii te.l fctaU'i, grow inj; out of ln.liuii ilepreJation or otlier- w ise. Approved Feb. sy.'lH.Vi. .'' Pul.lie 8. A RKSOI.UTION accepting the sword of General An drew Jackson or I returning the thanks of Congress to the family of the late General i'oltcrt Armstrong. Rttolred by the Xenate and Home of RiprntHtatirtt of the United States of America im Congress assembled. Thai the thank of this Congress be presented to the fam ily of the late General Robert Armstrong, for the pre sent of the nl worn by Gi'iienil Amlrew Jackson while in the military service of his country : aud that this precious rclie Ik? hereby accepted in the naute of the na tion and be dcosited for safe-keeping in the llcparluiciit of state; ami tiuit a copy or this resolution foe trans mitted to the family f the late General HoU'rt Ann strong. Approved February 5H, spring, 07" Ge. IIoustox, in the course of his lecture at Boston on Slavery, said: "In the part of the country in which I live we find the adaptation of climate, soil and production, have demanded aid commanded the labors of a class of lalorer who have been expelled from this part of the country. The slave is not there doomed to a state of abject cruelty ; he is not doomed to heathenism. They are under the care of masters who see that on the Sabbath day the slaves uttend the worship of the Supreme Being. The word cf God is either given them by meu of their own color, or by white preachers, and they are instruc ted in the precepts of religion. Masters who are rightly constituted, feel anxious that their slaves should become acquainted with the mysteries, the truths, and the joys of relig ion. They do not. wish them to labor on that day. I say it with all sincerity, that I have known but two masters who have been charged with employing their slaves on the Sabbath, and their houses have beoome like iufected places. No one consorts with them no one would confide offices of trust or dis tinction to them. These I know are slate ments which aru not in accordance with the excited state of feeling in certain portions of our country, but they are nevertheless true, and I feel railed upon to state the truth in return for that respectwith which I am sure it will be received." Applause. Xeto York c unit. Connecticut Know Nothing Nomina tions, The Hartford Times gives the fol lowing as the Know Nothing ticket for State Officers, adopted at the Convention of the 22d : For Governor Wm. T. Miner, of Stam fort. Whig. For Lieut. Governor Wm. Field, of Pom fret, Abolition. For Secretary N. D. Sperry, New Haven, Wbig. For Treasurer A. B. Calef, Middletown, .Democrat. For Comptroller Alex. Merrill, New Lon don, Democrat. Still Another Glorious Victoby op THE PKOrLE ' OVER THK KNOW-NoTHTINU Wjikjs. The telegraph reimrtsthat in Oswe go city, New York, the Know-Nothings have U-eu defeated by five hundred majority. There is peculiar significance in this, inas much as it is the place where Mr. Littlejohn, Ihe Seakcr of the New York House of As sembly, resides, whose secession from,, and denunciation of, the order, a few weeks since, drew down uimn him tho anathemas of the whole fraternity, from one part of the Union to the other. Thia verdict of the people is a virtual approval of his course, and is, there fore, a. most blasting, withering, Know-Nothing defeat. The ball against secret politic societies has now been fairly started by thel -r:irv. niel is rolling triumphantly over will lauch a licet of gunboats in the pro'portion of at least ten to one of those which the r rench ana jMiglisti arsenals are arming. Thev are built on an excellent model, and are, in fact, equivalent, in the solidity of their construction, to the best of our own. It is to be feared that stivcrd American shipwrights are aiding in these works, and it is well known that Russia som years ago, purchased two English gunboats, of which she has all the drawings and esti mates in her possession. Moreover, we have heard innumerable re ports of the strength, as yet untried, of Ilel singforn, Hevel Cronstadt. But what they were last sprfng will be a trifle compared with what they will be next summer. Close to each a vast entrenched camp is being made with earthworks ou a larger scale than any that have been attempted in the Ciinlea. And here it should be. noticed that Russian engineers, so far as the campaign has yetgoue, have committed no errors in their system of fortifications, whether for temporary or per manent objects. We, on the contrary, have fallen .into mistakes, and dearly have we paid for them. At Inkermann, for example, our soldiers rushed to defend a battery with a high parapet, lhey found it had no banquette, or loer wall on which they could stand to fire, and they had to go outside, and expose them selves in front, before their rifles could .tell ou the advancing enemy. The huge camps, or auxiliary, which day by day grow stronger under the towers of their sister fortresses in the Baltic, are said to be built with art and care They are circumvallated, planted round with detached redoubts, commanding each other ; and they are so contrived that in each an army may repotse as in a nest, pro tected from shot and shell. For, besides be ing situated on elevated plateaus, they are to be provided with trenches of extraordinary depth. Add to to this, that the guns which during forty years, the foundries Russia have incessantly cast, will be ranged fo an iron mul titude on their batteries, and it may be con ceived upon what magnitude our preparations must be conducted if the war now waging in the south of the Czar's empire is to bo pushed into the north, to assail the strong holds of the Baltic. Kvery one has now heard of the road, partly natural, partly artificial, across the Putrid Sea. But it will be w eir to remem ber numerous artifices to which the Russian engineers have had recourse, not only for the purpose of shutting the approaches to Con st ad t, ajainst a mval assailant, but to keep open, ggaiust all exigencies, the communica tion between that place and St Petersburg. A rocky channel has allowed them facilities for perfecting artificial fords, which a few weeks' labor would render passable, so that they would not depend, altogether, for the transit of their men, horses, and heavy mate rial, on the flotillas of tho 'Neva. We 'may observe, also, that the lines have been mark ed out for an iutrenched camp, of enormous proportions, near the capital ; and that, on the other side of tho empire, Fort Alexan der, at arsaw, has assumed aa entirely new aspect. The Increase of the Army. Congress has responded Jo the call of the ar iepanmeni, anu increased tue army bv fintr regiments of the line two of cavalry and two of infantry. The cavalry to le or ganized under the law of lSlG, creating the regiment of mounted riflemen, and the infan try in conformity x. ith existing laws. This is right ; and we applaud the measure. It was demanded by existing necessities on our expanded frontier, from which da" - comes to us the startling intelligence of Indian mas sacres, stamped with more than usual fuerci lens Itarbarities. We are of the undoubted belief that the increxse of the regular forces of the country was called for by every con sideration of humanity, olloy and exedieii cy. There are at this time, large numbers of recruits at the depots in New York and Bos ton, intended, as we understand, for the or ganization of the infantry regiments, and about one thousand cavalry recruib- at Jeffer son barracks (western