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SEN li Ml. VOLUME XX. NUMBER 32. INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 2, I860. WHOLE NUMBER 1.110 1HE STATE Mctkh StntintL A MAMMOTH SHEET raixTan ti fciiimo bv tit WtmiL COMPANY AT THE 8E.MTINEL BUILDING 113T WA9B I NUTOS fJTBBXT, (tUIILI TUX CAPITAL HOII f.J. ItlGH.in J. . DOKillTYi MO nitron. Th rUJMW , nüihecUuh extreinel price ol fer iuu 4 mdwMC- H -" - na.T w Mad it Any timet a club atthe eicepat HythoAliwatyis it. Tli i "lift tr T- WHyStUSntil . And Bailed for .ne year . if a, f oUtrw : W.tMatKe Caaatj free. Wlrai. Ik. Sf.fa 13ctt ntaiats Vaited ?tats THE DAILY SENTINEL iiarlshr yearly"oeriberfatt6,invariar,U la .raa-e.or leiiv I ;y the carrier al 1 2 s cent per awk,?ayAMearmi-moataly. Sinn) eopie, 5 cent 4w Hi-meat r tha a . repayment . or ;oot. uuJ igr than paid for. Tk star 'intKO BD,er We iih'iab!' morning the natooal aorg written "d the enemy with whom our country was at r bombarding Feet. Mcflenry, sod .a booming of the cuss wis ringing in the art of it author, with an additional verse TWs I aM vcvss mm written imprompu, by Mww K. W. Hill, o Washinon, D. C , and sung a1 a, aceis! ocrett, given at Cannelton, December 8h, loa'J Tb friend who forwarded it says: lue approach of heavy rain. Tne bay was dry and ready lor bousing. Kubin an I two I farm men were buj gathering it in; but the fSMoi drone begin to f II while a oaasJd ml !- r yet remained in the field, aid, with . c . ot crop preservation, lort'u rushed ibe widow, 'el lowed by Nancy, leaving the epoocs half scoured on the ki-cheu table- In ber rapid exit the girl ' had ft r gotten to latvh the doe r. Tho weasel at d th- ate were the only depredators known about , the moorland farm; but while they were nil KM pied in the hat tic 11, who should corns that way bat Geordy Wilson. We-!, the k tche-u door was open an I Geordv stopped h. He barged th etile with hi staff. I he coughed, he hemmed, he sat'i'ed the c', which aat purricg on the window era', acd at , le- gth d sojvered there was nobody wilhir'. i Neither meal nor penny wu to be sp ctcd that day; the rain was growing heavier, some ot the . hay most be wet, and Mrs. Simpson woul I rcturt: la bad humor. Eut two objects powerfully ar rested Geordy "a attention; i-ce was the broth pot boiiiog on the fire, ar.d the other the silver spoons mattered oo '.be tab. Bending ov.'r the former Gecriy too a eoosid-mb!e evft. gare lbs inre dlents a stir with the pot stick, and muttered "very thin." Hie prcctediEg with regard to the . latter murt remain u: mentioned; but half ati 1 i hour after, whoa he was st'ely ensconced in a I farm bouse) a mile off, the family were driven within d- ors by the increasing storm; they four.' everything as it had been left the brr.th on lbs , fire, the cat on the window seat, the wbitirs -.r.i 1 tiatmel on the table; bot wot a spoon n there. "What's the spoors?" cried Mrs. Siropoa to the entire family, wbo stcod by tha Ere ing their wet garments. Nobody could tell. Nine, hai left term on ihe table when 'he ran to the hay. N one had been in the hon-,-, they were certain, but nothing was i '. i . r fit puled out, and tbe emp', t 'ckipg exhibited. Every ehel. every corner wts searched, but to no purpose; the sp-Kns hd disappeared, atd the Ute ol the farm hou. mty be imaaiutd. The widow ran through i'. l'ke oue di'ri 'e'. n ;cs- . tioolng, scol-lir;r searehii-g Rsbi.-i, Nincy i s' d the larm men were despatched in different directions, as soon as the rain abatert, 'o a I vertis the neighber, under the supposition that some t'roilisg brgKr or gip?y might have cariied off tbe treasure, and would attempt to dispose of i- political in the ninsh. Nobody it.oncht of Geordy Wil F r siovo adiit oo to the national osg of , ,n; ho had not been "spied Irom the hay fi-ld; his circuits were wide; his visits) to any house were not frequent; and if he eschewed Widow Simpson's from the dy of hr loss, it wis he 1 eved Geordy knew tba' neither her temper nor her i erality would be improved by that cir cumstance. L"j the spoons were, beyond a doubt, and the widow bade ' .ir to lose ber srnsrj- Ta- rieb relation came at his appointed time, ard hal such a tea that he rowed never again to trust himself in ibe honse of h i entertaiuer. Bj the search went n; labbita boles were looked into for the misting silver, and active biys were bribed to tutn out magpies' nests. Wells snd barns in the neighborhood were explored. Tbe criers of the three nearest parishes were em ployed to proclaim tbe loss; it wss regnlatly d veri-cd at kirkgite and m irk -t place; and Mrs. Simpson began to talk of getting a search war rant for the beggar's meal poach, fl.ihgfe w:u? ahrmed through all its borders conceruiog the epoors; but ben almost a nnn'.h wore away, and nothing could be beard of them, tbe widow' si'pxiocs turned fiom beggars, btrns and mir- pies, to i'ebt cn poor A tocy. bse btd been scoaring tbe spoon", and left the houe las'; sil I ver could not leave tbe table without band. It ' was true that Nancy hid always borne an ua ' questioned character; bu: such spoors were not the Star SptogleJ B inner la so exceedingly ! to the pnwn; crisis of onr nv.iona; that I think it ;uh'. tobe disseminUtd far od wid t' roo'h the Und. Will you do me tbe favor to t bii b it in the Sentinel on M JDd ty and if I nvght be permitted to suggest, in con oeetion with the original sot-g 7" Ob! lay, can yoa ate by t ini ary ltjHt, VTUt o prosW'y w k. i d t the twiUchi'i last gleam- pTmi'i'i 1 tri; An J be rht ran throaah tbe peri'a fl.t. O inh-rawp r $ wz v :ihiJ,wer o gallaaUy ttreaai- tm Ok rievl'i rl fUr. tS bowb burrtlrf In air. M wroel tkro.-ih rwj i.uht U.at oor teg wa will there, 0 : i t deittatay ipaaglil wsaaer ttiil qav. O'er the lAae of UM re? nl lb host of tte krare! Oa tV ahore. dlBly seen t roa jh the ailat t f the deep , wx Um W, bm.fkty eet is dread H'a repo, whA iBwbA which UV kreeze o'er the towering iteep, nil, olowa. half eonem ed, hilf dtaelrae..- Wnw i t e trhe te gleaai r U awrntng a arm oeam , it wave, the brave. Ia fait gterr reC-wtwi nnv iie on f- it-eaai Tj the (t r rpaiJeri banntr, Oh! long may I) r the linl ot U I roe aad tke boae of th Amt where ttibid whof vann tnaty iwore That .be havoe of war, aad the battle' eonfawon, A h Be Atd a count y thald lea, a no arret T:ir blocd ha wwii'd out their foot fooutep'i poll Ttie I'ropoM t :ni . of Senator DoniU. W e publish this mon ing Mr. Dooola' plan of a justing the slavery is-uj. It ia similar to tLat proposed by Senator CainrJiDiM in mnt respects. Wo copy from the Waahiugion Statu the remark of Mr Docglas in the Senate Com mi'.tee ol Thirleeu, on Saturday, which exoUiL the nature of bia suggested comprr in'.sc, and showi tbe sMiit which actuates him iu tflVring it A Cumcromise implies a concwasiin of contlict iug views. Neither the x reme North nor tbe ex trt me 3 ir h can expect that their demacds will be yieldtd by eilhersection Iu ihe formation of tbe Conv.itu'.iou C3iflc.ii g o, iuions were mudifird and surret dered in c:cer to form the Ucicn, at.d the same Jwrii of acccmuKdotion must now be exercised u .rdtr lo perpetuate it. In t'ia way Che Uuion rc be preserved- li the compromiee of Mr L'ouolas will satis y the moderate men ot b ith tlia South and tbe North, tbe ult a men of the two sections should be willing to abtte tbeit tx rctne opinions to promote harmony and main tain the Government Any plan of adjust- uicnt that will take tba negro out of Cougrcs and out cf politics will go far toward restoring peace to tbe country. If the Abolition ists snd tbe Fire Eaters are deprived of their political capiUl '.be slavery issue '.here would be but Hitie caue left for disunion, and attach me'.t for the Constitution and Union would ageiu be he prevailing sentiment of the people ol the whole coUQ'.ry. It will be noticed that Mr. Dtvo Lai fiopose to mjke bis plan for adjusting tbe presen'. c.n'.ioversy a part of the Cous itution bv soictdmsnt. If adopted in this way it will be permanent ar.d cca : to be a tu' ject of legisli- i t:.on, and of stumf. ctwpaptr nx.d pulpit discus eicn sxd demtgoguery. I be prip i-itiocia ot Mr. Douglas are eUborat' and well considered. If they will quiet the troubltd waters if it it an adjustment that wil. deal fairly with the contending opinions snd inter eats of the different sections of the country !e'. th i p:op'.e of ths North and the South, who are willing to mike sacrifices to preserve the Uuion, d-mand i's iiop'.ion by Congress and ratificaticii b the atatsaV 0', if this proposition will not suit let it be modified or .hinged until it is ac ceptable to the conservative sentiment of tbe nation, which tbe late Presidential election shows is largely predominant. Tbe Slate thus report Mr. Douglas, and we will only add that if the same pattiolic sentiments controlled all the Sen ators and Representatives in Congress, we should ;oon need a day o! Tbanksgiviug and rtjoicing, icate&d of one for humiliation, faatiag and prayer iu view of the perils which now threaten the country: In tho frceinterchange of opinions which took j place, it ia . er stood that Senator Douglas ex- : prersed the opieion that no adjustment would re- ! store and preserve and perpetuate peace aud hai mot:y on the slavery question whicb did not !truatr t : . Ileudcu'i Flan. We publish ih's noiiDf, theepeech of Stnctor CaiTTCNO-!, of Kentucky, suggesting a pln cf comprom se to paci'y the country. Mr. Cxitte.n i: n ia i jern man, and he speaks the seni metitSL..i I c MHervative men of the South, lie is fef prt servil g the Union; but to conciliate the 3 u.h, aj.d to satiefy the pe p!e ol that section of the nation that their rights will be respected in the Union, he stat's that concessions are ncccs ary, and presents for the cor.s deruion of Corgrens and the country such compro-: mlees as, in bis opinion, the Nc-rth should, in justice aud honor yield and which the South J should accept. But we donbt if acy comprorai?e can be tffvcte-j. The R pub'icin members of' Congrtfs tx.ress themselvea declJedly agaiost any coccession upon tbe territortd iuu and : SPEECH OP MR CBITTINDEN, OF KKNTL'CKT, On 2iy Propmrd 'uiproiniae of the Slavery (lucatiou. la mxiti, Tueaday, IK-cember 18, 1860. Mr Ctittenden stid: 1 am gratified, Mr. Prcfcidrnt, to see in the various propositions which V-u mae'e euch a onlvon il anxiety to save the ceuitry tromthedangr rous dissensions which now prcviil; and 1 have, utid.r a very serious I without ! .i ist . bit, ua teeliug whatever concected with it, preptred aaaries ol constitutional amendments, which I desire to offir to the Senate, hoping that they may form, in part at least, some bash for measures that may settle tbe controverted qioatious wbieh uow ao much agitate our country. Certainly, air, I do recognition ot slavery ou t'ao S u'hern a:de of I lution, and havoc, and anarchy. Sual! i' be a id that line is tbe great diffi .ulty , the great quotion , that we have allowed all these evils to come u kju with them ISow 1 boscetb them to think, our country while we were eng trid in tbo petty : and you, Mr. Pi.