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Bath, Thursday, Oct. 3,1S50. The Morality of Politics. We trust that the sensibilities of our read ers will neither be shocked, nor their equanim ity disturbed by the title of our article—at the “first blush" it may seem strange, w e confess —our purpose simply is to consider polities, or the science of government, in reference to mo rality, or to subjects of a reformatory character. Government is an institution of society, cre ated by association, existing by and exercising only delegated power. Mari, in an individual capacity, is subject only to the laws of nature, and if mankind were naturally and equally en dowed with wisdom and the principles of jus tice and equity, there would he no necessity for any other laws-—hut ignorance, the illu sions of self-love and the blindness id' the pas sions, render some form of government abso lutely necessary. We start, then, with this irrefragable posi tion, that all well regulated associations or bodies of men, acknowledge the necessity of positive laws, for the promotion of individual safety and happiness and as a security for their individual rights. The physical law of "might making right-’ is thus superseded, and a gen eral equalization of power secured. We have thus analyzed society, the more clearly and forcibly to illustrate one idea, to wit—that in dividual action docs not necessarily partake of, or have affinity with moral or religious belief, inasmuch as it is entirely distinct from it. A man is governed, to be sure, in his transactions with his fellow man, by certain principles of general adoption, on account of their general application and truth—such as—that “honesty is the best policy" and other maxims of like applicatian. A mental, as well as physical disparity among mankind is found, and where is the individual so illiberal as to apply a moral or religious test to a man’s private motives, or to make a declaration that a certain portion of a religious creed or belief, is necessary in the transaction of the common alfairs of life * In the nature of man there arc three distinct mental conformations—amoral, intellectual and animal—each separate and independent of the other. A moral or religious sentiment is in nate in the human mind—but do all the duties of life require or depend upon the operation of this sentiment 1 By no means. The compass and chart are of more advantage to the mariner at sea than a creed or code of morals—a thor ough, practical knowledge of one’s particular trade or calling, for success in life, than the theoretical mornlizings of a whole life time.— The attempt to control this sentiment of our 1 nature is and has been from the earliest period of society, entirely futile, and not only so, but productive of the most disastrous and direful results. IIow many pages of history are blur red and blackened by records of proscription for opinion’s sake—how many blood-stained records can there not be found of religious in tolerance, and persecutions concocted and exe cuted by power acquired by a union of “church and state 1” We would not be understood as objecting to the salutary influences of morality upon the secular concerns of life—neither as admitting 1 the potency of such influences. We would place all questions and matters upon their le gitimate and proper footing—acknowledging the supremacy of divine law, we would not be unmindful of human laws. Take the temper ance subject—as a moral, reformatory move ment, it should receive the sanction and sup port of the community, hut when it is sought to be promoted by making a political question j of it, it utterly fails. And why? because the j good sense of the community condemns as ut terly futile a resort to such means to carry on moral reforms. The habits and character of a man affect his standing, but in no greater a de gree is his political relation affected than his I private. Again, the attempt to promote moral move ments by the ballot box must fail on other grounds. It is arbitrary in its character and fails to produce conviction in the mind—and consequently settles no principle. Liberty of thought is above all human enactments, and the mind of man is susceptible of entertaining theories innumerable and most diverse.— You may vote a man's opinions down, but will such an arbitrary proceeding carry conviction to his mind. Or convince him of the error of his position ? By no means— •■Ths man convinced against his will, Is of the same opinion still." And so of all questions of a strictly moral char acter sought to be promoted by political means. Instead of good being produced, the contrary is more frequently the result. Prejudices, ill feeling and personal animosities are engendered and the mind wholly unfitted for deliberation and reflection. In a future No. we shall pursue this subject further, and point out the only manner in which we conceive that moral issues can ho successfully incorporated into political action. “Nobody but the South. A few of the whig presses of the North, (and among them our Tribune neighbor,) true to their sectional instincts, are “damning with faint praise” the recent compromise adjustment of the slavery questions in Congress, claiming that the South has received all the advantages of the settlement, and reiterating the senseless charge of “dough-face”-ism upon the North. 