Newspaper Page Text
3nuiatm State Sentinel.
"liitV'.iTi;.:ri.A.i: i W. rK.t r. II! KM I V. .SI 4 lVr.' AK.5 S ' ! IS-15. "lÜüiViöii 4 'email Olli i;: I voir, I 3 1 1 : ü . H.:;; '- J'" " IS J!;:;!!,, i ia, i. ,r ' -' i tin Mr, i-ji i.w i.v. l'f I "r.:: I .VI n !M. ,t,, rx': ' a ii i-j V ; i I tl I J ".. KiU I 1 ' i:i i:k h: 1 j ü " "J I.e. Nu n.T MV 'Ji ,7(j "u'1'!! I i I It AS qiiJ ii.s i.'.e in? j; f.ii ui K.; im, !'.), i.w.noi &rr il'eclion Ii't.tnis j'.1. O-Kx-fJovcriior Uay of Indiana is fctill confined in tlu? Indian.iH.lis jul'f r beie;' insane! Have tlu IIiHsiers no Asylum ! ('in. I'nfjiircr. The ftliove statement is entirely incorrect ; and for the gratification of iu scnmlil-monjrcrs w e ft el att-thoriy.i-d to täte that the (Imiu lic af:airs f (iov. Hay nrc fully recon- ih d, and he nw would le 1.m1 to ret in peace with his family, if the pre in tin- plenitude of its "c?K roitv will penult him to do so. Lit if cilitoM will continue to intrudo ii'n his allairs, we h.pc that Indiana will soon have an insmo asylum f r their benefit at ler.st. It nny be proper finally to say, that Gov. liny was never confined in jail for the reason asiued. He w as maliciously, ns he thought, crroted f r an assault, and when hell to bail, rcfu-ed to give Knd.- Tor his refusal he was committed for a d:y or two, until at the rtron U itatirn tf his fr rends, he consented they should lecon;e hail for hi:n. As we have above .aid, the whole diiliculty has been amicably settled. CHonrv lh Ar.:!:ony, E ., the editor cf th Trovidenre Journal, has been presented w ith a splendid service (f silver pinto, in testimony of his conduct as a journalist during the recent troubles in Uluub Island. Thus are the advocates and apologists of tyranny paid, the world over. Danid Webster was paid CiTi.lK 0 dollars a fjw years since, by his anti-rcpublienn friends; and they have since that time funded f.r his use lUU'i dollars more, to rit iin his services in their behalf in the U. S. Senate. Within a few months.Mr. Henry Clay's political friends pn'ul otT Iiis bank debts, to the runount of thirty thousand dollars, and we believe that since his defeat for the Presidency, he hns hid presented to him from friends in New York, a rich service of silver plate. When the leaders are thus hand. .mcly paid for their -services, it is not out of character peihaps, to bestow similar l.ir'esses up-" their editors, who are otherwise well paid. Sonie'j;;n certainly is due for wear und tear of conscience, es well as fur mental and physical labor. 'The retirement of Sam .Medary is much regretted l)V a larc U;dy of t!ie J,K-of co party in Ohio. Jait jiU,nt is a j rettv g ed bonus to retire with; bc pides, we hi, nil cpi"vt to Fee S.itii provided for by the .National lixe uti'.e." 7V7"noc Juunuil. Nothiii" is more common than such sneers as the nlnvc among, editors of a certain calibre. If it be true that M.dary ha ; retirc-il with sslti, OO, is it more than he is justly entitled to He has labored with- out cctsatieii for M ine 17 years; and we think it he 1 . Iik made as much :;s stated, that he has received no na, num. u h u ii , mere than he his fairly earned. In many kinds ot business, ten times that si in could have been made, Put this is the wav that the errs of the ed - itorial fraternity set upon th-se m -r j foriunüto be cause more deserving than themselves. Homi: MvNtr.'iCTt itt.s. Sr. Eons. The city rniiiii-il ui" Si. I .on is 1 1 't V recently shown a love f.r i r.,. -l.t.-l. l.-Mi-i s tiii iloiibt about their liouie muiui.e no- ..i... - " . . .. -hu-eritv in this resppct. They advertisr.l for propo- Hious to furnish tin ity wifii l",Ot U feet of .six inch ion pip-, tor the waler vvorls, and received three id--, vi. : from l.oMisVtl!- J-l-i - c. .er lh., Pittshurir I! I j card by a firm in Si. Louis :.j c. Strange to S-IV. tiiev I. .-Ivo ons-e.f an oruiuince a nl :.r 1 1 tig me sdperihteii'iuit "I tne v.-ai-T wiks i.''-..v toil. f." -.'.'. ( 'li ".ur'' I to accept the j It atmear.s sratce to us that the Chronicle ? le should ii i.:.. I. ..r it... i-nii,-:..,! ei .it the Si. I.ou;s city ilium -1I..U - - council . ... i- i i ,i . i ..: .1., lt IS exaeliy tue policy which u.'-- ' nionn.iv advocates as applied to the nation; and if right or - .... - l..-.,.. u..nl.. it '.; tiroi-i-'ll V the ailiC oll a roic'i'll.i-".,r'"" , ! . - (null one. . i . .1 r , fi vi'i'Mi. sir.in 'e to us that the vision et the Chronicle is so circum-onLx d that it can only see the truth when it touches its own immediate interest. The ptdiry of the ISt. Louis common council is the protective tarilf policy to a t. 07-Thc Steamship Great Pritairn is now on lr first voyage, across tlie Atlantic, to thi country. She ...v ... - is the hrgest vessel ever built, being :V"fert in length and" 50ft. ii indn-s in extre.no breadth, register- j in" .V09 tun5. She has four decks, the lowest of iron, for the reception of cargo. The iipjter thek is lluh from stem to stern, and :iOS feet long. She has three tdl-r- co".tVt"in- H tons f vr.tnr, and heat- ed by H tires; the f iengines are hör-? power each. Fifteen hundred tons of iron were used in the j , p 1 .i.:.v ...1 ...; Tf..r rvro. coiisiru: iM'ii 01 me snip unu n-i iiuk. j. ' jailor (of the Archiniedian screvir pattern) is fifteen feet and a half in diameter, worked by a platevian elm in in four tiers, p-e-sing round na iion drum of IS feet diameter. Fifty-four revolutions per minute can bv? made. Ilcr cost of construction was near 1.00,- It i stated that one of the ornaments on the Ä10 bills of the new Ohio banks, is a portrait of Andrew Jackvm J Against this desecration, the Ohio States man enters a s deinn protest, olserv ing, that in life, thc name of Andrew Jackson was never coupled with dishonor. To fcc a f u c so revered the portrait of one so honored upon a note of a swindling bank, is an outrage upon the memory of an honest man, which will not bo countenanced by lho-e who warred by his side against ti e foul and infamous corruptions of the banking system.' 07-Xot icing the ca-e of Peepaugh vs. Carow, which recently occurred here, the Cincinnati Chroni cle of Aug. ti, has the following ominous remark : 44 We understand that a Mr. Ca row has friends in Cincinnati who would bo very h ippy to heir from him.' If not improper we should bo glad if the Chronicle would give us a httle more litrht in relation to the gentleman nan td. OpFour of the convicts recently arrested at Lo pansjort, on charges of larceny, ond pentenced to the jenitrntiary tor the term of five years each, passed throu"-h this citv oil their way to Jetfcrsonville on iSund iv morning last. Their nau:cs arc calk-d John 3Iurdock, James Munlock, Uould, and Williams alias Carpenter. fvy-.Sim'e the above was in typ?, wc learn that the j prisoners ficfpd from their l-(es! and the rail road cars ut the saiue time! Will not every one in quire how this whs done- ? The escape of such doi jeraiKcs is no small mitter '.r t''U ;Tf.