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Indiana State sentinel. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1845-1851, December 30, 1848, Image 2

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3uMaiia State Sentinel.
KTERSAI. VIC1LAWCE I THE PRICE OF LIBFRTT.
7 vii a ai'oiis, ii:i i:nn:it 30. isis.
i Uv c;iiii:ictu .system.
The cSu'.Ti:igSttem intradurtd l the uiiilersignrd h.-is not n.et
O'ir ip.-ctation-. We Imre given it a fair tiiil; but lh extra
out-lay I as r ot Wen met ly corrrypoiKting frort on the part of
our friends, w ith a (Vw exceptions. It !ors not, and cannot, under
ei'Min circunistanre, r-.CrJ u a fair rrmunrrmion. vVhi ? wei
voluntarily nade tl e. tl.en pit-sent sentier, wi- did hope th.it the
EiJacerriei.t suth i-nt to iiirrmst.-our liis to ii !f art Mversd
l! cuaiids oeer otir former su' srription. flivinq n:orr reading
r a:tr t for the pr.re thin can be rMrdneJ in any part of the Wtt
country, ? ha.! hop. d our frit-nd wt.r.M take advantegr of
It 1 ltijenlity.an.l exeit themsilns eccordin ;1 . This ha not
re :i ilone to i . ere. comn.ensuihU? with the plti r-r'l -"t.
1! nre. of:rr hat h; t en a fair trial on our part, w; ah:in-d.-n
th!tytcm of clul 1 in-r ; ar.l ih.il!, l.eiiaihr, o.htpt the tollow.
ins'- ,,. vvhi. h will Le iiivariat te and pt-rmniu nt :
FOR OCR WEEKLY PAPERS, Two I ollars a year, and (As j
vonty must alvcayt acromvewvtht order or no a'Jtntun vill be eiren it. I
JOHN D. DEFltEES. Editor Journal
4.?-?DeeI CHAPMAN'S & SPAN N , F.ditori Statt If Und
Slate Convention !
Are our friends alive to the importance of our next
State Convention ! Are they prepared ? Are the del
egates selected, and such as will attend 1 These are
important queries, and every democrat in the State is
interested to see thut they are attended to. No time
in tr be lost. We have a wily foe, and consequently
ir hc-oves us not to sleep on our arms, because we
fre! flushed with victory !
President pro tem. of the Senate. Tart of
Wednesday, the whole of Thursday, and part of Fri
day morning, was spent by the Senate in balloting for
a President of the Senate, pro tem., in place of Lt.
Guv. Dunning, resigned. Finally, on the 31st bal
loting. Senator Read, of Clark county wan elected.
We do not know whether it will do for us to say that
so many unsuccessful ballotings seem to indicate that
the bonds of party affiliation are weak so we will
let the people judge for themselves. We trill venture to
wy, that we are truly sorry to sre euch a want of
unanimity among our friend. It is gratifying nev-t-rtheles,
that mere personalities, not principles, are
affected.
Odr"A very spirited skunk-fight came off while this
subject was still pending, on Friday morning, be
tween two notorious whig Senators, in which each
Sen;, tor drew the portrait of the other in no very en
i.lle light. They are beauties, both of them, ac
cord, ng to their own showing.
Indianapolis Dec. 29, 1S19.
Editors of the Sentinel: Having heard that it has
been rumored that I am he author of two anonymous
communications, signed Justice," which appeared
in the daily ' Indiana State Journal," in this place,
of the 20th and 25ih instant, respectively, I desire to
say through your columns, as an act of justice to my- i
self, that neither wrote, dictated nor suggested thoe
communications, nor either of them, n r any part of j
either of them, either inform or in substunce; nor
did I counsel, advise, direct or request the same to be
d- ne, either in whole or in part ; nor did I see or hear
them read, or either or any par! of them, until their !
oulicatiun ; nor did I ever publish, nor d I ever cr- '
pert to publish, an article of any kind anonymously, j
wnd especially of a political character, in the Indiana ;
S:a? Journal. j
J: i nt my purpose to speak of the merits of thoe j
communication?, r.or of the propriety or impropriety
:" tlieir publicn.ti-.in.. I only wish to deny their an- I
thorship, directly or indirectly, which I do, fullv and I
imt-quivocally. JAMES WHITCOMB. !
f:7"We suppose that the real author of Justice " I
rinnt have heard the rumors above alluded to. If so,
his failure to declare himself at once, and openly as
sume responsibility for his statements, affurds adiii- i
tional evidence of his dishonest, dishonorable and i
c '.vardly character. Eds. Sentinel.
Painful Accident. On Tnursday las?, a lad, son
of .Mr. Vöries who resides in the eastern part of ihe
city, lost three of the ringers of the right hand by
having thorn cut off by a straw-cutter. The machine
iK placed for exhibition on the pavement in tront of
Washington Hall, and is not 60 sccLr-'d as to prevent
the boys from setting it in motion. The lad&ctidcnt-
fi ! y placed his right hand under the cutter, and com- j
inenced turning the crank the lust turn of which re- j
n!ted as above stated, thus mutilating him fur life.
i
The School Law. A member of the House writes !
his constituents on this subject as follows. We pub-
lish it because it indicates in some degree the char- :
act .r of the forthcoming bill :
" I am not a little pleased to inform you that last
rvnir. the committee on Education of both Houses
had a joint meeting there was a fail attendance and
I nm pleased to tny that I never saw more unanimity.
There was not a man in favor of a State Superinten
dent ; no man was in faor of making any more otfi
tera in our school system, but all agreed that from
twelve to sixteen thousand of the present officers
might well be dispensed with, lt has been determined, j
in committee, to report a short, plnin bill, including
n moderate tax and with as few oihcers as will possi-
blv do. I am of opinion that the whole common ;
school law will not contain over ol) sections. We
Iiuve on both committees on Education men of ability,
ind the best possible feeling exists among the mein
hers on the subject.
Lawrenceburgh and Rusiiville Railroad. The
Indiana Register, of the 2Jd inst. says the books were
opened in that county, (Dearborn) for subscriptions
to the above named rail road, and that $20,000 was
taken by the citizens of Lawrenceburgh, and that
34,000 had been secured. Tr.c $50,000 apportion
ed to the county by the Directors, it is said will be
readily raised.