'V every much mistake if these journals rep- : resent the sentiments of any considerable por tion of their party. , rite men of the North, of both parties, are sick of such flummery. The charges of being I dough-taces &e. Ac., “pass by them as the t idle wind, which they respect not.” They i recognize in such movements only attempts to t keep alive the fell spirit of discord, and will - eventually manifest their displeasure in some , more tangible way than by affixing their sig natures to “letters of condemnation ” But how stand the facts. Are the words of ! the Tribune editor correct when he declares ] that, “as we predicted, lift- South are the only , gainers”—referring to the recent conciliatory adjustment of the compromise questions? J us see. Have the friends of freedom gained nothing? Who docs not look with pleasure at the admission of California as a free State, and to the abolition of the odious slave trade in the District of Columbia, as some concession to the North. Is not the Southern doctrine of the “balance of power” which Mr. .. in sisted was the only remaining safeguard of the institution of slavery, forever set at rest by the admission of California—and is there not hence forth and forever guaranteed to the North a majority in both branches of Congress? And is not the passage of the slave trade bill an auspicious omen of the entire separation of the general government from all connection with the institution of slavery? And yet with these two important points gained, the eausc of free dom has been sacrificed! Let us hear no more of “Northern dough-faces.” European and North American Railway. This contemplated enterprise is being rapid ly divested of iis problematical character, and issuming a more matter-of-fact aspect. It will be recollected [hat our legislature, at its last sossion, appropriated the sura of five thousand dollars for the purpose of defraying the expen ces of a survey of that part of the line in our own State. Under this resolve lion. Amos l'ickard of Hampden, (who ably advocated the merits of the appropriation before tho Senate, of which body he was a member) has been ap pointed a Commissioner to superintend the survey, and it is said has commence! opera lions at Milford, a point some seventeen miles above llangor, and running directly across the country to Calais. The enthusiasm in the provinces seems rath er to increase than abate. The subscriptions at St. Johns, a id along the contemplated line, arc already large. The government of Nova Scotia has despatched a mission to England, to solicit the endorsement of the home govern ment for Ihe bonds of the province, to be loaned to the Railroad Company. In Halifax it has been proposed, and with every prospect of suc cess, that that city should guarantee remuner ating dividends upon twelve hundred thousand dollars of the stock. A similar interest per vades all parts of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Ths distance fiom the eastern line ot our State to Bangor is less than ninety miles, and the information thus far developed, says the Bangor Democrat, proves that the road may be built on this line at a very low cost and with very favorable grades. It is thought that the road from St. John must be constructed so as to strike the eastern line of Maine, some fifteen miles north of Cal ais, crossing the Penobscot river some thirty miles above Bangor, and follow the course of the river to that city, where it is contemplated to connect it with the road to be extended from Watcrvillc. A more feasible route, from many weighty considerations, would be to continue the road down the 1’enobseot river to Belfast— thence cross the country about thirty miles to Thomaston, and there slrike the chartered line from that place to Bath. The portion of the road from this city to Thomaston, passing through Wiscassct, llamariscotta, New Castle, Waldoboro', Nobleboro’, Union and Warren, some of the most thriving villages in the State, would doubtless br more profitable than the same length of road in any other part of the State. The following, from a London paper, indi cates the interest with which this magnificent enterprise is received in England :— It is with extreme satisfaction \vp observe that at no distant date the Atlantic is to be bridged over try means of such an improved system of communication, that the Old World and the New will, by means of rail ami steam, be brought nearer to each other than Let.It and Loudon are by the average voyage of their smacks. From the western most point of Ou I way to the easternmost point of North America, the sea voyage will be easy of' accomplishment within five days and already the plans of the railroads from these points to the interior of both countries, have been fully matured, and the undertak ing5, to a great extent, subscribed for. North America will then he to England what Scotland is now. The inhabitants of uach country will reside almost indifferently in cither. Our Senators, in place of hasten ing the close ot the session to get off to arouse and the moors, will holt from St. Stephens to the prairies mid Buffalo liunt ng. Our fashionable ennuyes will winter at Vew Orleans or St. Louis, in place of Rome >r Naples, anj our nobility and gentry will mve llietr demesnes and mansions in the Western nr .Middle States, as well ns in the nother country. The intercourse w ill he so ntimatc and universal, as materially to mod fy the habits of life and thought in bulb lemisphercs. England will become more republican, and America less democratic, flie distractions and jealousies of the two states will become obliterated by becoming ridiculous; because people of the same ori gin, blood, language, history, literature, and traditions, in daily and hourly communion with tacit other, those having the strongest social and moral affinities being the most likely to find each other out. Let this tide of intercourse once fairly set in, let the United buttes become the fashion able, and the easy retrenching mid retiring resort ot our nobility, gentry, farmers, per haps, and superannuated merchants, and the tide of migration will Row on like the Pro pontic, 1 which knows no retiring ebb.' Impressment of Colored Seamen. New that a spirit of compromise seems to pre vail in onr national councils, we trust that the important subject of the impressment of colored seamen, upon which there has already been a slight, but earnest debate, will receive the candid consideration of Congress. We have always believed, that had it not been for the fanatical movements of uhraists, this police regulation, w hich operates so unjustly upon the rights of citizenship and upon Northern in terests, would, long ago, have been so modi fied as to he relieved of its unjust and oppres sive features, Mr. W inllirop. in some very able remarks in the Senate recently, exposed the great abuses to which these police laws lead, which we trust will have the desired ef fect of producing a modification, at least, of regulations, which, though doubtless deemed -■ssontiul by the South, are susceptible of being rendered quite as effective, and much more lenient. Kennebec and Portland Railroad. The interest which the towns on the line of his road