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3tiMana State Sentinel.
fERNAL VIGILANCE II Til K fUlCt UK I.IBFKTY. Weekly Ä'.'n v"ir N'tii: -Wi klv. N 1 a war. IMM MIM)US FLKRIMUY it. INI!), üi: I Ol' ii ATS C O.UI X ATIOXS. roR governor, JOSEPH A. WIGHT, O' PAIih'E COLWTY. FOR LIKITTENANT GOVERNOR. JAMES H. LANE, riF nr.Mtnnny coi wty. Democratic M:ito A. C.. roRTF.R, DAVID REYNOLDS. TR. L. DUN LAP. WM. H. -MOniUsON. GEO. A. CHAPMAN. Central t'oimiiittci. Dil. A. CAM., C. 0. WKKBK, N. le'LTON, KU AM :IS KINÜ. C.KN. J. I. DKAKK. I.irioii County Contention. A County Convention of the IVnncrats of Marion County will be licl.l at the Court House in Indianap olis on SATURDAY, th It h oj APRIL next, at 10 o'clock, A. M.. for the purpose of appointing dele pates to represent said county in tl Co unco's -ion a! District ('onv n!in ; and also to nomin ite candidates for tl.e several offices to be filled by tho people of Marion count tf at the next August election, to-wit : a Senator, two Representatives, a Clerk of the Circuit Court, two Associate Judge, nnd a County Cnnuiis- fei oner for tlie 'M District. This District is composed J of Pike, Wayne, Decatur and Ferry town-hips. The Democrats of the several townships of the county are respectfully requested to meet at such time tin may suit their convenience and appoint delegates to represent them in the co-.nty convention as above. By order of the County Committee. tf". onm ional Con vent ions. The following times and places have been agreed upon in the districts named : Is. District Thursday, April 1'J, at Petersburgh, jike countv. 2d. District Saturday, April 21, at Charlcstown, Clark county. 5;h. District Thursday, April 12, at Indianapolis. Mr. J. P. Chapman, junior editor of the S'ate Sen tinel, i? favorably spoken of by the democracy of the Indianapolis District as a candidate for Congress. We trust old "Chanticleer," who has crowed so long rvcr the successes of other-, will now have an oppor tunity of making a little music to his own advantage. Ft ray Palladium. Chapman says lie don't want to stand in the way of any one having stronger claims on the party, Guess he will find that one in ."Mr. W. J. Frown. Evans t ille Journal, Whig. J. P. Chap-nan, Fsq., of the State Sentinel, is talk ed of a beirg the Democratic candidate for Congress, in the Indianapolis District. Mr. C. would be hard to teat. Vernon Report-r. J. P. Chapman, of the "State Sentinel," is spoken of as a cand.date for Ouiijrevs- in the Indianapolis D.s tri.t. Should he be so fortumtecs to z-jI into Con gress, we venture he will make a working member in that body. If a whig can't be elected in that Dis trict, we're fur Chipman. Wa(nr Co. Whig. If J. P. C liorT ination depended upon the editors, we imagine that his chances would be pretty fair. (jr We are indebted to H ;n. F. A. Hannegan, of tlie U. S. Senate nnd Judge Wick of the Houe, f r valuable public documents and ether favors, for which they will j lease accept our thank-. fjr A telegraphic despatch from Washington in forms, us that Col. Ja.ui: P. Diukh of this city has been r.um i;ated arid confirmed ax Receiver of the Land Ollke in tin city, ri'V Xttias Lake, deceased. (rSeveral weeks ngo we copied .1:1 article from the N. Y. Christian Advocate and J uruil, in relation to on address wit i jli had b-.en previously delivered in Connecticut, by Dr. Wim k of Wabash college in this State. According to that article, the Dr. had spo ken of the moral and religious condition of the West, in terms not very complimentary, and indeed unjustly and unfairly. We said at the time, tint it was not unlikely thr t the doctor had been misunderstood, and pos-ibly misrepresented. Since then, the address has been published ii full by the Doctor. We have skim med over it hastily, but as careful lv a our time would admit, and we do not see anything in it, so fir as the rnarnr or style is concerned, which should bn con sidered offensive to our people. We differ in opin ion as to some of his notions, anu bo may many others; but this, of course can be no ju-t cause of otT-mce to either side. We may sometime state the points of this d.fiv'renee but this is net the proper place, this paragraph being only intended to correct any misap prehension which may hae been unfairly fostered iy the article of "J." to which wo have above alluded. fiof.i the In-liani J.utnil. Mb. Kmrott. Ah will he scm y a p-rual of tt.e S?nti rI. the Demociacy cf thu District aie up ai.d 1oin already. J. 1 Chapman ha t e n propped a their next candidate for C'org:rri tire Wick. If the ujotiüi le l ot tke with the mats pi ueially, it certainly cem tu witti ihc gentleman bimfelf. ot only hn he iven it ua extensive rircula i n thifiuh the columiM cf hi own p'-ij tr ; but, taking yet farther tep, he ha commenced a ystt-m of sr'f -circulation mo g th? commonality, not more at variar ce with his uual outine of habit, th.ii in acci rdjtice w ith his established character for " cutenes." fJr-Tho above is tiie prefatory paragraph of a communication, wi.icli appeared i:i the Journal of Tuesday last, recommending Hugh O'Neal, Fvj., as the whig candidate for congress in this district. Of this we make no complaint, presuming that the writer has a perfect right to puiT Mr. O'Neal to his heart's content. Rut there is no reason for hie assault upon Mr. J. P. Chapman. The writer may infer what he pleafes, but he lias no right to father his inferences upon others. Mr. Chipman on'y occupies the ground which every gentleman ought to occupy, and which he presumes every other gentleman on the democratic eide, spoken of for congress, also maintains. He has not changed "his usual routine of habiis" in tho least particular, nor will he do to, even if certain eu:cess in getting the nomination depended upon it It is true that we have copied certain friendly notices from other papers on this subject. That act appears to be misconstrued by the Journal writer, who no doubt think that while an editor must indiscrimin ately pulT every body