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I nil I Iff 1 IN r0L. XXII, NO. 49. INDIANAPOLIS, IND., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 1863. TOOLE NO. 1,2-12. ANA STATE SENTINE U A WEEKLY STATE SENTINEL raiimco ad rriususo kvkky moxdat at tbk IVEW SE'TIIVEIj office, XO. 1 SOUTH MERIDIA5 STREET, OPPOSITE THE OLD POSTOFFlCK. ELDER, ÜARRNESS, & BIXGIIAM TEBJtS OF WEEKLY SEXTI5EL: One copy one year $ 1 50 Ten copies, and one to the maker of the club . 15 00 Twenty copies, and two to tbe maker of the club. . SO Oo Additions can be in ade to Clubs atany time at the above rates. Tbe names will be printed on each paper, without extra charge. One square, one insertion.... $0 75 " two " 1 OO four " 3 00 For each siubsequent insertion, and for each inser tion of each additional onare 33 Advertisements published in both the Daily and the Wdekly Skxtisil, will be charged tbe full Dailv rates, with one-half the Weekly rat added. Annoitncint; rtsths with funeral notice attaee4,91; without notice freer - - - -- r - Marriage Notices 50 cent. XoticHs of Festival, Picnics and Excursions, gotten op by individuals or associations, or by churches, at the reg ular prices. Adverti-wmenta leaded and placed under the head of Special Notices, if ten lines orover.willbechargeddouble the usual rtes. Yearly advetier to pay quarterly. Announcing candidates for offices of every description to be charued at the rate of 50 for each name in the Daily, and 2 In the Daily and Weekly, the same to be, in all casts, paid in advance. Lecal advertisement inserted at the expense of the at torneys ordering, and not delayable for theleea! procted inirs, but collectable at onr usual time. Publishernot ac-.ountable for the accuracy of legal advertisementbe yond the amount charged fir their publication. ELDER, HARKXESS & BIXGIIAM, Proprietors Indiana Stste Sentinel . J. M. T1LFORD, PresidentlndianapolifJoarns'.Company . THE JDA.TJLT5T SENTINEIj Will be sent by mail or express to subscribers t any point for sixty cents a month, or seven dollarsa year. All ubscriptionsinvariaMy In advance. Address ELDER JURKNESS, BIXGHAM. rnneceary Alarm. We understsn.l that on yesterday the Governor requested a meeting of the S'ate officers fr con sul tation, and upon assembling. His Excellency stated that he had requested the interview for the purpose of devising some me isurures, if possible for the suppression of a secret order, which he denominated tbe Knights of the Golden Circle. This order, he said, extended throughout the State, and he represented it to be powerful in i numbers and influence, and dangerous in its ob jects and character. General Carrin!ton in his order nmber six, which appeared in the Sentinel of yesterday, in referring to associations thus classified, says. " Thier oaths are disloyal; their signs and signals are disloyal." We have never belonged to a secret political I order of any kind, and we have ever opposed such organizations as inimical to our free insti tutions. We do not believe any such order ex ists in Indiana known as the Knights of the Golden Circle, or having as a basis the objects of that organization. There was, as we are in formed, such an organization in the Southern States, which bad existence long before the breiking out of the rebellion. Its purpose was to acquire territory, either by purchase or cou quest, suited to slave labor, and thus to extend the are i of African slavery. Their objects were to be accomplished as citizens of .the fjoited States and by implicating the Government in their Schemen. As a matter of course, with the se cession of the Southern States and the inaugura tion of civil war, the motive for extending and continuing the order longer existed. Now it is the hight of folly to even assume that such an organization exists in Indiana, or ic any Northern State. There can be no possible motive for an organization having in view the objects and purposes of the Knights of the Golden Circle. There can be no more loyal citi zens than the Democracy of Indiana. They have no other motive, no other object, no other wish, no other desire than the preservation of the Gov ernment, the maintaintnee of the Constitution and the restoration of the Union. X other citi zens would rejoice with more heartfelt joy to see the Flag of the Union again wave over united States, equal in rights and quäl in dignity, yielding that willing obe lience to the Constitu tion and the laws which alone will insure union, harmony and peace. Knowing that the Democracy of Indiana are loyal, we cannot bat feel that the Governor and his partisan friends have the nightmare over secret political organizations. They have dreams, and visions, and scares which only diseased ira aginations suffer. It is an idiosyncrasy which should be pitied, if acts of injustice did not grow out of it. When His Ex-el-lency and his political friends organized the Know Nothing order, which, lor a time, was a pontrin the land, they were indignant at being suspected even of disloyal practices. It was a secret political order. It was foreign to our in stitutions, hen;e it was hört lived. Such or ganizations cannot have a permanent existence, for the aupposed, or real necessities which develop them soon pass away, other overshadowing issues arise, and they decline as rapidly as they came into existence. This will be the history of all the secret political societies of the present day, no matter what may be their political sympathies Opposition generally gives them a rapid growth, and it is the ailment which, for the time being, gives them strength and influence. Wjthout this nursing, like hot house plants, they will soon die. Uniting with secret political organizations does not change the character, the thoughts or opinions of their members. The only object they can accomplish, and that is temporary, is to pro duce unity ol action among those who have a common purpose or a common enterprise to secure. The reply of the State oEGcers to the Governor's request, was appropriate. They told him that if be would use his influence to suppress Republican secret orderä secret armed associations with secret obligations, signs and sigcals. which he knew had been organized all over the State, they would ue their influence with their political friends for a similar purpose. In this city, the Governor well knows, is a secret Republican or der, the U. C's, or the S. B's, which, we under stand he says, numbers a thousand. They meet in Wright's Hall on Washington street. It has iu sentinels to prevent tbe ingress of any but ini tiated members. It has arms. It has its military drills. Iu character is intensely partisan. Simi lax orders exist all over the State. It is charged that the Governor furnishes them with arms. Why does not Iiis Excellency, or General Car KixfiTox, issue an order recommending, or urging, or insisting upon their abandonment? When orders are issued only against one fide, it looks as though there was too much partisan partiality for the other. In all seriousness, we advi.-e our Republican officials to quiet their alarms about secret politi cal associations; let them alone, and our word for it, their existence will b so short, so transi tory, that tbe wonder will be, what they were begun for. . The Income Tax Every one to be A srssdon the 1 t o f Tlay The Provi sions ! the Act. Washington, April 15. The Commissioner of Internal Revenue has just is.