Newspaper Page Text
ffoftiana State Sentinel.
if VIGILANCE 19 THE fllCR UF LIITRTT. lM ATOMS, JAXUAUV (, ISIS, Tlit Clubbing System. The flu' Ling sytcm introJu.rd b the und? rsignrd lion not mtt our "p.rctauoin. Wo Luve givrn it a fair tria. lut ihm rxtra j out lay !ia& not lern met l.y cot rounding ilfoin on the pirtof, our t- km!-, ith ft-w rxc.ptiona. It i'oe nit,atl cannot, under ! si-tin circumstances, st!ord us fair remuneration. Iii! w vo!mttrilv trade ttie tht n present sacrifice, we did hoj.e that the inducement v.n uttirient to ine Tvv our list s to nt U ant i'Yeral i thousands oyer our former sit' sorption, (living more readirg , t att r foi the pr.ee than can Le oMained in any artcf the YWat- ! ern com. try, we had hoped our friend would take advantage of j lie litx-ralitr, and exert themselves accordingly. Thi has net bef-n done ti a Jegree commensurate with the plan proposed. Hence, after what ha been a fair trial on our part, we tliail aban don ytrm of c'ntl ing ; and hall, lierealtcr, adopt the follow. ngl ,rs, whirh will be invarialde and permanent : FOR OU!t WEEKLY rATERS, Two I ollar a year, end the mtrnty mn.t altcays accompany the order r n attention vill be given it. JOHN D. DEFREES, Miter Journal 4S-tDecl CHAPMAN'S Sc SPANN. i.'Afw State Sentinel C7"The Democratic State Convention will meet next Monday at the Suite House. C-Pr. Vvvall, of Parke county, has been de tained from his eat in the House of Representative, by severe illness, during a week past. Iii disease was bilious pleurisy. He in now able to be out, and will attend to hi duties in the House with his usual assiduity. His sickness will account to his friends at home why they have not recently heard from him. The Marion Court of Common Pleas. Those who have kept the run of our Legislative proceedings I;now th.it n new Court bearing the above title has been created fjr this county, nt the present session. It was established for the purpose of relieving the Marion Circuit Cmrt of a portion of its heavy bu siness of a civil character. It possesses no original criminal jurisdiction, except in certain contingencies. The Court consists of b it a single Judge who is ex ofici his own clerk, with the privilege of employing a d-puty ; he holds his office for the term of seven years and is elected by the legislature. His salary consists of the fees which he is authorized to tax against those doing business in his court. The Court is authorised to hold two regular terms per annum, each for four weeks ; and may hold an ex tra term of two weeks, for chancery business, each year, if the Judge thinks it necessary. The county of Marion is to be chargeable with the expense of office-rent, books, stationery, fuel, lights, &c. The bill needs amendment in this last particular. Why should the county be liable to these expenses ? She is in no way interested in the transaction. It is a private matter of business which she authorizes indi vidual to transact with each other before a person designated f r the purpose. The county it is true, is bound to furnish a tribunal for the hearing and trial of the complaints of her citizens ; she lias such tribu nals, regularly established at the public expense. This Court of Common Pleas is an extra court, established fjr the private convenience of those having urgent business, and should surely not be chargeable to pub lic account. Let those who use the Court pay its ex penses. A. A. Hammond, Esq., of this city was, oa Thurs day last, elected the Judge for this Court, receiving a large majority on the first ballot. CCrlt seems to us that the party eoon to come into power will find it-elf in a strange and uncomfortable predicament. What will bo d ne! They thought the annexation of Texas wrong ; will they eject it from the Union ! Tiwy said the war was unjust and unnecessary; will they restore the territory acquired by it I They asserted that Oicgon is worthless and would be a mischievous acquisition ; will they cede it to England aa Daniel Webster did part of the State of Maine ! They pay a high tariff is necessa- j ry ; will they again unsettle thv business of the i country by the repeal of the tariif of 13 IG ! They find fault with the Sub-Teeasury ; will they dare sub- j stitute a Bank ? They have the power and mart do j something. If they are as unscrupulous in their nc-j tion os they arc known to Le hypocritical and decep-' tive in their professions, we have soon some excit-i ing battles to fight with our old and wily foes, and it becomes democrats to be prepared fur them. Q-A. C oquillard of South Bend, Ind., proposes to take a company of f:ve hundred or more persons to San Francisco the gold region. He wishes to start from South Bend about the first of April ; and for 150 will furnish rations, teams, sufficient to carry forty pounds of baggage for each person. Tents and camp equipage to bo furnished by each individual for hirnae'f. The South Bend Regier says that Mr. Coquill.ird, Irorn his experience m conducting emi gration heretofore, is just the mm for the enterprise. This i something cheaper than any proposition we i have vet seMi, and if any of our citizens design iroir.f ' to Califorr.ii, perinps they co ild not do belter than J to join this company. Canada. The Legislature (or parli linent) of Ctn ada is to assemble at Montreal on the 13th inst., after en interval of about two years. The Debt of Cana da is nearly fourteen millions of dollars, with a de clining revenue and a discontented people; the sala ries attached to public offices, with the fees and emol uments, are enormously high, and the public chest is as empty as a drum. One-half, at least, of the male adults are unable to read or write: the public schools, are rather inefficient, but a very laudable anxiety is shown for the iucccsi of a college or university at which the children of the wealthy, at least, would be carefully instructed. fjThe Missouri Legislature assembled at Jefler son City on the 2-"th tilt., and completed an organiza tion on the first day of the session. Mr. Robinson of Platte county was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives, Mr. 15. F. Massey of Lawrence county, Frincipal Clerk, John II. Price, (a, democratic editor) engrossing clerk, &c. In the Senate, Janu s II. Bntton of Lincoln county, was elected Principal Secretary. The present legislature has to choose a U. S. Sen ator, in place of Mr. Atchison, whose term of ser vice expires on the 4th of March. Them aro several candidates, we learn. Q7Mr. Faulkner, in the Virginia Legislature, is urging the importance of some determined action on tho part of the State, in regard to fugitive slaves. He saya the slave population in some sections of the State is rapidly thinning out, especially since the re cent legislation of Pennsylvania, proclaiming protec tion to all who may cross her borders. He estimates the yearly los to the State, through the connivance of the Uw of the neighboring States, at 90,(100. CCrCol. Harney, the officer against whom General Hcott always cherished a special spite, has been pre sented with a splendid charger of the value of three hundred dollars, by certain of the citizens of Raton Rouge, La. For Ca li forma.