-iif n'.tind all tothink, whether, andsmall disputes aud debates o which I ha e I 'or such a comparative tr;tle ss that, the uniou referred? Can it h that our n, ma la tn rt i ot tcis country is 10 d aicrin.'eu- iltve we j realised to ourselves tbe momculous consequen cea of auch an tveni7 This is a mighty empire. Its existenco sia-eads ii.U junce ihrouhoutthe civilized world. I - overthrow would be the greatest shock th civiitzttiou and tree govern ment have receiveii; ai.r txtei aive iu its conse quence; more fatal to mai.kmd aLd to the j.llial principles upon which the 1 berty of mankit.d de 1 peads, than the French revolution, with all its blood and wi'h all it war and violence. And all i for what? Upon questions concerning ibis line of diviaioo b tween eUrirv a- ,1 frttilom! Why, Mi. President, suppose this day ell the not prop e now any elaborate d;tcus-ion of the Southern States, being retused this right; being uhje:t. Before presenting these resolutions, however, to the Senate, I deeire to make a lew rerun ks cxclanatOry ot them, that the Senate s'e.iiily vote avainst al) propositions to modify may understa d their general scope. 1 ne questions ot an alarming character are those winch have crown out of the eootroveiay ti-m. Ä rvfagw eowM aave tb h retin and alve. From the tenor of fl ght t the gloom of the grave; Awat the rar-pA- glei tanner ia triaaph d eh wave. O'er ti Ua of the f. ee. Aid the hoaae of the brav. Oh! that It evr when Tasa call a' and Hwtwi-n their loved h aw and war' 4e-i'AUn-. Bier' l wi.it yieurx aad paase ay th HeTen-reeoeJ l.nt Probe tbe poww that hull made An I preserved a a nv w. Then ctDiuer we ctu. v'.en oar eanscit i jast, Aad lh te owr Xto 1 n God if oar trawl!" Aad the Car-tpan led banner in triumph hall wave. O'er was lead f Um free ami th boa of as brav. to be met wl b every day, aad Mrs. Simpson was banhb it trrever from tbe halla of Congress and r stt neree irrilalioc; I we il ratter roand Xnl lie to o-.T I lag ai SM n ot salt lu glory departed, ia totaty ail ahwrn. The te pawg elnanaer no toagwr ,ha'l ware. O'irthe land uf iht free and the Bonn of th brare. The Blrlm of Knea I rin CaniDy reader of the CmeTOi inform us who is the au bor of the lollowing beaotiful verse, rc-oed some years ago in an exchange? There is an una?uol vigor of imagination dia p'ayed, jiined toaxteliect versification, and a knowledge of the psfeta is delicious -V. V. CwaerriaZ. Ye, we c -n. It &s written some sixteen or seveoteen years ago, in New York City, by a young Irishman named M ore, and appeared in that very cUver st.ry, published originally in the Brother Jona'kin, wo' believe, emitled "Tom St'pleton," a sketch which never received one bait the rire-u'aUoQ and credit its merit deserved Buffiln Commercial. determined to have them back in her stocking After sundry hints of increasing breadth to Kobirt, who could not help tbir king bis mother was losing ber judgment, she, one d -y, plumped tbe charge, to tbe utter s'oo.'bment and diemay ol the poor girl, whese anxiety in the search had been inferior only to her own. Thoujrh foyr. aud an orphao, Nancy had some hone pride; she immediately turned out the whole conten'so! her hist (.tx ) unstrung her pocket in Mrs. Simpson's presence, t d ran with tears in 1 er eyes to tell the minister. " It was th-n common in the coantry parishes of Scotland, oifScuIties aud disputes which m:ghi have emp'oved the writers and puaa'rd the magis trates were referred lo his arbitration, wwi 'bne lawsuits or scird il prevented Tbe mu. s er bad heard, as who iu Batbgate bad not? ol Mrs. Simpson's loes. L ke the rest of the parish he tbouVbt It rather strange; bat Nancy Campbell was ooe of th- moat St riots snd exemplary gir's in his eungrega ion be could not be'.i- ve (hat the charge peeferr'd against her was true; yet the peculiarities of the case demanded investiga tion. Wi'h some difficulty the miois'er persua ded Naccy to return to her mistress, fceanng the arena of federal politics, and prohibit Con- crena Irom legislating upon the subject in any ease whatever, except to perform tbe constitu tional obligation in respect to fugitive slaves While be regarded this principle ot nor -interference by Congress as the essential basis of any ij'i'tmcu. which m cht be made, there were va rious means by which the ei.d could be accom plished. Oae, sxd in his opiuioc the best, was to leave ihe people of ihe organized Territories free to dec de the question for th-jmselvea, subject to ibe limitation ot the Conetbution aud the courts todeciue upon the validity and constitutionality of the Teiri'.orial laws, without any interference by Congress. Another was an equitable partition between the two aectiuns ol all tbe territory we now o or ma, atquire, as was provi led ;n the Missouri co.-npromUe, and now proposed by the Senator :rom Kentucky. A third ws to provide that the stius of slavery aod pers'ioal frrelnm, as it x isted when tbe leiritory was aiquireo, should not bechaiged, ei her by Copgrets or by tke Terri totiil L'gisiature, aed that ibe courts should de termine ail questions ir.r.dtitij; title to slave properly Hud personal freedom, as w i3 provided axeosage to the inect mat ne ana two or nis in th? L-iaj ton cotcpr muse bui.arid aupporttd by elders who broentd to reside in the ne'gbb.r- Mr. Calhoun, in IdH Wid all i I tarn To what I wowld ntiieti... i, Erin 0 grtes; An w doot ii-i ayhin. ' V I .how haw thatDaywiin Ilia I lv ere. shia the g m as' the qseea. Ithapp-ard wan aaornin'. W don, i j warain'. That Taynoa wa burn in ths beantifal AaV, A-i'bathat a.m.-to. in. (A' are.'lwaavrivokln") H'.r tina a war toakin', an' wudn't give play. So Nipta ie, who knew her, B .in to pur-1 er. In ordher to wes her, the wicked owld Jew, An' he very Dich caajbt her Atop iv Um wwther dr. at Japitar'sdaajt.t'r, who cried Poo i Tut hcod would e me ever in the following cvenir g bear what cou'd be said on both sides, and. it possible, clear op the mjs ery. Toe widow was well pleased st the minister and his elders com i . . I I Jk. . ... V... I inj; lo it ijuire rtiisrr uer ei iuuo. one pu-- wu i,i best mutch thai ia to y, cap prepirca ner best speechc, and enlisted some of the mos' serious snd terrible of ber neighbors to assist in tbe investigation. Early in the cveniig of the following dtj when the ruu-mer son was wearing low An' Bat Jive, the great jaynioaa. Lwok'd down aa' Ii Vaynna, Na.lu-.e ao am oca ..ar boir. go he roared He'd tear bun aaano A -i 'ah are, 'tw no womiher Ud, oat in thaadoer, her, fcr main' hi child. So a star that was fly in' Arcur.dha, easy in'. J at rieh n'. im i nan ; i It oelow. Wh-re it tomb ed like w nkia , On N taoe w ii tink a', Aa' gave hiia l'a dunaia', a aao-ra iv a blow. An" hnt star was dhry bud . Both lowland aa t bijch'aal. An' fatrntd a aval itacd. Um land iv my birth; Tho r U n a the ahtory Kant down from g'.rry . That BVin ao uoary'a a h-aven on tart!.' Thea Tarra ja aped aaUly, Oa Irin ohUtely. Butf rated, 'laaeia-tyao b ther'd an' priaa'.', Wr ieh much did bevlldl.er, Bsi ere it h i kill'd her, Uer Mher d tbt UiJ heradhrop 'lv th bbht! An ikat gtar to TteSorioaa, It ,ra! ber fee', lorioca, A liit'e avoar oo 1 fear might prove; II be how can jet blame a That Erin 'a so fan-rat F; KacTV, aw r Branca, aa' waranrr, an' tore From the Le rare Uour. Wiatowv MayMB'i Spao. The pariph o Bithgate, iu Linlithgowshire, oticht to be reckoned saioog tie claasic spots oi BaatUnfirm mu h as it formed part of the dowry which Kutiert tbe Braew bestow. U on bi- eldest diugbtrr .MsTzery, whtn ste mariUd Walwr, tat Hi(r8twward'ol Scot! ard, tad tha-t becime the proginiir;x of the royal aai unlucky bouse u B oart. Lvirj na dwsv between Elicba--gh aid Glasgow, thoss fifal Qaeent of the ran ai.d t,:, bet out ol th P'liiirn track o' tr ffic ard trueel. it aaa fraaro for ae a pwatoral piriah, of ,mai! aad ratbi r backward 1 irma. Ol U'e yean cmI ou been foood lam; sxd team and tndf, wh.ch b d iair to le --vc tbe wcrld no rustic corner, ara r ipiJ y turn In if it into a miwiog district; whicb sbcu'. the time of the general and the i fielJ-work was over they were all as?t mbltd ia the clean scoured kitchen, tbe ministers, elders, j nt d r.elghba rs, scberly iistenirg to Mis. Simp- j SJn'a testimony touching he.- lost stiver, Nancy, I Robin, and ihe farm men sitting by nil their , tarn ctme: when the door, which had been left haif-ocro to admit the britx. for the evening was sultry was quietly pushed aside, and in slid Geordy Wilson, wi'h his usual accom; ai m-nts of staff atd wallet 'There's ne room for je here, Geordy," said tbe widow; "we re on weighty business." "Weel, mem," sud.Gjordy turuing lo dcp.n i' a ol nae consf q-iencw. 1 only came to speak atou' your epoous " "lite ye heard o' themT' c.ied Mrs- Simp ton. bunciog from her seat "I oonldna miss, beiu blessed wi the pre eioas gilt o' bean ii '; aid, what's better, I saw them," -aii Geordy. Saw them, Geordy? Wbr are they? and here's a wbole sbillin for ye;" and .Mrs si-np-soii's purse, or rather an old glove used lor that ! purpose was instantly produced. Wewl," said Gerdy, "1 sUpse-i in ane dy, ' Ld stein' tie siller ucgrded, 1 tb'iugbt suue gu lied bedy might covet it, snd j et laid it by, I may say, anai g tbe leaves o' that Bibl-, tbinkin you would be sore lo eee tbe spoons when joa went o read." Before G oidy had finished his revelation, I Niney Ctmpbe l had brocght down the ptoudly displayed, but never opened B ble, aud inter spersed between its leaves lay the di z u of long aoaght spoons- Tbe miniaterof Bathga'e could eciarcely com mand bis gravity while admoni-hiitg tJ ordy n the iroub'.e and vexation his trirk bid caused. Tbe assembled neighhots laughed outright when the daft man, pocketing the widow's shilling, which be had clutched in the early pirtof his Jrsoourse assured them all that he krnnrd Mrs Sm; -on read the B:ble ea olten tbesp-ooDS would be certain to turu up. Geoidy got mat y abtsin of broth i' 'I mt-ny a luncheon ot bread aad cheese on account ot that transaction, wi;h which ' be a moss d all the flreeides of the parish Mrs. I SimpaoQ was sttuck dumb even irom ecoldirg. ' The discover 7 pat au end to ber ostentatious ! profeeeioor, and.it may be hopd, turned her at tention more to practice- uv way or m aairg ametds tor her uij'ist imputi'ions on Nincy Csmpbtll, he consented to receive her u a dim-l hrer ia L within the same year: and it is aid there was peace ever after in tbe farm-house; WBJ bat the good peop eot Bttrgate, when di-cuss ng a character ot more pretei.ee than performance, till re'er to VV idow eimp"on a spoons. Ptrh p there mii.bt b-.' other modes by which the same '.t j c. could be accomplished Tue chief merit ol ejeh of ih-se propositions, which Mr. Douglas ai d he had supported in turn, aud aban doned SOW wbeu it waa louud impojsibl to pass it, wss to expel tbe ela-'erj question ai d i s agi tation from the htll- of Congress, and plice it bey i pl J tbe reach ot Federal legislation. He was ready now to unite in recoinmendiog to tho people of the several Stilts such amenl- m n:a to the L institution as wouiu take tne their poi'ion against slave-y extension. T .is they insist upon ou tbe ground, as they aver, that by bo doicg ihey wccld jield the isne upon which the Republic ins triumphed iu the last Presidential election. But can it justly be claimed that the sentiment of the conn try is wi'h the Republican party upon the slavery isaue? Out of about four mil liors snd three quarters of votes cast, there was not n million who sympathized with the pe cull at tenets of Republicanism. Shall which is largely in the minority, so far as public sentiment noon the i i-to which threat.e.g the overthrow of the Government, refuse concessions toh-armovz; the country, especially if the propo sitions of Mr. Csittcnds.i will satisfy the Sou'b7 Upon the pasas.v,e of the Nebraska bill, the op position party avowed it their purpose to restore the Missouri Compromise Can the Republicans now, wi h any degree of consistency, oppose the policy which they then advocated? All that Mr. CsiTTiMDEn aska ia the restoration of that Hue Ly an amendment of the Constitution. And should not the considerations he , .sents for the settlement of tba controversy upon thst basis Influence favor.bly the conservative and patri o'ie sent'mnt o: the country? But concession ia not the policy of the Republican party. Its leadirg priss avows itself for peaceable die union rather than yield a hair's breadth ot Rerubiicran doctrine. Tne Tribune says that such ia the position of the President elect. In its ia-uc of Mocdiy it mikes tho following au thoritative announcement: We are enab'ed to tute in the moat positive terms that Mr. Lincoln is u'terly opposed to any concession or compromise that shail yle d otic i iota of tbe position occupied by the Republican party on the subject o! ß'.avery in the Territories, and that he stands now, aa he stood iu May 1 aft, when he accepted the no nination fur the Presi dency, square upon the Chicigo Platform. The Republican members of Corgre??, a'eo, profess to occupy the same gronnd. 