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A Journal of Political and General News—An Advocate of Equal Rights.
V0L- Vn-_BATH, MAINE, THURSDAY MOItNING, OCTOBER 21, 1852. NO. 18. SUasr Hufcttirtro I* PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING BY GEO. E. NEWMAN. OJlce in North end of Pierce’s Block, third st*>ry, cor ner of Broad and Front Sts. T3RM3—One dollar and fifty cents per annum, if paid strictly ix advance; one dollar seventy-five cents within stc months ; two dollars, if payment is delayed to the end of the year. U" Any person who will send us tive good subscribers, hsall be entitled to a copy of the paper for one year. ryXo paper trill be discontinued until l arrearages are paid, unless at the option of the publisher. ,-j-y Single copies, four cents—for sale at the office, and at Stearns’ Periodical Depot, Centre St. Advertise*knts inserted at the usual rates. ^y All letters and communications to be addressed rosr paid, to the Publisher, Bath, Me. 8. M. Pettenoill «fc Co., Newspaper Advertising 1 Agents, No. 10 State Street, and V. B. Palmer, Scollay’s j Building, Court Street, Boston, are Agents for this paper, and are authorized to receive Advertisements and 1 Subscriptions for us at the same rates as require 1 at this i office. Their receipts are regarded as payments. POL ITIC A L. j The Two Candidates—A Contrast. Ignoring the principles of public policy for i which they have heretofore contended, and 1 studiously avoiding any discussion of the ques tions really in issue, the whig party are mak- j ing a systematic effort to stake the result of the [ approaching election upon the military reputa- 1 lion of their candidate. And they are not con tent to paint him as he is; but, to commend him to the admiration of the country, they clothe him with virtues which are foreign tu liis nature, and give him credit for deeds of valor which he never performed. The truth of history is shamefully outraged, the well earned reputation of other gallant men plun dered of its brightest gems, and the achieve ments of their genius and their valor appro priated to one who is willing to strut in plumes plucked from the illustrious dead, and delights tn a glory of which their memory has been robbed. The fame of Worth, of Duncan, of Jesup, of McNeil, of Brown, and other brave men, has been pillaged to deck the brow of Winfield Scott with laurels which he does not blush to wear. And to heighten the splendor of his renown, his profligate partizans never weary of depreciating the services and defam ing the reputation of his competitor for the presidency, as they have depreciated the ser vices and defrauded the reputation of his rivals in arms. From the whig press we hear as much of the obscurity of Franklin Pierce as we hear of the glory of Winfield Scott; and while the one is painted as a hero endowed with every virtue, and capable of any achieve ment, the other is represented as destitute even [ of the qualities which compose the character! of the most ordinary and commonplace individ- j nal. There is no need that we should correct the i misrepresentations of the whig press in respect to the character and qualifications of General Scott and General Pierce, by giving a just es timate of tbe merits of the two men. The country will do ibis. No excess of extrava gant and unmerited eulogy can convince the American people that General Scott is any thing more than a competent and successful soldier, and no amount of misrepresentation can disguise the radical and prominent defects of his character Neither is it within the pow er of the defamer to depreciate those solid and j substantial qualities, that stern integrity, that | keen sagacity, that profound wisdom, that res- j olute courage, that cautious prudence, and that j ardent patriotism, of which the character of General Pierce is and has ever been, the bril liant illustration. The conduct of the two men since they have been before the people for the highest office in their gift gives a just conception of their character, and satisfies ev ery impartial mind that in intrinsic worth, and in all the elements ol true greatness, Franklin Pierce as far excels Winfield Scott as Win- ! field Scott surpasses him in the trappings and ! tinsel of a meretricious glory. The whig candidate procured the nomina- j lion of his party by intrigue and personal so- ; licitation. Never doubting in his excessive j vanity that he was fully equal to all the du ties and responsibilities of the chief magistracy of this vast country, he began years ago to display that ambition to be President which has impelled him to so many ridiculous exhi- | bitions, and to such unworthy arts. Defer- ' ence to the superior claims of others never re strained him in his intrigues fur the nomination ofliis parly; nor did principle interpose any obstacle between him and the object of his im patient ambition. After years of tortuous in trigue and clamorous solicitation, he was made a candidate for the presidency by a traitorous faction, to whose fanatic passions he pandered, and who effected his nomination by trampling in the dust the best and purest men of his par ty. And at last he. had to purchase the nomi nation of the Baltimore Convention by a prom ise which he has not yet redeemed. He could not stand aloof from the contentions of the convention, and he degraded the dignity of his position by descending to an humble though insecure appeal for the support of the South.