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T=f~ OLD SERIES, VOL. XII. “JP HESS O.V»Vf«»!) CITY OF TUSCALOOSA, ALA., FRIDA Y, J UNE 19. 1846. NEW SERIES—VOL. c i-NO 31 Plau ot'tku Battle of Kesaca de la Palma—May 9, 1840. Battle of Palm Bottom. Fort Polk. Point Isabel, May 30, 1846. Dear Sib :—1 regret deeply (lie delay that lias occurred in completing the narimive of the battles of the 8th and Uth. This is the first moment 1 hove had of leisure, and even now I cnnnwt expect to do more than break ground in the scenes ihat occurred on the 9th, and trust to the odd moments that I may steal from business to complete the pic ture. On the morning of the 9ih the sun lose bright and clear, und with the first drum our hardy soldiery sprung from their bed upon the naked pruirie, and even, before partaking of their soldier’s meal of hard bread, a small piece oftiult pork und a cup of cold water, cast an anxious, hopeful eye towards the chaparul in their Iron), along which the enemy had encamped, and when the straining eye could discern amid the gray of the morning the enemy’s line, a glow of exultation filled the cheeks of every one from our brave and heroic General to the lowest private in our ranks. The first care of our General was to vis it the wounded and see that every comfort was supplied—the constant and well direct ed energies ol the medical department left but little for him to do, every one, whether officer or soldier, had been intended with unwearying care and watchfulness. The troops having partaken of their mevl the or dor was given to get the command under arms. Gen. Taylor here summoned a eoun cil of war, composed of the heads ol the several commands in all thirteen excluding the Commander-in.Chief. The General af ter returning thanks for their support and bravery on the 8lh, and wishing to be advis ed as to what they thought best to be done, called on each to give his opinion. It was ti e i ascertained that but four out of the thirteen were in lavor of going ahead, the other officers Composing the council voted, some to entrench where they were and await the assistance of the volunteers, and others to retire at once to Point Isabel, but the General said “ 1 will be at Fort Brown by night if I line." Those who voted for go ing ahead, as they watched the countenance of the General, might have seen the smile of approbation that lighted the old man’s honest face at the moment, though he bow. ed with respect to the opinions of those who differed from him, and in saying engrave, on the sacred banner of the stars and stripes the names til 1 aylor, McIntosh, Morns, iscolt and Duncan, I mean no reflection upon those who voted against them,they were m-n tried in many a field before, and their deeds on that day proved them equal to the best. Lt. Ridgely, who was entitled to a vote in the council, wns at the lime in attendance on the lamented Ringgold, and therefore had no voice in the matter, but ns he gallop ed up to his battery on returning from his visit to the Major, some one raid '‘Ridgely were you at the council?” and he replied “no, I did not know that one had been call ed, but I hope old Zach will go ahead and bring the matter to close quarters.” The command at this time was under arms and the advance sounded. The Mex icans at this moment were arranged along the edge of the chaparnl in no very regular line,and so soon as we commenced our move ment they retired into thechapural and we lost sight of them. Gen. Taylor advanced his line close up to the pond on which the Mexican left rest ed the day before; here he hailed to organ ize his forces for an advance, well knowing that Ihe Mexicans had merely reireuted to the Resaca de la Palma, a point evident to every one at which a desperate stand could be made. Before despatching (he advance guard a reconnoitcring party was thrown forward into the chaparal. Lt. Duncnn with his battery being thrown forward on our left, discovered a large quantity of am munition on the field and secured it. The reconnoitring party under Capt. Ker left no bush unsearched, and discovered numer ous large graves in which the Mexicans had buried their dead on the night before, but no enemy was to be seen. Gen. Taylor then gave orders to Capts. McCall, of ihe 3d Inf., and Smith, 1st Art. to select, at their option, 400 men, as an advanced guard, and to select such officers M they thought proper, from the whole command, The command could not have fallen into abler hand-i: McCall had distin guished himself by his indefatigable oxer (ions on a scout some fane before • and Smith led the charge at the Colorado. Among ihe officers selected by them, were Lts. Dobbins and McCowan, two of ihe bes> woodsmen in Iho army, and who can hit a dollar at one hundred yards without trying very hard. Their orders were to gojorward and th«| the General would