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7i j J Jo OL. XXIII, NO. 6. INDIANAPOLIS, IND., MONDAY, JULY 6, 1863. WHOLE NO. 1,252, r No ANA STAT N JLU J WEEKLY STATE SENTINEL, PBIVVKD AU ri'lUSKID ETIBT BOBDAT AT TBK XEWSEXTIIVEIi OFFICE, XO. J SOCTH MERIDIAN STREET. ELDER, IIARKNCSS, k BIXGIIAM TF.RS3 Or WEEKLY SENTHFEL: One copy on rear $ 1 SO Tn copies, and one to the maker of the club. . - 15 Of) Twenty copies, and two to tbe maker of the club, 30 00 Addition can be made to Club at anytime at tbeabore rate. Tbe name will be printed on each paper, without extra charge. .raX. mreaAfln One square, one imertlon to 75 ' two " 1 00 " four 44 3 00 For each subsequent insertion, and for each inser tion of each additional square 33f t& Advertisements mast be banded in by Sunday to ecur- insertion in tbe weekly. Aivertiseraent published' in both the Dally and tbe Weekly SarrwaL, will be charged the full Daily rates, with one-half the Weekly rate added Amoanctntf deaths with funeral notice attached, 1; without notice, free. 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TTrlE J3 A-ITLTST SENTINEL Will be sent by raiil or expres to subscriber any point for sixty cents a month, or seven dollars a year. AU subscription" invariably In advance. Address ELDER HVRKNESS, k BI5GHAM. Tbe Mtutttion. The strategy of the Administration i incom prehensible if the speedy overthrow of the rebel lion, and thus the termination of the war, is its object. Upon the ocean a few privateers are do ing immense damage to our commerce. Tbe blockade, which is kept up at an immense cost, does not prevent a large trade between tbe Rebel States and neutral nations. Through thi.-s source the Rebels got large supplies of articles necessary for them. And the situation of our armies in the field, with the exception of Grant's at Vicksburg, is not, apparently, as favorable as it was a year ago. Since the withdrawal of McClellan from the Peninsula, three unsuccessful attempts have been mi Je to advance upon Richmond. Banks has thus ftr failed to reduce Port Hjdson, and he has been repulsed several times with great loss. Since the battle of Stone river Rosecrans has been inactive, unless in the construction of immense fortifications at Murfreesboro, as though they were intended for permanent occupancy. The attack upon Charleston, the preparations for which weie upon a grand scale, proved a failure, and nothing since has been done in that depart ment but a few raids upon deteuseless inhabit ants and tbe destruction of their property. Foa Tea, voluntarily, has removed his troops from North Carolina, thus giving up the territory we occupied there to the Rebels again if they desire it, or to permit them to transfer their troops to Richmond for its defense, or reinforce some oth er division of the Southern array. Iu the ex treme South, the season is rapidly approaching when the climate will enervate and disease crip ple our armies there, if these causes do not end military movements until cold weather. Instead of our forces advancing upon Richmond, or even keeping Lex's army employed and holding it in check, a portion of his forces are in Pennsylva nia obtaining the supplies he needs. and if we may place confidence iu the telegraphic reports from day to day, the main body is not only advancing upon our national capital, but fears are expressed for its safety by thoe high in authority. Chambersburg, Carlisle, Hirrisburg, and even Philadelphia are threatened, but iu fact the authorities in Washington and the commander of the immense Army of the Poto mac cannot fathom the Rebel designs, or even ascertain tbe disposition of the enemy's lorces. Such is the condition of affairs after immeuse armies h ive been in the field for over two years, enough to have crushed out the Rebel forces, if they had been properly directed. As Senator Tai mblll remarked, after the close of the late session of Congress, in a public speech, the whole resources of tbe Government bad been placed by Congress at the disposal ot the party in power, and it it failed to subdue the rebellion the coun try would hold it responsible. Such is a just view of tbe rase, and we say it not as a partisan or in a querulous spirit, that the party in power bis demonstrated their incapacity to carry the country through the crisis which its policy brought upon it. J Look at the condition of Pennsylvania. The Government cannot furnish the troops necessary to repel theinvadiug foe from the soil oftbat State, and the Administration turns it over to tbe care of its Governor and to such defense as raw troops can furnish against forces thoroughly disciplined and hardened by two years service. And tbe Got eruors of New York and New Jersey, whom the Republicans have derided a Copperheads and enemies of the Government, come to tbe rescue with' tbe resources of their States, exhibiting more earnestness, energy, ze! and ability than those whose duty it is to administer the military affairs of the nation. In Indiana the Democracy are charged with being sympathizers with the re bellion. A Rebel raid was made in the Slate Tbe raiders found no sym pithy where, according to Republican accounts, they expected to find friends, and the men who had been denounced as Secessionists were the first to turn out to drive invaders from our soil. A different policy must prevail if the rebellion is crushed out. The troe strategy is, to over throw and scatter the Rebel armies. The with drawal of McClellan. or the Army of the Po tomac, from the Peninsula wo tbe rand mis take of the war. After the repulse there it should have been reinforced with every available man. If that had been done, instead of tbe army having been taken back to Washington and new routes selected to advance upon tbe Rebel capital, to day our flag would bare floated over it in triumph, and Virginia would have been cleared of the Rebel armies. The movement ot the next few weeks may put a more favorable phase upon affairs, but the strategy of the past does not give the country much reason or hope to believe that tucb will be the case. Either the movement of Las are a big scare for a successful foraging expedition for supplies In the border States, and judging from accounts it baa been very successful, or else heH has force sufficient to give him confidence, with oca Generals as Hooker to cop with, that be can successfully move upou Washington The destruction of portions of tbe Northern Central railroad in Pennsylvania, and the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, thai cutting off tbe supplies from those sources, have the appearance of an attack upon the capital, but time alone, not the sagacity orstrategy of our General, will develop the mys tery of the Rebel movement in that quarter. But while troop4) are being wanted in Pennsylva liia to defend tbe soil of that State fro tu Rebel invasion, we