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3uMaiia State Sentinel.
KTERSAI. VIC1LAWCE I THE PRICE OF LIBFRTT. 7 vii a ai'oiis, ii:i i:nn:it 30. isis. i Uv c;iiii:ictu .system. The cSu'.Ti:igSttem intradurtd l the uiiilersignrd h.-is not n.et O'ir ip.-ctation-. We Imre given it a fair tiiil; but lh extra out-lay I as r ot Wen met ly corrrypoiKting frort on the part of our friends, w ith a (Vw exceptions. It !ors not, and cannot, under ei'Min circunistanre, r-.CrJ u a fair rrmunrrmion. vVhi ? wei voluntarily nade tl e. tl.en pit-sent sentier, wi- did hope th.it the EiJacerriei.t suth i-nt to iiirrmst.-our liis to ii !f art Mversd l! cuaiids oeer otir former su' srription. flivinq n:orr reading r a:tr t for the pr.re thin can be rMrdneJ in any part of the Wtt country, ? ha.! hop. d our frit-nd wt.r.M take advantegr of It 1 ltijenlity.an.l exeit themsilns eccordin ;1 . This ha not re :i ilone to i . ere. comn.ensuihU? with the plti r-r'l -"t. 1! nre. of:rr hat h; t en a fair trial on our part, w; ah:in-d.-n th!tytcm of clul 1 in-r ; ar.l ih.il!, l.eiiaihr, o.htpt the tollow. ins'- ,,. vvhi. h will Le iiivariat te and pt-rmniu nt : FOR OCR WEEKLY PAPERS, Two I ollars a year, and (As j vonty must alvcayt acromvewvtht order or no a'Jtntun vill be eiren it. I JOHN D. DEFltEES. Editor Journal 4.?-?DeeI CHAPMAN'S & SPAN N , F.ditori Statt If Und Slate Convention ! Are our friends alive to the importance of our next State Convention ! Are they prepared ? Are the del egates selected, and such as will attend 1 These are important queries, and every democrat in the State is interested to see thut they are attended to. No time in tr be lost. We have a wily foe, and consequently ir hc-oves us not to sleep on our arms, because we fre! flushed with victory ! President pro tem. of the Senate. Tart of Wednesday, the whole of Thursday, and part of Fri day morning, was spent by the Senate in balloting for a President of the Senate, pro tem., in place of Lt. Guv. Dunning, resigned. Finally, on the 31st bal loting. Senator Read, of Clark county wan elected. We do not know whether it will do for us to say that so many unsuccessful ballotings seem to indicate that the bonds of party affiliation are weak so we will let the people judge for themselves. We trill venture to wy, that we are truly sorry to sre euch a want of unanimity among our friend. It is gratifying nev-t-rtheles, that mere personalities, not principles, are affected. Odr"A very spirited skunk-fight came off while this subject was still pending, on Friday morning, be tween two notorious whig Senators, in which each Sen;, tor drew the portrait of the other in no very en i.lle light. They are beauties, both of them, ac cord, ng to their own showing. Indianapolis Dec. 29, 1S19. Editors of the Sentinel: Having heard that it has been rumored that I am he author of two anonymous communications, signed Justice," which appeared in the daily ' Indiana State Journal," in this place, of the 20th and 25ih instant, respectively, I desire to say through your columns, as an act of justice to my- i self, that neither wrote, dictated nor suggested thoe communications, nor either of them, n r any part of j either of them, either inform or in substunce; nor did I counsel, advise, direct or request the same to be d- ne, either in whole or in part ; nor did I see or hear them read, or either or any par! of them, until their ! oulicatiun ; nor did I ever publish, nor d I ever cr- ' pert to publish, an article of any kind anonymously, j wnd especially of a political character, in the Indiana ; S:a? Journal. j J: i nt my purpose to speak of the merits of thoe j communication?, r.or of the propriety or impropriety :" tlieir publicn.ti-.in.. I only wish to deny their an- I thorship, directly or indirectly, which I do, fullv and I imt-quivocally. JAMES WHITCOMB. ! f:7"We suppose that the real author of Justice " I rinnt have heard the rumors above alluded to. If so, his failure to declare himself at once, and openly as sume responsibility for his statements, affurds adiii- i tional evidence of his dishonest, dishonorable and i c '.vardly character. Eds. Sentinel. Painful Accident. On Tnursday las?, a lad, son of .Mr. Vöries who resides in the eastern part of ihe city, lost three of the ringers of the right hand by having thorn cut off by a straw-cutter. The machine iK placed for exhibition on the pavement in tront of Washington Hall, and is not 60 sccLr-'d as to prevent the boys from setting it in motion. The lad&ctidcnt- fi ! y placed his right hand under the cutter, and com- j inenced turning the crank the lust turn of which re- j n!ted as above stated, thus mutilating him fur life. i The School Law. A member of the House writes ! his constituents on this subject as follows. We pub- lish it because it indicates in some degree the char- : act .r of the forthcoming bill : " I am not a little pleased to inform you that last rvnir. the committee on Education of both Houses had a joint meeting there was a fail attendance and I nm pleased to tny that I never saw more unanimity. There was not a man in favor of a State Superinten dent ; no man was in faor of making any more otfi tera in our school system, but all agreed that from twelve to sixteen thousand of the present officers might well be dispensed with, lt has been determined, j in committee, to report a short, plnin bill, including n moderate tax and with as few oihcers as will possi- blv do. I am of opinion that the whole common ; school law will not contain over ol) sections. We Iiuve on both committees on Education men of ability, ind the best possible feeling exists among the mein hers on the subject. Lawrenceburgh and Rusiiville Railroad. The Indiana Register, of the 2Jd inst. says the books were opened in that county, (Dearborn) for subscriptions to the above named rail road, and that $20,000 was taken by the citizens of Lawrenceburgh, and that 34,000 had been secured. Tr.c $50,000 apportion ed to the county by the Directors, it is said will be readily raised. At Greensburgh, on the first day $20,000 was sub scribed. The Register says the right spirit prevails along th'J whole line, and that the requisite amount is probably subscribed to authorize the letting of con tracts. The Register thinks that the road will be fin ished to Indianapolis in lea than three years. Come n Congress. The House of Representatives have piHsed a resolution, intrdtiecd by Mr. Gott of ew York, by n vote of ayes Öd, noes Kj, inslr tiding the Committee for the District of Columbia to report a bill, as soon an practicable, prohibiting the slave trade in said District. The Indiana delegation voted, ayes, Hmbree, Henley, Robinson, Dunn, Petlit, Cathcart, und Rockhill ; no, R. W. Thompson. Messrs. C. B. Smith and Wick not voting. Cholera. The following is the manner in which the New York doctors treat cholera. The Dayton Transcript pithily remarks that if a poor fellow can tand the trratnrnt, we don't think he need fear the disease, and if the doctors can carry a poor fellow through such a course, there i9 no doubt they can cure the Cholera, or any other ailment : Ho was bled, taking 20 grains of calomel every hour, and i covered with mustard plasters and cayenne pepper, with bottles of hot water. 