At Greensburgh, on the first day $20,000 was sub
scribed. The Register says the right spirit prevails
along th'J whole line, and that the requisite amount
is probably subscribed to authorize the letting of con
tracts. The Register thinks that the road will be fin
ished to Indianapolis in lea than three years. Come
n
Congress. The House of Representatives have
piHsed a resolution, intrdtiecd by Mr. Gott of ew
York, by n vote of ayes Öd, noes Kj, inslr tiding the
Committee for the District of Columbia to report a
bill, as soon an practicable, prohibiting the slave trade
in said District. The Indiana delegation voted, ayes,
Hmbree, Henley, Robinson, Dunn, Petlit, Cathcart,
und Rockhill ; no, R. W. Thompson. Messrs. C. B.
Smith and Wick not voting.
Cholera. The following is the manner in which
the New York doctors treat cholera. The Dayton
Transcript pithily remarks that if a poor fellow can
tand the trratnrnt, we don't think he need fear the
disease, and if the doctors can carry a poor fellow
through such a course, there i9 no doubt they can cure
the Cholera, or any other ailment :
Ho was bled, taking 20 grains of calomel every
hour, and i covered with mustard plasters and cayenne
pepper, with bottles of hot water.
07-Singulai: Coincidence. Hon. A. C. Dodge of
Iowa is tho son of Hon. Henry Dodge of Wisconsin.
They are both members of the United States Senate !
or will be at the next session. Father and son in the
Senate of the United States at the same time, seems
strange enough, and is believed not to have happened
before.
(-Attention is directed to the advertisement of tho
sale of the lots belonging to the Washington Hall
Company, in another column.
fjT-Gen. Lane'H recent appointment of Governor
of Oregon, has been confirmed by the U. S. Senate.
A caucu of the Democratic Members of the Arkan
sas Legislature has recommended Col. John S. Roane
as a suitable candidate for Governor of that State.
From Wnftliliixton.
Washing to , Dec. 23, 1S48.
Editors Sentinel: Among the very many queer
things which have transpired here, since the conven
tion of Con ir i ess, the following is d-cided'v rich.
Last niht, the Southern member! of Congress
without distinction of party, (except those who vol
untarily absented thcmsclvf s, of which the number
was considerable.) had a meeting to st-e what should
be done, und to u-t np a jjreut outhern agony, in
view of the anticipated adoption of the Wilinot pro
viso, by both Houses, and of cert-tin votes taken in
the House of Representative! lately, in reference to
slavery ard the District of Columbia.
And who do you think presided ! One of the Ken
tuck orators, who stumped it last summer in Indiana
and Ohio, and assured the Hoosiers and Ruckeys ol
the perfect orthodoxy of Old Zach. in favor of the
proviso Gov. Metcalfe by name. If we (democrats)
can only make out to possess our souls in patience"
for 15 or 13 months, we shall have fun enough to last
u for ten years to corne.
Q IN A CORNER.
07-There is a gtKd deal more truth than poetry in
the following : so says a friend at Washington.
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun.
Washington, Dec. 14th, IS 19.
Death of Mr. Sims Mr. Greeley's Philosophy and
Economy An Important Case, iyj.
The death of the late Mr. Sims, of S. C, was an
nounced to-day, and produced an immediate adjourn
ment, out of respect to the memory of the deceased,
to say nothinj of the convenience of Ihe members.
Tue New Vork Tribune, whose editor is a member
of the House, and likely to be a conspicuous member,
may now say that Congress has " accomplished an
other death." The Tribune, looking at the economy
of rime, wishes to put all the deaths in one resolu
tion, covering them all with the pall of one adjourn
ment -just us Franklin proposed to 1ns father to say
grace over the whole pork barrel.
As tbe vitfilant detector of public abuses, the edi
tor of the Tribune will do much ijood in Congress.
He has set his face, for some jears, aguinst tliC
blocking extravagance of the contingent fund. He
will rind, if he will take the trouble to look into the
details of the matter, that the half of the truth was
never told him. and that extravagance in regard to
the use of that fund prevails eyen to absolute profli
gacy. I do not think, however, that the Tribune either
can or should prevent the expenditures of the Senate,
which are set down under the head of horse-feed "
I mean hot oysters, sandwiches, monongahela, and
Champagne; for it is by sucli appliances that the
Senators are kept for hours together, sometimes, in
session, and in the dispatch of business.
A Senator's pay is wholly inadequate to necessary
expenses. Out of his eight dollars his very hack hire
is five dollars. So, he ought to be allowed every
mode of accommodation thai the contingent fund can
iiflord him. It is the extravagant compensition and
allowances that the Senators make to others which,
if I understand it, awakens the sensibilities of the
Tribune.
While speaking of this subject, I may mention that
owing to the magnificence of our distances, it is im
possible for a member of Congress to discharge his
dnti"s with a just regard to his personal comfort,
without keeping or hiring n carriage. Congress
ought, in my opinion, to provide suitable public con
veyances for the accommodation of members.
An important case is pending in the Supreme Court,
to wit: The Treasurer of the U. S. Mint at Phila
delphia, plaintitf in error, vs. the county of Philadel
phia. The question involved is the right of a State
or city to tax real estate belonging to the United
States. Mr. Gillett argued the ca?e on the part of
the government, and Mr. Benjamin II. Brewster, of
Philadelphia, 0:1 the part of the State of Pennsylva
nia and the county of Philadelphia. Mr. Brewster's
argument, tis I widerMnn.!, is the theme of admira
tion both of the bar and the bench. Ion.
(CT Greeley's Land l'.eforin Bill, recently intro
duced into the U. S. IIou-j of Representatives, pro
vides, as lead. ng fe-itun.'s,
1. That any person of lawfnl age may nla in the
proper Land Otlice, a claim .f pre-emption to any un
occupied iji.srter section of hnd which has been sur
veyed and offered for sale. The claimant mut make
ntlidam that he or she is the owner of no other land
whatever, and that he or she intends to occupy and
cultivate the same forthwith.
