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Indiana State sentinel. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1845-1851, January 09, 1849, Image 2

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3attaua State -ScntincL
. FOlt (.OVLUNOIt.
or parki: cnuyrv.
ron lifctln ant gov ei noil
or ni'Mtiionx coiwty.
Tin 1 Ir.bbmir Sj strut.
The ctuM'it.g tem iiitrr'.uro. 1 t!. un.It-rsigiird U: not mt
our cpctaiior.s. We I kvc given it n hiir tiirC" but the cxtia
outlay I as not hoen met l.y corret-porVong eifoit e n the part of
our f if mU, w ith a few c prion. It t!oe ni.t,at!l cannot .under
circumstance, itih.rd ii a fjir nniunrration. While we
Toiumrily tna.W tlir tli-n prt-srnt nierifice. we Jiil hope that the
inducement .s tilth. int to inrnrn oiir lio.v to st lut eveiv!
ihouund over our fortner at r-riptioi,. t'iving more reading
rr otter lor the pr.ee than can .1 tn.nr.l in any part of the V.
era country, we had hoped our frit-nils wt.uld take advantage of
the lil.ernltty.and estot themselves accot.1iii.-l v. This has Tot
ben ton- to a ieere? commeiism aie wi'.h the plan propo(l.
Henre, after what ha been a fair trial on our j art, vee hnit .'.han
don i? ritt-m of ctnl.t ing ; and hall, he-rt-aftt-r, adopt the follow,
in-t ,', whirh will be invariable ami permanent :
FOR OL'K WEKKL.Y PAPK1W, Two I olbn a year, end tht
monfy must altcayt ctmpany the vrdtr or no utlrmliun vnll be (itrt it.
JOHN D. UKFRF.ES, FJittrr Journal
4-tDecl CH ATM ANS k S PAN N , F.ditort Statt Stntiatl
(0"Th Democratic Convention on yesterday nom
inated JOSEPH A. WUKJUT, f Parke county, for
Governor, nnd Cd. JAMES II. LANE, of Dearborn
county, fur Lieutenant Governor, with great unan
imity nnd pood feeling. The Convention was very
large and enthusiastic. All that wo have time to say
now is, tint the nominees nrc of the beet men in the
State, nnd of their election there is no doubt, if the
Democracy of the State irwfc and are united, as we
think they will from the good feeling which prevail
ed i-1 the c rti cntioii.
Jo. Wkiotit was n member of t Ft iHih Congress,
and earned f r himself the title of the working man.
II did preat nervico for the Suite in obtaining the
print of land fr the continuance of the abash
nnd Erie Canal, nnd wn nmnni; the most industrious
members of the State Legislature, in the House and
S-nito of Iii- Sinte, nnd in the National Congress.
Col. Lanf. ha rendered important services for the
S ate in the field, and there held tip the reputation of
the State will honor t himself and credit to Indiana.
We shall have more to say in the next paper.
The iKoiiANs. It is announced that this splendid
Kind of Musicians will give a concert at the Court
Hot so thin evening. They are by far the hot per
formers who have visited thin city for a long time.
Our citizen know how to appreciate n god thing;
of course the old Court House will be overflowing to
night. C7Mr. Turner, of Indiana, in particular, th liv
rred himself of a phillipic against Mr. Greeley, the
bitlerr.c-s of which was only equalled by the scurril
ity of its linguage, and the ot-house grimaces that 1
noci'inpanied it. Such tirade do not beeomootir Na j
tioual Halls. Cr. Ohio StonJanl.
InHiana has no mic!i metnber, nor do wo think nny j
of our delegation would venture upon fuch n tnfk, in !
such a manner. It teins to be the habit cf vaga-1
bond letter writers, olmut Wanhingtoii, when ny j
thing disreputable is done, to locate the residence of
the perpetrator of it in Indiana, a it waa during the i
Mexican war. Some of the gmit men of Indiana
have enough sins of their own to nner fur without
having to shoulder those of other people. (
fXrI'0ui'i Napuleun llonaparte, the new President
e'ect of France, is a nephew of the great Emperor
Napoleon. He was burn in lOy, and consequently
is at this time AO year8 of oge. In 1613, when the
Imperial family were driven from France, Ilortenso
fled with her two ons to Switzerland, where Prince
Louis received a military education. He remained
quiet there till when, with IU elder brother, he
went to Italy, and became connected with the ptditi
cal ngitatiuns;f that country. L'eing directed to quit '
the Kmdom, he retired agsin to Switzerland, where j
lie published several works on military and political '
In October, lrCG, ho made a revolutionary attempt j
at Strasbourg, by securing the officers of that strongly J
furtified town to his interest!, trusting that the in-
- i
tluence of the Emperor's name would influence the j
army to acknowledge him its bend, nnd follow hint
on to Paris. The plan failed, and the Prince was j
eent to the United States, where, it was understood, j
he should remain for ten years. Long before tho
time expired, however, he returned to Europe.
Agnin he planned an attempt to revolutionize
France, by the ungic of his natn , and landed at Do-
logueinan English stcamer.accompanied by lien. Mon- !
tholon and a few other remnants of the Imperial f rces. :
Unsuccessful, he was imprisoned in the old fortress i
of Ham, a gloomy pih built tender L"uis XL Here
he rcriihiiiod till May, 1-10, when h? made his eenpe !
und reached England. The manner of his escape is
familinr no doubt to our readers. He remained nt ;
London until tho dethronement of Louis Phillippc
when lie relu-iud to Fiance, arid he is now the Chief
of the cctntiy from which he was ) long a wanderer !
end an exile. Such i- fortune. ;
Ohio. JoSn C jl.-rslin has been elected Speaker,
of the Ohio House of lit-present.! t ives. On the third
ballot, the otc fctuod fr Preslin 37; for Johnson,:
free poil whig, JUJ. The Onto Statesman says : i
Mr. Prolin is yet a young man, and this is lnj first
ion 3 a member, nnd po -strong a mark of respect
shows the high estimation in which he is held.
We have known him from boyhood. He is a Prin- !
ter and graduited in the Statesman office. Since his
appreutit.-e.ship, he has been tbe editor of the Seneca
Advertiser, one of" th? ablest among the radical demo-
Cf at tc papers in the Stale.
Unaided, tive by Ins own native talent struggling
against difficulties whim few could surmount, Mr.
Drejdiu has been the architect of his own fortunes.
Self educated, und without friends, he struggled on,
and the boy, tint but a few years ag , trudged from
Dayton on foot, to our oflice, to learn the printers'
art, is now tho pre-iding officer of the popular branch
of the Oiiio Legislature, nnd he will perform the du
ties we!!, and will acquire new fame in the responsi
ble station to which he has been called by hia fellow
member". Stanlf.v Matthews, (free eoil, editor of the Cin
cinnati Globe,) was elected Clerk, on the 5lh ballot,
by 2 majority. Trie contest casta will now come up
on their merits.
In all this Ohio difficulty, the Democrats have been
completely victorious, because they were right and
the whigs were wrong.