men) that cuii fill one of the cavalry regiments without any delay. If skilful and efficient officers are appoint ed, we sec no reason why these regiments should not at an early day be thrown ujkm our great thoroughfares to the Pacific, and the spring emigration go ou with its usual se curity to our remotest Itorders. Waxhitujton Union. (7-The factory girls at Exeter, N. H., made a successful strike last week, and only recommeuded work ujm the employers agree ing not to insist ujion a nevy time-table in-jTfnsino- each dnv's Isthor thirty minutes, fso 1'ul.Mc 4C. AN ACT making appropriations for the uiy ment of iu talid and oilier pension of the I'nited Stales, for the year ending the thirtieth of June, one thousand eight hundred and tlf ly-six, and for other purjs.ses. Be it enacted bn the Senate and House of Representa tives of the Vnited S'ates of America in Congress as sembled, That the follow ing sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the payment of u-nxioi,s for the year ending the thirtieth of June, one thousand eight hundred aud lifH -siv : For invalid pivisions, under various acts, five hundred and fourteen thousand six hundred dollars. F'or pensions to w idows and orphans, under acts of the fourth of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty six, and twenty-first of July, one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight, seventy-eight thousand one hundred and fifty dollars. For pensions under special act of Congress, nine thoiisiiud seven hundred and lift) dollars. For pensions to W idow s, under acts of thi set euleeiitll of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-four, s cond of February and twenty -niiilli July, one thousand eight hundred and forty -ciglit.'thrce hundred and U.iriy -eight llious.iial dollars. For pensions and half-pay to w idow s and orphans, un der act of the third of February, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-three, four hundred and tlfly-six thou sand dollars. Sec. 2. Anil be it farther enacted. That any moneys appropriated by the act of thirty-first Mav,eighiicii hun dred and fifty-four, to supply "deficiencies for the fiscal year ending tiie thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and liny-four, applicable to the payment of ieiisious of in valids who were wounded on board of private armed vessel during the last war with Great Britain, not re quired under the provisions thereof, mav be applied to the atme purose for the tear ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and tiny-five. See. 3. And be it farther enacted. That the widows of the officers, noh-cKininiviioned officers, marines or insrlners, who nerved in Uie navy of the United States during the revolutionary war, and who were married since the first day of January , eighteen hundred, sliall lie entitled to (tensions in the same manner, and to the same extent, as the w idow s of the officer and soldiers of the army of the revolution, under the second section of the act of February third, eigh'.eeu hundred aud fifty three. Approved Feh.?, Is.rtj. martf Public 4 . AN ACT to establish a court for the invest igid ion of claims against the United Mates. Be it enacted bn the Senate and House of Representa tires of the Untied States of America in Congress as sembled. That a court shall be established, to be called a court of claims, to consist of three judges, to heupHtinte.l by the President, by and with the advice and cons -nt of the Senate, and to hold their office during too. I be havior; aud the said court shall hear and determine all claims founded uu any Liw of Congress, or upon any regulation of an executive dcartmcht, or us.n any con tract, express or implied, with the government of the United Suites, w uicb may Ik- suggested to il by a H.-ti1ion filed therein ; and also all' claims which may be referred to said court by either Iiousj of Congress. It shall be the duty of the claimant in till cases to set forth a full state ment of the claim, un.l of the action thereon in Con gress, or by any of tho department, if such action has been hud; specifying also what croii or persons are ow iters thereof or interested therein, and w hen ami uton liat couki.lerution such M-rson or persons became so in terested. Fich of the said Judges sliall receive a com jM'iisaiion of four thousand dollars ter annum, myuble quarterly, from the treasury of the I'nited States and si. all take an oalh to support the const it ut ion of the I'ni ted States, and discharge faithfully the duties of his otiice. SKCi. And bt it further enacted. That a solicitor (or the United States, to represent the government before, said court, shall lc upMiiuted by the President, by and w ith the advice and consent of the Senate. It shall Is the duty of said solicitor to prowre all cases on the part of the government for hearing Itofore said court. :.nd to argue the name when prepared ; to cause testimony to he taken, when m-cessm-v to s -cure Ihe interest of the i'nited States; U prepare forms, file Interrogatories, and sujer iiilend the taking of U'stimony, in the manner proscriiH'd by said court, and generally to render such services as may be required of him from time to time in the dis charge of the duties of his office. Said solicitor shall Ih worn to faithful discharge of the duties of his ofll.v, iu the manner prvscrilied for the qualification of Ihe judges In the first section of this act; and he shall n-cclvc a coiiiteiuuilioii of three thousand five hundred dollars t annum lor urn sen ic-s, 10 ih- jiai.i quarterly from the treasury of the United Mutes. Sec. 3. And be it furl tier rnarteu, I hut the said cojrt shall have authority to establish rules ami regu bilious for IL government ; to appoint commissioners to lake testi mony, to Ih used in the investigation of claims that may come before it ; to prescribe the foes thev sliall receive for Uielr serrH-e; rnd to Issue rnmmts'tnnsfnrthctnklng or such testimony, whether the same sliall Ih- taken at the instance of the claimant or of the United States, and also to Issue aiihpu'iui to require the attendance of w it- WiMH In order to lie examim! IxTore sin h coin mi-. si.uicr.; which suhiHWia shall hate the same force as if Issued from a district court of the United SUdes, find compliance therewith shall Is? comellcd under such rule ami orders ns uie enun nereiiy cn-alen mall ett.iii lish. When testimony is taken for the claimant, the fee of the commissioner before whom it Is taken, and the cost of the commission and notice, shall be paid by such claimant; ami when l.iK. n tit the instance ol the govern ment, such fees, together with all jxisUige incurred by tho solicitor aloresai.i, in ins omcial rapacity, snail be taid out or the contingent fund provided lor said court. In all cases, w hen it can le conveniently done, the testi mony sliall le Uiken In the county when the d. x.neiit resides ; and the commissioner taking the same is hereby authorized and required to almiuitcrau oath or affirma tion to the witnesses brought Is'fore him for examina tion. Sec. 4. And be it further emactot. Hint iu all cases where It shall apis'ar to the court that the facts set forth in the petition of the claimant do not furnish any ground for relief, it shall not le flit duty of the court to author ize the taking f anv pxatiiitony in Ihe rase, until the same shall have been rcorled by them to Congress, as is here inafter provided : Provided, hoicerer, That if Congress shall, in such case, fad to