2. Upon such application, a warrant of pre-emption
for seven years will be given. At any time with
in the seven years, the land may be paid for at Si 25
per acre. After an actual residence of five years, if
the claimant is unable or unwilling to pay as above,
upon application to the proper Land Office, he or she
may choose 40 acres, if single, or 60 if married, or
the widowed head of a family, without any payment.
In this latter case, the claimant must make affidavit
that he or she will reside upon and cultivate the land
so granted, during life, and may not be at liberty to
alienate it to any person having other hinds. On fail
ure to perform these and several other minor provi
sions, the land to revert to the United States.
3. False swearing as to residence upon or cultiva
tion of the land so granted, to be punished by fine and
imprisonment in the State prison.
4. Tho law to take effect on the 15th day of April
next.
We submit that Mr. Greeley's boasted Land Re
form does not amount to much, when closely looked
into. The amount of land proposed to be given is too
small, and accompanied by too many drawbacks,
forms and incumbrances. There are scarcely five
hundred men in nil the Great West, who would ac
cept so small a favor upon such stringent conditions.
The proposed law would utterly fail of the object in
view. What would any man, however poor, give for
40 or even 80 acres of wild land, which he could not
sell, and which he must cultivate upon pain of for
feiture! Nothing at all. An abundance of land, ot
the best quality, can be rutted upon much better
terms.
We think the quantity should be doubled, at least
say 100 acres f )r a man and his wife, and 80 acres
in addition for each of his children, and clogged with
no conditions hut that of residence up-m it, and pro
hibiting its sale for debt. It would be well also to
regulate the quantity granted, by its quality and natu
ral advantages or disadvantages. The bill in its pre
sent form, will do no harm, and very little good, if
any. The wording of the third section of thu bill,
bears a wonderful similarity to the celebrated " But
ler Bill." It would take a remarkably Jong-winded
individual to read it through at one sitting.
AfFRAT and Death at Baton Rouge. On the 4th
inst., a Dr. Skillman cnteredlhe office of a Dr. Byrd
of Baton Rouge, and fired uon him twice with a pis
tol, without effect. Dr. B. retired to a back room,
and armed himself with a knife; Dr. S. followed in a
threatening manner, when Dr. B. closed upon him
and inflicted wounds with the knife which proved fatal
in a short time. Of the origin of the difficulty wo
are not informed.
0CT"A. II. Sevier of Arkansas will bo nominated,
it is said, as Commissioner to settle the boundary be
tween Mexico and the United States. Andrew B.
Gray is nominated for Engineer and Surveyor. He
was recommended by the Texas Delegation. Ho was
formerly an engineer in Texas and afterwards on the
northeastern boundary line.
(tjr We have a telegraphic rejort from New Or
leans, stating that Col, Hays and men have been cut
to pieces on the Rio Grande, by Gen. Urrea. Tho
truth of the report h doubtful.
F. H. Er.MoRE, Esq., has been elected President of
the Bank of the State of South Carolina. The Legis-
lature are hard at work threatening to demolish the N
Bank.
ltelgnatioii&.
Gov. Whitcomb transmitted to the legislature
his
resignation in the following terms:
To the General shtembht of the State of Indiana:
In trangmitting to you thi tnv resignation of the office of
Governor of the State of Indian , I beg ti assure you, and
through you the people of the State generally, of rny fer
vent gratitude far the manifestations of their regard and
confidence, wi'.b wliii h they have repeatedly hnnnred me.
In taking leave of my presrnt position a position which
I have now held for five years continuously I may be in
dulgfd in saying tint, in the discharge of its duties, through
a period commencing in trial and in g'oom. in doubt and
in discouragement. in embrrassment and in difficulty
a period of variant plana and of diviro counsels calling
for a more than ordinary exercise uf piudence and firm
ness, and involving a more than ordinary amount of re-ppon-ibdi'y,
I am far very far from claiming (ot tnyeelf
an exemption from error. I otdy desire to aiy tht any
mch error, the result of inadvertence or imperfection of
judgment hai not been at variance with a constant sense of
duty to the public welfare and a deep and heartfelt desire
to promote the general happiness.
If individual interests have seemed at times to be disre
garded if sectional claims have been apparently unheed
ed, if even the claims of friendship have appeareJ to be
overlooked, it has only been because I have thought that
private obligations should not be discharged from public
trusts, and tbit my paramount allegiance as an officer, was
due to the people who rightfully looked to me for protec
tion to their interests to the people of that State in which
I have lived for a quarter of a century, and within whose
bosom I expect to leave my bones.
I have steadily endiavored therefore, with what success
it becomes not me to say, stimulated as well by a sense of
gratitude as by official duty, to advance by every honors
hie means in my power, the great, tbe substantial and the
lasting interests of the people of Indiana, as the best re
turn I could make to them for their friendship and confi
dence. Differing occasionally on important questions of public
policy, with those who shared my friendship and my re
spect, whether in the origination of important measures,
or in the exercise of my constitutional power of dissent
from such as had received legislative approval, or whether
in executive matters of an isolated or discretionary eh ir.
acter, I have felt unaffectedly, and deeply fell, my great
need of the liberality of the members of the General As
sembly and of my fellow-citizens at large.
In this connection permit me also, to leturn my respect
ful thanks to the honorable the memhors of the legislature
for the distinguished honor they have recently conferred
upon me, and which occasions this resignation. In thus
assigning me another theatre of action in the councils of
the nation, they have imposed upon m the tack of a con
stant endeavor, tw the best of my humble ability to justi
fy this signal mark of their confidence. Rut while it will
there be my duty to strive for the prosperity, the tumor,
and the perpetuity of our happy Union, snd to secure to
Indiana a due share in its rights and advantages, let it nev
er be forgotten that, apart from tbe safety and integrity of
that Union, our welfare must mainly depend uopn the domes
tic administration of our own affairs upon the wise manage
ment of our State government. And I beg lo say in con
clusion, that although removed from aay immediate parti
cipation in its affiirs, no exertion on my part will be spar
ed, at any time, for the promotion of so desirable a result.
JAMES WHITCOMB.
Indianapolis. December 26, 1 8 IS.