-ued the following regulations for the as sessment of the income tax. The Assessor and assistaut Assessor of each collection district, will assess the income tax, on the first day of May next, upon every person residing within the dis trict liable thereto. Each person will be required to return bis total income. far specifying the sources from which it is derived as to enable the assistant Assessor to decide what deductions shall be made therefrom. Persons whose income does not exceed the sum of $10,000, and who reside iu tbe United States, will be subject to a duty of 3 per cent, on such portion thereof as is liable to taxation; provided, however, that upon the in come derives from interest upon notes, bonds, or other securities of th United States, a duty of Ua Per tent, will be levied. Persons whose in comes exceed $10.000, will be subject to a duty of 5 per cent, on the portion thereof subject to taxation; provided, however, that upon the in come derived from interest upon the notes, bonds or other securities of the United States, a duty of 12 per cent, will be levied. Citizens of the United States residing abroad, and not in the em ployment of the Government of the United States, will be subject to a duty of 5 per cent, on the income of any property, securities or stocks owned in the United States and not exenittel from the income tax; provided, however, that upon the income derived from the interest upon notes, bonds, or other securities of the United States, a duty of l-., per cent, will be levied. Every farmer or planter will be required to make return of the value of the produce of his farm, or plantation, without deduction for the labor or services of himseif and his family, or tor any por tion of such produce consumed by himself and family. The following deductions will be mide from thi aggregate income of each person, and the tax assessed upon the remainder, viz.: State and local taxes assessed in the calendar year pre ceding this assessment, to wit.: From January 1st, J f2, to December 1st, 1?62, inclusive ; sal aries of olBcers or payments to persons in the service or employment of the United States, from which a deduction of three per cent has been made by the dis!uting officers of the Gov ernment; interest or dividends of stock, capital or deposits in any bank, trust company or savings institutions, insurance, bridges, express, steam-I boat, ferry boat, railroad company or corpor ition, from which interest or dividends a duty of three per cent, shall have been deducted by the officers of such companies, corporations or associations. Interest from any bonds or other evidences of indebtedness of any railroad company or other corporatio:i, from which a dutv of three per cent. shall have been deducted by the oflieers of such company or corporation, and receipts derived from advertisements, on which a duty shall have been assessed and paid; also the sum of $G0O, except in those cases where the whole or any part o! said $t;!K) shall have been deluded from the salaries or pay of officers or persons in the service or employment of the United States; the amount actually paid for the rent of every dwell in;; house or estate which is the residence of the person assessed; und the amount paid by any farmer or planter lor hired. labor and necessary repairs upon his farm or plantation, including the subsistence of the laborers. Whenever the total income of a person ex ceeds $10,000 and deductions are made there from, upon the ground that a portion of such in come has been subject to a 3 per cent, duty upon dividends or interests paid by companies, corpo rations, or associations, as before enumerated, such person will be subject to a tax of 2 percent, additional upon so much of his income as may have been previously subjected to a duty of 3 per cent, by the officers of the company, corporation or association above named. Guardians and trustees, whether such trustees are so by virtue of their ollice as executors, administrators or other judiciary capacity, are required to make a return of the income belonging to minors or c'er persons which may be held in. trust as aforesaid, and the income tax will be assessed upon tbe amouu; returned after deducting such sums as are exempted irora the income taxes aforesaid; provided that the exemption of $G()0 under section 90 of the Excise Law shall not be allowed on account of any minor or other bene ticiary of a trust, except upon the statement of the guardian or trustee, made under oath, that the minor or benificiary has no other in come from which said amount of $6')fj may be exempted and deducted. Whenever pers m lia ble to assessment of income tax shall neglect or refuse to make the l'sta as required by law, or when the lists made and tendered by such persons shall not be accepted by the assessors or as-istant assessors bejust and proper, it shall be the dutv of such assessor or assistant assessor to make !Nts for such persons ai-eording to the best information he can obtain. Ptvsurs so assessed may take o ith or affirmation as to the amount of income and deduction therefrom, ngreeably to section 03. v Persons receiving rent may deduct therefrom the amount paid for necessary repairs, insurance and interest on incumberance upon such rented property. The cost of new structures orimpiuve- rue.ts to buildings shall not be deducted from the income. The tax must he levied upon .ill divi dends declared prior to September 1, 15G2, and upon $.000 ot all salaries of oflieers or payments to persons in the civil, military, naval or other service of the United States, for services rendered prior to the said date, as such dividends and pro portions of salaries were not subject to deduction or as.-ersment. Interest received from or due by trust companies, savins institutions, insurance, bridge, express, steamboat, ferryboat and rail road companies, corporation or associations, prior to the same date, must hUo be taxed. In terest paid by him on incumberances upon the dwelling house or estate upon which the assessed person resides may be deducted from income; also his payments for necessary repairs. Farm produce which the producer has on hand the 31st day of Decerulter, 102. must he appraised at its marketable value on that day. The income tax shall be included in the nnnunl list, ami appeals and other proceedings held as provided by law. From the .vf laslttsippi Squadron, Mississippi Squadron,? Helena, Akk., April 10, 1SC1. Editor Sentixei.: Our second attempt ou Fort C reenwood failed, not for want of men, but for want of a General. The gunboats composing the Yazoo expedition, en route for the Mississippi river, met reinforcements under General Quinby, and at his earnest solicitation returned to assist him in his efforts against the fort, that was now doubly strengthened, and douhly reinforced, he feeling confident of success. Well, we returned and stayed twelve days waiting for him to bring ! forth, and lo ! he was put to bed, and bis parturi tion was something like that of the mountains, in this, that of its smallness. The mountains pro duced a mouse. nd General Quii.by produced a fizzle. His effort consisted in playing cards and drinking whisky, and one solitary order, viz: to build and float a raft against that of the Rebels. And for what t To hreak theiis in pieces. How ever I am but waistinz my soap, for he who washes n