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A Journal of Political and General News—An Advocate of Equal Rights.
VOL. V. BATII, MAINE, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15, 1850. NO. 8. ifljc (Eastern (limes' 18 PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY GEORGE E. JEVIAI. Oittre m north end of lTuion Block. tun-a story, Front St., opposite head of Broad Si.—Entrance, it«-* d»»or north of the Arch. TERMS.-Our dollar mid lift? rrnla per annum, if paid .UKTU in M'vim k : our dollar a^iy-Uvr ernU. within .lx month-. . two dollar.. if r«>iot! i» iW«>r<1 ir* the end of the year. Three t.riu. will be mrixtlx adhered to. x, V,„ permit who »■« «»• >“ 5i' s"oJ sub"'nl,, r" , htll hr entitled to a w-eenth ropy for our year. *h*ll hr rntiilrd to * rr No paper will be discontinued until all arrearapox are paid, wile*, at the option of the pnbliaher. rr Sl„Slr copies, four rent.. r.’ 411 letters and communications to be addressed. .JtJ pup. to the Publisher, Bath, Me. rust r.uo* t Tkkm* ok Aovbrtisino.—Less than 15 lines, three week** seventy-five cents; each subsequent insertion, 17 rents;—liftwi lines, three weeks, 81 ; each subsequent insertion, 20 cents. S. M- Pkttk.xoii.i., No. 10 State St„ and V. B. Palsvr, Sxollay** Building, t’ourt St., Boston, are our authorized 4 rents for the transaction of business. SELECT TALE. A Trnf Story of thr Revolution. The Brig Ruby of Boston, o! about one hundred tons burden, commanded by Geo. T.ane. sailed from Boston in the month of Of - eember, A. D. 1780, with a cargo consisting principally ol lumber and fish, lor the Island of Martinieo. The name of the chief mate, belonging to Newport, R. I. was Andrews— yf the second mate, Churchill. The remain der of the crew consisted of a Mr. Young, whose residence is forgotten. Nothing important occurred for fifteen days, when the Ruhy w as captured by a British frig ate, and her crew rained into Barbadoes, where the English Squadrons of Rodney and Hood were in winter quarters. They were detained on board the frigate almut a month, and were then transferred to an English mer ehantman of 500 Ions burden and two decks, stripped of her sails and rigging, in which sev eral hundred French and American prisoners were incarcerated. This [irison ship w as moored near the centre of the harbor of the Island of St. Lucia, twenty-nine leagues from Barbadoes. We were confined on board the ship tor the period of four months. Permission was granted us to come on deck eTcry morning to have the benefit of the air (which was an unspeakable privilege,) where we were allowed to remain lor the day, and at 6 o'clock P. M., we were again crowded into this reeeptncle of wo and misery. Our sufferings while confined be- I tween the deck of this ship, were almost insup portable, owing to the large number of beings crowded together iii stieh small quarters, and owning still more to the closeness and sultri ness of the air, for at this time it was nearly the middle of a West Lidia sunnier and the heat at tunes was almost intense. While up on the deck of the ship we were strongly ’ guarded and watched with much strictness.— j In addition to our sufferings while between decks from the confined state of the atmos phere. we were reduced almost to starvation. The final given us which was of the poorest quality, consisting of bread and beef, served .nil twice a week, and in quantities ti«> small to satisfy the appetite. Many of our follow prisoners were destitute ■of clothing. some of whom economised with j the little they had when they first came on hoard the ship, preserving* it for the day of I their deliverance', for they knew full well that they would receive nothin? from the merciless enemy into whose hands they had fallen.— J Owing to the barbarous treatment w hich the prisoners received at the hands of those who held them in confinement, distinguished as it was tor its cruelty and deprivations, hut more j to a strong desire for liberty, implanted in the breast of every man, a plan was proposed and i matured among a few of us to effect our cs- j cape. There happpened at this time to be a fleet of English merchantmen lying between the pris- j son ship in which we were confined and the ; •entrance of the bay, outside of which fleet to- I wards the mouth of the harbor, lay a ‘ Letter ! of Marque,’ which served as a sort of protec- j tion for the other vessels,—of about 150 tons burden, and 14 guns. After much deliberation it was resolved to * gain the deck of the prison ship some dark ’ and favorable night, to swim more than a mile | to the ‘ Letter of Marque,’ ascend her bows j bv means of the cable, disarm her watch, cut i the cable and sail immediately out the harbor, j There were many obstacles to such an enter- , prise,—in swimming that distance, we must of j course pass the merchantmen and numerous privateers lying in the harbor, from whose ( decks sentinels were keeping watch. But not the least difficult part of our undertaking was to gain the permission of our sentry, (although I very careless and remiss in the discharge of his duties,) to visit the deck of our ship in suf- j ficiejit numbers upon the night we should fix J upon to carry out our enterprise. The hatches were iu%1p of wooden gratings with a bar fitted across them to clasp them at j the side of the hatchway, lock and key not being used, and one hatch was sometime kept i open at periods of the night when one, two, 1 or three of the captives desired to conic on deck and obtain some fresh air and then return. ; The sentry sometimes commiserated our eon-! <1 it ion, and would allow two or three of the prisoners to visit the deck when the state of their health demanded it. At this time many of our number had died from exposure they had been subjected to since coming oa board the ship. It was decided that 11 of us should engage in the enterprise, when the favorable