07-In resigning his office of President of tho Sen
ate Lieut. Governor Dunning made the following re
marks :
Gentlemen of the Senate: I avail rm self of this occa
sion, upon retiring from the discharge of thu duties of pre
siding olficer of ibis body, to leturn you my very grateful
acknowledgments for the courtesy with which I have been
treated personally by earh member of the Senate, and
more especially for the ellicient aid which I have experi
enced from this body, in the discharge of the complicated
duties of the chair.
.My connection with you, s President of the Senate, is
now about to be diesolvtd, yet I c beruh the pleading hope
that those feelings of friendship which have been here en
gendered, will not cease lo exist with a dissolution of that
connection, but that we may each continue to cherish for
the other, that pure spirit of patriotism and friendship al
ways characterizing the conduct of patriotic men of all po
litical parties, and more particularly those public servants
who represent constituents in this Senate chamber, whose
interests are identical.
During the period I have hnd the honor to preside over
your deliberations, many exciting questions of public pol
icy have been brought forward for discussion, well calcula
ted in their nnture lo arouse sectional feelings, and party
uuimoitirg. In this ciiticnl tdiuaiion, it has t een my con
stant aim to allay those sectional feelings and paity ani
mosities, and if at any time I h ive tailed fdiltifuHv and
impartially to discharge the duties of my station, I can
confidently surrt, that it was an error of judgment, and
not of intention.
Senators: You are the agents of the people of a young
and powerful State ; many are the important trusts which
have teen conliJed for decision to your good sense and
patriotism as b-gUlilors, and I trust that a retrospect of
your past legislative labors will not prove unproductive of
beneficial results to the public interest; yet there are ques
tions of great importance to the people to be acted upon
by you, amongst which, and paramount lo all others, is
that of a well digested system of frte common schools;
this is the engrossing measure of the present session of tho
Legislature, and ought to receive from this body a full share
of considerate legislative action. May I cherish tho hope
that you will, by your future legislative conduct, prove
your deep devotion to this, the greatest interest of your re
spective constituencies, and especially to Ihe juvenile por
tion of them. It is a measure which commend itself to
your notice by every consideration of humanity and en
lightened public policy. I am aware that a system of this
character cannot be supported without a resort to taxation
a measure well calculated at all times to arouse the pre
judices and excite the fears of the people, yel I cnnot re
lire from inp present station, without leaving, in this public
manner, my humble testimony in favor of taxation to the
utmost of the bbility of the people, to sustain thi, the most
glorious cause that can engago the attention of the philan
thropist or statesman.
Senators: I shall not cease to cherish with feelingr of
pride, to the latest period of my existence, the fiiendly se
gard which you have always manifested for me: and in
conclusion permit me to invoke upon you individually,
and upon your legislative, action, the choicest blessings
of Him who rules over the destinies of men and nations.
Gold Itkms. In the different ports of Boston,
New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, at least fifty
vessels are up for freight or charter to the gold re.
gions, and to record all tho expeditions, would be im
practicable. A New York letter says:
The jewellers had a mass meeting yes, a mass
meeting !- at Riley's Hotel, last evening, to form a
California association, and th nsmnu enndlnd mm.
prise many of our mot respectable citizens engaged !
in that important branch of business. The shoema- i
!... ... 1 1 . . , . . I
kuim mu iu imvu b ueiuonsirntioii to-niint, nnu to
morrow the printers arc to have u talk about whether
it wonld'nt be better for llietn even to throw down
the stick, and pick up the quoin.
Besides all that, ill to-day's Sun. two hundred vminrr
ladies are advertised for immediately, to set out for 1
. . . 1 ...... - . . 1
uio "pincers." 1 hoy must be respectable so snys
the advertisement, and steady employment will be
guaranteed. Passages all to be paid. Seamstresses
and tradesmen preferred.
The New York Sun, nfier epecifying several asso
ciationsof capitalists and others in that city, gives
the following new feature:
"A company is about being formed in Wall street
to send out poor men on condition that each person so
pent shall remit to tho comptny the gold found : it
shall then he by them divided into two equal portions,
one of which idiall belong to the family of the emi
grant, or be placed to his credit, and tho other half
shall belong to the company of capitalists advancing
the means to send out the emigrant, and support Iii
family until remittances can be made."
The two annexed paragraphs are from a N. York
letter :
'The wife of one of the California volunteers (a
resident of this city) has received $10,l)UO worth of
grdd from her husband during the present week. This
I know to be a fact.
'The Crescent C.ty steamer has been put in the
berth for Clingres, and will probably bo full. It is
calculated she will put her passengers on board the
California nt Panama, on the .rth January."
The Tribune adds: "No less than four vessels are
being fitted out at Sag Harbor, and it is calculated that
more goods will arrive in Cilifomia in tho next six
months than will supply the inhabitants three times
over."
07-The Mobile Register says the recent election
ofC. C. Langdoti, (Whig,) to the mayoralty of the
city, will be contested by Mr. McAlpin, thd Demo
cratic candidate. It is alleged that a large number
of illegal votes were polled, and that by excluding
these, the result will be reversed.
CU1151UMC4T10XS.
The Since i'rlton -o. 2.
Messrs. Chapmans Spann The Lessee of the Slate
Pri-on, not content with the immense profit which bo
mu-it clear under the contract ns it now fcxid, hss re
mained here every session of the Legislature ince its ex
intfiire, trying by every means possible to secure to him
self further dvantages, and greater pritilf gts, upon ihn
plea of a want of the means lo ervcl bis m;u Innery Did
it ever enter into his head, thai if tbe contract wts op
pressive, and one nl which he could not live, that by
signifying bis wishes to be discharged tbetefroui, tho
Slate would most readily grant his petition? Hut no, ho
would not sell bit bargain nt this moment, lor tbe residue
of bis term for 20,000. His plea is one of insincerity,
and mm positive proof is, that during the year pst, ho
found tonple menus to erect a large steam flouring mill in
Jellerson ville, which, had they been appropriated inside
the prison to the erection of machinery, he could now af
ford employ mcnt lo all the prisoners, with the business
already carried on, within the prison, h i plain to any
observing man, that when he got the prison at so great
an expense as he did, he formed the deliberate intention,
never to conform to its requirements, and to trust to tbe
same diplomacy, assisted by the same means by which he
succeeded in securing the prize, to perpetuate it, or to
procure the repeal of its objectionable features to his
mind. What that diplomacy, and those means were, I
leave for those who know the man to determine fur
themselves.