have manifested in the success of this 'bad, by thfir recent votes to accept the Iaian ict, is highly creditable to their enterprise and mblic spirit, and ensures the certain completion if the road. Six of the eight cities atul towns, authorized >v the legislature to loan their credit, have vo t'd to accept the same by a two-thirds vote, as idlows :—Augusta, 908 to 47—Hallowell, 303 r> 178—Gardiner, 041 to 313—Bath 045 to 181 —Brunswick, 588 to 252—and Topsham 200 o 122. This takes up seven hundred and fifty-five housand dollars of the eight hundred thousand cquired, and the other two remaining towns, lowdoinham and Richmond, wedoubt not, will ake care of the remaining forty-five thousand lollars. Indeed we understand that individu ■ ■' in Richmond and Bowdoinham have already igreed to guaranty the proportion assigned to •heir several towns, $15,000. The road will >i finished this fall to Richmond, a distance of 't.itecn miles from Brunswick. The re mainder ot the road to Augusta will be com pleted next summer. The public land, given by the presc non of congress to various contomplat provements reach the enormous sum of fight millions, five hundred thousand a. Forty-three years ttyo, October 1, 1807 Ful :on made his first steamboat trip on the Hudson ■iver. flow wonderful has been the effect of its discovery in the comparative short period )f forty-seven years! Prospect of the Democracy tit It. I York. The Albany Argus, the leading democratic ! paper in the Empire state, holds the following language in relation to the state convention and state feeling in the party : “We cannot doubt that the doings of the convention will receive a cordial response from the democracy of the state, and that the ticket presented by it will command their united and earnest support. If such shall be the spirit in which they come up to the work, in the coun ties, and districts, we nmy count with confidence upon a result which will place N. York in her old position among the democratic states of the Union.” The Albany Ev'ng Jour., Thurlotv Weed's old paper, which is whig all over and free soil into the bargain, speaks as follows: “ The loco foco party of this state is once once more a unit. A somewhat turbulent ses sion of three days terminated in the nomina tion of a ticket which will be acceptible to the great mass of both sections. As a whole, the ticket combines the elements of strength. It would have been difficult for the convention to have chosen more wisely. It will, we think, command very nearly all the entire vote of the party.” That sectional, mischief-making, abolition pa per the Evening Post, while it opposes and rid icules the resolutions which were passed by the democratic convention by a vote of IK! to 2T, expresses an opinion that the nomination will meet with a very general support among the democratic party. Startling Disclosure. — A serious and startling affair came to light on the 24th inst., at Morrisania, above llarlem, which caused great excitement in the city of New York.— The substance of it is that about one hundred and thirty children belonging to the foundling insti tution there, have been made way with in some manner unknown. A number of bodies have been found buried. Suspicion rests on Miss Shotwell, the keeper of the establishment, but she has not yet been arrested, ~~W A lady in New York, who is by no means an enthusiast, but one of unusual com mon sense, thus writes to a friend in Boston :— “ We went last night to hear Jenny Lind ! I cannot express to you my delight. At the last song I should have cried heartily, had I | bad an opportunity. I did not; but this morn ing I read an account of her concert last night, and a notice especially of the Echo song, and I did have a good cry alone in my room. I nev er heard any one sing before, and never expect to again. 1 wonder any one will ever do so ab surd a thing as to athmpt to sing to those who have heard Jenny Lind. I will say nothing more, for it is folly. SP The first ticket, or choice of the first seat in the Jenny Lind Concert in Boston, sold for fit hundred twenty-fire dollars.' to Ossian K. Dodge, the famous vocalist. It is hinted that i this ticket was run up on a wager; at any rate,! Ossian is not short-sighted. He “calculates” j there are about 3000 newspapers that w ill her ald the above, and he can ■•reckon” something on a more extended acquaintance than former- i iy Treasure Found.—It is said that X70.000 I sterling in gold have been found by a New Brunswick schooner from St. John, that was in search of it, on one of the little uninhabited islands called Great Sand Key, near Turks Island. I Contoy Prisoners. According to the lat est information, the three hist of the prisoners ! have all been condemned, and no one of them was liberated, as reported. Flogging in the .Yury.—A clause in the Navy Appropriation Bill as it passed the House i provides “that flogging in the navv of the Un ited States shall lie and is hereby abolished from and after the passage of this act.” The vote on this amendment was ayes 8!) nays 31 ; and on the entire bill as amended 111 to 48.— This will be approved by the people w ith great unanimity. It will be as readily passed by the Senate we have reason to believe. Such a law will no doubt be a great benefit to the service. Fjf* Quite a smart competition is now going on between the steamers T. F. Secor and J. D. Pierce, plying between this city and Augusta. The public share largest of the spoils, it is thought, the fare being all the way from noth ing to twenty-five cents. Go ahead, gentlemen, it is an ill wind that blows in the wrong direc tion for everybody. ^"Improvement. On Monday we noticed several workmen engaged in laying a sidewalk on Lincoln street, from the corner of Center to Academy street. This is right. Ily the way, would it not be well to incor porate into the city regulations, an order by which occupants of dwelling-houses and stores, shall be required to clear the sidewalk of snow in front of their premises during the winter ?_ What say you, city fathers. Significant.