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THE WEEKLY SENTINEL.,
A LARUE MAMMOTH SHEET, Is issued evey THURSDAY from theoffici ' 32 EAST WASHINGTON STREET And taut to u")jcritjr,in all partaofthe United Stat FOR TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM. Twooopifor $3. Fire copies for 9?. Teneopleafor J12. Twenty coplesto one addrs,$20. ' Additions may at all times maJetoa elub at he price paid by those already in It. . ' a Tae Porraat on the Wikklt 3 tits Sihtiiil, and maile-l for iaa year, Is asfollows: Wlthm the Count j Free. ' " Within the State 13 cents. Wi.hintha United SUtes S3 The PaclSc R. R. Bill in Congress. Tho long-talked of measure, the Pacific Railroad, has at leEgth begun to figure prom , inently in Corgressional proceedings and it political platforms. A vigorous effort is V be made this session in behalf of the Cental or Missouri route, and an extensive combina tion has been entered ,into to give it success. Those concerned would seem to entertain no doubt' of the practicability of that route, which, taking the report of the engineers, show, that the most formidable difficulties can be there overcome. An immense dona- tion, in the shape of public lan-ls, is applied for in aid of the enterprise. Au intelligent correspondent of the Albany (New York) Argus nd Atlas, writing from Washington, observes : r ' . A prominent subject of legislation during the present session of Congress, and indeed, also a rather delicate one, is the Pacific Rail road. I have taken the pains to examine the proceeding had at th? lasts5sion, on this subject, and find that a bill introduced by Mr. Kennett of Missouri, for which a substitute was reported by the committee on Public Lands, to whera the bill was referred, is now before the Home pending a motion to recom mit. As the business of last Session is to be taken up precisely where it was left off, the (subject will probibly le called up at an early day. Mr. -Kennetfs bill proposed to grant the power of construction, right of way, and aid in tha shape of public lands one mile in width along the line of the railroad, to the Pacific Railroad Company, already incorporated by the State of Missouri. ' The substitute grants nearly the same privileges jointly to the Han nibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company, and the Pacific Rai!roul Company of Missouri; the Burlington ' and Missouri River Railroad Company; the Philadelphia, Fort Wayne and Platte River Air-line Company; the Mississip pi and Missouri Company; the Iowa Central Air-line Railroad Company; the Dabuque and Pacific Railroad Company, and the Northern Iowa and Minnesota Railroad Company of the State of Iowa; each of these corporations being authorized to extend their several roads, wiih grants of land to each, to a point of junction near Fort Kearney, and not south of the same, as may be agreed on by the seve ral corporations, after an actual survey. From this point a trunk-line, between the thirty eighth and forty-fourth degrees of north lati tude, to the Pacific, with branches to Marys ville, Sacramento, Stockton and San Jose, is tc beextended by the companies conjointly. " It will readily be seen that this combina tion embraces a powerful interest, and will ' command an extensive lobby influence. The Republicans are pledged to the road, and the Democrat, though not pledged, will, doubt less, favor its construction, if it can ' be done without a conflict with the Democratic doc trine in reference to internal improvements. I will not venture, however, to predict wheth er the measure will be carried through dur ing the present session." " . WEEKLY AS A STATE TINEI t .'.-----..-' - : - , . gitp fee fitefs of dtmmtrg. LARRABEE, BISGIIAM "& CO.l ) PUBLISHED EVERY TOT7RSDAY MORNING. EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS. The Treasury Bipoit. ' This document shows the income of the fiscal year ending the 30th June last to have been : From Customs, - - -$64,022,863 Public Lands, - - - 8,917,643 Miscellaneous and Incidental, 977,633 Total, And the ment : On Civil List, Interior Department, War, . Navy,, - . . - . $73,91g,141 expenditures, of the Govern- - $23,274,330 - 3,872,827 - IG.948,107 - 14,077,047 Total ordinary, -Redemption public debt, - $60,172,401 - 12,776,391 Total expenditure, - -$72,948,792 Balance in Treasury Jul 1, '55, 18,931,976 Same balance July 185G, ----- 19,901,325 The ways and. means of the current fiscal year, ending June 30,-1856, are : Actual income first quarter, $21,925,431 Estimated for other three quar ters, - - ... 52,029,880 And balance in Treasury as above, . - - 19,901,325 revision of the Taws for the regulation and collection of the revenues, pursuant to a reso lution of the Senate .'lie has added some further amendments on; the subject, and re ports that the proper enforcement of tho. va rious acts from. the commencement of the Government demands a general act of revis ion. ' , ' 1 " Some further regulations are suggested in regard to the administration of the Trust Funds held in the 'Department Indian ar.d Smithsonian part of which are invested in the non dividend-paying stocks of some of the Ststes and of , corporations under State laws, the loss on -which, the Secretary sug gests, had best be made at oncej as the Gov ernment is held responsible fcr the principal and ir terest. Ha doubts the propriety of the Federal Government standing in the relation of creditor to anv of the individual States, which have failed in the paj merit of the in terest on their tonus. ' -;- ' - . Together, - , Actual expend, first quarter, - - $18,675,113 Estima. other qra., 51,836,300 $92,856,656 $70,541,413 Estimated bal. July 1,1856, - $22,345,223 The budget for the succeeding fiscal year, ending June 30th, 1858, is estimated as fol lows : Income from Customs, - - $56,000,000 Public Lands, - - - 6,000,000 Miscellaneous, - - 955.310 Together, -' -And bal. on 1st July, 1837, $72,955,340 22,345,223 Total Income, - . - ' -Bal. former apprpria- priations, - - $15,336,463 Personal appropri ations, - - - 7,498,310 New Appropria tions asked for, 48,469,844 $95,300,533 Together, - -'$71,304,822 Not wanted with in year, - - 20,000,00051,304,822 Estimated balance In Treasury July 1, 1858, - - - $43,995,711 The public debt, March 4, 1853, $59,129,937 Subsequently added for Texas, 2,1,000 . Together, - - - - $71,879,937 Paid off since March 4th, 1853, 41,142,808 The New. York Herald begins Ominous. to talk of "the late Republican party.' is something in that word " late," coming as it does from the Herald, that would impress one very forcibly with the idea that a disso lution had taken place; that there was a de ceased organization to look after. The same idea may have occurred to the Chairman of th-j Republican State Central Committee of Indiana, when he called a con vention of the brethren to meet here on the seventh, to re-organize for future operations. We didn't expect to see the foster-fathers of the party owning up "dead" so soon. Leaving present debt only '$30,737,129 ' In addition to the regular funde