-The Falcon sailed from New Orleans, for Chigres, on the ISih, taking out Gen. Smith, Governor of California, and some two hundred nther passengers. Among the number we notice Capt. M'Dougall, lady and child, of this city. fjCapt. Cassius M. Clay in to be presented with t splendid sword by citizens of Fayette and Madison counties, Ky., for services said to have been rendered in tho late Mexican wnr. The O robots Territory. Few persons are aware of the extent of our pos sessions on the weft of the Rocky' Mountain. Ex clusive of the territories of California nml New Mex- leo, of vvhirli we have recently come into possession, Oregon jtHf n argi enough f -r a separate republic. It appears by official documents, that on tho east it skirts trOO miles along th Rocky Mountains; on the south, IMH) miles along the Snowy Mountains; on the west 700 miles along the Pacific Ocean ; on the north, 3Ö0 miles along the North American possessions of Russia nnd England. This area, or immense valley, contains lioLl.OOO square miles capable, undoubtedly, of forming seven Slates us large as New York, or forty states of the dimension of Massachusetts. Some of the Islands oi? the coast ure very large sufficient to form a State by themselves. These are situated north of the parallel of 4"?. Vancouver's Island, t250 miles in breadth, contain 12,000 squ ire miles an area larger than Massachusetts and Connecticut Queen Charlotte's, or Washington Island, 100 miles in length and liO in breadth, contains 400 square miles. On both of these immense islands, that he between the high parallels of 40 and GO degress, the soil is said to be well adapted to ngriculture. The straits and circumjacent waters abound in fish of the finest quality. Coals of good quality, and other veins of minerals, have been found. A large emigration would undoubtedly have gone from this State to Oregon had it not been for the dis covery of the gold mines in California. Farming in Oregon, in comparison with gathering gold in Cali fornia, seems rather a dull business to the excited im agination of our people. Gold, and the Cholera. Th cWfra, and the go!d mania , hnve recently broke out in the United States, with much virulence, ond appear to be spreading with fearful rapidity. There seems to be more danger to be apprehended from the gnltl mania, than from the cholera, as the former lias the mighty ai l of the press in spreading the contagion. The cholera is carried in the steam boat, and the stage, and may be generated by local causes ; but this is a slow process of spreading its ravages, when compared with the lightning speed with which the gold mania is carried into every part of the land, corrupting the f untains of industry eve rywhere; the victiir.s of cholera are exagerated a thousand fold, while these tf the gold mania, are concealed, and like the lucky adventurers in lottery tickets, only the fortunate are heralded to the people t increase the contagion. The thousands who fall by the wayside in chase of the golden apple, arc never mentioned, nor their great disappoint merit and wretched end made known to the people. Go ask the history of the gold regions of Spain, and Mexico, and let it speak of the poverty, degradation and hu man misery, that surround these regions. Will not our young men pause before they give up a certainty fjr such a prospect of such an end ! S. Ohio Legislative. In the House, on Tuesday the 'Jd of January, the arguments n the Hamilton county case having been concluded, the question whe ther Messrs. Pugh and Pierce (democrats) are enti tled to seats in the organization of the House, was put, und lost, ayes 30, noes 13"). The question was then immediately put whether Messrs. Spencer and Runyan (whig) arc entitled to seats, and deciJed al B t in the negative, ayes '.V2, noes 33. The House then adjourned. The Senate meets from day to day but does no business, in consequence of the non-organization of the Hou-e. Centual Railkoad. Vigorous measures arc be ing made to establish a railroad from Bcllefontaine, Ohio, through Sidney to Indianapolis, Indiana. iri,'fim.m ( th lV.'-o, ('in. And from Indianapolis west to Terre Haute, and from thence ncros the State of Illinois to St. Louis. As to this last lmk in the great central chain, from the Atlantic to the Mississippi, our legislature has just passed a joint resolution, requesting tho Legisla ture of the State of Illinois to grant a charter and the right of way f.r its construction across that State, which will doubtless he granted at the present session to a company in that Stite, so as to put the whole line under construction at an early day. The queer nsn of the Mavsville Flao has had presented lo him a stove, a patent churn, and is daily expecting a cow ! (Cincinnati Knq. The Pike of the Flag is more lucky, in one sense, than the ' old cock " of the Sentinel. He has had presented to him, a turnip, u washing machine, J'ork in abundance, and is expecting soon a we can't tell the , and probably it will be b fl our to the committee, ing, boys !' ' There a good tirno a coin- Natura:, as Life. Tito great question, "Who is the prettiest!" was made a subject of interest at the performance of the Italian Opera in Philadelphia, a few nights since. The City Item says : "They eame near having a little disturbance at the Italian Opera the other evening. The chorus master had orders that the female singers should dispose of themselves, so that only the handsome ones should be seen by the audience. Quite a hubbub wns the con sequence, as every creature marched boldly to the front rank, each declaring; herself as pretty as tho other." 