night should arrive. Mr. Churchill, the 2nd mate of the Ruby, was exceedingly desirous to go with ! us. but was prevented by reason of his igno ranee of sw imming. We were not all to go upon deck at a time, but a certain interval of time was to elapse between every two or three, ns they ascended to the deck. Each one as he gained the deck was to g„ on his way without waiting for the others, until he had gained the bows of the letter of Mar'iur. We were al so, during the bustle purposely made coming upon the deck of the Prison Ship, to induce the sentries to believe that part were returning to their quarters for the night. There were ' four sentries stationed on deck during the night —two at the hatchway*, one at the bows and one at the stern. A night at length arrived which was deem ed propitious for our undertaking, it being not only blustering, but so dark and foggy, that nothing could be distinguished half way across the deck. With lion hearts we sat about the work. We signified to the guard our desire to go on deck ; they gave their consent U) the first ones who applied, also to the next, and finally to the whole eleven, supposing however, that the first had returned previous to the last coming up. One reason why the sentinels were so remiss, was probably our former quiet behavior, and another might be that we were surrounded by armed ships, privateers and mer chantmen , and within a very short distance was a 20 pun brig. It was probably consider ed that all attertipts to escape would be useless and tool hardy. There were at the time, six or eight water easts nearly opposite the hatchways and against the railing on the side of the ship next to the sea. Under the railing and behind the easts there was quite a space by reason of the inclination of the railing towards the deck of the ship more so than is found in ships as now constructed. Into this space wo crept with stillness of mice, and by means of a rope pre viously secured, we lowered ourseleves one after the other through one of the port holes upon the main chains. The night as before mentioned was dart and foggy and the treat ing of the waves against the side of the ship, ! together with the rattling of the rigging created by the wind among the vessels anchored near us, made noise enough to drown any bustle we might mate in prosecuting our scheme. My companions were Mr. Andrews who acted as our leader, Sylvamis Ayer, (who were of the Ruby,) llomau Pease of Martha’s Vineyard, Mr. Allen of Boston, the names now only re collected. a Virginian, two Irishmen and four others. The tw o Irishmen were both remark able for courage, and one of them was as com pletely reckless of danger as any man I ever saw. Alter reaching the main chains we pro ceeded to undress, which most of us did to the bare skin. I had enclosed in the handkerchief which I tied around my neck, two guineas and two silver dollars. After concealing our clothes under the shrouds, we lowered our selves into the water which alwmnded in sharks, and which we feared more than any dangers connected with our enterprise, and made our . way for the ‘ Letter of Marque.’ She lay more than a mile distant, and we were between thirty and sixty minutes in reaching her. The reason of our making an attempt upon the out ; er vessel will he apparent to the reader when he is told that it w as to avoid the necessity of : passing the licet which lay in the harbor, in ease we were successful. \Vc heard nothing while swimming to the destined spot besides the occasional cry of • all’s well," to which we responded in our hearts that thus far with us all was well. The greater part of our company reached the privateer within a short interval of time. 1 ami although the night was dark, we hail great 1 difficulty in finding her. Those who first found themselves at the bows of the victim, I awaited with indescribable emotions the arrival of their comrades. All having arrived except Homan Pease and a young man from Rhode i Island, we determined to proceed, and as all had been instructed what to do, we hauled our selves over the bows and disarmed and secured j the sentinel who was sitting upon the windlass asleep. The sentinel stationed in the after part of the vessel, instantly cried out at the top of his voice—4 All hands !—murder ! * &c. which he had no sooner done, than one of the Irishmen rushed upon him with a handspike, and laid the fellow sprawling upon the deck, rpon the crying out of the sentry, the Vir- * jumped into the water and swarm baek to the prison ship, took his clothes from behind the shrouds, and after dressing himself, went be low, the hatches still remaining open, and communicated to our fellow prisoners intelli gence that we had all w ith the exception of himself, been overpowered and confined in chains, and that he had escaped undiscovered. The sentry on board the prison ship perceived him when In* went below, but supposing that he had come up a few minutes previous, his suspicions were not excited. The number of persons on board we found were fourteen. The Captain and 1st mate j were in the cabin, and the 2nd mate was with the crew in another part of the vessel. It ap ! pea red afterwards, that the captain, who w as | an intemperate man, had been on shore the iat | ter part of the day, and returning to his vessel somewhat intoxicated, he bad from some trivial cause, driven the 2d mate where we found I him. The trap door which led to the apart- j meat of the crew, was strongly secured and guarded as also the companion-way. Having learned that in vessels of this dc ! seription, the arms were usually kept between decks, we demanded that the chest of weapons | belonging to her should be brought on deck ! immediately, stating that the prison ship with ! all her prisoners, was alongside. Our demand i was complied with, and the chest shoved on • j deck with great qttickuess on the part of our! ' prisoners. We instantly summoned the Capt. | to make his .appearance, which he did very re luctantly, and advanced half way up the steps, ‘ when he was astonished at the sight of four or | five nak*d individuals standing above him ami- j ed with cutlasses and pistols—and much fright ened, he inquired 4 who we were and what we j wanted.’ We replied that we were American prison ers after onr liberties, and that if lie stepped hack one inch he would lie instantly hewn down. 1'pon inquiry he informed us that the only fire-arms he had below, was two pistols, then under his pillow ; whereupon Mr. Allen and myself went into the cabin and obtained them, and ordered the chief mate to turn out of his berth where wc found him ; he proved to be a man of morose and obstinate eharaeter. Having examined the cabin we permitted the Captain, who was well advanced in years, to return to it, we then unfastened the passage that led between decks and commanded the I seamen to ascend two by two and keep com pany with their commander. A guard was i placed in the steerage at the foot of the stairs I conslsl'n'- °f two at a time (myself being one I ot tht first on that duty.) We then to prevent ■ nnisi ( in the cable, hoisted our sails in silence and the wmd at the ,ime he„1!r providentially ia.r, we steered d.rectly for sea, anticipating, however much trouble in passing the fort. About the time we got under way, Boman Pease and the young man from Rhode Island, came along side and were joyfully received bv us, to their great pleasure and delight. From the moment we left the hold of the prison ship, to ti lime we cut the cable, we were obliged to proceed with extreme caution; we considered the chances were ninety-nine out of a hundred against our success, when we reflected on the difficulty of a sufficient number escaping the prison ship to carry on our enter-1 prise. 1 hen again the danger of detection’ from the vessels we had to pass and the danger of being discovered by the sentries on board the * Letter ol Marque,' all conspired to make ■ our attempt most hazardous in the extreme.— I he love ot liberty and the cruel treatment we had received induced us to undergo any risks provided there was a single chance for escape. 1 he mouth of the harbor although near a mile in width, was impassable by vessels only of the smallest class, save at the extreme right as we went out, where the fort was situated. As we neared the fort the former commander of our prize hinted to me, I being on duty as one of the watch, that we should be hailed and fire3 at. But as good luck would have it we were not disturbed by the fort, which we accounted for, supposing the sentinels were either asleep or that they had been lured into a false security from the fact that there were but few American or French vessels in the vicinity. Karly in the morning following, the vessel which we had made a prize* was missed, and the intelligence spread rapidly from ship to ship, and when it came to the ears of the Eng lish officers on shore they were at a loss to account for the absence otherwise than that she had been captured by the enemy from abroad or had sailed for a different section of the Island where there was a more plentiful supply of water. However, one of the first steps taken to solve the problem was an exam ination of the sentries t*n board the prison ship, who were as ignorant of the cause of the ab sence of the privateer as the officers on shore. The roll of the prisoner's names being next called over disclosed at once the cause of the absence of the * l<etter of Marque.* As we afterwards learned two privateers were imme diately despatched in pursuit, which fortunate ly for us steered to leeward, w hile our course was to the windward, in the direction of St. Pierre, the capital of Martinico, distance twen ty five lea gee . After we haft passed the fort in safety, onr spirits were much elated with the expectation of soon being out of pursuit of our enemies, and having brought to a termination an adven ture of so much peril. During the day we were constantly on the wateh, and when at night fall, we entered triumphantly the harbor of Si. Pierre, with the stars and stripes flutter ing to the breeze, and below them the color of the enemy we had so successfully overcome,— the feelings which animated our breasts are in describable. Previous to entering the harbor we picked up such clothing as we found about the prize to cover our nakedness : we might have fully fitted ourselves out with the clothes of the officers anil crew, but we preferred wait ing till we arrived in port before making a de scent upon their chest. The wonder of the inhabitants was greatly excited (although they understood the charac ter of onr vessel from the national ensign (ly ing above us) at seeing so many men entering the harbor w ithout bats and partially clothed, until we had an opportunity for explanation. The know ledge of the capture spread over ev ery part of St. Pierre, creating universal joy among the French and Americans then on the Island, and won for our country the warmest praises. Within half an hour after our arrival the prisoners were delivered over to the French who put them all in jail with the exception of the Captain, who being advanced in years was released on Ins parole at the earnest solicita tion of Andrews, the rest of us acquiescing. lie was much troubled when be reflected up on the calamity which had overtaken him. asked how he should justify himself to his owners and vindicate his honor before his countrymen, when it should be known that being well armed he was nevertheless captured bv a few Americans, issuing out of the sea. Our prize had on hoard seventy hogsheads of sugar and four hogsheads of cocoa, which were of little value at St. Pierre, being the productions of the Islands in the vicinity. The vessel was sold for 4.000 crowns, which divided among ten gave 100 apiece.