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THE INDIANA STATE S
ETNTINEL. VOL. xxn, NO. 13. INDIANAPOLIS, IND., MONDAY, AUGUST 18, 1862. WHOLE NO. 1,206. WEEKLY STATE SENTINEL. PUMTKO AXD rCIUSlIRD KVEBY MOXDAY AT THE HEW OFFICE, 50. 2 SOUTH MERIDIAN STREET, or pom IT: i in old postofi'Ice. ELDER, BARENESS, k BINGHAM, TERMS OF WEEKLY SENTINEL: One copy tme year $ 1 00 Ten copies, and one to the maker of the club 10 00 Twenty copie, and two to tb.- maker of the club. . 20 00 Thirty copiei, and one copy of th- Wkeklt and on - of the Daily to the maker of the clab 30 00 Fifty copies, ami two copies of the Wkkki.y and two of the Oailt 50 00 Additions can be made to Clubs at any time at the above rates. The names will be printed ou each paper, without extra charge. siiuare, one insertion, two $0 75 1 00 2 00 For each subsequent insertion, and for each inser tion of each additional square 33)j Advrti-ements published in both the Daily and the Wdekly Sbxtincl. will be charged the full Daily rates, with one-halt the Weekly rates added. 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THE DAILY SIEIXsrTIlSJ iJL, Will be sent by mvil or express to subscribers at any point for fifty rents month, or .-ix dollars a year. All subscriptions invariably in advance. Address bur, uimn, a taten mm. The President. The Washington t on esj ondent of the Cincin nati Gazelle thus refers to (lie Chief Magistrate of the nation and the "Republican hero of Uli nois." TUE PRESIDENT' THREAT OF RESIGNING. The word "re-ignition" from the President's lips, in the interview about arming negroes the details of which, notwithstanding the effort to suppress them, crept into print in a New York paper must hive fallen with startling effect upon the public ear. The dissatisfaction of a portion ot the party that elected him with cer tain features of Iiis policy was well enough known, and a consequent feeling of general dts c m tort was but natural; but resignation! the word Mtitd ominous. "If the people will not be satisfied, I have made up my mind to resign, and let Mr. Hamlin try what he can do!" The response trom a Western man and intimate ac quaintance of the President's was not less start ling: "I wish to God, Mr. President, you would!" A more astounding illustration of the revolu tionary spirit with which the very air is charged, could hardly lie imagined. It is believed the Administration is far from being pleased at having had the issue of accept ing or rejecting negro regiments thus directly force i upon it. The old policy of shuffling along betwecu the two parties, leaving each to believe it had the countenance of the Co; eminent was preferred, and it was in this spirit that Jim Lane was allowed to start on Iiis Kansas enlistment plan. The decision of the question, it was hoped, could be postponed to a time when it would cause less agitation and breed less dissension among the supporters ot the Administration, but ti:e direct offer of two regiments brought it up sharp and decided, and it could no longer lie post poned. THE PRESIDENT AT THE WAR MEETING. The appearance of the President was hailed with an enthusiasm that showed liuv his honest manliness had wou every one's heart since, amid military preparations against insurrection, and threats of assassination, he last made his appear atiee on that east front of the Capitol, to enter upon the duties of his troublesome Administra tion. li.s speech was remarkable, alike for the cour ageous assumption of unpopular responsibility, and tor the characteristic honesty with which he retrained from boastful promises and Stirl ing dec larations that the war should now soon be ended. People looked lor something that should arouse their enthusiasm something about the future of the war that should animate their drooping spirits and ihey didn't get it. The reason was piain. The Piesident didn't feel sanguine in view of the past twelve months, our enormous expenditures and exertions, and the fresh c ills just made on the country, how could he? and he was too utterly ami entirely honest to assume a temper he didn't feel. And besides, his enthusiasm-inspiring word had been given to'the na tion the day before "draft at once six bundled thousand soldiers for the war." Butiu all the history of the Republic, I know no more striking scene than that ot yesterday evening. Ushered in by silvos of artillery, by wavings of banners and cltngor of martial niu sic. the President of .he United Stiles appeared at a meeting called to promote a more vigorous support of the war he was waging. The echoes ot the cannon were drowned out by the rapturous cheers with which tue people hailed their Chief Magistrate As ne took his place on the spot where, seventeen months before, he had delivered his iiiaugural.be looked down upon atuinulluous sea of humanity that would not cease Us roar of welcome at his coining. As the cheers rang out I louder and louder, while he stood waiting for ; apace to .;';ik, a.- the vast audience leaned for ward like one man. waiving hats and handker chiefs, nnd fail ly shaking the Capitol with their shouts, the face of this simple Illinois U ttboat ni.ui .aid lawyer, instead of flushing at the splen dor of his reception, grew sad and solemn, as he looked hxlf dreamily down, till his care worn ex pression seemed to hush the multitude And then he sicke Not words of justification for the pist or promise for the future 1'he onlv thing I think of now, not likely to : be better said by some one eise, is a matter iu pray tell us what you arc willing to do? I ad which I h ive heard ano.her person blamed for I dress the inouirv to the Republicans alone, for rhat I did mvscif!" Was eei the ruler of a great people, in a moment when bis personal pop ularity was so flatteringly brought home to him by his people, known voluntarily to assume, with out spci il iieces-KV therefor, such popular odium as the President honestly sought to transfer from the Secretary to himself ? upprtina the Pre id eat. The following from the Independent, -hows the radical style o support!,. Üe President. , : i. ....... j ...... ' .. The article is bule else than disgracelul. disloyal and profane to the eic ! blasphemy: Kmbarrass the Administration T Sodo thunder : storms embarrass sultry .stupid aaje! The house j wife's broom embarrasses the spiders web; and ot the publican memners, tnat tne com pro ber cloth ia an arch disturber of dust. So matter mi-.