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Eastern times. [volume] (Bath, Me.) 1846-1857, January 26, 1854, Image 1

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voi, mu BATH, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 26, 1854 m 32.
__ _ ' 7 " ■ • i - . .. . 7 ’ ^ ^ ■
- <mjf (Biistfrn Ciiufs
Cdi t or *m4 F ro»r io*or.
O.Bcs in north end of Pikkck’s Block, third story, comer’
of Front and Broad Streets.
1 ' __ -1—“
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There are six well defined species of deer in
America, iu its temperate and frigid zones—
More than two species are rarely found inhab
iting the same district, and the geographical
distTibtftion of* these animals is somewhat sin
gular, tbe reindeer, moose, elk, and common
doer occupying a succession of zones fYom north
to south, but overlapping each other. There
are two other species—the black-tails, and the
Ipng-tails—and of fjicse le^s is known than of
tyiy of the preceding. The reason t* that
both these species inhabit a regityi of country
hitherto but little explored by men of science, j
J3ath are found only in the western half of the ■
continent—that is, in the wild regions extend
ing Jrom the Mississippi to the Pacific. In
longitude as far east as tiie Mississippi they
are,ready seen ; but as you travel westward,
cither approaching the Rocky Mountains, or
beyond these to thp shores of tiie Pacific, they
are the common deer of these countries. The
idack-tailed kind is more southern in its’rafi'ge.
It is found in the Cnlffbrmns, and the valleys
of the Rocky Mountains, as far south as Tex
as ; while to thd north il ls met with in Ore
gon, and on the eastern side of the Rocky
Mouitfaihs, as high as the fifty-fourth parallel.
*Phe tong-tailed species is the most common
deer of Oregon and the Columbia River, and
fts range also extend* east of the Rocky Moun
tains, though net sti farjls the longitude of the
Miasissipf)i. Those two ajicch-s are often con
twuided uid) each ©tltpr, though in many rc- I
.specs they a,r4 totally unlike. Indeed there
are two varieties of the former, both laving
bl,ick tails and lung ears which distinguish
them from other animals of the deer kind.—
From tiie great length of their ears, they are
called mule-deer by many/hunters j hut lfiaok- j
tails is the name most commonly used, from
the circumstance that the hair upon their tail- j
tfipa is .of a deep jetty blackness, and very con- :
apicuous. Tlit black-tails ace larger than the
lung-tail*, dieir lee* shorter, and their bodies i
altogether of a stouter lurild. Jn running they
bound with all their feet raised ai once; ,y bile
those of the long-tailed species run more like
tftfe common* fj 1 low debr—by trotting a few
steps, stedthen giving one bound, and trotting
as befdVe. It is ro this speeies our description 1
wilt now be confined, as in connection with it
the adventure we are about to relate befe! us.
The long-tailed deer one of the smallest i
of the deer kind. Its weight rarely exceeds
100 pounds. It resembles in form and habits !
uc common falfy w fleer, the chief distinction
being tie" tan, which renders the former a con
spicuous object. Tliis appendage is oftbn
found to measure eighteen iuches in length !—
While rytuiing, it is held erect, and kept con
dtantly switching from side, to side, so as to
produce a singular aiid somewhat ludicrous
effect upon the mind of tiie spectator. Its gait
is also peculiar. It first takes two ambling
^teps that resemble a trot, after these it makes
a tong hound, which carries it about twice the
distance of the steps, and then it trots again.
No matter how closely pursued, it never alters
this mode of progression.
Like the fallow deer, it produces spotted
fawns, which are brought forth in the spring,
and change their color to that of the deer it
self iii thfl first winter. About the month of
November they gather into herds, and remain
together until April, when they separate, the
females secreting themselves to bring forth
their young.
The long-tailed deer is.found principally in
wooded countries, but its, favorite napnts arc
not in tlie heavy timber of the grcaj. forests,,
but in the park-like openings that occur in
many parts oY the Ropjcy Mountain valleys.—
Sometimes whole tracts of country are met
with in these regions whose surface exhibits a
pleasing variety of woodland and prairie;
sloping hills appear with coppices npon their
crests and along their sides. Among these
natural' groves may he seen troops of the long
tailed deer,. browsing along the declivities of
the flirts, and by their elegant attitudes and
graceful movements adding to the beauty of the
Some years*ago, I liad an opportunity of '
hunting the long-tailed deer. I was on my 1
way across the Rocky MotmtainsMo Fort Van- !
couver, when circumstances rendered it neces
sary that l should stop lor soma days at a |
small trading }>ost on. one of the brandies of
the Columbia. 1 was, ui fact, detained, want- !
