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DAILY YOUTHEN TRIBUNE.
8H.OO PER AIViVYJitt. UATI1, THURSDAY MORNING, .NUAR'S 2?, 1848. VOL. II. —WO THE DAILY TRIBUNE PUBLISHED Or CHAMBERLAIN, HAINES & PLUMMER, AT S3,00 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE WITHIN THKEE MONTHS. Vj-Che Tribune will lie published immediately af. Certlie arrival ofrbe Southern end Western Mull. and in Reason to be fownrded by the Eastern Mail.— It will contain all the latest news Irom Die Soul b nnd West, together with tile latest Foreign and Domestic Jitipiteg Intelligence, Comniercieliteports, state of Trade&c. See. Pabdication Office on Front, near headof Arch Street. ———————■>% AGENTS OF “THE NORTHERN TRIBUNE,” ♦ OR RCCEIVINO9UH9CRtPTt0N« AND ADVERTISEMENT!. Subscriptions to the Daily and Weekly Tribune, Ad vertisement* and Job work rt ill be received by our Agents and forwarded direct to our Office, and will be •Acknowledged by us us if brought to our Office. The Term* of Advertising in the Weekly Tribune Are Two Cents per line each insertion. Volney II. Palmer,.‘2(1 State St., Boston. “ 44 44 ....New York. 44 44 44 .....Philadelphia. 14 44 44 Baltimore. John 8. Cushing, Esq...Brunswick Washington Garcelmi.Harpswell (neck). Robert P. Whitney, Esq. Topsham. Itohert Butterfield...Bowdoinham. Abel E DihsIow. .Richmond. Alden Baker. Litchfield. Joseph Potter.....Uowdoin. A. W. Hewey.Little River Village, Lisbon. Ileniy L. Holland.Lisbon Factory. John Woodward, Esq.Lisbon. ‘Philip M. Garcelon, Esq.......Webster. G. C. Wright...Lewistnwn. J. B. Marrow, Esq.Dixfield. Oliver Hale, Jr... Waterford. Thomas Cushing. Pliipsburg. James Riggs, Esq.Georgetown. Geo. W. Shaw, Esq. Woolwich. Francis White.Dresden. Phillip F. Houdletle....Dresden Bridge. Elisha M’Kenney, Esq. Wiscasset William Carney...Sheepscot Bridge. Charles H. Merrill...Newcastle. William Carlisle, Esq.Booth bay. Thomas Herbert.Bristol. B. B. Haskell, Esq.YValdoboro'. Thomas Pierce, Esq.Townsend Nelson Cutler, Esq.Union. A Litibey. Jacob Mansfield.Washington Oscar Eaton, Esq. Warren. Joseph Fnrwell, Esq.East Thomaston. l)r. Zenas Colby.East Thomaston. Chaney & Baker..Bangor. John O'Donnell.Hallowell. Adam Hunter.Strong. TRAVELLERS-DIRECTORY, mrtiiii rot“>Hi northern tribune. ’ STEAMBOATS. BiKk"Eporr,nHn3‘^rRnkf«L every Tuesday and Friday cnorning at 7 o’clock. Returning, leave Frankfort ev ■sry Monday and Tharaday morning at 7 o’clock. STAGES Leave Rath for Brunswick, Portland and intermedi ate places, at 7 P. M. every day Saturday cxcepteu, and at7^A. M. daily Sunday excepted. Returning at 4 \ M. daily, Monday excepted, and at TP. M daily Sunday excepted. These Stages connect at Brunswick -with the Portland and Augustalme ot Stages. I eave Bath for Wiscasset.Damariscotta,Waldoboro’, r’liinden Tliomaston, Bellast, Bangor and intermediale Jplaces*at 6 A. M daiiy. Returni.g at ti P M. daily. i eave Bath for Wiscasset, DaniansooWa, Waldoboro’, J ewry Tuesday, Thursday and Saturlay a. 4 P. »I Ueiurniiig every Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 10 A. M. _ MAILS. The Western Maiiarrives daily at5 A. M., Mondays excepted. Closes at 4i P. M., and leaves at 7 P. M ^ The Eastern Maiiarrives daily at 6 P. M , Closes at « ^iCpIbXMaU Arrives daily at 94 to 10 A. M„ and departs dally at 11$ to 12 M. .. The Georgetown Mail arrives Tuesdays and Fridays at 101 A. M., and departs same days at 12 M. ' P„st Office open on Sunday mornings from 7* to 9 o’clock, and one hour immediately after divine service in the aflernoou. _ EXPRESSES. Child & Co.’s Portland and Hoston Express, and con nected with other Expresses to all parts of the United States the Canadas and Europe, leaves Portland for the South,’ daily at 74 A. M. and 3 P M Returning tw.ee daily, office 30 Exchange St„ Port and. I ouelev & Co.’s Great Southern Express leaves Port tniiil'dailv at 74 A. M. and 3 P. M. Returning wice daify Office.78 Exchanges!.,Portland RANKS. 1 INCOLN BANK—Old Corporation.—Jnna Hyde, President: Jonathan Hyde, Levi Houghton, Joshua Page Henry Hyde, Directors. Bank hours,from 9 to 12 A.M. „ „ I INCOLN BANK—New Corporation.—Geo. F. Pat ten President i Geo. F. Patten, Wm M.Rogers, 1 hos. Harvard Clias. Davenport, L. W. Houghton, G. W. K, nd ill J H. M’Lellan, Directors: John Shaw,Cashier. Dank hours, from 9 to 12 A.M. Discount days,Tuesday. COMMERCIAL HANK.