cannot see the wisdom or necessity of keeping tens of thousands of troops and offi cers in the loyal States. If there was energy and sagacity in the Administration, or in the mil itary department of the Government, they would at once be placed where their services are needed to beat bark and overthrow the Rebel armies. But it looks aa though tbe party in power were more anxious to subdue the Democratic party in the North than the rebellion in the South. Interest on the Mate Debt. The Journal states that Winslow, Lanier k Co., of New York, by an arrangement with Gov ernor Morton, have agreed to advance the July interest, and also the January and July interest of 1864. if the dead lock in the Treasury is not removed previously. A telegraphic dispatch from this city to the Cincinnati Commercial, states that Colonel Walker, the Agent ol State, was notified that the money was ready to pay the interest, but he refused to receive it, or in any way to recognize the revolutionary and un lawful action of Governor Morton. This is the case presented by His Excellency it is his side of the story. But the Journal or the Gov ernor lies in one statemeut. That print, the court organ of His Excellency, says: "The money is in New York to pay the inter est tn the usual way. subject to the check of the State Ageut in the ordinary form in which it bus always been paid; and, if it is not paid, the respon sibility will rest with him and the foul conspira tors with whom he ia associated " The money is not in New York in the usual way. This he well know?. Governor Mor ton iu defiance of the Constitution, in de fiance of law and in total disregard of his oath of office, has set up a revolutionary government. The laws establishing and regulating the State Treasury explicitly provide that all public mon eys must pa s through the Treasury, and that it can not be disbursed from there except upon the warrant of the Auditor of State. What is the use of a Constitution and laws unless they are obeyed? The duty of every Slate officer is plain. It is made the business of the Governor to see that the laws be faithfully executed. But in stead of that, we see the Chief M tgistrate of the State trampling the laws under his feet as though they were waste paper, and setting the example of disobedience to law to every citizen of Indi ana. What better is he, then, than any other violator ol the law ? The Governor affects to believe that a refusal to obey the conscript law is a horrid crime, and that the whole power ol the Government should be employed toenforceit. But with what consistency can he counsel obe dience to that law when he, himself, is a transgressor of law without apology or excu-ie. The highest judicial tribunal in the State has construed the law regulating the Treasury. There is not a respectable lawyer who will deny the correctness of the decision. And until the Legislature changes the financial laws of the State, every State officer is bound to respect tbe decision of the court. No State officer can be come a party to the unlawful act of the Gov ernor without recognizing his revolutionary ac tion. This the Governor understands, and he haa sought by every means in bis power to obtain the assent of the State officers to his usurpations. We know nothing of the interest transaction in New York except hat comes from the Governor, but if the money was tendered to the State Agent In the way stated, he rightly refused it upon tbe ground that he could not officially recognize or justify the unlawful and revolutionary usurpa tions and schemes of the Governor. The Ageut of Slate could not identify himself with the "knavish politicians" who are striving to precip itate revolution and civil war upon the State to hide their delinquencies and perpetuate power in their hands. The Journal charges that we have misrepre sented the cause of the Governor's absence from the city. If there was any lying about the Gov. error's object and whereabouts during his recent absence from Inliana, it was upon his own au thority. His deputies gave out in the first place that he had retired for a few days to the classic shades of his beloved Centreville, there to recu perate his exhausted energies then, that he had gone to Cincinnati to announce from the balcony of the Gazette office, we suppose, or yome other institution, as he did in 1856, to a sea of upturned fates, -'Behold in me the Governor of Indiana!" Why the necessity of this deception? But few cared whither he went, or what he went for, for an "appreciating community" knew that his ob ject was not to see the laws faithfully executed. But we challenge the Journal to show any "ma lignant abuse" of His Excellency in the Sentinel, unless the truth be abuse, and it makes him a transgressor. We are willing, as we ever have been, to accord all praise to the Governor when he does light, but can we urge obedience to law upon every citizen as his highest duty, and then justify the unlawful and revolutionary usurpa tions of His Excellency? We are anxious that our noble Governor should discharge his whole duty as a citizen and as the chief magistrate of tbe State, by setting an example of strict obedience to all constitutional obligations and laws to that he may build up an enduring fame upon which he may look with profouud satisfaction, when, like Cincinnatus, be voluntarily retires from the cares of State and speeds the plow, and watches the ripening crops in the rich fields of his much coveted retreat iu his own charming Centerville Another Dead General "Fighting Joa Hooata" is no more. He baa been relieved of the command of the Army or the Potomac by his own request, a change, says the Cincinnati Gazette, in which tbe country will "readily acquiesce." This is an unkind cut from the house of his friends. Mjor General Meade has been placed in command, a brief sketch of whom we publish elsewhere. Within two years there hav been seven commanders of the Army of the Potomac Scott, McDowell, McClel lax. Pore, Blrnside, Hooker and now Meade. The "fiuest army on the planet" has thus far been unsuccessfully lead, and the reverse of each, except General Scott, has been followed by dismissal. We hope tbe new commander may be the coming man, the NarOLXOX who may lead the Grand Army of the Potomac to victory. It is a little singular that the dispatch which an nounces Hooker's removal, one in which the country will "readily acquiesce," states that "the movement of our army has been quite rapid and the announcement of ita present position would astonish the people. Is that the reason for su perceding Hooker? What Oes. Mirrus Said. When General Washington delivered up hi com minion to Con press, then silting at Annapolis, Gen. Mifiin, the President, in the course of the eloquent remarks he addressed to the returning hero, said: "You have conducted (he great military contest with wisdom and fortitude, invariably regarding tbe rights of the civil power, through all disasters Land changes. : . . . From tbe Kew York Journal of Commerce. Uarbarous Fruit ot Abolitionism. From the New York Tribune, the paper which some weeks ago announced the inauguration of the reiau of blood in the department lately under General Hunter, and which ia the recognized or gan of Abolitionism, we take the following ac count of the burning of Dtrien, in Georgia: "Hilton Head. June 17, 1663. 