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Vol. VII. +mr *3 mr ms „,U«Ht:o *VRKRV riifKsi.AV, ON THE i E .1, 10. "0 s. Al*« 8tr.--t.hy tale at ore HUN AND JEFFKRSON St*., K Rnifin#. ii Siuip, f' '1 XCKKOR W A K S Editor and Proprietor. nd lrf 'iliinHyl TERMS: 1 r., l**•P*1*1 *««ths»« dollar and twenty compliance with the above terms TJt each delinquent to an extra fiifentjfier cent* for every three ^hV'j'uy- rk rule wiil bt tlnctly trti ." „,n«nt» inserted it one dollar per z°»d ««y ~=h ls£ "«.'«»•. 1 "ber*' Jl't A Dix, RKPKRENCKS: llwri Wgell vt Mulford, New Or lf*s. A»a F»rr, Jr., 1 *«. I ht Ir* Todd &- Sons, i Aeme, Greely. Keith & Ray, "WTHTMAURO, IE!(ERAL Agent and Couunisssion ilerclunt and Dealer in Staple Dry lt,Gr»ctritt, Liquors, Boot*and Shoe*. "Vomer Front and Washington Streets. Hf'ii 9 at 114. 431 rd. CS| ens rrl.r. i,( i, nnil all ll stlirhnlion rati- I'diisall ise.ises.al niton sir ra\ .ilctl fa .11).' of tri .Vr exerti lien tiie yied or toi the p-i^i parts I'1 nee ,,rk. All lireclccl t# ew York 26 A U A N |jM*S MID COMMISSION MERCHANT 1 Ykvltiale and Retail Dealer in I O O S O E I E S WEISSWARK, HARDWARE. BOOTS, Uses, Hats, Caps, Stc. Itc. Front Street, Burlington Iowa. fc P. MXWEMUTH, MING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS: WATER 8TREKT, Burlington, Iowa. BEALKR.S M»Y |ri Goods Groceries, lints, Caps, lloaaets Boots and shoes, Glass, tlwenxware, Hardware, &c. MSiO 91 IB fi 1 ftlEST, a s i o n a e a i o Main and \Vi*hingtun Streets, Burlington, Iowa cuff, T. L. PAasONB. O & A S O N S DEALERS IN I K\I:R\L MERCIIAXDISE Jefferson Street, Burlington, Iowa. 'ILIUM GARRETT & CO., ,'IWHU AND RETAIL DEALRRS IN Cmlt, Groeeries, Hardware, Boot*, jStar*. Hat*. Caps, Ready Made Clothing, tfc-, S(C. the "Great Western," cor- ["Ui'ii and Jefferson-sts., Burlington, [mar'27 "45 n ox! a 13 U'Usm w wm„ PLOUGHWFJ*^'^ A COMMISSION MERCHANT. DIALKR IN 11 assorti in, just 1 Goodt ami Domestic*, Boat* and Hardware, Queenswars, Hati, Caps, ^rc., i^c. JetleTaon Street, Burlington. P. TALLAHIT, ""LtW.1 AND RETAIL DEALER IN If. Medicines, Paint*, Dye Stufit, Window Glass, ffc. fyc. Tallow. Water street, Burlington, Iowa. PMcall the attention of Physicians, '•ani' farmers, trading in the city, '*lect and (uli assortment of articles l|l(J H»N" Bt prirpv nf f!ore i ,-o l,e' **4 tfc« quality and prices of & SURGERV, corn ^'8. HOtGHTOV, Otfers his Pro ""ices to the citizens of Bur and vicinity. 'J'!®on 'he corner of Washington rd Streets. i !ot( 6 Jyw-tr 7 8" (DSf, p' IOCS. tools »lld iaitcr Hon'"1 ri hr»\ :Y JONIK ,r,8n County, Iowa Terribly. attention paid to Rheuma sep. 43 16 KaJf! R,N GE R» IP_„ «jtauat, Attorney IU«»wlloru La.ii, Wapello I.t ED.JOHNSTON. fia* Jo,I^SON, Attorney• at I^.Fort vUdison, Iowa. Orleans uteuiin.'' Ci»taih^kkACE, Attorney and l«-. 'or at Law, Mount Heas 36 l8.1841 lUKJIlti1' Ital Smoked lltl slloll1'*^f| r«IT li. rS'^ set-emy j, »«"d- UNDER. .^\CE & MUNGEir, CODS3ELLORS AT LAW, Iowa. ^d^Pleasant, irson a"' yB C0Bn'SELLOR UAvl i k AT IftW. e o I o w a nBse,,or at u In*. LY '"iifOToN COUNTY, I. T. L|^]^ 19 '-K.i! ey aRd ^oa,,®e"or oqua, Van Buren Co., t't in M**' £j" ,|tLI,OE AT tAW seventy J/~pd Iowa. W Wtefr in i-on'fj r* Ec .uildmjr y. titles ESLEV iUIMES k STARK James W (.runes and Henry W. Starr, have associated themselves fo the practice of the Law, under the above style, and will attend to professional bu»iiiest in the dif ferent counties, and also in the -Supreme Court of the Territory. Particular atten tion will be paid to claims for lands in the half breed tract, and "Isewhere. AUKS W. (i RIMES. HRNRY W. STARK. Burlington, Jan.28,1841.  L. D. STOCKTON, Caunsellor and Attorney at Law, BURLINGTON, IOWA. ^tMCRat dl"co™,t Card*, not ex- I wilars per »"nun• situated on the west 1^,1 of tlie Mississippi. about 2o0 miles l^teStint Louis- Of., ebv :k\D, rltn2t,H "pkaNCIS J. ('."PEASLhY LHHOING COMMISSION MERCHANT, W A S E E Burltngton, Iowa. •.tier in Goceries, Paints and Oils «*»le Dry Goods, ineeusware, Hardware, iron, Hats, Caps, gfttt Attii Shoes* itc« 114 Vjl. n his residence at the Lower end of Main Street. He will attend \s Courts of De* Moines, Henry, Lee, *an Buren, Louisa and Muteatine, and no Supreme Court of the Territory. Jan 27 I 35 G. W. BOWIE, •ATTORNEY AT LAW. WILL Kiss tet. practice in the several courts of the Territory. Office on the corner of Main and Washington streets Burlington, Oct. 13,1842. 