—Wm I) Sewaji, President: Win. D. He wall. Jacob Robinson, Gilbert I rufai.t, 1 hos M Reed Win. Patten, Directors; Thos. Agry, Cashier. Dank hours; Iron. 9 to 12 A. M. Discount days, Thurs days. _ flARAflAHOCK BANK.—Thos. D. Robinson, Presi dent- T. D. Robinson, Joseph 8«wiiU, John Smith, M Reed Lewis Blackmer, Wm. Purrington, Wm V. Moses, Directors; D. F. Baker, Cashier. Bank hour's,learn 9to 12 A. M. Discount day, Monday. ANDROSCOGGIN BANK.Tofsham.—Chas.Thomp •Jr President- Charles Thompson, John Barron, Da son, rres,a,,ni, „ . Woodbury B. Pnrintoiu vid Scribner, Nahuni Perkins^vVjO ^ ^ Tuesday*of each Week. Bank open from 9 to 1 n. summer ; 10 to 1 in winter. BRUNSWICK BANK, B au s t w 1 ck.—Rie hard T. Du n - President; Richard T. Dunlap, Alfred J. ptone, 1 >h'n C Humphreys, Joseph Badger, Win. Barron, Di rectors; A C Robbins, Cashiei. Discount day,Thurs day. Bank hours as above. M Alll N F. R’S R A N K, W1 ic » xt —Henry Clark, Pres I ... Henrv Clark, Wilmot Wood, Edmund Dana gamue/Alley, James M’Carty, Directors; S. P. Baker Cashier. Bank open from 9 to 1 m summer; 10 to 1 In winter. Discount day, Tuesday. upnnMAK BANK, Wsimosono’.—James llovev, .“S Jamesllovey, George D Smouse.John Bul finch, Jos Clark, Alexander Palmer, Directors ; George Allen,Cashier. Business directory. JU. F. GANNETT, Dealer in FRUITS, FAMILY tg SHIP GROCERIES, Iyd48wl I Front Street, Bath. MARINE BIBLE SOCIETY DEPOSITORY, AT M. F. UANNETT’S, Front Street, lyd48Wll BATH. LINCOLN COUNTY BIBLE SOCIETY DEPOSITORY, AT M. F. OANNBTTS Front Street, lyd48w!l BATH. /. S, CUSHMAN, M. D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, T O P S H A M . Office over O. Merrill's Store—Residence one door west of the Baptist Church. THOMAS ROBISON, COMilMISSI ON MERCHANT, Savannah, Ga. Also Agent for Steam Pawed Lumber, and tortile sale of Northern Produce. 3mik‘9bwl SANDFORO Oi STETSON, Sail makers, B*.m“ RICHMOND, MAINE. Refer to T.i. Southard, Esq. Richmond Village; and Messrs Zina H>de and Co., Rath. HORATIO EAGLE, NEW ORLEANS $ MOBILE Shipping Agent & Commission Merchant, S3 South street, New York. N. B.—Coal Freights procured lor port* east of Pt. Judith. JOHN EL WELL § CO., CO ill 31 IS SI ON MERCHANTS, wly40 No.57. South Street, New York. D. A A A A r , Dealer In Woolen and Painted Carpets, HeartU Hugs, Paper HaugiuKa, &eM No. 7 FronlKlreel, nearly opposite tile Klin House, illBb»o33tl_:_ Bath, Me. THOMAS BOWLES $ CO., Grocers and Confectioners, And Wholesale Dealers in Fruits, JVuts and Oysters, No 3 Hatch's Brick Block, Front St., Bath, Me. J. S. DONNELL, Healer In ^Jlt.^iUft.tj'UlllH Groceries. No.5*0 King’s Building, Bath,Me. N. B. Particularatlenlion paid to putting up stores for vessels’ use _dl7CIt DAVID OWEN, JR., Commission Merchant Sy Auctioneer, Front Street, Bath , Me. refer to 1Ieisr8 Zina I1vue,1l Co., j BatA Coe.T. l». Robinson, ( Jno. H. OsoooD’Ksq., I BoHon dlyl45 Ja».C. I allman, Ksq., ) N. B. Particular attention paid to out door Sales. CHARLES W. HOLMES, Co in in I ua ion Aici'chantdii Auctioneer, dl*27w21 Fhont Street. Baih, Me. MAGOUN & CLAPP, Commission .Uercliants It Auctioneers, No. 1,21c 3, Hodokini’ Wharf, JI25 BATH, Me. J. IV. C. MORRISON, Digucirlan Gallery, FrnntStreet, Ba th, Ms. Four Honrs North of the Elliot House. d!34 Z. HYDE Ss CO., Dealers in Ship Chandlery, Hard Ware, Bolt and Sheathing Copper, Cornerof Front and Bioud Streets, |y36 _Bath, Me. KENDALL & RICHARDSON, Ship Chandlers and Hardware Dealers, dl27w24 Frost Street, Bath, Me._ U.T.CUHRIER. DENTAL SURGEON, Offi.se on Centre St., Opposite City Hall, Batlt. COL,BATH A POWERS, MACHINISTS, f)ec7. Brunswick, Me._ T. H. G. MAR8TON, Dealer in Hatches, Clocks, Jewelry, Silver Spoons, Spectacles, Cutlery, Combs and Fancy floods, Second Door Northof the Elliot House, d 134 Bath, Me. J. S. SEW ALL, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Groceries, West India Goods, Provisions, Paiaats, Oils, Ac. Frost Street, Bath, Me. ikt-Particular attention paid to pulling up Stores fol Vessels* use. d124W24 JOHN HAYDEN, Dealer in Citeonometers, Watches, Jeavelry,Nauti cal Instruments and Charts, dl44w27 Front Street, Bath, Me. Fine Watch repairing by a superior workman._ W. HATHORN, TAILOR AND DRAPER, lvd45wll