1! the domi nant party of the North hive no concesvona to make or eff. r, and adbero to the doctrines of their plstfor-i, wc eee no other way to dtcic the oontrovci-y oat peaceable secession or toerciou. Which sbsil it be? Are the people of the North prepared to engage in civil war, rather than make a compromise which will imply concession on tbeir part, or permit the States which are dis satisfied to go out in peace? To show that the Rrptbhcioa are determined to "stand equare upon the Chicago plat form" we give the proceedings of the Senate crisis Com mi'.tee of Thirteen, at their m;eticg on Saturday las': The amendment to the Constitution, prcprsd by Mr. CriHecdea, lo settle the contioveray be tween tbe N rth and South finally and forever by a division of the coua.rv from ocean to occtr, on t ie parallel of the Missouri line, was the great subject ol discussion. Messrs. Crltienden, Douglas and B:l r maintained it with great zeal and abili'y. Mr. Douglas r. i crated his former determina tion to coaridcr 'he qui s.ion fcr the preservation of the country, as though he had never etat a vote or uttered a srn'.iment on the subject be fore. If tbsl mode cf compromise would not answer, bj declared hlmaelf wil'itg to go lor any other consistent with honor or justice. Tha appeals of Mr. Crit'endeo in behalf of the Union are said to have bt en e'oquent and sub lime, lie, too, was wiiling to embrace any other effective mode of adjustment. Mr Bilor, ot Pennsylvania, preferred a divia ion by a i icu'-s the country, because in that way the q'ies'ion of slavery could be taken out oi Congress and eeparated entirely fiom lbs pop ular elections in the North, without which we never could havofierai inrnt peace Messrs. Wade Doolittle, Collamer and Grimes ooo-ieed tbe pror-o-ilion with much earueslneas b- tween ti e Northern and Southern secttoas of our country in relation to tbe rights of tbe slavc brilding States in the Tarritones ol the United Star, e.nd ia ral ml M to ihe risbteof the eil x :ns ol ibe lifer in lhi.ir t; ves. I have endeavored by these resolutions to meet all these questions aid causes of discontent, and by t.mendments to the Constitution of the United States, so tba'. tie settlement, il we can happily agieeoo any, may be permanent, and leave no ciuse or future con iröversv. These resolutions propose, theo, in the a pOrty i firf-t place, iu eubst.nc. tbe r s'oration of the Uswai Oomproraise.extetiuiüg 'be line th ough out the Territorii a of the Ui.red States to the csa'rn bordrr of California, recognizing slavery in all the territory south of that line, and probil: iti'g :Iavrrj in all the Terr'tirr north ( at j with provii-ion, however, Ih&t ahen any of these Terri -ries North or South, are Icrmed into S'ates, they shall ihen beat liberty to exclude OT Smalt slavery as they please; acd that, in tbe ooe cae or the other, it sha'l be no objection to their adaittwawal into tbe Uuion. In this way, sir, I prapsM to settle the question, both a3 to lei 1 1 WW J tnd slavery, so lar adit regards the T. ir n.iKS of tbe Uoited 8tates I propose, sir, also, that the Constitution shell be bo nmeded as to d. c are that Congress sb ill have no power to abolish slavery in the District ot Columbia, so long aa slavery ex "ts in ihe S a'ea of Maryla-.d and Virginia; ar.d that ibey shall have no power to abol.-h slavery in any of the placis nnder tbeir speci il jurisdiction within the fcoj't.eru State. Tbese ore - he constitutional araei.d cents which I ptop'se, snd embrace the whole of them in re gard 'o the questions of territory and slavery. Th re are other propositions ia i. l.tion to tricv ai ce;, ar.d in rela'iou to controversies, which I suppose are within the jurisdiction ol Congress. acd m it be removed by the action ol Congress. I propose, in regard to legislative action, that the lugitive slave law, as it is commonly called, shall oe declared by the Senate to be a constitutional ac'.ia s'rici pursuance of the C institution. I prootse to drclsre, that it has been decided by the Supreme Court of tha Uivted States tobe retused this partition ; being deuicd thia nri vilrge, yawaj to aepara'e irom tne raor'.nrn Mi'n, and do It peacefully, and then were to come to you peacefully and aaj,"Let there be nowar between 1 us; let us divide fairly the Territories of the j United States;" could ibe northern section ol ! ibe country relu-e so just s dem ma? Wbat would you give them? Wba' would be the fair proper: ion ? If you allowed ibem ihe.r fair rela- I live proportion, wcu'd you not give them asmuch s is now piopoec'l to be assigned on tbe south 1 ero side of that line? and would they to; be a' liberty to carry their slaves there ii they pleased? You wouid give them the whole of that; and then wbat would be its fate? Is it upon th general principle of humanity then, that you ( todreasiog Republican Senator) wish to put an end to slavery, or is it to be urged by you ss a mere torie atd point of party Con troversy to sustaiu party pown 7 Surely, I give you credit for looking al il upon broader and more generous principles- Then, in the worst event, after you have encountered disunion, that greatest of all political calamities lo the people ol this country, and tfiediutiionis'Bcr me.the separa ting States come.atddi. mand or take their portion of iheTerritoriee.tbey can take a d will be entitled to take, all that w'll now lie on the Southern side of the line which I have jr-ro;ed. Then they will have a right to permit slavery to exist in it. And wbat do you gain for ibecau eofaoti slavcr-y-a Nothing whatever. Snppose you should rcluse iheir det-and, and claim tbe wh ile for yourselves; that would be a flagrant inj uatice, which you wouid not be willing that I ah ul j suppose would occur. But if you fid, what would be ihr conse quences? A State North and a State Soath.and all tbe Stales, North and S-u'.b, would be at tempting to grasp at and a Ism this Ttr. i'.ory.aod to get all of it that tb y could. That would be tbe struggle, and you would have war; and not only d sanion, but all these fatal consequence s would follow frt ru your refu- il now to permit slavery to exist, io recogn'zs i' as t us ing on the Southern side of the proposed line, while jcu : ive lo tbe people tbre the right to exclude It when tbey come H form a Stite G ivertm-.r t, if such should be their will ard pleasure. Now, gentleman, iu view of Ibis subject, in view ot the m'ghty con?equencts, in view ul tbe great events which are pr-eent betöre tou, aid of the miah'y c-insequi-?io,-a which arc last now to -Mr Dauglae' Plan af -adjuetoaent. Oa Monday, December 24 :b, Mr. Douglas introduced a joint resolution into the Senate pro posing amendments to toe Coi stitution of tbe United States, with a view of restoring peace atd preserving the Union. Ilia proposition was read a first acd second lime, and referred to ihe Com mittee of Thirteen- It is as follows: J3IXT BESOLUTIOW. .'e oloed 6y Me Senate and lluute of Rrpreten tatiot of the L'mUd State of Amenci in Con- tm auembled, (two thirds of both Hvue$ con curring,) That ibe followirg articles be and are berebw proposed aud submit ud aa ameodmeu s to tbe Constitution of the United States, whicb shall he valid, to all intents aud purposes, as part of said Constitution, wben ratified by Convec tions of three iourlhs of tbe several States. ABTICLC XIII Congress shall make no laws in respect to sla very or servitude In any Terri'Ory of the United States; and tbe Hatut ot each Territory in rec pect to servitude, as tbe same now exists by law, , hill remain unchanged until the Territory, with such boundaries as Congress may prescribe, shall have a population ot fitty thousand white inhab itants, wben the white male eitlzens thereof over the age of twenty one years may proceed to form a Constitution and government for tbem elves, and tx reise all tbe rights of self-govern ! ment consistent wit i tbe Constitution of the United States; and when such new State shall , contain tba reimisire rnnnUtiiin t..r a mmiir nf disunion as abetter thing ihn theUn on and the j Congress, according to the theo Federal ratio of1 ijusu.uuou win De saueneu and will adhere to representation, it shall oe admitted into the Union the Union, ar.d we shall go oa again in our great 1 on au equal footing with the original 8tites, with career of national glory. j or without alave ry, aa the cor.stitution ot auch But, sir, it is not necessary for me to speak to ' Dew State shall provide at the um of admission; you ol theoonsi quenc?s that will follow difunioo. j Who o! ua is not proud of the greatness we have achieved? Disunion and separation destroy that greatness. Ouce disunited, we are no longer gieat. The nations of the earth, who hae looked I upon vuu aa a luroi'usDie power, a migr.iy power history with this everlasting stigma and blot u, on it? Sir, I wish to God it was in my power to pro serve thia Union by renouncing or agr.cing to give up every conscientious and other opiuion. 1 might not be able to discard it from my mind; I am under no obligation to t'o that. I may retain ! the opinion, but it I can do so great a good aa to preserve my ccuuUv, and give it peace, and its institutions snd its Union s sb liiy. I will forego any action upon my opinions. Well, now, my j friend, adoreseirg the Republican Senatorsj j that is aii that is asked of you. Consider it weilj j and do no' distrust the result, as to the rest of thia body, the gentlemen Irom the South, I woe'd say to t:em, cau you ask more than tbis? Are , you bent on revolution, bent on disunion? God forbid it. 1 can not believe 'hit such madness possesses tbe American people This gives : reasonable saliaf action. I can epek with coe fi- ' dence only of my own State. Old Kentucky will I e eaibnea with it, and sbe w.ll stand by -he , Union, aud d;c by the Union if this aatjsawawasa be given. Nothing shall eeduce her; ihe clam jr f no revolution, the seductions aad temptation of no revolution will tempt her to move SM ate p She has B'ood always by tbe side of the Consiitu , lion. She has always been dtvoted to it, aud is tbis '. ; day. G.ve ber this satisfaction, and I believe all I tne aia'es ot the South that are not desirous of c n:iiutional, ard that the -ioaibern States are ' take effect, is it not be'ter to tattle tte question slavery 'oe tiou out of Congress and would en-I and ability. They raainUioed tbit the peo, 1 sure domestic trat quility to the people of all the States, and fulfil every obligation of the Consti tution ol tbe United States. In view of the dan gers which threaten the republio with disunion, revolution, civ. I wsr staring ns iu tbe face, he was prepare., to act upon tbe matters in contro-ver-y without any regard to previous action, and as if he bad never made a speech or given a vote upon the sutjoct. He was unwiliiog lo believe that Senators, uorih or south, were going to sac lifi e their country in order to maintain tbeir po iiitral consistency or to maiutain a party orgaui z v'.ion iu ibe diff.