But he very mildly and modestly asks the Legislature
to give him power to enforce discipline in the absence of
the. Warden. One would naturally suppose thai this
would only apply when the Warden was away ftom
home nud had left no 0110 to exercise his power in his
absence. But this is not what he wishes, nor is that
what it purport to be. He desires the power, which iias
been widely taken from him, so soon as the Warden's
back is turned, to exercise bis feelings of vengeance up
on the unfortunate prisoner to his heart's content, and an
excuse in justification of his actions would always be at
hand, by pleading some want of respect, or disobedience
in the convict. There is not a well regulated and gov
erned prison upon the principles of humanity in the
United States, where the power of punishment is con
ferred upon the subordinate keepers, even where they
are chosen by the State authorities, and responsible to
them, much less to a contractor, or one immediately inte
rested in tho products of the labor. More anon. X.
JUomoe County.
Arcording to previous notice, the Democrats of Monroe
county, met at the Court House in liloomington, on Saturday,
December 231, 1S43, f r tbe putpose cf appointing delegate
to attend the ensuing Sth of January Convention, at Indian
apolis and to transact other buineM.
On motion. Dr. H. T. N. IJenedict, was called to the Chair,
and W. C. Taikington, appointed Secretary.
On inoiimi, there wetc three delegates appointed from each
township, and ttie following were the peisonst
Jas. Carmichael, P. Morgan, J. S. Walker, R. H. (livens,
Win. N. ltoebeiry, A. Itaker, D. flyers, II. Delap, Saiton
Acutr, It. R. Bver, L. Shiiley, F. fi. Hite, Wm. lMcNeeley,
C. Coir, Sita 13. Hevias, T. J. Hendrickson, T. M. Graham,
T. Y. Ilader, A. McClung, Dr. W. C. Walker, J. W. Spen
cer, Ja. Payne, Jno. Hauten. Win. Hunter, L. Q. Hogatt,
Dr. Iletldick, J. Duncan, J. Dowden, C. Sno!giass, Jarnes
Da vi, F. T. Rutler, W. A. Goiman, James Woodward, Alex
ander McClelland, Dr. W. C. Foster, P. C. Dunning, and S.
II. JJuskirk.
On motion of Dr. Foster,
Resolved, That we ugget the idea that a Slate Conven
tion should consist only of those individuals who have been
legally appointed by Ihe seveial counties whom they repre
sent ; t hat we deprecate an indiCiitninate assemblage of those
ersons who may accidentally Le at Indianapolis, on the Sth
of Januaiy,ns we consiJer such lo be illegal, and theiefore
such peisous ought not to be invited to participate in the de
liberations of Ihe Convention, and that our delegates arc rs
ques'ed to ue their influence to prevent such peisons from
participating in said Convention.
On moiion of Col. W. A. Gorman,
Resolve 1, That c feel disposed to ay to our delegates to 1
voie for no person for the office of Governor and Lieut.Gov- j
ernor, who will not ue all their influence to prevent the cx- t
tfk.i..w nf .1. '.. i.it.t ma. a. ,..., ..v.. I. . ....... , . ,Ka VTiilA.t
States, which i n v fiee, and to this end will use all legal
and ci ntitutiun I means in their power.
On motion of W. C. Tsukitigton,
Remixed, That we heaitiiy approve of the choice made by
tbe Legislature, in the peuon of James Whitcomb, foi U. S.
Senator, believing trial ne is the choice ol a very laige ma
jority of the teople of this Stale. That said choice is a
giatif) ing triumph over the party disorganize and their
fiiends ; that said selecti n will reflect honor upon the State,
and that we believe her inteiesls will Lc faithfully and ably
represented.
On motion of Judge Butler,
Resolve f, That ihe proceedings of this Convention be pub
lished in Ihe Indiana State Sentinel. Convention adjourned.
H. T. N. BENEDICT, President.
W.C. Tabkinctojt, Sceietary.
Dc:tr!orii County.
Pursuant to previous notice, a large number of the
democrats of Dearborn county met at the Court House,
in Lawrenct-burgh, Dec. 23, 148, at which tho follow
ing proceedings were had.
The meeting was organized by the appointment of
Capt. Alex. L. Mason, president, Capt. Thomis Porter
and Capt. Wm. T. Ratdridge, vice presidents, Cid. E.
Dumout, secre nry, and Louis S. Creuzard, nssistant sec
retary. The object of tho meeting having been stated by the
chair, a committee w is appointed to report lo the meet
ing the names of delegates lo attend the Stato Conven
tion, to be holden at Indianapolis on the 8th day of Jan
uary, to nominate, candidates for Governor and Lieut.
Governor.
The committee consisted of II. D. Slater, Col. E. Du
rnont, Wm. A. Smith, S. S. Dunn, Enoch W. Jackson,
and John Hornberger, and reported the following per
sons as delegates.
Jackson toicnship Alvin J. Alden, Daniel Taylor,
Merrill Huhbell.
Kelso toicnship Finley Watkins, John B. Kessler, J.
Mahony and Jos. McKenzie.
York toicnship II. D. Slaler, Hugh Scott and Daniel
Chittester.
Logan toicnship Jonathan Hollowell ami Willoughby
Tebbs.
Harrison toicnship James Cloud and A. G. Tebbs.
iAicrenceburgh toicnship George P. Buell, John Horn
berger, John Y. Kichards, S. S. Dunn, Henry Weidel
stfoMÜ, Louis S. Greuzard, Robert McGarvy and C.
O'Brien.
Miller toicnship Enoch W. Jackson and Georgu Ben
net. Centre toicnship George W. Lane, Nelson D. I'olbre,
Wm. S. Ilolinan and Saml. Johnson.
Manchester toicnship George M. Lozier, Jam I.
Millikeu, C. C. Jnquith, Sarks Blasdel, John Shuemake,
B. T. W.S. Anderson and David Tibhetts.
Laughery toicnship Daniel Conway, (ieorge P. Lowe,
Charles Bruce and David G.Cromlow.
