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q nr a-.'Hp 10 L tk L mBJi In j j... Uo VOL. XXIII, NO. 30. INDIANAPOLIS, IND., MONDAY, DEC. 28, 1863. WHOLE NO. 1,276 WVEEKLT STATE SENTINEL, XEWSEIVTIIVEL OFFICE, JTO. ll and 13 SOCTH VEEJDL4.N 8TE1ET, ELDER, nARRNESS, & BINGHAM . TERMS OF WKEKLT SB5TIXZL: .. 3a copy one year .....$ 1 SO tea copies, and on to th maker of the club--- .15 00 Twenty copies, aaS two to the maker of the club, SO 00 Additions eanba made toClibsat anytime at tbeabov rates. Tha names will be printed on each paper, without txtra charge. Ob aqaare.osa !nsrtioB ...... .f 0 T5 " two " 1 00 foar " 1 00 Fore cb subsequent Insertion, and for each loser- tieaofsach additlonalsqnara...... I3V SgjyAdTertiements mnat be banded in by Sunday to cur Insertion in the weekly. Advertisements published in both the Dally and the Tapkly ScrrrKtL, will ba charted the fall Dally rates, witbooa-balftha WeeklyrateM added . Announcing deaths with funeralnotlce attached, $1 without notice.free. Marriage Notices 50 eentsl ' ' - .- Notice of Festivals, Picnics and Excursions, gotten up ey indifidualsor associations,or by churches, at tbe res; -ilar prices. Adrertiements teaded and placed ander the bead of Special Xatiees, fitfeen lines or over, will ba chaged donbla the usual rates. - . Taarly advertisers to pay quarterly. Announcing candidates for offices of a very description . rh.wii st tbe rate of f 1 50 for each nam in tha TJally, and f 3 in tne Uaiiy ami Wmi7 the saw te be is 11 ease, paid in adranca. - -. legal dTertiscintiirted at the expense of tha at torneys orderlryr. and not delayable for the leral proceed, (nits, hut collectable at onr uxnaltime. Publisher not- accormtable or the aeenracy of leeal adrertlsements bey-ad the amount charged for their publication. ELDER, HABKSESS BINGHAM, Proprietors Indiana St ate Sentinel J. M. TI1.FORD. , President Indianapolia Journal Company. TTE ID A.TXT5T SENTINEL Will be sent by mail or express to subscriber? at any point for sixty cents a month, or aeren dollars a year. All subscriptions Invariably In advance. Address- KLDER H RK?TESS. A BINGHAM. IXepublicans on the Irish. The Chicago Tribune, leading administration organ, speaking of tbe lecture of James A. McMastf.rs, takes occasion to offer an insult to the Irish in America, a od to place the negro far be yond the Irishman in point of merit and patriot ism. The Tribune says: "It was hardly worth the while of this conper perhead Jesuit to come so far to tell the Irish not to fight for their adopted country, as with a few honorable exceptions, they had come to that con clusion Ion ago. His advice was like carrying coals to New Castle. The negroes, without bounty and with half the pay of the white sold iers, hare put more men into the field than tbe Irish, twice or thrice over. When tbe war is over and the Union is saved, the honor and glo ry of preserving free institutions and main taining the great Republic intact, will be parcelled out among the different classes of men. The native arms will get a share large enough to satisfy their utmost de aires; the Germans will come in for a slice; so of the Scandinavians and the Scotchmen, and the poor and despised neeroes will have a large niche set apart in the shining temple to bold their part of the glory. But smallest of all, in proportion to their Bombers, will be due to the Irish." The negroes first, the Irish last is not the most acceptable feature of republicanism. When we - look at the history of this country and witness the glowing patriotism which has filled the hearts of Irishmen in America from tbe days of Charles Carroll of Carrolltoo. to Andrew Jackso.y, and from Jackso.x to the patriots of to day, of whom as large a Dumber. if not a larger, in proportion to those in tLis country, than of any other nationali ty, bare voluntarily taken up arms to defend the integrity of the Government, we acknowledge our gratitude as a nation to Irishmen, and are indignant at such language as the above from the Tribune. Tbe 0'Do.xooacs, the lineal descend ant of the hist of the Irish kings, counsels the Irish emigrants who are crowding over the sea to make this their future home, to support the Union cause and help put down the rebellion. He says: "When jou become American citizens you will not cease to be Irishmen, and yon will not forget the poor old land, who, with all her -harne upon her, is still your mother; remember, and tbee are my last words if you would accelerate the hour of her redemption, take your stand iu the ranks of tbe Uoion nrmr, and help to restore nnity, prosperity and greatness to America." And Irishmen have done it, and will continue to do it. We doubt whether they will soon for get the insults which Republicans so freely offer them The :evr Federal Ranking System aaa m cvr Tax on Property. A cotemporary remarks that in 1862 there were in all the States, including Branch Banks. 1.400 under the State charters. Total capital, $419, 000,000; circulation $173 000,000. The aver, age capital and circulation for four year previous varied not over $10,009,000 from this amount. The amount varies but little now. The new Federal Binks are to be based on the stocks of tbe Federal Government, aud their cir culation is to consist of Greenbacks furnished by the Federal Secretary of the Treisury. Both the stocks and the circulation by the Federal law, are not taxable by tbe States. The effect, there fore, of this new banking system seems to be to withdraw from taxation, if the Federal Govern ment succeeds in superseding the State Banks by Lis new brood of Federal Banks. $600,000 of " Banking capital. All the State taxes now paid . by the Banks, must thenceforward be distributed upon and paid by other property! But this ia not the end. As these banks mul tiply and their currency increases in amount, every holder in whose hands it depreciates either becomes taxed for the difference between iu real and nominal value at which be can pass it in pay ment. or, if be pay it out at Its nominal value, is taxed in having to pay a proportionate Increase of price for that which be buys. This ia a per- petual tax so long at the money continues to be a legal tender. The depreciation of thia currency has alrcadv been over aeventy per eent , ad the longer the , war U continued on iu present scale the greater , most be the depreciation of this treasury scrip, until it may come to a point when, as Mr. Chair remarked in a late speech, it would take a "thou sand dollars to buy a breakfast." ' If the people are forced to take this currency, then as a legal tender the enormous tax on property can be ap . predated. And all arises from having tinkers - and one idea men to direct oar governmental affairs. Experience may, in the end, learn our people wisdom, but it will be a dear bought lesson. What' the matter? Mrs. Lincoln didn.t go to Mi Chase' wedding, and some of the Cabi net didn't go to Gettysburg on account of ill temper. Guess the are alanders. Saint could not deport themselvt in that unbecoming way. It seems that Sampson waj the author of the celebrated phrase "Any other ruin V ben Delilah had persuaded bim to tell he.