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OLD SERIES, VOL. Xli.
NEW SERIES-VOL. 3-m lft FLAG OF THE UNION, ElUblilM July s, 1*J3. STATE JOURNAL Ic FLAG OF TUE UNION, United November 9,1843. Ominous_We clip the following piece of ppetry fiom the “Dublin Nation,” ana lay it be fore our readers, as significant 0f the course of the people of Ireland, should it be our good, or bad fortune to have a war with E inland. The Tow ot Tipperary. From Carrick street to Shannon shore, From tlievcnamon to Uallindeary— From Longford-pasB to Gallymore— Corne hear the vow of Tipperary. Too long we fought for Britain’s cause, And of our olood was never chary ; Bite's paid us baak with tyrants laws, And thinned the Homes of Tipperary. But never more we’ll win eticli thanks, We swesrljy God, and Virgin Mary! • Never to list in British ranks, And that's the vow of Tipperary. Orcgoil—Arbitration. Those who have been inclined to think unfavorable of the action of the Executive in rejecting arbitration us proposed by Mr. Pakenliain, are earnestly desired 10 read the subjoined remarks of the New York Eve ning Post, 'll the statements mudo by llie Post are correct—and of their accuracy there can, wo think, be no doubt—who will •ay that the adjustment of this question ought to be withdrawn from lire control of the powers'most inlertsted in the territory ia dispute ?—N. Y. News. We hRve repeatedly proposed to divide the country by the 49ili parallel—this of fer, England, for thirty years lias steadily refused. Anything abort of this line de prives us of every port on the Pacific —gives us a territory without a single herbor, port, ®r roadsiead, and yet it is this absolute re fusal of ports thnt England calls »n offer when she suggests to us the Co’tirnbia riv. er as the dividing line. Equally unfair is her last proposed division I y the Columbia, with the addition of a headland cnmnletdly cut off from the rest of our possessions and of certain freo ports. What avails a head land separated from our own territory by a hundred miles of British Oregon 1 Of what uae are ports ''free'' only ut the pleasure of Great Britain. In a word, we l ave proposed to divide he country by a line, giving to each.power moielics of its surface nearly equal, and giv ing to Great Britain almost all the porls. Great Britain has never made any* propo sition which w 141 Id give us a single available norL Is this reasonable ? Is it just t Is it friendly ? The Oregon question to day is of little moment—hull'a century hence, ibe enterprising population employed in the commerce of the Pacific will look back with amazement at the men who in 1845, pro nounced the controversy one of no conse quence, and in its discussion utterly over looked the question of the harbors of the country. Whut now is (he question.to arbitrate ? What is to be left to arbitration? The matter and the only matter, to be left to die proposed board is, whether the United S'ates shall have any ports on the Pacific Ocean—not how many, but whether any. Draw the line where you will, Great Britain must be left with beautiful and abundant \iarbors. Draw it half a degree below lor y-nine, and the United States are left with it one. Is this a question to be left to nrbitra .ibn ? An arbitration which, go as it may, will go in favor of England, Riid which may result most adversely to the Uuteri Slates? To offer such an arbitration, after a whole generation spent in w®«dv refusal of otlr reasonable o(Ter.*> 1S surely little in accor dance with what Mr. Pakenliam calls a “friendly intention” or “a holy purpose.” The result of this negotiation makes us look with greatly increased anxiety to the passage of the notice hill through tlio Sen ate, and the adoption of proper measures of national defence. It is evident that delay only tends to in crease the difficulty, and though we have no apprehension that England will venture on a war, the real object of which would ho to exclude us from the Pacific Ocean, still the nature and position of (he controversy call loudly for enorgetic and decisive ac tion. Mr. Elijah White, a “settler” in Oregon, baa been writing a scries of interesting let lera in the “Union,” descriptive of that great country. The following picture o( the American colony there wiil show, that there is full justification for the deep inte rest taken in the question. Ho says : "We now grow all the fruits and grains fteculiar to the northern and western States —have the choicest gardens, with vegetuhlcs of every description ; amt the cheerful prai ries are enlivened by thousands of domestic herds, roaming at pleasure, and luxuriating upon nature’s own bountiful provision, both summer and winter. We now number, in ‘•II* somewhere in the vicinity of seven thousand—have seven grist mills and ten •aw mills in operation ; five neat chureh ed ifices, some eight or ten common schools, one large academical institution, well con ducted ; four American and two English ■tores j a colonial library worth several thou •and dollars ; a