i e'ebt, the Indian Treaty obligations of the Government, exclusive of permanent annuities, amount to $21,065,591, which fall due from term to term, and constitute a charge upon the Inte rior Department. ' The Secretary reports that the total For eign trade of the country for the fiscal year ending 30th June last : In Exports, - - - . -$326,964,918 Imports, - -. - 311639,942 Bal. In favor United States, $12,325,066 The large increase in the Foreign Trade afforded $4,937,625 in customs revenue more than the previous estimate, or $64,022,863 against $59,085,248. The land revenue is alko $917,644 in excess of the estimates, while the expenditures,including the redemp tion of the public debt, are $1,721,945 in ex cess of the estimates. A revision and repeal of the duties on wool are again renewed and recommended the present duties having been imposed for the purpose of incidentally favoring the produc tion of domestic wool; an object which he argues The tables which are made the basis of his remarks show that in 1855 we consumed $23,287,334 of the manufactures of wool more than we produced and, estimating the raw material as one third the cost, we consumed $9,678,690 of wool more than we produced; while the raw or unmanufactured wool, which we import amounted to only $1,940,637. The practical action is that the duty imposed on raw wool I fled, under the impression that the From theClarkjville (Tenn.) JeCorsouisn of Dee. 3. THE NEGRO INSURRECTION. : No intelligent, candid man can decy, in view of tho occurrences and developements of the past ten days, that a horrible and sick ening catastrophe has been averted by the timely discoveries which have been made. It has been developed that a hellish and deep.laid plot, embracing the massacre "of the entire white population of this section of country as one of its object, has been con ceived and would, in all human probability have beeQ carried into execution It is use less to shut our eyes and deny the facts, ,or sneer at the developements which have been made. Every hour multiplies the proof and corroborates previous discoveries.';-It' is no Titus Oates afftir, but a solemn, fearful, and startling reality, and must be dealt "with . ac corditgly; , 1 ' ' :The crimes contemplated should be atoned for precisely as though those crimes had been attempted and consummated: . Fearful and terrible examples should bs male, and if need be, the fagot and the 'flame should be brought Into requisition to show these delu ded maniacs the fierceness and the vigor, the swiftness and completeness of the white man's vengeance. Let a terrible example be made in every neighborhood where the crime can be established, and if necessary, let every tree in the country bend with negro meat. Temporizing in such cases as this, Is utter madness. We must strike terror, and make a lasting impression, for only in such a course can wa find the guaranties of future security. The same paper says There was much excitement in town yes terday, growing out of information received from Stewart county where the examination of the negroes has been progressing for seve ral days. The revelations made by the ne groes there, implicate.very deeply, as did the revelations of the negroes at the Louisa. Fur nace, a . large' number of negroes here. Numerous arrests were made during the day, and a large number of the implicated . and suspected are now in durance. ' ' ".' ' . HEQBO BOOT. - ; ' On Wednesday morning lsst, about half an hour before day break, a negro belonging to Mr. Solomon Raimey, was shot' and in stantly killed, by one of the neighbors named Puckett, under the following circumstances: The scene of the occurrence is in the: imme diate vicinity of the Louisa Iron Works, the point at which the intended insurrection (mentioned in our last) was discovered. The negro had been sent to his work in the coal ings, and started off, apparently in usual good humor, but shortly turned back and approch ed the house where he net his fate. It was still too dark to distinguish persons, and Mr. P , who was alone in the house with his daughter, warned him not to enter the gate but he persisted in doing so, and notwith standing a second and third command to halt, advanced until he reached the porch in front of the door, cursing as he advanced, and defying Mr. P. to fire. When he put ' his foot upon the porch, Mr. P. ! discharged his gun, which was heavily loaded with buck shot, into his breast The ; negro fell and died almost instantly. We understand that some of. the negroes at the Furnace, who had been under examin ation concerning the - insurrection for several days, and had witnessed the . high degree of excitement and indignation .manifested by the whites, upon hearing that summary pun ishment of one of their fellows, immediately excited - Gen. Cass and the Catinet. The Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser takes strong and decided grounds in favor of the appointment of General Cass to the Premier ship under the new administration. The noble tribute p;dd to the character of Gen. Cass by the Advertiser in the following ex tract, will meet with a he;rty response from every truo Democrat in this broad Union. Whether he shall have a voice in shaping the future political policy of the Republic or not, every true son of that Republic will raise his voice in bestowing blessings upon the name of the venerable old patriot and states man: "We venture to predict that the voice of the united Democracy of the country will at once point to tho veteran siitepman whose name is affixed to the head of this article as the most suitable and proper man for Sacre tary of State. What Democrat, what "Amer ican," with his heart in the right place, that does cct feel a pride in this coble old patriot, whose true devotion to his country is unsur passed by any Roman that ever lived ; and at no time during his whole life has it shone so conspicuously as when defeated and beaten down by open enemies and false friends. Look at him when defeated for President misrepresented, misunderstood, traduced, slandered, villified, abused every calumny that an unscrupulous enemy could invent hurled at him deserted by friends who should, have stood , by him yet, with a virtue f.nd ' steadiness of purpose truly sub lime, he pursues the even tenor of his way, contending and fighting for the rights of his party and his country as if he had received their highest rewards thus presenting a' spectacle of magnanimity, self-denial and devotion, that has never been surpassed in this or any other country. We do not wish to dwell upon the defeat of General Cass for the Presidency ; we think jt cne of the most collossal errors if not altogether so that the people of our country have ever commit ted.' Let Gen. Cass go into the State Depart ment, and we don't believe there will be a Democrat, worthy the name, from Maine to California, that will not rejoice in the ap pointment.", - The Question Settled. The question on ordering the oath to be administered to Whitfield, of Kansas, was taken io the House of Representatives, on