20 1AMF.S B. IIOWKLL. JAMES HALL. HOWELL St HALL, Attorneys at Law, Keosauqua, Van Baron County, Iowa. Sept 23 1841-t 17 Jfield, B. 'I EAS, Attorney at Law, Fair Jefferson County, Iowa Terri tory. July 22,1841 8 T. MORTOJT, A O N E Y A A W Mt. Pleasant, Henry County, Iowa. Collection and Land Claim* promptly at• tended to. 8ep 5-ly 15 EPa S). WIHaTttS, Attorney at Law and Solicitor in Chancery, Will practice in the several courts of the first judicial district. Office in the brick building opposite the Gazette office. dec7-'43-tf WILLIAM GREENE, Book Binder and Blank Book Manufacturer. BURI.TNGTON, I. T. •American Hotel and General Staffe Office, THE largest mid most convenient estab lishment in LOO Ml NGTOV, I. T. Convenient to the Steamboat Landing. T. S. BATTELLE, Proprietor. fe29 '44-ly 40 JTVVHRUBLtC UOUSK *£T FORT MADISON, IOWA. THE "EAGLE HOTEL." situated on Front street, near the landing of the lowcrSteam Ferry, is now completed and ready for the accommodation of the public. Fort Madison, Jan. 20th, 184.5 -tf 35 fsanbi^ ni s7S)3S)S5r9 I N O E AMD SHEET IRON WARE Manufacturer, AND DEAUCR IN 8TOVES. Jeffersor Street, Burlington. JOHN raooil. LYMAN COOK PRIHiH Si COOK. Manufacturers or Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper HVirr. Jefl'erson Street. rrTWiD3®w a. s DEALER ill Iron, Steel, Tin Plate*. Nails. Stoves, and Jewett's Patent Ploughs, on Jefferson Street. Burlington, '45. J. G. FOOTE, Ag't. SlI.Kand Woolen Goods, together with wearing apparel of every description, dyed or scoured at the shortest notice bJ A. DUSTON, Washington-st. Burlington, Nov. 7, 1044—1 y CITrTRUGlTORL N E W E S A I S E N IT. HAS the pleasure of inforn nig the citi zens of Burlington and the adjoining country, that he has taken the Old Established Drug Store, Mai a Street, Burlington. Lately and favorably known by the sign of the "GOOD SAMARITA3T,** Formerly kept by Da JACOJ GAUBV, de ceased. The proprietor is now fitting up with an entire new stock of choice and approved Drug* and Medicines, Paints and Dyes, Which he is prepaied sell at the lowest market prices. Also, on hand, a lull assortment of the most approved Patent medicines* Arrangements have been made in the Eastern Cities by which coiutant supplies of^resh Medicines will be forwarded. (U"Physicians Prescriptions carefully and accurately compounded. *,* Country Physicians and Merchants supplied on favorable terras olO'44-tf B. TINSLEY, Merchant Tailor, late of Louisville. HAS recently arrived in this Territory, and has fixed upon the city of Burling ton as his permanent residence. He respect fully acquaint* its citizens and those in its vicinity, that he has on hand, and intends keeping a small but well selected assort ment of French and English Cloth*. Cas sinir-rcs and V'estings, which he will sell low for cash or such produce as will suitan Eastern Market. He wili also attend to the cutting and making gentleinans' clothing of every description, and will warrant them to fit in a style equal to any made in the east ern citien. Shop on Main-st., one door a bovj Jefferson. mar(i-3m. NEW eTt— 1L Attorney at u van J0l^ B«ur«9 Co«nty, hi ORLEANS and Sugar house Mo lasses for sale by tl\e bbl or gallon at the Steam mill store. Oct 24-St ilSr What is the use of the Nary of the United states? ST SAMUEL E. CODES, ESQ. I ask of judicious and practical men the following questions: What is the advantage of the Navy? What is its function in peace? VVhat does it ac complish in war? In plain words, what is the use of the Navy? A few years since, it was taken for granted, that a navy was absolutely necessary, his was the established public opinii no one questioned the utility of our ships of war. Fighting vessels were deemed as important as colleges or schools. But the times have changed. The question is now boldly and openly asked, all over New England, what is the use of the navy? It is asked, not only by ultra peace inen who set themselves against all wars, defensive and offensive, but by those who still hold to the opinion, that, at times, war is unavoidable. There are very many who can see no benefit from the navy in time of peace, and who regard the fighting ships as the means of useless slaughter in times of war. A *ery common apology for the expenditure lor our navy,—by those who take a limited view «f the subject —is, that the money is not wasted, for it supports mechanics, artisans, seamen and officers, giving to them their means of living. It i8 