valuable printing press; a town at the falls 0f the Willamette of five hundred inhabitant*; and a peaceable, hap py, orderly people in hwn and country liv. ing without brand; or aVohol, under laws of tb'ir own making; and j„ obtaining the good things of this life, they a*, getting for ward most comraendably. “Our foreign commercial relations are not well established, and a circulating medium ia much needed, as gold and silver ace ■carce ; but in the absence of both, Ibr rea sons to be assigned hereafter, our colony in Oregon has more rapidly advanced theii •tote th<m any heretofore planted.” From the Worcester (Mast.) Palladium. The News from England—freedom to Trade. Tlia news brought by th? Cambria is the most important that has crossed the water since the pence of 1815. It is pacific in character—and lor more than that even 10 the present generation of men. It is not ilia! the leuders of the two great parties in England, Sir Robert Peel and Lord John Russell, both mnnifest the most pacific tem per towards the United States. It is not that they both openly disapprove ,Mr. Pak. enham's rejection of President Polk’s offer to the 40th degree as the boundary of Ore gon, without referring the proposition to his government. It is not alone in these', or in the manifestation of feelings the most pacific towards our country. It is in the great fact that the proud landed aristocracy of England has at last been forced to let go its grasp upon the giant monopoly of the Corn Laws—a monopoly that has been for many years the subject of the most with ering denunciations, because ol its oppres sions upon the mass of the people in depri ving them of a sufficiency of bread. Mr. Cobden’a League inis well nigh nc. complished the purpose of its organization. The monopoly will yet struggle hard for the mastery. It may in the outset defeat the Ministry in Parliament ; hut it is doom, ed. and must come down, or the govern ment must stop. Whigs and Tories have both tried their hands ut currying on the government and upholding the cum laws, and have failed in the experiment. The Ministry have brought forward their scheme for giving fioedom to industry, releasing trade Iroin odious restrictions, nnd putting the loaf upon every man’s table ; nnd if they fail to carry the project, and go out of power, there will ho nobody 10supply their places. Therefore, the experiment that iias been commenced, must go on. or the government must stop. In this extremity the landholders find themselves, and howev er repugnant it may be to their pride, there is no escape from it, hut through submission. It is impossible, therefore, that tiro Ministry shsuld fail to carry their scheme. What is Mr. Peel’s project ? It is nothing less than giving freedom to industry and trade, in the very stronghold of restrictive and prohibitory systems. If perfected, it will he a century ot progress to the nations in the arts of civilization ; for if the restric tive system rails in Great Britain, it falls throughout the world. It is the will of that Providence that guides the race, that it should be so. The failure of the potato crop lias IHgjtcncii the crisis, tor starvation has a re sWiess energy. It knocks loud, will be heard, and cannot be turned awny with a contemptuous nnswer. The people must have bread, and ttie monopoly of ilie coin 4hws can no longer stand in the way. Jus lice, .immutable, even-handed justice de mands that the monopoly shall be ground to powder; arid in such a contest it is not s.ifu for government to take the side of wrong against right. A market is to be opened in England (or the surplus agricultural products ot other nations. Indian corn, one of the gnat crops of the United States, and on which I England now imposes a heavy duty, it is I proposed by Mr. Peel to admit upon the light tax of one shilling the quarter,—les. than tliiee cents on the bushel. Many im portant ar'icles of provisions, atjch ns beef, pork, bacon, &c. are to ne entirely relieved from import duties ; and on nil others the present taxes are to be so essentially redu ced as lo take away from their revenue system every thing of a protective charac ter. Our country is capable of immensity of production. We can almost supply the world witli bread, let the demand be made upon ils productive energies. The jHolifie West needs a market for the abundance it con produce, so that it need not be thrown into the older Slules, and thus press down their agriculture by excessive competition. The influence of this great free trade move ment in England, is to lie felt throughout tlie world. 1 knocks off (lie shackles which have been imposed upon labor for the bene fit of capital, and ^industry will rise up "re generated and disenthralled.” 