07"The Ohio Standard (free soil) drily observes of the Ohio State Journal that "while the Journal lives, we never shall be wanting for evidence of the cor rectness of the old adage, 'that truth is stranger than fiction ' We know of several Journals in this State of which the same might be said. Sad Accident. A man named Jumps Martin, while intoxicated, t" 1 1 or Jay down across tho track, on the rail road near the depot at Vernon, Ind., on the 2"tli tilt., and was run over by an evening train of cars; he was bo much injured that ho died in a few hours. Hon. Tho. Metcnlf was elected on the 3d instant to fill the vacancy in the U.S. Senate occasioned hy the resignation) of Mr. Crittenden. Mr. Metcnlf has occupied the eamu scat during the present session hy appointment of the Governor. The democrats voted for Mr. Powell. New Mexican Gold. Col. Kmory, of the topo graphical engineers, in his rejvtrt of tho expedition westward from the mountains of New .Mexico, along the course of the river Gila, ;pcakH of having met with gold at several points on his route. The follow ing in relation to the river Prieto, which empties into the Giln, is interesting : "As the story goes, tho Prieto comes down from the mountain, freighted with gold. Its nands are said to be full of this precious metal. A few adven turers who use-ended this river, hunting beaver, washed the sands nt night, when they halted, and were richly rewarded for their trouble. Tempted by their success, they mode a second trip, and were at tacked nnd most of them killed by the Indians. My authority for this .statement is Landreau, who, though an illiterate man, is truthful." Fortunate. The Philadelphia North American learns that Punvard, the artist, who spent ten years and nearly ten thousand dolhra in the completion of his magnificent panorama of the Mississippi, is reap ing a fortune in Europe. Parisian Charity. Py the report of a committee appointed to inquire into the subject, it appears that until the month ot March next, Ihcre will be'MXJOO individuals in Poris living on public charity. Fromth Charlettoa Mercury Fsoji Vah!!gton. Wo give below an ixtucl fiom a letter of a oiillcuuii now in Wellington, whme ojp-ut"ni- tie of information arc of the arnplrtt character, anil - epinioni tie rntided to much coiui-leration. Ai if printed ly him, th apcct ef !ri r at Wellington, in refcrruce to the South, it it) thing hut encourage. n, it i a mtttcr of no urrri tint he iliilj feel deeply iJ peak mougly up in die ul j.-ct : AiiirGTosj. Dec. 15, 184S. I (tovcnmr Wlutcomli.of Indiana, is clcctrd t. the Senate of , the L'nitt-d State, over Mr. II aunt gait, tlu pierent inenm- ten', n the giounil, (jü one of th uettein icpretemative inform me) thai he look position In Iii lue message lo the Lrgiljtuie, in favor of the Wtlmot l'rovito. Thti, one by one, the Supporten of ibe South and of the ccni itution, in the fiee State, t bcfoic the ami-slavery piiit of the North. To Maud by us nw, i-t political ilcath to any stalet- ' man at the Noitti. Ily our imbecility, we have earned a nv'i iiigloriou isolation, ami to i'fil the whole North and Northwest agaiixt u on 'he ulavi-ry question. And now. j what hall we do ? Still do nothing? One -vould suppose that if self inteiet is too weak, a spirit of generosity and du- iy io uiose laiimui menas one .ur. iiannegan, wnn siana up fur our rights, would inspiie us with the deteimioition to light ourselves. After sacrificing them in the free States, are we now pu pated lo sacrifice ourselves on the altar of cowardice and imbecility, a spectacle of scorn and contempt to the whole world ? I assure you, you cannot imagine the low esteem iu which the whole South is held by the repre sentatives from the fiee Slates. They ridicule all sugges tions that the South will, in any contingency, on account of slavery, or on any other question, date to disrupt the Union. They believe we have no rnoie spirit within us, than the dead body of llect -r, dragged along behind the cir of Achilles. They are our masters, and can do as they please. If you weie heie, you would ee it, hear it, feel it. It is clear that the whole qucti n of the lights of the South, is transferred to the Stite Legislatures in the South. It is heie settled, ar.d will sweep lavery hist fiotn our lenitories, then from the Distiict of Columbia, then from passing fiorn one State to another, and then iu the States themselves ; and in this pro gies, if not arieled by piompt and etücient measures by the Southern States, the last step is as certain as the fut. The lone of this correspondent resembles that of the editor himself. We do not believe that the question of slavery beat Air. Hanngan; other causes conspired to the same result ; but the stnte of things at Wash ington is not perhaps overdrawn. Opoitioii to sla very, ns it exists in the Southern States has taken possession of the North, and is becoming daily more and more rabid. It is stimulated by political ambi tion and fanaticism. Cool reflection and moderate action can hardly be expected on this subject. When one idea absorbs the whole mind, it leaves no room for liberal views, nod is proof against reacon or com mon sense. The word slavery is a bugbear itself, and is associated in the minds of the northern people, with the chain nnd the lash. The real condition of the black man in the slaves States is not known or appreciated. Down with slavery, becomes the watch word, and the sound drowns all remonstrance. This condition of things hodce no good. There is no Ftibject more delicate and dangerous to touch, and yet none will be touched with more rudeness and les scruple. Hitherto the Democratic party of the free States, have adhered to a course of moderation and justice to the South, and resisted all encroachments upon the feelings and rights of the slave States ; but we cannot disguise the fact that the South cannot look to this source for aid as informer times; and we must say, further, that the South has herself to blame in a great measure. The Democrats have again and again resisted theellbrts to pass measures known to be otfensive to the Southern States, and have been beaten down at home by their acts. A large party at the South have rejoiced over their defeat, and treated it as a tarty triumph. That the Democrats of the North should tire in the'ir labors to protect the South, with out either thanks or support, is not