- the secret of his strength, he said to her: "If I be shaven, then my strength will go from me.au J I shall be come weak, and be like any other man!" The Cincinnati Enqnirer ia speaking of the proposed atnetKlmeot to the conscription law ex emptiag clergymen, says: "VY by should tuey be exempt any more than other people. They are furious now fo it prosecution. They ought to be placed in the front rank of the eooaeiipta In stead of being exempt.' From tha Ifew Tork Journal of Commerce. Who Mialllle lie! The qaeation. who shall be the next President of the United States begins to press on all minds. It is in fact the grand question of tbe wider. Military movements will be suspended for some months, and political movements will occupy the attention of the people. Congress will he at work on legislation, aud tbe country will work at tbe great privilege and duty of the citizen, tbe discussion of public measures, and tbe detercoi nation of the future public policy. - If it were possible t- throw aside entirely all party prejudice and partisan feeling, and "look coolly and calmly on the Presidential question, it would certainly do every man good to spend an hour or two in such no exercise. It would be well to ask what sort of a man shall he be, rath er than who shall he be? What shall be bis principles, his style ol ability? There are some points on which all men will agree who have the cation's interest at heart. There are others on which they all ought to agree, but about which there is doubtless some difference of opinion. He ought to be a new man. By this we mean that he ought not to be any man that baa been mixed up in Washington politics, plunder and in trigues, who has been debauched and destroyed by those influences which surround o.Uce bolders at the Capitol. If men looked on the character of these whom they select for rulers, to be in trusted with their gravest interests, as carefully as they look on the character of clerks they em ploy in their offices, or the men to whom they lend money or trust their fortune, they would choose rulers elsewhere than among the men who have made politics at tbe national capital their traJe for years. It is of no use uow to Jell us that we want men of expeem- We wavi men of honesty and ability, and there is not a man of that measure in America whose experience during the past three years has not just as well fitted him for the Presidency as that or any person now at Washington. The grand desideratum is a man who is wholly out of tbe ring which eiists at Washington to-day, very much as one existed, a few weeks ago, in New York city politics. It would be a fatal error to elect, next fall, any man now involved in the intrigues of that ring. It would be a terrible error to place power, for four years to come, in the hands of any man whose interest it is to draw the veil of secresy over the history ot' the present Administration, to contiuue its contracts, and to carry out its measures without question. No. let the next President be a new man. lie should be a man of youth and vigor of mind. He will be called on to direct the paoifi catiou of the people and the restoration to pros perity of this afflicted nation. We cannot emerge from the terrible scenes surrounding ns wi,bout a convulsion well nigh equal to that whirh at tended our entrance into them. It has I een a comparatively easy matter lor a President to per form nominally the functions of his officf Jnriug tbe war. It will be ten fold, a hundred fold, harder to perform them at its close. Why hesi tate to express the exact truth which is iu every man's secret thoughts, that neither the President nor his Administration has fought this war? It has fought itself! We have drifted, drifted, drifted from battle to battle, from experiment to experiment, from accident to accident. The army of the people has been in the field, and the politicians at Washington have had no more con ception, three or six months ahead, what would be or could be the state of affairs than they have had of the condition of afTtirs in tbe next cen tury. A war can go on for years in this way. But to lead a war once begun to a successful close demands strength and vigor of intellect, a clear appreciation of military matters, and a mind awnke to every possible emergency and its re quiremenu. A great man, a sironz man, a yofftg man, all these should be the character istics of the leader of the American people who is to rescue us from the present calamities. He should know how to lead armies aud to achieve peace as the grand ooject of war. Is there any one who has failed to mourn the ijrno ranee of military affairs at Washington? If he would but have the wisdom not to interfere in military affairs, but to leave them entirely to soldiers, then indeed it might not be necessary tliat be should himself understand war. But we are now to choose a man who is to be command er in chief of the American army, and iu a war of magnitude unsurpassed in the whole history of nations. We are not yet at the end of that war It stretches far away in the future. Shall we allow it to proceed as heretofore, with constant changes of Generals, and changes of plans, and overthrowing of campaigns by the interference of civilians, and the terrible continuation of folly through which it has been rolling along? Mr. Lincoln chooses bis Generals. We cboe him. He is the appointee of the people. If they had expected that he was to be commander in-chief in a great war, it is hardly probable that they would have fixed on bim as the man. But now the future is tolerably visible. It is a future of war. isorisit by any meaus certain that tbe civil war will end in perfect peace when it does end. Foreign complications, into which this Ad ministration has allowed us to drift, remain un settled Tbe mailed tread of French armies shakes the continent. Who can foresee the future of unhappy America? Let us choose a Presi dent with our eyes open to the grand wars which his administration must in ail human probability direct Let him be a man of refined Christian heart. The whole country ought to unite in this defire. Y here is the conscience of the men, who ooast their civilization, who will to morrow appear in their pews as Christian worshippers, who yet dis regard this grand requirement in the character f their political leaders and mke no distinction in voting between profane, infidel men, aud men who believe in responsibility to God and in liv- ing np to that responsibility. Let no one mistake us. v e do not mean to mingle religion with politics, nor to make the question of church membership a question of votes. But we siy and challence contradiction thnt it Is a most im portant question in cboosinz a President of the United State whether he is a man over whoso lite the refining effects of Christian education and asvK-iations have shed their influences for good. We have been sufficiently often called to fasting and to thanksgiving for the nation, to feel that the hand of God is iu the who.e matter of our fate. If it be our duty and who doubts it? thus to recognize the interposition of the Divine hand, it it certainly most desirable that our re cognition should be something more than mere formalities and spasmodic demonstrations. But more than all this, this war must be brought to a successful end, if at all, by the ose of such mean as the highest civilization and Christianity de mand. We cannot escape that truth. Men may endeavor to win success by htrbarism, by re vengeful feelings, by the fiercest