-rent sections of a divided Uuion The framersol ibe Constitution bad yielded their favorite theories and convicions on many points, in order lo produce harmony And ensure Ageuei concurrence in tbe adoption o the Constitution These concessions, in the opinion of wise men, have alaravs been regarded as evidences of tbeir patiiotism, and nut of weakness. If we can mec' the present i?eues, and perform the duties im ' nosed upon us in the spirit which animated them, acd, indeed, follow tbeir example, we can yet j Kive tbe Union without war or bloodshed, tie did not believe that in tbe recent elec ion the ' people of either the North or South had decided ! irrevocably that they preferred disunion to yield ing one iota in tbe extreme demands of their par platforms. On the contrary, be diJ believe , thai it twc-'.birds of each House of Congress I would agree upon constitutional amendments in a sprit of mutual concession and compromise, and recommend them to the reople of the sev er.! States, each amendment vould be ratified by tbree-'ourtha of all tbe States, in order to take ibe slavery question out of CongrtsJ, and pre ss rve tbe Uuion, and maintain perpetual ptace and stood will between ell its members. It did not require any Sta'e or section to surrender any right which it posies'ed, nor to assume any obli gation which the Constitution does not now im pose; bu' in a spiri'or conciliation and fraternity to settle amicably and justly the matters in dis psjsj by nu irrevoctble constitutional amtnd ment. It was not bia purpose at this lime to commit himself for or against any proposi ion which bad been offered or suggested, but to de clare his conscious desire for a fair, just and ami cable adjustment of all the mailers in contrc versr, as lo remove every caua ' of complaint or irrita'ion. Clr"Mr. Geobok AeHiaoia.of Maasachosetla.who President ol the Chicago Republican Con- nob- rty i hoc peacv, sraea barlry, wtr twoasbjects k'ik aoaotM trioL C ; oi A : on there was one dame who,' hough -iiitas nor the best born.stooO, New Hook. I MKTIIODISM SCCCES-FfL. AND THE INTERNAL CAl'SKS OF IT SL'c'OrfS. By BeT. B. V. Ii. rr, D. P., Lb. P. with a 1-ltcT of iDtrodact cn by Bish p Ja es ItRRV Jt Ja K-Ki.a.pul.li.ilie. i. New V jrk. i jt alet y Xuaiu. a Co.. Indiumpoli.. This work ii an able historical review of tl and tnump its -tut-derlol sccce. It would be sowing but little for thia woik, to say .ta' every Method st hou d in the late elec i n decided tho question ot s'a very in the Teni'ories, acd, therelore, they had no conce-'fins lo make er eff.-r. They mani fested great uuwillicgn'f s to act in tbe absence of Mr. .-eward, but is tbey could give no sssa ranee of bis 'mmeita'c r-'turn, ihe committee de clined to tii f r acti n on account of his absence Messrs- Davis, Toombs end Hunter discussed ! the present condition ol" the country with unsurpased ability, and whilst minifestirg a i willingness to accept any meisure of Suit settle ment which wool I secure their justrghts in the : Union, insisted that propositions must come from tbe dominant party, the Republicans- Tbe vote on Mr. Crittenden's proposition an ! as follow: Foe the proposition Mesers. Bigler, Crittcn den, Dourlas Ri.'e acd Powell 5 Against it Mesrs. Davis, Doolittle, Colla mer, Wade, Toombs Grimes arid Hunter 7. Messrs. Hunter, Toomba aud Davis, neverthe less, intimit d an inclination to go for it if the Republicans propose it in good faith Tbe second prop isitions submitted by Mr-Crit 1 tendeo, denying the right ol Congres) to abolish slavery in the dockyard and arsenals, wss voted against l.y Messrs Collamer, Doolittle, Grime and Wade. The remainder of the committee voted for the proposi. ton, but as it had Dot a ma jority of tlie Repnb'icans, it was defeated under the rules adopted by the committee, that no proposition should be considered adapted and recommeDded to the Senate which did not re ceive a majority of tbe Republ can votes, and also a m"j irity ot th se oppoeed to tbe Repub licans The third clause, det.y'rg to Congress the right to abolish slavery in lhe District of Co lumbia, was defeated by the same vote, the Re publicans all voticgaogainst it, and the rema oder of the committee. The fourth cltuae. cstl b'ishing the right of transit, was detea'ed by the same vote- The fi'l, win -h is inten led to perfect tte l Fagitive Slave law, by requiring tbe several ; States to pay for fngi'ives who might be res cued Irom the effi'-ers o the law, was lost by I (he same vote, (be Uepublicsxa all votiog in the I negative. lb. any other propositions were offered and 1 voted upon, but none of leading importance . none that would meet the great engines of tbe limes. Mr. Davis submitted a resolution expressly re cogrjijir.g property in eiaves, but do vote wu j taken on it. Mr. Toombi submitted aseric of resolution", 1 emt-ncin? gubstantiilly the pticciples of the eii'i'.Ud to a far.hful and complete exeutiun ot that law, atd that no amendment shall be made . h-r, after to it whicn will impair its efficiency ' But, thinking that it would not impair i's effi ciency, I have proposed amendments to it in two pirftcolars. I have understood from gertlemen wl the North that there ia objection to the prc wWosj wtwtmaj a different lee where the commie sioner decides to deliver the slave to theclsimaur, I from that weich is given where be decides lo dis I charge the alle edal ive; tbe law declares th it in the Ktttr case he shall have but fire dol'are, while ia the other he shall have fen dollars twice th- amount in one case than iu the other. The reason for ihia is very obvious. Ia ess? he delivers ihe servant to his claimant, be is u qniied to draw cut a lengthy certifici'e stating the piircip.il and eibuantial gronndt on whicb his decision rests, and to return bim ei'ber to the mar hl tr the cl limint to remove bim to the s tte Ircra whieh he escaped. It wss for that reason th t a larger f ?e w given to th comrnia riovcr, w uere be had the largest service to per form. Bu', sir, the ec. bing viewed unfavora bly r.nd with great prejudice, in a certain portion of the country, this was regarded as very obnox ious, becau-e it etemed to live an additional in ducement to the conrni-eiorjer to return tbe slave to tbe muter, as he thereby obtained the larger fee of ten dollar-, ina'ead o! the sm-il'er one of five dollars. I have said let the fee be the same in both cies. I have utiicrstood furthermore, sir, that, inas " uch ss the fi'th section of that lsw was worded soiaevhat vsgut-'y, i'a general terro had admit ted of the construction in ihe N-irthern Slates that all the cittz ::e were required, upon the sum mons of the Marahil, to go with bim to bunt up, as they ex, -s it, and arrea' the rlave; and this is regarded as ob; oxiou. Taey htvii a dd, "Ia ihe Sou'htrn S-&es you make no such requisition en the citia. r;" nor do we, sir. Thosection, con strtied according to Ihe li ' irion of the fraraer of it, I nipp ?e, only late . ; i that tbe Marshal should hive ihe same iWti in the execution o? process for Ihe arrest ot a s are that be has m all other ca?ea ol process that bn is required to execute to call on the posse o- it'ui ie ance wh?re he is resisted in the x. cution of his duty, or where, having executed his duty by tbe arrest, tin nt'empt ia made to rescue the slave. I propose such an amendment ss will obviate this d'ffi .ulty end limit the right of iho master atd the duty of the ci'iz-n to c.ipes where, as in re gtid to all oiher procees, per?o s may be called upon to assist in resh'mg opposition to the exe cution oi the laws. I have p-ovided further, sir, Ami tbe amend ments to the Constitution which I hers propose, and ccrtaiu other provisions ot the Constitution venti n ibu denounces the personal liberty laws ofthat State: In ray judgment, the enactment of our Legi la'ure which are intended or calculated to impair the force and ffect of the fugitive slave acts of B.-eckinrifge platform, but final action was not gt,. oi aoo-u. ii iu c o. ,u. pcuar-. , j.., Hp progress and triump'j oi B.tbfite lived on if. own oats and ; Method itn, .d sn irquiry into the tana.a mi i lis owu ni.-i . t " w of interest ibe coro market and the iia hits.inis atii ir no'- .. . , , , . a ... "J e--- - - . read if Inr tV-.T' tioof si OUi'l i.t i odi-m. T.ie itli.r'.i i'.iou inaugurated bv Jhn Wtsley has alr.aoy baa a ma- ked Ü.ct upoo the Congress, are wholly unconstitutional and void. Tbey sbou'd never have been passed, and ought not to be permitted lo remain on our statute book I denounced them when tbey were first projected, and have never failed to feel and express a deep reg f tbat any of e ur people should have been led, by acts ot justice on the part of any of our later S ate, to retaliate by ao act of indefensi ble wrcrr, en our own part. Vote of the N irlh weal -Of f icial We havo at last the complete official vote o' own esteem, above all but tbe laird ana tne . i;,;,..! moral, social snd religions condition ol the North wefl'ern States at the late Presidential .a w , . i . ...1 lira w.a mi tim ...... . er- a . . i uer p. i io uu -- ir.ts rr. o to I P rot Yo her el tic This lady valued herself not cn ihe tii her by the food man wbo had de-arted ' swoae seven yjarsb:fore tbecommeuct cf oar etcry, !or i's scree were few, and Bail i il ot half reclaimed moorland net r avown-op eon Robin, though be waa ed a 1 kely snd sensible lad oot oo htr brifty bonaekeepitg, though it was known oc the I'efut-screw pritcip'e but on the t of a duxen silver tea-apoona. H r ac of tbem was tbat tbey had belonged to the a G t-alier, acd had been bestowed upon ajraaaiSACer id reiuru ivr niirrwuii. iu.i Bint to tbe Bri i crown oo hi march l.-oro aCsjlk)dec io proof of which she was accua'omt d to point oat a half ob'iteeited crest and the Ini tials C. S-, with woicb they were mi-hod The widow's neighbors, however, had a d fferent tale regird;: 'h.ir coining into the family. It was ta the effect that her grandfather, who kept a mail ion somewhere in rVe, had bought tbem from aa ill doing itiri for three gallons of High land whbkv, and bestowed them on bis grtid daughter, aaa the one of bia family most likely to bold fast io sacta ao m oitant acquisition. In the family rt tided, ia tbe capacity oi help, one Ifaficy Camtibel!, a gdrl about nineteen, who was u pected or taveg taken a fancy to Robin, who rec' orocaied the sentiment. Nothing, how- rer, would so'tea the heart of the widow as re gards a match, until at last the following event occurred, and SBmawJ her to give wy: Abou tbe hag making time adiataniani comparatively rich reiatiao was egoee'ed to call and take tea that evenirg on bis way from L'nlitbgow. It wan oot often nat tins superior relative honored ber hou e with a vie t. sad Mrs. Simpson, Heter mined that no hiac nboald be wanting to his en tertainment, bro;bt out tbe treasured spoons early in tbe forenoon, with many irjinet:ocs to Vasey tone hie g tbe c re she sboa d take ia brg tenvatg tbem up. While this operation we b'icg cot ducted iu ihe kitchen, in the midst ot one of tkose uoee U n days which vary the i or.h era Jana, t eoddon darkeniog of th iky tr.