—The Portland Inquirer, the free soil paper in Portland, acknowledges that its subscription list has fallen off onc-t/urd lately ! The Portland Light Infantry, accompa nied bv the Portland Brass Band, visited this city on 1- riday last, and returned on Saturday. Ihisisa well diciplined corps, and their appearance in our streets was very imposing. (T/^ The New York Tribune says that the whig primary elections in that city on Wednes day, were signalized in some of the wards ‘ by scenes of disgraceful fraud, rioting and dis order. ’ So then the ‘fraud, rioting and disorder,’ is not entirely confined to the ignorant locofocos.' yy A Kentucky editor, strongly opposed to campmeetings, says he has no notion of camp ing out oti his road to heaven. Poor fellow-, he is propably ra-camped in sin. The present delegation of New York in con gress stands 32 whigs to 1 dera. and 1 free soiler. The democrats should and no doubt will make a very handsome gain in Nov. Or A Boston paper thinks that the popula tion of Andover has greatly increased since the location of the Theological Seminary there !— Blade. Quite likely, what’s to hinder? Ladies’ Cloaks and Cloak Goods.—It ought u. be understood that Jewett <Sp Prescott, No. 2 Milk St., Boston, are au fait in matters ot this kind, and no one should risk a purchase in the city without previously becoming ac- 1 quainted with their assortment. |CyBali.ou, at the Sagadahock Clothing Warehouse, is now prepared to clothe the mil lion on a new and improved plan, as will be seen by his advertisement in another column. Mr. Mollen C. Plummer, of this city, met 1 with a narrow escape Monday. While en gaged in arranging the traces, by which the horse was attached to the cart, the horse kick- ( ed him in the face, tweaking his nose, and bruising his face very badly. i Self Destruction. This crime, the most terrific in the calender of human offences, ap[«ars to be rapidly on the increase. We scarcely take up a paper with out seeing some “awful suicide” announced.— The particulars of the terrible and revolting act are detailed with a minuteness, oftentimes, which is enough to make one sick at heart.— In short, suicide is acquiring a dangerous pop ularity, and those who commit the fearful act, are almost certain of being rewarded with an apotheosis. Were the laws against suicides as stringent at this day as they were in former times, and were there a little less sympathy manifested over the mutilated corpse of the self destroyer, the crime would soon be vastly les sened in its extent, wo think. By an ancient Theban law, it was decreed that the individual who destroyed his own life, should be deprived of his funeral rites, and his name and memory were branded with infamy. The laws of Ath ens against the suicide, were scarcely less se vere. The hand of the self-murderer was struck off and buried apart from his body, as its enemy and traitor. The Grecians, general ly, contemplated suicide as a most heinous of fence. Those who committed it, were classed with the conspirator and such other public or private wretches and offenders as were punished by being impaled on the cross. Abolition of the Slave Trade in the Dis trict. • The following is the bill which has recently passed both houses of Congress for the aboli tion of the Slave Trade in the District of Co lumbia : .! bill to suppress the Slave Trade in the Dis v trict of Columbia. Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the first day of January next, it shall not be lawful to bring into the District of Co lumbia any slave whatever, for the purpose of being placed in depot, to be subsequently trans ferred to any other State or place, to be sold as merchandize. And if any slave shall be brought into said District by its owner, or by the authority or consent of its owner, contrary to the provisions of this act, such slave shall thereupon become liberated and free. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That it shall and may be lawful for each of the corpo rations of the cities of Washington and George town, from time to time, and as often as may lte necessary, to abate, break up, and abolish any depot or place of confinement of slaves brought into the said District as merchandize, contrary to the provision of this act, by such appropriate means as may appear to either of the said corporations expedient and proper — And the same power is hereby vested in the levy court of Washington county, if any at tempt shall be made within its jurisdictional limits, to establish a depot or place of confine, ment for slaves brought into the said District as merchandize for sale contrary to this act. Appointin' nils.—B. W. Hinckley having i been rejected as collector of Penobscot, Me., Charles J. Abbott has been nominated. Mr. Dunning has been rejected as postmaster at Brunswick, Me. Mr. Dunn confirmed as post- 1 master Portland, Me. Philip Greely, Jr., as i Collector of the port of Boston, has also been confirmed. Also the nomination of Mr. Bron son as collector of this port. Collectors—Charles Peters,district of French man’s Bay, Ellsworth, Me.; Jeremiah Bailey, district of YViscasset, Me.; Nathaniel G. Mar shall, York, Me.; Daniel Kilby, Passamaquod dy, (Eastport) Me.; Win. C. Hammett, Ban gor, Me.; Bela B. Haskell, Waldoborough, Me; Maurice C. Blake, Belfast. Surveyors—Jos. Gunnison, for the port of Eastport, Me.; llazaleel Cushman, Portland; W illiam T. Avcrill, Ipswich, Mass.; Allen Put nam, Salem ; I.onson Nash, Gloucester; Thus. Foss, Marblehead. Potato Rot. The impression now appears to be nearly universal that but very few sound potatoes will be harvested this year. In Cum berland County, many fields will not be touch ed, as the stench, in warm days, indicates a general decay of the roots. The same is said to be the case in many sections of Massachu setts, and in towns, where, last season, the dis ease was nearly if not quite unknown. Alas ! the “poor potato.” Verily, we fear its days are numbered, and that the November w inds will sine its renlliem. |0=»The California Mail steamers now leave New York on the 11th and 2uth of each month. Those wishing to send letters thitherward will please take note of this. Journal of Education-. This is the title of a neatly printed sheet just issued by J. T. Hus ton, Esq., of this city. Mr. U. proposes to pub lish the Journal twice a month, as soon as one thousand subscribers can be obtained. It is to be devoted to the interests of Common Schools, and to Scientific and Literary Subjects, and