Bath, Thursday, April 4,1850.
Progress, Slavery, Freedom.
The age in which we live, is justly termed a
progressive age—an age of wonderful improve
ments. Startling theories arc daily being
propagated, while prod active industry is keep
ing pace with all things else The moral,
physical, and intellectual worlds each seems
vising, the one to outstrip the other in the
great progressive race. But good and evil are
so equi-poised throughout the world, that ihe
moralist is ready to give up in despair, because
of his want of immediate and complete suc
cess—while the physical man is suddenly
brought to a stAnc -still in finding his improve
ment, invention, or what not, superseded by
something as far above his, as was his above all
others—and the intcilectualist teems destined
to stop but a little short of omnipotence.
“Reforms never go backwards" says an old
political economist. This important truth,
demonstrated by the experience of all, it is
well ever to bear in mind. Hie history of
mankind shows a st< ady advance in religion,
morals, and politics from the primitive *tate
of man to the present. LiberaUsm, compre
hending enlarged views upon all subjects, per
vades society. Popular governments, are
springing up and the principles of liberty,
•quality and human rights have received an
impetus throughout the world, within the p tst
few years that will not cease until the whole
world is enlightened.
In the progress of mankind from a state of
barbarism, two conflicting antagonistic ele
ments are found, to exist, to wit, slavery, or
subjection to the will of another, and freedom,
or uncontrolled liberty With these prefatory
remarks, we propose considering the institu
tion of slavery which exists in our country —
Its bearing upon the progresa, the morals and
the politics of the United States.
The origin of human slavery dates farther
back than the history of our country. It was
the offspring of barbarism, yet had important
uses to subserve. It resulted from that prin
ciple which induced the strong man to over
power the weak for the purpose of subjecting
him to his control. It was introdueed into
this country to save li/e— ihe life of the poor
Indian, who was the victim of unheard of cru
elties from his white master. African slaverv
was thus introduced into our country, and had
acquired a permanent foothold when the con
federation wa, entered into. That it has ever
teen considered an evil to a greater or less ex
tent, is true, and that it was considered an evil
by a great portion of the framers of the Con
stitution is equally true. The objection to it,
increased with the agitation of ihe subject,
from year to year, until w e find, at thc^jiresent
day, the whole country aroused in the matter.
That the institu'.ion of slavery has had
friends among those interested in its perpetuity,
who. from slight beginnings are now fearless
spologists for it and all its evils, is everv dav
seen. That much legislation in our national
councils has been prostituted to its corrupt de
signs. we have reason to regret. But that the
cause for crimination has all been on one side,
w* have never for a moment believed. We
have always contended for a rigid mainten
ance of the compromises iff the Constitution
believing that, although ihe Constitution rec
ognized the institution of slavery, it by no
means ever intended to foster it.
The f.ir-sighted Jefferson, on one occasion in
his life time, gave utterance to the following
truthful declaration :—“Vet the day is not dis
tant when it, (the south,) must bear and adopt
it, (emanci a!inn,) or worse will follow —
Nothing it more clearly written in the bock of
fate, than that these people are to be free ; nor
is it less certain that the two races equally free
cannot live in the same government.’* "If on
tie contrary it is lft to force itself on% human
nature must shudder at the prospect held up.”
Th^se were ihe sentiments of one interested
pecuniarily in slaves—uttered too, at a period
when the institution was justified, morally and
religiously "If it is left to force itself or, ”
says Mr. Jefferson, fearful results will occur —
Has, then, the institution of slavery, sought
to “force itself on,” or strengthen or perpetu
ate ttscit t iteluctantly we express our con
viction that it has. This is too apparent from
the recent movements of the friends of the pe
culiar institution, in relation to the admission
of California It is too plain to be denied that
opposition is made to the admission of Califor
nia into the Union on account of the decided
stand she has taken against slavery. This is
to be regretted—for it implies a decided dispo
sition on the part of the South to impede the
progressive spirit of the times, which, wa con
tend is witnessed in the high moral stand taken
by the inhabitants of California. This is what
Jeiferson prophecied “human nature would
The only queation to be determined is—
“what is the duty of a citizen of the Xorth in
this state of affairs ?” Can we look supinely
on, and escape our responsibilities by trusting
the result to an over-ruling Providence ? Or
is it rather our duty, as responsible beings, to
take a bold, decided stand in favor of freedom,
in favor of moral and political progress, and in
sist upon staying the farther spread of the in
stitution. We plant ourselves upon the plat
form laid down by the gifted Jefferson, and
protest against “its forcing itself on.” If Jef
ferson, in days gone by, feared not to utter
such sentimenls, shall we fear ? Shall we
adopt the non-intervention policy at this day,
in relation ao the encroachments of slavery,
when Jefferaon, with less cause for alarm, did
not hold his peace ? God forbid.
Is it urged that by interfering in the matter,
we shall disturb the existing order of things
and endanger the perpetuity of the’Union, we
reply, that, at in ancient Rome, it wa* regard
ed at tha mark of a good citizen never to de
spair of the fortunes of the republic, ao the
good citizen of every country, whatever may
be t .e aspect of his own lime, will never de
spair of the fortunes of the human race-bnt
will act upon the conviction, that prejudice,
•isvery and corruption must gradually give
way to truth, liberty and virtue, and that, in
the moral world, as well as in the material, the
farther our observations extend, and the longer
they are continued, the more we shall perceive
of tha order and of benevolent design in the
1CJ* It is said that the speech of Mr. Web
ster. as printed for the southern market, does
not contain the same matter as that printed
for northern market We should like to know
what has been omitted. For our part, we see
nothing in the northern edition, but that they
might roll ai a sweet morsel under their touguea
at the aouth.—Belfait Journal.