1 is passage through Parliament will give an increased value to every cultivated acre of land in America : for we shall find a better market for our produce and Great Britnin will some, how find the means to pay for it ; and in that way trade will be promoted. Let the United States then meet these ad vanres towards a more liberal system of commerce among the nations with an open handed liberality iri the arrangement of our revenue system ; for this is the way in which the great principles of enlightened freedom, having their foundation in benevolence, in truth, and in right, are to be diffused over the earth. Objections will be made, hut their own selfishness will take from them all thuir force. We are glad to learn that the citizens of TusSaloosa county are moving on the sub ject of manufactures. The last Monitor states that stocks to the amount of $40,000 has already been subscribed, and that two gentlemen have agreed to erect nil the necessary buildings, and take their pay in stock, which will increase the amoum to $60,000. We look upon this movement in Tusca loosa as the most important event that has lately transpired in our State, and shall mark its progress with no email interest. We think we see in it the germ ot a degree of prosperity such as neither Alabama, noitony State South, has hitherto witnessed. We have had line upon line and precept upon precept on the advantages of manufacturing, till the propriety, if not necessity, of the step is generally admitted. All that is now wanting is a practical illustration of the truth established by a'rgument. This we think Tuscaloosa will shortly afford. . She has fine water privileges, extensive beds of coal, rich mines of iron ore, and, better still, men of capital and enterprise—all the re quisites, in fine, for becoming a g eat man ufacturing town.—Pickens Republican. I Discovery of a new Diamond mine. ‘•We have received from Rio de Janeiro a letter which gives some curious details re lative to (he working of a new diamond mine recently discovered in Brazil. For some months past the communications nnd commercial intercourse with the province I ot Baiun have been extiaordinnry brisk. A large number ofinhabitnnts, speculators, ad venturers, and even sugar planters, are emi grating with their slaves to the province of Bahia, where is situate an immense dia mond mine, the produce of which is incred ihle. It was discovered in October, 1844, by a slave, who in 20 days hud gathered 70t) carats of diamonds, and carded tli ir. a considerable distance for sale. Arrested affd imprisoned, the slave obstinately refus ed to disclose the locus in quo. They there fore let him loose, and put n number of in telligent Indians upon his ‘trail.’ The hit. ter pursued him for several days, and found him working for the extraction of (lie din. monds not far from Caxoeira, the second city ol Bahia. Investigations were then made on a large scale along a chain of mountains called Sincura, which hare given the name to this mine, nnd on the banks ot the river Parnguassu, which falls into the bay ot Baliiu. The first persons who es lablished themselves nt the mine of Sincur ra were chiefly crnvicts and murderers. They made known their presence hv fires and assassinations. The difficulty of sub sisting in the country, uud the danger to which those were exposed who proceeded thither to exchange diamonds for the paper money of Brazil, prev< nted honorable mer chants from entorug into the trade. By' degrees when the population laid become more numerous, a system of police was cs: lablished by the new colonists and the mine was then worked upon a much larger and moie •extensive scale. The population, w hich only amounted in ’August, 1844, to 8000 souls, distributed over three villages, was at the end of July upwards of 30,000. and on the increase' The villages at pres ent inhabited and cultivated are seven in number, nnd are named Paraguasso, Coin linens, Chiqucchjque, Cousu-Bon, Andra shy, Nage nail Lmeoc. The last named vill ige, which i9 20 leagues distant from Paraguassa, remains alone 3000 families nnd 20.000 inhabitants. The centra! point ot.the diamond trade is Pnraguassnu, w hich nlihoiigh sufficiently peopled, has only nt present twelve small houses of brick. Al most all the miners go thither on Saturdays and Sundays to sell the stones they have picked up during the week. They receive in exchange different articles of consump» lion,arms and apparel, which are brought thither nt great expense from Bahia. The diamonds extracted trom l'urnguassu are generally speaking, of o brown color, und of a very irregular formation. White and | light green, almost transparent on their first extraction from the tn.ne, distinguish those of Lancoes, Tliev are of an ocinhedral form, dll cl a ro the most in request. It is often requisite to dig three or lour metres in order to reach the cascaille, or layer ol the diamonds. Diamonds are also discov ered in the rocky ravines at the bottom of the Parngunssti itself, and the streams which fall into it. The price of these diutnonds varies, at Bahia, from 250 to 508 milrois per octave (G70f. 13401.) according to their fineness and size. The octavo is 17 1-2 carats; hut the Brazillian carat is 7 1-2 per cent less than the French, which makes ilie Brazilian carat about G7fto 