'Early on the morning of tbe 11th inst., Col. Montgomery left St. Simon's Island, where bis brigade is now encamped, to present his compli ments to the Rebels ol Georgia, having the week before sent them to tbose of South Carolina. "This force consisted of five companies of tbe 2d South Carolina, eight companies ot the 54th Massachusetts. Col. Shaw, all negro, and the 3d Rhode Island B tilery, Capt. Bray ton. Tbe gun boat John Adams, Capt. Smith, and the trans ports Seuiiuel aud Harriet A. Weed, constituted tbe fleet. The expedition ready, the order was given to sail thn uli Dubois Sound, and up the Altamaha river, the largest stream in Georgia, to the vil lage o I Darier, which is said to have contained before the war pomeS.C'JU inhabitants, most ot whom were wedded to the Rebel caure. "As the John Adams approached the village she poured a constant shower of shot and shell into the woods along the shore, and into the town as she came up to the wharf. The few "crack ers" aud paupers remaining in the place ran frightened and terror stricken in every direction, aud when Col. Montgomery landed bis troops, he found not a single armed inhabitant to dispute his riiiht. Through the activity of some of the negro soldiers, a lew ot these poor "white trash" were caught, who told the story of there being a' strong cavalry force within five miles of the place, which m:v r may uot bave been true. At any rate. Col. Montgomery, from the infor inatioii obtained from them, did not desist from his original purpose, but marched nearly his whole force into the town, posted his sentries, and Kepared to do hi work. In a few hours all the valuable property he could find, of a mova ble c!ntracter. was transferred to bis boats. A large quantity of second class furniture, consid erable live stock, horses, cuwa and sheep, and rice and corn, sufficient to feed his command for at least a month, was thus disposed of. "The inhabitants driven out and the town sacked, the next step in Col. Montgomery's pro gramme was to burn and destroy everything he could not carry off with him. In a few moments the principal buildinps wer all iu flames, and a strong southwest wind prevailing at the time, the whole village was soon enshrouded in flame and smoke, an.l before the expedition returned, not a single lenantuble habitation remained." Considering the source from which this account is taken, we suppose it to be true. We hasten to place on record our solemn protest, in common with the protest of all Christendom, against the barbarity here tiescri'ed as the work of Ameri cans, and to call on the President of the United States to make an example of the officer or offi cers immediately resonsible lor the hideous wring which stains our name forever in history. The Tribune assures us editorially, that there is a "legitimate military object" for thw "extraor dinar)" proceeding." Would to joditwereex traordiuary 1 But these occurrences are becom ing ordinary. We read of them in all directions. Let the civilized world kuow that they are not jusiiöel, not ordered nay, that they are con de in n e 1 as b rvarism by the intelligent American people. This people are not responsible for them. They are the acts of that lanaticisin known as Abolitio'iism, which reduces its vota ries to the grade of the persecutor ot dark times, aud induces them to rejoice in the plunder aud burning of Southern homes. It is an insult to American intelligence to talk aoout a legitimate military ol ject in this robbery and destruction. From one end of tbe country to the other rises a solemn voice of protest against the monstrous viudictivctiess of the Abolitionists, who are re sponsible for the;- atrocities. But the Aboli tiotiisis gloat over them, rejoice in them, calmly tell ns there is a military object for them, and shout their lo triumphe whenever a negro regi ment is led into a , eaceful village, whence all the men have gone, aud let loose ou the work of fire and robbery. When we read this account over and over, we are more and more impie-sed with ita horror. The negro regimenta are placed on gunboats. They no up a river, tiring li..t and shell into the country on loh tiile. I hey fire a storm of shot and shell mho the unarmed village of D trien, in habited by women and children, as they approach the wli .rt. They land, rob and burn the place, n lid return to nlory over the tjold'' adventure. In the n-ime of humanity, is this the wav America makes war? Is this the e-hication of the "poor nero" to a solijier and a citizen? Is this the way i restore Union? Is this the way to perpetuate- thegiury of "the most beneficent Government "on euih? Is the 1'rei-ident of the United State willing to have the historian record of him, petsoiially, that tinuer his rule such deeds were done in the broad sunshine of Georgia. We speak for our coumrv, our name, our caus our humanity. All require that there spur ability for this wring be removed us far as pot fcle from the American people und their Gov ' enu lent. I will not do lo tell the world that it is the mere fault of one man, who has made a mistake. On the contrary, i.e year tu the whole conn try rang with the cry of Abolitiouism agaiuat those who proposed to fortil pillage. Generals were condemned who "defended Hebel proper ty." The radical party a umel the whole re spousibility of this barbarism, and on them it rests. They see a "military object" to make it legitimate." Where is the offices now in our army who dare shoot a soldier for pillage? w here the court-martial that dare hang a man for stealing either Rebel or Union property? The radical influence has been steadily leading us to this degradation in the exes of all civiliza tion It is time to change all this. It must be changed tv the voice of the people. The Ad ministration has mistaken the frenzy of the Abo Iii ioni-ts tor the expression of popular wishes. The united voice of the people ought to go up to heaven in disavowal of the responsibility, and in praver that vengeance be averted from us. Will Mr Lincoln awake to the tremendous re sponsibility which these occurrences forces upon him? He must awake, and deal sternly with this matter, or we are a lost people, and lost be cause we do not deserve to be saved. In the army of Wellington or Napoleon, such a raid as this would result in the sudden erection of a gal lows, and the execution of every man concerned in ordering