(.(, I i w. w. Wm . n :: ii A-i iuu-j., I-' eij :;i HfJ'rfSi iHlifft. I I N. 15. VA i.r.fi.H, -l.'i" 3 M'-'-t V. K. Ii. Wuiw, a! '-" Ji i (. .irrM, J l 71 7 7i. , H ":!! Miim.ii MiMtk, I! ! b. U. IlKixlnian, t 17: j,.h h . iiui,u!:,, k". -.v N. ifc.i.T..-, I :;.. inj 'IlllW. IVllMill, t 17j a Ahi Wim, Ml .1-. ll.'j J.tkmJhCtlMt t", Atet.Frlt4.il, t 17. Jott.-v VUK.ii., 411 a. 1 )... Mc! lvalue, Ii M. K The Sun-Tr .isiiJ" . The N. V. News inukij the following observations in relation to th ; Sub-ire-a-sury system of finance, ami its t ff ft n prices. The idea lias sought to I;.' impressed Upen the l,e mind that Ihe operation , t' ihe Sub-Treasury will I-.' tu reduce prices und values fain their present luv el. Xv although ir j' hi:if can be innre erroneous lii.iu Mirh a statement, the ihet '.I. at the ids a li.is gone abroad, through tlie in.-trumeii'ality of a party pre.-s, may Law ihr same indue-nee, by anticipation, in pre venting embarkation in enterprises-, pa rticularly the import of goods, as if it were true, Hence it will come in aid of the prospective Tall in the duties to prevent imports, while the improved slate of the 1 v :ti-n markets tor United States produce will cn- I nance Uic e.irls. A double operation, by means ot which some of the Kpme accumulated in liic i:uik ef Kn-rlaiid vaults w ill be transerred to the United Sliiics The assertion that le operation f the Suli-Trcas- ! ' I I IV f j' IV (. 11 V. lillll , l'JM H'IUIn II-. .1 IIV ..m. ; K,-t presented prices jjn-ntly inllated by reckless ec- Uilaiions in .ajer iiihik y, Vas folluwi d by a fall from I those priees. It must lie renn tnbered, however, that !lnu currency for the hist two years hn bee actually hr!ow a specie stand. rd. That is, that ut the great ( points ,,f trade the limks have held more hpeeie than i b Jh(v h;ivc llU(n, ort of in otlur Wl)rj4f if they had called in their paper n ml paid out all their specie, there would have bj-eu more money in circu lation than was actually the case. In illustration, we will take the specie and net circulation of the banks at the two principal commercial points: Urcliti. Sjinif. i'j'. .;"'rr. N-v Oil.-arn, Aj'iil 'J J, ü, !.'.. -'' 7,I.C.,.".1S 4,-J"M,v'H .V-rt ik,.May 1, i,.i..it 7,Uv.'ll l,.-'7,i'.il 'lutai, $c,;i:,iu n.tp.TOJ w.'-.'CJi'j Nov tic ojteration of iiu .k;,.b-TreaM:ry is to draw out this idle coin tVoiu th" !ki:iI.s an 1 as it into cir culation, by paying it ut in di"char;e of government funds. J)y thtis pouring into the channels of actual business, it will h'von.o more active, and of course mure useful. In June, I-;! about the date of the S; ecie Circular the specie in the iVcw Orleans hanks was I.t;i, w ith a circulation of s,lM,lis,' : a reverse of the state of things which now exists. The heavy extension of banking credits at the centres of Ims'imss produced an unhealthy rise in prices, which now do s not centrally cxh-t. We may eornpar; u fw itL::: from the price currents Cotton, fair, l'Ji a o) Shirtings, br. JM, 7i a i'i Siieetings, .., li a Hi " bleached, -M, 1 a is Coal, anthntc.te, so OoaÄll ( 0 iiapvrs, Ku-sia, l! Oa 'J IJi Flour, Western, ! Oa !i 'St Wheat, 1 -7a 1 !' i'C' f. l! iV.-iIl Cv 1 a 7 5 a " 7i n't a 7 a l'J S" 0 :a.'i ( I) 1 öö 1 00 l l i it: i) (K'a t ."0 The-e were the rates nfier the Specie Circular had hem in ueration Foiue time, and the present rates. The prices of lofi were sustain J upon credits wh.ch were nccessarilv withdrawn when the Circular set t!ie current of specie goiter West. Such a state of things dees not now exist. Trices are ery low, and are de pendent only tipn the ctKctivo d--in iml from Kurope, uij!iias( d by spteulati'-u. The w ahdrawul of specie from the banks can in no way nil' ct prices unfuora 1 . 1 V . 1 i the ot!:cr liand, I.v eutt'-ring it through th'- interior in the shape ef I ni't d States coin, it wiil impart a great activity to lr..c!e, and ratlier tend to operate a rise in prices. Fir.K-ri'oor Prii.i'tN'.s. The New York News Fays ' that the recent great fire in that city was arreted, its approach to Wall street, by the .v.-e Luilding that prevented the great file ef lvt'ö, from reaching the .Mechanics' Pank and oiher btnldings adjoining, when the stores letwcm (harden street. Church and Proad .'treet were burned, i'urir.ce's buildings, for merly 1 v Wall street, and the rear building extending towards Proad street, and in the rear of the Mechan ics Pank, arreted the lire of December, and the same building, togrt.( r with his stori s PJ and lf j Proad street, have arrested the progress of the second great lire. On observing this facta gentleman was j induced to examine the buildings to ascertain how it .1 . -i i .i i i- - - so., i u w on ii -i.e.-, nine i willen no minie, oi oiieu- was that thev escaped the general rum adjoining ' . , , , i i v. - i t- . .i .i j wis;ve i ! l r t lies connected. Se-arcclv a chimney to the I t.hem, and he found that they have s.d.d lv! inch walls, I()tl,-t;. t.-vf u in large towns; the lire kindled hv the s w uh iit ' wa A t-trips' and Without the beams heiug ; iu-erted into the walls nor i.s there an aurhor pass - ii .' thron"!, tho hriel: w.,rk. im.l Inndo fast to the i . I. i i i i I - . i i ovuiiis as uMi.ii, uv uiiien inaiiv a uuuiöug ua.s ueen s. t en lire. The walls are built in such a manner as to slam! e'.'e.-, and the beams rest on projections in the vva'ls bv which means the interior may be entire- i !.-. ,1 ... o! ,.,, .-t .,, I , . T h, ll. .,1k u hon 'j e....i..t .... .. ... . j the beams full, and thus allowing the fire to ci.mmu- j nmute tt t ho ii"xt sto -e. This fact U woitliy ed the j .t-inu attention el our builders. The I'oya! Library of l'.iri.s now eon-i-ts of iiine htihilreil tliicfsahu prinUil velhhi.'S tunl stiriity tinii sand considerable: luaniis jr i)t besid.-.s number!' ss maps hU"l.ils, ( ii'rraving.'J and antiqui'irs" of ever: . - . . .... , i . i . . : i ... iie-crit'ii it. j no vasi euoie-e i:i v. ine-ii it is niu ohu- eil bcremcs .lailv more inuiricienh lut ihe immia- ... i .... i ie.. , ..f .. , . . t .. i" 1 1 si.- ii i.'iii..iii,iiii.i it.u e'ii.-i.i'MK ii ii ii. r-itit - i Iii . i . i . 1. 1.. ,. ivf.i.O.i iiiii.Il' lii.i iri .t i r 1 1 I ) ii . 1 1 f 11 ll liif nril um; e .. i: run. le . i i n -,- i i.e. I e ni.ii m in himi. i e ' long, must Le Uono. lie practice ol alinvnig Vol umes to be "taken home," has occasioned the hs- of many thousands, (twenty or more,) most of them ve ry rrecious. The collection i-r far too large fr easy reference to works in any particular department. Anti-Pknt. The extent of the anti-rent difficul ties! in New York, may perhaps lx-partially estimated extraordinary expenses w hi, h they have occa- sioued. The Albany Atlas says that there has n I ready been paid from the treas ury over fifty thousand ilol li rs for expenses in calling troops inlo (service, and ! . '. 