- manitipd. rs lu:utc career no man ca,i .ore-ee. in the boundless acd ever widening pro-pee vc ahead of it. eet'ion. WIM, IIE FIXD II KR? A Romarc of Xew VorVf.-d New Oiieac. By Wix-nca 8i aanTo-i. Dcaar A jAi um, pu lite. New York. IToe sale by aaaamw a Co., Iad:anap lit. This work is composed o! a Series of sktre of real life, sdmiraoly told. Styled a romance, the author aaya there is not a line from the fiiat to the last page unfounded in truth. WIIIW3 AND OCHITIEJ With onr hundred i la-lra-ii nf and national tiles. By Thimh Hood. DaaaY a Jaraao. pui liahera. New York. or tale by Mabkill k t'o , Ialunapolis. A book full of fun, humor and wit. It is bound, therefore, to be p -pular. Ohio In Ma' a Illcoi tl ch'yai Wisconsin . .. Iowa Minneioti... Here it is: Doagla. .... iP7,230 .... m.lo6 .... lti.i.M 3 .... 6a.s&9 6-.l51 65,IM3 .... H.fTB Lincoln S3I,610 l3u.0l3 17J.5D4 8H,t9 S.I I IS tll.M'U atjawl Breck. 11.405 1 ..."".- SJt ""tvM 1,133 743 Bell. 12, 1!TT 5,:U9 4,& ' M 1,-56 44 6tMI,243 MO.avt 2S.T63 1,433 The total vote is as follows : MI$ lilLBKItrS' CaHEKR An American Story. J.O. Uollasd. Cauui Scautsaa, pal-limlier, York. For sale by Merrill at Co., Indianapolis. By Don.-'; a Lincoln. ... Be'l Bieckiniid, THE -tO.NOS OP IRELA5I -Contatnlny aong or the af fctloDa; eumririal, eomie. moral, sentimental, satirical, patriotic, historical, military, political and tniserllaceoua soogs. Bd teil And Annotated by ÜaMi kl Loves. Iu k at Vitxob.1 aLa, publia .cr. New York. Vor saI - ly Bow km, Ktiw.it at Co., InUUnapolia. The name of tba author is an ample guarantee o' the value of this collectioi 0' Irn .lyri. s It oootains some of tbe most beautiful songs in the English Ui gusze. GUI ,211 -ii..".. i 9U.43e S.7b3 Total I,5l9,t The vo'e of the North-wet ia three hundred thousa 1 greater than that of the entire South'. D.lclas' vote in the North-west is as great aa UntcKiNRioGi's vote in the whole Union. ITIiil KTTK AND I'."1 AGE OF SOCIKTT-CootAinrnr m-aapprove.1 rules forc,rrea-t.lrportment in fashi.jnuMe I.f.-.t oj.-ilwr with hints to renUcmen a d ladies on irreg ular aad vulgar h nit. Also, the Kti.ioette of Lsve and Courtship. Mr rr Lage Eu.io.tu-, ate. By Flaaav P. Wiu a. Uu k A rrrzuuaiD, puliliahen. New York. For sale by Bo wen, Stewart k Co-, Indian polls. By lYiuug , New Yo,k. Collie HIDE J NO SEEK A PeWst, Dica A Kitzi.ui.iD, pui li.l.iri. For tale by Bjwen, Stewart ii Co., Indiana-olis. PoLiciTrDK r,v LircT. Gbnbbal Scott Lienf eienci '. : ia here on official business. He i greatly concerned a beut the condition of 'he country, snd this morning spoke of it with tears iu his eyes. He said he was three years old wben the C iiiriitu'.iou was adopted, and was now, therefore, on ths verge of eighty. He did not wish ti i-urvive the downfall of the Uaion. He is mak'i g earnest eppeils to Governors Denui aon, of Ohio, and Andrews, of Massaehuaetts, both now. here, to agree to a compromise fourded on just prlrr-'plcs Wathintft'in co:T'tondcnee of Hie I'hiUut p'.t i Press, Mundiy. IT The moon is behaviug herself with great propriety now shining swec ly, and rigidly com plying with her contract with the Gas Company Can't some of our posts praiso her for it? The plsy of tbe til very mooubeams oo tbe virgin snowb.Lks tho soscd, and all that would ound wall in verse- taken on tbem. Vor thePaily ftate Sent'n-1. IxDiaaar-ous, Isd., Decemb-;r if?, 1 tin. Hos. W. McKxc Do.ix. I need off -r no apol oi?y for addrocaii g to you tbe following rugges tiona of nmendmc-iits to tbe Constitution al the United Suites, in addition to those proposed in the Senate a tew d y ago by the Hon J ohn J Crittenden, it so humble an individual as I am, may be petmi'ti-d to "second the motion" oi ibat distinguished gentleman. I make tbe suggestions to you because you represent on the committee of thirty three the ate of which I am a citixen, and because I believe you will give them a lair , and candid consideration : 1. Tbe right o: transit and temporary sojourn ment to slavebcid t, with slaves, in tbe free States; and if the slaves eecape, the same right o! reclamation as in thecaeeot slaves escaping irom one State into auoihrr. If, in ironnec'.ion with this, Congress shoulJ pass an act niodifviLg in some ot its harsher fea tures, the fugitive slave ait, but not making it . less efficient; and the free States will repeal their obnoxious "personal liberty" bills, tbe question ! ot slavery, provided .Mr. Crittenden's ami i.i men's be accepted, may be forever put to res', to lar at least, as the North ia concerned. 2 The election of resident and Vice Preei - dent. Let the Preeid-nt te chosen alternately from the North an 1 from the South, and wbeu the President is tikcn Irom the North let the Vxe President be taken from tbe South, and rjiee vrrta. By this arrangement each section will always have an equal shire in filling the two highest offices known to the government. I am, as yoa kt o V, a Southern man born and bred, and my sympathies are with my native State; but it I know my own heart I am not asking anything tor, nor yielding anything to, tbe South whieh may to tu all fairness and justice be a;ked for and yi Medio that section ol cur common country. Oar Goverrm'-nt, the best which t,od nas evr vouensa ea to mm, never would have existed hut lor the sp rit of compro mise and concession which anima'ed our fathers. If the men of the present day could feel as our fathers did, the want ol a good governmen', they would promptly bring all their opinion and prejudices, and principles too, if read be, to BBS altar acd l ff r tbem ns a grand peace t ff.riDg for : tbe public good. Then all our troubles would be overpast, acd peace and go d will be restored to our present distracted country. Very truly yrurs, A. H. DAVIDSON. 1 itself, shall be unalterable, thereby forming a permanent and unchangeable basis of peace and tratquility among the people. Among the pro visions in the pr sent Constitution, which I have by amer-dmcnt proposed to render uualterable, is that in.vi-ion in the fi st article of the Constitu tion which providts tie rule for representation, including io the ompu t'i ri three fi'ihs of the slaves- That is to be rendered unchangeable Another is the provbion for the delivery of fugi tive slaves. That ia to be rendered unchange able- And with these peovisioos, Mr. President, it seems to me we have a solid f .und ition upon whicb we may rest our hopes for the restoration of peace and itroJ will am' n all the States ot this U.iion, and all tho people. I p- r-o -, sir, lo enter in'o no particular SmWMtBt n- I have explained tbe geucral tope aid obj.ct of mv proposi i tou. I have provided further, which I oueht to mentio' , tl at, there having b en some difficulties experienced in the courts ot tbe Uni ted States in ihe South in carrylcg into execu tion the laws prohitit tic the Afric D s'.ve trade, all ihe adJitinna At.d aoiendmtL'a which may be necessary to tboae laws to rende r th m effectual shcu'dbe immediately adopted by Congres'.and especially the provisions of those laws which prohibit the importation of African slaves into ihe United Stotsjo, I have timber provided it as a recommend itioo to all ths States ol this Uuion, ' that, whereas Uws have been passed of au ua constitutional character, (and all laws are of th i 1 ctiAracer which either coi.fl ct with the constitu tional acts of Coiigresior which in their operation i hinder or detay the prontp'. i xecution of the acts of Congress, which laws are null and void, and yet, though i till and void, they have been the souice ot miscliet and disem'ent in the country. , Uu'Jcr the cxtranrdiu-ry circumunncea in which we are p'aced, I have supposed that it would not 1 be improper t r unbecoming iu Congress to rec oiumenu BS the State', both North and South, tbe repca' of all sucb act, ot their aa were intended to control nr intended to obstruct tho r petalion of ihe acts ol Cot press, or which, in tbeir opera lion and applicatiun, have bee made use ol fcr the purpose ol sucb hindrance and opposition, nd that they will repeal these laws or make i such explanations or correc ions of them a to , prevent their being used lor any such mischievous purpose- I have endeavored to look with impartiality from one end ot our country to the other; I have endeavored to search up wbat appeared to me to be the causes of discontent pervading the land; and, as far as I am capable oi doiog so, I hava I endeavored to propose a remedy ur them 1 am lar from believu g; tbat, iu tbe shape in wh ch I ' Dresenr these Uicaeurea, they will meet with the ! acceptance of the Senate. It will be sufficiently Kraiiling if, with ibe nmendmenta tbat ibe su- rerior kuowkdo of the Senate may make to ' ihem, they shall, to any effectual t xteut.q aie'. the country. Mr. President, great dangers surround us. Tbe ; Uuion ot these States is dear to the people of the I Untied States. I be loog experience of its blees i ine, the mighty hope of Ibe future have made it dear to the hearts of tbe American people. Wha'i'vtr politicians may say; whatever cf M ' eensitn may, in the heat ol party politics, be create d amoug our pple. wbeu you come down t tbe question of trie existence of tbe Constitu tion, that is a question beyond all party politics; that is a question of life and death. The Cooeti . lution and ibe Union are tbe lite of this great people yes, sir, the life of life. We all desire to preserve them. North and South; that is the universal desire. But some of the boulhern states smarting under what Ihey conceive to beacgres tkns cf th'ir Northern bretbrec, and ot the Northern States, are not contented to continue tbis Uaion, aud are taking -t. r -, formidable steps, toward a dissolution of tbe Union, and to ward the aoarc'.iy and the bloodshed, I tear, ihat are to follow. I say, sir, we arc in the presence of great events. We must elevate ourselves to the level of the great occasion. No parly war fare about mere party questions or party measures ought now to engage our nttention. Tbey are le i bebittd; they ire aa dust in the balance. The life, the existence of our country, of our Union, ia ihe ruiglly question; and we must elevate ourselves to all those considerations which be lo; e to this high eutjret. 1 hope, therelore, gentlemen will be difrosed to bring the sincere! spirit of concilliation, the eircerest spirit and desire to adjust all these d Ifi cubies, and to tbiuk nothing of any little con cessions of f'piuions that they may make, if here by the Constitution aud ti e countiy can b preserved. The great difficulty here, sir I know it, I rrcognisa it as the d'thjuli questioo, particularly W h the geutlen en fiom ibe North is tbe ref, mission ol this line of division for the territory , and the recognition of slaveiy on the one ride, ml the prohibition of it on the other. Tbe by a division upon ihe line o. ti e Misaonri Com promise? For thirty jours we lived quietly and neacelully under it. Our people, North end South, were accustomed to loo at it as a proper and just line. Can we uot do s aii ? We did it then to presviv.- the p-aco ot tha country. Now you see ibis Uaioi in the most imminent danger. I declare to you eh it it, is my solemn conviction that unless snmethicg be don?, snd something equivalent to thia propoei'.ior, we shall be a separated acd divided people in six month' from this time. That is my h:in coi.vlc.inn There i no man here who deplore? it more than I do; but it is my sad and melancholy conviction tbat that will be the consequence. 