ing for a patty of fur traders, with whom 1 |
was to travel, and who required sometime to j
get their packs in readiness. The trading,
port w»a a small place with miserable accom
modations, i&ving searocly roomeuough in its
two or three wrotohed log cabins to-lodge half j
the company that happened at the time to I
claim its hospitality. As my business was
sirttifly'fb w*ait for my traveling companions,-1
was V ftodrse etmttytr'Almost to deafli in such a
pit**.1 " There was nothing to be seen around
buft pateks of beaver, otter," mink, fox, and b0ar
skins ; *#hd ‘nothWrg to be he#rd but the inces
sant chattering of Canadian voyageurs, in their
01 Rughsh, and Jmhan.
To,utake.giatiers still more unpleasant, thcro
w»»mM>e«t0^aH M Hfc4#»fc bHF
WW#3# ^-cam
-- I :
Thftnwir^u^g. -oot^try^iowovor, w**
b<W44»4i* -iUhli ljihds^hpM tfiat bu f
evflWMpift ««* Ute ^^hu^t.ui,Wpo«.-,whidlvr t
th^dinowaUor^.jifBjthmpoet*, ^ airfeoouMm
the &****'-** -torumd ittUulg^gw*- i
tie undulations here and there rising into dome
sbaptd hill* o fid ow skvadMa^. Ttieeei wore
cbwwhwI v»tfh eopsCa of» Shrubby tscesypriaei
pally of the wild filbert or hazel, with several
species of rosn and raspberry, and bushes of
thfe'*dttaSjerr thbirtKWftf* a?1 piirpTUAi
#!*?*• Thefop^nm^b 4/eie etfrfer- *'
ed with a short gramma grass, and the wlibfe11
landscape present^! tl^te appearance of a culti
<cd pa tic; so that one involuntarily looked
blong the updating oqtlines ojf the hills for
some.noble mansion or lordly tower. It is
just in such situations that the fallow deer de
lights to dwell, and these are the favorite
haunts of its near congener, the long-tail. 1
had ascertained tins from the people of the
! post, and the fact that fresh venison formed
our staple and daily food, was proof ^ilfliclept
“that some species of deeT was to be found in
the neighborhood. 1 was not long, therefore,
after my arrival, in putting myself in train for
a hunt.
■ Unfortunately, the gentlemen of my compa
i ny wdre too busy to go along with me ; ahd I
sojt put takiug only tuy servant, a half breed,
i who happened, however, to be a good: guide
| for such an expedition, as well as a first-rate
Setting out, we kept down the stream for
some distance, walking along its bank. We
I naw numerous deer tracks in the mud, where
the animal*? had gone to and from the water.—
Tliese tracks were almost fresh, aiul many of
them, as my servant averred, must have been
made the previous night hy the animals com
ing to drink—a common habit with them, es
pecially in hot weather. Ilut, strange to say,1
we walked a mile.or more without getting a
gliuipsf of a single deer or any oiher sort of
animal. I was becoming discouraged, wlien
my man proposed that we should leave the
stream, and proceed hack among the hills.—
I'he deer, lie believed, would be found there, i
This was resolved upon ; and we according
Jy struck out lor the high ground. We soon
climbed tip from the river bottom, and threaded
our way amidst the fragrant shrubberies of
jnneberry and wild roses, cautiously scrutini
zing every new vista that opened before us.—
W e had not gone far before we qaugla sight
of several deer ; we could also hear them at
intervals, behind the copses that surrounded
Us, the males uttering a strange whistling
sound, similar to that produced by blowing
into tlie barrel of a gun, while this was occa
sionally replied to by the goat-like bleat of the
females. Strange to say, however, they were
all very shy, and notwithstanding much cau
tious crouching and creeping among the bush
es, we wandered about ibr nearly two-tin r< is
of tlie day without getting a shot at any of
them. What bad made them so wary we
could not at the time tell, but wo learned af
terwards, that a large party of Flathead In
dians had gone over the ground only a low
days before, and had put , the dear through a
three days’ chase, from which they had not
yot recovered. Indeed, we saw Indian ‘sign '
all along the route, and.at one place came.up
on the head and horns of a line buck, which,
from some fancy or other of the hunter, had
been left suspended from the branch of a tree,
and had thus escaped being .stripped by tlie
wolves At sight of this trophy, my compan
ion appeared to be in ccstacies. I could uol
understand what there was in a worthless set
of antlers to prod pee such joyful emotions ;
hut as Ulue Dick-—such was the sobriquet of
my servant—‘was not rrrtlbh given to idle exhi
bitions of feelings, I knew there "must be some
thing in it. ,. .. • • ...
‘ Now, master,’ said he, addressing me,j“ if
I hud something else, 1 could promise yon a
shot at the long-tails* shy as they are.’
‘ Something else! What do you want,1’ I
‘ Something tlrnt onght to grow about yar,
else I’iii mightily mistaken in the sign. Let
me try down yonder,’ and Dick pointed to a
piece of low swampy ground that lay to one
side of our coarse.
I assented, and fidlowed him to the place.— i
’. -i i 11 |
We had liardly reached the border of the wet
g+rtrmd, tvheti an exclamation from my com
panion told me that the * something’ he want
ed was in sight.
* Yonder, master, the very weed : see yon-*
der. T)ick pointed to a tall herbaceous plant ;‘j
that grew near the edge of the Swamp. Tts
stem was fully eight feet ih height, with large
lobed leaves, and a wide-spreading umbel of
pretty white flowers. Lkncw the plant well.