true, that it thus af fords to many their support. The navy is popular among those towards whom the money flows out in golden streams. For instance, the navy pays annually to about sixty men, as cap tains, a quarter of a million of dollars. The building and repairing and sailing one ship of the line disburse one mil lion of dollars. There are many who desire thus te live out of the public. Since the accession of Mr Polk, in ihe short space of three or four months, there have been several thousand appli cations for midshipmen's warrants—— For one vacant office, that of 2d lieu tenant of marines, there were over twelve hundred applicants. But we ask, who pays the money for the na vy? It comes from the pockets of those who have earned it, to go to those who spend it. It is a mere transfer from hand to hand. The nation does not gain. The nation, in fact, loses when it supports men who do nothing for the common good. The next answer to our question, and it is the answer the most relied upon—is, a navy is needed for the pro tection of commerce. Commerce is the interchange of merchandize, the circulation throughout the world of the conveniences and luxuries of life. It supplies the United Slates with the productions of other countries, and furnishes oilier countries with the sur plus goods of our own. We do not underrate the value of commerce. It builds up our cities. It supplies many wants. It accumulates capital and stimulates the productive industry of our citizens. But, our country could have all this profitable commerce, without owning a single ton of shipping, without one sail on the ocean, bearing the stars and stripes. Foreign vessels would carry on our freighting as well, as cheaply, as our own, and do their own fighting if fighting were necessary to protect them. The carrying trade is a distinct branch of business. The owning of ships has no necessary connection with commerce, more than carting or wag oning has with the merchant's purchas es and sales. Already, nearly half of the merchan dize imported into, and exported from, the United States, is carried by foreign vessels. In 1843, the proportion of foreign tonnage employed by our com merce to American tonnage, was aa 500,000 to 1200,000 tons. During the present year, in four of our cotton ports, there were, at one time, 150 foreign ships to 300 American the ton nage of the foreign ships, being larger vessels, almost equalled the tonnage of the American. Of all the foreign ar rivals at Boston in the year 1844, half (though small vessels generally.) were British vessels, and at other eastern ports existed the same state of things. The ships of northern Europe have the bulk of the exports from New York, to that part of Europe. The tobacco of Virginia, the coffee of Cuba, the oil of our whale ships, go usually on board of these vessels and foreign vessels have been chartered or employ, ed by our own merchants for their East India voyages. If we had not a single ship, we could receive or send away all the goods which, in the prosecution of commer cial business, are required to be receiv ed or to be sent away. This, too, at fair prices of freight for so rapaid can be made the increase of ships, that goods will always be freighted at the lowest possible price, and as experi ence thus far has manifested, at lower prices in foreign vessels than in the vesiels of the United States. From this cause, we are now rapidly losing he employment of our ships they are not able to encounter the foreign competi tion. We certainly, therefore^ need, no navy for the protection of com merce.* It will, however, be said, that if the navy is not needed for the protection A BURLINGTON, IOWA, JUNE 5, 1845. of our commerce, it is for the protec tion of our navigation that having merchant ships afloat, they require the navy. Let us compare the cost of the navy with the profits of the navigation interest which it is said to protect. The annual expenditure for our navy for the last few years has been: 1838 $«13l5S0o3 1839 6 182 294 -J5 1840 6 ll3rti6h!) 1841 6 001 076 97 1812 8 397 242 95 First 6 months of 1843 3 727 711 53 From 1st July, 1843 to 30th June, 1844 6 498199 11 Add expense of Navy De-1 43 0.r2 002 23 partment, 350 000 00 Forty-three millions, four hundred thousand dollars, a sum much larger than the profits of our navigation for the same period of time, as every ship owner will readily admit. From an official report, we ascertain that life ex penditure (including the first cost and repairs and armament,) for the ship of the line, "Delaware," is $1051,000 for the "Columbus," $674,000 for the '•Pennsylvania," $784,000 for the ••Ohio," $843,000 for the'-North Car olina, $812,000. The average cost of a line of battle ship is $830,000 One year in service, wages, provisions, &c., 230,000 Ship's proportion of Navy Yard, &c., 50,000 Seventeen hundred merchants ships must be thus profitably employed every year to earn the annual expenses of our navy, if every ship clears $1000 per annum! We have about 1,000.000 tons of shipping engaged in the foreign trade, which is, two thousand ships, averag ing five hundred tons each. The cost of this shipping is $60 per ton. The actual value of our mercantile marine is about $40 per ton, taking them to gether, new and old. This would make the value of our shipping to be furty millions of dollars about five times the annual cost of our navy.- Our navigation, therefore, must earn every year, or benefit the country, 20 per cent, of its value, to pay for its protection by our navy. The ship owner does not, upon an average, one year with another, earn five per cent, beside the interest on the capital employed. This estimate—5 per cent.—would give two millions as the profit to the owners. The cap tains, officers and American seamen engaged in foreign trade, do not receive over three millions in wages. The increased value of American ship build ing materials, (principally timber, for the iron, copper, hemp and canvas are mostly imported,) on account of the construction of ships, does not exceed one and a half millions. The labor paid in ship building, is about one million dallars. Altogether seven and a half millions are the national profit of our navigation, or about the cost of the navy. But. if you please, double this esti mate of the profit of our navigation prove, if you can. that I undervalue the benefit concerned of our commercial marine and that I overvalue the cost of the fighting ships, still, it settles noth ing in favor of the navy, for the navy, is not of the least practical advantage to the navigation. There are nations now enjoying a profitable navigation, who have not a single vessel of war and who are sail ing their ships so cheaply, as to inter fere, most seriously, with the employ ment of our ships by our owa oom merce. In time of peace, all the protection for merchant ships, which will be claimed as necessary is protection a gainst pirates now seventy-four's and frigates never catch pirates, certainly not as many as they educate to the business for it is universally admit ted, that pirates are made by men living among death-dealing instruments, by their being trained to the use of the weapons of war. If we must have a defence against pirates, it should be small vessels always in commission, not ships of the line, or frigates, swing ing idly at their moorings, or making their passages across the ocean.— Who, in hia senses, would employ our large ships lo catch pirates? In peace, the huge clumsy floating batteries carry abroad in state, some minister plenipotentiary, or sail to ex ercise the crew, or to try their compar ative speed, a most idle, wanton expen diture of money. In war there is no navigation to be protected, vessels of neutral nations then make the profit, they do the business the vessels of bel ligerents rot quieily at the wharves.— It is not, then either for our commerce or our navigation thai we need the navy. •We are informed that a foreign shio brought goods from China to New York at $7 per ton frieght, the average price in American ships being over $20 per ton. DOMESTIC YEAST. $1,100,000 The expenditure has been, for the frigate "Potomac." $527,000 for the "Mace/Ionian," $269,000 for the "Brandy wine." 699,000 for the "Col umbia," $398,000. Average expenditure for a frigate, $475,000 One year in use, 110,000 Navy Yards, dsc. 25,000 $610,000 For the Sloop of War "Warren," 18267.000 "VincennM," $300,000, ••Falmouth," $335,000 "Adams," $275,000. Average expenditure for a sloop of war, $315,000 One year in service, 50,000 Navy Yards, &c., 10,000 $375.000 The average expense of each gun thus carried, as we say. uselessly, over the ocean, for one year, amounts to about $15,000. Now, admitting the profit ot an American ship to be four thousand dollars per annum,—and this rate of profit would cover the ocean with ships,—it will take the year's earnings of one hundred ships to pay the expenditure necessary to have a •loop of war and to use her for one year one hundred and fifty ships for a frigate and nearly three .hundred ships for a line of battleship i.e. a little fleet of a seventy four and frigate and sloop requires five hundred and filly ships to do a profitable business, to earn sufficient in a year to build, re pair and sail this fleet. The following is copied from the London Gardener's Chronicle, and must be cheap and easy: Boil one pound of good flour, quarter of a pound of brown sugar and a little salt, [how much is that?