else, he should not only Fay nothing in his own behalf, but be perfectly silent if uny one el-e speaks of him in ordinary terms of fivor. hut we have copied these notices as much in the fpirit of reciprocal friendship nnd courtesy to those who made them, ns with any viev to promote the huc cess of Mr. J. P. C. Wo sh? uld have copied Similar ones in fvor of any other person, just as freely. These notices are voluntarily innde, arid ull that we or Mr. J. P. C. have done, has been to reply in mich a manner a to show to the people that J. p. C. had no overweening personal aspirations, and that he will be perfectly satisfied by lir action in the premises. If this be indecorous, will the Jourml writer gratify u by prescribing definitely the exact line of conduct which Mr. J. P. C. should pursue? Since our last publication, we have received a few numbers of the i.idi'tni St ilt K'nliml, a democratic newspaper published at Indianapolis, the capital of our State, Indiana. U'ujftm Bugle, Wc don't understand you, brother Smith. We Knie had several subscribers in your neighborhood, and they never complained. And we know this: that the eemi-weckly Sentinel is regularly mailed to your address. We know, however, t'iat ihe mails have been very irregular all over this S'.ate (luring the v inter. (-Tlie barnburners of Connecticut have nominated John M. Nilcs r.s Ih'.'ir candidate for Governur. The tlectiou takes place in April. 'Use riusbmcli Factory Girls mid llicir Oppressor. The hitry cf the wrniijs of capital rgninst the rigl tsof the poor laborer, in any ne, will hardly af rrd nn instil net rmnl in enormitv to the unjust per secution n w being v.agi-d by tl.e Frd- of the Pitts burg Factories ng;;iut their t-tarvini operatives. The enso is a fwsrd one, in every point of view. The poor eirls have the laic in their faor; in f.ct the obser vance of law is all they ack. At the Inst session of the Pennsylvania Legislature, nn act was passed for lidJing the owners i f these orphm-killing institu tions from requiring more than ten bonis' labor per day of their operatives. This law is the cause of the trouble. The poor girls asked for its observance; the mill owners refused. Tlie op. rativep, thinking abso lute starvation little worse than half-starvation, cold, constant labor and no comforts, gave notice (as tho law requires) of their intention to stop work. The great body did stop, but a few kept at work. Those who quit work endeavored to persuade those w ho kept on, to stop al?o, and this is the offence for which thev were indicted, prosecuted, nnd a portion of them found guilty! The decision is, in elfect that these poor creatures have no right to talk, no right to ask the benefits of i lar of the State passed for their protec tion, their business is to labor twelve and fourteen hours per day, to sutler, to starve, and aloeall, tobe süt iit! But the respectable Ciiila!isls may combine to set at definnce tl e laws of the State, retain the able lawyers, nnd so come olT harmless! This is one of the legitimate fruits of whiggerv a whig principle carrit ! out: and it if one reason why w e are democrats, why we oppose w biggery, constant ly, bitterly, and in all its forms and phases. Whig principles, carried on', have a tendency to throw cap itil nnd power into the hands of the few, and enable them to oppress the many, who must labor or starve. It is the glory of democracy, nnd its chiefe-t gl ry too, wc think, that it reverses this order of things it protects labor, it checks the aggressions of capital, it maintains the equn'ity of the human firnilv. it asserts the dignity of hibor, the freedom of thought and of speech, it neither oppresses the poor nnd the unfortunate, nor will it sutler them to be permanent ly opnre-sed !v otio rs. Cid. Samuel Y. Rlack, a most noble nnd gallant Democrat, who served his country fiithfilly and well in the late Mexican war, appeared as voluntary coun sel for the defend-mts. We insert the concluding paragraphs of his address to the jury: "All this refer to th pist; let us nw, in cnnclii'im, l'"ok to the future. The chief of sinners he re and the first object of enjreance, appears to be they nunc; girl Mirandi Hollander. She whom the witnenses suv hn lived a vir tr.ouf, pciceal-le and IWd working life. The B.irno fiom wh s industry hT mother, a widow, and three little chil-drt-n, derive their food and raiment. She pays tho house rent too at the end of every inouh. When sho is once convicted, sentence in to f ll.w. Prisoner, stand up. You hive tuen ruiPv of a riot in attempting to assert the law of the Legislature poised fur the protection of Itbnr. For th i crime the sent-nce of the Court in that you p y a fine of fifty dollars to the Commonwealth, that you under go an impriftuiimenl in thej.il of Allegheny county fr and during the term of three calender months, that you pay the o of prosecution am! tnd committed till this sentence le complied wuh. 'Ihe costs are heavy; the witneMea have oil filed their bill Logan and Kennedy amongst the rest. Mity-two and a half cents a day arid mileage fron Allegheny to Pittitburgli. All, all of it tsken fr.-m t tie destitution of the di s date to increase a multitude of redre-. lie itsj. The wido udVrfc! Wh.tt of tint! .' is a widme a fiusinets to ujftr. Let her tke u cru.t th less and drink waUr in.