follow. The main body was (lien organized, and a body of artillery under Duncan, the 8th Infnn. try, under Belknap, and the Artillery Bri gade, Col. Childs, were thrown forwuid to the chuparal. Gen. Tuylor then otdered I the comixmy wagons forwards, and ordered l.t. Churchill to thiow up entrenchments where the main puck of wagons was then I established, and place his 18 pounders, and some long twelves, that were in the wagons, in ti e works; and defend the train, should it be attacked. At this moment it was that the gallant Blake received the sl ot from the accidental discharge o: his pistol—ol which wound he died on the same day. In the death of Capt. Blake, the urrny sustained a great loss. A mote gallant and accomplished officer could not he found in our ranks. The wounded were curefuily placed in wagons, and sent to Point Isabel. Nothing of consequence transpired for several hours, when a message arrived from Ctipt. McCall, then four miles ahead ol the main b ,dy, that he had been fired on from a (5-pounder, on debouching from the chupar al on to Jackass Pruirie. This had no ef fect on Gen. Taylor, other than to quicken his go ahead character ; and he pushed on. On arriving at the edge of the prairie, no en. emy Was to be seen. Capt. McCall haden. tered the second chaparal, and was about one mile u|ie»d. But now the eventful moment was draw ing nigh, and scurcelv had we entered the second chaparal, when word came from the udvance that the enemy were in force at Rusnca do la l’ulma, and within five hun dred yards of the advance guard. Orders were immediately given to puck the wag ons, and form the order ol battle. The wug ons were placed ns designated in the map and the Artillery Brigude, with Duncan’s Battery, left to protect them.—Capt. Ker’s squadron covering the extreme rear. The 3d, 4th, 8th, and 5th Infantry, with May’s squadron, were posted along the road, with in the chaparal. Gen. Tuylor then order ed Ridgely, with his battery, to forward and clear the way—Capt. McCall and Smith to deploy on the right and left, as skirmishers, until reinforced by the5tn and 3th. Ridge, ly waited not a moment, but sta.'ted bis bat tery ut full speed, determined to have no rnoru long, law shooting, but lest the Mexican met. at ut close quarters. As he charged, with uiic iuuu 11 uin ins men, me luexicuiis opened llieir artillery and musketry (from B) upon him. On he went, until he halted pieces within one hundred yards of the muz zle of the enemy’s pieces, (at A.) and com. rnenced the action. Smith and McCall soon deployed, ami engaged the infantry. Tne fire from the Mexican guns was awful. The infantry were engaged within twenty paces ol Ridgely’s Buttery, and the whole fire of their nine pieces concentrated on his battery. The first shot from the Mexican Battery knocked over one man and three liorsrs at our first piece. The enemy fired too high, ns on the day before. The 5th and 8th In fantry soon came up, deployed as skirmish* ers, and look u hand in the game—the space separating the two lines of infantry not ex. ceeding twenty puces. Our men and offi cers seemed particularly determined to have a close hug of the enemy, and so cool and colle-cted were all hands, that not a shut was thrown away. The command from one end of the line to the other was, not to fire until you could see the whites of their eves. At this time no adequate idea can be had of the showers of grape, canister, and round shot thut flew from the enemy's butteries— it was a perfect hail storm. Their battery, composed of nine pieces, kept up an inces sant roar, whilst Ri.lgley gave it to them at the rate of four guns per minute from each piece. The cunnoniers threw off their coats ; tied their suspenders round their waists; rolled their sleeves to the shoulder, and plied the match unceasingly. For twen ty minutes this battery, supported by the 5th nnd 8th, bore the concentrated fire of ihe enemy. As yet the enemy budged not one inch, but soon the entering wedge was placed ; the 5th and 8lh, under cover of our buttery, tried the effect of cold steel, and whenever a soldier missed the Mexican with his shot, ho advanced—as did the bruve Mexican—and whoever got the first stab at the other was the lucky man. A moment before this Ihe enemy pressed Ridgely’s battery very hard, the infantry covering his bnttery, m deploying, got too far at times from his pieces, nnd left them exposed. I was requested by Ridgley to ride back nnd say to the General that they were pressing his pieces very hard, to send up some jnfamry. I at once did so, and met the General riding along as though no thing was going on. He replied to the mes sage—“Oh, never mind ! He is doing very I well. Let liim iilone—there is no Tear of him.’' I returned and found them driving the enemy. By this time the 3J and 4i!