It, was tl»p.t which is kuown in some places as
master-wort, but more commonly by the name
of cow-parsuep. 1 knew that its roots pos
sessed stimulcnt and carminative properties;,
but dial tlie, plant had ai^ythiug to do with
deer-huntiqg, I was ignorant. Dick, however
was better acquainted with its uses in that re
spect, and his hntiter-craft soon man tested it
self. Drawing his knife front its sheath, he
cut one of the joints from the stem of the her
adeum, about six inches in length. This he
commenced fashioning somewhat after the
manner of a penny-trumpet. In a few minutes
he had whittled it to the proper form and di
mensions, after which he put up his kuile, and
applying the pipe to his lips, blew into it.—
The sound, produced so exactly resembled thar
\yhich 1 |iarj^already heard proceed from the
deex, that I wag startled by it. Not havjng
followed his manmuTcrs, I fancied fqr a mo
ment that we had got into close proximity with
one of the long-tails. My companion laughed,
as he pointed triumphantly to his new made
NoU’, master,’ said he, ‘ we’U soon ‘ rub
out’ one of tnem long-tail bucks.’ So saying,
he took up the antler) and desired me to fol
low him. We proceeded as before, walking
quickly but cautiously among the thickets, and
atoned tbeit edges. Wj? had gowp pply a fe^v
hundred paces further, whqn the hollow wliis
tlp hf a h.ugU^ounded in out oars. \ .
• u;uttered l>n.k, ,• we have him.—
S.piat down master, under the hush—so.’, 1
did as desired, hiding myself under lhe leafy
br#!i<4oti‘hf ^hef wfkkrose-tree. Aly’ctHWpnd
iort Odtviittvl'd4»wn Lotettfo tn£ in SUcA an 'ttttP
tude that he himself was concealed* WbiloiheJ
buck’s head and antlers were held above the
ftdHgeJVfKl visihl&frftm sfeveral joints wire A;
the grOflrtd^dai- open.1 ‘As soon as we Wore
fairly placed, Dick’tfpplied“tl»e eal! lofris-Kp#,
and blew his mimic note several times in suc
ccsuroH*.1! Walton id wfHt dpptiared to be - fin
edho, t>utf it Mt&r the rMtfoflde Of i'if rival*' &nd
Shortly after we could distinguish a hoof-stfffce'
upon the dry turf, Is some animill was botitid>
ing towards us. Presently it appeared, a fme
I buck, at an opening between two copses, about
100 paces from the spot where we lay. It had
halted, thrown back upon its flanks, until its
hdunches almost touched the ground, while its
full largo eye glanced over the opening, as if
searching for some object. At this moment
Dick applied the, reed to his lips, at the same
time moving the horns backward and for ward
in imitation of a buck moving his. head in.a
threatening manner. The stranger now per.
i eeived what appeared to him the ’ branching
horns of a rival, hearing, at the same time, the
well known challenge. This was not to he
borne, rising erect on all fours, with his brow
antlers set forward, he accepted the challenge,
and came hounding forward. At the distance
of,twenty paces or so,, be halted as if still .un
certain of the character of his enemy ; but that
hnlt was fatal tb him, for by Dick's direction
I had made ready my riftfc, and taking sight at
his breast, I pulled trigger. The result was
as my companion bad predicted, and the buek
was rubbed out, 1 ■ P i -1 iU
After skinning our grime, and hanging- the!
me fit,put of reach of the barking wolves, \y.e
proceeded) 4s before, ; and soon after another
buck was slain* in a manner very similar to
that described. Thl& ended our day’fe hunt,
as it was lake before Dick had bethought him
of the decoy ; and taking tlie best part of both
the long-tails upon our shoulders, we trudged
homeward to the post.
1 art of our way, as we returned, lay along
the stream and wc saw several,deer approach
ing the water, but, encumbered as wc were,
we failed iu getting a shot. An idea, howev
er, was suggested to my companion that prom
ised us plenty ot both sport and venison for the
next hunt; which was to take place by night.
This idea he communicated to me for my ap
proval. I readily gave my consent, as I saw
in the proposal the chances of enjoying a very
raro sport. That sport was to be a fire*limit;
but not as usually practised among backwoods
men, by carrying a torch, through the woods.
Our torch was to float upon the water while
we were smlgly seated beside it ; in other
words wc would carry our torch ip a canoe,
ami, floating .down stream, would shoot the
deer that happened tg be upon the bauks,
drinking, of cooling their hoofs in (he water.
1 had heard of the plan, but had never prac
tised it, although I was desirous of so doing.
Dick had often killed deer in this way, and
therefore knew all about jt. -It was agreed,
then, that upon the following night wc should
try1 the experiment. -•<•••• ' • >
During the next day, Dick and I proceeded
iu our preparations without saying anything to
my; one* dt was our design to keep our night
liunt a secret lest we might be unsuccessful,'
and get laughed at fof ouP pains. On the oth
er hand, should wc succeed iii killing a goVpIjy
number of long-tails, it \yeuld ho time enough
to let it be known how we had managed mat
ters. We had little difficulty in keeping onr
designs to ourselves. Every one was busy
with his own alfaixs, and took no heed of opr
maiKeuvers. Our chief' difficulty l*y iu pro
curing a boat, but for the consideration of a
few loads of pow der, we at leilgtfc borrowed
an old canoe that belonged to one.iff Uie Ekit*
head Indians—a sort of hanger-on of the post.
