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Bath, Thursday, April 4,1850. Progress, Slavery, Freedom. The age in which we live, is justly termed a progressive age—an age of wonderful improve ments. Startling theories arc daily being propagated, while prod active industry is keep ing pace with all things else The moral, physical, and intellectual worlds each seems vising, the one to outstrip the other in the great progressive race. But good and evil are so equi-poised throughout the world, that ihe moralist is ready to give up in despair, because of his want of immediate and complete suc cess—while the physical man is suddenly brought to a stAnc -still in finding his improve ment, invention, or what not, superseded by something as far above his, as was his above all others—and the intcilectualist teems destined to stop but a little short of omnipotence. “Reforms never go backwards" says an old political economist. This important truth, demonstrated by the experience of all, it is well ever to bear in mind. Hie history of mankind shows a st< ady advance in religion, morals, and politics from the primitive *tate of man to the present. LiberaUsm, compre hending enlarged views upon all subjects, per vades society. Popular governments, are springing up and the principles of liberty, •quality and human rights have received an impetus throughout the world, within the p tst few years that will not cease until the whole world is enlightened. In the progress of mankind from a state of barbarism, two conflicting antagonistic ele ments are found, to exist, to wit, slavery, or subjection to the will of another, and freedom, or uncontrolled liberty With these prefatory remarks, we propose considering the institu tion of slavery which exists in our country — Its bearing upon the progresa, the morals and the politics of the United States. The origin of human slavery dates farther back than the history of our country. It was the offspring of barbarism, yet had important uses to subserve. It resulted from that prin ciple which induced the strong man to over power the weak for the purpose of subjecting him to his control. It was introdueed into this country to save li/e— ihe life of the poor Indian, who was the victim of unheard of cru elties from his white master. African slaverv was thus introduced into our country, and had acquired a permanent foothold when the con federation wa, entered into. That it has ever teen considered an evil to a greater or less ex tent, is true, and that it was considered an evil by a great portion of the framers of the Con stitution is equally true. The objection to it, increased with the agitation of ihe subject, from year to year, until w e find, at thc^jiresent day, the whole country aroused in the matter. That the institu'.ion of slavery has had friends among those interested in its perpetuity, who. from slight beginnings are now fearless spologists for it and all its evils, is everv dav seen. That much legislation in our national councils has been prostituted to its corrupt de signs. we have reason to regret. But that the cause for crimination has all been on one side, w* have never for a moment believed. We have always contended for a rigid mainten ance of the compromises iff the Constitution believing that, although ihe Constitution rec ognized the institution of slavery, it by no means ever intended to foster it. The f.ir-sighted Jefferson, on one occasion in his life time, gave utterance to the following truthful declaration :—“Vet the day is not dis tant when it, (the south,) must bear and adopt it, (emanci a!inn,) or worse will follow — Nothing it more clearly written in the bock of fate, than that these people are to be free ; nor is it less certain that the two races equally free cannot live in the same government.’* "If on tie contrary it is lft to force itself on% human nature must shudder at the prospect held up.” Th^se were ihe sentiments of one interested pecuniarily in slaves—uttered too, at a period when the institution was justified, morally and religiously "If it is left to force itself or, ” says Mr. Jefferson, fearful results will occur — Has, then, the institution of slavery, sought to “force itself on,” or strengthen or perpetu ate ttscit t iteluctantly we express our con viction that it has. This is too apparent from the recent movements of the friends of the pe culiar institution, in relation to the admission of California It is too plain to be denied that opposition is made to the admission of Califor nia into the Union on account of the decided stand she has taken against slavery. This is to be regretted—for it implies a decided dispo sition on the part of the South to impede the progressive spirit of the times, which, wa con tend is witnessed in the high moral stand taken by the inhabitants of California. This is what Jeiferson prophecied “human nature would ahudder at.” The only queation to be determined is— “what is the duty of a citizen of the Xorth in this state of affairs ?” Can we look supinely on, and escape our responsibilities by trusting the result to an over-ruling Providence ? Or is it rather our duty, as responsible beings, to take a bold, decided stand in favor of freedom, in favor of moral and political progress, and in sist upon staying the farther spread of the in stitution. We plant ourselves upon the plat form laid down by the gifted Jefferson, and protest against “its forcing itself on.” If Jef ferson, in days gone by, feared not to utter such sentimenls, shall we fear ? Shall we adopt the non-intervention policy at this day, in relation ao the encroachments of slavery, when Jefferaon, with less cause for alarm, did not hold his peace ? God forbid. Is it urged that by interfering in the matter, we shall disturb the existing order of things and endanger the perpetuity of the’Union, we reply, that, at in ancient Rome, it wa* regard ed at tha mark of a good citizen never to de spair of the fortunes of the republic, ao the good citizen of every country, whatever may be t .e aspect of his own lime, will never de spair of the fortunes of the human race-bnt will act upon the conviction, that prejudice, •isvery and corruption must gradually give way to truth, liberty and virtue, and that, in the moral world, as well as in the material, the farther our observations extend, and the longer they are continued, the more we shall perceive of tha order and of benevolent design in the universo, 1CJ* It is said that the speech of Mr. Web ster. as printed for the southern market, does not contain the same matter as that printed for northern market We should like to know what has been omitted. For our part, we see nothing in the northern edition, but that they might roll ai a sweet morsel under their touguea at the aouth.