confirm Ihe opinion of said hoard, they shall proceed t take the t --timoiij in such rase. Ses. 5. And be it further enacted. That in Liking tes timony to le used in support of any claim In-fore said court, opportunity shall lie given to Ihe I niled Slates to file Interrogatories, or by attorney to examine w itnesses. under such regulalsons as said court shall presenile, ami like opportunity shall lie ntforlcd the claimant, in c:i -s w here testimony Is taken on behalf of Ihe i'nited States, under like regulations. Sr.c. 0. And, bt it further enacted. That If any stsoii shall know iugly and w ilfully swear falsely ln'fore said court, or bef re any ixrson or persons commissioned by them, or authorized by this m l to take testimony in a case pending Itcfore said court at the time of taking said oath, or in a case thereafter to be submitted to suid court, such person shall lx deemed guilty of perjury, an.!, on conviction thereof, shall be sunjecleil to the same paius, penalties, and disabilities w hleh now are or shall foe here after by law prosortlN.il for wilful ami corrupt perjury. Sec. i. And bo it furtner tnnrted. That said court sliall keep a record of their proceedings, and shall, at Ihe commencement of each session of Congress, and at the commencement of each month during the session of Con grews, report to Congress the eases upon which they shall have anally acted, stating in each the mat. rial fnits which they find "established by the evidence, with their opinion In the cs.se, and the re.isons upon which such opinion Is fiunded. Any Judge who may dissent froul the opinion of the majority shall aptetid his reasons for such dissent to the report; and such r -.rt. t...'. ih.-r w ith the briefs of the solicitor and of il. l.oui..i,i, W hich sliall aceouiiany the report, iimhi U-iug made i.. cU'i.-r l.o.i- ..f Conyres-. stmll be printed tiilbe me dar when reported, and if the decision of said court shall be confirmed by Congress, said decision shall be conclu sive; and the said court shall not, at any sulMeqticnt rio..l, consider said claims unless such reasons shall be presented to suid court as, by the rules of common l iw or chancery iu suits between individuals, would furnish Midi, -lent ground for granting a new trial. Set. 10. And be it further enacted. That it shall lie Ihe duty of the Seakcr of the House of Kopresentatives, within a reasonable time after Uie aKsage of this act, to appropriate such ran in the Capitol at Washington, for ihe use of said court, as may foe necessary Ut their accommodation, unless it sliall appear to the Speaker that such r.xuns cannot be appropriated without ii.l -r-fc ring w ith the business of Congress ; and in tlutt event the said court sliall procure, at the city of Washington, such rooms us may le necessary for the convenient transaction of their business. Sec. 11. And be it further enacted. That said court shall have tower to call tijton any of the departments for any information or (mpers it may deem necessary, and have tiie Use of all recorded and printed reports made by live committees of each house, when deemed lo be nccssary in Uie prosecution of the duties assigned by this act. Said court shall Kpxiiit a chief clerk, whose salary sliall be two Ihouvmd dollars i-r annum, and au us.si-.tant i lerk, if deeiued necessary, w hose salary shall lo fifteen hundred dollars per annum, and a messenger, whose salary shall le eight hundred dollars jn-r annum, to Ik- iid quarterly at the treasury. Tiie said clerks shall Ik- under the direction of aaid court iu the perfor.u- uncu oi uie ir u .Hie, ami lor misconduct or imaacity may Is-' removed from otiice by it; but, when so tJ moved, said board sliall make report thereof, with the cause of such removal, to Congress, if in session, or at the next-session of Congress. Said clerk and us.si.Umt clerk shall take an oath for the faithful discharge of their .1 ulies : I'roriilcd, That the head of no department shall answer any call for information or papers if in his opin ion it would be injurious to the public interest. Approved Feb. 24. WS3. wait. (Public 43.1 AN ACT concerning the apprehension and delivery of d.'seners ironi toreign vesclg in the portsof the United States. ' . j.if enacted in the Senate and House of Representa tives of Iks United Htales of America :n C-"irs as sembled. That the1 commissioners who now are, or here- filler may Ik?, apMintcd by Uie circuit courtsof the United States to bike acknowledgement of bail, ami for other poroea, may ami shall exercise all the xwcrs confer red ou any court, judge, or other magistrate, by the act approved tht? si-cond day of Marclijrme thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, entitled "An act to provide for the apprehension ami delivery of deserters from cer tain foreign vessels in the ports of the United States." Approved Feb. 24, 1K5. 'Publio44.1 AN ACT to establish an additional land district in the State of Wisconsin. - Be it enacted bf the Senate and House of Representa- ttoes of tke vmfa States of Amenta, im Conrress as sembled. That all Uiat part of the present Willow Kiver land district, lu the State of Wisconsin, lying north of tne line dividing township rorty and forty-one, (or fourth correction line,) be. and the same is hereby, created a land district, to be called the Fond du Lhc district; the otiice for w hich shall be located at such place therein as the rreati tent may, from time to time, direct, ' Six. i. And be it further enacted. That there shall be apttoink'd bv the President, bv and with the advice ami eooseot of the Senate, a register and a receiver for said distrh-t, w ho shall resectivoly Iks required to reside at the situ of the office, foe subject to the same laws ami entitled to the same compensation, as Is, or may here after prescrilied by law in relation to other lam! oftiees of the United States. c. 3. And be it further taaeted. That the sales shall continue at the Willow Kiver district till the land officers for that district are notitl.il that the oflieer for the iitri t created bv this act are preitarod to enter on their duties; mid in all cases hereafter the salaries of land officers shall commence only from the time they enter on the discharge .if their tiilic. Approved Feb. 04, 1K15. Pul.lic4o.l AN ACT to provide for holding the I'nited States courts In the northern and southern districts or norma ill case of the sicklies or disability of either of the judges of tlnxe district. Be it enacted b tke Senate and House of Represent a tires of tke United States of America in Congress as sembled, That all the provisions of the nft of I'onjrirtw approved tint twentv-ninth ofJulv, eighteen hundred and flrtv, entitled " An act lo opovide for holding Uie courts of Ihe I' nil.-. I State in case of the sicklies or other disability of the judge of the district courts, slihll lie, slid art1 two ludicial Judires thereof, m far forth as Ihe same can lie applied to Uie said districts and judges; anil Uiat the designation mil upjMiintiiiiMit of cither of the ail Ju.lges to hold the courts in the district of the other, in consequence of the si.-kness or disability of such other Judge, may be made either by the chief Justice of the. United States or y Uie circuit judge of an adjoining circuit on such eertiiicaK' a Is required by the act aforesaid : Proridtd, howerer. That a w ritten certificate of the Judge of ciUier of said district, rertifvim? that he is unable, from sickness or physical inability, to hold any r.'ularliTin,or adjourned or extra t.