07-Singulai: Coincidence. Hon. A. C. Dodge of Iowa is tho son of Hon. Henry Dodge of Wisconsin. They are both members of the United States Senate ! or will be at the next session. Father and son in the Senate of the United States at the same time, seems strange enough, and is believed not to have happened before. (-Attention is directed to the advertisement of tho sale of the lots belonging to the Washington Hall Company, in another column. fjT-Gen. Lane'H recent appointment of Governor of Oregon, has been confirmed by the U. S. Senate. A caucu of the Democratic Members of the Arkan sas Legislature has recommended Col. John S. Roane as a suitable candidate for Governor of that State. From Wnftliliixton. Washing to , Dec. 23, 1S48. Editors Sentinel: Among the very many queer things which have transpired here, since the conven tion of Con ir i ess, the following is d-cided'v rich. Last niht, the Southern member! of Congress without distinction of party, (except those who vol untarily absented thcmsclvf s, of which the number was considerable.) had a meeting to st-e what should be done, und to u-t np a jjreut outhern agony, in view of the anticipated adoption of the Wilinot pro viso, by both Houses, and of cert-tin votes taken in the House of Representative! lately, in reference to slavery ard the District of Columbia. And who do you think presided ! One of the Ken tuck orators, who stumped it last summer in Indiana and Ohio, and assured the Hoosiers and Ruckeys ol the perfect orthodoxy of Old Zach. in favor of the proviso Gov. Metcalfe by name. If we (democrats) can only make out to possess our souls in patience" for 15 or 13 months, we shall have fun enough to last u for ten years to corne. Q IN A CORNER. 07-There is a gtKd deal more truth than poetry in the following : so says a friend at Washington. Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun. Washington, Dec. 14th, IS 19. Death of Mr. Sims Mr. Greeley's Philosophy and Economy An Important Case, iyj. The death of the late Mr. Sims, of S. C, was an nounced to-day, and produced an immediate adjourn ment, out of respect to the memory of the deceased, to say nothinj of the convenience of Ihe members. Tue New Vork Tribune, whose editor is a member of the House, and likely to be a conspicuous member, may now say that Congress has " accomplished an other death." The Tribune, looking at the economy of rime, wishes to put all the deaths in one resolu tion, covering them all with the pall of one adjourn ment -just us Franklin proposed to 1ns father to say grace over the whole pork barrel. As tbe vitfilant detector of public abuses, the edi tor of the Tribune will do much ijood in Congress. He has set his face, for some jears, aguinst tliC blocking extravagance of the contingent fund. He will rind, if he will take the trouble to look into the details of the matter, that the half of the truth was never told him. and that extravagance in regard to the use of that fund prevails eyen to absolute profli gacy. I do not think, however, that the Tribune either can or should prevent the expenditures of the Senate, which are set down under the head of horse-feed " I mean hot oysters, sandwiches, monongahela, and Champagne; for it is by sucli appliances that the Senators are kept for hours together, sometimes, in session, and in the dispatch of business. A Senator's pay is wholly inadequate to necessary expenses. Out of his eight dollars his very hack hire is five dollars. So, he ought to be allowed every mode of accommodation thai the contingent fund can iiflord him. It is the extravagant compensition and allowances that the Senators make to others which, if I understand it, awakens the sensibilities of the Tribune. While speaking of this subject, I may mention that owing to the magnificence of our distances, it is im possible for a member of Congress to discharge his dnti"s with a just regard to his personal comfort, without keeping or hiring n carriage. Congress ought, in my opinion, to provide suitable public con veyances for the accommodation of members. An important case is pending in the Supreme Court, to wit: The Treasurer of the U. S. Mint at Phila delphia, plaintitf in error, vs. the county of Philadel phia. The question involved is the right of a State or city to tax real estate belonging to the United States. Mr. Gillett argued the ca?e on the part of the government, and Mr. Benjamin II. Brewster, of Philadelphia, 0:1 the part of the State of Pennsylva nia and the county of Philadelphia. Mr. Brewster's argument, tis I widerMnn.!, is the theme of admira tion both of the bar and the bench. Ion. (CT Greeley's Land l'.eforin Bill, recently intro duced into the U. S. IIou-j of Representatives, pro vides, as lead. ng fe-itun.'s, 1. That any person of lawfnl age may nla in the proper Land Otlice, a claim .f pre-emption to any un occupied iji.srter section of hnd which has been sur veyed and offered for sale. The claimant mut make ntlidam that he or she is the owner of no other land whatever, and that he or she intends to occupy and cultivate the same forthwith. 2. Upon such application, a warrant of pre-emption for seven years will be given. At any time with in the seven years, the land may be paid for at Si 25 per acre. After an actual residence of five years, if the claimant is unable or unwilling to pay as above, upon application to the proper Land Office, he or she may choose 40 acres, if single, or 60 if married, or the widowed head of a family, without any payment. In this latter case, the claimant must make affidavit that he or she will reside upon and cultivate the land so granted, during life, and may not be at liberty to alienate it to any person having other hinds. On fail ure to perform these and several other minor provi sions, the land to revert to the United States. 