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struggle Will* the clmncuts, “ Cl^ra,” said
be, ** it is hard thus to perish with victory in oar hands—but at least we will perish together. I left you once to-day, to risk my life for you, but not for kiugdonis would I leave you to aave it!” “ Franz,” said Clara, in a faint but res olute voice, you must leave me—your own safety demands it,and it is the only chance for mine. . You have got strength and ac tivity enough to combat the tempest, and, * if you lose not a moment, may gain, ere the pass is blockaded, that outlet which I trust will bring vou to safety and succour. The herdsmen will assist you to return for me, if it is the will of Providence I should be saved. If otherwise, you will at least live to comfort the grey hairs of iny father, and vindicate the fair fame of my Aloys ♦t She was incapable of saying more—a sort of stupor, the united effect of cold and fatigue, seemed to be gaining grouud, and Franz, having lifted her into a somewhat sheltered yet elevated spot, which he con ceived would be among the last covered, and which he felt sure he should recognize —planted firmly in the ground the two pi ked staves which had assisted their descent, and, formiug of the cloak he carried,a sort of rude awning over the sinking Clara, rushed with all the energy of despair in quest of succour. Remainder next week. Extract from a letter, dated London, July 1, 1826. « Agreeably to your request, I give you a short account ofMr.Raudolph’s conduci during the passage across the Atlantic.— He talked incessantly. He is a great ea ter, but that *4 not prevent his monopoli zing all the conversation at table; this would not have been of much consequence, if-hiis talk had been amusing or instructive, but it was principally about himself, his slaves, and the blood and consequence of his family. These were his daily and night ly themes. One night I found he had rou sed up the steward, (who had retired late, and was obliged to rise very early,) to talk to him of the manner in which he treated, his negroes; the poor steward was not much pleased with the honor thus confer red upon him. When unable to get an audience in the cabin, he would go forward to the steerage passengers, and there hald forth his claims to full blood. “ I am the last of the Powitans,”said he, 44 my brother’s only son is an idiot.” He said that “ there were mere Randolph’s spread about,but they were poor vagabonds.’ Aftfir a very heavy charge of wine, or whiskey punch, with which he loaded very frequently, lie was very noisy. He says— 14 If Adams is re-elected, he will leave the 44 country, and sqttle in England ; that he 44 will bet 500'hhds of tobacco, upon Jack 44 son against Adams. The Americans are “a degenerate race of men. He is an en “ heartf^)t^Pt^ro\)e8ing^a clinst^Yn? I?ng^ 44 land is fast approaching to despotism,says 44 he, and America is following the same 44 course. America is only fit for white 44 bears and camels. In ten years, mark 44 my words, there will be a division of the 44 United . States; the South will have the 44 Chesapeake,and will consist of Virginia, 44 &c. dtc. eleven states in all. I'll be 44 dom'd if I would not rather be governed 44 by the English than by the Yankees.— 44 The poor children should not be Instruc 44 ted to read. We want brutes in the hu 44 man shape, and who so fit as those chil “ dren abandoned by their parents t The k “ United States will take Mexico, they 44 have a right to do so. A few Virginian 44 and Kentucky riflemen would take Boli 44 var and all South America. I hate im 44 provements. Damn the steam-boats, I 44 wish there was not a single turnpike road 44 in Virginia. I would rather have a drun 44 ken man for my daughter, than one over 44 sober. I would shoot my negroes if every 44 body dse would theirs. It is the only 44 way to get rid of two millions of negroes. 141 could shoot all mine in two hours. I 44 will shoot any man who comes to collect 44 revenue upon my estate. I never say I “ *** an American. I always say I am a Virginian, so I am. The other states are ” S? mor® to me than any neutral country. 