strange. This is not the worst of it. In the canvass of '41, the northern Democrats advocated, not only the an nexation of Texas, but our claim to the whole of Ore gon. The South was particularly interested in the one, the North in the other. With the most scrupu lous fidelity, the Democrats of the North performed their part of the bargain in reference to Texas, but tho South failed on Oregon. A part of the claim con tended for, wan compromised by the efforts of Cal houn &, Co. The Mer. ury, tjic organ of South Caro lina politics, assumed u tone of empty conceit nnd af fected dignity in commenting on the conduct of men of the Northwest. They were coarse, vulgar sort of fellows did not suit the taste of all the chivalry. Call you this backing your friends ! We then antici pated trouble for the South, and aro not at all disap pointed. In hc last canvass the evil might perhaps have been remedied; but what did Air. Calhoun and the Mcr etiry ! Dignity had well nigh been the deati. of tl.er.i. ' -P, J ii . . . ! .i . t-.i ' I hey could not go into convention will, the rest of the . Democracy of the Union, lhev would not promise a ; support to the only party that was disposed to shield j them from the aggressions of the North. For a long, time their conrne wnn doubtful, until the neoole eame ! to the rescue, and compelled a reluctant acquiescence, not a cordial support. These things being true, we are of opinion that; South Carolina is the very last State to comphtn. Shn has ihine what slip, ei.tihl. to iivn olHoirr tri lPr only friends at the North. We advise her now to ! i ..i r i i i - , .. ., , pui on a mne oi ner surplus uignny, anu act wnn me l.SIv . rest tt llie L'emocratic Mates as an equal, and not ns i a critic or a judge too dignified to use the means of protecting herself by acting with her friends. One half the lime. South Carolina, in Congress, is acting with the Whigs, their opm and proscriptivc adversa ries on this question of hin very. This course has weakened the power of her friends in the free States, and put it out of their power to aid her iu an emer gency. Let South Carolina put oil some of that sur plus dignity that docs very well at home, and should be left at home. The rest of the Union can't appre ciate its value. hmisviHt De7n., Dc. Ü9. Mark Him. Our readers cannot surely have for goticn what a powerful "Free Soil," ' Anti-Slavery,' Justice to all," man the Hon. C. IS. Smith of Indi ana, uvowed himself to bo during the last campaign. We said that the time of trial would come. It has come, and where is Caleb! The following from the correspondence of the Tribune will give us some light on the subject : "Washington, Thursday, Dec. "20-12 r. m. "The Committee on Territories this morning voted on the subject of sufirngrs in California. It was pro posed to make suit ra ire universal. A move was made to confine it entirely to the whites. After nn anima ted discission it was put to the test Yeas I, Nays l. CA LEU P. SMITH, Chairman, then gave the casting vote in favor of excluding all color but that which bore unmistakable opposite of the Pariah. Thus is the California hill to be reported on the eame basis as that of Texas.' Oh honest (Mfeh! In the Inys of the wanderings of thr children of Israel, only C,ihh nnd Joshua were spared of nil the hot to enter the bind of promise. Wo are ofraid that our Cih b will not accompany Joslnia. His soul hankers nfier the llesh pots of Kgypt, and he has bowed down to a golden cnlf. Honest Caleb : Cincinnati (ilnfr. The fact in, that "hnntst C:ikl" hopes for a seat in Taylor's Cabinet, nnd nil his hostility toslavery, here tofore inftsscj, is thrown to the winds. What will not a political trader do Tor office I The following notice was picked up in the street a few days since. We insert it for the benefit of whom it may concern : PL ON HAND WHIGS. rOR THE GULF OF OI1L1VIO.V, VIA. SALT RIVER, and through the tylkr canal, The no-pressure Mudscow PLOOD HOUND. Ca it. Zack Taylor, Will positively sail on tho 4lh of March next. The corpse of the defunct whig party will be taken on freight, and there be buried. I'ASBENGF.RS ARE REQUESTED TO HURRA FOR OLD ZACK, AND MAKE AS MUCH NOISF. AND CONFUSION" AH 1'OHSIHLE. Rum, Fireworks and Torches furnished gratis. Through in four years, or less. NO I1KTUKN. G ivEMiiF.LL Da mem. Agent. The legislature is still in session but whether anv I thing advantageous to this betrayd and injured por i tion of the State can be accomplished, remains to be j seen. If Picayune Butler has the power to overrule j the laws and actions of the Legislature of Indiana, I and bid defiance to all honor, or fair dealing, we can j iiopc for nothing from him or the Pond bidders. We ! always thought it wrong to give up the Canal to the j llritish und to he swindled out of it, is, wo believe j more than a majority of the people will stand. We go for 51, 10 or fight. V(ih i!h Comm rcial. C OH .TI U.MC ATIOS. Mrui. F.ditur. I wih to uzz t wht 1 think will be strong tram f.,r ;vrtior and Lii-io. (Jovorn-T. and two mm, vvtm if tiuminmei!, will be elected text Asul, to-wr: Jo. A. Wkiciit ii (loveimr anJ Ciiarlct Cathcart for Lieut. Onvei nor. With tlee me:. iiuhle felhw ev-iy wjy.und the aiiifim of ilitir own foituif the Prm rry cannot be beaten. LOOK A 11 KA I). To the Kditor or the Stntinel Cientkmcn t IVi- mit me suejt to the Democratic State Con veiitin Mnj A. L Uobiieun for the office of Lieut (I"Vernor : he is wor thy of the rni fi lence of the pnty. Mj. R't'iniot is bold, talented an I eloquent, and hat never been known to deviate from the principles uf Democracy. lie Ins eived several yf-ais in the Legislating, and would mike an able pteiding olficer. He is one of thoe allat olliccr lhat did discharge his duty at the battle of Huei a Vista, and will eter be mot gracefully remembered by Indiana for it And for all thut slavery and whimjery may have fumed an uliianre in t tie per u of (Jen. Tyl t, yet with such men as JosKrii A. Wright for (Jov-nii and Maj. Kodinso for Lieut. Governor we have no feats of defeat, we have no compiomist s to make either with whiter' or sl ivery, we ate ipjw,sid to eveiy principle of the Whig party, we are opposed to the Minendcr of a single inch of the vitgjn soil of out newly acquired Mexican possessions to the foul em biace and blighting curse of the prculi it institution. II. Rr.rarsENTATiVES, January 5. 