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From the jV. O. Picayune.
BATTLE OF MONTEREY. Bishop's Palace, Monteuey, Mexico. S pi. 24. Gentlemen—This is the fourth day since the battle of .Monterey commenced. On the 20th, at noon, Gen. Worth marched from the camp east of the town in the direc tion of the heights west of the town. Mc Cullough’s ar.d Gillespie’s companies ol ran gers forming the reconnoiteiing party. At night the division bivouacked almost within range of the tuns stationed upon the highest point of the hill, on which the Bishop's Pal • ace is situated. At daylight on the 21st the column was again in motion and in a few moment was turning the point of a tidge which proludsd out towards the enemy’s guns, bringing us a? near to them as their gunners could desire. They immediately opened upon the column with a howitzer and 12 pounder, firing shell and round shot ns fast as they could discharge their pieeps. The road now wound in towards a gorge, but not far enough to he out of range of their guns, w hich still play ed upon us. An other ridge lay about three fourths of a mile beyond the first, around the termination of which the road wound, brit g ng it under the lofty summit of a height winch rises between Palace Hill and the mountains which nriso over us on the west. When the head of the column approached this ridge a body of Mexican cavalry came dashing around the point to charge upon our advance. Capt. Gillespie immediately ordered his men to dismount and place themselves in ambush. The enemy evidently did not perceive this manoeuvre, but the moment they came up. the Texans open on them ns most effective fire, unsaddling a number of them. Mc Culloch's company now dashed into them.— Capt. C. F. Smith’s cantp, and Captain Scott’s camp of artillery', (acting ns infan try,) and Lt. Longstreet’s company of the 8th infantry with another company of the same regiment likewise charged upon the enemy. The Texan horsemen were soon engaged with them, in a sort ol hand to hand skirmish, in which a number of the enemy foil, and one Texan was killed and two wounded. Col. Duncan now’ opened upon them with his battery of light artillery, “ >vit uioi.iiui'jia ui fi'njitf nmuii” them and scattering them like chaff. S.v cral men and horses fell under tin's destruc tive fire. I saw one horse and rider bound some feet in the air and both full dend and and tumbled down the steep. The foot companies above named then rushed up the steep and tired over the ridge at the retreat, ing enemy, a considerable body of whom were concealed from our view, around the point of the hill. About thirty of the enemy were killed in this skirmish, and among them a captain, who, with two or three others, fell in the road. The Captain w.ts wounded in three places, the last shot hitting him in the forehead. He fought gallantly to the last, and I am sorry that I cannot learn his name. The light batteries, one of which is commanded by Lieut. Mackhll, were now drawn up, on theslojes ol the ridge, and the howitzers opened Upon the height ol Palace Hill. A few shell only were thrown before the enemy commenced firing with a nine pounder from the height immediately over the right of the column, aiming at Duncan's batteries. The several regiments took po sitions, and a lew more shells were thrown towards Palace Hill, hut did no execution The 9 pounder continued to throw its shot with great precision, at our batteries, one ball falling directly in the midst of trie pie ces, but fortuna ely bitting neither men nor guns. Finding his batteries thus exposed, and unable to effect anything. Col. Duncan removed his command to a ranchc about half a mile further up the Santillo road, where Gen. Worth took up his position, nfer or. dering the foot regiments to form along the fence, near the point of the r'dge. The nr. tillery battalion, 5th, 7lh and 8th infuntrv, and the Louisiana volunteers remained in this position about two hours, directly under the fire ol the enemy's guns (now two-) The balls fell directly in their midst all this time without wounding a man t To begin with the Mexicans manage their at tillery in butt-try as well us the Americans do—his 1 believe is now conceded by every officer- At half past 10 the column moved towards the gen. eral’s position. At this time, Capt. McKa vett, of (he 8th infantry, was shot through the heart by a 9 pound ball, nitd a private ol the 5lh infantry was so severely wound ed in the thigh, that he died the next morn Ulg. About fifty Mexicans now appeared upon the hill side, over the moving column, and fired at *ur troops some hundred musket allots, without doing any harm. The Divi sion deployed into the positions pointed out, nnd remained an hour or two. when Cnpt. C. F. Smith, of the Artillery Battalion, with two companies, (his own and Cnpt. Scott’s, and lour companies Texan Hangers on foot) were ordered to storm the second height I Thisilie gallant officer cbeerlully undertook, nnd was followed with enthusiasm In' the officers and men of his command. It was considered on all sides to he a most danger ous undertaking, nnd his party was consid ered most emphatically a forlorn hope. That the heights would be taken no one doubted, but that many brave fellows would