M e were witness to tha same fact in regard
to Ms celebrated Marshfield speech, which was
New Hampshire Democratic.—The New
Hampshire election is all one w ay—democrat
ic. Deaamore is elected governor, by some
.',000 majority, a ,'arge increase from leal year,
and the majority in the Genera! U0U!; ja larger
than fer years—sow# 80 »o lfO
Benton on Flogging In the Navy.
Meetings have been recently held in New
\ork and other places, for the purpose of help
ing forward the abolition of flogging in the na
vy. At the meeting in New York a few weeks
since, a report was made of the number of
lashes inflicted on board the vessels of the U.
S. navy during their latest cruises. The
amount is almost incredible, numbering in one
ship over four thousand, and in several others,
from one to three thousand. It is a disgrace
to the American people that such a barbarous
custom is tolerated, and it is high time to put
forth vigorous measures for its abolishment.
During the hist session of Congress, the sub
ject wr.» before the Senate, and elicited consid
erable debate. It was tacked on the bill of
! appropriations for the navy, which was an im
! pruden' step. Attention was however direct
ed to the subject in congress, and the barbar
ism received some hard thrusts. Senator
Benton eloquently expresses his opinion upon
the subject in the following patriotic language:
“I am not in favor ot scourging American
citizens. A Roman citizen could not be
scourged, and I believe an American citizen is
of as high an order of men as were Roman citi
zens. Roman citizens were employed both by
sea and land, in the army and in the navy, and
there was no scourging ; that was reserved for
slaves, for barbarians, for those below the dig
nity of a Roman. It may be that some per
sons are bad enough to be whipped, but I
question if whipping will effect a reform. I
also question if it is worth while to make the
officers of the navy the instruments or agents
to correct the incorrigible part of mankind.—
It is better, sir, to get them out of the navy,
and have nothing to do with them. I feel a
deep mortification, sir, in seeing a man—one
who is brave—one who will die in defence of
his country, either in the army or the navy—
tied up and flogged. I feel humiliated, sir, by
such a spectacle.”
Correspondence of the Eastern Tunes.
[The following from our correspondent in
Wiseasset, was unavoidably deferred until this
Doings at Court.
Wiscasset, March, 25th, 1810.
.lft'. Editor :—This quiet, pretty little village
affords slight subject matter for a newspaper
correspondence. Even the public interest in
matters pertaining to the law, which always
prevails in shire towns during the session of
the Courts, seems to have quite subsided—or,
which is perhaps the case, the slight criminal
matters of Lincoln County are wholly absorbed
by the great criminal trial now progressing st
To-day commences the fifth week of the ses
sion of the District Court—Judge Kick upon
the bench. The duties of the Judge seem to
wear heavily upon him, judging from his thin,
wan appearance. He is fa9t becoming familiar,
with what he was but slightly acquainted,
when he entered upon his present duties, the
technicalities and niceties of the law. His
strong natural sense and clearness of percep
tion will soon gain the mastery. Judge Rice
is a remarkable instance of self creation,—if I
may be pardoned the expression. Not a few
practitioners at the bar can remember him as
a school boy, “with satchel, creeping, like a
snail, unwillingly to school.” With but a
common school education, we next find him i
graduating from that prolific college,the Print- ;
ing Office,—next an editor of a newspaper, nnd
now the Judge of the Middle District Court —
A noble example for the youth who is striving
to overcome the accid* nt of birth, to follow.
Hut little civil business has been transacted
the present term, owing to the mn9s of criminal
business,—which owing to the lengthy indis
position of Mr. Ilill, the County Attorney, has
been accumulating for a number of terms. It
has occupied the last two weeks of the Court,
and w ill doubtless consume the greater portion
of the present week, when the Court will
probably rise. The interests of the County
have been faithfully looked after by Wales
Hubbard Esq., a voting lawyer of excellent abil
ities, residing ar.d pi a c Using law here. Mr II.
is also Deputy Collectrr of this port. This is
the second term that he ha9 officiated as Coun
ihe Cnmmal Docket for this term embraced
thirty-one new entries—many of which are
appealed liquor cases But one of these latter
cases has as yet been disposed of.
The first action tried « as— The State rs. Seth
Hobart, et. als. This was an action of malicious
trespass, and was tried at the October term, but
the Jury did not agree. The Defts. having
been ably defended by Henry Ingalls, Esq. a
young and promising lawyer of this place,
State rs. Benjamin Bayley, 4th. Indict
ment for larceny. The Deft belonged here,
where the offence was alleged to have beer,
committed. The trial of this case occupied
over four days, and developed a wretched state
j of morals among the lower classes of this pret
I tv village. Judge Ruggles, of Thomaston, and
H. Ingalls labored hard for the Deft. Judge
It. occupied full seven hours in his closing—
Hubbard, for the County, about four—each ar
guing with great ability. The Jury, after a
! few hours' conference, brought in a verdict of
; guilty—to which the Deft, had leave granted
i by the Court to file exceptions recognizance*
I of $800 being required.
State rs. Atden Boggs, of Warren Indict
i mer.t for Assault and Battery. Plea not guilty.
The defence was ably conducted by H. C.
Loicell, Esq., of East Thomaston. Verdict,
State rs. George Carpenter, Jr.—a younglad
belonging to your city. The offence was lar
ceny. An ingenious attempt was made by
Counsel, W. Gilbert, Esq., of Bath, to get the
indictment quashed—which was however over
I >uled by the Court. Verdict, guilty, on two
| counts—but, on motion of Counsel, the Gov't
j nol pros'd one.
State vs. Amos H. Wall, for larceny. This
j is another case that originated in Bath, and
| comes up on an appeal from the Municipal
i Court. The Deft, was charged with stealing
the property of the Ken. & Portland R. R. Co.
A technical requirement, insisting upon the
government's proving the eorpnrate existence
of the Company, was at first relied on by the
Counsel for the defence. This was reserved
by the Court, and the case submitted to the
Jury on the merits Verdict guilty. F. E.
Shaw, Esq , for the defence.