3. False swearing as to residence upon or cultiva tion of the land so granted, to be punished by fine and imprisonment in the State prison. 4. Tho law to take effect on the 15th day of April next. We submit that Mr. Greeley's boasted Land Re form does not amount to much, when closely looked into. The amount of land proposed to be given is too small, and accompanied by too many drawbacks, forms and incumbrances. There are scarcely five hundred men in nil the Great West, who would ac cept so small a favor upon such stringent conditions. The proposed law would utterly fail of the object in view. What would any man, however poor, give for 40 or even 80 acres of wild land, which he could not sell, and which he must cultivate upon pain of for feiture! Nothing at all. An abundance of land, ot the best quality, can be rutted upon much better terms. We think the quantity should be doubled, at least say 100 acres f )r a man and his wife, and 80 acres in addition for each of his children, and clogged with no conditions hut that of residence up-m it, and pro hibiting its sale for debt. It would be well also to regulate the quantity granted, by its quality and natu ral advantages or disadvantages. The bill in its pre sent form, will do no harm, and very little good, if any. The wording of the third section of thu bill, bears a wonderful similarity to the celebrated " But ler Bill." It would take a remarkably Jong-winded individual to read it through at one sitting. AfFRAT and Death at Baton Rouge. On the 4th inst., a Dr. Skillman cnteredlhe office of a Dr. Byrd of Baton Rouge, and fired uon him twice with a pis tol, without effect. Dr. B. retired to a back room, and armed himself with a knife; Dr. S. followed in a threatening manner, when Dr. B. closed upon him and inflicted wounds with the knife which proved fatal in a short time. Of the origin of the difficulty wo are not informed. 0CT"A. II. Sevier of Arkansas will bo nominated, it is said, as Commissioner to settle the boundary be tween Mexico and the United States. Andrew B. Gray is nominated for Engineer and Surveyor. He was recommended by the Texas Delegation. Ho was formerly an engineer in Texas and afterwards on the northeastern boundary line. (tjr We have a telegraphic rejort from New Or leans, stating that Col, Hays and men have been cut to pieces on the Rio Grande, by Gen. Urrea. Tho truth of the report h doubtful. F. H. Er.MoRE, Esq., has been elected President of the Bank of the State of South Carolina. The Legis- lature are hard at work threatening to demolish the N Bank. ltelgnatioii&. Gov. Whitcomb transmitted to the legislature his resignation in the following terms: To the General shtembht of the State of Indiana: In trangmitting to you thi tnv resignation of the office of Governor of the State of Indian , I beg ti assure you, and through you the people of the State generally, of rny fer vent gratitude far the manifestations of their regard and confidence, wi'.b wliii h they have repeatedly hnnnred me. In taking leave of my presrnt position a position which I have now held for five years continuously I may be in dulgfd in saying tint, in the discharge of its duties, through a period commencing in trial and in g'oom. in doubt and in discouragement. in embrrassment and in difficulty a period of variant plana and of diviro counsels calling for a more than ordinary exercise uf piudence and firm ness, and involving a more than ordinary amount of re-ppon-ibdi'y, I am far very far from claiming (ot tnyeelf an exemption from error. I otdy desire to aiy tht any mch error, the result of inadvertence or imperfection of judgment hai not been at variance with a constant sense of duty to the public welfare and a deep and heartfelt desire to promote the general happiness. If individual interests have seemed at times to be disre garded if sectional claims have been apparently unheed ed, if even the claims of friendship have appeareJ to be overlooked, it has only been because I have thought that private obligations should not be discharged from public trusts, and tbit my paramount allegiance as an officer, was due to the people who rightfully looked to me for protec tion to their interests to the people of that State in which I have lived for a quarter of a century, and within whose bosom I expect to leave my bones. I have steadily endiavored therefore, with what success it becomes not me to say, stimulated as well by a sense of gratitude as by official duty, to advance by every honors hie means in my power, the great, tbe substantial and the lasting interests of the people of Indiana, as the best re turn I could make to them for their friendship and confi dence. Differing occasionally on important questions of public policy, with those who shared my friendship and my re spect, whether in the origination of important measures, or in the exercise of my constitutional power of dissent from such as had received legislative approval, or whether in executive matters of an isolated or discretionary eh ir. acter, I have felt unaffectedly, and deeply fell, my great need of the liberality of the members of the General As sembly and of my fellow-citizens at large. In this connection permit me also, to leturn my respect ful thanks to the honorable the memhors of the legislature for the distinguished honor they have recently conferred upon me, and which occasions this resignation. In thus assigning me another theatre of action in the councils of the nation, they have imposed upon m the tack of a con stant endeavor, tw the best of my humble ability to justi fy this signal mark of their confidence. Rut while it will there be my duty to strive for the prosperity, the tumor, and the perpetuity of our happy Union, snd to secure to Indiana a due share in its rights and advantages, let it nev er be forgotten that, apart from tbe safety and integrity of that Union, our welfare must mainly depend uopn the domes tic administration of our own affairs upon the wise manage ment of our State government. And I beg lo say in con clusion, that although removed from aay immediate parti cipation in its affiirs, no exertion on my part will be spar ed, at any time, for the promotion of so desirable a result. JAMES WHITCOMB. Indianapolis. December 26, 1 8 IS. 07-In resigning his office of President of tho Sen ate Lieut. Governor Dunning made the following re marks : Gentlemen of the Senate: I avail rm self of this occa sion, upon retiring from the discharge