— And now, since he is a candidate for the presi dency, his conduct is, if possible, still more un worthy and reprehensible. On pretence of the public service, he projected, and is now prose cuting, an electioneering campaign for the presidency of the United States 1 He travels about to enlist the sympathy of the people by exhibiting his wounds, and to excite their ad miration by pompous allusions to his own achievements. For the vote of the ‘foreign er,’ to whom but a few years ago be would have denied the rights and franchises of free- | men, he now supplicates by imitating the low ! arts and fawning hypocrisy of the pot-house politician. Theory of the Irishman once fired j him with indignation ; but now he loves to hear the ‘rich brogue’ when it shouts his j praise. He generously divides his heart i among the eager partizans who applaud the harangues of the‘war-worn soldier. Such is j the conduct of the whig candidate for the pres- ; idency—conduct which tarnishes the lustre of his renown, degrades thecharacter uf the coun try, and brings discredit upon the exalted posi tion to which he aspires. To him, however, who cites it in reproach of our country, it may be replied, that as such a spectacle was never witnessed before, so the feeling which it ex cites among all respectable men is a sufficient guarantee that jsawill never be witnessed again. The modest and dignified demeanor of Franklin Pierce, is worthy of the man, of the great party he represents, and of the high of fice for which he is proposed. So far from seeking a nomination for the presidency, he studiously discuuntenanced every friendly effort to attain the honor for him ; and when it was unexpectedly and spontaneously bestowed upon him, he accepted it with a candid confession of his own unworthiness, and a declaration of re liance upon a superior wisdom. Since his nomination he has continued in the prosecution of his private pursuits, carefully avoiding all public displays and every semblance of a wish to influence the choice of his countrymen.— Should they call him from his retirement to the head of the government, he would bring to their service no unchaste ambition, and no sel fish purpose, but a heart anxious only for the glory of his country, and hands unstained by a participation in arts and intrigues unworthy of a candidate for the most exalted position on earth. Is it imagined that <he people can be insen sible to this striking contrast ? Is it thought that they can regard with favor, or even with indifference, the extraordinary conduct of the w hig candidate, who prostitutes his position as commander-in-chief of the army to the lowest party purposes, and traverses the country, like a mendicant, begging the peoplo to elect him President? And, on the contrary, does any body suppose that the people are incapable of appreciating the lofty demeanor, the combined dignity and delicacy of him, who, as he ] scorned to intrigue for the nomination, now scorns to intrigue for the election ?— Washing- ' ton Union. More Whig Testimony. S. E. Cones, Esq., of Portsmouth, a retired merchant, and a gentleman well known in the literary and scientific world, whose political j predilections have always been with the Whig party, publishes in the Boston Post, a review of Hawthorne’s life of Pierce. As the Post; well says : ‘While the vulgar and depraved are so busy in their assaults upon the character and fame of the Democratic nominee for the Presidency, it is pleasant to observe that no gentleman of either political party, who has enjoyed Gen. Pierce's acquaintance and confi dence at any period of his life, has given coun tenance to these mendacious attacks. The in tercourse between Mr. Cones and Gen. Pierce commenced in 1812, w hile the latter was a student at law in the office of the late Judge Woodbury. It soon ripened into friendship, which, although differing widely in political Dpinions anil action, and both at times taking prominent parts on opposite sides, has never been interrupted. It is due to the honorable, high-toned gentlemen of the whig party, and to the unalmlitionized conductors of the whig press generally in New England, that we ac knowledge a degree of fairness and candor, which we shall ever be happy to reciprocate. Ii is not from such men as Bei.j. F. Farley, Ichabud Bartlett, James Bell, Joel Eastman, Ira Perley, George Y. Sawyer, Daniel Abbot, E. D. Sanborn, or any gentleman of the whig parly of their class, that you hear disparaging remarks of the character, qualities and talents of Franklin Pierce.’ We give the concluding portion of Mr. ; Uoues’ notice. After testifying to the truth- | fulness, candor and ability with which Mr. [ Hawthorne has accomplished his work, the reviewer says: Franklin Pierce is presented as a distinct nan, not as one of the well-known class of politicians. The reader will know the candi iale characteristically. He will have before aim a man of good sense, of sound political sa- ■ jaeitv, aide and ready to attend to Ins doty in its most minute details—a man of prompt de cision, self-confident—one who, from early life, has always swayed the opinions and influ enced the characters of his associates. Mr. Hawthorne has an appreciation of, and ihe power of depicting the underlying trails of character, to w hich General Pierce is indebted for his prominent position. It is to the candi date’s warm and generous sympathies that he owes his nomination. There is no one ac quainted with Gen. Pierce who questions his sound sense and political wisdom, hut while there are many men of good talents and politi cal experience, there are indeed few w ho unite with these qualifications for the office of Presi dent the qualities which call out in so high a degree, personal regard, and warm, heartfelt attachment. It iias been said that the secret of the political success of Gen. Pierce is his gen tlemanly manners and courteous demeanor.