Sparta toicnship John D. Johnson, James D. English,
and Ebenr.cr Bedinah.
Clay toicnship William S. Abbott and William My
ers. Cesar Creek toicnship John Turner, C. Bird Pate
and James Rand.
Which report was concurred in.
Tho following resolutions were then unanimously
adopiod.
Resolved, That all democratic citizens of this county
who may be present at the said convention be considered
delegates.
Resolved, That tho said delegates be and are hereby
instructed to support Col. James II. Lane, of Dearborn
county, as Iii candidate for (jovernor.
Resulted, That the proceedings of this meeting bo
signed by it ollicers, and published in the State Sen
tinel and Indiana Register.
On motion, the meeting adjourned.
Al.CX. L. MASON, President.
Thomas Porter, ) v. v-tl.anta
Wm. T. Baloridoe, J w"
ItU A H.SIUVIMO,
K. Dumont, ) ,
, t Secretaries.
L. 6. Greuzard, )
Democratic Ingratitude. Mr. Hannegan faith
fully served the Democratic party six years in the
Senate of the U. States, and acquired for himself more
reputation than has ever before been acquired by any
Democrat iu Congress from this State, and yet, they
refused to re-elect him. Indiuna State Journal.
Ingratitude, eh 1 Well, we had supposed that
Whigs would not dare to use that word again as long
as tlm Whig party should last. They must have a
very bad memory indeed. They have forgotten, that
a few months ago, when Mr. Clay, the father of tho
Whig party, and the great champion of Whig princi
ples, went into the Whig convention at Philadelphia,
and asked for their nomination, hov they seized the
old man by his grey hairs, onddrogged him to the
door to be kicked out as a vagrant, instead of a cho
sen leader and head. Ky. Yen num.
Gen. TayloVs Humanity. It is a goodfovidence
of n victorious general's clemency that ho receives
the approval of those he has subdued. Tho West
Texan," speaking of the recent election, pays: The
people in the neighborhood of tho missions of San
Juan, San Jose, and Espado, composed almost entirely
of Mexican citizens, voted unanimously for Taylor."
This speaks more for the humanity and noble conduct
of Gen. Taylor in Mexico than the loudest praises of
his countrymen. Anf. Intelligencer.
Were we wrong, then, in using the term 'Mexican
Whigs!"
Mystery Explained The letter found in a tea
chest by a Bangor (Me.) merchant, leading to tho be
lief that the writer had been imprisoned in China for
six years, was written not a thousand miles from the
store in which the document carne to light.
L.A1V ITEMS.
Slavery without Law. The following are Baid
to be the heads of a decision id the Supreme Court of
Missouri :
" 1. Sin very may exist without any positive law
authorizing it.
'. I ho exiUnccof slavery in fact is presump
ive evidence of its leg.tlitv.
tive
11
. . 1 I
.3. It 0, nut necessai v to show any general cus-'
; n 7, ... . t-..
torn
a si t"uni 1 j , ii IHMIMIII' III. Mn 79 III csca j a"
rm
prove it legality, if it be found to exist in tact,
even to a limited extent, nnd no positive law prohib
iting it be shown, it will he deemed h-gal.
1. It is Ii-t the policy of the Slave Slates to fa
vor the liberation of negroes."
It thus appears, that in the opinion of Southerners,
limning muiu in ii ijniii ii iu it-wfiiiiu Mavery, Minn in
prove its existence, even to n limited extent :" and j
. f I t . rwtr. i-- rnii..Ir..l ... 1 1 '. I . .. .1 . .. ...
to prove this, the slaveholder has nothing more to do
but to emigrate thither with his slaves, and of couise '
the proof is forthwith apparent.
Important Decision. A very important decision
to the mercantile interest has recently come up. and
been decided at Albany, New York, on the validity
by endorsement, of delivering property in form of a
warehouse receipt. Tbe parties in the case are pro
minent commercial men, and the amount at issue
19,500. It appears from the case, that a warehouse
receipt was issued by an extensive provision house at
Cleveland Ohio, for about 15300 brls. of pork, and sold
to a large firm in Detroit. On the endorsement of
this receipt, Suydarn, Saje &, C ., of this city, ad
vanced 19,500 on its being signed over to them.
The parties in Detroit settled with the first owners in
Cleveland, by bills on James Howland, of New York.
These being dishonored, the vendors insisted that they
had been led to take drafts through fraud, asserting a
distinct parol agreement that the property was to re
main in their hands until the bills matured. The re
sult has been a verdict for the plaintiffs, S. S. &. Co.,
for the amount of ',10,729 70. The course ol the
trial gave rise to the following important decisions :
That the indorsement and delivery of a warehouse
receipt, constitute a valid truiis!'er of the property
specified in it.
That the vendor of personal property, by giving a
warehouse receipt for it, assumes the character and
liabilities of a bailee, and can claim no rights as
vendor, inconsistent with his obligations as bailee.
That a warehouse receipt implies a contract, and
cannot be varied or contradicted by parol, and that a
perMin advancing money on such receipt, is to be
deemed, fro tant, a purchaser.
That fraud iu obtaining it cannot affect the rights
of a purchaser, unless he had notice of the fraud.
An Important Law Suit. An important lawsuit
has been commenced iu the United States Circuit
Court, now fitting in Philadelphia, to test the legality
of the will of the late Peter Miller, of Easton, Penn
sylvania. He left property worth between two and
three hundred thousand dollars, prohibiting the sale
of his real estate, and requiring the entire revenue of
the estate to be loaned to farmers and mechanics pur
chasing property, who may find it inconvnient to bor
row from banks. Should r "i desire to borrow
from the fund on bond und i. gage, then the trus
tees may expend the revenues of the estate in erect
ing and maintaining an asylum at Easton, for poor
and indigent widows and single women. The first
objection of the bequest, it will be observed, is to es
tablish a great banking fund. In one hundred years
it would amount to above $S 1. 000 ,(00 this at 0 per
cent, would produce an income of about five millions
of dollars, and the capital would abMirb all the mon
eys and property, directly or indirectly, of the coun-
ties of Northampton, and half a dozen adjoining
counties. Peter Miller, the only heir of the deceased.
ullegH that the residuary devise and bequest in
the
will of the deceased are valid, being an rttempt to
create a perpetuity, and not having, for its primary
leading object, any charity. This posthumous ava
rice, locking up so large an amount of the capital of
tho country, is alleged to be a great evil to the gov
ernment, which the law will not tolerate.