as such commends itself to teachers and educa tional societi'.s. The First Eniversalist Church and So ciety in Lynn, Mass., have, we undsrstand, unanimously invited Rev. E. G. Brooks, of this city,to become tlrcir pastor. Wm. Hayden, appointed postmaster in Bos ton, by Gen. Taylor, has been rejected, and Geo. W. Gordon, Esq., appointed and confirm ed. Several of the citizens of Portland w ho took the California trip, returned by the last arrival of the steamer. They report that most of the citizens who are able, will probably return late in the fall. Lost Vf.ssel Recovered. The schocner Betsey, of Pittston, Me., which was abandoned Iasi July, was found on a reef, near Turks Is land. The cargo! and some of the materials of the hull have beep taken to Grand Key and sold. The Marshal of the colony had seized the goods, and would hold the proceeds of the tales till authority is received from the United States. T he Rockland Gazette announces the death if John O'Brien of Thomaston, formerly \Yar len of the State Prison. It occurred on the 21st ult. Edmund Burke, formerly editor of the Un ion, lias purchased the establishment, in con junction with Mr. Overton, one of the present editors. New Arrangement. The road connecting :he P. P. and S. with the K. and P. Railroad, tiaving been completed, passengers taking the :ars at the station in this city will not be under die necessity of changing, as heretofore, bur will proceed in the same cars to the depot in Boston. The train will leave for Boston at i o'clock A. M., and 12 1-2 P. M. The following Masonic officers were clios !n in Boston last week— Officers of the Gen. Grand R. A. Chap ter of the U. States. M. E. C. Robert P. Dunlap, of Maine, Gen. Jrand High Priest. M. E. C. Jos. K. Stapleton, of Maryland, 3cpuiv Gen. Grand High Priest. M. E. C. Willis Stewart, of Kentucky, Jen. Grand King. M. E. C. Thos. W. Lewis, of Louisiana, Jen. Grand Scribe. I Rev. Paul Kean, of Massachusetts, Gen. i jirand Chaplain. , M. E, C. Benj. B. French, ol 1). C. Gen. Jrand Secretary. CONGRESS. In the Senate, on Tuesday, on motion of Mr. Hale, it was agreed to take a reoess daily, from 4 to 6 o’clock, for the consideration of execu tive business, until the whole was disposed of. Mr. Dickinson moved that the Mexican in demnity bill be taken up. This was agreed to. The remainder of the session until the recess was occupied by Mr. Fremont’s bill to regu late mining in California. In the House, the senate's amendments to the general appropriation bill were ordered to be printed. Mr. Grinnel called up his motion to recon sider the reference of his bill allowing Canadi an vessels to discharge in American ports on terms of reciprocity. He moved that the bill be committed to the committee on commerce, with instructions to amend with a protection clause. The senate amendments to the bill establish ing post routes and the Oregon land bill were also passed. A resolution was introduced ordering a suit against the late secretary Crawford. A motion was made by Mr. Preston King to suspend the rules for the introduction of a bill to abolish slavery in the District of Colum bia, which was lost 52 to 109. In the Senate, on Wednesday, the bill to regulate the pension of officers and marines was debated, and a proposition extending its pro visions was rejected. The bill was then or dered to be engrossed. The resolution of the house fora suit against Mr. Craw ford came up for discussion. The bill for regulating the commissary de partment, after being amended, was passed.— The bill to regulate mining in California was thoroughly debated, amended and passed. The senate then proceeded to the considera tion of the Indian appropriation bill, (lending which the senate look a recess. In the House, the bill in favor of land grants for asylums, was referred to the committee of the whole. After a full discussion the committee rose, and reported the army bill without amendment, and ordered the debate to be closed. The house again went into eommittee, when a debate arose concerning the responsibility of the heavy appropriations. The chair on Thursday laid before the S-ri ot'’, the report of the expenditure of the war department for the last fiscal year. Mr. Shields called up the bill granting boun ty lands to the soldiers of the war of 1812.— The bill was ordered to be engrossed. The Indian appropriation bill was taken up. Amendments were offered and discussed till the hour of taking recess. The House went into committee of the whole on the army appropriation bill. Mr. Meade offered an additional section, w hich was agreed to—that it shall be the duty of the secretary of war to discharge anv soldier who at the time ot enlistment is under age, twenty-one years, on evidence being produced that the enlistment was without the consent of the parents or guardian. This dispenses with the habeascorpus act in such cases. The eom mittee rose, w hen all the amendments were concurred in and the bill was passed. In the Senate on Friday, Mr. Sebastian mov ed. and after a long debate, the senate added to the Indian appropriation bill over a million of dollars to pay the award to the Cherokees;— and the bill was ordered to be engrossed. The bill appointing commissioners to ascer tain and settle the private land claims in the state of California was then taken up. Mr. Foote directly accused Mr. Fremont of seeking and urging legislation over the gold lands of California for his own private interest ami ben efit. l'his Mr. Fremont warmly repelled, and the two soon became involved in a personal struggle and fight. Mr. Foote's blows brought blood, and there was much confusion. The combatants were separated by senator Clarke. Lots of nominations were received, and the seriate adjourned at 9 o'clock. In the House, on motion of Mr. Bayly, it was, after strenuous opposition, voted to close debate on the civil and diplomatic appropriation bill in five minutes. The amendment appropriating ten thousand dollars tor the expenses ot the I urkish mission to this country being read, Mr. Bayly said it was an unfortunate moveto put this in the bill, but since the committee of foreign affairs and secretary of state recommended it he would not \ vote to strike it out. Mr. McCleraand and Mr. Taylor supported the appointment. The House took a recess from four to six o clock. Wo do not loam what was done from 0 to!), but the three hours from 9 to T2 were spent in a contest over the proposed extra allowance to Mr. Ritchie on his printing contract. The proposition was thorougly defeated. The Senate took up the naval appropriation , bill, and after considerable discussion about the j contracts for the Atlantic and Pacific mail steamers, that section was passed unchanged. ! The House took tip and passed the bounty land bill, agreeing to all the senate amendments j excepting the one providing for the officers and J men of the navy. The Indian appropriation hill was then taken up, and most of the senate amendments agreed to. Closing Scene.