— lint as Mr. Pease and the Rhode Islander were late in reaching the prize, not indeed until we were about leaving the harbor of Barbadoes, it was promised and acceded to by those two gentlemen, each to give up one quarter of his share to Mr. Andrews as a reward for his courage ami perseverance, and for his having acted as our leader from the commencement to the termination of our enterprise. Many of us began to think of our country ami our homes, from which we had been so long absent; and accordingly Mr. Andrews, Mr. Ayer and myself, came directly to the United JStates in a schooner bound for Boston, and Mr. Allen left in a brig. Such are the general outlines of a most Ex traordinary adventure as detailed to me by one who bore a conspicuous part as an actor in the same, and which I have endeavored to narrate above—confining myself as strictly as possible to the naked facts. a. g. l. What we rail Duties. Etery mail ought to pay his debts—if he can. Every man ought to help his neighbor—if hi’ can. Every young man and worann ought to get married—if they can. Every representative in Congress and the legislature ought to inform Ins constituents what they are doing—if they ran. Every man Bliovld do his tvnrk to suit his customers—if he can. Every man should please his wife—if he. can. Every woman should rule her Imsbnud—if she can. Every wife should sometimes hold her tongue—if she can. Every luwyer should tell the truth—if he can. Every preacher of the gospel should be a Christ tan—if he can. Every man should take a good paper, and pay for it in advance—he can. And finally, evciy reader should add to the above something good—if he can. John Neal predicts that the lime will come when a man’s perspiration will he turned to account as steam and drive hint up hill like a locomotive. P 0 L I T I C A L The re-union of Hie National Democracy oil file Baltimore Platform. In a former number we attempted to show the imperative demand now made by the condi tion of public affairs upon every democrat for the ‘re-w nion of the democratic party for the pre servation of the I'nion.’ This being a clear duty, how shall it best be performed 1 All experience has demonstrated that this re union cannot he effected upon any national plat form that does not exclude entirely slate agita tion as a political party test. The soundest and safest democratic statesmen have taken this view from the beginning, and, so long as it was adhered to, it resulted in the triumph of the democracy and the cohesion of the- Union. In the presidential election of 1848, it was de parted from by a considerable portion of the northern democracy : and the result then was a national defeat, the fruit of which has ever since been fast ripening into national disunion. Ictus trace the course of the democratic party, in iis national organization, and see how completely this position has been demonstrat ed. and how exactly the prophecies of demo cratic statesmen have been fulfilled, touching the effects of slave agitation upon the business of congress, the nationality of the democracy and the union of the states. W e go back to 18do, when, as has been al ready stated, slave agitation first became a fixed element in national politics, and was seiz ed upon by the whigs to divide the northern and southern democrats upon this conflicting sentiment and interest. The democratic party were then obliged to take their stand, as a na tional party, between nortlori abolitionism and southern nullification. Geographical lines were attempted to Ik' drawn exclusively upon this domestic issue, and to array the north against the south, the south against the north. On the one hand, Mr. Van Huren. the demo cratic candidate, was arraigned at the north as •a northern man with southern principles.’-— As vice president lie had taken the ground of excluding slave agitation from congress, anti had gone even further than that, bv giving his casting vote in favor of prohibiting the circula tion of abolition publications through the juist office. A portion, and but a small portion then, of the northern democracy suffered themselves to be led aside by the whig cry that Mr. Van Buren was subservient to the south, and was untrue to the north on the slave question. On the other hand, a southern section, at the head of which stood Mr. Calhoun, (always formida ble in opposition, from his transcendent talents, but powerless in success, front his extreme imprieticability,) doubted and denounced Mr. Van Buren as not going far enough with the south. Such was the position of the party when the national convention was held in 1835. They had to choose between the two extremes of north and south, and they took the safe ground, excluding both elements, and laying the basis of a national platform upon slave agitation w hich was ample for the whole Union. The convention of that year passed no resolutions, but they adopted an address, which was distinct and clear on this point. Ou the committee which reported that address were Silas Wright of New \ork, Andrew Stevenson of Virginia, Robert Strange of North Carolina, and Jared \\ . A\ lllianio of New Hampshire. It would be profitable to quote the whole of this address on the slave question, for it has already be come history teaching by example, but we must be content with a few quotations to show its genuine spirit of patriotism, and the prophetic wisdom with which it uttered the united voice of the democratic national convention ot 1835. Rxtractsfrom the Democratic National Address of 1835. ‘We come now, fellow citizens, to another objection, am! probably oue of the most mis* chievotis and wicked that has ever been made ngamst the peace and happiness of any coun try. It is the attempt to create firctumal par tif'S and divisions, and to alienate one portion ol our country from the rest, by charging up on the'supposed defects of our complicated system the calamities which