-rm. of the courts apMintcd to be holden lu his distriil. and requesting the Judge of the other dis trict to hold the same, shall, when tiled in .the clerk's office of the place where such term of the court is to le hol.leu, be sufficient to authorize the said judge of the other district to hold said courts, and shall confer upon him all the pow er ami privileges granted by the afore said act to Judge de.sigir.uVil find :iijsiinlel by a circuit judge or the chief justice of the United Stab' in pursu ance of the provision of said act. Approved Feb. 84, li-il. cept so much as is Included iu t lie .li -a net of PortOrford, and to include all the island-., tacts, h.-.rtx.rx, inlets, shores, rivers, and waters witliiu said N.undurie-. and that (iyr-liier (Umjqu:i) sliall be the port of entry for said district. That the List named district shall extend from the line dividing said Territory and the Mat of California, along the i'ueiile roast, w far as to luclude Kowe bay; thence east to the one hundred aud twenty third degree of longitude: thence south along suid line to the line dividing the Stale of Calilornia and Oregoii Territory ; thence by said liue lo the place of hcginirg; and to include all the island, ba, hurtxjrs, inlets, riv ers, shore mid w aters embraced iu said boundaries, and that Port Ortord shaU be the port of entry, and Kowe bay the port of delivery for said district. Str. And be it further enacted, That for each of the collection distrht of Cape Pcrpetuaand Port Urford in the Territory of -Oregon the President luU by and with the advice and consent of the Senate si.ix.int a col lector who shall perform the duties of collector and sur veyor of the irt, and w ho shall each reside at the ort of entry of their restective district and receive an minimi salary of two thousand Uolutr each. The Secretary of the Treasury sliall have tne authority to appoint, on the nomination of said collectors, deputy collectors fr each of the above named district equal to the nuinlx-r of the (sots of delivery in said districts, or at a many of said jxirt of delivery as he hail deem exMilieut and to tlx the compensation of said deputies not to exceed the sum of one thousand dollars per annum. He may also if he shall deem it expedient, aptoiut one clerk for ach of said collectors to keep the accounts of tin- office and act a auditor in the seiileuient thereof at an annual com- M-nition not exceeding fifteen hundred dollars. He shall also 011 the nomination of the said collector appoint for said district if in his judgement they are lecensary.a coinH-tchl nuintiCT of weigher, ganger and measurer at a coinciisalioii not exceeding six dollars -r .lay, each; and such number of ins- tor a he shall dei-in expedient at a compensation hoi exceeding toil r dollars per day, each. Approved March 2, Is'.ia. . Public 56. AN ACT to scttld certain a. -counts Ixnwoeu the Ui.ued States ami the State of Alabama. Be it enacted bn th Senate and House of Reepreientf tires of the United States of America it Congress as sembled. That the Commissioner of the General 1-and Office b.', and he is hereby, required to state an aeeotn.t bet w ecu the United States and the State of Alalmma, for thJ puriMise of ascertaining what sum r sums of money are due to said Stale, heretofore unsettled, under the sixth aevtion of the act of March second, eighteen turn: drcd and nineteen, for the admission of Alabama intothe Union; and that he beVquireil to include in said ac count the several reservations under the various treaties w ith the Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Creek Indian w ilhin the limit of Alaliama, and allow and pay to the said State five er ceut. thereon, as iu rase of other sales. Approveil .xfarcft g, ljj. fubilc.it AN ACT to prevent mis-trials in the district and circuit courts of the I nited States in ivrtainji-as.-. Be it enacted bathe Senate and House of Representa tives of the United Stale of America in Conrrtts assembled, that Uie trial or hearing of any cause riv ilor criminal .in n.nycircuit or district court in Uie Cuiicl Mates, w hich has Imscii commcuccd an.l s lu progress 1--fore a Jury or ti.-e court, sliall not be stayed or discontin ued by uie arrival of the ieriod fixed l.y law for another session of said court, aud il shall be law ful for the court to proceed w ith such trial or hearing, ami bring it to a conclusion, in like manner and with the same effect, as if another stated term of the court had not inter Sue. 2. And be it further enacted. That w here tetters rogatory ahull have be addressed from any court' of a fo reign con in rT to any circuit court of the tinted Slates, and a United Slate coniniisioner designated by aald cir cuit court to make the examination of witnesses in said letters mentioned, said commissioner shall he euiixiw- cred to couiM-l the witnesses toapear and deist tnthe same manner as to apx'iir ami testily 111 court. .ipproveo March -i, ltsa. acts of their resiive government admitting like arti cles into aaid provinces from the United State free of dutj, on proof, satisfactory to the ic.i.l So. retirx. tUt th article m imj-rt" l wcr-the products of Canada. w Krunsw ick, or Nova Scotia, as the rums mav lx-. and Im irtcd ihen-from into the United Kan-, and that the du ties were duly jid thereon; and he U runheraiiilioriiesl and p-quired to cancel, from and after the date Ute treaty aforeswid sliall go into C--V, i. like awiiMacVnry proul, any warehouse bond to wrurv duties which mav Lave lx-en giteu for any of the said article Imported a afore said. And the Secretary of the Treasury U also hereby Invested with the same authority and power to refund the duties or cancel the warvoo'use bond, on any of the article enumerated in mid treaty, the produce of Prince Kdward'i Island or New found land, resj.eettvely, on Mid treaty going into oeration. should it lx? proved, to the satisiaj-tiou of the said Secretary, that Pnnee tjward's Island, or New foiindlan.1, have admitted all t)u article enumerated in said treaty from the United tstste free .f duly, prior to said treaty going into oicratin. Approved March , Public 6i AN ACT authorizing the cor-.rate auUioriUe of Georgetown to impose additional tain, aud fT other purjxMcs. Be t enacted b the Scnal and House of R'pre tentatere of the United States of America in Congress ate em bled, 1 hat the mayor, reorder, aldermen, aud common council, of Georgetown, lie, ami Uicv are here by, authorized and euiMwi red to lav uf;d Collect spe cial annual tax of evrnty-five cents, "or so much thereof a may lie necessary, ujxtn every hundred dollar of property by law now taxable w tibia the com porate luuiU vf said town, and all money vested or held In any bank ing, iiisursuee, brokerage, or exchange conipanv or in stitution, Uxn all Slate or corporation slock, and money loaned at interest ou bond, mortgage, or ollter o id e nee of Indeblcdiie, in ixMer to meet the i-ngnjr'tiieut re cently assumed by said town In utsM-ribing to the stock of the MelroMtliiaiPRatlroad Company; ajtd to pledge the same to secure the said engfcgeiiienu, to such a man ner that no rt of the same shall in any event ! applied to any other object, ami the like remedy slisll be used for Uie recovery thereof as is now used for Uie recovery of other public taxj in said town. , Sec. 2. Aid be .t further enacted. That the aaid oor Ktration of Gcorgetow n shall have full power and au thority to inlr.xlu.