1 i m. 1 . l I'"' "rganieu 10 am suerius aim proieei me ( 'f tMs Mim ,lf ' KVI v t::oa.m dollars ' llC as-,..: c, on the Counties- this tall ; the reai- euc comes out 01 in-- .iaie irea-urv . Tiif: O1.1 Law ok Km, i..- i. Anciently the crimi nal in Kngland was punished byinrribie mutilations ; his hnd, his foot, hia posf (,r hp were cut off, his eves plucked out, his head scalped, or he was brand ed with a. red-hot iron on the forehead, cheek or arm. The Coirpieror weuld not suffer ilea th to be indicted for a slight oilence ; but the mutilated criminal walk ed about, a standing warning, a livaig evidence of the "grievous mercy" i f the l iw. Punishments of this description are now considered barbarous: are they more mj than the cold-blood.u destruction of life f 0t7"Are not tlie newspapers i-:d;;;: rving tho cause of b.nl moral - by publi.siimg accounts of t-o many "deaths by ro.'l truUr ' We fear there is too great an antipathy to the fluid already. hmisiillc Jour. If any one has a ri'it to fear about "too great an antipathy" to cold water, it is certainly Prentice. It always products sympteins of confirmed rabies on him. Tun Fkanki.w; Piavier.i.r. to Mr.Mitnr.s of- Con ur.r.ss. Py the construction of the new Post Oflice law given by Jhe P.M. (Jeneral, .Memherj of Con gress are chargeable y ith posfagu im all letters n c(iiby them until thirty days previous to the con gress. Individuals writing tc numbers fur purposes not public will do well to remember the. Among the mo.t lamentable losses ef property at I ..i.v , - I i- - a i 1., the late .New ork fire, is the damage done to the plates of Mr. Audubon's great Ornithological work, the preparation for which has consumed finny years of his life in incredible personal labor. Another nat uralist lost a collection of insects, cornprisin" ten thousand Fpccimens. The collection was the result of fourteen years' voyaging and exerti on A Ear i.v Am.icANT. The Posim.iFter General has recti ved an application for the pKUiitmcut of Postmaster at llalvestor?, Texas. Tins chap knows 1 ho value ol being in time. IfIAK0r CIKCTIT COU2IT. Crimiiiti 4':tses. lU'l'Ortcd for the Slati Sentinel. Ai ofsf 5, 1 h"). l.hllamt r.f. Jllwif.l Dttris. Indict ment for murder in the second degree, upon the per son of John Tucker, a negjo, at Indianapolis, on the Ith diy of July last. Counsel for the State, Messrs. Hammond, Morri son and Smith; for the defendant, .Mcrs. OWeil, tonnes and lhadley. convened and a jury was called to the box. Much diiliculty presented itself in obtaining a jury in con sequence of the notoriety of the case, and the forma tion and expression of opinions thereon. The prison er's counsel having exhausted all of its legal ehal lenges but one, and the State all of her challenges, many challenges for cause also having been made, at length a jury was found, viz : Klisha Jluddick, John Johnson, James Hinds, Aimer Ilobcrts, Jacob Scott, John Symond-, Joshua M. Whitakcr, Win. 11. Stipp, Xoble McCoy, Henry S. Mundy, Jacob Hiner, and Win. Koyster ; w ho were duly sworn. The wit no?" tea were severally called, and those an swering were sworn, lieing about 10 m number. The length of time occupied in einpannelling the jury, having consumed the whole afternoon, after a special charge to witnesses ami jury the court adjourned un til to-morruw morning :-t ) o'clock. Wi o: M :. in;, 0 o'cl.ck. Ct.mt met pursumL to adjournment. The Prosecution open' d the 'asi to the jury by read ing the indictment, charging the siid I 'avis with hav inr aided and abutted Micl'olas Wood in the killing of John 'i ucker, c. ; Mr. Hauimo:id read the penal statutes defining the crimes of murder in the first and second degrees and of manslaughter, and made an ex pl.inition vi' the be;: ring of these crimes in reference to the indictment bef re the jury, a recapitulation ef the testimony which would be adJuced, and a general review of the consequences resulting from the cou clusioii of the jury, b.c.h tj t!u c juutry and to the prisoner. X!". We have full reports of the totimonv s !,'iven by the Witues-.es', hut, at the suggestion (d'the Ce-urt, v.e h ive been induced to deley its juiljlication until the conclusion of the trial. Ills. Scutiii'. !. t-i.'.Mi: in Tiin in.MA' J :'ii:. in tt:e course of j some remarks recently nr.de in the Pritish House of; f'emnions by .Mr. Crawford, he stntes on the authority : of Hume's History of England, that " in the reign of. ii, A'iir .i.. . ..i- i . . ii... . . ijenrv v in., uicie v. i ie onum u, as uci iors or er.uu in !s at one time, in the jails, (),;()() persons; that 'it-', tt)0 criminals were executed for theft and rohl a ry aluiie in the reign of Henry VIII. , ati average ef m;irl' Veiill ?i vi :i r lli.-.t in 1 ."A t' I in ihr null' of Somer, t, lo are staf d to lime been ex c'uK d ; ,w c r 11 -rt i . i ,i1H f 1 . inotieuar lor rohberies, tut il, and odier hloihes, l,r, hurnt in thU hand. ti7 whipped. Tho rajd:, com- milted bv id.'o vagrants wee ititol-rable ; ;(iril or .... 41 , -ji"v i!Tuin in i h i i inline iifiu null'1 uv i.ij'oe i " ",. i ".i i a.-semhiiiig in tro ps commuting sioiIs m the div- ' . . 1 V time, and magi -Irate; intimidated lroiu c.e"!iti!:g tlioir , duly. in l-tl7 an act was pn.-id t iking away tie i ... C f . . . ' II benetit ot c.er",y from persons committing roabe-ries m ,, , ,. , i r- the dav t;me. An net of the .t( c 1 Liizahe.li, cli. , , s 1 c n .1 i- .1 i i i ,,- recites as loilovvs : I or as mtudi as unlawlul cutting U l IHO (IJ , l Jl IO? Ill .11 11 U S Oil ll IV 1 Ol I II I I Olg in!llrl taking away of corn and grain growing, robbing I , I 1 I 1 I . . l. .-..!-, I - ..I ir ,-. I . no .Ti..'iiir fit. fill. I I'i ' inir .iii'i.' i'.I..-lll. l. il liium n.'i ii , ;i" "i' " i.i i in - uxi't .. . . i i- i i. o-' i r i i I Hi l irees, ni en King ia e.i:e.-, euu nig wioumuiu uuuei-; . . -T-wng of the court on Tuesday mornirg, nI5;1,lly drawn from the resources of our country to 'lTZ VVZ IfV ' ' Ineut , w t Vu "i li.-V roth. r tdaee. the alive ca.e was cal ed. jM.rstiatit to previous ndi? ray for th, foreign supply." V e j -iM i the Enquirer and a few other W ::::: r:1;";,, J :::: L i::u ".irr , Tlr.u lh? r:'. irry y.r- tL, c'amiidatc, for th, rd-nev are ! i- -1 1-1. - we -1.. the Try;.:'1-''1" , V.,,'',Curmu- ?: V(!i i'V1" ui:uu 'yui,Vr. n.n,n (f iM.M.,.f .im-tmt!.. Washington l.:.ion,and th- me jmy uum u coum oe asceriaineu wneiner a wit- c.e." Aw U we eompvre the im-rt ot specie with ,, "" .... " i. 1 '. - ; .... i.,., tjjnt t!l.. V(SV ,.ans where t!ie ness who is reported as hen.g sick, can be produced the import of iron lor a Jew years, we have results as V i' ' V i i T , h d to mu-.1v h d as f.r a-'the Ml,citation by :.. mm ......... ..... i . .. ' J though, had ( i en. I uta men n jirrivt d tarlier i.