evil men are themselves endeavoring to bring about. In different parts of our country we see mis guided men attempting to weaken the bond of union, by exciting ike north against the south and the south against the north. The peculiar differences in the social organize lion of these two sections of our country is ever a ready and fruitful emliject 10 create these jealousies and dissensions. It has ever been a fundamental article in iltc republican creeil, that these relations were not by the constitution brought within the scope ot fed eral powers, mill that congress has ns little right to interfere with the domestic relations ol master and apprentice in Massachusetts, or master anil servant in Virginia, as they have 10 meddle with sunl.ir social relations in Great Britain, France or Spain. So deep ly rooted is this conviction, that it is incor porated in the democratic creed, and consti tutes one of die liroad lines of separation be tween the strict constructionists of the Jeffer sonian school, and the latiindiiiarinns or con solodalionisls, under all the Trotemi colors. Thus republicanism is the safest guarauty ol the stability of our Union. ‘Let then the republican party everywhere stand tirm and united, and trusting to these principles fear not. Alt' will be safe. And why shall not the democracy ol all quarters ol our Union, and the several states, implic itly contide m each other? They entered into this confederacy as independent states, with the express stipulation that each state reserved to itself the l ight of managing its domestic concerns and social relations in its own way. The people of no stale, therefore can violate that compromise on which the Uninn is basetl and call themselves republi can. •Listen to tbe admonition of a man of the soundest and most experienced bead and the purest amt most patriotic heart, Janks .Mad ison, one of the most distinguished founders ; of our constitution. ‘Ifut tins detestable ef fort to alienate one portion of our country , from tbe rest, ttutl ettleeble the sacred ties | which now link together its various parts, 1 can never succeed. The people of America 1 have too much good sense to enter into tbe j perilous and gloomy scenes into which these advocates of disunion would lead them.— They will not harken to the unnatural voice which tells them that, knit together as they are hv so many cords ot affection, they can no longer live togeihei as members of the same great family ; can no longer Ire mnttinl guardians of their mutual happiness; can no longer be fellow citizens ol one great and flourishing empire. They will shut their I ears against tins tmhnllowed language._ They will shut their hearts against the° poi son it contains. 1 he kindred blood which flows in their reins, the mingled blood which they have shed in defence of their sacred rights, consecrate their union, and excite horror nt the idea ot their becoming aliens, rivals, enemies.’ In conclusion, on this topic of slave agita tion, the National Address says— ‘We call upon all, upon the ambitions as well ns the deluded, in their zeal of fanntn risni and patty, to look, if they dare, at ca lamities that might rush in and deluge this fair land if their efforts could succeetl, and to pause before it be too late ; to rememlierthni \ the progress of disaffection is olten inseusi- ! hie and invisible ; and that the mighty spir- i it which they are attempting to excite, if i once roused, can be allayed neither by the j cannon nor the sword, by law nor by j blood. It is, fellow citizens, against this i dangerous spirit of discontent and division, j against these unhallowed attempts to weaken | the bunds ol our glorious confederacy, that it j Irecomes the duly ol every wise man, of eve- 1 ry honest man, u! every American to watch wnh sleepless vigilance. That watch can > only he set in deep anti abiding affection 10 our holy Lnion, upon the preservation of w hich depends not only our ow n liberty and happiness, hut that of the world.’ Such was the sound consiiiutiou.il platforrn upon which the national democracy placed itself in the first inception of this startling issoe of disunion by slave agitation. Fif teen years have passed away, and the same appeal, almost in the same terms, and in no more eloquent language, is now made in the Senate ol the United States hy Clay anil Webster, the wisest and ablest of the whig lenders. They are extolled throughout the Union for their patriotic conduct in coming to the rescue of the Union, and addresses are made to them, and demonstrations exhibit ed in all parts of the land, as if they bad, for the first time, discovered and proclaimed this palladium of constitutional union. Wc will not detract a particle from their just merits, but democrats will not forget that it is ns im itators and not authors, as disciples and not as founders,! hat they are entitled to the plau dits of their countrymen. But when they arc so extolled by the olj opponents ol the democracy for the nationality they now as sume in the discussion of the Wilmot pro viso, it is fitting to go back to the origin of that groat doctrine of union, nnd trace it at j wc have done, from Madison, the clear : sighted statesman of tlie democratic school, 1 to its embodiment ns the creed ol die demo- , crntic party by the national convention of j lS3o. Under that creed, Van Euren was elected in 1 Slid,by the union of the democracy, north, west and south, and for a time the plague of si ivc agitation and disunion was stayed. Wo propose further to show with what un iformity and fidelity the democratic party, in its national aspect, has adhered to this doc trine, which is now so universally admitted to he the only basis upon which the Union can stand, and which lias become the rally ing standard of the Union in Congress, and ill every section ofthe country.