nss's head loses hi cleaning material. At last, after the most incredible navigation and langer, with trews all down with break borne fever, and with ships torn to pieces, we have got oat of what bas been known as the Yazoo Pass expedition. Our loss has been considerable in killed and wounded, and from disease and deser tion. The loss of the rebels is almost beyond arithmetical calculation in cotton and cotton gins, in negroes, in plantation houses and cabins, in farming implements, in household furniture, and the entire productions of a coming crop, and in prisoners, nnd killed and wounded, snd from de sertions. The Chillicothe alone killed a larce number ol their men, besides wounding mr.ny more. A big movement is on the tapis, and looks o ward Vicksburz, with a great prospect of success. S'jch a large effort I have rot before wiuies"ed in the war. 0. for its surre, for we, like Admiral Dlake. under the glorious Cromwell, ficht for our country, ar.d not for its rulers. W. C. F. Xotjck or Investigation. Tbe Committee of Investigation, created at the late session of Legislature, are now in session. The subject of investigation, at this time, is "The Disbursement of the Military Fund." Parties or others inter ested, are requested to attend the meetings of the committee, to communicate with tbe Chairman The Committee will sit to day, in the office of the Auditor of State. Geo. S. Bkow.x, Ch'n. General Order 2Vo. (J. Headquabtlrs .rs District ok Ixwava, ) Department of the Ohio, v idianapolis, April 19, lbb3 ) Ind T. In the face of appeals to the people to give up the illegal practice of wearing concealed wea pons, and to abandon secret armed associations, the practice continues. The inevitable re sult has been the los of valuable lives. It is the clear duty of every good citizen, of whatever party, to maintain order, snd stop these things at once It is as clearly the duty of the press to concur in such notion There can be no half and half policy. No party can gain character by.' the recognition of such societies. They aspire to local power, independent of both State and Gen eral Government. They can imperil, but can not insure, the rights of any II. Marked, among such associations, are the Knights of the Golden Circle. Their oaths are disloyal; their signs and signals are disloyal. Let all calm and reasoning citizens, who have en tered their lodges, renounce them. They have met with arms in their hands. They have guar ded the approach to those meetings with ai rued sentinels. They have used their influence to protect deserters. They have passed resolutions to defy United States law, and the Government of the United States, wtiich protects them. They who shall still adhere to their obligations, and continue their secret drill, are denounced as pub lic enemies, to be dealt with as such. III. The habit of attending political meet ings armed, is another evil too common, and por tentous of mischief. Let every citizen go with the right temper, to his political meeting, nor fear that any will inteifere with his rights, nor doubt that he will be protected in their enjoy ment. But it should never be forcotten that in times of public peril, it becomes the absorbing interest of every citizen to subordinate everything to the genera good, and to direct all party issues so that the preservation of the Government in its integ rity and entirety, shall he unqualified and sure. IV. In this connection let it bo not forgotten that violent partisan harranjrues do no good, but embitter all other issues, lwiblems that in other times might be adopted :it pleasure, only incite animosity when they are borrowed from such us ar recognized by rebels, and had their origin with the first prisoners brought to the North. Tiny, from their dress, were denominated "but ternuts. " They early adopted the Copperhead upon their banners, and itisfill maintained upon the flags of several rebel States. It is a very slight sacrifice to forbear their use as a party emblem, when it is undniable that their early association with the rrbe! cause has civen them a character which complicates party relations, and creates constant conflict and alarm in more than half the counties of this State. Their use gives no prestige to the party with which their wearers, assume to identify them selves, but compromises it with the people. V. Will leading men and the press of all par ties believe that the com'mandmjr officer of this District truly represents his Government and their, in expressing his purpoe to regard the rights of all, while holding absolutly and unquali fiedly to the maintenance of our common countrv? For men who plot onr overthrow there is but one issue. With this, neither of the leading political parties is charged. Of this, the Knights of the Golden Circle, in their leaders, are guilty. This appeal preceded by repeated notice of their existence and aims, and, while denouncing them, is coupled with the earnest hope that all good men will unite in the objects expressed, to adhere to the habits of peace, and forbear the use of words or emblems that embitter parties and compromise or outrage the loyal sentiments of any. By command of Brig. Gr.y. Carrisoton. 'H. E. Madisox, Lt. k A. D. C, A. A. A. G. Trnnportins to It e be I Cine. United States District Attorney, Thomas J. Boj-uton, bas written a letter to Col. Js. S. Mcrgau, commanding at Key West, proic-t ng agninst Gen. Hunter's orders to transport '.he families of all white persons residing wiihin the limits of his command who have husbands, broth ers or sons "in rebel employment" to the rebel lines, which order that officer construes as mean ing all those who have such relatives "residing" within the rebel territory and corirol. Judging by what we have he mi of the proceedings of our General.- comm Hiding at Baltimore, Cincinnati, and the W -t generally, it would appear that this policy has been formally adopted by the adminis tration, and i luU'i (!d to Je f" rr 1 into effect wheiever our armies are situated. Whether such i the purpose of the President ami his advisers, or tili be merely some new folly of his subordi nates, it is, to use Mr Bontn's vigorous lan guage, not the less "illegal ujxin every principle o coiisiitu:io!i,tl right; it is illegal upon every principle of the law ot conquest of territory; it is illegal ujmhi every principle ot personal rights, founded on natural law; it is violative of every principle of la w, justice or humanity. "Every person injured by the o-der will have his remedy in She court here, and in evcrv other court of the civilized worl I liaviug juiisdic diction over such iiiatiers, against any person in ktrumental in its execution, wherever such per son can be found. No plei or superior authority can shield any person, humble or exalted, who shall assist in the execution of this order from the demands of nry person who may suffer damage by its execution." X. Y. World. An Important firioure. Mr. Sumner was re-elected to the United States Senate the other day by Ihe Legislature of Mas sachusetts. Mr. Swain, a member of the Senate of that Stae. although u Republican, would not. it seems, vote for Mr Sumner, and jjave the fol lowing reasons for so refusing : "I come now, Mr. President, to what is known in history as the John Brown raid. This expe dition was planned and fitted out in Boston, and its expenses defrayed by subscription. The day