Social Democracy. There are no longer any class
distinctions in California. The editor of the Califor
nan ill-jstrates this fact by the following query:
What would the croft in New York or Boston
pay were they to see that usually humble individual,
the d'ti!, slumping the editor to jtjj to see which
should split firewood !"
CO" Will certain of our eastern contemporaries ex
plain how il is that each Mie of their journals has
Mhe largest circulation in America.' We should
like to Ituow.
What Next 7 A project is afoot in the city of
New York, toeonvey the water from Saratoga Springs
into New York by means of continuoiu glass pipes
laid in brick and mortar !
Gen. Wm. C. Keene, formet ly well known in this
state, recently died at Gtrmanlown, Pu.
Milttigc of 3Iontl)crs of Coiifcrr.
The editoi of the Now Yoik Tribtinr, since he ha taken
Ms ct in l'oejjie, has tcji'tn tu rut ut a lot of work for
that body. He I feiiH wi'h the nii'enire law, which ncr I
re iiii, inj p j!ilite a list of the memoen name, wiili
Hie amount of milfjr fach ircHvcs. Th exrt-s clia,g'l
ovri the .ictu:i: Miinher f milt-9 hv rJ n urs in .iii-.t U
the stun of 4C2,I2. The vct f t!ice individuals al o
is j ut il.-.wti at over a Ihouciel doll os each. Mi.tlnclcy
the not sjy th .t they chaige nete than tiic law allows ; tle
law cxpri-ü'slv savs thil eich hill occive eitit I 'Hat for
rvei y ttvi-Dly mile tra V lied In ferroej; m mmI ittmitin
fiorn t'.ies, ty the usually tnvrllcl route;" a:.d of
cuie, if the loute osnilly tiavtlled dorn Califninia to
Wahici2'"n is aooniil C'aj.e II mm or the meinhers from thst
embiyo Stite hall rhoc :o hii k it i thev will each be
entitled t ritarse f -ioc f 13,000 dollars mUrae per ein
arroidirtgly. When C'i2tfs fixed llie romppnation, twen
ty miles tuvel vva fijuivaUnt to a d-iy'i w.nk j the aver
a",:e iaeof tiavel thiuiisli the couotiy not exceeding lrty
miles p(rday, an.l the cost betog nh ut tin cent per mile,
all things iiiHinled. At pii ent, 1he avi rac rate of Invel
is at leat one hundied miles per i!jv, and the Siveiac ct
haully more than five cents prr rnile. Twenty (bdlai per
hundied miles travel now i fully equal to twenty dll-ts f r
fift' miles tiavel then. We think the editor show MiiEcient
reason why the law houM be ntnetdt d P(l. ledger.
07" We ever have been, nnd hope always to be,
ready to do justice to a political opponent, nnd if his
men Mires be rijjht, have no hesitation in openly advo
cating them. Wo think Mr. (Jreeley right in the
mutter of the mileage of members of Congress, and we
eeeend his move for reform, with an und'wn. We
commend his industry in fcurching out nnd making
public the fucts of the rase, in defiance of the men
aces of the ougr.ft body of which he is a memU-r,
nnd of tbe obstacles purposely thrown in his way by
certain of the officials about Washington.
The country is indebted to Mr. Greeley fr expo
sing nn abuse which has been growing for years, but
which hs now, ue hope, received nu effective check.
It would be well for the country if there were more
Furh men in Congress as this same Horace rceley,
always excepting his whigpery. We hope the peo
ple will take the hint oud elect more editors to Con
gres (we have no reference to ourselves of coure)
and fewer from the learned (!) professions, who gen
erally seek seats in Congress for the purpose of en
joying eat? nt the people's expense. This should not
be. Men should be selected to do the public business
who are noled for ability, industry nnd integiity, nnd
who will he contented with a reasonable reward there
for. This timely exposition has given rie to some rich
scenes in the House, nnd promi-es many more. The
subject has been referred to the committee on mile
nge. who will of course rrport that Greeley is Iho
greatest rascal alive, and that they have drawn pay ac
cording to law. Put th? Irtr which allows members
to draw dishonest mileage is just what is complained
of, nnd the amendment of which is demanded. A
member from Alabama, fr instance, "rose to a ques
tion of privilege,' for tho purpose of letting off his
wrath in a ppeech. He said Greeley's expose mijht
fill into the hands of unprincipled demagogues nt
home nnd do much injury to members of Congress!
Indeed ! Members of Congress, according to this
gentleman, should be allowed to dfavv twice as much
mileage ns the distance warrants, and keep it nil
nicely hushed up so that the jrojle will never find it
out ! We nre glad they have been .ro
There is another extravagance indulged In by
members of Congress which is not a whit morn hon
est than the one jtM referred to, and which calls
quite as loud for reformation, we menu Ilm voting
of each member a library every session. Will not
orne patriotic member make a m.ne in this matter
also 1
The Hon. members of Congress will find in Mr.
Greeley a customer they cannot manage, especially
when he is backed, ns he deserves to be, by tho
whole editorial corps of the country.
Tun C.t.iroi:NiA Kxrr.nrnov. We have been fa
vored with a perusal of a plan of the proposed expe
dition, now fitting Mit at this place for San Francisco,
California, of which Cipt. Howorth is to have com
mand, nnd regard it as presenting an admiratde op
portunity for thos possessing but moderate means to
reach that famous region, rnot pleasantly, nnd secur
ing also a return of a portion of the passage money,
should they desire to remain in California. Passen
gers are required to pay sVJ.'iO, with the privilege of
taking out one ton of freigt free of charge and on
leaving tho vessel in California, receive hark &!"(),
to give them a start for the gold region, instead of re
returning in Ihe vessel after a sojourn of four months
in the country.
Cipt. Howorth and his associates are well acquaint
ed wilh the business they have undertaken. Let those
therefore who desire to avail themselves of the offer
they make, lose no time in securing a passage. Capt.
Howorth is an experienced commander and every way
worthy of public confidence. Jjm. Dem.
We have been permitted to make an extract from a
letter, written by C. H. Kellogg of New Orleans, to
his brother, S. I. Kellogg, of this city, ns follows:
"Consternation ervadert the whoje city, nnd thous
nnds arc leaving daily. Posiness is at 11 stand, and
we nre now paying one dollar per dray load whero
we paid fifly e?nts last week. 1 do not blame thein,
for the disease bears harder on that class and on scav
engers than any other. Our only hope is in a change
of weather. The thermometer has ranged for the
last monili from 70 ih'g. to dog., and our streets
are in a more lilthy condition than they have been for
No reliance should he placed upon the thousand
nnd one rumors which will be started daily. There
seems tu he a morbid appetite in all communities for
the horrible and wonderful ; and plenty to minister to
it. So far ns wo are concerned we shall confine our
ßolvc9 to what we have traced to a reliable source. In
our telegraphic columns will b? fount! daily accounts,
which we do not vouch for, and which we Bhould ad
vise our readers to take with some grains of allow
ance. Cin. Ilnq. Dec. 111.