-i i . " " l" u ' "- ,ir 1 1 l 11 ' ' J meouri. i ne court granted the re uesi, ami aujoum- lollows: 7 i r: i i. V i ti-emmt was eoM-eruul been reserved for ...i ;i ..'!...!. i m , i ... , , . . r v country, his friends mmht have made some demon-1 u- 'iU 'll eo.uei-i'o, oeeu luutiu i t in uum v i i iMu, i. in, iii io uvi'vi, in oiiiii i i in Purl iron . llOik lie' s, illV.II!!!' II' I lllll III ' " 'II 1 IlliU (IIIUI I" I ,, 1 i 1- 111. 111. i - i . .ii, . . i ! lers muiieiis'lv hv being comj.cl e to i;iv ilHi i-er wooehs, are now commoiilv committed, ' eVc Sucji .. - - , - . i ' "i- i ., , , i r i " i i- , j I i ,, i cent, more lor tlie raw material than does hi; hug was the slate ot England im'ui-duitclv before Ihe . . ... - i- .i .... i.. i ,"i . c. ,i : hs i eomrie'uter. "hut, savs the wee tarttl man, passage of the poor haw, and we find that alter tin' 1 , , . . . . ' - ,i i. I.... ... r i- , I i i "we lax the foreign cutlery to counteract tue tax on pas -in"" of tlie I oor haw an -melioration took place, t . ,,7. , -, .i ' , f ,i i ( ,i i ,i ,i 1 ,- "the raw iron. A ten ct iron worth s-i0 cannot ho ...1 I t ll.n im iI tin, r.tirrtl i.t I- I i ' In! Ii fli rt irn . i I . , i l , ii i I capital punishment was reduced to -H O yearly, m I 1 . . - -1 ' .111! I'I 111' 11.1 v . in. 11 1 1.II.IIK III III V Ulli. i.i 'ii.ii iinii-i.iii- ui .3 iiiiv.. .iii, ui; r . ,i rr Vim ,i i.k ice of V.'O'has in the reign of II. nrv 1 1 1 . , ihe ! 1 ,- in ir , ' i I.- piecedmg sovereign. Humes History. I It we ' . . " ,,, . r,i l .1 . : refer to the condition of the people mi oihi r respects .. ,-, i -i i. co 1 .-, ii , , i , we hud it d.r'r,hi d asJ:uloy.s n, I nine , h.smry, in , tne reign ut Mary, h.H. Ihe lrequent pla-uos wi re as ribeif to tlirtme-s floors commonly of clay. were as ribed to dirtine-s floors commonly of cl v, ste.vid w ith rushes, ui.d- r which till manner ef ofien- walls m ugl.t its v. ay out by the r of, tl or, or win- ! .lows ; hi ih, a sack of i h ill' with a round log of wood 'r a l.olsler ; l.ous.-s uuiil ol sallow or Willow ; o:u i. ii. i t i . i i ii i dedica led to the use of the rich." Is rr Pi .ut To I'.M'imi'K a Wkom; ? The doe trine that it is right to enforce a law which is wrong for the hegi.daturo to make, approaches very nearly to making wrong right. t assumes th" principle lhat it is re ,t f r an agent lo do what it is w rong ihr the orincical lo enjoin. It sni'-linns the highr-.-l pr; rog iitive vor set up by despotism; fur if the people are alwavs lou'id to enf rce tic: will of their ruh rs, with- on! respect to right or wrong, the public c ii-i-h uco i - at o:m-o .--hiiiiih into any Hirm and iro-tin; corrupt or ;v;k ruJers nny r.v. hi l give it, in ;i !aiuh'. 'I 'he praei ici f (est of all l;iws and all forms of lran nv, is hoy far the p'-opievvill bear tin m. The fear of ie-istanee to arbitrary will, or to unju-t laws, is Oi. i.t.ll llilli t fl,' lilti.nr l.f Iii.;. tl.-.t .'. w .l lined (i,iH,!i.m or tiio.lilir.1 ntiel and wicked legiski - 1.1 III llllll, III Ii lll.Tt.'l HUI 11, IIIKL I ' I f.;" i i...?i i . . . V0..M.I..,, i!.;. ri..!,i .a' v l.ol, rf;,Hi,. ' -.-.l....v. .i. ... ......i.. ....... ....'1, l ......... ... .. III. " ' VIV ll illll. I lill 11 llll' IS, .lll'l 111'" W ill Ol I -HI" 1 1 . .. . g.e nun, or me c.tpnce oi a m.ijo ay oi one in,, i - g - .i I ...... l . . is,.,oire, u- cowr-s ...i o nco.i ng- a o.o ..iw 10 i . i n. i . . ic J I d 1 f o i, 1 J .1 j'' MC IIV I f iei ie is auvics is 11 ne e 10 :e nee. ii, i i . , i i i ful, it will be abandoned by the rulers, as impractica ble ; whereas, if the people will lake hold and enforce a wrong law, the very act establishes its .supposed exjK'diency and practicability. Tlie rub rs have only to go tm m iking such laws, ami the d 'Clpine be iiress by rovolm 10.1 Natukal a:;i) hruAi, Jisnu:. Among the ton- thcling interests of men, no object occasions- so great anxiety and trouble to ihe legislation as the preserva tion of both natural and cona! rights. The natural rights which are claimed hy one class of the people are often incompatible with the arbitrary privileges, which have been guaranteed by the laws to another class. Whenever natural justice comes thus in com petition with legal justice, it proves an arbitrary ineipialily in the laws of the coininonwealih. If any body of legislators guarantee certain exclusive privi leges to one pertion of the people; their successors, wm n they are called to legislate f;r the rigid s of auoih'T ei iss, hi ve a difficult task to perform. Iiis tiieir duty to protect tin: lights of the citizens, raid at the same time to oh-erve the laws. S.nce cerialn exclusive privileges have been guaraureeil to one class, Ihey cannot take them away without violating leral ju-uce and they cannot allow them to keep them without violating natural justice. In either of the-e cases they might be accused of violating their obli gations, hi all euch cases the legal right should always be made to yield to ihe natural rigid, on the nrin -ip.'o that no former body of leghshilors had the constitutional power of violating natural justice. Taii'inc it Coor.v. A man, named Mitchell, con demned to be executed at OpcIoua':, ha., has publish a caul to the public, inviting them to tunic and wit-n- ss Ids death. Tliis man has a proper notion ef the moral dignity of hanging. If his neck is to be bro ken f..r the benefit of the community, they .should all he pre-eht to have the proper moral ell1 ; ct produced . . I . flM 1 ... ,li-Jf '''" . 1 !. 1 stopping a inan's breath 111 private is too much like the lurkisli or-era- tua of tJl. Lovslriiir-. Ti.e three Ohio.ins raptured on the Ohio river a feu- days since in the net of helping; fugitive slaws out of Virginia, and imprisoned in Virginia, made an unsuc- ce.s.slul (dort to get back to Ohio on the plea of juri-diction, but the Court decided that Virginia law .Mended to the t p of the north-west bank of the Ohio, and accordingly remanded them to prison for trial. Tneir names are horaine, (iaruer and Thomas. The Pink of the .state of AI i-, ui ri has d'rl.ir.d a dividend of three per cent, for the- la?t six months. pen;, e f,? i'(u ,y . v i). lKmk,andwho sa id ! ,! hr i-''. , ny hull over a ym d , irons were kneked oif They were conducted to Uio w here' the proiessed en.l is M.pp. s d to be g .od am , ' lui.-h!H,rhood in search of tied, hen, I to one post mal heels to on .ther. Wk-, drop, and both turned olf. Pv erv thing was conducted Sl( T.M?,, 7 ' 'dlo 'f,. Tlt'ii?',t i ,av r.nkif.7, b.i Irnl not been able to brands several thousand calves j unl, decorum ami propriety; but ifis clearly appa- süomis.ion o I hy the ,M;op It thev nuke the en- , ,rt.t'ciiher Wüfk o; 1, lVie.id appeared to dis- every year. He pays a man called a .tc-r, stock rent that the publicity of the execution afforded an torct liie.il ol the law d. Uic nit, ex pen.