he started for Harper's Fei rv on his deed of mur der, he dined at Ho. 4, Parker House, in company with some of the most zealous and ardent sup porters of Mr. Sumner, and for this reason I al lude to it. The Ttepublican party now disown the act; they call him a monomaniac an Insane man ! but when the telegraphic wires, with light ning speed, brought the news of his death to New Lngland, so depraved at that time was the public sentiment here, that the village church bells toi.'sd out his funeral knell, and the minister of God, with a few honorable exceptions, prayed in their pulpits that the departed spirit of the patriot saint' might rest in peace. This act, Mr. Presi dent, was the death blow to the peace of the Union. Without it Virginia would not hare se ceded and God Grant that we may yet recover from it. I know the narat of the person who were engaged iu this transaction, nnd shall leave a record of them for history. Oeneral Cnrrington' Order Appli cation o. 2 A man from Cartersburg, yesterday, engaged in cheering for Jeff Davis, John Morgan and the Southern Confederacy, was arrested by or der of General Carrington, and is now on his way to the Southern Confederacy, where be can cheer all he pleases. God speed him on his jour ney. You are on the right track, General. Push ahead. The above item is going the rounds of the Republican press. It is purely sensational. General Cakrixoto has not sent any one from Indiana to the Southern Confederacy. At the Court Ilouae. There was a respectaole ai-'Jience at the Court House last evening to hear Colonel Hawkins The speaker said he labored under some embar rassment, owing to the notice given him in the morning; that he hal been, charged with being a paroled spy, but wasa Union man from the crown of his head v the sole of his feet. lie made some good points, but his remarks were generally icuttering, and upon taking a vote at the conclu sion whether he should speak again to-morrow evening an ominous silence prevailed. The gen eral impression seemed to exit-t among the audi ence that he would serve his country better by shouldering a musket than by making speeches. Lafayette Journal. A Grand Victory ir thk Southwest. Our army and navy have not yet taken Vicksburg, but this is of small moment when we read that a few nights since, a Lieutenant and two men of on of Grant's regiments crossed from Louisiana to the Mississippi shore, and posted copies of the President's Proclamation in conspicscus places. There is no occasion for any misgivings in regard to success in the Southwest. The copies of the Proclamation will dothebusines Chicago Voft. The Consistencies and Inconsistent (ieoof the Kepnbliean Party Below will be found extracts from the speech of the Hon. Gat lord I. Clark, of New York, which, in the present juncture of public affairs.are eminently worthy of attention and consideration.' Mr, Clark shows up in masterly style the con sistencies and inconsistencies ot the Republican party, or Its leaders, and proves most conclusively that the mer. who lead and control the Repub Sctui -organization, are self-proclaimed revolu tionists, and that they sought and now wage tbe present civil war, tot for the preservation of the Union, but I r the abolition, of slavery or the permanent dissolution of the Union that they are the enemies both of the Constitution and the Union We give the following extracts to show, first, the CONSISTENCY OF THE RETIBLICAX PARTY. Abraham Lincoln undoubtedly expressed the fixed resolve of the leaders of his party, in case they came into power, when, years o, he said: "I believe this Government cannot endure permanently half free and half slave." Which, being statel in plai.pterms, means that the Government of YKsi.i:igvii,Jefleraoa and the Fathers and which gave us prosperity for over seventy years was to be destroyed, and a new one established on its ruins. William H. Seward, in his celebrated Ohio speech, said: " It (slavery) can and must be abol ished, and you and I must do it. You will soon bring the parties of the country into an effective aggression upon slavery." In a speech made in the Senate, March 11, 185U, Seward threatening the Southern States with civil war, unless they emancipated their slaves, said: "When this answer shall be given, it will ap pear that the question of dissolving the Union, is a complex question that embraces the fearful is sue whether the Union shall stand and slavery under the steady, peaceful action of moral, social ami political causes, be removed by gradual, voluntary effort, and with compensation or. whether the Union shall be dissolved, and civil wars ensue; bringing on violent, but complete and immediate emancipation. We are now ar rived at that stage when that crisis can be fore seen when we must foresee it. It is directly before us. Its shadow is upon us." In a speech made in Albany, Oct. 12, 15j5, he said: "Slavery is not, and can never be, perpetual. It will be overthrown peacefully anddawfully ut der this Constitution, or it w ill work the sub version of the Constitution, together with its own overthrow. Then the slaveholders would perish in the struggle." In the same vein, he declared in a ppeech made in the Senate. April 9, 1859, that rifles and can non would soon take the place of words. He said: "The solemnity of the occasion draws over our heads that cloud of disunion which always arises whenever the subject of slavery is agitated. Still the debate goes on more ardently, earnestly and angrily than ever before. It employs now not merely logic, reproach, menace, retort and deflance, but sabres, rifles and cannon." In the same speech, after declaring that the agitation of the slavery question would lead to a war between the North and South, he said: "Then the Free Statesand Slave States of the Atlantic, divided, and warring with each other, w ould disgust the Free States of the Pacific, and thev would have abundant cause and justification for withdrawing from a Union, productive no longer of peace, safety and liberty to themseles, and no longer holding up the cherished hopes of mankind.." X. P. Hanks, formerly Governor of Massachu setts Speaker of the House of Representatives iu le'öö, and now a Major-General in the Lincoln army, in a peet h delivered in Maine in lfe5", said: "Although I am not one of that class of men ho cry for the preservation of the Union; al though I am willing iu a rtytain state of circum stances, to let it slide, 1 have no fear for its per petuation. But let me say, if the chief ol ject of the people of this country be to maintain and propagate chattel property in man in other word, human slavery this Union cannot and ousiht not to stand' In n speech made in Massachusetts, in 1856, he said: "I cannot conceive of a time when this Consti tution shall not be in existence; when we shall have an absolute Dictatorial Government, trans mitted from age to age, with men at its head who are made rulers by military commission, or who claim an hereditary right to govern those over whom thev are placed." Benjamin Wade, Senator from Ohio, in a speech made in 155, said: "There is really no Union between the North and South; nnd I believe no two nations upon the earth entertain feelings of more bitter rancor towards each other than these two sections of the Republic. The only salvation of the Union therefo-e, is to be found in divesting it entirely from all taint