— The reason lies deeper than this. His man ners are captivating because lie is of warm sympathies. He is interested in 1 he happi ness of those around biin. This gives the manner. It is nothing put on for eflect. It is the ‘visible’ of something far more valuable than the politeness itself. Gen. Pierce js not a gentleman for the par lor only, or from the knowledge of etiquette, and from its use, to buy golden opinions. Ills suavity of maimer is a part of the man, and is as apparent in the free intercourse of private life as when the eye of the world rests upon him. It is not only as the incumbent of the chair of stale that he would he dignified and courteous, but in the sick chamber of a friend, in the time of affliction and trial, the sufferer would feel that there were lovely trails of character, of which the outward courtesy was but the expression. We speak from experi ence. The writer of this notice is not a political parlizan. He docs not discuss the question of poiiucal opinions. He knows ilmt Gen. Pitrce has been successful in all bis public trusls; he knows of bis industry nod talents as a lawyer; of bis activity, firmness and courage as a soldier; of bis integrity as a man; and believes that bis administration will be honorable to bigiself and useful to bis country. II is opinions area matter of record ; and every one will judge of them according to bis political ami mental bias.— Bui it is right and fitting tor the writer of ibis nonce to bear his testimony in the puri ty of character, lo the high moral traits, io the nobleness of disposition, winch make the ho»l ol Gen. Pieice’s Iriends so highly gratified by bis iioniimition, and so ardently liopelul oi his election. S. E. C, To the Fishermen of Maine. The British Government have proclaimed, and enforced by rnen-ol-war, a novel cun- j si ruction of a irualy over tinny yeais old, to which ihe American Government, with unsurpassed cowaidice, have tamely sub miiteil. Wiihout giving notice of their intentions, the British Government have robbed our in dustrious fishermen oI scores of vessels, nnd of lens of thousands of dollars worth of property, ihus throwing i„,o poverty hun dreds of men, women and children. Is ii not so, Fishermen of Maine? And what have pur adminisiraiiun done to pro tect your interests, in this inaner? What should they have done ? The answer is plain to hotli questions_ They have done nothing. Your property has been allowed to be taken ami condemned by some peiiy court, and the avails have gone into the pockets of British officials. True, they did send one naval vessel to that sta tion. It remained for three weeks—ihe of ficers were feasted by the British aristocracy —and ihe fishing craft were seized from un d«r the very gnns of our man-of-war. What should have been dene ? What would old Hickory have done —or James K. Polk or any democratic administration P— i hey would have sent at once an ample na val force; they would have re-taken the cap tured vessels; and they would have protect ed at the cannon’s mouth, the just rights of the fishermen. They would have said to England, at once, ‘You must stop this pirat ical business, treaty or no treatv, or we will give you a new edition of the convincing ar guments of 1775 and 1812. If you wish to discuss that treaty, discuss—we are ready for you—hut in the meantime don’t you lay a finger upon an American vessel.’ But, say the wliigs, this might involve us in war with England. No fear of that.— The British Government could not be kicked into a fight with (his country. Experience has taught them better. And had a demo cratic administration been ill power, this out rage would never have happened. They trusted to the compliant disposition of whig gerv for immunity, and they trusted uot in vain. We are opposed to war, when pence can be maintained on honorable terms—hut not otherwise. Better have another set-to with England, than allow her to insult our flag, mid rob our citizens. In truth, prompt cotir nge is the surest way to secure peace. Fishermen of Maine! tins wrong will continue just so long as whiggery is in pow er. The Past guarantees no redress ; on liie contrary, the Future would be much more ahundutii in the harvest of wrong do ing. Your only security lies in electing a man like Franklin Tierce, whose whole interest is with the laboring classes, and whose bold and decisive character has justly won lor him the title of Young Hickory.— Argus. Billy Bowlegs in New York. Oil Saturday morning, previous 10 his de parture from New York lor Savannah, Billy, the great Seminole chief visited the City Hall, and was introduced to the mayor, and in reply to a question from him, said, with such ail air satisfaction, ‘I whipped old Tay lor,' that everbody laughed. Mayor —If you could only whip old Pierce for us in the same way Billy, interrupting—I don't want to whip Pierce—General Scon you mean. I whipped him before. (Renewed laughter.) Billy seeming quite delighted with the pic tures, and on being brought opposite to that ol fhe late General Taylor, be gazed at it si lently, and on being asked il he knew ihe old lellow, said : ‘Yes, 1 knew the old fellow very well. I licked hint, too.' (Roars of laughter.) Billy made this observation with evident satisfaction, and accompanied it with a nearly laugh, and immediately afier lie preceded to give an account of the battle, but the English language failed him in ex pressing his ideas. He was then brought to see the likeness of General Scott, at tli^ other end of the room, and on being asked if he knew him, he replied, ‘Yes, I ought to know him. I licked him.' (Laughter. He was next shown the tine portrait ot Washing ton, and was told thru he was ‘die big fath er.* He fixt-d his eyes upon it for some mo ments, and appeared buried in profound revery. He then asked how many years was it since he went to the Great Spirit, and how many presidents had succeeded Wash ington. Billy, in taking leave of his New York friends at the wharf, showed a good deal of feeling, and said, in shaking hands with some, *Bless you ! thank you ! thank !’ Am Honest Man's Opinion. The Hop kinsville Post says : A very intelligent Cenilemnn, of ihe name of Young, from Huntsville, Ala., passed through our city on Tuesday evening last, oil his way from Bos ton home. The whig gentlemen standing hv,asked him his opinion in regard to the Presidential election. He replied: ‘Gentle men, since the nomination I have traveled through twenty-five of ihe States of the Un ion, and the conclusion I have formed has been arrived at with great reluctance. 