it. But here, the responsibility rests on the Abolition party at the North, and the President must assume and approve of the in iquity, or he inu-t at on-, and unequivoca ly, repudiate it, and put a stop to Ita repetition for ever iifi-r It i no mull matter. It concerns not hir.i alone, hot it -"iicetns our whole cause, and our whole character The et- toimuandr r of the Army of lliw foleiiiar. Major General Hooker Iiis ix-eu relieved from the command of the Army oi' ihe Potomac, at his own request. Of the immediate cause of this, we are not advised, but the couutiv will, we think, readily acquiesce. Major General Meade sue ceeds to the command, and it is to be hoped that he will also succeed in leading the Army of the Potomac to decisive victories The new com mander was born in Spain iu If 16. He entered West Point from the District of Columbia, cradu anus hiuh ta the class ol IB.' J. lie was then appoiuled Second Lieu teu ant in the 3d artillery; resigned bis commission soon after; was appointed becond lieutenant iu the i o porrapbical Engineers iu ltiA'2: we bre ve tied First Lieutenant for gallantry at the siege I l1 IT t I.- . T ! . . ! oi Jionverev in ico; oecaiue r irst jieuieuaui in lt51,aod Major in June. 1562, having passed through the intermediate grade of promotion His connection with the volunteer corps dates from August, lbbl, when he waa appointed Brig adier General, commanding a brigade in McCall's division of Pennsylvania Reserve, in the Army of the Potomac, until last September, when he took command ol a divuion iu the army corps o Geo. Reynolds, tie was severely wounded iu thcbaiila of White Oak Swamps, June 30th ltC2. At the last sessiou of Congress be was confirmed Major General. Cincinnati Gazette Negroes Good Ekocoh rot Poor White Girls It is reported that a preacher in one of the townships in this county last Saooatn took occaiion to say in bis sermon, that negroes wert good enough tor poor white girls! It It is true, as Mr. Ingalls, on Saturday last, said it was, that negroes are uptrwr to Valundigbammers, they are not only good enough for poor white girls but tbey are good enough tor tbe patrician daugh ters of Aboliuonisu. CbUUcoUie Advertiser. The "Dastard" Democrats. This is the cognomeu which the Laa-renceburg Register gives tbe few men who assume tbe title of "the Union War Democracy." Sot one of them voted the Democratic t cket at the last election, and each of them did all in their power to either elect themselves or some abolitionized Republican. The Executive Committee of this new organization have issued an address, signed by Jamks Gavlv, chairman, n patriot whose am bitioii was to defeat Mr. Holm ax for Congress in the fourth district, and failing in that he baa sub sided to tbe candidacy of clerkship in Decatur county upon the Republican ticket. Th's modest gentleman and his confederates sef themselves op as the leaders of the Democracy of Indiana. There is one point in the add re vbich we will notice to show the sympathy of thse "bastard" Democrats. It charges upon Democrats the establishment of secret organization! "under the name ot the Knights of the Golden Circle," arm ing iu members, kc. This accusation tbe com mittee know to be false. The Democratic party have ever denounced secret politictl organiza tions a the foe of Republican Institutions. A1 the last two Democratic Stale 'TJoKe'utlons all such associations were distinctly aud decid edly repudiated. After eland eriig tbe De. mocracy of Indiana by attempting to iden tify hem with what these "bastards" call treasonable societies, with great tenderness and assume! ignorance they say, " any secret political organizations exist among Union meu, we oppose it." Now, this committee can not be ignorant of the fact, if each and all sf them do not belong to such an organization themselves, that the "Unioti meu," as they term themselves, have organized all over Indiana secrtt societies, "that have gathered arms and amaunition to execute the 'higher law of their midiight coun cils." In addition to this, these borus Demo crats well know that these Unioi Leagues "infused tbe poison of their organization into tbe Legislature of our State," to prevent that body from passing the necessary laws to ustain tbe State Government and its honor, for .he purpose of placing it in a revolutionary condition, and forcing the dangerous experiment, hostile to every principle of our political institutions, of one man power. How gingerly are these men toward their political allies. How very delicate in their rebuke. "If any secret political organi zation exists among Union men, we oppose it." How very soft is that opposition. There is another sentiment in the address which nnj be noticed in this connection. It reads as follows: "If the majority can not rule, democracy is gone, civil liberty is gone." Is the committee honest in this expression? Let us apply it to the existing state of things in Indiana. Mr. Lincoln was e'ected by a minority vote, and while his Administration does not represent the majority, yet he was constitutionally elected and he should be respected as the Chief Magistrate of the nation. Last year the State officers and a majority of the Legislature were elected by the Democracy. Tbey were constitutionally elected, as much so as were Mr; Lincoln and the Repub lican majority in Congress. Now mark the par allel We condemn the rebels for refusing to submit to the will of the people as constitution ally expressed in the election ot Mr. Lincoln Were not the Republican minority in the Legis lature of Indiana aud the Republican Gevernor e ually bound to respect the will of the mnjority of the people as eoostituiionaily expressed in the last election? But with the advice of the Gov ernor, the Republican minority in the House bolted, seceded, to defeat legislation upon parti san grounds Says the address of the bogus Dem ocrats, and so say we, "If the majority cannot rule, democracy is gone, civil liberty is gone." And thi action ot the Republican Governor of Indiana, mid the Republican minority in the Legislature has struck a blow at civil libertv and tajpular rights, which may take, as it did with our forefathers, long yeais of strife to overcome and regain. And while referring to this production of as (turned Democrats, it may not be amiss to allude to another point which thev make in their address. They smooth over, palliate, and eveu attempt to justify the iufamou exercise of arbi t ary power by the present representatives of the Government in States where the civil power is supreme, and the mandates of all civil courts can be eu forced by tbe civil power. Says the ad' dress: "Mistakes and ill judged orders and ar rests have undoubtedly been m.nle." And then the excuse is: "No liuru m judgment would be free from serious errors iu a crisis like that upon us." Said Secretary Seward to