-'.ead of milk, or if need bo ttt her drink of the abundance of her fear. TIjh children can go fhoelcM to tho street and nipperless to bed. Frost and famine f.r ihe orphan is a g diy portion. Who dare w4 hi lop.gue when justice meets thui haply the exigen cy of the tunes." The cud of thi matter, we learn from the Post, is nt yet. Two of the persons who were arrested on the oaths of the Fart ry Lord, incarcerated in prison and ken lingering for weeks in the sickly ntmos-phere of a jail, hut w ere finally acquitted, have brought suit fr tlammjes tor false arrest nnd imprisonment Another h is commenced his action for slander. We hope the fact ry tyrants will get law enough before they are done with this shameful business. Can.nfi.ton, Im. It will he rrmembercd by our readers that nt the session .if 117-8 a number of companies were grunted charters foi various manu facfurinj purposes at Cannelton, Perry county, Indi ana. .Many people suppose this dace is to be tho Western Lowell. A correspondent of the X. V. Tri l. title, who has visited the place, describes it ns follows: ' Its position is at the eastern ut-crossing of the great Illinois Coal Fasin; the stratum of coal above the plane of high water gives here a section of about four miles in width and somewhat exceeding f-ur feet in thickness. It approaches within half a mile of the river, and is some 70 ab ve the river bank nt the point where it is now worked. The dip of the seam is toward the river, nnd the mines are drained with out expense, while the elevation is .sufficient for tho adoption of the Newcastle system, m which the load ed car draws the ( mpty car up the railroad. The coal is of a superior quality nnd fully equal to the Wion coal for generation of steam, and is sold to boats f f 7 cents per bushel. It is otic red to the manufacturer nt the base of the hill at 4 cents per bushel, and can probably be produced at from Ii to I cents a bushel. Coal at one half or i no third of the price of an equiv alent fuel in the rnantificturin': districts of Fie'laud on the very banks of an ever navigable river in a Free State at a healthy locality near the Cotton and Hemp fields in the centre of cheap subsistence near the rich Iron and Lead ore of the edges of this coal field !hee elements tuny well be regnrded ns the highest uttrndions to capital and skill. At this little town I noticed some forty men preparing the foundation of a large cotton mill, in w hich, as I learn, quite a number of the wealthiest and most influential of the Mississippi and Louisiana cotton-planters are leadiog stockholders. They may find it a better busi ness than growing cotion at cents per pound. The Washington correspondent of the Charleston Mercury (Calhoun's organ; alluding to tho meeting of Southern members, in caucus, at Washington, navs the debate disclosed the fact that it was impossible to unite Southern politicians in defence of Southern rights, and that it "is clear that a co-operation of ties Southern States to defend their institutions can never be obtained. The State able to act will have to act freperately ; ond a Southern convention, to do any good, must be a consequence of such action, and bo composed of thoc and those only, who shall, on the greate issue of lvery, have first obtained tho mastery in thcS uth. Then, and not till then, will the South be united." Cerr. IlestNEii Tuansaction. A very proper look ing young man, possessing all tho insinuating BinooM. ness which is no necessary a requisite fr such busi ness, made his appearance in Columbia, Ohio, lately, and pretended to bo procuring subscribers for a cer tain new and popular school book. Price 1 per copy. None but ihe firbt class" of persons were waited upon. The merits of the work were pressed homo with such tact and perseverance, that, in most cases, he succeeded in convincing them that they could not p tisibly atTord to dispense with the work. Some hun dred subscribers being procured, the fellow went to a book ütorc in the city and purchased the books at tiiejjrate of 5 per dozen, and proceeded to deliver the earnc to bin subscribcri and jacket his cash; after which ho kft to play the same game in n new fir!.!. It i said the "first claw" people felt rather foolish "about that period of time." Plank Ronds, IVo. 2. In my last, I described the nude of constructing ' : Plank Roads. They have been made in New York u ashington Citv, Jan. Zl, inu, rim n old road-bed", nnd where hemlock limber is 1 received yours of the ÜÜth inst, enclosing the let cheap, at less than jsloU) a mile. In Canada, the ; tcr froul rccncastle. I am proud of the honor done Fond from Port S:anJev to London cost ftltKM) a mile. n:C lV Platonean Society, and shall respoj d to it but there was much heavy gradim' on the route, sev- !80im 1 am ".stressed U) f;m lQ piU-eucrs otf.ee I10lJlina!u! uiii not be able to muster enough friends unnoticed by the Government, they can make shi t for ; enteenbrid.es were erecte.I. the tinder brought rom sli11 vocant JZ W.ck. on "' "rival here, be- to make ,he tUU investing. Indeed we have heard ,,;,.,,,,,:,.,.,, nrr lm) ,.r. aml tr nlan!- lieved nnd assured rnc that all was, ight, and that is ! that soon-of the w logs about Indianapolis says that inhabn.u.t. f .0 L 1 iWodo is a guaranty that they a uis...i.(f, cot s.-l per H U btt, and the plank . : ' their candidate wont take th- stump at all. If he is will soon establish law and order among themselves, were twelve feet in length, and the stringers one- ' en son that I did not mention the subject in my ; fiKls ofion riJ,,, Wl,hout ui.dertakmg to defraud Uncle Sam cf his third over the usual size. The timber can be deliv-1 (),',Pr "Mter. tsterdiy evening we received your; . , , f lrratl r If he emruiea rightful doinini.... oxer the country. rred here Gt $lt) a thousand, and rather less, if red j beech be tied. The sills or stringers, 4 by 4 inches, I would require 14,060 feet per mile; the plank eight ! feet long and three inches thick, would require l'JO, !cJ0 feet; in all 140,770 feet, which at $10 a thou- Fnndwiuldbe 1,107 70 Laying and grading $l..r,0 per rod, suffi cient for the National road. 490 00 i Kngineering and superintendence, 10 percent. 