44 The yankees are the greatest scoundrels 44 on the face of the earth.” RUSSIA AND PERSIA. St. Petersburg, 30th August. The reports of General Yermoloff, who commands in Georgia, havo given us the news an irruptioh made by the Persians in several points of the Russsian Territo ry- ... ' The first accounts, transmitted in haste, will not permit us, as yet, to discover the character of this aggression. It is the ef fect of the fanatic discources which have been circulated in Persia ‘ for some time ' past, and which appear to have excited were a considerable effervescence 1 Have d'fljiwont colonies bordering on our frontiers yielded themselves to such rf*life of robbery and outrage, that they are in cessantly carried away by it 1 Have their chiefs encouraged these movements, or are they unable to restrain them ? In short are we not bound to attribute an invasion so unjust, so unexpected, to the disposition of Persia herself t Has this disposition led her, at this momenta to violate the peace and the faith of treaties which she had gua rantied? Has site taken, all at once, the resolution to attack us without notice, and without an object 1 Such are the questions which present themselves, but which the Government is not yet in a state to aa swer. J The reciprocal benefits assured to Rus sia andto Persia by the treaty of Gulistan; '■Tftea .* ■_ . . 0 > ' Uie relations of mutual ki mines* which are mtablished between them aince the conclu sion of that act; the abaence of every sub ject- of serious difference; the misaion with which Major General Prince Menehikofl has been charged to the Shah, to announce to him the accession of his Majesty- the Emperor to the throne, and to contract & consolidate between the two nations rela tions of amity and good neighborhood; the entertainment which he received on his arrival in the Persian territory; the res pects which have been tendered to him ; the amicable assurances which have been so lavishly made by the presumptive heir to the Persian crown; all secured to prediat confirmation and contiutypnce. But that to this mission the Court of Teperan should respond by a sudden attack; that these as surances should be immediately followed up by war, without explanation, without pre vious declaration, without one pretext by which it could be justified ; this is a cir cumstance jh) strange, that the Imperial Government cannot give credit to it, until it shall receive full confirmation, and have proved its authenticity. While, therefore, General Yermoloffis ordered to repel force by force, and tc purge our frontiers of the hordes which have dared to overstep them, on the othci hand, a solemn satisfaction will be deraan Bed of the Shah of Persia. Russia will de mand of this Prince the immediate degra dation, and exemplary punishment, withii five days, of the commander who first vio lated her limits. If, contrary to all hope this satisfaction should not be granted General Yermoloff will forthwith movi - forward ; offensive operations will be com menced ; the justice of our cause will guar nntie the divine protection to our' arms and the chastisement will be signal, as tbi perfedy and'rashness of the crime. The public will be regularly informed: with scrupulous precision, of all which may jbe, communicated relative to the state o! things on the Persian side. * To the Editor of the London Courier. Sin:—I again take the liberty of re questing a place in your columns, for the sanae remarks which have been suggested by the most recent intelligence from St, Petersburgh. I remain, sir, your very o bedientservant, ROBERT LYALL. 45, Hayntarket, Sept. 9, 1826. Any individual ignorant of the Russian Empire ; of the character of its natives ; of the perfidious policy of the autocrat cab inet, and of the unbounded ambition ol the Tzars, might justly suppose that this nation was deeply aggrieved by the *' ir ruption made by the Persians into several parts of the Russian territory ; & the canl in which we are informed “ that the jus tice of their'cause would ensure to theii arras the Divine^rotection,” while it is a profanation of words and an insult to the BeitVf. m'js'ht lead a p«r«mi to infei that Persia had acted with the greatest wantopness, deceat, and treachery. Yel such is the language of Russia—a nation whose double-headed eagle has stretched forth her talons to the north and to the south, to the east and to the west, has pounced upon her prey, and has held it fast in the iron grasp of despotim—of a na tion which, for hundreds of years, has nev er been at rest, except for a period suita ble to prepare her future means of attack, and to await her projected aggrandizement -—of a nation which has added province to Erovince, principality to principality, and ingdom to kingdom—in a word, of a na tion which has engulphed every territory which bordered its ancient frontiers. With respect to Persia, facts tell us that Russia has been insiduously seizing upon her best provinces, in -regular succession ; that Gen.'Yermoloff (who though but the representative of the autocrat, may be al most reckoned an absolute sovereign of the Caucaso Georgian provinces,) enter tains the meanest opinions of Persia and of Persians as well as of their power—that in the character of Ambassador to the Court of the Shach, he behaved with the greatest arrogance, pride, and contempt, towards all the constituted authorities; that he boasted he was “ the Ambassador of the most powerful nation of the world" (no doubt forgetting that there was such an in significant empire as that of Great Britain) —that in an animated discussion he dis dainfully threatened Mirza Abdool We bab, the Prime Minister of the Persian Monarch, with the capture of the Persian territory, as far as the Araxes—and that he scornfully remarked that he could even fix the day when he and his army would be at Tabreez—in a word, the tenor of the General’s sentiments amounted to a decla ration of his capability to anihilate the kingdom of Persia, and the dynasty of the Shach, on receiving the permission or the command of his imperial master.