exercise of hu man Dussions, when, after all, it is plain as the sunshine that we shall never see the end until the gentle and holy influences which are born of true Christianity shall calm the temoestuous hearts of men aud give us peace. We need a man who shall be strong for action, skillful as a leader, free from the malign influences of old political bonds in the Capitol, who shall know how to con duct war to that iu success hall be peace and that not the peace of death or desolation, but peace on the principle of Christianity aud civil ization. Letter af Jlr. Vnllandlrliam to the Sanitary Fair at Cincinnati. Wisdsor. C. W., December 16, 1663. Georg McLaughlin. Eq , Cincinnati, OÄie Sir: Yours of the 11 th requesting from me an autograph letter for the benefit of the Sanitär Commission, has been received, and I cheerfully comply. The object of the Commission Is one ot mercv. It i a charity truly Christian to visit the nick, to heal the wounded, to minister to the maimed, to comfort the afflicted, to relieve the prisoner, to clothe the naked, to feed the hungry, to rive drink to them who are attrrst, to cheer tbe widow and the fatherless, to save human life, to allevi ate human suffering, and thus to restore some part of that which war alwaysso largely subtracts from the sum of human happiness. That all this is to be wrought out on the behilf of those or the families of those who brave wounds and death with heroic courage upon the mauy bal'.lo fields of this roost sorrowful of wars, gives but still more of value to the merciful purpose. The Commission, if jusl'y, fairly, with integrity and without partiality, it shall perform its pious du ties, will prove itself worthy of the noble praise bestowed by Burke upon the benevolent Howard. Very truly, C. L. Vallakcigham. A clergyman in New York has sued his aunt for $5,000. Shr hit bim with a stone on the back because be couldn't pay hit board. FHO.Tl WASHINGTO.v. Startlinsr Development in Gen Hat leck' Iteport nissrraceful Cnpialiy of Barn tideHe Directly lleeponsl tie for the heedless Slmngrliter of 350:0 Kirn-How the President siara the Campaign He Responsible for the Escape of L.ee'sj Army In 'July last Hurnslde In the Light of facts Organization of Congress and Com plexion of the Committees, Ac Ac Special Correspondent of the Chicago Thnes.J ' Washikgtox, December 14. Of all the reports sent to Congress at this time, that of Gen. Balla-.-k is by far the most import ant. It is the work of a lawyer rather than of a soldier, and it makes out a good case for the General-in Chief., The array of facts, however, is unanswerable; aud these facts prove beyond ail doubt that two of our most serious reverses those at Fredericksburg, iu December of last year, and at Chickamauga, in September last were owing directly to the interference of the President with Gen. Halleck'e plans, aud to the fact that the President upheld a certain General in positive disobedienca to the orders of tbe General-in Chief. Singularly enough this disobedi ent Geueral was the same in both Cises, namely: the butcher ot Fredericksburg. If ever there was a title well bestowed, this is tbe one, and Burn side is the man to wer it. The loss of life on part of our brave soldiers, caused by these two acts of insubordination on the part of Burnside, is absolutely frightful. At Fredericksburg our loss in killed and woundevl was 15.0v0, although the official itomeuw made it only 12,000. At Chickamauga our loss in killed and wounded was fully 20,000, although the official figures, as reported to Gen. Halleck and stated by him, are only 16,300. Here, then, is the blood of 35,000 men, uselessly, needlessly slain by the obstinacy and unfitness for command of one man. My lettera of December of last year and Janu ary, lc63, and those of September 19 and 23 and November 16 last, contained the facts which proved that, if Burnside had oScyed General Hallaek's orders, neither the defeat at Fredericks burg nor the defeat at Chickamauga would have occurred This report of Geueral Halleck now confirms the statements iu those letters in every particular. If the statements set forth in this report as facts are really true, as there is no reason to doubt, it is easy to see that there has been a constant tri angular fight here, during the whole year, be tween Lincoln, Stanton, and Gen. Halleck, the former two sometimes pulling together, but both of them always pulling against the General-in-Chief, countermanding his orders, and uphold ing those Generals in the field who disobeyed him. And it is easy to see, too, that, whenever success has attended our arms, or even when we have made a successful retreat, it has been when Gen. Halleck's orders have been obeyed, and those of Lincoln and Stanton disregarded; while on the other hand, whenever Lincoln's orders hrve been carried out and Gen. Halleck's orders have been disobeyed, defeat and disasters to our arras have invariably ensued. On the 11th of June Gen. Halleck telegraphed to Gen. Schcnck and Gen. Milroy, ordering the instant evacuation of Winchester; obedience to hieb order would have save) the 5.000 troops and the three mil li"lii4 of dollars' worth of cannon and stores which fell into the hands of the enemy. But Schetick and Milroy, being on intimate terms with Lincoln, disobeyed this order, and ou the 15th Winchester and all it contained (even the wives of the Union othVers, whose husbaudsand protectors ingloriously fled) were captured. Hal leck complained of ibis act of disobedience and its consequences, and with reason; but the Pres ident cast his protecting arms around both the in subordinate officers, and shielded them from all harm. Schenck was allowed to leave the army, and is now here in Congress. Milroy was brought to trial before a packed court martial. But the testimony which would have convicted him wes $upyrtttd bv orderof the President, aud Milroy was sent back to his command. B.th of these men are shining lights among the abolitiouiats. On the lOiti of July last, the Union and Con federate armies both retreating from Gettysburg toward the Potomac, found themselves ou oppo site sides of the famous Antietam Creek. On that day,(Je:i. Halleck telegraphed his orders to Gen. Meade to attack the rebel armies immedi ately, and by uo means to allow the latter to get across the Potomac without a battle. I u obedi ence to the-e orders. Gen. Meade had a series of shurn skirmishes on the 1 1th, and on the 12th he forced the passage of that stream and occupied Funkstown and Htgerstown. The latter place had been Gen. Lee's headquarters only the day before. Gen. Meade intended to attack the rebel army at Williamsport on the 13th. But on the morting of thU day he received an order by tele giaph from Ihe Pre.