-e into aaid tow a a supply of water for the use of Uie iiilml.it.inu thereof, aud to can-.- the street, lanes, and alleys, or any of them. r anv x.rtxn of ai y of them, to tie lighted by gas or otherwise, and to tn vide for the cvx-nse of any such work or improve ment either by a special tax or out of il cor stride fund geiu-niHv, or both, at it discretion. Approved .March S, IrVii. . Public 9. A RF.SOI.mON in relation to the New Orleans custot i house. Resolved bf tke Senate and House of Re pre sent at tee of the Ud State of Amenta in Congrots assemble, '1 uata.it tly le given to the Secretary of the Treasury tn niakeswrtA-h change Ut the mo of constructing the New Ori ?an custom house a w l ;' best, in his Judgment, lighten the foundation from the great weight of ihe superstructure. Approves warvfc S, f-VS. " Public 5K. AN AC T authorizing the purchase or construction of lour additional revenue cutters, and for other pur- jHtses. Be it enacted bf tke Senate and House of Rt pre tent- tere ofth United State of America in Congress as sembles, 1 nal me sum or sixty thousand dollars be, and the same is herebv, appropriated, out of any iiuuiev in the treasury not other ise appropriated, to enable Uie Secretary of Uie Treasury to cause to lie built or iuix based in such mode aa he may deem l-esl for the public inter est, four vessels of suitable size and construction, to be employed a revenue cutter on ucb stations a the said Secretary- may designate. Stc. o. And b it farther enacted, 1 hat, from and after the lmssitge of this act, ao x-rson shall Ik- sppoiu ted to the office of captain, first, second, or third lieuteu ant, of any reven'io cutter, w ho docs ima adduce compe tent r.x.i ui pronclcncy ami skill in nwv iguliou and m liiaiisliip. Ain.ved March 2, KVi. I. me. Stat.- in oe or the .ickness or day of July iii ea hand every v ity of the in. ge of the dtstnet court., "ajll(1,r, k, , (0j , (, J art' lireby ,U lar.-d t.t foe. iiii.hesl.le to he , 2mlu , mU JIJ lh; district of the State of Florida lb tiu.1 Juris.lietion aa U vesUsd in Public. VI. AN ACT to pr ide a more efficient dis. ipline for the navy. Be it enacted bf the Senate and House of Representa tive of the United States of America in Congress at semblej. That from uud after the ttassage of this act. it sliall Ik- the duty of every commanding officer of any of the xess.-i f the navy, on returning 'from a cruise, to forward, immediately 011 hi arrival in ixirt. to the Sec retary of the Navy, a list of the names of such of the crew who enlisted for tnr- e year as iti his opinion, 011 being dis. barged, are entitled1 to ail " honorable discharge," as a t.--liuionial of fidelity and obedience ; aud that he shall grunt tie' same to such, according to Uie form to be pre scritted by the Secretary of the Navy. Se -. '. And be it further enacted. That if any seaman, ordinary seaman, landsman, or hoy, shall re-enlist for three years, wilhiu three months after hi discharge, he shall, on presenting his honorable discharge, or 011 ac counting in a stiti-sluctory manner for its loss, Ih. entitled to pay during the said three month, equal to that which In? would have been entitled if he had been employed in actual service. Ski . X And be it further enacted. That It sliall be Uie duly of commanders of any vessel in the navy, in grant ing temporary leave of absence aud lilerty on shore, to exercise cj'reiully a discrimination in favor of the faithful and obedient. Sec 4. And be it further enacted, That summary courts-martial may Is' ordered upon pettv officer and person of inferior ratings by the commander of any ves sel iu the navy to w hieh such x-rsons belong, for the tri al of offences w hieh he may deem Jeserving of greater punishment ilian tlu? commander of a vessel himself is by law authorized to inflict of his own auUiority, but not sufficient to require trial by general court-martial. Ski . 5. And be it further enacted, That summitry courts-martial .sliall consist of three officer not Ix-lowUie rank of juisse.l midshipman, and of some romeU'iit Jx-r-sou to act as recorder. Before proceeding to trial, the mcuilx-r shall take the follow ing oath or affirmation, which Use recorder is hereby authorized to administer: " You, A. B.. do solemnly swear (or affirm) that you w ill well un.l truly try, w itltout prejudice or lxtrtialiiy, the case now depending, according lo the c i.lencc w hieh shall !. adduced, the laws lor the government of the navy, and your own conscience. So help jou God." After w iiich, the recorder, of the court shall take the follow lug oath or affirmation, w hich the seuiour member of tiio court sliall administer : "You, A. B., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that J.m will keep a true record of the evidence which may lx! giveu before thi court, and of the priM-ecdiug thereof. So help you G.mI." Sk. . C. And be it farther enacted, That the comman der of a ship shall have authority to order any officer un der hi coinaiid to act as the recorder of a summary court martial. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, TIml all testimony git c 11 before such court shall be given orally, 011 oath or altirmatioii, w nit h Uie senior ineiiilx-r of the court sliall administer. That summary court.-, martial may sentence x tty offi cer mid persons of inferior rating lo any one of the fol lowing puiiUluiieiils, viz : first, llis. barge from the service w ith bad conduct discharge, but the sentence not lo Ik? tarried Into vtfei t In a foreign country. Second. Solitary confinement In Irons, single or dou ble. 011 bread aud water, or diminished rations, provided ii.t sin h confinement shall exceed thirty days. Third. Solitary confinement in irons, single or dou ble, not exceeding thirty days. fourth. Solitary couuiicmeiit not exceeding thirty day. fifth. Confinement not exceeding two mouths. Suth. Reduction of next inferior rating. Seventh, lk-privaliou of liberty on shore ou foreign station. f.istith. Extra Milice duties, and loss of juiy, not to exceed three month, may foe added to any of the afoove mentioned punishments. Sec. H. And be it further enacted, Tlutt 110 sentence of a summary court martial shall be carried into effect w ithout the approval of the officer ordering the court, who shall have x.werto remit in uirt or altogether, but not to commute any such sentence. And 11 sliall lie the duty of any such commanding officer lo remit any part or the whole of any sentence by a summary court mar tial, the execution of w hieh would, iu the opinion of Uie surgeon ov-nior medical officer on lx.ir-1, given in writing prtMiTW-e s-nm injury to lite ht-titltt A Its- per son sentenced, or III c:ts he shall refuse to do so. It sliall le his duty, without delay, to submit the case again to the same or to another summary court martial, witu-n sliall have wcr, iixu the testimony already taken, to remit the former punishment, aud to assign some other of Ihe authorized puuisiii.-i.t in the place thereof. Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, 1 hat the pr.x-e,-.l-iugs of summary courts martial shall lie conduct. l with as much com ise-n-ss and precision as may Is consistent w it la the ends -if justice, and under su h tonus and rules as may be prescrilied by the Secretary of the Navy, with the annrotal ol Ihe IVcnleni ol the 1 nite.1 .suites; and all such pr.M-ceding shall Ik transmitted in the usual ni.xle to the aty Ih-iiartmeut. Sec. 10. And be it further enacted. Thai any punish ment autlioriett bv this a l to be Innu-Uxi by a sanmarv court martial may likewise lie iiitlu te.l by any general court martial. Sec II. And be it further enacted. That any x-r-.n, w ho shall entice any seaman, ordinary s.