} in two gallons of water, for an hour.— When milk warm, bonis it and cork it closely, and it will be fit for use in twenty four hours. One pound of this yeast will make eighteen pounds of bread.—Albany Cultivator. From the Reveille. Onr Title to Oregon. "Uutil they prove mine own is not mine own, 'van undertaking somewhat perilous,) mine own 1 shall retain." We do not claim Oregon—iT is OURS absolutely and beyond a doubt, OURS. Ii is ours by virtue of treaties with France and Spain—by virtue of the a treaty of Uireciu between France and England—by virtue of the treaty between the United Slates and the Re public of France, (1803,) and by SIGHT or DISCOVER?. The first white explorers of Oregon, from the East, were Lewis and ('lark, who acted under the authority of our Government. The mouth of the Col umbia was discovered by Captain Robert Gray, of Boston, and entered by the ship whose name the river bears, on the 19th of iVJay, 1792.— The first white settlement 011 the Co lumbia was made under the auspices of John Jacob Astor, an American natu ralized citizen. By virtue of these discoveries and these settlements, all the lands drained bytthe Columbia river are our?. But setting aside our rights to Ore gon, as derived from treaties, and by virtue of being the first discoverers and occupants of the soil, we have a direct acknowledgement of our title by the British Government—A QUIT CLAIM deed from the Prince Regent (after wards George the Fourth) accompani ed by a delivtry of the Fort near the mouth of the Columbia, which carried with it the virtual delivery of tne whole territory. This seems to have been forgotten or ovelooked by most of the writers on the subject of our ti tle to Oregon. Let us examine into the matter. During the last war, the naval forces of Great Britain succeeded in breaking up our settlement of Astoria. The post was taken possession of, and its name changed to Fort George. Previ ous lo this event we were in peaceable and undisputed possession of the Oregon country, and if there ever had been a claim set up by the British Government to any portion of it, we have not been able to find that it was asserted. By right of conquest, Great Britain had possession of the territory until the close of the war, and afterwards, until it was claimed by our Government, when it was DELIVERED UPBV THE BRIT ISH AUTiio:IITIK 8, under the first article of the treatv of Ghent, which stipulated that the territories captured by each nation, during the war, should be re stored. This delivery took place on the 7th of October. 1818. as appears by the (following act of surrender and acknowledgement: "In obedience to the command of his Royal Highness, the Prince Re gent, signified by a despatch from the Right Honorable Earl Baihurst, ad dressed to the partners or agent of the Northwest Company, bearing dale 27th of January, 1818, and in obedience to subsequent orders, dated on ihe 27th of July last, from William H. Sheriff, Esq., captain of his Majesty's ship Andromache, we the undersigned, do, in conformity with the first article of the treaty of Ghent, restore to the Government of the United States, through its agent, J. Prevost, Esq., the settlement of Fort George, on the river Columbia. ••Given under our hands, in triplicate at Fort George, on the Columbia river, this 9th of October, 1818. F. HICKEY, Capt. of his Majesty's ship Blossoia. JAMES KEITH, of the Northwest Company." '•I do hereby acknowledge to hive this day received, on behalf of the Government of the United States, the possession of the settlement designated above, in conformity with the first ar ticle of the treaty of Ghent. •'Given under my hand, in triplicate, at Fort George, Columbia river, this 6th of October, 1818. J. PREVOST, Agent for the United States." In his despatch, dated Oct. 7, 1818, the agent of the United States, in giving an account of the transaction, wrote