— Boston Post. The New Orleans Courier, an old demo cratic press, sends forth the following cheering note:— •We are sorry to observe that Texas is in a terrible condition of excitement in consequence i ofthe construction of a state government in I New Mexico. Meetings are held throughout ; the slate, in which the proceedings ofthe gen eral government arc denounced in the most vi olent language. No one can condemn onr fel low citizens of Texas for expressing the indig nation they justly feel at the wrongs w ith which they are menaced. 15m tinder better auspices let ns hope that all will yet lie well. We apprehend there are emissaries in Texas, sent thither by the disorganizes in congress, to inflame the public mind and make tilings ap pear worse than they are in reality. If the death of General Taylor defeated the plans of the free soilers, it has also been fatal to the hopes of southern disorganizes. The Union is safe !’ MISCELLANY Tlic Great FaMei-n Railway. Among numorous letters read before the late llailroad Convention, in Portland, was one from Lieut. Maury of the National Observa tory. at Washington, of which the following is an extract: The advantages of a road which is to short en one third the sailing distance between Lon don and New York, Boston and Paris, are too many, too obvious, and too great, for enumer ation or description. They strike every one. The picture has already been well drawn, anil I should only mar it in any attempt to present in any other colors than those with which it at first strikes the eye. There is, however, one point of view which I wish you would take of this railroad, for it is from that point that I wish to present some of its merits to public fa vor. You know that the system of fortifica tions formerly adopted for the defence of the coast, as expensive and necessary as it wuts, has been rendered almost unnecessary by rhe system of railroads that has been introduced by the private enterprise and energy of public spirited individuals like yourselves. We have seen the general government expending mil lions of dollars for the erection of a single for tification.and which,when completed w as of no earthly value in times of peace, to the citizens or the occupations of the country. There it stood, a mere pile of brick and mortar, drain- i ing heavily upon the public treasury, for re- 1 pairs every year, and dragging out a burthen- ; soma existence in peace, that perchance it i might be useful in war. Now, w ith the power which this railroad i would give you to draw an army, if need be, j from the Yalley of the West, and in two days march it all the way by steam from Mem pins on the Mississippi to the frontiers of Maine, or even into foreign territory—with I such power, what do the people of Maine want : with any forts and castles, except such as may | be necessary to protect her sea-port towns i from the great gnus of big ships' "i ou know, too—for you have only to visit the Navy Yard in your State to see evidence of the fact—that the plan was to collect in our Navy Yards, and at great expense, large quan tities of ship timber, and store it away for the emergencies of war. The emergencies never came, the timber Totted, and the money was lost. Now, in time of war, almost any timber that stands in the forests is good enough to build men of war of. Even if built of green timber, they would probably last through the war— when the vast mnjonty of them, of whatever kind of timber they might bo built, would he of no further use at any rate. Therefore, with railroads, what do we want with any more stores of ship timber, for any such pur poses! As for the Navy, railroads have con verted almost every forest from‘Maine to Geor gia,' into a timber-shed for it. From the Bouton Museum. NATURE’S TEACHINGS. nv MRS. IlKNKY w. ALLEN. ilHeureu*emfnt ta nature cat p’** pra -d que n s dtsi s t t plue t?cnt nsr que n a vo/ontea ** How oft we find our heart’s best pleasures Springing from some simple thing ! Should we not seek those hidden treasures, And hail the happiness they bring ? It may be but a ciimson cloud— A tinted leaf- a little flower— But thou wilt And that God's best gifts Are often given for their dower. The waves that sweep the golden sand— The shell upon the beach, IIow many lessons to the heart That wills it, they may teach; The wind that sighs through bending trees, \ The bird note heard at even— The choral songs which nature sings, Have less of earth than heaven. So from the pure and beautiful, I.et the heart take its tone ; For they who truly love the good, Can never be alone. There is a presence in the wood,— Sweet music floating near. They know that others cannot feel. That God is ever here. And happier far in wealth like this Than that which misers hoard with care Wilt thou be, when thy heart respond To all things good and fiir; For gold oft flics w ith swiftest wings, But Nature ever shall endure. And Time but gives more holy light To joys so true and pure. OPEN-HEARTED. BY CHYMES SWAIN*. If you wish to bo happy at homo. Then your heart to that wish is the door; ; Keep it open—ami angels may come, And enter and dwtdl evermore ! O'er such feeling a ray will be oust, \s if lit by sonic magical gem ; ■ You will think you've found heaven at last. But the angels have brought it with them. Keep it open—and friendship and love And happiness —all—will be thine : A gleam of Elysium above ! A spark of the spirit divine ! Keep it shut—and then l’ride will have birth, And Envy, and all we condemn; i You will think you've perdition on earth, ! rride and Envy have brought it with them. The world will seem colder each day ; 'Tis an image those demons but throw ,* Cast your pride and your envy away. And the world's seeming coldness will go. O, 'tis Avell to be happy at home. And to this your own heatt be the door ; Keep it open, and angels may come. And enter and dwell evermore. Enronrage your own lleelianies. Under this caption the Savannah Grorgian gives