> came gal lantly on, deploying on the right und left. Then came the heavy blows that kept the wedge moving. First came u round from the battery, then a blow on the right from the 5th and 3d, and then one Icom the left by the 8th and 4th j and so it was—the word was “ Push along—keep moving !” until ltidgley placed his battery where theirs first stood, and our nienstoud on the same ground that had been held by their infantry, und which was then covered by their dead und wounded. By this time Gen. Taylor was up in die front rank of the fight, with Cols. McIntosh, Payne, und his stall'. His attention was riveted on Ridgoly’s battery as though won dering it it were possible a light artillery battery could do so much service, for entre nous, the General was not particularly an ndvocate ol this ann before this campaign. Very soon it appeared as though the enemy in retiring with their battery across the ra vine to the point C. had arranged it so as to have the General and Itidgley’s battery both in their line of tire, tor the grape Hew thick and fast around him. Adj’t Gen. Bliss advised him to change his position, but no, he saw very well from where he was, und did not leave it lor some time. At this time the struggle was tremeudious, ihe Infantry had captured ono piece of artil lery on this side the ravine, and was chare* ing across the pond of water. At limes an interval would be left between two of our companies and Ihe Mexicuns would charge across the ravine and take a position there. In one instance, Lt. Deas, the gallant Adju. tnnt of the 5jn, with ten men, asking me to rally ns many more and follow, charged in to the bushes where a party of Mexicans on our side of Ihe ravine were obstinately dispu. ting inch by inch with our men, and after placing the men in position, we wheeled to ride out fur a reinforcement, when seven Mexicans jumped from behind us and with in ten paces of us and fired ns we charged past them without doing any injure, hotvev. er, of consequence. Fur some time Ihe can nonading und musketry, though doing tre mendous execution, could not drive the en ui Iasi ns me mlantry closed the distance the enemy hud to move. Every regiment of infantry did its duty, iho fight ing assumed the churactcr of hand to hand combat, the bayonet was crossed and the sword used. Ridgley still plied the dash ol grape and round shot with terrible effect, his Lieuts. Shover, Fremont and French, were often engaged in carrying ammunition to the guns and loading them. Just here Lt. Duncan came up with his hutlery but was unable to bring it into action lor some time, from the fact that there was no room to pluce it and open on the enemy without [endangering our own infantry in front. The enemy again wavered. Gen. Tuv. lor ordered Capt. May to churge their butte, ry, and on he started ; hut on reaching the point ol the road where he would have been discovered by the enemy, he was slopped by Ridgely, who told him that the enemy had just loaded all their pieces, and if he charged then, he would he swept awav, "Stop,” snvs Ridgely, “until i draw their fire when he deliberately fired each gun ; so terrible was the effect of the grape, that the Mexicans poured their fire upon his piece, and then May charged like a bullet, drove of their cannoniers, took La Vega prisoner and retreated. Here Lt. Inge, a noble, gallant soldier, charged at tho fiend of the squadron, was killed and stripped' Lt. Suckett thun whom there is no better officer, had his horse shot under him, and was pitched head foremost into the pond, rose ugntn, covered with mud and water, and escaped.— The squadron suffered very much. I am sure Charley May feels grateful to Ridgley for his cool judgment and timely advice- Had he charged on the battery, loaded with grape as it was, I do not believe he would have saved a man. I lie Mexicans returned to their guns, and immediately the 5th infantry took the mat ter in hand, and resolved to try the bayonet again. Or, tney went, and piece by piece fell before their determined bravery, until their entire buttery was taken. The infant ry ondjiannoniers leught hand to hand be tween the wheels. Ridgely and Duncan then pushed their batteries across the ravine, and both opened on the retreating enemy, i he 5th, 8th. 3d and forth were all across, having each Jriven every thing before them Flie route commenced, the whip applied, and the battle was won again. The 5th charged cn the enemy's camp, where the savory odor of the dinner in the aci of pre’ paring for a grand jubilee by the Mexicans had probably lured (hern, knowing that the Mexican would fight the harder for his din ner. Here the struggle was short ; they captured every thing, even to Arista’s pri vate baggage and portfolio, thpir entire camp equipage, and three hundred fine mules. On pushed llidgely, Dutffeun, and Kerr, like lightning upon the retreating enemy. The Mexicans