This craft was simply a log of the cotton wood,
rudely hollowed out by-mcans of the axe, aud j
slightly rounded at the ends to produce the j
canoe shape, it was that species of Water
craft popularly.' known 'throughout Western
America as a ‘ dug-out,’ a phrase which ex
plains itfeblf. It was both old and rickety, but
after a short inspection, iilue Dick declared iti
would do, ‘ fust-rate.’ t ’
Our next move was to prepare our torch.
For this we had to make an excursion to the
neighboring lulls, where we fmmd.the *bry
material we wanted—the dry knots of the pitch
pine tree. A long segment of birch hark was
then sought for and obtained, and our imple
ments were complefe. At twilight all was
ready, and stepping into our dug-out, we pad
dled silently down stream.- As snort as we
had got out of the neighborhood of the post, j
we lighted our torch. This was placed in a
large frying-pan out upon the how, and was
in Veality rather a fire of pine knots than a
torch. It blazed jip brightly, throwing a glare
over the surface of the stream^ and reflecting
in red light every object updri both banks.—
We, on the other band, were cOrrtplet'ely hid
den from vfew by means of the htfch bark
screen, which stood up between us and the
As-soon as we w ere fairly under w ay, I
yielded up the paddle to iUick, who now as
signed to himself the double office of guiding
the (Jug-out and keeping the torch trimmed.
1 vyas to W|^ to the shooting ; so placing my
trusty rifle across my thighs, I sat alternately
scanning both hanks as we gilded along. I
shall never forget the romantic effect which
was producedAipup my mind tjuririg that wild
excursion. The scenery of thp rircr upon [
w Inch -we had launched our craft was at all
titnuS of a picturesque character; under tile
blaze uf the pine wood—its trees and rocks,
tinted with a vermilltou hue, whde the rip
plihgr flood below ran like multeir gold—die
ellbct was heightened to a degree of'sublirn
ity which could not hare failed to impress live
dullest imagination.. It was the autumn sea
son, loo, and tho foliage, which had not yit
commenced falling, had assumed those rich,
varied tints, so characteristic of tfae American
syha—various hues of green and golden, and
yellow and deep'rod, were exhibited upon the,
luxuriant (rondage that lined the banks of the
sjtreau|. and here :md there drooped like em
broidered’. cVrfatns‘down ' to (He water’s edge.
It was'a scene of that wild beauTy, which oar
riqs Mttw-to tltf #wMuu)|>k»U6(p(iC Its UrotW>r.\ j
^l¥iwtkii !/i 0M»4«rtJd.ft ¥>i«o /hat, iwuwjd mt i
from,mjt’ rev*ru». It hw<m» . 4)iok. who spoke) j
and ju-the dark shadow of the bitch bark A |
‘cuuW.sfte hue of htararttw e*UJt»d»driwid point- j
ing to the right bank. My eyfca followed tlto |
direction indicated ; they ^opn rested upon ,
two small Objects, that frbtn tffc AarkeV barii^ ■
ground of the foliage' appeared bright and-ln-1
miaous. These objects were round, and close
to each other; and at a glance I knew them to
lie the eyes of some animal, reflecting the light
df out torch. My companion whispered me
that they wer? the eyes of a deer. I took
sight w‘|h ray hfl®* aiming as nearly as f
could midway between the lumlnons spots,
i pulled the trigger, and my true piece cracked
ntje a whip. The report was not loud enough
to drow^jthe noises that came hack from the
shore. There was a rustling of leaves, fol
lowed by a plunge, as of some ' body falling in
the water. TJick turned the head of the dug*
out, and paddled her., up to (ho bank. The
torch, blazing brightly, lit up the scene ahead
of us, and our eyes w ere gratified by the sight
of a fine buck,, that had fallen dead into the
river. He was about being drawn into the
eddy of the current, but Dick prevented this,
and, seizing him by the antlers, soon deposited
him safely itr the botrom of the dug-out.
Our eraft was once more headed down
stream, and we scrutinized every winding of
the banks in suarch of another pair of gleam
htg eyfcs. In less than half an hour these ap
peared, and we succeeded in killing a second
long-tail—a doe—and dragged her also into
the boat. Shortly after, a third was knocked
over, which we found standing out in the
river upon a small point of land. This proved
to be a young spike-buck, his horns not having
as yet branched off into antlers. Aboot’ a
quarter of a mile further down, a fourth deer
was shot at, and missed, the du<j-out having
grazed suddenly against a rock just as I was
pulling trigger, thus rendering my aim un
I need liardly say that this sport was ex
tremely exciting ; and we had got many miles
from the post, without thinking either of the
distance of the fact that we should be under the
disagreeable necessity of paddling the old Flat
head's canoe every inch of the way back again.
Down stream it was ail plain sailing; and
Dick’s doty was light enough', as it consisted
merely in keeping the dug-out head foremost
in the middle of tl\p river. The current ran at
the rale of iliree miles an hour, and therefore
drifted us along with sufficient rapidity.