-ident, saying that the troops which had been sent up by Gen. Dix from Fort re3s Monroe were then en route f rom Baltimore and would join him by the next day the 14th, and requesting him not to attic n Lee until .these troops arrived, as it was important not to risk a defeat of the army of the Po'omac. Gen Meade obeyed this order and the consequences were most fatal. During the whole of Monday tbe 13th, Gen Lee's army was engaged in crossing the Potomac River into Virginia. General Lee himself had crossed in person on Sunday evening; and all day ou Monday, he saw the long columns of his troops defile before him n their way to Winchester. If Gen. Meaöe lud made the at tack on the 13th, as Gen Halleck had ordered, he would have won an easy victory. . The rebel a ruf was then divMed by the river, and was in the very act of crossing. Although a line ol" bat tle wus m lint lined all day, yet it was a mere show of lorce, aud an attack would have nroved it a mere shell. On the 14th, when Gen Meade did advance to the attack, the enemy were gone; ii, ii swollen river yawned between them. :This was nn intauce where obedience to Lin coln's orders was a positive benefit to .the rebels. The recent instance of Gen. Meade's disobedi ui.ee of Lincoln's order to "fight the rebel ar my saved both the Union army and the capital, as I have heretofore shown; although it did not occur till two weeks after Gen. Halleck's report waa written. : It is difltcult to see; in the light of this report, how, even after the lapse of this time. Burnside C tn escape a court martial for his unaccountable conduct in November and December of last year. When he superseded Gen. McClellan, he was or dered to execute and carry, out- the orders that bad been given to Gen. McClellan only a few days before; the substance of which was to move the army immediately alter the reireatiufi rebels. Oen. McClellan h id been doing this, rapidly and effectually, during the preceding two weeks. He had movxl the Hrmvof the Pototnac across that river on the 2 Ith of October, and bv tbe 6th of November the army had reached Warrenton. Gen Lee's army had crossed the Blue Ridge at Thornton's Gap, and were ut Culpepper. If Gen. Burnside, when he succeeded to the command on the 7th had obeyed Gen Halleck's order and eoutinuel the movement, so energetically com menced by Gen. McClellan. for only tweuty-four hours, it would have resulted in a great battle at Culpepper, or else in the continued retreat of the rebel army to Richmond. In the first case the retel army would have been defeated, lor our army was vr.stly superior both in numbers and discipline. In the second case there can sea reel v be a doubt that our army would have succeeded in getting back to their old works before the walls of Richmond, which they had left only three months before. But Burnside disobeyed the orders of General Halleck. Ue appealed .to the President, and begged the great Rail Splitter to allow him to move the armv awsv from, instead of towards the enemy ; to allow him to move a small part of bis army along the north side of the Rapp&han nock to Falmouth, promising that he would thro the main body across the head waters of that triam at Sulphur Springs, and move them down outhe south side of the Rappahannock to Fred ericksburg. The great Rail Splitter graciously gave the desired permission; but Geo. Halleck sternly re fused to assent to this üisrezard of his orders Having obtained this permission, howerer, Burn- tide moved his whole army down ihe north aide of the river to Falmouth, and did not cross the upper waters of tbe stream with any part of his forces. This movement of the army was 'ever author ized by any one here, and Gen. Halleck bad pos itively forbidden it. - The consequence of the movement was, that Gen. Lee's army moved down on the south side of the river and occupi,-d Fredericksburg. The disafter which speedily thereafter bef el our arms there, on the 13th of December, is clearly chargeable, therefore, upon Burnside'i disobedience of Gen. Halleck's or ders. No one can doubt that he la deserving of the severest military punishment. Bat be will receive none at nil, for he is one of the men whom the President delighteth to honor. ...... X. 'Special Correspondence sf the Chic? a Times. - Washiotow, December 16. The proceedings of Congress tkus far have been cot only interesting and important, but also highly significant. In the first place, in regard to the choice of Speaker. The composition of the House is verv singular. -The radicals can number 99 votes, but not one morel ' The Dem ocrats and conservatives number 60. There are besides 36 members who cannot be classed on either side. They are all in favor of the vigor ous prosecution of the war, aud thertfore every one of them who was present voied ajainst Fer nando Wood's peace proposition on the 14th. But there is not one of them, so far at I can as certain, who is in favor of making varon the people of the Southern States, or who Is In favor of tbe confiscation bill, or who is in fvor of the dismemberment of Virginia, or who is b fxTorof the emancipation proclamation; while bore than half of them are opposed to having negro sol diers, and six of them are earnestly desirous of seeing Gen. McClellan called again to the su preme command of the armv.. The balance of power lies amoag these 36 m e rubers, md I think their presence in the House will preveit the pass age of any very radical measure! , For instance, tbe radicals f tJtwjrrjne day b. fore tbe session began, that they could not elect the Speaker. Washburne of Illinois was their man, and he was supported by the power of the Administration. Even the President openly electioneered for him. If he c-uld have been elected (and only four more rotes than they had, would have dore it.) the entire aspect of the legislation of this sesiou would have been different from what it will now be. It would have been radical in the most intense degree, All the committees would have been radical, and the radicals and fanatics would have rial en rough shod over the helpless minority. But they could not elect their Speaker. By hook nor by crook and the crooks were gilded anc" the hooks were well baited could they get four more votes. On the other hand, it was knon, a d.ty or two before the session began, that 95 members were pledged to vote for Mr. Colfix on the first ballot. The radicals finding that they could not elect a radical Republican, had sisely concluded to vote for even a moderate Republi can, aud hence the large vote which was ctst for Mr. Colfax, 101 on the first billot. Th rotes of the 36 members to whom I havealludec, were all cast for Mi. Colfax. Without than, be would not have been elected. The composition of the standing comnittees, of both houses, deserves attention. In tie Sen ate the radical element still largely prevals. The two ablest and most eminent men in the Senate Col. Richardson, of Illinois, aud Heverdy John-ton, of Maryland are almost entirely ig nored, or shelved in unimportant committees. Mr. Johnson, indeed, finds a place on tie Com mittee on Foreign Relations, where he is ably seconded by Mr. McDougall, of Califoraia; but his influence is completely overshadowed by the radical complexion of the majority of tie com mittee, headed by the pedantic Sumnei. The important Committees on Military and Naval Affairs, the Judiciary, and on Territories, are all in the hands of the radicals. The eonstrvative members on these committees (the most impor tant iu the Senate) are the least influential mem bers of that body. Tbe proper place r Mr. Johnson would be the head of the Judiciary Committee, but he has no place on that com mittee at all. The proper place for Col. Rich ardson would be at the head of the Committee on Territories, in place of the radical Wade. It is a wonder that he is allowed a place oa that committee at all. In the House of Representatives, where the appointment