134f. The present course of exchange ol Bahia is 3G5 reis for 1 franc. The two English steamers of May and June brought nliout 5,500,000 francs worth of diamonds from this mine. Duiing the months of Juno and July the mine yielded nearly 1450 carats per day. It is estimated lo have produced, during the six months of its working, nearly 400,000 Porlugues carats (about 18,300,000 francs,) of which three-fifths were sent lo England, another filthawnits buyers at Ilio .luneiro and Bahia. Not all the lapidaries in Europe would be sufficient to polish only ouo half of the produce of the Sincurru mini?; thus a depreciation of that value is expected, which gives rise to the most hazardous spec ulations. Brazil, which has the privilege of supplying the trade with diamonds, did not produce annually, before the discovery en kilogrammes, which cost more than n million for ihe expenses of working ; thus the price even in the rough slate, bus always been very high. Hitherto no very large diamonds have been found at Sincurra.— Tncre are very few in the world weighing more than 20 grammes. The largest dia mond is that of Agra, weighing 133 gram mes ; (hn| of the Rajah ol Mntan, in Borneo, weighs 78 grammes ; that of the Great Mo. gul 63 grummes, and that of France, called the “Regent.1’ 28 grammes 89 centigram mes; but it is of a very pretty shape and perfect in every respect. Bclore being pol ished it weighed 87 grammes, nnd cost two years' labor. The mine of Sincurra pre sents the spectacle of an independent colo ny in the bosom of the mother country Hitherto the Government has taken no steps to possess itself ol the direction of this trade, which promises to be so abundant a source of wealth In Bahia, and it will he perhaps induced to sanction the regulations formed by the inhabitants themselves for the work' ing of the mine which nlieady covers a su perficies of more than 30 leagues !”—Jour nal des Debats. The Diamond Mine.—The Frankfort journal has an extract ofa letter Irom Rio, giving some curious details of the diamond mines recently discovered in Brazil :-“Hals full ol the stones have been picken up and brought away. Two-thirds of them are of a yellowish tinge, and do not possess the us. ud hardness ol the diamond, but many of them are vtyy fine. Tlu- House of Bomfim and Sesliesldr.the largest diamond merchants at Rio Janeiro, at first threw doubts on the reality of this discovery of the mine, but notwithstanding this every one who has dia monds on hand is endeavoring to sell them at the best price they cm obtain, fearing & great reduction in the value. The country where the new mines are siloate is thickly populated, but the people are mostly very poor.” CHorcE Cotton.—A Jay or two since wo received from Col. McDonald,ofBarbour 1 County in this Stute, a small samp/e of col. ion raised on his plantation, which, for fine, ness of fibre, length of staple, color and cleanl.ness excels anything we have seen this season, to the shape of Upland cotlon. Col. McDonald is an agriculturist in prac. lice os well as theory,and has rendered great service to the agricultural interests of our Slate. Severnl productions from his pen, possessing both interest and originality, on agricultural subjects, hove already been laid before the public-some ol these, we arc proud to pay, have appeared in the columns ol this paper. Sucli men are benefactors and or naments of the age in which they live. We copy the following from the last num ber of the £ufauly“Southern Shield Mo bile Advertiser. Uaise I*ink Cotton*—As an inducement to our planting friends to devote more ol their attention to preparing fmo cUton for market, we publish the following extract ol u letter to Col. McDonald, dated "New Yokk, Feb. 7. 1846. "Col. Alex. McDonald. “Dear Sir: Your 20 hales of cotton are in store, and in ns fine order as e*ilon can he, and probably in as good ns shipped. 14 bales ol the 20 are beautiful, uud the sta pie altogether superior to that of any you have sent us heretofore. For the 14, I shall do much better for you than to have sold it at home ai nine cents. Inm certain that I could gel 11 cents, it I would *n j the word, —•but 1 ask considerable more, and shall get it too, I think. “i 8«w a sample of some ciilfnn lo-dav, grown on the uplunds of Mississippi, (coin Mastodon seed, and such staple 1 neversaw, except in Sea Island cotton. I vile lose you a little, and will learn where th<( seed can be got for you. * * * “Your3, truly. “JAMES VV. PHILLIPS. The Cotton Plant.—Ti e Now y,,rk Farmer, in an article upon the C>Uon Plant, says: 1 crimps no physical event illiterates more remarkably mid clearly the superintendence of Providence, limn the Cotton Plant. At this moment it lias an important influence in preserving peace between the two great, est maritime powers, and perhips between the whole civilized world. The interests of all.classes in Great Britain are directly or indirectly dependent on the uninterrupted supply of cotton from the United Stutes. A very large portion of the most influential of the Southern Slates would be reduced to bankiuptcy by the "suspension, for a lew years, of the demand lor cotton from Great Biitaio. I he value of property, throughout the cotton-growing Slates, would be greatly depreciated by a rupture between this and the mother country. The statesmen ol Gicat Britain and those Stater, foresee these and Consequent evils, and htiice much of that unwillingness in the Soulliern States to provoke a useless and bloody War.