Tuesday, and decided in the affirmative by a vote of 112 to 103. Thus have the fac tionists bee a again foiled in their attempt to carry a high handed party measure against albright and established precedent. This result shows that thp revolutionists will be brought to the mark' even during the brief period of three months that Intervenes before the close of a session which they have made infamously memorable. ,,-- After the 4th of March next, both branches of Congress mil be under the control of a majority of sound National Democrats,whose proceedings, vro hope, may relieve that body of the odium and disgrace that now attaches o it PraoiAss oi U. S. Stocks. The Secre tary of the Treasury offers to purchase, be t ween this and4the 3rd of -March, the sum of they have failed to secure. $1,500,000 of stock of the loans of the Unit ed States, and will pay therefor, in addition to the interest occrued from the last semi annual dividend of interests thereon, togeth er with one day's additional interest for the money to reach the vendor, ' the following rates of premium on mid stocks : For stocks of 1342, a premium of 10 per cent For the operates as a discrimination against the labor I whites had commenced a general and indis stock of 1347 and 1843. a premium of 10 per and capital of our own peeple. . criminate slaughter, y They were soon retak a i f,;. tv nfiQ-j I The duties on iron and steel are also re- en and qmted . ' 'I wtAwal Vnt ftio nn1na!nti rimA at I Tha V. vi nwlll a .Taii tti at nf ta K:ll ln uusu ACACT ""jr.o.u, y.omium nr-n-nt material fthan i contomnlated. savs and the Secretary passes to the subject of the A good deal oi excitement has existed for extension of the free list as the means of re- some days about Clarksulle and the dncine the redundant revenue, say to 43,- boring counties in Tennessee, by the discov 000,000 or $50,000,000. In this list he would ery of the preliminary preparations of an m include the raw materials used m manufao- I surrection among the slave population, to tures. Besides accomplishing this object, he I come off the 24th .of December. Quite a holds that the enlargement of the free list, number of negroes hail been arrestad and con the admUsion of raw materials and a reduc-1 fined, and several had made confession. Ic uou on some other of the present schedules, me neignDornooa oi jjouisa if urnace a p. an "would give increased beneficial employment to blow up a church was discovered ard to our lonnage. and increased beneficial mar- I hwartea. A keg ot powder had been placed kets to our own manufactures." under the building ready for the fatal match. The suggestions of the last report - on the A large collection of arms and . ammunition paper currency of the country are substanti-1 had also been discovered and seized. One allv repeated, and the withdrawal of the white man who was caught in the act of small note currency urged as the best means counselling the insurrection, had been arrest- of approximating a metallic medium. The ed and imprisoned. Among the negroes ar remedy he leaves to the wisdom of fjongress restea ana conn nea are tne supposed nng- of 6 per cent Casal Trustee. A canal trustee will have to be elected by our Legislature this winter, and we take the liberty of nominat ing our esteemed fellow citizen Gen. Samuei. Edsall, as a fittirg person for the situation. He is an old citizen of the State, well and familiarily acquainted with its affairs and in terests, of an active, eneneretic, " indepen dent order of mind, and last but not least, a democrat of the true Allen County stamp the lest, truest, and most reliable kind of I democra's in the State. Without wishirg to disparage other candi dates or other localities, we must be allowed to contend that there would be a peculiar fit ness in the election of General Edsall. This . L" i ..I 1 .1 I feaeral libation or an leaders-the generals and captams as they ed w th lf amendment to the ConsUtutiSn. . are c.lled-of the movement. . pJIT f TnTlp,. ZnA fa hlZX tM The Secretary, after reviewing the relative The opinion is, that the plot is deep laid, the Board of 1 advatages of a?d drawbacks to the present and embraces slaves throughout a wide ex- county 'has invariably been fomi gmDg an 8y8temof levyin2 dutie, by vaIor in tentof country, ranging from Kentucky South eiraWJ, lieauj, suu pcnui.urk uucui- - n. . ... - fa, nt , and WW and th nlana m tn W A. valuations, recommends the continuance of signed a general insurrection during the tne former, as having the sanction of ten years 1 noiiuays. ine number oi lugitives is also experience, and beinz familiarized to the I unusually large, and the escapes across the practice of the Department and the experts Ohio, reported by the papers, are more riu of the Custom House. merous than we ever noticed before. The - The returns of 18o4 of American securities very general discussion of the question held abroad, have been revised, and after of slavery in slave S:ates. , in the late assumisz that pending the Russian war the canvass, has imparted some vaue ideas amount of foreign investments in American to the blacks, of a change to be effected ocratic principles and democratic candidates, it has always been overlooked or set aside in the selection of our State officers. We hope the present Legislature will act a little more justly with us than has been the custom heretofore. We present a candidate every way qualified for the station, residing on a part of the canal that ought to be repre sented on the canal board, and who would rha of Tu d n tS Z.rVoZ we T- ?ot increased, the Secretary states by a political revolution, which has rendered " n - w - - ik.i si m i it sriaon z.z a i : a i :,iik i m .. tend that Allen County, in view of its clori- luV t TT 1 'ft , o. . 7t P . ""u,,J""uwt ous puBiuuu as me uauoer uemwrauc ,.,.. m .... ' ri M.,!.,..f ns;. . . - ... i ol&lcs. a La ciLiea ana town. ! counties. w " 985 banks, 75 insurance companies, 360 rail- The Boston Tisaes in au exceedingly neat y - I wtarf d In ranala en.'l 1-a vnioiA I snaAno rvv I virl ns 1 1 urnfton o rrt rl m van fna a rmri Gen. Edsall to the favorable consideration of I ' . . " - " " rations, irom wmcn ne nas returns, ana mat ment of Col. Medary.of the Ohio Statesman. For the thirty-two years of the Govern- Uo1- -Medary is one of the veterans of the I ment, from 1825 to 1856 inclusive, the cost of press and a ture and unfaltering democrat, , buildins, fitting and repairing Custom Houses Ha i emphaticall v one of the workino.men . 4n nnt. a a av I amounts 10 jwi, revenue cutters, of the party acd wtat b more hd haa My. kj v,v -'-'f cuiu vaavAVu aiau vaaava qausco 111 11 T 3 attending the revenue service, 843,299,163. ct luul,rJ irruuMlJu rewaru The tw last sums make $55,969,213 as the for his labors. Bold, energetic and clear exnense of collecting $12.023. 116. 