of the committees rested uptn Mr. Uolfax, a much better state or things exist. Air. Colfax knows how to recognize ability, and the committees in tne tlouse are as well selected as the rules of party wiU allow. It is annoying to see such rnen as Fernando Wood and Voorhees overlooked. But it could not be expected to be otherwise. Mr. Voorhees indeed has a place on the Committee ou Elections, and Mr. Pendleton of Ohio a place on the Committee of Ways and Means. T he Judiciary Committee, the Commit tee on Militarv and Naval Affairs and on Territo ries, are all composed of men of ability, convers ant with their respective subjects. Mr. Farns- worth of Illinois, it is universally conceded, would make a Tar more su table charman of tbe militarv committee than Schenck. In the Senate yesterdav, Mr. Hale took the trouble to deny that the present administration intended to prolong the war as a means of secu ring their own re election for another term. If there were any Senators here who entertained such a purpose, or who were instilling such a purpose into the ear of the President (and here Mr. Hale turned towards the seate of Senators Sumner, Wilson, and Jim LaneJ he would rath er take the hand of a corpse than the hands of those Senators. You may believe there was something of a sensation at that emphatic dec laration. And the sensation became 6till more intense when Senator Lane, of Indiana, asserted that there was a Major General now in the army, who had declared that, if Mr. Lincoln was not re elected President, he (Lincoln) would hold on to the power of the government, by the aid of the armv, notwithstanding; and that be. the Ma jor General, would stand by him with til his pow er, benator D ivis confirmed this statement, but the name of the General was not given. These straws show plainly enough which way the wind is blowing. "Tbe design of the Presi dent and his party to retain their power for an other term can no longer be doubted, even if Mr. Hale is ignorant ot it. It U evident that many officers, hih in rank in the army, have been approached and sounded upon the subject. How manv Generals of Air. ilson s creation have azreed to be on hand when the coup d'etat is struck ? And what places under ihe new regime have those Generals been promised, on the day that Abraham the first proclaims him self Perpetual Dictator? It is easy to see now why Gen, McClellan was removed from nis command, and why he is kept out of the armv. A.. Conservative Union National Con vcnilon. This body will assemble at Independence Hall, Philadelphia, to morrow. We learn that enbrts Lave been made to have a representation from every loyal State. It will be recollected that this Committee met in Cincinnati some weeks ago, and adopted what is known as the Kentucky platform, or about the views expressed by Gov ernor dram LZTTE- l be uommittes also ex pressed a preference for General McClellan es the Conservative Union candidate for the Presi dency. Tbe Louisville Journal, in referring to the meeting of the Committee, remarks : We are assured that the sound part of our del egation in Congress will attend the meetin. and we presume that the sound parts of the other Border delegations in (Joneress will do likewise, We trust so. It is certainly important that they should. The business of the committee, as will be remembered, is to take into consideration the several methods which hi ve been or maybe pro posed for Ihe consolidate of the conservatives of the country a the next Presidential election, including the particular method recom mended t3 the committee by the advisory meet ing of the Conservative Unionists recently hell in Cincinnati. It is verv obvious that in tbe con ideration of this problem the information and counsel of the Conservative UniouisUin Congress will be of signal value. Indeed the develop mtnts of the last fortnight, as f een from the pecu liarly advantageous stand point of such Congresa men't, must constitute a decided if not the con- troling element in any wise solution of the pro lem. Tl.. V V...L. tT..U'i tTaaKtnrlnn frf. respondent says of the vote on Fena.nik Wood'b peace proposition: "The War Democrats who voted against tabling Fernando Wood's peace resoluliou, do not desire to be regarded as favoring it in the form in which it was offered. They say that, had it not been tabled, they intended to have offered s.mendmenU authorixing negotiations with the States individually, but they do not propose in any way to reoognixe the bogus Government at Richmond. ' More Paper xrioner tTlN Al chemy." , This is the n.r-ertioo of Mr. Chase Ia hü an nual report aAer contemplating the fact that he has put afloat four hundred million dollars, aDd is about to pat afloat seven hundred million dol lars "more." He put out paper tntil it depreci ated in the market to sixty six cents on tbe dol lar, and then sold five twenty year stock, payable principal and interest in gold, for that paper, dol lar for dollar. He baa the right to redeem the etock in gold after five years. Suppose it can be done at the end of ten, there will then be paid one hundred and sixty dollars in gold for the use of sixty-six dollars in gold ten years, or nine per cent, per annum interest. This operation that gentleman calls "a wise alchemy," and he plumes himself upon "wise alchemy" which he practices in the manner denounced by Richelieu, the wise cardinal, "in tbe crucible called debt," and in a most wonderful manner. When he advocated greenbacks he set forth their advantages in bis first report thus: , "Tbey are a loan without interest." "They are a uniform currency." . "They are constantly canal to pecle." They are lsa ruinous than bank paper." "They are Government promises." v 'They are a legal tender." The people understood this and submitted to tbe issue, uutil, notwithstanding their "constant equality to specie," they are at "a discount of thirty-four cents per dollar. Mr. Chase no w pro poses a pet bank circulation, of which the chief features are as follows: They cost tbe Treasary per annum eighteen mOlloas of doli gold interest." "Thsy have two thousand shades of uniformity." "They are more ruinous than United States notes." "They are promises of nnknown persons." "They are not a legal tender." Mr. Chase advances these features of the new currency as reasons why they are superior to United States notes. Thus indicating the singu lar "alchemy" of his mind. But we are told two hundred and twenty six millions of dollars of this irredeemable and "disastrous issue" are to be put afloat, because the United States notes have reached a limit prescribed by law. "And the Secretary thinks it clearly inexpedient to in ereae the amount. When circulation exceeds tbe legiti mate requirements for real payments and exchanges, no increase to its Tolume wiU increase its Talue. Ou tbe contrary, such addition tends inevitably to depreciation; and depreciation, if addition be continued, will find Its only practical limit in tbe otter worthlessness of tbe aug mented mass." Now this understanding of the ultimate results of the paper system is correct, but in iuangnr.it ing a system of two thousand banks with two hundred aud twenty six million dollars of capital pledged to continued suspension, the Secretary knows that he is creating a power which will compel an increase of the limit of capital