State rs Xathan Hills, et. al. Indictment
for malicious trespass. This case was tried at
the October term, the Jury not agreeing —
Judge Ruggles opened the defence to the
Jury, and his partner, Albert P. Gould occu
pied the greater portion of the forenoon, in
submitting it to the Jury. Mr. Gould we re
gard as one of ihe most promising member* of
the bar. Ilis argument would have done
credit to an older head. The Attorney Gen
eral, Henry lallmau, i* arguing in the Coun
ty's behalf, as we close our letter.
Tuesday, P. M. 28th. Th* Jury in the css*
State vs. Hill et. als., came in after a few mo
ment'* conference, with a verdict of acquittal.
Th* prisoner. Wall »nd Carpenter were
brought in and arraigned for sentence. After
j remarks from the Counsel in behalf of each,
j thcT "*'ere severally sentenced to six months
j 'onficem'nt tn the County Jail. Your*.
I Ofe of 'em
In ■ Dilemma.
It is amusing to see the anxiety depicted
upon the countenance* of whig editors, about
these times. They are miming about like the
chap at country muster, who lost his Jilt leader.
With the Wilmot Proviso for capital a few
month* ago, they occupy the position now of
the fellow hold of the ears of a wolf—they dare
noi let go, and they are afraid to hold on.—
Old Zachary is in etatu yuo—which aignifieth
mu* at a etatue, and Clay and Webater join
hands in denouncing the Proviso. Ex-govern
or Seward comes to the rescue, in behalf ol
the administration ostei aibly, but really for
his own—and attacks Calhoun and Webster,
repudiating all compromises, lie agrees with
the god-like in supporting the admission of
California with her present bounds and consti
tution—but goes in for the application of the
Wilmot Proviso to Xew Mexico—and opposes
Webster's views of the obligationa of Congress
to receive new slave states from Texas, and the
recapture of fugitive slaves—denouncing them
at "unjust, unconstitutional and immoral."—
The pith of the joke is, that the Republic sup
ports Webster, while the Intelligencer de
nounces Mr. Seward. The Boston Atlas and
some of the northern whig press endorse Mr.
Seward and repudiate Webster. Who will
come out "on top” in this general muss it will
be hard to say.
Some of the Boston papers, we perceive,
denounce in terms of most bitter reprehension,
the putative severity of the officers having
charge of Professor W ebster, for securing him
by handcuffs, 4*c., the same as other prisoners
are served. When a poor man falls into the
fangs of the law, the “daefcies” are clinched on
without eliciting so much as a commonplace
expression of sympathy in behalf of the unfor
tunate but plebian sufferer ; but because the
victim, in this case, has occupied a high sta
tion in society, and is the father of an “inter
esting family,” they would have the necessary
severities of the law wholly dispensed with,
and the culprit left to make his escape w hen
ever an opportunity may present. The elevat
ed position heretofore occupied by Professor
Webster, if guilty of the heinous offence of
which he has been convicted, instead of miti
gating the severity of the laws, should, we
think rather be regarded as enhancing his
ameniability to their most rigid application.—
He has not the ordinary excuses to urge in
palliation of the offence, and if he suffers se
verely, as a sensitive man in his situation must
suffer, he has to thank his own unbridled pas
sions, not the law alone, for the misery he en
The ladies of the Unitarian Society of this
city, have abundant reason to congratulate
themselves with complete success on the occa
sion of their Fair at the City Hall on Tuesday
the 26th of March. It was decidedly “Me fair
of the season.” The hall was most beautifully
decorated, evincing in this particular, most
exquisite taste—the tables displayed more
than the usual variety of useful and fancy ar
ticles, and the refreshments were abundant,
and of the nicest kind. The company in at
tendance was unusually large, and comprised
all classes and sects of the best portion of the
population of our city. The ladies never ap
peared to better advantage, while the gentle
men in every particular, well sustained their
reputation for gallantry and liberality. All
the articles offered for sale met with ready pur
chasers. and in a word everything passed off to
the complete satislaction of those present. The
amount of receipts w as $357,85.
The Ice Crop in Maine.
The unusually mild state of the weather in
Massachusetts, during the past winter has, it is
said, prevented any very extensive opera
tions in the ice business there, and companies
are now busily engaged in getting out and sto
ring large quantities of this article on the Ken
nebec, and other streams, where nature, with
out any artistic assistance, or appliances, inva
riably produces an ample crop. \\ e last week
visited the shores of lake Sebago, where about
fifty men arc employed by a company of Bos
ton merchants, in getting out and storing an
immense qu unity, preparatory to the opening
of canal navigation. One "stack,'’ one hund
red feet by eighty, and twenty feet high, w as
already receiving the roofing, and another of
nearly the same dimensions, commenced. The
workmen labor night and day, and the facility
with which the ice is cut, hoisted snd packed,
is a matter of curious speculation to the unin
itiated The ice “crop” is ordinarily a very
certain one in this region, and already been the
means of bringing large sums into the State,
and diffusing them where money is much need
Our annual State Fast occurs to-day. The
setting apart of one day in the spring time of
the year, for fasting, humiliation and prayer, is
a time-honored ceremonial, as appropriate to
this day and generation, as to that in which it
originated. It is a good old puritanical cus
tom. the observance of which does credit to
all New Englanders. Some there are, so origi
nal and erratic, as to scorn and scoff at the
idea of paying deference to the customs and
ordinances of our forefathers. What though
the day is less solemnly observed than hereto
fore—any approximation to such an observance
is preferable to utter neglect. An objection to
the observance of the Sabbath might with
equal propriety be urged, because the day is
desecrated by many. We hold to no such
doctrine. All things are liable to abuse—by
antagonistic elements or principles arc all
things thst were created, created and kept in
existence—even Heaven itself, we are told,
harbored a Satan with his wicked companions.
\ witty rhymester thus “hits off" the manner
in which the day is too apt to be observed in
our large cities :—
“This, I ween, is fait day—
So at least the people say.