1 al ways have been and still am a whig, and shall vote for Scott. But, gentlemen, Pierce will certainly he elected hy an overwhelm ing majority. In all my travels I have not met with a single democrat who will not voie for Pierre. The wings are divided ev erywhere. 1 have talked politics wherever I found people disposed to converse on politi cal subjects, and I am firmly convinced that Gen. Scott has not the slightest chance of being elected.’ Scott’s Lots for Foreigners. — It is pecu liarly refreshing at this time, when Gen. Scott and his whippers in are making such protesta tions of love for foreigners, to iind the folio x ing expression of his real sentiments : “YOU ARE INSTRUCTED NOT TO ENLIST FOREIGNERS. FOR THE RAT TALION OF ST. PETRUCIA HAS TAUGHT US THAT FOREIGNERS CANNOT BE TRUSTED.”— Gen. Scott's Instructions to liis Recruiting Officers during the Mexican War. Tliis was before be bad cooled from that “indignation” with which he wns “fired” up when lie sat “in my parlor” in the Asior House. — Trenton True American. Democrats ok Maine!—Tiie whigs are boas ling iliat they will carry the suite for Scott through your supineness. They say you are so roiif'ideot of your power that you neglect the means usually employed to bring out your strength, while your opponents are making the most sireiumus efforts 10 con quer you by surprise. We know von only want a hint ol this to be on your guard, and to secure such a ilemonstniitoo in favor of the national democratic ticket as will leave the Srmtites not an inch of ground to stand on. ‘Up and at ’em !’—Boston Post. Capital Illustration.—Senator Knsk, referring to the fact that any proposition brought before Congress now. is sure to pro duce a vast number of political speeches and a large amount of political capital, said, that the fact called to tiis mind an incident. He was present on one occasion at an Indian • talk,’ when a man drove op with a barrel of whiskey ; an old Indian sitting by, fixed bis eye on the barrel, and after looking earnestly fur some time, asked Mr. R. if he knew what was in the barrel, lie said it was whiskey be presumed. ‘No,’ said the Indian, 'there are about a thousand songs and fifty fights in that barrel!' Rt. Rev. the Bishop (Burgess) of Maine, in bis address before ihe late Convention ol that Diocese, states the following laet:—'On Thursday, (he 9th of Ociober, 1 laid the cor ner stone of Grace Church, Bath, with ap propriate solemnities and an address. The past year has brought 10 light the fact that almost within sight of that spot, the colony under Popliam, in 1007, actually built wiiliin their fort a rude church ; and has also dis closed the name of Richard Seymour, a clergyman of the Church of England, who accompanied that colony, and performed the first religious worship ever known in New Eng land. A singular interest was added to our services by recollections like these.’ MISCELLANY. “ Who Murdered Downie ?” About the end of the eighteenth century, whenever any student of Marischal College, Aberdeen, incurred the displeasure of the hum : bier citizens, he was assailed with the question * who murdered Downie V Reply and rejoind er generally brought on a collision between j ‘ town and gown although the young gen ; tlernen were accused of what was chronologi cally impossible. People have a right to be angry at being stigmatized as murderers, when their accusers have probability on their side ; but the ‘ taking off' of Downie occurred when the gownsmen, maligned, were in swaddling clothes. But there was a time, when to be branded as an accomplice in the slaughter of Richard Downie, made the blood run to the cheek of many a youth, and sent him home to his books, thoughtful and subdued. Downie was sacrist or janitor at Marischal College. One of his duties consisted in securing the gate by a cer tain hour; previous to which all the students had to assemble in the common hall, where a Latin prayer was delivered by the principal.— Whether in discharging this function, Downie was more rigid than his predecessors in office, or whether he became stricter in the perform ance of it at one time than another, cannot now be ascertained ; but there can be no doubt that he closed the gate with austere punctuality.— and that those who were not in the common hall within a minute of the prescribed time were shut out, and were afterwards reprimand ed and fined by the principal and professors.— The students became irritated at this strictness, and took every petty means of annoying the sacrist; he, in his turn applied the screw at other points of academic routine, and a fierce war soon began to rage between the collegians and the humble functionary. Downie look care that in all his proceedings he kept within the strict letter of the law ; but his opponents were not so careful, and the decisions of the rulers were uniformly against them, and in favor of Downie. Reprimands and fines hav ing failed in producing due subordination, rus tication, suspension, and even the extreme sen tence of expulsion had to be put in force ; and in the end, law and order prevailed. But a secret and deadly grudge continued to be en tertained against Downie. ^ arious schemes of revenge were thought of. Downie was in common with teachers and taught, enjoying the leisure of the short New \ear’s vacation—the pleasure no doubt being greatly enhanced by the anuoya.'vcts to which he had been subjected during the recent bick erings—when, as he was one evening seated with his family in his official residence at the gate, a messenger informed him that a gentle man at a neighboring hotel wished to speak with him. Downie obeyed the summons, and was ushered from one room to another, till at length he found himself in a large apartment hung