1 wib you to eahz fully the darcer. I w sh ycu lo realize fally the Coctcquei.ccB which are to loilow You can give increased stability to this Union; you can give it an ex'S!cr.cc, a cl rious exist ence, lor great and glorious centuiies to come, oy cow salting it upon a permanut liosls, recg n'ling what the South considers aa i's rights; aad this is ihe greatest o' th -m all: it is that tou should divide the te-rUory by this lius and allow the people south of it to have ela ery wbeu she are admitted into the U.iiop as States, snd to have it during the existence A the Territorial Government. Tbat is all. Ii it not the cheapest prioe at which such a . eft' g as this Union was ever purchased? Y-u think, perlt tips, or some of you, tbat there is no danger, tbat it will bu thunder and pass away Do not entert iin f uch fatal delu-ioo. I tell y u it Ii rot so. I ti II you that as sure as we s and here diautoou will pro vress. I fear tba' it m ty swallow up ertn old Kentucky in i's vortex as true a state to the Union as yet exists in tae whole Coafcderacy unless eometbing be done; M that yoa will have disunion, that anarcby and war will follow it, tbat all this will take place in six months, I believe as confidently as I believe iu y .ur pres ence. I want to satisly you of the fact. Mr. Prcaiden', I aiise to scenes'. another con sideration. I have bsen surprised to bad, npon a little examination, tbat wh u t p ice ol 17&3 was made, which recogn'sad the u h pendeuce of ihia country by Great Briu'rV ? norUi of Mason and Dixon's line hid but a territory o one hundred aid six'y lour thcusmd ?: ir miles, while the States south of Masoo and Dixon's line bad more thau aix hundred th u- saud square miles. It was 80 divided- Virginia abort. y afterwards ceded to tbe United stales all thst noble terii ory northwest ot tl c Onio river, and excluded s'.aveiy Irom it. That changed the relative proportion ot territory. A'ter ibat, the North had four hundred and trentyfive thousand square miles, and tbe South ihres bun lred and eighty five thouaand. Too, at once, by the conct ssion of Virginia, the North, Irom one hundred and six'y four thousand, rose U four hundred and twentj-fivo tbuu-aul .quarr mile, and the South fell from six Itu Jr.r. t i u sand to three hundred and eighty fjv, tboiea i1. equare miles. Pythttci South becam smaller iu exteut than the North. Weil, letu- look beyond. I intend Bg take up aa little time as possible, and to avoid detail; but take a 1 ycu subsequent acqusiiioua of F onda, o. Louisitna. of Oregon, ot Texas, acd the acquisitioua made from Mexico. Tbey have been s divided and so disposed of that the N jrth ban now two mil lions two hundred lbr,uand iqoaie miles of ter ritory, and the South has less than one million. Under these circumstaict s, when you have beet so greatly magnified I do noi co'ej hm of it; 1 am stating facta whin ycur se iou bus been made so rxighty by these great at qmsilioas and to a great exteut with the pi-rlect coustiit of ibe South, ought yoa to htsitato now upon p.Jopting this line, which will leave to you ou lbs North side of it nine hundred and odd itiousau i tqoare miles, and leave to the Sjuih only two Lu dred and eighty-five thousand? It will give you three times aa much aa V. will give her. Tnere is three times a much land iu jour putiju as in hers. Tbe South has already occupitd tome of it, aud it is in tbe Slates; but altogether tbe South gets bv this division two buadred and eighty five thoustud Fi) lire tniie. : ! the Norn nine hundred thousand. Tbe result of the whole o it is, that tbe N irtb has two milliou two hundred thousand equare milta and the Sou'h only one miiiion- acd rising to untold and immeasurable greatness in tbe future, will scoff at you. Your dig that now claims the respect of the world, tbat pre lects American property iu every port and ha: bor of the world, that p otccts the rights of your citi z?n everywhere, what will become of it? Wh it becom?s of its glorious lLfluenc-T II isgme; and with it the protectiou of American ch x -n and property. To say nothing of the national hooor which it displayed to the world, the pro tec :. n of your tigbte, the profec'ien of your propc'ly abroad is gone with the ua'ional flig. and we are htrealter to conjure and contrive dif ferent flags for our different repunlics, accoid:ng to the feverish fancies of revolutionary pitri e snd disturbers of the peace of tb woill No, sir; I want to follow no such flag. I want to preserve the union of my coun'ry. We have it in cur power to do so, and we are responsible il we do not. I do n it rjespatr of theRepublr. When I fee before me Senators of so mnch intelligence and o ptitb patriotism, who have b-eri so hon-red by their coaitry, sent here as guardians of that very Union which is now in qneuiioo, sent heie as the guardians of our r aiional righ's, aLd as guardians of tbat national flag, I cm no', despair; I can not despond. I can not but believe thai they vt'.II Bad some means o? ticonciline and adjusting the rights of all partie, by cun sions, it necessary, so as to preserve snd give mors stability to the country and to its institutions. and in the mean time such new S ate shall be entitled to oce delegate iu tbe Senate, to be chosen by the Legislature, and oue delegate in the House ot Representatives, to be choseu by the people having the qualifications requisite ft-'r electors of the most numerous branch of the Legislature; and said delegates shall have al1 tbe rights and privileges ot Senators snd Represec tatives, resDec'ively, except that of voting. Sec. 2 No more territory eball be acquired by the United States except by treaty or by tbe con current vote of two tbiida of each Honse of Congress, atd when so acquired tbe statu thereof in respect to servitude, aa it existed at ibe time of acquisition, shall remain unchanged until it shall contain the population a'oresaid for tbe formation of new Stales, when it shall be cub I'd to the terms, conditions, acd privileges herein prov.d .d tor the ex sting territories. Sec 3. The area of all new States shall be as Dearly unilorm io sise a may be practicable, having due regard to convenient boundaries and natural capacities; and shall not be less than sixty nor more than eighty ihoueotnd square miles, ex cept in oases of islands which may contain lees than that amount. Sec 4 Tbe second and third clauses of the second section o. tbe fourth article of the Con stitution, whicb provides for delivering up iugi tives Irom justice and fugitives from sc vice or labor, shall have tbe same force in the Territo ries and new States as in the States of the U; ion; I and the raid clause in respect to lucitives from justice shall be construed to include all Crimea 'om milled within and against tbe laws of the State from which the fugitive fled, whether the limited by tbe plain sense and intention of tba instrument couatituting tbat compact, a no far ther valid than they are authorized by the grants enumerated in taat compact," etc. Mr. Madison, io bia report on tbe above, said: "Toe Constitution of tbe failed Stales was formed by tbe sanc'ion oi the States, given by each in it sovereign capacity. The Stete tkvsa, beiag parties in th.ir sovereign capacity, theie can not be tribunal above tbem, to decide in too last report. So tbey, in tbe last resort, must de cide question of etfn.-ieot magultad to rwamar tbeir interposition." Virginia, in her ratifieatijo, siys: "That the powers rranted nnd-r the Cot-'itotioo, derived from that people of the United may be resumed by ihem whenever the I 1 1 A. - a. .a a. a suaii oe perverted to their injury and op sion." R icde Island, in her ratification said, "Tana the powers of Govern ment may be re assumed by the people, whenever it shall become necaasary to their hap iinees "' Hon. Pt ii.p P. Barbour, wben nominated far tbe Vive Prisade&cy, Baud: "Tbe people of the Sia'.ea are pa'.ies to the compact, ,0 tawir Cam acter of States; that the Csmasitatioo bos oot conferred upon tbe judicial department any polit ical power whatever; tbat therefore la relation to quesiiocs of this charatter, there is no common umpire, tbat consequently tbe States moat de cide for themselves- Tois ia ibe right, bat what ia ibe remedy? My opinion is, that IBM avalj right) ui remedy is that of secession." Kdw.rd Livingston, ao able juiist, iu tba do bate on Foot's resolution, says: "If an oat bo ooe of those few which can not be ambmiued to the Supreme Coutt, acd be one that will, ia tha opinion of the State, juatifj the risk of a wiikv drawAl frrm the Uoton, that ihia last extrem remedy may a', once be resorted to "That the theory of tbe Federal V i silisiBBa being the result ot the general will of th fmafl of the United States in tbeir aggregate Bapistrw, and toanded in no degree ao cemt-act betwoea the Slates, would place tbrae-toartbs of th Sta'cs at the mercy ot the fourth, and lead to a consolidated government, blI finally to BBaK archy." Nathaniel Macon, of North Carolina, In a letter to Hon. S. P. Carson, 1833, says: "I have always believed tbat a Slate aaight seoede when ete pleased, provided tbat abe wculd pay he proportion of the public debt; tbis I have consider d tbe best guard of tha public liberty, and public justice tbat could be desired." At a meeting at Charlotte Court bouse, Vir ginia, in 1833, John Randolph presented ia a brilliant speech the following: "Resolved, That Virginia ha never parted with the right to recall tbe authority so delegated for good and sufficient cause, nor with the right to judge of tbe st-ffi ."! ncy ol each cause, and to secede Irom the confederacy, whenever ehe hall fi id the b?nefits of the Union exceeded by its evils union being tbe means of securing happi ness, aud not au end, to which taey should be sacrificed. ' Mr. T-z veil, an tble statesman and learned jurist, eas: "The Union of the States, thus reotiag apoa a covenant entered into by every State wiib itsoo Statee, wben tbe terms of this covenant are aaa posad to be broken by any ol tbem, are there is no common arbiter to decade between tbe par ties, it is of necessity that each State most jr. "gs ac's charged be criminal or not in the Slate ! for itself, and act as its own judgment may cic I mention this as no reprcac'' as no upbraid ing, a no complaint none at all. i ao cot sneak in that sp rit; I do not adJus v u ia tbat temper. But 'bese are the facts, and iney ought it seema to me, to havo some weight; ut.d when we come to m.ke a peace olfenns, are we to cunt it, are we to measure it nicely in goldct scales' You get a price, slid the d .res', price for all the concession a-ktd to b? male; you have tbe firmer establishment ot your Uuion; you have the restoration of peace arid tratiuulny and tbe hope ot a mighty future, all aecired by tbis coDceseiou- II..w dearly mu-: oue iudivid ual, or two iLdividuals, or unny individual's value their private opinio: s, if ihey think them more important to tbe world thau loia natghty interest ol tbe L OBS and Uovirutncut ol th United Statte! Sir, it ia a cheap sacrifice. It ia a glariou sacrifice. Ibis 1J..UI1 coel a great deal to tabliab it: it cost the yieluioz ol mu h 1 u die opinion and much of , o.icy, besides the direct 01 Indirect cost of it in all the war to establish tb independence of thia country. Wncn it waa don General W as hiüglou Liuisell .