—Belfait Journal. M e were witness to tha same fact in regard to Ms celebrated Marshfield speech, which was •hoekinglv garbled. New Hampshire Democratic.—The New Hampshire election is all one w ay—democrat ic. Deaamore is elected governor, by some .',000 majority, a ,'arge increase from leal year, and the majority in the Genera! U0U!; ja larger than fer years—sow# 80 »o lfO Benton on Flogging In the Navy. Meetings have been recently held in New \ork and other places, for the purpose of help ing forward the abolition of flogging in the na vy. At the meeting in New York a few weeks since, a report was made of the number of lashes inflicted on board the vessels of the U. S. navy during their latest cruises. The amount is almost incredible, numbering in one ship over four thousand, and in several others, from one to three thousand. It is a disgrace to the American people that such a barbarous custom is tolerated, and it is high time to put forth vigorous measures for its abolishment. During the hist session of Congress, the sub ject wr.» before the Senate, and elicited consid erable debate. It was tacked on the bill of ! appropriations for the navy, which was an im ! pruden' step. Attention was however direct ed to the subject in congress, and the barbar ism received some hard thrusts. Senator Benton eloquently expresses his opinion upon the subject in the following patriotic language: “I am not in favor ot scourging American citizens. A Roman citizen could not be scourged, and I believe an American citizen is of as high an order of men as were Roman citi zens. Roman citizens were employed both by sea and land, in the army and in the navy, and there was no scourging ; that was reserved for slaves, for barbarians, for those below the dig nity of a Roman. It may be that some per sons are bad enough to be whipped, but I question if whipping will effect a reform. I also question if it is worth while to make the officers of the navy the instruments or agents to correct the incorrigible part of mankind.— It is better, sir, to get them out of the navy, and have nothing to do with them. I feel a deep mortification, sir, in seeing a man—one who is brave—one who will die in defence of his country, either in the army or the navy— tied up and flogged. I feel humiliated, sir, by such a spectacle.” Correspondence of the Eastern Tunes. [The following from our correspondent in Wiseasset, was unavoidably deferred until this week.] Doings at Court. Wiscasset, March, 25th, 1810. .lft'. Editor :—This quiet, pretty little village affords slight subject matter for a newspaper correspondence. Even the public interest in matters pertaining to the law, which always prevails in shire towns during the session of the Courts, seems to have quite subsided—or, which is perhaps the case, the slight criminal matters of Lincoln County are wholly absorbed by the great criminal trial now progressing st Boston. To-day commences the fifth week of the ses sion of the District Court—Judge Kick upon the bench. The duties of the Judge seem to wear heavily upon him, judging from his thin, wan appearance. He is fa9t becoming familiar, with what he was but slightly acquainted, when he entered upon his present duties, the technicalities and niceties of the law. His strong natural sense and clearness of percep tion will soon gain the mastery. Judge Rice is a remarkable instance of self creation,—if I may be pardoned the expression. Not a few practitioners at the bar can remember him as a school boy, “with satchel, creeping, like a snail, unwillingly to school.” With but a common school education, we next find him i graduating from that prolific college,the Print- ; ing Office,—next an editor of a newspaper, nnd now the Judge of the Middle District Court — A noble example for the youth who is striving to overcome the accid* nt of birth, to follow. Hut little civil business has been transacted the present term, owing to the mn9s of criminal business,—which owing to the lengthy indis position of Mr. Ilill, the County Attorney, has been accumulating for a number of terms. It has occupied the last two weeks of the Court, and w ill doubtless consume the greater portion of the present week, when the Court will probably rise. The interests of the County have been faithfully looked after by Wales Hubbard Esq., a voting lawyer of excellent abil ities, residing ar.d pi a c Using law here. Mr II. is also Deputy Collectrr of this port. This is the second term that he ha9 officiated as Coun ty Attorney. ihe Cnmmal Docket for this term embraced thirty-one new entries—many of which are appealed liquor cases But one of these latter cases has as yet been disposed of. The first action tried « as— The State rs. Seth Hobart, et. als. This was an action of malicious trespass, and was tried at the October term, but the Jury did not agree. The Defts. having been ably defended by Henry Ingalls, Esq. a young and promising lawyer of this place, were acquitted State rs. Benjamin Bayley, 4th. Indict ment for larceny. The Deft belonged here, where the offence was alleged to have beer, committed. The trial of this case occupied over four days, and developed a wretched state j of morals among the lower classes of this pret I tv village. Judge Ruggles, of Thomaston, and H. Ingalls labored hard for the Deft. Judge It. occupied full seven hours in his closing— Hubbard, for the County, about four—each ar guing with great ability. The Jury, after a ! few hours' conference, brought in a verdict of ; guilty—to which the Deft, had leave granted i by the Court to file exceptions recognizance* I of $800 being required. State rs. Atden Boggs, of Warren Indict i mer.t for Assault and Battery. Plea not guilty. The defence was ably conducted by H. C. Loicell, Esq., of East Thomaston. Verdict, not guilty. State rs. George Carpenter, Jr.