Lord Ltoxs: "My Lord, I cau ring that' bell and have a citizen in Ohio arrested." Did ever a despot express a more atrocious sentiment? This is enough. Talk about "mistakes," and "ill judged orders and arrests," when the rights of the citizen are stricken down with impunity! There is no democracy iu the men who profess to be "Union War Democrats." More than this : There is no love or respect for the principles upon which the Constitution was framed and the Union consummated. Said the wisest, the best and purest of mankind: "Be cause thou art uot either cold or bot, I will spew thee out ot my mouth." That sentiment will apply to the professed "Uuion War Democrats. They are neither hot t r cold; they are not one thing or the other, and because they are luke warm, like puking water, every honest man and good citizen will spew this bastard party out of their mouths, aud out of their hearts. Never was there a greater or more disgusting humbug than the self styled organization which assumes the name of "the Union War Democracy." Smart Trickster. The following statement, say the Philadelphia Ace, was received in a letter from Harrisburg. It has frequently happened that attempts of this kind have been made by the radicals to induce the belief that there wa cheering for Jeff. Davis at Democratic assemblages. But the dodge has not answered the purpose intended: At the Buehler House in Harrisburg on the night before the lat Democratic convention, a number of soldiers aud Democrats were cheering for McCIellan, when an individual, rising on a chair, proposed three cheers for Jeff. Davis. He was takeo out of the house to protect him from assault, and upon investigation it was found be came there to throw odium upon the Demecratic party bp his proposition and have it said the De mocracy were cheering for Jeff. Davis. The individual was one of Lincoln'y Paymasters in the army, by name Alexander McDonald Lyun, and a son-in-law of Morrow B. Lowry. National Banks at tho Eaat. Comptroller McCclloch returned to Washing ton on Saturday night from the East, baring been as far as Bostou. He reports the disposition of the Yankees to bank, under the uniform cur rency act, as favorable. Tbe Merchants' Bank of Boston, with $4,000,000, has already taken the Initiative steps, and believes that others will follow their example. McCclloch thiuks that in fire yean but one system of banking will exist in the United States; but be don't design to harry matters. ... From tbe Richmond Examiner, June 19. The Situation A Rebel View of It. The news from Port Hudson is cheering, and imparts a more promising aspect tn affairs on the Mississippi. But the situation at Vicksburg still engrosses all the solicitude of the country. -It is known that heavy reinforcements are pouring in j to Grant, and that large installments from the command of Rosecrans have been transferred to tbe great army investing Vicksburg. Whether Johnston has, at tbe last hour, been invested with authority to concentrate the troops of the West, is tbe anxious topic of inquiry and the vital ques tion of tbe crisis. If full powers have been con ferred at the last moment, and if Vicksburg cm hold out until the concentration can be effected, then all will be well. The folly of attempting to manage from Richmond a distant campaign of infinite importance, has become most painfully apparent. Surely we are not at liberty to suppose that the long period of warning was left unimproved, and that Vicksburg is not stored with supplies so abundant that she may laugh a siege to scorn. All that engineering skill and enterprise could accomplish seems to have been achieved noon her works of defense. Her garrison ia ample to hold the place against assault; and tbe only doubts about her taie which exists re er to the authorities at Richmond, viz: whether they have taken care to provide within her magazines am ple provieioGB to sustain a protracted siege, and whether they have supplied Gen. Johnston in time with authority to mass a force adequate to cope successfully with the heavy bodies of troops which the enemy have concentrated and are bringing to bear against the place. The country have viewed with mortification the necessity of organising an army, with its transportation and and comntWksariat, in the rear of Vicksburg, after the crisis had set in, and before the very face of the enemy. " But all things are possible to heroic purpose and indomitable energy, and the public are still actuated with lively hope that the new army organized in Mississippi will meet the great occasion nobly, and strike the decisive blow of the war with crowning succe Me ir while a spleudid diversion in favor of Vicksburg is made on the northeastern frontier The troops, led by the companiou of Jackson, are in the van; and, if we ourselves are filled with anxiety concerning the situation on the Low er Mississippi, we are consoled and amused by the nervous and fantastic trepidation which is ob servable among the Swahians of Pennsylvania. For the first time in their lives, these sturdy peo pie view the ample dimensions and packed full ness of their great barns with dismay, and indulge the unaccustomed wish that those ostentatious edifices were less conspicuously situated, less compactly stored, and less captivating to the eyes of strangers. Recollections of the sacking of Jackson, and the burning and pillage of Freder icksburg, on the Peninsula, and in every region in which the Yankee vandal has set his foot, are for the first time unpleasant to the citizens of Harrisburg, of Cleveland, of Philadelphia and Cincinnati. The disorganized army of Hooker is following they know not where or what; but it is legitimate to presume that the troops of Sedg wick will be in no hoste again to encounter those of Early, nor the fleet corps of Sigel their Chan cellorvllle acquaintances under Ewell. Although the war of last vear is curious! v re peating itself in this; although we have another storming of Vicksburg, another breaking up of the campaign against Richmond, another with drawal from the Rappahannock, another march down the Valley, another campagn in Maryland and beyond; although Kentucky is again open to Bragg, and Bragg possibly is too inert to secure the inviting field, still the situation is more ad vantayeous for the South at present than it was twelve month ago. The iron clad Monitors of the enemy have proved a failure, and the Yankee navy has lost all its fictitious terrors. It is now only capable of anuoyapce and acting as a convenient auxil iary to armies of occupation. If we had a par ticle of energy in our own Navy Department, or a few Semmeses, Maffiu, and Tuckers in our home naay, the blockade would soon be raised. and nearlv all our rivers cleared or eunboats. Even as it is the blockade is not much better than nominal An immense maritime trade between the South and English porta