The first thipg that suggested a return to
either, of us, was the fact that the pine-knots
had run out ; I)i*k had just piled tho hist of I
them in the frying-pan. At this moment, a
nijisejsounded in oof ears, that caused us some
feeling of alarm.; it was the muse of falling
water. It Was not new to its, for, sinfce leav
ing the post, we had passed the mouths of sev
eral sthall streams, that debouched into the one
upon, whichtwe were,, in most cases over a jum
ble of rocks, thus forming a series of noisy
rapids. Hot that which- we trow heard was
directly ahead of us, and must, (bought) we, bo/
a rapid or fall of the stream itself; moreover, (
it appeared louder than any we had hitherto
passed. •
We lost but little lime in conjectures. Tho
first jaipulse .of my companion, upon catching
the sound was to slop the progress of the dug- I
out, which in a few seconds be snccecded in
doing ; hut by this time our torch had shown
to us Urat there was a sharp turning in the
river, with a long reach of smooth water be
low. The cascade, therefore, could not be in
our stream, but in some tributary that fell into
it near the bend. Ou seeing this Dick turned
his paddle, and permitted tho dug-out once
more to float with the current. The next ran
meat we passed the mouth of a good-sized
creek, whoso waters, having just leaped a fall j
of several feet,-ran into the river, covered with
white froth and bubbles. We could see the
fall at a little distance, through the branches
and tteps ; and as we swept on, its- foaming
sheet reflected the light of our torch like shin
mg metal.
Wc Iir\d scarcely passed this point, when |
my attention was attracted by a pair of fiery i
orbs that glistened out of some low bushes up
on the left bank of the river. I saw that they
were the eyps of^oipe animal, but what kind
of animal I com Id not guess. I know they
were not the ovois of a deer. Their peculiar
scintillation, their lesser size, the wide space
between them—all convinced pic they were
not deer’s eves. Moreover, they moved at
times, as if t£e head of the animal wa3 carried I
about in inregular circles. This 5s never the
case with tlie eyes of the deer, which either
pass hurriedly, from point to point, or remain
with a fixed and steadfast gaze. I knew,
thereftnt*, it was no deer ; but no matter what;
it'was some wild creature, and all are alike
the game of the prairic-liunter, I took aim,
and pulled trigger. While doing so, I heard
the voice of my companion warning me, as I
thought , not to fire. I wondered at this ad
monition, but it was too late to Itecd it, for it
had boon uttered almost simultaneously with
the report of my ritlo.
I first fpokod to the bauk, to witness the ef
fect gf my shot. Tq my great surprise, tho
eyes were still there, gloaming from the bua]>
eaas brightly as ever? Had 1 missed my
aitn? If fs trne, the voice of my compambn
had somewhat disconcerted me, hut I still be
lieved that ray bullet must have sped truly;
as at had been delivered with a gdod aim. As
I tumid’to’ Dick for an explanation, a new
sound Tell upon my ears that explained all, at
the same tipie causing me no slight feeling of
alarm.? It was a sound not unlike that some
times ntteTed by terrified swirte, but still loud
er and more threatening. I knew it well—I
knew it was the snort of the grizzly bear.
Ot all American animals,ihe gTteuly bear
i6 the meet to He dreaded. Armed or tm
artned; man is ho match for hiiq, and even the
courageous hunter of thqse parts shuns the
encounter. This was why my companion had
adniqp^ifjl me npt to fire, L.thqughj,^ had
missed,; it wqp .not go. My bullet had hit
and Si ling the fierce brute to madness ; aqd a
quick cracking amoM the bushes was imme
diately followed by a heavy plunge ; the bear
Was in the waier.
‘ Good heavens, he's after ns !’ cried Dick
in accents of alarm, at the same time propell
ijiglfhi; vHlh till his might.*' It* ^{qvtf'l
tiif^titoiigWkHyt ih^ hear vriis after ns, and
‘the'VWy flrSt’plbngte had brought his nose’ al
most up to tlje-side of the canoc. However,
a few well-directed strokes of the paddle set
us in quick motion, and wo were soon gliding
rapidly down qjream, followed by the enraged
animal, that every now and then uttered one
of bis.fierce snorts.
What rendered our situation a terrible one
was, that we could pot now see the bear, nor
tell how far he might be from us. All to the
rear of the canoe was of a pitchy darkness, in
consequence of the screen of birch-bark. No
object could be distinguished in that direction,
and it was only by bearing him that we could
tell he was still some yards off. The snorts,
however, were more or less distinct, as heard
amid the varying roar of the waterfall; and
sometimes they seemed as if the snout from
which they proceeded was close up to our
stern. We knew that if he once laid his paw
upon the canoe, we should either be sunk or
compelled to leap out and swim for it. We
knew, moreover, that such an event would be
certain death to one of us at least, I need
hardly affirm that my companion used his pad
dle with all the energy of despair. I assisted
hinj as much as was in my power, with the
butrend of my gun, which was empty ; on ac
count of the hurry and darkness I had not at
tempted to reload it.
We had shot down stream for a hundred
yards or. so, and were about congratulating
ourselves on the prospect of an escape from
the bear, when anew object of dread present
ed itself to our terrified imaginations. This
object was the sound of .falling water ; but not
as before, coming from some tributary stream.