—a younglad belonging to your city. The offence was lar ceny. An ingenious attempt was made by Counsel, W. Gilbert, Esq., of Bath, to get the indictment quashed—which was however over I >uled by the Court. Verdict, guilty, on two | counts—but, on motion of Counsel, the Gov't j nol pros'd one. State vs. Amos H. Wall, for larceny. This j is another case that originated in Bath, and | comes up on an appeal from the Municipal i Court. The Deft, was charged with stealing the property of the Ken. & Portland R. R. Co. A technical requirement, insisting upon the government's proving the eorpnrate existence of the Company, was at first relied on by the Counsel for the defence. This was reserved by the Court, and the case submitted to the Jury on the merits Verdict guilty. F. E. Shaw, Esq , for the defence. State rs Xathan Hills, et. al. Indictment for malicious trespass. This case was tried at the October term, the Jury not agreeing — Judge Ruggles opened the defence to the Jury, and his partner, Albert P. Gould occu pied the greater portion of the forenoon, in submitting it to the Jury. Mr. Gould we re gard as one of ihe most promising member* of the bar. Ilis argument would have done credit to an older head. The Attorney Gen eral, Henry lallmau, i* arguing in the Coun ty's behalf, as we close our letter. Tuesday, P. M. 28th. Th* Jury in the css* State vs. Hill et. als., came in after a few mo ment'* conference, with a verdict of acquittal. Th* prisoner. Wall »nd Carpenter were brought in and arraigned for sentence. After j remarks from the Counsel in behalf of each, j thcT "*'ere severally sentenced to six months j 'onficem'nt tn the County Jail. Your*. I Ofe of 'em In ■ Dilemma. It is amusing to see the anxiety depicted upon the countenance* of whig editors, about these times. They are miming about like the chap at country muster, who lost his Jilt leader. With the Wilmot Proviso for capital a few month* ago, they occupy the position now of the fellow hold of the ears of a wolf—they dare noi let go, and they are afraid to hold on.— Old Zachary is in etatu yuo—which aignifieth mu* at a etatue, and Clay and Webater join hands in denouncing the Proviso. Ex-govern or Seward comes to the rescue, in behalf ol the administration ostei aibly, but really for his own—and attacks Calhoun and Webster, repudiating all compromises, lie agrees with the god-like in supporting the admission of California with her present bounds and consti tution—but goes in for the application of the Wilmot Proviso to Xew Mexico—and opposes Webster's views of the obligationa of Congress to receive new slave states from Texas, and the recapture of fugitive slaves—denouncing them at "unjust, unconstitutional and immoral."— The pith of the joke is, that the Republic sup ports Webster, while the Intelligencer de nounces Mr. Seward. The Boston Atlas and some of the northern whig press endorse Mr. Seward and repudiate Webster. Who will come out "on top” in this general muss it will be hard to say. False Sympathy. Some of the Boston papers, we perceive, denounce in terms of most bitter reprehension, the putative severity of the officers having charge of Professor W ebster, for securing him by handcuffs, 4*c., the same as other prisoners are served. When a poor man falls into the fangs of the law, the “daefcies” are clinched on without eliciting so much as a commonplace expression of sympathy in behalf of the unfor tunate but plebian sufferer ; but because the victim, in this case, has occupied a high sta tion in society, and is the father of an “inter esting family,” they would have the necessary severities of the law wholly dispensed with, and the culprit left to make his escape w hen ever an opportunity may present. The elevat ed position heretofore occupied by Professor Webster, if guilty of the heinous offence of which he has been convicted, instead of miti gating the severity of the laws, should, we think rather be regarded as enhancing his ameniability to their most rigid application.— He has not the ordinary excuses to urge in palliation of the offence, and if he suffers se verely, as a sensitive man in his situation must suffer, he has to thank his own unbridled pas sions, not the law alone, for the misery he en dures. Unitarian Fair. The ladies of the Unitarian Society of this city, have abundant reason to congratulate themselves with complete success on the occa sion of their Fair at the City Hall on Tuesday the 26th of March. It was decidedly “Me fair of the season.” The hall was most beautifully decorated, evincing in this particular, most exquisite taste—the tables displayed more than the usual variety of useful and fancy ar ticles, and the refreshments were abundant, and of the nicest kind. The company in at tendance was unusually large, and comprised all classes and sects of the best portion of the population of our city. The ladies never ap peared to better advantage, while the gentle men in every particular, well sustained their reputation for gallantry and liberality. All the articles offered for sale met with ready pur chasers. and in a word everything passed off to the complete satislaction of those present. The amount of receipts w as $357,85. The Ice Crop in Maine. The unusually mild state of the weather in Massachusetts, during the past winter has, it is said, prevented any very extensive opera tions in the ice business there, and companies are now busily engaged in getting out and sto ring large quantities of this article on the Ken nebec, and other streams, where nature, with out any artistic assistance, or appliances, inva riably produces an ample crop. \\ e last week visited the shores of lake Sebago, where about fifty men arc employed by a company of Bos ton merchants, in getting out and storing an immense qu unity, preparatory to the opening of canal navigation. One "stack,'’ one hund red feet by eighty, and twenty feet high, w as already receiving the roofing, and another of nearly the same dimensions, commenced. The workmen labor night and day, and the facility with which the ice is cut, hoisted snd packed, is a matter of curious speculation to the unin itiated The ice “crop” is ordinarily a very certain one in this region, and already been the means of bringing large sums into the State, and diffusing them where money