of slavery. There is no Union in the South. Let us have a Union, or let us sweep away this remnant which we call a Union. I go for a Union where all men are equal or for no Union at all. John P. Hale, Senator from New Hamp shire, in h speech delivered on the 12th of July, 1848, used this language: "All the horrors of disolution I can look stead fastlv in the face, before I could look to that moral ruin which must fall upon us when we have so far prostituted ourselves as to become the pioneers of slavery in the Territories." Again in a speech in the Senate. February 16, 1SÖ6. he paid: "The Senator says there maybe a power that shall say, "Thns far shall though go, and no far ther." Good I Good ! Sir, I hope it will come; and if it comes to blood, let blood come. No sir, if that isrue must come, let it come, and it cannot come too soon. Sir puritan blood has not always shrank from even those encoun ters; and when the war has been proclaimed with the knife, and the knife to the hilt, the steel has sometimes glistened in their hands; and when the battle was over, thev were not always second best." Charles Sumner Senator frem Masachusetts, used this language in a speech delivered in Fan nell Hall Boston, November 2d 1855: "Not that I loved the Union less, but (negro) freedom more, do 1 now, in pleading this great cause, insist that (negro) freedom, at all hazards, shall be preserved. G d forbid, that for the sake of the Union, we should sacrifice the very thing for which the Union was made." In a speech delivered in the Senate, on the 19ih and iiOth of May, 1856, Sumner said : "Already the muster has begun. The strife is no longer local, but national. Even now while I speak, jMrtcnts hang on all the arches- of the horizon, threatening to darken the broad land, which already yawns with the mutterings of civil war. The fury of i he propagandist of slavery, and the calm determination of their opponents, are now diffused from the distant Territory over widespread communities, and the whole country is foreshadowing a strife, which, unless happilv averted by tbe triumph of freedom will become war fratricidal, parricidal war." Horace Mann, in a speech made in the House of Representatives, said : "I hare only to add, under a full sense of my responsibility to my country and my God, I de liberately say, better disunion, better a servile war, better anything that God in His Providence shall send, than an extension ot the bonds of slavery." Judge Rufus P. Spaulding, a delegate from Ohio to the Republican National Conventions of lc56 and 1 SCO, in a speech made in the , former. said : "In the ease of the alternatives being presented of the continuance of slavery or a dissolution of the Union. I am for dissolution; and I care not how quick it comes." James Watson Webb, formerly editor of the New York Courier and Enquirer, a delegate to the Republican National Convention, of 1856 and 18G0, and now Lincoln's Münster to Brazil, in a speech iu the Convention of 1856, said: ' Our people loving order, loving law, and willing to abide by the ballot box come together from ail parts of the Union, and ask us to give them a nomination which, when fairly put before the people, will unite public sentiment, and through the ballot box will restrain and repel this pro slavery extension, and this aggression of the glaveocracy. What else are they doing ? Thev tell you they are willing to abide by the ballot box, and are willing to make that last appeal. If we fail there, w hat then ? We will drive it back, sword in hand, and so help me God, believing that to be right, I am with them. Loud cheers and cries of " Good !") Northern gentlemen, on your action derends the result. You may, with (God's blessing, present to this country a Dame, rallying around it all the elements of this oppo sition, and thus we will become so strong that, through the ballot box, .we shall save the country But if a name be presented on which we may not rally, and the consequence is civil war nothing more, nothiug less, but civil war I ask then, what is onr first duty Lrastus Hopkins, in a speech delivered in the Republican National Convention of 1856, said: " If peaceful means fail us and we are driven to the last extremity, when ballots are useless, then we will make bullets effective," Francis E. Spinner, now Lincoln's Register of the Treasurv Department, in a speech made in 1856, said: " " Should this (the election of Fremont) fail, no true man would be any longer safe here from the assaults of the arrogant slave oligarch v, who would then rule with an iron hand. For the free North would then be left the choice of a peaceful dissolution of the Union, or a civil war. which would end in the same, or an unconditional sur render of every principle held dear by lreemen." James S. Pike, an editorial correspondent of the New York Tribune, and now Lincoln's Min ister to the Netherlands, has plainly demonstrated bis patriotism ! These are his words: "I have no doubt that the free and slave States ought to separate. The Union is not worth sup porting in connection with the South." Carl Schurz, a delegate from Wisconsin to the Republican National Convention of 1SG0, and now Lincoln's Minister to Spain, made a speech in St. Louis in lfGU, in which he said: "May the God in human nature be aroused and pierce the very soul of our nation with an energy that shall sweep, as with the besom of destruction, this abomination from the land. You call this revolution. It is. In this, we need revolution; we must, we will have it! Let it come." Henry Wilson. Senator from Massachusetts and the author of tbe conscription act, recently declared, in a speech made at the Tabernacle, New York, in October of 18J5, that "We shall triumph in tbe end; we shall over throw the slave power of the Republic; we shall enthrone freedom; shall alKiIiih slavery. We shall change the Supreme Court of tbe United States, and place men in that Court who will be lieve that our prayers will be impious to Heaven while we snpporl and sustain human slavery." Joshua R. Giddings, Lincoln's Consul General to Canada, speaking in the House of Representa tives, March 16, 1S51, referring to a servile in surrection, said: "I say to Southern gentlemen, that there are hundreds nnd thousands of honest and patriotic men who will laueh at your calamity, and who will mock when your fear cometh." You have all heard of a book called "The Im pending Crisis.' It was written byH. R. Helper, now a foreign Consul or Minister appointed by Lincoln. That book contained the deliberate! convictions and intentions of the leaders of the Republican party. It was cordially endorsed by sixty-eight Republican Members of Congress. seventeen ot them from this State. Here is Us creed: "1. That it is a solemn duty to abolish sla very in the South, or die in the attempt. Page liG. "2. That no man cn be a true patriot without first becoming an Abolitionist. Page 170. "3. That against Slaveholders, as a body, we wage an exterminating war. Page 120. "4. That the present is the time 10 try the strength of our arms, and that now is the time to strike. Page VX 1121 "5. That Slaveholders must emancipate the nesrroes, or we will emancipate them for you. Page 11)6. "That Slaveholders are nuisances, and that it is our imperative duty to abate nuisances. We propose, therefore, to abolish slavery, than which strvchnine itself is less a