186 77 Sluices, Fridges nnd contingencies, 100 00 Gates and Gate-houses, 7tt 5li Total cost per mile, $'00 10 To make the Koad 10 feet wide, or rather two trucks, which experience shows is unnecessary ex cept in few places, would make the whole cost about .sl('(.0 a mile. A road to answer every purpose will not cost more than the sum first named. These roads will icquire few repairs for the first five years, and w hen they wear out, w hich if there be proper business, will take place in seven years, the old timber will pay for potting down the new, m that the ordinan cost of repairs will be about Stö" an nually, a mile, considerably less than is required for the repairs of the McAdaejized turnpikes, whose orig inal cost would in this country be ten times more than that of Flank Roads. The n mount of freight, the rate of travelling, and the wear and tear both of horses and w agons w ill be more favorable than even on McAdamized Loads. M. L k ; 1 s 1 . a T i v e 1 ) 1 v o j i r f s S r. n a to 1 1 Evans. We uoliee that P. P. Il-dloway, through the Richmond Palladium, recently made a contemptible fling nt the Senator from Henrv county, friend George Kvnns ! based upon a plavful resolution in'roduced by the! latter into the Senate at its late session, on the sub- J ject of legislative divorces. The Newcastle Courier takes up the pitiful Ftory and makes a still meaner attack if possible. We Inppen to know the circum stances under which the resolution was ofiered, nnd will state it. Petitions for divorces, assigning every imnginable cause, nnd some without cause, had been pouring in all the time during the session, and hail become a perfect bore. Mr. Lvans was against granting divorces by the legislature, and opposed them uniformly, voted and spoke ngiinst tlicni. and did nil he could to discourage such applications there. It was well known that u majority of both Houses were also opposed to granting divorces, nnd that bills for that purpose could not p:tss, yet a few Sen ators persisted in urging tle-rn, wasting the time of the Senate in fruitless discession of the matter. The Senate was weaned, and anxious to get rid of tl.e subject, when Mr. Fvans ( fiend an ironical resolu tion, proposing to nllow all persons po disposed to abandon their wives or husbands nt will. The reso lution was purely ironical, and intended to show the injustice and absurdity of the particular case then 1,1 im" t under consideration ; and any person who, knowing better, as Hollowny did, would ntfect to consider it otherwise, must be a demagogue of the meanest caste. The fact is, Mr. F.vnns is n democrat, and will be cordially bated to the day of his death, for beating a big gun ffeoonery in one of their strong holds. Here is where the shoe pinches. If Ibis slight ntfuir is all they have to urge ngaiust the Senator from Henry, they may as well hold their peace. (yj-"The People' is the title of a new paper in the city nf New Vork, professedly neutral as between the whig and democratic parties, nnd t be devoted main ly to Iri.-h, Kngl;sh, French, nnd German iterests nnd politics; but tho very first number is the proof that it is to lv; used against the Democratic party. W. K. RoniNsoN, Ksq., one of the editors, is well known for his unscrupulous support of the worst men nnd the most unworthy measures of Federalism. The attack of Mr. Rni.T.rv, one of the firm, nnd who has been in the United State but a few months, upon the Amer ican minister nt London, is in exceedingly bad lustot especially when it is recollected that Messrs. Rkkokn and Ryan have both proclaimed their gratitude fr Mr. Ranckot'.s exertions to effect their release. Wc are, however, gratified to sec that The Prujdf throws oil" the mas!; thus early. We shall be happily disap pointed if this paper does not turn out to be u rank partisan sheet. It looks to us like a mere ofishoot of the Ti ih'iiie. Its name smacks of premeditated dem ngogueism. Its further course n ay show our suspi cious to be unfounded, and if so, we shall gladly do it tt.e justice it will then have deserved. As nt pre sent advised we cannot recommend it to the support of our friends. The Xatifii, published in New Vork, by Dakcv M'Glf, Esq., formerly the nble editor of the Boston Pilot, is a piper worthy of the fullest confidence and the warmest support. From all wc know of the able gentleman who controls its columns, no fears need bo entertained that it will ever violate the anticipations of its supporters. (r-Charles F. Adams, the late Free Soil candidate for the Vice-Presidency, is now rich enough to remain a private individual. In addition fo a fortune inherit ed from his fit her, he is one of the heirs of the late Peter C. Brooks, the wealthiest man in New Kugland who was his father-in-law. 0"A bill has passed Congress granting Daniel j Drake Henrie, (the officer who made kucIi a hazard- 1 ous run from the .Mexican lines after bavin" been ta- i f ! ken prisoner at Kncaruacion, two thousand dollars in ; money nnd two sections of land. There area "ood- " j ly number of the Kentucky Cavalry who could have j money nnd land granted them if good running be the j only requisite if reports be true. Amliiican Bah. Boad Jouknal. This interesting paper has been transferred to New Vork City, where it will hereafter be published. If our friends now interested in Bnil Bonds and tho "fever" is high, will call on us, we shall be pleased to show them specimens of the piper, and give them reasons to subscribe for it. Henry OTleilly in a memorial to Congress, has snggcNted the impeachment ol Judge Monruo of the United States District Court of Kentucky for his late decision in the telegraph suit, between himself and 1 ( r o f e s s o r M o r s e . lUchangr. Whew ! OTleilly 's game, to say the least of him, did'nt full in with the notion, much. Ciiolkra Statistics. While the Cholera existed at Staten Island there were one hundred and two eases, fifiy-iwo of which proved fital. Of the total j number, liftyuino ranee occurred among the passen- I gern of the ship New York, of whom" twenty-nine 'died. Among the old inmates of the hospital" were , forty-th'ee cases, of whom twenty-three died. Jour - ' nal of Commerce. 