is much need ed. _ Fast Day. Our annual State Fast occurs to-day. The setting apart of one day in the spring time of the year, for fasting, humiliation and prayer, is a time-honored ceremonial, as appropriate to this day and generation, as to that in which it originated. It is a good old puritanical cus tom. the observance of which does credit to all New Englanders. Some there are, so origi nal and erratic, as to scorn and scoff at the idea of paying deference to the customs and ordinances of our forefathers. What though the day is less solemnly observed than hereto fore—any approximation to such an observance is preferable to utter neglect. An objection to the observance of the Sabbath might with equal propriety be urged, because the day is desecrated by many. We hold to no such doctrine. All things are liable to abuse—by antagonistic elements or principles arc all things thst were created, created and kept in existence—even Heaven itself, we are told, harbored a Satan with his wicked companions. \ witty rhymester thus “hits off" the manner in which the day is too apt to be observed in our large cities :— “This, I ween, is fait day— So at least the people say. And so indeed I think : The fastest driving, fastest walking. Fastest lying, fastest talking And fastett doing in victuals and drink. All go to make it out quite clear, The fastest day in all the year.” Fire in Gardiner.—We learn by the Tran script, that a wooden building at the New Mills, in that city, was destroyed by fire on Sunday night last. It was the property of Messrs. Richards & Hoskins, and used as a storehouse for cotton vast*. Loss about 51000 —no insurance. Railroad Accident As the morning train on the Lowell railroad was going up on Friday last, the engine became in some way unman ageable, and the train atopped. The express train following, a messenger was sent back to give warning, but in consequence of the snow storm at the time he was not seen until it was too late to avoid a collision. The en gine of the express train ran into the rear car, in which were six passengers. Of these, five were more or less injured, but not seriously.— 1 On the rear train no one was injured, but the ; fireman whose arm was fractured. The engine want nearly through ths car, penetrating it 1 lik» ■ wedge. Belfast.—A committes was selected at the last town meeting at Belfast to consider the subject of establishing a city government, and also to obtain a charter to be presented to the citizens at the September meeting. VT Gov Bridge, has appointed Thursday, the eleventh day of April next, as a day of fasting, humiliation and prayer. <SJT In New Hampshire fast day is appoint ed April 4th. , [rj* The Mirror says there is to be a Tele gTaph line established between this city and Augusta. Glad to hear it. Hope the busi ness prospects of the upper Kennebeckers may be elrrtrifleH at the same time. VP The brig Pan Jacinto. Carlton, of Bel fast. which sailed from Townsend the 8th of Dec. arrived at Rio 19th of Jan.— making the passage in 39 days Cld. for San Francisco. The Belfast Marine Railway is now com pleted and in operation. A schooner of TS tors was drawn up in less than two hours on Tuesday. The machinery works admirably. The One TT\indrr<lth birth day of Mr. Jona than Records, of Buckfield, was celebrated at the Freewill Baptist Meeting Ilouse in Buck field, on Friday, the 22d inst. Mow to Polish a Verso Mav We read in a Sheffield paper, that the “ last polish to a piece of cutlery is given by the hand of a woman " The same mav be said of human cutlery, that “ the last polish to a young blade is given by his mixing with female society.” What’s the use of wearing that old coat, when you can procure one of Farssworth A Brooks for a mere song? Rumor says they keep the largest assortment of goods to be found on the Kennebec, and we don't doubt it. They have lately introduced their Spring styles of hats. caps, ready made clothing. Sic., and their almost endless variety, enables pur chasers to suit themselves from tip to toe. with perfect ease. Their prices, too, w:l! be found as low as the lowest. See advertisement. Judge John Maynard, of the supreme court of New York, died on Sunday at Auburn. He was a member of congress, in 1826. Com. Stockton publishes in Philadelphia papers, a very long letter to Hon. Daniel Webster, tipon the slave question, and the senator s late speech. The commodere thinks non-intervention and no "proviso" the best way of treating the difficulty. Ephraim Low, one of the counterfeiters ar rested at Groton, Vt., died on Monday night last. Col. Benton deelines to serve longer upon the committee of foreign relations, because Gen. Foote is a member of the committee. Geo. W. Simmons, of Oak Haul, Boston, is exceedingly popular as a dealer in clothing.— He has displayed much taste in the arrange ments of his establishment, and his business is conducted upon the right principle. Large sales and small profits is his motto Always do something. If you cannot brrak a horse, break a wagon ; and if objection of fers to this, put rocks in yonr wife's coffee mill. There is nothing like keeping busy. e&r he District Court 'adjourned on Tues day morning last, at Wiscaaset. We under stand that the prisoner Bailey has absconded, forfeiting his bonds of$400. Scott Donnell of this city recognized for him. U. S. Ohio, now on her return from the Pa cific, will enter and discharge her crew mt the port of Boston. She is expected to arrive about the 1st of May. Abbot Lawrence is stated to hare taken the elegr.nt mansion of Lord Cadogan, opposite Green Park, in London, at a rent of $10,000 per annum, where he lives in becoming style. Gen. Wilson, of New Hampshire, and Col. Baker, of Illinois, are in Connecticut, making speeches for the whigs, at the rate of $3 a day from the United States. Death of Mr. Ai:mstp.ono.