Front Street, Rath. WILLARD WALKER, Dealer in Stoves, Ships’ Cabooses, Fire-Frames, Lead Pipe, Tin, Copper and Hollow IVare, Broad Street Bath,M*i rom tile Boston Traveller. J. 3 Poinsett on the War. Mr. Jjll’oinsett, of 8. C., well known as , having bei Minister to Mexico for several - years, amsubsequently Secretary of War during thill ministration of Mr. Van Buren, has writtea letter to Mr. A. P. Buttler, one ot the U. Senators from S. C., giving his views of ti Mexican war. The letter, dated at Statesh^, S. C. on the 12th of December, is publish! in the National Intelligencer, and is worthy ' extsnsive republication and at tentive peisal. It is highly interesting, and the views Uich it presents are particularly valuable acoming from one whose personal knowledgend experience enable him to speak with authrity. He is moreover a friend to the Admiistration, and his sentiments there fore are nt obnoxious to the charge of party bias. Wigivc the letter below, in full: Sateshuuo, (S. C.) Dec. 12, 1847. •• jug uar atf:—in compliance witn my promise, Jhave determined to give you very briefly n;)views on the all-engrossing topic of the day I was detained later than I ex pected tq le in Columbia, and have only this moment Ben the President's message and the report of he Secretary of War, and am sur prised to erceive that they persist in recom mending , course of policy which will lead to still fattier useless expenditure of blood and treasure, tnd will Anally have to be abandoned. With the reasoning on the subject of the acquisition of territory I have nothing to do, especially as the President seems to think Congresq pledged to these conquests. I can only express my regret and my firm conviction that these territorial acquisitons will not add to our strength or prosperity. “ The recommendation that most seriously alarms me is contained in the paragraph where the President says that there can be no doubt that there exists a peace party in Mexico, and that it may become expedient for our com manding generals to give assurances of pro tection to such a party ; in short, to create a party, make peace with it, and guaranty it in more chimerical; nothing could bemo'rt insecure than the execution of such a project, were it practicable. Such a party would bear no proportion to the nation, and the members of it would require to be protected from public indignation and vengeance for long years to come, by a force not less formidable than that now in the country, without the chance of any indemnity, or the power of levying contributions of any sort. If the peace government should agree to pay and subsist their protectors, they must, from the nature of things, fail to do either. Pray, save us the disgrace of attempting such an intervention. The attempt might lead to an intervention of a different sort, that would possibly prove more successful. “The President is apprehensive of foreign j interference, first in California, and next in the establishment of a monarchy in Mexico. There is not the slightest risk of the former, and, if the Mexican people are left to them selves, no chance of the latter. They were so entirely republican in 1822 that I did not hesitate confidently to foretell the downfall of Iturbide. They are much more so now ; and no scheme of that sort could have even momentary success, unless the leaders con sidered it as the only chance of opposing us. There exists a strong monarchical party, strong in wealth and station—the priests, the former aristocracy, and the adherents of Spain. We nay drive the numbers under their ban ners. Still the President is wrong ; our arm ed intervention might bring on us a powerful foreign foe, but could not prevent the evil; whe'eas, if we hold back, ray life for it, a momrchy would not exist in Mexico three yean, with fifty thousand foreign bayonets to ssstain it. The people are republican. “ The President says he is convinced that tie best means of bringing the war to an hmorable close will be to prosecute it with iicreased energy and power in the vital parts o' the enemy’s country. Now I am persuad el that, so long as we continue to prosecute tie war in the interior of Mexico, we shall lave no peace with the nation, and all attempts ti make peace with a faction will place us in » worse