67 6. orfjL ha AnU amr mth him int' .r, seen the error of their ways since the 14th of per cent of the public revenue. "uJ -w.vi.umu .t. fMar onrl tha Ah ftf NrtvThaP I 1 hfl 10UA9 tr tha wannna T lanOT'tm onf a nf 1 r the Government bv failures and defalcations assurance mai whatever aUiy requirea mm to Ths Ltsdo Cass. No further develop- now stand $23,898,952, from the foundation do would be done properly and well. No ments have been made m the case. 1 he in- ot the uovernment of which s6.213.34o is 1 man in the country would make a better . : v r .i.-r 1 IV 1 1 1 .v i . . ... - I Twuzauuu.wiore.ue jiavor rouiiuciivcu yes- uuucicmit iwo ur mo usaiuoi me parae. pn. M,c nnM l,. P-l r,i r . . . . . i - t I vam ivi wuva iua W AUgUAlY VI wrtfln canort i n otvmj' rirtna nrcra Tazpn uunniu pv no anv nTiarra ' ha nntatnni , - UdJ vmuvm ay w vi UI uv. kAaiHiVUil V w l a -a r av ry '" J vuvvui- a AA0 V U kOMtUU" I si me case puuAiaucu m mo x-uquirer ui a- hujt i -per ceu. uu i,oov.iuv,un rvceiveu iuuj tne i (tfr The Chica Dem Press BftTa ' that Gimiiff tyirtml n rrj I lr a ff i f 1j t. T r. a I Vn KT l 'rpaeciipv AF i ff Ana, Tr.at Aan t V, A I w J ftUU UUUUaj luui viiw iat.1 19 vuuwiuo- I a Ulnv aicmuiji va ym wa wmw aw a vvuw ViA iiUQ I TL A II A - ! 1 . . J ! e ..tabliaheJ. and that is. tha parties who receints and exnenditures. V ,a rS -u ueuvery 01 made the arrest acted without even the shad- The receipts and expenditures during the 3i000 fords of wood in the city, at cost price, ow of authority or legal warrant in, their past fiscal year amounted to $146,886,433, 1 for the use ot the poor the ensuing winter. office. This investigation will be continued and were received, transferred and paid at and Several railroad companies have offered to . - - m or a. - . a. at a. 1 A.t to-day. Cm. inquirer. irom umerenr. pom", ar, a nei prom m vae ransport wood fre9 fof tkat purpb9ei I operauons 01 ine maepenaeni treasury 01 1 - Orr-ciATr VOTE 07 J! XOEIDA. A ipeciai 5iO(8. i nas is, me cnarges ior iransier-i Arart RrwAT.t tu r, I - . A.A AlI J l 1 I w W AA. JL aio ULAiUalOSlVUCIC ,9a - 1 T 1 a.? . LJ JaI. J A v m . I m w rm n A taA 19 Ull. a v- 4 Vm ka-m l nm 1 aispatcn to tne uauimore "---u ""o .VrT,' kU" of Clarke county decided last week against ta. December oth, says . mat complete ana on ucaauxy uraiw $,. , ; i ... - - official returns give Buchanan a majority of The Secretary again calls the attention of tno removal of the county seat from Charlea- one thousand five hundred and twenty-avt, I u)ngresa to nis aaggasuens ei last year, on me ' wwu at w etiersouvuie. The Frciident's Message. - The labored attacks of the opposition press upon that portion of the President's Message in which he reviews the question involved in the recent Presidential canvass and vindi cates the wisdom of the Kansas-Nebraska policy, is, perhaps, One of the strongest proofs that could be given of the force of its state ments and arguments. The necessity also which compelled the Republicans in the United States Senate to speak by the hour to this portion of the Message upon the simple motion to refer it to the appointed Commit tees with the order that a certain number of extra copies be printed, .'shows that those gentlemen had serious misgivings as to its ef fect upon the minds of the people. ' A Mes sage that thus draws out the heaviest metal of the party in a manner so unusual is not to be sneered at es the ranting of a school boy or the partizan harangue of the demagogue. No higher compliment could be paid to close and logical arguments, the sound statesman like views of the President than is thus un wittingly tendered by a chafed and madden- opposition. President Pierce lashes these gentry with a whip of scorpions, and the res tiveness which they exhibit under the in fliction speaks well for the thoroughness of his work. As a cotemporary justly remarks : The message of Mr. Pierce will stand a3 a reliable chart to all who shall come after him with regard to the true course of the vessel of State. The exposition of the President in regard to all matters in controversy connect ed with slavery, the validity of the Missouri Compromise, the relation of the federal gov ernment and its powers with repect to the lerntones, is lucid, irrefutable, and convinc Our National Domain. ABSTRACT OF THE GENERAL LAX OFFICE DEPORT. The report from' the General Land Office is of more than usual length, covering a pe riod of five quarters, ending 30th Septem ber, 1856, and giving full information touch ing the many and various subjects of its ju risdiction, and all the operations of the land system of the United States lands sold and otherwise disposed of, during the period cov ered bv the report There were bold for cash 10,062,107,90 acres of th3 public lands ; and located with military bounty land warrants 9,336,540 acres ; selected and reported under swamp grants, 6,936,874,390; and appropria ted by the railroad grants of May, Juno and August, 1856, (as . .estimated), 13,753,550 acres making a grand aggregato (including oilier internal improvement selections of 41,116,396,53 acres of tlie public domain disposod of during the five quarters ending 30th September, 1856. This is an increase of millions of acres over the quantity dis posed of during the five quarters preceding. While tho sales for cash have greatly fallen off, the disposal of Congressional grants and locations of land warrants has more than proportionally increased. The tables accom panying the report showing the sale3, loca tions, swamp selections, &c, are very full. Linds to no considerable extent have been proclaimed and offered at public sale during the year 1836 ; the present policy of the of fice being to secure them to the actual settlers under the pre-emption laws rather than to favor speculation therein, by precipitating public sales ef Urge quantities beyond the means of .the settlers to purchase. With the view of making this the permanent policy of the office, the report recommends a Bbght modification of the preemption laws. 0:her amendments for the equitable adjustment of conflicting .settlements upon unsurveyed lands are recommended. SURVEYS. The surveys during the year ending 30th September, 1856, of which plats have been returned and approved, amount to 16,873, 699 acres, of which 9,991,834 acres are on the Pacific coast Extensive surveys have been made which have not been reported. The surveys of 1855 and those reported in 1856 amount to 41,118,443 acres, of hich 17,573, 654 acres are in California, and the Territo ries of Oregon, Washington, Kansas, Nebras ka, and Utah. The quantity of new lands, now liable to be disposed of, is greater than at any previous period of the history of our land system. Il many of the land States the surveying operations are confined to re-surveys, corrections, and the surveys of towns, islands and private claims; and it is expect ed that the archives will be in readiness for delivery to seven of these States, within two or three years. . The public surveys, within the last year, on the Pacific and in our new Territories, have been extended with extraordinary ra pidity. In California the surveyed lines for base, meridians, standard parallels, town ships, sections, &c., are, in their aggregate length, greater