—Hon. Samuel T. Armstrong, formerly lieutenant governor of Massachusetts, di< d at his residence at Beacon street on Tutsday evening, at sis u clock. He had been out during the day, and returned in his usual health, when he was seized with a fit. and soon expired. Mr. A was a journey man printer, then an extensive publisher of the Bible and religious books, and died possessed of much property. Jewett Jt I’rescott, No. 2, Milk Street, Bos ton, are again before the Public with a complete assortment of Shawls, Silk Goods, Bombazines, S:e.. the extent and variety of which cannot be realized without the aid of a personal exami nation. These Goods were all ordered by Messrs. J & P before the general advance in prices, and will be served out at Wholesale or Retail, at the usual low prices. It is safe to guess that all promises by this well known firm will be faithfully performed, and we cheerfully commend them to our readers and friends. Augusta.—At the third trial on Thursday of last week, Gen. Alfred Redington, Dem , was elected Mayor. The vote stood 668 for Red ington, and 53S for Rev. Wm. A. Drew. ICJ* We take pleisure in calling the atten tion of our readers to the adveitisement of Messra. Lemont & Son, in another column.— They keep an extensive assortment of lists. Caps, Clothing, Furnishing Goods, &c . and customers will find them ever ready to do all they promise. See advertisement. Legislative Instructions. In his late speech, Mr. " ebster touched upon the propriety of legislative instructions He objected to them, saying in effect, that if instructions should be sent to him in relation to any matter affecting the interests of the south he should pay no more regard to them than if appointed an ar biter to decide some matter in dispute between individuals, and was to receive instructions from those w ho appointed him. Robbert and attempted Murder.—On Wednesday last, two brothers, Charles W. and Wm. D Mains, were arrested at the American House in Bangor, on a charge of robbing a trunk at Mrs. Harden's, Exchange street. They were completely armed w ith double-barrelled pistols and dirk knives when the officers went to arrest them, as we learn by the Jeffersonian ; a pistol was discharged at sheriff Holt, without effect, however. They were committed in de fault of bail for $1300 each. Thb Weather—during the month ofMarch, has been cold, stormy and disagreablc—much more so than February. The two seem al most to have got misplaced. Almanacs don't always tell the truth, at all events. For the past few days, however, we have had the pleasure of beholding the warm aun, and the Gtreets are beginning to be quite passable.— The river is now nearly clear of ice and we hope to see steamboat navigation commence the coming week. A fire proof calico is now made for children by immersion in phosphate of magnesia. It w ill ignite by contact with flame, but the fire will not spread. It goes out immediately. The Municipal election! in the State of New York, have resulted generally in unprecedent ed majorities in favor of the democratic candi | dates City Government. 1« CoVSON Council, March 28,1850. Present. — Messrs. Mngoun, Allfn, Clapp, Drummond, Frye, Fuller, Kendall, Low, Lynch, Merryman, Morae, Potter, Sewull, Slandish, Turner, Weeks, Wildee, Wilson. Papers referied Ironi the Iasi City Council were taken up nud committed to the appro priate committees. The petition of C. D. Limes in behalf of Torrent Engine No 2, and aho of J. W. Frye of Deluge Engine No. 3, referied from the last Ciiv Council, were taker, up and iu detinnely postponed. Leave nns granted in concurrence to Wil limn Foster, to occupy a portion of Pino street fur building purposes. An order from the hoard of Aldermen in structing the cointnitiee on Finance to >epoit at some future meeting what sums of money it will be uecessury to raise, and appropriate for die ciirieut fiscal year wus passed ill concurrence. On motion of Mr. Sewall, Ordered, That the joint standing commit tee on Burying Grounds he itistru'led to cause to he built as soon ns practicable, a suitable leuce around the Burying Ground recently purchased liy the citv, of Wot. D. Sewall, called “Maple Grove Cemetery,” and also cause lo he removed from said gtound such incumbrances as they may deem advisable. Ordered, That the same committee he in structed to put in auitnble repait the fence around the burying ground in the ** York loi " so called. Passed and sent up lor con currence. On motion of Mr. Clapp. Ordered, That a joint select committee he appointed to ascertain where a suitable site can l»e obtained upon which to erect it Public Market Building, together with the terms and conditions of purelia-e, and report as soon ns practicahie—particular reference 10 he laid to such location as will afford fac ilities (or convenient cellars in the basement story of the building, and otherwise best ac commodate the inhabitants of the city. Passed, and Messrs. Magoun, Clapp. Weeks and Kendall appointed on the part of the Common Council. The Aldermen con curred and joined Messrs. J. Robinson and Litchfield. The order fixing the compensation of flit ritv officers was taken tip, and on motion of Mr. Sewall, the words “ fifty dollars *' as compensation to the Chief Engineer of the Fite Department was strickeu out by the following vote. Yeas—Messrs. Allen, Drummond, Fuller, Lvnch, Merrynnn. Morse. Potter, Sewall, Staudish, Weeks, Wildes-J] Nays—Messrs. Clapp, Frye, Kendall, Low, Shaw, Turner, Wilson—7. The Aldermen concurred. Order from the hoard of Aldermen au thorising A. R. Mitchell Esq., Treasurer elect to receive from the late Treasurer all monies, books, ami pipers belonging to the city was parsed in concurrence. On motion of Mr. Kendall, Ordered, That the committee on Finance report what subordinate city officer or board ol offices shall he entrusted with the public money to meet their expenditures, and what bond they shall gne to secure the cicy.