in black, and lighted by a solitary candle. After waiting for some time in this strange place, about fifty figures, also dressed in black and with black masks on their faces, presented themselves. They arranged themselves in the form of a court, and Downie, pale with terror, was given to understand he was about to be put on trial. A judge took liis seat on the bench ; a clerk and public prosecutor sat below ; a jury was empannelled in front; and witnesses and spec tators stood around. Downie at first set down tile w hole affair as a joke ; hut the proceedings were conducted with such gravity, that, in spite of himself, he begun to believe in the genuine mission of the awful tribunal. The clerk read an indictment, charging him with conspiring against the liberties of the students; witnesses were examined indue form, tbe pub lic prosecutor addressed tbe jury, and the judge summed up. ' Gentlemen,’ said Downie, ‘ this joke has been carried far enough—it is getting late, and my wife and family will be getting anxious about me. If I have been too strict with you in time past, I am sorry for it — and I assure you that I will take more care in future.’ ‘Gentlemen of the jury,’ said the judge, with out paying the slightest attention to this appeal, ‘consider your verdict; and if you w ish to re tire, to do so.’ 1 he jury retired. During their absence the most profound silence was observed ; and ex cept renewing the solitary candle that burnt beside the judge, there was not the slightest movement. The jury returned and recorded the verdict of Guilty. The judge solemnly assumed a huge black cap, and addressed the prisoner : * Richard Dow nie ! Tbe jury have unani mously found you guilty of conspiring against the just liberty and immunities of the students of Marischal College, you have wantonly pro voked and insulted those inoffensive lieges for some months, and your punishment will assur edly be condign. You must prepare for death. In just fifteen minutes tbe awful sen tence of the court will be carried into ef fect.’ The judge placed his watch on the bench.— A block, an axe, and a bag of sawdust were I brought into the centre of the room. A figure ® I more terrible than any that had yet appeared came forward, and prepared to act the part of doomster. It was now past midnight; there was no sound audible save the ominous ticking of the judge's watch. Downie became more and more alarmed. ‘ For mercy sake, gentlemen,’ said the ter rified man, ‘ let me go home. 1 promise I that you never again shall have cause for j complaint.’ | ‘ Richard Downie,’ remarked the judge, ‘you are vainly wasting the few moments that are left you on earth. You are in the hands of those who must have your life. No human power can save you. Attempt to utter one cry, and you are seized, and your doom com pleted before you can utter another. Every one here present has sworn a solemn oath nev er .to reveal the proceeding* of this night; they are known to none but ourselves; and when the object for which we have met is accom plished, we shall disperse unknown to any one. Prepare, then, for death ; another five minutes will be allowed, but no more.’ The unfortunate man in an agony of deadly terror raved and shriked for mercy; but the avengers paid no heed to his cries. His fever ed, trembling lips, then moved as if in silent prayer; for he felt that the brief space between him and eternity was hut as a few more tick ings of that ominous watch. ‘Now!’ exclaimed the judge. Four persons stepped forward and seized Downie, on whose features a cold clammy sweat had burst forth. They bared his neck, and made him kneel before the block. ‘ Strike!’ exclaimed the judge. The executioner struck the axe on the floor; an assistant on the opposite side lifted at the same moment a wet towel, and stuck it across the neck of the recumbent criminal. A loud laugh announced that the joke had at last come to an end. Hut Downie responded not to the uproarous merriment—they laughed again—but still he moved not—they lifted him, and Downie was dead. h'right had killed him as effectually as if the axe of a real headsman had severed iiis head from his body. it was a tragedy to all. The medical stu dents tried to open a vein, but all was now over; the conspirators had now to bethink themselves of safety. They now in reality swore an oath among themselves ; and the affrighted young men, carrying their disguises with them, left the body of Downie in the ho tel. One of their number told the landlord that their entertainment was not yet quite over, and that they did not wish the individual that was in the room to be disturbed for some hours.— This was to give them all time to make their escape. Next morning the body was found. Judicial inquiry was instituted, but no satisfactory re sult could be arrived at. The corpse of poor Downie exhibited no marks of violence in ternal or external. The ill-will between him and the students was known ; it was also known that the students had hired apartments in the hotel for a theatrical representation— Downie was sent for by them ; but beyond this nothing was known. No noise had been heard, and no proof of murder could he ad duced. Oftwo hundred students at the college, who could point out the guilty or suspected fifty ? Moreover, the students, scattered over the city, and magistrate themselves had many of their own families amongst the number, nnd it was not desirable to go ii^*» the affiir loo minutely. Downie's widow arid family were provided for—and his slaughter remained a mystery ; until, about fifteen years after its oc currence, a gentleman on his death-bed dis closed the whole particulars, and avowed him self to have belonged to the obnoxious class of students who murdured Downie. Paper Hanging. A recent number of Dickens’ Household Words gives us llicse hints on paper-hang ing :— Many a fever has been caused by the horri ble nuisance of corrupt size used in