- wa- "impossible in fact, because half a low wiae, and virtuous, and good, are the men dozen. States had seceded before it was before elected to office, they need to oe watched, to be Confess, and their vote would liave been re opposed, u be roused up. Men collect in Waah- quired to pat it in the Constitution." In this titgtou, far from their constituents. They are tne Commercial doubtless through inadvertence surrouiwleil by everything that tot.es down hon- h mistaken; and it will look nm it as un act y ami patriotism. Tev run into pools and t of kindness in ns to correct its memory, bayou- Seitisit oliiics. disputatious private iu ; The resolution of Mr. Crittenden was intro terests. tiery cunning of men greedy' for gold, dined at the very opening of the session of Con and ten thousaud sinister and demoralizing influ gress, early in December, 1860, with great ur ences. are brought to bear upon them, in season i genev on the part of that gentleman and his and out of season, blinding their eves, wearing ; friends, that it should be acted upon immediate- out their integrity, and destroying their laith ir. every man's purity and honesty. ( m Thia great conflict, thus tar, has been, in every proper and honorable sense, a campaign of the common people without a leader. It is not the nature of democracies to produce leaders. Our times verify the fact. No great national leader has aDDeared Fremont had the oualitim which win confidence and tire the people heart with eu tbusiasm. But iu the sight of five men, each one of whom intend to be the next President of a country which their timid and sluvirisfi oolicv bids fair to put out of exiitence before the next j Presidential election, this was an unpardonable, fault. He has been laid aside for the sake of politicians mid of jealous technical officers, whom God never made Generals, and ot whom, there fore. West Point could make onlv engineers. Great military leaders are born, not built. Certainly neither Mr. Lincoln nor his Cabinet : have proved leaders. They have not gone before the people Their policy is one which has obliged the public to demand et ch step of ad vance. They feared division at the North. They ; feared the malignant fragments of the Demo cratic party Fear was stronger than faith. They ventured only on those points about which j there was unity and eagerness, with the whole ! community. Even when they advanced, they pielerred to have it seem rather like a resistance tG a yet further advanced radicalism, than to be a voluntary progress beyond some old landmark, j This might be the melancholy wisdom ot such times as Washington', with a tmall population, I with few resources, with little money, with an untried government driving a team of newly yoked States. But he who imitates Washing- j ton's slowness, in the midst of twenty millions ot I men with twenty lusty loyal States at his back with money enough, and arsenals pouring out i armaments and munitions and all the in plements j and vehicles ot war ou land and sea which art can construct and science suggest is a fool, thrice sodden.' There never was a time when men's prayers so fervently asked (od for a leider! He has refused our petition. What an idol would we have made of a man of lusty will, who out of weakness had waxed strong, and marched through the laud, threshing it in his indignation! Mr. Lincoln is a good man; a cpnsiderate, pru dent, honest politician But not a spark of ge nius has he; not an element for leadership; not one particle of heroic enthusiasm. The people long to twine about him. Never was such an opportunity. No man since the world began has had circumstances thronging about him. im ploring, demanding htm to be Great, who has shown such singular self denial. While he is considering. Events are moving on. There has not been a line in anv Government paper that might not have been issued by the Czar, by Louis Napoleon, or by Jeff. Davis! Our State papers during this eventful struggle are void of genuine enthusiasm for the Great Doctrines on w hich this Government was founded. Faith in human rights is dead in Washington. The Administration have faith in America, in the United States, in a united North, iu a Re publican party, but no faith in that invisible principle which underlies and nourishes them all. The people are never called to maintain their his toric idea.-! The nation is never reminded of its political truth.-! The people are not reachrd where their enthusiasm, like the sleeping music of the harp's strings, lies waiting some touch to bring it forth, to toll over this continent such an Anthem as the world never heard, and only a I free people can chant! I All the piddling questions that arc spun in Washington, thick as spiders' wens on a meadow, would go down like those films when a mowing rrachine sweeps round the field, if the Groat Na- j tional Truth and its Historic Pride had been i ridden forth wilh Courage and Will! But when , an Administration weaves the mighty affairs of this nation like a lace weaver, witii thread and Itobin plied upon its knee, no wonder that all its ' time is consumed in loops and broken threads ami stitclic-! But we mnst cease looking any more to Gov eminent. We must tum to ourselves. A time may be near when the people will be called to j act with pmdence and courage beyond all prece dent. After strength has lcen frittered away ia mending the manhood of Border State eunuch-, and reverses have come, and onr rulers arc fugi tires from the proud Capital, should they deem I the task of maintaining the sanctity and integrity j of the National Soil hopeless, then this Great People, moving through all their States, may yet be called to take up the despairing work and cany it forth to victoryl The People must have Lenders. As yet they have not found thcml Great God, what a people hat Thou brought forth npon this continentl What love of Iilerty; what heroic love of law and institution; what courage, ami constancy, and self-sacrifice hast thou given them! And no man is found to lead this so great a Nation! Hi Thou Lender! Lord of Ifosrs, hn-r Thou forgotten how to lead a P .'ople? There are no ages on Thy head! Years ; make Thee ncirher old nor weary! Behind Thy nnwrinkled brow no care dwell! Teach this People to need no other Leader bnt Thyself! Then, led by Thee, teach them to lie all suffi cient for every deed of Justice, and omnipotent for Liberty! Wlio is Iti'spoiisiblc for tlie Defeat of Hie Crittenden Compromise! The Commercial Mistaken The Commercial take- issue with the editor of the Dayton Emtire calling him with its usual choice 'and delicate phraseology, a "tory," and and remarks "mi-crable lving" upon the oues- tion, Who is responsible for the war? The Em lir affirms tint it is the Republican party, hc-rau-i that party "defeated the Crittenden com promise." To this the I 'ommercia demurs, with a pretty extensive assortment of epithets and charges the reverse of complimentary. With these, however, wc have nothing to do, bat simply with the point in controversy, which, as the Commercial leaves it, up tears to le this; Did th Republican party defeat the Crittenden com promise? with the virtnal admission on the part of the Commercial that if the Republican party did defeat that compromise it is responsible for the war. Did the Republican party defeat the Crittenden compromise? Upon this point the Ommerrinl quotes a passage from a speech of Judge Doug las, which, unfortunately for its case, does not allude to the compromise, nor have any relation to it. But by making Judge Douglas its own wi.ness.it has cut itself off' from the right to take exceptions to his te-timonv. As the Commercial ". . - . . - . JÄÜ . .. C . hihit themselves in language not admissablc in polite circles is, no doubt, exceedingly anxious to know the truth, we will cite for its inform at the following passage from a speech of Judge Douglas, delivered in the Senate of the United