Slave Decision in Pennsylvania. A late number
of the Philadelphia North American has the follow
ing :
The case of Lewis Pierrie, alleged to be the slave
of Robert Tilghmau, of New Orleans, came up again
before Judge King, of the court of common pleas, on
a writ of habeas corpus, yesterday morning. After the
case htid been fully urgtied by Mr. O'Neil for the mas
ter, and Messrs. George and Thomas Earle, for the al
leged slave, who claimed, under the laws of Pennsyl
vania, to be relieved from the restraint imposed upon
his libeity by the claim of his former master, Judge
King delivered his opinion, which was as fdlows:
The constitutional question raised in this case is
free from real difficulty. The State of Pennsylvania,
like any other independent sovereignty v has the clear
right to declare that a slave brought within her terri
tory becomes ipso facto a freeman. This was and is
a principle of the common law (Somersets' case. State
trial, vol. 20) and is in terms asserted by the 10th
section of the uct of 17S0.
Pennsylvania retains all the rights of any other
sovereignty which she has not ceded or renounced in
entering into the national compact which binds this
confederacy together. If she has stipulated anything
in that compact which limits her otherwise plenary
power in regard to the passage of such a law as the
act of IS 47, then of course the act of A. sembly must
yield to the para mount authority of the constitution
of the United Slates.
This restraint on the plenary authority of the State,
if it exists at all, is to be found in the third section
of the fourth article of that instrument, which de
clares that no person held to service or labor in one
State, under the laws thereof, escaping into another,
shall, in consequence of any law or regulation there
in, lie discharged from such service or labor, but shall
be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such
service or labor may be due."
It seems to me difficult to argue that this section,
which is a mere stipulation to surrender fugitives
from labor, escaping from their owners in one State
into another, has any relevancy to the right of a State
to declare free slaves brought voluntarily into her ter
ritory by their owners. Where the master of his
own motion brought his slave into a free State, the
operation of whose laws he is bound to know, what
ground has he to complain if those laws give freedom
to his slave ?
It was his own act which has produced the result,
and for all the legal consequences of which he must
of course respond. Has such a state of things any
thing in common with the case, iu which a 6lave has,
against the will, and without the agency of his mas
ter, fled from his service in one State, and sought
shelter and protection in another! This was the
case intended to be provided for by the Ud section of
the 4th article of iho Constitution of the United
State. And undoubtedly Pennsylvania is bound to
the faithful execution of this as uf all other obliga
tions imposed on herself in becoming a party to the
National Union.
But when Pennsylvania stipulated with her sister
Stutes to deliver up fugitives from labor, fleeing from
other States, and seeking shelter in her territories,
she certainly never meant to deprive herself of the
right pertaining to every independent sovereignty, to
forbid the voluntary introduction of slaves into her
territory by their owners, under the penalty of their
being immediately declared free. Such a renuncia
tion of her natural and inherent authority as an inde
pendent State can neither be inferred from tho letter
nor spirit of the only article of the national constitu
tion having any relation to tho subject.
The case on principle seems clear. The petitioner
has been brought by his master into this State, where
he has served him for some time. By being thus
brought voluntarily into the State, the petitioner!
became ipso fach free. The right of sojourners
to retain their slaves for six months, given by
the act of 17S0, having been expressly repealed by
the act of 1S17. the case stands on ihe common law,
and the general provisions of the act of 17S0, which
gives freedom to a s'avo voluntarily brought by Ins
muster from another Stato into this Commonwealth.
The prisoner is at liberty to go where he pleases.
Extokts of Cotton Goons and Ice. The value of
domestics exported from Boston since January has
been 5? 1,963,100 33, an increase of 11,400 bales and
cases from same time last year. Of ice, have been
exported since January Last, 55,522 tons, an increase
of 8,17l) tons from last year.
A Lady in the Editor's Chair. The wife of tho
editor of the Shawncetown Advocate in the absence
of her husband publishes a card with her proper signa
ture, stating that until his return she has assumed the
editorial dntie of the paper.
A Leaf of Tcx:tii Annexation History.
Toe Sin Antonio Western Texan, of the 17th ul
timo, publishes tie follow. ng letter from the Hon.
Anson Jone-, ex-President of the lnt; R-pnM.c of
Texas, on the subject -f the relative cuurse ,f t;tM.
Houston am! himself in regard to the annexation of
Texas to the United Slates:
Barrinoton, Washington Ci;nty,
Texas, On!.or Iii, ISIS.
loi'ie realtor ol l M t. stern Itjc.in Dear Sir
r , , . , , .
cry many iiu-p-presentations having been nude in
. t VI . r t m m v mm
Fol S T
relation to the relative course of General Houston and
myself on the sut.jecl of the nnncnti ii of Texas to
.the United States, the whole matter will he pliced in
ils proper liijht before the public by the following
Order, addressed rn. by that gentleman in ISM,
on the eve of hi departure from the seat of govern-
010111
Executive Df.partkm ent.
Washington, September 21, IS 1 1.
Hm. Anson Juries, Secretary of SlaU Ac. Sir:
I despatches be forthwith sent to Ir. Smith, to the
l c i r . . . . r . i . .
care oi .Mr. uan, liar .vtr ni ionuon.
Let instructions be given Mr. Rate t forward said
despatches, in the evtiit of Dr. Smith's departure
homeward, to Col. 1 aitigerficld, at Ihe Hague. Let
full powers nnd le tern of credence be also transmit
ted to Col. Dangerfield, to le used by loin in the event
of Dr. Smith's leaving Europe, in conducting the ne
cessary negotiations with the Courts of England and
r ranee.
Let our representatives (Dr. Smith or Col. Danger
field) be instructed to complete the projtosed arrange
ment () for the settlement of our Mexican dithculties
as soon as possible, giving the. necessary pledges 83
suggested in the late dispatch of Dr. Smith on this
subject, but adhering to the Rio Grande as a bounda
ry sine qua non.