than the circumference of the globe. Maps in 'duplicate, equal to 1,261 plats, with a complete map of the State, have been prepared, and important suggestions are presented in regard to the auriferous and ag ricultural lands. In Oregon and Washington Territories Indian hostilities have seriously impeded ' operations under the surveying system; yet notwithstanding this, considera ble progress has been made. In Oregon be tween the Cascade mountains and the ocean, the surveys of the public lands and of dona tion rights are far advancing towards com pletion; and it is now proposed ta extend the Oregon surveying district east of the Cascade range, whilst in Washinton Territory town ship lines have been run on Whitby's Island, some returns have been made under former contracts of the Willamette meridian, 36 miles of the third standard parallel have been run west to Gray,s harbor, and 30 miles of the seventh standard passing through the vast expanse of the Admiralty Inlet and Whitby's Island. In Kansas the surveys of the public and Indian trust land have been pushed forward with activity. Notwithstanding the severity of the last winter, the disturbances in the country, and the difficulties incident to the execution of surveys under treaty stipulations, surveys to the extent of hundreds of thou sands of acres have been recorded, plats of the same prepared, and the eastern portion of the Delaware trust lands placed in such a condition as to authorize their introduction into market by a proclamation for their sale on the 17th of November. In Nebraska the surveys have not progress ed so rapidly, attention in this surveying dis trict having been mainly directed to the Indian trust lands in Kansas. In New Mexico, notwithstanding the dif ficulty in procuring supplies in this sparsely settled country and Indian hostilities, some progress has been made in the sttrveys by the extension of meridian, base, connection and township lines. Some private land claims which had their origin under Spain and Mex ico, have been presented to the Surveyor General for examination, with vhom has also been filed a number of "Pueblo" Indian claims. In Utah Territory ,'the United States Sur veyor General arrived in July, 1835, and es tablished his office at the Great Silt City. After a preliminary reconnoisance in the vi cinity of that city, the initial point of the surveys was fixed at the corner of the tem ple block, in the erection of a suitable mon ument at the point of intersection of the me ridian with the base line, from there the base has been extended due east four miles, and west thirty-six miles; the principal meridian ing, and cannot fail, at this time, to be of vast benefit in assisting all patriotic minds was extended north eighty-four miles, and probable limits were withdrawn from market, so as to secura the intention of Congress, since which time sales and locations have greatly fallen off. All the means within the control of the General land office have been used to secure a speedy adiustment of tho grants, with a view tj the early restoration of tne withdrawn lands. Iowa was the first to accept and dispose of her grants. Wisconsin, Florida and Alabama are taking the steps pre liminary to the adjustmeLt of their grants. Under the act it is estimated Iowa, for 1,125 miles of road, will receive 3,456,000 acres. Florida, for 630 miles of road, will receive 1,811400 acres. AUbam for 1,264 miles of road, will re ceive 1,218,390 acres. Loaifunagfor 026 miles of road, will re ceive 1,C02,5G0 acres. . Mississippi, for 330 miles of road, will re ceive 950,400 acres. Wisconsin, for 560 miles of road, will re ceive 1,622,800 acres. Michigan, for 1,075 miles of road, will re ceive 3.006 000 acres. Making an aggregate of 13,755,550 acres. GBADUATION LAW. The act of August, 1854, reduces and graduates tho prices of tVe public lands after they have been in market more than ten years. Numerous and perplexing questions have arisen under this act. Settlement and improvement ard conditions of the entries; and the rurchasers at the reduced prices are required to make proof thereof before patents issue. The entries are very numerous, amountirg during the five quarters ending 30th of September, 1836, to about five and one-half millions of acres, and are nearly all sufpended. awaiting the requi.te proof; de laying the issue of patents, a so, upon a lare amount of other entries, with which they are mixed up. ' . LOCATION ASD BEHOVAIt OF LASD OFFICES. The Land Office for Kansas has been loca ted at Lecompton, on the Kansas river; for Nebraska, at Omaha City, on the Missouri river; for Northwestern Minnesota, at Ojib way, on the Mississippi river, aud for North eastern Minnesota, at Buchanan, on LJce Su perior. - The Decotah office has been removed to Orage, Iowa. The Lebaran office has been removed to Centre, Alabama, The Cahaba office has been removed to Greenville, Alabama. Browosvillo office has been removed to Chatfield, M. Territory. Winona office hits been removed to Fari bault, M. Territory. The attention of the General Land Office has been called to the existence of silver mines in New Mexico, by such reliable repre sentations as warrant the Commissioner in recommending to Congress to grant authority to make an examination as to the existence and extent of silver and other valuable min eral deposits in that Territory. GEOLOGICAL EXPLORATIONS. The explorations recently made by Dr. Evans in Washington Territory, under the supervision of the General Land Office, dis cover coal in abundant supply on Bellingham Bay, in strata reaching a thickness of twenty feet, producing coke in large' quantities, and of superior quality for manufacturing purposes. Abstract of the Eeport of the Secretary of War. The authorized strength of the army is now 17,894 men. The actual strength at the date of the returns, July 1, 1856, was 15, 562. The number of enlistments made du ring the twelve months ending September CO, 1856, was 4,440. The number of offers re fused on account of minority and unfitness forsemce was5,59L The number of cas ualties during same time was 6,6945, of which 3,223 were by desertion. All our Indian troubles in the West have ceased, except with the Cheyennes. The disposition of the troops is given in detail. It is recommended to extinguish the pos sessory rights of the Hudson Bay Company, as they owe no allegiance to our government and would be disposed to exercise a powerful influence among the Indians against our peo ple, if occasion required. A vigorous campaign ha3 been projected against the Florida Indians. General Harney commanding the military posts. Much space is devoted to the considera tion of the present system of military posts on the Western frontiers, and a complete revolu tion of the whole system is urged. The ex- Tbc Claims of "the Pocket. " The Evansville Enquirer grows more and more excited over the 6ulject of the claims of the "pocket district" to furnish a United Slates Senator and a Canal trustee, and for all we know, it will want every thing else that may be at the disposal of the