1)0"" It is rumored lhal tho Hon. John Minor Uotta has o ire red his hand in marriage to Miss Julia Dean, tho young ami celebrated actress from the West, and it is understood that hi oITcr hag baen accepted. COIUJIPOXIJIAXIL dispatch announcing the death iff Mr. Lake. 1 un derstand that there are two applicants for the place; which of the two will be appointed I cannot tell. Mr. Fright says, if an appointment be made, he will en deavor to go into Executive session on Monday and have it confirmed. I have been to the Patent Otiice, (a world in itself,) to the Green House (a perfect wonder;) to the Post Office, the Dead Letter Odice, and a number of other places. I believe I shall not write for publication. It takes too much time from sight seeing, and ns I never ex pect to be here ngain, I want to lay up a rich stoie for future use. Letters of this kind cannot do me much good, and they take a great deal of time, every moment of which is precious and may be weil employ ed in impressing on my mind the pictures of the beautiful and wonderful around me. I don't think I shall stay until the fifth of March; but I ennnot tell yet. Air. and Airs. Brown declare that I shall, and they are all kindness to me. On next Tuesday, we nre to visit Mrs. Polk. To morrow we arc going to Alexandria to the Church which Gen. Washington always attended. I have seen the clothes he wore when he resigned his com mand, and the coat that Gen. Jackson wore at the bat tle of New Orleans. I looked nt them with awe and veneration you may be sure. Dear relics they arc of the good and the great. I have never been in better health than at present. The journey, though fa tiguing, was beneficial to me. S. T. R. 7' hgmph Jan. JJl, IS 19 Drake appointed Receiver and confirmed. S. T. R. Anniversary of S'i anklinS liii tli.--' Itc l'l'inlris. Wc are pleased to see that the members of our an cient and honorable craft have observed the birth-day anniversary of the illustrious Franklin, in the prin cipal tow ns and cities of the country, with a spirit and to an extent heretofore unknown. This state of tilings atlords us the liveliest pleasure, and for many reasons it foreshadows an event the occurrence of which we have long desired, viz : nn efiort on the part of printers to take that high stand in tho social and political scale which their intelligence, virtue, and modest worth, so well entitles them to occupy. These annual re-unions w ill give each member an idea of his own strength, nnd will induce him to put it forth. At the city of New Vork the exercises were held nt the Coliseum present some five hundred, in cluding invited guests. Ex-Mayor Harper presided. The Tribune says : 'The oxnci'fR o-mmenccd at 7 o'clock, by which time the hill wjs filb-il with Uip m.-mt ei of the S-rietv, ihrii wives, sileis an t daushtei. Thi wns light. I-M. Sent. A mote intelligent collection t facu we have rau-ly louked upon. 'I he members of the Pics and the invited gueits took their M-a' upon the plaifoim, upon which ttouJ a fleiJiJ but cf riut.klii.," &c. The following arc several of the regular toasts on the occasion : Prniamin Franklin Hiithplare belongs to Amciica ! i Hi Service to Humanity an.l hu Fme n all Ages. j The Press It tj-pre'-ses tiuth re-picsses error im- pies-e knowledge ami o-prossej none. The Inventors of Printing. Tiuth's trustiest chamniotn Suci-i ition soltl I hem to Satan Kmiwlede ledecmed j I hem Humanity eitmned thfin with uin!vin2 Fame. The Constitution of the Lmted State. Ihe shttt-anchor ! r.f political and religion. Libtity The guaidian of a fiec ( ''V.'V . , , t. i- ... . . . 1 1 he riiocri:hical Profession I he Tub it, the Rar, the i Stage, mid Hc.ti, - Art, l ave all draw,, frni it ....k n n e . f the bii-htest so which giace their galaxy of c- j t in I The Stars nnd Stripes cf the American Flag. Like the! lainbow- ,,,1 of the liimamt nt-ihey o,e bows of piom- j ie. and hjhtn'f libeity to the w hole wiiild. Our Sister Arts -W e w.u.ld engrave thm on our mem- oiy. Atntind Horn in "in amotions. j KJucatton Tho twilight hat uhcr in the tiding sun of! I'ibeity. HWm.-'Tis wu'iiau ah'ne, with a firmer heart, Can sie all the joy 'f life cepait. A.,.1 I..VH .. a...l s..ii,;. a.,.t 1,1,. Man in his utt.r helplessness. TThis is thought to be the best opportunity which will oiler lor the correction 01 the complimentary! toast to the retired members of the profession in Indi- j unanolif, olfered by tnc at the recent celebration at the Depot House. The names of Win. Haunaman, T. L. .Smith, S. K. Perkins, C. K. Babb and James S. Brown should have been inserted as having formerly been connected with the business as editors or printers. The toast was written amidst much "noise nnd confusion," nnd I sincerely regret that the names id' these gentlemen did not occur to me in time i to grace the original sentiment. The omission jrf supplied with pride nnd pleasure. J. S. S. Wonder if any of the Whig papers in this State know that Dick Thompson, late free labor orator from Indiuna, voted against the abolition of the slave tratlie in the District of Columbia. If they do, they are very modest about making a display of their knowledge; for, as yet, we do not see- that nny of :hem have made mention of the subject. Madison ( 'our irr. That is rather a poser. But let us dispose of it in the shortest way. We therefore deny the whole story. Wo deny that Dick Thompson is in Congress. We deny he voted on the slavery question, nnd we deny there being nny District of Columbia. Now help yourself. Brouktilk American. KnonHi said the Courier will no doubt concede thi point without dispute. The next time the editor of the American comes this way he can call and get our hat ! The report of the Inspector of (lie Missouri State Prison, contains a couple of sentence which are quite as infamous as the sentiments of AI r. Cokwin, the Xenia Torchlight, nnd other Whig authorities, con cerning the Mexican war nnd the men engaged in it. Thus : Th foreign uar in ichieh our country has lately been itigagrd. afforded the. idle and vicious latter em ploymtnl for tkeir restlessness ami daring, than the plunder id our run citizens the uar has, hmrcver, terminale I, and those u lo enlisted iwl Jnr the lore and h'inor of our country, but Jo,- the pi läge i f Mexicans, h ive returned uith litt e imprinimnd in their morals from their Mexican associates. We have too good