States, January 3, 1861, win -h the Commercial, in its researches, has doubtless overlooked, and which we know it will ingenuously admit is ex actly to the oint. It is as follows: "I believe this to be a fair basis of amicable a lju-tmcnt. If you of the Republican side arc not willing to accept this, nor the proposition of the Senator from Kentucky, Mr. Crittenden, the reason that in the Committee of l hirtcen a few days ago, cverv member from the South, in cluding those from the cotton States, Messrs. Toombs anil Davis, expressed their readiness to accept the proposition of my venerable friend from Kentucky r Mr. Crittenden, a a final set tlement of the controversy, if intended and sus tained bv Republican memliers. Hence, the sole r : onsihilitv of cur disagreement, and the onlv difficulty in the way of an amicable adjustment, with the Rcpublhan Rrty." From this it appears that on the third dav of From this it ant ears that on the third dav of JanaaIyf i861 tie Sonth was willing to accept the compromise, while the Republican members were opposed to it. The Commercial, however, proceeds to give us an excuse for the opposition lv, and thus any act of secession be prevented, j South Carolina hail called a Convention to meet on the 17th of the same month. The remarks j of Judge Douglas, showing that the Sonth was ready to accent the compromise, were made on I the 3d of January. 1861, only one 8tate having then resolved to secede ; arid no time having been fixed for the convention of any other State earlier than the 9th of that month. Thee facts being proveablc by the record the Commercial, we preaume, will not deny ; and yet it can not but see how completely they demolfsh its position I and leave unobstructed the wav for the inference that the Republicans are the responsible party. Cici,.aii E,ai-"- From the New York Journal of Commerce. A Long and Hiood) War. The longest war recorded in history, if not the most destructive and important, was that waged for a hundred and eighty-two years against tin. ir Spanish invaders by an Indian tribe, or rather nation, called the Araucanians, occupying the southeastern part of South America. In a re cent Chilian work now liefore us, we find a sketch of this obstinate struggle, from which we gather the following facts: In the year 1540, the celebrated Pizarro having made himself master of Peru, sent Pedro de Val di via, one of his most able civil and military fol lowers, to make the conquest of Chili, who, at the head of 150 Spaniards and a body of Peruvi an auxiliaries, penetrated into the heart of the country, conquering the brave Araucanians in numerous battles, and finally in a great plain, in which the found the huts of" 20,000 Indians, lav ing in 1541 the foundation of Santiago, the pres ent capital of the republic. He also founded another important city, :o which he gave his own name. After nine years' lighting he made him self master of all the northern part of Chili, which he divided among his soldiers. In the midst of his brilliant triumphs, as he thought them, a grand reverse, and death itself awaited him; for in 1552 Caupolicon, the great Arancanian chief, won a signal victory over him, taking hiin priso ner and putting him to death. A heroic Arau- caoiun youth named Laataro commanded the native forces in this battle, and afterwards con ducted them from victory- to victory, till, being surprised in his own camp, he was taken prison er and shot with arrows, with all his party. In 1557 the new Spanish Governor, Mendoza, in vaded the territory of the Araucanians at the head of a powerful army, and conquered them in three bloody battles. Caupolicoa venturing to attack him at a certain place where Mendoza had founded the city of Caneto, his forces were an nihilated, himself taken prisoner and put to death by impailing and shooting him with ar rows. After these disasters, the Araucanians with drew to the mountruns, when the Spaniards, in exploring the country, came to the Chiloe, a large island on the southwest of Chili, 120 miles long and thirty -.-ix wide. The celebrated poet, Krcilla y Zuniga accompanied the exjtedition, and was the first to put his foot upon the island. The only Epic of the South American continent is the "Araucana," some of which he wrote on the bark of trees, and in which he described the country, the Araucanians. aud the feats of the military expedition. Readers of Don Quixote remcmlier Cervantcs's allusion to this poem. The death of Caupolicon, tirst in the memory of his countrymen, aroused them to seek new ven geance on their invaders. Flying to aims, and led on by the oldest son of their former chieftain, they were tinaiiy routed, when their General took his own life to escape the fate of his father. One Spanish Governor succeeded to another for half a century or more, all of whom made war nin the Araucanians, bnt were nimble to subdue them, while native chiefs and jummanders were raised up of equal heroism with C'aupolicon.who defeated the Spaniards, and taking Missession of their n?w cities, and driving back their invaders, established their boundary far to the north. In 1644 the Spanish Governor, the Marquis de Yal des, after a hundred vcars' war, made a treatv with the Arauvanian chieftain Lincopichin .which secured peace till 1655, when war broke out again, which raged at intervals till 1722, when a treaty was concluded which established the boun daries of Arauco, an-! at the same time recogniz ed the independence of the nation. A more war like race never existed : even at this day they maintain their independence, and within three years past have lccrj at war with the Chilians, and fought several successful battles. The Chi lians of the present day, as well as the old Span ish cavaliers, are ready to do them honor. The Government paper published at Santiago is call ed El Araucaim, the Arancanian, as though the Chilians were only a continuation of the old na tive race, and the Republic only old "Arauco," ander a new name. The Chilian writer, whose pages we have consulted, pays this tribute to their heroism and loyalty of country: "The Araucanians. seeing the danger to which their country and liberty were exposed, flew to arms, and swore they would die lefore they would be slaves. History does not present us with the example of another war so ob-tinatc and cruel ns that which these valiant Araucani ans fought out with so much glory and under so many disadvantages, conquering their invaders in regular fought battles, killing their Generals, destroying their fortifications, and never laying down their arm 5 except by truces and treaties, by which the Spaniard contrived to advance in securing to himself the possessions which he had gained in the Arancanian territory, although at the cost of more blood and treasure than had been exjended in the conquest of all America, without, after all, subjecting the Araucanians to the Spanish domination." In character the Araucanians arc courageous and heroic lovers of their country, and prodigal of life when their lilierty is in peri!, which is considered by them as essential to existence. They are discreet, generous and faithful in their conduct, but at the