democracy of the State or Nation. We have alreadv 6aid our say on the subject of Canal Trustee, and do not propose to repeat it here. In reference to United States Senator, whilst we concede the gallant service performed by the democ racy of the first district, we regard it a settled point that Mr. Bright a resident of the 2 J ditrict near JefferonvilIe, will be re-electeJ if any election be had, and thatto Senators, I oth residents upon the Ohio river, or the districts immediately adjacent thereto, will not bo chosen. Besides "there is a north" in Indiana, as in the Union, and we bold that those who have b re a ted the btonns of fanaticism, in the northern counties, and'fought through the re cent great battle, against such odds, are quite as much entitled to consideration and even official honors and emoluments, as they of the more fortunate regions, where the dem ocratic forces are Btronger, the enemy weaker and where it was much easier to be a demo crat than otherwise. For fc -:r part, we claim that the Democracy of the 8th district have achieved a greater victory than they of the first Here we had no divided enemy. Flushed with past vic tories, and confident of again succeeding, the Black Republicans, well and thoroughly or ganized, were arrayed against us, under the lead of Dan. Mace and other renegades from the Democratic party, and fught with a des peration worthy of a better cause. The De mocracy, wholly disorganized and almost an nihilated in 1854, aroused again in 1856 and the 2700 majority of Dan. Mace was reduced to the meagre pittance of 230 given to Jim. Wilson. We repeat, ours was a greater vic tory, corsidered in all its bearings, than that of the "Pocket District" and we have a much better claim for the selection of a United States Senator from among us. Tho vacancy to be filled is that of Judge Pcttit He served through but a part of a term, and all prece dent would assign to him a re-election. It matters not that a year has expired since the expiration of his term; no successor has been appointed, and he yet erjoys the entire con fidence of his party and of the people of the State. This alone should secure his selection, and if anything is to be done for service, the Democracy of the 8th may well claim the re ward. We await the result however, with but little anxiety, believing a Democratic Legis lature will act wisely and for the public good, even though our wishes should (as we think the) will not) bo disregarded. And we commend our brethren of the Pocket to possess themselves with all commendable patience, and be careful by neither word or deed to dem instate such weakness as may be cause of regret hereafter. We cannot close without noticing the un just accusations made by the Evansville En quirer, against the State Sentinel, of improper interference in regard to Senator and Trustee. The over anxiety of the editor has led him him to see what was not to be seen in the columns of the Sentinel. That paper has noticed in commendatory language all Dem ocrats whoinits editors have learnei to be candidates. That it had good right to do. It has done no more. Inf. American. Legislative Candidates. As the time for the meeting of the General Assembly of this State approaches, candidates for the sev eral offices connected therewith begin to be named by their friends, and their claims can vassed. For Speaker, lion. T. D. Walpole, of Hancock county, seems uow to be the favorita candidate. His long experience as Presi dent pro. tern, of the State Senate, and up on the floor as a legislator, his familiarity with all the interests and affairs of the State, and his conceded ability, seem now to mark him as the man who will be called to preside over the House of Representatives. Tom. Walpole is a general favorite in the State, and well does he deserve the confidence and favor with which he is held. Few men at the sge at which he was chosen Pres ident pro. tem. of the Senate, could bave presided with such d gnity, impartiality and ability as marked his whole course in that position. For Clerk of the House, we have heard the name of Dr. Jonathan J. Baesitt, for merly of Dayton, in this county, now of Fort ville. Hancock county. Most "of our citizens are acquainted with him, and know him to be sound in democracy and a good lellow penscs at present are enormous, without any His chance for success appears pood. L&f. corre. ponding benehtto the country or Iron- American, tier. Thn rrpit nnmher of rnsiTrationa in the THE PENSIONERS OF THE U. S. GOVERN- r d . . . . armv show the necessity for an increase of ment. T. he Commissioner of tensions re pay. It evidences a policy injurious to pro- ports mat mere were u,u8 army pennons f.'ssional nride. while tha hard service and on the roll. June 30th, yielding to their pos- frontier stations of the officers require of them Uessors a total amount of $1,071,693 anm- sacrificea which no other officers of the Gov- ally ; of these 514 were lor revolutionary ernment are called upon to make. The ex- soldiers, 5,164 for widows of revolutionary nenua of living haa been Preatlv aH?mented. soldiers: 2,531 for widows and Orphans OU and tho pay is about the same "as it was fifty half pay ; and 4,866 for invalids. During vajm a ,n Tt U bnd -minmp thn ronnrt the vear there have been 990 pensioners J " ' - . -' ' : . i nr . i .it L. J..tL . f continues, to drive the active and intelligent aaaec, ana x.oiv stneau wu vj uiu , from the service which thev adorn. the late number ziz were revolutionary o diers. and of the surviving pensioners in .. i . ..j . v. r. no (KrCoL Titus gives notice to all persons W" ciaaa, many are jBu - ... i- xT:..-. . i , i to xvjo Years via. auo kuui uiuuu o. t.A',1,.11. ..rn u.. a pensioners during the year was $l,233.1oG, a,T,..l irnth,t off., ,h as lollows: 10 revolutionary soiuiers, Coi,- th imrnrMiA u trt turn attent on to Cuba. uu w"F-"f tJ -"--" . . . - I -X I l; 1, J? 178 Tha nnm vr nf nnin Col Titus has certainly laid out for him- pensions and applications for increased ay self quite an extensive field of operation. By granted during tne year was 1,1A); and the REMEMBElt THAT TBI DAILY STATE SENTINEL, Largest Pricting tab!iLiurnt is tie S:a A a a lh i!acc to jrt-ttbt BEST UllXAHE STAL P1UATIXG t To orr tub FASTEST RAILROAD PRINTING! to ait mm LAUGi:STr03TKi:S.XDSII0Wr!IJ TO OITini Finest Texture of Wcrk in the Art ! In tact anything In the t of BOOK Oil JOH PUI.vr IXC, 1TTBI CIIEAPKST 1JATI1S! tuMnimg- 3 Stfm irtit t'fl nCLTDlAO A CARD IHU.. C7Orden tolieitd, d4 attended to uh a mrV rnniiitneei in arriving at correct conclusions as to the true principles upon which the government rests, and the duties of all good and patriotic men who acknowledge allegiance to it. the Legislature. Tt. Wayne Sentinel Emigrant Aid Society. Eli Thayer, the enthusiastic, addressed two hundred preach ers, in Boston, on Monday night, about "af fairs' in Kansas and in eulogy of the Emi grant Aid Society. We are happy to note that fanatics alone are now interesting them selves about Kansas. Sensible men have OrThe Charleston Mercury, speaking