An Amusing I m tost l kg. The citizens of Wash
ington have had their credulity tested in a most amu
sing manner. A young woman, 17 year of np,
has been for some time subject to Iiis, during; which
she has extracted pins from the clothes of visiters und
swallowed them. A shrewd observer. Mr. Page, at
tended the exhibition nnd detected the imposition.
The girl held the pins between the fore and middle
fingers in fact the common child's pity of pushing
pins into Ihe legs and taking them out of tin? ears,
with the exception of the convulsions and shrieks.
Many persons who pretended to intelligence were
deceived by her. Put give to the mind but u tinge of
superstition or belief in what exceeds natural causes
or results, nnd on such occasions, it is almost invaria
bly bereft of shrewdness and tact, sometimes eminent
ly displayed n other occasions.
03" In reference to Greeley's Land bill tho Cincin
nati Enquirer remarks: The public lands should be
made to pay the expense of exhausting the Indian
title and of surveying, registration, &c. They ought
not to be a source of rmnue to the Government, nor
ought they to bo made a means of taxing industry or
consumption to pay for their acquisition and bringing
into market. So regarding the matter, we see nu
propriety in rewarding unu-Win guess to pay for a
quarter section, with the right, to choose a quarter or
half that quantity, and hold it for nothing. Inability
to p.iy is quite another thing, wo would require
proof of that, and proof aluo of industrious habits
and good character, these shown, the pre-emplioner
should be entitled to hold the quantity specified.
Pork at tiil Riveu. The Madison Manner of tho
4th instant, pays :
The prices of hogs have fallen ofiT very consider
ably within the last few days from previous rates.
From 'J 5t) to $') M) are now the prevailing prices,
nnd the market itf dull. This depression is attributa
ble mainly to tho utter impossibility of making ship,
ments lo the south on account of the cholera which
prevails there. The New Orleans Loata have stopped
running for the present, us it is deemed useless to
freight for that city at a time when hands nre not to
be found to load or union!. Should this state of
things continue fur any considerable length of time,
immense loss must inevitably fall upon the business
men of our city.
For the Indiana State S ntinrt.
"Hnrinu Court of Common S-ieu."
I sre in our late nurnher von notice o n " Court of Com
mon Pica." und 1 am phased to mm- ihil 11 approve of the
finil olji-c $ of th law 1 i('4lii:k' tliv ((mil ; in lei d 1 can
n t see how nny itflectii-g individual 111 nurcoimtv coull do
otherwise, as the couit tnu. prove highly Leei-licial. The
ntj ct of ihe rieti 'ii of the rouit, as you in Mibstance ne
in e.vvas lenahl' rui'ni s to have 1 heir ri vil eause 1 1 - in one
luiMi t oiu iiirr, hi iiiui nie luinou c xi.n-t- mii'i ui-kt i
now attenii.,: t.uls in ihe ei.cuit cm,.. The couit of com-
mon pl.a, Invii c no cnmioal iui oliot i"ti. the trial of civil
t.iir 1 .in in-t.-i 111- i'i3'piFot.-ij t: tieiiin.ii i . -1 - Mini.
. noi ... .... I. ...... t I .... tvhi'h rllim
piecetlence, and civil actions aie p-tponed frein oy to nv.
ml even fi..m te rm to uirn.Uf ie a hid ran It ha 1, while
ik. .... ' 1 t . .t
nf ii.u ..1 D.i. .lim : -
oic p.uiirs an- ineiriit roinei ov in e winn iff", ou m-i
Cleans hi 'population. The syiem we have nuw adopted
hs been liied fully at other places, and has been found Id but be view ed with intense anxiety by all philanlhro
wok admiiahly, nor ran tojr couit move an exception, as ttiwts :i nd frieud.s of civ il r. ml reli 'l-ois liberty ibroi.oh-
Judc Hammond is admitted on all hands to be a good law-
yer. He w ill U ive the bet lihiaiies to consult, and bavin , . , , ' , ,1 ,,,.. ..""n 1 ..
no ei.ruit duties U perfo.m. and Dein freed from the exam- hg.sl.iture of that .State, tie matter will bo nga.n til
inati.ii or ciiminal question, bis deci-totis must approximate ( ken up; but what course will be taken tu view or the
so netir to the luv, as to m.ke appeals and wiits of error , divided state of the public Uiilid on the sul-jett, re
less fiequent. The object of this ailicle was not lo notice j mains yet to be ween. Some wjll doubtless urge the
these evident f.cts, bm to ay a wool upon an objection yon ; jm:n(.d'i:ilo adoption of the system ; hut ihe more e.
rnnke to the couit in which yen think the law needs amei-1- 1:1: . i 1 t 1 . 1 11 . 1
me n,. Y. uayMhe county of Ma, i.o, is to he cha,Zcahle with j erienced, judicious eo.d-lo aded and lib-ral slates-
thet x.e.vof ollice rent, books stationery, fuel, Hshts.&c"; '" ,l!"lt uo ,,,1:,k' b'""-, to tb-rer the
This you ohject to and think tl. ,e expenses should be paiJ .matter for further consideration, nnd a more uiiani
hy thesuitois who have their business done. Now here we j mous action of the people. No great evil can arise
differ You further say," the county, it is Hue, is bound to ; fr(m iaym,r t,0 n;.tter over to another session, nnd,
fumoh trihunal for ihe hoaii' s and tiial of the comphuni. 1 . ..1 . 1 . . 1 ,
of her citizens" He.e we aKoe. Y.oay fu, the, , she ! h-ul l-e popular vote been ,n,,re in.ted, a mca,-
lus such t.ibunats established at ihe public expense." If jure of such magnitude and lasting mlluence for go.,,
you mean that she haj such to tiy the caues without dclny, 1 or evil, upon tin Stute, should be acted Upon with the
or tijnycM.so-ry expense, then we differ, as 1 deny that the'
circuit comt is surh a tribunal, owing to the pirs upon it of
eii n.nal and civil txiMiiejis. but the paint that I widi to
call youi attention lo is in the position you scon to aume,
tint thi court will rot the county of Marion more than it
would to do Ihe same businrss in ihe circuit court. Let us
see how that nutter !tai.d. We atcc that the business
mutt be done ; if so, it w ill certainly t ike no tongsr. nor j
will it .cquiie tnorelks, station,, yfuel or lights to do the
l.oinrss in the cut of common pleis. than it will in the
cit cuit court t hence, iheie can b im additional expense for
these Hems. The me couit loom w ill be used, and the va
cant il!ie in the coiner nf that buil'lint tau be used for a
cleik's office henco thcic will he no tßce rent. So much
for the negative of Ihe pi opoititn I now assume the af
fumativtt and say, that the txpense to the county of doinir
the same amount cf business, b-r hei people, will bv much
less if d tie in the court nf common pleat, than if do''C in
the circuit court. The expenses nf two associate Judges
will be t-ntiirl) savtd t the county. Suppose the Couit to
sit fi.ur we.ksat ejcti term, and two weeks al the extia
chancery term, together sixty das in the year, this would
make 1 20 clays nf accnte Judge mi vices at per diy.or
f300 foi the rear, payible out of the coun'y treasury, saved
by the cvvimon pitas system, ai not a cent is pill f u judicial
si-ivices. 1 feel well n-.su o-d (hat yon will, upon it llec' ion,
see that Ihe liw is judicious, i cotuonieal, and c ilcul i'eJ to
do out tooine. in tlic lett CXi epti.u ttite ininnrr, and with
the least p.iSMblc expense. ONK OK TUK l'KDPLH.