1 S 49 School l:iv--3Iortf;m County. Proreethngs uj a Meeting J a part of the Citizens of M'trgan ('ountt, cunvem j at the District School I fa us A". 51, Tuicn. l'J, Range Kast, Dtctmber 'J.-;, 18 H. On motion, James Trent, Ksq. was called iz the chair, and II. T. Cit i appointed secietaty. On motion, a cmmitt of live was appointed to prepare resolutions expressive of the cnse of this meeting in itla tion to the present attitude of the scho ol question in Indimi. The committee afier a (.hurt letiiemt nt, reported the follow itg, which weie read and unanimously adopted: WntUF.AS, An anonymous production has lately been published in the Indiana State Jon i nal on the subject of popular education, and addiced to the Legislature, calcu lated to mislead the more ciedul us part of community, and mi-represent the motives of thoe who voted against the fyslem proposed last winter : theirfre, Resolved, That we consider the allegations therein set foith a base calumny, and deserving the contempt of all honest men. Jiesotied, That we consider the charge of parsimony or ignoiancc, pteented in said addres, entirely unfounded, and to tiie last degiee unientlemanly, and nothing but the intem peiate zeal of a ligot, or the unblushing elTionteiy of a prirst, could have prompted such a production. Resolved, Tint the dictatorial spirit and audacious temer ity manifested in said address, towards the representatives of a free people, merit at their hands a just rel uke, and we clii ii-h the belief that theie is patriotism enough in our Le gilatuie to admiuisier it with becoming seventy. Resolved. That the attempt of the writer to recommend the fiee school pr-ject, by instancing the ease ef the large landlulder being iu favor of it, reminds uof the stoulptgeon Hick of rbe clergy to get money; whcieas, it is well known by all busmen men that large landholders, acting upon the piihciple of domestic economy, always iaie then lints in pioportion to their expenditures, so as theieby to incicase lather than diminth their profits, and in the cae presented would infallibly incie.se the obligation and de pendency of their tenants, theieby strengthtnifg the bands of aiistocrncy, and nothing but the bigotry of learned iguu- nnce could prevent any man fiorn seeing it, or the want of moral honesty kep him from acknowledging it. Resolvtd, That tho-e invidious distidctions presented in the ad!res bctwteii those counties lhat gave majorities in favor of hie sclnol, and those which voted against them, manifest the split of the writer, and accouut for the absence of Iii name. Resolved, That the vigilance and sagacity which charac terized our icvolutiunaiy fathers, in guaiding against the cunning stratagems of lliitih inliigu, should be sdictly copied by ih, their descendants, i guarding against the onir fuced pieteiiMons and sophisticated aiguments of a meicenary clergy, which would, through t!e ostensible project of a free school system, buil I up a corrupt hierarchy , and taint the rnoial a inop'aeie of Ameiicau liberty. Resolved, That the school systems of New Yoik, Pennsyl vania and other Kasteiu Slates aie bringing f nth their legit male fi uiti, to-wit : squandeiing the people's money both in wasting the time of their Legislatures, ami paying a hiieliug cteigy to sa.y prayeis, to the gnat annoyance of a poitioii of the members, the pinvisions of the Constitution, the para mount law of the hn I, to the contrary not withstanding. Resolved, That, could a schojl system be devised that woold entry the blessing of education to ever) child in the S'atc, and beat the same lime impiegoable to the trts of pi testet aft, it would elicit our warmett sympathy, and re ceive uui decided approbation. Resolved, I hat ue are fully refunded (hat such a plan as that proposed in the aud.e, and especially the manner of its j organiza. o, if left to the popular vote, would be negatived V) au o ei w ne lining niaj nuy. Resolved, That tins laige negative vote given in August i last was iu these coiujtieH whete the subject wns most thot- ouglily investigated, the arrogant assertion! of " one of the ; people " to the contrary notwithstanding. ! Resolved, That the statistical data fnm which the writer '. Pr,r! ,,d 'o.lraw his conchMons in regard to the comparative . edncition cf the citizens of the State, is not to be lelied up- tut WM rnai,e uut u maiy aceordlII ,0 ,he inlcV. e,t or Car,rice of the olficer employed ; as bundled of our ' citizens can testify that they weie not enquired of on that j point. ; Jlesnlved, That we rotii.1r the w riter r.f the Address as much below Indiana zero," in point of patriotism and good bitednig, as a huge propoitiou of Iii negativ voters arc in point of intelligence. Resolved, 'lhat a copy or these resolutions be forwarded ' by the Secretary, to the Indiana State !" Slate SelHliiel, with a request for Journal, and the Indi- 1 their publication, and h,t 7omme..d them to the special notice of the mem ben of the Legislatuie. Resolved, That the meeting do nnw adjourn to meet again 9 c O when circumstances shall make it necesary JAM HS TRKNT, Picsidcnt. H. T. Chaio, Secretary. The cheap Postage Association of New York, have put forth a form of petition which is being very gen erally sign?d, asking for the establishment of j 1. A uniform rate of Two Cents postage on letters: weighing half uti ounce, prepaid, und double that , amount if not prepaid. Ü. Newspapers, periodicals, and nil printed matter, ! one cent per sheet; but newspapers of the smaller size hull a cent, to be prepunt, except newspapers and periodicals sent from tin? ollico of publication 15. To reduce the postage on letters nnd newspapers by mail packets and steamers, to a rate which will bring it within tho means of every class of citizens to maintain frequent intercourse with their friends iu other countries, without feeling the postage to be a burdensome tax. 1. To adopt measures that in all large towns and cities there shall be a free delivery of letters and newspapers, and also for the reception and convey ance of letters to the post olHcc for the mails free of tiny expense. r. To abolish tho franking privilege entirely, that postage may be paid on every thing sent by the mails. Postage of members of Congress to be paid as their other expenses, nnd postmasters to be remunerated for the loss of the franking privilege and the temporary diminution of their income, by an increase of their commissions. Cheap postage is no longer an experiment, but nn established ami certain advantoge, both to the goveru- rnent and people. From the People's Fiiend. Senatorial Ki.kction. The election of a United r-..