No. It was a tall of the river upon which we
were floating, and evidently only a very short
distance below us ! We were, in fact, within
100 yards of it. Our excitement, in conse
quence of being pursued by the bear, as well
as the fact that the sough of ihe cascade above
still filled onr cars, had prevented us from
l>erceiving this new danger until we had ap
proached it.
A shout of terror and warning from my
companion seemed the echo of one 1 had my
self uttered. Both of us understood the peril
of our situation, and both, without speaking
another word, set about attempting to stop the
boat. We paddled with all our strength—he
with the oar, while I used the flat butt of my
riflo. We had succeeded in bringing her to a
sort of equilibrium, and were in hopes of being
able to force her towards the bank, when all at
once we heard a heavy object strike against
the stern. At the same moment, the bow rose
up into the air, and a number of the burning
pine-knots fell back into the bottom of the
canoe. They still continued to blaze, and
their light falling towards the stern, showed
us a fearful object. The bear bad seized bold
of the dug-out, and his fierce head and long
curving claws were visible over the edge.—
Although the little craft danced about upon
the water, and was likely to be turned keel
upward; the animal showed no intention of
relaxing his hold; but on the contrary seemed
evbry moment mounting into the canoe.
Our peril was now extreme. We knew it,
and the knowledge half paralyzed Us. Both
of us had started up, and for some moments
half sat, half croUchcd, uncertain how to act.
Should we nse the paddles, and get the canoe
ashore, it would only be 'to throw ourselves
into the jaws of the bear. On the other hand,
we could not remain as we were, for in a few
seconds wc should be drifted over the falls ;
and how high they were w'c knew not. Wc
had never heard of them—they might be fifty
feet—they might be a hundred. High enough
they were, no doubt, to precipitate us into
eternity. The prospeet was appalling, and
our thoughts ran rapidly. Quick action was
required. I could think of no other than to
lean sternw’ard, and strike at the bear with
my clubbed rifle. At the same time I called
upon my companion to paddle to the shore.
We preferred, under all circumstances, risk
ing the chances of a land encounter with our
grizzly antagonist.
I had succeeded in keeping the bear out of
the canoe by several well-planted blows upon
tlie snout; and Hick was equally succossful
in lbreing the dug-out nearer to the bank,
when a sharp crack reaehed my ears, followed
by a terrified cry from my companion. .1
glanced suddenly round, to ascertain the cause
of these’demonstrations. Hick held in his
hands a short round stick, which 1 recognized
as the shaft of the paddle. The blade had
snapped 0$ and tv as floating away on the sur
face. > : ■
We were now helpless; The manege of
the canoe was now no longer possible. Over
the falls •she must go ! We thought of leap
ing ont, but it was too late. We were almost
upon the edge, and the black enrrent that bore
our craft''along, would have carried our bod
ies with like velocity. We could not make a
dozen strokes be fore wfe should be swept to
the bfitik; it was too late. We both saw
this, and each knew the feelings of the other,
for we felt afike. Neither spoke, but crouch
ing down and holding the gunwales of the
canoe, we awaited the awful moment. ■ The
bear seemed to have some apprehension as
well; for, instead of Continuing his endeavors
to climb into the canoe, he contented himself
with holding fast to the s’tern, evidently under
some alarm. The tOrch still blazed, and the
canoe was catching firC ; perhaps this it was
that alarmed the bear. I’he last circumstance
gave us at the mdment but little concern ; the.
greater danger feclipsed the less. VVe had
hardly noticed it,‘When we felt that we were
going over. The canoe shot outward as if
propelled by Some projectile force; then came
a loud crash, as though we had* dropped upon
a hard rock; Water, and spray, and froth,
wdre dashed over ouf bodies, and the next
moment, to our surprise as well aS delight,
we felt ourselves still alive, and seated, ip the
canoe? which was floating gently in still,
smooth water. It was quite dark, for the
torch hail been extinguished, but even iu the
darkness we could perceive the bear, swim
ming and nounderiii^ licar the jioat. To our
Seat satisfaction, we saw him heading for the
ore, and widening the distance between
himself and us with all the haste he could
make. The unexpected precipitation over
the falls had cooled hie courage, if not his hos
Dick and I headed the canoe, now half full
of water for the opposite bank, which we con
trived to reach by using the rifle and our hands
for paddles. Here we made the little vessel
fast to a tree, ^tending to leave it there, as
we could not by any possibility, get it back
over the falls. Haviug hung our game out of
reach of the wolves, we turned our faces up
stream, and after a long aud wearisome walk,
succeeded in getting back to the j>ost. Next
morning, a party wont down for the venison,
with the intention also of carrying the canoe
hack over the fall. The craft, however, was
found to be so much injured, that it would not
hang together during the portage, and was
therefore abandoned. Ibis was no pleasant
matter to me, for it afterwards cost me a con
siderable sum before I could square with the
old Flathead for Ijis wrortldess dug-out.
A Greater than Knud Iverson.
A case of moral heroism exceeding that im
puted to Knud Iverson, occurred in Marquette
county, in this State, a little over a year ago,
the facts of which w ere established by judicial
investigation, and were related to us by Judge
Larrabee, who presided at the triaJ.