()-l)n reviewing our paragraph of Siturday last,
we find that the words used in one paiticular fail to
express our meaning. Put we did wl "asume that
this court would cost the county of .Marion more than
it would to do the same business in t!p cireuit court."
Our article does not warrant that conclusion, but
since the question is raised we will say wo think fu
ture facts and figures teil! warrant it. In fact we said
not a word about hmn tn i 'h it would cost, in compar
ison w ith the old r-ystem. The dilfcrence, however, will
doubtless not be of sufficient imporlc.nce to make a
note of it." And if it should, of course tie; people will
not refuse lo be taxed for the benefit of the lawyers.
At least they never have yet. There are one or two
other things in the above communication uhicb vw
do not admit, but which we do not think it worth
while to controvert here. We intended to say that
the Jtiilgc is the proper person to pay the necessary
& t . , i. . i
exronsesoi ins own conn, as justices oi iho peace
have to do. The Judge of the court of common pleas
is no more than a Justice of the Peace with certain
powers in addition to those conferred upon Justices,
und should have no more claim upon the county trea
sury than they have. The fees allowed him aru ex
tremely liberal, and the ollice will no doubt be u very
lucrative one in n few years, consequently the Judge
can very well afford to pay bis own expenses.
We have no personal interest in this matter more
than others, nor do we wish to throw any thing in
the way nf the successful establishment of this court
of common pleas; we were not opjM.sed to it nt ni.y j
. i ..,-.11, . . ,!
time; such a court is needei! to some extent now. and
..... .
the necessity for it will constantly increase. hat ,
we have said has been only from motives of regard
fir the public interest.
Emulation is a mblo passion, as it strives to excel
by raising itself, and not by depressing another.
The climax of human indifference has arrived when
a woman don't care how she looks.
40u Vii:ctNTA nt.vf.k TiKKs." Out of thirteen
approved candidates fur places in the Navy five are
from Virginia alone.
Why is Victoria twice the sailor her Uncle William
ever was ? Pecause he was only a royal. Vr, and she
is a royal lar-l ir.
The printed indictments ngninst Älr. Putfy, of the
Irish Nation, measure about one hundred feet in
A SaiT. Investment. Pr. Franklin, in speaking of
education, says. "If a man empties his purse into
his head, no one can take it from him."
The New York pipers are anxious to have the
Cnitcd States erect a mint on the sp-A lately occup od
by the Park theatre.
Give the Pk vil ins Pun. Certainly, but it is better
to have no dealings with the devil, and then there will
be nothing due to him.
sjiri.lK'd has been appropriated by the Legislature
of South Carolina, for n Slate Lunatic Asylum. They
need one occasionally, for political purpose.
In a cigar simp in Parliament street, London, the
following notice is posted : Credit given to gentle
men, but cah expected from members of Parliament.'
Purine- the reign of Henry VIH, which lasted
thirty.ciglit years, no fewer than TJ.OOU persons were
executed, being at the rate of lfU-t per annum.
Arn.r.s and PhAiis ought to be much alike. Tin
Poston Posl says tho first apple in F.den turned out
the first pair. Good !
The Cincinnati Atlas, jays there nre 8" bouses of
public worship in that city, nnd Williams' Cincinnati
Pusiness Directory, says Ihe city contains ll) doctors
nnd 1T lawyers.
A Cincinnati paper records tho fact of a man a few
nights since, eating al one meal twelve dozen of oys
ters. If his brains were equal to his gullet he would
have just sense enough to know he was a fool.
0 Dir. lMger A. Poo, Lsq. the celebrated poet
nnd critic, is nbout to lend to the Hymeninl altar,
Mrs. Sarah H. Whitman, of Providence, a well
known and popular nuthoress.
New Hampshire. The Hon. Levi Chamberlain
of Keene, has been nominated by the Whig Slate
Convention of New Hampshire, as the Whig candi
date for governor of that State.
Ktvmoi.owV of CiMrOKMA. We nrc informed by
Professor Noodlekranz, that California comes from
two old Indian words Kali, gidd, and forna-who,
don't you wish you may got if.
The Ff.vkk Ahatino. We learn from tin? N. V.
Sun that tin number of ships no tit that port for Cali
fornia is much larger than Ihe number of persons
wishing to go out. Many of the ships have not more
than ten passengers each engaged, nnd some will
probably be withdrawn from the voyage until larger
numbers of passengers oiler.
Tho Iloston J'titt contains n long account of the
marriage, nt Louisville, Kv., of T. 11 gelow Lawrence.
...... -
o i,.mou, ,,i oa.i.e vir,!, oi j.ou.sviiio. 'i m,
bride was the belle of nil the est, ami there were
gnat times nt her wedding. Some Ct or (MIO nersons.
including hosts of ditiug..ished:i,en, were present. ; responsibility, and being more immediately interested
I he costume id the br.de cost jlOU. j in te ilIslruelill of their own olfspring 'thntl their
From tim: Strr.TAN. The Post says; "Our country-' legislators can possibly he, they will be far more spir
mon, S. F. ii. Morse, his received, from Constantino-' ilfd in securing the very beat grade of schools attuin
ple nn ornament of gold, set in nbout ÜUO diamonds, able. Il is an inherent right of parents to direct and
it is the decoration of lhe"Ordcr of Glory ."called the provide for Ihe education nf their children, und as
Nisluin Isl kar," nnd i of ihe second class, theSul- well might government take thein from their parents,
tan wearing the first. Älr. Morse ho received ihia ' nnd asPtiim a general guardianship over them as to
magnificent prist nt from the Suhnu, ns a testimony plncc itself between the parent and his children in
of bis approbation of his system of telegraph inj;, providing for their instruction.
OrPy request, we copy the following article. It ap
peared originnlly in the p--nner of Liberty," 'f
Nocmh( r last. The "P.inner" is puM.H ed monthly,
at South MidtHctown, Or:ige county. New York.
TI10 article contains some important facts in regard
to the educational sva-toin of Mew York:
Indiana V 11 Ii lie. School System.
A law w as p a !'(! nt tbe last session of lh'' legisla
ture of Iridima eubmitiing the proposal to e.-tnl I'.sij i
, . ., . . v. , , , v..i..