-. t l.ltt t States Senator was entered upon oy the Indiana Leg. islature on the 1 1th inst., and decided on the first hallo: Jnmes Whitronib, the pucceesfnl candidate, receiving 1't votes, . A. Hnnuegan lo, C. 15. Smith f:i, John Law 2, J. G. Marshall 1, and blank 3. Mr. Whitcomb has few superiors in point of tal ent. Asa lawyer, ns Commissioner of the General Land Odice, and as Governor of Indiana, within the last few years, he has acquitted himself with distin guished ability. Who, then, can doubt that he w ill win other laurels ns a United States Senator ? In saying thus much for the successful candidate, and expressing gratification that a democrat of such sterling worth is chosen to a seat in tho U. S. Senate we would by no means convey the idea that the measure )f our joy is full. Far from it. One more eminently fitted in many respects for Senator than Air. Whitcomb, one testrd and trusty, who has as cended a pinnacle of fume to which no Indinninn ever approached, has been defeated. It would do violence to our feelings to withhold mi expression cf the re gret we entertain in common with every member of this community, nt tho defeat of our fellow-townsman Mr. Hannegan. Those who know the love approxi mating almost to idolatry with which all are inspired who become intimate with him ; who have witnessed the fondness with which friends cherish his private worth, their admiration of his manly virtues, nnd pride lor his Senatorial quuiilcations, which have made his name and fame, as a patriot and orator, familiar in many lands, will readily appreciate the force of the remark, when wo say that a deep gloom pervaded this entire community on tho reception of the intelligence announcing his defeat. The body of Mr. Joseph Lane, son of the gallant Gen. Lane, was brought to this city yesterday on the steamer John Hancock. This young man died of cholerasuddenly stricken down with death by the disease, while walking nlong tho levee nt New Or leans on the 21st tilt. He is snid to have survived the attack but a few minutes. Wc believu his body is to be taken from this place to his father's home in Indiana. Cincinnati Comniercial. Item. LAW ITCMS. Changes in Man's Life. About five years ago we saw a man liijht bin riirar with twenty dollar note A Cl i:io(.a Wn.i. Cask. The Rnltimor Countvo of the Farmer nnd Mechanic's Hank. At tint time Court Ims b.'.-n i.rcupird about two week in t trial he was full of life, nnd in the poie.-sion of nnl otate f & will Cuse which developed Koine curious fads, in tie city of I'liiiidflliin v tlul "t sjJtSO.OOO. Aln! I? wn.s the will f pavid Hutin. who died n drt what rhriiiirrg does time make on Saturday last this "'"' 't nulli fl n vv,ll, b quenlhing hbotit $:'.0,(H)D fo.dish linn wan hpimi heiiring ,l,"s IU ,,ur Public : 4,1 h' '" companion, and rutting ofT hi blood re t reels. He looked wretched, was ghastl) pale, and llti"is, or mrst ,,f Ue-m, with one dollar each. The miserably vUA. PennsVlr.mian. wa hrouoht to set atide the will, en ti e ground e. r is i i t .1 . . 'ha the t.-stntor miih not, nt the time tin will was Sirllj-ury Lytton l,.,lw,r i we learn, shortly to , iW.n Dn(, si.Mnd. of sound dis;iz mind; that he ead lo the hyteenea altar the Hon. Ueorgiana elles- WM ,.Apotip, t ,,. illl(1,.nc an t WR j . ley, young. st danirhterrtf the late, and sister of the and ti(flt inlb.ences nnd means to whirl, he wai present L rd (f wbT. I he cercmonv, it is s-.id. f.X)(W(1 ucre fruU(lnht. It np.M-ared ,n evidence will be performed at Hatfn-ld Houo, the seat of the t,,nt HlM),n b,.0( clMaiv pl,Pt, witl, y f(,r .Marquis ot Salisbury, uncle of the bride. I he Duke B(ne w..kj prpviog , ,tia tJcat,,t aIi(1 nU t lnX hs of Wellington nnd a large family will assemble there C(,niinni(Mls ,IMi k,,(ll a cimmnl watch and ginrdover on the occasion. London Times, Dec. UL j ,j, , nvoi(1 ,,,, comniir in COIlJnct w i 1 1 a his relatives. Lord Melbourne died of the jaundice. His first , The cum oerupVd ten da s, and wns flnal'v disposed wife was tho daughter of the Earl of 15esborout;h. 1 oi by the jury unsettling the will, and directing tho She was well known to the literary nnd gossipping , executors to refund nil the rents collected. world as i.auy Otroiine i.amo. t enau a son uy u. marrinre. who died in l'J'3. In default of issue, his title descends to his brother, iJaron lloauvale, a diplo matic character. Official Zual. The Tallaha-see (Fa.) Sentinel, of the l.rth int.. says: "The t-herilfitf St. Lucie county, in this State, we are told, walked nnd worked all the wav to the capital, to deposite his Presidential returns. The distance is 150 miles and lf0 without road or house. He paddled the latter distance in a batteau." Prostitutes. This unfortunate class of women, f j nil other persons, nre most subject to the epidemic. In a certain street in Paris, it is said, where resided 1,400 lewd women, in a very short time 1,'.UK) perish ed with the cholera! And in a house of sixty of these miserable creatures, every one died ! j Pkof. O. M. Mitchell and his assistants, ten or j twelve iu number, who nre engaged in surveying the route fur the Ohio and Mississippi railroad, from Cin cinnati to St. Louis, have completed the survey to the latter city. Fertility of Texas. Several farmers at Pastrop and Austin have raised eighty to one hundred bushels of com to the acre this season, and one or two have raised one hundred and ten bushels to the acre, with out manure. The Pokk Tkadk. Pork has been seriously injured by the warm weather. One gentleman in Maryland lias five thousand weight spoiled, nnd in Virginia, in some cases, there is un entire destruction. Novel Consignment. One of the St. Louis mer chants lately received a consignment of 000 pairs of wooden shoes manufactured in a small German settle ment in Iowa, from whence they were sent for sale. The Posten papers announce the death, by consump tion, of Mr. S. X. Dickinson, proprietor of an extensive printing establishment, long celebrated for the neat ness and beauty of the work produced at it. They sell boots and shoes in California by the piece and not by the pair. A man with one boot is respectable in his appearance, but a man with two