of thu duties of pre siding olficer of ibis body, to leturn you my very grateful acknowledgments for the courtesy with which I have been treated personally by earh member of the Senate, and more especially for the ellicient aid which I have experi enced from this body, in the discharge of the complicated duties of the chair. .My connection with you, s President of the Senate, is now about to be diesolvtd, yet I c beruh the pleading hope that those feelings of friendship which have been here en gendered, will not cease lo exist with a dissolution of that connection, but that we may each continue to cherish for the other, that pure spirit of patriotism and friendship al ways characterizing the conduct of patriotic men of all po litical parties, and more particularly those public servants who represent constituents in this Senate chamber, whose interests are identical. During the period I have hnd the honor to preside over your deliberations, many exciting questions of public pol icy have been brought forward for discussion, well calcula ted in their nnture lo arouse sectional feelings, and party uuimoitirg. In this ciiticnl tdiuaiion, it has t een my con stant aim to allay those sectional feelings and paity ani mosities, and if at any time I h ive tailed fdiltifuHv and impartially to discharge the duties of my station, I can confidently surrt, that it was an error of judgment, and not of intention. Senators: You are the agents of the people of a young and powerful State ; many are the important trusts which have teen conliJed for decision to your good sense and patriotism as b-gUlilors, and I trust that a retrospect of your past legislative labors will not prove unproductive of beneficial results to the public interest; yet there are ques tions of great importance to the people to be acted upon by you, amongst which, and paramount lo all others, is that of a well digested system of frte common schools; this is the engrossing measure of the present session of tho Legislature, and ought to receive from this body a full share of considerate legislative action. May I cherish tho hope that you will, by your future legislative conduct, prove your deep devotion to this, the greatest interest of your re spective constituencies, and especially to Ihe juvenile por tion of them. It is a measure which commend itself to your notice by every consideration of humanity and en lightened public policy. I am aware that a system of this character cannot be supported without a resort to taxation a measure well calculated at all times to arouse the pre judices and excite the fears of the people, yel I cnnot re lire from inp present station, without leaving, in this public manner, my humble testimony in favor of taxation to the utmost of the bbility of the people, to sustain thi, the most glorious cause that can engago the attention of the philan thropist or statesman. Senators: I shall not cease to cherish with feelingr of pride, to the latest period of my existence, the fiiendly se gard which you have always manifested for me: and in conclusion permit me to invoke upon you individually, and upon your legislative, action, the choicest blessings of Him who rules over the destinies of men and nations. Gold Itkms. In the different ports of Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, at least fifty vessels are up for freight or charter to the gold re. gions, and to record all tho expeditions, would be im practicable. A New York letter says: The jewellers had a mass meeting yes, a mass meeting !- at Riley's Hotel, last evening, to form a California association, and th nsmnu enndlnd mm. prise many of our mot respectable citizens engaged ! in that important branch of business. The shoema- i !... ... 1 1 . . , . . I kuim mu iu imvu b ueiuonsirntioii to-niint, nnu to morrow the printers arc to have u talk about whether it wonld'nt be better for llietn even to throw down the stick, and pick up the quoin. Besides all that, ill to-day's Sun. two hundred vminrr ladies are advertised for immediately, to set out for 1 . . . 1 ...... - . . 1 uio "pincers." 1 hoy must be respectable so snys the advertisement, and steady employment will be guaranteed. Passages all to be paid. Seamstresses and tradesmen preferred. The New York Sun, nfier epecifying several asso ciationsof capitalists and others in that city, gives the following new feature: "A company is about being formed in Wall street to send out poor men on condition that each person so pent shall remit to tho comptny the gold found : it shall then he by them divided into two equal portions, one of which idiall belong to the family of the emi grant, or be placed to his credit, and tho other half shall belong to the company of capitalists advancing the means to send out the emigrant, and support Iii family until remittances can be made." The two annexed paragraphs are from a N. York letter : 'The wife of one of the California volunteers (a resident of this city) has received $10,l)UO worth of grdd from her husband during the present week. This I know to be a fact. 'The Crescent C.ty steamer has been put in the berth for Clingres, and will probably bo full. It is calculated she will put her passengers on board the California nt Panama, on the .rth January." The Tribune adds: "No less than four vessels are being fitted out at Sag Harbor, and it is calculated that more goods will arrive in Cilifomia in tho next six months than will supply the inhabitants three times over." 07-The Mobile Register says the recent election ofC. C. Langdoti, (Whig,) to the mayoralty of the city, will be contested by Mr. McAlpin, thd Demo cratic candidate. It is alleged that a large number of illegal votes were polled, and that by excluding these, the result will be reversed. CU1151UMC4T10XS. The Since i'rlton -o. 2. Messrs. Chapmans Spann The Lessee of the Slate Pri-on, not content with the immense profit which bo mu-it clear under the contract ns it now fcxid, hss re mained here every session of the Legislature ince its ex intfiire, trying by every means possible to secure to him self further dvantages, and greater pritilf gts, upon ihn plea of a want of the means lo ervcl bis m;u Innery Did it ever enter into his head, thai if tbe contract wts op pressive, and one nl which he could not live, that by signifying bis wishes to be discharged tbetefroui, tho Slate would most readily grant his petition? Hut no, ho would not sell bit bargain nt this moment, lor tbe residue of bis term for 20,000. His plea is one of