in the same manner that he himself demanded the orig inal limit of fifty millions United States notes, to be raised successively to two hundred, three hundred, four hundred and fifty, nine hundred millions, his present authority. It is always the nature of dependent paper to demand more cur rency. This principle the Secretary himself rec ognizes. "Tbe Secretary proposes no change of this limitation, and places no reliance, therefore, on any increase of re sources from increase of circulation Additional loans in this mode wouM, indeed, almost certainly prove illusory; for diminished vaine could hardly fail to neutralize in creased amcuct." When his two thousand political banks have invested their money upon inflated values, and have reached their limit, a resistless clamor will arise for more money "to meet the demands of business," the stereotyped cry in such cases, and this cry will involve the ruin of the national credit. But Mr. Chase's "wise alchemy" manifests it self in other wouderful ways. He pretends that the four hundred million interest bearing legal tenders, which he asked Congress for, are not currency, and will not inflate prices. The law says: "And tbe sai l Treasury notes may ba made a legal tender to the same extent as United States notes, for their face value, excluding interest." He pondereal over these notes from March 3d to August 31st, and then asked the New York banks to lend him fifty millions ou them at six per cent., and wrote as follows: "The issues of them will be ready daring the month of September." Not ready yet, December 17th. "Being legal tender for their face, excluding interest, they cannot tall be ow the legal tender par. Bearing in terest, they cannot materially effect tbe circulation with reference to gold." The banks agreed to the loan, and Mr. Chase, eager for money, was only too willing to accom modate the batiks. One of them suggested that the notes should bear three coupons for eemi an nual interest. This was agreed to. Now comes tbe "wise alchemy" which provided tbat those notes "ehould not effect the circulation." Tbe law says the notes are "legal tender for face ex clusive of interest." Mr. Chase says "they won't effect the circulation." The holder says "we'll see about that." He takes a pair of scissors, cuts off the coupons, which he keeps to collect against the Government, and passes the "face for legal tender exclusive oMnterest." Mr. Chase is con founded with this "alchemy" of which the "wis dom" is on tbe wrong side of tbe question. He will practice a very long time before he will make gold out of paper by this plau of "al chemy." New York News. The Ureal Emigration. (From tbo London Times, Dec 4. Some years ago a West Indiaman had dis charged its cargo in one of our docks at home. The ship was plagued with.rats as never ship had been plagued. Their devastations, their noise, their odor, their destructions had been beyond mortal endurance, but their was no remedy. The captain, who was still on board, was waked at midnight by the mate, and asked to step on deck as qcietly as be could. A fruit ship had arrived in the course of the day from the Medeterranean, and in coming alongside had passed a hawger to tbe Indiaman. "Look, there!" whispered tbe mate, pointing to the rope, which in the darkness seemed to be moving slowly towards tbe fruit ship. It was alive with rats, which in a continu ous stream were migrating from the empty ship to the stranger, whose fragrance told the tale of its delicious freight. Before sunrise there was Dot a rat left on board the Wet Indiaman.' How it fared with the stranger it is needless to say. That is the very spectacle we arc now witnessing ou a world wide scale.' The hawser is across the Atlantic, and in one incessant, endless train, hundred of thousands of our fellow-citizens are passing to a richer continent. Its fragrance comes in letters full of Rood tidings, and containing often the substantial earnest of golden promisee in the shape of notes or orders for pleasant round sums. Could we take the same view of human affairs that the skipper aud his m ite did of their little world, we should tread softly, and think the les said tbe better. But we cannot quite do that. It is part of our crew that is leaving us iu this strange multitudinous fashion, luey are passing generally to another allegiance, to other laws, to other institutions, to rival interests, to a a . t 1 a a jealous oolicv. ana. as inev tnina, to assist in founding an emDire. far above even our heads But. as thev are consulting their own material interests, and certainly sparing ns some trouble, thev are welcome to eo where they please, and to marry a better soil than that from which tber have been divorced. We are disposed to take a philosophical view ot the movement, and are glad to find that for once we may be both scientific and kind. The man who suddenly reappears in an Irish cabin with his pockets full of notes and gold, distributing handsome presents, comely, neat, and well dressed, asking the girl of bia earlv choice to share his new home, is a vision tbat conquers all our sentimental scruples, as it appears he has done the remaiuing patriotism of Ireland. Every such man is a Columbus in Con naught There is no resisting him. The odds are tremendous against Queen Victoria ani ten ranee a dav. the Kstablished Church and pot toes, the Union Workhouse and yellow meal- even supposing we can always answer for our aide of tbe comparison. r-a? Tha rhx.l nrpja nf R.ilimnn.1 do not seem VS "w I . to take very kindly to the amnesty proclamation of Mr. Lincoln. " They denounce it in good set terns, and declare that it but adds insult to inju- l l . f . Ml L. 1 1 .11 n . ry. ADO no OOUUI Ik will uo m rciarucu ku vci the South. However, the rebels need not trouble ii,matis atmut that docuuieut. It was Dot iu- tended for them at all, but was a tub thrown to . 1. - ,i:,..1 U1a .nil 1 r - final nhiMt Sfll tn Hie rauitai 1 1 i v ( ,w - -- - -unite the Republican party upon Mr. Lincoln as ! . T . 1 e.Ljk a presidential candidate, it may bucvccu hi wie object for which it was intended, but it will not change a solitary rebel into a Union man. That ia now verv certain from tbe temper with which it i is received" by the South. ' The Feeling in Congress. . We republish a portion of tbe proceedings of the House of Representative on Friday last, to show tbe spirit which animate tbat body, and the views entertained by the majority upon tbe present condition of public affaire. The votes on the propositions of Mr. Edgkxtox, of. thia State, and Mr. Smith, of Kentucky, demonstrate that the dominant party in Congress will stand by the policy developed in Mr. Lixcolx's last message and the most ultra radical measures. Tbe following preamble and resolutions were submitted by Mr. Edgestox: "Whereas, The Proclamations of the Presi dent of January 1st, 1863, and December 8th, lB3,in relation to emancipation, impose certain conditions of pardon and amnesty to persona who have participated in the existing rebellion, as well as the conditions of the President to the re- j establishment and recognition of State Govern ment in the States to which the said Proclama tions apply, which, in the judgment of a large number of faithful citizens, have a tendency to give the rebellion the advantage of a change of issues and