threw down their urms and accoutrements, even their caps for the erv was*' Saute quipeul!” After pushing them lor a mile through the chuparel, the artillery and dragoons encountered a body of lancers, about 1500 strong, drawn up in line across their path, with lances in rest ready for a charge. Ridgely und Duncan immediately hat ted anil came into battery action front ? but the sight of the dread artillery was too I much fur tbu Mexican nerve. They took to their heels and ran for n like good fellows, never druwing a rein until they brought up at the upper crossing. The pursuing pnrtv dashed on, taking the main road to Fort Browe ; but the enemy retreated by a road to ihe right, und escaped. I pursued on with Lt. Scarret If t. Capt. A maid to carry the news to Fort Bi own. But on inimerging from the chaparral, we met with a most un welcome reception; lor our friends at the fort, mistukng us for rareheros, showered on us n volley of grape, which was taken up by the enemy with a round at the fort from their eighteen-pounders ; and so well directed did their fire happen to lie, that an 19-lb shot struck a stuim within eighteen inches of Capt. Arnulds horse—Lt. Scarret and mysell pushed on, and were welcomed by a hearty cheer. No sooner was the news heard, than three cheers were given by the garrison. The man in tlir white hat, who had proved tumsull a hero during ,he boinbarlment, was mount -d upon n traverse, and first quieting Ihe Iro ihled sea hy a rnag. ie wave ol that same old hat, gave ihe signal, and loud and long were the peals shouted forth hy the galla'nt nod devoted Seventh. I returned shortly to the camp and found that our Irrcps were resting immediately on the battle ground. Alas wji.it a sad picture presented itsell ; around were lying heaps of dead, dying and disnb'ed men—Ihe sigh, the "groan, the shrek of agony filled the air, whilst the eye could not rest upon a spot but it met with a head, a leg, an arm, a body cut oil" hy the waist, or the more for tunate dead, who had reeuived their death wound from the sure rille or musket. Wow, my dear sir, Imiw can I describe to you the personal ucls of bravery—not only in one instance but in twenty—and not sim ply by the olTicer but bv the common sol dier. The whole battle was fought by indi vidual squads, led sometimes bv an officer and frequently by the non commissioned of. fleer. 1 could not sav too much for every man engaged. So eager were our men for the fight that I cannot better describe their enthusiasm than to give you the idea that struck ine, it was this : Every man, officer and soldier seemed Impressed with (he idea that 1 boro was but a given quantity of fight ing to be had—not enough for every man to have bis fill of it—and, therefore, it became every one to get what he could as soon as possible. Instances there were where one man in charging upon their batteries leaped astride their pieces and holding on with one hand heat of!' the gunners with tl.eir swords, and were there cut down. An instance occurred when in a charge upon u piece Lt. Jordan was attacked hy two Mexicans and bayoneted in two places, when Lieut. Lincoln of the 8th, rushed up and with his own sabre made perfect mince meat of the two. Again, when Ridgcly cliur. ged with his battery across the ravine, and was standing ut one of his pieces he was charged on hy three Lancers, he mounted his horse and drove them off with his sabre alone. Out it would tuke a volume to recite the whole, und 1 uin sure that in Gen. Tay. lor’s detailed report all willuppear—the fact is every man was a hero. If I may say, wiihout’doing injustice to any parly, to which arm the most credit is due, I would say the artillery under Ridgely, and the Regiments of Infantry, pariiculaily the 8 h und 5>h. The charge of May’s squadron was a gallant thing, its success, however, was attributable to the timely advance of Ridgelv, and his willingness to receive the fire of iheir but* leries, when it was believed sufficient to sweep whole squadrons—not meuning to say but that May would just as live have charg ed on the loaded gun as upon the empty one —he is a brave, gallant and efficient officer. F. F. marks the growth of chnpnral. A Capital Hit!—In (he House of Rep resentatives on Thuisdny, Mr. Severance of Maine said, -He wished to show ilmt this war was an unjust nnd infamous tear, and that toe were committing gross outrages on Mexico. It was idle to deceive ourselves; to thrust our heads into the sand, and sup pose that the world did not know how we were doing. The opinion of (he world would not sustain our course of action on this sub. ject.—Tnis aroused Mr. Barclay Marlin of Tennessee a man of lew words,hut strong sense, who wished to ask the Chair one quo. slion : •• Whether the Gentlemrn from Maine, who had just spoken, held a seat here by any nuthoi ity oi the people of Maine, or as a delegate from Mexico? Me would ask the gentleman himself who had displayed here such anti-American feelings, whether he representen Maine or Mexico on thisjLorl Richmond Enquirer Alabama Pbmtkntiaky.