insincerity, and mm positive proof is, that during the year pst, ho found tonple menus to erect a large steam flouring mill in Jellerson ville, which, had they been appropriated inside the prison to the erection of machinery, he could now af ford employ mcnt lo all the prisoners, with the business already carried on, within the prison, h i plain to any observing man, that when he got the prison at so great an expense as he did, he formed the deliberate intention, never to conform to its requirements, and to trust to tbe same diplomacy, assisted by the same means by which he succeeded in securing the prize, to perpetuate it, or to procure the repeal of its objectionable features to his mind. What that diplomacy, and those means were, I leave for those who know the man to determine fur themselves. But he very mildly and modestly asks the Legislature to give him power to enforce discipline in the absence of the. Warden. One would naturally suppose thai this would only apply when the Warden was away ftom home nud had left no 0110 to exercise his power in his absence. But this is not what he wishes, nor is that what it purport to be. He desires the power, which iias been widely taken from him, so soon as the Warden's back is turned, to exercise bis feelings of vengeance up on the unfortunate prisoner to his heart's content, and an excuse in justification of his actions would always be at hand, by pleading some want of respect, or disobedience in the convict. There is not a well regulated and gov erned prison upon the principles of humanity in the United States, where the power of punishment is con ferred upon the subordinate keepers, even where they are chosen by the State authorities, and responsible to them, much less to a contractor, or one immediately inte rested in tho products of the labor. More anon. X. JUomoe County. Arcording to previous notice, the Democrats of Monroe county, met at the Court House in liloomington, on Saturday, December 231, 1S43, f r tbe putpose cf appointing delegate to attend the ensuing Sth of January Convention, at Indian apolis and to transact other buineM. On motion. Dr. H. T. N. IJenedict, was called to the Chair, and W. C. Taikington, appointed Secretary. On inoiimi, there wetc three delegates appointed from each township, and ttie following were the peisonst Jas. Carmichael, P. Morgan, J. S. Walker, R. H. (livens, Win. N. ltoebeiry, A. Itaker, D. flyers, II. Delap, Saiton Acutr, It. R. Bver, L. Shiiley, F. fi. Hite, Wm. lMcNeeley, C. Coir, Sita 13. Hevias, T. J. Hendrickson, T. M. Graham, T. Y. Ilader, A. McClung, Dr. W. C. Walker, J. W. Spen cer, Ja. Payne, Jno. Hauten. Win. Hunter, L. Q. Hogatt, Dr. Iletldick, J. Duncan, J. Dowden, C. Sno!giass, Jarnes Da vi, F. T. Rutler, W. A. Goiman, James Woodward, Alex ander McClelland, Dr. W. C. Foster, P. C. Dunning, and S. II. JJuskirk. On motion of Dr. Foster, Resolved, That we ugget the idea that a Slate Conven tion should consist only of those individuals who have been legally appointed by Ihe seveial counties whom they repre sent ; t hat we deprecate an indiCiitninate assemblage of those ersons who may accidentally Le at Indianapolis, on the Sth of Januaiy,ns we consiJer such lo be illegal, and theiefore such peisous ought not to be invited to participate in the de liberations of Ihe Convention, and that our delegates arc rs ques'ed to ue their influence to prevent such peisons from participating in said Convention. On moiion of Col. W. A. Gorman, Resolve 1, That c feel disposed to ay to our delegates to 1 voie for no person for the office of Governor and Lieut.Gov- j ernor, who will not ue all their influence to prevent the cx- t tfk.i..w nf .1. '.. i.it.t ma. a. ,..., ..v.. I. . ....... , . ,Ka VTiilA.t States, which i n v fiee, and to this end will use all legal and ci ntitutiun I means in their power. On motion of W. C. Tsukitigton, Remixed, That we heaitiiy approve of the choice made by tbe Legislature, in the peuon of James Whitcomb, foi U. S. Senator, believing trial ne is the choice ol a very laige ma jority of the teople of this Stale. That said choice is a giatif) ing triumph over the party disorganize and their fiiends ; that said selecti n will reflect honor upon the State, and that we believe her inteiesls will Lc faithfully and ably represented. On motion of Judge Butler, Resolve f, That ihe proceedings of this Convention be pub lished in Ihe Indiana State Sentinel. Convention adjourned. H. T. N. BENEDICT, President. W.C. Tabkinctojt, Sceietary. Dc:tr!orii County. Pursuant to previous notice, a large number of the democrats of Dearborn county met at the Court House, in Lawrenct-burgh, Dec. 23, 148, at which tho follow ing proceedings were had. The meeting was organized by the appointment of Capt. Alex. L. Mason, president, Capt. Thomis Porter and Capt. Wm. T. Ratdridge, vice presidents, Cid. E. Dumout, secre nry, and Louis S. Creuzard, nssistant sec retary. The object of tho meeting having been stated by the chair, a committee w is appointed to report lo the meet ing the names of delegates lo attend the Stato Conven tion, to be holden at Indianapolis on the 8th day of Jan uary, to nominate, candidates for Governor and Lieut. Governor. The committee consisted of II. D. Slater, Col. E. Du rnont, Wm. A. Smith, S. S. Dunn, Enoch W. Jackson, and John Hornberger, and reported the following per sons as delegates. Jackson toicnship Alvin J. Alden, Daniel Taylor, Merrill Huhbell. Kelso toicnship Finley Watkins, John B. Kessler, J. Mahony and Jos. McKenzie. York toicnship II. D. Slaler, Hugh Scott and Daniel Chittester. Logan toicnship Jonathan Hollowell ami Willoughby Tebbs. Harrison toicnship James Cloud and A. G. Tebbs. iAicrenceburgh toicnship George P. Buell, John Horn berger, John Y. Kichards, S. S. Dunn, Henry Weidel stfoMÜ, Louis S. Greuzard, Robert McGarvy and C. O'Brien. Miller toicnship Enoch W. Jackson and Georgu Ben net. Centre toicnship George W. Lane, Nelson D. I'olbre, Wm. S. Ilolinan and Saml. Johnson. Manchester toicnship George M. Lozier, Jam I. Millikeu, C. C. Jnquith, Sarks Blasdel, John Shuemake, B. T. W.S. Anderson and David Tibhetts. Laughery toicnship Daniel Conway, (ieorge P. Lowe, Charles Bruce and David G.Cromlow. Sparta toicnship John D. Johnson, James D. English, and Ebenr.cr Bedinah. Clay toicnship William S. Abbott and William My ers. Cesar Creek toicnship John Turner, C. Bird Pate and James Rand. Which report was concurred in. Tho following resolutions were then unanimously adopiod. Resolved, That all