' " 1 et eu.-...,. .... vo-
lo 11 vol-? of thep. ojde, 111 August last. A very
l.nnl V I'.l.i Ir .. i.i.'l,,.! . il I .i, . n lllftllir ll' I
Hi.,., ,.-.. 1 1 1 1 14 t.aoii it, .iiiitiiiiit i ti.i.j
,,f tb.(, ens! w t re 111 its (avor, the etiliro vote ylviMi
i,..:,.,, 77:;-j rr. ii.wl ill HHI n.rn i...t Ini.mr conn-
iio 1m.1v." (" itij;e iiinjor n i o 'r3 nisi 11. 1 111 mo-
,...... 1 . . . on : . .
menlous step of 1 comparatively new State, cannot
, Tmtl.(l Si.iles. At the ei.sni.er session of the
utmost deliberation.
It was adopted ns a sound and invaluable maxim by
an eminent t-Utcsirmn, that "for the safety of a Re
public, nnd to insure the perpciuity of its iustitu'ious,
the pe ple should delegate n powers which rre not
ri I.Jol i- ev.ji'nl i;i 1 to ll e fol 1 1 1 i n i v t r :i t ion of eivil ifnv.
;, . . . . . . . .... . H r
"iinient. It has als! beeti said that I la km! of
governments is that which governs least. Ihe peo-
pie should retain all powers that can possibly be exer
cised by themselves with propriety, and should be very
jealous and watchful of every authority given to their
agents or representatives.
The object of the formation of civil government is,
or should be, the enactment and enforcement of hucIi
laws as may be necessary to secure justice in the
dealings of tuen with eacli other; to suppress crimi
nal outrages, by adequate penalties, and to protect in
dividuals mid minorities from the nggressions of pre
judiced mobs and selfish majorities. Peyotid these
objects States can seldom go with safety or saluta
ry results to the masses of their citizens; and
should ll.ey stop short of effecting these, it would ho
better to resolve society into its primitive state of in
dividual indepondcnee : for the burdens of govern
ment would not be necotiipmn il by its corresponding
benefits. Ametican llotriihlicnnim, the purest which
his ever been brought into practical operation, is
based upon the principle that "Al turn an brn free
(I'ul njuit't an l ii'loicr I In th ir (U ealm- u it'i certain
ina:imah that governments nre instituted
among men solely for the good of the governed. A
pci feet equality of rights of nil eitiens composing a
Slate, seems lo have been ircoguir.cd by the trainers
of our institutions : so that in all matters of specula
tion, belief, religion, chanty, philanthropy, policy and
expediency, each etti.en is b ft to as full and free a
volition and choice ns ihe legislator by hoin he is
governed in mailers properly pertaining to the pro
vince of civil government. The legislatures of
soon; of our Stales have sometimes bst sight of
this cHMcnlinl principle of free government, nnd
hae passed nets 11 pproprinting the public money
to ohjeets whit h ll.ey hau supposed benevolent or
charitable, borrowing t; ir precedent from Klimpe
an States based upon principles of government, nlto
etllier d liferent fr m our own. For instance, Iho
very matter of State provision for public schools, is
prompted by a mistaken pi d icy, perfectly tit nnlipodes
with nil ideas of equality nmuug men which, how
ever specious, pbiiisjhle, nnd promising in appearance,
strikes at the very root of that perfect liberty aimed
at by the patriotic projectors of our llepublicnn form
of government. Furopean despotisms have long eher
ished their national systems of education, ostensibly
for the purpose of enlightening their masses, and in
creasing the intelligence of their subjects, a result
which would evidently overthrow the rul.ng dynasty
of each one of them, but in reality their object has
been to impress tnmii ihe susceptible minds of youth a
reverence for their arbitrary rulers and tie? state reli-
J-fimi w hieli w made stihservieut in the perpetuation
of thejr power. Thus it is that Prussia, one of the
. .. , , . , e . ...
inost abject tied arbitrary despotisms of the earth, has
t,K, u,(j(.t mw vUvf,,e S(.,o ,l system, which so
fir from sowing tho seeds of civil and religions liber
ty, serves to crump the power of tbe mind, to produce
a blind adhesion to ihe Stale religion, a bigoted per
secution of nil dissenters, and a slavish state of ser
vitude and vasealage to the royal tyrant and imperious
nobility. Kven in tho present grand era of revolu
tionary outbreak throughout Luropc, Utile or nothing
has been effected by the frequent insurrections and
sanguinary struggles of the Prussian peasantry; nor
indeed can there be, so long ns the government holds
unlimited control over the minds nml opinions of each
succeeding generation, which it does through its na
tional school system. Yet Ihe, Prussian system of ed
ucation has been highly lauded by some American
writers, and several of the free States of America h ivo
actually been induced to take it as a model! Yes,
.Massachusetts, N. York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, havo
actually adopted the school system which has been in
operation for centuries in the serfdom of Prussia, with
in whose benighted hounds a single ray of liepubli-cuiii-m
has never yet penetrated ! Strange mania for
forei'Mi fashions ! Have Ameriesn citizens so soon
forgotten that it was the proudest boast of our revolu
tionary statesmen, that our political structure was en
tirely unlike any to be found in the oh! world!
In monarchies, where it is assumed ns an axiom
that the people are incompetent for self-government,
it is entirely reasonable lhat their rulers shuuld also
hob them to be incompetent to superintend I In? educa
tion of their own chih'ien, and consequently make
State provision therefor, carefully tempering their in
struction Willi those dogmas most directly tending to
inspire them with an overwhelming awe nnd rever
ence for tiicir kings, lords, masters, priests and pre
vailing government. Put that in ii country establish
ed upon the assumption of the competency of a man
for self-governmcnl, where the populace choose their
rulers by general suffrage, without reference to rank,
blood or birth; it is certainly surprising that the tem
porary agents of the people in their legislative capa
city should assume to make provisions, superintend,
und prescribe the manner in which parents Khali edu-
cate their children ! If a people ant capable of self-
government, certainly they ure capable of providing
lor mid superintending the education of their own
children without Ihe agency or coercion of govern
ment. Certainly parents must feel more deeply inter
ested in educating iheir own children than can any
legislature, however patriotic its members may he.
The utmost extent to which a Republican govern
ment should go in providing for the education of its
citizens, is, perhaps, to divide its territory into prop
er school districts, Laving the inhabitants of each dis
trict free to erect t;chool-houses, employ teachers and
tegulate tfieir own school affairs. Put some contend
lhat education would be neglected, if the government
were nut to interfere and establish schools by law ;
and in evidence of this they refer to. those States in
which tho legislature has taken the matter in band,
urging that education has greatly advanced under the
fosieiing caru of government. ;Vow it js well known
lhat in the early settlement of a Slate there cannot bo
us great advancement in education u.s aller wards, ow
ing to the Sji trseness of settlement and other causes.
While therefore it is gianled that advances lave been
made in general education m (hose State in which
the legislatures have interfered, but a little reflection
will fully F.itisfy the careful enquirer that its advance
ment would have h on much more rap:d had it been
left untiammel!eil by legislation.
Let a Slate he divided into proper school districts,
and the people of each district are as capable of con
trolling its affairs ns u j the citizens of each tow n
ship nnd county to regulate county and town u Hairs,
without the interference of government or nid of Slate
fuds. If 1 fi to their own free action, the inhabitants
t t,f Cnel district will as fully recognize Ihe importance
' .,.!.. hi i.n i,..m!,.i r....t.