of the President's message, says : It sets forth the constitutional rights of the States, in language simple ajd undeniable, and draws conclusions that are equally un deniable by all who desire to debate the question, either of State Rights or State In stitutions, on the footing of fair and generous controversy. We are brought by this docu ment, more than ever before, face to face with the North ; and the question is, shall we have peace, or shall we have war? The real conditions are fairly stated, and it re mains for the sectional feeling to determine whether it will push the controversy to the extremity of actual collision. Most true. Now let us see if the Mercury will lend its aid to prevent the collision of which it speaks. There is vastly too much sectionalism" among the peopla tf the North, but it is not all ' on this side of the house." There is a sectionalism quite as bold and op pressive among those who are constantly cry in" out against .Northern aggression, it is for every good citizen and patriot to set his face like flint against this sectionalism, let it exist where it may. fr7"A commission merchant of New Or leans recieved from a Know Nothing of Ten- neessee a dispatch somewhat like this. "Tennessee gone to hell; Kentucky right after her; three feet water on Cumberland Saoals; river (Salt?) rising." ; QirTho bachelor who undertook to mend hU breeches with the "thread of life," gave it up as a bad job, and sent them to a tailor. south seventy-two miles. 1 hese lines pass through Salt Lake Valley, Cachemalade, Blue Spriog, and Hansel Spring Valleys, to the north of the base; through Tuiila and part of Bush Valleys and the west, and through Jordan, Utah cedar, Tiotick and a tortion of Youba valleys and the south contracts hive been entered into for surveys in these valleys. The surveys have been male into townships and sectional sub divisions. The extent of field operations embrace between 130 and 140 townships. Attention is drawn to the fact that tho limits of the Silt L ike City are greater in extent than the town site laid off in 1844 allows, and it is representea that the public domain in the city and out of its limits where settled by Mo-mons, is being conveyed by them to Brigham Young as trustee, and Uongressonal interposition is suggested in the matter. Under the acts of 1849 and 1850, granting the swamps and overflowed lands to the States in which they were situate, 42,628, 158,04 acres have been selected by the States and reported for approval; of which 1,168, 451,51 acres have been contested by individ uals, who allege under oath, that these selec tions are fradulent and the lands not of character granted by the acts. In Illinois, Missouri, Mississippi, Iowa and Arkansas the contests are numerous; in Iadi- ana, Louisiana and Florida there are but few contests, and in Michigan and Wisconsin none. The swamp land business in Califor nia is wholly unsettled, but very numerous contests from that State are anticipated, infor mation having been given the General Lane Office, that large selections were being made by the county authorities of most valuable ag ricultural lands, interfering witht he clamis of pre-emptors under the laws of the United States. RAILROAD GRANTS. Upon the passage of the railroad grants o last summer, the lands falling within their the time he gets the Central American ques tion settled and Cuba well attended to, CoL Titus might consider that he has filled the measure of bis glory, and set himself about making preparations to "shuffle off this mor tal coil" as be come tn a good man and a christian. Owning Up The Washington correspondent of the Springfield (Mass.) Argus, who is one of the editors of that paper, gives a very naive con fession made by Senator Wilson, of that State, with reference to the false pretences upon which the Black Republicans conducted the late campaign. a . i . r it.,,. arrears due on inem at me uaie ui luck A. W A . A. A issue was szvi,oo. in me oepwimeui i navy pensions there have been 47 original applications, and applications ior increase i pay admitted ; and the roll has been increas ed by 45 new names, while 33 names have been stricken off by death. The roll, June 30th, contained 854 pensioners, whose total pens ons are 122.ob'J annually; the wto.e ... . i j amount nam. nowever. during tne year ei.a- ing June 30th, was $127,558. General Walker asp a ForrnrnN C n TtnrBirT Tn l...t i r f. .v I ..:..t there is low no doubt a to what G'.ntr 1 Walker's meaning was when he wrote t!io ; secret instructions to his ir.teadel a:nla-s .-! dor to the Court of London. Hi bej rr expectation were literally to form "a iv-ir.:;.' em Confederacy," to CDuntcr-biace tbat the North i. e.,th Un'tel Slit in j ir. by weakening them; ard a Cor.fokra-v which should include cot only Cub, b it ou own Sou'hern State, an J exclude 'tlic Y.U,-! kees." Walker had jut seen Mr. S.n! 3 a 1 re-efctabli!hed s'avery in Xicaragui when 1: wrote, fully expecting to see Fremont t '-o'.-' ed, aLd then be ab'e to zH titlier the w i or the best partof the South t quit the Uij; ' unite themselves to bim, givea-p i- Mvxit and Central America, ee.zo Cubi, revive ta slave trade, and o form a L7Lion of their own. That wa h' ide".; anl he suj c J his aerit then ia Ne York, would urjJer-. stand him.. Bat tither be d d i!-.t tike, cr, believed it to be more far the k'erest of C.la to be united with the whole of the Unite 1! Slates than with rurh an amdgtmafoH of. various elements,and therefore published tLe correspondence. Sicce the ascertained election of Mr. I'u-h-anan every particle of this f-tling has d;-.p-pcarel from the joarnrd of our own Sjuth eru States, even the most ultra, unless s ir.c of those of South Carolina jh;i;1 1 b-j thought an exception. . The mess.ij;e of the Governor of that State, and the ar.ioti of its II u cf Representatives in rcgir l tj the reviv; ! cf the blave trade, hx, indeed sUriied every body. Mr. Yendon, for many yejrs Hi editor of the Charleston Courier, and it rej re sei.tative of a very lareai.d irfl.iet til clHf of citizens thiouhout the whole S.juih at,d Southwest oppoel by a'.l inM in his pow er the action of the Ilvne,to that it ilu t not be supposed that this arrion ' really n dorsed by the whole State, much l'ss by tl 9 South generally. Five years ago tot a tcul in the South had conoeived the idea of tucii a re-cstab'.iehraent We have carefully examined the tne'snre of the Gjvernor on this su'.ject, and s.r per fectly surprised that he dil not jcrceive bow completely, in bis zealous urgumttit (or the re-ojiecing of the s'ave trale, he has damjg ed the cause of the South. Wh it a doren of its bitterest ent-mia could not bave oote, his message, if adopted as a f..ir exponent of southern views, would effectually kcc'nij.l h. His argument is briefly rlis: if tne slive trade is wrong, slavery must le wixrg, and since the slave States are maio equal with the free States in the constitution, this ban put upon the sl-tve trde is urjtut, un constitutional, and ought to ba swept cut of it. But bow is it that