democratic citizens of this county who may be present at the said convention be considered delegates. Resolved, That tho said delegates be and are hereby instructed to support Col. James II. Lane, of Dearborn county, as Iii candidate for (jovernor. Resulted, That the proceedings of this meeting bo signed by it ollicers, and published in the State Sen tinel and Indiana Register. On motion, the meeting adjourned. Al.CX. L. MASON, President. Thomas Porter, ) v. v-tl.anta Wm. T. Baloridoe, J w" ItU A H.SIUVIMO, K. Dumont, ) , , t Secretaries. L. 6. Greuzard, ) Democratic Ingratitude. Mr. Hannegan faith fully served the Democratic party six years in the Senate of the U. States, and acquired for himself more reputation than has ever before been acquired by any Democrat iu Congress from this State, and yet, they refused to re-elect him. Indiuna State Journal. Ingratitude, eh 1 Well, we had supposed that Whigs would not dare to use that word again as long as tlm Whig party should last. They must have a very bad memory indeed. They have forgotten, that a few months ago, when Mr. Clay, the father of tho Whig party, and the great champion of Whig princi ples, went into the Whig convention at Philadelphia, and asked for their nomination, hov they seized the old man by his grey hairs, onddrogged him to the door to be kicked out as a vagrant, instead of a cho sen leader and head. Ky. Yen num. Gen. TayloVs Humanity. It is a goodfovidence of n victorious general's clemency that ho receives the approval of those he has subdued. Tho West Texan," speaking of the recent election, pays: The people in the neighborhood of tho missions of San Juan, San Jose, and Espado, composed almost entirely of Mexican citizens, voted unanimously for Taylor." This speaks more for the humanity and noble conduct of Gen. Taylor in Mexico than the loudest praises of his countrymen. Anf. Intelligencer. Were we wrong, then, in using the term 'Mexican Whigs!" Mystery Explained The letter found in a tea chest by a Bangor (Me.) merchant, leading to tho be lief that the writer had been imprisoned in China for six years, was written not a thousand miles from the store in which the document carne to light. L.A1V ITEMS. Slavery without Law. The following are Baid to be the heads of a decision id the Supreme Court of Missouri : " 1. Sin very may exist without any positive law authorizing it. '. I ho exiUnccof slavery in fact is presump ive evidence of its leg.tlitv. tive 11 . . 1 I .3. It 0, nut necessai v to show any general cus-' ; n 7, ... . t-.. torn a si t"uni 1 j , ii IHMIMIII' III. Mn 79 III csca j a" rm prove it legality, if it be found to exist in tact, even to a limited extent, nnd no positive law prohib iting it be shown, it will he deemed h-gal. 1. It is Ii-t the policy of the Slave Slates to fa vor the liberation of negroes." It thus appears, that in the opinion of Southerners, limning muiu in ii ijniii ii iu it-wfiiiiu Mavery, Minn in prove its existence, even to n limited extent :" and j . f I t . rwtr. i-- rnii..Ir..l ... 1 1 '. I . .. .1 . .. ... to prove this, the slaveholder has nothing more to do but to emigrate thither with his slaves, and of couise ' the proof is forthwith apparent. Important Decision. A very important decision to the mercantile interest has recently come up. and been decided at Albany, New York, on the validity by endorsement, of delivering property in form of a warehouse receipt. Tbe parties in the case are pro minent commercial men, and the amount at issue 19,500. It appears from the case, that a warehouse receipt was issued by an extensive provision house at Cleveland Ohio, for about 15300 brls. of pork, and sold to a large firm in Detroit. On the endorsement of this receipt, Suydarn, Saje &, C ., of this city, ad vanced 19,500 on its being signed over to them. The parties in Detroit settled with the first owners in Cleveland, by bills on James Howland, of New York. These being dishonored, the vendors insisted that they had been led to take drafts through fraud, asserting a distinct parol agreement that the property was to re main in their hands until the bills matured. The re sult has been a verdict for the plaintiffs, S. S. &. Co., for the amount of ',10,729 70. The course ol the trial gave rise to the following important decisions : That the indorsement and delivery of a warehouse receipt, constitute a valid truiis!'er of the property specified in it. That the vendor of personal property, by giving a warehouse receipt for it, assumes the character and liabilities of a bailee, and can claim no rights as vendor, inconsistent with his obligations as bailee. That a warehouse receipt implies a contract, and cannot be varied or contradicted by parol, and that a perMin advancing money on such receipt, is to be deemed, fro tant, a purchaser. That fraud iu obtaining it cannot affect the rights of a purchaser, unless he had notice of the fraud. An Important Law Suit. An important lawsuit has been commenced iu the United States Circuit Court, now fitting in Philadelphia, to test the legality of the will of the late Peter Miller, of Easton, Penn sylvania. He left property worth between two and three hundred thousand dollars, prohibiting the sale of his real estate, and requiring the entire revenue of the estate to be loaned to farmers and mechanics pur chasing property, who may find it inconvnient to bor row from banks. Should r "i desire to borrow from the fund on bond und i. gage, then the trus tees may expend the revenues of the estate in erect ing and maintaining an asylum at Easton, for poor and indigent widows and single women. The first objection of the bequest, it will be observed, is to es tablish a great banking fund. In one hundred years it would amount to above $S 1. 