ia growing up, and arrivals and departures of vessels are matters of daily occurrence. Charleston w no longer threatened; Mobile is safe from the Gull, and there is even a hope that, by the aid of yellow lever, we may again secure bew Orleans. At this time last vear, the enemv had succeed ed in overrunninc large additional districts of our teiritory. But, for twelve mouths past, he has made no new conquest. He has crushed, for the time being, the spirit of resistance in the regions he has thus occupied; but that he has not succee ded in really re annexing them to the North is at tested by a large force which he is compelled to employ in holding them to the Yankee dominion The heavy draft thus occasioned upon his forces haa rendered hia principal armies too weak to to achieve any new rulta so weak, indeed, that everywhere save at Vicksburg, he is now stand ing on the defensive. The season of active and progressive opera tions in 1 663 has passed away from the Yankees, and the summer stolntice, which inaugurates fe ver and the tropical diseases, finds him retreat ing from the lines to which he had advanced last year. The western waters have subsided with out any reults for a twelvemonth to hia arms, and he is likely to find General Black Vomit a far more troublesome customer on the Lower Mississippi to himself than he had hoped General Starvation would be to us. A view of the present situation reveals a con dition of things in striking and gratifying con tract with that which existed a year ago, even were the relative spirit of the belligerent armies the same as then, which is far from being the case. The events of the past twelve months have established a sort of concession en their part that it ia their business to be whipped. In these facts are embodied the only promises of peace which exist for the country. Democratic .fleeting In Warren Coun- y. Editor Sentinel: On Saturday last there was quite a large turn out at Williamsport, consider ing the people were in the midst of the wheat harvest. But the Democrats of Warren are alive and around, and there is not the slightest danger of their being subjugated. Mr. H. H. Dodd was present and delivered an address of over two hours duration, with which the people were well pleased, if outward demonstration of apprbation may be taken as indicative signs. The meeting was a decided success, and noth ing occurred to mar the pleasure of the occa sion We were a guest of the Cannou House, kept by a good sound Democrat of that name. He it was upon whom the soldiers, instigated by the Abs, made a raid, inflicting considerable damage; but as they repented and have made amends by subscribing liberally to make restitution, and have agreed to keep the peace hereafter, let me say no more about it. The hospitality afforded and the kindness of Mr. Canuon will be held in grateful remem brance. Dick and myself were invited to ride over to Attica, and spend Sabbath. We were taken in charge by Zeke McDonald and uncle Jimmey Watson, and domiciled at the Revere House, now under tbe management of Dr. Newland. and as tbe Doctor is a sterling Democrat, and has a prince of a clerk, of course bis house ia all O. K. But the Doctor has a funny way of carrying a couple of small trees about with him, and it sug gested itself, that we were to be on our good be havior for a day at least. Tbe weather being extremely hot, aud our wardrobe being rather of the iron-clad stripe, we declined to go out much. After diuner, however, we were shown through the Government stables, which are very exten sive, and took a look at the future headquarters of many a brass spurred volunteer. By special favor of the proprietors, we wer taken to Worthingtoo Park, a piece of ground situated north of the Revere House, filial with deer, American ostrich, harpy eagle, American crane, and varitiesof caged auimuls, including an educated coon. A iboer coming up, the animals wer not stirred up to their lull capacity, aud the pasturing of tbe birds and feediug the more ravioous quad rupeds was gone through with only. The inimition of this company is, so toon as these beasts and fowls are brought to perfection in playing pantomime, to exhibit them over tbe State. I bespoke for the Sentinel tbe getting up ol the posters ana tne aavenisemeota. . Yours, kc., taT The Interest Question. We publish tLh week, as a matter of pub lie interest, the correspondence between Messrs. Winslow-, Lasiu k Co., of Iifew York, and Col. Walker, the Agent of State, ia reference to. a proposed advance by the former to pay the in teiest upon our public debt, due on the first of J uly. The correspondence between these parties speaks for itself. It will be noticed that there was no proposition to place tbe money in tbe hands of the State Agent, unconditionally, at ta usual, to pay the interest upon the State bonds due on the first of July. That was not done. Notice the wording of Wixblow, Laxiek & Co.'s last letter. They say that Colonel Wal iFJt. the State Agent, must endorse offi cially, on each check, that it is drawn for inter est, and they will hold such check or checks as their txtucher$ until they are reimbursed. Who is to leimburse Winslow, Laxiei & Co? The State, if Col. Walker bas the right to obligate it to do so. If not, then tbey hold Colonel Walker and his securities as obligated to reim- bursa them on those vouchers. Col. Walker has no right to contract a debt for tbe State of course. As a man of honor, the Agent of State would not, without law, assume to borrow the money to pay the interest, and obligate either the State or his securities to pay the debt thus incurred. There is no uecessity whatever for these extra ordinary proceedings. The money is in the Treasury to pay all the debts and obligations of the State. It ia the province of the represents tives of the people not only to raiüe the money br taxation to sustain tbe Government and meet the obligations of the Stale, but to direct tbe payment of all public indebtedness. The remedy is plain for the present embarrassment. Let Governor Morton assemble the representatives of the people and place the responsibility upon them. But this Governor Morton is unwilling to do. He assumes that he has not only the right to discharge the duties confided to him by the Constitution, but likewise legislative and judicial functions. This is modest, very. We are unwilling to believe that the people are ready to place the-State Gov ernment in the hands and to be at the disposal of one man. 1 hev are not vet quite prepared to acknowledge a dictator, and especially one got up on so small a scale. We call attention to the correspondence pub lished herewith, which explains tbe conditions upon which Winslow, Lanier & Co. propose to pay the State interest. It in effect compels the State agent to make them tbe backers of the State, surrender his office to them, and