thes? advocates of the slave trade do tot s-e that this arumeLt might be turned on them v.ith the m t-t dan gerous and damaging effect? Thus, the rgu.t of doing away with the tlave trale is e x pressly granted by the constitution, ar d wasT discussed and adopted most deliberatciy hs au essential part of the whole compact on whieh the Union was formed. If, therrrore, it were true that the klave trale and slavery must stand or fall together, and are on the miiij moral and constitutional level, it woul 1 fol low that slavery was intentionally put ur.dcr ban io the constitution. It mibt even b ii. ferred, if thrt supposition v. era true, that Con gress had a right to legislate on fc'.avtrv throughout the Union. The f!lacy cf all this lies in putting the tdave trale on the same level with b!avery, in the direct fire alike of Scripture, of common sense, of the constitution, and of all legislative actum. But it is strange how the two extremes meet Gerrit Smith and the Governor of South Car oline. Both are disur.ioLit?, and both ere equally acting in opposition to the wLo!e moral sense of the country and to ths spirit and tenor of the constitution. But it is not so much with regar.lt) the morals of the question that we have anything to 6ay. We wish to speak of it simply as a question of political economy. Gov. mith argues for it on the ground of the rices-ity of introducing cheap labor, whk-h be sirs is all South Carolina and the whole South no want But who docs not perceive that cheap labor, as it is called, is often the d aet of all labor, so far at the proprity of a State is coDceriied? We showed but a sVjritinie since that the civilization of any State will depend upon that of the humblest portion of society rather than that of the lgln-st. To elevate those to the greatest possible dcg'ee is the great end and aim of all Lse govern ment. The whole democratic theory is k"d on this principle. It is the education .ni in telligence of the laloring tortion of the pop ulation of the North that pro Iuts ita univer sal prosperity, and it is the iiitroluction of coolies and all kinds of cheap labor that is the chief source of ruin to the Briti.-h Wct Indies and every nation that has tr ei it. The slaves in the Southern Stnttf, by a hundred years of contact v.ith the whiti's, have receivel a vast amount of civiliz ttion. Uut introduce a lower grade ail it would throw back tUs elevating prvess iadt linitt ly . Sotting aside, therefore, a'l scruples of mor als or religion, we strnp'y contend thit the same far-seeing policy which iu lnc 1 the U. States to provide that no S ate sboi.1 J b? ad mitted that did not have a republijn form of government, led them also to provde apiirt-t the importation of this cheap lalor." J'hil. Ledger. A Yorxo Ameiuca Babt. Ti.e editor of the Newark Jacksoum ttlls tome gnat truths since hi triumphs over the fanatics. Here is or.ly a part of his bkby ttr ry: A gentleman resident ol tlis city tas a tes ter living at New Flatz.o; poMte I'oughkfcp- sie, who, two weeks sinte give birth to a male child with two front ttctl, end uw this ppeciraen cf our telegraph aud 1 v mo tive ag, has ci'ht teeth. Th:s f st lubv is to bumbus, for it uncle if c i.e cf the un terrified' Democracy of Newark, who vouch es for its truth. (ttr "We the People," the campaign paper which did such awful execution during the canvass by scattering abroad mtsrepreienta- iiona of the Democratic party, breathed its last on the 4th ulL Its aony was terrible The ruling passion stron ' in death," lsillus Mr. Wilson says " the howl trated in its continued misrepresentations of . set up about the repeal of the Missouri Com- the Democracy. V oil. tne uemocrsry c.u a a i . . ... 1 . v : . ; OaaM Ira mi auora to let tne poor tuiiig cujuj the election that the "bloody Democrats, he says, were right in saying that would give twcnty-6ve hundred m-.- it was already repealed by the legislation of jority for Colfax" and the 11th district 1850, and the Whig party and the Democratic 5,000 for rettit and the State twenty mou- t . ... Land for Morton and thirty for Iremont party were rxm committed oy meir conven- q rem0Ted the doIla out of the purses of tiona in '52. in itsf.tvnr. I n -V. f.1i , - - 1 rnnn.i ln i.r nu miiaua nu nno ivuiuu It did not need tho confessiou of Senator enough to rLk their spelter on its prophecies. c ...v:.t. - Its tune after the election will hurt Demo- tuuuiui a, lak wuiwu otcit uub i , , . , , T , crate no mere man 11 uia oeiore. uct we rwrtnrbed toirit rest in peace if it can lie 1 still. P. S. "We the People" don't say any thin 1 about contesting the election of -the Wi'son to conhrm a fact which every one must recognize as baing clearly established ; yet his acknowledgement that the cry of the Republicans against the repeal was all " a d d humbug," is something that may be worth put.'ing upon the record. Clerk or the House. We hear Dr. E. N. Banks, of Miami county, spoken of for Clerk of the House of Representatives. Dr. li. is a gentleman every way competent to fill the duties of the office a Democrat of the truest stamp one who, in the language of a friend, "has done a great deal of service for the De mocracy in the late contest and deserves success." Logansport Iharos. Democratic State Officers. Who has it wilkd that "labor of love" to? J. D. D. of the Journal. Lcganrport l'Jiaro$. ftrThe Rev. Bishop Upfold officiated at the Episcopal Church in this city, Sunday Tuormn' and evening mere were some ten or twelve confirmations. Under the minis tration j of the very scholarly and efhcient ineubenttho Episcopal Church seems to be m a very flourishing condition. Evans vilU Ijiguirer. Louisiana Cane Chop. The Pioneer, of the 15th inst, published in As.-urur tan Par ish, La., says: Many of our planters have commerced rolling. They rejwrt the caLo. short and sweet. The quality of the uar i jro d, but the quantity will be very tmall. S nu rf our lsrst planters will pot gr"u.d a tuik all of their cane being required to plant the crop of next year. The weather is very uvorab.e forr.pcur.g . 1 r cane, ana inose wno are so unntiao u have it will be materially bcntfittel. fJT Fillmore lost bis owu St tc. New York, Donehon lost Terinci-sc, and now, (as Gen. Walker elezantly cxpn-Med it,) the amberof Gen. Jackson's grea'neV sd no preserves him fr.rn ob.ivioj ; l).yto:i 1 t New Jersey, and i rcraoLinis nr.-i prui.ii.;y lot California. On the other ba:.d lli-hau-an recovered Pennsylvania fcr the Democra cy; and Breckinridge redcctrcl Kentucky from Know otLinism. J rncevee ar.d Kentucky bave evinced their Gl.itv by po- irg for Buchanan, and the Dcrocrit'c p-rty is low tho only pirty truo to the p;iin:.it of the Constitution, the rights and equality cf the citizens and the States. Xurfieesjoio Aru?. OTTre Washington Ercnirg Star, cn Monday last ssys that it was the greral ira pres;ou at tbc 'Capitol th.U the I'rceidctA Dad, on the Satu'diy previous amoved lu lge Lecompte, of the Kansas Bench. It iras also the impression that Jarns O. Har rison, of Kentucky, wculi be Judge Lccomp t's successor.