-aid, rrovi.l tci has helped us.or we could uot ha. e accomplisbeo ihia thing. And tnisgt't ot onr wisest n.i 1. ; :h creat woik of tbeir haude; this woik in th Inundation and the structure of which Providence herself, with ber benignant band, helped are to give if all up for such small c. u-idera ions The present exasperation, tbe present feelii g ot disunion, is tbe result ol a long cou'.ttiUid coutro versy on the subject of slavery and ot territory. I shall not attempt to Aid tbat controversy; it U unnecessary to tbe occis; jd, at-d might be harm ful. In relation to such con'roveisies I will say though, tbat all the wrong ia rever on oue side or all tbe right on the other. Ribt and wro in this world, and in ail such col iroveriie., are mingled together. I forbear now any discussion or arv re'erence to the right or wrong of the contruver-y, 'be mere party controversy ; hut, in the progress of party, we now come to a point where par j oeascsto deserve consideration, and the preeervattou of the Union demands our highest and our greatest exertions. To preserve the Constitution of the country is tbe highest duty of the Senate, tbe highest duty of Congress to preserve it and to perpetuate it, that we may hand down the glories which we have received to our children and to our posterity, and to generations far beyond us. We arc, Senators, iu positiens where history is to take notice of the course we puisne. History is to record us. It is to record that when tbe destruction of the Union waa imminent; wbeu we saw it tottering t its fall ; when we saw brothers arming their bands tor hostility with one ano'her, we s'ood quamhng about point of par'y politics; about questions which we attempted to sanctity and to consecrate by appealing to our conscience as the gju ce ol tbem? Are we to allow such fearful cat is'.rophies to occur while we stand trifling away our tim-? While we stand tbua, shewing our inferiority to the great and mighty dead, showing our inferior ity to the high positions which we occupy, the country maybe destroyed and mined, and, lo the amassment ol all the world, ih great Re public may fall prostrate And in ruins, carrying i b it the very bope of tbat liber y whicb we i I 7 heretofore enjoyed; carrying wi h it in place of the peace we bare ei joyed, nothing but rtvo- t'iuaucial atoiimf. The fiaan.'ial burden which has we:gh-d so bekvy ou this market, is a little UUtu by ibe large itfl.'x ol specie, and tne mercin'ile p rt i sj of ihe commurity begin to breathe mote l:eely. Those who reside in the interior, and have never been caught beneath such a birdeu, know 1:0th ingof it crushing weight It ia not the rnete apprehension of bankrcp'cy which renuers this pressure intolerable; those who have a lar e eur plusol property share In the anxiety wi. h those who are virtually insolvent. The d ffi;u!y is not in tbe want of a eufficirnt balauce to ibe creoit of profit and loss, but in 4 he scarcity of present available capita). Wben the money mar ket is Very strkgeri, the question is not bow much mo- oy is a man worth, but how much has he to pay? lhAt determines the measure of his trouble- During (be height ot tho pressure, cow relaxicg in its severity, it has been almost im possible, to convert i t dtscription of property into ready money. Real estate wouid noi pay a no'e at bank; aud the most imperishable commo dities actually in hand, wou'd net save a protest. Staple articles of btc-Jsti T could uot b turned into coin; sugar was no belter than the tmpty hogshead to fill th gap of adtmaid loan; ard ar.d eveu cotton, the speculator's t-j s favorite merohaml'se ia all pastyeaia because ol its ready couvertability, had ne correspond ing cquiva leut tbat w . ul 1 be accepted nt the counter of a bank. Heretolore, ia stringent times, the fl st cQortof tbe holder of proper'y was to sill I? his assets at a reduoed value, end thus re.aliie the cash sufficient for bis necessities- When the price depreciated tot r ipioly under tbe pressure to sell, bis next step was to hypothe cate bis merch iLd se or otter assets with some s'rorg capitalist or well known commission mer chant, And thus obtain a loan o: money, or an acf ptsnce that wouid briog the money in the s'reet. 1 1 extreme cases, when even this : it-h guide 0' paper could not be negotiated, he could expirt his products and re ,l,gB the cash at once upon a bill of exchange. Each of these resources hive rec ntly failed. Tne property would not sell or mosey tho cash could not be borrowed upon a pledge ot it, no matter how wide the mar gi . tbe accepia- eea o ih. best nou-.ee were not convertible and, lastly, the aale of exchange was blocked, and ahippc: tri re no better off iban holders; there was no price, in re aacn or nut o. reaaou, which would command tbe ready money. We recount these features of the ci isis, not tor the sake ot paiuting an effective scene, bur to explain to those wbo were beyond the cirole tbua oppressed, and yet more or less connrced with its interes's, the d fficulties thiongh which their fiiends and correeooudenta here have been com pelled to pass, acd thus to increa-e the measure ol tl tir consideration and symnaibv. The tear f a dishoD'red t hi italic n, is more to a solvent merchant than t'ia iear of ahiolu'.e failure is to ooe who has been trembling on the verge of in solvency ; aid tho laet six weeks have added premature wrinkles aud atreuks of grey lo many lorebcals upon winch the Up-e of years ol oral uary piosperity would have left no sach foot prints. We are elad to turn from these sad descrip tions to ihn more comforting indie itions of pres eut MaW now dawniig upon u.a. And, just here, e wish noi to b BBiaa id. rstood. There ia danger lhat a quick rebound from 'be severity of the ujaneial pressure, will lead some 10 lay aside all caufon, as it the days of adversity were entirely over. The relief we are lo have ia. evidently, not an I'nmedij'e return of tbe old prosperity. Wheels of indua'ry have ben aileoced, that can uot be set in motion sga:n for months to come. Thouttnis have been thrown out of employment, wbo will want bread long before the employer wtll recall theatn to ineir i.mor. 1 ne? buy luxuries, aud many must bd limi'td the purchase of comforts, if net ! m- .::es Tbis will everywhere check the current of tra e, and it must take months to set these channels free, and fill Ihem again for useful uess, even it there be no further disturbing cause. During this interrup'ion there must, of necessity, be a curttilmsit ol credits, anO-, of course, the process of l.quidaiion will be going on to the (fleet of nairowing ail the avenues of profitable b si uess The relief which we havo BJ öued is, thrrefore, merely the means ot facilitating this I'q'iida'ion where the fugitive was found. Sec 5. Tue second strctioo of the tbir J article o! the Cousti'ution, iu respect to the judicial j powtr 0' the United States, ehall be deemed sp-1 plicable to tbe Territories and new States as well as to ihe States of tbe Union. ASTICLB XlT. Sec. 1. Tbe elective franchise and the right to hold t nice, whether Federal, State, Territorial, or municipal, shall not bs exercised by persons of tbe African race, ia whole or in part. Sec. 2. Tbe United State, shall have power to acquire, from lime to time, districts ot country in Africa and South America for the eclooixttion, at the expense of the Federsl Treseury, ot such tree negroes and mulattoes as the several States may wish to have removed from their limits, aud from the District of Columbia and sach other places as may be under tbe jurisdiction of Cou gress Sec. 3. Congress shall have no power to abol ish slavery in tbe places under its fxclusive juris diction and situate within the limits ol States that permit the holding of alaves. S c. 4. Congreas shall have no power to abolish slavery within the District of Columbia so long as it exists in the acjoiuing StAtes of Virginia and Maryland, or either, nor without tbe coo sent of tbe inhabitants, nor without just com penaation first made to such owners ot alaves as do oot consent to such abolishment. Nor shall C mgress at any time prohibit officers ol the Federal Government or members of Congress, whose duties require tbem to be in said District from bringing with the a their slaves acd folding them as such daring the time tbeir duties may rtquire hem to remain there, and afterwards taking tbem from the District. Sec 5. Congress shall have do power to pro hibit or bieder tbe transportation ol slaves Irom ooe State to another or loa Territory in which slaves are permitted by law to be held, whether such transportation be h- land, navigab'e rivers or by eea tout tbe African alave trade shall be for ever suppressed, and it shall be tbe duty of Coo gress 'o mske such 1 iws as shall be necessary andtffectusl to prevent tbe migration or im porta tion of slaves or persons owing service or labor, into the United States from any foreign country, place, or jurisdiction whatsoever. Sec 6 Iu addition to the provisions of tbe third paragraph ot the second section of tbe fourth article of the Constitution, Congress ehall have power to provide by law, and it shall be its duty so 10 provide, that the United States shall pay to the owoer wbo shall apply for it tne full value of his fugitive slave io all ca es when the marshal, or other officer, whose duty it was to arrest said fugitive, was prevented from so doing by violence or intimidation, or when, after or reat. said fugitive was re-cue-d bv force and the owner thereby prevented and obstructed io the j pursuit of bis remedy ft r the recovery of his fu- ! gitive slave under the sail clause of tbe Consti tution and tbe laws made in pursuance thereof And in all such cases wben the Uuited States shall pay for such fugitives, they shall have the right in their own name to sue the county in which such violence, intimi lation or re .cue was committed, acd to n cover frotta it, with inter ests and damages, tbe amount paid by them for said fugitive slave. And the said county, after it has paid said amoun's to the United State, may, for its indemuity, sue and recover from the wroog doers or rescuers by whom the owner war prevented from the recovery of his fugitive slave in like manner aa the owner himself may have sued and recovered. Sec 7 He future amendment of the Const! lotion shall affect thia a-id the preceding article, nor the third paragraph of the second section of the first article of the Constitution, oor the tbird : ntragrach of the second section of the fourth I article of said Const i.u'ion, and tale. If, in the honest exercise o; this judgment, any covcreign Stale declares tbe covenant broken bv its cc-Siaies, and chooses 10 diaavolve tba Union, thereby established tor this cause ab has the pet feet right to do so, and this make secession from the Uaion as to that party oaly. "The security of tbe Union is to be found ia he common affections and common interest of the Stales, and not in the biyoaeU of its aoldery. By such feelings alone waB tbe Uoioo firs: termed ; bv suca sr. tinii uta atone ba it been si ce 1 taired; atd by such scuiimerjt alone cau it h pee served. Onoe deny thia right of aaoewaion when it is claimed, and prevent or punish its ex istence by military force, and eurely a Digit succeeds the day oar destiny as a free people is fulfilled. Tne right of eecesaaion is a caaavdt tional right every right, and every power, too, not disparaged by any of the grajts sad prohibition couUioed ia tbe Constitution, ara as pecially reserved therein, and so become coosti tutional rights and powers " Please I xcuse me for troubling you to each a . lerarth. N. Alheos, Georgia, December, 18G0. South Caralla. ."Bvralla. Caaaiarroa, B C , Wednesday. Daattwtt, The following ordinance ws, pasted io sees 00 this eVLine: At a Convention of the people of the State of South Carolina, begun