And so indeed I think :
The fastest driving, fastest walking.
Fastest lying, fastest talking
And fastett doing in victuals and drink.
All go to make it out quite clear,
The fastest day in all the year.”
Fire in Gardiner.—We learn by the Tran
script, that a wooden building at the New
Mills, in that city, was destroyed by fire on
Sunday night last. It was the property
of Messrs. Richards & Hoskins, and used as a
storehouse for cotton vast*. Loss about 51000
Railroad Accident As the morning train
on the Lowell railroad was going up on Friday
last, the engine became in some way unman
ageable, and the train atopped. The express
train following, a messenger was sent back
to give warning, but in consequence of the
snow storm at the time he was not seen until
it was too late to avoid a collision. The en
gine of the express train ran into the rear car,
in which were six passengers. Of these, five
were more or less injured, but not seriously.—
1 On the rear train no one was injured, but the
; fireman whose arm was fractured. The engine
want nearly through ths car, penetrating it
1 lik» ■ wedge.
Belfast.—A committes was selected at the
last town meeting at Belfast to consider the
subject of establishing a city government, and
also to obtain a charter to be presented to the
citizens at the September meeting.
VT Gov Bridge, has appointed Thursday,
the eleventh day of April next, as a day of
fasting, humiliation and prayer.
<SJT In New Hampshire fast day is appoint
ed April 4th. ,
[rj* The Mirror says there is to be a Tele
gTaph line established between this city and
Augusta. Glad to hear it. Hope the busi
ness prospects of the upper Kennebeckers may
be elrrtrifleH at the same time.
VP The brig Pan Jacinto. Carlton, of Bel
fast. which sailed from Townsend the 8th of
Dec. arrived at Rio 19th of Jan.— making the
passage in 39 days Cld. for San Francisco.
The Belfast Marine Railway is now com
pleted and in operation. A schooner of TS
tors was drawn up in less than two hours on
Tuesday. The machinery works admirably.
The One TT\indrr<lth birth day of Mr. Jona
than Records, of Buckfield, was celebrated at
the Freewill Baptist Meeting Ilouse in Buck
field, on Friday, the 22d inst.
Mow to Polish a Verso Mav We read in a
Sheffield paper, that the “ last polish to a piece
of cutlery is given by the hand of a woman "
The same mav be said of human cutlery, that
“ the last polish to a young blade is given by
his mixing with female society.”
What’s the use of wearing that old coat,
when you can procure one of Farssworth A
Brooks for a mere song? Rumor says they
keep the largest assortment of goods to be
found on the Kennebec, and we don't doubt
it. They have lately introduced their Spring
styles of hats. caps, ready made clothing. Sic.,
and their almost endless variety, enables pur
chasers to suit themselves from tip to toe. with
perfect ease. Their prices, too, w:l! be found
as low as the lowest. See advertisement.
Judge John Maynard, of the supreme court
of New York, died on Sunday at Auburn. He
was a member of congress, in 1826.
Com. Stockton publishes in Philadelphia
papers, a very long letter to Hon. Daniel
Webster, tipon the slave question, and the
senator s late speech. The commodere thinks
non-intervention and no "proviso" the best
way of treating the difficulty.
Ephraim Low, one of the counterfeiters ar
rested at Groton, Vt., died on Monday night
Col. Benton deelines to serve longer upon
the committee of foreign relations, because
Gen. Foote is a member of the committee.
Geo. W. Simmons, of Oak Haul, Boston, is
exceedingly popular as a dealer in clothing.—
He has displayed much taste in the arrange
ments of his establishment, and his business is
conducted upon the right principle. Large
sales and small profits is his motto
Always do something. If you cannot brrak
a horse, break a wagon ; and if objection of
fers to this, put rocks in yonr wife's coffee
mill. There is nothing like keeping busy.
e&r he District Court 'adjourned on Tues
day morning last, at Wiscaaset. We under
stand that the prisoner Bailey has absconded,
forfeiting his bonds of$400. Scott Donnell of
this city recognized for him.
U. S. Ohio, now on her return from the Pa
cific, will enter and discharge her crew mt the
port of Boston. She is expected to arrive
about the 1st of May.
Abbot Lawrence is stated to hare taken the
elegr.nt mansion of Lord Cadogan, opposite
Green Park, in London, at a rent of $10,000
per annum, where he lives in becoming style.
Gen. Wilson, of New Hampshire, and Col.
Baker, of Illinois, are in Connecticut, making
speeches for the whigs, at the rate of $3 a day
from the United States.
Death of Mr. Ai:mstp.ono.—Hon. Samuel
T. Armstrong, formerly lieutenant governor of
Massachusetts, di< d at his residence at Beacon
street on Tutsday evening, at sis u clock. He
had been out during the day, and returned in
his usual health, when he was seized with a
fit. and soon expired. Mr. A was a journey
man printer, then an extensive publisher of the
Bible and religious books, and died possessed
of much property.
Jewett Jt I’rescott, No. 2, Milk Street, Bos
ton, are again before the Public with a complete
assortment of Shawls, Silk Goods, Bombazines,
S:e.. the extent and variety of which cannot be
realized without the aid of a personal exami
nation. These Goods were all ordered by
Messrs. J & P before the general advance in
prices, and will be served out at Wholesale
or Retail, at the usual low prices. It is safe to
guess that all promises by this well known
firm will be faithfully performed, and we
cheerfully commend them to our readers and
Augusta.—At the third trial on Thursday of
last week, Gen. Alfred Redington, Dem , was
elected Mayor. The vote stood 668 for Red
ington, and 53S for Rev. Wm. A. Drew.
ICJ* We take pleisure in calling the atten
tion of our readers to the adveitisement of
Messra. Lemont & Son, in another column.—
They keep an extensive assortment of lists.
Caps, Clothing, Furnishing Goods, &c . and
customers will find them ever ready to do all
they promise. See advertisement.