—While at We lumpka recently in company with one of the inspectors (Maj. R. J. Harrison,) we visited Hie Penitentiary, now in charge of Mr. Tho mas. We went into nearly every room, and workshop in the State Prison, and we must say that much credit is due to the in spectors as well ns 'he warden, for the clean ly condition of this institution. Not a sha ving, or chip is to be found in any of the Shops after they leave at night. The rooms r»f the main building nre hs neat as any dwelling, nnd the whole yard present alike np|ienranee of cleanliness. The convicts are all comfortably clothed, nnd nre remark ably healthy, there being but two or three ip the hospital out of about 104 who nre now in the Penitentiary.—Talladega Walchlower. The City of Mexico. Tho city of Mexico is a»id to be the fin !*t built eily on the American continent. In some respects it certainly is so. In the rrincipal streets the houses arc all construc t'd according to the s'rictest architectural rules. The foundations of the city were aid. and tho first buildings were erected >y Cortes, who did every tiling well which le attempted—from building houses or wri ing a couplet to conquering nr. empire. Many of the finest building* in Mexico are •till owned by his descendants. The pub ic square is said to be unsurpassed by auv n tiiq world ; it contains some twelve or fifteen acres paved with stone. The ca hedral covers one entire side, the palace mother , the western side is occupied by a row ol very high nnd substantial houses, ho second stories of which project into the ilruet the widili of the pavement ; the low. •r stones are occupied by the principal re nil merchants of the city. Tho most of hose houses were Imilt by Cortes, who, with his characteristic sagacitv nnd nn ava rice which equally characterized him in the atter part ol his life, selected the best pur ion of the city for himself. 1 he President's Palace, formerly die pal nee ot the viceroys, is an immense building of three stories high, about five hundred Icet in length, nnd three hundred and fifty wide ; it stands on the site of the palace of Montezuma. It is difficult to conceive ol so much stone and mortar being put to. gel her in a less tasteful and imposing shape; it lias mncli more the appearance of a cot ton factory or a penitentiary than what it really is; the windows are small, and a parapet wall runs .the whole length of the building, with nothing to relieve the mono! ony ot its appearance except some Very ill different ornamental Work in the centre ; there are no doors in the Ironl cither of tin second or third stories—nothing hut dispro portionately small windows, and too many ol them ; ttie three doors, and there are only three in the lower story, are destitute of all architectural beauty or ornament. Only a very small part ol this palace is nppropria ted to the residence of the President ; all the public officers arc here, including those of the heads of the dilfercnt departments; ministers of war, foreign relations, finance and justice, the public treasury, &c. The halls of the house of deputies and ol the senate lire also in the same building, and list and least, the botanic garden. After passing through all sorts of filth and dirt on the basement story you come to a dark nar row passage which conducts you to a mas sive door, which when you have succeeded in opening, you enter an apurtment cnelo. sed with high walls on every side but open ut the top, and certainly not exceeding eigh. ty feet square, and this is the botanic gar den of the palace of Mexico; a few shrubs and plants and the celebrated inanita tree, are ull that it contains. I have rarely in my life seen a more gluomy and desolate looking place. It is much more like a pris on than a garden. A decrepit, palsied old man, said to he mo more than a hundred yea's old, is the superintendent of the es. tahlishmnnt ; no one could have been se lected more in keeping with the general dilapidation und dreariness of this melan choly affair. But the cathedria, which occupies the side of this great idol temple of Montezuma, offers n striking contrast. It is five hun dred feel long hy four hundred and twenty wide. It would be superfiious to add nroth. er to the many dircriptions of this fimous building which has already been published. L ke nil the other churches in Mexico, it is built in the Gothic style. The walls, of several feet thickness -ire made of unhewn stone and lime. Upon entering it. one is apt to recall the wild fictions of the Arabian Nights ; it seoms as if the wealth of empires was collected there. The clergy in Mexico do not, for obvious reasons, desirefiliat