same time superstitious, and grow up in all the vices incident to the avage life they lead. Civil government, projerly so called, does not exist among them, all leing di vided into a great number of independent tribes. They lielievc in the immortality of the soul, and recognize the existence of a Supreme Omnio tcnt Being, and various inferior divinities, but render to no one any external worship. No census has ever been taken of the Araica nians, but they arc not supposed to exceed fifty thousand. Though a handful as they are. they succeeded in maintaining a bloody and destruc tive war with one of the greatest powers of mod ern times for the period of one hundred and eighty-two years. lohn Midell on Slavery. A member of the foreign legation in Washing ton just arrived from Euroje, relates of this dis tinguished rebel a story which is now widely cir culated : ne of his cousins, who holds an office in the Departmeni of the Interior in France, having been invited to one of Slidcll's soirees, availed himself of the opportunity first, to seo how a Southern rebel looked ; second, to know his opinion about slavery. As it may well be im agined, the French official was the object of the most delicate attention on the part of Mrs. ShV dell and her husband, who strove to persuade him of th-' holiness ot' the Southern cause, and to make him believe in its ultimate suc cess. After having exhausted all their argu ments, the Frenchman, politely addressing Mr. Slidell. asked whether he was not of the opinion that the moral attitude of the North in this con test was an imeditncnt to the success of the South, and if the maintenance of slavery did not delay the work of its independence. "You are perfectly right," answered Mr. Sli dell ; "Knrope is averse to our institution-, and we know it. Hut please mark ; they have not been inangnrated or created, hut inherited by n. However, whenever the day marked for the sac rifice of our social privileges will come, the slave owners in. the South will do, I have no doubt, wliat your ancestors did, nearly an age ago, in the National Assembly of France. They w ill sacri fice thctn as a necessary ottering to their conn try's peaceful welfare. But now this sacrifice is impossible. It would look as an act of ineffi ciency on the part of the South to maintain its integrity, and wotdd weaken rather than strengthen ns. Be sure, however, that the time is not distant when the institution of slavery cause of our present misery will he forever re moved from our statnte books. The French Government can greatly assist ns in this; if it acts with its proverbial prudence and sagacity, it may place us in the necessity of shortly declar ing gradual emancipation at home; an act which would lie as satisfactory to many of us as to the spirit of Chrixtianity and civilization abroad." Vanderburg Dcatorratlr MM ration. The following are the proceedings of the Con vention held by the Democracy of Vanderhurg cnttnty, for the purpose of appointing delegates to the t otigressonal Convention to be held at Vincennes on the 13th inst: Pursuant to notice, the Democracy of Van derhurg county met in Convention at the Court House in the city of Evansville, on the 9th day of August, 1862 B. Stinson, K., was elected President and P. Maier and A. T. Whittleaejr, Secretaries. On motion of C. R. Rudd it was Resolved, That all the Democrats from "Van derburg county who may attend the District Congressional ' Conrentlon at Vincenn, nn Wednesday, the 13th of August, be authorized to act as delegates to -aid Convention. The following resolution was then presented by Mr. Mai' r. which was unanimously adopted: liatofftfl, That the Democratic party of Van derburg county have full faith and confidence in the loyalty, patrioti-ro and Democracy of the Hon. John Law, our present representative from the First Congressional District of Indiana, in the 37th Congress of the United States, and in dorse the same, ind on behalf of the Democracy of said county, cordially recommend his renomi nation at the District Convention of the First Congressional District of Indiana, to be held at Vincennes on the 13th inst., and hereby instruct the delegates from Vantlerburg county, at said Convention, to cast their votes for him as the first choice of the Democracy of Vanderburg county. After which Mr. Whittlesey introduced the following resolution, in reference to the basis of representation: Resolved, That this meetingrecommend to the District Convention at Vincennes that the basis of representation in said Convention lie the num ber of votes cast for the Hon. John Law for Con gress at the Congressional election in 1860. The resolution was nnanimou-ly adopted. Judge Law being announced, came forward and delivered an eloquent and patriotic address, maintaining in a masterly manner the principles of the Union Democracy. On motion it was Resolved, That the prrVeedings of this meeting be published in the Evanville Gazette, Vincennes Sim and the Indiana State Sentinel. BEN. STINSON, President. P. Maikr, I . . A. T. Whittleskt, j to5- Tenth District Democratic (innen tion. The Democratic District Convention assem bled at Kendall ville on Thursday, August 4th. On motion, S. If, Sprott, of Dekalb, wa" ap pointed President, and W. Fleming, of Allen, and E Zimmerman, of Whitley, Secretaries. The Convention was large, every county except Steuben having full delegations. The proceed ins were marked with ;;reat harmony, entbusi asm, demotion to the Union and a stern determi nation to redeem the district from the disgrace of being longer misrepiesented in the councils of the nation by a Republican. An excellent series of resolutions were adopt ed. (The same in spirit as those adopted by the Democratic State Mass Convention of July .'lilth.) Patriotic speeches were made by Mr. Schnell, of Elkhart, and Mr. Myers, of Whitley. TktMMi or Joseph K. Edirerton, K-( , ol Allen, ami A Ellison, Esq., of Lagrange, were promised as candidates for nomination for Con gress. After the balloting commenced, Mr. Elli son rose and teijiiestod his name to be withdrawn aud moved that J. K. Edgerton be unanimous! v nominated as the Democratic candidate for Con gress from the Tenth Congressional District. The motion was carried, and Mr. Edirerton was . . - nominated by acclamation amid the most euthu siastic cheering and applause. J.H. Schell, of Elkhart, was nominated for Prosecuting Attorney of the 12th Judicial Cir cuit. Mr. Edgerton accepted the nomination in a masterly speech the best speech ever made iu the district giving a clear account of the orgin of the present difficulties, and advocated a vigor oious prosecution of the war. The speech pro duced a prolound effect, and satisfied all who heard it aud were not previously acquainted with Sir. E. that he was the man for the occasion, would be such a representative as his constituents might be proud of and such a man as is needed in the councils of the nation iu this dark crisis of its history. Mr. Ellison was then called on and made an eloquent and noble speech, highly eulogizing the fbility and patriotism of Mr. Edgerton and urging every friend of the country to use every effort to secure his