nuisance. Page 139. "7. That Slaveholders are more cruel than common murderers. Page 149. That all Slaveholdea re ender- the shield of a perpetual license to murder. Page 141. "9. That if the negroes had a chance, they would be delighted to cut their master's throats. Page 158. "10. That we are wedded to one purpose, from which no earthly power can divorce us. We are determined to abolish slaverv at all hazzards. Page 140. "11. That there is scarcely a spark of honor or magnanimitv among Slaveholders. Page 153 "12. That now is the appropriate time to strike for freedom in the South. Pace 153. As a specimen of the spirit of this book I will read this short extract from the 90th page: 'Thus, terror entrenderers of the South, have we fully and frankly defined our positiou ; we have no modifications to propose, no compromise to offer, nothing to retract. Frown, sirs, fret, foam, prepare your weapons, threat, strike, shoot, stab, bring on civil war, dissolve the Union, nay, annhilate the solar system if y,u will, do all this, more, less, better, worse, anything, do what you will, sirs, you can neither foil nor in timidate js; our purpose is as firmly fixed as the eternal pil.ars of Heaven; we have determined to abolish slavery, and so help me God, we will ! Take this to bei with you, sirs, and think about it, dream over it, and let us know how vou feel to morrow morniDg." And this book, bear in mind, was "cordiallv endorsed" b sixty -eight Republic.au members of Congress. It was also endorsed by w illiam H. Seward in a letter which read thus : Aubikx, June 2S, 1857. Gextlemex. I received from you a copy of your recent publication, entitled the "Impending Crisis of the South," and have read it with deep attention. It seems to me a work of great merit, rich, yet accurate iu statiscital information and logical aualysis, and I dare not doubt that it will exert a great influence on the public mind, in fa vor of the cause of Truth and Justice. I am, gentlemen, very respectfully Your obedient servant, W. H. Seward. As the clergy now form an important element in our politics, a majority of them having ceased to teach the doctrines of Christ, and of the Saints of the New Testament, and being devout wor shippers at the shrine of St. John Brown, it may be well to read a few extracts from their teach ings. In doins this, I will confine mvself to a few of the leading Republican clergymen, not noticing their echoes, the clergymen of lesser note Of the political parsons, Henry Ward Beecher, is, perhaps, the most widely known. In his cele brated New Haven speech, in which he declared that "Sharp's rifle is truly a moral agency, he said : " The people will not levy war, nor inaugurate a revolution even to relieve Kansas, until tbey have first tried w hat they can do by voting. If this peaceful remedy should fail to be applied this year, then the people will count the cost wisely and decide for themselves, boldly and firmly , which is the better way, to rise in arms and throw off a government worse than that of old King George, or endure it another four years. and then vote again, In the same speech be also adds: ' " The Constitution is the cause of every divi sion which this vexed question of slavery has ever occasioned in this country. It has been the fountain and father of all our troubles, by at tempting to bold together, as reconciled, two opposing principles, which will not harmonize nor agree. The only hope of the slave is over the ruins ot the Government and of the American Church. The dissolution of the Union is the ab olition of slavery." Rev. Henry W. Bellows. D. 1)., delivered a political sermon in lh56, which the Republican National Committee circulated as a campaign document, in which he said : " Considered as a question of policy it is by no means certain, that the dissolution of the Union would be a political evil to u. The Union is great, precious, sacred 1 but yes ! we must say ft! humanity, duty, honor, religion, are greater than the Union. This, then, is tbe unyielding ground of the Republican party there la no evil possible to Sie country at this crisis, as great as the extension of slavery. Dreadful us disunion is, the extension of slavery is still more dreadful. The dissolution of the Union, however deplorable, is not primarily aquestion of conscience, but ot) policy. We made the Union, and we have the J right to unmake It if we choose." f Rev. Edmund II. Sears preached a sermon at Wayland, Massacbnsetts, June 15. 1856, which was circulated by the Republican National Com mittee, in which he said: "Out of the present crisis, there are two paths that open up betöre us, and only two. One is through violence and revolution. When the pubHc organism has become possessed with the spirit of evil, and is used mainly for its work, the last remedy U to break it in pieces, and let right and justice go free. Revolution is God's rem edy." I could continue for hours to read extracts from prominent Republicans, similar to those just read. But it is unnecessary. Enough have been read, to substantiate my assertions made a short time ago, which were that the intention of the Republican leaders was to dissolve tbe Union, or else to destroy slavery in the Slates and thus revolutionize the Government and that this was their intention, thev themselves have declared. I have proved this, aud no man can truthfully deny it. And to do so, I have confined myself entirely to the declarations of Republicans those known as such and have read nothing from the speeches or writings of Gerrit Smith Wendell Phillips. Parker, PiUsbury, William Lloyd Garrison avowed Abolitionists, and lead ers of a party whose teachings were far more rio lent and revolutionary than those already quo ted, but who are now in full communion with the Republican parfyi and tre clamoring most vio lently for war, bloodshed and destruction, and with the utmost vehemence are denouncing as "traitors" and "copperheads" all who desire a restoration of the Union of the Fathers. Tbe men whose sayings I have quoted are d union ists and revolutionists; and no one wil' contra dict me when I say that Abraham Liuco'n, Win. H.Seward, E. P." Banks, John P. Hale Charles Sumner, Benjamin Wade, together w ith the For eign Ministers and the sixty-eight Congressmen w ho indorsed the Helper book, are the leaders of the Republican party. These men are disuuion ists und revolutionists, according to their own declarations and this being so, it is easy to ac count for their course since they came into power in the nation a course that can be accounted for upon uo other ground. The foregoing extracts show the consistency of the leaders of the Republican party in the ob jects for which the war has beeu prosecuted. The following exhibit: THE INCONSISTENCIES OP Til K REfl BLICAX hARTY. The Republican party went into power on the avowed platform of free speech, free press, free men and freedom. Let us see what is meaut by Republican freedom. It means the seizure, without authority of law, of private papers and private property throughout the Northern States, notwithstanding that the Constitution declares that "the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against un reasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violate!. " It means the suspension in the loyal States of the privilege ol the writ of habeas corpus Congresfonly having the right to exer cise