fall in the attempt, seemed inevitable. The distance to be climed after reaching the foot of the hill, was about a quarter of a tnile ; a part of the way was almost perpendicular nnd through thorn bushes and over sharp-pointed rocks and loose sliding stones. The 7th Infantry, commanded by Cnpt. Miles, was ordered to support Cnpt. Smith’s party, and, by marching directly to the foot o( the height, arrived before Cnpt. Smith, who had been ordered to taka a circuitous route. Capt. Miles scut up Lieut- Gant! with a detachment of men. uuon the hill side, to divert the attention of the enemy from Capt. Smith’s command, which could not yet be seen. The 7th had already sustain ed a heavy fire of grope and round shot, as they lorded the Sun Juan, whicfl winds around the foot of the height, which fell like a shower of hail in their ranks, without kill ing a man. Lieut. G tnti’s pariv were gree ted with grape and round shot, which cut the shrubs and tore up the loose stones in the ranks without killing any nne ; but Illegal lant young officer came within an inch of being killed by a cannon hall, which raked down the steep and filled his face with frag ments of rock, dust and gravel. This fire was accompanied by a constant discharge of musketry, the enemy covering the upper part ol the full side, but the detnehrnent con tinued to move up, driving the Mexicans back,twtil they wero recalled. Capt- Smith’s parly now arrived and moved up the hill 1 the Rangers in advance, and did not halt foi an instant until the Mexicans were driver J from the summit. Whilst this was going on Colonel Persifor F. Smith, who commanded i the 5th and 7ih Inlantrv—the 5th, with Blun I chard’s Louisiana boys, under M»j. Martin I Scott, hail heen ordered to support the whole i—gave orders for these commands to pass around on cnch side and storm the tort, 1 which was situated ahout half a mile back I of the summit on the same ridge anti com 1 mnnded Bishop’s Palace. Such a foot race I as now ensued has seldom if ever hcer. seen; I the Louisiana hots making the tallest kind of strides to he in with the foremost. Cnpt. I Smith had the gun which lie took upon the \ height, run down toward the breastworks j and fired into it. Then came Col. P. F. ! Smith’s men, with a perfect rush, firing and [cheering the 5th and 7th and Louisianians reaching the ridge above nearly at die same | time. The Mexicans fired at them with grape, hut it did not save them, or cause an ; instant’s hesitation in our ranks.—Our men , run and fired, and cheered, until they reach i i d the work, the foremost entering at one i end, whilst the Mexicans, about 1000 in j number, left the other in retreat. The col ors of the 5th Infantry were instantly rais. cd, and scarcely wore they up before those i of the 7th were alongside. The three com mands entered the fort together, so close was the race—the 5th however getting an j advance in first. J. VV. Miller, of Blanch ard’s company, was among the first (our or five who entered. The three commands may he said to have come out even in the race, for the Till was not five seconds be hind. In less than five minutes llie gun lotind iri the fort was thundering away at i the Bishop’s Palace ! More ammunition was i found tlian our troops will use with the I three guns that were captured. One of the guns was found concealed. They were 0 j pound brass pieces. Several mules and half j a dozen beautiful tents were likewise enp j lured. Killed, none. Wounded, in 7th In fantrv, Lieut. Potter, bullet through the calf | of the leg. Orderly Sergeant Huddle, of K. company ; Corporal S. P. Oakley, sc. verely in the thigh, Oakley is from New York city, and a very intelligent, well edu cated man, as well as a good soldier.—Pri »* imr—mu auiiiv « il'J Cup'UlcU Ulf Mexican officer’s trunk at Marin, and w ho received it and its contents from Gen. '1'ay. lor—wounded in the head. Fifth Infantry —killed, none; wounded—Lieut. Russell, in.the arm; Sergeant Maj. Brand, badly, in tho mouth with musket ball. Privute McManus and Grubh, slightly wounded— Sergeant Uptergrnph, co|or>bearer, distin guished himself by his gallantry. Thus was this brilliant coup tie main made almost without bloodshed- I have not lime now to give, the particulars of this glorious affair.—Capf. C. F. Smith was in the ad vnnee. with McCall, at the battle of krsacn do la Pulma. and is one ot the most gallant and accomplished officers in the Army_so say nil his fellow officers whom I have heard speak of him. Col. P. F. Smith—Gen. Smith of Louisiana—distinguished himself on that occasion, us did Maj. Scott and Capt. Miles, and, in truth, every officer and man ami bis duty nobly. The gallant conduct o( Capt. Blanchard and Lieut. Tenbrick, and ' be two brothers Nicholls, is praised by all the officers who were there. In truth the Louisiana buys havo fought every day for four days, ami I assure you, as Gen. Worth’s report will hear nte out in saying, and as everv officer in the 2d Division will lestify, that this corps had distinguished itself on every occasion where they have beencnlled on. The sons of Judge Nicltolls, of Donaldsonville, have stood fire for four or five hours at n time, driving tho enemy—under their battery— Irom bush to bush, and rock to rock, and