— Passed and sent up for concurrence. Order from the hoard of Aldermen au thorising the city Treasurer to negotiate a temporary loan to meet die immediate lia bilities ofihe Treasury, not exceeding twenty five hundred doi’nrs in amount, and at a rate of interest not exceeding six per cent per annum. said loan to obtained on such terms of time as will tiest meet tiie wants of the Treasury, not however, extending beyond twelve months; was passed in concurrence Adjourned to meet one week from next | Wednesday evening nt 7 o’clock. The Silver Curry-comb. Tiiis city has been much amused for several days by the anecdote of a grave pre sentation of a silver curry-comb to die Pres ident of the [Jidietl States, for the benefit of Old Whiiey. The actors in die scene avail ed then selves ol the opportunity of a medal being presented to Colons! Bl«s*, by Mr. Senator Seward, in the name of the State of New York, and ill the presence of some of her representatives, and of others, to carry out their important mission ; hut surely never was there a more farcical hmlesque than dns formal gift of a curry-comb to the Pre-ident of die United States. Nevet vv.is ' a more ridiculous spectacle exhibited in the ■ While house. But it is of a piece with the | character am! acts of his ad oiu stration. — i Batlm- could sink no lower. No wonder | ihat General Foote should have given a hit ! at the senator from New York for the part which he acted in this pageant, and promised j to employ the moral curry-comb upon bun, i ju*i as the silver curry-comb wits to he em ployed on the innocent inhabitant of the I stable. We hope that some amusing wag, of a rhymester will strike his lyre, bke the mod ern Peter Pindar, ami instead of descanting upon kings, and apple dumplings, and mouse traps, will delineate die whole scenery, ma chinery, decorations, and characters of this drama and of the dramatis persona it. the White Hou-e. Style if the ridiculous badi nage ot “ The Curry-omb : a burlesque Poicoxo, by an American Satirist.''—IVash. Union. Panama Railroad. The New York Courier learns from the best authority that the statements recently brought out from the Isthmus in relation to tiie operations on the Panama Railroad are not well Ihnniled. The work is in no sense suspended nr discontinued. On the con trary, Mr. Totton, one ot the principal con tractors, who left New York on the 17tli January last, in pursuance of his original plan, left Chagres for Carthagena on itie ‘J9th of January, lor ihe purpose of bring ing to the Isthmus the native labor with winch lie cunsirueted the Carthtigena Cana). Ar the luiest advices, Mr. Tonen was in perfect health, and Ins partner, Mr. Trom wine, was acnvely engaged ill the prelimi nary arrangements necessary for commenc ing the work. Owing, however, to the im mense concourse of passengers on the Chagres River, and the expense and diffi culty of trans|iortiiig materials and provisions up that stream, and the present high prices paid for navigating it tn canoes, the direc tors have modified their original plan of operations by commencing the work at Navy Bay, on ilie Atlantic, where provisions may at all times he cheaply proco'ed, instead of Gorgona, which issome 30 miles up the river and iliis ciicumstniice may very probably have given rise 10 the rumor, corning from the river, that the work was suspended. Appointments bt the President.— Ephraim George Squier, of New York, lo lie charge d affiires of the United Suites to the republic of Guatemala, in the place of Elijah llise. Thomas M. Foote, nf New York, to he charg'd affaires of the United Stales to the republic of New Granada, in the place of of Benjamin A. Bidlaek, deceased. W illiniii C. Rives, of Virginia, 10 be en voy extraordinary and minister plenipo tentiary of the United Slates to the French republic, in the place of Richard Rush, re called. Henry S. Sandford, of Connecticut, to he secretary of the legation of the United Slates to the French republic, in the place of Stephen K. Stanton. Alexander K. McClung, of Mississippi, to lie charg'd nffaiies uf the United States to die republic of Bolivia, in the place of John Appleton, resigned. L. vV. Jerome, of New York, ro be consul of the United Slates lor the city of Raven na. in I inly, in the place of Henry J. Brent. Intelligence. Standing bt the Constitution.—The Ohio State Journal of March 13 says that the hill prohibiting the officers and citizens of Ohio from taking any steps to assist in the recapture of fugitive alavee was defeated on the preceeding day, in the house, on its final pa wage CONGRES S. In the Senate on Tuesday, Mr. Clemens presented a petition asking that tlie benefits of slavery might be extended 10 all the Stales in the Union. Mr. Bell’s resolution on priming was adopted. Several resolutions of a local character, heretnlore submitted, were taken up and adopted. A resolution calling for'the reasons of the rent ova. of Mr. Nelson, of Indiana, Receiver,1 was debated at some length, and its further consideialion postponed until Tuesday next. Mr Clay’s revolution in favor nfdispen' sing with funeral cerenionirs, when Senntms die during the vacation of Congress, was tak en up. Mr. Dickinson opposed its passage, ami it was passed over. Mr. Foote moved 10 take up the Territorial Bill reporied yesterday, mid make it the or der of the day lor Friday. Mr. Benton said the Iriends of California now meant to act—for one he should press the California lull first, and should struggle for her from this time forth. Mr. Fnoie replied characteristically. He thought that the Senator’s friendship wns dicinied hv personal and lfi-.li considera tions. He should oppose California until the territorial question was settled. Mr. Benton was iimch excited, and replied. He pronounced Mr. Foote’s stuck upon his motives false and cowardly. Mr. Foote replied calmly, and charged his opponent with cowardice. Mr. Benton asked, ‘Is a Senator to be blackguarded here ?’ Mr. Foote replied, ‘Yes, if he was to be blackguarded.’ The Ch.ir interferred, and order being re stored, the subject was postponed. The Census Bill wns also postponed. Mr. Clay’s compromise resolutions were taken up, nud Mr. Chase spoke two horns on ilie subject of slavery, when the Senate ad journed. Mouse—Sir. Preston King moved lo take up iiis resolution of the I3di, Ibr flopping ilie debate on the Calitbrniii hill — ilie iiionoii was ruled out. He raised a privileged ques tion, and charged in writing tfi.it the Speak er had mutilated the resolution, by changing from bill 10 message. Intense teeliug ami confusion, in the midst of which the Speaker called Mr. Wiuthrup to ilie Chair. The proceedings were read, and Mr. Holine3 moved iliat an investigation be bad of the matier. Mr. Cobb explained bis course in regard to the change of word in the proceedings, from bill to message, before the House on the 13th. Mr. Holmes withdrew his tnotiou for a committee of investigation. Mr. Burt offered a resolution exculpating .Mr. Cobh, nail censuring Mr. King. Mr. Schenck proposed an amendment, omit ing the censure. Mr. King explained. He diJ not doubt i he