election. Hon. R. Lowry also made an eloquent and for cible speech. In the course of it he was inter rupted by Mr. Mitchell, when he took occasion to give that gentleman such an excoriation as he will not very soon forget. It is generally thought he will not be in a hurry to interrupt Judge Low ry again. Fort Wayne Sentinel. No better nomination could have been nude. Mr. EiKiKRTo.x is a man of decided ability, and if elected, one whose influence for good will lie felt in our national councils. Even the rabid Republicans will not deny the integrity, patriot ism and fitness ot Mr. E for the position he has been named. The peopleof the Tenth District j wjio desire to restore a wise, just and econoinic.il administration of the Government, and our na tional unity under the Constitution, owe it to themselves toeleet Mr. Ejm;erto.v their represen tative in Congress. The Preachers of Treason in .Vfaasa ehnsff is. On the 1st of August a large number of per sons gathered at Abington, Mass., to celebrate the anniversary of West India emancipation. William Lloyd Garrison presided. Among the speakers were Rev. M. F- Conway and Wendell Phillips. The whole proceedings were of the most treasonable character and wc find them ful ly rejiorted in the New York Ereuina Post. We quote a few choice extracts from Mr. Conway's remarks: "If we just had a President, however, instead of a machine that is ojerated upon by the tele graph wires we would not need to hear Mr. Phil lips or any one else speak long on the subject of emancipation. But, unfortunately, we are paying$25,000 a year to an automaton at Wash ton who turns jnst as the pressure is brought to lear and no more. If the pro-slavery pressure is greatest he turns thitherward. If the anti slavcry pressure is greatest he turns thither ward. "The ancients represented the world on the back of an elephant, and the elephant on the liack of a tortoise. Thus they figured the pro gress of the earth. That figure would apply this day to this nation as a correct representation of it. The nation depenu on the army, the army on the President; the army is the elephant, and the latest and most approved form of the tor toise is Abraham Lincoln, President of the free States of America. Mr. Conway concluded: "Northern people are accursed with loyalty, and this is the evil of a Democratic form of Govern ment, and its onlv evil. These people are delu ded into the liclief that the Union can be re stored, and the Constitution preserved. Vain, vain Impel Mr. Sumner should not have writ ten that letter in praise of the President. He well knew that the President was the stumbling block of this day to the nation's freed. mi. The President will never save the country;." After Mr. Conway came Wendell Phillips, who said: "The speaker did not say that McClellon was a traitor; but he did say that, so far, he could not have done more to help traitors than he had done. The people need not fear for Richmond. McClellan would not take it. He (Mr. Phillips) looked upon the present war conducted without a reasonable object, as a ttwh loss of blood and treasure. Better the South hould go to-day than lose another life to prolong the war upon the present detestable policy. "As long as you keep the present turtle at the head of the Government, you make a pit with one hand and fill it with the other. "The speaker knew Mr. Lincoln. He had, while in Washington, taken his measure. He is a first-rate second-rate man. That is all. A mere convenience. And he i honestly waiting like any other broomstick, for the icoplc to take hold of him and sweep slavery out of the nation. "Let the Union be dissolved in God's name, and the corner-stone of a new one he laid on which shall lie engraved forever: "Eouality in a political sense for cverv man who is horn in the world." The above language was uttered by the speak ers in presence of 1,500 people, and published in the New York Evening Post over a week ago, and yet the War Department, which is so prolific in orders, has .tot taken any steps to arrest time authors ant publishers of treason? The interesting little drummer bov whose "rub a dub dub" at tht recruiting tent of the 16th regiment, displays such skill with the drumsticks foroneofhis age, is a son of our former City Marshal, Jeff. Springsteen. Little Abe has vol unteered and will go with the regiment to the field. Treason In Mr. Phillips's speech on the negro eman cipation day at Abingdon, Massachusetts, he dis tinctly said : He (Mr. Phillips) looked npon the present war, ; conducted without a reasonable object, as a total loss of blood and treasure. Better the South should go to-day than lose another life to prolong the war upon the present detestable policy. The Detroit Free Press inquires : Why is he I permitted to perambulate the country, making speeches to discourage enlistments, wfien the 1 Government will not tolerate the least opposition in other men ? He is doing more to bring the Administration into disrepute and to cause the Puritan element to stand back from the army than all other causes combined. Where did he get his patent to be a traitor with impunity ? ong r ikiona I omitiatioii Hon. David Turpib is the Democratic can- ' didatc for Congress in the Ninth District. Judge Tcrpie is known as one of the most promising : young men in the State. He has talent, cultiva tion, eloquence, and above all fidelity to the Constitution and the Union to commend him to tbe support of the voters of the Ninth District, j If they do their duty he "will represent them in the next Congress. Hon. W. S. Houiak was nominated yester day by the Democracy of the Fourth District for i re-election to Congress. But few members of the House of Representatives occupy a more prominent position or have displayed more ability and application in legislative duties. He will lie re-elected by an increased majority. Slanlon Ordert. The recent orders of Secretary Stanton, in regard to jersons fleeing from draft, does injus tice to the loyalty of the people of the Northwest. But very few would attempt to escape their ob ligations to the Government by becoming volun tary exiles from their homes and sc arcely any would thus brand themselves is cowards. Those who would thus act, would be of hut little value on the deld of battle. We want no cowards for soldiers. The object of the Secretary could have been better accomplished, if he had issued an or der pronouncing all wdio attempted by flight to avoid their duty to their country deserters, and bod them treated accordingly. The Government should not have manifested, as this order can lie construed, even if not intended, any lack of con fidence in the entire willingness of the jeople to cheerfully comply with every call upon their pa triotism. Thus far.ccrtainly, the c..j Y f every State acknowledging alii giance to the Govern ment, have promptly, enthusiastically and genc rouslv responded to every requisition the au thorities have made upon them. Besides the effect of the order will be lad abroad, as it will create the impression that the Government dis trusts the loyalty of its citizens, or snch a con strustion will be placed uon it. If the Gov ernment can not trust