* Til] further and more authentic details arrive, I may, therefore, be allowed to state my o pinion with respect to the present irruption, as it is called, of the Persian territory. The subject presents itself under two views-— 1st. As mutual and bitter,, hatred has W separated Russia and Persia, and as Abbaz Mirza, the brave and enlightened hen presumptive of the Persian Crown, hasjnost eagerly awaited a favourable op ‘ * In th*2d vo,‘ °f my Travels in Russia, the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Georgia, is con tained an abridged translation of General Yer molofiTs Pnvate Journal of his Embassy to Persia—a journal which he most impolitely allowed to be copied by a number of officer^ From one of thetp now beyond the reach of despotic power, I borrowed higjcopy, from which my transcript jyas loaded All the a bove particulars are contained in the said Journal. porumuy to attack the Russia ua, and toj drive them from the Pewieo provinces,! which have been wrested from his Royal Father, by cruft, violence, and policy, as well as by food fortune—(as, for exam ple, in 1812, when England assisted Rus sia’s ambitious views, because it was then the interest of the cabinet of St. James that the Russian army should be left at ease upon its southern flanks, so as the better to resist the wanton encroachments of the formidable, and hitherto almost irresistible Napoleon)—-and, as he now deeply feels his. country’s wrongs, it seems probable that he, having heard of the late rebellion at St. Petersburgh, by some circuitous route, for the news of no such event would be allowed to pass the Caucasus, at least for a time, and not then having been infor med of the apparent restoration of tranquil ity in the North, from such an authority as he deemed authentic, thinking that the pro pitious moment had arrived for -offensive operations, once more resolved to trust his cause to the force of arms, and has in real ity, made an irruption into those provinces which were once the.property of his pro genitors. 2dly. As the Russian cabinent has al ways evinced the strongest disposition tc strengthen and to extend its Trans-Caucas sian possessions, and as General Yermolof • most ardently burns with the desire to give - a demonstration of the overwhelming force i of the Russian army in that quarter, it maj . be asked whether, upon some trifling pre , text, this cunning politician has not gladly , seized an occasion to talk of an irruptioi i of the Persians, so as to throw a veil ovei - his real intentions, and to assign a plausi . ble reason for a quarrel and another ex' ; tention of.the Russian territory ! It is pos i sible that some wandering dissatisfied Per sians, easily magnified into hordes by i mind which wishes others to believe then so, without the knowledge of the Govern ment may have been guilty of an indiscre tion, and have thus incurred General Yer moloff’s apparent displeasure. While the circumstances may be a source of sacrcc joy to him, it opens the way to Russian aggrandizement. Whichever of these views may provi correct, since the Russians have resolver to “ repel force by force,” and that, unlesi the Chief—perhaps some marauder—wh< first violated the frontiers of the Russia! territory, does not moot with exemplar) punishment within the dictated term of 5 days, Gen. Yermoloff was immediately tc commence offensive operations, I fear the result will be highly disadvantageous to Persia, which is unable to resist a spirited attack^ and, consequently, may strengthen the preposterous ideas of the Russians, with respect to the possibility of a successful ir ruption into India. It is well known that under the reign of that Prince of Madmen, Paul, an army, in which were ten thousand Konoks, was designed for the invasion ol ■ iltn<?n»*on , but it \a not so well known that the'same idea was revived, in serious earnest, in the time of the late autocrat, & that many of his officers were, and still are, sanguine, in the highest degree, as to the result. Indeed but a few years ago, although the ostensible object of an expedition, including a number of Kozacks, between the eastern shores of the Caspian