—A despatch says the two houses were in session all Friday night. A large number of members started for their homes on Saturday morning, senator Clay among them, from which it is inferred that the leading business of the session is over. The Senate on Monday, met at ten o'clock, went into executive session, opened doors, and quietly adjourned at 12 o'clock. The House met at 11 o'clock, a quorum be ing present, and a beautifully touching prayer was offered by Rev. Mr. Gurley. The speaker signed the remaining bills.— The house refused to suspend the rules to put on passage a bill lor the relief of Mrs. Lynch. Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, moved a recon sideration, which motion was postponed till next session. Various ineffectual efforts were made to get up private bills, amid much tumult. All was hurry and confusion. 11 3-4 o'clock—The committee reported that the President had no communication to make. Veas and nays were calling and were half through. At 12 o’clock the hammer fell, and the ses sion was pronounced closed. [Applause.]— The House, lobbies and galleries were all much crowded. The members rushed to the area to exchange good wishes on departing for their homes. Farewell. Jenny I.ixd Conceut. The concert came off last evening to a crowded house, and as far as we can learn the audience were extremely well pleased. TheTe was a great deal of enthusi asm displayed, and the crowd dispersed at an early hour. Ihe Lind Mania. Before dark, last evenin'1 the sidewalks in the neighborhood of Tremont Temple were crowded, and continued to be so until after the concert was concluded. A por tion of the street, nearest the house, was kept dear by ropes, under the direction of the Po lice ; to prevent confusion, the carriages with holders of tickets were required to drive down Tremont street-half the street being open— tnd follow in regular order singly, to the door )f the house. The carriages extended in this manner, for a long distance down Tremont St. 1 Two large gas lights, in form of a star were put ' up in front of the Tremont House, and during be evening a Drummond light was displayed :rom the upper room in the Temole.—Boston Atlas. ■--- I Loss of American Fishing Vessels.—Advices : rom St. John, N. B., mention a report that 13 1 \meriean fishing vessels were ashore on Cape Breton. Many that rode out the gale had suf ered the loss of rigging, chains and anchors. 1 \ fishing vessel belonging to Portland, Me., I las been totally lost, with all hands, fourteen , n number. I Harrisburg, Sept. 30.—The slaves who vere confined some time since for riot, after )eing liberated on a charge of borse stealing, ' vere (his afternoon brought before U. S. t Commissioner McAllister under the fugitive g lave law, when their identity was proved, c md they were delivered to their owners, i vho took them back to Virginia by railroad i vitbout molestation, I 'Terrible Conflagration at ITIonnt On Wednesday morning, the 25th instant, about one o'clock, fire was discovered issuing from the stable connected with Blossom's Ho tel,atMt. Vernon Village. As a strong north west wind was blowing at the time, and there ing no engines in the place, the flames spread wnh alarming rapidity, until, in about two hours fifteen buildings were burned, including every store in the place, the post office, E. Kempton, Jr's, law office, Dr. Thing's office, Blossom's tavern with stable and out buildings, and several dwelling houses, including Messrs. Thing's. Six valuable horses and one cow were burned in the stable. All the records of the post office were burned, nothing being sav- I ed but the letters for delivery. The amount of goods and furniture saved is very small. Total loss $17,200—whole amount of insu rance about $5000. This fire is supposed to be the work of an incendiary, and on Wednesday afternoon a meeting of the citizens was called to adopt measure for discovering the true cause of the fire. Suspicion now rests on an indi vidual who had threatened to destroy the prop erty of Mr. Blossom, and was heard to declare that there would be “ a d-d great muster in Mt. Vernon before long. Oy A writer in the London Chronicle thus defines the various steps of reasoning which j have caused so deep an interest to be felt in j Ireland and England on the subject of Tenant Rights, and a new land law by which the ten ant shall acquire rights by his improvements on the soil ; 1. That Ireland is in an universally unsound condition. 2. That its agricultural population are per ishing from oppression—crushed to the earth by ‘ preposlerious' rents—and discouraged from improving the lands by reason of the utter inse curity of their tenure. 3. That the Irish landlord, by reason of his overwhelming embarrassments, cannot afford to be just, even if he were so inclined. 4. That the incumbered estates commission, though, no doubt, productive of very great good can only have a partial operation, and has hith erto merely substituted one Irish landlord for another. 6. That this being so, it is obviously just he should have some means of getting compen sation for such improvements at the end of his tenancy. 