at last were among the foremost 10 rush into the Bishop’s Palace and take it by storm. Capt. Blanchard and his company havo al ready made a reputation that will not soon he forgotten, S. G. Allen, private of this company, was mortally wounded in this fight, and died next morning. Capt. Smith had no one killed or wounded in his party of regulars—two Texans were wounded, viz, Wm. Catley, and B. F. Kecse. II. Tho following is a brief account of ihe at tack by Gen. Taylor’s command on the north east side of tho city. Monterey, Sept. 25, Major Mansfield, of the Engineers, rocon nniteri'd the enemy's works on the night of tho 10th, but could obtain no very accurate information, although he approached very near to some of them on the heights. On the 20th Lieut. Scan itt and Lieut. Pope | were sent'out to reconnoiter the works: Scarritt on the right and Pope on the left of the town. The Tatter approached and dis covered the position of a battery on tho ex treme left, and wus exposed to a fire of can non and musketry from Lancers, from which after finishing his observation, he retired in safety—On the night of the 20th the mortar and howitzer batteries were placed inn position to play on the ttrong holds around the citadel. The action commen ced on the mot ning of the 21st, hy the open ing of these two batteries. Colonel Gar land’s Brigade were ordered to the lefi lor Ihe purpose of storming the battery discos, ered by Lieut. Popa the day before, and to 1 occupy, if possible, the lower part of the city, j Maj. MansfieM, Capt. \\ illiams and Lieut. J Pope were ordered in advance to select the j most available points of nltack, and to di j rect the movements of the column upon it. | Three companies were thrown forward as j skirmishers and advanced rapidly towards i the works, followed by the Brigade in line I of battle under a cross fire ol nitillery from j the citadel and foil, und a heavy fire ol mu» | ketry.—The column charged into a s reel about 200 yards to the right of the battery, passed the works entirely, and effected ar entrance to die town. After advancing rap idly about 400 yards beyond the battery they ciime immediately in front of a mask ed battery of artillery and musketry, whirl swept the street completely by its range, The barricades of trie streets at sixty yards distance Irom the head of the column, wort lined ’with Mexican troops, who entirely covered themselves,opened a murderous dis charge of grape and muskr/iy upon the ad vanciog column. Every house in the street was pierced for musketry and enfiladed the street in every direction- Under this fire the following officers were killed or mortal ly wounded : Major Barber, 3d Infantry, by grape shot in the ahdoment ; Capt. Wil tiams, Topographical Engineers, slrot thro the body by a musket ball, fell in ihe street and was ilranged into the doorway of u house by.Lieut, Tope, amidst a shower of balls that covered him with dust. The gal* lantry of this young officer, now in his first battle, is spoken o( in admiration by the Army. Capt. Williams died the next day and was buried with the honors of war by the Mexican troops, into whose bands he had fallen. Lieutenant Terrett. 1st Infant, ry, shot through the body, died the next dav. Wounded.—Msj. Mansfield, ball through calf of the leg. This brave officer would not leave on account of his wound, hut rode about, behaving in the most gallant manner all day. Captain Bafhbrtdge, 3d Infantry, slightly wounded in the hand. Major Lear dangerously wounded in the mouth, the ball passing out at the back of his head. Maj. Abercrombie, 1st Infantry, severely wound ed- Lieut. R. Graham, 4>h Infantry, se verely wounded in both legs and body; hopes arc entertained of his recovery. A great many men killed and wounded—rtuin her not known. It being impossible in (he opinion of the Engineer officers to effect anything in at tacking the barricades in front, the column moved rapidly up a street to the right, with the intention of turning them. Being re-inforced by the Ohio regimen', a second charge was made under the direction of Gen. Butler, which owing to the tremendous fire of musketry and grape from the barri cades and stone houses, likewise proved in effectual. The ti oops were then ordered by Gen. Taylor to retire in good order and got undercover from the enemy’s fire, which order was handsomely executed. The following officers were killed or mor tally wounded (since died,) in tlie second charge ; Col. Watson, of the Baltimore Bat talion ; Capt. L. N. Morris, 3d Infantry; Lieut. I). Irwin, 3d Infantry ; Lieut. R. Hazlitt, 4th Infantry. Three officers were killed in the first charge which I did not in clude in that list, viz: Lieut. Ho.“kens, 3d Infantry; Lieut. J.S. Woods,4th Infantry; Capt. Field, 3d Infantry, Wounded—Major General Butler, slight ly, through calf ol the leg ; Colonel Mitchell, in the leg; Captain Latnotte, 1st Infantry, slightly ; Lieut. Uilwortli, 1st Infantry, leg shot off. izuring ine engagement in town by unr land’s Brigade, the forts dial were passed on the left in entering the town, wore gallantly carried by the Tennessee and Mississippi regiments—the first commanded by Coln'I. Campbell, and the second by Col. Davis. Lieut. Col. McClung, of the Mississippi Reg imeat, was dangerously wounded.