-1 ve and umihi- rl.l. " .'K ... ; . ' ! keeoe r. s:o!: - oer annum. It is Ids datv to break o.-, rt ,,ne v to . ,noo tln.tr ..v,.,., ...... . . " : " preached up to liic people that it is their duly to force 'u . - , all wrong laws, ami how long will it take" to make j ''avt; Kd ut ,in3 to tat .a11 d:l-vJ ü'r tone was vv roi." h-isla lion right.' Will any thing be left tlJ d.ssati.ticd, almost menricmg; and the hnghshmnn !he p"opb., on this doctrine, of passive olw-dienee hat ho was with me referred to it several times aftcr- leuil it I,,....,,,,.., ,,,t,,b.r:,i.h. nni, ,...! ward:, will, ail eApre-i-,,) ol anx.eiy and al.ivm. .111' IVIII ' , Vllllll V. ll'V.'- II'V'I' IWv.V., villv 11VI1 l- I ! lt:spoi t Iron. Perhaps there is in the w hole rrmge of products no necessary artici; are w;e uepemlcnt ujmi loreigu gov m . . - Value. 18C7 3S H:i8,0G3 l8.HrJ B.rSS,5JG IhHÜU) d.MlONG 181041 C.üilUK! 1H11 12 4M3'i.mn) 18 13 13 l.r,G5C51 la 13 ll 3,yfi3,s:i3 iron. Tons. 71.702 11A.GC7 72.7 b'J 1 12,1 II urtvrz 37 tor 105 277 Sprt'ic. $17,717,1 10 0.5'J.r,17r, S.NS2 KI3 4,yss,(j:j:) 4.0S7.ÜIG S2,32U,335 r,830,13U f:)i.o:o,ris (;2ö.3ötj fC9.i5i,.riü Of thi.? specie one half came from England. IVow did the sjccie eoum to carry away the iron J or did the iron come to carry leway the specie, as Mates the Argus J The gross absurdity of such statements is self-evident. Tlu; present price of .American rolled iron is sO.'i. Now we are told that the present exor bitant tantf is to encourage production, and by so do ing to m il.c the price cheaper. This policy h is hevn pursued for f.fiy-fivo ye:u- and as an evidence ef i suec's We W'iil tiilli brick lo the rep Ml ef Aie.Viüdcr llamikon, in lV.'l. lh? states as f)ll ws; "Iron worlds have grer-tly iri'-n-as ! in the Cni'.d Slates, and are prosecuted w ith imadi more ;'dvaiil::ge than formerly. The average price hi fore the revolu tion was si.: !-( ur dollars. At present it is about g a rise which is chicl'y to 1m attributed to the increase id' manufactures of the material." So it appears now, that the price of ir n is, after fifty-five years of production, thirty-one l -llnr-, or fitly per cent, dearer than before the revolution. Jn order to estimate the extent of the protection this nr ti.de h:is enjoyed, we will take the quantity of pig iron imported and the duty paid on it since lr.'l, as follows. 1M10UT IVfi DITI 05 1IC lltGN. article with the meretricious importance of w hich the! 'Ai Tday, and from Vera Cruz, to the od June. in the manrgem nt' of so.oe of lie; Departments at public ear has so long and Irlinnciously dinned, us Tjjo lim,.snal!v siknt o:, the Va-hington, which is e rta.nly to the disadvantage , , n' 'nnH' , I l'J hcav,ly upon snW (f T(,xa ;;!J( th( ,.itia,!iy Ulsat pres,nt ovenmieut. lor inst:,,,. e, in our paper there the puuhepuse lor t, .rt and no set o men j toudlr,,, ;;uhtd I:t,()U.rh ln- Jti(,a tjf;is pnhhs.ed .bout otfUA a:, advertisement from tie ro r..p:.r mu, , , he r ua.U rs. 1 ne lams. , t,c ; ( , .nim ,() ) thfc (.( . the Supply I -partment, KoUctmg contracts for he burgnAr;rus,,ubl..i.lm im-orrect table ol j k . ift , j vu h, the ipuuility '' ' ' V ' t , The Mexican government had m ule n n -w d.vi- io ' ' i the cep ..yof the i-v; rn:m nt vc "lor so large a quantity ot ties most useful and i r. ,i . ,i . iral of our ca-ii'.-il sts. aluavs on t::" lookout for these I 1 I I " ( w - . ! I Pl'n lib mi . u .I 1 1 1 Iu 11 iii !. fir l vim l v -i Ii t I r 'wt. Uutv. Cwt. Duty. is2t fjCi.sor, Jjü cu. is 33 isn.r.ui no eta. IS22 '2,330 l"3t 222 0. ls2:J 1 1 v.r.yo " hj;, tm.'Jl7 4 1S21 02.151 1S1G I70.S22 1S2Ö 3(;..r13 44 1S37 2SU,:71 1S2'". I'm .00 1 " 1S3S 213 3;) 44 is 27 4C,sSl ls3'J 200,1 öl 44 1S28 113.025 44 lSlO 110,31-1 3S(ls. IS Ü 2,Sll C2 cts. lSll 215.3Ö3 31 cts. 1S3Ü 22,1 Hl H12 3;3,sl 2'J cts. is:il löc.u J.', 1S13 77,-ir.l -LI cts. 1SÜ2 lU.VJDi LQcU. Is 11 S'JS.bSf) lö tts. ,ln t,,i'i I",'"'1 :i ,:,x, ti,,:,., U) "U : 1(,K) " r T"- tu I valorem lias been paid on iron, and the re-ullis i , . , - . ;1 ,h'' l'rl,M' H.,i,n.V- "l !'S h,-'Vl ""Vr" lcU? hn..w, vi., y-0 per ton for ,g .rou. lare l.icts whiclidestrov the ahunl tiieorv thto hi',rii ,' . , - ta.es make low prices, . . . ' , ! f '. I .! 'II 1ft I 'l 1 Iii I -1 i-t I C I It i a I-- I.--. ohr-ervabli' tit; t!m import on the article in no device diminishes tm - ler i high duty; it arrives as freely as ever, hco.-uw 1 I Si I ne l I.C IO l ll e ' is Uliiei ,mi i ut 1 1 1 ii i .n e ii. i i . , ' . ., ... - , . ' . i to the duly, the foreign manukicturer is not lniun d , , . 1 7 . r . ' hv t be il:.t v. j n" only one v, no Mi.fers is ij.o f i rnicr - , . .. , , , , , , r.s the price to the consumer advances in a ratio equal . . . i .. i , . 11 , i"1 l,,S l"" 1 l',,,'u,'l UlC - ll'r I I Ii I l 'I.-, il I IU O IL I I' 'II V i M- Oil III I IMII II' II. 1 I .e ..... .. - , ,. . ,. . I ,, -. 1 . . mantihicturer ol t ;f-e litter in the I nited Sates mh- i sum"" ci in a man n.u, vui me poceis oi au i , T . i. ,,. .i , . i I '.Hl Ii. '.I w 1 I Ii I l' iii-lli it U nr iC ! re iv 1 1 , 1 1 i. .1 u . l l - . . 1 . . ' 1 .. .. ,. ii.i .1 i"i" .1 1- I Vit hm add s I'll worlh ot hue ut erv, whn h conn s ,, -, ashon? in thai mod.', or any oth'T that tlie sa'r.Mity ol , , , , , , , . the tea er may sii-rg st, In e ol dutv, to couipete w lih . . ,7,. ' - , 1 ..... he mamd.-.eti.re ol the Amncan who pays 100 per (.r ,,is V)ncrhL TJlis is rinirh),r industry!" .Mr. Hamilton, in the ahne . .. . , , .. ,,. , . i.v:,-,,-1 o..f..s that iron had advanced sclti under if... ! nvind h-tn an t t !'i ' i? es. This poin's out l he true mode of en.-our..ging the p.rodmiion of iron. vi. promote its consumption'' le-sen the cost of manufic- lure ami when ihe consumption of hardware h ' doubled, the demand for the raw material w ill have increased in proportion, Mid ;i laallhy advance in prices inu-t litres -arily re.- ult. .V. 1'. A"; tea. TilC CoMUTloX' OF TUE Po)U I hoNPoX'. iIr. Pryant,of the New 'ork Post, at present in hngland, writes home the fjllowing account of the poor in h nd- u : 'lkpLriMg -s rf'pre scd ly the new police rrgt:1;- tions-, and want skull.s in liob-. a sal corner-, r.'.d prdi rs iis petitions when? it cannot he owrlrard bv lie n arinei! uitii toe auihoritv ol the law. Iheio is a great d-al of' famine in hcidon. said a h a nd t..'ine thootherdav, hut tho police re-Milations ,iriv e it out of vj.rht. ils I was ,r.,i;,.r throiedi Ovlhi.t s t r ' t laich, I MUVau chhrlviiitii uf sin ill stalure, poojlv dresh-d, with a mahogany complexion, walhi.er . . . . n - ... 