Sea, and the western frontiers of Eastern Tartary, towards the Indus, was the dis covery of a new channel of commerce, its re al and secret motive was to examine the route, and to ascertain the supplies of wood and water, &c. which that route would yield to a large army. May the Russians long have such* innocent amusements ! As I have said elsewhere, “ if Russia were e ven in possession of Persia, in my opinion, she could only think of such a plan in or der to find a sepulchre for her troops. The warm climate would sweep them off by thousands aud tens of thousands,” as is pro ved by the immense mortality of the troops in Georgia. Besides, jhe genius, the wis dom, the policy, and the enormous influ ence of the British Cabidet, aided by solid gold, will always be ablo to call up armies to resist the forces of Russia, were they double what they are in reality, and in whatever quarter of the globe they may be come the enemies of England. Our states men and our heroes,, who laid prostrate the unparalleled power of the Emperor ol the French, may laugh, indeed, at the pre tensions of Russia, and pity her weakness. Since the campaign of 1812-15, the self conceit, the pride, and the ambition of her natives, and especially of the officers of.the army, have become quite unbounded. While with just feelings of exultation, they loudly talk of Borodino, where Bonaparte first learned that he had soldiers, and not boors, to contend with, they seem altogeth er to forget Waterloo, or that it was the Duke of Wellington who vanquished “the god-like Napoleon.” While we bear in mind, however, our own greatness, immense resources, and unexampled power, it must not be forgot ten that Gen. Yermoloff is a man of great natural and acquired talents, a brave and energetic soldier, a most active, enterpri stng, and able governor-general—and a leader who, as well as his officers and men, having long idly luxuriated in Georgia, most anxiously wish to shake the dust from their arms, and have a chance for promo »*«». bes>des their share of spoils. Nor should we forget that Persia is a most use ful ally, both in respect to Russia and Tur key, and, therefore, that she deserves our interference and assistence to prevent Rus sia from swallowing her up in an insatiable vortex. We are informed that “ the chas tisement” of the Persians will “ be as ex emplary as the attack has been presump tions and perfidious.” It is Russia that dares thus speak-Russia, which has scarcely h«W any ^ty “crod—wbo»e Otar rules by an •baoluto despotism—— which crushes in the bud the sparks of lib erality, and the noblest passions of the mind —.which holds §t naught the rights of man —which makes* mockery of human lan guage in hypocritical phrases and mystical allusions, and which offends the Divine Laws, by the attempted delusions of the people of the north, and indeed of the world! May some guardian angels protect the Persians against the powerful and cunning procedure of the haughty Russians, and nmy England early consult her interests by the support of a useful ally. Wretched State of Spain.—It appears by letters from Madrid as late as Sept. 21. that the anticipated disturbances among the Roy alist Volunteers have at length commenced in favor of Don Carlos. In Murcia and at Roa they have revolted; and more recently those of Tarragona and Arragon have followed their example. Disturbances have occurred at Val ladolid and Pensicola, in which they were prime movers. The Canon Ostalana was chief instigator in Murcia, and it is probable that a great part of the force of the kingdom is under clerical influence. A Paris merchant, who lately went to Ma drid, writes under the date of Augu'st 13th, as . follows:— “ The wretchedness of this people exceeds all limits.—It is*frightful. Two thirds of the population at Tolosa, Vittoria, Burgos, Aran da, and Buyttrage, are literally without trow sers, stockings, shoes, and hats; a dirty cloak, consisting of a thousand filthy rags, patched , together,covers their squallid skeletons of bod ies, rendered more gaunt looking by a long beard, a haggard countenance, and a ferocious eye. At Irun, the soldiers, priests, and public officers all asked alms. At Briviesca, a com ical figure, holding in one hand a plate, and a little holy sacrament, in copper, in the other, i asked charity for God. At Burgos, I saw a i horrible sight, the distribution of the dinnei . fragments of a Convent, situated on the road leading out of the city; two hundred ragged wretches rushed promiscuously into the mid die of the conveijt court yard, and commen ced fighting with each other for hones, bread and chick peas. The women were drawi hack by the old men, and then again by the young men. The horrible crjes, mixed witl i acclamations, “ For God’s sake,” and “ TIk Holy