A beautiful fair-haired, blue-eyed boy,
about nine years of age, was taken from the
Orphan Asylum in Milwaukic, and adopted by
a respectable farmer of Marquette, a protessor
of religion and a member of the Baptist per
suasion. A girl a little older than the boy,
was also adapted in the same family. Soon
after those children were installed in their new
home, the boy discovered criminal conduct on
the part ot his new mother which he mentioned
to the little girl, and it thereby came to the
ears of the woman; she indignantly denied
the story to the satisfaction ot her husband,
and insisted that the boy should be whipped
until he confessed the falsehood.
. The man—poor, weak bigot, impelled by a
sense of religious duty, proceeded to the task
assigned him, by procuring a bundle of rods,
stripping the child naked, and suspending him j
by a cord to,the rafters of the house, and
whipping him at intervals for over two hours,
till the blood ran through the floor makipg a
pool upon the floor below ; stopping only to
rest, and interrogate the boy, and gettiug no
other reply than, ‘ Pa, I told the truth—1 can
not tell a lie ;’ the woman all the time urging
him to ‘ do his duty.’ The poor little hero,
at length released from his torture, threw hi?
arras around the neck of his tormenter, kissed
him, and said, « Pa, I am so cold,’ and died.
It appeared in evidence, upon the trial of this
man and woman for murder, that the child told
the truth, and suffered death by slow torture
rather than tell a lie. The age of heroism
and martyrdom will not have passed till moth
ers cease to instil holy precepts into the minds
of their infant offspring. The man and wo
man who murdered that angel child, are now
in the penitentiary at Waupon, to which they
were sentenced for ten years.—Indiana Daily
Nap*leou’s Prophecy.
“ In the annexed passages Irom O'Meara’s
conversations with Napoleon, will be seen the '
foreshadowing of the attempt wlucli the Czar !
is now making to place himself on the throne i
of the Carsars. But this attempt would pro
duce a sincere alliance between France and
England, from a sense of common danger, and
that Austria would be bribed into subservien
cy to Russia, by adding Servia to her posses
sions, are events-in the history of our times, I
written in advance by the farsightod sagacity !
of Napoleon. We Bee them in act of accom- ’
plishment. Russia has seized the Turkish i
principalities ; Austria has drawn her forces \
to the confines of Servia to take possession ; I
and England and France have united their:
strength to resist the encroachment.
Whether the fcatal catastrophe predicted is
to follow—that England and France would be
unable to resist, and ‘the finest countries in
Europe be overrun, and become a prey to
those northern barbarians,’ remains a prob
lem. There is a saying of the same great
soothsayer, wliibh proves that his mind con
templated an alternative that might avert
this calamity. Europe (said he) irould be Re
publican or C'ossaeJc. If England and France
put arms in the hands of Hungary and Poland,
and of the liberals of all Germany, and give
them an organization which shall assure them
of freedom and independence, when the bar
barian powee is driven to the northern ice,
Europe may be Republican, and not Cossack.”
« A VHice from S-t. HelesaP’ Napoleon
in conversation with O’Meara, May 27, 1817,
sard :
“ In the cbtatsd of d few years Russia will
have Constantinople, part of Turkey, and all
Greece. This I hold to be as certain as if it
had already taken place. Almost all the ca
joling and flattering which Alexander prac
ticed towards me was to gain my cousent to
this object. I would not consent, foreseeing
that the equilibrium of Europe would be de
In the natural course of things, in a few
years Turkey must fall to Russia.
The Powers it would injure, and who could
oppose it are England, France, Prussia and
Austria. Now, as to Austria, it will be very
easy for Russia to gain her assistance by giv
ing her Servia and other provinces bordering
upon the Austrian dominions, teaching near
to Constantinople. The bnly hypothesis that
France and England may be allied with sin
cerity will be in order to prevent this.
But even this alliance would not avail.—
France, Fnglandj Prussia united cannot pre
vent ;t" Russi^ and Austria can effect it.—
‘Once mistress ,of'Constantinople, 'Russia gpts
all the commerce of #the Mediterranean, be
Maw..? recently fna.ft **t«*fVe *L>ef
variety of
Tim |>ropr>tti.r ef Ux taitem Timer is now yreyued to e*
ecutc with kkatxkss and OBSrATili, ferry detenytion of
Job Work, such 09 i
Circular1*, Bill-hcadii, ('aril*, ('aialtgon,
Blank*, Prog i-uiiUmc*, Sk»p BUI*,
LabelK, Auction and Ilawd
Bill*, ice.. See.
T7 Particular attentiou ]>;ild to
,n,w,M.»rrV ?trtWwt fo ns *>»i ‘be performed in the hit
m mnn.wf “* loW a* rau /h' <il!orJed. DrJiirs solicited
yK0‘ E‘ NKWMAfiv
-. .*h n
comes a great naval power, a»d God knows
wliat may happen.
Above all the other Powers, Russia is tk*
most to be fearetk especially by you.
All this I foresaw—and I wanted to estab
lish a barrier against those barbarians by re*
establishing the kingdom of Poland, tad put.
ting Poniatowski at the head as King, but
your imbeciles of ministers would not consent.