their wealth should be known to its full extent ; they are, therefore, not disposed to give very full information upon the subject, or to exhibit the gold and silver vessels, vases, precious stones, and other forms of wealth, quite enough is exhibited to strike the behol der with wonder. The first object that presents itself on entering the cathedral is the niter, near the centre id Hit building ; it is made of highly wrought und highly polished silver, and covered with a prolusion of ornaments of pure gold. Oil each side of Ibis alter runs a balustrade, enclosing a space about eighty feet wide und eighty or a hundred feet long. The balusters are about four feet high, and four inches thick’ in the largest part ; the handrail from six hi eight inches wide. ITpon die top of this kill n 11 !■;» ■ I nl lisa <1,1.1^.._ C _ . :_Li Fef;t apart, are Hiiinan images, beautiful y wrought and about I wo feet high. All of those, the balustrade, handrail, and images, are made of a compound of gold, silver, and copper—more valuable than silver. 1 was told that an ofler had been made to ,ake ibis balustrade, snd replace it wilh mother of exact the same size and work manship of pure silver, and to give half a million of dollars besides. There is much tnore of the same balustrade in other parts if ihe church ; I should think, in all of it. not less than three hundred feet. As yon walk through the building, on :ither side lh' re nre difieient apartments, ill filled Irom the floor to the ceiling, with jointings, statutes, vases, huge candlesticks, waiters, and a thousand other articles, made jf gold or silver. This too, is only the jvery day display of articles of least value ; :he more costly are stored away in closets md chests. What must it be when all hese nre brought out, with imincnce qunn ities of precious stones which the church is mown to possess? And this only one of lie churches of the city of Mexico, where ihero nre between sixty snd eighty others, tnd some ufthem possessing little less weulth hnn the cathedral; and it must also be remembered, that all the other large cities, such as Peubla, Gaiidalnjara, Guanajuato, Zacatecas, Durango, San Louis, 1‘otosi, have each a proportionate number of equally gorgeous establishments, There ia not, 1 believe, a house in the city without a court, of greater or less dimensions, in proportion to the size of the building. Tnere is only oiio door on the lo'vor floor, and none al nil od the outside of llie upper slory. This door is very strongly built, and high enough for a coach to pass through: it opens into the patio through which you pass to the steps leading to the upper stories, where alone every body* lives except the lowest classes. In all the establishments of the better classes, the basement slory is only occupied by the I servants und as lumber rooms, and what ! struck me us very strange, as stables. I do not suppose there is such a separate build ing iu the city as a stable. In visiting Count Certuna, for example, whose whole establishment is altogether princely, and oth ers ol crpiul splendor and luxury, 1 louttd this court on the ground floor used us a sta ble, and passed through rows of horses and carriages to make my way to the most spa cious halls, filled with fine paintings of the great masters, and furnished throughout in a sty le altogether gorgeous. In some of the larger private buildings thirty nr forty diflercut families reside ; each one having rented one or two rooms; all entering at the only outside door into the court, which is the common property of all—and from which each one has an entrance to his own rooms on the ground floor of the gallery above, w hich runs all around the building. I do not think that the areu covered by the ] city of Mexico ettn exceed two miles in i length, and a mile und a Itulf in width; u vety sin,ill spuee to he occupied by a popu lation of nearly two hundred thousand. Hut it is not at all surprising when you sue thir ty or lolly families, enough to make u re speetable village, uttd huddled away in one house, und consider what a large number sleep in the open air in thut delightful cli- i mute. How pure must lie the utmosphere when the city of Mexico is so remarkably healthy, notwithstanding such u crowded and filthy mode of living, and with a tropi cal sunsltining upon the moist surface of the whole valley ! One would think the latter sufficient of itself to produce the most fatal inulurlu. ii is u unit; cuiiiius uiiii wiiusi nit; uumi> ings and population of Mexico arc thus crowded into so small a space, and llie rems are three times as higli as in the city of Ncw'York, yet all around the city there is a vacant ground, and as dry ns the city it. self, which may he hud uhnost for the ta king. 1 was riding uut with a friend one evening when he showed me n square con | mining between live and six acres, just in the rear of the l*luza do Toros on the out skirts, ol the city, and not more than hull’ or three quarters of u mile from the public square, which he had just purchased for four hundred dullars. Why these lots are not improved and the city extended, 1 cannot easily comprehend.