—Should a rupture lake place, it would stimulate the grow-h of cotton in the liait Indies and I" South Ameiicn, resulting probably in a Permanent injury to our Southern sec li°|> When we consider the apparently acci I dental circumstance that let to the culture I of cotton in this country, nnd the immense i and varied interests that hive grown out ' of it—interests that affect the moral, reli gious, social, political and physical position of the whole world—we see a chain ol'events that can owe its existence to no other than the Creator himself. The Enolisii Cohn Laws.—The Board of Trade of England have necn circulating, a pamphlet, the object of wlijcli is to show how the difficulties in the wui of repealing the Corn Laws can he obviated. They maintain that England cansmtain free trade with all nations, with chenp food, by retain ing a duty on eight articles only for reve nue, tobacco, coffee, sugar, tea, spices, salt, spirituous and malt liquors. These articles of necessity and luxury they show by offi cial tables, now produce £19000,000 ster ling, of the £21,0(10,000, the present amount of duties collected on all oilier arliclcs. Then come in the stamp dutiei (amount not recollected) nnd for the balance(£9,000,000 to make up £50,0110,(100 sterling, the esti mate to pay the interest on puHic debt, civ il list, army and navy, it is proposed In place the deficit entirely on the income tax. This measure they propose, provided the Corn Laws are repealed. Anecdote.—When Clingman was elec tioneering in one of the obscure villages of North Carolina, last summer, he asked n young lady, (a good democrat by the bv) it the ladies in the valley were not in furor ol him. She replied we are too good demo crats for flint. Hut says Cliogrnnn. down i'.i Cleveland all the gil ls go lbs me—why not long ngo, there ut Court, when a young lady was about to give her evidence in court, the Bible being presented to her, she asked his honor if it would'nt do-us well for her to kiss the lawyer, for she would n great deal rather kiss Mr Clingman. Y*s Mr. Clingman, rcstorted the spirited maun, tain gir|. I can tell you why,—she did’nt want to kiss the truth.—Calumbia Caroli nian. A Promising Clerk.—One day last week, says the Boston Transcript, n mer chant in Milk street, ordered a clerk, 17 or 18, whom he had just received into his counting room, to take of an account from the books with all despatch. Soon after, hearing him scratching out something from the ledger, the merchant inquired what he was doing, to which he replied that he was “taking off the account, but his knife was so darned dull that it would take all the after noon to get it off!” A Compliment mid a Itcminl i pence. The National Intelligence, speaking ol the news by the Cambriajlsays : The most curious ilcnrt of intelligence hv this arrival is Ihe unprecedented com pliment paid by the House ot Lords to Mr. Secretary Walker’s Annuli Treasury lie port, recommending the rfpeal of our pro teclivo tariff, which was irdered by their Lordships to be printed for the use ot the House. It is, indeed, not1 improbable that the free trade propositionstof our Secreta ry accelerated, it they did not prompt, the kindred measure in England of a total re peal ol the corn laws." Upon this the N. Y. Evening Post rer marks, with a reminiscence at this time pe culiarly interesting, of a very early singe of the Oregon question : ‘•The Intelligencer is not accurate in speaking ol the compliment paid to Mr. Walker’s report as unprecedented. It is Ihe practice of the English government to direct the printing ol such documents (rom abroad as are of great public interest. I he report concerning the Oregon territo ry, made by Mr Francis B.ylins, of Mas*, acliusetts, to the House of Representatives, twenty years ago—a report which gave us our first impressions of the value of that territory, and Ihe strength of the American title to it—was re-printed in England for the use ol the British government. So early was that government awake to the impor tanee of that territory, and with such vigi. lance did she watch the proseedings of this country ill regard to it. ric II. had the following, correspondence with the Sexton of the Cuthedru) at Ber lin : • ‘•1 give notice to your Majesty, lstly, that there arj hymn books wanting lor tlie roy. “I family ; I give notice to your Majesty, 2dlv, that I want wood to heat the royal pew; I give notice to your Majesty, 3d, that the bnlliistrnde behind the church tow. arris the river tlucatcns ruin, Schmidt, Sexton of the Cathedral " Ui.pi.y of tub King.