1 . ... - . . . , If 1 1 ; ") 1 "." " 'l '.") ear, wiiu a uoijow oice, "i am s.ai v nig 10 ne.nn u lin . -a. .. i ii i ... . i :.. - i ... i ..a .. :a . . . . . . . liiiif'rl- ' JMiil tin si' Wori! iii.il 1 hat liiI!ii-.v vi.iei' lcc . , , . ! viviniib.it in me eir all i hv . I i'i' 1 ui ii r 'ii i j t4 Walkinin Hampst.'ad Heath a da vor two since . , . . v '. ... i i I won an i4i11ii.ii ill. ii'i, we wiie iiei'.ieo 11 1 v. 01 1 rj . ' .. walking home, we parsed si 'company of some four or five lalhirers in frocks with bludgeons in their hands, who asked us for something to rat. ' Von see how it is, gentlemen,' said one of them, 4 we aro strong; 4 1 hear it often rcuir.rked here, that the differrivp of co:idili"ii !-tween the poorer and tlie richer c!-i- - s b 'comes greater every day, end what tlie end will be tho wisest pretend not lo luee." MiFer.vri.r. Ih sTirin iox j S otoanp. The por laws of .Scotland are being overhauled by the Pr.tish Parliament, and the facts lhat are stated of the mis erable condition of the poor in that country, show greatly the need of men an am-lioration. ll appears bv statements made that the allowance to p'lupers, in uillerent pa rt? of the country, varies from flfiy cents to live dollars a year; the highest sum being given in ca-.es of extraordinary distres-, such as blindness, ex treme old age, weakness, vve. Peggarv is very com mon. The principal fo.Hl of the poor is potatoes and herrings; their lodgings are vvreb-hed ; the coll ag. s, arermerally built of .tone and furl mixed, the root ; always being turf, covered with heather, .vlo-t of' them have nothing but the bare earth Ibra lh-or, and j no other chimney than a hole in ti.e top, or in the end of the hut. As to food and clothing, in all respects the paupers are iua most miserab'e and dcsfitule slate, and notwithstanding the number is rapidiy increasing. The laboring people and tenants are very pojtly elf, their lots of land being generally too small to give them full employment, hi the county tf .Sutherland, particularly, the population is decreasing, and agri culture and manufactures are almost extinct. Such a stale of things is truly tli-graceiul to the c imt.y where they exist. I IT S I IHM I L . I 11 1 I III II I" I'V ' O. . N e. IV ITC I ' - 1 . --, v,t'tjx .. .v, ll'IV':i.VlHI?-. tl 1 111 ill II ', r. 1I1.O..1 1..W ll. ir!' II Iii I l.kfi.k.ltr I V-Iv l., ii'ik Pfi.t. E.'fo'iTs ix Se 1 n. It is singular to contem plate how a delicately organized community can be come from habit familiarized to scenes of eru liy. Tiiere is no amu.se raeiit which carries away captive every man and woman in Spain, and is more on.hu i nsl ically followed than the cruel sport of a Pull light. From the (ueeu to the peasant, the nobility to ihe eu.iiinon (smuggler, nil meet in one common resort, all ei pi ally enjoy a Jlu'.l light, and consider it the nation al amusement. At a recent one in .Madrid tv.rn!y four horses w ere killed. The horses used on the oc casion, it ought to be stated, are never of a fine qual ity, but are generally worn out haeks from the cor tainty that they cannot escape the horns of an infuri ated Pull. As live or six riders generally make an attack on the hull, it is no uncommon affair to see the Pull rd'huiac till the riiieu und then kill the uni- maJi-. 3I;ico. We have news from the .Mexican Camln! to t'-f. , i... I ii... '. e. .1 . .. t-f ... .... .! - .r.,, Vl ',1 , ,.,;.;:, q ,,'.'-' rait iiit' i i i ' i i , i en iiii i(ii'i:iv ..t.iii,,.iii. t , i : .... i Htmi'iim. in his favor i )f tl... 1 iiu.r it V r- t 'r.i. zannsavs: "We know that he has olfered his sword lo tiio lö.tion in .VC, oeo of l,..p ri-!.!s over tl..-. t. tory cd Texas, and we believe the supreme guverm meat will accept this noble oiler The President has convoked the Congress fur the consideration of various internal improvements, af fecting the tarilf, Vc, and also to place I m.' fore them the proceedings taken by the Covemiucid on tlu res olutions concerning Texas, passed the list session. The resolutions empowered the President to make terms with Texas on any conditions save her annexa tion to the United Stativs. We shall now see what Cimet the consummation of this act will have on the chambers. Tin: Tuinn Exri.oni; Tocu to i in: Pacu :c. The expedition to the Pocky Mountains, under command of Capt. J. C. Fremont, of the IJ. S. Army. Iking the t Ui nl e -.ploni, t lourofthit o.;;eer. I ft We tr.ort on the 'S)ih inst. The obj ct ,f the ep h':i.ii and the : miiee tlest : me of the ::dv ertiemeols for supplied cour.-e v. hi-m it wdl t.i iv are expl-'.i:...l in an article ; a re i -nl ühed i.i cU ;. s ,h- re n t o:u if t'ie advertised in the Wi stern Expos;mr as foil )vs : ; aiticl. s can l.e pr k'u.-c.!, eei pi by previous contract "Captain Fremont is assisted by two junior j v. iii woUM kulcrs. If it is d -igued to ntrrd tcts cers of Ihe Topographical eorjs, and emidovs eighty i i tl;,; opportunity M ?pvulate at the (bov inen. T.he design of this c ..edition is' to' complete 'eminent cxjui.-o, i.r.d to prevent western bids for the survevs if the plains, and momr-nns intervening , '"tracts, a h-.ppy -ciieme has been devised, for the between the western bound irv and the t'ntdlc, hereto- pU' oe, 1 ut we d-mht whether the peojde will approve lore partially n comph.-ht d hv" th.- Evplorirg Squadron ' ('r favoritism, or be grati f,d f .r the squandering and the two former expeditions of Cap':'. Fruimnt. f I'" l tuudd t eni ich the favorite contracloM As far ns we can learn, this panv will proceed to f any P -partm. ut. There are men m the different turvec ti.o Arkansas river to its sources, afier com- ; w-cYtcrn r-nd south-western cities w ho would be glad pi.-ucg wiiicM, the early will he divid.-d. One divis- 1 ' Ct.r.erum- t.t contract at more favorable rates ion wi'tl then return by wav of the la ad of the K;o f"" the Cnittd States, than nny 'aU-m contractors Del .Xoite, through the country of the Cutnanche In- c:iM riror, ,!) l l't li'"" alv I",t "d.Tined of the pro di.itu on the sources ,f Ked river Mid by the lower P !- i V sides, the ms. e ti-m is ordered to be made waters of the Arhan-as. 'ld.o nriin diw-.ioii, und -r prmeio-tlly in the eivirn cities which clfectually Capt. Fremont, will cross the Colorado, compU to the ech.! s ui.-'.i rn bids. The wide ev-km, from be survev of th great Salt E.ike, and penetrate hv the t-'-i-I to end, is ::n e irnge. not en the Wet alone, water ef Marv'.s river, (which i! ,ws we.-twärdiv l,ut ,:i liu" t;ix P:iycr' 'f the whole Union. If a through Upper California, in the vicuiitr of the l'Jd 'v-t,r i' "tiieer les.res to give a fat job or contract to de". m.ralU-l . f lalilude, an 1 is 1 d in a' lake at the his friends, he is at liberty to do so in his private e.isti :u h'ise i-i' the Caljh.