Legislative Instructions. In his late speech,
Mr. " ebster touched upon the propriety of
legislative instructions He objected to them,
saying in effect, that if instructions should be
sent to him in relation to any matter affecting
the interests of the south he should pay no
more regard to them than if appointed an ar
biter to decide some matter in dispute between
individuals, and was to receive instructions
from those w ho appointed him.
Robbert and attempted Murder.—On
Wednesday last, two brothers, Charles W. and
Wm. D Mains, were arrested at the American
House in Bangor, on a charge of robbing a
trunk at Mrs. Harden's, Exchange street. They
were completely armed w ith double-barrelled
pistols and dirk knives when the officers went
to arrest them, as we learn by the Jeffersonian ;
a pistol was discharged at sheriff Holt, without
effect, however. They were committed in de
fault of bail for $1300 each.
Thb Weather—during the month ofMarch,
has been cold, stormy and disagreablc—much
more so than February. The two seem al
most to have got misplaced. Almanacs don't
always tell the truth, at all events. For the
past few days, however, we have had the
pleasure of beholding the warm aun, and the
Gtreets are beginning to be quite passable.—
The river is now nearly clear of ice and we
hope to see steamboat navigation commence
the coming week.
A fire proof calico is now made for children
by immersion in phosphate of magnesia. It
w ill ignite by contact with flame, but the fire
will not spread. It goes out immediately.
The Municipal election! in the State of New
York, have resulted generally in unprecedent
ed majorities in favor of the democratic candi
1« CoVSON Council, March 28,1850.
Present. — Messrs. Mngoun, Allfn, Clapp,
Drummond, Frye, Fuller, Kendall, Low,
Lynch, Merryman, Morae, Potter, Sewull,
Slandish, Turner, Weeks, Wildee, Wilson.
Papers referied Ironi the Iasi City Council
were taken up nud committed to the appro
The petition of C. D. Limes in behalf of
Torrent Engine No 2, and aho of J. W.
Frye of Deluge Engine No. 3, referied from
the last Ciiv Council, were taker, up and iu
Leave nns granted in concurrence to Wil
limn Foster, to occupy a portion of Pino
street fur building purposes.
An order from the hoard of Aldermen in
structing the cointnitiee on Finance to >epoit
at some future meeting what sums of money
it will be uecessury to raise, and appropriate
for die ciirieut fiscal year wus passed ill
On motion of Mr. Sewall,
Ordered, That the joint standing commit
tee on Burying Grounds he itistru'led to
cause to he built as soon ns practicable, a
suitable leuce around the Burying Ground
recently purchased liy the citv, of Wot. D.
Sewall, called “Maple Grove Cemetery,”
and also cause lo he removed from said
gtound such incumbrances as they may
Ordered, That the same committee he in
structed to put in auitnble repait the fence
around the burying ground in the ** York
loi " so called. Passed and sent up lor con
On motion of Mr. Clapp.
Ordered, That a joint select committee
he appointed to ascertain where a suitable
site can l»e obtained upon which to erect it
Public Market Building, together with the
terms and conditions of purelia-e, and report
as soon ns practicahie—particular reference
10 he laid to such location as will afford fac
ilities (or convenient cellars in the basement
story of the building, and otherwise best ac
commodate the inhabitants of the city.
Passed, and Messrs. Magoun, Clapp.
Weeks and Kendall appointed on the part of
the Common Council. The Aldermen con
curred and joined Messrs. J. Robinson and
The order fixing the compensation of flit
ritv officers was taken tip, and on motion of
Mr. Sewall, the words “ fifty dollars *' as
compensation to the Chief Engineer of the
Fite Department was strickeu out by the
Yeas—Messrs. Allen, Drummond, Fuller,
Lvnch, Merrynnn. Morse. Potter, Sewall,
Staudish, Weeks, Wildes-J]
Nays—Messrs. Clapp, Frye, Kendall, Low,
Shaw, Turner, Wilson—7.
The Aldermen concurred.
Order from the hoard of Aldermen au
thorising A. R. Mitchell Esq., Treasurer
elect to receive from the late Treasurer all
monies, books, ami pipers belonging to the
city was parsed in concurrence.
On motion of Mr. Kendall,
Ordered, That the committee on Finance
report what subordinate city officer or board
ol offices shall he entrusted with the public
money to meet their expenditures, and what
bond they shall gne to secure the cicy.—
Passed and sent up for concurrence.
Order from the hoard of Aldermen au
thorising the city Treasurer to negotiate a
temporary loan to meet die immediate lia
bilities ofihe Treasury, not exceeding twenty
five hundred doi’nrs in amount, and at a rate
of interest not exceeding six per cent per
annum. said loan to obtained on such terms
of time as will tiest meet tiie wants of the
Treasury, not however, extending beyond
twelve months; was passed in concurrence
Adjourned to meet one week from next
| Wednesday evening nt 7 o’clock.
The Silver Curry-comb.
Tiiis city has been much amused for
several days by the anecdote of a grave pre
sentation of a silver curry-comb to die Pres
ident of the [Jidietl States, for the benefit of
Old Whiiey. The actors in die scene avail
ed then selves ol the opportunity of a medal
being presented to Colons! Bl«s*, by Mr.
Senator Seward, in the name of the State of
New York, and ill the presence of some of
her representatives, and of others, to carry
out their important mission ; hut surely never
was there a more farcical hmlesque than
dns formal gift of a curry-comb to the
Pre-ident of die United States. Nevet vv.is
' a more ridiculous spectacle exhibited in the
■ While house. But it is of a piece with the
| character am! acts of his ad oiu stration. —
i Batlm- could sink no lower. No wonder
| ihat General Foote should have given a hit
! at the senator from New York for the part
which he acted in this pageant, and promised
j to employ the moral curry-comb upon bun,
i ju*i as the silver curry-comb wits to he em
ployed on the innocent inhabitant of the
We hope that some amusing wag, of a
rhymester will strike his lyre, bke the mod
ern Peter Pindar, ami instead of descanting
upon kings, and apple dumplings, and mouse
traps, will delineate die whole scenery, ma
chinery, decorations, and characters of this
drama and of the dramatis persona it. the
White Hou-e. Style if the ridiculous badi
nage ot “ The Curry-omb : a burlesque
Poicoxo, by an American Satirist.''—IVash.