If it he Admitted, that ihe parent is far more inter-
CKtidinthe intellectual t uliivnlion of his children,
than o'hi rs inn be; nnd that the peopb; of each neigh-
horhood can nun h more elTleifn'ly nupcri:iten! their
own s hool 1. It. 1 irr, from b' in.. intimately nopriintid
uitlt if e vitrii us cirruiostnnc'.?s by which ihey nresur-
Ii und d. what tl en s li.c motive fr Stale interfer-
11.ee! C.tn i: furui.!i pe uninrv nit! t! the schools?
i Not :i si. jjii. copper. All iu"ites di-;eis d by gov-
' crnmeut toilet bedmwn from the pep!e by taxation
i in rne form or nn -tber. Py the process of taxing, or
takin" ihe uioiey from tl.e o, opb-. H. ndin it lo and
t " ' -
in it back to I he people, a verv considerable portion
of the amount raised is b.st in f.vs to the Collector,
Treasurer, eve; and expends of conveyance to and
ro : iitid rd'tent iicew verv b,rir amounts nre lost bv i
accidents, de fait aliens bad investments, &e. S that
the loaf ori"it:til!y taken from the people is sliced
away ninopo ihe inleiveiiing officials, until but little
more than Ihe cruets nre h it to be return d. yisiiie
roin this wastefulness, the privilege ofnpplying their
. . t ; l :...!....
monty in necorctlico to wiejr own judgment, i?- iahen
nun the people and they are treated as mere under
lings dependent upon the superior wisdom oi those
who fatten upon their funds and will those official
overseers of Ihe people feel n deeper interest in seeing
that the funds nre well r.pblied, th .n would those trom
whom they nre drawn! W e. think not. Olhcers are
often quite careless of public fund, ami tnkchut little
interest tn seeing lhat they lire appropriated lo the
best possible advantage; but everv man will look care
fully ton judicious application of his cwn money.
I bus much, then for the economy ot s ate systems
of education and their tendency to benefit the object
for which ll.ey are claimed to be adop'ed. Had we
room nt present for the purpose, it would he uu easy
mailer to demonstrate the view we lune taken of their
fale economy nnd inexpediency, by the most insuper
able evidences which might be gleaned from the histo
tory of those of our own states which have engaged.
to any great extent in the enterprise of f urnirihiug the
(sovereign people" with school syatems.
Wo have now room, however, for but nn iiisinnce
or two, although we intend soon to publish a general
history of the operation of the stale svsterns of Mas
sachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania, as it is af
ter these that these , f must of ike younger states are
modeled, as it is also the case with the proposed pro
ject for Indiana.
I he legislature of New York had in 1911, nppro
printed 1 ,sJ.H,:fW,M.) of the people's money to college
corporations nnd academics, under tho pretext of a
more general Üffusion of the higher branches of
science, nnd thus furnishing a better grade of teach
ers for tins common schools; but so far from accom
plishing this object t it is admitted by the cv. poet.
Potter, chairman of a committee appointed by the
legislature to enquire into iheir utility for this pur
pose, that "The principal evil connected with our
present Hystem cf training teachers is that ll.ey con-
tribute to supply teachers for stl'd rather than c m
mon schools." lr. J. C Sneneer, chairman of the
Literature committee of the Senate, nlso admits in
his report, ''Our academics have failed to supply tho
waul of teachers."
In ll'J, the people of New Yoik were told by tho
regents' report that so effectual had been the application
of the Stale funds to academies lhat there is no doubt
thai n llioijs-ind instructors might rendily be prepared,
every ynr for the Common Schools.' Additional
heavy appropriations were called for, upon Ibis ground
which were nminntlv made to the academies : hut nf-
! ter the 1 apo of sit years. Guv. Marcy says in his
j message of "Our common school system Mill
j labors under embarrassment arising from" an itntle.
.. .... . ...
quale supply el well qualilird instructors," ami that
"no success tint can attend the teacher's department
already established w ill liiukc them compeletit to sup-
ply in'any ceisiderahle degree, the demand." Upon
the receipt of this startlin-' intelil-M-iiee. the nerseyer-
ing legislature, instead of abandoning the plan of at
tempting to provide state teachers, by an net of April
17. IS lit looronrinted the rohlilioi.nl tnirit of sV-H 000
to right more academies f.r the purpose. After all
this expenditure, it was discove red ill 11-1, that the
I systeiu was ueiecuve, wnereupou me legislature nuau-
-.ir... i .. . i . i i .. .. i
I ooiieti ii, nn ii wtuiiieid iiiriner appripriaiious ior nie
I purpose of preparing teachers in the academies.
Py nn act of the legislature of Now Yoik passed
in the session of l" Pl, county superintendents of
j schools were created, v. h ose business it was lo visit
j all Ihe district schools within their respective
: precincts, suggest improvements to the teachers,
j and report unnuuliy to the state superintendent; their
i salaries iniiouniing in the aggregate lo alsuit A"0,nH)
' per year. In addition to this, over SU 1,(K() was ap
propriate d to the publication of their report". This,
however, was altogether to Prussbmlike to belong
tolerated by n free people, wh:i demanded almost by
net l.un.ition the repeal of the odious and expensive,
law, which the legislature was constrained to grant,
j after it had been in operation but three years, burden-
ing the people: with a worse than useless expenditure
of over one hundred thousand dollars.
Several thousand dollars are also annually appro
priated to the publication t.f the I)istrict School
Journal," a copy of whieh is sent to every school dis
trict in the Stale, but which is so utterly useless and
filled with such glaring priestcraft that not one copy
in a hundred is ever taken from the post otfiec, itiuugre
the t diet of the Stute Superintendent to the district
ofiicers, colonial. ding litem to pay the postage, take
them out, have them hound and carefully preserved.
A law was passed in lsM, by the leg's'ature of the
same Stall?, creating a government normal school in
Albany, upon the Piui.in plan, for the purpose of
furnishing teachers of common eehools, the sum ot
Ä")ti,(HH), appropriated for its endowment, and the ac
tive direction ed the ins! hut ion given to Uov. Ahuizo
Potter P. P., and Kev. Wn. 11. Campbell I). P.,
nominally associated with three other uen-olficiating
members of the hoard. The exercise of this institu
tion are mainly of a religious character, suclu.s read
ing Ibe Protestant Pible with comments, prayer, sing
ing sectarian songs, &c, h aving very little time for
improvement in the legitimate blanches of scholastic
study. Il is looked upon by the intelligent portion of
the citizens ns n very close approximation if not an
actual accomplishment of church and state union, and
after immense expenditures id the people's money in
its support, the legislature will soon be compelled to
"bow to the majesty of the people," by abolishing it.
A select committee, appointed by the legislature of
IS 1(3, reported, (pngo IUI) :
Tint the' act of May 7th, IS 14. ciruting the State Noimal
school, ought to be forthwith icpealed, Ihe officers, principal,
profess rs and teachers in thit institution di-.cha.ged, and the
pupils crmiittd to ictuin lo the Imrnf of thrii parents."