-niia m. uiuain-.) it is be lieved thi't i in a p.'iiit on 3;:try's river, s.uuo days journey from it;- noutb, the head of the Sa crimen to nu'V be re;;c!i d in two day's trive'. Tl'e SacriliK nt o pc'K-trat; s the main eh tin ef tlie ( i hfoiioa. mountain, and f rms a practical pa di rectly to the Pay of Francisco. 'Jh.- i-j .ilieaily kttiwn. It is aU known t!i-il a prrtehcal rente e.- j.-ts ir.i.i m; head ot" ll:e Saerim -1 1 1 , in jl i:'-rliierlv d.-rivtiofj, by Ihe Jie-ulrt of the Kl.-iiuet, Cliuttes ami ':dhimelto riv rs on the I Ydumhi::. Tlie voi;n.. 1 hvn. by which apt. Freu,, nl pr-p'-es to j to th:? I '.ici lie is th;' shortest and m -1 direct f V in tl," lo.er .h-"'.ni of thi--, the portion fro n the head of lh; Arkau-as to the he;,d tt' the Snerjtiii nlo, ahoi.t ti-Y.i miles in di-tiuce, is as yet uue-xpiore-d by the w hit-? mnii, atid g ii-Tally (L.'sigiir.ud as the great 44 California desert." .None of its waters, exc.-p ing I or the t.'oiorado, reaeh tlie? ocean they are ah.-orhei ih-apjM ar by evaporation. Afte r pris-mg the w in'o r am ng the Am -rican set llements of Uener 'ahf -rnn. th- extdorin-r nartv will. if the country he found practicable, pass round hy ti.e :- stli'iv how to go through the parting scene with lower route 'from "a lilhrma, cro--i:ig the Cel 'rado u,lt ;!Ih,:in ,lt tcariulness. They requ sted the ölet below the "(u-eat Iv union," and return to ihoArhai:- 1V:l!:a ," i"J ,(ail.;!1"l ll was clearly evident that they 'c-i'n-t'iiivi'i.i-viil i ii-I.I 'i'i'ii l ; i 1 1 I - i r i- 1 ri o, too v.ao .i.. i me oa .i.m j mm, large- li m- ,' o ,r'o s ..'" t' 1 . .r ( r 1 vVel, imvl,,,-. ,,, u. ire - o i.e.. i .. r t o.- r..a . v. i.t u n.ue .ic a r-'ui- ..... m. !M. ,,-, m-- (f ',.u- Vrv-,. '';' s"s v.(st oi n.i m,iin..tm- (i .vu .o ..e-. Jus .....i. .. ,, .,.... .. r, .,.. , c .... ti. ,i si.i e a ec.u .up.ati s i roim ei i.vl n mx t..-:. ...u mihs It will prohabiy eventu.te in the dU-ov. ry a'. a new and straight road l,.-.h to l iregou and Cahfor-I ..: . c. i ., ,i .,i. ... bv the w.iters cf the Cila and St. Juan, iar-'e frih- ui i. I 'is-ing f r the mo t part through our own terri- ' l'" dimim-h irg t he d s ta nee b n;e t hive r f ur hun- dnd iu.lv -:. and the lime t wo month.-. The e imlry j h th-? rigut and le ft will le examined, and ils g.-g- 'aphy, at pre.-eut a bl.o.k, s":new hat i;u h-r.- io. .d. The i - . .I 1-1 importance ol il.e e reiieiophied exp!.ri!i' ;:s is ry gn -at ev erv I- n!i leiice is ir-:osd in the eiargvai.d abilitv of the comtn lüdiu t ircer. We sii:i!l hope f-r their sue-- ss, raid loo'; aniou-lv f.r their b,ile return towards the cl-se ol' the vear Is-M. r-"i'Ti!!'.i; the 'ni,- P.iAUiP'.s. We fi:d the foik.nving in Hl I: 'ii-- . Tlie m ii:t.' r ofg'. e em-: and '.",,,':." catlle will b;? k mI with :- i.iC inlererl : l M"i!.ol'S.S i. v.i.i: s 'hose w ho -ii ! 11,0 i,;"rrs of Atta ..a i" Tiiev and Opeieusas eoiameuc in . ime. herd ail tue wild e.ttile j !."-'' t!,,,r.,Ml ' siM,t h-ct d. ;alb. d the. . . - ! i; j11 nr lU 0 Jj,;( VIW' ! -l;:- i ' : 1 1 ' ' o 1 1 e c 1 1. 1 1 O g 1 i 1 1 e i" , 1 . t i v 1 1 ' r i . . i 1 1 i u . 1 1 i : ' t. l'':i,( tneiiioil. S k.nd ol in.anct l.eps tnom I j !lt'f . r' k 'id breth.-r two or imve i.iys i . .1 . .. 1 , l.-.i ...1 'Oi ,. .... ., j n.l .... -...'. h lore driving to brand. Ihe cows ami their eaaes s irh'd, time is allowed ll.at tli;? cows inav lind their i calves. In driving, hoi s s i'i 11, run over cms cows' i hook bull light, eve. Twenty owners .-: oine.im.'s j I . .... . . l"-f,,'i'r ,li:!n tn ,"'ul l, braIK" tfmv ta C ealves I.v tlie tail, whirl tiiei.i over, 1 ie.10 . . . . . . . . - wild horses, to run c.ittle, to brand and aller calves. jteeoaecis mein oniy uuiuig me onaiumg season ;j 11 1 1 ..... 1 . 1 1 1 , 1 -.... me general rme, in Keeping an oruniary siock or cattle is to give the VaHier the sixth calf ond liflh colt. Where the stock is very larre. they give ihe srv,Mi!h ur ciiriilh cnlf. A tjiart U a whip nJI raw hide, three fei.'t loi, with two prunps, to whip hordes iliiT-n fli tri! :n 1 1 r i-ittlii no ! ! A n ti'ill, wooden hrmdle Is inches, and a thomr tf raw hak', ! ' f.-tt Jong. A m;;t w.lli it will cut a e.io-c,'i in two. A ; !., : is i-sediiio-ily in 44g-.ilh ring," , it; is a niece of ;o:i. si en i et Ion"-, with' a n iul of a. three s.piare file made sharp; it isev.lied a "y ; thev drive it into beef at full spe. d, behind the rump 1 bone, near the brand. The; animal immediately rolls 1 over, it tears the tij.ii and hurls h-Uy. It is only ! us"d when the cattle are bar! to manage, as they are when le-ated from running. When a drove is staVe ed. 1 one of the 44 beeves" gets ahead and keeps the lead all the way,nml genera lly keeps Jus position as Icadcrall day. At "time-- when starling with a drove, they get ' a stamped.-; it re. mi res four hands to drive loO vhich is the greatest number driven to market, on account ! of the'diihcalLv 111 getting pens. When a beef will 1 not drive, they throw th.-m bv Ihe tail, iuumo:i them, cut a iiole tluough the uo.-e with a s.hart. kmf-, pass ;l (;riir srt.pe)' throuob. and he then, to the eate him-eif, and dreadful to relate, was th .. lail (.r(.o!e hor.se 'will pull as much by thei" :' ,;;" .. . . ,, ' IVT v. 1 Corinna, .Maine, there h 1 . ;a: liihuv yarsoi age, ot large size and muscular, JiAKK Sei T.iaoi Coi-n-.u. 'I he u estern papers say r,:ui u ho is d.-af and dumb, came into that town about tlint tiie rush to the hake Superior copper region : s.-;x week.- since, and h-s been wandering about dur-seem-to be steadily increasing. '1 here is now every ; ing that time, apparently in anxious search of his indication that its valuable copper mines will bo largo-j home and his family. He writes his name Joseph ly work"d t!ii; year. In a very short tune the Amer ican market will Le filly --upphed from that quarter, while some are so sanguine a-1 to insist that we can Sil! ly the world cheaper than England. The ore is ..rieh from 40 to 7( per cent. that r.otwithstiMtd- him, but from his signs, ihey have come to the con i:ig the higher price of labor h'-re, they think we will , clu.-ion thai he has a wife and several children that have an ad van! age over the English manufacturer, j ;( lives at a rjreat distance, somewhere on the lakes w ho is compelled to work ores coat lining only Irem U j that he has by some means Jost his way, and ap to H per cent, of copper. ! pears distre-.-ingly and almo-t frantically anxious to find his home and lay his head down with his family. Sir Ceor"-e Sme.Hon, the ( .overnor ol the liuuson s , Pav Cos.m-mv. who returned to dontreal recently from th- intei-i'T, :iv? that out of live thousand citi zens of the hinted State.; w ho reached Oregon opto March la-t, one thousand had re-emigrated to Call f.raia, having been disappointed with the country. Tor. AvnticAX Miisrr..t at Kio. rIhc PosVn Tournal "ives an account of the proceedings of Mr. W;-... in lel.itlon to a discli ir-'eil sailor at P10. which, if suletautiated, should .