—These regiments sustained a great loss, of killed and wounded, but I cannot in die short time left me. ascertain the names or number of those who fell. Capt. Bragg’s battery of Light Ar tillery was brought into action, hut as it was impossible to use it effectively, it was with drawn. Several pieces ofaitillery were rap tured. 'Llie forts that were taken were oc cupied by Ridgely's Light Artillery compa ny. who turned the captured pieces against the Mexican works, and the cannonade wns kept up (he rest of the day.—There were many skirmishes, and gailant deeds, &o„ Arc., which [ will endeavour to mention at a future time. On the night of the 22d, the enemy aban doned the two works which had proved so destructive to the 3d and 4th Infantry, and they were occupied early next morning, by the Mississippi und Tennessee regiments un der Gen. Quitman. About 8 o’clock same morning, these two regiments advanced on the town, and a sharp engagement commen ced. These regiments were supported by a body of Texan Rangers, (dismounted for the occasion.) under Gen. Henderson, and by the third regiment of Infantry. The fight was kept up until 4 o'clock, P. M., du ring which lime our troops drove the ene my from house to house, nlincst to the main plaza. The loss of life on our side was not severe on this day. On the morning of the 24th, a flag of truce was sent in which re sult'd in the capitulation of the town. During tfie whole of the engagement on the 21st, Col. Kinney was exceedingly use ful in earn ing orders, and in giving advice (mice with Mexican customs rendered him (V.milinr. He was in the thickest of the field, I moving about'from point to point and doing good execution with his rifle. This gentle man’s services have been valuable to Gen. Taylor in the movements of the army from Matamoras to this place. He has been | every where reconnoitcring the country, and procuring information—riding night and day, and exposing his hie a thousand ways. The Colonel never flinched from any duly required of him, and, had Gen. Taylor or dered him to go and bring him Ampudia’s portfolio, he would have undertaken it. I de vote a paragraph to a mention of this gentle man's services, because lie deserves much from the public, for whom he has labored so urduosly and so efficiently. H. P. S- Our killed and wounded, in taking Monterey, amounted to about five hundred, neatly three hundred killed, Some time will elapse before the number will be known arcuiaiely, but it is well known that but few prisoners were taken by the Mexicans. From the Union, Oct 0 1 Despatches from N:i|or General Z. Taylor, received at the War Ol f ice last night. [No. 69.] 1 Headquarters A it jiv ok Occupation, I Camp before Monterey, Sept, 22, 1846. ! Sir : 1 have the honor to report that the troops I under my command, including the mounted , volunteers from Texas, marched from Marin I on the 18th, and encamped before Monte, rey on the lUih inst It was immediately I discovered that the enemy occupied lh« town in lurcc. ami had added greatly to its strength by forlitying the approaches and commanding heights, A close reconnois i sance was made the same evening by the 'officers of engineers and. topographical en gineers on both flanks of the town, and it was determined, from the information pro cured, to occupy the Saltillo road in reurof the town, carrying, if practicable, the seve ral fortified eminences in that direction. The 2d division of regular troops and a portion of Col. Hay’s regiment of mounted volunteers was accordingly detached under Rrig. Gen. Worth on thus service, at noon on the 20th. A ten-inch mortar nnd two 24 pounder howitzers were plnct d in battery during the night to play upon the citadel i and town. At 7 o’clock these guns opened I and continued n deliberate fire, which was ! returned. To create a still further diver sion in Invor of Gen. Worth's movement, the remainder of the force, except a camp guard, was displayed around the centre and lelt of the town. The infantry and 1 bat i tery ot the 1st division made a strong dem | onsiration on the left, and soon became so i closely engaged that l moved forward the ! volunteer division under Major General But ler to its support, leaving one battalion (1st Kentucky) to cover the mortar battery. A close contest then ensuod, which resulted ir. the capture of one strong battery of four guns, which with sonto adjacent defences our troops now occupy. A garrison was left to hold this position, and the remainder of the force returned to camp. In the mean time Gen. Worth had enga ged the enemy early in the morning, and defeated him with considerable loss. In the course of the day two of the batteries in rear of the town were carried by storming parties oftho 2d division, and a third was carried this morning at dawn of day. The Bishop’s Palace occupied the only remain ing height in rear of the town, and is com pletely commanded by the works ultcady carried. Gen. Worth’s division occupies the Saltillo road, nnd cuts o fin 11 succor or support from the'interior. I must reserve a more minute report of the important opera tions of yesterday until those of the differ ent communders ure rendered, and also un. til a topographical sketch of the country can be prepared. , 1 regret to report that our successes have not been obtained without severe loss, to be attributed in a good measure to the ardor of the troops in pressing forward. No re. turns ol killed and wounded have vet been received, nor is it known what corps of Gen. Worth's division have suffered most. In the other portion of the army the 1st, 3d, and 4th regiments of infantry and regiment of Tennesse volunteers have sustained the greatest loss. I’he following is believed to he an accuiate list ot the officers killed and wounded : KILLED. 