"That Ihe etbee of county super intcnde-nl of common
schools night to be iinmedintcly aholbhcd."
l hat the law uppiepiiating f i.SOO for the publication of
the DiStiict Sihool Journal ouht to be inirnedia'cly repeal d."
Notwithstanding the numerous and expensive ex
periments by tho legislature of New York for the
past twenty years, professedly for the purpose of bring
ing a good cdtientioii within . the reach of all, the
whole enginery of state has throughout been controll
ed by interested indivitlu ils and rehgiotis sects, as will
always he found to be tin? cae; for these, having a
specific object in view, the advancement of their own
interests nnd views, will lobby the legislature ami en
gross its attention, while the general good ef the pe.-
pic will be het .ig,t of or misapprehended. Accord -
iv we ui.u me -ietc.uprrininuient, Samuel l oung, in
bis annual report for the year 1811, forced to udmil
lhat little or no good results to the poor, or the public
at large had attended the immense expenditures of
the slule, that the policy of past legislation had been
to make tho puor poorer and the rich richer. He says,
(piL'o .W.)
The uiii of $27;VOOl) annually dis'rihuled fiom the School
Fund, gives to lach of Ihe Cöl.lSi rlnldu n of Ihe Slate, Ida
than f .ity-tvvo ttuls whilst i. w.ll le e.cc.vci, by relei-
line to be lat annual le ri of ihe Kegei.t ef H e Univer-
sity, lhat the luden! in the academies of this State, who
aie Kcneially the son of tho tich, leceive annually from the
avaiN of the Utciatuic Fund, Ihe sum of $,3,5:) each, und
this is wholly indejendent of the f,4,SU0 heiel-fine applied
to teache'ik h nil tine nts.'
n,. ,,,,r IVA l,n tte.
On page M, he says:
! ' J '
"In IS3S, Ihe Mirn of fifiein th .u.and dollars fiom the ""!es v e ii. in t -r a o., ,
avans of the U. S. Deport K.nnl, was K.aute.l tn lb.ee cd-1 ihe cards! o the niggeis ! sw im the l.eilgchogs ! gal
Icges. annually, (i five yeais, ai.d until oiherwi-e diiec led ! p the m aggot ! double Ihe stakes! drive the pome
b law. Tin turn, divided among the tudeuta l these in-! ..j ulbivv the jult-j's !' that's y our eort !'
tilution, eive to each, annually, ihe luin ofab .ut foity-i' ' - -
seven dollais. A tton tonliat i bete plCMiited to ihr
seven dollai. A tton tontiat i bete plCMiited lo Ihr
foi ly-t o cents bcTowcd annuatly fmna the funds of ihe
State up. i. the tbild. cu of the pent. To add lo Ibe wealth
of the lichand the poveity ,f the p..or. seems to luve f .un-
i ... .i i .. . i i..- .
ed a prominent leatuie in Ihe no icy I ihe pat leirulatiou.
prnrnii.ent leituie in ine policy m the pat leijuiaui'u.
Ihs not the nine come to at and..,, thi. polity ?
'The üieat inaM of ihe ibintr irenciation have oo agents
spcriilly chaitd in their behalf lo telea-juor the halts
h-iSaii.., in oi.lcr that Ihry may brtuw their iJuitic
upon me.nhcis.i.ilhe ol,citni',nf special Jl'tt ITid
h.ve cot ihe n eanaof cmph.yinorayin!f fcuth aenlsi aoo
if tliv were allowed to rurak on Ihn ubject. .Ciua.c
thev vvuuld Le bv the ccncious and eoi.fil:u io.pul.n ol the
vonthful hrait. thev would ask no uwie irm ineir iuici
than Kju.lcaii and tquul justice. "
Put ntide from all eousidciatins t f economy, wc
regard nil stale syste ns of education a moft danger-
o is and destructive of the religious rights of citizens,
Experience proves tbnt II f-oeli pysieinH have result-
cJ in the introduction of sectarian teuelK. in 0110 form
or another, that have been obnoxious nod o't- rlv re-
pugncantto ibe n ligiot.s views nnd sentiments of ma-
ny pan nts interested in the scliool'S. Soiiietimes this
is accomplished by the intrishu tion into the wlnsds of
standard text-boo!;, highly imp. egnaled with secta-
rianim, but being sanctioned ly li e tnte officers,
becoming inseparable fiom the si boots. Sometimes
bv reading the Pil.l , ("either I'retrstnt.t or Catholic
,., will, nvf.lf.tiiti..n. .r,,.,..r.t 1., .v .1.
ers, opening the si hool with praver, &c. &c. This
. . ' .
has led to the withdrawn! ef n vcrv liroe ttortiori of
the children of many neighborhoods from the public
seh ids. their parents leiiig unvvilliiie- to subject tbern
to religious dis-iplme nnd exercise of which they di
approve, rrivaie ciioois nre esui ni isiieii m Co rise
quen'O, which conflict with the district school : so
that while dissenter r.re deprived of the benefit of
i . . i i . . . i i : i . i
rrionevs distribtiti;d bv the stale, which ihey themselves
have been taxed to iaiset the utility nml prosperity
of the district sc!e- Is are giently diminished. This
flagrant injustice io religionists of the w& popular
orders, nnd others, it should he the anxious endeavor
of nil w ell-tneanin b'isjators to avoid, and it can
only be avoided hv keeping" school and state as separ
ate ns the founders ot our republic endeavored to keep
church and state. For w herever schools are provided,
maintained and controlled by the state, it will be utter
ly impossible to prevent the more popular religious
denominations from infusing their doctrines into them,
and thus poisoning them for the use of others, whoso.
rights tu I fie matter should he held sacred, even though
they should form ever so considet able a minority. Mi
norities, however small, have certain inalienntde rights
which bhould be respected nnd held inviolate by ma
jorities, however large. The dearest immunities f
men, nre their religious rights, nnd there is no oilier
species of liberty which they would not more willing
ly give up It.an these. I his is clearly evinced by the
results of trampling upon them, not only in the despo
tisms of ihe old world, but also in our own country. The
awful outrages w hich a few years since crimsoned the
streets of Philadelphia, and wrapped churches nnd
hundreds of dwellings in ihe Haines, originated in
the thrusting of the Protestant Hihle into the public
schools, many of which, in the Kensington nnd other
districts, were patronized altogether by Catholics, nnd
attended exclusively by Catholic children. The
i ro.
testant districts generally conformed to the dictation
of the clergy, although in many cases they were as
much outraged in conscience by the explanations and
comments made by the teachers to their children, as
were ihe Catholics by the teaching to their children
Ihe Pdhle which their religion held not genuine. No-v
who will say that the Catholic should he compelled
to abandon their religion, delusive nnd erroneous ns it
may be, or he compelled to have their children taught
a version of the Pible, which is generally received ns
true by intelligent christians, but which nevertheless
thev religiously disbelieve!