—“I give notice to Schmidt, the Sexton, lstly, that those who wish lo sing may buy books lor Iheinselvep; I give notice to Schmidt, the Sexton, 2dly, iliut those who wish to warm may buy some wood ; I give notice to Schmidt, the Sex ton, 3dlv, tliut the hullustrade towards the river does not concern me at all ; I give notice to Schmidt the Sexton, 4llily, that 1 wish to have no more correspondence with him."—Boiton Traveller. Copartnership. TllK subscribers have connected themselves together, under the firm of Bull, Dyche Si Co, fur the purpose of doing a general Fac torage business in Mobile. They would respect fully offer their services to their friends and the public. , plat t bull, of the late firm of Bull & Boardtnan. JNO P. DYCHE. JNO. BRALENTINE Mobile, Juno 1,1845. 10 47. Thompsonian Medical Depot. RMOVEED TO MO. 70 WATER ST. MOBILE, ALA. fIMIE subscriber having recently determined to wind up his business as early ns possi. ble, will sell his present large slock of But nic Medicines at cost, adding the expense of im portation, JOSEPH REED. Dec. 18, 1845. 5 *2m. t|iHE SUBSCRIBER having taken liis bro there, Luke and Huge Alasterson, into Co partnership, the business will in future be con | ducted in the name of Masterson &. Brotu ers, both in St. Louis, Mo. and in this place, j _ JAS. MASTERSON. _Wbbile, FI 3, 1846 __ If 13, NEW DRUGS, MEDICINES, &G. A LAIUiE and general asanrtmenl of Drugs and Medicines, \ Paints and Dye Sluffs, ' Glass and Glass Ware, Surgical and Denlical instruments, Olive and Coslor Oil, Sperm and Wax Candles,sup. Wines, Brandy and Alcohol, Congress and Saratoga Water, Sperm Lard and Linseed Oils, Perfumeries,Soaps, &c. &c. Also a voricty of other articles, all of which are fresh and oflhe best quality, Dr. SAML. SMITH. May 8th, 1845, Tax Collector’s Sale. ON the first Monday in May, 1846, 1 elial offer for sale, for cash, at the Court House door, in Walker county, tor taxes due the ful. lowing tracts of lands, to wit: the west half of the north-east fourth of section 19,township 14, range 7. west; as the property of John K. Heard. Also, fractional section 10, township 15, range 6, west. On the south side of the Warrior river, containining 136 acres, as the properly of Silvester Steel, non residents, this 30th Sept. 1845. W«. ROBINS, t. c. w c. Oct. 10, 1845, liu6m-47. China, rdii.s, I’.urllicnware 4k Cutlery WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. rilHE subscriber is now receivirg an enton JL sive assortment of the above articles, which he offers at the lowest prices. JAS. MASTERSON, Importer, 34 Water St. April, 28 1845. ly 24. ~BLDRE1) RAWLINS, «4>saafUESff2 £>2r aoiMssiEi&sr a NO. till COM M ERCE ST REST, H0SIL3. KEFEREIdCES : Hon. Joshua L. Martin, Tuscaloosa. Col. James Pickett* Marengo ("ly. Col. Win. K. Pickett, Autauga Cty Col. Jno. J. Winston, Oreene County. Desha, Smith, & Co. I .. ... Bradford St Saunders, \ ‘ 0 tc‘ Ruffin Coleman, Columbutt Mist. Jefferson Mills, ) .. , Rev. J no. C. Burros-, $ Aberdeen. Coh Albert J. Pickett, Montgomery. Allen & Hayden, ) ... Ttar, Stewart, &i Co. ( Mobile. Oct. 31, 1845. tfJO Executed at Uiia office * ith neatness &. depatch PREPARATORY SCHOOL By R FURMAN, Principal. J. L. FURMAN, Assistant. THE exercises of this school will be resums ed on Monday next, it is the object of the teachers to communicate instruction hi eith er a part or the whole of the studies required for admission into tfie Freshman class of the Uni versity. These studies, as may bo seen by ref erence to the publication of the Faculty, are, English Grammar. Arithmetic, and Geography, Four Books of Cesar's Galli«*VVar; The Bu colics of Virgil, ami six hooks of the .ASneid ; Sallust, and several of Cicero'st Orations; Ja cobs' Greek Reader, and Latin Prosody. jgprticular attention is paid to Elementary Principles; and Rending Writing, and Spell ing, together with a daily exercise in the Sa cred Scriptures, are, by no means, neglected. Small boys arc not to be considered as exclu ded. On the contrary, it is desirable to have them, in order that they may be taught, from the first, according to the method most approv ed by the subscriber. T he price oF tuition is rechtced to that of ele ven dollars a quarter of eleven \Veeks each, to be paid at the end of every quarter,at which time a vacation of two wicks is usually allowed. (t^7“ Young (hen desirous of Qualifying them" selves for teaching in the country, would be greatly benefited by spending a few months with the subscriber. U. FURMAN. Jan. 3,1840. tf.8. University or Alabama, Jon 3. 