2ml Infantry—Brevet 1st Lieut. J. S. Woods, (serving with 1st infantry.) 8 <1 Infantry—Captain 1.. N. Morris; Captain G- 1*. Field ; Brevet Major I*. N. flubour, 1st Lieut, and Adjt., D. S, Irwin; 2J Lieut. R. Hazlitt. \th. Infantry—1st Lieut, and Adj’t. C, Hoskins. 8th Infantry—Cnpt. H. MeKavelt. Mary land and Washington Battalion YoL unteers—Lieutenant Colonel. W. II. Wat son, VOLUNTEER DIVISION. Ohio regiment—1st Lieut. M. Heit. Tennessee regiment—Capt. VV, B. Allen; Lieut. S. M, Putman. WOUNDED. Corps of Engineers—Brevet Major .1; K. T. Mansfield, slightly. * Corps of Topographical Engineers—Cap tain W . G. Williams, (in liunds of the en emy.) 1st Infantry,—Brevet Major J. L. Aber. crombie. slightly ; Capt. J. II. Lamolte, severely ; 1st Lieut. J. C.Terrett, in hands of the enemy ; 2d Lieut. R. Dilworth, se verely. 3d Infantry—Major W. W- Lear, so. verely ; Capt. II. Bainbridge. slightly. 4//i Injantry—1st Lieut. It'll. Graham, severely. Hth Infantry—1st Lieut. N. B. Rossell, slightly. "!th Infantry—2d Lieut. J. II. Potter, se verely. 8th Infantry—2d Lieut. George Wain wright, severely. VOLUNTEER DIVISION. General Staff—Maj, General \V. O. But ler, slightly. Ohio Regiment—Col. A. M. Mitchell, slightly ; Capt. James George, slightly ; 1st Lieut, and Adjutant A. W. Armstrong, very severely; 1st Lieut. N. Niles, severely ; 1st Lieut. L. Mutter, slightly. Mississippi Regiment—Lieut Col. A. II. MeClung, severely ; Capt. II. N. Down ing, sliglnlv ; 1st Lieut. II. F. Cook, slight, ly ; 2nd Lieutenant R. K. Arthur, slightly. DIVISION OF TEXAS MOUNTED VOLUN FEERS. 1st Regiment—Captain R. A. Gillespie, mortally. I need hardly add. that the conduct of our troops, both regulars anil volunteers, throughout the operations, has been every, thing that could lie desired. The part which each corps contributed to the successes of the day will appear more fully in future re- j ports. To Major Generals Butler and Hen derson, and Brigadier Genernls Twiggs and Worth, commanding divisions, I must ex press my obligations lor the efficient sup port which they have rendered—particular ly so to Brigadier Gen. Worth, whose ser vices, from his detached position, have been most conspicuous. » I am,sir, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, X. TAYLOR. Major General, U. S. A. Com. The Adjvtant General of the Army, Washington, D. C. [No. 90.] HEADQUARTERS ARMY OP OCCUPATION. Camp before Monterey, Sept. 23,1846. Sir : I have the gratificajion to report thnt the Bishop’s Pulace was gallantly car* ried yesterday hy the troops of the 2d divis ion. In the course of the night the batte ries below the town were, with one excep tion, abandoned by the enemy, and this morning wero occupied hv our troops. TV day the 3d infantry, with the field artillery ol the 1st division, the Mississippi and Ten nesse regiments, nod the 2d regiment of Texas rifiemen, (dismounted.) have been warmly engaged with the enemy in the town, and have driven him with considerable loss to the plnza and its vicinity, which is yet strongly occupied. A portion of the 2d di vision has also advanced Into the town on the right, and holds a position there. The enemy still maintains himself in the plnza and citadel, and seems determined to make a stubborn resistance. I urn particularly gratified to report that our successes ol yesterday and to-day, though disastrous to the enemy, have been achieved without material loss. I cannot speak in too high terms of the gallantry and perseverance of our troops throughout tlio arduous operations of the last three days. f I am, sir. very respectfully, Your obedient servnnt. Z. TAYLOit. Major General U. S. A. Com. The Adjutant General cf the army. Washington, D- C [No. 91.] | Headquarter Army of Occupation, Camp before Monterey, Sept-25, 184C. Sir: At noon on the 23d inst., while our troops were closely engaged in the lower part of the city, ns reported in mv last despatch, 1 received by a flag, a com munication from the governor of the Slate of New Leon, which is herewith enclosed, (No. 1.) To this communication. I deemed it my duty to return an answer declining to allow the inhabitants to leave the city. By eleven o’clock, p m-. the 2d division,’ which had entered the town from the direction of the Bishop’s I’alace, had advanced yithin one square of the principal plazo, and occu pied *ho city up to that point. The mortar had, in the meuntime, been placed in battery in the ceincterey, within good range of the heart of the,town, and was served through out the night with good eflect. Early in the morning of the 24th, I re ceived a flag from the town, bearing a com munica'ion from General Ampudia, which I enclose, (No. 2;) and to which