7. That there is no possible way of getting him that compensation, except by means of such a law as the tenant-farmers seek. Convinced by these arguments, protestant and catholic have united; hostile pulpits have slackened their tire, and charity begins to bloom amid the charred deposits of past conflict. An unusual unity and cordiality seems to animate all classes, and a tangible promise of future good is pendant in the path of Ireland. We cannot but wish success to this move ment, which commends itself both to our sym pathies and understandings, and we will con tinue to watch its progress with considerable anxiety. ty The Lowell Courier, an able and influ ential w hig paper, thus speaks in reference to the measures which have recently been passed by congress:— “ A series of very important measures has just passed the two branches of congress—re presenting all the different interests of the coun try—and they are measures of compromise and conciliation. Where so much diversity of sen timent has existed, it is too much too expect that they should correspond with the individual w ishes and opinions of all, it is believed that they w ill meet the views of a majority, and be cheerfully acquiesced in, as the forerunner of harmony and peace to the I’nion. The passage of the Fugitive Slave bill and of the Texas boundary bill should lie regarded by the south as an offset or an equivalent to the admission of California and the abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia. The territorial or ganizations lie between these two extremes, and as the Wilmot proviso has been waived by congress, the south must not be surprised to find the people of the territories applying to the slavery restriction in their own capacity, as those of California have done. It is a great thing to have these questions settled, and on a basis, to which the intelligent, candid anil honest of all parties can yield an honorable and cordial acquiescence. The north w ill accept this new sy3temof measures as a guarantee and a pledge for the integrity and perpetuity of the I'iiion. L'he south must accept it in a similar spirit, and, by an exhibition of that patriotism which should belong to every American, with out reference to sectional lines, discountenance and frown down every attempt of the ultraists in their midst, to create disaffection and discord among the people. Vernon! IjEwis "fASoiUMAor the Mississippi, lhe Portland Advertiser says "this panorama is certainly superior to any other ever painted in this country. It is not a stereotyped map, but a succession of magnificent pictures. Perhaps no river in the world, not excepting the Rhine exhibits as great a variety of scenery, or as many picturesque views as the Upper Missis sippi. These are represented on the canvas with a life-like reality—the artist sketching nature as she sat for her portrait; the wild and the tame, the abrubt and the tranquil, civilized and savage, with all the varied effects of day light, sunset, starlight and storm, are all given in vivid reality.” This panorama will be on exhibition at the City Hall, this week. See advertisement in an other column. Lost Overdoauii. Mr. Edward Pinkham, seaman on board schooner Ruth S. Ilodgdon, Gardner, master,was lost overboard on Tuesday night, 24th inst., off Cape Negro, N. S., while taking in flying jib. He belonged to Boothbay —and was a young man without a family. At the organization meeting of the Kennebec Telegraph Company, holden at Hallowell, Sep. 25th, Holmes Tupper, of Hallowell, was chosen President, and Simon Page, Secretary. We understand that Mr. Jewett’s ap pointment to the office of Collector of Portland has been confirmed. ST A large anti exceedingly brilliant meteor was seen on Monday evening, about !) o'clock, passing through the heavens, from east to west. It left in its trail a bright haze of considerable length, which remained fifteen or twenty min utes distinctly visible. Drotcned.—Capt. George B. Galley, of Mount Desert, Me. was drowned on the 8th ult., from the capsizing of his boat. lie leaves a wife and four young children. On the 12th, Capt. V m. Tuckerman, of the Isle of Shoals was drowned while on the passage to Portsmouth. William L. Wood has eloped from Spring eld with Mrs. Dow his wife’s nurse. I wo cars ago Mrs. Dow’s husband ran away with ae widow of W. L. Wood s brother. Failure in lfeu> York.—It is reported that Howard & Son. of the Empire and Crescent City line of steamships for Chagres, suspended payment on Monday morning, their notes being i protested at the City Bank, ^ The Daily State Register, the Fillmore or- i ran at Albanv, came out on Monday, leaving j jut the nominations of the Syracuse conven- I ion, and stating its reasons for following the < lecedcrs, who have called another whig slate ‘ ’onvention at Utica, on the 17th of October,- < l’hey distinguish themselves as ‘‘national < whigs,” and have adopted an address from the 1 pen of Mr. Ducr. 1 Arrival of the Niagara^ LATER FROM EUROPE. The steamship arrived at N. York on Fri day morning, from Liverpool Sept. 14. The political news, as a general thing is ex ceedingly dull. The new steamship Africa was to leave Liv erpool on the 21th, for N. York. France.—The revision of the French con stitution is again talked of. Serious distur bances have occurred sooth of Lyons, in the department of Lyonnis, but they have since been suppressed. Stories are circulated of a reconciliation between the two families of tho lloorbons. Lieutenant Gale, the asronaut, is dead. | Prussia.—The Berlin cabinet have resolved not to allow Austria to interfere in the Hol stein troubles. In the electorate of Hesse Cas sel a stale of seige has been proclaimed, and suvenil nawitpapers seized. A partial ratiticaiion of the treaty of peace has been exchanged at Berlin. Seventeen , states of Germany approve of it. Austria and Hungary.—The Austrian 1 government has issned a record of all those who were put to death by the Hungarians— cither hy sentence of their court-martials, or ; by their tribunals in Hungary, and Transylva nia. Burglars ArrestEttr—On Tuesday night last, the store of Messrs. Pulton,in Ellsworth | was broken open, and robbed of goods io iho amount of $500,or thereabouts. It wag found that ihe burglars hail left by water, and I they were pursued down the bay. Their Itoar, with Ihe goods, was found a; Bartlett's Island, and it was supposed hy iheir piirsu ! ers, that by securing their boat they hail the ! rascals sure. But ii was found that they had lelt the island on n ralt, stolen another boat at Hurd Wood Island, and escaped to Brook lin. They were finally taken on Saturday night, anil lodged in jail at Ellsworth. The names ot the burglars we learn are Farntiin. They were both underage. They are proba bly the same who broke into one or more stores in Much ins. uvo or three nights pre vious.