to re-invigorate the otherwise decli ning insurrection in the South and to prolong the war: - "Asd whereas, This House cannot but regard with anxiety the unprecedented and extraordinary claims and assumption of a high prerogative in the President in the said proclamations especial ly in view of the fact that the President ia his inaugural address of tbe 4th of March. Ie6l, de clared: "I have no pur-ose directly or indirectly u lutwfM. uv. til institution i the States where it exists; I believe I iiaveoorigbt is so so, aud I have no inclination to do so;" therefore be it "Retolwd, As the judgment of this House, that the maintenance inviolate of the constitu tional powers of Congress and the rights of the States, and especially the right of each State to order and control its judgment exclusively, as essential to the balance of power on which the perfection and endurance of our political fabric of the Federal Union depends; audwe denounce, as among the gravest or crimes, the invasion or oc cupation by an armed force, of any State, under the pretext or the purpose of coercing the people thereof to modify or abrogate any of their laws or domestic institutions that are consistent with the Constitution of the United Stales; and we af firm the principles declared in this resolution to be a law alike to theaPresident and to the people of the United States. Mr. Grinnellof Iowa moved to lay the pream ble and resolution on the table, which was agreed to. Yeas, 99; nays, C6. Yess Messrs. Allev, Allison, Ames, Ander son, Arnold, Ashley, Baldwin of Massachusetts, Beamen, Blaine. Blow, Boutwell, Boyd, Brande gee, Broomall, Brown of West Virginia, Am brose W. Clark, Freeman Clarke, Cobb, Cole, Creswell, Davis of Maryland, Davis of New York, Dawes, Demioe. Dixon, Driggs. Dumont, Eliot, Farnsworth, Fenton, Frank, Garfield, Gooch.Grinnell, Hall, Higby, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Hubbard of Iowa, Hubbard of Connecticut, Hub bard of New York, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Kel logg of New York, Loan, Lorn; year, Lovejoy, Marvin, McBride, McClurg. Mclndoe, Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Morris of New York, Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Norton, O'Neill of Penn sylvania, Orth, Patterson, Perham, Pike, Pome roy, Price. Randall of Kentucky, Rice of Massa chusetts. Rice of Maine, Rellins of New Hamp shire, Schenck, Schofield, Shannon, Sloan, Smith, Smithers, Spaulding, Steven9, Thayer, Tracy, Van Valkenburch, Washburne of Illinois, Wash burn of Massachusetts, Whaley of West Vir ginia, Williams, Wilder. Wilson, Windom, W oodbridge. Nays Messrs. J. C. Allen, Ancona, Baldwin of Michigan, Bliss, Brooks, Brown of Wisconsin, Cox, Craver.s, Dawson, JJeomson. iuen, ledger- ton, Eldridge, Ganson, Grider, Griswold, Hall, Harding, Harrington, Harris of Illinois, Herrick, Holman, Johnson of Ohio, Kernan, King, Knapp, Law, Lazear, Le Bloude, Long, Mai lory, Mavcv. McDowell, McKinney, Middleton, Miller of Pennsvlvania. Moms of Ohio. Morrison, Noble, Nelson, O'Neill of Ohio, Peudleton, Perry, Rad ford, Randall of Pennsylvania, Robinson, Rol ins of Missouri, Rogers, Koss of Illinois, bcott of MUsouri, Steele of New York, Steele of New Jersey, Stiles, Strouse. Stuart, Sweat, Voorheea, Wad-worth, Ward, Wheeler, C. A. White, J. W. White, Winfield, Fernando Wood, Yeaman. Mr. Smith of Kentucky submitted a serious of resolutions, of hieb the following was the first in order: "Resolved, That as our country, and the very existence of the beat government ever instituted by man, is imperiled by the most immoral, cause less and wicked rebellion that tne world nas ever seen; and believing, as we do, that the only hope of saving this country and preserving the govern ment is bv the do wer ol the sword, we are for the most vigorous prosecution of the war, until the Consiitution and laws Miall be enforced and obeved in all parts of the United States; and, to that end, we oppose any armistice, or intervention or mediation, or proposition of peace, from any quarter, so long as there shall be found a reoel in arms against the government. And we ignore all party names, lines and issues, and recognize but two parties in this war, viz: patriots and traitors. Mr Cravens of Indiana moved to lay the series of resolutions on the table. His motion was dis agreed to. Yeas, 60; nays, 100. The above resolution was then agreed to by the following vote. 1 eas, 9J; navs, 64; as follows: Yeas Messrs. Allev,' Allison, Ames, Arnold, Ashlev. Bail v, Baldwin of Massachusetts, Bea- man, Blaine. Blow. Bootweil. Boyd, Brandegce, Broomall. A. W Clark, Cobb, Cole; Creswell, Davis, of Maryland, Davis of Now York, Dawes, Deming, Dixnn, Donnelly, Driggs. Duroont, Eck ten. Eliot. Farnsworth, Fenton, Frank, Garfield, Goocb. Grinnell, Hale. Iligoy, Hooker, Hotch kiss, Hubbard of Iowa, Hubbard of Connecticut, HubSard of New York, Jenks, Kasson, Kelly, Kelloce of Michigan. Kellocg of New ork. Loan, Longvear, Lovejoy, Marvin, McAllister, McBride. LleCIurz. Mclndoe. Miller of Zew York. Morehead. Morrill. Morru of New York. A. Mevers.. Leonard Myers. Norton O eill of Pennsylvania, Orth, Patterann, Perham. Pike, Pomeroy, Price, Randall of Kentucky, Rice of Massachusetts, Rice of Maine, Rollins of N. Y., Schenck. Schofield, Shannon, Sloan, Smith, Smithers, Spauldinc. Stevens, Thayer, Tracer, Van Valkenburch. Washbnrne of Illiuois, wash- burn of Massachusetts, Whaley, Wilder, Wil liams, Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge, Yeamsn. Navs Messrs. O. Allen. W. J. Allen, Ancona, Baldwin of Michigan, Bit, Brooks, Cravens, Chandler. Coffroth, Cox, Dennison, Lden, tag erton. Enelish. Eldridge. Fink, Ganson, Grider, Griswold, Hale, Harding, Harris of Maryland. Harris of Illinois. Herrick, Hutcbme, Johnson of Ohio, Knapp. Law, DeBlonde. Long, Marcy, ... i. . . i,r j ii -f:l JVlallorv. Jicuowen. au runner, jaiuuieion, .un ter of Pennsylvania, Morris of Ohio, Morrison, Noble. Nelson. O aeill of Ubio, rendieton, Perry, Rollins of Missouri, Radford. Randall of Pennsylvania, Robinson, Rogcra, Ross, Scott, Steele of New York. Steele of New Jersey, Stiles, Strouse, Stuart, Voorhees. Wheel er, Ward, Wadsworth, C. A. White, J. W. White, Winfield, F.Wood. A motion was taken on Mr. Smith's second resolution, which is as follow: "Retained, That we hold it to be the duty of L Congress to pass all necessarv bills to supply men and monev. and the dutv of tbe people to render every aid in their power to the constituted au thorities of the Government in the crushing out of the rebellion." . The resolo'ioo was also agreed to by a rote of 152 yeas the only negative vote being cast oy Mr. Beniamitt G. Harris, of Marvland. The following in the series was" then submitted. as follows: "Rttolttd, That our thanks are tendered to ot.r soldiers in the field for their gallantry in de fending and upholding the flag of our Union, ana aeienuing in grut priucipn-s o u 'cit American natriot." This resolution was adopted by a toteof 166 yeas, Mr. Harris (Md.) being the only member that vote.i in the negative The House then adjourned till Monday. - a s t3TThe Portlond- (Maine) Argus thus heads iu remarks upon the President s ingenious tnren tion of a plan "how not to do it:" "The President's Last Proclamation a Curious Muddle. Proposes to form States Exclusively