1846. Mr. Richnrd Furman, nn Alumnus of this Uni versity, ond ihe principal of an elementary and classical school in this vicinity, having requested of die Faculty of the University, an expression of (heir opinion in regard lo his qualifications ns n teach er, the Faculiy have no hesitation in saying, that they regard him us at once able ond faithful, and as abundantly deserving the patronage of an intelligent •public. Mr. Furman has been for six years engaged in bis present employment; and during this time, he has sent a number of students to this institution, who, if not always perfectly prepared for admission, have, nevertheless, in no case, brought from him any tcst'moninle which their attainments would not justify. It is characteristic of him to state, with the utmost frankness, to all whom it inny concern, whnt he believes to bo the progress made by the \ upils under Ins charge. As an able, honest, and faithful teacher, the Fac ulty of this University, therefore, very willingly say, thut sliey know no one more deserving than Mr. Furman, of the confidence of the public. By order of the Faculty. F. A. P. BARNARD, Sccreatry. University of Alabama, Jan. 15, 18-16. Mr. Formas—8ir.—By an ordinance of the Board of Trustees of the University, passed at their session in Dec. 1813. the Faculty arc authorized to issue to the teacher or teachers of those candi dates for admission, who, on the formation of each succeeding class, shall appear to be best prepared, a e r tiiicate to that efiect, and an expression of the 1 approbation of the Faculty. Among those who hove been received into the Class recently lormed, three individuals have ap peared to surpass the others in their acquaintance with the preparatory sntdies; and two of those arc from your School. Infaccordonce, therefore, with the Ordinance above cited, this certificate is issued to you, testifying to the superior attainments of your pupils over the mass of thoso applying for ad mission to the University. * By order of the Board, F. A. P. BARNARD, Sjc*y. Jan. 30, 1846, 11 Eiaw co-partnership. rpllK undersigned will practice as Atlor JL neys and Counsellors at Law, and Solicit tors in Equity, ill the several Courts of Tusca loosa county, and of the adjoining counties, in which their services mnv he needed. PORTER, McCROHAN & BRODIE, Benjamin I*’. Porter, j Ciia’s. P. McCrohan. > Tuscaloosa, Ala. Sam'l II. IiRoniE. j filter Spoon A. Fork Tlaim lavlury. 1OHN CREGAN, Silver and Gold Smith, ha, " removed his work shop to Dr. Uriah's new building, directly opposite the Post Ofiict where he is prepared to make to order the fol lowing articles of a very superior quality am finish, viz : Silver Tea and Table Spoons, . Do Soup Ladles, Do Cream and Gravy Spoons. Do Knives and Forks, Do Clips and Tumhleis, Do Sr It and Mustard Spoons, Do Butter Knives, &c, &c, &c. Gentlemens walking canes mounted in Gold ! and Silver in ihc most elegant style. He is ulsc i prepared to make and repair Jewelry in the | neatest and best manner, and at the shortest no. > tice. Me respectfully invites all to call and ex amine Ins work. Country orders solicited and executed without delay. All work warranted equal in quality to silver dollars. The follow, ing gentlemen kindly allow him to refer to them Gov. Joshua L. Marlin, Hon B. F. Porler, tier.. Tlios. D. King, Dr. R- Haywood, Hon. H, W. Collier, Dr. J . R. Drish, Hon. J. J. Ormond, Judge T. Owen, I'eb. 13, 184a tf 13 Do Dessert do Rev. Dr. Manly, Prof. Stafford, Jan. 2,1846, Hopson Owen, Prof. Brumby, 7—tf. Purish School of ClirUt Church. THE Wardens and Vestry of Christ Cliurcl Tuscaloosa, have made arrangement fo the permanent establishment of a Classics School, with the sanction and advice of lh( lit. Ilov. Bishop of this Diocese, who, togethe with the Hector of the Church, will act as reg ular visitors of the same. They have obtainei the services of Horace L. Edgar Pratt, A. B (of the Unite sity of New York) as Principal for the ensuing year. 'I'lie school will be opened the 2d Monday of Sept next, i n the Rectory on the Church lot the scholastic year will be divided into two aes sinus of live months each. The necessary preparatory branches requiret for admission to College will be thoroughly tanirlit, besides all English studies desired no admission fur less than one session, excepi when a pupil enters after the commencemenl of a session. TUrnON,—twenty dollarj per session one half to bo paid at the commencement, tin emaindtr, at the end of each session, to eithei of the undersigned— E. W. PECK, C. M. FOSTER, HEN IlY A. SNOW, S. J. LEACH, AUGUSTIN LYNCH, C. R. HARKISOV, E. F. COMEGYS. ? Tuscnloosa, August J4lh, 1845. ly-39. Digest of Alabama Reports. A New Digest of the Alabama Reports, fron Minor to the 7th New Series, inclusivi by P. PHILLIPS, esq. is now in course of pub lication, and will be ready for delivery in tin fall. JOEL WHITE, Tuscalo&a. S. W. ALLEN, Mobile. , Tuscaloosa, July 1st,-1845. tf i» Alabama Female Institute, Right Rev. N. H. COBBS, Visitor and Patron. KW. ARISTIDES S. SMITH, Rector. PB! IIobject of ti»is Institution is to fit young JL ladies for that station in life which Prov idence designed that they should occupy, by forming their characters on the basis of a well informed mind, refined manners, and Christian morals. To accomplish this end, it will be the constant aim of the Rector to cultivate and im prove both the mental and moral faculties of Ins pupils, as well as