I returned the answer, (No. 3.) I also urranged with die hearer ol the flag n cessation of fire un til 12 o’clock, which hour I appointed to re ceive the final answer of Gen. Ampudia at Gen. Worth’* headquarters. Before the appointed time, however, General Ampudia had signified to General Vvorth his desire for a personal interview with me, for the purpose ot making some definitive arrange ment. An interview was accordingly ap pointed for one o’clock, and resulted in the naming of a commission to draw up articles of agreement regulating the withdrawal of the Mexican forces, and n temporary cessa tion of hostilities. The commissioners nam ed by the Mexican general-in chief were Generals Ortega and Requena and Don Manuel M, Liano, governor of New Leon. Those named od the American side were General Worth, General Henderson, gover nor of Texas, and Colonel Davis, Mississippi volunteers. The commission finally settled upon the articles, of which I enclose a copy, (No. 4,) the duplicates of which (in Spanish and English) have been duly signed. Agree ably to the provisions of the 4th article, our troops have this morning occupied the citadel. It will bo seen that tlio terms grunted the Mexican garrison are less rigorous than those first imposed. The gallant defence of the town, nod the fact of a recent change of government in Mexico, believed to be fa vorable to the interests of pence, induced me to concur with the commission i,-, these terms, which will, I trust, receive the ppro vnl of the government. The latter consid orution also prompted the convention for n temporary cessation ol hostilities. Though scarcely warranted by my instructions, yet the change of affairs since those instruc tions were issued seemed to warrant this course. I hog to he advised, as early as practicable, whether I have met tlio views of Ilia government in those particulars. I regret to report that Captain Williams, topographical engineers, and Lieut. Terrett, 1st iiiluntry, have died of the wounds re ceived in the engagement of the 21st. Capt. Gatlin, 7th infantry, was wounded (not badlv) on the 23d, I am, sir, very respectfully, Your ohediant servant, Z. TAYLOR. Msj. Gen. U. S.-Army, commanding. The Adjutant General of the army. Washington, D. C. (No. 1.) D. Franco. D. P. Morales, Governor of New Leon, to Aiajor General Taylor. [Translated,] Monterey, Sept. 20, 8 o’clock, a. m. As you are resolved to occupy the place by force of arms, and the Mexican general in-chief resolved to defend it at every cost, as his honor and duty require him to do, thousands of victims, who, from indigence and want of means, find themselves now in the theatre of war, and who would ho use lessly sacrificed, cluirn the rights, which in all times, and all countries humanity extends. As governor of the State, and a legitimate representative of the people, I stale their case to you, and hope lrom your civilization and refinement, that whatever may he the event of tho present contest, you will issue oiders that families shall oe respected, or will grant n reasonable time for them to leave the capital. I have the honor to salute your general in-cli.efof the army of occupation of ihe United States, and to assure you of my high est consideration. God and liberty. FRANCO DEP. MORALES. Genera;, in-chief of the Army of Occupa tion of the United States. (No. 2.) I). Pedro Ampudia, general in chief, to Ma jor General Taylor. [Translated.] Headquarters at Monterey, Sept. 23. 1846, 9 o’clock p. m. Setou General : Having trade the de fence of which, I believe this city susceptible, I have fulfilled my duty, and have satisfied that military honor which, in a certain man ner, is common to all armies of the civilized world. To prosecute the defence, therefore, would only result in distress to the population who have already suffered enough from the mis. fortunes consequent on war; and taking it for granted that the American government has manifested a disposition to negotiate, 1 propose to you to evacuate the city and its fort, taking with mo the personelle and ma terielle which have remuined, and under the assurance that no harm shall ensue to the inhabitants who have taken a part in the de fence. Be pleased to accept the assurance of mv most distinguished consideration PEDRO DE AMPUDIA. To Senou Don Z- Taylor, General in-clnef the American army, (No. 3.) Headquarters Army of Occupation, Curnp before Monterey, Sept. 24. 1840. • 7 o’clock, a, m. Sir: Your communication, bearing date at nine o’clock, p m., on the 23d jnst., has just been received b. the hands of Col. Moreno. In answer to your proposition to evacuate the city ami fort with all the pcrsonel and materiel of war, I have to state that my duty compels me to decline acceding to it. A complete surrender ol the town and gar rison, the latter as prisoners of war, is now demnnded. But such surrender will be upon termB, and the gallant defence of the place, creditable alike to the Mexican troops and nation, will prompt me to make those terms as liberal as possible. The garrison will be allowed, at vour option, after laving down ns nrrns, to retire to the interior on condition of not serving again during the war, or un til regularly exch.mged. I need hardly say that the rights ol non combatants will be respected. An nnswer to this communication is rc ! qtiireii by 13 o’clock. Il you assent to an ; accommodation, an . fficer will be despatched ; at cnee, under instructions to arrange the conditions. 