Also, let our representatives be instructed to enter
at once into the proper negotiations and arrangements
for the admission of our products into the orts of
England, (and France, if possible,) upon the most
favorable term, suggesting to the European parties,
t Iii t now is the most favorable time for such an ar
rangement with this eouutrv , in consequence of the
ahscence f the obstacles which a treaty with the
United States might interpose. Sam. Houston.
("aj Mr. Lacklin Mcintosh Rate, a London merchant,
and at the same time an agent for the Government of
Texas.
(b J The proposed "arrangement" was a diplomatic
set," which, in the language of Dr. Smith's dispatch,
"would give to the European governments, parties to it,
a perfect right to forbid, for all time to come, tne annexa
tion of Texas to the United States," and the "pledges"
spoken of were to tbe same purpose, or that Texas would
never consent to tbe measure.
This, you will perceive, was the 14 Vermillion Edict,"
and, had I complied with it, annexation would have
been as completely killed as a man would be by Slav
ing his head cutoff, or ft European war superadded to
the Mexican one: so I incurred the responsibility of
postponing the Mine, and afterwards consummated the
measure of annexation iu direct opposition to tho
ipolicy of Gen. Houston,1' as developed in the above
letter. I trut that, without further comment from
me, this communication, made from a just regard to
the establishment of truth, will bo satisfatory to those
who may have been led into error in relation to tho
respective agency of Gen. Houston and myself in
connexion with this great measure of American poli
cy. Some delay has occurred in making it, from the
hope that Gen. Houston would himself inform the
public of the f icts which it contains. Very respect
fully your oiedient servant, Anson Jones.
P. S. It is proper I should state that it is my impres
sion the above letter of Gen. Houston was not dicta-
ted bv feelings unfriendly to the caiie of annexation.
! but bv a belief, at tbe tjme. or the entire lmpractica-
ipracti
bility of its accomplishment, in consequence cf the
opposition to it in the United States, as manifested in
the then recent rejection of the annexation treaty.
A. J.
Passage to Caifoknia. We published some in
formation cn this subject, a few weeks ago. We find
in the following iu the New York Commercial:
The distance from New York vi t Cape Horn is
about 17,000 miles, and tiie passage to San Francisco,
will occupy about live months ; the price varies from
300 to $100, according to the accommodations of tho
several vessels.
The distance from New York via C.'iarges ar.d the
isthmus, to San Francisco, is about f.C00. Passen
gers arc conveyed up the Chagres river in canoes
about forty miles, when they are transferred to the
backs of mules and carrieÜ twenty miles tu Punima,
where they take passage to San Francisco in what
ever vessel they can find going, hi- expected that
the steamship California, which left this port about
the beginning of October, will b; at Panama by the
first of January, to take her placfi in the line, which
is advertised to sail the firt of every month when
fairly organized. The Panama and Oregon are both
on their way out, and by the fir6t of March the line
will be complete. Tiie distance from Panama to Sa,n
Francisco is about 3,110 mile.
The steamer Orus has been fitted up for the naviga
tion of the Chagres river, and is to leave on the Ißth
instant. Passengers leaving New York by vessels
bound to Chagres in all this and next week will be in
Panama in si-hmhi to take the steamer which is adver
tised to leave hi ihe 15:h of February.
The following is the charge made by steam vessels
via Chagres, the most expeditious route :
From New York to Chagres, in sabuni, $150
44 cabin, 120
Panama to San Francisco, saloon, 250
cabin, 200
For places at a less distance, to the South of Sati
Francisco, on tue California!! coast, a proportionate
reduction is mnde.
Some of the sailing ves'sels h-.niud to Chagres,
charge from Ä75 to J 0, according to ihe accommo
dations and fare on board. Persons going this way
can tnke very little besides their lujjgseje; the heavi
est bulk will have lo be sent around the Cape.
The following was formerly the charge made by
the United Stnles ship, for passengers to the several
ports on the Pacific, from Panama :
Panama to Realejo, 700 miles, in state rooms, jsOl
Do Acapulco, 1501) miles,
t .
Do Sin Diego, 3000 miles,
125
175
225
Do San Francisco, 3500 miles 250
Passage in the lower cabin at a deduction of one
fifth from the above rates.
Passage in the forward cabin from ltnama to cither
of the above named ports, $100.
Fortune Telling and Cltmk. The trial in tho
case of Andrew Tyler, convicted and entenced to
die, at the late term of the Supreme Cnmt held in
Williams county, Ohio, os accessory to ono of thu
most wanton and singular murders of which the re
cords of depravity and crime present an example.
From the evidence given on the trial, as well as the
confessions of Ileckerthorn, the principal, (who etil 1
awaits his trial,) it appears that Ileckerthorn was
desirous of learning the art of fortune telling, and as
the initiatory step Tyler persuaded him to kill Scamp's
child, and hide the body, designing then to leave the
country together, and alter some months return and
get a reward for finding the body of the child, and
thus establish a reputation as fortune-tellers, by which
they would he enabled to make a great deal of mon
ey. A more inadequate cause we never learned of,
and on Tyler's part, the im-tigation ot the murder can
only be explained by the supposition that long habits
of deception and falsehood, practised by him as a for
tune teller, had darkened in his mind whatever littlo
sense of right and humanity he ever possessed.
The U. S. Sloop of War Albany was at Ha
vana on the 3d inst. Three or four Americans, recent
ly returned ftom Europe, wh.i were on Inurd the West
India steamer us she left Havana for New Orleans,
excited to enthusiasm by a sight of their country's
flag as it waved from the peak of the Albany, took
the assembled passengers by surprise by giving ihre
cheers. Iu on instant the rigging : the Albany was
crowded with sailors, who answered tho salute by
threo hearty cheers iu return.
Another of the Phoschibed iuisii Patriots, Mr.
Fowling, who was the Secretary of the John Mitchell
Club, has escaped to this country, and arrived at
New Orleans on the Sth inst. He narrowly escaped
the officers of the liw, leaving his wife and family to
follow him.
Sailors are shipping for California, says the New
York Sun, without wages, and in sumo caes, actual
ly offering to pay for the privilege of working their
passogo out !
I mm-.

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