as follows "The British flag was there upon lowered. and that of the United Stales hoisted in its stead, where it now waves in token both of possession and sovereignty." At the tiaae of the surrender of the "possession and sovereignty" to the United States, the Northwest Company had 011 the Columbia a large amount of property, consisting of furs, peltries, and British manufactured goods, which had been imported for the purpose of supplying their own people and trading Willi the Indians. The North west Com pany, through their agent Mr. Keith, requested that they might be permitted to remain and carry on their business under the flag of the United States— alleging as a reason for making the re quest, that there was no British post within a great distance, and serious loss must be submitted to by the Company unless the favor should be granted.— Mr Prevost, professed to have no au thority to grant the request of Mr Keith, but said that, under the circumstances, he presumed his Government would not compel British subjects to leave without giving them sufficient notice to secure them from loss. Thus they were permitted to remain on mere sufferance, and without even apre tence of ris kt—and this is the origin of the British claim to Oregon! A Conversation. In conversation with an intelligent gentleman from Kentucky, a few days since, we asked him if the soil in Indiana was more fertile, or the climate more agreeable than in Kentucky. He replied they were not. 'Then why did you leave (hat State?" •Because," was his answer, "Ken tucky is a slave State. I was not able to purchase slaves, nor should I have been willing to own them if I had been able and for a free man to work among slaves necessarily degrades him, and I thought I would do better to remove to a free State." This is nearly the gentleman's lan guage. YVe asked if he had ever known any one else who had left Kentucky for the some reasons. 'Yes, many." 'And did you ever know any farmer, who designed to do his own work, move into Kentucky because it is a slave Slate?" •Never." •Having lived many years in Ken tucky, you are doubtless able lo judge, with considerable accuracy, what pro portion of slaves have 'Anglo-Saxon' blood in their veins." •Yes, I think more than half of them are partially white." 'Well, did you ever know of a case •f amalgamation at the North?" *1 heard of one in Indianapolis, several years ago." 'And it probably made a very great excitement?" 'Yes, very great, and I believe the legislature acted upon the subject." 'And in Kentucky probably no one expresses any surprise to see a colored slave have a child half white!" 'Why, sir, the occurience is so com mon that it attracts no attention. It is looked upon quite as a matter of course." Here is the testimony of one who said he was 110 abolitionist. Southern men, if thev would examine the sub ject, would find important truth in it. They would learn the grand secret of the prosperity of the North.—Indiana Freeman. The swallow—secret ol the Accident. The N. Y. Courier and Enquirer says: "We have been assured that a group of the boat's crew was overheard discus sing the cause of the calamity, near the wreck, by Mr Ernest of Cooperslown that one of them asked who was at the wheel that when told it was Bill, (the name by which Burnett, the pilot, was known among them,) he replied that he did not wonder she struck, for he had been "hot the night before, and been taking his drops that day." We have also heard for some weeks past he had returned 10 his former intem perate habi'.j. The question arises,who is respon sible for the accident and the destruc tion of human life? We answer, propri' etors or managers of the boat. Any company that will employ a DRUN KARD in any responsible office—yes, a drunkard as PI LOT of a steamboat, upon whose wisdom, calmness and skill, depend the lives of hundreds of human beings every day, ought to be sent, without any exception or reserva tion, to Stale's Prison for ten year#." —Me. Cultivator. •'John, I fear you are forgetting me," said a bright eyed girl to her sweet heart, the oilier day. ••Yes, Sue I have beenfor getting you these two years." 