1 am, sir, very respectfully, Tour obedient sarvant. , Z TAYLOR, Maj. Gen- U. S. A., commanding. Senor D. Pedro dr Awpuma, General in Chief. Monterey. Terms of capitulation of the city of Monte i rey, the capital of Nuevo Leon, agreed upon hv the undersigned commissioners, to wit : Genernl Worth, of the United Slates army, General Henderson, of the Texan volunteers, and Colonel Davis, of the Mississippi riflemen, on tire part of Ma jor General Taylor,.commanding-in-chief ; the United States forces, and General Riiqurnaaml General Ortega, of the army of Mexico, and Senor Manuel M. Llano, governor ofNeuvo Leon, oti lire part ol Senor General Don Pedro Ampudin, com mamling-in chief the army ofthe north of Mexico. Art. 1. As the legitimate result of the operations before this place, ar.d the present position ofthe contending armies, it is agreed that the city, the fortifications, cannon, the munitions of war, and all other public prop erly, with the undermentioned exceptions, be suriendercd to the commanding general of the United States foreps, now at Montercv. Art. Il- That the Mexican forces be a|. lowed to retain the following nrms, to wit: i the commissioned officers their side nrms, I the infantry their arms nnd accountrements, the cavalry their arms and accountrements, the artillery one field battery, not to exceed six pieces, with twenty.one rounds of am rrunilion. Art- IJl. i hat the Mexican armed forces ! ic'iiD within seven days from this date, bc voi d the lino formed by the pass of ihe Rinc comiia, the city oi Linares, and San Fe~ nando de Presas. Act. IV. That the citadel of Monterey be evacuated by the Mexican, nnd occupied by the American forces, to morrow-morning, nt 10 o’clock. Art- V. To avoid collisions, nnd (or mu. tuul convenience, that tile troops of the United States will not occupy the city until the Mexican forces have withdrawn, except for hospital nnd storage purposes Art. Vi. That the forces of the United States will not advance beyond the line spe cified in tiie 2d [3d] article befoic the expie ration of eight weeks, or until the orders or instructions of the respective governments can he received. Akt. VII. That the public property to be delivered shall he turned over nnd re ceived by officers appointed by the commnn dinggenernls of the two armies. Art- VIII. That all doubts as to the mea. ning of any ol the preceeding articles shall he solved by an equitable construction, and ( n principles of liberality to Ihe retiring ar , my. Art. IX- That the Mexican ffag, when struck at the citadel, may he saluted hy its own battery. Done at Monterey, Sept. 24, 184G. W. J. WOR TH, Brgadier General U. S. A. J. PINKNEY HENDERSON, Maj. Gen. Com. the Texan Volunteers. JEFFERSON DAVIS, Col. Mississippi Riflemen MANUEL M. LLANO, T. REQUENA, ORTEGA, Approved : PEDRO AMPUDIA. Z TAYLOR. Maj- Gen- U. S. A. Com. Religious Opinions of the Presidents. — I’he following table, showing the reapnc live denominations of which the Presidents of the U. States have evinced a preference, we find in the New York Telegraph : Geo. Washington, Virginia, Episcopalian. John Adams, Mass. Unitarian. Thus. Jefferson, Virginia, Philosopher. James Madison. Virginia, Episcopalian. James Monroe. Virginia, Episcopalian. John Q. Adams, Mass.. Unitarian. Andrew Jackson, Term., Presbyterian. Martin VanBuren, Virginia, Congrega’list. Wm. H. Harrison, Ohio, Episcopalian. John Tyler, Virginia, Episcopalian. James K. Polk, Tenn., Preshyterinn. Pi'ocimnatiou. EXECTIVE DEPARTMENT, Tuscaloosa, Ala. IT Is admitted by every enlightened nation, that profound gratitude is due to Almighty God for Ilia mercy and beneficence to man ; and that it is the especial duty of every Christian government, in some suitable manner, to make public manifestations of a sense of that obliga tion. Ill the dischorgo of that duty, my prede cessors have established tile practice of ap pointing a day uf fasting, humiliation, and pray er—concurring most lienrtily with their views upon this Biitiject, and the course which they have pursued—and in view of the many cir cumsianccs by which we are surrounded, which point to its necessity and propriety at ihis linie.—( lieve appointed the fourth day ofl)e ceniber next tor that purpose, and respectfully request each denomination of Christians in the Slate of Alabama, lo cause public w'orsliio to he made in each of their respective churches on that day, and I recommend to all of the cit izens of i lie State, that it bo devoted to Fast ing, Humiliation, and Prayer, i .,»>»«, Given under my hand and the Krenl 8(fixed, at Tuscaloosa, •U»Nt this twenty-first day of October, in the year of our Loid, one thousand, W eight hundred and forty-six, JOSHUA L. MARTIN. By tho Governor. WM. GARRETT, Secretary of State. Oct. 21, 1840. 