000 ,(00 this at 0 per cent, would produce an income of about five millions of dollars, and the capital would abMirb all the mon eys and property, directly or indirectly, of the coun- ties of Northampton, and half a dozen adjoining counties. Peter Miller, the only heir of the deceased. ullegH that the residuary devise and bequest in the will of the deceased are valid, being an rttempt to create a perpetuity, and not having, for its primary leading object, any charity. This posthumous ava rice, locking up so large an amount of the capital of tho country, is alleged to be a great evil to the gov ernment, which the law will not tolerate. Slave Decision in Pennsylvania. A late number of the Philadelphia North American has the follow ing : The case of Lewis Pierrie, alleged to be the slave of Robert Tilghmau, of New Orleans, came up again before Judge King, of the court of common pleas, on a writ of habeas corpus, yesterday morning. After the case htid been fully urgtied by Mr. O'Neil for the mas ter, and Messrs. George and Thomas Earle, for the al leged slave, who claimed, under the laws of Pennsyl vania, to be relieved from the restraint imposed upon his libeity by the claim of his former master, Judge King delivered his opinion, which was as fdlows: The constitutional question raised in this case is free from real difficulty. The State of Pennsylvania, like any other independent sovereignty v has the clear right to declare that a slave brought within her terri tory becomes ipso facto a freeman. This was and is a principle of the common law (Somersets' case. State trial, vol. 20) and is in terms asserted by the 10th section of the uct of 17S0. Pennsylvania retains all the rights of any other sovereignty which she has not ceded or renounced in entering into the national compact which binds this confederacy together. If she has stipulated anything in that compact which limits her otherwise plenary power in regard to the passage of such a law as the act of IS 47, then of course the act of A. sembly must yield to the para mount authority of the constitution of the United Slates. This restraint on the plenary authority of the State, if it exists at all, is to be found in the third section of the fourth article of that instrument, which de clares that no person held to service or labor in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation there in, lie discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due." It seems to me difficult to argue that this section, which is a mere stipulation to surrender fugitives from labor, escaping from their owners in one State into another, has any relevancy to the right of a State to declare free slaves brought voluntarily into her ter ritory by their owners. Where the master of his own motion brought his slave into a free State, the operation of whose laws he is bound to know, what ground has he to complain if those laws give freedom to his slave ? It was his own act which has produced the result, and for all the legal consequences of which he must of course respond. Has such a state of things any thing in common with the case, iu which a 6lave has, against the will, and without the agency of his mas ter, fled from his service in one State, and sought shelter and protection in another! This was the case intended to be provided for by the Ud section of the 4th article of iho Constitution of the United State. And undoubtedly Pennsylvania is bound to the faithful execution of this as uf all other obliga tions imposed on herself in becoming a party to the National Union. But when Pennsylvania stipulated with her sister Stutes to deliver up fugitives from labor, fleeing from other States, and seeking shelter in her territories, she certainly never meant to deprive herself of the right pertaining to every independent sovereignty, to forbid the voluntary introduction of slaves into her territory by their owners, under the penalty of their being immediately declared free. Such a renuncia tion of her natural and inherent authority as an inde pendent State can neither be inferred from tho letter nor spirit of the only article of the national constitu tion having any relation to tho subject. The case on principle seems clear. The petitioner has been brought by his master into this State, where he has served him for some time. By being thus brought voluntarily into the State, the petitioner! became ipso fach free. The right of sojourners to retain their slaves for six months, given by the act of 17S0, having been expressly repealed by the act of 1S17. the case stands on ihe common law, and the general provisions of the act of 17S0, which gives freedom to a s'avo voluntarily brought by Ins muster from another Stato into this Commonwealth. The prisoner is at liberty to go where he pleases. Extokts of Cotton Goons and Ice. The value of domestics exported from Boston since January has been 5? 1,963,100 33, an increase of 11,400 bales and cases from same time last year. Of ice, have been exported since January Last, 55,522 tons, an increase of 8,17l) tons from last year. A Lady in the Editor's Chair. The wife of tho editor of the Shawncetown Advocate in the absence of her husband publishes a card with her proper signa ture, stating that until his return she has assumed the editorial dntie of the paper. A Leaf of Tcx:tii Annexation History. Toe Sin Antonio Western Texan, of the 17th ul timo, publishes tie follow. ng letter from the Hon. Anson Jone-, ex-President of the lnt; R-pnM.c of Texas, on the subject -f the relative cuurse ,f t;tM. Houston am! himself in regard to the annexation of Texas to the United Slates: Barrinoton, Washington Ci;nty, Texas, On!.or Iii, ISIS. loi'ie realtor ol l M t. stern Itjc.in Dear Sir r , , . , , . cry many iiu-p-presentations having been nude in . t VI . r t m m v mm Fol S T relation to the relative course of General Houston and myself on the sut.jecl of the nnncnti ii of Texas to .the United States, the whole matter will he pliced in ils proper liijht before the public by the following Order, addressed rn. by that gentleman in ISM, on the eve of hi departure from the seat of govern- 010111 Executive Df.partkm ent. Washington, September 21, IS 1 1. Hm. Anson Juries, Secretary of SlaU Ac. Sir: I despatches be forthwith sent to Ir. Smith, to the l c i r . . . . r . i . . care oi .Mr. uan, liar .vtr ni ionuon. Let instructions be given Mr. Rate t forward said despatches, in the evtiit of Dr. Smith's departure homeward, to Col. 1 aitigerficld, at Ihe Hague. Let full powers nnd le tern of credence be also transmit ted to Col. Dangerfield, to le used by loin in the event of Dr. Smith's leaving Europe, in conducting the ne cessary negotiations with the Courts of England and r ranee. Let our representatives (Dr. Smith or Col. Danger field) be instructed to complete the projtosed arrange ment () for the settlement of our Mexican dithculties as soon as possible, giving the. necessary pledges 83 suggested in the late dispatch of Dr. Smith on this subject, but adhering to the Rio Grande as a bounda ry sine qua non. Also, let our representatives be instructed to enter at once into the proper negotiations and arrangements for the admission of our products into the orts of England, (and France, if possible,) upon the most