1 £a Ii No. 2. New Discovery in relation to Stone, —It is Stat.din the Sheffield (Eng.) Mercury that a scientific gentleman re fiding at Ipswich, Mr. Frederick Kansome. engineer, has lately discor ered a method whereby ihe hardest stone can be brought into a consistence resembling common putty, so that it can be cut and moulded into any •hape, for useful and ornamental putf» poses, without altering its general char acter and appearance for it becomes as hard, and u soiae instances even har« der, than when subjected to ihe pro* cess. Another peculiarity of the pro* cess ie, that any color or variety of colors, can be imparled to its solid sub-*' stance, so thai an endless variety of. shades can be produced, and as it capable of being polished, it effectually rH«mu the action of the weather. It, can also he used as a cement, and catf be brushed over the surface of WOSMI, so as to render 11 fire proof.—Mayi S• Multitudes of young men are ruinod by not having decision enough to sajr no. They meet with companions who invite tliern lo step in to a fruit shop, or into the confectioner's, or into tho oyster cellar, or the barroom. They are perfectly aware that they would not like to have their parents see them go into these places they are awate that those who entice them are, as yet below themselves in moral character but, they have not the firmnesti to say no., When they allow themselves lo be led, away once, they will again and they must return the compliment. This is the beginning of that courso which leads to drinking, lo tavern sup* pers, to street-smoking, to the theatre, to the house of her which is the way to hell, and then, to the ruin of the young man, for time and for elernity.—Rev. John Todd Something worth Knowing.—'Tho following are very good receipts for lemonade and ginger beer powders and persons who abstain from the ordinary fermented and alcoholic beverages, will be found very convenient and accepts*, ble, particularly during th« ensuing season: "Lemonade powders—Pound and mix together half a pound of loaf sugar, one ounce of carbonate of soda, and three or four drops of the oil of lemon, divide the mixture into sixteen portion* and dissolve one in a glass of water.— Ginger beer powders—Take away the oil of lemon from the former receipts, and substitute a few grains of finely powdered ginger, or else a few drop* of the essence of ginger." A SENSIBLE DOO.—The Boston Temperance Standard tells the follow* ing good 'un: A gentleman residing in Brighton has a Nowfoundland dog re* markable for his sagacity. The other day he endeavored to c&teh a couplo of mice, which evaded his efforts creeping in to the hay. After repeated disappointments, he was observed to run with great haste into the houst, and presently return with the cat in his mouth. He laid her down by tho hay, and, holding her between hit paws, kept her safe until the mice gain made their appearance. Their fate was sealed and the dog seemed greatly satisfied with the success of of this scheme. The Standard add* that the statement can be verified It and doubt it. GOOD FORTUNE.—Mr. GOOD.—A Delevan, the proprietor of the Delevan House, A£ bany, has made a successful hit in* boring for water. He is building* magnificent hotel five stories high, which he supplied with pipes in the expectation of getting water from the city water works. He was disappoint* ed in this source, and commenced bor ing for water, in which operation ho was so fortunate as to hit a stratum of coarse sand, from which gushed a stream of pure soft water, atl'ording about 20,000 gallons per day, which, by appropriate apparatus, is distributed to^every part of the house. A practical farmer informs the Hart* ford Times, that in taking up a feneo that had been set fourteen years, he no ticed thai some of the posts remained nearly sound, while others rotted off at the bottom. While looking for the cause, he found that those posts which were set limb part down or inverted from the way they grew, were souod. Those which were set as they grew, were rotted off. This fact is WOfthy the attention of farmers. man was asked to tak« drink at a grocery when he replied* ••No, I thank you, sir I always drink like a beast!" *'You drink like a beast, why, what do you mean?" "Merely, fir, that I drink when I am thirsty, only and only drink what is necessary to quench my thirst! That is the way beasts drink, sir|** WALRABLES.—t must go to the other end of the boat, and look after my waluables, said a rusty, poverty gnawed genius the other day on board a steamboat. I should like to know what are yooif waluables, said the person with whoa he was conversing. My waluables, replied the nonde •ecirpt, my waluables, is one wife, OM dog, and three children. jr .r* #S"