its own citizens, it certain ly can not hope to crash out the rebellion. The people, otherwise, have exhibited every con fidence in those representing the Government. All the men and all the money they have asked for have leen cheerfully given them. Nothing would be refused to crush out the rebellion to promptly suppress it restore the authority -of the Government, and jeate to the country. It is the earnest wish of every good citizen that this war should lie brought to a successful close in the shortest possible time, and whatever is ne ccrsarv to that end we believe would nt once, by voluntary action, be placed at the disjiosai of those who have in their control the destiny of the nation. For the Imliana State Sentinel. A Card from Judge Di kcls. F-iMTon S;:xtIxel : A friend has just placed in my hand ihc iJaily State Journal of the 12th inst., in which it notices an article of the Sentinel in relation to the visit of Colouel Puctt and my self to your city to see Governor Morton and obtain leave of him to raise volunteers in the 7th Congressional District for nine months in stead of drafted militia. I notico the Journal artiele, not to reply to its ungenerous and un gentlcmanly jiersonalities, but to defend all con cerned in it agaiust the charge of bad faith. There is in this region of the State a prejudice, to say the least, against drafting while the requi site number of men can be obtained by voluntary enlistment. This feeling is common to all parties except w:ie of' those not subject to the draft. I nder this state of things Col. Puett and my self were deputed to the Governor. He received us kindly heard us respectfully, and at the con clusion said to us that for the present he could not accede to our wishes. The reasons offered by us, and those given us by the Governor, is not necessary to my present purpose to he slated. The projMsition was made in good faith by all concerned in it, and wascon sid red in a manner worthy of the Governor of the State. I am, therefore, as unwilling that the Governor should 1 misrepresented as to be so treated mysrlt. I notice the Journal artiele for the purpose of saying if the offer wc made was not in good faith or if the offer was impossible for us to perform, as the Journal charges, (and I do not believe that the Governor countenanced either of them,) it is easy to demonstrate it by giving us the assurance that if raised they will be accepted. This is the only fair way to test it. Come, gen tlemen, put us to the proof, if you doubt it. I repeat the offer If the Government will ac cept them, we will raise, by voluntary enlistment rom the 7th Congressional District, the quota of soldiers required of us for nine months, and have them ready in camp by the time the draft can be made, and all the distinction w c will ask is, that wo shall I known as volunteers not drafted militia. If it is men that the Government wants, this will give them as well as the draft, and save the men from what is objectionable to them the draft. Let the Journal join us in getting the leave we ask, if it desires to prove its malicious assertions, or has a belief that it t an do so. A draft, for tlir sake of' the draft, may be desirable, and if it is, we will abide it as well as others ; but let it never lie said that it was for the want of soldiers. D. R. Eckels. Greencastle, Aug. 13, 1862. P. S. I see you state I have a son in the ser vice now. If this Is so, I do not know it. One of ray sons volunteered, but he is noi in the ser vice now. D. R. E. Our Army Correspondence From Mississippi. Camp nkar Jacinto, Aug. 6, 1862. Ed. Sbktinel: As we are about to pull up stakes and move to a different locality, I thought a few lines from the 22d would not lie uninterest ing. Three regiments of our brigade, including tbe 22d, three sections of our battery, a sqnadrnn of cavalry, are now out. This is the third day since thev left. They are now at Iuka. twenty miles south-east of this on the Memphis and Charles ton Railroad, whither we follow with our camp equipage, and, as I understand, will remain at that jMiint for some time. Our brigatte. ths 1st, under Gen. Robert B. Mitchell, is to hold that point, while the 2d and 3d remain here. The headquarters of Gen. Davis, commanding the Division (4th) remains as before at Jacinto. Our men had a terrible march. Some twenty or thirty were prostrated by sun-stroke, several of whom will hardly recover. I hear of one or two dying already. The weather is excessively hot just now, and we, lying in camp for so long a time here, protected from the ardent rays of old Sol by the umbrageous pine ami oak, were hardly prepared for such a s orehioff march. Although Inka is only the short distance of 30 miles, no march at all for us, one-third that dis tance was quite sufficient to tip over those of onr brave fellows who were prostrated. One or two ittle marches will suffice to put us in condition again. The proximity of one Bragg with a eonsider- ah'a force of rebel butternuts is whispered aronnd amongst ns as the occasion of this movement. Should he show himself, he will be very apt to get a warm reception from a host of loyal Hoosier butternuts In that case, without doubt, you will hear a good report of the 22d Indiana, and their energetic Colonel, M. Gooding, who. by his perscverinL' assiduity, is ierfecting more and more the efficiency of the regiment. We have to-day received new arras, the Austrian rifle, for all except the flanking companies of the regiment, who are already armed with the En field rifle. Everything is going on swimmingly with ns. Our Colonel and all our officers have the unbounded confidence of the men. Roast-ing-ears and peaches arc becoming plentiful. Wt issue rations of the former twice a week. Mv limited candle ration reminds me that I must call a halt right here, a- other pressing duties of the day deprive me of that time. Occasional. N ote from Kttm Houston, Jim., about the SoninLau- Imposture. To the Editor of the Chicago Times: I have heard that a man calling himself Rev. Charles Clark, of Texas, and son-in-law of Gen. Sam. Houston, lately made certain statements concerning the alleged death of his father-in-law, at a i ul 'lie meeting held in Boston. Now, this reverend gentleman is certainly an im;. '.-a r of the blackest dye, as Gov. Clark's eldest child is a loy twelve years of age, and mv oldest sister is bnt a little girl at school. I left home last March, and my father, Gen. Houston, was then in better health than he had been for years. S vm. IIoi ston, Jun., Prisoner of War. Camp Dorou, Aug. 2, 1862. From the Cincinnati Price Current, Aug. 13. Financial and Commercial Nummary for the past week. An im pro veil feeling has pervaded money mat ters since our last; gold further declined, and Government securities advanced a shade. The cause of this is the improved position of our forces in the field, and the new calls for 600.000 men indicating that the Piesident has arrived at the same conclu.-iou that the people of the loyal States arrived at after the defeat of McClellan before Richmond, that all the powers of the Gov- 1 eminent and the rules of war must be brought into the conflict, in order to piu ilow n tbe revolt . speedily, and counteract the sad results of our defeat at Richmond. 