The New York Courier learns from the
best authority that the statements recently
brought out from the Isthmus in relation to
tiie operations on the Panama Railroad are
not well Ihnniled. The work is in no sense
suspended nr discontinued. On the con
trary, Mr. Totton, one ot the principal con
tractors, who left New York on the 17tli
January last, in pursuance of his original
plan, left Chagres for Carthagena on itie
‘J9th of January, lor ihe purpose of bring
ing to the Isthmus the native labor with
winch lie cunsirueted the Carthtigena Cana).
Ar the luiest advices, Mr. Tonen was in
perfect health, and Ins partner, Mr. Trom
wine, was acnvely engaged ill the prelimi
nary arrangements necessary for commenc
ing the work. Owing, however, to the im
mense concourse of passengers on the
Chagres River, and the expense and diffi
culty of trans|iortiiig materials and provisions
up that stream, and the present high prices
paid for navigating it tn canoes, the direc
tors have modified their original plan of
operations by commencing the work at Navy
Bay, on ilie Atlantic, where provisions may
at all times he cheaply proco'ed, instead of
Gorgona, which issome 30 miles up the river
and iliis ciicumstniice may very probably
have given rise 10 the rumor, corning from
the river, that the work was suspended.
Appointments bt the President.—
Ephraim George Squier, of New York, lo
lie charge d affiires of the United Suites to
the republic of Guatemala, in the place of
Thomas M. Foote, nf New York, to he
charg'd affaires of the United Stales to the
republic of New Granada, in the place of
of Benjamin A. Bidlaek, deceased.
W illiniii C. Rives, of Virginia, 10 be en
voy extraordinary and minister plenipo
tentiary of the United Slates to the French
republic, in the place of Richard Rush, re
Henry S. Sandford, of Connecticut, to he
secretary of the legation of the United
Slates to the French republic, in the place of
Stephen K. Stanton.
Alexander K. McClung, of Mississippi, to
lie charg'd nffaiies uf the United States to
die republic of Bolivia, in the place of John
L. vV. Jerome, of New York, ro be consul
of the United Slates lor the city of Raven
na. in I inly, in the place of Henry J. Brent.
Standing bt the Constitution.—The
Ohio State Journal of March 13 says that the
hill prohibiting the officers and citizens of
Ohio from taking any steps to assist in the
recapture of fugitive alavee was defeated on
the preceeding day, in the house, on its final
In the Senate on Tuesday, Mr. Clemens
presented a petition asking that tlie benefits
of slavery might be extended 10 all the Stales
in the Union.
Mr. Bell’s resolution on priming was
Several resolutions of a local character,
heretnlore submitted, were taken up and
A resolution calling for'the reasons of the
rent ova. of Mr. Nelson, of Indiana, Receiver,1
was debated at some length, and its further
consideialion postponed until Tuesday next.
Mr Clay’s revolution in favor nfdispen'
sing with funeral cerenionirs, when Senntms
die during the vacation of Congress, was tak
en up. Mr. Dickinson opposed its passage,
ami it was passed over.
Mr. Foote moved 10 take up the Territorial
Bill reporied yesterday, mid make it the or
der of the day lor Friday.
Mr. Benton said the Iriends of California
now meant to act—for one he should press
the California lull first, and should struggle
for her from this time forth.
Mr. Fnoie replied characteristically. He
thought that the Senator’s friendship wns
dicinied hv personal and lfi-.li considera
tions. He should oppose California until
the territorial question was settled.
Mr. Benton was iimch excited, and replied.
He pronounced Mr. Foote’s stuck upon his
motives false and cowardly.
Mr. Foote replied calmly, and charged his
opponent with cowardice.
Mr. Benton asked, ‘Is a Senator to be
blackguarded here ?’
Mr. Foote replied, ‘Yes, if he was to be
The Ch.ir interferred, and order being re
stored, the subject was postponed.
The Census Bill wns also postponed.
Mr. Clay’s compromise resolutions were
taken up, nud Mr. Chase spoke two horns on
ilie subject of slavery, when the Senate ad
Mouse—Sir. Preston King moved lo take
up iiis resolution of the I3di, Ibr flopping
ilie debate on the Calitbrniii hill — ilie iiionoii
was ruled out. He raised a privileged ques
tion, and charged in writing tfi.it the Speak
er had mutilated the resolution, by changing
from bill 10 message.
Intense teeliug ami confusion, in the midst
of which the Speaker called Mr. Wiuthrup to
The proceedings were read, and Mr.
Holine3 moved iliat an investigation be bad
of the matier.
Mr. Cobb explained bis course in regard
to the change of word in the proceedings,
from bill to message, before the House on the
Mr. Holmes withdrew his tnotiou for a
committee of investigation.
Mr. Burt offered a resolution exculpating
.Mr. Cobh, nail censuring Mr. King.
Mr. Schenck proposed an amendment,
omit ing the censure.
Mr. King explained. He diJ not doubt
i he statements of the Speaker; lie did not
doubt the SpetkerV statements ol facts, but
still he thought them designed 10 connect the
Territorial with I be Cdifuruia question.
Much contusion and a long excitement
.Mr. Wentworth warned the members how
a storm might he raised in the North by
censuring Mr. King.
Mr. Holmes’ motion was renewed nnd
adopted, 91 ic (i9.
The House then went into Committee of
the Whole on the California Message.
Mr. Harris, of Illinois, advocated the ad
mission ol California, and spoke disapprov
ingly of the Nashville Convention as uncall
ed lor, it being a secret conclave, &.C.