this power, and only in military districts an act which cest an Knglish king his head, and what the Queen of England dare not do to-day. It means the denial of freedom of speech by im prisoning citizens for criticizing the nets of our public servant;.; the denial of the freedom of the press by the lorcible suppression of newspapers, , bv the exercise ot a de;ootic censorship, and by the imprisonment of their editors; the denial of the right of petition, and the right of the repre sentatives of the people to assemble in conven tion, as the recent breaking up of the Democratic State Convention of Kentucky by Federal sol diers, and of a Democratic meeting at Leaven worth, Kansas, fully prove. It means this not withstanding that the Constitution declares that no law shall be passed "abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, and the right of the peo ple peaceably to assemble snd to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.". It means the seizure and imprisonment of citizens for rio other "crime" than that of bein; candi dates tor the suffrages of the people. It means the holding of elections at the point of the bayonet, refusing to allow citizens to vote unkss support ing the Administration candidates, thus striking down the elective franchise. It means the seizure, without warrant, of American citi zens guilty of no crime; hurrying them form their State and district ; incarcerating them in dreary sells ; refusing to inform them of the cause of their seizure, or the accusation or wit ness against them ; refusing them counsel for their defend, jury trial or trial of any kind; not withstanding that the Constitution declares that "no person shall bedepi ivpd of life, liberty or prop erty, without due process ot law," and that "the accused shall enjov the right to a speedy and pub lic trial, by an id. partial jury of the State and district wheiein the crime "hall have been com mitted;" shall "be confronted w ith the witnesses against him; have compulsory process for obtain ing witnesses in his favor, and the assistance of counsel lor his defense." Republican "freedom" means a despotism ;s atrocious as that of Aus tria. Venice or Naples. It means a tyranny which respect neither aire nor sox. nor condition in life. It means the tearing of the father from the grave of his child, for no other crime" than that of being a Democrat; the dragging of judges from the bench and their incarceration in the bastile. fr no other offense save the faithful interpretation of the law ; the seizure of editors st midnight, taking them from their home and family, and immuring them, in loathsome dun geons. as long as it suits the tyrant s pleasure, their only guiit hemz in insisting that the Con stitution of the fathers shall be respected as "the supreme law of the land;" the imprisonment of ministers for teaching the doctrines of Christ ; the dracinir ot ladies, iruiltv of no crime, to station houses and prisons, there incarcerating them for weeks, where they are denied trial, re fused communication with their friends, and where they are insulted, and every emotion of high toned womanhood outraged by the pension ed satellites of despotism. All of these outrages have been committed in the loyal States, and that, too, by order of those who hold high carnival at Washington, while the nation bleeds at every pore. And yet those cal ling themselves American freemen have tamely submitted to these and a hundred other equal wrongs ! Would the patrioU of the Revolution have thus submitted ? (Cries of "No !" "no !") Read the account of their resistance to the tyranny of King George ; of their heroism, of their privations, of their sufferings: study well the lesson of Saratoga, Yorktowu, Trenton and the Cow-Peus; of the crossing of the Delaware, and the winter at Villey Forge, and here find your answer. (Great cheering.) When La fayette gave the keys of the French Bastile to Washington, after the tomb of liberty had been demolished by an infuriated populace, think you he believed that a fort in New York harbor, built for the defense of the city and named in honor of him, would become an Ameri can Bastile, thus transferring the tyranny of France to these shores ? Think you Washington believed it ? That the heroes of the Revolution believed it? Was it for this they suffered, fought, bled? Oh, if the impartial history of this country is ever written, it will hold up to the loathing and execration of the future generations the leaders of the Republican party, branding them as disunionists and revolutionists, and will condemn to eternal infamy William H. Seward, the originator of the American Bastile ! (Con tinued cheers.) When the war began it was proclaimed to be one for tbe re possession of the National property, for the upholding of tbe Constitution and preser vation of the Union. Many believed these were ita objects. Others, myself among them, did not. They had read too carefully the sayings ol the leaders of the Republican party to believe thus. 3JT"The Republican party at Dayton, Ohio, have got a war on their hands that suits them precisely. Some children at a city school took a fancy to w earing copper cents as emblems, and the blood of Abolitiondora was fired. The mag nates or rather the demagogues of that party, have willed it that the head of the Goddess of Liberty on a "copper" is an emblem of treason, and their will must be respected as law. War was made upon the little boy the big guns of the press opened, and at tbe last Accounts the fight was raging with terrible furry. We are not aware that Gen. Carrington has been called upon for reinforcements, but we presume he will be. ?TThe editor of the Evansville Journal saya he is in favor of arming Jackasses even to whip the Rebels. We advise General Thomas to send for thht editor immediately as be evidently ap preciai.es nis own quaiiues. u c presume, nowgver, he will prefer doing service in tbo Home Guard. For tb- SretincL The Uronn Cunty Difficulty. Nashville," Ind., April 19, 1563. ; ! Editor Sfntiwl : Our town aud country were thrown into intense excitement on account of most im;rtant occurrence that Uok place sota seven miles northwest of this village, yesterday. Thnt no inisunderstmidinir may get broad, erroneously inflaming the public mind, I propose giving the the facts a? detailed by eye vituesaei, one ot them under oath. , . The Republicans held a meeting on the lffth instant, at the premises of Mr. Wm. Gould, about one half mile from a Baptist C.iorch, and called the Plumb Creek Meeting Hccje, and Messrs. Phelps. D. Johnson, and Captain Cunning, of the ;irmy. were the speakers. The Hon. Lewis Prosser. Democratic candidate for Circuit Clerk, who lives in the neighborhood, was present near the'rueeting house, w :th a friettd, one Wm. Sni der. They had bee;-, hunting squirrels with their rifles, and w ere waitel upon by one Milton Flaner, Provost Marshal of the county, and Mr Prosser ws invited to jro down to the Repub lican meeting, and stated that the speakers there would divide time with him in a public discus sion. After repeated and urgent solicitations. Mr. Prosser consented, and on repairing to the place of speaking, lie was informed that a vote of the crowd bad been taken, and it had been de cided that as other speakers had arrived since the frtrposhloi was- Tnd? to ciride""time,'Mr Prosser would not be allowed to peak till