1'he demand for money has been limited and the market is easy at ti10 pet cent, for short and long paper, and not much olletiiif;. Exchange lias ruled dull but did not undergo anv change. The nuotations for ex change, coin and demand notes at the close la-t eveniim were as follows- Buying Selling, par I I prem. 8(310 preiu. New 1 ork . Gold Silver Demand Notes. 1 .ilis ... .19 prem. , . ."( G prem. . i -. - . prem. There have been some complaints of a scarcity of currency, and a great deal of inconvenience experienced in consequence of a .short supply of; small notes, which was caused by the banks with drawing their circulation, fearing a tax upon it. The United States currency is being generally 1 paid out by the banks, and the noles of the bank of this and oilier adjoining States hive occupied ' the position of select currency. The new is-ue of Government small notes, also the atanip cur- reucy, will soon be ready for use. but will not come into general circulation before the fall. , Ample arrangements have been made, we notice, in preparing the stamp currency to guard against 1 counterfeiting, and there is no doubt now in our mind that this stamp currency will be found safe as regards counterfeiting, and convenient as , change. The stamps are redeemable in sums of five dollars an 1 upward, in the new Treasury notes, and the latter are fundable in United six per cent, stocks, so that all are secured in the same manner. The following table shows the size and de scription of the stamps and notes of all denom inations issued by the Government, which we copy: Den'm'tion. 5 cents. .. 10 Cf tits.. 23 cents. . Size in in Vifrnette. Color. 1?. 1?. if hy bv hy by by by by by bv bv J j 6r. P. O. stamp. .lrom. 2,1, 10c. P. 0. st green. 3 Five 6c. P. O. st. . .brown. 3 Five 10c. P. 0. st... green. I'. 50 cents 1 1 dollar.. 2 dollars . 5 dollars , 10 dollars . 20 dollars . 50 dollars . 109 dollars . 500 dollars . 1000 dollars . ..3 ..3 ..3 ..3 ..3 ..3 ..3 ..3 . 3 Chase btk 4 gr'n Hamilton !. Figure 5 Do. Spread Kag!e..Do. Female stand'g Do. Hamilton Do. Kagle flying. . . . Do. Washington. . ..Do. Cbase Do. 7l4 7'4 IM 7's The small change notes will be printed about the 1st of next month, and will be delivered in sheets as follows: A sheet ol 5-cent notes will be 1 dollar. " in-eent notes " 2 dol ars " ati-cent notes " dollars. " 50-eent notes " s dollars. These notes or stumps can not be used in pre paying postage on letters. The temperature continues up to tiie maximum range of summer, c-ö to H5 deg., and is quite op pressive, bLt is admirably adapted to make the corn crop a large one beyond reasonable doubt. The river is now at a low stage, and none but the lightest draft boats can run on it between this and Pittsburg. . 'I tic inadequacy of tfaiisKrtation facilities has Math circumscribed the busiuess of the week in general produce. Flour has been in fair de maud from the army and army bakers, at very full pliees, and cb.ses firm at our quotations. Wheat declined to TäaSile for red, and 85a9U for w hite, but at the close advanced äc per bushel. Corn declined U 35c, and re to GOc. Oatsclosed steady at 41c. New barley arrives rather spar ing, and sells at 7"2i75j lor fall. The crop is rwthcr a poor one. A good deal of inquiry has been made of us I regarding flax seed. The crop is a large one. ! and has been saved in good order. The yield is fully 20 per Vtut greater than that of last year. The contract system controls the great bulk of the crop, however, so that the price is an nrbitra 1 ry one, and indicates nothing. The crushers fur nished the seed to the farmers on condition that 1 they sell them the crop at one dollar per bushel, and hence this is the price the farmer now gets. In all seasons thet eis some outside or what is j called independent seed which can be sold for the market value thereof, but there is none of this i yet in market. Taking linseed oil as the lasis at : H)c per gallon, the seed is now worth $1 M, but the indications are that oil will go down to a : much lower price so as to correspond more nearly I with the price paid for the seed. New oil is now ! in market, and can not be sold to any extent at I over 80c, though t-lc was offered for a small lot j yesteiday. The market for it is very unsettled, ! however, and the prices witi be regulated by the i price in the Eastern niarkeU Whisky has met with a good speculative de mand during the week, and closes firm. The re ccipts have been 9,500 barrels, including that by wagon from tbe suburban distilleries. Cheese and butter arc scarce and prices I cent higher. The cause of the light supply is the waim weather, which renders it very difficult to bring either to market in good order. Eggs are selling at very low rates-J(d4':,c per dozen, according to quality They wave not been so low us this for a long series of years. There has been a fair jobbiug demand for gro ceries, but refined sugar is '..,c lower and raw a shade easier. Coffee and molasses remain un changed. The general aspect of t.ie provinion market has not changed since our la.-.t in any essential par titular. About 1 ,201) ban els of mess pork sold iu lota at $9 lor country and $9 259 .SO for city. There is no demand whatever for sides ami prices are nominal, in bulk they can be bought at 44e and smoked fbbl.,c for ribbed and 54c for clear. Shoulders have been inquired lor ami a disposition displayed to pay '1c for them iu bulk and lUe smoked, but holders asked 18V4 cent nlmve these rates; hence the sales have been but moderate. ucraia. is in good demand at Bfc, and about 900 sold at this rate, and l.aOO kegs at 84c j Lard tieices so It has been rather difficult to buy at these rates holders asking 'sC l4c higher. There is an active demand for grease and butchers' lard, and prices are a shdc in favor of seller. Browu grease sells ar A34"6c and white at Gt4nGV- Bulk shoulders, slightly skippery, htve been rendered very extensively, mmking fuliv 40 per cent, of superior white grease. Sugar cured hams are in lair request at 9 1 to 10c. Hutchera' lard ?l8c in bulk and 7c in tierces or barrels. Frm Pope Departineai. HiangiARTEas Army of Vhoixia, Cedar MoutiUin, August 13. To Major Oeneral Hal leek, Commander in Chief: Ou Thursday norn ing the enemy crossed the Rapidan at Karnet' Ford in heavy force and advanced strong on the road to Culpepper and Madieou C. H. I had es tablished my whole force ou ibe turnpike be tween Culpepper and Sperry ville ready to con centrate at either place as soon as the enemy's plans were developed. Early on Friday it became apparent that the move on Madison C. U. was merely a feint to de ceive the army corps of Gen. Sigel at Sperryville, and that the main attack of the enemy would be at Culpepper, to which place I had thrown for ward a put of Generals Banks's and McDowell's corps. Brigadier Genera! Bayard, with part of the rear of McDowell's corps, who was iu the ad vance near the Kapidan, fell slowly back, delay ing and embarrassing tbe enemy 's advance as far as possible, and capturing some of his men. The forces of Banks and Sigel. and one of