The committee rose, and the House ad
In the Senate, on Wednesday, Mr. Hale
quoted Mr. Buchanan in proof of his former
statement that the northern democrats were
allies of tlie stiuili.
Mr. King, in reply, concurred to a great ex
tent in .Mr. Buchanan's opinion.
Mr. Beuton, at his own request, was ex
cused from serving on the cmutnitiee of for
Mr. Benton rose and explained the report
of yesterday's proceedings published in the
National Intelligencer. He said tliai his own
remarks were correctly reported, and plainly
laiimated Unit those of Mr. Fooir had been
altered l>v lumseh, anil declared the report ol
them to lie false from beginning to end.
Mr. Finite, in reply, acknowledged iliat lie
hail corrected the report, ami intirnareil his
readiness to meet Mr. Benton in the field.—
The subject was then paa-ert over.
The consideration of Mr. Clav's romprnm
i-e resolutions «as resinned. Mr. Chase hav
ing the floar. concluded his speech com
menced yesterday, and (poke ubotit two
Mr. Fame's motion to refer Mr. Bell's
resolutions 10 a coinmitiee was marie the or
der of the rlav far lo-inorrow.
Mr. Baldwin then took the floor, and die
senate went into executive session. Ad
In the House, leave was granted to the
committee tor investigating the charges of
Mr. King against the Speaker to sit (luring
the sessions of the house.
The vote referring to the committee of the
whole ilie hill fur renewing Woodworth's pn
teoi was recon-idered. Pending the main
question the Itoti-e went into committee of
the whole on the California message.
Mr. Aslnntin having the floor, advocated
the admission of California, and pronounced
the recommendation* of the President to he
patriotic and just. lie had opposed its ac
quisition, anil he would not consent to the
extension of slavery ; the north had warned
the south on that point, and he would stand
hy its declarations forever. He briefly traced
the party movements — alluded n> the Buffalo
convention as a failure, arid sail! that the
one to lie held at Nashville would be another
failure. He considered the trial of fugitive
slaves hy jury was the proper course, hut he
was willing to waive the proviso if they did
he would insist on the proviso.
When Mr. Ashinun com hided, Mr. Averitt,
of Va , deliveretl an ultra roii-intervention
speech, and was very severe on the execu
tive. He alleged that the President had an
agency in the California business, ami after
some further rentalks gave way tor a motion
Mr. Benton submitted a resolution inquir
ing into the expediency of providing in :b*
deficiency hill the means ot paying ttie Cali
fornia claims—adopted. Mr. Benton ulsc
gave notice that he would to-morrow intro
duce a hill fur a iiaiionid central highway
front St. Louis to San Francisco
Thu bill for the relief of the widow of Gen
eral McNeil was tlehatetl. Mr. Rtt-k ob
jected to the immediate passage ofindividual
cases, and Messrs. Benton and Underwood
concurred with him in the opinion. The
hill was then passed over.
Mr. Clark introduced a hill in lavor of re
funding to the stale of Rhode Island the ad
vances made l<y her to the volunteers in the
Mr. Borland reported a joint resolution
for expediting the public printing ; also an
amendment for remodelling entirely the pres
Mr. Clay's resolution relative to the death
of members of the senate during the reoeas
was then taken up lor discussion, and after
a brief dehate it was adopted.
The resolution calling for information rel»
alive to land offices, was also adopted.
Mr. Clay's compromise resolutions were
then taken up. Mr. Baldwin spoke nlmut
two hours and a half, in which he advocated
the importance of carrying out the treaty
with Tripoli, and nlso of providing govern
ments lor California and the territories
A motion was made to adjourn, when Mr.
Baldwin gave way. Mr. Bulger moved that
the senate adjourn to Mon/tat "M • “n " “
count of Good Friday. T aS° ’
taken by yeas and nays and deeded ... the
affirmative—yeas 24, nays 14.
AshorttJ. was spent, n executive sesa,on,
after which the senate adjourned.
In the House. Mr. Winthrop in the chair,
a resolution wse offered hy Mr. Hampton
tolling on the President for copies of the cor- '
respondent with the consul si Vienna, to
gether with the authority under which he
Itns acted in ihnt capacity.
Mr. 1 honipson, ol Pa., front the judiciary
committee, reported a lull to reenact certain
laws for the reliel of insolvent debtors, which
was referrevl in the committee of the whole.
Mr. Miller, front the same committee, sub
mitted it resolution calling on the President
For all ;he infuriiialion in his possession rela
tive to the claims of the Puget Sound agricul
tural company in Oregon, and the act of in
corporation of raid company ; also the char
acter, number and extent of rights of the
Hudson's Bay company, and ilie number of
British subjects south ol tlie 49ili parallel of
latitude, including the members anil servants
nf said company, and the places anil settle
ments of said parallel ; and that the President
communicate whether any anti wlmt proposi
tion has Iteen nintle by the Hudson's Bay
company 10 the late administration to sell or
transfer its possessed tights south of the 49th
t,egree ;also that he he requested to furnish
copies ol all papers connected with such
proposition ho,,, any per-ou aciing for said
company since the treaty with England.
1 he lull to tax aliens fur charitable pur
pn-es was referred.
The house referred to the committee of the
whole the lull for i lie relief of American sea
men in foreign ports—ilie lull fur the relief
of the gratid-i hildreit of Gen. De Knili, anil
the volunteers ol Vermont «lip served in the
battle of Plnttsburg—the claim of South Car
olina fur expenditures on account of the
F onda war, anil the resolution ill faver of
the purchase nf American hemp for the use
of the navy.
I he bill granting appropriation* to >veil
Point Arndemy wm objected to.
The house resolved itself into committee
of the whole mnl resumed the consideration
of the California message. Mr. Avereii con
tinued Ins speech, which was commenced
yesterday. He rnmemled that ihe south had
been compromising all ibe time, and read a
lecture to the northern democrats.