paper-hang ing in bed-rooms. The nausea which the sleeper is aware of on waking in the morning, in such a case, should be a warning needing no repetition. Down should come the whole pa per at any cost or inconvenience; for it is an evil which allows of no tampering. The care less decorator will say that time will set all aright—that the smell will go off—that airing the room well in the day, and burning some pungent thing or other at night, in the mean lime, will do very well. It will not do very well; for health and even life may be lost in the interval. It is not worth while to have any one’s stomach impaired for life, or one’s nerves shattered, for the sake of the cost and trouble of papering a room, or a whole house, if nec essary. The smell is nut the grievance, but the token of the grievance. The grievance is animal putridity, with which we are shut up. When this smell is perceptible in onr cham bers, down should come the paper ; and the wall behind should be scraped clear of every particle yf its last covering. It is astonishing that so lazy a practice as that of putting a new paper over an old one should exist to the ex tent it dues. Now and then an incident oc •% curs which shows the effect of such absord carelessness. Not long ago a handsome house in Loudon became intolerable to a succession of residents, who could not endure a mysterious bad smell which pervaded it when shut up from the outer air. Consultations were held about drains and all the particulars that could be thought of, and all in vain. At last a clever young man, who examined the house from lop to bottom, fixed his suspicion on a certain room, where he inserted a small piece of glass in the wall. It was presently covered, and that repeatedly, with a sort of putrid dew.— The paper was torn down, and behind it was found a mass of old papers, an inch thick, stuck together with their layers of size, and exhibit a spectacle which we will not sicken our read ers by describing. “The List shall be First.” A week or two ago, four creditors started from Boston, in the same train of cars, for the purpose of attaching the property of a certain debtor in Farmington, in the Slate of Maine. He owed each one separately, and they each were suspicious of the object of the other, but dared not say a word about it. So they rode, acquaintances all, talking upon everything ex cept that which they had most at heart. When they arrived at the depot at Farmington, which was three miles from where the debtor did business, they found nothing to ‘ put ’em over the road ’ but a solitary cab, towards which they all rushed. Three got in and re fused admittance to the fourth, and the cab started. The fourth ran after and got upon the out side with the driver. He asked the driver if he wanted to sell his horse. He replied that he did not want to—that he wa* not worth mure than $50, but he would not sell him for that. He asked him if he would take $100 for him. Yes, said he. The ‘ fourth man ’ im mediately paid over the money, took the reins and backed the cab up to a bank—slipped it j from the harness and tipped it up so that the door could not be opened, and jumped upon the horse’s back and rode off * lick-a-ty-switch,* while the ‘ insiders’ were looking out of the window feeling like 3inged cats. He rode to a lawyer’s, and got a writ made out and served, and his debt secure, and got back to the hotel just as the * insiders’ came up puffing and blowing. The cabman soon bought back his horse,jpr $50. The ‘-sold’ men of- j fered to pay thaV'sum, if the fortunate one, who found property sufficient to pay Iiis own ] debt, would not tell of it Boston. But as both parties have told a friend of ours \ thinking the story ‘too good to be lost,’ we ; feel at liberty ‘to let the cat out of the bag;’ j more particularly so, as it illustrates a passage that we never heard folly explained but once, and then by a schoolboy who said :—‘Scholars this verse is plain : when you tie up your cat tle, old Buck goes in first, and old Broad next. Broad went in last, but he will come out first, and Buck went in first, but shall come out last.’ Manchester Mirror. Travelling in Sweden. ‘ Bern,’ the foreign correspondent of the Springfield Republican, in a recent letter, gives the following description of the mode of travelling in Sweden: The posting system in Sweden is n very peculiar one. No carriages are furnished, except n little one horse carl, without springs, so that if you wisli to travel with any com fort you must take your own carriage with you, and ilns must not only be piovitled with a large pot ol grease hung from the axle he- ! neatli it, but also wiili a full set of black smith's tools, 10 he ready for any not too ex traordinary emergency. Excepi in a lew of the large towns no horses are kept in readi ness, Inn when a traveller arrives they are brought hy the peasants living in the vicini ty . "Bo are obliged to furnish them, howev er inconvenient it may he. But they are allowed to keep the traveller wailing three hours, at the expiration of which time the station master must, uuder heavy penalties, have die horses ready. This possible delay, however can he en- j t rely uvoided hy sending what is called a * lorbnd,’ that is, a messenger, to say mat tn such a time you need a certain number of horses, and if they are not then ready, the station master is subjected to a heavy fine ; and a book is always provided in which complaints may he written, ami which is ex amined at fixed intervals by the pioper all- ! tborilics. Morses may he kept waiting an I hour without extra pay,alter which thecharge j is twelve skillings, or six cents an hour per horse, till at the expiration of five hours. : when the peasant is at liberty to lake his j horses home. The traveller, or his servant ] is expecietl to drive, some one, commonly a boy, going along to lake hack the horses, and j carrying with him a huge bundle of hay, or