assume all the risks of their delinquencies, should any oc cur. What honorable man would submit to such terms? Read: Banking Office or Winslow. Lanier k Co..) 52 Wall Street, New Yoke, June 21.1tC3. ) John C. Walker. Esq., Agent of the State of inaiana, iveic xotk: Dear Sir: It being now quite certain that the next July interest on the funded debt of the State of Indiana will not be paid for reasons pub licly known, we have, at the earnest solicitation of Governor Morton and other citizens of that State, agreed to pay the same to the bolders of the certificates of indebtedness, to protect the credit of the State. To do this safely to our selves, we must take an assignment from each creditor of the amount of interest due, with power of attorney to collect the same when you are placed in tunda to pay the same. To enable ua to do this satisfactorily, we must have a certified copy of your pay roll for July, or list, giving the names of the holders, as also the amount of divi dend due to each, Ac. We therefore respectfully request that you for nish us with the same at an early a day prior to the day of payment as vour convenience will allow. We shall expect to pay you all expenses that may be im-urred in and aKut furnishing the same. We shall be pleased to hear from you as soon as convenient. Yon:, truly, Winklow, Lanier k Co Ornct Indiana State Agknct.J New Yobk Citt, June 25, 1P63. J Messrs Winslow, Lanier JSf Co.: Gkntllmkn Your favor of the 21th.inst.-has been received aud duly considered. In reply btg leave to sav, that in common with everv citizen of Indiana, I am exceedingly anx lous that tne creditors ot our htaio shall be promptly paid that which is due to them. The State has amply provided for them all. Her Treasury is full and her tax-pavers will keep i so for everv lawfnl demand. AU that is needed is that the Legislature shall have an opportunity to make the appropriations to give the nnancia officers of the State authority to disburse tbe funds I hope it ia correct, as you state in your letter, that the "reasons why tbe "next July interest on the funded J bt oi the State of Indi ana" will not be paid at that time are "publicly known. I he people ot Indiana, with the issues before the country upon thetu. elected a majority of Democrat to represent them in the Legisla tureof the State. To prevent the legislation de manded bv the people, the Republican minority of the House of Repreaentatives. iustigaled by Gor. Morton, and iu violation of their sworu duty, deserted their posts and left that body with out a quorum to do business. By this revolu tionary proceeding the acta appropriating mon eys to defray the expenses of the State, to pay the accruing interest on the State debt, to carry on the benevolent institutions and to keep up the State prisons, failed to become laws. In conse quence of this, there are thousands of creditors of the State at home who suffer already for tbeir just dues, and, as you mention, the credit of the State abroad is also about to suffer by tbe an ticipated failure to meet tbe accruing interest on ber funded debt. 1 he majority ot the Legisla ture are ready and anxious to make tbose appro priations, not only to pay yourselves and the class of creditors to whom you refer, but other creditors for a large amount, whose claims are equally just. Through vou. Governor Morton now asVs roe. as an officer of the State, whose duties the law prescribes, to co operate with him and to furnish the records aud facilities of my office, for what purpose? Not to facilitate the State to pay her interests or to add to her pecuniary resources for the arrangement you propose is only a trans (er of some portion of the indebtedness to other hands. And you plainly state that vou auk this not as an individual about to buy and operate in the certificates of the State, in a business way (and as such reasouably entitled to information. but iu couuection-with arrangements eikered-' up on at " the earnest solicitation of Gor. Morton and other citizens of that State." For an officer of Indiana, who bas respect for his dutv to bin self and bis State, to become a party to Governor Morton s real purpose in this scheme, is lmpossi ble. That object is not to "save the credit of the State, but to continue himself in bis unlawful and disastrous purpose to override the Constitu tion and laws of Indiana, to arrogate to himself the functions of an other departments of the State Govern men t, and to set at defiance tbe peo pie and the Legislature. Governor Morton, If he is faithful to the duties of bis office, and to the wishes and interests of Indiana, will promptly convene the Legislature, and let them as they will do, if his friends will remain at tbeir posts, appropriate tbe money for the payment o the demands of her creditors. Tbe Governor prefers to rush Into all sorts of temporizing expe dienta and shifts, bringing the good name and fi nancial credit of hia Bute into bad repute with every bolder and hawker of claims against ber. The honor and interest of Indiana require that a Asara a m . ... her taitntui servants ana mends shall witbdra countenance from him in bis mad career. The State does not need that creditors at home or abroad should be called upon to postpone tbeir de mands, nor, on the other band, that individuals should be asked to advance money for ber. Tbe party or parties who unnecessarily subject her to tbe shame of such apparent confession, or who seem to sanction it as being necessary, in fact only insult and dishonor ber. Governor Morton his his partisan politics and his selfish ambition to pronmt him. and I will not lend iftyself to a furtherance of hia acu. which are revolutionary and ruinous. He has no right, after the people of Indiana have taxed themselves and filled their Treasury for the purpose of Dayiug their debts, till in his obstinncy, to ask there to accept as sX favor the advancement of funds irom inoividu-. als. to save them from dishonor. Without, therefore, intending disrespect to you. gentlemen. I must decline to render assistance to the Governor in his attempt to carry on the State Government in defiance of law and without that legislation which the Supreme Court has decided essential in the premises. Truly Yours. J. C. Walker. Agent of the State of Indiana. Bankinc. Office f Wimslow. LAita k Co.J b'2 Wall Streft, New York j John C. Walker. Esq , Ayeht of the State of -dianrn: Dear Sir: Your letter of yesterday iu reply to ours of the 24th has been received. We have nothing to say in reply, save to ex press our regret that the Sute should fail in pay ing the interest on her funded debt. As to where the fault lies in the premises, it is not for us to say. It has occurred to us. however, that we could shape our request in a manner that may meet your approbation; it ia this: That yoa should, in the capacity of the Agent of tbe Sute, go on