-e.puro the recall of Mr. Wise, j named Vonnemaeher, in a desperate attempt to ob The inteifcrence of Mr. Wise with the proper busim ss tain water, atu-r boring ninety feet, found gas which, of the consul, appcar.-J to h ive been unbecoming in I on coming in contact with a candle, tik fire. It tin' extreme. Mr. (iordoii has made a full represent-j n.v pre.sjnts a ilaine of lire, the size of the well, ation to our Executive : ah- ut s. rell feet high A:ivy ami Army Supplies. T'irre a i.eniiv vvi.-doin and pound foolishness , o .rimmics to invic. and oprntte, have called at our i .... . i ...!.. ..!.... ;r i:...-Pn. II 1 IUI II ti- than thoc csteru adver- j Ierse)nf w ould adver ! contractors. I , IVH'. th:;t can he drawn fr m no ether section i hau the s!iu!d U advert!' ed for .c Uiyt lf ', j.ii.-f-v if f't.i a-, v t I 1 1 n n vir it rmo r-sivtorn 1 ' I I - 1 ' paper circulated in the west, m which this advertise ineut is pu!di.-hed, tt every thirty thousand jeopIe. ncitn ui!i 1 1 in i'ii rtr. If we hhould judge from the facts, it would apjear to le the intention of the PurcausofSupjdi.es at Wash ington, to confine contracts to eastern speculators. The articles desired for the con- umption of the army and navy, ore procured rnginally from the West, and by confining the rd'.ertise mcnts almost wholly to eastern papers, the transaction appears to be designed sokly f.r the benefit of eastern spuculators, that they may reali.e a profit on their sub-contracts with west ern merchunts. This is not one of the reforms desired and expected. The Wet has rights which will be tirg d bo'dly, and whi.ii will have to be listened to, ! - J re mrnv v -:rs, r even mo.'-.ths have elapsed. We matters, hut not to squ.imter the puhlic funds, or ims mmr'ge th." jiublie allairs i-utrusted to him, for the J 1 1 1 of enriching personal or hectional favorites. Si; Mi . Tür. l'x!. ctuiN oi i:m: lh ..rs. We find in an wciia nge ptiper an aeeonnt of the execution of the broiiicrs Hodges at PurliiigJou, Iowa, who were con- Vfii il ot murder. They wi re .Mormon-;, and a very strong eo,te:. lent existed against them. They were '.!(! by the.r brother to ia ike no conf-."-si,n and to die e J- 'J'liis 1 re'ht r was hil! tl on his wav home. it -een.s h,,;,, ihe lu cuuin published that they followed! his ad ice .-irk i ly. Ti.e gi Slows was placed iri a dell furrounded by a natural :L!i)'!uthe'ire of lolls, on which were thou s ands f :iM !',, v. viuji n a:.d. c'.iildren. The convicts wi re pi i ei ( 1 in a wagon, and escorted by three or fair oino:i nie:3 of rub-men with a band of music. The pris. iiers were perfectly at their rase, quite uaeo.ieeriieil d i . -..; J in th ir u-ual habiliments (',"',-vl, I i-i ii !i -el i .1 s if thee 1 -; 1 Tieob l! n hiivinrcj ,:sriAl u'rir CUiiro R',,?,lu't? 1,11 "- JTat ami gionousj i .n ' u i i' i u in n 1111 i: "n i . i- n ,u in i p-aun. as a lurtihcatiou b-r r lusir:g o I ) . teiiii-oial orif. ,-.o-.u, and not lor fie sin-ei . and force t tne r-e'iiremenls of the I Vahr, it ...,, , ', ,,. ' verse : 44 Against theo, theo only have Uinr.cd, An. dmm tln o-il m thv mtI.i make any "enty, piety. :: itself par- I And done this evil in thy tight. Steplieji lhnlgos came forward to mike his speech, b ".: "m::t::g with 44 (lentb-invn and fellow citizens, you. sv e h' !'ue yo-i a dying ütriii.aK.ut to ! launched into eternity. 1 have not much to say, and will not detain ("11111. .! .you long. lie uented thai they were tried as white nun, denounced l!;e evidence, the court mid jury. wondering how the jury could go home and quietly s' e;, a'.'er co idemn.ng two iimcK'ent voimg men. one V. vears oh!, tin- otner rj-. .o any mur.lers they said, had been 1 eloi'e committed, but pootiewas hangi'd for ihem--but they we re .Mormons :.nel that was tho ret ro. i ihey were executed, lie ihn.cd that thero v.-is any pro f atriiiisi t!, in, and then went over the ficts ef tiiC trial, became frantic and stormed with r:::;-eand madness, mitil the frth issued from hia m"ii':i. In co,, elusion, md with the utmost coolness. , he thanked the audience for their polite attention. iid ho was rc.-nlv, and re-neetl'iolv re.in-el and took hi; c, ;it !1 ll- plalthrtlh (Ty lilllc syillfKlthy WHS le ! t I't the culi.nts for in the lace of these public denials they h"d made ulmis-mm which clearly pv.d iheir guilt. : 1 1 : h i .1 i- l , i William Ii od -res th'!i crane forward, nnd in n mnrr ! sifiaiucd inn nner' went over the facts of his trial, and f,.s::.ii.ed his brother's statement. .Stej.hcu made some ;!(, lit ii-nal lemarks en the i:isig:icic;:cy if the evidence d tfitd to create a sympathy in their behalf. Wil- ;l,n. n -. ha .1 a few more w r.h to U - - j .v . : ty to conceal their guilt, and die like heroes was the ... . ; controlling teelmg at the place of execution, and not execution, and no! for mercy and fur- a reliance 0:1 a kind Providence for gav enoss. Siiockinc Occi iir.r.Net:. The new Orleans Ttepub lican relates the following shjckiii'g incident which recently occurred in that city : A ' ')', aged seven years, the only son of a XVi d'-wt-l ii.oJier. named Jacob Polhemus, who was a scholar in tlie litrict i'eblie Scho.l, had committed u;;J0 thul't for which hi teacher, 'a young lady, re- sorted to the punishment of solitary continenicnt, by -"hing him up in a dark place immediately undcrthc -ti'tjule of the church, u-ed for depositing lumber, '1 bei.aoh., bricks, eve., and the only light admitted is jhrongh tw o holes alnuit ten inches wide by eight JI1,'hes long, cut in oath of the pannels of the doors, about five feet front the ground, and a small grating at t!i ',,c'r lid- The poor child had placed some ooards against t.ie door, to enable him to . climb ui " ns u rt':i h these openings in the door, through Y'' '1 , pushed his little head. It is supped that hoards on which he .-tood must have slipjied from n.a.cr .am, .am i-'.-mg nis support lie could not cxtn- s..i..i.i-t.-..r . .... 1 'i.. 1 . 1 w uus hung is a man ',.,7vc., and if a capital letter is placed at the be 1 I .IT. . . ginning of the last word, he invariably rubs it out, and replaces the small letter. No one in the v icinity has been able to understand j, much exposed to the hardships of tlie weather, .and is now lame from the clioctsof the frost. His forlorn condition and his fruitless struggles to lind his way, and his expression of despair, and yet of ipe nchh-ss affection for his wife and little ones, seem to have Pmcheel the hearts of the.se with whom he is now stopping. At ,-outlnr.gton. Centre, irumbull county, O., there are no wells of water, hut recently a blacksmith.