-ainsit, lands man, or Ikv , who may have enlisted into the na al ser vice of the United Slates, to desert therefrom, or w ho shall conceal any person who may have so deserted, and shall refuse to deliver him up ii.n the order of hi com manding ottieer, shall, Usm legal conv h tiou Uiereof, be lined at the discretion of the court, in uny sum uot ex ceeding three hundred dollars, or he imprisoned for any term not exceeding one year. Approved Marsh 2. li-j.t. ll'uMkit.) AN ACT to amend " An u t to establish a land district in the Stab of Florida, to be call.-. I the district of lumps." Be it enacted bf the Senate and Haute of Represent tires of the United Stales of America in Congrttt assem bled. That the President be uud he is hereby, au thoriod lo npxint. Ity mid with the advice and consent of the Senate, a register iiinl a receiver for Uie hitnl dis trict railed 'lain va in tin? State of Florida which district wn created by Ihe ai-t approve! Augu-d fifth eighteen hundred and flit; -four, whose comiwnsnliou, duties, res Ntuihilric and emoluments shall lie the sjiuc as I or may be prescribed by law for other land officers in said Stale. Approved March -i. S. Public 5,1. AX ACT lo establish the collection di-tri-U of Cate Pt-i-H-tua and Port Orford. in the territory of Oregon, and to fix the salaries of the officer, of the customs therein. Be it enacted bf the Scntte and House f Rrpresraia tires of the United States of America in Cong rets as sembled. That there lie, and hereby I, lotistitui d aud established the collection district of Ck? I'.-rp. laa and Port Orford, iu the Territory of Oo-goii. Th;.l lite first named dirtri. I shall embrace the coat of the Pacific 00 mii from Kowe buy. exclusive to Cs- Peep. -tin. ami all of the s.0.1 territory lying south of a line r-ooooa r-11I1--I with the southern l-.tiii.lnrs Into of Oregon from f Public 59.1 AN ACT to establish a circuit court of Ute United Stato in and fir the Suite of California. Be it matted bttke Senate and House of Represent tioss of th United States of America in Congross as sembled, 1 hut a Judicial circuit shall lie, and Ihe same i hereby, constituted, In and for the State of California, to he ktiown a the circuit court of the United state forthe districts of California, a term of which court sliall lie held annual I v, iu Uie city of Ktui Francisco, on the first Mon day of July in each and every year; and for this puqsise 1 tlw fourt hereby orgrvii- and exercise the saute orig in Ihe several circuit court of the United states, a organized under existing law s, ana snail also Hare ami exercise the Mine apitt llati ju- risdiction over the district courts of the United Stales for the northern and southern districts of California a by existing law i vested in the several circuit court of the United Sub's over the district courts of the United Slates in their respective circuit, and Uie suid judge sliall an- xtiiit a clerk, who sliall have tiie power in appoint a deputy, which clerk shall resi le, and keep the record ttf the court, in the said city or San Fraiiti-co, and sliall receive for the service he may perform double the fees allowed to Ute vlera of Ihe southern district of New York. Sice. 2. Jnlbt it further enarted, Hat said Judge shall have Mtwer to order and hold such eeial or ex tra term of said court as he may deem evix-dicnt, and at such time or liim-s tut he shall, by hi order, under his hand and seal, .direct, addressed to the marshal and clerk of said court, at least thirty days previous to the commencement of such special or extra term or terms, w hieh order shrill Ik- published iiiternte.1 wlcly in two or ir -ire or the gazelt.'s ol the Slats of California"; aud at any or all of such special terms the busiuessof said court sliall have reference lo the im mediately proceeding regular or six'ciiil term, and lie proceeded with in Uie same manner; and such pr.x-eedings shall be, to all intent and puri- aes, as valid a if the same had taken plaee at a regular term of said court , all w hieh terms shall In? held at such place, in the suid citv of San Francisco, as the mar-dud of the Lulled Suite lor lite, northern district of Califor nia, w hose duly it shall lie to act as Uie marshal of said court, shall procure for the piuTose. under Uie direc tion of said Judge; and apteals from the proceedings of Ihe court organized under this art sliall lie takeu to the Supreme Court of the I'nited Stales, in the same uiamicr. and on the same conditions, a appeals are taken un.h-r existing laws from the oilier circuit court or the t oiled States. Sec. 3. And be it furl hor enacted. That the Judge of saitl court shall li.vvo the t ime jkiw ers to issue w ril of lutoea corpus aim inner writ a 1 vesteu ny iuw in uie other Judge ot the I nite.l Males. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted. That in case the judge of said court shall fail to alt. -ml at tin) time aud lace of holding any rcgubtror special term of suid court x'fore Ihe close of the fourth duv after the tsoulueiM- ment of such term, the business x-u.iiiig before said court shall (land adjourned until the next regular term of mid court, or until the next sirccUd term of the court, should one be ordered under the authority of thi act prevlou to such regular verm. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted. That the district court of the United State for the northern and oathern district of California shall hereafter exercise only the or dinary duties and xw er of the district courts of the Uni ted Slates, except Uie seclal Jurisdiction vested in the said district court of California over the division of the Ixiard of commissioner for the settlement of private land claim in California under existing laws; and l!u.t apteals from the Judgments, orders, and decrees of cither of said district court of California, iu the exercise of its ordinary Jurisdiction, shall le taken to the circuit court .s-guniz.sl by tin act iu uie same manner and uponine same condi tions a apx-al may lx-takeu from the Judgments, or ders, or decrees of thi' district courts to the circuit courts of the Unit. si State. Sac. 6. And be it further enact rd. That the Judge a xinted under this act shall, from time lo time, or al any time v. hen in his opinion the business of his own court w ill tcrmit, and thai of the court of the northern and southern districts of California shall require, form .art of, and preside over, the said disiriet court when either oftheni iscugaged tn the discharge of the apH-llulcju-risdiction vested in It over the decision of the board of com missioncr for the settlement of private land claim iu the State of California, under the act of Congress enU tled "An act to ascertain and settle the private Is ml claim ill Uie State of California," ased March third, eighteen hundred and rlfty-ont-; and by snot Iter art enli- tied "An act making appropriation for the civil and diolomiitic ex lielises of lite government forthe year elid ing thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and filly-three, and for other purjtosc. ' m.ed llnny-nrsi 01 August, eighteen hundred and filly-two; and il slisll be lite duty of Ihe clerk of the re-ctive district court of Califor nia to give thirty das w ritten notice lo the judge of the court organized under this act of the time and place of the sitting of such district court for the discharge of such apK-llate jurisdiction ; and in rase the Ju.lgj of such dis trict court shall tail, from sickness or other casualty, to attend at such time aud place, Uie Judge of the court or ganized under this act is hereby authorized lo hold said court .and proceed w ith the business ttf tit court, ia ac cordance with Ihe provision prescribed for the regula tion of said district court III the ai t of Congress h.