—Gen. Thompson's Re collections. from llie flew York Sun. Tbc Hulls ol ibe Montezuma*. Montezuma* II. ascended the Mexican throne A. D. 1502, at tiic age of twenty three, before Mexico had been discovered by Europeans, lie died 30.It June, 1520, in the forty-second year of his age, of wounds inflicted by the Spanish discoverers whom he had invited to his royul palace. Histo rians agree in udmiring It s character. On ascending the throne, not content with the spacious residence of his father, lie erec ted another, much more magnificent, front ing on the plaza mayoo ol the present city of Mexico. So vusl was this great shoe lure, that, ns uno of the historians informs us the space covered by its terraced roof | might have utl'orded ample room ter thirty ; knights to run their atourses in a regular j tournay. His father’s palace, although not so high, whs so extensive that tile visitors j were loo much fatigued ,n wandering through i the apartments, ever to see the whole of it —The paluces were built of red stone, or namented with marble, the arms of the Mon tezuma family (an eagle heuring a tiger in his talons) being sculptured over the main en trance. Crystal fuuntuins, fed hy great re servoirs ol the neighboring hills, played in the vast halls und gardens, anJ supplied wa ter to hundreds of marble baths in the inte rior of the palaces.—Crowds of nobles und tributary chieftain* were continually saun tering thruugh the halls, or loitering nway their hours in attendance on the court. Rich c irvings in wood adorned the ceilings, heuu tiful mats of palm leaf coveted the floors. ■ The walls were hung with cotton richly stained, the skins of wild animals, or gorge ous draperies of feather work wrought in mu itaiion of birds, in-ects and flowers, in glow, mg radiance of colors. Clouds of incence from golden censers diffused intoxicating odors through splendid apartments occupied by the nine hundred and eighty wives und live thousand slaves of Montezuma. Mu encouraged science and learning, and public schools were established throughout the greater purl of his empire. The city of Mexico in his day numbered twice as many inhabitants us at present, and 1000 tnen were dull? employed in watering and sweeping its streets, keeping them so clean that a man could traverse the whole city with ns little danger of soiling his feet as his hands- A careful police guarded the city. Extensive urseuals, granaries, wuieliouses, an aviary for the most benunlul birds, menageries, houses for reptiles and serpents, a codec* ticn ol human monsters, fish ponds built of marble, and museums and public libraries, all on the most extensive scutes, added their attractions to the greut city of the Aziecs. Gorgeous temples— ir. which human victims were sacrificed, und their blood baked in bread, and their bodies dressed lor food to be devoured by the people nt religious festi vals—reared their pyramidal alturs far above the highest edifices. Thousands ol their brother men were thus sacrificed annually. The temple ol Maxtili, their war god, was so constructed that its great alarm gong, sanding to battle, roused the valley for three leagues around, and culled 300,000 armed Aztecs to the immediate telief ol their mon i arch. So vast was the collection of birds ot prey, in a building devoted^ fo them, that ■ 500 turkeys, the cheapest meHt in Mexico, [ were allowed for their daily consumption. tjucli were the “Units of the Montezumns !’* The summer residence of the monarch, on the hill of Chnpoltepec, overlooking the city, was surrounded by gardens of several miles in extent, and here were preserved until the middle of the las: century two statutes of the Empernrund his father. Thegreatcy. prus trees, under which the Aztec sovereign and his associates once held their moonlight revels, still shade the royal gardens. Some of them, 50 feet in circumference, are sev. cral thousand years old, but arc yet as green os in the days of Montezuma, whoso ashes, or those of his ancestors, render sacred, in tho eyes of the native Mexicans, the hill of Chnpoltepec. Natural decay and o wining population now mailt the seat of power of the great Montezuma*. ‘•This Halls ok Montezuma.”