the divisions ot McDowell's corps were rapidly concentrating at Culpepper during Friday and Saturday nipht, Banks's corps being paaned for ward five miles south of Culpepper, with Kick er; -'s division of McDowell's corjis three miles in his rear. The corps of Gen. Sigel, which bad marched all night, was halted in Culpepper to rest a few hours. On Saturday the enemy advanced rapidly to Cedar Mountain, the sides of which they occu pied in heavy force. Gen. Banks was instructed to take up his-posi-tion on the ground occupied by Crawford's brig ade of his command, which had been thrown out the day previous to observe the enemy's move ments. He was instructed not to advance beyond that point, aud it attacked by the enemy, to de lend his fi-ition . and send back Impiety notice. It was niy desire to have time to give the corps ot Gen. Sigel all the rest possible, after their forced march, and tobring forward all the forces at my disposal. The artillery of the enemy opened early in the afternoon, but he made no advance uutil nearly & o'clock, at which time a few skirmishers were thrown forward on each side under cover of the heavy wood in which bis force was concealed. The enemy pushed forward a strong force in the rear of his skirmishers, and General Banks advanced to the attack. The engagement did not fairly oteii until after G o'clock, hut for an hour and a hnlf whs furious and unceasing throughout. Cannonading, which was at first desultory, was directed mainly against the cavalry. 1 had continued to receive reports from Gen. Banks that no attack was appi eben. led, and that no considerable infantry force of the enemy had cmie lorKatd. et toward eveuiiii: the increase in the artillery firing lining satisfied me an engage ment might be at haft, though the lateness of tbe hour rendered it unlikely, I ordered General Mc Dowell to advance Hicketts's division to sup port Gen. Banks and directed General Sigel to bring his men on the ground as soon as possible. I arrived personally on tbe field at 7 P..M., and found the action raging furiously. The infariry fire was incessant and severe. I found General Br.nks holding the position be took up early iu the morning. His losses were heavy . Hicketts's division was immediately pushed lr w aid and occupied tbe advance of (en. Banks. The brigade of Gens. aud Gorman being directed to change their position from the right and mass themselves in the center. Before t his change could be effected it was quite dark, though the artillery continued at short range without intermission. The artillery -ore at night by the 2d and 5th Maine battery in Hicketts's division of (Jen Mc Dowell's corps, was most destructive as was readily observable the next morning in the dead men and horses and broken gun carriage; of the enemy's batteries which had been advanced against it. Our troops rested on their nrm during the night in line of battle. A heavy shelling !eing kept up on both sides until midnight. At day light the next morning the enemy fell back two miles from our front and still higher up tbe mountain. Our pickets at once advanced and occupied the ground. The fatigue of the troops Irutu long marches and excessive ben, made it impossible for either to resume the act:on on Sunday. The men were therefore allowed to rest and recruit the whole day. Our only active opera tion being that of cavalry ou the eiumy's flank and rear. Monday was spent iu burying the dead and in getting off ihe wounded. The slaughter was severe on both sides, most of the fighting being hand to hand. Tbe dead liodies of both armies were found mingled together in masses over the whole ground of conflict. The burying ol the dead was not completed until dark on Monday, the heat being no terrible that severe work was not possible. On Monday night the enemy fled from the field leaving many of his dead unburied and his wounded on the ground aud along the road to Orauge C. II., as will be seen from Gen. Bu ford's dispatch. A cavalry and artillery force under Gen. Bti ford was immediately thrown forward in iHirsuil and followed the enmiy to the Kapidan. over which he p issed with his rer guard by 10 in tbe morning. The behaviour of Geir Banks's corps during the action was very fine. No greater gal Un try and daring could oe exhibited by any troops. I cannot speak too highly of the coolness and intrepidity of Gen. Bunks him-idf during the whole of the engagement. He was in tbe Iront, and exposed as much as any man in his com mand. His example was of the greatest benefit, and be merits and should ieceive the commends tion of his Government. Geuerals Williams, Augur, Gorman, Crawford, Prince. Green and Geary behaved with conspicu ous gallantry. Augur and Geary were severely wounded, and Prince, by losing his way in tbe dark while passing from one Hank to the other, fell into the ha-id- id the enemy. I desire publicly to esre my appreciation of the prompt and skillful manner in which Generals McDowell and Sigel brought forward tlie'r re spective commands and established them in the field, and of tbeir cheerful and hearty co opera tion with me from beginning to end. Brig Gen. Rolierts, Chief of Cavalry of this army, was with the advance of our forces on Friday and Saturday, and was oospiciious for gallantry aud for the valuable aid he rendered Gens. Banks and Crawford. Our loss was about 1 ,500 killed, wonnded and missng.ol shorn twenty nine eretkcn pri oners. As might lc expected from the character of the engagement a very large proportion of these were killed. The enemy's loss in killed wounded and pro oners, we are how satisfied, is aiuch in excess of our own. X full list of casualties will be transmitted as soon as possible together with a detailed report, in which I shall endenvor to do justice to all. John Popk, Major General Commanding. I tum t si sli i ne ion . Washington, August 19 The Navy Depart ment has advertised for proposals for trie con struction of vessels of iron for river od harbor defense similar to those building New i ork, having a single revolving turret No offer will be considered unless from parti e- fully prepared to execute work of this kind, h aving in their own name at the present tiro suitable shops and tool. In accordance with the sentence of court mar tial held at camp "r Harrison's Unding lieut. Frank C. Goodrich. Geo. A. Ro!ey. Charles R. Negley ami ' S. Wright of the regular armv have been cashiered tor misbehavior before the eneiP.v. and Cspt. Carboy, of the 12;h IT. 8. in fiwttrv for drunkenness ou duty. All these sen tences were confirmed by Gen. McClellan. Washisotox, Aug. 14. The following ad ditional regulations for tbe enrollment for draft of the militia were issued to-day: Ordered That in filling all requisitions tor militia, the quotas of the several States will be apportioned hy tbe Governors among the several counties, and "when practicable, among the sub divisions of counties so that allowance shall be made to such eouuttae and subdivisions of couav ties for sll volunteers heretofore furnished by them and mustered into the service of tbe United States, and whose stipulated term of service shall not have expired. Knwiw U. Staxtow, Secretary of War.