to impart to them thorough instruction iri all those branches of learning which serve to elevate and adorn the female character. Bringing to the task which lie is about to un - dertake, the results of many years experience as an Instructor of Youth, the Rector hopes that, by unremitting exertion, both on his own pari and on that of ins Assistants, he maybe enabled not only to give satisfaction to Ins pat rons, but also to promote the wolfaie and hap piness ot those who may be confided to his care. TERMS. Board, including washing, bedding,'fuel, lights, &c. per session of five months, $?5 Tuition—In the Primary’department, 15 “ In the higher departments. ito For instruction in the Languages, ancient rnd modern, Instrumental Music, and the va aious Ornamental branches, extra charges vviil be made. 'The Boarding Pupils will he expected to at tend the Episcopal Church, with the Rector’s family, unless their Parents or guardians prefer some other place of worship. Tins Institut/on will go info operation on the 1st Monday in November next. Applications for the present, may be made jo the Rt Rjv. N. H. COBBS, D. D., Tus caloosa. Oct. 3, 1845. 46 tf A »rii«s .v a GENERAL assortment—pure fresh, and good. Sopns, different kinds Spices Surgical instruments Denlical instruments Shop furniture Stationery Points Brushes Varnish Glass Medicine clients Patent medicines Perfumery Confectionary Lemon Syuup Wines Dye SLufls Fiddle strings Matches ’ Baking Flavors isinglass Sullad Oil Ht*rbs, tf-c. rf-c. which are offered ns lmv ns articles of the same good quality can be ufTordcd. The subscriber bus alsn lined up at a liPiivy expense a first rute SODA FOUNT, and will also during tho summer months keep ICE CREAM, constantly on hand. JOHN LITTLc. Tuscaloosa May 23d 184a. 26 tf A CAlUil. WM. McCAY, (recently of Eutaw) res*. pcctfully offers Ins services to the citi zens of tins place anil vicinity, as conductor of a Male. School. From many year experience in teaching, jm flatters himself thai lie will be able " to please loose who may patronize him. Ho will devote himself to the moral and intellectual advancement of his pupils, cxeicising over them a strict, yet parental discipline. The course prescribed will embrace the us. ual-branchce of English Education, wi h instruc tion in the Latin anil Greek Languages. Par ticular attention will be given to Composition and Declamation. Terms per session of five months; Primary Department, $12. Advanced jJIG. Langua ges, $20. 00“ lief.—lion. S. McAlpin anti lion. J. V*,'. Taylor, of Greene county. Tuscaloosa, Jan. ‘J. 1810. tf-8. WOODRUFF & OLCOTT, would beg leave to jog the elbow of the public, and to remind it again, that their assortment of •‘HOOKS AND STATIONARY” is among the VEHY HOST IN THE COUNTRY J and they pledge thcmwlrea as men and as merchants, not to be undersold in any Southern city. N. 11. They would also whisper in the ear of their friends, that "quarter day" had coma round again, [Setling duy.l Jan. 9, 1846. tf-8. look Xlere. _~r' IF any person wants a first rate Buggy, Parle Carriage, Rockaway, Buggy, or Carryal, and makes us any thing like a reasonable offer, he gets it. We wish to close a consignment, and we want the store room. \^'e warrant the work to be ns good, if not the best, that has ev er been sent to Alabama, and it is handsomely and tastily made. WOODRUFF &. OLCOTT. N. II. Our fall and winter supplies of New Books are beginning to arrive—a splendid col lection Oct 31,1845. tf-50. t TllKlSI OL.OUY nl the Old Testament, and a Commentary on the predictions of the Messiah by the I'rophels. By K. W. Htg stenburg. Translated from the German, by Reuel Keith, D. D. Prof. in the Protestant Episcopal Theological Seminary of Virginia. 3 vola. 8vo. Fur tale by WOODRUFF & OLCOTT, Waverly I’lucr, Nov. 14, 1845. tf-52. AT COST. fashionable clothing. CJ. FIQUKT would inform the public, • that he now offers his stock of fashionable Over Goats, and Winter Frock Coats, at New Vork cost, and expenses, for par funds. He lias also on hand a large stock of the finest French Cloths and Gassiineres, which he will sell very low for cash and cush only. Gentle men, if you want 10 purchase fine and good ■ clothing, for littie money,just call atFiQET’S, who will sell lower than the Jews. Jan. 19. 1846. tflO The Fre e-Mason's Monitor* CON GAINING a delineation of the funda mente.l principles of Free-JUasonry, &c. by Z. A. Davis, I’. VV. Just received and for sale by JURE WHITE. Nov. 21, 1845. tf.l. Ai.rx.vNorit n. (.litiibuall, ATIOllNBY AND COVNi.RM.Oa AT LAW, AND SO. LICITOR IN CHANCERY, J PICKENSVILLK, ALA. Inly 27, 1842 :tf. ~fll08. U. CLARKE!, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. WILL practice m the Circuit Courts oil all the counties composing the third i Judicial Circuit, la wit: St. Ciair, Shelby, Jef ferson, Tuscaloosa and Greene; iu the Courts i of the-United States held in this city, aud in the Supreme Court of Alabama. Office in Tutcaloosa, upstairs, above Smith’s Drug Store July 12, 1844-34;if