is aristocratic. lloslon Post. It is said that Col. Jonathan. D. Stevenson, of New York, commander of the expedition which went to California tibout a year ho, has becomo immensely rich, und has already sent home a fortune. M. Lafond, an officer of the French naval service, hns taken out a patent for a new engine, in which chloroform, iu conjunction with fcteam, is the motive power. The Michigan Legislature met at Lansing on the 15ih int. This is tho first session at the new seat of Government. A Lath Machine, in operation at Cleveland, takes the green log and whittles out of it PL'O pieces of lath per minute. It supplies them at ssl Mo per thousand Tijf. Legislature of New Hampshire ha9 parsed a plurality law for the election of members of Con am prcsidenliftl dectoM. gross Change of Salutations. Instead of good morn ing 'How do you doP etc. people now sav, When are you idV!" "What route do you take V Mexico. Py the brig Gertrude, arrived yesterday. we have dates from Yera Cruz tothe (ith, and from toe City of Mexico to the X J inst. Tho Mexican papers call public attention to the condition of niTairs nt Tutnpieo, nnd declare that if the Government does not take active measures to quell the spirit i f revolt iu that place, the State of Tamaulipas will be soon annexed to the United States. The Camancbe Indians are still committing fearful atrocities in Durango, and other frontier States, while the citizens remain inactive. The merchants nnd people of Tobasco are petition ing the Government to spare Hruno. The Mexican Government, it is said, will assist Senor Cortina in the construction of a railroid to Tacubaya. The City of Mexico is to be lighted with gas. It is reported that Gen. Parades is iu San Luia Po tosi, hatching another pronuticianiento. Robberies are slill being committed on the high way in Mexico. The National Guard of the city of Mexico is rep resented to be in a totally disorganized state. A canal is to be excavated for the purpose ot ren derin' the Panama navigable ns far ns Vila de Valles. This is to be done with the view ot making San Luis the emporium of the commerce of the Pacific. The Government also intc'iids to drain the lagunes in the valley of Mexico. Gen. Carrera, ex-President of Central America and of Guatemala, has established In residence in the Mexican State of Chiapas. Late papers from Guatemala announce that the party in power ure doing all they can to remedy the abuses introduced by him. Gen. Postamente was operating against the rebels in the Sierra, but w ith inditFerent success. Volunteers, tinder tho orders of the officers of the National Guard of Vera Cruz, are to garrison in that port, and also the castle of San Juan de Uloa. The Mexicans have already taken the alarm in ref erence to the cholera, and the public prints tre agi tr ling the questions of tsanilary precautious. JV. O. Kit. Mcr., '2st. Not all Gold that G listens. The New York Mirror gives the following opinion of Mr. Kent, a chemist of that city, upon two of the specimens of California gold submitted to him, from which it np- pears that nil is nut gold that glistens. Under date of October tith, he snys: "I hnve analyzed the ore repreBcnted to be Cali fornia Gold, which was sent me for examination, and find that it is arsenite of copper, containing a little nickel and zinc, and mixed with iron pyrites, some of which is iu well defined crystals. Not a partie'eof gold exists in this ore. Agnin, IVcember Pith after analyzing two speci mens from tin; gold region, he says: "One of the specimens analyzed to-day was in small llakes or scnles, of uniform shape, and of a dull orange color. This proved to bo an excellent quality of unlive g(nd, almost pure and containing a Miml quantity of silver. "The other specimen was in small bright lumps, not uniform in shape, and of a light yellow color, and exactly resembling tho pieces of nrsenitc of copper, ob tained by melting the specimens analyzed a few w eeks since, nn aceount of which was published in your pa per. This specimen did not contain a trnco of gold, although I was ussund that it was obtained from one of the soldiers of Col Stevenson's regiment, who brought it direct from California.' YouMi Woman Drow ned. We leurn that a most distressing and melancholy accident occurred last Saturday evening at Leathrrwood creek, near Monte Zinnas A two horse wagon, with the driver, accom panied in the wagon by a woman with her infant child, and a young ludy, in attempting to cross the streum, got into a hole washed in the fording, and all came near being drowned. The wagon suddenly plunging into water ten feet deep, the bed floated oil and capsized on tho young woman, drowning her bc fire she could be relieved. The driver with ditliculty saved himself in tune to relievo the woman and her child, but unfortunately, relief catne too lato for the young lady ! When she was taken to the beach, life was loo far gone to be rec&llcd. The names of these persons wc have not learned. Their residence was somewhere in Putnam, or Hen dricks county, to which place the corpse was convey ed the next day after tho melancholy occurrence. Parke Co. Whig, '221 Dec. Pen a i.tv kor DisTUKnixc Pl'iw.ic MnKTiN.s-In the cotir-e of a recent trial of an indictment before the Hudson county (X. J.) Oyer and Terminer, for disturbing a temperance meeting. Chief Justice (ireen, as we learn by the JYrsey City Telegraph, " lanl down the law emphatically to be, that no person. even in tho pursuit of a lawful purpose, bus a right to disturb nny meeting, whether civil or religion, and that by so doing he subjects himself to the pen alty of tho law, and to be arrested ard removed from the meeting, without redress nnd that if the person so removed should resist, he would be guilty of an assault and battery." In another case relating to a dog, the court held that a man has n right to shoot a vicious dog, and that if the owner of the dtr assaults the shooter and breaks his gun, he is guilty of an assault and battery. An Afflicted Husband. A man named Volmer called at the police office in New York, r few days ngo, to obtain redress under the following circum stances. He went from that city some three years back to New Orleans, leaving bis wife, and on hi return found that she was married to n man named Poison. Mr. Volmer compromised the matter by agreeing to transfer all his right nnd title to his wife to PoL-on, for the