of Pardoned Criminals." Cd7Only eighty millions of the five hundred illions of the "five-twenty" loan remain un roll! subscribed ALL KOICTS OF 1'AK A GRAPHS God remembers those who remember tbe poor. If white soldiers are white guards, what are black soldiers? Cork carpeting has been introduced lo Eng land. It is durable aiid sightly. The new chaplain of the House of Repre sentatives ia a Unitarian. There areover two hundred persons confined in the milita.y prisons at Louisville. . A Philadelphia paper says tbe receipts of petroleum during this year will reach nearly half a million of dollars. Senator Hale haa introduced "a bill to imp. press the rebellion." It is odd tbat no one thought of doing this before. . , Every great discoverer suffers for his discov ery, whether it be of a world or of a truth, wheth er a Columbus or a Galileo. The 27th of December is the anniversary oa which tbe feast of St. John la celebrated by tbe ' Masonic fraternity. The Houston Telegraph saya tbe sugar crop of Texas promises this season to yield heavily, and to be of superior quality. Women are foud of telling ua that they "hate handsome men," but you may be sure that it is ouly to ugly men that they say to. t Wm. R. Sill of La Crosse is engaged in fill ing a Government order for bridge timber for u- i Alabama, loO Win UlAl '&,. ' There are 430 looms running in Massachu setts, making balmoral skirts, vix: in Birkshire county, 300; in Lawrence, 100; in Weare, b0. The Washington aqueduct has thus far cost the Federal Government $2.000,000, and will supply sixty seven million gallons of water daily. The Cleveland Banks have put at a dis count of one-half per cent, all currency except greenbacks, National Banks- and State Bank of Ohio. Government is paying in Cincinnati, for two year old mules, 15 hands high, $130; for three vear olds $14 J. and tor four year olds $145, aol for horse $130. The widow of the late Senator Douglas i& at present in Washington, engaged by Secretary Chase as a clerk in the Treasury Department. She is seldom seeu in public. Agate, (Mr. Reid), the Washington corres ponded aud reporter of the Cincinnati Gizette, has been appointed Librarian of the House of Congress. In the country around Chattanooga, for an area of about nine hundred square miles, there are no preparations for crops of grain all is des olate and decay. Tobacco has advanced in price at Louisville during the past three or four days four to seven dollars per hundred, as to grade, and will go still bisher. The rebels brand all deserter, when not shot, with the letter "D." A cantemporary pro poses that we brand defeated Generals in the same way. A lady clad in the deepest mourning is a constant attendant of funerals in Philadelphia, where her grief touches the hearts and her finget! the pockets of the mourning assembly. Considerable merriment was occasioned at a wedding in Wiasted, Conn., not long since, by the clergyman devoutly praying for all the friends of the deceased. A new balruoral shoe factory at Hartford, Conn., is so arranged that the shoe goes through thirteen different binds, and cornea out complete in about ten or fifteen minutes. It is said that agents are in Washington city from several New England States to induce col ored men to enlist in colored regiments from those States, to help them fill up their qoota un der the draft. The Ohio State emigrant Commissioner for Europe has been qnite successful. Tbe number of emigrants arriving, destined for Ohio, this year exceeds 5,000 against little more than half that number in previous years. Madam Schnell, a fortune-teller of LouU ville, and her two childreu, were lost on the 6teamer Sunny Side. She bad accumulated $70, 000 by the practice of her art, but failed to read her own history. Tbe enormous business done in canned pro visions appears from the fact that a single estab lishment in New Jersey puts up 5,000 cans per day, and often turns out six tons of jellies, in glass, per week. The Washington Star says over one thou sand horses were drowned in the Potomac and Eastern Branch; aud as thev were valued at $145 per head, tbe loss to the Government would be $145,000. During the next year an eclipse of tbe sun will take place on the afternoon of May 5tb. An annular eclipse will take place on the 30th of Oc tober, which will be invisible in the greater part of tbo United States. Bright yellow cloaks with scarlet hoods, carlet cloaks, with yellow hoods, blue cloaks, with hoods, purple cloaks, with orange hoods, aud striped ar.d checkered cloaks, with crimson hoods, are all the rage in New York. Since January, the exports of coal oil from Philadelphia amounted to 4.399.fe77 gsllons, at an average value of $1.195,977. The largest purchaser was England, and to her porta during the year were sent 2.093.C74 gallons. - The New Orleans Era argue that instead of committing the management of abandoned or confiscated plantations to public officer, they should be rented to the highest bidder who could give proper security for the payment of his rent. In a recent sditorial, eaya an eich&cge. Horace Greeley declared that New York was not a decent place to live in. We believe it is uni versally conceded that Mr. Greeley has done as much as any other single individual to make New York what it is. A man has just been removed to the insane hospital In Concord, N. H., who buried two child ren in September last, aad since then has been in the habit of standing jentinel by their graves during the midnight watches, to save tbem from imaginary intruder. Tbe New London Star learn that the wife of Gen. GustaTus W. Smith (late of tbe rebel army.) arrived in that city last week, from Rich mond. She passed through the Union lines in disguise. - Her husband is president ol the Etoah Work at Atlanta, Georgia. After his escape from the Columbus peniten tinry, Jobu Morgan went direct to Cinciauati. From that citv he proceeded directly to Mount Sterling, Ky.."and thence via the Big Sandy routo to Richmond. Lieut. Magee, of Morgan a uff, ba also arrived in Richmond. The first national bfok at Newark, N. J., ' was tbe scene on Saturday of a daring burglary. The burglars entered the building and blew up tbe safe, the explosion nearly destroying the en tire building. The entire contents of the safe, however, were but three dollars. Alphabetically speak t g, a woman aaouldbe amiable, benevolent, charitable, domestic, econ omical, forgiving, generous, honest, industrious, judicious, kind, loving, modest, neat, obedient, pleasant, quiet, reflecting, sober, bnder, urbane, virtuous, wise, exemplary, yielding, aud xealoos. Twenty four of tbe Arctio fleet of whalers have arrived at Honolula, averaging each 1,160 barrels of oil aud 400,000 pounds of bona. Whales were verv abundant during the laer part of the season. Hundreds of ve-aels coald easily have been filled with them without perceptibly diminishing the number. lift,. R. S. Todd, mother of Mrs. Lincoln, the President's wife, and Mrs. White and Mrs. General Helm, sisters f Mr. Ltnco i arrived in Baltimore, on Friday, from Richroon c per tbe Norfolk steamboat. Mrs. llelm'a haabaod waa killed at the battle of Chickamauga, while la command of a Confederate brigade. She has resided in the South since the commencement of tbe war, but now returns lo her home ia LexJcg ton, Ky., Uh ber mother and Uter.