-relu-Ix-foro referred to; and all &pteal to the Supreme Court of Uie United Slab's from the decision of aaid district court, whether held bv the last-tiieutioued judge, or by him in conjunction w ith the district Judge, or by the dis trict judge alone, shall be taken iu the manner prescribed bv the act of Congress ttussed on the third day of .March, eighteen hundred and fifty -one, entitled "An act to as certain ami settle the private land claims lu the Mate of California." Sec. 7. And be it further enarted. Thai Uie salary of the Judge apxitiiled under thi net sliall he four thou rand lite hundred dollars ssr annum, to com uieneo from Uie dale of his appointment. Ski-. 8. And be it farther enacted. Thxl all l iwi and iart of law militating against this aibe, ami Ihe same are hereby, reiwalod. Approved .March 2, 1.V. Public CO. AN ACT changing Ihe times of holding the United State Court in Tennessee. Be it enacted bf the Senate and House of Representa. tires of tke United States of America im Comgr es as sembled, That instead of the times heretofore fixed by law , the circuit and district courts of the United SUt.-s for the several dUtrict in I imesaoe, ahull hereafter tie held a follow : At Jaskson, on the third Monday lu March and September ; at Klioxville. on the second Monday in April aud O. lolx-r; ami at Nashville, on Ute first Monday 111 May ami Novemls-r. And all w rils, pleas, suits, rerognizaiH-tis, indictment, or other irtot-ctings, civil or criminal, issued, commenced, or Jx-n.luig In ei ther of the said court, shall I nliirnaMo to, 1- entered, ami hate day in court, and Ik heard and tried ai-cord-ii.g lo Ihe lime of holding said court a herein provi ded. Approved March 2. I "jo. I Public lit. j AN ACT lo amend "An actio carry inl.t effect a treaty Ix tween the United State and Groat I'.rilam," signed on the fifth of June, eighhsj-n hundred and fifty-four and approved August tlttii, eighteen hundred aud fifty four. And b it enacted bf the Senate and House of Rrpre entf tires of Ihe Untied States of America in Cougreis assembled, I hat from and after the .late w ltcn the reci procity tresty of ttie tilt I June, rljrhlccii hundred and fifty -four, filtered into Ixtw.vu Great ttrilaiu and the I'liiled Stale, shall go into effect, the Sccp-tary of the Treasury shall ho, and ho is hereby , authorized ami re quired to refund out of any money iu Ihe tissnMiry, to the several M-rou entitled thereto, such sums of inoney a sliall hate been collected as duties on fidi of all kinds tlte product of fish, and of all olht-r creature lit iug in the water." i 111 x. rust inlx Uie I nited stat-.s front sit.l alter Ihe eleventh day of September, cighbs-n hundred and llfty-four, the dale of the promulgation I ) the Presi dent of Uie United Stale of the rc ipr.x il treat) afore said, on pr.xif. satisfactory to the said Secretary, that lite articles aforesaid wort' the prtxlucla of some one of Ute iiritisli pr iiioo of New ltrunw i k, Canada, Not a Sco tia, New Fouudlaiid, or I'ruuv F.lwir.l' Island, aud Im MirtM therefrom into the I itibtl Stales and duties duly (aid Uiere.111 Ix-cu. which bate led refunded on rtxn; ami he is further authorized and required. from and :.f.-r the luy the treaty aforesaid sliall go mtocfl.-, 1, 1,1 ranct-1, tin like sidi-dw lory pnMif.an) warehous- Ixuxi lo .- urv Ihe duties thai may have lx.n giveu lor ai y of said arti cles lmxtrted a aforesaid. Str. 2. And be it furl her enacted, 1 h:tl fiom at d after the date when the reciprocity treaty tf lb" fifth June. eigh teen hundred and fifty-four, entered into ts-iwis-u Gistd KrilXIll Slid Uie l ulled Stales, slisll E ll.loctl.sl In the manner tin-rein precrils, the Secretary of the TrviMiry shall le, and lie is hereby, anile triz l lo r 'f.n d net of any money lo tlte trvasur) not otherw ie apltmprmt -.1. to Ute x-rx.li entitled thereto, such sums of im.ie a- shall tave lx-en collet ted a duties ou I.i.t ol t!t :.Mi- 1 enu tlicrnled In the sche-lule annexed ! the Ii.l .1 ...ix le xT the reciprH-ity tresty aforesaid, iuixxrlod inb. the I'bdcJ Males from tiie British pro iuee of Canwla. New Krur.s- LAWS OrM-NLJIANA. . AN ACT to extend the time of holding Cour of Com mon Pleas, In Uie county of 1 iptou, at it March term "Vi. . . . mmf. 1. Be it enacted bf the lieneral Assemble of the State of Indiana- That the Comnionltcas Court in Uie county ofTipUtu, at iu March term for 1KU, shall sit two week. It the business thereof require It. Sec. 2. It h herebv ties tared that an emergency exist for the immediate taking effect of tbi Act, therefore, the same sliall In? in force from and oiler it passage and pub- lu-altou 111 tne Stat Sentinel and Journal. AS HULL P. W1IXARD, Prsi.lent of ihe Senate. D. KlI-tiOKK, Sjx-wker of the House ol Kepresenlstit e. Approved, Feltruary 'th, Irti5. Joscra A. WaicaT. AN ACT to ameud section 3 of an tut entitled " An act for th Inoorporstio of Tow n. definlutf; Uieir jKiwers, trot iding for thrf election of ottlcsxr tbertsnf and decla ring Uieir duties." Approved June llih, Sec. 1. Re it enarted bf th General Attemblf of ihe Slate of Indiana, Tliat section 3 of au act entitled "Aa act 6x7 Uie tncortx.irali.sn of Town. defining their jxiw ers, providing for the election of Uie oft'ieor therettf, and declaring UieirduUes," apjToved June 11th, 1S.V2, w hieh rcs.1 as foUows : Such surveys, map aud ceosu when coniJet and verified as aforesaid, slisll Ik left at some convenient jilace w ithia said territory for examination bt th.me hsv nig interest in such a.plieati..n. Lira period of not leas than four weeks, lx. ami the swine is hereby amended Ut read as follow: Such survey, maps anl census when completed and verified a aforesaid, sluill be left al some eouveuieM pbtee withiu said lerrittry. for exaiiiiuatt.Mi by Ukxm nav litg Interest in said applicjtlton, for a K-nod sf nsw ie than tweuty rtavs. Str. 2. Lerea. an emergi bet exUt f.tr the immedi- aie taking cHi-ct of this act, it slo.ll llt.-r. l.x'.- lake elSWss and Im 111 force frotn and after ilt nhi igc'aml publica tion iu tlu Indiana State Sentinel and In tun State Journal. ASHBK.L P. WILLAKIl, Pni.1ent of the Senate. 1). K1LGOKK, SjH'ulcrof the Hon.' of Ki'itrvtviitjtivfi. Aproved t-elxruary -J3-1, ISaS t Juxra A. tVtiusi. Indiana State Sentinel and Journal AN ACT to give additional rtaertotlie Mate Board of ! CotonixatitM. free. I. Beit enacted k Ike (nxrtl A'semklu of tk Stal ofilndtanai. lliat the Colonization fund heretofore ajiprojiruited for Uie u rjN.se of aiding colored e mifranu from this Stale to settle la Lllx-ria slu.ll In etfwn.led ac- cttrtliitg to the discretion hT Ui Sutle bownl ol t olotilxa tion t Provides, thai not more than sittu-fire dollar per emigrant. In? pid U t Uie out-Ill and tmiijsnmiim of tuch; and, provided, that such person lave lx-en resi dent f Indiana sittoe the wlr4ixn of Ute revised CsmisU tiirion : nf, provided, that not more Uuto two hundred dolmr x?r annum In expended as a connngent fund. Sei 2. Be it further enacted, 'ILal the oltiecrs of the Stale, constituting the State ttoard of Colouixation, sl.sil have the xtwer to rk.