the Republican speakers were through. Mr. Prosser then turned to his friend, Mr. Snider, and remarked that as they would not divide the time with him they could go home, and would kill some squirrels on the road. At this remark a soldier, (and by the way Capt. Cunning had brought with bira four soldiers.) ttepped up to Mr. Prosser, and told him he guessed be wouldn't co, and wrested his (Prosser's) gun out of his hands, sprung the triggers, and held it over his (Prosser's) head iu a menacing attitude, when Prosser drew a revolver, fired, and instantly killed this soldier. Another soldier ran up, and fired at Mr. Prosser twice. Mr. Prosser then fled some sixty yard off, when CapL Cunning snatched up two revolvers, w hich, w hen he com menced spcakincr, he had pulled out and laid near him, and ran after Prosser, and fired at him. In the meanwhile one Samuel BoriSf, a citizen of this county, snatched up Prosser's rifle and fired at him, and at the crack of this gun Prosser fell, wounded in the left leg, just above the knee, the ball parsing through and fracturing the bone. While the firing at Prosser was going on, Snider fired his rilie at those who were shooting at Prosser, as is supposed. One of the soldiers ran up to Prosser, when he was lying on the ground, wounded and helpless, and endeavored to shoot Lim, when Capt. Cunning interfered, and pre- rented it. The soldiers theu seized Snider, tied him, put him on a horse and galloped out of the county. These are the facts as elicited in an examination before a Justice, and corroborated by a Republican present, w ith the single excep tion that he believed Cunning shot Prosser, and Cunning claims to have done it. From the char acter of the wound, and the circumstances, the general impression here is that Loriff shot him. Accordingly a warrant was issued for his appre hension, and an officer with a poe proceeded to his house to arrest him, when he fled, and is yet at large. It is not pretended by any -one, Democrat or Republican, that Prosser was guilty of any interruption, until bis gun was forcibly wrested from his hands, and that, too, when he was about to peaceably leave for home. Nor is it claimed that any arrest was being attempted of him or any one else, by any authority, legal or arbitrary, until tbe shot was fired, which resulted in the death of the soldier. Whatever ofTeDse was com mitted was purely of local jurisdiction. And the taking away of Snider from without tbe county is an outrage, to submit to which will be a virtual confession that there is no law but the caprice of wandering and sometimes disorderly soldiers. If Snider violated the law he should have been ar rested and turned over to the civil authorities here. But if brute force is law, we must meet it like men, or submit like slaves. Give us the law and we are content. We do not justify aoy interruption of any pub lic meeting, and desire that those guilty shall be properly punished. We bare never, at any time, encouraged desertion from the army, or resisted efforts to arrest deserters. Such offenders have been arrested here without the slightest disturb ance. We long ago passed resolutions that we did not countenance desertion, and would not prevent tbe arrest of deserters. Our people are law-abiding; and to day we would not deplore bloodshed w ithin our borders, but for the mischievous effects' of such men as Milton Flaner and other Republicans who Lave been unceasing in their attempts to procure a vis itation of the military to arrest without cautw? and without law. private citizens, because they dared to be DemtKTAts. What is to be the end ? Bro-wx Coott. N. B. There were but four or five Democrats present at the rencounter, most of the Democracy being at a very large meeting at Williamsburg. m Webster and Clay. If the infernal fanatics and Aboliuomsts ever get the power in their hands, they will override tho Constitution, set the Supreme Court at dfi ancc, change and make laws to suit themselves, lay violent hands on those who differ with them in their opinion, or dare question their infallibil ity, and finally bankrupt the country and deluge it with blood. Thus spoke Webster. What do the Kentucky radicals propose to do? To furnish money un conditionally to such infernal fanatics nd Abo litionists" to accomplish the verv object foretold by Webster. Will any old line Whig vte for it? If this is not enough, bear what Henry Clay bas to say of the party now in power: With them, tbe rights of property are nothing; tbe deficiency of the powers of the ieneral Gor eminent is nothing; the acknowledged and in contestable powers of the State are nothing; tbe dissolution of the Union and the overthrow of a Government in which are concentrated the hopes ot the civilized world, are nothing. A single idea has taken possession of their minds, and onward they pursue it, overlooking all barriers, reckless and regardless of all consequences. If Mr. Clay had lived to this time, and seen fulfilled the dreadful evils be had foretold, wbat would be have thought to see a paper which once ably advocated him for the highest office in the Government, proposing to furnish the means, unconditionally, of carrying out these schemes; or bow would he have listened to the declaration of Mr. Bell, that, "if the negro comes between me and my government, the negro roust go down"? Louisville Democrat. Alexander Hamilton on Arbitrary Arrest. In letter LXXX1V of the Federalist." Mr. Hamilton auswers objections urged against the Constitution- that it contained no Bill of Flights to protect the liberty of the citizen. He compares the Constitution of the United Slates with that of New York, and refers to the clauses defining treason securing a trial by jury in criminal cases; tbe prohibition ot ex post facto taws; the prohibition of suspending tbe privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, ic. These, be says, art greater securities to liberty than any which the Constitution of New York contain. " He aayt: The creation of crimes after the commission of the fact, or, in other words, the labjecticg men to punishment for things which, when they were done, were breaches of no law; and tbe practice of arbitrary imprisonments, have been in all Ages the favorite and most formidable instruments of Tyranny. The observations of the judicious Blackstone, in reference to the latter, are well worthy of recital: "To bereave a can of life, or, by violence to confiscate bis estate, w ithout ac cusation or trial, would be so gross and notorious an act of despotism, as must at once convey the alarm at tyranny throughout the whole nation; but the confinement of the person by secretly hurrying him to jail, where his sufferings are un' known, or forgotten, is a less public, a less strik ing, and therefore a pore dangerons engine of arbitrary government." And as a remedy lor thi? ft&l evil.be is everywhere peculiarly emphatic in' his encomiums on the habeas corpus act, which in one place he calls the bulwark of the Bri'.ish Constitution. Montesquieu, in book . chapter C, say r If the legislature leaves the executive power iu -possession of a right to imprison those subjects who can give security for their good behavior, there is an end of liberty," unless itey are takea up in order to answer without delay to a capital crime; in which case, they are really free, beiaj eubject only to the power cf the land.