a reason to believe thai all i-ur prison rman u ilt ere longlie needed. Now, wc don't know whether these Inspectors arc Whigs or Democrats, nnd don't care. The sentiment couched in the above language is infamous that's all. The humblest und least worthy of the brave men who maintained Ihn honor of their country upon any of Ihc many glorious battle fields in .Mexico, is a nobleman compared to these petty officials. Missouri should be proud especially of her volunteers, nnd careful of their good name ihey, who, under the lead of Prico and Doniphan, gave her the triumphs of Bosales, ami Ibuzito, and Sacramento, to exult over as mainly her own. She ought to, and v ill, repudi ate ns infamous tho language we have quoted above. (.'in, Emj. Cai.uoknians Look our fok Fkaud! The Hart- I ford Times says that very large quantities of sptUrr ! solder have been sent to California on speculation. It ! is dronned in water, when hot, by which means email scales are formed, resembling almost exactly the gold dust or scales of Feather river. It is one of the vilest cheats of the day. Wc nie informed that six barrels ' of this ttutf were Fent out in one ship from New Vork and also that some has been sent from Hart- I ford. The game is to sell thin base tnettal to ihc gold . hunters, as they arrive in California. Xeie Haven Journal. ft7- The President has appointed Samuel Wise ro- reivpr of nublic moneys at v lncenue?. Our IVo in in cos. We hoisted the Hag last week of the Hon. Joseph A. Wright nnd Col. Jntnes H. Lane, for Goernor and Lieut. (joeri)r. A better nomination could not have been made. Joe Wright is just the man we wanted. Talented, dignified, persevering, independent, he will mak'- a oix.u Ciovcronr. l nai iiiiMi ue ings air w ith Joe Wright he will be sure lo receive a just re- Leb-re the gold fever shall rise much higher, it büke for his insolence and demagogueism. Öf Col. would be well tor the adventurers to read -Old Rul Lane we need not speak. He isw"il and favorably , lion's" speech on the subject. It is one of the best known to the people of this part of the State. The and most practical and instructive that Mr. Fenton has Volunteers iu every direction will rush with alacrity ever made. No mm in this country has iven so to the support of their old Commander the gallant much attention as he to the geology, geography, and and noble leader of the 'Steadfast third !" : topography of Northern Mexico, and no one has more With such nominees Indiana will emerge, next diligently nought information on the subject from tho August, from the dust and ttnokeof the conflict more best sources. thoroughly Democratic than ever. Rushi ills J,ich- Though a friend t tl.e gold currency, Mr. Renton suuiaiu nut 'l0 3.V:! B frif n,l ' wimtig. In his speech ,. . , of the löth on the Cilif -rnia bind bill, Mr. B. redist il is 'rntifvim to witness the cordial response mnoe ; . . ,. r . . . 111, 1 11 iiu!,rliiiniiir, I iJjq p.,liry of hourd.ng the gmd lots, and selling I... .1... ll tl.oi.wrlwkilt t il Stallt tf. U . . . uv me iriiMtiraui; jn;.-o . 1 in n w- nomination for Governor and Lieutenant Governor. With such men the Democracy hav-j every assurance of success. Joseph A. Wright is a self-made mini ; having worked his way up from obscurity by untiring energy and perseverance to a most prominent position among his fellow citizens, always filling the high ex pectations of his friends in the discharge of the trusts confided to him. We presume no individual in the State cou'd have been selected for Lieutenant Governor whose name could have created a more general glow of enthusiasm than that of Col. James H. Lane equal to every station in which he ha hitherto been placed, his in tegrity, decision of character and tnd patriotism n fiord an ample guaranty for the ftithful discharge of his duties if elected. Franklin Examiner. California. The gold fever has rapidly increased since the last news arrived, at d the twenty-five pound lumps have furnished all that was lacking. The stnets nrc filled with adventurers preparing for a start, nnd the stores nre crowded w ith purchasers of pistols and provisions, the means of life and death. The last news has had an effect w here very little was before produced, namely, among men who arc doing a good business here. Most of those who had gone, or made arrangements to go, previously to this arrival of despatches, were men w ho w ere in modern to circum stances, young men commencing the world, or those who had been disappointed in their calculations here. So far as w e are able to judge, they were a good class of citizens, although possessing comparatively small means. But within two or three days a new impulse has been given to the excitement, and it has reached men of wealth, who lured by the prospect of a good investment and a large profit, even doubling or treb ling their fortunes, have suddenly decided to fall into the ranks nnd cross the continent. Such men, if careful and prudent, will-probably make money ; i. e. if they do not get killed, or die of disease, or otherwise make shipwreck of their hopes. There, as elsewhere, capital will be a means of suc cess. A very false idea prevails among the vast majority of those who are going out. Fach man seems to sup pose that be is to tie the fortunate one in a hundred, or a thousand, who will amass n fortune nt the ex pense of the rest. This is not even confined to him self; but he entertains the belief, nevertheless, and pictures to ''iniself the heap that he will collect, while others do the shovelling. A coed examination of the fac'a in the case will help men to make better calculations. They have an idea that gold grows in California, ami is to be had for the scraping, without reflecting upon the concom itant. Let us suppose a hundred thousand men at the picrs, and that each of them has amassed one-tenth part of the smallest sum he hoped fr when he start ed, for we take it no man dreams of less than a hun dred thousand. One hundred thousand men, then, having each dug, say, eiphty-four pounds of gold dust, (troy weight.) w hich, at an average of ten dollars an ounce tor good and poor, will be about SlO.lMMI wc should have a thousand millions of gold thrown into circulation immediately; nn amount which would , , f ,, ,, r , crease the value of gold in the world at least one ha iL I his is no idle assumption, Now we do not mean to say this will take place. On the contrary woplo not ns y-'t see nnv reason for opposing that'gold is to be much ehcap 'r in our dav .1 1 . . . .1 1 . . !,,I"n 11 ow l but wo sta e the case in order o shw wlmt, after all, would be the cllect nt the realization of on'-t'nth part of the expectations of men for the year IW1'J. Add to this, the probability that five hundred thousand person, will be in California within , r-r .1 i . 