statements of the Speaker; lie did not doubt the SpetkerV statements ol facts, but still he thought them designed 10 connect the Territorial with I be Cdifuruia question. Much contusion and a long excitement Inllnwed. .Mr. Wentworth warned the members how a storm might he raised in the North by censuring Mr. King. Mr. Holmes’ motion was renewed nnd adopted, 91 ic (i9. The House then went into Committee of the Whole on the California Message. Mr. Harris, of Illinois, advocated the ad mission ol California, and spoke disapprov ingly of the Nashville Convention as uncall ed lor, it being a secret conclave, &.C. The committee rose, and the House ad journed. In the Senate, on Wednesday, Mr. Hale quoted Mr. Buchanan in proof of his former statement that the northern democrats were allies of tlie stiuili. Mr. King, in reply, concurred to a great ex tent in .Mr. Buchanan's opinion. Mr. Beuton, at his own request, was ex cused from serving on the cmutnitiee of for eign relations. Mr. Benton rose and explained the report of yesterday's proceedings published in the National Intelligencer. He said tliai his own remarks were correctly reported, and plainly laiimated Unit those of Mr. Fooir had been altered l>v lumseh, anil declared the report ol them to lie false from beginning to end. Mr. Finite, in reply, acknowledged iliat lie hail corrected the report, ami intirnareil his readiness to meet Mr. Benton in the field.— The subject was then paa-ert over. The consideration of Mr. Clav's romprnm i-e resolutions «as resinned. Mr. Chase hav ing the floar. concluded his speech com menced yesterday, and (poke ubotit two hours. Mr. Fame's motion to refer Mr. Bell's resolutions 10 a coinmitiee was marie the or der of the rlav far lo-inorrow. Mr. Baldwin then took the floor, and die senate went into executive session. Ad journed. In the House, leave was granted to the committee tor investigating the charges of Mr. King against the Speaker to sit (luring the sessions of the house. The vote referring to the committee of the whole ilie hill fur renewing Woodworth's pn teoi was recon-idered. Pending the main question the Itoti-e went into committee of the whole on the California message. Mr. Aslnntin having the floor, advocated the admission of California, and pronounced the recommendation* of the President to he patriotic and just. lie had opposed its ac quisition, anil he would not consent to the extension of slavery ; the north had warned the south on that point, and he would stand hy its declarations forever. He briefly traced the party movements — alluded n> the Buffalo convention as a failure, arid sail! that the one to lie held at Nashville would be another failure. He considered the trial of fugitive slaves hy jury was the proper course, hut he was willing to waive the proviso if they did he would insist on the proviso. When Mr. Ashinun com hided, Mr. Averitt, of Va , deliveretl an ultra roii-intervention speech, and was very severe on the execu tive. He alleged that the President had an agency in the California business, ami after some further rentalks gave way tor a motion to adjourn. Mr. Benton submitted a resolution inquir ing into the expediency of providing in :b* deficiency hill the means ot paying ttie Cali fornia claims—adopted. Mr. Benton ulsc gave notice that he would to-morrow intro duce a hill fur a iiaiionid central highway front St. Louis to San Francisco Thu bill for the relief of the widow of Gen eral McNeil was tlehatetl. Mr. Rtt-k ob jected to the immediate passage ofindividual cases, and Messrs. Benton and Underwood concurred with him in the opinion. The hill was then passed over. Mr. Clark introduced a hill in lavor of re funding to the stale of Rhode Island the ad vances made l<y her to the volunteers in the Mexican wnr. Mr. Borland reported a joint resolution for expediting the public printing ; also an amendment for remodelling entirely the pres ent system. Mr. Clay's resolution relative to the death of members of the senate during the reoeas was then taken up lor discussion, and after a brief dehate it was adopted. The resolution calling for information rel» alive to land offices, was also adopted. Mr. Clay's compromise resolutions were then taken up. Mr. Baldwin spoke nlmut two hours and a half, in which he advocated the importance of carrying out the treaty with Tripoli, and nlso of providing govern ments lor California and the territories A motion was made to adjourn, when Mr. Baldwin gave way. Mr. Bulger moved that the senate adjourn to Mon/tat "M • “n " “ count of Good Friday. T aS° ’ taken by yeas and nays and deeded ... the affirmative—yeas 24, nays 14. AshorttJ. was spent, n executive sesa,on, after which the senate adjourned. In the House. Mr. Winthrop in the chair, a resolution wse offered hy Mr. Hampton tolling on the President for copies of the cor- ' respondent with the consul si Vienna, to gether with the authority under which he Itns acted in ihnt capacity. Mr. 1 honipson, ol Pa., front the judiciary committee, reported a lull to reenact certain laws for the reliel of insolvent debtors, which was referrevl in the committee of the whole. Mr. Miller, front the same committee, sub mitted it resolution calling on the President For all ;he infuriiialion in his possession rela tive to the claims of the Puget Sound agricul tural company in Oregon, and the act of in corporation of raid company ; also the char acter, number and extent of rights of the Hudson's Bay company, and ilie number of British subjects south ol tlie 49ili parallel of latitude, including the members anil servants nf said company, and the places anil settle ments of said parallel ; and that the President communicate whether any anti wlmt proposi tion has Iteen nintle by the Hudson's Bay company 10 the late administration to sell or transfer its possessed tights south of the 49th t,egree ;also that he he requested to furnish copies ol all papers connected with such proposition ho,,, any per-ou aciing for said company since the treaty with England. 