and pay each creditor entitled thereto on your dividend books, taking tbe receipt of each in the usual form, yoa to draw your official check on our house, to the order of each party entitled thereto, expressing on the face of such check that it ia given for the J uly dividend on Stocka. These checks we will pay, and hold the same as our Touchers uutil we are reimbursed. In this way the payment can be made in the osuat manner, as the Agent has a' ways heretofore paid by drawing' his checks on our bouse, or some other house in this city. As it is necessary for us to know whether or not we are to advance so large a sum of money by Wednesday next, we will thank you for an early reply. Very respectfullv. Winslow, Lamer L Co. Office Indiana State Ac Acrnct, ) York. V 26, 18R3. ) No. 36 Wall Street, New Yi June 26, Messrs. Winslow, Lanier Co.: Gentlemen: Your letter of this morning is received. I regret to say that a sense of duty compels me to decline acceding to your proposi tion. Respectfully, your. John C. Walrer. , Agent of State. From the New York Jon real of Commerce.! r Ilurnlng; Cities. We bad perhaps a faint hope that a tinge of shame might redden the cheeks of some Aboli tionists when they saw the story of the raid of Col. Montgomety and its barbarous results. To be born in the nineteenth century and not blush at having any responsibility in such an affair, may well be said to argue a total lack of the purer instincts of humanity. But the curse of Aboli tionism makes men forgetful of the higher im pulses of their nature, and leads them to revel in scenes at which the refined mind is impressed with horror and shame for our common humani ty. Tbe Evening Post, with all the glee charac teristic of Abolitionism, exults in the affair as a good thing, quotes with apparent delight pas sages from the account of the Tribune, sees i oth ing remarkable in tbem, nothing wrong or unu sual in the gunboats approaching the wharf of an unarmed village and throwing shot and shell among its hout.es, ridicules our protest against the barbarism, and hopes tbe Government will con tinue these outrages. We are cot ptnr-h. sur prised. Disunionists from the outset, tt Abo litionists approve of whatever widens the breach, even though it be conduct which civilization ab hors. We trust that tbe Administration at Wash ington will at length awake from the stupor into which it seems to have been lulled by these men, and tell tbe world that the war is not to be coo ducted on our side in the interests of barbarism. Tbe Post says it is all 'retaliation," and ought to be contined. There is no semblance of truth in the excuse. Such retaliation ought to be adopted only as a solemn necessity after due no tice. The Government does not as yet propose to do anything of the kind. Nor is it probable that they ever will. Tbe idea ia worthy of aa Abolition brain. Look at Chambersburg, Ha gerstown, Frederick and many other cities. Are they so situated as to make it advisable to insti tute any such savage system as the Post urges for adoption? If this system, so longed for by our Abolition contemporary, were indeed adopted the blazing cities ind villages of our land would light the funeral of our nation as one among the civilized cations of tbe earth, and none would mourn berjust doom. But Abolitionism cat es nothing for this. "Bum and destroy" is its motto for the war. To destroy all bope of Cnicn is iu old and ardent desire. The radical papers are disgracing themselves and their country by the flimsy argument that we are no worse than the Rebels in burning and rob bing, and that therefore we are not to be blamed. What have e to do with Rebel sins? Enough that we repent and abandon our own. What use to denounce sins we are cot responsible for, when we have enough ot our own to ruin us? The United States is not responsible for tbe iniquities committed by the rebellion. She is responsible for the wrong done to civilization by her own sol diers, unless she repudiates them. It is a weak avoidance, a paltry attempt to stifle conscience or whitewash iuiquitv, this way of reciting Rebel barbarities to justify our own barbarity. We might as well burn savages at the stake and plead their own customs in our justification. Let us war like men. like civilized beings, if we must war at all. We might long ago have been victors, with our vast power, our overwhelming numbers, if we had pursued a noble war policy and avoided all semblance of a fanatical and barbarous crusade We might have divided the South and united tbe North, instead of uniting the South and dividing the North. We have thrown away our strength, wasted our blood and treasure for the sake of Abolitionism. AH our experience should warn us to give up, and forever, the malign counsels of men who lead us to barbarism in their madness. Let us recall tbe glory it once was to be an American, and hare done with these disgraceful robberies and out rages, which are only worthy of South Sea Island ers, and Abolitionists educated by the Eresing Post and like sheets. General Ewell'o Proclamation. Headquarters Second Coirs, ) Army Nobtberr Virginia. CHAMBERtBCRG. Pa., June 22d, lb63. ) First The sale of intoxicating liquors to this command, without written permission from a Major General, is strictly prohibited. Second Persons having liquor in their posses sion, are required to report the fact to the Pro vost Marshal, or nearest general officer, stating tbe amount aud kind, that a ruard may be placed over it, and the meu prevented from getting it Third Auy violation of paragraph one of this order, or failure to comply with paragraph two, will be punithed by tbe immediate confiscation of 'all liquors in tbe possession of tbe offending par ties, besiöes rendering their other property liable to seizure. Fourth Citizens of the country through which the army may pass, who are not io the military service, are admonished to abstain from all acts of hostility, upon the penalty of being dealt with in a summary manner. Ä ready acquiescence io the demands of tbe military authorities will serve greatly to lessen tbe rigors of war. By command of Lieutenant General R. S. Ewtll, A. S. Pendleton, A- A. General. A Gentle Hint. The New York Erwogt g Post mildly suggests: "It is reported in a morning paper that the Government intends to prosecut the journals which copied a recent article from a Philadelphia paper giving the positions of the army corps in Virginia. The Government will do Baach aetter if it will prosecute tA war." . t3m About fifteen of tbe seventy runaway slaves who left South River, a few miles fron Annapolis, ten days since, were arrested on Sat urday, after a desperate struggle between them and some of the Washington police, in which two of the slaves were killed. 27 The Augusta (Ga ) powder mills bar furnished the Rebels a million pouodj of powder . during the past year.