11 ,. Iw" years, (if the gold should continue rrn golden ns " nnd then consider what reasonable pnpect j t!'rPr '"n t'-eir expectations being fulfilled nnd how intPOM,i A word as the nccounts which wc arc receiving from California, daily. Our readers will have seen 1be stnternent which we published from the Evening Post, of the result'of nn assay of n twenty ounce lump of 44 gold," bought for JisldO in San Francisco. Wheth er this cao is as stated, or no', it is notorious that the sulphnret of iron which is found nil over this section of country, has been found in large quantities on the West coast. It is commonly known as 4,farmer's gold," nnd abounds in lime stone formations. It is not even valuable as iron ore, since by no process yet discovered, enn it be made available, nlw nys evaporat ing instead of melting. A ship brought home a load of this ore from the West coast some years since, (wc. think it was to New London,) to the great loss of her owners. Now there is no sort of doubt that gold to a large amount has been found in California : but this same ''farmer's gold" is known also to exist there in quan tities. We do not pretend to nny ability in looking into the future, nnd therefore shall not predict the result of the discoveries in California. We desire only to im press upon the minds of men the necessity of caution, nt a time when all minds arc liable to be carried away by golden stories. I here is no subject which is so omnipotent, on the human intellect, no tales are so nbsorbing, no dreams so dazzling. The world's history has not a few such exciting stories on its pages, and wisdom may be learned from the past. No man seems to be so stoic al ns to escape the contngion of the day, none so denf af to be unwilling to h ar the subject over nnd over ngnin. The streets are full of it. Men at the cor ners stand in knots, and w here we formerly heard stocks discussed, we now hear only of bullion. The boys cry the papers with 4'great news from California," or split your years with "maps of the gold regions." It is the first topic over the breakfast table ; men pon der on it in the street ns they walk; in the eating houses, the hotels, on steamboats, ferry boats; every where the all-engrossing subject is gold, gold, gold. Men sit in the evenings and tell their families now, instead of the old stories of by gone days, or perhaps of success in business, the latest news from Califor nia, nnd then go to sleep and dream of shoveling up the shining stulf into huge baskets. But in dreams, the baskets always have Indes in them, and will never fill, or Ihe dut, when gathered, proves to be but dust, nnd nothing more. There's a great deal of truth in dreams sometimes Journal of Commerce. The Ooi.n Pi.aouk. Our Postmaster, My the N. V. True Sun, has, in the handsomest manner, fitted te.it half a dozen clerks, lately employed under Iii 1 11 in the Post Office, for the California gold regions. They go, and still they go; the most enterprising, the hardiest, the youngest and most intelligent of our people. Several have thrown up situations in the Custom's Department, nnd have vamosed. About a dozen young men have left Stewart's dry goods houses some eight or ten have gone from Lord &. Taylor's ; nnd many from other houses in that line. Where will the emigration stop! At the gold mines. Coldest Places in the United States. The Bos ton Traveller, 111 speaking of the rivalry among cold places, says : 4i Of late years, if the newspapers and the ther mometers a re to be relid on, the four coldest places in the Northeastern states appear to be Dt-erlield (near it.;,... I ..K.ii.wi In TNT iv Vork. Franconin. in New ii.MmJ.irn. nml Frvehum 1 follow, in Maine. Tho ! cohhit of nil ia generally supposed to be Frnnconia." j At Dccrfitld, Ihc thermometer has been 19, and at I-, .o ,ir.0- il.,, ,r- but Kxtpr. N. II..! has beaten all. On Thursday last, tho thermometer there stood iivi degrees below zero, in one place, and in another at 0. California, Mincsotu, r. Correspondence oj Ihe Journ! f ('nrnmrce. Washington, Jail, lsth, The throngs of intelligent mid enterprising men who are gone or going to California, yie ns ample assurance, not only that California will soon have the requisite population to form a State, but that if 1 ft them at a fixed price, and in quantities of two ncres. He wishes to grant permits to till w ho choose to dig and wash gold, charging a small sum fir each, in aid of the revenue, instead -f selling a fee pimple in two acres. There is, he says, 1.0 fee simple in it; not even a life estate in it; not even a lease for a year, a month or n day. The placer (pleasure) is soon gone srvn exhaust ed. Exhausted j 'acers now in New Mexico, formerly yielding much, now some 25 to f0 cents a day. Those of Frazil, in Lord Anson's time, vvero far richer even than ours in California, ond yet thy have been exhausted to long, thnt nil memory of them is lost. "I want," he says, "the mining finished." "Then tho sober industry will begin, which enriches anil ennobles a nation." As to the extent of the gold region, be says: ' 'hese gold indications cover im-re than two thou sand miles Tney nre in New Mexico on the waters of tl.e Midd'o Colorado on the mountains both be yond