—Will our editorial brethren inform us whether these words do not begin, to use n Yankee* ism, tu rile them ? We confess the unneces sary, frequent and pompous parade of them has, of lute, made us feel a little ipccarish. Scarcely un editorial paragraph is written in relation to Mexico, that “the Hallo of Montezuma” ure not mentioned. Our love, ly Misses who present flags made by them selves and make speeches written, ns they should he, by their friends or relatives, never fail to ornament the aforesaid “hulls” with their handy work. The gullant, (a word, by the way, very much used just now,) Captain, promises Miss Mary Smith that ho and his brave companions will flaunt said flag in the breeze or die until they use it for upholsterery purposes in “the Halls of Mon. tezuma.” Our Congressmen who speak to ltuncomb never fail to wnlk right into “the Malls of Montezuma” with as little ceremo tfy ns though they were quite at home. It may lie bad taste in us, but we cannot resist die belief that much truth is contained in the old saw, “epeugh of n thing is enough.” We propose, when we take the City of Mex ico, tint we sweep out “the Hulls of Monte zuma,” lake a ‘bran dance* therein, and brag no more about them.—Marion Newt. An Artist's Ukvknge—Tlie amusing correspondent of tlie Courier des Utas Unis ! tells the following . V ••One of our most celebrated painters had made, with a view of exhibition at the Gal lery, the portrait of a lady, whoso fortune had cuabledcher to occupy n very brilliant position, and who bad been, for a long time, regarded ns the most beautiful women of Paris. Unfmtunately this reputation is of such long gtundmg, that it is already on the wane. The lady in question has al ready reached an age to which 110 one is : ever w-lting to acknowledge, however much j it may have been extolled by the witty pen of Balzac. The dusty files of the Civil Re gistry kept the secret of her forty summers, which she concealed as well as she could, with a wonderful skill, and by her great en deavours to be as attractive as in times past. Puris is a place of greet resources; ointments for all wounds are to be found there, as well ns udinirersol all ages. Our heroine maintained tier pretensions bravely; her vanity wus tolerated, and being desir ous of giving publicity to her attractions by an exhibition ut the Louvre, she had her portrait painted. She prepared her beqt loooks for the purpose. wearing her most becoming dress, ussutning a position most favorable to her charms, seated before her toilette table, leaning negligently on tho arm of the chair, nod smiling upon her own reflection in the mirror, which of course wus to be most complimentary to her charms. Tho painter sketched a most striking likeness; in doing so be done just what lie* should not have done. A little more flattery, and a little less exactness, would have been fur more acceptable. The perfectness of the likeness made her less willing to recognize its merits. The model declared she could not see any likeness in it, and the painting wus left on the hands of the unfortunate puinter. This was u double wrong t^ our aftist. Attacked botn professionally und pecuniarily, the painter hud not sufficient resignation to enable him to look on cooly and see a por trait woilli a thousand crowns left on his hunds. A wav to bo revenged, or rather to do himself jusice. presented itself lo his mind, and he set himself ut once about put; ting it in execution. A few days before the time fixed for of Turing painting for the exhibition at tho Louvre, the lady who bad refused to tuk« her portiuit was informed, by some Iriend, that the rejected portrait had received sundry additions, ot a character far from complimentary. She immediately repaired to the studio of our artist. The portiait w.ia nun uiciu j nit* iinenest* c»i me lace as perfect as ever; only the painter had somewhat the hrows dismantled, and the person so faithfully represented, was hold ing in her hands two bunches of false curls. Upon her toilet table were found several phials on which were legibly written these words “ white lead,” “ vegetable rouge.'’ cosmetic for the removnl of wrinkles;” “ water for dying the hair.” Then in the midst of nil this artidery could be distinctly seen three billets, signed by three different Christian numes. “This is abominable!” cried the lady; “it is.all a tissue of calumnies!” “ Of what do you enmpluin 7” asked the painter very coolly. “ Have you not insist ed that there was not the least likeness of yourself here ? You were perfeetly right. This is no likeness ol yours; it is a mere fancy sketch, and as such 1 mean to exhibit it.” “ What, Sir! Do you mean to exhibit that painting 7” “ Certainly, madame, I mean to exhibit it tie a funcy sketch, as the catalogue will show, in which you will find it set down . under the title of—1 A coquette of forty five.’” At this last blow the lady went into hys terics. As soon as she had recovered her. self, she hastened to effect a Compromise with the painter. The painter effaced be fore her own eyes the ottinsive additions, and the painting restored to its origins! condition, wus purchased at the price orig inally stipulated—three thousand franca.