1 he lull to tax aliens fur charitable pur pn-es was referred. The house referred to the committee of the whole the lull for i lie relief of American sea men in foreign ports—ilie lull fur the relief of the gratid-i hildreit of Gen. De Knili, anil the volunteers ol Vermont «lip served in the battle of Plnttsburg—the claim of South Car olina fur expenditures on account of the F onda war, anil the resolution ill faver of the purchase nf American hemp for the use of the navy. I he bill granting appropriation* to >veil Point Arndemy wm objected to. The house resolved itself into committee of the whole mnl resumed the consideration of the California message. Mr. Avereii con tinued Ins speech, which was commenced yesterday. He rnmemled that ihe south had been compromising all ibe time, and read a lecture to the northern democrats. Mr. Chandler took ihe floor, nnd in a good humored speech vindicated ihe executive and ridiculed the complaints ut Mr. Cliugmnn.— Nurih Carolina was his worst enemy, and hi considered ilmt ilie wrong sort of labor wni us. d. The cry against the north was wholly groundless, with the excepi'on of ihe lawi relative to fugitive slaves. Kidnapping had excited ihe feelings of the people of Pennsyl vania, and hence the law of 1346 was enact ed. He said the slaves naturally sought free dom. He eulogised the Quakers, who. In said, voted for Taylor in epauleua. In con elusion he said that Pennsylvania would ever fight for the Union. Mr. Rirhurdsun obtained die floor and the house adjourned. The Senate was not in session on Fri day. In the House, it was voted on motion of Mr. Hilliard that when'the house adjourn it shall he to Monday next. Mr McLnne moved ilim the house adjourn forthwith on account of Good Friday. The motion wns rejected by a vote of 57yens to 109 n.iys. The house then proceeded to the consideration of private hills. The hill for she relief of ihe captor* of ihe frigate Philadelphia was laid on ths table. The committee appointed to investigate (he charges made by Preston King against ihe Speaker, made a report exculpating him, and the report was accepted. Adjourned. On Alundny. tin- senate wra early thronged wills lad cs. Mr. lint er made the customary remarks on ihe death of Mr. Calhoun, nnd after pronouncing a eulogy, he sniil that the immediate r^use ol his death was an nffYc lion of ilie heart, li is stated that lie was perfectly conscious 10 ihe Iasi. He met denili wuli confidence nnd an uncommon se renity of mind. Mr. B iller gave a brief out line of the life of the deceased, and offered ihe customary resolutions. On luniion of Mi. B. ihe senate voted to abend the funeral at lli o’clock to-morrow. .Mr. Clay followed in some touching and beautiful remarks, which drew tesrs Irom many eyes. .Mr. Webster also made a linhle and Hell merited lithiita to ihe deceased statesman. Alt. Ru-k and Mr. Clemens made a few remark- on the death of Mr. Calhoun. The vice president announced the following com mittee ol arrangements :—Me-srs Man n. Da vis, nf Misai-sippi, Aichison, Dodge, Dickin son, and Giecn. Adjourned. In ihe House a solemn prayer wns offered hv the chaplain, alluding in tin impressive manlier to ilie death ol Air. Calhoun. Air. Vinton moved n recess in outer to nnnit the report of ihe joint committee, which was agreed io. A message wns received from the senate. Mr. iliilmes -poke nearly an hour, and gave a brilliant eulogy ol ilie deceased. Air. Win tnrop followed in a brief hut appr- pro tr speech. He *uid in conclusion, ‘May the day never come when New England men shall speak of Ihe great II lilies of the ktuilh, whether living or dead, bill as Americans and fellow countrymen.’ Mr. Venable fol lowed. and offered resolutions of condolence, which we e adoptsJ. Adjourned. The supreme court met, passed the cua i lomnrv resoluiinns. and adjourned. Toe President has directed the executive departments tu he closed :o-utorrow on ac count ol the tunernl. Alexander Al'Williams. a distinguished physician of this city, died last evening. Amnimi of treasury notes outstanding April 1, $740,600. Conviction of Professor Webster. After being out mi hour noil three quarters, the jury came in a little before eleven o'clock on Saturday iiigiu with a verdict of guily ot wilitul iiiuidcr.aud the prisoner was remand ed tojuil, 10 lie there kepi till hruiiglu up for sentence. The proceedings in the jury room we understand to have been as follows : They enteied upon ilie consideration of the case by inquiring into the questions to be de termined, and arranging them hi their pioper order. Tney then balloted ou the question, whether the remains had been ideutifi d as pans of the body of Dr. Purkmiin, and the vote wag unanimous that iliey were. They then hallotted upon the question, whether lie came to i ts dentil by the hands ot Dr. Web ster, and the vote was unanimous that lie did. They then balloted whether the homicide was wilful mil der or manslaughter’ and the vole was eleveo lor the former, to one lor manslaughter. The jury now passed hull an hour in profound silence, ami at the expiratuni of that time, the juror who had voted I'm manslaughter rose and disclosed Ins vote, mid said lie had concluded to change it to murder, and did so, and the foreman thereupon declared that the jury had agreed upon a verdict of guilty ot murder. Infor mation was then sent to the judges that the jury had agreed. riy the time Dr. Webster had reached the jail, his ueryes had liecome perltctly reestab lished. As soon as lie was taken into Ills cell, lie seal to ait apothecary shop in the vicinity lor some alcohol, and having obtain ed it, lie irinirned his blazer, and prepared Ins usual cup of tea. The only anxiety ha displayed was in relation to die continuance of his privilege to he supplied with dinners from Parker's. According to custom in such cases, the officers look away his razor and penknife, and he remarked, m relation to that precautionary proceeding, that lie was too much of a Christian to commit sui cide. He slept weH during the night, and was'ealiu ami natural throughout the day yesterday.— Boston Post. Sir John Franklin.—The expedition now filling o t by Henry (Jritmell of New York, for prosecuting the search for Sir John Franklin, will lie ready to sail by iha first of May. !> consists of two vessels, to Ik- called the ‘ Advance’ and the 1 Rescue.* They ere to lie fully equipped,guarded atul strengthen ed in the most complete manner against the ice. and provisioned for a two years voyage. They ere to search the shores of Welling ton’s Inlet snd Ope Walkc* for copper can isters.