-t such ottieer a they may consider ucccaxary u carry ou the enterprise, aud to Ox Uieir com x'hh.itiiii, w hieh sluill lx" paid out of the annual appro priauon mad for cstl.mizalion pui-xww : provided, thai ihk more titan mx nuiMiroa uolisrs 01 sit 11 annual i in.- trial ion Im thus anntially expended. This restriction, lowevrr, doe hot apply to fund coining Into their hand from other sourys-s ; iu tlte cxnmh1iIupc of which they must be governed It; a wise dis. r.-tku. Sec. 3. That the State Boon! of Coloul.'alion sliall have txtwer lo negotiate, with the (.Ktvcnun nt ttf Litsria lor land in Africa, for the use and benefit f colored xroii emigraUiig to said country from this Slate, on the best terms ixtssible ; and so much of the law of rj, a res tricts the li-tard in the imxle of l.xnttng said land, ts here by rcx-stled. JSa-- 4. Wherewu, an einergency exists, for the imme diate taking cflei-t of Un a.i ; Uierefoir, thi act snail lot In force frotu and aft.-rlls issssagr and publication in the nal. UAVII KII.GOKF.. Stxakerwf the llou-e of Keprvaeulalivr. ASHHF.L P. Ull I.AKK, President of the Senate. Approvesl March 1, lf.'ta. JosErw A. WaiuitT. AN ACT to change the time of holding Court la the eleventh Judicial Circuit. Set. I. Be it enacted be the General Atsemblf of the Slat of Jmdia.a, t bat tlte ireull Court of the i'Jes enlh Judicial Circuit sliall be holdea a follows, to w il : In Uie county of liuuliiigtoa on the seooud .Monday In February and August in each year; In the county of Wabash on the Monday succeeding the Court tn tha county of Huntington; in Uie county of Miami oa Uie .Monday succeeding the Courts ir the county of YaLah ; in the county of Grant oa the Monday succeeding the Court in the count) of Miami ; in th county of (' oa Ihe Monday succeeding Ute Court in the county of Grant ; in tiie county of Carroll tin the M on. lay succeed ing Ihe Courts in Ui country of Cass; in the comity of How ard on the Momlay succeeding the Court In th comity of Carroll. Sec. 2. The continuance of the terms of Courts in said Circuit shall be a follows lo wit: In lite coustiesof Miami, Cas and Wabash, three week each ; in the runs tie of Carroll and Grant two week rat h; tn the ct.ua tie ttf Huntington ami Howard one week each. Sec. 3. All w rils, ubxi-uas, venire, rules, orders of Courts, recognizances publications, and process what ever, which may have issued from aaid Circuit Court in ssi.l counties sliiee the last session lln-rctf, or w hieh may hereafter issue previous to the commencement of said terms shall he deemed and taken lo lx-, ami are hereby made returnable lo the flrt day of the Brat lerm of said Courts to be holden in virtue of thi act. Sec. 4. All ail and rt of acts inconsistent with this act, he and the same are hereby rex slod. Sec. i. It U hereby declared Uiat an cmcra-ency exist for the Ukiug effort of this act. Il shall therefore lx- in fon-e from and after iu tssuge and ttuhticaiion ia ihe iidtau Stat Journal and Stale Sentmal, and it 1 here by made the duty of the Secretary of Stub to forward a copv lo each of the clerk of said Courts. 1IAYID KILGOKF., Speaker of the House of Iteitreseidiitive, ASHBLL P. WIIAAIUI. President tf the Senate. Approves! March 3d, 1K&. Josrra A. Wiuht. AN ACT to xreveiit the defalcation f certain officer therein named, and hi provide x-iutilie tltcrel.tr. Sec 1. Be it enarted bf the General Aeeemb! of the State of Indiana, lluit any Sheriff. Ch-rk of the ireull Court, Clerk of the Cttuit of Coinituxii Pleas County Treasurer, Justice ttf the Pence, ConstsMr, Marsiutl tsf any city -r iitcoqxtraled tow 11, or anv oflleor or agent of any county, township. Incorporated tow n or city, who shall frautiently full or refuse at lite etpirstiou of Ute term for whit h he w as elected txr M.n.le.l, or nl anv time duiiigc such t-riti, when tt-gally required Ity the prM-r iwrsou or authority lo acouiil for ami over to such xrin or eron as may x? lawfully cntiilod lo receive the swine, all money w hi. h may bat come Into hi hand by v irtue of Iti said tiffice, sliall In dec it ted guilty of a felony, and unmi eonvn-tutn tl.rre.f uxn iii.Iii Inn id, shall Ik? Im prisoned in tlu.-Slate prison for any rixl nnl lex tits 11 one year nor more than flv ycitrs, ami fined iu any sum hot cxtst-.ting txxr thousand dollss.--, aud reixlertvl iucatable of holding any ontt-e of trust or pr. fit. Srr; 2. It is hereby tl. b lared thst an eiu. fgctx y l-t forthe sage of Uti act; aud it shall therefore h in force from ahd after iu ssage and tublicauon lu tl.e ladtana Stale Journal and lnduuut Sute SentmrL ASHBK1. P. W1LLA&, Pr. -i.b-M of the Kcnale. It A V 1 11 MIa.oHK, S-kVt-rtN the Mouse of l.Vprcscntativcs Apj.roved Marth 1st, lfii. JosrrH A. Wbkiht. ASMTTH roN-sl sts tiof! ill, thapti-r lUofauatl enti l J "An act ro sling (or the setUeioenl of de-e-l. -li!' estate, prescribing Ihe rights luthilitM- and dutio of ttrilcicr connected Willi Ute management thcrtsjtf. ami the heir thereto, ami certain form lo It Uel iu such setUemenl. Aproed, June 17th, 102. And providing for t-relit ou Ute s-ile of fx-rsonaj xru rty sud b-rslitinr s- illemcnls ttf executor and ad ministrators iu certain case. Set. 1. Be it tuaced bf th General Ai'Cmblf of the St ate of Indiana, That Section io ChsJer IU txf an act entitled An art plot l.ling for the settlement of dece tlcnts estates proscribing the right v, lutbilitiew, and du ties of officer stiinect.d w ith the n.-aiiagomout llicretif, ami the heirs thereto, and certain lorni to he nsed la sut h st-tllemenl. approv ed June ITUt, i5ri, lx nb.1 ih. same I hereby rex-aled. Sr . 2. Be it further enacted. That a credit of 11.4 c thau three nor more tlian twelve month slisll lx gm-a la all tuile of p.-r.nal prox-rty by the extstuior or adsnin- tsinit.tr. tif-n ..- tu.miit .urcnaeti c xce.xl tl.ree dH lars and not.- with one or more apirovc4 sureties waiting valuation and ptno. m f,t laws, shall Is- U ken in all case trf wale by sut h cenwc or wltiiitiis traior. Sec. 3. Allactsofexccul.tr or adnimist raUrt umler se ction lour of tha.t. r3j of an a. t entitled An a.t to amciul aa act prov iding lor the s.-ttl.-uiei.t ix' d.t edent' elsU-s, preserilWng the rights. Iu.biliu.-s. atxl duties xT n:t-r tsHinect.ti with Ute management tiM-roof, aud heir thereto, aud cert m a form to Is acd in ut b st tlomeiits approved Mart t 4th, I--V3 I, and liw same are hereby l-gslizcd. Src. 4. N heroa an cinrrgencv evi-t f..r th itasaatre T thi at, the same sliai! t-.te t fh . I an I lx-ia f .l from atid after it age ami pul-li. aUon iu tlw Indiana Mate Sentinel aud Stale Js-urmml. AhHKKL P. WIIXARIV, Pn-sidei.l t.f the Senate. IIAV11I KUiOirK. x-aker ol the Hon, of Kepre-'ntsln e. Ar.rove.l, Msrt-a 11. 1xo5: Joscrn A. WaioRT. ' SrT or lsm. ttftr of the Secretary Mate, to wit : I hereby rertily thai tlte slx.vr and f.xrcgolng ttf the Is-gislaturr of Ute Slate aforesaid, in- true and k-orreti roNc of U e eiirolluioiit now oa file In my f-B-e. t l Trmtom Wnvor, 1 hate ttrn-unto set tst, l.antl and sffliisl the aeal of Mate, at tlte t iiv of Imluvu- L. . aj-.lis thi ith dav of March. A. U. l-'.i " F.RASMUS 0. sVciLLINS, 1 luarSdll Ntseeury .f Msie. rTX T1IK XllTI(V TatADr...-Kifly exjue X. ilronsoa't Ltocutam; I'M Kcams Kttrt la-tier 'rr; lutl K.ains Kvira Coaimcu-tal Nit; .'wMl.tUw r uvrlo. For 1 al Clicinaai; wholesct.- tc-s-! hlLWAKI or bOl'.