Father,*’ rendered tha^cene ^spectacle ; of which the distrihution*of sausages du , ring tiie festival at Paris, can give hut a verj slight idea.” From the Boston Commercial Gazette. We have conversed with Mr. Miller, whc visited Greece about tw'o years ago, under thf patronage of the Greek Committee of this city; and the account he gives of the suffer ing condition of that oppressed people is most appalling. It confirms the statements given in the papers for some time past, of their pri vations and distresses. The women and ehil dren as well as the soldiers, suffered extreme ly during the siege of Missolonghi; and sc did those, afterwards, who escaped. Many chose death rather than be captured. They deprecated above all other evils the falling in to the hands of their unfeeling and cruel ene mies. The wants of most of the inhabitant of the Morea are extreme ; and those captur ed are treated in the must brutal manner. It Attica and ./Etolia, the people are in a desti tute condition. But nothing will induce them to submit to their cruel oppressors. They art entirely devoted to free themselves from thf Turkish yoke, or to be sacrificed in self-de fence. They do not fear death—It is on ly the power of the infidel foe which they dread. Mr. Miller says that provisions would he at acceptable to them as men or arms. Though they are not in regular disciplined armies,they unite and fight bravely when the eitemy ap proaches—But that it is difficult to form aud keep up a regular 6tandingarmy. Jjje thinks, if the Porte is otherwise occupied, as may be the case in a war with Russia, or the present difficulties with the Janissaries,that the Greeks will soon he able to recover from their suffer ing situation, and he free juid prosperous.-*— Mr. M. is a very intelligent man, and his opin ions are entitled to full credit. He went to Greece with honourable and disinterested views. And he will always have the satisfac tion to reflect, that he laboured and suffered in behalf of that much-injured people. Since penning the above paragraph, Mr. M. handed us the following,having been request ed to express his views concisely for publica tion. “The preacnt state of Greece is inconceiva bly wretched. Not only are thousands of its inhabitants destitute of clothing sufficient to protect them from the inclemency of the ap proaching winter, but a1% in want of provis ions to enable them long to support life. The standard of the cross was raised in the Pelo ponessus more than five years ago; since which time the Greeks have shown a deter mination worthy of their origin ; and, in many a hard fought battle, have fully demonstrated, that they will live free of the Turks, or die in arms. They have committed great mistakes, but notgreater than one acquainted with their condition npght have expected. During my residence among them, instead of being sur prised at their crimes, I have often been aston ished in seeing so much virtue, amidst such misery and confusion. The result of their struggle, I think, is uncertain ; but any thing which can be done to relieve their present Wants will be a deed of charity, well worthy of those who rejoice in lessening the aggre gate of human misery. There is, indeed, e nough of human misery in every part of the world; but that of which I now speak is of a peculiar kind, and which must reach the heart of every American. The Greeks are strug gling, as our fathers did, for freedom and in dependence ; though not from a ‘Christian, but a Mahometan power. The sacrifices they have made, I believe, are greater than were ever made by any other people. They cannot submit at discretion, without jeopardizing their lives,, and exposing their wives and daughters to the lustful passions of a bestial soldiery.— The history of farmer Turkish treaties teach es them what they may expect, if they sub mit or capitulate. What can they do ?—Tell me not of Turkish nqerey, or of Turkish faith. They are mdreifal only when there is fear of retaliation; and keep their promise only when it ismot for th?»r interest to break it. This is the unhappy date of Greer*. For my mm n port, after having eaen much of the nature of the present struggle, and learnt something of the character oftbe modem Greeks. I ham no hesitation in saying that 1 consider them deserving the sympathy and aid of the Chris tian world/*_ __ COUNTY POST, LITCHFIELD, NOVEMBER »8, 182«. Every editor of a newspaper is accounta ble for the sentiments and doctrines introdu ced into his columns; and although the au thorship of an article may be given to anoth er, if the insertion of the article without note or comment he the voluntary act of the edit or, he is justly Supposed to coincide entirely with the opinions of the writer of the para graph. With these views we were not a lit tle