trilling consideration of SlöH., which Poison promised to pav. Volmer, however. called several times for the money, without being able to obtain it, and thinking it a bard case that he could neither get his wife or the price of her, he complain ed at the police office. As the case was of a novel description, the magistrate took time to consider what decision he fchould make in the matter. Writing on Nf.wspateks. We find in the pro ceedings of the Court of Appeals of New York, tho statement of a case in winch Mary C. reltoa sued the Postmaster, in the Justices Court, for detaining a newspaper, on which he charged letter pi-stage. because it had nn initial upon the wrapper. It was decided iu her favor. It was carried bv the Postmaster to the Court of Common Pleas, where the verdict wa9 confirmed. From thence it was taken to the Supremo Court, where it was again atTirmed and now it is transferred to the C urt of Appeals. The Postmaster is said to have acted under instructions from the Post master General. Employees Responsible for the Points of Ser vants. This principle was established in the Su preme Court of Massftchoetts, on Thursday, in the case of Henry Gumey, pilot, vs. II His, Thayer &. co. The plaintiff was passing a store on Patteiy wharf, from the second story of which a clerk of the , defendants, was pitching cotton into the street. Mr. (iiirney wns struck by a bale of cotton, and injured so as to confine him to his house for six months. The verdict was in favor of the plaintiff, and damages as sessed at $i-H 0. Damages rot; Injuries. The case of Robert P. Hall vs. the Stonineton Railroad Company, tried before the Supreme Court of Rhode Ulnnd, has result ed in a verdict for the plainlilT of $550 and costs. Mr. Hall was injured by an accident n the rr-nd, which confined him to hi house for several days, and lamed him some. The defendants admitted that they were liable, but assorted that Mr. Hall was standing up at the time of the accident, while all the other passengers, who were sitting down, escaped unhurt. Boston Journal. A suit for divorce is leforo the fifth district court in which the lady is said to have coirrnitted certain irregularities while insane. Her insanity is ndmitted and deemed a sufficient excise for I. er conduct, nnd the question to be decided is whether I f r being iiis-inc is ground for a divoree. Judge Pucl.nrmi indicated pretty clearly his opinion against the admissibility of any such grounds fr a 'ivorce, w hiKt bethought insanity a sufficient" excuse; for the irregularities com plained of. .V (). Data. Absence of Mind. It is said that the foreman ef a grand jury at St. Louis, who, dnzzb'd by the beauty of a Lady, who appeared ns a witness, became a little confused, and after administering the oath as usual, instead of presenting the book, drew up his face in the most fascinating manner, and said Now kiss me ma'am." He never discovered his error till the whole jury burst into a ronr of laughter. Supreme OouirT. In tin? ens-? of the Charity Hospi tal is. S. P. Stickney, instituted under a law imposing a tax of upon theatrical exhibition in New Orleans, for the ben-fit of the Charity Hospital, judg ment for plaintiff was affirmed, w ith cost, and the tax was declared constitutional and legal, ai d, by tho words of the law, collectable annuilly. The Manor Tin. is. We learn, says the Albany Freeholder, that a w rit in nvor of the State against the property of Win. P. Van Rensselaer wasserved last week. We nre informed that a farm in the town of Rrunswick has been selected bv Attorney-General Jordan, to lest the title of the Van Renssclacrs to lands in the county of Rensselaer. Liability of Hotel Keepers I the Court of Common Pleas, Greenfield, Ahbel Dickinson, of Prat tleboro, Vt, has recovered $111 of P. P. Winchester Sc Son, of the Exchange hotel, in Springfield, tor a lost trunk. The trunk was entrusted to a hackman in the employ of the defendan's, nnd wns cither lost or stolen from the carriage on its way to the hotel. (Jen. James Taylor's Will, disposing of his im mense 'State, wns lately rejected by the County Court on presentation for probate. Yet it is said t lint no litigation will ensue among the heirs. They have emancipated his slaves, forty in number. Tiie aged and children are provided f r. A ynimg lawyer being very aitidmua in his atten tions to a younj lady, a wit observed that be never heard of making love bv attorn v. "Very true," replied the other, "but yon should remember that all Cepid's votaries are solicitors .'" Junics. Recently, nt Pittsburgh, whe n a jury, un able to agree, came into Court nnd requested to bo discharged, the Judge instructed them that the minor ity should acqui see in Ihc opinion of the majority, and so find a verdict ! Fees of Protest. The comptroller of New York has recently decided that, in case of protesting bank notes, the whole n mount demanded by any H?rson at any t no time, shall be included in one protest. Gen. WraN'IF.l. George W. Kendall, in a letter to the New Orleans Picayune, gives the following ac count of this celebrated Prussian General: To appearance he is a mmol forty-live or forty eight years of age, with a ntern, iron. General Jackson sort of a face, and ns he rode down the line, bowing to Ihe soldiery and other citizens on their side, was greeted with not a little warmth. If he is not an of ficer of determination, then there is 110 truth in physi ognomy. The speech ho mude to the throng of citi zens, which was published t lengih and commented upon in tin? papers at the time, we distinctly heard. It was short, crisp und choppy rather toinahawkisli iu its tone, and us interpreted to tis on the spot, amounted to this : "The King has charged me to keep order; I will do it. We want no collision with you, but you must be quiet. My swords are sharp to the cutting of a hair ; my muskets have ball in them; I will have order; und my name is Wrangel." I call that rather pointed, nnd when I say it did not set well with the ultras gen'lemen with long hair, huge moustaches, hats turned up, and red feathers I tell you no more than the truth. A Droll Pet. A singular w ager was laid on the Presidential election by a couple of politicians in Connecticut, w ho agreed that he w hose candidate was defeated should saw a cord of wood in the street. The wood was sawed last Monday in the presence of a large committer of udmiring spectators.