nnd on this side of the Sierra Nevada. Profes sor Dana, who was gi-ologist to Captain Wilkes's exploring expeditton, nnd who examined the country between the 11 ast rangesnnd the cascade range of mountains, found the gold-bearing rocks, ns geologists ' call them, on the Umpqui, the Simil, nnd the Tla math rivers, find at tiie head of ihe Sacramento val ley. He d.d not visit the Sierra Nevada, but said there was gold yet to be d.scovered in the Sacra rnen- to valley. It lias been discovered, and no one rnn tell j where it is to end. The Sierra Nevada i 000 rnih-s long, 10 or 12,000 feet high, and has a slope of froiri forty to seventy miles; nn.l nil this seems to le an auriferous region. South of th Sierra Nevada nrc prolongations of the same chain nnd of the same character, and known to possess gold. In New Mex ico the gold nnd mineral region is described as hrg and various by the learned nd enterprising Dr. Wis lizenus, who wns making nn exploration when tho war with Mexico broke out." Tho bill has been recommitted, and I have but lit doubt that Congress will ndot Mr. Benton's view s, so far ns the disposition of the gold washings is con cerned. r The bill to establish the Territory of Mincsotn . considered to-day. I anticipated some objections to it from the South. But there wns merely a suggestion thrown out in regard to it by Mr. Butler of S. C, w ho took occasion to sny that there arc twenty thousand square miles embraced in the Territory of Wisconsin, out of which Minesota was to be taken, which vvero not covered by the ordinance of 17?7, but to which the ordinance hns been extended. It wns a violation of the ordinance nnd of good faith. There was no v way, perhaps, in which the wrong could now bo remedied, for we had made Wisconsin n Stnte. But he wished it to be mid 'rstood, that 'JO.OOO square roile, not covered by the compact, were embraced in the Territory. Ileitis. The Canal Commissioners of lllinoi receive 5Pf 0 a year. Col. Duncan has been appointed Inspector General of tlie U. S. Army, in place of Col. Croghan de-, censed. A sailor who, while nt sri, allows his wife half pay, is not responsible for her debts. Such is the decision of the English Courts. The Oberlin Institute, in Ohio, lately conferred thn title of B vlor of Arts, upon a young lady named Ann Maiian. The French Government forbade midnight masses on Christ maV eve, and ordered that the collections on that day should not g to the church, but to the poor. A gentleman who sent out five dozen of hovels to j Cnlifornin. Stme lime nM realized $1.000 dlt lljert.ft,f. in gold In Tennessee there are already Fevcn cotton fac tories at work, nnd it is said that arrangements are making for erecting others. Mr. Hughes has been elected president of the Bank of Missouri by a majority of five votes ever Mr. Campbell by the Legi-dnture of that State Massilion Bvnk. The Ohio Statesman of Satur day, says rumorn ar rifJ ngiinst ti solvency of the Al.issillou Bank." So stand from under. A Turk was publicly beheaded nt Constantinople, on the 30 h ultimo, for the crime of having, while in a state of intoxic aiion, said thnt he did not cure a straw. ! for A ilah, the prophet. Suicipe ok a Lr.oisr.ATon. A member of the Ala bama House of Representatives, Alfred Von Kleeck, Eq., committed suicide nt Mobile on the Dili inst., by blowing his brains out. He was in easy circum stances, but had very poor health. The ladies will be delighted to hear thnt Louis Napoleon is a bachelor. His cousin, 'be Princess Mathilde Dcmidoff, is to do the honors; of the Presi dential palace. She will be the lioness of the age in Paris. A new history of the United States, in three vol umes octavo, from the pen of a distinguished member of the Massachusetts Bar, has been completed and is in the hands of a New Vork publishing house. Coal. Mr. Ridgeway, a geologist of Pennsylvn. nia, who has been for some months examining vari ous cali tics, with the view of ascertaining tho facts in this case, opened a thick bod of coal of very good quality in Cranston, Rhode Island, recently. South America is always in Iroubb. revolution has now broken out in Bolivia, in favor of General Bolzu. The ex-Presiilent has lied to Tarna, nfler a severe conflict, leaving Belzu, Commander-in-Chief and President of ull B divia. A Goon Rf.tokt. When Ludy Covvjht was onc examined in a court of justice, one of the counsellors asked her if she came there in the chara ter of a mod est woman. ' No sir," replied she, that which bn been the ruin of me, has been the making of you : I mean Impudence." Tun Sirini k Convention. It is stated that five members of the committee of l.r), to which the address reported by Mr. Calhoun his been recommitted, havo resigned, viz: Messrs. Clayt- n, Chapman, Alorehend, Stephens nnd Rnk. It is expected that othera will follow their example. The Whig Convention at Middletown, Ct., nomi nated James F. Bibcock, Ii., editor of the New Haven Palladium, to represent the New Havenand Middlesex district in the next Congress. The elec tion will come off in April next. It is said that arrangements are making in New , Vork, for building upon Fourth Avenue nnd Twenty third street, or some point near the terminus of tho various railroads about opening there, n bote!, which will probably be the largest m the world, covering an area of an acre and a quarter of ground. We learn from the Kentucky Flag that Cassius M. Clay has called for a convention of the Anti-Slavery men of Kentucky, to be held in Louisville nomettme during next Spring, f r the purpose of an organiza tion, ami with a view to secure ascendency in tho convention to amend the State Constitution. Akfkat and Death. Wavoe Barton. aon-in-1avv of General Uurltboii, the former Vice President cf Texan, w killed in Washington county by two eon of virnerul Uurkitun. Several rhots weru fired on both sides. The quarrel originated from an old grudge i Barton having killed a brother of the Burlesona last year, and this was the first opportunity they had of taking reveng.