The erroneous doctrine that the state should super
intend and prescribe ihe religious lelief of any of its
citien-, or that uny man or lody of men should do
so for others, has Kd t nil the horrors of the bloody
history of martyrs. Yet some of the fanatical clergy
nnd their bigoted adherent, in Philadelphia took the
ground that the Protestant Iiih'c slmuM he rend in nil
the public schools of the city. When the Catho
lic districts refused to receive it, they rnlh-d meet.
ings in Kensington, at which the most bitter denun-
j ciation of the (Vhoücs nnd their religion, was tho
chief subject of liarsiiüiie, until th y sm ceded in pro-
; voking some of iho inhabitant- to a disturbance, end-
. i t t e - .:
, mg won mow s am, wie- oreni.m uji u mening.
when exaggerated riltd high colored rr;reri,tatinuwf
the to alter weie loole H.ro, igh the press, hnndVills,
'cVc, nnd another meeting called nt Independence Square
which w,s nuilrcs-rti pv several clergymen. wi,o lia.l
been foremost in urging tlu Pible into the schools.
Among the resolutions passed was the following:
"Htsohed, That we will niaiu'aiu the leading of the Ho.
j ',!Iv';;rur ,,,,,,ic ,ch,,oN 'l wy txlM9 "f l"T'tA
" Vn'iV.Voato t.f that iri.iv be inn.nnr.1 nfti r il.
ery harangues in ihe spirit t.f this ii-solutiori under
the circumstance, on motion T Key. Mr. IVrry, the
meeting adjourned tn fii txse to the Catholic section
ed the city ; w hereupon thost awful scrnces of car
nage and conflagration, which are hut too dismally
familiar to nil, s -on nfier ensued. Similar results,
though to a far h-s alarming extent, l.avo attended
the forcing of the Pible into the public schools of New
York, Iloston and other cities. In Cincinnati, it is
true, n mote Christian irit has prevailed among tho
people, who seemed to fully recognize the tuitrnge
done the Catholics by taxing them tu support state
schools, in which they c.nte t participate without nut
rage lo their refgion. I'ublic furs !ave been held
nnd liberally attended in that city by Protestants fir
the benefit of the CatkoJie schools but whether fi r
the benefit of other private schools iec(ssry for tho
education of dissenting Protestants who are als tax
ed to support puldie" schools in w hich Ihey cannot par
ticipate, we lave not learned. The safest, liest and
only true way to avoid the injustice, oppression nnd
other consequent evils of Stale s,.h(Md.s is to nbstf in
from the establishment of any state system. Such,
we are happy to see is a'.s. the view of many iufelli
gent citizens of Indiana. The following extract is
from a letter we have just riveivi d from lüder Hitam
T. Craig, a highly intelligent and influential Pa pi ist
minister of that Slate :
You are awa e, ihjps, that the fiee srio,( prijert Im
canicd in thii State. This, belh vc, i eniuely owintf to
a w ant of invi-jitiiti r. hi lly as we an- pnrt-ii hh it, I
find tint tin se e-o..ntn in which the tuattei was investi
gated, gave lije maj itio nainsl it. S on f the best .i
hticjl calcu'at is in iliis (M oo.) c oitity, .iy tint if lh
election had come on tl.ie weeks so n.-,, a nnjoity .,J
have been in fsvoi of it, whcical wc hive a inajjiity cf he.
twee n !S and DOO aai t it.
The meetii't! e f the Lepolatuic i hate-.in on apace, und
sotnethii jj m'it be done soon, or never. The piet pa.ty
will claim fill authiily f.ir irienc"iate at lion, and endeavor
to hurry the muli-i tluoufi. The oisi must be mel. We
confidently believe that if the ; i(li were auin lefettcd
to the people, the is suit Would be teheiwie, and we half
yet avail missives of the lat peaccahte report nf freemen,
11k liht of pt-litiuti. In tins vicii.il) we couiruip'ate a nie
line ial, couched in decorou leimt, rej test ntinj lhe.ev,li
Kiovtii'i:, or likely lo piovv eut of a fccm-ial syvternof e-Joca-ti'Mi,
(Such a tint of New Yelk for lhat i tbiir model,)
and praying the matter to be again lefeiud to the teeple, or
'theiwi.se exempt Moifii county from any participation ,u
its t lovisions. Much course the piupln feem gcoeially U
Fkinci: John. .Major Noah, "f the "Sunday
Times," puts into John Vau Puren in the following;
lino style. Jojin, solus, (after having stumped tho
"burnt" district).)
Well, wo are in a hell f a fix, to be sure ! The
old getitleii. an is h riibiy frightened at his position and
well be may bo and he holds too responsible. Tho
truth is, I consider him behind lh" nge, and in my
efforts to raise him on ihe top of the fence, s.) to af
ferd full view of the political hei7o:i hang me if ho
did'ut tumble over the other side into tht ditch, and
there he lies! He looks a dozen years older within
a ui '-nth. Sinner that I am, to have ruined my father
in his old ngo, when he was getting on so well in de
ceiving the people into the belief of his political con
sistency and tinambjtiotid hopes! Wdl, most sons
spend their father's money. Aly o.l gentleman.
j know in' mv propensities, uarded ngninst that evil.
ami allowin" me to traffic on his political reputation,
which he considered nf less value, t'onfimnd these
Aboliiionisis ! We want Iheir votes, tmitheir alliance,
and wc nre t Inst on their plat form like a poor set of
devils, ready to ls turned ohT, and no reprieve! Then
that thimned nigger, Fred I ouglas-, has the audacity
to puif in o in his paper, and congratulate me that I
urn nt his side in the goo I work! The iltain will
:....!t.. 1 ,.ss..,.ir .1!.,,. ti'lit. t.s. t iion ilnt fi ml imnr(
I " l"" 'V " " 1
' i'nrrying a comely weneh to tes, my sincerity m
this abolition movement, lit re's a fix. V O sfioutd
have sold out to eilleT party before th.s, u there
ft vi. j.irr LH einu-r far ill advance of the startii
j jf ' " Ue shall have Tayl.r a
P'M. i vv i .,.,.. ik
then wc nr- damned, like nn ill rust, d egg on b
as there m
lhi'" we nr" 'r""";1' "n " ' ' " ,","
,. . .......... im l.ir n Tt.iniiil ' nl
(,,iV. WlllU'oviu has Urn ciected United Mate
(,,iV. UlU'ovm has L en ciected United
!tSenitor by the L gislature, in the place of the
. ji.nnm;iN whose term expires on the
" ' ( " ' .,
of .March next. Ine viovernor will make nn
" .anmi m .
n . 1
' - .
h-nt .Nnalor,-neucr peruaps, mau nuiiau uns ev er
, l3l in the councils of this great nation. Although
((t ouf ßfil choice, yet a Intltr man cannot be found.
o hfi) .)VtrtCly PatiÄfied ; for we see it; him ihn
true principles rtf Democracy, nul we trust he wV.i
I I t , - . ,
iiuuy i.nimuin ,ue i,ru. " ' -
lon. CotintrSi ll e I)'in'r,it, JJrC. .3.
Marmunt an Sjult ure the only survivors of Nopo
lecn's marshals.

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