favorable term, suggesting to the European parties, t Iii t now is the most favorable time for such an ar rangement with this eouutrv , in consequence of the ahscence f the obstacles which a treaty with the United States might interpose. Sam. Houston. ("aj Mr. Lacklin Mcintosh Rate, a London merchant, and at the same time an agent for the Government of Texas. (b J The proposed "arrangement" was a diplomatic set," which, in the language of Dr. Smith's dispatch, "would give to the European governments, parties to it, a perfect right to forbid, for all time to come, tne annexa tion of Texas to the United States," and the "pledges" spoken of were to tbe same purpose, or that Texas would never consent to tbe measure. This, you will perceive, was the 14 Vermillion Edict," and, had I complied with it, annexation would have been as completely killed as a man would be by Slav ing his head cutoff, or ft European war superadded to the Mexican one: so I incurred the responsibility of postponing the Mine, and afterwards consummated the measure of annexation iu direct opposition to tho ipolicy of Gen. Houston,1' as developed in the above letter. I trut that, without further comment from me, this communication, made from a just regard to the establishment of truth, will bo satisfatory to those who may have been led into error in relation to tho respective agency of Gen. Houston and myself in connexion with this great measure of American poli cy. Some delay has occurred in making it, from the hope that Gen. Houston would himself inform the public of the f icts which it contains. Very respect fully your oiedient servant, Anson Jones. P. S. It is proper I should state that it is my impres sion the above letter of Gen. Houston was not dicta- ted bv feelings unfriendly to the caiie of annexation. ! but bv a belief, at tbe tjme. or the entire lmpractica- ipracti bility of its accomplishment, in consequence cf the opposition to it in the United States, as manifested in the then recent rejection of the annexation treaty. A. J. Passage to Caifoknia. We published some in formation cn this subject, a few weeks ago. We find in the following iu the New York Commercial: The distance from New York vi t Cape Horn is about 17,000 miles, and tiie passage to San Francisco, will occupy about live months ; the price varies from 300 to $100, according to the accommodations of tho several vessels. The distance from New York via C.'iarges ar.d the isthmus, to San Francisco, is about f.C00. Passen gers arc conveyed up the Chagres river in canoes about forty miles, when they are transferred to the backs of mules and carrieÜ twenty miles tu Punima, where they take passage to San Francisco in what ever vessel they can find going, hi- expected that the steamship California, which left this port about the beginning of October, will b; at Panama by the first of January, to take her placfi in the line, which is advertised to sail the firt of every month when fairly organized. The Panama and Oregon are both on their way out, and by the fir6t of March the line will be complete. Tiie distance from Panama to Sa,n Francisco is about 3,110 mile. The steamer Orus has been fitted up for the naviga tion of the Chagres river, and is to leave on the Ißth instant. Passengers leaving New York by vessels bound to Chagres in all this and next week will be in Panama in si-hmhi to take the steamer which is adver tised to leave hi ihe 15:h of February. The following is the charge made by steam vessels via Chagres, the most expeditious route : From New York to Chagres, in sabuni, $150 44 cabin, 120 Panama to San Francisco, saloon, 250 cabin, 200 For places at a less distance, to the South of Sati Francisco, on tue California!! coast, a proportionate reduction is mnde. Some of the sailing ves'sels h-.niud to Chagres, charge from Ä75 to J 0, according to ihe accommo dations and fare on board. Persons going this way can tnke very little besides their lujjgseje; the heavi est bulk will have lo be sent around the Cape. The following was formerly the charge made by the United Stnles ship, for passengers to the several ports on the Pacific, from Panama : Panama to Realejo, 700 miles, in state rooms, jsOl Do Acapulco, 1501) miles, t . Do Sin Diego, 3000 miles, 125 175 225 Do San Francisco, 3500 miles 250 Passage in the lower cabin at a deduction of one fifth from the above rates. Passage in the forward cabin from ltnama to cither of the above named ports, $100. Fortune Telling and Cltmk. The trial in tho case of Andrew Tyler, convicted and entenced to die, at the late term of the Supreme Cnmt held in Williams county, Ohio, os accessory to ono of thu most wanton and singular murders of which the re cords of depravity and crime present an example. From the evidence given on the trial, as well as the confessions of Ileckerthorn, the principal, (who etil 1 awaits his trial,) it appears that Ileckerthorn was desirous of learning the art of fortune telling, and as the initiatory step Tyler persuaded him to kill Scamp's child, and hide the body, designing then to leave the country together, and alter some months return and get a reward for finding the body of the child, and thus establish a reputation as fortune-tellers, by which they would he enabled to make a great deal of mon ey. A more inadequate cause we never learned of, and on Tyler's part, the im-tigation ot the murder can only be explained by the supposition that long habits of deception and falsehood, practised by him as a for tune teller, had darkened in his mind whatever littlo sense of right and humanity he ever possessed. The U. S. Sloop of War Albany was at Ha vana on the 3d inst. Three or four Americans, recent ly returned ftom Europe, wh.i were on Inurd the West India steamer us she left Havana for New Orleans, excited to enthusiasm by a sight of their country's flag as it waved from the peak of the Albany, took the assembled passengers by surprise by giving ihre cheers. Iu on instant the rigging : the Albany was crowded with sailors, who answered tho salute by threo hearty cheers iu return. Another of the Phoschibed iuisii Patriots, Mr. Fowling, who was the Secretary of the John Mitchell Club, has escaped to this country, and arrived at New Orleans on the Sth inst. He narrowly escaped the officers of the liw, leaving his wife and family to follow him. Sailors are shipping for California, says the New York Sun, without wages, and in sumo caes, actual ly offering to pay for the privilege of working their passogo out ! I mm-.