and holden in Columbia, the I7:b of December, 1860, and thence contin ued by Adjournment to Charleston, aod theo by divers adjournments to tbe 96 bof December of tbe same, ordain to make prcviriocal arrange ments lor 'he continuant of the commercial la cilltias of South Carolina, . h ebeas, It is due to our late onfederates ia political union aa tb United States of America, as also to the cit:aeos of Soatb Carolina engaged in commerce, that no abrupt oor sudden chance be made in tbe rale of duly on irr port into the State; and whereas it is not desired by this Stst to secure advantages ia trade to her own porta above those of any of the slavebolding States, her late confederates in tbe said Uoioo; and whereas this ordinance, for consideration indi cated, ie designed to be proviaionaL Therefore, we, tbe people of Sooth Carolina, in CoaWfjayllM assembled, do declare, ordain, and it is hereby declared acd ordained: 1st. That all citizens of the State who, up to the date of the ordinance of secession, wer holdirg e ffi a connected wi h the customs under the Uuiutd States, within ibe limits of South Carolina, be, ard tbey are hereby appointed lo bold under the Government of thia Stat excic-s-iri y, without any further connection whatever with' the Federal Government of tbe United States, tbe same offices tbey now fill, until other wi.e diree'e d ; and that they receive tbe same pay and emilomen's for their sere ires. li That until this Convention or General As sembly eball otherwise provide shall appoint to all vacancies which shall occur ia each efbees 31. Tbat matt it ia otherwise provided by ibis Convention or tbe Gmeral Assembly, the reve I une collection and navigation law of the Uni ' ted Slates, as far aa may be practicable, b sad they are hereby ado: ted and made laws of ths I State, saving that no duty shall be collected pom ' imports Ir. m th State foraninc tbe lata Kde I ral Union kuown as tbe United States of Amee j ica, nor npon the tonnage ol vese!B ovned In whole or in part by the citizens of said State, and saving and exoep'iog the acts of Congee--adopted on the 3d ol March, 1657, en iüetfau act au'horisiog the deposit ol ths papers of for eign vessels with the Consols of their itspspliva nations, which said eat i declared to be of no force within the limits of this State. 4th. All vessels built in Sou h Carolina or nn .ni.r.Hmni l elsewhere, acd owned by the amount of oac- shall bs made to the Coastltation which wHl author xe or give to Coogress any power to idle communities will not abolish or inter'ete with slavery in any ot tbe States by whose laws It is or may be allowed or sanctioned. this settlement of debts. Our Mid capital h.ro has increased nearly eight millions of dollars in g"!d, witb more still to come- Thia girts relie; bejotid tbe amcu t il.u, gained, lor it unlinks a large eurp'ua of available means which h id been withheld or hoarded for fear of a awaath that would render its recovery impossible. VY may hear of l arther Uouble in L iptl jn, hut the dead lock here is removed, aud with this ad di'ional help we can now bear the a'.vck ot evil tiding. V e shall, doubtlcs , be stirred up and excited by further domestic polit cal complica tto-if; but unless we have actual boU'lilies, the prcceea of settlements will ttiil be carried on without being agaio absolutely interrupted. H .his is not as hopeful a view nf cur financial condition aa the sanguine woul ) jus i y from 'be prosptc. be'ore us, it ia at least one wit ch the '.lid merchant will know bow to apprec a' ; and it is so much brighter io contrast than the sad apprehensions which ire vail. d a little while since rbat we have all good reason to ba thankful that it may be safely enjoyed. It is too soon to count up tbe wrecka Irom the storm; i's greatest fury, we trust, has been spent, but tbe future can aloue record the damages we have puff .-red or are yet to s ffer from i's violence .AW V 'ori Journal of Commerce, 2 I.A. Tbc I nlou la Dissolved. Atone o'clock and fifteen minute P M , yes terday, the 30.h day of December, I860, South Carolina formally seceded from tbe Uuittd States Of North America. Let there be no more talk of delay, no more attempt at compromise with Northern treason, no more waiting to sec, for South Carolina has sev ered the links of the Union, and State after State will wheel into rank by her side. Mississinpi, Alabama, Florida, will Boon be out of tbe Union, and il Georgia wishes to take any part in the formation of the Southern Republic, and making the new Constitution, she must get ready as soon as possible Position is taken, and the word is, advance Augusta tii) Constitutionalist. From tbe 1'hror.irle And ScnUnel. Hat a a State th, Uighl to Secede! As a Georgian, never will we admit that Georgia's individuality is merged into a consoli dated mass- Our Government is a compact formed by, submitted to, and adopted by, the States; formed for'h ur mutual benefit and mu tual protection ;" failing to afford either. Georgia, or any other State, can plant hersel' on her re served rights, and throw off that Government To support the oositiou wc re er to Troup, Ji rTir son, Maoii-oo, Barbour, Livingston, Macon, Ran dolph and Tazewell Perhaps betöre rcfrring to these, it may be as well to state that Massachusetts, so full of liberty bills and negro equality, seems to bold the right of f ecession, as on the records o! ber Legislature are to be found the lollowing: Resolwd, Tnat the annexation of Tcxaa is t.o facto, a dissolution of the Union. third of the cil 1-0 ol South Carolina, or any of the slavehulJingcoBBsaoowealihsot North Amer I lea, and cnmmaudeJ by citixn thereof, snd no ; other, shall be registered aa ve eel of South Car olina, under authority of ibe Collector, aa Naval ofBers. 5th. All e fEcial acts of the officer aforweaid. Id which it is usual aod proper to seat forth tba authority uadr which they act, and style of doc uments issued by them, or any cf tbem, bs in ths i name of the State ot South Carol ua. f. h. All moneys hereafter collected by est : aforesaid officer shall, after deducting the sums , necessary for the compensation of the effioer and other expenses, be paid into the Treasury of tb State ot South Carolina 'or the use o said Stats, subject to tbe order of this Conve.t oo or of tbe ! General Assembly. The officers aforesaid shall j retain iu tbir ban 'a all paoperay of thw United ; Staee in their poeeaion, custody or BiaWil, snhieet to the d joal ot tbe State, who will account for the same in the final settlement with tb Government of tba Ubited Sis.ee Uooe at Charleston, D cmher 2b. I860. (Signed) B 1' JAMESON, Pros't. Attest: B F. Abthcb Clerk. Retolnrd, That Texas being annexed, M chuaeits ia out of tbe Union. First Tbe Kentucky re-olut'ons of 179d. drawn by Mr. Jefferson: " fbat the several States comprising the United States, are no. uuited on the principle of unlimited submission to their General Government; but lhat by corn pad, under the style and title of a Constitution for the United Statee.and of amendments thereto, they constituted a General Goverameut for special purposes, reserving, each Stale to itself, the residuary mass ot right, to their own self government; tbat to this compact each State ac- ceueu as m .-iavcf au , aa an luw.t.i Ka J , ua. : . this Government, created by ih.s coraoact. was Td b7 n applasBBto. of Mexican MosTaflfl LitmrNT. From rich sod poor, bond acd free, all colore, grade, and con ditions of life, the sasa nsdof praise i awarded this wonderful article- Sores tit relieved, lives saved, valuable anii ful, acd untold ills assuaged by this remarkable medicine- For Cots, Bruises, Sprains, Rheuma tism, Swellings, Bites. Strained Horse, etc., U has no equal among Lim meats, Ointments, or Salves. It is the Houaekseper'e and Farmers' friend. Weeks of illness and lows of time art. Peaceable Seabatioiv. Taking as a text the Ordinance of Secession passed ou the 20, h by the South Carolina Convention at Coarles'un. the Indianapolis Duily Journal the central Re publican organ ot Indiana says let her go ia peace, di.-. It scouts tbe ilea ef usiog force to seep South Carolina in the Uoioc takes issue with the cowardly hol heads who cry tor war and yet who, not a mother's son of them, would shoulder a musket or take a Soldierly snuff o' Swxal powder. Tne Juurn il's editorial we adopt, give it a place, and cimrneni it lo the public. Il is the tiue doctrine Furt Wayne Times (Rep ) 0Tbe Indiana Legislature convenes on Thür. day, January IQUi two weeks from yesterday. uot made the e xlu-ive or final j idge, of ths ex tent of the power delrgatcd to itself, since lhat I would have made its discretion, aod not the Cou : stitution. tbe measure of its powers; but tbat, as in all other cisee of 001 pact amorg parties hav , ine no common judge, each pa ty baa an eqaal right to 1 aige for itself, as well of infractions as of the mode and measure of redress " Gov. Troup, in writing to Messrs. Talor, Brown, Butler and others, in 1930, sad: "What ever the people of South (Carolina, in convention, shall resolve for their safety, interest and happi- I ncss, will be right, and none will have the right to question it. You can change your own gov ernment at pleasure, and therefore you can throw off tbe govcrnmen of tbe Union, whenever the same a'ety, interest and happiness require it. It ambition and averice shall make of Ibe Fedt ral Government a curse, at d the S: r. held to it against their will, our condition differs in nothirg from tbe old province a of Turkey or Persia 'There cad not be a greater fallacy than that the Uoion is to be preserve! by a power in the General Government to coerce ibe States. The existence of sovereignty excludes the idea of force- Ours is a Govern 1 ret of op inion of '..in sent of voluntary aeociati m the only guar anty for uoioo is justice. "Tbe Lonstits'ion, administered according to its letter aad spirit, can dispense novhlng but jus tice, and tbe character of the American peor Ii is a sufficient warranty that dq State would sepa rate from tb Union withonv just.fiable cause. Third. Tbe Virginia S4ilMaasf '9, drawn by Madison, "That thia, Assembly doth explicitly sod peremptorily dec.itre tbat it views the pow ere of the Federal Government as resulting trom the compact to ynish the States are parties, ai ment. It should always be on .land. of whom you buy, and havi it warrauted a gee uine. All genuine will hereafter bear tba signa ture of G. W. Westm nog, C t cmist, and D. 8- Basse., Proprietor, with tb words "Trowm, "Mark" ia two Medallion ot th Fed! Cur rency. Sold ath cts., 50 cts., acd 1 OUpsr Bottle, by ail respeotable dealer' thraroaboat Ob wot Id. D.S. BARNES k CO., novlJd4w2m New York. Thx Umvvbsal Rrattüv i Cams Coosa oa WHoonatt. C'ioh There is robably mors coses i f Whooi ing Cough ecu icued to reat length of time by the a of reaBediea containing exptcta. rants, whicx not only agrrara'e the Coagh, hat run down I M system, mahii g the Cough fatal, or producing C ofamptioo, thau by any other caass This is comp'ttady obviated In tbe Universal Coagh Remedy, which cor. tins nothing to pro duce nsusa. or nras'.rAtkm; i nt.i-A'lv. while tba ystcas issostanssd Re jus'if' ibis declaration, ard all are asked to i aSa thems'lvrs I trial. 8ee ad' D0V3U di - In:. ILTDavld Stuart, of Ch caget, baa a suit 'orla d-r aaainst M-. Bjrch fori damage in ih- ion of tH 0 000; another party c' l ras $.40 000. Me- Bi'ch seems to be nniver. sallv a c at '. Report bins that the Marios Bai k threw Ml htacheaki the other day. All sort of indignities are offered bis,.