Mr. Chandler took ihe floor, nnd in a good
humored speech vindicated ihe executive and
ridiculed the complaints ut Mr. Cliugmnn.—
Nurih Carolina was his worst enemy, and hi
considered ilmt ilie wrong sort of labor wni
us. d. The cry against the north was wholly
groundless, with the excepi'on of ihe lawi
relative to fugitive slaves. Kidnapping had
excited ihe feelings of the people of Pennsyl
vania, and hence the law of 1346 was enact
ed. He said the slaves naturally sought free
dom. He eulogised the Quakers, who. In
said, voted for Taylor in epauleua. In con
elusion he said that Pennsylvania would ever
fight for the Union.
Mr. Rirhurdsun obtained die floor and the
The Senate was not in session on Fri
In the House, it was voted on motion of
Mr. Hilliard that when'the house adjourn it
shall he to Monday next. Mr McLnne moved
ilim the house adjourn forthwith on account
of Good Friday. The motion wns rejected
by a vote of 57yens to 109 n.iys. The house
then proceeded to the consideration of private
hills. The hill for she relief of ihe captor*
of ihe frigate Philadelphia was laid on ths
The committee appointed to investigate (he
charges made by Preston King against ihe
Speaker, made a report exculpating him,
and the report was accepted. Adjourned.
On Alundny. tin- senate wra early thronged
wills lad cs. Mr. lint er made the customary
remarks on ihe death of Mr. Calhoun, nnd
after pronouncing a eulogy, he sniil that the
immediate r^use ol his death was an nffYc
lion of ilie heart, li is stated that lie was
perfectly conscious 10 ihe Iasi. He met
denili wuli confidence nnd an uncommon se
renity of mind. Mr. B iller gave a brief out
line of the life of the deceased, and offered
ihe customary resolutions. On luniion of
Mi. B. ihe senate voted to abend the funeral
at lli o’clock to-morrow.
.Mr. Clay followed in some touching and
beautiful remarks, which drew tesrs Irom
many eyes. .Mr. Webster also made a linhle
and Hell merited lithiita to ihe deceased
Alt. Ru-k and Mr. Clemens made a few
remark- on the death of Mr. Calhoun. The
vice president announced the following com
mittee ol arrangements :—Me-srs Man n. Da
vis, nf Misai-sippi, Aichison, Dodge, Dickin
son, and Giecn. Adjourned.
In ihe House a solemn prayer wns offered
hv the chaplain, alluding in tin impressive
manlier to ilie death ol Air. Calhoun. Air.
Vinton moved n recess in outer to nnnit the
report of ihe joint committee, which was
A message wns received from the senate.
Mr. iliilmes -poke nearly an hour, and gave
a brilliant eulogy ol ilie deceased. Air. Win
tnrop followed in a brief hut appr- pro tr
speech. He *uid in conclusion, ‘May the
day never come when New England men
shall speak of Ihe great II lilies of the ktuilh,
whether living or dead, bill as Americans
and fellow countrymen.’ Mr. Venable fol
lowed. and offered resolutions of condolence,
which we e adoptsJ. Adjourned.
The supreme court met, passed the cua
i lomnrv resoluiinns. and adjourned.
Toe President has directed the executive
departments tu he closed :o-utorrow on ac
count ol the tunernl.
Alexander Al'Williams. a distinguished
physician of this city, died last evening.
Amnimi of treasury notes outstanding
April 1, $740,600.
Conviction of Professor
After being out mi hour noil three quarters,
the jury came in a little before eleven o'clock
on Saturday iiigiu with a verdict of guily ot
wilitul iiiuidcr.aud the prisoner was remand
ed tojuil, 10 lie there kepi till hruiiglu up for
sentence. The proceedings in the jury
room we understand to have been as follows :
They enteied upon ilie consideration of the
case by inquiring into the questions to be de
termined, and arranging them hi their pioper
order. Tney then balloted ou the question,
whether the remains had been ideutifi d as
pans of the body of Dr. Purkmiin, and the
vote wag unanimous that iliey were. They
then hallotted upon the question, whether lie
came to i ts dentil by the hands ot Dr. Web
ster, and the vote was unanimous that lie did.
They then balloted whether the homicide
was wilful mil der or manslaughter’ and
the vole was eleveo lor the former, to one
lor manslaughter. The jury now passed
hull an hour in profound silence, ami at the
expiratuni of that time, the juror who had
voted I'm manslaughter rose and disclosed
Ins vote, mid said lie had concluded to change
it to murder, and did so, and the foreman
thereupon declared that the jury had agreed
upon a verdict of guilty ot murder. Infor
mation was then sent to the judges that the
jury had agreed.
riy the time Dr. Webster had reached the
jail, his ueryes had liecome perltctly reestab
lished. As soon as lie was taken into Ills
cell, lie seal to ait apothecary shop in the
vicinity lor some alcohol, and having obtain
ed it, lie irinirned his blazer, and prepared
Ins usual cup of tea. The only anxiety ha
displayed was in relation to die continuance
of his privilege to he supplied with dinners
from Parker's. According to custom in
such cases, the officers look away his razor
and penknife, and he remarked, m relation
to that precautionary proceeding, that lie
was too much of a Christian to commit sui
cide. He slept weH during the night, and
was'ealiu ami natural throughout the day
yesterday.— Boston Post.
Sir John Franklin.—The expedition now
filling o t by Henry (Jritmell of New York,
for prosecuting the search for Sir John
Franklin, will lie ready to sail by iha first of
May. !> consists of two vessels, to Ik- called
the ‘ Advance’ and the 1 Rescue.* They ere
to lie fully equipped,guarded atul strengthen
ed in the most complete manner against the
ice. and provisioned for a two years voyage.
They ere to search the shores of Welling
ton’s Inlet snd Ope Walkc* for copper can
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