A hundred years lienee 1 Shall be praised,
and Europe, especially England, will lament
that 1 did not succeed. Wlien they see thfe
finest countries in Europe overrun, and a preV
to those northern, ^barbarians, they will say—"
‘Napoleon was right." V
Interesting to ladies.
A writer in the Buffalo Daily Republic, who
evidently writes ' in the spirit anJ with the
understanding also,’ furnishes the following
interesting information concerning one who is
now engrossing a large share of public atten
tion :
Now that some thirty thousand homes hat*
been made brighter and happier by the intro
ductiou of Fern leaves to their social circles,
the questions :—Who i3 Fanny Fern ? and,
\\ hat is Fanny Fern? appeal strongly not only
to tho curiosity, but In the sympathies uf the
public. There is an intense desire on the pan
of tens of thousands to know something of the
writer who has so swept the cords uf their
hearts—who ha3 so irresistibly moved them u>
laughter and to tears j they would become
more intimately acquainted with her whom
they so admire and love.
It is one of the most blessed privileges of
geniu9, when united with great goodness of
heart and purity of chatacter, to win the esteem,
and sympathy, ard love of the wisest and best
of mankind ; and this has been the Case With
Fanny Fern in an unusual degree. Ybung
and old, the great drid the humble, men, womep
and children—those who never read a book be*
fore—read the Fern Leaves, and laugh and
ciy, and yearn to know something of the gifted
being who wrote it. I do not feel al liberty to
lift the veil from her incognito ; but in speak
ing of her private character and personal ex
cellencies, I think that 1 shall be doing no Vio
lence to those principles of courteous inter
course which should ever be observed. ,t
The world will probably be surprised to
learn that Fanny Fern is a very practical do
mestic lady; that, in all the mysteries of
house-keeping, cookery, keeping wardjobtts In
order, and the care, government and education
of children ; in surrounding a hums with all
the attractions which tastes and elegance gild
ingenuity and tireless energy can bestow—tb*l,
in short, in making of home a paradise, Fanny
Fern is as superior as she is as a writer. Hot
exquisite taste h»3 always enabled her, eVeN
when in the humblest circumstances., to throw
an air of refinement around her dwelling and
her family, which the possessors of sbifndnnt
means might well envy • and to see her in htif
own home, surrounded with her children, (who
are geonine Ferns,) and watch the play of her
mind and heart, is truly a most interesting and
happy spectacle.
It is seldom that a distinguished peraonigd
can stand the test of intimate acquaintanceship, r
but this is not the case with Fanny Fern. All
who come within the influence of her presence
and conversation are at once led captive by her
geniuB and unmistakable t*ooindm bf heart.—■
She is so brilliant, so sensible, so good, and so
democratic and just in all her viovva and setrti^
ments, that it is impossible to withhold one's
respect, admiration and esteem-, and wonder
how such a splendid creature has lived so long
in the world without having been found ou*
Fanny Fern has had much and varied ex
perience of joy and of sorrow, which, opera
ting on a mind of great strength and brilliancy,
and a heart as loving and true as ever beat irr
woman's breast, has produced that being who
is now electrifying the public. Married to a
man in every respect worthy of her, She lived
happily for many years. Abuhdant riche* and
lovely fchildren were theirs, and all those hap
pinesses which superior beings fortunately sit
uated can secure, were lavishly sliowfcred upon
them. Theirs was one of those blissful union*
which are so rare on earth, and which, alas !
are so apt to be broken. A bolt fell, sudden
and merciless; her husband slept the sleep
that knows no waking, and on the spot where
he vVas wont to sit, dispensing happiness to hi*
dear home-circle, the Angel of Death brooded
o’er a desolate heatth-stone; Casting a shadow
so broad and deep and long as to fill the whole
horizon of her future. Of the days and month*
and years that billowed, I will not speak. If
you would learn of them, read her book and
judge how much of sorrow must have beett e*»
perieuced ere it could have been thus depicted.
But bright days have dawned firf FatJhJIi*
Abounding wealth is fust flowing fn f noble
and powerful and true friends have gathered *
round ; ard these, with her children'* ardent
and touching love, tboir unexampled devotior*
to, and admiration ol their mother ; her gteaf
and rapidly increasing fame ; the all-sweeping
admiration dnd sympathy of the public, ap<P
those innumerable pleasantnesses which neces
sarily attend success like hct$, are making'
ample reparation for the past ; and her re»d*ya
will doubtless he glad to know that her present
is full of happiness, and her future radiant will*
promise. . Cicely*
! ■ ■*» ■> if • it u
The C/uiitsc Wall.—In a lecture on
which lie delivered at Dolton, Kngla^d, Dt«.^.
Do wring said it h^d been calculated that if, all
the brick?, stones,,aud masonry «0ji Great Brit
ain were gathered together, they would not be
able to furnish materials enough for the Wall
of China ; and that all the buildings in Lou
don, put together would not male the lovytu*
and turrets yyh^jch adorn it, 1o
The pyuT tnau who envies not the rich,
who pities |iis companions m pov^ry, and caa^
spare soiyelhiug. for him who is still poorer, is, ^
in the realms ofhumanity, a king of kings.

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