astonished to find under the editorial head of the last Connecticut Courant an extract from the New-York Enquirer, and evidently inserted as a truth which may be relied upon, and which Mr. Goodwin is by no means dis posed to doubt. After expressing his aston ishment, at the result of the New-York Elec tion, ajft the impossibility of accounting for this result upon virtuous grounds, the editor says, “ Mr. Noah, of the Enquirer, who was opposed to Mr. Clinton’s election, and also to Mr. Rochester, explains the mystery in the following manner.” “The election is now over; and we state, unhesitatingly, that the nomination of Judge Rochester was decided upon at Washington by Messrs. Adams and Clay; and the measures taken to make the state of New-York a de pendent colony on the national administra tion—to break down its political influence,and to make the republican party itself an instru ment of its own destruction, evince the most deep and hold attempt at adroit management ever heard of or known in this country. The secrecy with which the plot was managed— the orders conveyed to the leading Adams men to he on the alert—the preparations made to present a republican whose secret views were unknown to many sound members of the Herkimer Convention,all show that master spirit in political tact, Mr. Henry Clay, who, in the secrecy, address, and success of the plot, as far as it lias gone, really outstrips Machiavel and Cardinal De Retz. Clay is, indeed, a wonderful politician. At a moment of great trauquility—the 6tate prosperous and happy—the laws executed with fidelity—no cause of complaint—,-no im mediate ground of opposition, a young man, undis.inguished for claims or talents,and hold ing an office under Mr. Adams, sweeps like a hurricane over the state, and his movements, the secret springs being unknown, fill the be holder with astonishment and alarm. The democratic party honestly thought they were supporting their candidate, Mr. Rochester, when they were transferring tho great state of New-York, its power, influence, canals, and electoral vote into the hands of Messrs. Adams and Clay, to be dealt with according to their own views and .interests.” We are not disposed to find fault with the editor of the Courant for entertertaining sen timents hostile to the general administration, or for expressing his hostility in any way he thinks best. If he chooses to borrow the ca lumniating language of M. M. Noah., rather than use his own, for the purpose, he it so;— it however illy comports with the spirit of moderation and candour which has heretofore distinguished his paper ; at least since we have ''been acquainted with it. Wc believe, how ever, that a charge, so disgraceful to the na tion, and so insulting, not only to the general administration, but to distinguished politicians in New-York, ought w ell to be w eighed before a general currency is given to it. Has virtue indeed entirely forsaken our rulers and princi pal statesmen, and are they actuated wholly by a spirit of intrigue and corruption ? Beforvj we are disposed to allow this point, we shall enquire .a little into the motives off the men who assert that such is the fact; and also whether other causes, than a national interfe rence, may not have brought about the result in New-York ; and not only in New-York, but in other states where the 6ame influence is said to have been exerted. We were not dis appointed at the result of the election; and were we in the habit oTbetting, we would three weeks ago have laid^two to one that Clinton would not get a majority of 5,000 votes ; and we do not pretend to possess more than a moderate share of penetration. We well knew that New-York is a democratic state,and had the lines ofdemarkation between the two parties been drawn as in 1813, the par ty which supported Mr. Rochester would have swept over it by a majority of 20,000 votes. We knew that the Canal inflyence in that state has been heretofore entirely in fh vor of Mr. Clinton, and that it was this alone which gave him such an overwhelming ma jority in 1824. After observing the late elec tioneering course of his opponents, we were satisfied that the same influence would not again operate 60 strongly in his favour. We saw also that prejudices against JVIr. C. would be created among the uninformed, from the eflqrts which were made to throw upon him and his friends the whole blame of the numer ous bank and insurance charters recently granted in that state, the injurious consequen ces of which have been so generally felt by the people; and also to induce all the “ new made voters” in the state to oppose the men Who laboured to*“disfranchise 159,POO electors, merely because they rent poor, and had not a freehold worth of 5250.” We were not so ignorant of human nature, as not to know.