its readers good advice. Its remarks are ] equally applicable to this'seetion : | Encouragement to the mechanic arts of a | city is one of the greatest sources of its pros perity, yet how often do we see men, who pro fess to have an earnest desire to stimulate the improvements of a city, destroy its effects bv their own acts. Sometimes a doubt of compe tency, or the object of getting an article at a little hss cost, finds them sending to a distant citv for some very trifling article. \Ve have several times spoken of the ulti mate effect of this course, and have shown the benefits resulting from a more direct encour agement of our own mechanics. Complaints are frequently made of an exorbitant price be ing charged lor certain articles. But what is the best course to remedy this 1 Is it by send ing to New York or some more distant city to procure them. Our opinion is, that such a course fosters a continuance of the same high prices for necessary articles of use. A well directed feeling to patronise the manufactures of our own mechanics, gives the mechanic en comagement to improve in his art. But such has become the passion to lie fash ionized, and to conform to the peculiarities of | the larger cities of the Union, who in a meas i ure adopt theirs from some loreign fantastic : ] that even the garments we wear are not duly : appreciated unless they can show a New York | stamp; and not unfrequenlly we find the modes : of conveyance between the two places, made inert* pedlars' parks lor the transmission ot small commodities, which of themselves would seem to have but little effect; yet if we consid er them as a whole their ultimate effect is bad. They lead others to the same course, avert the channel of patronage, and destroy the encour agement which our own mechanics should have to stimulate them. We say then, encourage our own mechan ics ; give them a liberal patronage, that they iviny increase their operations. Woman's Love. In the course of our peregrinations, we were once introduced to a family consisting of a wid ' ow lady and two daughters. The elder was about twenty, an exceedingly interesting girl, well educated, and of considerable personal at tractions. In the general demeanor of the sis 1 ters there was a striking contrast: the young est was all gayctv, with a transparent candor on her features that enabled you to read her very heart. Every word, every move of the elder evinced some predominant idea—that she habitually chewed 'the end of bitter melan choly.’ What that idea was, in a young girl, of course every body might divine. After a time, a little intimacy having sprung up be tween us and the widow, the cause of the mel ancholy in her eldest daughter was revealed to us. She had been brought up near a family where there was a youth of near her own age, and a reciprocal allection was the result of long years of intimacy between them. The mother became aware of the state of her daughter’s feelings by the demand of her hand made by her lover. The position of the yonng couple was such, in regard to their worldly af fairs, as to render their marriage imprudent in the extreme. The widow, therefore, pointed out to her child all the evil consequences which it would entail on her, and the latter like aison sible young woman concurred in her mother s views. It was then agreed oil to remove from the scene of danger, and the family according ly established themselves at a spot forty miles off, where we first saw them, the young lady promising to hold no correspondence ^Circumstances shortly after called us to an other part of the country, but about nine months subsequently we were again thrown into inter -ourse with the family at the same place.— Somewhat to our surprise, we found the widow with the youngest daughter only ; the elder had left her home forever. The explanation "1 the affair was readily given us. It appeared, that, notwithstanding every ef fort on the part of the young lady, the passion she had conceived for the companion of her in l,mi} could not be eradicated. Her gloom and . espondcncy, daily, hourly, inrreased. She uttered no complaint, but it was plain that memory, like a worm in the bud,’ proved on her. Hiding one evening in a carnage with her mother on the outskirts of the village where they lived, whilst the latter was endeavoring to rouse her from her melancholy by descant ing on the Beauties of nature, she suddenly broke from her torpor, and exclaimed— ‘Look, tna, at yonder oak alone in the mid dle of that plowed field! I would rather be Morton’s wife, and live upon acorns beneath that tree, than he the bride of a prince!’ Struck almost speechless by her daughter's unaccustomed energy, the poor widow looked at her a moment and hurst into tears. •Do you really mean that, Hetty? Then as there is a Cod, you shall have him' I am too much of a woman not to understand you, aud will no longer oppose your wishes!’ The two were in an iustant locked in each other's arms, weeping tears of love and grati tude. They returned home instantly ; a letter was forthwith addressed to the lover, aud the wedding of the young couple was duly sol emnized, within a mouth from that day.—.Vo* Orleans Picayune. Tin* nau xvitli tlic Carpet Baf> During one of the hotie.st days of last week tins mysterious individual, carpet-bag in hand stepped on board tbe steamer May flower. Tlie “ioteiesting stranger’ was pip ing hot, and proceeded to the upper deck, am! cast bis eye about for shade and air.— After a moment’s stisper.se lie made lor the pilot’s bouse, tbe doors and windows of which stood invitingly open, and tiling Ilia bag upon die steering wheel, lie then plac ed his bat over the compass-box, threw open his coat anil vest, mid sat himself down, to take it fair and easy. Soon the boat got un der way, and the pilot stepping in, most un ceremoniously jerked tbe bag liom the wheel spoke and threw it aside. The man m;k the carpet-big cast a look of severe reproaem upon tbe pilot, w hich was softened down to one of sorrow fill regard, ns bis eve wandered from die persecutor to tbe oulrnged bag.