i two or three large crackers made of coarse 1 Black meal, with which to feed them. Willi one horse, one person may travel, with iwo horses three, in huili cases of course not in cluding the boy. The Swedes, when travelling alone, usual ly take with them a sort of two-seated nar row sulky, the traveller silting before and the hoy behind, and sometimes there is merely a standing place for the unfortunate hoy. The cost ol travelling in ibis maimer varies some what with llie district uf the country, bui it is perhaps fair to give as the average, IS cts. per horse per Swedish mile, which is equiv alent to n fraction less than seven English miles. On leaving the large (owns, the cost is more, but in ihe most remote di-tricts it does not exceed 12 12 cents per mile. A ‘ lorbud’ costs llie price ol one horse, mid with n couple of cents you make the hoy ns happy as a king. Af this season of the year however, 1 have found it quite unnecessary to send on a 4 for bud,’ for I have, till now, with one or two exceptions, pot horses im mediately on my arrival, though occasional ly I have been obliged to offer a twelve skil ling piece extra, if the horses were there in ten minutes. In I Ills way I have averaged, inclusive of llie time lost in changing horses, a Swedish ! mile per hour, a rate of speed which is, in pari, owing 10 the excellent roads which I seem 10 exist all over the eouniry, and in part also to the Swedish horses, which are usually small, lough-looking little creatures seldom fed on anything hut liny, and yet seemingly possessing grear powers of endu rance. They go glow up lull, bin make up for this hy dashing down even the steepest hills al a rate which sets an Englishman's hair all on end, and occasionally lias n strong tendency to cause an American's to assume a perpendicular position. It seems to he the custom to cut off the horses' manes quite short, so ns to leave only a wild, hoar-like crest standing up uluug the back of the neck, which, ns you may easily imagine, gives to them a peculiar appearance. The traveller usually takes his harness with him. With its tope reins and other ‘fixins,’ n is seldom remarkable for beauty, whatever may be its excellencies ill regard to strength. The tra ces are never unfastened from the whiflle tree, lint hy some, 10 me, quite obscure pro cess, in which kicking, frisking, lifting, low ering and swearing are combined in about equal propottions, die poor animals are got j into and out of the harness. Two gentlemen, Mr. 1). and Mr. L., stood candidates tor a seal ill the Legislature of New York. They .were violently opposed to each other. Hy some artifice, Mr. D. gamed ilie election. Wlirn he was return ing home much elated with success, he met a gentleman, an acquaintance of his.— ‘Well,’ says 1)., ‘1 have got the election—L. i i was no match lor trie. I’ll tell you ho-.v I i flung him; if t here were any Dutch voiers. I could talk Dutch with them.and there 1 had the advantage of him. If there happened to lie any Frenchmen, I could talk French with them, and there 1 had the advantage of him.— Hut ns to I,., lie was a clever, honest, sensi ble lin e fellow.’ ‘Yes. sir,’ replies llie gen tleman, and there he had the advantage of you.' Quite a Difference. The Springfield Republican mentions Mint a clergyman and a warm advocate of the Maine Law. recently stopped at a hotel in that citv, and uii being shown into his room, ordered the waiter to bring him some drinking water. A tumbler of ‘colored beverage' was brought. Sus pecting that it was not a glass of pure Ad am's ale, the reverend gnnilemnu cautiously protruded the tip of his tongue till it ramu in contact with the suspecied article, and in stantly shomed with great indignation— ‘Waiter ! why did you bring me this stuff?’ ‘Did you not order it, sir ?’ asked the waiter. ‘Order it, no! I told you to bring me some drinking water.' ‘Oh !’ responded ibe waiter, ■1 misunderstood you; 1 thought you told me to bring you some drink, in water " The Wizard “ done Brown.” As Professor Anderson was looking ovar llie various American and European news, papers, which are 10 be found in the publics* lion office ol llie Boston Daily Times, he saw ilint he was closely scrutinized ty a gentleman of tall stature and raiher swarthy Appearance, and evidently not a Bostonian. This individual after a abort space had elapsed, nl length mustered courage, and thus addressed the ‘Wtznrd’: ‘I say ! are Y"U Pro.'essor Anderson, hey!’ ‘Yes, sir.* ■Wall, you’re a tarnation smart man, I hear. You aim got that are bottle of yourn with ye, have you?' ‘No sir.’ ‘Well, I'm from down East; having heen raised in Maine, and should like to purchase a duplicate of that ere bottle. As I'm about going out stumping fur Pierre I guess it I had your Ixrtlle, or its twin brother, I’d soon swamp away lire Reunites, without talking much polities, either. ‘I never carry my bottle with me, nor have I a duplicate of it.’ ‘Sor ry lor ilmt. sir,’s;.id the Pierce stumper.— However,’ be continued, I was once taught a trick, when a hoy, hot I almost forget how the darned tiling was done now. I'll tell you how it was. Stranger, an near at 1 can. I used to take a red cent and change it into a ten dollar gold piece.’ ‘Oh,’ said the Pro lessor,‘that is quite simple ; a mere trick of sleight of hand.’ ‘Well, 1 know it Is not very difficult, hut as I forget how, will you show me ?’ at the same time handing a cent totiie Wizard. ‘ Oh yes, sir, if it will oblige you, 1 will show you in n moment. Hold out your hand,'said the WiznrJ. ‘This is your cent, is it not r’ ‘Yes Sire.' ‘Close your hand.' The down easier closed his band last. ‘Are yon sure you have it,’ sairl the Wizard ;‘I guess 1 have,’ snid he. ‘and I bet a rlolleryou can't change it into a ten dollar gold piece.’ ‘Done,’said the Wizard.’ ‘Now hold fast.’ ‘Yes sir, I reckon I will!—but amp! down with your dollar, here is mine!’ said the Yankee. The Wizard covered his dollar.