position than open war. I speak tith the authority of a knowledge of the (Ountry and the character of the people. “ I was glad to find that the Secretary re jects the plan of overrunning the whole country, as too expensive ; but I was surprised to perceive that he only estimates the number of men it would require to do this, or to maintain our present conquests, at seventy thousand men for the first, and some thirty five or forty thousand for the second. He says nothing of the annual consumption of men during this prolonged contest. During the most favorable period of the peninsular war, carried on in a country friendly to them, the British forces lost annually sixteen per cent, one foutth of whom died of wounds and causualties. In Mexico we should lose at least twenty per cent per annum of regular forces, and at least forty per cent of volun teers. I remarked in the isthmus between the Caspian and Black Seas that the Russian forces required to be recsuited entirely in three years; that is to say, they required » renewal of one third every year. “ The conquest of that country by Russia affords us lessons we ought to profit by. The Russian forces overran the Caucasian country in 1796, and received the submission of the people. They “ conquered a peace.” Well, in 1807 I passed through the heart of the country, which had been garrisoned with twenty thousand men for eleven years, at a cost of between sixty and seventy thousand men, or six or Beven thousand men, a year. I At that time it was necessary to wait the de parture oi a train irom post to post, as n tv as unsafe to move with leas than two pieces of artillery and a full company of infantry.— This state of things continued until 1840, when the Caucasians organized a powerful opposition to their conquerors, and up to the present day have contended against them with advantage. The Caucasus does not contain more than a million and a half of in habitants ; the Hussian empire not less than sixty millions. The Caucasians have no regu lar army ; the Emperor six hundred tho usand well disciplined troops. “Both the President and the Secretary cafeV^cWfe^r^v^S^! “il_i8 no military man would suggest such an anomaly. They suppose a frontier can only be defended by a chain of posts bordering on the line j whereas it is best secured by strong interior defences. But I did not intend to intrude my opinion on military matters.— Settle what territory you intend to claim, and tell Mexico you intend to keep it. She will bluster and protest but never attack you.— Her leaders will have too much at stake to venture far from the capital. She will have no means to equip armies and maintain them on long marches and distant campaigns; and I hazard nothing in saying that two or three strong places in the interior of our line would keep them in chek for half a century, and in less time we might buy a title, if thought necessary. By adopting this plan, peaee would come at last, with present indemnity, and, instead of raising thirty thousand men, you would have troops enough to keep peace able possession of our new territory, and might dismiss the volunteer force “ To succeed in levying the [unitary con tributions the Preisdent speaks of, and provi sioning the army by force, the troops must be very much increased. It requires a very large force to procure supplies without pay ing for them. They can only be gathered by formidable detachments and our army never has been and never will be sufficiently nu merous to enable the commanding general to separate so many men from the main body. •• I have given you my opinions very hur riedly, for it appears to me there is little time to lose in settling the course to be pursued. We can at this period withdraw our forces without dishonor ; nay, such an act would el evate us in the estimation of the world. The slightest reverse—a threat ot foreign interven tion—might render such an act difficult, if not impracticable. Before our troops evacuate the Mexican territory that people ought to be told what we intend to do. It is barely pos sible that they might be disposed to peace up on such a movement. <• With regard to the details of the defence of the line—not the line defence—they can be determined very easily, and I think we might be certain of remaining unmolested for twen