—Belfast Jour. Rape and Robbery.--A respectable young i girl n; Lawrence, who had become acqunint ! ed with a fellow by the name of Pinkhatn, of Dover, N. H., was decoyed by bint, one eve ning last week, into a piece of woods, where tie with two other scamps seized her, and all three violated her person. Not content with ibis, they robbed Iter of her purse anil rings. ; Pinkliatn tiuil one ol bis associates, Klbrtdge I’ike, of Newburyport, were arrested oo Mon day, nt Ameshury. The third is yet at large, but the arrest of the scoundrel is certain.— Boston Daily Mail. The Republican Journal learns bv a pri vate letter Irotn California that nine-tenths of the population would return to the States I iftltey bad the means. Mr. Griffin, we learn lies very sick at San Francisco, anil Mr. Rowe is in it pour stale ol iienlth at Sacru I memo. First Case under the Fugitive Slave Bill.—A colored man named James Hamlet, who ab sconded from his owner, Mrs. Brown, of Balti more, about t way ears ago, and has resided in New York ever since, was arrested on Friday under the provisions of the fugitive slave bill, and conveyed before U. S. commissioner Gard iner. The proof as to his identity, and of his being the property of Mrs. Brown, was conclu sive, and the necessary certificate was given by the commissioner, authorizing his removal back to the state of Maryland Hamlet was handed over to the custody of the IT. S. marshal, who despatched a sufficient number of his officers to accompany the agent of the owner, to prevent a rescue, and the party started immediately on their way to Maryland. Hamlet, it is said, has a wife and children in New York.—Post. Dreadful Accident. New York, Srpl^SS. —A dreadful accident has just happened at tho foot of Canal street. As the Pacific was bark ing out for her trip to Liverpool she wars struck by the tide, bringing her against the ponder ous shed erected there, anti tearing it down ;— many persons tire said to have been killed— but full particulars are not yet ascertained.— The steamer will not sail to-day. Later accounts say that but one life Was lost. Washinyton, Sept. 2S.—Tho Foote and F’rc mont difficulty has been amietddy settled.— Fremont sent a note to Foote demanding a re traction of the language used by him in debate to be signed in presence ol wit nesses,and a note containing a challenge was left in case of refus al. Foote declined to sign the paper, but ad dressed a note in reply to Fremont disclaiming any intention ot giving personal offence in the : language Used by him in debate. 'Idle friends of both parties considered this satisfactory to Fremont, but at bis instance the note ot Foote was submitted to Mr. Benton, a lto consented to the arrangement. The following card is the result:— “.4 Card.—Washington. 28th Sept. The undersigned are authoriz 'd to state that the difficulty between the Hon. 11. S. Foote and the Hon. J. C. Fremont, growing ont of certain expressions used by the former in relation to the California bill in the senate last evening, has been adjusted satisfactorily to both those gentlemen. Signed—A. S. Dodge, \Vm. Gwinn, Win. W. Sibley, H M. Price." A Good Man Fallen. Ii will be seen by reference to a communication under our obitu ary head that Dr, Silas Holman is no more. It is not our intention to write his eulogy, of in speaking of the deceased, to follow in the hacknied path of the panegyrist, but when we say that he was a kind and affectionate com panion, an indulgent, and a good citizen, we feel that we utter that which will meet with a hearty response from all whokn?w him. That he possessed talent of a high order, no one can doubt who heard those masterly lectures, en titled “The trial of King Alcohol,*’ “The Ser pent and the bottle,” which he delivered in several places some fifteen years ago. In him the cause of Temperance has lost a talented, bold and consistent advocate, and society a valuable member.—Gardiner Fountain. From Hayti.—Dates from Gonaives to the 8th ult., have been received here by brig D. K. Aikin. The emperor Solouquc has not been assassinated. There was no coffee to be had, the old crop being all gone. Logwood w as scarce and high. Henry T Clay, an inhabitant of Massachu setts, and an alleged owner of certain lteal Es tate in the city of Gardiner, has filed a Bill in Equity before the Circuit Court of the United States, now sitting at Cortland, praying for an Injunction against the Treasurer and other au thorities of the city of Gardiner, inhibiting them from issuing any bonds of tho city, by way of loan of iis credit to 10 the Kennebec and Portland Railroad Company. The mandates are returnable the 1st Monday of November ! next — Argus. The Alleged Burning of Sacramento City— The Springfield Republican adds the following testimony adverse to the credulity of the ru mor of the burning of Sacrameato City :— Dr. Rridgeman, of Chicopee, came down on the Senator. He left Sacramento City at 3 o'clock on the i4th, and states to us his opinion that the rebellion was at that time suppressed, and that there would be no serious difficulty farther. The rumor of the burning of the city Dr. B. supposes to have arisen from the burn ing of the prarie, which had been on fire in the vicinity for two or three days. Death of Lieut. G u.e. The Bordeax pa pers contain details of the death of Lieutenant Uale, the aeronaut. Ho asoemled upon the back of a pony, and at a short distance from' the city, made a successful descent. The pony was detached, and while he was in the act of exhausting the remaining gas hi* anchor gave way, and the balloon being relieved of its chief weight, rose suddenly. The Iree by which the anchor held snapped, and the shock upset the car. Tho lieutenant clung to the ropes, and in this state was carried a mile and a quarter, when he dropped, either with the balloon, or before it fell. His dead body, with all the limbs broken, was found in a wood— He has left a wife and eight children. He was engaged for twelve nights at £90 each, free of expense. It is said that the Prefect of Police in Paris intends to prohibit all balloon ascents out of the usual node of performance.