— 'Now, sir’ are you ready?’ said the Wizard. T am’i mulling else." said the Yankee.— ‘Now, sir, open your hand.’ He did so, and to his utter astonishment be held a bona FIDE TEN DOLLAR GOLD PIECE ! ‘Well, sir,’ said the Wizard,‘you see you Itnve lost yoor dollar!’ 'I guess I have,’ Slid lie, bunding over the two dollars.— ‘Now,’ says the Professor, ‘I II bet you anoth er dollar I’ll change the ten dollar piece into your cent again, and much quicker.' ‘No, yer don’t,’ said the gem from Maine, placing the ten dollars in his pocket, and buttoning up tight, ‘I’m much obliged to you, Profes sor, blit 1 re> kon I'll leave it as it is. Good morning old hoss!’ said lie walking out of the office, and turning round ns he reached the door, he placed his digitals in a peculiar position, with the thumb m close approxima tion to his proboscis, saying,‘I guess there aiut anything green about tins child ! and left the Professor in ustonishment at hit coolness.— Boston Times. Indian Wooing. Mrs. E. F. Elicit, the authoress, in her letters Iroin Minnesota, to the N. Y. Tribune, relates the following : — ! _ 6 Passing an hour or two beside the Fulls on the side of the river opposite the town of St. Anthony, and at the hospital/.e residence of Col. Stevens, we had a walk and conversa tion with an intelligent and cuiiivnteil ladv, who had spent three years in teaching in the vicinity, and had witnessed the growth of the largest towns in the territoiy. The Indians, with whom the region was then populous, gave her a name signifying ‘hook wo nan,' from the number of books she distributed among the ignorant and destitute. She re lated amusing anecdotes of out? brave who aspired to her hand. He would spend hours in serenading her with his fhue, according to the Iiicli mi fashion of making love, nnd would come to bet school, in which there w* re several half-breeds, and prevail on these to interpret bis wooing. His promise to 4 build her wigwam and hum the deer, and make her moccasins,’ did not incline towards him the heart of the lair object of Ins pas sion; vet she wished to treat him kindly, and in return lor a pewter ring which he presen ted her, save him a hunch of shining brass ones. Her surprise was great, when, n few days nfur, he came to fetch home his bride, the exchange of rings being the Indian form of betrothal. On her refusing to go with him lie departed, nnd the next duy sent sev eral stout warriors to bring her, expressing great d.s ippoiutrnem and chagrin when it was explained to him that lie had no tight to consider himself her lord and master. His next nppenrunce was in Iront of her school house, at the head of an armed troop of sav ages, but on her appealing tu him with ges tures of entreaty not to terrify the chil dren, lie went a*vay without molesting any one. Slaving for Money. Wc pity the man who wears out liia ener gies in liie Hceiimnlaiion of riches, which, when emassed, lie will have Ins! ihe capaei ly to enjoy. He finds himself at the end of his labors, a guest at his own leas', without au appetite lor its dainties. The wine of tile is wasted, and nothing remains hut ttie lees, 'l'he warm sympathies of the henrt have been choked tiy the inexorable spirit of avarice, and they cannot lie resuscifaled. The foim lain head of his eolliusiasm is sealed ; lie looks at all things in nature and in art with an eye of calculation; laird matter-of-fact is the pabulum his mind can feed on; the elas tic spring of impulse is broken; llie poesy of existence is gone. Are wealili and position an equivalent to those losses? Is not the millionaire, who has arquiied wealth at such a cost, a miserable bankrupt? In our opinion, there is little to choose cn the score of wisdom between the individual who recklessly squanders his money as lie goes along in lolly and extrava gance, and the false economist who denies himself the wholesome enjoyments of life, in order to swell that trea-ure which, in Hie hardening process ot scraping up, he has be come too mean to spend and too selfish to give away. The only rational way to live, is to mix la bor with enjoyment—a sneak of fat and a streak of lean. There is nothing like a streaky life, n pleasant mixture of exertion, rhniiklulness, love, jolity and repuse. The man who slaves for riches, makes a poor re turn to that God who look ■ lie trouble of making him for a better purpose. The following paragraph from a late num ber of the Boston Courier, is replete with good sense,and we hope will carry convic tion to the mind of every reader who Sanc tons directly or indirectly, the abominable fashions referred to : “Nature's Dress is Loveliness.”— Washington street presented a gay spectacle yesterday. There was quite a display of blooming young women and healthy chil dren or. the stds-walks during the afternoon ; hut the cherub innocence id die one, and the natural beamy of the other, were much dis figured mid marred hy a eustoin wind* is now all the rage among promenading ladies and walking babies, viz:—the extremes of long and short dresses. The trails of the women, and the naked legs of the hall per ishing children, were only equal in absurdi ty. Notwithstanding the jeers of a voung convert to whit is supposed to he the happy state of man, it does seem to he the duty of every sensible person, husband or bachelor, to rail against the •fashion' prevalent among a portion ol the female population. Large feel are r.o excuse—the scoffs and gaze of daiidydom are no excuse—‘fashion’ itself, po:ent ns it is in the manners ot dress, is no excuse for tolerating bare legged children and long trailed women in the streets.— Health and economy are against the system, and the sooner it is abandoned the better.— This is the opinion ol real friends and true admirers of the ladies, and the babies of la dies ton. The individual who was injured by the accidental discharge of bis duty, has not been heard of since.