3t-49. COMMITTED to the Jail of Tuscaloosa county, Alabama, a mulatto boy aged about 19 years, 5 feet, 5 inches high, who calls himself-and says that he belohgs to William Hanna, of Greene county, Ala bama. I he owner is requested to como forward, prove property, pay charges, or lie will be dealt with as the law directs. L. VV. O’NEAL, Jailor, Oct. 20, 1840. tf-49. FOR SALE, A well broke, and gentle Buggy Horse. WM. JOHNSON. Oct, 23, 1916. tf-49. Jantnol & JFlag. TUSCALOOSA, OCT. 23, 1840. We hnve received a communication from Daton, Marengo county, which the writer, no doubt, intended for publication. We have, however, disposed of his communica tion in a wny to effect the object of the writ er.without subjecting ourselves to the trouble of type setting and proof reading it would impose upon us. Proclamation by the Governor.—We publish to-day the Governor’s Proclamation, recommending that the 4th day of Decem ber next, be set apart, by •' each denomi. nation of Christians,” in this Sl*te, as a day of “ fasting, humiliation and prayer.” Mr. Hoyt, who was badly wounded by Mr, Myers, in Richmond, Vo., a short time since, has died of his wounds. Hattie of illtercy—September 21st, 98d, and 33d. Wo present, in another place, the full eft account of the Battle of Monterey, wo have yet received. It is copied from the Picayune—whose correspondent accompa nies the army. To render the account more intelligible, wo supply a few facts, which we glean from other sources. Monterey is situated in a bend of the San Juan river ; wbic!*oi*cr bounds it on the East and South. On the West it is de fended by the heights, which were taken by Gen. Worth’s command. In front—or, on the North—there is a ravine, which does not appear to have been occupied by the enemy, although it must be a very strong position. Immediately in front ol the city, and south of this ravine, is the citadel; and south east of the citadel, close upon the city, the masked battery, Gen. Taylor's command, in pressing forward towards the south-eastern end of the ciiy, was raked by a cross fire from the citadel, and the masked battery—which accounts for the heavy loss of men in this quarter. It was here the gallant 3d. regiment suffered so greatly. On the 19th September, Gen. Taylor en camped three miles north of the city, with a force ol G,000 men. On the 20th, Gen. Worth was ordered, with his division, to move by njcircuitous route, to the right, and drive the enemy from the heights west of the city. On the night of the 20lh he halted without coming up with the enemy. On the 21st, after a severe fight, two of the heights—there wercthree in all—were tak* cn,and the enemy occupying them retired to the opposite side of the San Junn. In the mean time a portion of Worth’s command, under Capt. Vinton, was ordered to storm tho fort, on the principal height, which commanded the Bishop’s Palace.— This was soon effected—and Capt. Vin ton’s seeing the enemy in confusion press ed forward and secured tho palace, with, out meeting with any serious resistance. Thus the enemies'strong holds, command* ing the Saltillo road, and tho west end of the city, were in possession of onr army, after one day’s fighting. Tho other two days Gen. Worth’s division was engaged in irregular fighting. His infantry succeeded in the mean time in forcing the enemy in to the Plaza—situated in tho heart of the citv. Gen. Taylor met with more serious op* posilinn —his operations being on the side of the city which'had been strengthened in an ticipation of the principal nttack. In ad dition to the masked battery, and the cita. dal mentioned above, this end of the city was defended by three forts, in which the enemy concentrated their principal strength. The first division of regulars, under Gen. Twigg«, and the division of volunteers un der Gen. Rutler, were ordered to move towards the loft of the town. It was in this advance that our troops had to encounter so destructive a fire. They were exposed to a fire in front /tom the masked battery— to a cross fire from the citadel, and from the forts at the east end of the city. Finding it impossible to storm the battery, the troops made a movement to the right of it, entered the city—fighting their way inch by inch turned their guns upon the rear of tho ene mie’s battery, and finally drove them out of it. A garrison was placed In the battery and the Mississippi, Tennessee, and Ohio troops, withdrew from the city'. Thus ended the first day's fighting. Early next day, Capt. Itidgley turned the guns of the captured battery on the three fortsat tho east end of the city, whilst the infantry and reg. ulnrs resumed the fight in the streets. A .sortie was made on the foits, and it was discovered that the enemy had deserted them. This gave our troops all the strong holds on the west and east sides of the city ; nml also the battery in front of the city. The fighting on the third day, being within the streets of tho city was somewhat irregular. During the day some demon strations were made against the citadel, but when hostilities ceased it had received but little injury ; and contained a strong arma ment, and garrison of COO men. On the next day an armistice, as our readers are aware, was entered into, be tween the Generals of the armies—by which the Mexicans were allowed eight days to evacuate the city. OMINOUS.—The address, and the resolu tions of the Whig convention of New York, which nominated candidates for Governor and Lieu’t. Governor are silent upon the tariff ques tion.