— The first turn of the wheel ns the pilot brought the boat up to tier course, gave the indignant imlividti.il a smart blow upon the shins ns be sat spread out enjoying the breeze. Now tbe smothered fires broke forth. Up , jumped the man of the ting, and in tunes ut wrath demanded ot the other what he meant ; by knocking that thing against his legs, fol lowing up the demand with a pointed impti ry whether//nrf was the way to treat a gen tleman ? “W ell,’ replied the other, ‘we don't i stand much on ceremony here, and il you don't like your treatment you can leave tlio ; pilot-house; I must steer the boat at any ! rate.’ ‘Pilot-house,’ says the knight of the bag, ‘steer the boa;—aim this a summer housel 1 thought it was.’ So saying, he took his hag as tenderly as a cat takes up her . kitten, gave it a gentle brushing, and left fur j more quiet quarters. ! The next appearance of ■ lie bag-man was at tbe Mansion House, Hull, where, alter taking an early supper, bag in hand, be past ed iluougli tbo Snxon-Hoiliic dining-hall of ihnt uni'fiie mansion, in quest ol Ins dormi tory. Just then tint music struck up, and ibe tall beaux and charming belles,inmates of the bouse, commenced a merry dance.— The carpet bag man looked confounded, reeled for an instant, ns though faint with disappointment, ami then turning 10 Har— I lington, the landlord, said, ‘Why sir, 1 tiiouglit this w as a i/uict place ; do they do this thing much here?' ‘O, yes,’ says Har rington, ‘the boarders get tip a hop occasion ally, lor their amusement.’ ‘They do, do they ?’ says the other, “well, I don’t like hops and I don't want to hear hop-poles bouncing about all night long, and so, good bye, I’ll find another bouse. The man w ith the carpet-bag was next , seen on Naiitasket beach, which he wns crossing w ith lengthened strides,occasionally stopping to reconnoitre an ‘Humane House,’ with a view to quiet lodgings, when he en countered a loving pair who were enjoying the hoautilul sight of the moonlight dancing on >lie merry waves. Of them lie inquired whether they could direct him to n quiet j Inmse, where they never danced; at the same time narrating his grievous disappoint ineutat the Mansion House. The gentleman was n bit of a wag, and suspeciing that his , interlocutor must he the veritable man with : the carpet-hag who walked in the procession lie told him, with becoming gravity, that : there was a very quiet house some distance ahead, where lie saw the light shining, the Minot’s Ledge House, where they never danced. With an earnest expression ot . thanks, the hag-man avowed iiis purpose to put up at that house, and, keeping his eye upon the distant light, ‘put out’ vigorously across the bench. He was last seen near i ‘Wnrrock’s,’ firmly grasping the carpet-bag, . and inquiring ilia toad to the Minot’s Ledge House. Whether lie succeeded in crossing three miles of water to that light-house is not yet known. Neighbor Wilkin's Hint. A man having purchased a worn out farm, ami invested all Ins money in his real estate, tried hard by his labor to make ii produce a crop. A Tier a laborious summer's work, ha signally failed. His crops of corn, oats, and buck wlieai, were scarcely worth harvesting. Winter came on mid with it discouragement and despondency. He met his neighbor, and in the language of scripture, said, ‘Wbat shall I do?' Ilia neighbor in reply, in true , Van Lee style, answered this question by ask ing another. ‘Neighbor Wilkins, have you ever kept a hired man on your farm ?' *AI ; ways.’ ‘How can you gain the greatest a mount of lalior iu a season from liis efforts?’ ‘In the lirst place give him a plentiful supply of food, for a toll stomach for a laborer is a , jewel: next, begin the day early, and keep steady at it.’ You have answered truly ; manage your firm as you do your hired man. Feed it -.vi;h nourishment tor vegeta t on ; feed ii full and keep it led. Clear out the barn yard ; dig up die muck from the swamps; sow on all the ashes you can get; eari sand Irotn the drainage of the streets.— . When you begin a tie lit teed it; feed it full, ; and keep it fed. Then go to the next lot, ■ and feed it in the same style. Such fields ’ recollect the kindness of die owner, and they I pay him for it more than lifty fold. Then plough and dig aud die reward is sure.'— Neighbor Wilkins opened his eyes in aston ishment at his own ignorance, and said, ‘I see! I sec! A leeblc stirvgd man cannot work much. A poor starved hold cannot hear much.’ Common sense linglit hare j iauglit him, hut it had not. Thousands, like him, ‘scratch gravel’ for naught else all their days. Neighbor Wilkins saw where lie missed it. The next year lie planted four acres of corn, alier he hail coated the field with all the fertilising maicria! he could gather dur ing one short winter, lie told me that "ho had scraped all creation.’ November told a true store. Two hundred and sixty buaiiela of corn made him laugh. His ”1'* m®“* puddings w ithout grumbling, and Ins chil dren aw with plea-orb. Thus friend Wil kins went from field to held, and fed Has lie went In its turn it led lum, his family, lna cattle. His barren farm became productive, his naked fields became clothed with licr |n"e. He became rich. Peace dwell in hi* household, plenty filled his granaries, aud fortune smiled on him. Are you an nnfnrtunnte farmer cursed with poor land ami stinted crops? Look at Mr. Wilkins, and m the language of die Bib'e, •go thou and do likewise.’—Dollar Seicspaper. A story is told of a hypochondriac gentle man of rank and fortune in Ireland, who fan cies one of his legs of one religion and the other ol another. He not (infrequently pots one of his legs outside tbo lied to punish II for its religious errors.